1 Journal of Computer Science and Information Technology June 2014, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp ISSN: (Print), (Online) Copyright The Author(s) All Rights Reserved. Published by American Research Institute for Policy Development An Enterprise Cloud-Based Electronic Health Records System Adebayo A. Abayomi-Alli 1, Aderonke J. Ikuomola 2, Ifeoluwa S. Robert 3 and Olusola O. Abayomi-Alli 4 Abstract Electronic Health Record systems (EHR) are increasingly being deployed within healthcare institutions to reduce the problems and limitations of the paper-based approach but its deployment has been slow due to high investment and maintenance cost. Cloud Computing has been widely recognized as the next generation s computing infrastructure and it offers several advantages to its users. In this study, an Enterprise Electronic Cloud-Based Health Record System (E2CHRS) was designed, implemented and tested for recording, retrieving, archiving and updating of patients and other medical records. The Cloud database acts as the unified data bank for all the collaborating hospitals, the middleware provides a common platform for all the EHR systems between remote hospitals while an authentication server grants access to authorized users and denies unauthorized users access to records or resources on the system. An e-web portal serves as the front end of the system and it links the application with the cloud. Netbean IDE, Java development kit (JAD), WAMP server, Mysql, web browsers and other tools were used in developing the system. E2CHRS was deployed on twenty PC s and one server to simulate the enterprise network environment using different attack scenarios. The system performance was found to be satisfactory when tested. Keywords: Cloud, Electronic, Enterprise, Health, Records, System 1 Sound, System and Structures Laboratory, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, USA on leave from Department of Computer Science, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria. Phone: or , 2 Department of Mathematical Science, Ondo State University of Technology, Okitipupa, Nigeria. 3 Department of Computer Science, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria.
2 22 Journal of Computer Science and Information Technology, Vol. 2(2), June Introduction An Electronic Health Record (EHR) is an evolving concept defined as a systematic collection of electronic health information about individual patients or populations (Saif, Wani, & Khan, 2010). It is a record in digital format that is theoretically capable of being shared across different health care settings and it include a range of data like demographics, medical history, medication and allergies, immunization status, laboratory test results, radiology images, vital signs, personal statistics like age and weight, and more. In many cases this sharing can occur by way of network-connected enterprise-wide information systems and other information networks or exchanges. The healthcare community generally agrees that improved use of accurate, current, and clearly understood health information is essential to the delivery of high-quality, cost-effective healthcare. The benefits of this include improved clinical documentation and customer service, more efficient clinical workflows, improved medication management, and reduced transcription and labor costs (Burk, 2010).The healthcare industry has traditionally underutilized technology as a means of improving the delivery of patient care. Even today, organizations still rely on paper medical records and handwritten notes to inform and make decisions. Digital information is collated and kept between departments and applications, making access to a patient's longitudinal record difficult, if not impossible (Hitachi, 2012). Patients in developing countries or in rural areas have to travel to larger hospitals carrying their paper-based medical records and in cases where they cannot they open new files without reference to the previous records. Patients registered in independent electronic health records systems also suffer from transferring their files from one hospital to another (McDaniel,2006) but with the electronic health records (EHR) system patients will have improved diagnosis and treatment, significantly fewer errors within personal health records, faster care and decision making responses from assigned medical professionals. Realization of these benefits is problematic in the health sector because healthcare is delivered by a highly fragmented system of private, public and nonprofit entities that exchange information within organizations to meet patient/business needs. This system makes it difficult to share information beyond organizational boundaries. The typical patient dealing with a single illness, for example, might consume healthcare products and services from many sources including primary care physicians, specialists, hospitals, pharmacies, medical laboratories and outpatient clinics.
3 Alli et al. 23 To provide consistent, coordinated care at a reasonable cost, these organizations must be able to share patient s medical information freely while maintaining privacy and information security (Burk, 2010). The integration of EHR between healthcare officers and exchanging them over the internet with other healthcare providers remains a challenge and a serious concern since it is exposed to theft, security violation and standardization difficulties (McDanaiel, 2006; Mirza&El-Masri, 2012). Authentication of user identity is therefore imperative in this form of distributed environments, without it; there can be little confidence in the developed system (Oracle, 2003). Common authentication methods and protocols are highlighted by (Duncan, 2002) as: Passwords, one-time passwords, public-key cryptography, zero-knowledge proofs, digital signatures, secure sockets layer, secure shell (SSH) and kerberos. 2. Literature Review The traditional way of obtaining and gathering patient information is paperbased. Csiszar (2011)submitted that medical institutions would still rather use paper to gather information from their patients and also to record surgical procedures, observations and prescriptions. Some practitioners and physicians find accessing digital records somewhat complicated than obtaining a notepad and a pen. The thing that makes manual keeping of records very exhausting may be the mere undeniable fact that every day, a large number of new records are being stored in hospitals. It will be very complicated to sort medical records of all patients that keep increasing every minute. This complexity often arises to errors that will greatly get new daily happenings in hospitals, clinics and all sorts of other healthcare institutions. Aside from being time-consuming, collating records can be hard if you have no main paperback that may contain all information. The primary reasons for going to a paperless environment might be any or all of the following: proved medical documentation, increasing staff and/or instrumentation efficiency, reduction in overhead and the growth in practice, maximum coding revenues, eliminating record keeping space, enhancing the standard of care, accumulating information for managed care contracting, improving inter and intra office communications, standardizing an information platform for a physician group.
4 24 Journal of Computer Science and Information Technology, Vol. 2(2), June 2014 The electronic health record (EHR) is increasingly being deployed within healthcare organizations to improve the safety and quality of care. However PoissantEt al. (2005) enumerated some factorsthat are influencing the achievement of these goals while Zhang & Patel (2006) list the major benefits EHR systems would offer if well implemented. Cloud computing brings a new business model which enables several advantages that would benefit the general healthcare community (Ahuja, Sindhu, & Jesus, 2012). By adopting the cloud in medical services both patients and healthcare organizations would obtain a huge benefit in patient s quality of service, collaboration between healthcare organizations as well as reductions in IT cost in healthcare companies (Deng Et al., 2010). Human life is priceless and medical resources are limited therefore, healthcare services adopted in cloud providers match a costeffective concept where patients and health organizations take advantages of this new technology by improving patients quality of service through a distributed highintegrated platform, coordinating of medical process as well as reducing IT infrastructure investment or maintenance costs which leads to a better healthcare environment (Wang, 2010). Cloud computing is taking the business world by storm, offering a cheaper and easier way to complete an increasing number of tasks (Cristina, 2010; Deng Et al., 2010; Dinh Et al., 2013). Services are accessed remotely and only when necessary, so users need only pay for the time they spend using them (pay-as-you-go basis). The cloud is infiltrating every industry, but the virtualization of some more conservative industries, like healthcare is lagging behind.the five essential characteristics of cloud computing are particularly appealing to the needs of healthcare providers. These characteristics include on-demand self-service, broad network access, resource pooling, rapid elasticity, and measured service(agfa, 2012). A mechanism for building trust and ensuring communication between different health information systems was proposed in (Pekka, 2004). The system employed an evolutionary cross platform model that integrates regional and national security domains with the help of an inter-domain zone. This zone offers common security and interoperability services for all connecteddomains. The main task of the platform is to offer centrally managed security services for cross-organisational predefined communication. The basic security services of the cross-platform domain are security policy bridging, cross-domain identification and authentication, certification services, static privilege management and auditing services.
5 Alli et al. 25 Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) services were used on the platform to enable external users to access any of the EHRs inside connected domains. However, Pekka s model lacks harmonized legal and ethical framework, security services for trans-border communication and common security standards. An approach based on utility computing and Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) was presented by (Rolim, Koch, &Westphall, 2010). Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) uses wearable sensors to collect vital signals that facilitate the collection and distribution of information to and from mobile devices. These two computing features were combined to build a system that automates the collection, input and analyses patients vital data via a network of sensors connected to legacy medical devices, and delivers this information to the medical center s cloud for storage, processing, and distribution. With this, medical specialists can monitor patients at any place through the web (on a computer or mobile phones) and the system utilizes micro controllers to analyze collected data. However, there was no provision for confidentiality, integrity and privacy of patient data in this design. Also, the system has a complex architecture which may be difficult to implement in developing societies due to lack of infrastructural facilities. Saif, Wani, & Khan (2010) proposed a network engineering solution for data sharing across healthcare providers for protecting patients health data privacy in an EHR system. The system implemented a role-based and signature-based delegation. The role based delegation yields dynamics in the face of delegates status, availability and change. The signature-based delegation provides a secure avenue for basic delegation and revocation. In addition to this, basic access control based on public key encryption techniques was implemented. This ensures that sharing of data is enabled and privacy of patients data is protected across all collaborating healthcare centers but the introduction of proxy sign-in in the system exposes it to another high security risk. Padhy, Patra, &Satapathy (2012)designed and presented the implementation of a cloud based rural healthcare information system model. The system employs a cloud central server that accepts virtual machines as tenants. The tenants are secure individual state-of-the-art facilities that store information in different healthcare centres. The connectivity and configuration of the cloud rural healthcare information is based on the service provider policy and location of the cloud data centre.
6 26 Journal of Computer Science and Information Technology, Vol. 2(2), June 2014 Internet is the main communication link between the service provider and rural healthcare centre. It also maintains the network traffic between the physical resources and the cloud. The authentication server uses the authentication and authorization mechanisms. With this model, patients can view their health records and prescriptions on their mobile phones on a request basis. The system can be used to share information seamlessly and in near real-time across devices and other applications. However, there is no fail-safe mechanism in the model to ensure system reliability and availability. Also, small hospitals and private physician do not have the IT requirements to support the technologies employed in the system. 3. Design Methodology This section introduces the proposed design of the cloud based electronic medical record system. 3.1 Design Considerations i. Cloud-based EHR: Pooling various healthcare IT resources into large clouds so as to facilitate ease of record sharing. ii. Authentication: Security is achieved through the use of passwords. 3.2 Architecture of the System The architecture of the cloud-based enterprise electronic health record system is presented in Figure 1. The system consists of two major components which are: the cloud-based system and the e-health web portal Cloud-Based System The cloud-based system consists of a central database server, Unifier Interface Middleware (UIM) and anauthentication Server Cloud Central Database Server This acts as the unified data bank for all the collaborating hospitals. The Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) cloud datacenter contains the central database server as the data repository for storing electronic medical records and retrieving patient information.
7 Alli et al. 27 The information is stored in a unified standard format which can be retrieved via query commands sent and resaved from the sharing hospitals Web Portal system passing through the Unifier Interface Middleware (UIM) Middleware This part of the cloud provides a common platform for all the EHR systems of the sharing hospitals. It has an interface that masks the heterogeneity of all collaborating hospitals EHR standards, to facilitate the communication transactions between the Central Database and hospitals systems. It recognizes any type of EHR standard it communicates with. This middleware remains in the cloud and communicates with the sharing hospitals via network connections. In this regard, each hospital does not need to have its own separate mask interface in order to benefit from the cloud; just an interface is enough to handle the job. Hospital A Hospital B Pharmacist Nurse 3G/4G Intranet Pharmacist Nurse 3G/4G Intranet Doctor WLAN Doctor WLAN Middlewa re Network Interface Authentication Server Central Database Hospital C Pharmacist 3G/4G Intranet Nurse Doctor WLAN Figure 1: A Cloud-Based Enterprise Electronic Health Records System
8 28 Journal of Computer Science and Information Technology, Vol. 2(2), June Authentication Server This is the part of the system that handles authentication and authorization. It verifies if an entity using the system has the right to perform the intended action such as (updating, retrieving, transferring,etc) on the health information provided. The authentication server grants access to authorized users and denies unauthorized users access to records or resources on the system. This is achieved through the generation of usernames and passwords for doctors (or other members of staff) of the sharing hospitals who will serve as part of the admin. Any member of the admin is expected to log in to the system with their username and password. The system compares the username and password with those in the local database and grants access to the user if they match, otherwise, the user is denied access E-Health Web Portal This is the front end of the whole cloud system. It is the third part of the cloud (top layer) that provides an application - Software as a service (SaaS) for the EHR system. The proposed health cloud system presents for end users (authorized doctors and clinicians) a configurable web portal to navigate through the central database and the whole EHR system. The web portal can send messages and receive response messages between the middleware and the hospital system. For each sharing hospital in the cloud, the web portal offers the user two tabs, one for accessing the hospital s local EHR system, and another for joining the cloud central database. Through this web page, every authorized user can retrieve, update and receive health information from the cloud s central database with limited access depending on the end user s privileges. The user can also, know from the retrieved information displayed on the web portal, if the requested EHR for a specific patient from a specific hospital exists inside the cloud or on the target hospital s local system and can choose to view EHR information about the patient even from locally independent hospitals connected to the cloud.algorithm for retrieving and creating a patient s record is below: Suppose D 1 D k are EHR systems of k hospitals all having a central location, C, where k 1 Suppose for each EHR system, D n, there exists, P i for 1 i m for m number of patients.
9 Alli et al. 29 To retrieve the e-health records of any patient P i ; Step 1: Start Step2: Input X, which is the identity of the patient P i Step 3: Check if X D n Step 4: If X D n, goto 11 ELSE goto 5 Step 5: Join cloud Step 6: Check if X D n+1, where 1 n (k 1) Step 7: if X D n+1, goto 11 ELSE display NO RECORD WAS FOUND Step 9: Create patient s record Step 10: Add record to the database D n Step 11: Display patient s record Step 12: End The flowchart below describes the authentication procedure for the doctor s login is shown on Figure 2 while the algorithm for authentication is shown below: Suppose DS is the status of the doctor. At start up, DS = False Step 1: Accept doctor s username and password from the medical record manager. Step 2: Open the local database of the hospital. Step 3: Search for the doctor s details. Step 4: If doctor s username and password exist in the database, change DS = True Step 5: Grant access to the user. ELSE Step6: Print ACCESS DENIED: PLEASE CONTACT ADMINISTRATOR Step 7: Stop.
10 30 Journal of Computer Science and Information Technology, Vol. 2(2), June 2014 START Enter the username and password of the doctor Compare the doctor s username and password with those in the database Are the doctor s username and password in the hospital database? N Display ACCESS DENIED Y Grant access STOP 4. Implementation and Testing Figure 2: Flow Chart for Authentication The system was implemented and tested on twenty personal computers and one server meeting the minimum software and hardware requirements with Internet facilities. When the application is launched, the login or authorization interface pops up. The doctor seeking authorization inputs his username and password in order to gain access into the system. When an authorized doctor s correct login details are entered in the username and password columns, the system compares the details with those registered for the doctor in the database and the system grants access to the doctor as shown in Figure 3.
11 Alli et al. 31 Figure 3: Login Access for an Authorized Doctor After a successful login by a doctor, the home screen granting access to continue is displayed as shown in Figure 5.When you click to continue, a dialog box appears where you can search for the record of a patient directly from the database of the hospital by typing the first name in the search bar and clicking on search. Figure 4: Unauthorized User Denied Access
12 32 Journal of Computer Science and Information Technology, Vol. 2(2), June 2014 However, if there is an attempt by an unauthorized user to gain access into the system by inputting incorrect details (i.e. incorrect username and password), the system denies such a user the access as shown in Figure 4. Figure 5: Screenshot Showing Home Page Figure 6: Shows the Search Result for a Particular Patient Figure 6: Search Result for a Patient
13 Alli et al. 33 However, if the patient does not have a record with the hospital, the application displays a No Result Found message as shown in Figure 7. Figure 7: Screenshot Showing no Result When searching for a patient s record in the cloud database and a No Record Found message is displayed, it means that the patient does not have a record with Hospital A. The doctor can connect to the Cloud Server in order to look up the patient s record in Hospital B. To do this, the doctor clicks on File and then clicks on Connect to Cloud. A Connect to Cloud dialogue box pops up and the doctor enters the connection details for the destination hospital as shown in Figure 8. The system performance was found to be satisfactory when tested using different attack scenarios by the twenty users on the PC s.records of new patients visiting the hospital for the first time can be created.for example, the contact information of a new patient can be added by clicking on the Add Patient option in the Patient menu. Then the Add Contact Information option is clicked.
14 34 Journal of Computer Science and Information Technology, Vol. 2(2), June 2014 Figure 8: Screenshot Showing Connection to the Cloud Database To add new information, click on New and then Save to add the new record you created to the database of the hospital. The medical information of a new patient can be added by clicking on Patients, Add Patient, Add Medical Information and New. Then, you click on Save to add the record to the database of the hospital. 5. Conclusions In this work, a cloud-based enterprise electronic health records system has been designed and implemented. Cloud computing (CC) has been widely recognized as the next generation s computing infrastructure and it offers some advantages by allowing users to use infrastructures like servers, networks, and storages, platforms like middleware services and operating systems, and software such as application programs. By adapting the cloud technology to medical record management, lower the cost of healthcare delivery is achieved through reduce administrative bottlenecks. The convenience this kind of system will give to patients especially in developing world cannot be quantified. In addition, electronic medical records, digital medical imaging, pharmacy records and doctor's notes are all consolidated and accessible in real time. The ability of researchers to run analytics on the now structured data in the cloud will lead to better treatment options, optimal insurance programs and the possibilities of truly personalized healthcare.
15 Alli et al. 35 Finally it is expected that in future mobile devices (e.g., smartphone, tablet PC s, etc) which are increasingly becoming an essential part of human life as the most effective and convenient communication tools will be incorporated into the enterprise cloud-based health record system. References Agfa (2012).Moving Digital Imaging into the Clouds, Agfa HealthCare, Mortsel-Belgium, May Ahuja, P., Sindhu, M. & Jesus, Z. (2012).A Survey of the State of Cloud Computing in Healthcare, Network and Communication Technologies, 1(2), Burk, D. (2010).(2014, May 5).A Framework for Sharing Personal Medical Information Securely and Efficiently Across Public / Private Institutions,Cisco Internet Business Solutions Group (IBSG).Retrieved fromhttp://tools.cisco.com Cristina, C. (2010). Electronic Health Record Adoption: Perceived Barriers and Facilitators-A Literature Review, Centre for Military and Veterans Health, University of Queensland. April, 2010, Deng, M., Nalin, M., Schlehahn, E. &Abbadi, I. (2010).Trust Model for Cloud Applications and First Application Architecture, Seventh Framework Programme,Technical report D3.1.1/1.0, Dinh, H. T., Lee, C., Niyato, D. & Wang, P. (2013).A survey of mobile cloud computing: architecture, applications, and approaches, Wireless Communications and mobile computing, 13(18), , Dec Duncan, R. (2002).(2014, May 14).An Overview of Different Authentication Methods and Protocols,SANS Institute InfoSec Reading room.retrieved fromhttp://www.sans.org Hitachi (2012). How to Improve Healthcare with Cloud Computing, Hitachi Data Systems, White Paper, May, 2012, Csiszar, J. (2011).(2014, February 8).Paper-Based Medical Records vs. Electronic Medical Records.Retrieved from html McDaniel, P. (2006). Authentication, The Internet Encyclopedia, John Wiley Publishers. Mirza, H. & El-Masri, S. (2012).Cloud Computing System for Integrated Electronic Health Records, Department of Information Systems, College of Computer and Information Sciences, King Saud University. Oracle (2003).Security Overview, 10g Release 1 (10.1).Part No. B Padhy, R., Patra, M. &Satapathy, S. (2012). Design and Implementation of a Cloud based Rural Healthcare Information System Model, UNIASCIT, 2 (1), Pekka, R. (2004).(December 9, 2013). A Cross Platform Model for Secure Electronic Health Record Communication, International Journal of Medical Informatics, pp Retrieved fromhttp://www.intl.elsevierhealth.com/journals/ijml
16 36 Journal of Computer Science and Information Technology, Vol. 2(2), June 2014 Poissant, L., Pereira, J., Tamblyn, R., &Kawasumi, Y. (2005).The Impact of Electronic Health Records on Time Efficiency of Physicians and Nurses: A Systematic Review, Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, 12(5), 2-5. Rolim, C., Koch F., & Westphall, C. (2010).A Cloud Computing Solution for Patient s Data Collection in Health Care Institutions, Network and Management Laboratory. Saif, S., Wani, S., & Khan, S. (2010). A Network Engineering Solution for Data Sharing Across Healthcare Providers and Protecting Patients Health Data Privacy Using EHR System,Journal of Global Research in Computer Science,2 (8). Wang, X. (2010).(January 15, 2014)Application of Cloud Computing in the Health Information System, Computer Application and System Modeling (ICCASM). Retrieved from Zhang, J. & Patel, V. (2006). Electronic Health Records - A Human Project, E-Health and Medical IT Solutions,
Cloud Computing System for Integrated Electronic Health Records Hebah Mirza and Samir El-Masri Department of Information Systems, College of Computer and Information Sciences / King Saud University, Riyadh,
1 CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Introduction Cloud computing as a new paradigm of information technology that offers tremendous advantages in economic aspects such as reduced time to market, flexible computing
Cloud-based Identity and Access Control for Diagnostic Imaging Systems Weina Ma and Kamran Sartipi Department of Electrical, Computer and Software Engineering University of Ontario Institute of Technology
Remote Access Platform Architecture and Security Overview NOTICE This document contains information about one or more ABB products and may include a description of or a reference to one or more standards
EHR 101 A Guide to Successfully Implementing Electronic Health Records Electronic health records are the inevitable next step in the continued progress of U.S. healthcare. Medicine may be the most information-intensive
SURVEY OF ADAPTING CLOUD COMPUTING IN HEALTHCARE H.Madhusudhana Rao* Md. Rahmathulla** Dr. B Rambhupal Reddy*** Abstract: This paper targets on the productivity of cloud computing technology in healthcare
Security Considerations for Public Mobile Cloud Computing Ronnie D. Caytiles 1 and Sunguk Lee 2* 1 Society of Science and Engineering Research Support, Korea email@example.com 2 Research Institute of
, pp.341-345 http://dx.doi.org/10.14257/astl.2013.29.72 Mobile Hybrid Cloud Computing Issues and Solutions Yvette E. Gelogo *1 and Haeng-Kon Kim 1 1 School of Information Technology, Catholic University
IBM Software IBM Initiate: Delivering Accurate Patient and Provider Identification for Canadian Electronic Health Records IBM Initiate: Delivering Accurate Patient and Provider Identification for Canadian
Table of Contents 1 Integration with an Oncology EMR and an External Billing System 3 2 Automated Patient Portal 4 3 Client Scheduling 5 4 Client Server based EMR 6 Version 0.0 Page 2 of 8 1 INTEGRATION
A Comparative Study of cloud and mcloud Computing Ms.S.Gowri* Ms.S.Latha* Ms.A.Nirmala Devi* * Department of Computer Science, K.S.Rangasamy College of Arts and Science, Tiruchengode. firstname.lastname@example.org
CA Performance Center Single Sign-On User Guide 2.4 This Documentation, which includes embedded help systems and electronically distributed materials, (hereinafter referred to as the Documentation ) is
Evaluation of different Open Source Identity management Systems Ghasan Bhatti, Syed Yasir Imtiaz Linkoping s universitetet, Sweden [ghabh683, syeim642]@student.liu.se 1. Abstract Identity management systems
HIGH-ASSURANCE ID VERIFICATION BALANCES HEALTHCARE DATA SECURITY AND ACCESS INTEGRATED AUTHENTICATION IMPROVES PRODUCTIVITY FOR ALL STAKEHOLDERS WITH SYNCHRONOSS UNIVERSAL ID SYNCHRONOSS UNIVERSAL ID FOR
Administration Guide NetIQ Privileged Account Manager 3.0.1 December 2015 www.netiq.com/documentation Legal Notice For information about NetIQ legal notices, disclaimers, warranties, export and other use
Available Online at www.ijcsmc.com International Journal of Computer Science and Mobile Computing A Monthly Journal of Computer Science and Information Technology IJCSMC, Vol. 4, Issue. 10, October 2015,
A Fundamental Requirement for Internet Transactions May 2007 Copyright 2007 Entrust. All rights reserved. Entrust is a registered trademark of Entrust, Inc. in the United States and certain other countries.
SOA in the pan-canadian EHR Dennis Giokas Chief Technology Officer Solution Architecture Group Canada Health Infoway Inc. 1 Outline Infoway EHR Solution EHRS Blueprint Approach EHR Standards Oriented Architecture
EMR-Link Security Administration Guide Introduction This guide provides an overview of the security measures built into EMR-Link, and how your organization s security policies can be implemented with these
C E N T R I F Y W H I T E P A P E R. S E P T E M B E R 2013 An Overview of Samsung KNOX Active Directory-based Single Sign-On Abstract Samsung KNOX is a set of business-focused enhancements to the Android
Technical Sciences and Applied Mathematics A SECURE ACCESS SYSTEM TO MEDICAL DATABASES Marian ALEXANDRU, Mihai ROMANCA Transilvania University, Brasov, Romania Abstract: In any distributed medical information
A Survey of Cloud Based Health Care System Chandrani Ray Chowdhury Assistant Professor, Dept. of MCA, SDET-Brainware Group of Institution, Barasat, West Bengal, India ABSTRACT: Cloud communicating is an
Secure Cloud Computing through IT Auditing 75 Navita Agarwal Department of CSIT Moradabad Institute of Technology, Moradabad, U.P., INDIA Email: email@example.com ABSTRACT In this paper we discuss the
A Clear View of Challenges, Solutions and Business Benefits Introduction Cloud environments are widely adopted because of the powerful, flexible infrastructure and efficient use of resources they provide
Configuring on Citrix and Terminal Services Servers Document Scope This solutions document describes how to install, configure, and use the SonicWALL Terminal Services Agent (TSA) on a multi-user server,
CENTRIFY PRIVILEGE SERVICE WHAT S NEW What s New in Centrify Privilege Service Centrify Identity Platform 15.4 Centrify Privilege Service Centrify Privilege Service is a cloud-based password and access
vcloud Automation Center 6.0 This document supports the version of each product listed and supports all subsequent versions until the document is replaced by a new edition. To check for more recent editions
HIPAA COMPLIANCE AND DATA PROTECTION firstname.lastname@example.org +39 030 201.08.25 Page 1 CONTENTS Introduction..... 3 The HIPAA Security Rule... 4 The HIPAA Omnibus Rule... 6 HIPAA Compliance and EagleHeaps
Secret Server Qualys Integration Guide Table of Contents Secret Server and Qualys Cloud Platform... 2 Authenticated vs. Unauthenticated Scanning... 2 What are the Advantages?... 2 Integrating Secret Server
An Oracle White Paper Dec 2013 Oracle Access Management Security Token Service Disclaimer The following is intended to outline our general product direction. It is intended for information purposes only,
Database Systems Journal vol. V, no. 4/2014 49 Cloud Computing and Business Intelligence Alexandru Adrian TOLE Romanian American University, Bucharest, Romania email@example.com The complexity of data
Preparing for GO!Enterprise MDM On-Demand Service This guide provides information on...... An overview of GO!Enterprise MDM... Preparing your environment for GO!Enterprise MDM On-Demand... Firewall rules
A Study on Secure Electronic Medical DB System in Hospital Environment Yvette E. Gelogo 1 and Sungwon Park 2 * 1 Catholic University of Daegu, Daegu, Korea 2 Department of Nursing, Hannam University, 133
NETWRIX EVENT LOG MANAGER QUICK-START GUIDE FOR THE ENTERPRISE EDITION Product Version: 4.0 July/2012. Legal Notice The information in this publication is furnished for information use only, and does not
Available Online at www.ijcsmc.com International Journal of Computer Science and Mobile Computing A Monthly Journal of Computer Science and Information Technology IJCSMC, Vol. 2, Issue. 5, May 2013, pg.238
Module 1: Facilitated e-learning CHAPTER 3: OVERVIEW OF CLOUD COMPUTING AND MOBILE CLOUDING: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR CAs... 3 PART 1: CLOUD AND MOBILE COMPUTING... 3 Learning Objectives... 3 1.1
Overview Timeline Cloud is a backup software that creates continuous real time backups of your system and data to provide your company with a scalable, reliable and secure backup solution. Storage servers
A Perspective on Navigating the Complexities Associated with Digital Document Transmission and Security for the Modern Enterprise. What are Digital (Electronic) Documents The Rise of the e-document Definition
Using etoken for SSL Web Authentication Lesson 12 April 2004 etoken Certification Course SSL V3.0 Overview Secure Sockets Layer protocol, version 3.0 Provides communication privacy over the internet. Prevents
Create secure virtual access for your employees, partners and customers from any location and any device. With todays global and homogenous economy, the accuracy and responsiveness of an organization s
ADDING STRONGER AUTHENTICATION for VPN Access Control Adding Stronger Authentication for VPN Access Control 1 ADDING STRONGER AUTHENTICATION for VPN Access Control A VIRTUAL PRIVATE NETWORK (VPN) allows
Flexible Identity Federation Quick start guide version 1.0.1 Publication history Date Description Revision 2015.09.23 initial release 1.0.0 2015.12.11 minor updates 1.0.1 Copyright Orange Business Services
The Top 5 Federated Single Sign-On Scenarios Table of Contents Executive Summary... 1 The Solution: Standards-Based Federation... 2 Service Provider Initiated SSO...3 Identity Provider Initiated SSO...3
AUTOMATION OF HEALTH RECORD MANAGEMENT USING SOME SELECTED HOSPITALS IN SOUTH WESTERN NIGERIA AS CASE STUDY Kola Ayanlowo 1, O. Shoewu 2, Segun O. Olatinwo 3 1 Department of Computer Science, Moshood Abiola
Secure Data Transfer INSTRUCTIONS 3 Options to SECURELY TRANSMIT DATA 1. FTP 2. WinZip 3. Password Protection Version 2.0 Page 1 Table of Contents Acronyms & Abbreviations...1 Option 1: File Transfer Protocol
Emerging Trends in Health Information Technology: Personal Health Record(PHR) uphr Nazir Ahmed Vaid ehealth Services (Pvt) Ltd. April 26 2012 PROJECT GOALS Design universal health data accessibility on
1. Introduction to ehealth: E-Health is one of the fastest growing areas within the health sector. The scope of e- Health involves application of the knowledge, skills and tools, which enable information
Entrust IdentityGuard Comprehensive Entrust IdentityGuard Comprehensive is a five-day, hands-on overview of Entrust Course participants will gain experience planning, installing and configuring Entrust
Securing access to Citrix applications using Citrix Secure Gateway and SafeWord PremierAccess App Note December 2001 DISCLAIMER: This White Paper contains Secure Computing Corporation product performance
Cloud Computing and Interoperability in Healthcare Information Systems Oana-Sorina Lupşe, Mihaela Marcella Vida, Lăcrămioara Stoicu-Tivadar Faculty of Automatics and Computers University Politehnica of
Chapter Introduction to Endpoint Security 1 This chapter provides an overview of Endpoint Security features and concepts. Planning security policies is covered based on enterprise requirements and user
EHR 101 A Guide to Successfully Implementing Electronic Health Records An EHR is one of the best business and clinical investments that a practice can make. Electronic health records are the inevitable
A completely automated IP Telephony time and attendance solution that immediately realizes an organizational return on investment. Introduction Companies that are considering purchasing IP Telephony systems,
Create secure virtual access for your employees, partners and customers from any location and any device. With todays global and homogenous economy, the accuracy and responsiveness of an organization s
CLOUD COMPUTING PRACTICE 82 Chapter 9 PUBLIC CLOUD LABORATORY Hand on laboratory based on AWS Sucha Smanchat, PhD Faculty of Information Technology King Mongkut s University of Technology North Bangkok
Partitioning Data and Domain Integrity Checking for Storage - Improving Cloud Storage Security Using Data Partitioning Technique Santosh Jogade *, Ravi Sharma, Prof. Rajani Kadam Department Of Computer
IJESRT INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING SCIENCES & RESEARCH TECHNOLOGY AVOID DATA MINING BASED ATTACKS IN RAIN-CLOUD D.Sudhagar * * Assistant Professor, Department of Information Technology, Jerusalem
Leading Provider of Cloud-Based Customer Experience Solutions Relies on Integrated, Modular WSO2 Middleware to Speed the Delivery of Services that Enhance User Engagement Businesses recognize that brand
Network Security Administrator Course ID ECC600 Course Description This course looks at the network security in defensive view. The ENSA program is designed to provide fundamental skills needed to analyze
Single Sign-On Access Management A Technical Framework on Access Management Systems Polaris Software Lab Ltd., 766, Anna Salai, Chennai, INDIA 600 006 Single Sign-On Access Management Service This paper
DEPLOYMENT GUIDE Version 1.2 Deploying F5 with Oracle E-Business Suite 12 Table of Contents Table of Contents Introducing the BIG-IP LTM Oracle E-Business Suite 12 configuration Prerequisites and configuration
C E N T R I F Y W H I T E P A P E R. N O V E M B E R 2013 An Overview of Samsung KNOX Active Directory and Group Policy Features Abstract Samsung KNOX is a set of business-focused enhancements to the Android
Distributed Healthcare System Framework for Dynamic Medical Data Integration Nasser N. Khamiss 1, Muhammed Aziz Muhammed 2 1 Professor Dr., Information & Communication Engineering Dept. 2 Information &
solution brief February 2012 How Can I Obtain Identity And Access Management as a Cloud Service? provides identity and access management capabilities as a hosted cloud service. This allows you to quickly
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PURE AND APPLIED RESEARCH IN ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY A PATH FOR HORIZING YOUR INNOVATIVE WORK REVIEW ON MOBILE APPLICATION IN A CLOUD COMPUTING SECURE AND SCALABLE USING CLOUD
Ensuring HIPAA Compliance with eztechdirect Online Backup and Archiving Services Introduction Patient privacy continues to be a chief topic of concern as technology continues to evolve. Now that the majority
Addressing the State of the Electronic Health Record (EHR) Agenda Definitions Attributes Differences Adoption Model Current State Challenges Implementation considerations What is it? EMR CMR EHR EPR PHR
Interoperability will bind together a wide network of real-time life critical data that not only transform but become healthcare. Health Information Interoperability Challenges Healthcare and healthcare
Electronic Health Record Software Required Security Features and Recommendations for Technical Specifications of Single Source Contracts and RFI for the Behavioral Health Information Technology Grant Scope:
M-FILES CORPORATION USING FEDERATED AUTHENTICATION WITH M-FILES VERSION 1.0 Abstract This article provides an overview of federated identity management and an introduction on using federated authentication
VX 9000E WiNG Express Manager INSTALLATION GUIDE 2 VX 9000E WiNG Express Manager Service Information If you have a problem with your equipment, contact support for your region. Support and issue resolution
The Convergence of IT Security and Physical Access Control Using a Single Credential to Secure Access to IT and Physical Resources Executive Summary Organizations are increasingly adopting a model in which
ehealth Workshop Konolfingen (CH) Dec 4--5, 2007 Managing Trust in e-health with Federated Identity Management Dr. rer. nat. Hellmuth Broda Distinguished Director and CTO, Global Government Strategy, Sun
Entrust Managed Services PKI Using Entrust certificates with VPN Document issue: 1.0 Date of issue: May 2009 Copyright 2009 Entrust. All rights reserved. Entrust is a trademark or a registered trademark
MEETING MANAGEMENT SYSTEM USING ANDROID OVER CLOUD ENVIRONMENT ABSTRACT K. Govinda #1, Zuberbasha.S #2 #1 SCSE,VIT University #2 SCSE,VIT University Meeting plays a vital role in every organization and
Available Online at www.ijcsmc.com International Journal of Computer Science and Mobile Computing A Monthly Journal of Computer Science and Information Technology IJCSMC, Vol. 3, Issue. 1, January 2014,
Intelligent Mobile Hospital Appointment Scheduling and Medicine Collection Swabik Musa Abdulla Wani Computing and Information Systems Institut Teknologi Brunei Brunei Darussalam Alswabir012@gmail.com Abstract
Quest InTrust Version 8.0 What's New Active Directory Exchange Windows Abstract This document describes the new features and capabilities of Quest InTrust 8.0. Copyright 2004 Quest Software, Inc. and Quest
Enabling Kerberos SSO in IBM Cognos Express on Windows Server 2008 Nature of Document: Guideline Product(s): IBM Cognos Express Area of Interest: Infrastructure 2 Copyright and Trademarks Licensed Materials
WHITE PAPER Managing Cloud Computing Services in the Enterprise THE VALUE OF A SINGLE, INTEGRATED CLOUD MANAGEMENT PLATFORM Managing Cloud Computing Services in the Enterprise 2 How does your organization
Security Model for VM in Cloud 1 Venkataramana.Kanaparti, 2 Naveen Kumar R, 3 Rajani.S, 4 Padmavathamma M, 5 Anitha.C 1,2,3,5 Research Scholars, 4Research Supervisor 1,2,3,4,5 Dept. of Computer Science,
A Guide to Electronic Medical Records Electronic medical records are the inevitable next step in the continued progress of Canadian healthcare. Medicine, perhaps the most information-intensive of all professions,