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1 Index Numbers 6PE (IPv6 PE), configuration, 246 service configuration, 245 VRF-awareness, 247 6VPE extensions, core extensions, PE to CE peering, PE1 configuration, 35 A ABR (Area Border Router), 107 Anycast BGP and, Next-Hop-Self, policy example, 113 accept-orf, 20 active/standby pseudowire, dynamic endpoint, ADD-PATH (Advertisement of Multiple Paths), configuration, 136 prefi xes, 137 test topology, 135 add-path send command, 135 Address Families, mcast-ipv4, 168 Adj-RIB-In, 2 Adj-RIB-Out, 2 Route Refresh and, UPDATE message, 20 advertise-bgp command, 98 advertise-external command, 139, 141 advertise-inactive command, 111, 119 advertise-label ipv4 command, 120 advertise-label ipv6 command, 245 AFI (Address Family Identify), 4, 10 aggregation domains, 107 AGGREGATOR attribute, 8 AGI (Address Group Identifier), VPN-id (VLAN identifier), 95 AGNs (aggregation nodes), 107 AGN-1 VPRN configuration, 115 ALTO (Application Layer Traffic Optimization), 317 always-compare-med command, ANs (access nodes), 107 anti-spoof nh-mac, 274 Anycast BGP, ARF (Automatic Route Filtering), AS (Autonomous System), 2 Auto-Discovery/tunnel binding, 190 FlowSpec, Inter-AS Type C, Route Target Constraint and, 23 AS number, 2 ASBRs (Autonomous System Border Routers), 42 Inter-AS BGP label, 121 Inter-AS Type C configuration, 120 Next-hop, Type B interconnect, configuration, 44 Type C interconnect, 42 VPN-IPv4 route policies, 45 as-override command, 34 AS_PATH encoding, attachment circuit failure, 81, 89 non-forwarding state, 88 Attribute Type Code, 8 attributes AGGREGATOR, 8 CLUSTER, 8 COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL

2 COMMUNITY, 8 Extended Community, 52 LOCAL-PREF, 53 MED, 8 MP_REACH, 8 MP_REACH_NLRI, 11 MP_UNREACH, 8 MP_UNREACH_NLRI, 11 ORIGINATOR_ID, 8 auto-bind command, 15 Auto-Discovery AS, 190 LDP signaling and, SR-OS, 50 Auto-Discovery and Signaling, auto-discovery command, 187 auto-discovery mdt-safi command, 182 automatic endpoint creation, 80 autonomous-system number, 16, B back-to-back VRFs, 42 backup-path command, 111 Best External, configuration, 140 Route-Reflection, Best-Path selection algorithm, BGP (Border Gateway Protocol) configuration, 3 enabling, 2 bgp node, 76 BGP UPDATE messages, 6 7 bgp-ad node, 55 BGP/MPLS (BGP/Multi-Protocol Label Switching), framework for building, 14 BGP-MPLS IP-VPN, Route-Target values, 15 bgp-peering-policy, 275 bgp-peers command, 239 bgp-vpws node, 76 blackholing attack mitigation and, RTBH (Remote-Triggered Black-Hole), BNG (Broadband Network Gateway), 268 boot-timer, 63, 82 broadband networks, residential, C Capabilities parameter, 3 4 carrier-carrier-vpn command, 126 Carriers Carrier model, CCMs (Circuit Continuity Messages), 63 C-instance, 173 CLUSTER attribute, 8 C-Multicast, MVPN and, c-multicast signaling bgp command, 187 commands add-path send, 135 advertise-bgp, 98 advertise-external, 139, 141 advertise-inactive, 111, 119 advertise-label ipv4, 120 advertise-label ipv6, 245 always-compare-med, as-override, 34 auto-bind, 15 auto-discovery, 187 auto-discovery mdt-safi, 182 backup-path, 111 bgp-peers, 239 carrier-carrier-vpn, 126 damp-peer-oscillations, 219 eibgp-multipath, 258 enable-inter-as-vpn, 43 enable-notification, flowspec-validate, 232 graceful-restart, 208 ignore-nh-metric, 253 ip-prefix-list, 238 local-prefix, 98 multicast-import ipv4, 169 multipath, provider-tunnel, 176 purge-timer, 19 rapid-withdrawal, rpf-table both, 170 rpfv mvpn, 182 show router bgp neighbor, INDEX

3 show router bgp neighbor gracefulrestart, 211 src-ip, 239 transport-tunnel, 111 update-fault-tolerance, 215 vrf-target, 15 COMMUNITY attribute, 8 configuration Epipe, 102 multi-homing, Seamless MPLS, soft-reconfiguration, 22 Connect state, 2 3 connector attribute, Control Flags field, control-plane Route-Reflectors, ORR (Optimal Route Reflection), virtual route-reflectors, core extensions, 6VPE, Core PIC, 146 CPM (Control and Processing Module), critical errors, CSC (Carrier Supporting Carrier) model, CSV (Circuit Status Vector), attachment circuit failure, 81 D damp-peer-oscillations command, 219 Default-MDT, 175 demultiplexors, exchanging, deterministic MED, DF (Designated Forwarder), 53, 63 transition to, 90 draft-ietf-idr-best-external. See Best External draft-rosen framework, architecture, 174 Inter-AS draft-rosen, MVPN topology, Dynamic BGP policies, dynamic endpoints, active/standby pseudowire, dynamic MS-PW, dynamic-peer keyword, E Edge PIC, EGP (Exterior Gateway Protocol), 214 egress IP lookup, 154 EIBGP multipath, load-balancing and, eibgp-multipath command, 258 enable-inter-as-vpn command, 43 enable-notification command, endpoints creation, automatic, 80 dynamic, active/standby pseudowire, spoke-sdp-fecs, 102 EOR (End-of-RIB) marker, 207 Epipe configuration, 102 inter-domain, error conditions, NOTFICATION messages, 9 error handling, Graceful Restart, error-handling, 215 errors critical errors, noncritical errors, 215 ESI (Ethernet Segment Identifier), 303 ESM (Enhanced Subscriber Management), 274 Established state, 3 Ethernet A-D Route, Ethernet Segment Route, 307 Ethernet Tags, 303 EVI (EVPN instance), 302 EVPN (Ethernet VPN), 302 control plane, multi-homing mode, NLRI, 303 Explicit-Null label, 247 export keyword, 15 Extended Community attribute, 52 extended-community, 20 F FDB (Forwarding Databases), 51 fi lter i n g ARF (Automatic Route Filtering), INDEX 337

4 auto-generation, fl a g s, StandbyForMHProtocol, 87 flow-ipv4 configuration, 225 FlowSpec (Flow Specification), AS, attack mitigation blackholes, redirect to VRF, match criteria, 223 test topology, 225 flowspec keyword, 226 FlowSpec NLRI, flowspec-validate command, 232 Framed-Route, residential broadband networks and, FSM (Finite State Mechine), 2 3 G Graceful Restart, configuration, 209 error handling, Helper mode, 211 NOTIFICATION capability, OPEN message, , Restart Time, 207 status, 212 test topology, graceful-restart command, 208 GTSM (Generalized TTL Security Mechanism), GUA (Globally Unique Address), 29 H Hold Times, 5 I IANA (Internet Assigned Numbers Authority), 4 5, 10 IBGP, split horizon, IBGP-multipath, load-balancing and, ICB (Inter-Chassis Backup) pseudowire, spokesdp-fecs and, 102 ignore-nh-metric command, 253 IGP shortcuts, inclusive keyword, 190 Inclusive Multicast Ethernet Tag Route, 307 Inter-AS draft-rosen, Inter-AS IP-VPN, Inter-AS Type C, ASBR1 BGP configuration, 120 RR1, 121 topology, 119 inter-as-label, interdomain IPv4 multicast, 168 inter-domain routing, Epipe configuration, Interface-TLV, 63 intra-domain routing, 108 IP address, 2 IP lookup, egress IP lookup, 154 IP Prefi x Advertisement Route, I-PMSI (Inclusive PMSI), 185 ip-prefix-list command, 238 IPv4 advertised label, 113 interdomain multicast, 168 Next-Hop-Self, 117 residential broadband networks, 269 IPv4 unicast MG-BGP, 3, 4 IPv6 Next-Hop-Self, 117 NLRI, 246 route-table, 247 IPv6 unicast MP-BGP, 4 IPv6 VPN. See 6VPE IP-VPNs, 14 IS-IS, intra-domain routing, 108 K KEEPALIVE message, INDEX

5 L L2 route-table, 57, 94 label blocks, administration, Labeled Unicast BGP advertised label, 114 inter-domain routing, 108 received label, 114 LAG (Link Aggregation Group), 63 LB (label base), 51 LDP control plan, 50 LDP Mapping Message, 102 LDP signaling Auto-Discovery and, MS-PWs, 95 Link Descriptor TLVs, 319 link-state databases, load-balancing EIBGP multipath and, IBGP-multipath, multipath, local learning, local-as no-prepend-global-as parameter, 16 local-as parameter, 16 LOCAL-PREF attribute, 53 local-prefix command, 98 Local/Remote capabilities, 6 Loc-RIB, 2 lsp-template, 190 M MAC Advertisement Route, MAC VRF, 302 mcast-ipv4 Address Family, 168 MCAST-VPN NLRI format, 186 MCAST-VPN NLRI route types, 186 MDT (Multicast Distribution Tree), 174 broadcast domain, 175 Default-MDT, 175 PIM neighbor, 179 MDT-SAFI NLRI, 173 MED attribute, 8 MEP (Maintenance Endpoint), 63 messages BGP UPDATE, 6 7 KEEPALIVE, 3 NOTIFICATION, 3, 8 10 OPEN, 3 UPDATE, 6 8, 50 MH-ID (Multi-Homed ID), 63 MP-BGP (Multi-Protocol-BGP), 3 4, VPN-IPv4 prefi xes and, 14 VPN-IPv6 prefi xes and, 14 MPLS. See also Seamless MPLS piggy-backing information, 106 pseudowire establishment, Tunnel-Table for AGNs, 115 MP_REACH attribute, 8 MP_REACH_NLRI attribute, 11 labeled BGP Address Family, 106 MP_UNREACH attribute, 8, 25 MP_UNREACH NLRI attribute, 57 MP_UNREACH_NLRI attribute, 11 MRAI (Minimum Route Advertisement Interval), 68, MSDP (Multicast Source Discovery Protocol), MS-PW (multi-segment pseudowire) dynamic, NLRI, 97 Pseudowire Routing Test Topology, 97 routing policy, 99 verification, Multi-AS. See Inter-AS IP-VPN multicast ASM (Any Source Multicast), interdomain, IPv4, 168 PIM-SIM (PIM Sparse Mode), routing table, 170 Multicast VPN, multicast-import configuration, 169 multicast-import ipv4 command, 169 Multi-Chassis Link Aggregation Group (LAG), 63 INDEX 339

6 multi-homed VPWS, single-homed pseudowire, multi-homing, multipath, load-balancing and, multipath command, Multi-Protocol BGP, 96 Pseudowire Routing, MVPN (Multicast-VPN), 173 Auto-Discovery, 178 C-Multicast and, configuration, 177, 188 RSVP-TE, 189 draft-rosen framework, architecture, 174 topology, test topology, 186 N N (Notification) bit, 206 NAT (Network Address Translation), residential broadband networks and, nested policies, network-interface, 126 Next-Generation Multicast-VPN. See MVPN (Multicast-VPN) Next-Hop GRE tunnel, 15 MPLS tunnel, 15 tracking, Next-Hop Tracking Use-Case topology, 142 Next-Hop-Self ABR, VPN-IPv4/IPv6 prefi xes, 117 NLRI (Network Layer Reachability Information), 6 7 MS-PW NLRI, 97 Route Target and, 22 23, 25 VPLS NLRI, 50 noncritical errors, 215 no-prepend-global-as argument, 16 NOTIFICATION message, 3, 4, 8 10 NSF (Non-Stop Forwarding), 206 NSR (Non-Stop Routing), 206 NVGRE (Network Virtualization GRE), 302 NVO3 (Network Virtual Overlay over Layer 3), 306 O OPEN message, 3 capabilities negotiation, 5 Hold Times, 5 OpenConfi rm state, 3 OpenSent state, 3 ORF (Outbound Route Filtering), ORIGINATOR_ID attribute, 8 ORR (Optimal Route Reflection), OSPF, intra-domain routing, 108 outbound-route-filtering, 20 P parameters autonomous-system number, 16 Capabilities, 3 4 local-as, 16 local-as no-prepend-global-as, 16 pseudowire routing information, 98 route-distinguisher, path attribute manipulation, Path Identifiers 4 octet, 134 encoding, 136 Path List, 148 Path-ID visibility, 137 PCE (Path Computation Element), 317 PE (Provider Edge), 14 Next-Hop encoding, routers, ARF, system addresses, between domains, Tunnel-Table, 123 PE to CE peering, PE-CE addresssing, 29 peer groups, 2, peers, PE to CE, per-peer-queuing, INDEX

7 PIC (Prefi x Independent Convergence), 146 Core PIC, 146 Edge PIC, PIM group state, 180 MDT neighbors, 179 PIM-174, 173 PMSI (P-Multicast Service Interface), 185 I-PMSI (Inclusive PMSI), 185 Tunnel attribute, 190 Tunnel identifiers, 191 point-to-point inter-domain Layer-2 services, 118 POS (Packet Over Sonet), 45 Prefi x Origin Validation, prefi xes ADD-PATH, 137 dissemination, provider-tunnel command, 176 pseudowires, 50 active/standby, AGI (Address Group Identifier), establishing, Generalized PWid FEC Element, 56 MS-PW (multi-segment pseudowire), Multi-Protocol BGP, PW-Routing configuration, 98 routing information, parameters, 98 single-homed, purge-timer command, 19 PW-Routing Configuration, 98 PW-Routing Route-Table, 101 pw-template, 55, 76 Q QPPB (QoS Policy Propagation using BGP), R R (Restart State) bit, 206 Rapid Withdrawal Configuration, 153 rapid-withdrawal command, RD (Route Distinguisher), 14 receive keyword, 135 remote learning, remote triggered blackholing, remote-ve-name, 84 residential broadband networks, restart. See Graceful Restart Restart Time, 207 RIB-IN, ARF and, 18 RIBs (Routing Information Bases), 2 Adj-RIB-In, 2 Adj-RIB-Out, 2 Loc-RIB, 2 route policies, Route Refresh, ORF and, 21 Route Target, 14 Extended Community, 14 Route Target Constraint, route-distinguisher, 98 route-distinguisher parameter, Route-Reflection, Best External, 141 Route-Reflector, route-reflectors, virtual, Route-Target values, BGP-MPLS IP-VPN, 15 routing table, multicast, 170 RP (Rendezvous Point), 166 RPF Vector, , 184 rpf-table both command, 170 rpfv mvpn command, 182 RPKI (Resource Public Key Infrastructure), rsvp keyword, 190 RSVP-TE shortcuts, 262 RTBH (Remote-Triggered Black-Hole) fi ltering, RTM (Route-Table Manager), 143 S SA (Source-Active) messages, RP1 source, 171 SAFI (Subsequent Address Family Identifier), 4, 10 INDEX 341

8 SAII (Source Attachment Individual Identifier), 57, 95 SAP (single attachment circuit), 62 Seamless MPLS, architecture, 108 configuration, implementation, inter-domain routing, service layer, trnasport layer, security attack mitigation blackholes, redirect to VRF, fi lter autogeneration, FlowSpec, GTSM (Generalized TTL Security Mechanism), RTBH (Remote-Triggered Black-Hole), URPF (Unicast RPF), security perimeter, 222 selective keyword, 190 send-orf, 20 Service Providers, multi-homing, service-level base information, 79 service-level L2-Route-Table, 87, 91 session awareness, 268 session negotation, 2 3 shortcuts IGP, 259 RSVP-TE, 262 show router bgp neighbor command, 219 show router bgp neighbor gracefulrestart command, 211 single-homed pseudowire, multi-homed VPWS, single-homed VPWS, single-homed VPWS configuration, 77 site-activation-timer, 82 site-preference, 82 SMP (Symmetric Multi-Core Processing), peer groups and, soft reconfiguration, 22 Source-Tree Join, withdraw, Spanning Tree Protocol, 63 spe-address, 98 split horizon, spoke-sdp-fec keyword, 101 spoke-sdp-fec node, 101 src-ip command, 239 SR-OS router, 3 4 Auto-Discovery, 50 Extended Community ORF-type, stale-routes-time, 208 StandbyForMHProtocol fl ag, 87 states Connect, 3 Established, 3 OpenConfi rm, 3 OpenSent, 3 subroutines, T TAII (Target Attachment Individual Identifier), 57 TCP connection, 2 3 T-PE (Terminating-PE), 95 Traffic Rate Extended Community, 224 transport-tunnel command, 111 Type B interconnect, configuration, 44 Type C interconnects, 42 U UHM (Upstream Multicast Hop), UMH (Upstream Multicast Hop), UPDATE messages, 6 8, 50 format, 7 update-fault-tolerance command, 215 URPF (Unicast RPF), V validation Prefi x Origin Validation, INDEX

9 VPWS, VBOs (VE block offsets), 51 VBS (VE block size), 51 VE ID (VLPS Edge ID), 51 active/standby pseudowire method, 92 single-pseudowire method, 84 ve-id, 84 virtual route-reflectors, VLPS Edge ID (VE ID), 51 VLPS NLRI, VPLS, 50 preference field, 53 topology, VPLS-ID, VSI-ID, VPLS NLRI, 50 BGP-AD, 56 VPLS-ID, VPN-id (VLAN identifier), 95 VPN-IPv4 prefi xes AFI, 14 MP-BGP and, 14 Next-Hop-Self, 117 VPN-IPv6 prefi xes AFI, 14 MP-BGP and, 14 Next-Hop-Self, 117 VPRN (Virtual Private Routed Network), 2 configuration, base level, VPWS, multi-homed, single-homed pseudowire, single-homed, topology, 75 validation, VPWS NLRI, CSV (Circuit Status Vector), VRFs, back-to-back, 42 vrf-target command, 15 VRPN-level AS number, 16 VSAs (Vendor-Specific Attributes), VSI-ID, VSIs (VPLS Switch Instances), VXLAN (Virtual Extensible Local Area Network), 306 INDEX 343

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