Divorce in Europe: Patterns, consequences, policies

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Divorce in Europe: Patterns, consequences, policies"

Transcription

1 Divorce in Europe: Patterns, consequences, policies Juho Härkönen Stockholm University Demography Unit Swedish Institute for Social Research

2 Contents Trends in divorce in Europe Cross-national Population sub-groups (education) Consequences Effects on adults Effects on children (Consequences of living in high-divorce societies) Policies

3 I Trends

4 Crude divorce rates, ,5 3 2,5 2 1,5 1 0,5 GER FR UK SWE SP POL Source: Council of Europe (2004)

5 Crude divorce rates, ,5 2 1,5 1 GER SWE IT 0, Source: Eurostat (2011)

6 Crude divorce rates, ,5 3 2,5 2 1,5 1 SP POL PRT 0, Source: Eurostat (2011)

7 Crude divorce rates, ,5 3 2,5 2 1,5 UK FR EST 1 0, Source: Eurostat (2011)

8 Summing up recent trends The long-term trend has been of increasing divorce (and separation from cohabs) In some countries, divorce rates seem to have slowly leveled off or even decreased In other countries, the upward trend still ongoing Many families now formed outside marriage; less accurate information on their stability

9 Heterogeneous trends Population groups differen in divorce risks and divorce trends Recently, particular interest in divorce patterns and trends by (female) education In some countries highly educated divorce more In others, no gradient or less educated divorce more Generally, divorce on the increase particularly among the less educated

10 Heterogeneous trends Population groups differen in divorce risks and divorce trends Recently, particular interest in divorce patterns and trends by (female) education In some countries highly educated divorce more In others, no gradient or less educated divorce more Generally, divorce on the increase particularly among the less educated

11 Heterogeneous trends Population groups differen in divorce risks and divorce trends Recently, particular interest in divorce patterns and trends by (female) education In some countries highly educated divorce more In others, no gradient or less educated divorce more Generally, divorce on the increase particularly among the less educated

12 Heterogeneous trends Population groups differen in divorce risks and divorce trends Recently, particular interest in divorce patterns and trends by (female) education In some countries highly educated divorce more In others, no gradient or less educated divorce more Generally, divorce on the increase particularly among the less educated

13 Union dissolution in Sweden, odds ratios (reference: low educ in oldest cohort) 4 3,5 3 2,5 2 1,5 Low educ 1 0, Source: Härkönen & Dronkers(2006)

14 Union dissolution in Sweden, odds ratios (reference: low educ in oldest cohort) 4 3,5 3 2,5 2 1,5 Low educ Mid educ 1 0, Source: Härkönen & Dronkers(2006)

15 Union dissolution in Sweden, odds ratios (reference: low educ in oldest cohort) 4 3,5 3 2,5 2 1,5 Low educ Mid educ High educ 1 0, Source: Härkönen & Dronkers(2006)

16 % % % % Trends in single parenthood (% all mums) Great Britain Denmark Low Middle High Low Middle High West Germany Italy Low Middle High Low Middle High Source: Mannheim Eurobarometer Trend File, own calculations

17 II Consequences

18 Consequences for adults Divorcees have worse physical and psychological health Stronger for men? Maybe limited to physical health Divorce has negative monetary consequences for women Less so for men Large country variation Economic security and social support reduce the wellbeing effects of divorce

19 Consequences for kids In Europe, most single-parent households formed through parental divorce Children of divorce have More material well-being deficits Poorer schooling outcomes More problem behaviors and crime Poorer mental and physical health Less stable own relationships Weaker relationships with parents and grandparents

20 Consequences for kids Can be long-lasting (often stronger in short-run) No consistent gendered effects Effects can be stronger at early ages or around key life transitions No strong evidence that effects weakened over time Effects can also be positive: In general, very heterogeneous effects

21 Consequences for kids Proper material conditions can reduce the negative effects of divorce Parents own adjustment important Psychological well-being Parenting Kids relation to their parents Parents relations to one another Step-parenting can reduce material problems, effects on other well-being less clear

22 Consequences for kids research indicates that children function reasonably well after divorce if their standard of living does not decline dramatically, their resident mothers are psychologically well adjusted and engage in high-quality parenting, they maintain close ties to fathers, and their parents avoid conflict and engage in at least a minimal level of cooperation in the postdivorce years. - Paul Amato and Spencer James (2010), Family Science 1(1): 2-13

23 Are the effects causal? Does the fact that people who experienced divorce have poorer outcomes mean that divorce caused these? Hard to determine in absence of experiments Many studies suggest that at least partly yes Divorce should be seen as both a process and event A process that starts well before and ends well after the event itself Implications for our understanding and policy responses

24 Are the effects causal? Does the fact that people who experienced divorce have poorer outcomes mean that divorce caused these? Hard to determine in absence of experiments Many studies suggest that at least partly yes Divorce should be seen as both a process and event A process that starts well before and ends well after the event itself Implications for our understanding and policy responses

25 Strengthening of inequalities? Educational gradients in divorce and family change can strengthen the consequences of divorce Family change can become a new pathway through which intergenerational inequalities are reproduced Little research thus far, available evidence does not suggest major role for family structure for intergenerational reproduction of inequality

26 III Policies

27 Policy responses: Causes Tightening divorce laws possibly of limited effect Many families formed outside marriage Divorce laws also affect intact marriages (in good and bad) Counseling Can have positive effects

28 Policy responses: consequences Income transfers and employment support can ameliorate economic hardship due to divorce Can become especially important if class-gradients widen Do welfare policies increase divorce and single parenthood? Some evidence suggests that yes Welfare policies can also stabilize families by lowering economic strains in families

29 Policy responses: consequences Counseling can help with coping Co-parenting after divorce on the rise Good: remain contact with both parents Overall effects on child well-being not well-known; likely heterogeneous

30 Summary Divorce has increased or is increasing in European countries, but country differences prevail In many countries, especially among the least educated Divorce can create unwelcome turbulence that can have lasting effects Transfer- and employment focused policies can smoothen material consequences but likely to have limited effect on other (longer-term) outcomes

31 Thank you!

32 Standardized divorce rates, Sweden ,8 1,6 1,4 1,2 1 0,8 0,6 0,4 0, Source: Andersson and Kolk (2011) Standardized for age, marriage duration parity, premarital childbearing, duration since 1st birth

33 Standardized divorce rates, Sweden ,8 1,6 1,4 1,2 1 0,8? 0,6 0,4 0, Source: Andersson and Kolk (2011) Standardized for age, marriage duration parity, premarital childbearing, duration since 1st birth

A Small Extension to Costs and Rewards of Children: The Effects of Becoming a Parent on Adults Lives

A Small Extension to Costs and Rewards of Children: The Effects of Becoming a Parent on Adults Lives HYEYOUNG WOO AND R. KELLY RALEY* University of Texas at Austin A Small Extension to Costs and Rewards of Children: The Effects of Becoming a Parent on Adults Lives Department of Sociology, University of

More information

Marriage Trends in Western Culture: A Fact Sheet

Marriage Trends in Western Culture: A Fact Sheet Marriage Trends in Western Culture: A Fact Sheet Variations in family formation patterns occurring in other industrialized nations Background and Importance This Fact Sheet presents data and trends over

More information

PROF. PATRICK PARKINSON UNIVERSITY OF SYDNEY WORLD CONGRESS ON FAMILIES, SYDNEY 2013

PROF. PATRICK PARKINSON UNIVERSITY OF SYDNEY WORLD CONGRESS ON FAMILIES, SYDNEY 2013 PROF. PATRICK PARKINSON UNIVERSITY OF SYDNEY WORLD CONGRESS ON FAMILIES, SYDNEY 2013 What sort of future will our children have in developed societies in 20 years time? 2033: The convergence of multiple

More information

Men s education and post-divorce roles of fatherhood Repartnering strategies as the missing link. Christine Schnor, Sofie Vanassche & Jan Van Bavel

Men s education and post-divorce roles of fatherhood Repartnering strategies as the missing link. Christine Schnor, Sofie Vanassche & Jan Van Bavel Men s education and post-divorce roles of fatherhood Repartnering strategies as the missing link Christine Schnor, Sofie Vanassche & Jan Van Bavel Divorced men s father roles at home Biological father

More information

Does father absence hurt more for boys than girls? Evidence from parental deaths. Anne Reneflot 1 & Svenn-Erik Mamelund 2

Does father absence hurt more for boys than girls? Evidence from parental deaths. Anne Reneflot 1 & Svenn-Erik Mamelund 2 Does father absence hurt more for boys than girls? Evidence from parental deaths. Anne Reneflot 1 & Svenn-Erik Mamelund 2 1 Norwegian Institute of Public Health 2 Work Research Institute Introduction The

More information

Marriage. Marital status continues to change. Marriage rate has declined since 1950 Birth rate has declined since 1950

Marriage. Marital status continues to change. Marriage rate has declined since 1950 Birth rate has declined since 1950 Marital status continues to change Marriage rate has declined since 1950 Birth rate has declined since 1950 1920 s saw an acceleration Doubled between 1965-1975 Declined since 1975 Divorce rate has increased

More information

Living Arrangements of Children in the United States Over Time

Living Arrangements of Children in the United States Over Time Living Arrangements of Children in the United States Over Time The proportion of U.S. children who live in a single parent household has more than doubled since 1970. Headline/Trends The percentage of

More information

Are Married Parents Really Better for Children? What Research Says About the Effects of Family Structure on Child Well-Being

Are Married Parents Really Better for Children? What Research Says About the Effects of Family Structure on Child Well-Being CENTER FOR LAW AND SOCIAL POLICY POLICY BRIEF Couples and Marriage Series May 2003 Brief No. 3 Are Married Parents Really Better for Children? What Research Says About the Effects of Family Structure on

More information

Social Indicators and Indicator Systems: Tools for Social Monitoring and Reporting

Social Indicators and Indicator Systems: Tools for Social Monitoring and Reporting Social Indicators and Indicator Systems: Tools for Social Monitoring and Reporting Heinz-Herbert Noll ZUMA Social Indicators Department Mannheim, Germany www.gesis.org/sozialindikatoren/ OECD World Forum

More information

Two Decades of Same-sex Marriage in Sweden: A Demographic Account

Two Decades of Same-sex Marriage in Sweden: A Demographic Account Two Decades of Same-sex Marriage in Sweden: A Demographic Account Martin Kolk 1 & Gunnar Andersson 1 Abstract: In this study we examine period trends in same-sex marriage formation and divorce during 1995-2012

More information

Table 1. Percentage of Respondents Who Gave Specified Responses to Survey Questions, by Parental Marital Situation (n in parentheses) 1

Table 1. Percentage of Respondents Who Gave Specified Responses to Survey Questions, by Parental Marital Situation (n in parentheses) 1 Table 1. Percentage of Respondents Who Gave Specified Responses to Survey Questions, by Parental Marital Situation (n in parentheses) 1 Parents' Marriage Intact 2 Children of Divorce 3 Marriage Was: Very

More information

Characteristics of African American Families

Characteristics of African American Families Characteristics of African American Families Based on the Work of Oscar Barbarin, PhD Professor University of North Carolina School of Social Work Presentation developed by Jenny Nicholson, MSW student

More information

SF3.1: Marriage and divorce rates

SF3.1: Marriage and divorce rates Marriage rates Definitions and methodology SF3.1: Marriage and divorce rates The crude marriage rate is the number of marriages formed each year as a ratio to 1 000 people. This measure disregards other

More information

Unmarried births turn UK into the family breakdown capital of Western Europe

Unmarried births turn UK into the family breakdown capital of Western Europe Unmarried births turn UK into the family breakdown capital of Western Europe Harry Benson, The Marriage Foundation, October 2014 Family breakdown affecting children can only come from one of two sources:

More information

Population Change and Public Health Exercise 4A

Population Change and Public Health Exercise 4A Population Change and Public Health Exercise 4A 1. The crude birth rate of a country was 40 per 1000 population in a particular year. In the same, the proportion of women in the age group 15 to 49 years

More information

Family Structure Updated: December 2015

Family Structure Updated: December 2015 Updated: The proportion of children living with both parents, following a marked decline between 1970 and 1990, has fallen more slowly over the most recent two decades, dropping from 69 percent in 2000

More information

The Effects of Divorce on Children

The Effects of Divorce on Children The Effects of Divorce on Children Robert Hughes, Jr., Ph.D. Department of Human and Community Development University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign January 4, 2005 Probably one of the most frequently

More information

Births to Unmarried Women

Births to Unmarried Women Births to Unmarried Women Updated: After years of growth, the proportion of births that are to unmarried women has leveled off, and since 2009 has been at just over 40 percent. Importance Children born

More information

Overview of the UK Population

Overview of the UK Population Overview of the UK Population Coverage: UK Date: 05 November 2015 Geographical Area: Region Theme: Population Introduction This report gives an overview of the UK population. It examines the size and characteristics

More information

Long-term impact of childhood bereavement

Long-term impact of childhood bereavement Long-term impact of childhood bereavement Preliminary analysis of the 1970 British Cohort Study (BCS70) Samantha Parsons CWRC WORKING PAPER September 2011 Long-Term Impact of Childhood Bereavement Preliminary

More information

Single-Parent Family Poverty in 24 OECD Countries: A Focus on Market and Redistribution Strategies

Single-Parent Family Poverty in 24 OECD Countries: A Focus on Market and Redistribution Strategies LIS Center Research Brief (2/15) Single-Parent Family Poverty in 24 OECD Countries: A Focus on Market and Redistribution Strategies Laurie C. Maldonado (LIS Research Center, City University of New York

More information

NERI Quarterly Economic Facts Summer 2012. 4 Distribution of Income and Wealth

NERI Quarterly Economic Facts Summer 2012. 4 Distribution of Income and Wealth 4 Distribution of Income and Wealth 53 54 Indicator 4.1 Income per capita in the EU Indicator defined National income (GDP) in per capita (per head of population) terms expressed in Euro and adjusted for

More information

What constitutes a family? A multi-cultural perspective

What constitutes a family? A multi-cultural perspective What constitutes a family? A multi-cultural perspective Speakers: Maria Cancian Dr. Thomas Meysen Tish Keahna Moderator: Scott cade Changing Families and Changing Policy Maria Cancian NCSEA Policy Forum

More information

2.2. Total fertility rate 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.2. Cons

2.2. Total fertility rate 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.2. Cons Ayako Kondo Yokohama National University, Japan, and IZA, Germany The effects of recessions on family formation Fertility and marriage rates are pro-cyclical in many countries, but the longer-term consequences

More information

International and National Studies of the Transition to Parenthood. TransParent

International and National Studies of the Transition to Parenthood. TransParent International and National Studies of the Transition to Parenthood TransParent Daniela Grunow University of Amsterdam The Netherlands d.grunow@uva.nl Marie Evertsson SOFI, Stockholm University Sweden marie.evertsson@sofi.su.se

More information

Data on parental leave: To measure leave episodes. Leave Episode Project (LEP) Ann-Zofie Duvander Helen Eriksson Ida Viklund

Data on parental leave: To measure leave episodes. Leave Episode Project (LEP) Ann-Zofie Duvander Helen Eriksson Ida Viklund Data on parental leave: To measure leave episodes Leave Episode Project (LEP) Ann-Zofie Duvander Helen Eriksson Ida Viklund Presentation Why we need to study parental leave episodes Collaboration on data

More information

Changing families and sustainable societies: Policy contexts and diversity over the life course and across generations

Changing families and sustainable societies: Policy contexts and diversity over the life course and across generations Changing families and sustainable societies: Policy contexts and diversity over the life course and across generations 15 (2014) Parental Divorce During Childhood in Sweden: Changed Experience, Unchanged

More information

The impact of children on divorce risks in first and later marriages

The impact of children on divorce risks in first and later marriages Max-Planck-Institut für demografische Forschung Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research Doberaner Strasse 4 D-8057 Rostock GERMANY Tel +49 (0) 3 8 20 8-0; Fax +49 (0) 3 8 20 8-202; http://www.demogr.mpg.de

More information

State of Working Britain

State of Working Britain State of Working Britain Aim is to Gives an up to date assessment of the performance of UK labour market, to highlight recent important developments seeks to describe and understand the major long-term

More information

Family structure, childbearing, and parental employment: Implications for the level and trend in poverty

Family structure, childbearing, and parental employment: Implications for the level and trend in poverty Family structure, childbearing, and parental employment: Implications for the level and trend in poverty Maria Cancian and Deborah Reed Maria Cancian is Professor of Public Affairs and Social Work at the

More information

Time is money: an analysis of Italian production and consumption of unpaid domestic work

Time is money: an analysis of Italian production and consumption of unpaid domestic work European Time Use & NTA Workshop Institute for Futures Studies, Stockholm, Sweden 8-9 November 2012 Time is money: an analysis of Italian production and consumption of unpaid domestic work Marina Zannella

More information

Child Poverty in High- and Middle-Income Countries: Selected Findings from LIS 1

Child Poverty in High- and Middle-Income Countries: Selected Findings from LIS 1 April 2012 Child Poverty in High- and Middle-Income Countries: Selected Findings from LIS 1 What is LIS? Janet C. Gornick, Director, LIS Professor of Political Science and Sociology, Graduate Center City

More information

Trading off or having it all? Completed fertility and mid-career earnings of Swedish men and women

Trading off or having it all? Completed fertility and mid-career earnings of Swedish men and women Trading off or having it all? Completed fertility and mid-career earnings of Swedish men and women Anne Boschini Christina Håkanson Åsa Rosén Anna Sjögren WORKING PAPER 2011:15 The Institute for Labour

More information

WORKING TIME, GENDER EQUALITY, AND RECONCILING WORK AND FAMILY LIFE

WORKING TIME, GENDER EQUALITY, AND RECONCILING WORK AND FAMILY LIFE FACT SHEET WORKING TIME, GENDER EQUALITY, AND RECONCILING WORK AND FAMILY LIFE EUROPEAN TRADE UNION CONFEDERATION (ETUC) FACT SHEET WORKING TIME, GENDER EQUALITY, AND RECONCILING WORK AND FAMILY LIFE 01

More information

The Divorced and Who Divorces?

The Divorced and Who Divorces? The Divorced and Who Divorces? Kathleen Kiernan and Ganka Mueller Contents Introduction Data The Currently Divorced Determinants of Divorce: Evidence from the BHPS Determinants of Divorce: Evidence from

More information

EUROBAROMETER 70 PUBLIC OPINION IN THE EUROPEAN UNION AUTUMN 2008. Standard Eurobarometer 70 / Autumn 2008 TNS Opinion & Social

EUROBAROMETER 70 PUBLIC OPINION IN THE EUROPEAN UNION AUTUMN 2008. Standard Eurobarometer 70 / Autumn 2008 TNS Opinion & Social Standard Eurobarometer European Commission EUROBAROMETER 70 PUBLIC OPINION IN THE EUROPEAN UNION AUTUMN 2008 NATIONAL REPORT Standard Eurobarometer 70 / Autumn 2008 TNS Opinion & Social EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

More information

CHILDREN & DIVORCE: A SNAPSHOT

CHILDREN & DIVORCE: A SNAPSHOT CHILDREN & DIVORCE: A SNAPSHOT by Hilda Rodriguez and Chandler Arnold October 1998 A Substantial Percentage of Children Experience the Divorce of Their Parents. Divorce rates have increased since 1921

More information

SOCIAL PROBLEMS OF MARRIAGE AND FAMILY

SOCIAL PROBLEMS OF MARRIAGE AND FAMILY SOCIAL PROBLEMS OF MARRIAGE AND FAMILY Social Problems of Marriage and Family -- Outline Defining Terms Myths about the Family The Family in Decline Perspective Age at First Marriage New Family Structures

More information

Health, social, economic and gender perspectives

Health, social, economic and gender perspectives Health, social, economic and gender perspectives Monique V. Chireau, MD, MPH Assistant Professor, Obstetrics and Gynecology Duke University Medical Center Durham, NC Beijing Declaration on the Girlchild...More

More information

The Family Justice System: A Review of the Metrics and Impacts of Separation and Divorce

The Family Justice System: A Review of the Metrics and Impacts of Separation and Divorce Ministry of Attorney General Justice Services Branch Family Justice Services Division The Family Justice System: A Review of the Metrics and Impacts of Separation and Divorce March 2006 AG06-045 06/06

More information

Family life courses and later life health

Family life courses and later life health Family life courses and later life health Emily Grundy with Sanna Read, Oystein Kravdal and Doug Wolf. http://pathways.lshtm.ac.uk pathways@lshtm.ac.uk @PathwaysNCRM Family life courses and health in mid

More information

THE HARMFUL EFFECTS OF EARLY SEXUAL ACTIVITY AND MULTIPLE SEXUAL PARTNERS AMONG WOMEN: A BOOK OF CHARTS

THE HARMFUL EFFECTS OF EARLY SEXUAL ACTIVITY AND MULTIPLE SEXUAL PARTNERS AMONG WOMEN: A BOOK OF CHARTS THE HARMFUL EFFECTS OF EARLY SEXUAL ACTIVITY AND MULTIPLE SEXUAL PARTNERS AMONG WOMEN: A BOOK OF CHARTS ROBERT E. RECTOR KIRK A. JOHNSON, PH.D. LAUREN R. NOYES SHANNAN MARTIN Permission to reproduce this

More information

WORKING P A P E R. Unequal Giving. Monetary Gifts to Children Across Countries and Over Time JULIE ZISSIMOPOULOS JAMES P. SMITH WR-723.

WORKING P A P E R. Unequal Giving. Monetary Gifts to Children Across Countries and Over Time JULIE ZISSIMOPOULOS JAMES P. SMITH WR-723. WORKING P A P E R Unequal Giving Monetary Gifts to Children Across Countries and Over Time JULIE ZISSIMOPOULOS JAMES P. SMITH WR-723 December 2009 This paper series made possible by the NIA funded RAND

More information

Changing families and sustainable societies: Policy contexts and diversity over the life course and across generations

Changing families and sustainable societies: Policy contexts and diversity over the life course and across generations Changing families and sustainable societies: Policy contexts and diversity over the life course and across generations 23 (2014) Families with disabled children in different European countries Paola Di

More information

It has been well-documented that a father s presence matters in. the family, community and, specifically, with his children.

It has been well-documented that a father s presence matters in. the family, community and, specifically, with his children. THE FATHERLESS CRISIS It has been well-documented that a father s presence matters in the family, community and, specifically, with his children. A father s presence matters not just in terms of economic

More information

How Good for Children Is the 'Good Divorce'? Surprising Findings on Educational Attainment and Marital Success

How Good for Children Is the 'Good Divorce'? Surprising Findings on Educational Attainment and Marital Success How Good for Children Is the 'Good Divorce'? Surprising Findings on Educational Attainment and Marital Success norval d. glenn 7 about the author Norval D. Glenn was the Ashbel Smith Professor in Sociology

More information

Part-time work, gender and economic distribution in the Nordic countries. A descriptive report to NIKK

Part-time work, gender and economic distribution in the Nordic countries. A descriptive report to NIKK Part-time work, gender and economic distribution in the Nordic countries. A descriptive report to NIKK by Alma Wennemo Lanninger* and Marianne Sundström** Acknowledgements: We thank Ole Beier Sørensen,

More information

FACTSHEET: SEPARATION AND DIVORCE

FACTSHEET: SEPARATION AND DIVORCE FACTSHEET: SEPARATION AND DIVORCE A SUMMARY OF STATISTICS FOR THE UK Relationships come under immense pressure from demands of children and family, work, home and money difficulties. Furthermore, as people

More information

SAMA Working Paper: POPULATION AGING IN SAUDI ARABIA. February 2015. Hussain I. Abusaaq. Economic Research Department. Saudi Arabian Monetary Agency

SAMA Working Paper: POPULATION AGING IN SAUDI ARABIA. February 2015. Hussain I. Abusaaq. Economic Research Department. Saudi Arabian Monetary Agency WP/15/2 SAMA Working Paper: POPULATION AGING IN SAUDI ARABIA February 2015 By Hussain I. Abusaaq Economic Research Department Saudi Arabian Monetary Agency Saudi Arabian Monetary Agency The views expressed

More information

THE DEMOGRAPHY OF POPULATION AGEING

THE DEMOGRAPHY OF POPULATION AGEING THE DEMOGRAPHY OF POPULATION AGEING Barry Mirkin and Mary Beth Weinberger* An inevitable consequence of the demographic transition and the shift to lower fertility and mortality has been the evolution

More information

Business Cycles and Divorce: Evidence from Microdata *

Business Cycles and Divorce: Evidence from Microdata * Business Cycles and Divorce: Evidence from Microdata * Judith K. Hellerstein 1 Melinda Sandler Morrill 2 Ben Zou 3 We use individual-level data to show that divorce is pro-cyclical on average, a finding

More information

Girls and Boys in the Juvenile Justice System: Are There Differences That Warrant Policy Changes in the Juvenile Justice System?

Girls and Boys in the Juvenile Justice System: Are There Differences That Warrant Policy Changes in the Juvenile Justice System? Girls and Boys in the Juvenile Justice System: Are There Differences That Warrant Policy Changes in the Juvenile Justice System? While girls have historically made up a small percentage of the juvenile

More information

Relationships Indicators 1998 Survey Summary

Relationships Indicators 1998 Survey Summary Relationships Indicators 1998 Survey Summary Here are the five key findings in the 1998 Relationships Indicators, which is planned to be a biennial survey conducted by Relationships Australia into relationship

More information

Statistics Netherlands. Macroeconomic Imbalances Factsheet

Statistics Netherlands. Macroeconomic Imbalances Factsheet Macroeconomic Imbalances Factsheet Introduction Since the outbreak of the credit crunch crisis in 2008, and the subsequent European debt crisis, it has become clear that there are large macroeconomic imbalances

More information

Economic Commentaries

Economic Commentaries n Economic Commentaries Sweden has had a substantial surplus on its current account, and thereby also a corresponding financial surplus, for a long time. Nevertheless, Sweden's international wealth has

More information

Richard Banda and Margaret T. Mwanamwenge

Richard Banda and Margaret T. Mwanamwenge FERTILITY 4 Richard Banda and Margaret T. Mwanamwenge This chapter presents the 2001-2002 ZDHS results on fertility levels, trends, and differentials. The analysis is based on the birth histories collected

More information

Short Analytical Web Note 3/2015

Short Analytical Web Note 3/2015 Short Analytical Web Note 3/2015 This analytical web-note contains an extensive update of the main demographic trends for the EU and a labour-market supplement which outlines the potential consequences

More information

VOLUME 29, ARTICLE 4, PAGES 85-104 PUBLISHED 10 JULY 2013 http://www.demographic-research.org/volumes/vol29/4/ DOI: 10.4054/DemRes.2013.29.

VOLUME 29, ARTICLE 4, PAGES 85-104 PUBLISHED 10 JULY 2013 http://www.demographic-research.org/volumes/vol29/4/ DOI: 10.4054/DemRes.2013.29. DEMOGRAPHIC RESEARCH VOLUME 29, ARTICLE 4, PAGES 85-104 PUBLISHED 10 JULY 2013 http://www.demographic-research.org/volumes/vol29/4/ DOI: 10.4054/DemRes.2013.29.4 Descriptive Finding Fertility reactions

More information

Immigrant fertility in West Germany: Socialization effect in transitions to second and third births?

Immigrant fertility in West Germany: Socialization effect in transitions to second and third births? Immigrant fertility in West Germany: Socialization effect in transitions to second and third births? Nadja Milewski Institut national d études démographiques (INED), Paris Conference on Effects of Migration

More information

Divorce: Trends, Patterns, Causes, Consequences. Juho Härkönen. Working Paper 2013: 3

Divorce: Trends, Patterns, Causes, Consequences. Juho Härkönen. Working Paper 2013: 3 Stockholm University Linnaeus Center on Social Policy and Family Dynamics in Europe, SPaDE Divorce: Trends, Patterns, Causes, Consequences Juho Härkönen Working Paper 2013: 3 Divorce: Trends, Patterns,

More information

Will Providing Marriage Rights to Same-Sex Couples Undermine Heterosexual Marriage?

Will Providing Marriage Rights to Same-Sex Couples Undermine Heterosexual Marriage? Will Providing Marriage Rights to Same-Sex Couples Undermine Heterosexual Marriage? Evidence from Scandinavia and the Netherlands A discussion paper prepared for the Council on Contemporary Families and

More information

Statistical Data on Women Entrepreneurs in Europe

Statistical Data on Women Entrepreneurs in Europe Statistical Data on Women Entrepreneurs in Europe September 2014 Enterprise and Industry EUROPEAN COMMISSION Directorate-General for Enterprise and Industry Directorate D SMEs and Entrepreneurship Unit

More information

The Need for Nationally Representative Longitudinal Data for. Addressing Key Questions about Family Change

The Need for Nationally Representative Longitudinal Data for. Addressing Key Questions about Family Change The Need for Nationally Representative Longitudinal Data for Addressing Key Questions about Family Change R. Kelly Raley Department of Sociology & Population Research Center University of Texas Abstract

More information

GCSE SOCIOLOGY FAMILIES TPS 2005

GCSE SOCIOLOGY FAMILIES TPS 2005 GCSE SOCIOLOGY FAMILIES 1 TPS 2005 Use your mouse to move around the software. You can either click anywhere on the screen to get the next animation or click on a button if you see one on the screen. Always

More information

A Briefing Paper Prepared for the Council on Contemporary Families

A Briefing Paper Prepared for the Council on Contemporary Families TEEN PREGNANCY AND POVERTY: 30-Year-Study Confirms That Living In Economically-Depressed Neighborhoods, Not Teen Motherhood, Perpetuates Poverty A Briefing Paper Prepared for the Council on Contemporary

More information

CALL FOR PAPERS JOHANNESBURG SOUTH AFRICA, NOV. 30 DEC 4, 2015 DEMOGRAPHIC DIVIDEND IN AFRICA: PROSPECTS, OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES

CALL FOR PAPERS JOHANNESBURG SOUTH AFRICA, NOV. 30 DEC 4, 2015 DEMOGRAPHIC DIVIDEND IN AFRICA: PROSPECTS, OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES CALL FOR PAPERS 7 th African Population Conference JOHANNESBURG SOUTH AFRICA, NOV. 30 DEC 4, 2015 DEMOGRAPHIC DIVIDEND IN AFRICA: PROSPECTS, OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES Hosted by the Government of South

More information

Master s Thesis of Marloes de Lange. Research Master Social Cultural Science

Master s Thesis of Marloes de Lange. Research Master Social Cultural Science Family Forms and Children s Educational Performance in a Cross Comparative Perspective: Effects of School s Resources and Family Policies of Modern Societies Master s Thesis of Marloes de Lange Research

More information

Is Marriage a White Institution?

Is Marriage a White Institution? Is Marriage a White Institution? Understanding the causes and e ects of the racial marriage divide. Elizabeth Caucutt (University of Western Ontario) and Nezih Guner (Universidad Carlos III de Madrid)

More information

SOCIAL HISTORY FOR ADULT STEP-PARENT ADOPTIONS. In the matter of: Date of Birth: (Name of Child to be adopted)

SOCIAL HISTORY FOR ADULT STEP-PARENT ADOPTIONS. In the matter of: Date of Birth: (Name of Child to be adopted) In the matter of: Date of Birth: (Name of Child to be adopted) It is the policy of this Court to complete a criminal/driving history check and/or a Children s Protective Services Central Registry check

More information

Live Long and Prosper? Demographic Change and Europe s Pensions Crisis

Live Long and Prosper? Demographic Change and Europe s Pensions Crisis 10 November 2015, Brussels Live Long and Prosper? Demographic Change and Europe s Pensions Crisis Key Note Speech Dr. Jochen Pimpertz Head of Research Unit Public Finance, Social Security, Income and Wealth

More information

WELFARE STATES AND PUBLIC HEALTH: AN INTERNATIONAL COMPARISON. Peter Abrahamson University of Copenhagen pa@soc.ku.dk

WELFARE STATES AND PUBLIC HEALTH: AN INTERNATIONAL COMPARISON. Peter Abrahamson University of Copenhagen pa@soc.ku.dk WELFARE STATES AND PUBLIC HEALTH: AN INTERNATIONAL COMPARISON Peter Abrahamson University of Copenhagen pa@soc.ku.dk ECLAC,Santiago de Chile, Chile,November 3, 2008 Structure of presentation 1. Health

More information

Multilocality and the Pluralisation of Living Arrangements

Multilocality and the Pluralisation of Living Arrangements Multilocality and the Pluralisation of Living Arrangements How and Why has Family Life Changed over the Course of the Last 50 Years? DJI Workshop: The Everyday Life of Multi-Local Families. Concepts, Methods

More information

Epidemiology of Divorce. Abstract

Epidemiology of Divorce. Abstract Epidemiology of Divorce Patricia H. Shiono Linda Sandham Quinn Abstract The living arrangements of American children have been strongly affected by revolutionary social changes in the past 30 years. Large

More information

Consequences and correlates of alcohol use at 16 and beyond: Empirical findings from the British Cohort studies

Consequences and correlates of alcohol use at 16 and beyond: Empirical findings from the British Cohort studies Consequences and correlates of alcohol use at 16 and beyond: Empirical findings from the British Cohort studies Jeremy Staff Pennsylvania State University 16 and beyond A demographically dense period of

More information

Father-Child Relations after Divorce in Four European Countries: Patterns and Determinants

Father-Child Relations after Divorce in Four European Countries: Patterns and Determinants Comparative Population Studies Vol. 40, 3 (2015): 251-276 (Date of release: 30.09.2015) Father-Child Relations after Divorce in Four European Countries: Patterns and Determinants Matthijs Kalmijn Abstract:

More information

Grandparent Custody and Visitation Issues

Grandparent Custody and Visitation Issues Chapter 14 Grandparent Custody and Visitation Issues Melody K. Fuller, Esq.* Melody K. Fuller, P.C. SYNOPSIS 14-1. Grandparent Visitation Issues 14-2. Custody of Grandchildren 14-3. Resources This chapter

More information

Narrowing the Sustainability Gap of EU and US Health Care Spending

Narrowing the Sustainability Gap of EU and US Health Care Spending Working Paper Research Division EU Integration Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik German Institute for International and Security Affairs Amy Medearis, Ognian N. Hishow 1 Narrowing the Sustainability Gap

More information

Measuring National Well-being - Households and Families, 2012

Measuring National Well-being - Households and Families, 2012 Measuring National Well-being - Households and Families, 2012 Author Name(s): Ian Macrory: Office for National Statistics Abstract This article is published as part of the ONS Measuring National Well-being

More information

The New Demography of American Motherhood

The New Demography of American Motherhood The New Demography of American Motherhood d FOR RELEASE: MAY 6, 2010; REVISED AUGUST 19, 2010 Paul Taylor, Project Director D Vera Cohn, Senior Writer Gretchen Livingston, Senior Researcher Wendy Wang,

More information

Parental leave in Belgium and in Europe

Parental leave in Belgium and in Europe Parental leave in Belgium and in Europe Leila Maron & Síle O'Dorchai Department of Applied Economics, Université Libre de Bruxelles (DULBEA) Article: Maron, Leila, Danièle Meulders and Síle O Dorchai (2008)

More information

Chile. Czech Republic

Chile. Czech Republic FIVE FAMILY FACTS AUSTRALIA... 2 AUSTRIA... 2 BELGIUM... 3 CANADA... 3 CHILE... 4 CZECH REPUBLIC... 4 DENMARK... 5 ESTONIA... 5 FINLAND... 6 FRANCE... 6 GERMANY... 7 GREECE... 7 HUNGARY... 8 ICELAND...

More information

The Impact of Divorce on Children. Jonathan Esterman. Scripted Genius

The Impact of Divorce on Children. Jonathan Esterman. Scripted Genius The Impact of Divorce on Children Jonathan Esterman Scripted Genius Copyright 2012, Jonathan Esterman. All rights reserved. No portion of this article may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or

More information

Family Law. Analytical Report

Family Law. Analytical Report Flash Eurobarometer European Commission Family Law Analytical Report Fieldwork: June 2006 Report: October 2006 Flash Eurobarometer 188 The Gallup Organization This survey was requested by Directorate-General

More information

The Evolving Economic Consequences of Divorce

The Evolving Economic Consequences of Divorce The Evolving Economic Consequences of Divorce Timothy Roeper Neil G. Bennett CUNY Institute for Demographic Research September 27, 2013 PAA Extended Abstract submitted for consideration for presentation

More information

EUROPE 2020 TARGET: TERTIARY EDUCATION ATTAINMENT

EUROPE 2020 TARGET: TERTIARY EDUCATION ATTAINMENT EUROPE 2020 TARGET: TERTIARY EDUCATION ATTAINMENT Low tertiary or equivalent education attainment levels create skills bottlenecks in knowledgeintensive economic sectors and hamper productivity, innovation

More information

Arbeitspapiere Working papers

Arbeitspapiere Working papers Self-employed or employee, full-time or part-time? Gender differences in the determinants and conditions for self-employment in Europe and the US Arbeitspapiere Working papers Henning Lohmann Arbeitspapiere

More information

22 Pathways Winter 2011

22 Pathways Winter 2011 22 Pathways Winter 11 The Long Reach of Pathways Winter 11 23 Early childhood poverty by Greg J. Duncan and Katherine Magnuson Using a poverty line of about $22,000 for a family of four, the Census Bureau

More information

Changing families and sustainable societies: Policy contexts and diversity over the life course and across generations

Changing families and sustainable societies: Policy contexts and diversity over the life course and across generations Changing families and sustainable societies: Policy contexts and diversity over the life course and across generations 4 (2013) State-of-the-art report Effects of family forms and dynamics on children

More information

Full report - Women in the labour market

Full report - Women in the labour market Full report - Women in the labour market Coverage: UK Date: 25 September 2013 Geographical Area: UK Theme: Labour Market Key points The key points are: Rising employment for women and falling employment

More information

THE IMPACT OF CHILDHOOD HEALTH AND COGNITION ON PORTFOLIO CHOICE

THE IMPACT OF CHILDHOOD HEALTH AND COGNITION ON PORTFOLIO CHOICE THE IMPACT OF CHILDHOOD HEALTH AND COGNITION ON PORTFOLIO CHOICE Dimitris Christelis, Loretti Dobrescu, Alberto Motta 214-2010 5 The Impact of Childhood Health and Cognition on Portfolio Choice Dimitris

More information

Stockholm Research Reports in Demography 2013:19

Stockholm Research Reports in Demography 2013:19 STOCKHOLM UNIVERSITY Dept of Sociology, Demography Unit / www.suda.su.se Who Moves to Whom? Gender Differences in the Distance Moved to a Shared Residence by Maria Brandén and Karen Haandrikman (maria.branden@sociology.su.se)

More information

Living standards after divorce: does alimony offset gender income inequalities?

Living standards after divorce: does alimony offset gender income inequalities? Living standards after divorce: does alimony offset gender income inequalities? Carole Bonnet (Ined) 1, Bertrand Garbinti (CREST Insee, PSE) 2, Anne Solaz (Ined) 3 Proposal for the XXVII International

More information

HOW TO TACKLE DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGE? PAST AND FUTURE CHALLENGES

HOW TO TACKLE DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGE? PAST AND FUTURE CHALLENGES HOW TO TACKLE DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGE? PAST AND FUTURE CHALLENGES Conference Insurance Sectoral Social Dialogue Committee (ISSDC) Brussels, 14 June 2012 Josef Wöss (AK-Wien) TOPICS Demographic change - Age

More information

Chapter 3 Work-Life Balance Promotion

Chapter 3 Work-Life Balance Promotion Chapter 3 Work-Life Balance Promotion Section 1 Importance of Work-Life Balance 1 Problems Involved in Working Style. The major reason behind the rapid fall in the birthrate is the situation whereby women

More information

Brandie Marie Ward Iowa State University. Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Brandie Marie Ward Iowa State University. Retrospective Theses and Dissertations Retrospective Theses and Dissertations 2008 Educational outcomes of children with absentfathers: an examination of children with deceased fathers and children with fathers absent for other reasons compared

More information

SEPARATION: CONSEQUENCES FOR WEALTH IN LATER LIFE

SEPARATION: CONSEQUENCES FOR WEALTH IN LATER LIFE SEPARATION: CONSEQUENCES FOR WEALTH IN LATER LIFE Caroline Dewilde, Karel Van den Bosch, Aaron Van den Heede 218-2010 9 Separation: Consequences for Wealth in Later Life Caroline Dewilde, Karel Van den

More information

Families are changing

Families are changing Doing Better for Families OECD 211 Chapter 1 Families are changing Families have changed over the past thirty years. This chapter provides an overview of the changes in family formation, household structure,

More information

FAMILY LAW: DIVORCE APPLICATION INITIAL APPOINTMENT CHECKLIST

FAMILY LAW: DIVORCE APPLICATION INITIAL APPOINTMENT CHECKLIST FAMILY LAW: DIVORCE APPLICATION INITIAL APPOINTMENT CHECKLIST At Swanwick Murray Roche,, we are committed to assisting our clients in an efficient and cost effective manner. This checklist sets out the

More information

Studying Society. How do we develop as individuals and become part of society?

Studying Society. How do we develop as individuals and become part of society? Studying Society Key terms and concepts Green Amber Red How is the sociological approach different from the biological, psychological or journalistic approach? What are social structures and can you give

More information

The Global Flight From Marriage : Has It Come to the Arabic World? A First Look at the Evidence

The Global Flight From Marriage : Has It Come to the Arabic World? A First Look at the Evidence The Global Flight From Marriage : Has It Come to the Arabic World? A First Look at the Evidence Nicholas Eberstadt, Ph.D. Henry Wendt Chair in Political Economy American Enterprise Institute

More information