Truth from These Podia

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Truth from These Podia"

Transcription

1 Truth from These Podia Summary of a Study of Strategic Influence, Perception Management, Strategic Information Warfare and Strategic Psychological Operations in Gulf II "#$ &#'()*+'!,-.-*+./ 0" )'+( ' :/ ;<<=! >?+ A5'#5+BC #*( $).)5#'C -D+'#5)-*A #5 5?+ E#5)-*#. F#',-..+B+/ 1)' F#',-..+B+ #*( E#G#. F#',-..+B+H I+ J#A '+8+*5.C # G)A)5)*B A8?-.#' #5 5?+ "J+()A? K+L+*8+,-..+B+H MM?+ J#A # -* 5?+ NewsHour with Jim Lehrer #A J+.. #A -* NN, '#()- #*( 5+.+G)A)-*/ #*( E#5)-*#. 4#()-H >?+ J#A *-5 9C #*C -'B#*)P#5)-*/ #*( 5?+ #'+ *-5 $+#*5 5- '+D'+A+*5 5?-A+ -L #*C -'B#*)P#5)-*H I+ 8#* 9+ '+#8?+( #5 "#$&#'(R#-.H8-$!

2 Preface SC )*5+*5 J#A *-5 5- (- 5?)A $CA+.LH >?+ J-'T?#( 5-9+ # 8-$9)*#5)-* -L 5?+ T)*( -L '+A+#'8? M J#A (-)*B #*( )*G+A5)B#5)G+ M (- 5?+ D#'5H "-$+-*+?#( 5-5#.T 5-5?-A+ )*A)(+H 1L5+' $C L'-$ #* )*L-'$#5)-* J#'L#'+ 8-*L+'+*8+ )* V-*(-* )* M 9+B#*.--T)*B L-' )*5+'+A5 )* -*+ -L 5?+ $#U-' *+JAD#D+'AH M 5?#5 )*5+'+A5 )* S#'T 2)*+$#* #5 5?+ LA TimesH S#'T?#( 8-G+'+( 5?+ J#' #*( 9++* 8?)+L L-' 5?+ D#D+' )* O?).)DD)*+A/ #*( S+X)8-,)5CH 8-G+'+( A-$+ -L 5?+ A5-')+A M +X#$)*+( )* $C '+A+#'8?/?+ A#J G+'C +#'.C 5?+ D-)*5 M J#A $#T)*B 5?+ )$D.)8#5)-* -L 5?+)' 9+)*B A++* #A # J?-.+/ 5?+ A5'#5+B)8 F+ 5- +X8?#*B+ +Y$#).A/ 5#.T 9C D?-*+ #*( $+5 5)$+A #L5+' )*)5)#. A+AA)-*H I+ A?#'+( )*L-'$#5)-*?+ M A?#'+( $C (+G+.-D)*B '+A+#'8?H S#'T 2)*+$#* ()+( -L #* #DD#'+*5?+#'5 #55#8T J?).+ -* #AA)B*$+*5 )* N#B?(#( -* "+D5+$9+' ;=/ ;<<=H ;

3 M5 J#A *-5 9#( )*5+..)B+*8+H M5 J#A $-'+H M5 J#A #* -'8?+A5'#5+( +LL-'5H M5 9+B#* 9+L-'+ 5?+ J#'/ J#A # $#U-' +LL-'5 5?+ J#' #*( #A D-A5Y8-*L.)85 ()A5-'5)-*AH >?+ 5)5.+ -L 5?)A J#A L-' $+H F?+* M 9+B#* M )5 J#A B-)*B 5-9+ #* #*#.CA)A -L O+*5#B-* AD)*H M J#A B-)*B 5-8#.. )5/ L'-$ 5?)A >?#5 J#A 5-9+ # D.#C -* D'-$)A+A J+ J+'+ B)G+* 9+L-'+ 5?+ J#'H >?+ $-'+ M ()(/ 5?+ $-'+ )5 9+8#$+ 8.+#' 5?#5 )5 J#A *-5 5?+ O+*5#B-*H M5 J#A 5?+ F?)5+ #*( )5 J#A K-J*)*B "5'++5H M5 J#A $-'+ 5?#* AD)*H M 8#..)*B )5 -L V)+A/[ 8-**+85)*B 5- # 5)5.+ 5?+ F?)5+ B#G+ # D#D+' -* M'#\QA (+8#(+ -L L#9')8#5)-*/ $-A5.C J+#D-*A -L J+'+ D#'5 -L 5?+ +LL-'5/ 5?#5 5) * -LL 5?+ $#'T 5?+ A5-'C )A $-'+ #G+'A)-* '#5?+' 5?#* 5?+ -D+*.)+H M #.A- $)AA+( -* 5?+ M )5 J#A B-)*B 5-9+ AD)**)*B 5?+ A5-')+A -L 5?+ 8-*L.)85H M J#A J'-*BH >?+ '+#. +AA+*8+ -L J?#5 M J#A # 9'-#(+' D'-9.+$H M5 )A # D'-9.+$ 5?+ #A #A 5?+ D#A5H >?)A D'-9.+$ 9+8#$+ 5?+ A5-'C -L 5?+ >?)A )A -*+ J#C -L 5?+ The United States (and UK) conducted a strategic influence campaign that: distorted perceptions of the situation both before and during the conflict. caused misdirection of portions of the military operation. was irresponsible in parts. might have been illegal in some ways. cost big bucks. will be even more serious in the future. M T*-J J?#5 M #$ )A M ()( *-5 8-$+ 5-5?+A+ $C D.+# )A L-' )* J#'/ M?#G+ 5')+( 5-9+ G+'C *-5 5- L#.. )*5- # 5'#D -L (+A8')9)*B +X#BB+'#5)-*A J)5? +X#BB+'#5)-*H M?-D+ MQG+ (-*+ 5?#5H M +XD+85 A-$+ J).. 9+.)+G+ M?#G+ 9++* -L 5?+ A#$+ A)*AH 1A.-*B #A J+ 8#*?#G+ A-$+ )* J#'/ M #88+D5 5?+ 8')5)8)A$H

4 J).. A++ )* $C #*#.CA)A #*( 8-$$+*5A 5?#5 M (- *-5 #88+D5 5?+ *-5)-* 5?#5 5?+ L)'A5 -L J#' )A M 5?)*T J+?#G+ 5-?#G+ #?)B?+' A5#*(#'(H M* 5?+ $-A5 9#A)8 A+*A+/ F#A?)*B5-* #*( V-*(-* ()( *-5 5?+ D+-D.+A -L 5?+)' (+$-8'#8)+A 5-8-$+ 5- ')B?5 (+8)A)-*AH 9+8#$+ # F?+* )A # (+$-8'#8C '+8+)G+A 8-..#5+'#. (#$#B+H SC D.+# )A L-' M 9+.)+G+ J+?#G+ 5- L)*( J#CA 5- '+A5-'+ #A -L B-G+'*$+*5 )* $#55+'A #A #A J#'H SC A5-'C 9+ )$D-'5#*5 )L )5 J+'+ 5?+.#A5 8?#D5+' -L 5?+ 9--TH M5QA *-5H >?+'+ )A $-'+ 5-8-$+H 1A 5?+ 0*)5+( "5#5+A J)5? # D-A5Y8-*L.)85 M'#\/ ()A5-'5)-*A O'-9#9.C -L $-'+ 8-*8+'*/ $#U-' D.#C+'A )* 5?+ B#$+ #'+ J-'T)*B -* J#CA 5- (- )5 Z9+55+'[ )* 8-*L.)85AH M* -5?+' J-'(A/ )5 #DD+#'A #A )L 5?+ -L 5?)A J#' J) $+ +G+* $-'+ )$D-'5#*5 L-' J#'AH F+?#G+ '+#A-* *8+'*+(H 1*-5?+' J#C 5- 5?+ Summary Clearly, the assumption of some in the government is the people of the United States and the United Kingdom will come to a wrong decision if they are the given truth. We probably have taken Information Warfare too far. We allowed strategic psychological operations to. become part of public affairs. We failed to make adequate distinction between strategic influence stuff and intelligence. Message became more important than performance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`#*( B-#.AH[ 1B#)* 5?+ J-'(A L'-$ 5?+ >+''-')A$ M*L-'$#5)-* 1J#'+*+AA O'-B'#$/ 9C ()A8-G+')*B.)*T#B+A/ )5 J#A D-AA) )(+*5)LC )*5+*5/ $+5?-(A -L -D+'#5)-*A #*( -'B#*)P#5)-*#. (C*#$)8AH

5 5?)A $+5?-(-.-BC/ )5 J#A D-AA) (- J?#5 5?+ O+*5#B-* J#*5+( 5- (-/ Z D+* )*L-'$#5)-* -D+'#5)-*AH[ Methodology The purpose is to reduce vulnerability to open source information operations by developing the ability to detect inconsistencies in open source data with regard to known facts and goals. One of the characteristics is that their organizational structures are not well understood and are purposefully designed to conceal their connections and relationships. DARPA s premise is that by discovering linkages among people, places, things and events to recognize patterns of relationships that are representative, it can help identify intent, methods of operation, and organizational dynamics. Report to Congress Regarding the Terrorism Information Awareness Program, May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bll-'5a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a[ ZK)(*Q5 T*-J 5?+'+ 9+ M5 J#A *-5 *+8+AA#'CH 5-.( 5?+ (-*Q5 (+L+*( (+$-8'#8C 9C $#T)*B.)B?5 -L )5A $-A5 9#A)8 +.+$+*5AH >?+ 1$+')8#* D+-D.+ 5?+ J#'H F?C (- )5a

6 Announcing the Effort And then there was the Office of Strategic Influence. You may recall that. And oh my goodness gracious isn't that terrible, Henny Penny the sky is going to fall. I went down that next day and said fine, if you want to savage this thing fine I'll give you the corpse. There's the name. You can have the name, but I'm gonna keep doing every single thing that needs to be done and I have. Rumsfeld, November 18, 2002 From a marketing point of view, you don't introduce new products in August," White House Chief of Staff Andrew H. Card Jr. told the New York Times in September. Card was explaining what the Times characterized as a "meticulously planned strategy to persuade the public, the Congress, and the allies of the need to confront the threat from Saddam Hussein." It would cost over $200 million. Times of London, 9/17/02 >?+A+ 5J- 8?#'5 #'+ 5?+ -L $C )*G+A5)B#5)-*] The Stories of Strategic Influence (1) Terrorism and 9/11 Lt. Commander Speicher Drones Mohammad Atta meeting with Iraqi Ansar al-salm Chemical and biological weapons Quantities Location Delivery readiness Weapons labs WMD cluster bombs Scuds Cutting off ears Cyber war capability Nuclear materials from Niger Aluminum tubes Nuclear weapons development Dirty bombs Humanitarian operations Attacking the power grid Russian punishment Signing long term oil contracts Night-vision goggles GPS Jamming equipment Saddam in embassy German punishment Surrender of the 507th

7 The Stories of Strategic Influence (2) Red Zone 51st Iraqi Mechanized Division & commander Uprising in Basrah Liberations of Umm Qasr and Basrah Iraqi white flag incidents US and UK uniforms to commit atrocities Execution of prisoners Salman Pak training facility Private Lynch rescue Language Holding the story Children soldiers 1000 Vehicle attack from Baghdad Civilian casualties Woman hung for waving French punishment High precision switches Smallpox strains Signing long term oil contracts Spare parts for aircraft Roland missiles Passport for Iraqi leaders British Parliamentarian punishment WMD location Moved to Syria Hidden Just-in-time program The post-conflict enemy Status of infrastructure repairs c 2'-$ $C '+A+#'8?/ 5?+ $-A5 5?'+#( )A 5?#5 FSK J#A -*.C # G+'C A$#.. D#'5 -L 5?+ A5'#5+B)8 )*L-'$#5)-* -D+'#5)-*A #*( $#'T+5)*B 8#$D#)B* -* 9-5? A)(+A -L 5?+ 15.#*5)8H >?+A+ #'+ 5?+ A5-')+A -* J?)8? M (-)*B (+5#).+( '+A+#'8?H M* +#8? 8#A+/ M #55+$D5+( 5- L)*( J?+* #*( J?+'+ 5?+ A5-'C -')B)*#5+(/ J?)8? -LL)8)#.A $#(+ A5#5+$+*5A '+.#5+( 5-5?+ A5-'C #*( 5?+*.--T #5?-J )5 8#$+ M #$ '+D-'5)*B -* 5?-A+ J?+'+ 5?+ ()LL+'+( L'-$ 5?+ A5-'CH SC '+A+#'8? 5?+'+ J+'+ -G+' d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

8 The Theory In Strauss view, liberal democracies such as the Weimar Republic are not viable in the long term, since they do not offer their citizens any religious and moral footings. The practical consequence of this philosophy is fatal. According to its tenets, the elites have the right and even the obligation to manipulate the truth. Just as Plato recommends, they can take refuge in "pious lies" and in selective use of the truth. Der Spiegel MQ$ *-5 J')5)*B # 8-*AD)'#8CH M5 )A # J+.. #*( *+5J-'T+( -'B#*)P#5)-*H SC 9#A)8 )A 5?#5 G+'C 9')B?5 #*( +G+* J+.. )*5+*5)-*+( -LL)8)#.A 5-8-*5'-. 5?+ D'-8+AA -L B-G+'*#*8+ )* J#CA *+G+' 9+L-'+ D-AA)9.+H M?#G+ *- J#C -L T*-J)*B )*5+*5H >?-A+ J?- 9+.)+G+ 5?+ 1($)*)A5'#5)-* 9C # A$#.. D-)*5 5?#5 5?+ )A #* )$D-'5#*5 #*( +G+* *+8+AA#'C ()$+*A)-* -L B-G+'*#*8+H "5#*()*B 9#8T L'-$ 5?+ (+5#).A -L 5?+ A5-')+A/ 5?+ A5'#5+BC -L A5'#5+B)8 #*( $#'T+5)*B +$+'B+AH Gulf II Influence Strategy This is a struggle between good and evil. Major theme of the war on terrorism as well as Gulf II. The mirror of this is in the Muslim world is when the U.S. is often called the Great Satan. Iraq was behind the attack on the World Trade center. The subtle theme throughout Gulf II. The mirror of this is the rumor that Israel was behind the World Trade Center bombing to embarrass the Arabs. >?+ $#U-' J#A 5- $#T+ # 8-*L.)85 J)5? M'#\ A++$ D#'5 -L # 9+5J++* B--( #*( +G).H >+''-')A$ )A +G).H F+ #'+ B--(H >?+ #X)A )A +G)./ #*( J+ #'+ 5?+ B--( >?+ A+8-*( )A J?#5 D'-D#B#*(# 5?+-')A5A 8#.. 5?+ Z9)B.)+H[ >?+ D.#* J#A 5-8-**+85 M'#\ J)5? 5?+ ef!! #55#8TAH S#T+ 5?+ 1$+')8#* D+-D.+ 9+.)+G+ 5?#5 "#((#$ J#A 9+?)*( 5?-A+ #55#8TAH >?+ +LL-'5 L-..-J+( 5?+ 9#A)8 L'#$+J-'T -L +LL+85)G+ D'-D#B#*(#H

9 Gulf II Influence Strategy 24/7 News require different techniques Saturate the media time and space. Stay on message and stay ahead of the news cycle. Manage expectations. No matter how bad the story, it tends to level; accelerate the process as much as possible. Keep the message consistent daily: Qatar, Pentagon, White House, London Use information to attack and punish critics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arlier Stuff The Afghanistan women s campaign which was the Republican best thing we ve National done Committee Web Site Jim Wilkinson Laura Bush on Rebuilding the Afghan Family Source: The White House Coalition Information Center F?+*?+ A#)( )5 J#A 5?+ 9+A5 5?)*B 5?+CQG+ (-*+/ )5 J#A *-5 A-$+5?)*B 5?+C ()(H M5 J#A # A5-'C 5?+C 8'+#5+(H M5 J#A A5-'CH M5 J#A A5-'CH "5-'C J#A $-A5 ; -' L)G+ 8-*5'#85+( $+()# J+'+ D'-9#9.C )*G-.G+( )* -*+ J#C -' #*-5?+' )* 5?+ MM +LL-'5H W-?* 4+*(-* 8#..?)$A+.L #* )*L-'$#5)-* J#'')-'H

10 )$D-'5#*5H >?+ F?)5+ M*L-'$#5)-*,+*5+' 9+8#$+ 5?+ 7LL)8+ -L -LL)8)#..C )* ;<<=H M5 J#A )* -D+'#5)-*/?-J+G+'/ 9C 5?+ 5)$+ 5?+ F?)5+ 9+B#* )5A $#'T+5)*B 8#$D#)B* )* "+D5+$9+' ;<<;H F?#5 J+ A#J )* 5?+ 1LB?#*)A5#* +LL-'5 J+'+ D#55+'*A 5?#5 MMH M5 J#A (+A)B*+( 5- M5 J#A *-5 # D'-B'#$ J)5? AD+8)L)8 A5+DA -' 5- )$D'-G+ 5?+ 8-*()5)-*A -L J-$+*H Earlier Stuff Women s campaign was designed to build support in countries in which there is heavy skepticism of the antiterrorism coalition. Washington Post, November 16, 2002 Only the terrorist and the Taliban threaten to pull out women s fingernails for wearing nail polish. Laura Bush, November 17, 2001 In Afghanistan if you wear nail polish, you could have your nails torn out. Cherie Blair, November 20, 2001 Human Rights Watch, 2003 report: Situation still bad for women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

11 Anthrax From US and UK intelligence sources The prima facie evidence of the involvement of a state intelligence agency. Maybe Iran has the capability. But it doesn t look likely politically. That leaves Iraq. David Rose, The Observer, October 14, it is increasingly looking like the anthrax sent through the mail came from a US source. White House, December 18, 2001 >?+ #*5?'#X A5-'C.)*B+'+(H M5 5?+ $)((.+ -L K+8+$9+' 5?#5 5?+ F?)5+ # D#D+' 3*-5 #* 5?#5 A#)( )5.--T+( #A )L 5?+ -L 5?+ #*5?'#X J+'+ (-$+A5)8H F+ +XD+85+( )* MM 5- A++ 5?+ A#$+ T)*( -L 5?)*BH ML # A5-'C D-.)8C/ +G+* )L )*8-''+85/.+5 )5 A5#C J?#5 J+*5 9+L-'+/ #A J+ $-G+( )*5- $#'T+5)*B -L 5?+ J#'/ J+ +XD+85+( 5- A++ 5J- 5?)*BAH F+ +XD+85+( 5- A++ 5?+ 8'+#5)-* A5-')+A 5- A+.. 5?+ D-.)8Cg J+ +XD+85+( 5- A++ 5?+ A#$+ -* 9-5? A)(+A -L 5?+ 15.#*5)8H F+ A#J 9-5?H US/UK Stories Parallel Stoyline Terrorism Armed conflict and regime Materials from Niger 45 Minute release time Surrender of the 51st Division Uprising in Basrah US/UK uniforms (picked up from Wilkinson report) French & German precision switches (US in NYT; UK leaked UN Report) Weapons labs British Parliamentarian in pay of Iraq Executing prisoners Baghdad neighborhood bombings Not Parallel Storyline Aluminum tubes Shock and Awe Paramilitaries and not terrorist death squads Terrorist threat Private Lynch Lt Commander Speicher Cyber war capability Dirty bombs Woman hung for waving >?+ -L +*B)*++'+( -' L#.A+ A5-')+A L'-$ 0" #*( 0_ )A.-*BH >?+A+ #'+ A-$+ -L 5?+$H M5QA )$D-'5#*5/?-J+G+'/ 5- D-)*5 5?#5 5?+ 0_ ()( *-5 #.J#CA B- #.-*BH MQ.. 8-$+ 5-5?+ 8-**+85)G+ *+5J-'T 5?#5 $#(+ D-AA)9.+ 5?+ D#'#..+. +LL-'5 5-J#'( 5?+ +*( -L 5?+ '+D-'5H bg+'c5?)*b J#A *-5 A)*)A5+'/ J?+* 9+B)* J)5? 5?+ A$#.. 5?)*BA/ #B#)* A++ # D#55+'* 5?#5 9+8-$+ )$D-'5#*5 5?+.#'B+' ()A5-'5)-*A -L 5?+

12 Characterizing the Action ARMED CONFLICT WITH IRAQ BEGAN ON MARCH 20, 2003 The Department of State advises American citizens in Austria to take prudent steps to ensure their personal safety in the coming days. Remain vigilantly aware of surroundings, avoid crowds and demonstrations, keep a low profile, vary times and routes for all travel, and ensure travel documents are current. Listen to news reports and maintain contact with the U.S. Embassy/Consulate at (01) The Embassy/Consulate will also post updated information on our website US and UK had agreed it would be called armed conflict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hMKb,7S274>H Operation Iraqi Freedom Assessment Code name for the operation transformed into a part of the strategic influence. OVERLORD: During World War II, the codes names were for the purpose of security. DESERT STORM, DESERT FOX: Code names continued to be for the purposes of security. They were made two words so the first word could designate the commander running the operation. DESERT = Central Command. Because of the repetition and the visual quality added by the television networks, this became an effective memory producing technique in Gulf II. >?+'+ J+'+ A-$+ ()$+*A)-*A -L 5?+ $#'T+5)*B 5?#5 J+'+ #.)55.+ A5'#*B+H b)a+*?-j+'qa $).)5#'C -9U+85)G+ J#A 5- Z+*5+' 5?+ 8-*5)*+*5 -L #*( (+A5'-C 5?+

13 &+'$#* 1'$CH[ U.S. Objectives as Strategic Influence End the regime of Saddam Hussein Identify, isolate and eventually eliminate Iraq's weapons of mass destruction. Search for, capture, drive out terrorists who have found safe harbor in Iraq. Collect such intelligence as we can find related to terrorist networks in Iraq and beyond. Collect such intelligence as we can find related to the global network of illicit weapons of mass destruction activity End sanctions and to immediately deliver humanitarian relief, food and medicine Secure Iraq's oil fields and resources, which belong to the Iraqi people Help the Iraqi people create the conditions for a rapid transition to a representative self-government >?+ "+8'+5#'C -L K+L+*A+ A#)( 5?+A+ J+'+ 5?+ -9U+85)G+A B)G+* 5-,+*5'#.,-$$#*(H >?+C J+'+ $+#*5 L-' 5?+ D'+AAH 1A L#' #A M #$ #J#'+/ 5?)A )A 5?+ L)'A5 5)$+ # $).)5#'C 8-$$#*(+' J#A B)G+* -9U+85)G+A 5?#5 J+'+ 5?+ J#'H 2'-$ 5?+ G+'C 9+B)**)*B )5 J#A 8#..+( #* L'-$ 5?+ D-()#H >?#5.)*B+'+( +G+* )* #'5)8.+A 5?#5 5?+ -LL)8)#. G+'A)-* -L 5?+ +G+*5AH ZF?#5 '+#..C?#DD+*+( )* 5?+ -L 5?+ d<i5?a[ ML (')G+ # 8-*G-C )*5- +*+$C.)*+A/ #*( (')G+ 9#8T/ )5QA *-5 #* Private Jessica Lynch From the beginning, it was called an ambush. Am bush (n) 1. an unexpected attack from a concealed position 2. a concealment before a surprise attack 3. one or more people concealed in order to make a surprise attack 4. a hiding place used in an ambush Assessment: It s not an ambush when you drive a convoy into enemy lies. Terrorists would do something like an ambush. S).)5#'C -LL)8+'A J?- #'+ G+'C 5?+C 5#.T -D+'#5)-*A *-'$#..C *-5 9+ A.-DDC (+A8')9)*B 5?)A T)*( -L +G+*5H T)*( -L 5#.T )A -*+ -L 5?+ '+#A-*A M 9+B#* (-)*B 5?)A '+A+#'8?H >?+C ()(*Q5 8?+')A? 5?+ M* $C $)*(/ 5?+ $-A5 5'#*AL-'$#5)-* J#A 5?+ ()'+85)-* L'-$ F#A?)*B5-* 5-8#.. 5?+ M'#\) 5'--DA Z5+''-')A5 (+#5? 7*+ 5-.( $+ 5?)A 8#$+ )* #.+55+' L'-$ MQG+ '+#( )* #*-5?+' D.#8+ )5 J#A L'-$ 5?+ F?)5+

14 Saddam Fedayeen September October November December January February March April May Rumsfeld letter: My sources 3rd..Not mentioned as terrorists: Powell Not mentioned as terrorists: UK Dossier 23rd..Irregulars 24th Fidayeen 25th Terrorist people dressed in civilian clothes. 26th Terrorist death squads.... 1L5+' 5?+ ;d5? -L S#'8?/ 5?+ D'+A+*5+'A 8?#*B+( 5?+ *#$+H Saddam Fedayeen : Assessment Naming the irregulars seems to have been part of the strategic influence campaign: Calling them terrorists connected them with one of the major themes of Gulf II. Iraq = terrorists = 9/11 = grave threat in the future. The structure of the argument and repetition are an effective implementation of the theory of creating memory in a population. Obviously, this theme was successful by US opinion polls; majority of citizens believe Iraq was connected to 9/11. >?)A J#A D#'5 -L 5?+ Z9)B.)+[ 5-5)+ M'#\ 5- ef!!h 1A 5?+ D-..A?#G+ A?-J*/ )5?#A 9++* G+'C +LL+85)G+H M LL+85)G+/ J?#5 9+ J'-*B J)5?

15 More Terrorist Theme March 22, Franks, CENTCOM Briefing, I can't really provide you a lot of detail. I can tell you that from time to time, in Iraq, we will come across what we believe to be terrorist-associated activity or people, and when we do so, we will strike them, and then we will exploit the site subsequent to the strike. I can tell you that in fact we did strike last evening a terrorist complex March 24 Wolfowitz, BBC World Service, We've just taken some very decisive action against that pocket of al Qaeda terrorists in Kramal. March 25 th Brooks, CENTCOM Briefing, The practices that have been conducted by these paramilitaries and by these others who are out there, sometimes in uniform, sometimes not in uniform, are more akin to the behaviors of global terrorists than they are to a nation. And that certainly is in our mind at this time. Assessment: Obvious why an Associated Press poll conducted shortly after Gulf II was declared ended, 53 percent of the nation pin the 9/11 attacks on Saddam. >?+ Z5+''-')A5[ 8-**+85)-* 5--T $#*C -5?+' L-'$A/ $#*C L-'$A 5?+ M (-*Q5 A++ +G)(+*8+ 5?+C 8?+')A?+( 5?+ Z>?+ L)'A5 )$#B+ J).. (+L)*+ 5?+ 8-*L.)85H[ -L 5?+ +LL-'5 J#A )$#B+H M5 $)B?5 9+ 8#..+( 5?+ $#'T+5)*B +G+*5 5?#5 *+G+'?#DD+*+(H M5 J#A 5-9+ # 9)B A?-J J?+* N#A'#? L+..H )* 5?+ NN, 5+.. $+ 5?+ '+#A-* 5?+ 0"!d5? Sb0 J#A #AA)B*+( 5-5?)A D#'5 -L 5?+ 9#55.+L)+.( J#A A- #* 5?+ J#C )*5-5?+ 8)5CH 5?+ '+#A-* L-' 5?+ #AA)B*$+*5 $)B?5 *-5 9+ )5 )A #.$-A5 #A )$D-'5#*5 D-)*5 5?#5 5?+C 9+.)+G+( 5?#5 -L 5?+ 1$+')8#*AH Operation TELIC Production Event The first image of the war will define the conflict USMC spokesman. 15 Marine Expeditionary Unit given task of attacking Umm Qasr and Basrah over the objections of the UK because US wanted to have their forces lead the victory into Basrah. (My sources in the UK) Military officials said: Marines were to carry packets of food to pass out to children. Medics were to provide care as the forces moved as the occupation forces rolled in. Journalists were to be bused to the city. Television crews were to be flown into the city. Battle of Basrah took over two weeks, and the media event did not take place. >?+ 0" #*( 5?+ 0_?#( # ()LL+'+*8+ -G+' 5?+ 8-(+ *#$+ 5- B)G+ 5?+ 8-*L.)85H >?+ N')5A 8?-A+ 5-8#.. )5 7D+'#5)-* >bvm,/ $-'+ 8-*A)A5+*5 J)5? 5?+ 5'#()5)-*#. $+5?-(-.-BC L-' *#$)*B 8-$9#5 -D+'#5)-*AH M5 J#A )$#B+/ A- +LL-'5 #*( $-*+C -* )$#B+H

16 F?+* 5?+ D#55+'* 9+8-$+A 8.+#' A-$+ -L 5?+ A5-')+A?#G+ *+J 8.#')5CH Ansar al-salam Said to be Al Qaeda terrorists Splinter Kurdish group who found bin Laden s efforts heroic. Was formed shortly after 9/11 although probably December Said to be controlled by Saddam Hussein because there were reports of two Republican Guard officers since in the vicinity. Said to be producing ricin. Reports after the attack on the facility suggested important documents. The "poison factory" lacked sophistication and was housed in a small cinderblock building bearing brown granules and ammonialike scents. Tests by U.S. laboratories revealed traces of chemicals including hydrogen cyanide and potassium cyanide, substances usually used to kill rodents. Jeffrey Fleishman, LA Times, September 3, 2003 "+8'+5#'C -L "5#5+ O-J+.. A?-J+( # )*?)A D'+A+*5#5)-* 5-5?+ 0E >?+ 5)5.+ J#A Z>+''-')A5 O-)A-* #*( bxd.-a)g+a 2#85-'CH[ 2'-$ 5?+ 9+B)**)*B/ 5?+ )$D.)8#5)-* 5?#5 A)*8+ 5?+ J#A L-'$+( A?-'5.C #L5+' ef!! )5 J#A 5)+( 5-9)* V#(+*H # A)*B.+ '+D-'5+( -LL)8+'A )* 5?+ #'+#/ )5 J#A 5)+( 5- "#((#$ >?+C ()( L)*( '#5 D-)A-* )* -*+ -L 5?+ F#A )5 9#( )*5+..)B+*8+/ -' ()( 5?+C 5?+.)*+ 9+5J++* # A)*B.+ -L )*L-'$#5)-* #*( 5?+ A5-'C 5?+C J#*5+( a Salman Pak Former Iraqi military officers have described a highly secret terrorist training facility in Iraq known as Salman Pak, where both Iraqis and non-iraqi Arabs receive training on hijacking planes and trains, planting explosives in cities, sabotage, and assassinations. White House White Paper, Decade of Deception, September 12, 2002 >?+ F?)5+ 5?+'+ J#A # 5+''-')A5 5'#)*)*B L#8).)5C L-' *-*YM'#\) 1'#9AH >?)A L#8).)5C 9+8#$+ # $#U-' D#'5 -L 5?+ A5'#5+B)8 $#'T+5 +LL-'5H F?C ()(*Q5 J+ L)*( 8-$D+..)*B +G)(+*8+a F?C J+?#G+ 9++* 5-.( 5?+ 5?+ D-J+' B')(a

17 Attacking the Iraqi Power Grid April 3, Release Number: BAGHDAD ELECTRICAL SYSTEM NOT TARGETED BY COALITION - CAMP AS SAYLIYAH, Qatar--News reports indicate that electrical power is out in Baghdad. Coalition forces have not targeted Baghdad s electrical system. We did not have the power grid as a target. That was not us. - DOD News Briefing, April 4, Tori Clarke Facts: US targeted portions of the power grid in the North during a special operations attack on the dam at Hadithah on April 1st or 2nd. Power grid was attacked two or three times south of Baghdad along Highway 6; this included a Tomahawk strike using carbon fibers which would have required approval in Washington. (Human Rights Watch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irty Bombs Iraqi National Congress arranged interview with a defector. The defector describes a meeting held in Tanzania in 1994, in which he and other Iraqis met five eastern Europeans cash was exchanged for the contents of a heavy trunk. David Rose, Vanity Fair, April The implication was that this is material that could be used for a dirty bomb. This environment is ideal for countries like Iraq to train and support a terrorist operation using radiation weapons Khidhir Hamza, Wall Street Journal, June Program terminated, Iraq Report to the UN, December 9 A few officials speaking on background, have engaged in what-couldgo-wrong conversations, saying they are kept awake at night by the prospect of a dirty bomb. David Sanger, International Herald Tribune, February 28th.

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ashington Times '+D-'5+( 5?#5 0" ZM*5+..)B+*8+ 1B+*8)+A[?#( )*L-'$#5)-* 5?#5?+ J#A 9+)*B?+.( 8#D5)G+H >?+ A5-'C J#A #..-J+( 5- (+G+.-D -L #*AJ+'A 5- 9C F-.L-J)5P #*( #*AJ+' J#A F?+*?+ J#A 5-.( )* # 5?#5 M'#\?#( (+*)+( 5?+C J+'+?-.()*B "D+)8?+' #A # D')A-*+'/?+ '+AD-*(+( 9C A#C)*B/ ZM (-*Q5 9+.)+G+ 5?+ '+B)$+ >?#5 #*AJ+' J#A G+' *-5 5-?#G+ 9++* 5-.+#G+ 5?+ )$D'+AA)-* 5?#5?+ J#A #.)G+H F?C (-+A*Q5?+ 8?+')A? F?C ()(*Q5?+ 8-*A)(+' J?#5?+ J#A (-)*B 5- "D+)8?+'QA L#$).Ca Lt. Commander Scott Speicher 2002 January February March April May June July Aug Defector: he s a prisoner Jan 11, 2001 KIA to MIA Jan Virginia Pilot series 11th US Intelligence Agencies Iraq is holding captive - Washington Times 19th Pretty hard evidence he survived the crash - Wolfowitz 23rd Q. Iraq denied holding Ans. I don t believe much the regime puts out - Rumsfeld >?+ O'+A)(+*5 '#)A+( 5?+ 8#A+ )*?)A D'+A+*5#5)-* 5-5?+ 0EH >?+*/ +#'.C )* 5?+ $#'T+5)*B 8#$D#)B*/ 5?+ E#GC 8?#*B+(?)A L'-$ Z$)AA)*B )* #85)-*[ 5- 1N, E+JA?#A '+D-'5+( 5?#5 E#GC -LL)8)#.A A#C 5?+C J+'+ 5- $#T+ 5?)A 8?#*B+H M 8#*Q5 8-*L)'$ 5?#5H

19 Lt. Commander Scott Speicher September October November December January February March April May 13th - One American pilot Is among them - Bush to UN 13th - Status changed from MIA to Captured - Navy 10th - Intelligence officials he remains alive and is being held captive - Reuters 10th - Department of Defense is alive and being held - Washington Times MSS on wall C IA/Military Team M* ;<<=/ Z)*5+..)B+*8+ -LL)8)#.A[ 5-.+#T )*L-'$#5)-* 5?#5 "D+)8?+' J#A #.)G+ #*( 9+)*B?+.( 8#D5)G+H M* 1D')./ #.$-A5 #A )L 5- T++D 5?+ A5-'C #.)G+/ )5 J#A '+D-'5+( 5?#5?)A )*)5)#.A?#( 9++* -* 5?+ J#.. -L # 8+..H >?)A J#A # G+'C A5'#*B+.+#TH S).)5#'C O7F '+8-G+'C D+'A-**+. #'+ G+'C '+.+#A)*B )*L-'$#5)-* 5?#5 L#.A+?-D+ )* L#$).)+AH Lt. Commander Scott Speicher September October November December January February March April May June June 24th - nothing turned up thus far that I could elaborate on that would be appropriate. Investigators are on the issue, attentive to it, addressing it directly when human intelligence offers suggestions as to how leads might be addressed directly. Rumsfeld, Press Brief July 16th - No evidence casts doubt on the credibility of the defector. Bill Scarborough, Washington Times >?+ L#85A #'+ 5?#5 *- 5'#8+?#A 9++* -L?)$H KE1 -L?#)' L)9+'A )* 5? J?+'+ 5?+ )*)5)#.A J+'+ ()( *-5 $#58?H 1B#)*/ J?#5 9+8-$+A )$D-'5#*5 )A 5?+ D#55+'*H M5 (-+A *-5 A++$ #A )L J+ J+'+ B+55)*B L'-$ 5?+ D-()#H >?+'+ J+'+ 5?+ 8?+$)8#. 9-$9A]

20 Chemical Cluster Bombs Quick Response March 7th March 10th March 11th Releases and Statements UNMOVIV Report (Not Made Public) Major Coverage >?+ 8?+$)8#. 9-$9 A5-'C 8+'5#)*.C ()(*Q5.)*B+'H M5 J#A -*.C # (#CAH M5 J#A D#'5 -L 5?+ #55#8T -* 5?+ A+8-*( '+D-'5 L'-$ I#*A N.)XH 7* S#'8?!</ 5?+'+ J+'+ '+.+#A+A #*( A5#5+$+*5A 9C 1($)*)A5'#5)-* -LL)8)#.A 5?#5 5?+ 0ES7hM, '+D-'5 ()( *-5 8-G+' 5?+ M'#\) 8?+$)8#. 9-$9 D'-B'#$H Chemical Cluster Bombs Complex Way of Delivering Chemicals There is no evidence to conclude that Iraq has a warhead with chemical submunitions. No information on testing has been obtained, and experimentation with bursts at relatively high release points has not been seen. OSD, Post 1991 Report on Patriot Use During Gulf I Assessment: This is a technologically very difficult to achieve; much better ways of delivering chemical or biological weapons. 7"K?#( M'#\ (+G+.-D)*B J?#5 9+ # G+'C 8-$D.+X J+#D-*A ACA5+$ 5?+ L)'A5 F#'H

21 Chemical Cluster Bombs Discrediting UNMOVIC UN weapons inspectors in Iraq recently discovered a new variety of rocket seemingly configured to strew bomblets filled with chemical or biological agents over large areas, U.S. officials say. - New York Times News Service, March 10, 2003 Inspectors discovered cluster bombs and sub munitions that appeared designed to deliver chemical or biological agents. Contrary to initial Iraqi statements, a number of bombs and over 100 sub munitions were found. State Department, March 10, 2003 Another is a videotape showing Iraq testing a cluster bomb that could disperse chemical weapons over a wide area. - CNN, March 10, 2003 Administration spokesmen said that chief inspector Hans Blix did not give details of the possible existence of a cluster bomb that could deliver deadly poisons. - Boston Globe, March 11, 2003 The U.S. is also aware of UNMOVIC's discovery of Iraqi production of munitions capable of dispensing both chemical and biological weapons - Ari Fleischer, March 11, 2003,+'5#)*.C/ 5?+ )*L-'$#5)-* -D+'#5)-* -' A5'#5+B)8 +LL-'5 #55#8T)*B #*( ()A8'+()5)*BH 155#8T -' ()A8'+()5 5?-A+ J?- ()( *-5 5?+ A5-'CH Chemical Cluster Bombs: Assessment Quick turn response to Blix report that got carried widely by print and broadcast media. Good example of the concept of responding within the news cycle although it lacked consistency. The cluster bomb story did not have legs because it was rather weak, but it still served its purpose at the time. Probably worth the minor negative impact of the Blix statement in June that it was part of a campaign to discredit him. 1B#)*/ 5?+ 9-$9 A5-'C L)5A 5?+ D#55+'* #*( $+5?-(AH F+ J+'+ 5-.( M'#\?#( # $#U-' D'-B'#$ L-' *+5J-'T #55#8T )* # F?)5+ D#D+'H F-.L-J)5P B#G+ 5?+ J#'*)*B )* # D'+A+*5#5)-* -* 2-'+)B* 4+.#5)-*AH

22 Intended to Mislead False Engineered Yes X (No Attacks) Information Warfare also Wolfowitz to the Council on Foreign Relations >?+ K)'+85-' -L M*L-'$#5)-* 7D+'#5)-*A -* 5?+ W-)*5 "5#LL #5 # 8-*L+'+*8+ )* V-*(-* )* +#'.C 5?#5 5?+ 0*)5+( "5#5+A +XD+')+*8+( *- $#U-' #55+$D5A 5- D+*+5'#5+ )5A ACA5+$A 5?+ J#'H F?#5?#DD+*+( 5-5?+ Z?)B?.C -L 5?+ N#9C.-* "-L5J#'+,-$D#*Ca >?+'+ J#A 5?+ A5-'C 5?+ Iraqi in US Uniforms March 7th. Iraq is acquiring military uniforms "identical down to the last detail" to those worn by American and British forces and plans to use them to shift blame for atrocities, a senior U.S. official said Thursday. Jim Wilkinson, Tampa Florida. March 26th. Soldiers in the U.S. 3rd Infantry moving north toward Baghdad say they believe they have been attacked by Iraqis wearing American uniforms. And they say they re worried that some of the uniforms were stolen several weeks ago while the U.S. troops were in Kuwait. David Bloom, NBC. F+ J+'+ 5-.( M'#\?#( 0" #*( >?+'+ J#A -*+ '+D-'5 L'-$ #* +$9+((+( '+D-'5+' 5?#5 5?+C?#( A++* 5?+)' L+#' J#A D#'5.C (')G+* A-$+ -L 9++* A5-.+* J?).+ 5?+C J+'+ )* >?+'+ J#A #.A- #* )5+$ L'-$ #* +$9+((+( '+D-'5+' #*(

23 M'#\) ZA-.()+'[ J?-?#( 9++* 9C?)A -J* +XD.-A)G+AH F+?#G+ *- '+D-'5A -L M'#\ 5'C)*B 5- A?)L5 5?+ 9.#$+ L-' #5'-8)5)+AH >?+ J#C )5 J#A 9C W)$ F).T)*A-*/ # *#$+ 5?#5 T++DA #DD+#')*B )* 5?+A+ A5-')+A/ )5 A++$A 5- L)5 # D#55+'* -L D'+Y9.#$)*B M'#\H M5?#A 5?+ L++. -L 9+)*B # 8'+#5+( A5-'CH Iraqi in US Uniforms March 26th Clarke: Well, I remember several weeks ago out here talking about we knew they were acquiring uniforms that looked like U.S. and U.K. uniforms. And the reporting was that they planned to use them, give them to the thugs, as I call them, to go out, carry out reprisals against the Iraqi people, and try to blame it on coalition forces. So just recently we have seen reports again that they may be wearing or using what looked like U.S. uniforms to confuse people, to confuse our forces, to confuse the Iraqi people. Q: Have you seen specific reports about them wearing U.S. uniforms accepting the surrender of Iraqi troops, and then executing them? Clarke: I have seen -- I have seen at least one report. Clarke: I want to caution that and caveat that and say I have seen one report like that March 28th Rumsfeld: They put on American and British uniforms to try to fool regular Iraqi soldiers into surrendering to them, and then execute them as an example for others who might contemplate defection or capitulation. >?+ A5-'C B-5 )*5- M'#\) 5- B+5-5?+'A 5- +G+* >-'),.#'T+ )5A G#.)()5CH >J- (#CA.#5+'/ )5 #A )L )5 J+'+ F+ J+'+ B-)*B 5-9+ L)B?5)*B 8?).('+*H >?+ "5#5+ K+D#'5$+*5 # D#D+' )* K+8+$9+' J#'*)*B 5?#5 J+ A++ L)B?5)*B L'-$ A-$+ #A #A!<H Children Soldiers December 2002 Iraq: A Population Silenced by State Department Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor. Could have to fight children Training classes for ages 10 to 15 Surfaced again during the conflict in some press reports. Assessment: An exaggeration probably part of the strategic influence campaign. A-.()+'AH >?+'+ J+'+ *- -L L)B?5)*B 8?).('+*

24 N+L-'+ 5?+ J#'/ J+ J+'+ 5-.( M'#\?#( A-$+ -L -G+'H M5 J#A # A5-'C 8-*A)A5+*5 -* 9-5? A)(+A -L 5?+ 15.#*5)8H >?)A J#A )$D-'5#*5 )5 $+#*5 5?+ 8#D#9).)5C 5- #55#8T MA'#+.H Scuds September October November December January February March April May 12th posses a force of Scud-type missiles with range greater than 150 km: President 4th discrepancies suggest a small force of extended range Scud-type missiles : CIA 3rd..sources inside..a covert force of a few dozen Scud-variant ballistic missiles: Powell 1st Special Operations seized and controlled the missile launch baskets and prevented their use by the Enemy: Vice President retained up to 20 al-hussein Missile with a range of 650km: UK Dossier 20th Scud-type missiles being fired. 23rd no Scuds fired. 23rd in the west worried about Scud-baskets and any ballistic missiles fired into neighboring countries: SECDEF 38 2-' 5?+ L)'A5 5?'++ (#CA -L 5?+ J#'/ AD-T+A$+* 5?+ 5+'$ $)AA).+A 5- (+A8')9+ 5?+ $)AA).+ #55#8TAH >?+C/ -L J+'+ *-5 #*( J+?#G+ *- L-' 5?'++ (#CA/ 5?+C T+D5 5?+ A5-'C #.)G+H Scuds: Assessment CIA made the point with the October report that there were accounting discrepancies which could mean some hidden missiles. By the Powell speech to the UN the missiles became a fact for both the US and UK. The Scud storyline was carried through the war, probably part of the strategic influence campaign. 7*8+ 5?+ A5-'C?#( 9++* 8'+#5+(/ )5 J#A?#'( B-/ *- F+ J+' ?'+#5+*+( 9C 4+$-5+.C O).-5+( h+?)8.+a 5?#5 (+.)G+' 8?+$)8#. -' 9)-.-B)8#. J+#D-*A]

25 Remotely Piloted Vehicles Powell to the UN October CIA Report M* ' )* 5?+,M1 '+D-'5/ 5?+A+ J+'+ #)'D.#*+AH NC 5?+ 5)$+ -L 5?+ O-J+.. D'+A+*5#5)-* 5-5?+ 0E/ 5?+C?#( B-55+* A$#..+'H Remotely Piloted Vehicles October CIA Report: attempted to convert some of its J-29 jet trainer aircraft into an RPV that can be fitted with spray President in Cincinnati in October - drones that could be used to attack the U.S. June 15th, LA Times, They quickly found the drones : five burned and blackened 9-foot wings dumped near the front gate. It could have been a student project, or maybe a model, the team's expert, U.S. Air Force Capt. Libbie Boehm, said with a shrug. from an investigation of a reported drones with sprayers by the 75th Exploitation Group >?+ O'+A)(+*5 +G+* A#)( 5?+A+ ('-*+A '+#8? 5?+ 0*)5+( "5#5+AH 1* 1)' 2-'8+ 8#D5#)* J?- J+*5 5-5?+.-8#5)-* J)5? 5?+ FSK bxd.-)5#5)-* A#)( 5?+C.--T+(.)T+ # D'-U+85H[ S-'+ '+8+*5.C/ # 0"12 5+#$?#A (-*+ #*#.CA)A #*( 5?+ '+$-5+.C D).-5+( G+?)8.+A J+'+ L-' '+8-**#)AA#*8+H >?+)' $)AA)-* J#A 5-5#T+ >?+'+ )A A5).. # B'+#5 (+#. J+ (-*Q5 T*-J 5?+ W+AA)8# VC*8? A5-'C/ 5?+'+ #'+ A-$+ )*A)B?5A J+ 8#* B+5 -*8+ J+?#G+ B-55+* 5?+ D#55+'* -L?-J +*B)*++'+( -' A5-')+A J+'+?#*(.+( 5?+ J#'H M5 8+'5#)*.C?#A 5?+ 8?#'#85+')A5)8A -L A5'#5+B)8 8#$D#)B*H

26 Private Jessica Lynch March April June In the Joint Operations Center, Air Force Capt. Joe Della Vedova followed the raid as it happened, and as soon as Lynch was in the air phoned Jim Wilkinson, the top civilian communications aide to CENTCOM Gen. Tommy Franks. She is safe and in our hands, he reported. The whole operation, expected to take 45 minutes, was over in 25. Next Della Vedova called Gen. Vince Brooks.. Newsweek, April 14 In the early hours of April 2, correspondents in Doha were summoned from their beds to CENTCOM. Jim Wilkinson, the White House's top figure there, had stayed up all night. "The president had been briefed, as had the Secretary of Defense." >?+ L)'A5 D#'5 -L 5?+ A5-'C )A 5?#5 #L5+' A?+ J#A 5-0" 5?+ L)'A5 8#.. J#A 5- W)$ F).T)*A-*/,bE>,7S K)'+85-' -L >?)A )A G+'C A5'#*B+ L-' # $).)5#'C -D+'#5)-*H F?+* M 5+.. $).)5#'C L')+*(A/ 5?+C -L5+* '+AD-*(/ ZK- 5?+C A5#B+( )5a[ M (-*Q5?#G+ #*C )*L-'$#5)-* )5 9+)*B A5#B+(/ J+ (- T*-J L'-$ F).T)*A-* 5?#5 5?+ O'+A)(+*5 #*( "+8'+5#'C -L K+L+*A+ J+'+ 9')+L+( )$$+()#5+.CH Private Jessica Lynch March April June one of America s heroes, Jim 23rd Wilkinson, - 507th National Maintenance Review Online April 3rd Company makes wrong turn stories 2nd - Story broke of rescue 3rd - Washington Post story By Susan Schmidit & Vernon Loeb 3rd - Family says no wounds 3rd - Rumsfeld press brief B-5 -LL 5'#8T -* 5?+ $-'*)*B -L 1D'). ='( J)5? # A5-'C )* 5?+ Washington Post 5?#5 8-$D.+5+.C +X#BB+'#5+( J?#5?#(?#DD+*+(H M?#G+ 9++* 5-.( 9C # 5?#5 5?+ Washington Post B-5 5?+ A5-'C L'-$ D+-D.+ )* 5?+ O+*5#B-* J?- J+'+ )*5+'8+D5A L'-$ M'#\H M* '+5'-AD+85/ 5?+ M'#\) '+D-'5A J+'+ D'-9#9.C 5?+ #85)-* -L A-$+-*+ +.A+ )* 5?+ 8-*G-CH >?+ -L '+.+#A)*B 8.#AA)L)+( )*L-'$#5)-*?#A 5-9+ $+*5)-*+( #5 5?)A D-)*5 )* 5?+ VC*8? A5-'CH ML 5?+ $C )A 8-''+85/ 5?+ )*L-'$#5)-* B)G+* 5-5?+ Washington

27 Post 9++* G+'C?)B?.C 8.#AA)L)+(/ J)5? AD+8)#.?#*()*B/.)$)5+( -*.C 5-5?-A+ J?-?#( # *++( 5- T*-JH >?)A J#A # $#U-' D#55+'* L'-$ 5?+ 9+B)**)*B -L 5?+ $#'T+5)*B 8#$D#)B* 5?+ J#'H M5 J#A -T#C 5- '+.+#A+ 8.#AA)L)+( )*L-'$#5)-* )L )5 5?+ $+AA#B+H 7* 5?+ #L5+'*--* -L 5?+ ='( J?+* #*( SC+'A B#G+ 5?+)' D'+AA 9')+L)*B/ 5?+ A5-'C -* 5?+ A5'++5 J#A 5?#5 A?+ J#A 1$+')8#QA *+J 4#$9-H F+ T*-JH I-J+G+'/ 5?#5 5?+C?#( 9++* 9')+L+(H F+ T*-J?+ 9++* #J#'+ -L?+' F?+* #AT+(/?+ 9#8TH I+.+L5 5?+ Washington Post A5-'C #A D-AA)9.C 9+)*B ')B?5H 1B#)*/ J+ A++ 5?+ D#55+'*H F?+* 5?+ A5-'C -* 5?+ A5'++5 5?+ $+AA#B+/ )5 J) L5 5?+'+ 9C # *-*Y#*AJ+'H >?+ $+AA#B+ )A $-'+ )$D-'5#*5 5?#* 5?+ Private Jessica Lynch April 3, Washington Post "sustained multiple gunshot wounds" and also was stabbed while she "fought fiercely and shot several enemy soldiers... firing her weapon until she ran out of ammunition." The paper cited an unnamed U.S. military official as saying "she was fighting to the death." NYT also reported she had gunshot wounds. April 3, Rumsfeld, We are certainly grateful for the brilliant and courageous rescue of Sergeant -- correction -- Pfc. [Private First Class] Jessica Lynch, who was being held by Iraqi forces in what they called a "hospital. Question: Rumsfeld: Gen. Myers and I get briefed on these types of things and there's an orderly process for debriefing and discussing them. And I have no intention of discussing it piecemeal. April 5, CENTCOM briefing in coordination with conventional forces from the Marine Corps and the Air Force and the Army were able to successfully rescue Private First Class Jennifer (sic) Lynch out of a hospital and irregular military headquarters facility that was being used by these death squads in Nasiriyah and successfully return her to U.S. hands SC L')+*(A J?- #'+ -L 5?+ 1)' 2-'8+ 18#(+$C #B'++ 5?#5 &+*+'#. SC+'A 9++* 5#T+* 9+L-'+ #*?-*-' 9-#'( )L?+ 9++* # 8#(+5 5?)A D'+AA 9')+L)*B #*( ()( *-5 J?+*?+ T*+J #* J#A 9+)*B.+5 A5#*(H bg+*,+*5'#.,-$$#*( T+D5 5?+ A5-'C #.)G+ 9C *-5 B)G)*B (+5#).AH Private Jessica Lynch April 5, Armed Forces Information Service There were no firefights inside the hospital, but plenty of action outside, Brooks said. April 5, Brig Gen Brooks, There was not a firefight inside of the building, I will tell you, but there were fire fights outside of the building, getting in and getting out. No reports on her condition. April 6, Washington Times, The hospital where Pfc. Lynch was held was reported to be a stronghold of the Fedayeen Saddam, a guerrilla force sworn to martyrdom for Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein. The rescuers arrived by helicopter, secured the building by gunfire and forced their way inside, CNN reported. April 14th, Time, According to the Washington Post, Lynch, an Army supply clerk with only minimal combat training, shot several advancing Iraqi soldiers, emptying her weapon of ammunition and possibly incurring a series of gunshot wounds.

28 >?+ +X#BB+'#5+( A5-'C J#A #..-J+( 5- A5#C/ #*( +G+* #DD+#'+( )* 5?+ 1D').!j5? Time Magazine #'5)8.+ 7* S#'8? ;='( &+*+'#. O#8+/ SC+'AQ B-5 #.)55.+ 8#'')+( #J#C J)5??)A $#T)*B M'#\ +G).H Hanging of a Waving Woman March 23rd - In once case, and Iraqi woman was hanged after she waved to Coalition forces. General Pace, CNN No other reports of an incident like this and no verification of this story. 1 G+'C A5'#*B+ D#'5 -L 5?+ A5'#5+B)8 -' )*L-'$#5)-* -L )*5+B')5C #..-J+( 5?+$A+.G+A 5-9+ AD-T+A$+* L-' G+'C J+#T.C A5-')+AH bg+* )L 5?+'+ J+'+ # A)*B.+ '+D-'5 -L A-$+5?)*B.)T+ 5?)A?#DD+*)*B/ $C +XD+85#5)-* 9++* 5?#5 A-$+-*+.)T+ &+*+'#. O#8+ J#*5+( $-'+ (+5#).A 9+L-'+ B-)*B -* *#5)-*#. 5+.+G)A)-* 5- $#T+ # A5#5+$+*5H Punishing the French - The Stories September October November December January February March April May >?+ +G)(+*8+ D-)*5A 5-5?+ 2'+*8? 9+)*B 5?+ -L )* 5?+ A5'#5+B)8 8#$D#)B*H >?+'+ #'+ #5.#A5 +)B?5 5)$+A J?+* L#.A+ A5-')+A -' +*B)*++'+( A5-')+A J+'+ #)$+( #5 5?+$/ 5?+ $#U-')5C #DD+#')*B #L5+' 5?+)'.#8T -L )* 5?+ 0E L-' 0" #*( 0_ #85)-*AH

29 Punishing the French September October November December January February March April May France and Germany supplied Iraq with high-precision switches. NYT France and Germany supplied Iraq with high-precision switches. Independent, UK leaked UN Report. France possessed prohibited strains of the smallpox virus. American intelligence sources Washington Post Two French companies had sold Spare parts for aircraft and helicopters. US intelligence source Washington Times M* "+D5+$9+'/ 5?+ New York Times J#A 5-.( 5?#5 5?+ 2'+*8? 3#*( &+'$#*A6?#( A-.(?)B?YD'+8)A)-* AJ)58?+A 5- M'#\ 5?#5 L-' J+#D-*AH _++D)*B J)5? 5?+ 8'-AAY15.#*5)8 ()$+*A)-* -L 5?+ A5'#5+B)8 +LL-'5/ 5?+ A#$+ A5-'C #DD+#'+( )* 5?+ 0_ D'+AAH >?+ L#85 )A 5?#5 M'#\?#( 5?+A+ AJ)58?+A/ #*( 5?+C J+'+ *+G+' Z1$+')8#* )*5+..)B+*8+ 5-5?+ Washington Post 5?+ )*8-''+85 A5-'C 5?#5 5?+ 2'+*8??#A D'-?)9)5+( A5'#)*A -L A$#..D-X 1 Z0" )*5+..)B+*8+ 5-.( 5?+ Washington Times 5?#5 5J- 2'+*8? 8-$D#*)+A?#( A-.( AD#'+ D#'5A 5- M'#\H >?+ 8-$D#*)+A?#G+ A#)( 5?+C ()( *-5H E- D'--L?#A Punishing the French - Roland Missiles April 9th - Brig. Gen Brooks: found an underground storage facility containing an abundance of food and also Roland-type air defense missiles. That s a specific air defense missile system. When an A-10 was shot down near the Baghdad airport, a Pentagon spokesman point out they thought it was hit with a Roland missiles; not mentioned in CENTCOM Briefing. April 21st - Newsweek: Lt. Greg Holmes, a tactical intelligence officer with the Third Infantry Division, told Newsweek that U.S. forces discovered 51 Roland-2 missiles, made by a partnership of French and German arms manufacturers one of the missiles he examined was labeled KND 2002 which he took to mean the missile was manufactured last year. "-$+-*+ 8'+#5+( # A5-'C 5?#5 2'+*8? 4-.#*( $)AA).+A J+'+ 5- A?--5 (-J* 1$+')8#* #)'8'#L5/ #*( 5?+A+ $)AA).+A J+'+ *+JH M5 A5-'C J#A *-5 G+'C

30 J+.. 5-B+5?+'H >?+ L-' 5?+ 4-.#*( ; (-J* )*!ee=h = F+ J+'+ 5-.( 5?+ 2'+*8? J+'+?+.D)*B M'#\) -LL)8)#. +A8#D+ 5- "C')#] Punishing the French - Passports May 6 - Washington Times An unknown number of Iraqis who worked for Saddam Hussein s government were given passports by French officials in Syria, U.S. intelligence officials said. said officials familiar with intelligence reports. revealed through sensitive intelligence-gathering means angered Pentagon, State Department and intelligence officials in Washington. one official said. a second Administration official said. >?)A A5-'C?#( A-$+.+BA/ #*( 5?+ Washington Times T+D5 B+55)*B L+( )*L-'$#5)-* 5- T++D )5 #.)G+H Punishing the French May 6 May 7 Ireland on Line Australian Broadcasting Corp. Expaticia, Netherlands.. Fox News The reports add fuel to the fire that Paris had been colluding with Baghdad before and during the coalition invasion of Iraq.. Washington Times US intelligence officials are intensifying the search in Europe for officials of the Saddam Hussein government who fled Iraq with French passports, US officials said yesterday... S#*C *+JAD#D+'A 8#'')+( 5?+ A5-'C/ #*( )5 +G+* B+*+'#5+( #* -LL)8)#. = M5 )A?#'( 5- +XD.#)*/ 5?)A 4-.#*( L#9')8#5)-* T++DA M5 #B#)* )* +#'.C ' J?+* # J#A '+D-'5+( 5-?#G+ '+8+*5.C $)AA).+AH 1L5+' )5 L-' (#CA/ # O-.)A? AD-T+A$#* 5?#5 )5 J#A *-5

31 Punishing the French May 8 May 9 Charleston Post Courier France is rumored to have issued passports of Iraqi officials in Syria.... House Judiciary Chairman James Senesbrenner wrote Tom Ridge: If the Department of Homeland Security receives or uncovers any information suggesting that this allegation is true France should be suspended from a visa waiver program. Rumsfeld, DOD Briefing: France has historically had a very close relationship with Iraq. My understanding is that it continued right up until the outbreak of the war. What took place after that, we ll find out. I ve read these reports, but I don t have anything to add to them..... F?+* J#A L-..-J+( D#55+'*H F?+* A-$+5?)*B )A -* 5?+ A5'++5 5?#5 )A D#'5 -L 5?+ A5'#5+B)8 8#$D#)B*/.+5 )5.)*B+'H I+ A#)( J?+* #AT+( 5?+ '+D-'5A/ ZM?#G+ *-5?)*B 5- #(( 5-5?+$H[,.+#'.C/ 5?+ )$D.)8#5)-* -L 5?#5 T)*( -L #*AJ+' )A 5?#5?+ J#*5+( D+-D )+G+ 5?+ A5-')+AH I+?#( *-5?)*B 5- #((H bg+* 5?+ F?)5+ B-5 )*5-5?)A A5'#5+B)8 +LL-'5H 7*+?#A 5-9+.)+G+ 5?+ 1($)*)A5'#5)-* T*+J 9C $)(YS#C 5?#5 5?+ A5-')+A J+'+ *-5 #5 5?+ F?)5+ D'+AA 9')+L)*B/ )5 J#A *-5 A5-DD+(H Punishing the French May 14 May 15 & 16 Washington Post French deny France accuses the United States of a smear campaign, using this as one example. White House Press Brief: Q Going back to France, the French have denied selling arms to Iraq and issuing passports to Syria to fleeing Iraqi officials. Are those charges valid? MR. McCLELLAN: Well, I think that those are questions you can address to France. Q On that point, Scott, do you have any information that the French did, in fact, issue passports to people so that -- MR. McCLELLAN: I think -- no, I think that's a question you need to address to France. Q Well, no, it's information the U.S. claims to have. MR. McCLELLAN: I don't have anything for you.

32 Punishing the French: Assessment Technique made effective use of the concept of echo. Less than professional journalism repeated in 100 s of newspapers and on television reporting on the story as a story. Washington Times repeated the story with small bits of information so it lingered. Seems most likely that this was part of the strategic influence campaign that can be traced at least circumstantially to the Special Plans Office in the Pentagon. MQG+ 9++* 5-.( L'-$ )* 5?+ D'+AA 5?#5 $-A5 -L 5?+.+#TA 5?+ Z#'$+( 8-*L.)85[ 5?#5 #DD+#'+( )* 5?+ Washington Times 8#$+ L'-$ 5?+ "D+8)#. O.#*A 7LL)8+ )* 5?+ O+*5#B-*H 0A)*B 5?+ T)*( -L $+5?-(A 1($)'#. O-)*(+X5+' J#A B-)*B 5- (- -* )*L-'$#5)-* -D+'#5)-*A/ 5?+'+ #DD+#' 5-9+ G#.)()5C )* J?#5 M J#A 5-.(H >?+ "+8'+5#'C -L K+L+*A+ 9+L-'+ 5?+ J#'?+ J#A B-)*B 5- (- A5'#5+B)8 M5 #DD+#'A #A )L 5?+ 2'+*8? J+'+ # 5#'B+5H MQ$ 8-*L)(+*5 L'-$ $C '+A+#'8? 5?+ J?)5+ L.#B A5-'C J#A +*B)*++'+(H bg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hite Flag Incident(s) March 23 March 24 There were several incidents reported today in which there were types of behavior that I can only describe as ruses In one incident, a flag of surrender was displayed, and it was followed up by artillery. CENTCOM briefing, General Aibzaig The Iraqi regime is engaged in other deadly deceptions. They are sending forces out carrying white surrender flags the most serious violations of the laws of war. DOD Press Briefing, Clarke Extremely difficult Military operation To coordinate.

33 1L5+' 5?)A )*8)(+*5/?-J+G+'/ )5 A++$A 5-?#G+ 9+8-$+ # $#55+' -L D-.)8C 5-5#.T J?)5+ L.#B T)..)*BH M5 9+B#* 5?+ *+X5 (#CH 3>?+ -5?+' J?)5+ L.#B )*8)(+*5 J#A J?+* M'#\) A-.()+'A A?-5 8)G).)#*A 5?#5 J+'+ 5'C)*B 5- J)5? # J?)5+ L.#BH N-5? 5?+ 8)G).)#*A #*( 5?+ M'#\) A-.()+'A J+'+ T)..+(H "5-')+A #.A-?#G+ 5J- A)(+AH 1 $+$-'#9.+ -L 5?+ J#' J#A -L N')5)A? 5'--DA A5#*()*B -G+' 5-5J- (+#( M'#\) )* # L-X?-.+g 5?+C?#( # J?)5+ L.#BH6 White Flag Incident(s) March 25 The regime has committed has Committed acts of treachery sending soldiers out Waving white flags and feigning surrender, with the goal of drawing coalition forces into ambush. Some of the biggest losses we have taken are due to Iraqis committing violations of the law of armed conflict by luring us into surrender situation then opening fire on our troops. So this is the plan that is very well thought out, and that will pay out, I think, as we expect. DOD Press Briefing, Rumsfeld. March 27 With each passing day and everyday an increasingly desperate Iraqi regime violated many international laws As you know, enemy soldiers have pretended to surrender, to give up, and then brought fire in on our forces. DOD Press Briefing, Clarke '+#..C B-5 )*5-5?+ A5-'C -* S#'8? ;d5?h M5 -* 5?+ ;i5?h White Flag Incident(s) April 5 They have executed prisoners of war, waged attacks under the white flag or truce Bush April 18 Nixon, who served with the 1st Battalion, 2nd Marine Regiment, 2nd Marine Expeditionary Brigade from Camp LeJuene, North Caroline, died in battle March 23 when his unit was ambushed by Iraqi soldiers as the pretended to surrender near Nasiriyah in southern Iraq Arlington National Cemetery Web Site Intended to Influence False Engineered Yes X X

34 >?+ O'+A)(+*5 8#$+ )* #*( D)8T+( -* 1D'). d5?h >?+ A5-'C?#( A- 3$#*C.+BA6 5?#5 )5 J#A +G+* 5-.( #A 5?+ '+#A-* L-' 5?+ (+#5? -L # S#')*+ #5?)A #5 1'.)*B5-*,+$+5+'CH 1 ()A?+#'5+*)*B #AD+85 -L 5?+ J?)5+ L.#B A5-'C )A J?#5 )A 9+B)**)*B 5- J?#5 $)B?5?#G+ 9++* 5?+ '+#. -L 5?+ S#')*+ *+#' 1* E#A)')C#? -* S#'8? ;= '( H S#')*+A #'+ A#C)*B 5?#5 *)*+ -L 5?-A+ T)..+( $#C?#G+ 9++* T)..+( 9C #* 1Y!< 5?#5 $#(+ '+D+#5+( D#AA+A #55#8T)*B 5?+)' D-A)5)-*H F+ T*-J L'-$ #.+AA-*A.+#'*+( '+D-'5 '+.+#A+( +#'.C )* ' 5?#5 5?+ (+#5? -L *)*+ S#')*+A )*G+A5)B#5)-* #A # L')+*(.C L)'+ #88)(+*5H 2'-$ '+D-'5A/ J+ T*-J 5?#5 #5.+#A5 -*+ -L 5?+ S#')*+A T)..+( -* 5?+ S#'8? ;= '(/ / '+D-'5+( #A?#G)*B 9++* )* 5?+ J#A?)5 ()'+85.C )* 5?+ 8?+A5 J)5? # L'-$ #* 1Y!< F+ T*-J #5.+#A5 -*+ -L 5?+ J)G+A -L # S#')*+ T)..+( 5?#5 (#C )A #AT)*B L-' 5?+ (+#5?H F+ *++( $-'+ -* 5?+ J?)5+ L.#B A5-'CH >?+ $-A5 A)B*)L)8#*5 A++$)*B.C L#9')8#5+( A5-'C J#A 5?+ -L D')A-*+'AH >-*C N.#)' J#A )* 5?+ 0*)5+( "5#5+A $++5)*B J)5? 5?+ O'+A)(+*5 #5,#$D K#G)(H I+ 8#$+ -L 5?+ $++5)*B #*( 5?#5 5J- N')5)A? D')A-*+'A?#( 9++* >?#5 A#$+ (#C/ S#'8? ;i5?/ &+*+'#. O#8+ A#)( #.$-A5 5?+ A#$+ 5?)*B -*,EEH Execution of Prisoners March 27 Iraq has executed two British prisoners. If anyone needs any further evidence of the depravity Tony Blair at Joint News Conference with Bush at Camp David They have executed prisoners of war. Gen Pace, CNN, Larry King Show March 27th, UK Briefing; no mention made of executions by Air Marshal Burridge. March 28 Daily Mirror: Sapper Allsopp's sister Nina said: "His Colonel told us he was not executed we just can't understand why people are lying." March 27th: Victoria Clarke had told reporters the U.S. had at least one unconfirmed report that Iraqi forces had shot Americans who had either surrendered or were attempting to surrender. March 27th Daily Telegraph: Intelligence officials have received one uncorroborated report indicating that at least some of the dead soldiers had been captured alive a senior Pentagon official said today on the condition of anonymity. The information is of undetermined reliability, 61 the official said. >?#5 (#C 3S#'8? ;i 5? 6 J+ 9+B#* A++)*B A5#5+$+*5A 5?+ A5-'C 5- -*+ '+D-'5H NC 5?+ *+X5 (#C/ 5?+ 0_ D'+AA 9+B#* #55#8T)*B 5?+ A5-'C #A *-5 7*+ -L 5?+ A-.()+'QA A)A5+'A '+D-'5+(?)A 8-.-*+.?#( A#)(?+ J#A *-5

35 Execution of Prisoners April 3 April 5 April 7 They have executed prisoners of war Bush, American Forces Press Service. They have executed prisoners of war Bush They have executed prisoners of war Rumsfeld The British prime minister s spokesman said there was no absolute evidence that UK servicemen had been executed. >?+ 0_ L)*#..C #J#C L'-$ 5?+ A5-'CH >?+ 0" A)(+ A5#C+( J)5? )5 1D'). i5?h F?+* J#A -* 5?+ i5?/ 5?+ A5-'C 9+B#* 5-8?#*B+g 5?+ D#55+'* -L *-*Y#*AJ+' Execution of Prisoners April 7 Press Briefing Q: Mr. Secretary, you stated flatly that American POWs have been executed. On what basis do you make that statement? And now that there are at least nine remains that have come back from the ambush in Nasiriyah, how many of those do you believe were American soldiers that were executed? Rumsfeld: Let me just see precisely what I said. (Looks through briefing materials.) I think I said they have executed prisoners of war. Did I say American prisoners of war? Q: That was my -- that's been the understanding here. Rumsfeld: I didn't -- you just said I said American prisoners of war, and I'm not sure I said that. (To General Myers.) Do you know? Myers: I don't know. Q: Are you saying that there have not been American prisoners executed then?

36 Execution of Prisoners April 7 Press Briefing Rumsfeld: I'm not saying either. There may very well have been, but I'm not announcing that, if that's what you're asking. Would you check and see if I said that right now? You've got a copy of it; I'd be curious. If I did, I'd want to make it right. Q: Well -- Rumsfeld: Just a minute. If I did say precisely American prisoners of war, I'd want to correct it, because I don't have the names of anyone who has -- any American prisoners of war who we know of certain knowledge has been executed. We do know they executed a lot of prisoners of war over the years. And that's what I -- Q: Do you know if any of the nine sets of remains that have been returned, if the forensics -- preliminary forensics have shown any of those to have been executed? Rumsfeld: I have not heard the report on that. Have you? Myers: I have not seen any of that. (Later in the briefing) Rumsfeld: Let me correct this. Your question was inaccurate. I had said, "They have executed POWs," and I did not say from what country. NC 5?+ +*( -L 5?+ )$D.)+( 5?+C J+'+ *-5 1$+')8#*AH MQG+ 5#.T+( 5- D+-D.+ J?-?#G+ A++* 5?+ 5#T+* J?+* 5?+ L'-$ 5?+ d<i5? J+'+ >?+C (+A8')9+(?+#( #*( L'+A? 9.--( 5?#5 9++* 8-*A)A5+*5 J)5? 1B#)*/ 5?+ D#55+'* J#A 5?#5 5?+ A5-'C J#A $-'+ )$D-'5#*5 5?#* 5?+ L#85AH F?#5 )A J'-*B J)5? 5?+ F?C ()(*Q5 5?+A+ >?#5 $+ #5 5?+ 5)$+/ #*( )5 5- $+H Shula District Bombing March 29 - Explosion kills more than 50 civilians: Central Command spokesman suggests the likely cause was Iraqi fire. April 2 - The British Independent newspaper reports that it reporter, Robert Fisk, found a 30-centimeter piece of shrapnel at the site of the Shula bombing showing the serial number of the bomb, identifying it as a HARM built by Raytheon. April 3rd - Jim Wilkinson, a Central Command spokesman, said American forces have received "reliable information" that the Iraqi regime may be planning to bomb some Shiite Muslim neighborhoods of Baghdad, then blame the U.S.-led coalition for the destruction. AP April 3 - UK Defense Chief Geoff Hoon says thee is no evidence the market bombings were caused by coalition missiles. 7* S#'8? ;e5?/ d< 8)G).)#*A J+'+ T)..+( )* # *+)B?9-'?--( )* N#B?(#(H 1 N')5)A? '+D-'5+' D#'5A -L # 0" #*5)Y'#()#5)-* $)AA).+ 3I14S6H >?+,be>,7s 8-G+' A5-'C 8#$+ L'-$ W)$ F).T)*A-*H I+ A#)( M'#\?#( D.#**+( 5?)A T)*( -L 5?)*BH M5 J#A D#'5 -L 5?+ D#55+'*H >?+ 0_ A)(+ 5?+ >?)A )A #*-5?+' -*+ -L 5?-A+ A5-')+A 5?#5 )A 7*+ T++DA J#*5)*B

37 5- A#C/ ZF?C ()( (- 5?)Aa[ M'#\?#( D.#8+ 5- #)' $)AA).+A )* 5?+ #'+#H >?#5 J#A &+*+'#. O#8+ ()( *-5 A++$ 5-?#G+?#( # G+'C B--( (#C -* S#'8? ;i 5? J?).+ -* 5?+ Larry King Show -*,EEH I+ A#)( 5'--DA L'-$ 5?+ d<i 5? J+'+ A?-5 J?+* 5?+C #55+$D5+( 5- Capture of the 507th Intelligence reports indicate when the troops attempted to surrender, they were shot. Gen Pace CNN, March 27th Official Army Report: with no means to continue to resist, SGT Riley made the decision to surrender the two Soldiers (Hernandez, and Johnson) and himself. PFC Miller moved beyond the crash-site, engaged the enemy, and was captured after being surrounded. Hudson, also wounded, was immediately surrounded after the shooting stopped, and was pulled from the vehicle by Iraqis and captured. M5 (-+A *-5 A++$ 5-?#G+ 9++* #88-'()*B 5-5?+ 1'$C '+D-'5H >?+'+ J#A A-$+5?)*B 5?+ Z4+( k-*+[ 5?#5 #.-5 -L D+-D.+QA )$#B)*#5)-*AH S#C9+ )5 J#A )5 J#A +#AC 5?+ L--59#.. $+5#D?-'H Red Zone March 21 st Rumsfeld, DOD Press Briefing, There have been a variety of views offered on that subject (WMD use), and a lot of them tend to cluster around the idea that the most serious period would be if the Iraqi regime did not flee, and the forces got close to where they likely are in Baghdad or Tikrit, and the closer they got, the greater the danger of that. But we don't -- that's been more a theory on the part of outsiders rather than a theory on the part of insiders through interrogation or communication. March 24 th David Martin, CBS News, "Iraqis have drawn a red line on the map around Baghdad, and once American troops cross it, the Republican Guards are authorized to use chemical weapons. March 24 th - GEN. FRANKS: I think -- I actually think we don't know. There is a school of thought that says as the compression becomes tighter and tighter and tighter, the pressure will be greater and greater to use these weapons. So we don't know >?+ 9+B#* J)5? # -* S#'8? ;!A5H I+ D'-G)(+( # L#)'.C B--( #*AJ+'g )5 *-5?#G+ -L # A5-'CH M5 J#A D'-9#9.C 8.-A+ >?'++ (#CA.#5+' A-$+-*+ B-5 5-,N" J)5? $-'+/ 5?#5 A#$+ (#C 2'#*TA 5+*(+( 5- )5 9#8T )* 5?+ 9-XH

38 Red Zone March 25 th Rumsfeld, DOD Press Briefing: There has been intelligence scraps-- who knows how accurate they are-- chatter in the system that suggest that the closer that coalition forces get to Baghdad and Tikrit, the greater the likelihood, and that some command-and-control arrangements have been put in place. But whether it will happen or not remains to be seen. Marc 28th - GEN. BROOKS: We're really referring to the earlier reports that it remains consistent as there might be trigger lines that are out there or places that which the regime would be threatened enough that they would use it. And as we add the additional evidence we found on the battlefield, again, we begin to take that very seriously that in fact there is a linkage between the two. April 2nd - GEN BROOKS: First, the red zone or the red lines that we describe is simply a term that characterizes that there may be a trigger line where the regime deems sufficient threat to use weapons of mass destruction, weapons that we know are available to them, weapons that we've seen the regime use on their own people in the past, weapons we believe are in the possession of some of their forces now. NC S#'8? ;d5?/ 9+B#* 5- 5?+ 5?+$+H 7*+ 8#* 9+ #.+'5+( 5- A5'#5+B)8 J?+*?+ 5#.TA ZA8'#DA -L )*5+..)B+*8+H[ NC 1D'). ;*(/ 5?+ 4+( k-*+?#( 5#T+* -* #.)L+H Red Zone April 2 nd Military Official at U.S. Central Command, said the imaginary red line, the conceptual trip wire for the danger zone, runs east from Karbala, about 50 miles south of Baghdad on the Euphrates River, to Kut on the Tigris River southeast of Baghdad. after April 2nd, there were more than 1500 articles using the Red Zone. April 16 th USA Today, A salt desert strip west of the town of Karbala, the gap is only a little more than a mile wide. It also lies inside what the Army commanders came to call the "red line" turf so close to Baghdad that Iraqi troops might defend it with chemical weapons. U.S. commanders feared that the Iraqis would sucker advance units through the gap, only to "slime" them from behind with chemical weapons, cutting them off to be killed. NC 5?+ $)((.+ -L 1D')./ -L A5-')+A #DD+#'+( )* 5?+ J')55+* D'+AA 5?+ 4+( k-*+h bg+* )L -*+ B'#*5A 5?+ 1($)*)A5'#5)-* A-$+ '--$ L-' *-5 T*-J)*B M'#\ ()(*Q5?#G+ 8?+$)8#. J+#D-*A )5 J#A )$$+()#5+.C D'+D#'+( #5 5?+ 9+B)**)*B -L 5?+ J#'/ 9C 1D').!l5?/ )5 ()( T*-JH W-)*5 >#AT 2-'8+ ;< J?-A+ $)AA)-* )5 J#A 5- B- 5-5?+ FSK A)5+A L)'A5 9++* 5-5?+ $#U-')5C -L 5?+$H >?+ 8-#.)5)-* #)' L-'8+A?#( +G+* A5-DD+( L.C)*B A-'5)+A #B#)*A5 FSK #'+#AH >?+ +G)(+*8+ 9++* 8-$)*B 9#8T 5- F#A?)*B5-*H 5?+C T+D5 5?+ A5-'C #.)G+H M5 )*5-1D').]

39 The WMD and Scud Stories April 10 NYT, The Iraqi forces in the area, along the Euphrates River, have been defending a large compound that includes phosphate fertilizer and water treatment plants. American officials say the sheer tenacity of the Iraqi fight has led them to suspect that the Iraqis might be defending Scud missiles or other weapons. (Reference is to Al Qa im.) E- -' FSK J+'+ #5 1. m#q)$h An Even Darker Side 7*+ +.+$+*5 -L 5?+ (#'T+' A)(+ J#A DAC8?-.-B)8#. -D+'#5)-*AH "5'#5+B)8 )A #)$+( #5 )*5+'*#5)-*#. 3#*( $#C9+ (-$+A5)8 O"^7O"/ -* 5?+ -5?+'?#*(/ #'+ 5#'B+5+( #5 5?+ 9#( >?+ D'-9.+$ )A 5?#5 5?)A J#' O"^7O" 9+8#$+ # $#U-' D#'5 -L 5?+ '+.#5)-*A?)D 9+5J++* 5?+ B-G+'*$+*5A -L 5?+ 0" #*( 5?+ 0_ #*( 5?+ L'++ D'+AAH Psychological Operation - March 19: The days of Saddam Hussein are numbered. - March 21: regime is starting to lose control of their country. - March 23: The outcome is clear. The regime of Saddam Hussein is gone. It s over. - Rumsfeld - Assessment: Most likely part of of the Strategic PSYOPS. U.S. press used to communicate the message. 15 5?+.-J+' +*( -L 5?+ A8#.+/ J?+* #*( -LL)8)#.A )* V-*(-* T+D5 A#C)*B 5?+ (#CA -L 5?+ Z'+B)$+[ J+'+ 5?+C J+'+ 5#.T)*B 5- D+-D.+ )* M'#\ J?- $)B?5?#G+ 9++* 5?)*T)*B -L L)B?5)*BH

40 Psychological Operation Air Marshall Brian Burridge, March 24th, "It's probably unnecessary at this stage in the campaign to focus on him as one man. The key aspect is the regime itself. Once the regime recognizes that its days are up, then they will crumble. And while they are crumbling, others who for some years maybe have had designs on overthrowing the regime, will probably develop greater levels of courage themselves. So we'll see a crumble and Saddam's place in that is largely becoming immaterial. - Assessment: Most likely part of of the Strategic PSYOPS. F?+* 5?+ N')5)A? 8-$$#*(+' B#G+ # D'+A+*5#5)-* 5-5?+ )*5+'*#5)-*#. D'+AA -* S#'8? ;j5? #*( J#A *-5 B)G)*B #* #AA+AA$+*5 #A # D'-L+AA)-*#. J#A 9'-#(8#A5)*B 5- A++ )L?+ )*AD)'+ 5?#5 5-?#DD+*H M5 J#A DAC8?-.-B)8#. -D+'#5)-*AH F+ 8#* A++ J?+'+ DAC8?-.-B)8#. -D+'#5)-*A 9+B)* ' 5?+ L'++ D'+AAH M5 9++* J'-*B L'-$?)A '+$#'TA 5?#5?+ J#A D'+()85)*B -G+'5?'-JH I)A 5#'B+5 J#A )*A)(+ M'#\H 1 $#U-' +X#$D.+ -L O"^7O" ()A5-'5)*B 5?+ L'++ D'+AA J)5? L#.A+ )*L-'$#5)-* J#A 5?+ 8#A+ -L 5?+ d!a5 K)G)A)-*H 7* 5?+ ;!A5 #*( ;;*( -L S#'8?/ 5?+)' J#A # $#U-' A5-'CH M5 J#A 5-.( #A )L )5 J+'+ # M5 J#A 5-.( -* 9-5? A)(+A -L 5?+ 15.#*5)8H M5?#( 9++* 8--'()*#5+(H M5 J#A *-5 Psychological Operation? 51st Division WASHINGTON, March 21 (Reuters) - The commander of Iraq's regular 51st Division on Friday surrendered to American Marines advancing through the desert toward Baghdad in southern Iraq, U.S. defense officials said. The defense officials, who asked not to be identified, did not provide details but told Reuters that both the commander and vice-commander of the division had surrendered the unit had been peppered in recent weeks with tens of thousands of air-dropped leaflets calling on the Iraqi military to give up. March 22, CBS News - An entire division of the Iraqi army, numbering 8,000 soldiers, surrendered to coalition forces in southern Iraq Friday, Pentagon officials said. The move marked the largest single unit to surrender en masse.

41 Psychological Operation? 51st Division Agence France-Presse, March 23. An Iraqi commander near the southern city of Basra said Sunday that his division, which Washington earlier said had surrendered, would continue to resist US and British forces. I am with my men in Basra, we continue to defend the people and riches of the town, Colonel Khaled al- Hashemi, commander of the 51st Mechanized Division, told the satellite television channel Al-Jazeera. UPI, March 25. "It's quite clear elements of the Iraq regular army the 51st Division that was west of Basra have pulled back into the town, of what scale and size, we're not quite clear. Colonel Chris Vernon, UK Spokesman NC 5?+ ;='(/ -L )*5+'G)+JA J)5? 5?+ 8-$$#*(+' J?- J#A 5-?#G+ )5 9+8#$+ 8.+#' 5?+ d!a5?#( *-5 ML 5?+ 5?+,-#.)5)-* #A # )$$+()#5+.C/ )5 9++* # $+AA#B+ 5-5?+ '+A5 -L 5?+ M'#\) $).)5#'C 5- (- 5?+ A#$+H,+'5#)*.C/ )5 J#A *-5 #* )*5+..)B+*8+ T*-J )L #* +*5)'+ ()G)A)-*H >?+ 0"f0_ -L 5?+ -L 5?+ d!a5 K)G)A)-* J#A # DAC8?-.-B)8#. -D+'#5)-*H >?+ N')5A A++$A 5-?#G+ 9++* B)G+*.+#( -* #*-5?+' A5'#5+B)8 DAC8?-.-B)8#. -D+'#5)-*H Psychological Operation? - September 8 visit by General Ali Hasan al-majid, a cousin and trusted member of Saddam s clan. - Saddam Hussein has made secret plans to move his family and some members of the regime in case of a war. - $3.5 Billion deposited in Libyan banks. - Not clear if Uday is part of the deal. The Times, UK Assessment: Strategic PSYOPS with the target most likely the people of Iraq M5 J#A # D.#*5+(H >?+ A5-'C '+D-'5+( 5?#5 "#((#$ J-'T+( # D.#* 5-5#T+ $+$9+'A -L?)A L#$).C 5- V)9C#H >?+ "+8'+5#'C -L K+L+*A+ J#A B-)*B 5- (- 5?)A T)*( -L 5?)*BH M *++( 5- $+*5)-*+( Z9.#8T D'-B'#$AH[ >?+'+ #'+ A-$+ G+'C

42 +X#$D.+A L'-$ 5?+,-.( F#'H 1 L-'$+',M1 $#*#B+' L-' 8.#*(+A5)*+ -D+'#5)-*A?#A A-$+ -L 5?#5 D'-9#9.C 5--T D.#8+ )* 5?)A J#'H 1L5+' -*+ A++A 5?+ D#55+'* -L 5?+ A5-')+A )* 5?+ D'+AA/ )5 )A D-AA) A++ A-$+ 9.#8T -D+'#5)-*A $)B?5?#G+ 9++* B+*+'#5+( 9C 5?+ 0" #*( 5?+ 0_H N-5? -'B#*)P#5)-*A J?-A+ $)AA)-*A #'+ 5- B+*+'#5+ 5?+A+ T)*(A -L A5-')+AH S).5 N+#'(+* '#)A+A # L-' $+H ML J+ J+ #.A- +G)(+*8+a >?#5 9+ G+'C MA 5?#5 J?#5 5?+ "+8'+5#'C -L K+L+*A+ $+#*5 J?+*?+ A#)(?+ J#A B-)*B 5-9+ (-)*B A5'#5+B)8 Black Programs Historical US responsible for creating and experimenting with AIDS in Africa. Soviet Army s use of bobby trapped toys in Afghanistan. It will be important to learn who was behind the fake Niger document and why and what other information driving American policies might carry their fingerprints. aluminum tubes? Milt Bearden, Former CIA Manager for Clandestine Operations I+'+ #'+ A-$+ D-AA)9).)5)+A -L 9.#8T D'-D#B#*(#H September 9th - IISS Report only months away if it were able to get hold of weapons grade uranium from a foreign source. Black Program? Niger nuclear materials documents came to the CIA through the Italians and the British. Mentioned in the President s State of the Union Message. Reported in the September UK Dossier on the threat from Iraq. February - Joseph Wilson to Africa to investigate the reports. Sept 24th - CIA to Congressional committee Sept 26th - Powell in closed hearing Dec 19th - State position paper; first public Jan 28th - State of the Union Message March 7th - IAEA reveal forgeries Fundamental questions is who had to gain by forging these documents? M5 )A L#)'.C 8.+#' *-J 5?+ E)B+' J+'+ L-'B+(H F+?#G+ 5- #AT J?- 9+*+L)5+(a 2-' J?#5 J#A 5?+ L#85 5?#5 M'#\ $)B? A+ 5-?#G)*B J+#D-*A )$D-'5#*5a >?+'+ #'+ 5?'++ D-AA)9).)5)+AH >?+ L-'B+'C 9++* 9C A-$+-*+ )*A)(+ 5?+ 0" &-G+'*$+*5 D'-9#9.C

43 -5?+' 5?#* 5?+,M1H M5 9++* (-*+ 9C D#'5A -L 5?+ K+D#'5$+*5 -L K+L+*A+H M5 9++* (-*+ 9C MA'#+.) )*5+..)B+*8+H MA'#+.) )*5+..)B+*8+ J#A D#'5)8)D#5)*B J)5? 5?+ K+D#'5$+*5 -L K+L+*A+ )* 5?+ M'#\ )-* +LL-'5H MA'#+.?#( # B'+#5 (+#. 5- B#)*H >?+'+ J#A # D#55+'* -L 9#( )*5+..)B+*8+ L'-$ 5?+ M'#\) E#5)-*#.,-*B'+AAH >?)A 9++* D#'5 -L 5?#5 D#55+'*H ML )5 J+'+ #*C -L 5?+ 5?'++/ 5?+ 1$+')8#* D+-D.+ 8+'5#)*.C?#G+ # Z*++( 5- T*-JH[ >?+'+ J#A #* )*5+'+A5)*B 5)$)*B -L 5?+ 1L')8# 8-**+85)-*H 7* "+D5+$9+' e5?/ M*5+'*#5)-*#. L-' "5'#5+B)8 '+.+#A+( # '+D-'5 J+#D-*A 5?#5 A#)( M'#\ J#A/ Z-*.C $-*5?A #J#C )L )5 J+'+ # B+5?-.( -L J+#D-*A B'#(+ # L-'+)B* >?+ 0_ K-AA)+' 5?+ 8#$+ A?-'5.C #L5+' 5?#5/ 5?+ MM"" '+D-'5 #*( $+*5)-*+( 5?#5 M'#\?#( 5')+( 5- B+5 $#5+')#.A L'-$ 1L')8#H "-$+-*+ B#G+ MM"" 9#( )*L-'$#5)-*H >?+)' J#A )* 5?+ K-AA)+' 9C $-'+ 9#( )*L-'$#5)-*H F?#5 5?+ 8#A+ -L &+-'B+ &#..-J#C/ # N')5)A? $+$9+' -L O#'.)#$+*5a Black Program? April 22nd, London Daily Telegraph reports papers retrieved from Iraq s Foreign Ministry alleged payoffs to George Galloway, longtime critic of a hard line against Hussein April 25th, Christian Science Monitor reports Saddam Hussein had paid British member of Parliament, George Galloway, $10M over 11 years. Obtained from a retired general. May 11th, British paper The Mail, reported to have gotten documents from the same source that were forgeries. June 20th, Christian Science Monitor reports their analysis revealed their documents were forgeries. Who had anything to gain? Is this part of the pattern of punishment? Same retired general told the Christian Science Monitor he has documents proving 6 of the 9/11 hijackers learned to fly in Iraq. J+'+ L-'B+( 5- ()'+85.)*TA 9+5J++* &+-'B+ &#..-J#C #*( 5?+ M'#\ '+B)$+H F#A 5?)A D#'5 -L 5?+ D#55+'* -L F#A 5?)A # 9.#8T -D+'#5)-*a J+'+ J?)8? 5?+ 0" 8-*5+*5)-* 5?#5 M'#\ D.#**+( # 8#$D#)B*H M5 (-+A A5'+58? 5?+ )$#B)*#5)-*/?-J+G+'/ 5-9+.)+G+ 5?#5 "#((#$ +*G)A)-*+( 5?+ +.+G+*YA5+D D'-B'#$ 5?#5 B- -* #L5+'?+?#( 9++* '+$-G+( L'-$ D-J+'H F?- J#A 5-9+*+L)5 9C 5?+A+ F+'+ 5?+C L-'B+(a

44 Black Program? Iraqi Intelligence Service Emergency Plan, January 23, 2003 Steps after the fall to American-British-Zionist allies, God forbid, discovered is Basrah (NYT, June 28) 11 steps Looting and burning government office buildings Sabotaging power plants Cutting communications lines Attacking water purification plants Infiltrating new political parties and Islamic groups, particularly in Najaf, a Shiite religious center Buying stolen weapons Assassinating Shiite and anti-baathist leaders Rumsfeld - there are a lot of Baathists and Fedayeen Saddam still in the country, and that they are doing things unhelpful to the coalition Bremer - On "Fox News Sunday, July 20: "There has been some evidence of planning for the possibility of losing the war militarily and going into some kind of insurgency or organized resistance," F?#5 )A A- A5'#*B+ 5?)A )A 5?#5 9+.)+G+ 5?#5 "#((#$ -*?)A.)A5 -L 5?)*BA 5- (- #85)-*A 5?#5 *+B#5)G+ +LL+85A -* 5?+ J+.L#'+ -L 5?+ M'#\) D+-D.+H >?)A )A *-5 # J?- 8#'+( 5?#5 J?+*?+ J#A )* D-J+'/ *-J )5 9+8-$+A # $#U-' -L?)A 8#$D#)B*a 2++.A.)T+ L-'B+'CH 2++.A.)T+ # 9.#8T D'-B'#$H Black Program? Saddam Hussein in the Russian Embassy in Baghdad? First reported by Al Jazeera network. White House, however, picked up on the story. Lines were hot to Moscow over the issue. Two possibilities: It was just a rumor. It was a planted tumor This is probably more likely because of the way the White House picked up on it. There seems to be no other case in which the White House picked up on an Al Jazeera rumor. 1*-5?+' A5-'C J)5? # L++.)*B -L 9.#8T*+AA J#A J?+* 1. W#P++'# '+D-'5+( 5?#5 "#((#$ J#A )* 5?+ b$9#aach >?+ F?)5+ -* 5?+ A5-'C #*( 5'+#5+( )5 #A )L )5 J+'+

45 Black Program? Withheld Iraq Report Blamed on French London - The French secret service is believed to have refused to allow Britain s MI6 to give the United States credible intelligence showing that Iraq was trying to buy uranium ore from Niger, U.S. intelligence sources said yesterday. U.S. Intelligence sources believe the most likely source of the MI6 intelligence was the French secret service, the DGSE. Michael Smith, London Daily Telegraph July 14, 2003 "-$+-*+ D.#*5+( # A5-'C 5?#5 5?+ 2'+*8??#( #?#*( )* (+*C)*B 8'+()9.+ +G)(+*8+ M'#\ >?)A A5-'C G+'C M?#G+ # L++.)*B -L A5'#5+B)8 >?+ A5'#5+B)8 8#$D#)B*?#( A-$+ -5?+' A5'#*B+ ()$+*A)-*AH M5QA #.$-A5?#'( 5-9+.)+G+H >?+ O+*5#B-* $+()# 8'+#5+( # J+9 A)5+ 5?+ J#' +*5)5.+( Zb$D-J+' O+#8+H[ )5 9+ J'-*B 5?+ 0" K+D#'5$+*5 -L K+L+*A+ J#A 5'C)*B 5- +A5#9.)A? # D+#8+ $-G+$+*5H M5 A++$A #A )L 5?)A D'-B'#$ J+'+ (+A)B*+( 5- B)G+ 5?+ )$D'+AA)-* 5?#5 5?+ D+-D.+ -L 5?+ 0*)5+( "5#5+A 38?).('+*6 J#*5+( D+#8+H M5 A++$A 5-?#G+ 9++* #)$+( #5 5?+ 1'#9 A+5H M5 ()(*Q5 A#C 5?#5 -* 5?+ A)5+H M5.--T+(.)T+ # B'#AA'--5A +LL-'5H "++$A.)T+ D.#C)*B J)5? >?+ J+9 A)5+ J#A G+'C A?-'5Y.)G+(H >?)A $)B?5?#G+ 9++* )5 9++* # G)-.#5)-* -L 5?+ #85H >? !ej:6 L-'9#(+ 5?+ (-$+A5)8 ()AA+$)*#5)-* -L 0H"H B-G+'*$+*5 $#5+')#.A )*5+*(+( L-'

Theme: The Growing Role of Private Security Companies in Protecting the Homeland.

Theme: The Growing Role of Private Security Companies in Protecting the Homeland. Theme: The Growing Role of Private Security Companies in Protecting the Homeland. Background on terrorist organizations: A global threat, every object is a target, infinite number of targets. Terrorist

More information

CITIZEN ADVOCACY CENTER

CITIZEN ADVOCACY CENTER CITIZEN ADVOCACY CENTER The USA PATRIOT Act Post-9/11 Due Process LESSON PLAN AND ACTIVITIES All rights reserved. No part of this lesson plan may be reproduced in any form or by any electronic or mechanical

More information

IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF VIRGINIA Alexandria Division

IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF VIRGINIA Alexandria Division IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF VIRGINIA Alexandria Division UNITED STATES OF AMERICA ) ) v. ) Criminal No. 01-455-A ) ZACARIAS MOUSSAOUI, ) Defendant ) Statement of Facts

More information

CARVER+Shock Vulnerability Assessment Tool

CARVER+Shock Vulnerability Assessment Tool Published by: Government Training Inc. ISBN: 978-09832361-7-7 CARVER+Shock Vulnerability Assessment Tool A Six Step Approach to Conducting Security Vulnerability Assessments on Critical Infrastructure

More information

Victims Compensation Claim Status of All Pending Claims and Claims Decided Within the Last Three Years

Victims Compensation Claim Status of All Pending Claims and Claims Decided Within the Last Three Years Claim#:021914-174 Initials: J.T. Last4SSN: 6996 DOB: 5/3/1970 Crime Date: 4/30/2013 Status: Claim is currently under review. Decision expected within 7 days Claim#:041715-334 Initials: M.S. Last4SSN: 2957

More information

Option 1: Use the Might of the U.S. Military to End the Assad Regime

Option 1: Use the Might of the U.S. Military to End the Assad Regime 1 Option 1: Use the Might of the U.S. Military to End the Assad Regime The Syrian dictatorship s use of chemical weapons against its own people was terrible. But we must not let it overshadow the larger

More information

Name. September 11, 2001: A Turning Point

Name. September 11, 2001: A Turning Point Name Directions: For the following questions(s), use this passage adapted from Mark Kishlansky s, Patrick Geary s, and Patricia O Brien s text, Civilization in the West. September 11, 2001: A Turning Point

More information

A Guide to the Human Rights Act

A Guide to the Human Rights Act A Guide to the Human Rights Act A booklet for People with Learning Disabilities Human Rights Human Rights Illustrations by CHANGE Picture Bank What s inside This booklet,..................................1

More information

DATING YOUR GUILD 1952-1960

DATING YOUR GUILD 1952-1960 DATING YOUR GUILD 1952-1960 YEAR APPROXIMATE LAST SERIAL NUMBER PRODUCED 1953 1000-1500 1954 1500-2200 1955 2200-3000 1956 3000-4000 1957 4000-5700 1958 5700-8300 1959 12035 1960-1969 This chart displays

More information

World War II TOWARD A GLOBAL COMMUNITY (1900 PRESENT)

World War II TOWARD A GLOBAL COMMUNITY (1900 PRESENT) World War II TOWARD A GLOBAL COMMUNITY (1900 PRESENT) WWII began on September 1, 1939 when Germany invaded Poland. The Germans used a strategy known as blitzkrieg (lightening war), which involved coordinated

More information

Research Note Engaging in Cyber Warfare

Research Note Engaging in Cyber Warfare Research Note Engaging in Cyber Warfare By: Devin Luco Copyright 2013, ASA Institute for Risk & Innovation Keywords: Cyber War, Cyber Warfare, Cyber Attacks, Cyber Threats Abstract This research note defines

More information

Espionage and Intelligence. Debra A. Miller, Book Editor

Espionage and Intelligence. Debra A. Miller, Book Editor Espionage and Intelligence Debra A. Miller, Book Editor Intelligence... has always been used by the United States to support U.S. military operations, but much of what forms today s intelligence system

More information

We were allies then, it is the time to join hands now to meet the enormous challenges facing both our nations and the world.

We were allies then, it is the time to join hands now to meet the enormous challenges facing both our nations and the world. We were allies then, it is the time to join hands now to meet the enormous challenges facing both our nations and the world. U.S. Navy Adm. Mike Mullen and Russian Gen. Nikolay Makarov participated in

More information

The head of Britain's Iraq War inquiry says former Prime Minister Tony Blair overestimated his ability to influence decisions made by the Americans.

The head of Britain's Iraq War inquiry says former Prime Minister Tony Blair overestimated his ability to influence decisions made by the Americans. Former British Prime Minister Tony Blair says he hopes the Chilcot report looking into British involvement in the Iraq War lays to rest allegations that he used lies or deceit as a pretense to invade Iraq.

More information

Iraq A Chronology. 1534 1918: Region now known as Iraqi is part of the Ottoman Empire.

Iraq A Chronology. 1534 1918: Region now known as Iraqi is part of the Ottoman Empire. Iraq A Chronology 1534 1918: Region now known as Iraqi is part of the Ottoman Empire. 1920: San Remo Peace Conference of Allied Powers endorses the British and French mandate over the Middle East. 1921:

More information

No Taxation Without Representation!! Actions that led to the Revolutionary War

No Taxation Without Representation!! Actions that led to the Revolutionary War No Taxation Without Representation!! Actions that led to the Revolutionary War Raising Taxes The French and Indian War had caused the British to be in a great deal of debt. They decided to keep a standing

More information

APPLICATION FOR COMBAT-RELATED SPECIAL COMPENSATION (CRSC)

APPLICATION FOR COMBAT-RELATED SPECIAL COMPENSATION (CRSC) APPLICATION FOR COMBAT-RELATED SPECIAL COMPENSATION (CRSC) PRIVACY ACT STATEMENT AUTHORITY: 10 U.S.C. 1413a, E.O. 9397, November 1943 (SSN), PDUSD(P&R) Memorandum (May 21, 2003), Subject: Combat-Related

More information

The Holocaust: Ch. 16.3

The Holocaust: Ch. 16.3 The Holocaust: Ch. 16.3 Block February 15/16 th, 2012 Bell Work 1. What was the new racial order proposed by the Nazis? Pg. 502 2. What were the Nuremberg Laws? Pg. 502 3. What were the Jewish ghettos?

More information

FACT SHEET. General Information about the Defense Contract Management Agency

FACT SHEET. General Information about the Defense Contract Management Agency FACT SHEET General Information about the Defense Contract Management Agency Mission: We are the independent eyes and ears of DoD and its partners, delivering actionable acquisition insight from the factory

More information

Iran - Researched and compiled by the Refugee Documentation Centre of Ireland on 5 August 2011

Iran - Researched and compiled by the Refugee Documentation Centre of Ireland on 5 August 2011 Iran - Researched and compiled by the Refugee Documentation Centre of Ireland on 5 August 2011 Information on internet freedom, in particular social media websites. A report issued in May 2011 by Freedom

More information

A Return to Responsibility

A Return to Responsibility A Return to Responsibility What President Obama and Congress Can Learn About Defense Budgets from Past Presidents Lawrence J. Korb, Laura Conley, and Alex Rothman July 2011 w w w.americanprogress.org Introduction

More information

Despite Alert, Flawed Wiring Still Kills G.I. s

Despite Alert, Flawed Wiring Still Kills G.I. s Page 1 of 5 May 4, 2008 Despite Alert, Flawed Wiring Still Kills G.I. s By JAMES RISEN Correction Appended WASHINGTON In October 2004, the United States Army issued an urgent bulletin to commanders across

More information

Deep Operations and Active Territorial Defence: Some ideas for the Baltic States

Deep Operations and Active Territorial Defence: Some ideas for the Baltic States Deep Operations and Active Territorial Defence: Some ideas for the Baltic States By LtCol Ron LaGrone Introduction: The Image and the Reality of Deep Operations Current military literature suggests that

More information

2015 STATE OF THE FIRST AMENDMENT SURVEY A Project Sponsored by the Newseum Institute

2015 STATE OF THE FIRST AMENDMENT SURVEY A Project Sponsored by the Newseum Institute 2015 STATE OF THE FIRST AMENDMENT SURVEY A Project Sponsored by the Newseum Institute The Newseum Institute has supported an annual national survey of American attitudes about the First Amendment since

More information

UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT DISTRICT OF CONNECTICUT : : : : : : : : INFORMATION GENERAL ALLEGATIONS

UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT DISTRICT OF CONNECTICUT : : : : : : : : INFORMATION GENERAL ALLEGATIONS UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT DISTRICT OF CONNECTICUT UNITED STATES OF AMERICA v. BRIAN FOLEY and LISA WILSON-FOLEY CRIMINAL NO. 314CR ( ) VIOLATION 18 U.S.C. 371 (Conspiracy) INFORMATION The Acting United

More information

AFGHANISTAN: FRANCE IS ALSO IN THE SOUTH

AFGHANISTAN: FRANCE IS ALSO IN THE SOUTH FRENCH EMBASSY IN CANADA? Ottawa, June 2008 AFGHANISTAN: FRANCE IS ALSO IN THE SOUTH "France will maintain its forces in Afghanistan. Our country wishes to adapt the role of its forces to make them more

More information

American History: War on Terror Turns to Iraq

American History: War on Terror Turns to Iraq 11 April 2012 MP3 at voaspecialenglish.com American History: War on Terror Turns to Iraq AP A U.S. Army helicopter flies over the Adwar area of Iraq, about 16 kilometers from Saddam Hussein's hometown

More information

Key Concepts Chart (The United States after the Cold War)

Key Concepts Chart (The United States after the Cold War) Unit 10, Activity 1, Key Concepts Chart Key Concepts Chart (The United States after the Cold War) Key Concept +? - Explanation Extra Information NAFTA Presidents George H.W. Bush and Bill Clinton both

More information

Foreign Affairs and National Security

Foreign Affairs and National Security Foreign Affairs and National Security Objectives: TLW understand and explain the following questions as it relates to the Foreign affairs of the American Government What is foreign policy? What is the

More information

Vulnerabilities in the U.S. Passport System Can Be Exploited by Criminals and Terrorists

Vulnerabilities in the U.S. Passport System Can Be Exploited by Criminals and Terrorists Statement of Michael Johnson Former Special Agent in Charge, Miami Field Office, Diplomatic Security Service United States Department of State Before the U.S. Senate Homeland Security and Governmental

More information

Impact of Transition on Health Care Delivery

Impact of Transition on Health Care Delivery Agency Coordinating Body for Afghan Relief & Development Impact of Transition on Health Care Delivery The security transition in Afghanistan is entering its final phase in 2014, with partial withdrawal

More information

Transcript of Press Conference Announcing Indictment of Roy Belfast Jr. aka Chuckie Taylor on Torture Charges

Transcript of Press Conference Announcing Indictment of Roy Belfast Jr. aka Chuckie Taylor on Torture Charges Transcript of Press Conference Announcing Indictment of Roy Belfast Jr. aka Chuckie Taylor on Torture Charges December 6, 2006 3:08 P.M. EST WASHINGTON, D.C. MS. FISHER: Good afternoon. My name is Alice

More information

Bush Lets U.S. Spy on Callers Without Courts

Bush Lets U.S. Spy on Callers Without Courts Page 1 of 5 Article 1 NYTimes.com Go to a Section Welcome, 75200 - Membe NYT Since 1981 Bush Lets U.S. Spy on Callers Without Courts Advertisement By JAMES RISEN and ERIC LICHTBLAU Published: December

More information

Home Security: Russia s Challenges

Home Security: Russia s Challenges Home Security: Russia s Challenges A Russian Perspective Andrei Fedorov * Home security: Russia s challenges Home security and the struggle against terrorism is one of the most crucial issues for the Russian

More information

German initiated battle in western europe that attempted to push back the allied advance that was un. Sample letter requesting financial assistance

German initiated battle in western europe that attempted to push back the allied advance that was un. Sample letter requesting financial assistance German initiated battle in western europe that attempted to push back the allied advance that was un. Sample letter requesting financial assistance from employer. German initiated battle in western europe

More information

The 11 th Crusade For A Fee

The 11 th Crusade For A Fee The 11 th Crusade For A Fee Written by Jacob S. "The most important thing is for us to find Osama bin Laden. It is our number one priority and we will not rest until we find him." --Washington, D.C., Sept.

More information

Ohio Families First:

Ohio Families First: OHIO HEART AND SOUL www.tedstrickland.com Ohio Families First: Defeating Terrorism & Keeping Americans Safe On 9/11, our country was attacked on our home soil, and none of us who lived through that day

More information

Lesson 1: Trouble over Taxes

Lesson 1: Trouble over Taxes Lesson 1 Summary Lesson 1: Trouble over Taxes Use with pages 268 273. Vocabulary Parliament Britain s law-making assembly Stamp Act law that placed a tax on printed materials in the colonies repeal cancel

More information

q1 How much attention have you been able to pay to the 2004 Presidential campaign -- a lot, some, not much, or no attention so far?

q1 How much attention have you been able to pay to the 2004 Presidential campaign -- a lot, some, not much, or no attention so far? CBS NEWS/NEW YORK TIMES POLL THE PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGN September 12-16, 2004 q1 How much attention have you been able to pay to the 2004 Presidential campaign -- a lot, some, not much, or no attention

More information

FUNDING FOR DEFENSE, MILITARY OPERATIONS, HOMELAND SECURITY, AND RELATED ACTIVITIES SINCE

FUNDING FOR DEFENSE, MILITARY OPERATIONS, HOMELAND SECURITY, AND RELATED ACTIVITIES SINCE FUNDING FOR DEFENSE, MILITARY OPERATIONS, HOMELAND SECURITY, AND RELATED ACTIVITIES SINCE 9/11 Steven Kosiak, Director of Budget Studies, Center for Strategic & Budgetary Assessments Since the terrorist

More information

UNITED NATIONS HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL

UNITED NATIONS HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL UNITED HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL The United Nations Human Rights Council was created in March, 2006 and is the successor to the United Nations Commission on Human Rights, which was often criticized for the

More information

The Walls Came Tumbling Down The Story, Chapter 7: Joshua Sunday, October 19, 2014 Lakeside Lutheran Church Almost every Sunday morning, I post an

The Walls Came Tumbling Down The Story, Chapter 7: Joshua Sunday, October 19, 2014 Lakeside Lutheran Church Almost every Sunday morning, I post an The Walls Came Tumbling Down The Story, Chapter 7: Joshua Sunday, October 19, 2014 Lakeside Lutheran Church Almost every Sunday morning, I post an invitation on Lakeside s Facebook page about what will

More information

FBI joins News Corp phone hacking

FBI joins News Corp phone hacking www.breaking News English.com Ready-to-use ESL/EFL Lessons by Sean Banville 1,000 IDEAS & ACTIVITIES FOR LANGUAGE TEACHERS The Breaking News English.com Resource Book http://www.breakingnewsenglish.com/book.html

More information

Memorial Day Honors Military Service and Sacrifice

Memorial Day Honors Military Service and Sacrifice Memorial Day Honors Military Service and Sacrifice The last Monday in May is a national holiday. Memorial Day honors those who died in military service. But any time of year, visitors to the nation's capital

More information

The Economics of the UK-Iraq Conflict Keith Hartley Centre for Defence Economics University of York

The Economics of the UK-Iraq Conflict Keith Hartley Centre for Defence Economics University of York The Economics of the UK-Iraq Conflict Keith Hartley Centre for Defence Economics University of York Introduction: the role of economics Economists are not usually associated with debates about wars. Such

More information

The History of Tinker AFB

The History of Tinker AFB The History of Tinker AFB 70+ Years in the Heartland of America Tinker AFB History In October 1940, as German troops rolled through Europe and Japan expanded its empire, a dozen Oklahoma City businessmen

More information

Major General George Smith - 6: Issues Involved in the Serbian Deal

Major General George Smith - 6: Issues Involved in the Serbian Deal Major General George Smith - 6: Issues Involved in the Serbian Deal Welcome to the Defense Acquisition University. This material is for non-profit educational use only. Speaker's views and opinions are

More information

SEPT. 1, 1939 GERMANY INVADED POLAND

SEPT. 1, 1939 GERMANY INVADED POLAND WORLD WAR II 5-4.4: Explain the principal events related to the involvement of the United States in World War II, including campaigns in North Africa and the Mediterranean; major battles of the European

More information

TEACHER S KEY SESSION 1. THE WORLD BEFORE THE GREAT WAR. PRETASK. 3. Pre- listening.

TEACHER S KEY SESSION 1. THE WORLD BEFORE THE GREAT WAR. PRETASK. 3. Pre- listening. TEACHER S KEY SESSION 1. THE WORLD BEFORE THE GREAT WAR. PRETASK 3. Pre- listening. 1. Before 1914, the nations of Europe were involved in a race to obtain overseas colonies all over the world, mainly

More information

Statement by Sir John Chilcot: 6 July 2016

Statement by Sir John Chilcot: 6 July 2016 Statement by Sir John Chilcot: 6 July 2016 We were appointed to consider the UK s policy on Iraq from 2001 to 2009, and to identify lessons for the future. Our Report will be published on the Inquiry s

More information

Guest: Major General Tom Owen Commander, Warner Robins Air Logistics Center

Guest: Major General Tom Owen Commander, Warner Robins Air Logistics Center Georgia s Business #408 Guest: Major General Commander, Warner Robins Air Logistics Center I'm. Welcome this week on Georgia's Business form Central Georgia the commander of the Warner Robbins Air Logistics

More information

America Revolution. Battles

America Revolution. Battles America Revolution Battles Paul Revere s Ride American Patriots Paul Revere and two other riders were dispatched and gave warning to towns around Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts to form militias that

More information

U.S. Forces in Iraq. JoAnne O Bryant and Michael Waterhouse Information Research Specialists Knowledge Services Group

U.S. Forces in Iraq. JoAnne O Bryant and Michael Waterhouse Information Research Specialists Knowledge Services Group Order Code RS22449 Updated April 13, 27 U.S. Forces in Iraq JoAnne O Bryant and Michael Waterhouse Information Research Specialists Knowledge Services Group Summary Varying media estimates of military

More information

PATRIOT MISSILE DEFENSE Software Problem Led to System Failure at Dhahran, Saudi Arabia

PATRIOT MISSILE DEFENSE Software Problem Led to System Failure at Dhahran, Saudi Arabia --.- /Initcd Stdcs General Accounting Offiw Ikport to the Chairman, Subcommittee on Investigations and Oversight, Committee on Science, Space, and Technology, House of Rcprcsentativcs PATRIOT MISSILE DEFENSE

More information

U.S. Forces in Iraq. JoAnne O Bryant and Michael Waterhouse Information Research Specialists Knowledge Services Group

U.S. Forces in Iraq. JoAnne O Bryant and Michael Waterhouse Information Research Specialists Knowledge Services Group Order Code RS22449 Updated September 2, 27 U.S. Forces in Iraq JoAnne O Bryant and Michael Waterhouse Information Research Specialists Knowledge Services Group Summary Varying media estimates of military

More information

1.1 Which of these media channels do you own at home and are in working condition? [READ OUT]

1.1 Which of these media channels do you own at home and are in working condition? [READ OUT] Face-to-face interviews with 3,444 adults in Iraq were conducted in Arabic and Kurdish by Iraqi interviewers hired and supervised by the Pan Arab Research Center of Dubai. All interviews were conducted

More information

Note Taking Study Guide ORIGINS OF THE VIETNAM WAR

Note Taking Study Guide ORIGINS OF THE VIETNAM WAR SECTION 1 ORIGINS OF THE VIETNAM WAR Focus Question: Why did the United States become involved in Vietnam? As you read, describe the Vietnam policies of Presidents Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy, and Johnson.

More information

TEACHER SUPPORT PAGES

TEACHER SUPPORT PAGES September 11 Online support for these lessons is available at: www.onlinelearningexchange.com/content/products/home.html Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc., or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.

More information

AUSA HOT TOPICS. Army Networks and Cyber Security in Force 2025 FINAL AGENDA 12 JUNE 2014. Crystal Gateway Marriott Arlington, Virginia

AUSA HOT TOPICS. Army Networks and Cyber Security in Force 2025 FINAL AGENDA 12 JUNE 2014. Crystal Gateway Marriott Arlington, Virginia AUSA HOT TOPICS Army Networks and Cyber Security in Force 2025 12 JUNE 2014 Crystal Gateway Marriott Arlington, Virginia FINAL AGENDA The Association of the Institute of Land Warfare Hot Topic A Professional

More information

U.S. Forces in Iraq. JoAnne O Bryant and Michael Waterhouse Information Research Specialists Knowledge Services Group

U.S. Forces in Iraq. JoAnne O Bryant and Michael Waterhouse Information Research Specialists Knowledge Services Group Order Code RS22449 Updated April 7, 28 U.S. Forces in Iraq JoAnne O Bryant and Michael Waterhouse Information Research Specialists Knowledge Services Group Summary Varying media estimates of military forces

More information

Manpower Codes Lookup

Manpower Codes Lookup 00 NO PREFERENCE RECORDED 01 NO RELIGIOUS PREFERENCE 02 SEVENTH-DAY ADVENTIST 04 ASSEMBLIES OF GOD 05 GRACE GOSPEL FELLOWSHIP 06 AMERICAN BAPTIST CHURCHES 07 INDEPENDENT BAPTIST BIBLE MISSION 08 SOUTHERN

More information

What are you. worried about? Looking Deeper

What are you. worried about? Looking Deeper What are you worried about? Looking Deeper Looking Deeper What are you worried about? Some of us lie awake at night worrying about family members, health, finances or a thousand other things. Worry can

More information

The Undergraduate Journal of the Social Sciences Interview Series

The Undergraduate Journal of the Social Sciences Interview Series The Undergraduate Journal of the Social Sciences Interview Series Richard Engel Richard Engel recently visited West Point where he took time to share his expertise and insight with the UJSS. Mr. Engel

More information

David J. Berteau Senior Vice President and Director of International Security Program, Center for Strategic & International Studies

David J. Berteau Senior Vice President and Director of International Security Program, Center for Strategic & International Studies David J. Berteau Senior Vice President and Director of International Security Program, Center for Strategic & International Studies David J. Berteau is senior vice president and director of the CSIS International

More information

Milgram Activities. Everyone was paid $4.50 and told that they would receive this even if they quit during the study.

Milgram Activities. Everyone was paid $4.50 and told that they would receive this even if they quit during the study. Milgram Activities Activity 1 Procedures Aim: To consolidate students knowledge of the procedures of Milgram s study and to encourage co-operative working amongst students. Cut up the following table of

More information

CLE On-Demand. View and record the Secret Words. Print this form and write down all the secret Words during the program:

CLE On-Demand. View and record the Secret Words. Print this form and write down all the secret Words during the program: 21 Winthrop Road Lawrenceville, N.J. 08648 (609) 895-0046 (609) 895-1899 Fax www.gardenstatecle.com atty2starz@aol.com CLE On-Demand View and record the Secret Words Print this form and write down all

More information

The Terrain and Tactics of If You Survive

The Terrain and Tactics of If You Survive The Terrain and Tactics of If You Survive Mechelle Rouchon Course: History 498 Instructor: Dr. Harry Laver Assignment: Analysis First Lieutenant George Wilson served in the U.S. Army during the last, but

More information

The rapid development of China presents challenges and opportunities for America.

The rapid development of China presents challenges and opportunities for America. Lesson Plan China Chad Flaig Purpose: Big Concept: The rapid development of China presents challenges and opportunities for America. Essential Questions What are the economic challenges that China presents

More information

What Do We Mean by Democracy and Freedom? (Speech scheduled for a Boston America First rally on December 12, 1941 that was never delivered)

What Do We Mean by Democracy and Freedom? (Speech scheduled for a Boston America First rally on December 12, 1941 that was never delivered) What Do We Mean by Democracy and Freedom? (Speech scheduled for a Boston America First rally on December 12, 1941 that was never delivered) In the slogans and propaganda that have been hurled back and

More information

National Council for Occupational Safety and Health Leading the Fight for Safe and Healthy Workplaces! www.coshnetwork.org

National Council for Occupational Safety and Health Leading the Fight for Safe and Healthy Workplaces! www.coshnetwork.org National Council for Occupational Safety and Health Leading the Fight for Safe and Healthy Workplaces! www.coshnetwork.org Workplace Safety Dialogues for use in English as a Second Language classes Dialogue

More information

Adolf Hitler. The man that did the unthinkable

Adolf Hitler. The man that did the unthinkable Adolf Hitler The man that did the unthinkable Hitler s Childhood Born on April 20 th 1889 His hometown is the Austrian town of Braunau His Mother was a housemaid while his father was an Austrian Custom

More information

Animal Farm: An Abridged Text

Animal Farm: An Abridged Text Animal Farm: An Abridged Text 5256 Introduction to Animal Farm Animal Farm is a novel. It is a famous story. Animal Farm was written by George Orwell in 1945. Mr Orwell went to a farm. He saw a boy walking

More information

How to Get of Debt in 24 Months

How to Get of Debt in 24 Months www.steamenginefinancialcoaching.com How to Get of Debt in 24 Months by John Bonesio, Financial Coach How to Get Out of Debt in 24 Months There are lots of debt solutions out there. You may have heard

More information

GOOD SECURITY IS A GROUP EFFORT

GOOD SECURITY IS A GROUP EFFORT THE OFFICE OF SECURITY Operations Security (OPSEC) GOOD SECURITY IS A GROUP EFFORT Operations Security (OPSEC) "Even minutiae should have a place in our collection, for things of a seemingly trifling nature,

More information

Mainly, non-muslims information on Islam is based on what they see on television and in the movies.

Mainly, non-muslims information on Islam is based on what they see on television and in the movies. Why Islam I think Islam is the most misunderstood religion in the world. Not just by non-muslims, but by Muslims as well. Mainly, non-muslims information on Islam is based on what they see on television

More information

White Paper: Cyber Hawk or Digital Dove

White Paper: Cyber Hawk or Digital Dove White Paper: Cyber Hawk or Digital Dove Published By: SkillBridge, LLC September 18, 2013 Today s Modern Warfare With the recent debate over whether or not the United States should take military action

More information

United States of America Nuclear Regulatory Commission Office of Nuclear Material Safety and Safeguards William F. Kane, Director

United States of America Nuclear Regulatory Commission Office of Nuclear Material Safety and Safeguards William F. Kane, Director DD-01-01 United States of America Nuclear Regulatory Commission Office of Nuclear Material Safety and Safeguards William F. Kane, Director In the Matter of U.S. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Docket No. 030-28641

More information

ON OBAMA S WARS IN AFGHANISTAN AND PAKISTAN. by Tom Hayden February 6, 2009

ON OBAMA S WARS IN AFGHANISTAN AND PAKISTAN. by Tom Hayden February 6, 2009 ON OBAMA S WARS IN AFGHANISTAN AND PAKISTAN by Tom Hayden February 6, 2009 It is time to rethink Afghanistan and Pakistan. Otherwise the new Obama administration will be led into a yawning quagmire. It

More information

Assessment of the Terror Threat to Denmark

Assessment of the Terror Threat to Denmark 19 March 2015 Assessment of the Terror Threat to Denmark Summary The terrorist attacks in Copenhagen on 14 and 15 February 2015 confirm that the terror threat to Denmark is significant. There are individuals

More information

Fry Instant Word List

Fry Instant Word List First 100 Instant Words the had out than of by many first and words then water a but them been to not these called in what so who is all some oil you were her sit that we would now it when make find he

More information

S.E.C. Accuses Goldman of Fraud in Housing Deal By LOUISE STORY and GRETCHEN MORGENSON

S.E.C. Accuses Goldman of Fraud in Housing Deal By LOUISE STORY and GRETCHEN MORGENSON Page 1 of 5 Reprints This copy is for your personal, noncommercial use only. You can order presentation-ready copies for distribution to your colleagues, clients or customers here or use the "Reprints"

More information

4. After all groups have finished, have the groups share and explain their answers.

4. After all groups have finished, have the groups share and explain their answers. Title: Patriot, Loyalist, or Neutral? You Decide By Lynne Fuller, Carusi Middle School Historical Background: During the American Revolution, the American colonists had to decide to support the War for

More information

Great Britain Raises Taxes

Great Britain Raises Taxes BUILDING BACKGROUND As the British colonies grew and became prosperous, the colonists got used to running their own lives. Britain began to seem very far away. At the same time, officials in Britain still

More information

The Battlefield. critical infrastructure:

The Battlefield. critical infrastructure: CIP A Business View Rolf Schulz CEO Definition critical infrastructure: 1. Elements of a system that are so vital that disabling any of them would incapacitate the entire system. 2. [In security,] those

More information

World War 2 Project. By Cdt.Sgt.Allen.Devonlee & The other Guy (Dalton Barron)

World War 2 Project. By Cdt.Sgt.Allen.Devonlee & The other Guy (Dalton Barron) World War 2 Project By Cdt.Sgt.Allen.Devonlee & The other Guy (Dalton Barron) Propaganda (Germany) Most propaganda in Nazi Germany was made by the Ministry of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda. Joseph

More information

Iraq War Ends, an Uncertain Future Begins

Iraq War Ends, an Uncertain Future Begins Iraq War Ends, an Uncertain Future Begins AP U.S. Army soldiers load trucks as they begin their journey home to their base in Texas This story comes from VOA Special English, Voice of America's daily news

More information

Cyber Crime. E-commerce, e-learning but e-terrorism?

Cyber Crime. E-commerce, e-learning but e-terrorism? E-commerce, e-learning but e-terrorism? What with media scaremongering, crusading politicians and global paranoia concerning the capabilities of Osama bin Laden and his al Quaeda network, it is hardly

More information

I DO, WE DO, YOU DO: Siege at the Alamo. WE DO-READERS THEATRE: Enrique Esparza and the Battle of the Alamo

I DO, WE DO, YOU DO: Siege at the Alamo. WE DO-READERS THEATRE: Enrique Esparza and the Battle of the Alamo Name Date Page # I DO, WE DO, YOU DO: Siege at the Alamo WE DO-READERS THEATRE: Enrique Esparza and the Battle of the Alamo Characters: Narrator #1 Narrator #2 Enrique Esparza: an eight-year old boy living

More information

Soldiers in the Philippines Lesson Plan. Central Historical Question: What accounted for American atrocities during the Philippine-American War?

Soldiers in the Philippines Lesson Plan. Central Historical Question: What accounted for American atrocities during the Philippine-American War? Soldiers in the Philippines Lesson Plan Central Historical Question: What accounted for American atrocities during the Philippine-American War? Materials: Copies of U.S. in the Philippines Timeline Copies

More information

CYBER PANEL MEMBERS. Mr. Hart is a member of the United States Air Force Senior Executive Service with over fifteen years service as an SES.

CYBER PANEL MEMBERS. Mr. Hart is a member of the United States Air Force Senior Executive Service with over fifteen years service as an SES. Mr. Bennett Hart, Senior Consultant in Intelligence, Operations, Technology, Training, Proposal Red Teams, and Key Personnel Selection. Mr. Hart is a member of the United States Air Force Senior Executive

More information

Georgia State University Police Department Operation Clean Sweep

Georgia State University Police Department Operation Clean Sweep Georgia State University Police Department Operation Clean Sweep Crime Reduction Task Force THE PROBLEM: ANALYSIS: RESPONSE: Located in the heart of downtown Atlanta, Georgia State University is a growing

More information

Offensive capabilities

Offensive capabilities Chapter 5 5 Beyond signals intelligence: Offensive capabilities 5.1 Introduction Documents released by German magazine Der Spiegel provide a much richer picture of the offensive activities of the NSA and

More information

United States Army. Criminal Investigation Command. Keeping Our Army Safe CID Seeking Special Agents

United States Army. Criminal Investigation Command. Keeping Our Army Safe CID Seeking Special Agents United States Army Criminal Investigation Command Media contact: CID Public Affairs Office FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE 571-305-4041 Keeping Our Army Safe CID Seeking Special Agents By Colby Hauser CID Public

More information

YEAR 1: Kings, Queens and Leaders (6 lessons)

YEAR 1: Kings, Queens and Leaders (6 lessons) YEAR 1: Kings, Queens and Leaders (6 lessons) Contents Include: The United Kingdom and the Union Jack Kings and Queens The Magna Carta Charles I Parliament The Prime Minister Suggested Teacher Resources:

More information

No Greater Love Memorial Day May 26, 2013 Trinity United Methodist Church John 15:9-17

No Greater Love Memorial Day May 26, 2013 Trinity United Methodist Church John 15:9-17 No Greater Love Memorial Day May 26, 2013 Trinity United Methodist Church John 15:9-17 In our nation, where history is often overshadowed by current happenings, it is good that we set aside a couple days

More information

1 PEW RESEARCH CENTER

1 PEW RESEARCH CENTER 1 2014 POLITICAL POLARIZATION AND TYPOLOGY SURVEY FINAL TOPLINE Phase A: January 23-February 9, 2014 N=3,341 Phase B: February 12-26, 2014 N=3,337 Phase C: February 27-March 16, 2014 N=3,335 Combined N=10,013

More information

AT A HEARING ENTITLED THREATS TO THE HOMELAND

AT A HEARING ENTITLED THREATS TO THE HOMELAND STATEMENT OF JAMES B. COMEY DIRECTOR FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION BEFORE THE COMMITTEE ON HOMELAND SECURITY AND GOVERNMENTAL AFFAIRS UNITED STATES SENATE AT A HEARING ENTITLED THREATS TO THE HOMELAND

More information

United States Attorney David C. Weiss District of Delaware

United States Attorney David C. Weiss District of Delaware United States Attorney David C. Weiss District of Delaware FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE DECEMBER 15, 2010 WWW.USDOJ.GOV/USAO/DE CONTACT: ROBERT KRAVETZ, ext. 133 or DAVID L. HALL, ext. 104 GENERAL PHONE: (302)

More information

U.S. Forces in Iraq. JoAnne O Bryant and Michael Waterhouse Information Research Specialists Knowledge Services Group

U.S. Forces in Iraq. JoAnne O Bryant and Michael Waterhouse Information Research Specialists Knowledge Services Group Order Code RS22449 Updated July 2, 27 U.S. Forces in Iraq JoAnne O Bryant and Michael Waterhouse Information Research Specialists Knowledge Services Group Summary Varying media estimates of military forces

More information

Background Report: 9/11, Ten Years Later

Background Report: 9/11, Ten Years Later Background Report: 9/11, Ten Years Later THE UNIQUE NATURE OF 9/11 Among terrorism incidents in the United States and around the world, al-qa ida s attacks on September 11, 21, are notably unique. FATALITIES

More information