Saving Energy with Advanced Power Semiconductors. Dean Henderson Director - Power Management

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1 Energy with Advanced Power Semiconductors Dean Henderson Director - Power Management

2 Disclaimer This presentation includes forward-looking statements about the future of Infineon s business and the industry in which it operates. These include statements relating to future developments in the world semiconductor market, including the market for memory products, Infineon s future growth, the benefits of research and development alliances and activities, Infineon s planned levels of future investment in the expansion and modernization of its production capacity, the introduction of new technology at its facilities, the continuing transitioning of its production processes to smaller structure sizes, cost savings related to such transitioning and other initiatives, Infineon s successful development of technology based on industry standards, Infineon s ability to offer commercially viable products based on its technology, Infineon s ability to achieve its cost savings and growth targets, and the impact of the carve-out of Qimonda, the group s memory products business, its initial public offering, and any further sales of Qimonda shares or other corporate financing measures in that regard. These forward-looking statements are subject to a number of uncertainties, including trends in demand and prices for semiconductors generally and for Infineon s products in particular, the success of Infineon s development efforts, both alone and with partners, the success of Infineon s efforts to introduce new production processes, the actions of competitors, the availability of funds for planned expansion efforts, and the outcome of antitrust investigations and litigation matters, as well as the other factors mentioned in this presentation and those described in the Risk Factors section of the annual report of Infineon on Form 20-F filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission on November 30, 2006 or contained in the company s quarterly reports. As a result, Infineon s actual results could differ materially from those contained in these forward-looking statements. You are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. Infineon does not undertake any obligation to publicly update or revise any forwardlooking statements because of new information, future events or otherwise.

3 Table of Contents Worldwide Energy and Electricity Data Electricity Potentials Infineon s Contribution to Energy Efficiency

4 Global Energy Trend Dwindling resources require efficient energy management. Dwindling energy resources combined with growth in electrical energy demand of 2.4% p.a.* worldwide forces us to use energy wisely. energy is becoming a standard issue for all industrial, commercial and household applications. Higher pollution, emissions and damage to the climate require clean solutions. Pollution, along with environmental and climate protection have become global concerns. Reducing pollution by minimizing energy wastage is becoming a standard requirement for all areas of life. Infineon contributes to efficient energy management and to the effective reduction of pollution and emission. We deliver innovative, high-performance solutions with best-in-class technologies that help our customers save energy and reduce pollution. We enable the use of available resources as efficiently as possible.

5 Shares Of Energy Consumption Worldwide billion toe billion toe Europe 22% Others EMEs 18% USA 23% others OECD 11% FSU 17% China 9% 15 years growth of consumption Europe 18% USA 21% China 16% Others EMEs 23% OECD (others) 12% FSU 10% Note: The IEA/OECD define one toe to be equal to GJ or MWh OECD: Organisation for Economical Cooperation and Development EME: Established Market Economies; FSU: Countries of the former Soviet Union Sources: BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2007

6 World Electricity Generation Is Expected To Double Until % annual increase in global electricity generation World electricity generation nearly doubles from 2004 to 2030 World Electric Power Generation in million GWh China and India main drivers of generation Annual Growth in Electricity Generation by Region, in % Forecast North America OECD Europe China India Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), International Energy Outlook [ ]

7 Avoiding Energy Consumption Through s Is the Most Important Energy Resource! Source: Commission of the European Communities - Action Plan for Energy Efficiency: Realizing the Potential COM(2006)545 final

8 The Negawatt Defined It has two main uses 1.The electrical energy available as a result of the application of consumption efficiencies. 2. An arbitrage way of supplying additional electrical energy to consumers without increased generation capacity by the creation of a market for trading of increased efficiency. Negawatt power is a term coined and introduced by Amory Lovins in a 1989 speech. This technique works by utilising consumption efficiency to increase available market supply rather than by increasing plant generation capacity. This "virtual generation" method can supply growth of supply by increasing efficiencies rather than increasing generation.

9 Energy Demand and Electricity Consumption are on the rise We can help to do More with Less

10 EU EU Action Plan Realizing the Potential with 10 priorities; Goal: 20% savings until 2020 (released Oct 06) Set up of national Energy Efficiency Action Plans by EU Member States (Energy Services Directive until June 07) Japan Energy Conservation Law Energy s Labeling Program (2000) Extend to 13 target products groups (2004) USA Strong history in voluntary labeling and obligatory standards for public procurement of E Eff characteristics of products - Energy Star Agreement Climate Savers Computing Initiative (Microsoft, Dell, HP, IBM, Google, Intel) Goal: starting from 2010, yearly saving of 54 Mt CO2 emissions (= 5,5 bn $ ) Pay-back initiatives, e.g. 80+ Wal-Mart demanding scorecard on energy efficiency for all electronic products (starting from 2008) Source: press articles Singapore Clean Energy Thrust about $ 170 million (March 07) Australia Ban on conventional light bulbs from 2010 on (Feb 07) China Energy Efficiency a central topic in the 11th Five-year-plan 10 Energy s Priority Groups (incl. E.g. Green Lighting) Examples

11 Table of Contents Worldwide Energy and Electricity Data Electricity Potentials Infineon s Contribution to Energy Efficiency

12 Infineon Products Enable Efficient Power Supply Chain Potential savings everywhere Traction (trains) Industry Speed controlled motors Pumps Generation Distribution Consumption Computer & server power supply Lighting Solar power Wind power Fuel cells FACTS & SVC HVDC Transmission Consumer TV, DVD, etc. supply & stand-by Inductive cooking Automotive FACTS = Flexible AC Transmission Systems; SVC = Static Var Compensation ; HVDC = High Voltage Direct Current

13 Potential by Using Power Electronics POWER SUPPLY LIGHTING INDUCTIVE COOKING TRACTION DRIVES MOTOR CONTROL AIR CONDITIONER STAND-BY POWER (TV) 1% 25% 25% 20-30% 30-40% 30-40% 90% (by Electronic ballast) induction instead of electric ovens) power semiconductors e.g. recuperation of braking energy) inverters) Intelligent Compressor Control) Source: eupec GmbH; BVG- Berlin; Siemens / ECPE, 10/2005

14 Potential by Using Power Electronics Higher efficiency factor in power supply units through CoolMOS Amount of server ww in 2006* Amount of server (additionally) until 2011 ~9.5Mio ~30Mio Ø Electric power consumption of one server ~1200W Total electric power consumption server ww 36,000MW Efficiency of Power Supplies 1% 1% savings is equivalent to a hydroelectric power plant (360MW) Additional efficiency gains through more advanced topologies You can also save on cooling power

15 Potential by Using Power Electronics POWER SUPPLY LIGHTING INDUCTIVE COOKING TRACTION DRIVES MOTOR CONTROL AIR CONDITIONER STAND-BY POWER (TV) 1% 25% 25% 20-30% 30-40% 30-40% 90% electronic ballast) induction instead of electric ovens) power semiconductors e.g. recuperation of braking energy) inverters) Intelligent Compressor Control) Source: eupec GmbH; BVG- Berlin; Siemens / ECPE, 10/2005

16 Lighting Applications High Energy Potential Electronic Control of Lighting and Switching Reduces Energy 15% of worldwide electrical energy is used by lighting Direct correlation To CO2 emissions Exist here

17 Lighting Systems Energy Efficiency Impact with Electronic Control

18 Lighting Systems Energy Efficiency further improved by Dimming

19 Potential by Using Power Electronics POWER SUPPLY LIGHTING INDUCTIVE COOKING TRACTION DRIVES MOTOR CONTROL AIR CONDITIONER STAND-BY POWER (TV) 1% 25% 25% 20-30% 30-40% 30-40% 90% electronic ballast) induction instead of electric ovens) power semiconductors e.g. recuperation of braking energy) inverters) Intelligent Compressor Control) Source: eupec GmbH; BVG- Berlin; Siemens / ECPE, 10/2005

20 Inductive Cooking Increases Efficiency by 25% Compared to Conventional Electric Ranges German households using electrical cooktop Energy consumption for electric cooking per household (Ø) Energy consumption for electric cooking in Germany (Ø) 35.8 million 300 kwh/y 10.7 bill. kwh/y Efficiency 100% 75% 50% -25% Energy consumption of electrical cooktop 10.7 bill. kwh/y Higher efficiency from inductive cooking* 25% 25% 0% Gas Range Conventional Elec tric Range Induc tive Range Energy savings from inductive cooking 25% * 10.7 bill. kwh/y ~ 2.7 bill. kwh/y Cost savings 2.7 bill. kwh/y * 0,155 /kwh ~ 419 mill./y Energy savings: approx. half a power plant per year When compared to power plants (700MW/pp) ~ 0.46/y

21 Potential by Using Power Electronics POWER SUPPLY LIGHTING INDUCTIVE COOKING TRACTION DRIVES MOTOR CONTROL AIR CONDITIONER STAND-BY POWER (TV) 1% 25% 25% 20-30% 30-40% 30-40% 90% electronic ballast) induction instead of electric ovens) power semiconductors e.g. recuperation of braking energy) inverters) Intelligent Compressor Control) Source: eupec GmbH; BVG- Berlin; Siemens / ECPE, 10/2005

22 High Power Traction Application Variable Engine Control and Recuperation of Braking Energy Power Semiconductor Braking energy recovery Energy saving app % Optimized acceleration of the train system Example: In Germany, the recovery of braking energy saved 300 GWh, equivalent to the annual energy consumption of a small town of 30,000 citizens (including heating energy)

23 Potential by Using Power Electronics POWER SUPPLY LIGHTING INDUCTIVE COOKING TRACTION DRIVES MOTOR CONTROL AIR CONDITIONER STAND-BY POWER (TV) 1% 25% 25% 20-30% 30-40% 30-40% 90% electronic ballast) induction instead of electric ovens) power semiconductors e.g. recuperation of braking energy) inverters) Intelligent Compressor Control) Source: eupec GmbH; BVG- Berlin; Siemens / ECPE, 10/2005

24 Energy s with Variable Speed Drives Example: German Industry Eliminates the necessity of 22TWh = 9 fossil fuel power plants (400MWclass) Energy savings 20% Motors with electronic speed control Potential of motors with electronic speed control Avoids 17 million tons of CO 2 12% 50% Equals 40% energy savings per unit. If 50% of all drives have electric speed control, you have an overall energy savings of 20%.

25 Infineon Products in Industrial Drives Power Range from 100 W to 4 MW Direct grid connected motor speed W rot AC V time Energy grid Consumer Load Energy Consumption 100% Inverter drives motor Energy loss speed W rot AC V time Energy grid Inverter & Power Electronic Consumer Load Energy Consumption 60% Source: ZVEI 2006

26 Potential by Using Power Electronics POWER SUPPLY LIGHTING INDUCTIVE COOKING TRACTION DRIVES MOTOR CONTROL AIR CONDITIONER STAND-BY POWER (TV) 1% 25% 25% 20-30% 30-40% 30-40% 90% electronic ballast) induction instead of electric ovens) power semiconductors e.g. recuperation of braking energy) inverters) Intelligent Compressor Control) Source: eupec GmbH; BVG- Berlin; Siemens / ECPE, 10/2005

27 Infineon Products Improve Air Conditioning Efficiency Room Temp. Inverter Air-conditioner Setting Temp. O N O F F O N The temperature can be easily regulated with Infineon microcontrollers Non-Inverter Air-conditioner Time Using IGBTs improve the efficiency of the air conditioner Offers one-third less time to achieve desired temperature Energy savings up to 30 40% Permanent control without disturbing noise and constant draft Source: eupec GmbH, 2005

28 Variable Speed Drive Example 1 - HVAC Application

29 Potential by Using Power Electronics POWER SUPPLY LIGHTING INDUCTIVE COOKING TRACTION DRIVES MOTOR CONTROL AIR CONDITIONER STAND-BY POWER (TV) 1% 25% 25% 20-30% 30-40% 30-40% 90% electronic ballast) induction instead of electric ovens) power semiconductors e.g. recuperation of braking energy) inverters) Intelligent Compressor Control) Source: eupec GmbH; BVG- Berlin; Siemens / ECPE, 10/2005

30 Low Power Standby An Example of Incredible Waste of Energy

31 Massive Energy Waste During Standby! Infineon chips allow lowest stand-by power consumption Europe: ~ 200 million TV sets consuming 2 GW during stand-by of 20h (with about 200Wh/day per set) IEA recommendation: Up to 90% savings European TV stand-by power consumption p.a. Rated Output Power Phase 1 Jan Phase 2 Jan Phase 3 Jan > 0.3W and < 15W > 15W and < 50W 1.0W 1.0W 0.75W 0.75W 0.30W 0.50W Implementation of IEA recommendation would save the same power as 2 power plants (à 900 MW) > 50W and < 75W 1.0W 0.75W 0.75W

32 New AC/DC Power Supplies Offer More Energy Efficiency Heat Efficiency ~65% Yesterday AC 230 V PC-Power Supply Efficiency ~75% Today AC V Notebook-Power Supply Tomorrow? Efficiency >90% AC V

33 Table of Contents Worldwide Energy and Electricity Data Electricity Potentials Infineon s Contribution to Energy Efficiency

34 How Much Money Can a European Household Save? Average European Household Energy efficiency due to innovative technology + Energy s due to energy-saving behavior Average energy saving up to 1000 p.a. *

35 Enormous savings in households: White goods, Standby Power Operation consumption & in European Lighting households in TWh/year (Forecast 2010) 450 Dishwashers Air-conditioners Dryers ~ 8 power plants á 1 GW 300 Dishwaschers Electric ovens Washing maschines Standby ~ 70 TWh per year 150 Domestic electric storage water heater Lighting 333 TWh per year Refrigerators and freezers 0 Sources: Wai 2004, Kem 2004; Joint Research Centre IES Consumption in 2010 With current policies (TWh/year) Consumption in 2010 Available to 2010 (with additional policies; TWh/year)

36 How Much Money Can an Inverter Driven Heating Pump Save? Example: Heating Pump Pump Type and Heating System Type Energy consumption (5500 h/year) Energy costs (0,18 /kwh) Energy costs during lifetime (20 years) Difference of costs Time for amortization (only pump) - Uncontrolled pump - Uncontrolled heating system - Investment => kwh p.a. 90 p.a Reference Reference - Modern inverter driven pump - Optimized heating system - Investment => kwh p.a. 32 p.a % 58 p.a. 1-2 years - High efficiency pump - Optimized heating system - Investment => kwh p.a. 16 p.a % 74 p.a. 2-3 years All heating systems only switched on during the heating period. Values vary depending on heating and pump size. Source: Initiative Energie Effizienz, 2007

37 Lamp Ballast High efficiency low costs Common lamp Energy saving lamp Benefit Performance Cost of electricity over 10 years Performance Cost of electricity over 10 years Reduction of costs for 10 energy saving lamp over 10 years** 25 W 45 6 W W 72 8 W W W W W W W General acceptance: 1.000h burning time per year, costs of power consumption 18 cent/kwh Life cycle of a common lamp: Life cycle of a energy saving lamp: h **less 5 extra costs for the buy of an energy saving lamp compared to 10 common lamps. The values are rounded Source: dena

38 Thank you!!!

39 Backup

40 Backup: Efficiency of Inductive Cooking Under General Conditions No. of German households: 38.9 million (assuming each household has a range) 92% of the German household have electric ranges, >8% use gas ranges = 35.8 million households Energy Costs /kwh Own Assumptions (bottom up) - 5 cooking days per week cooking days per year - Average of 2 hot plates in use - Average of 30 min cooking time - Max power of 2 kw - Average usage 60%, i.e. 1.2 kw - Resulting to 1.2 kwh/day and 300kWh/y Forsa Study* (top down) - General study on energy consumption for German households - Annual electricity consumption kwh - 8%** are used for electric cooking - Resulting to 290 kwh/y 300kWh/y Conclusion - Energy consumption for electric ranges = 300 kwh/y (i.e., kwh for 35.8 mill households) - Energy savings per household *** of inductive cooking 25% * 300 kwh/y = 75 kwh/y - Annual savings in Germany: 75 kwh/y * 35,8 mill households = 2.7 GWh/y - Energy costs 0,155 /kwh (i.e., 420 Mio cost savings) - Average nuclear power plant 1400MW = GWh/y 5% downtime = GWh/y - Energy savings through inductive cooking: 2.7 GWh is equal to approx nuclear power plants - These calculations illustrate that 100% of electric ranges will be substituted by 100% inductive cooking * Source: ** Source: *** Source:

41 Lamp Ballast Example: Cost Reduction of Power Consumption Performance Product types Lamp with electronic ballast (EVG) Lamp with conventional ballast (KVG) Common lamp Lamp power 18 W 18 W 100 W Luminous flux lm lm lm Life cycle h h 8 x h Electric power consumption during life cycle of h 160 kwh 192 kwh 800 kwh Costs of power consumption 0,13 / kwh h 20,80 24,96 104,00 Cost savings compared to a common lamp (life cycle h) Acquisition costs of one lamp (brand Osram) 83,20 79,04 6,55 6,55 0,89 Additional: Cost reduction due to reduced cost for lamp substitute Life cycle: 10x longer than a common lamp Approx. 25% of the energy consumption from a common lamp Life cycle: 8x longer than a common lamp Approx. 20% of the energy consumption from a common lamp Quelle: OSRAM

42 Renewable Energy Becomes More Important Conventional Sources Become More Expensive 17 % of the worldwide energy needs are supplied by renewable energy sources Solar Wind Hydro & other Electronic Control Power Semiconductors Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA) The transfer of energy via the supply grid to the user is possible only with power electronics

43 World Market Energy Consumption, World Marketed Energy Consumption, Quadrillion Btu Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), International Energy Outlook 2007 British thermal unit (Btu): 1 Btu = 1,05506 kj

44 Lamp Ballast Example: Cost reduction of power consumption by using modern technology Product types Performance Cost of power consumption ( 0,13 /kwh 8.000h) Cost savings compared to a common lamp (life cycle h) Common lamp (100 W) 104,00 (800kWh) Lamp with Conventional Control Gear (ECG) (18W) 24,96 (192kWh) 79,04-75% Lamp with Electronic Control Gear (CCG) (18W) 20,80 (160kWh) 83,20-80% Source: Osram Die wirtschaftlichen, langlebigen Lichtquellen mit Stecksockel. Kompakt-Leuchtstofflampen OSRAM DULUX. Technische Fibel.

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