Learner error in second language acquisi0on: the transfer of form or concept? Samantha Austen

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Learner error in second language acquisi0on: the transfer of form or concept? Samantha Austen"

Transcription

1 Learner error in second language acquisi0on: the transfer of form or concept? Samantha Austen Centre for Language and Communica0on Research, Cardiff University, UK 1

2 Is the present perfect? Problem Difficulty in understanding and using the English tense system by Italian learners on English. Errors in spoken and wri<en produc=on. Hypotheses Speakers of Italian and speakers of English differ in their conceptualisa=on of select aspects of temporality. These conceptualisa=ons are transferred in second language learning resul=ng in L1 interference and consequent errors in produc=on. 2

3 L1 transfer: 3 forms 3

4 Formal Transfer Target Form I bought a new car yesterday L1 equivalent Ieri ho comprato una macchina nuova L2 produc=on I have bought a new car yesterday. 4

5 Seman0c Transfer From Odlin (2005) Polish Speakers. Target form: My brother and I went to the theatre yesterday L1 equivalent: Wczoraj bylis my z bratem w teatrze L2 Produc=on: We were at the theatre with my brother yesterday. Odlin T. (2005) Annual Review of Applied Linguistics. 25,

6 Conceptual Transfer Target Form: I have been wai=ng here for 10 minutes. L1 equivalent: AspeKo qui da 10 minu= L2 Produc=on: I wait here for 10 minutes 6

7 The Study Descrip=on of Tense and Aspect in English and Italian Seman=c Maps (CroZ 2003) of Temporality were developed showing seman=c representa=ons of temporality in English and Italian. Croft, W. (2003) Typology and Universals. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Development of Tests Cloze tests produced based on areas of divergence highlighted by seman=c maps and Vendler (1967) verb class. to know (State verb - punctual telic dynamic) to camp (Ac;vity verb punctual telic +dynamic) Vendler, Z. (1967) Linguistics in Philosophy. London: Cornell University Press. 7

8 . Semantic Map 1: showing the functions of the English Present Simple, Present Progressive, Present Perfect and Present Perfect Progressive. English Present progressive Core semantics: present, duration, limited duration, possibly incomplete. Repetition of events of limited duration At 1.30pm the baby is usually sleeping. Sporadic repetition over time She s always dropping things. Temporary state My back is aching/ Mary is sick* Ongoing process The weather is changing Change in state/situation House prices are going up Habit over a limited period I m taking Spanish lessons at the moment Active cognition I m thinking about going. Active perception I m tasting the soup. Repetition of single punctual event She s knocking on the door Persistent or continuous activity At the moment the builders are working hard because they want to finish the flats. Temporary situations or happenings at time of speaking. Giulio is sleeping Instantaneous use (commentaries) And he scores! Performative use I accept your terms. Permanent states I am English English Present Simple: Core semantics: present, true at present time, imperfective Eternal truths. Hydrogen is the lightest element. Habitual use She walks to work everyday. Temporary situation up to present I have been camping for a week. Temporary habit up to the present I have been eating a lot of chocolate lately. Temporary activity up to the present They have been widening the road. Incomplete activity* contrast complete Who has been eating my breakfast? State up to the present time I have known him since he was a boy. Situation up to present time I have lived here for years. Habit leading up to the present Kat has sung in a choir for years. Recent past (transformative) I have only just arrived, what has happened? Recent past Has the postman been yet? Resultative past The taxi has arrived. Experiential past I have been to South Africa. English Present Perfect Core semantics: Past time related to present time, result. Temporary activity up to present with result. I am tired because I have been running. English Present Perfect Progressive Core semantics: duration, temporary, continues up to present or recent past, incomplete, possible results

9 Semantic. Map 2 showing the functions of the Italian Presente Semplice, Passato Prossimo and Perifrasi Progressiva. Italiano Presente Semplice: Core semantics:. Present, close to or simultaneous with present time, imperfective La perifrasi progressiva Core semantics: focus on one moment of situation in progress, incomplete Repetition of events of limited duration Alle al solito il bimbo dorme. Sporadic repetition over time Rompe sempre tutto. Temporary state Mi fa male la scheina. Instantaneous use (commentaries) Inzaghi dribbla sulla destra, crossa al centro...e segna! Performative use Accetto! Permanent states Sono inglese. State up to the present time Lo conosco da anni Eternal truths. Acqua bolle a 100 gradi. Habitual use Ogni giorno prende il treno. Situation up to the present time. Vivo qui da anni Ongoing process Il tempo sta cambiando/ Al polo nord i ghiacci stanno scogliendo Change ins state/situation I prezzi immobiliari stanno aumentando Habit over a limited period up to and after present moment Per ora faccio/sto facendo lezioni di spagnolo Active cognition Penso/ sto pensando di andarci. Active perception Odoro/sto odorando le rose. Repetition of single punctual event Bussa/ sta bussando Persistent or continuous activity. Per ora i muratori lavorano sodo che vogliono finire il palazzo. Temporary situations or happenings at moment of speaking Giulio dorme/sta dormendo Temporary situation up to present Dormo/sto dormendo dalla zia in questo periodo. Temporary habit up to the present Mangio/sto mangiando molto cioccolato per ora. Temporary activity up to the present Allargono/Stanno allargando la strada. Incomplete activity* contrast complete Chi mi mangia/sta mangiando la colazione? Habit leading up to the present Le donne di qui hanno portato/ portano delle gonne lungissime da sempre Recent past (transformative) Arrivo/Sono arrivato proprio ora; mi vuoi speigare cosa e` successo? Recent past (News) Sai che e` successo? E` caduto un giovane Experiential past Sono stata in Francia Temporary activity up to present with result. Sono stanca perche` ho corso. Resultative past Giorgio e` arrivato Italiano Perfetto Composto (Passato Prossimo) Core semantics: Past time related to present time (reference time), result

10 . Functions covered by Italian Presente Semplice Functions covered by Italian Passato Prossimo Functions covered by Italian Presente (Perifrasi progressiva) Semantic Map 3. Semantic map of English Present Simple, Present Progressive, Present Perfect and Present Perfect Progressive showing those functions covered by the Italian Presente Semplice, Passato Prossimo and Perifrasi Progressiva. Potential areas for investigation are highlighted in grey. English Present progressive Core semantics: present, duration, limited duration, possibly incomplete. Repetition of events of limited duration At 1.30pm the baby is usually sleeping. Sporadic repetition over time She s always dropping things. Temporary state My back is aching/ Mary is sick* Instantaneous use (commentaries) And he scores! Performative use I accept your terms. Permanent states I am English English Present Simple: Core semantics: present, true at present time, imperfective Resultative past The taxi has arrived. Eternal truths. Hydrogen is the lightest element. Habitual use She walks to work everyday. State up to the present time I have known him since he was a boy. Situation up to present time I have lived here for years. Habit leading up to the present Kat has sung in a choir for years. Recent past (transformative) I have only just arrived, what has happened? Recent past Has the postman been yet? Experiential past I have been to South Africa. English Present Perfect Core semantics: Past time related to present time, result Ongoing process The weather is changing/ the polar icecaps are melting Change ins state/situation House prices are going up Habit over a limited period I m taking Spanish lessons at the moment Active cognition I m thinking about going. Active perception I m tasting the soup. Repetition of single punctual event Bussa/ sta bussando Persistent or continuous activity At the moment the builders are working hard because they want to finish the flats. Temporary situations or happenings at time of speaking. Giulio is sleeping Temporary situation up to present I have been camping for a week.. Temporary habit up to the present I have been eating a lot of chocolate lately. Temporary activity up to the present They have been widening the road. Incomplete activity* contrast complete Who has been eating my breakfast? Temporary activity up to present with result. I am tired because I have been running. English Present Perfect Progressive Core semantics: duration, temporary, continues up to present or recent past, incomplete, possible results

11 The Study Descrip=on of Tense and Aspect in English and Italian Seman=c Maps (CroZ 2003) of Temporality were developed showing seman=c representa=ons of temporality in English and Italian. Croft, W. (2003) Typology and Universals. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Development of Tests Cloze tests produced based on areas of divergence highlighted by seman=c maps and Vendler (1967) verb class. to know (State verb - punctual telic dynamic) to camp (Ac;vity verb punctual telic +dynamic) Vendler, Z. (1967) Linguistics in Philosophy. London: Cornell University Press. 11

12 Crusoe Cloze Test and Verb Box Look at the story of Crusoe. Today another ship wrecked person has arrived on the island. He asks Crusoe about his situa;on. Put the verbs in Crusoe s explana;on in the correct tense. I...(fall off) my ship and then I... (swim) to the island, I even...(see) a shark. I...(be) on the island a week, I...(eat) coconuts, I... (sleep) under a palm tree and I... (wait) for rescue. I... (not see) a ship so I... (write) SOS in the sand. Look at the story of Crusoe. Decide if the verbs refer to past or present ac;ons and put them in the chart below. fall off his ship see a shark swim to the island wait for rescue sleep under the palm tree eat coconuts be on the island write SOS to not see a ship Present Past 12

13 The story of Crusoe DAY 1 TODAY DAY

14 Administra0on of Tests Cloze tests and picture s=muli administered to 7 pre- intermediate Italian students of English. Par=cipants were given a semi- structured targeted interviews about their responses. 4 Na=ve English speakers were tested as controls 14

15 Results Concept State leading up to and con0nuing in the present. e.g. I have known him for years Temporary situa0on leading up to the present moment e.g. I have been wai<ng Temporary habit up to the present moment e.g. We have been sleeping Finished past ac0on with no present result e.g. I fell off my ship Finished past ac0on with a present result e.g. It has started to rain Incidences of Transfer Conceptual x 3 (1 x Seman=c which was reclassified as Conceptual) Conceptual x 3 Conceptual x 4 None. Support for Aspect Hypothesis Conceptual x 6 15

16 Evidence for Conceptual Transfer 1 state leading up to and con;nuing in the present Target Form: I have known him for years Par=cipant 1,7 : I know him for years E` un azione che era vera nel passato ma e` vera anche nel presente Non la conosce al passato la conosce ancora 16

17 Evidence for Conceptual Transfer 2 finished past ac;on with a present result Target form: I have wri<en SOS in the sand/ I have recharged my phone Par=cipant 2,3,4,6: I wrote SOS/I recharged my phone. Poi ho messo, ho scriro, perche` comunque lui non con;nua a scriverlo l ha scriro in quel momento e l azione si e` conclusa Semmai con;nua ad esserci ma lui non con;nua a scriverlo ovviamente l ha scriro una volta e basta 17

18 Evidence for Conceptual Transfer finished past ac;on with a present result Target Form: I haven t seen a ship 3 Par=cipant 4,7: I don t see Il faro che questa persona con;nua a non vedere rende la cosa al presente Io penso comunque non ha visto niente non sta vedendo 18

19 Conclusions Development of seman=c maps of temporality for English and Italian gives a base for believing that there could be differing conceptualisa=ons of select aspects of temporality. Some convincing examples of Conceptual Transfer were produced. The prototype in each category is eventually transferred. The prototype is the func=on closest to the core seman=cs of the category. (Housen 2002) L1 Transfer takes place as part of the acquisi=on process (Rocca 2002). It becomes less apparent with the eventual recoding of linguis=c prototypes towards na=ve use of the L2. (Giacalone- Ramat 2002; Ellis 2006) 19 Housen, A. -- Rocca, S.-- Giacalone Ramat, A. In: Salaberry, R and Shirai, Y. (eds) The L2 Acquisition of Tense-Aspect Morphology. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, (2002). Ellis, N.C. (2006). Applied Linguistics. 27/2,

20 Will the Future be Perfect? Seek further evidence for Conceptual Transfer with a wider sample. Develop a fully func=onal/cogni=ve descrip=on of temporality in English and Italian. Work on possible differences in inherent lexical aspect applying to verbs in English and Italian. Implicated in Conceptual Transfer (Shirai and Nishi 2003) 20 Shirai, Y. and Nishi, Y. (2003) In: Typology and Second Language Acquisition. Giacalone-Ramat, A. (Ed) Mouton de Gruyter: Berlin.

21 Second language acquisition is the only way an individual may escape from the conceptual world of the native language. (Odlin 2005:7) Thank you for coming! Any ques=ons/comments? Odlin, T. (2005) Crosslinguistic influence and conceptual transfer: What are the concepts? Annual Review of Applied Linguistics. Vol 25. pp

Lesson 201: Use of il quale

Lesson 201: Use of il quale Lesson 201: Use of il quale by Keith A Preble, info@ilgur.com Il quale can be used as a relative pronoun when it is combined with the definite article, il, la, i, le or when it is articulated with a simple

More information

Hadn t he been there before?

Hadn t he been there before? Past perfect simple Forma affermativa sogg. + had ( d) + participio passato interrogativa had + sogg. + participio passato? negativa sogg. + had not (hadn t) + participio passato interrogativo-negativa

More information

Basic English Grammar

Basic English Grammar Lesson 30 www.englishforitalians.com 1 Tempi Verbali Inglesi Present Simple = presente semplice Richard is a barman, and he works in a pub. He usually works from 8 pm till 1 am. (Richard è un barman, e

More information

Riepilogo regole inglese sui tempi - classe 2H

Riepilogo regole inglese sui tempi - classe 2H Riepilogo regole inglese sui tempi - classe 2H Il verbo essere Tempo presente del verbo essere (to be): I am You are He / She / It is We are You are They are Esempio: Io sono un ragazzo italiano I am an

More information

Italiano Lezione uno Italian Lesson one

Italiano Lezione uno Italian Lesson one Italiano Lezione uno Italian Lesson one Listen to the following conversation: Male: Ciao, parli inglese? Female: Sì, parlo un po di inglese. Male: Parla italiano? Female: Chi? Io? Male: No, non tu, lei.

More information

Grammar units I. He is coming out of the building over there. heard about it. He s is disagreeing with you in the politest way possible.

Grammar units I. He is coming out of the building over there. heard about it. He s is disagreeing with you in the politest way possible. Grammar units I 1. Present Simple and Present Continuous 2. and Present Perfect 3. and Past Continuous 4. Present Perfect and Present Perfect Continuous 5. will and going to 1. Present Simple and Present

More information

6 Present perfect simple e continuous (25-27, 30-31)

6 Present perfect simple e continuous (25-27, 30-31) 6 Present perfect simple e continuous (25-27, 30-31) Present perfect simple uso Si usa il present perfect per esprimere un evento o una situazione che hanno conseguenze nel presente o per parlare di un

More information

Estudios de Asia y Africa Idiomas Modernas I What you should have learnt from Face2Face

Estudios de Asia y Africa Idiomas Modernas I What you should have learnt from Face2Face Estudios de Asia y Africa Idiomas Modernas I What you should have learnt from Face2Face 1A Question Forms 1.1 Yes-No Questions 1. If the first verb is an auxiliary verb, just move it in front of the Subject:

More information

Italiano Lezione tre Italian Lesson three

Italiano Lezione tre Italian Lesson three Italiano Lezione tre Italian Lesson three Instructor: Let s review. In the following exercise you will play the role of the male speaker ONLY. Be sure to make your response BEFORE the male speaker and

More information

Present Simple vs Present Continuous

Present Simple vs Present Continuous Present Simple vs Present Continuous Do all the exercises below and then check your answers. (the answers follow the exercises) Exercise 1: Sottolinea la forma verbale corretta. 1. Drive carefully. It

More information

Routledge Intensive Italian Course

Routledge Intensive Italian Course Routledge Intensive Italian Course Contents How to use this book Acknowledgements Glossary Unit 0 COMINCIAMO DA ZERO Introduction Alphabet Spelling Capital letters Pronunciation and stress Written accents

More information

Dante Alighieri Society of Massachusetts Progetto Lingua Italiana Dante Alighieri - PLIDA 101

Dante Alighieri Society of Massachusetts Progetto Lingua Italiana Dante Alighieri - PLIDA 101 Dante Alighieri Society of Massachusetts Progetto Lingua Italiana Dante Alighieri - PLIDA 101 The PLIDA program PLIDA stands for Progetto Lingua Italiana Dante Alighieri (Dante Alighieri Project for Italian

More information

Mark Scheme (Results) Summer 2010

Mark Scheme (Results) Summer 2010 Scheme (Results) Summer 2010 GCE GCE Italian () Research, Understanding and Written Response Edexcel Limited. Registered in England and Wales No. 4496750 Registered Office: One90 High Holborn, London WC1V

More information

Higher Still Development: Italian Higher SUPPORT MATERIALS THEME:LIFESTYLES Text Skills Language

Higher Still Development: Italian Higher SUPPORT MATERIALS THEME:LIFESTYLES Text Skills Language SUPPORT MATERIALS THEME:LIFESTYLES Family, Friends, Society relationships-friends, family Una casa accogliente Vocabulary, food,, dictionary definitions, past definite La fidanzata di Valentino vocabulary,,

More information

UNIVERSITY COLLEGE LONDON EXAMINATION FOR INTERNAL STUDENTS

UNIVERSITY COLLEGE LONDON EXAMINATION FOR INTERNAL STUDENTS UNIVERSITY COLLEGE LONDON University of London EXAMINATION FOR INTERNAL STUDENTS For the following qualifications :- B.A. Italian X255: Issues in Italian Syntax COURSE CODE : ITALX255 UNIT VALUE : 0.50

More information

How to form the Present Perfect

How to form the Present Perfect The present perfect verb tense is a little difficult in English it is used in several different ways, and there are lots of rules to remember. This lesson will teach you everything you ever wanted to know

More information

Exercise 2 Dialogue(Dialogo)

Exercise 2 Dialogue(Dialogo) Transportation 04: Renting a Car Hi! How are you today? Today s lesson is about Renting a Car. Let s make learning English fun! Lezione di oggi:noleggio auto Exercise 1 Vocabulary and Expressions (Vocabolario

More information

Dynamic vs. State Verbs

Dynamic vs. State Verbs Grammar Workshop Dynamic vs. State Verbs Dynamic Verbs Dynamic verbs describe activities, events and actions that can begin and finish. Dynamic verbs can be used in continuous tenses. The dynamic Verbs

More information

Grammar & exercises NA englishpage.com

Grammar & exercises NA englishpage.com FORM [has/have + been + present participle] * You have been waiting here for two hours. * Have you been waiting here for two hours? * You have not been waiting here for two hours. USE 1 Duration from the

More information

Nuovi domini di primo livello - Registra nuove estensioni con FabsWeb_HOST

Nuovi domini di primo livello - Registra nuove estensioni con FabsWeb_HOST Oltre 700 nuove estensioni per domini personalizzati Il conto alla rovescia è terminato! Finalmente più di 700 nuove estensioni di dominio gtld stanno per arrivare sul mercato e sono destinate a rivoluzionare

More information

Lesson 4 (A1/A2) Present simple forma interrogativa e negativa FORMA. + infinito senza to. Does he / she / it. No, I / you / we / they don t.

Lesson 4 (A1/A2) Present simple forma interrogativa e negativa FORMA. + infinito senza to. Does he / she / it. No, I / you / we / they don t. Lesson 4 (A1/A2) Present simple forma interrogativa e negativa FORMA Interrogativa Negativa Do I / you / we / they Does he / she / it I / you / we / they do not/don t He / she / it does not/doesn t + infinito

More information

PREPOSITION OF PLACE

PREPOSITION OF PLACE PREPOSITION OF PLACE UNDER = sotto OVER = sopra (senza contatto) IN = dentro ON = sopra (con contatto) IN FRONT OF = davanti BEHIND = dietro NEXT TO = a fianco BETWEEN = fra due cose AMONG = fra una moltitudine

More information

FOR TEACHERS ONLY The University of the State of New York

FOR TEACHERS ONLY The University of the State of New York FOR TEACHERS ONLY The University of the State of New York I REGENTS HIGH SCHOOL EXAMINATION COMPREHENSIVE EXAMINATION IN ITALIAN Tuesday, June 22, 2010 1:15 to 4:15 p.m., only SCORING KEY Updated information

More information

An Analysis of Student Behavior and Error Sources in an Italian CALL Context

An Analysis of Student Behavior and Error Sources in an Italian CALL Context Roberta Sinyor An Analysis of Student Behavior and Error Sources in an Italian CALL Context Roberta Sinyor York University ABSTRACT This paper describes several sources of errors that students of Italian

More information

PS I TAM-TAM Aspect [20/11/09] 1

PS I TAM-TAM Aspect [20/11/09] 1 PS I TAM-TAM Aspect [20/11/09] 1 Binnick, Robert I. (2006): "Aspect and Aspectuality". In: Bas Aarts & April McMahon (eds). The Handbook of English Linguistics. Malden, MA et al.: Blackwell Publishing,

More information

start italian speak Italian instantly no books no writing absolute confi dence

start italian speak Italian instantly no books no writing absolute confi dence start italian speak Italian instantly no books no writing absolute confi dence To find out more, please get in touch with us. For general enquiries and for information on Michel Thomas: Call: 020 7873

More information

Common Phrases in Italian

Common Phrases in Italian Common Phrases in Italian Che ora e? What time is it? Sono le cinque It is five o clock E molto presto It is very early E molto tardi It is very late ArrivederLa, signora Good bye, madam Arrivederci, caro

More information

Beginning Italian. Benvenuti!!!

Beginning Italian. Benvenuti!!! Beginning Italian Benvenuti!!! Che cosa impariamo in questo corso? How to pronounce Italian How to make simple conversation Some phrases to get by in your travels Some Italian culture Your interests? Required

More information

The Complete List of English Verb Tenses

The Complete List of English Verb Tenses The Complete List of English Verb Tenses Do you find English verbs confusing? Take a look at this chart of English verb tenses to help you understand when to use each one: Simple Continuous Perfect Perfect

More information

BBC LEARNING ENGLISH 6 Minute Grammar Past perfect continuous

BBC LEARNING ENGLISH 6 Minute Grammar Past perfect continuous BBC LEARNING ENGLISH 6 Minute Grammar Past perfect continuous This is not a word-for-word transcript Hello and welcome to 6 Minute Grammar with me,. And me,. Today, we're talking about the past perfect

More information

Progetto Ombra Milano propone un nuovo progetto dal design tutto italiano. Una SCALA di prestigio accessibile a tutti.

Progetto Ombra Milano propone un nuovo progetto dal design tutto italiano. Una SCALA di prestigio accessibile a tutti. la crisi è la migliore benedizione che ci può accadere, tanto alle persone quanto ai paesi, poiché questa porta allo sviluppo personale e ai progressi. Crisis is the best blessing that could ever happen,

More information

PICAI Italian Language Courses for Adults 6865, Christophe-Colomb, Montreal, Quebec Tel: 514-271 5590 Fax: 514 271 5593 Email: picai@axess.

PICAI Italian Language Courses for Adults 6865, Christophe-Colomb, Montreal, Quebec Tel: 514-271 5590 Fax: 514 271 5593 Email: picai@axess. PICAI Italian Language Courses for Adults 6865, Christophe-Colomb, Montreal, Quebec Tel: 514-271 5590 Fax: 514 271 5593 Email: picai@axess.com School Year 2013/2014 September April (24 lessons; 3hours/lesson

More information

Time, tense, and aspect

Time, tense, and aspect Time, tense, and aspect Tense is a term that refers to the way verbs change their form in order to indicate at which time a situation occurs or an event takes place. For finite verb phrases, English has

More information

Italian Continuers Speaking Skills Examination Training Package. Samples

Italian Continuers Speaking Skills Examination Training Package. Samples Italian Continuers Speaking Skills Examination Training Package Samples Published by Board of Studies NSW GPO Box 5300 Sydney 2001 Australia Tel: (02) 9367 8111 Fax: (02) 9367 8484 Internet: http://www.boardofstudies.nsw.edu.au

More information

Public Affairs & Communication Huawei Italia

Public Affairs & Communication Huawei Italia Security Level: Talent Lab A training program sponsored by Huawei and MIUR Public Affairs & Communication Huawei Italia www.huawei.com HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. The project : TALENT LAB Talent Lab

More information

THE WAY MARKETING & COMMUNICATION IN TRAVEL SHOULD BE DONE. Mirko Lalli @mkl

THE WAY MARKETING & COMMUNICATION IN TRAVEL SHOULD BE DONE. Mirko Lalli @mkl THE WAY MARKETING & COMMUNICATION IN TRAVEL SHOULD BE DONE. Mirko Lalli @mkl Travel Appeal 2014 BIG DATA FOR TRAVEL INDUSTRY THE WAY WE TRAVEL IS CHANGING PEER-TO-PEER TRUST (c) www.briansolis.com/tag/umot/

More information

Verbs in Present Tense This is the answer key to Unit 2 - Using verbs in present tense. 1) cook 2) cook 3) cook 4) cook 5) cooks 6) cooks 7) cooks

Verbs in Present Tense This is the answer key to Unit 2 - Using verbs in present tense. 1) cook 2) cook 3) cook 4) cook 5) cooks 6) cooks 7) cooks ReadTheory.Org 2010 EnglishForEveryone.Org 2008 Answer Key Verbs in Present Tense This is the answer key to Unit 2 - Using verbs in present tense Exercise 1 1) cook 2) cook 3) cook 4) cook 5) cooks 6)

More information

KET SELF PLACEMENT TEST

KET SELF PLACEMENT TEST KET SELF PLACEMENT TEST READING AND WRITING PART 1 / 5 DOMANDE 1 5 Quale cartello (A-H) corrisponde alle definizioni (1-5)? -------------------------------------------------------------- EXAMPLE: 0- You

More information

ITALIAN AUDIO WORKBOOK. www.instantimmersion.com

ITALIAN AUDIO WORKBOOK. www.instantimmersion.com ITALIAN AUDIO WORKBOOK www.instantimmersion.com 2014 TOPICS Entertainment, Inc., Renton, WA. All names are the registered trademarks of their respective owners. All Rights Reserved. Look for other great

More information

Unit 21 Il passato e il presente (Then and now)

Unit 21 Il passato e il presente (Then and now) Unit 21 Il passato e il presente (Then and now) MFL Italian Year 6 About the unit In this unit children learn to describe places in a town and compare modern-day settlements with those in the late 1940s.

More information

Class contents and exam requirements Code 30131 Italian Language First Language, Second exam Module P1

Class contents and exam requirements Code 30131 Italian Language First Language, Second exam Module P1 a.y. 2013 2014 Class contents and exam requirements Code 30131 Italian Language First Language, Second exam Module P1 Program Degree course Bachelor BIEMF (taught in English) Teaching activity 2 year,

More information

New Media Advertising Agency

New Media Advertising Agency Direct Advertising i New Media Advertising Agency 2 Straight to the heart Dada's New Media agency, Dada Ad, is focused on direct, display and performance-based digital products. Direct ADV: Dada Ad offers

More information

Semantic Features of Verbs and Types of Present Perfect in English

Semantic Features of Verbs and Types of Present Perfect in English Semantic Features of Verbs and Types of Present Perfect in English Predrag Novakov English Department, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Novi Sad, Serbia novakovp@eunet.rs Abstract: English present

More information

The New Luxury World: l identità digitale nel lusso fa la differenza

The New Luxury World: l identità digitale nel lusso fa la differenza The New Luxury World: l identità digitale nel lusso fa la differenza Massimo Fubini Founder & CEO di ContactLab 7 Luxury Summit, Il Sole 24ORE, 10 giugno 2015 It may not be modified, organized or reutilized

More information

ITALIAN 3303 Grammar and Composition

ITALIAN 3303 Grammar and Composition Department of Foreign Languages http://www.kennesaw.edu/foreignlanguage ITALIAN 3303 Grammar and Composition SPRING 2008 INSTRUCTOR & COURSE INFORMATION: Course/Section Day/Time Classroom Instructor Office

More information

Benvenuti a Coffee Break Italian - welcome to the lesson notes for the second episode

Benvenuti a Coffee Break Italian - welcome to the lesson notes for the second episode Coffee Break Italian Season 1, Lesson 2 Lesson notes Introduction Benvenuti a Coffee Break Italian - welcome to the lesson notes for the second episode of Coffee Break Italian! In these lesson notes we

More information

SUMMARY OF VERB TENSES INTERMEDIATE (B1) LEVEL

SUMMARY OF VERB TENSES INTERMEDIATE (B1) LEVEL SUMMARY OF VERB TENSES INTERMEDIATE (B1) LEVEL This is a summary showing verb conjugations in English. For each verb tense you will find the following information the affirmative verb form most common

More information

Present Perfect Progressive (Present Perfect Continuous)

Present Perfect Progressive (Present Perfect Continuous) (Present Perfect Continuous) Read the situations below and write a sentence using the present perfect progressive tense to say how long the situation has been happening. For & Since Ex. The baby is crying.

More information

Dott. Ruggero Giorgianni. Gruppo Pre-intermediate. Il Futuro

Dott. Ruggero Giorgianni. Gruppo Pre-intermediate. Il Futuro Dott. Ruggero Giorgianni Lezione 6 Corso di lingua inglese - Axada Gruppo Pre-intermediate Il Futuro Il futuro in inglese si può esprimere in 3 modi: 1) will/shall + verbo base 2) be going to + verbo base

More information

DIRECTORS AND OFFICERS PROPOSTA DI POLIZZA

DIRECTORS AND OFFICERS PROPOSTA DI POLIZZA DIRECTORS AND OFFICERS PROPOSTA DI POLIZZA La presente proposta deve essere compilata dall`amministratore o dal Sindaco della Societa` proponente dotato di opportuni poteri. La firma della presente proposta

More information

TIME AND TENSE: A CRITICAL REVIEW OF LITERATURE

TIME AND TENSE: A CRITICAL REVIEW OF LITERATURE 32 TIME AND TENSE: A CRITICAL REVIEW OF LITERATURE SHINY K.P. M.A., M.Phil, PGDTE, (Ph.D) Lecturer in the P.G. Department of English JMJ College for Women, Tenali, A.P ABSTRACT: This paper reviews the

More information

Lifelong Learning Languages Scheme of Work. University of Southampton 2015

Lifelong Learning Languages Scheme of Work. University of Southampton 2015 Language: Italian Level: 2a, 2b & 2c Tutor: Bianca Belgiorno Course dates: 06.10.2015 June 2016 Course book title: Arrivederci 2 F.Colombo,C.Faraci,P.De Luca Edilingua ISBN: 978-960-693-082-9 2A Week Topic

More information

Il simple past: verbi regolari e irregolari

Il simple past: verbi regolari e irregolari IERI Il simple past: verbi regolari e irregolari 1 Fornisci per ognuno dei verbi sotto indicati la forma corretta del simple past walk w alked love carry try cry stop stay agree photocopy visit travel

More information

Young Learners English

Young Learners English University of Cambridge ESOL Examinations Young Learners English Movers Information for Candidates Information for candidates YLE Movers Dear Parent Thank you for encouraging your child to learn English

More information

General Guidelines with English Verbs

General Guidelines with English Verbs !"#$!%"% &&&' ( ')*+& English Verb Tense Overview When discussing English sentence structure, it is useful to have a basic understanding of verb tenses. English verb tenses fall into three general time

More information

INVESTIRE IN BORSA CON I TREND PDF

INVESTIRE IN BORSA CON I TREND PDF INVESTIRE IN BORSA CON I TREND PDF ==> Download: INVESTIRE IN BORSA CON I TREND PDF INVESTIRE IN BORSA CON I TREND PDF - Are you searching for Investire In Borsa Con I Trend Books? Now, you will be happy

More information

ITALIANISSIMO 1 Euro Worksheet 1

ITALIANISSIMO 1 Euro Worksheet 1 Unità I - Immagini In this unit you learn how to order something to eat or drink and buy some essentials. 1 Asking and paying for drinks a) Place your order. Asking for something is simple. You need the

More information

Lesson 47: like better, like the best much more, more and more Lezione 47: like better, like the best much more, more and more

Lesson 47: like better, like the best much more, more and more Lezione 47: like better, like the best much more, more and more Lesson 47: like better, like the best much more, more and more Lezione 47: like better, like the best much more, more and more Reading (Lettura) Which do you like better, English or Spanish? I like English

More information

The American University of Rome Italian Studies Program Department or degree program mission statement, student learning objectives, as appropriate

The American University of Rome Italian Studies Program Department or degree program mission statement, student learning objectives, as appropriate Disclaimer: This is an indicative syllabus only and may be subject to changes. The final and official syllabus will be distributed by the instructor during the first day of class. The American University

More information

You'll be able to talk about your experience of studying the Italian language with a new acquaintance after you're through with this lesson.

You'll be able to talk about your experience of studying the Italian language with a new acquaintance after you're through with this lesson. 1.7 Clarifying Things & Gendered Nouns Language & Culture Lessons In this lesson, we'll take a closer look at the written mechanics of the conversation you heard in Lesson 1.2, then we'll add to your bounty

More information

Nota: Test campione in vigore dalla sessione d'esami giugno- luglio 2012

Nota: Test campione in vigore dalla sessione d'esami giugno- luglio 2012 Nota: Test campione in vigore dalla sessione d'esami giugno- luglio 2012 UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI URBINO CARLO BO Centro Linguistico d'ateneo Facoltà di Scienze Motorie Test Campione N 1 Accertamento

More information

Handouts for Conversation Partners: Grammar

Handouts for Conversation Partners: Grammar Handouts for Conversation Partners: Grammar Contents A Cheat Sheet on the Tenses in English... 2 Conditionals... 3 Past Participles... 5 Present Perfect Tense... 6 Present Perfect Continuous... 6 Past

More information

Wallaby Choose the correct answer (Scegli la risposta giusta)

Wallaby Choose the correct answer (Scegli la risposta giusta) Baby_Kang_07.qxp 16-04-2007 12:17 Pagina 10 Kangourou Italia - British Institutes Gara del 20 marzo 2007 Categoria Per studenti della classe terza della Scuola Secondaria di Primo Grado Choose the correct

More information

University of London. For The Following Qualification:-

University of London. For The Following Qualification:- ., UNIVERSITY COLLEGE LONDON University of London EXAMINATION FOR INTERNAL STUDENTS For The Following Qualification:- B.A. Italian X255: Issues in Italian Syntax COURSE CODE : ITALX255 UNIT VALUE : 0.50

More information

Unit 15 Andiamo a scuola (On the way to school)

Unit 15 Andiamo a scuola (On the way to school) Unit 15 Andiamo a scuola (On the way to school) MFL Italian Year 5 About the unit In this unit children learn to say the alphabet in Italian and continue to gain confidence in using numbers. They learn

More information

Your 2 nd best friend

Your 2 nd best friend Your 2 nd best friend Hunting cartridges NATURAL 2 Your 2 nd best friend NATURAL FATTE DA CACCIATORI PER I CACCIATORI. La qualità della cartuccia in un azione venatoria è l elemento più importante che

More information

Introduction to Italian

Introduction to Italian Introduction to Italian LOYOLA UNIVERSITY CHICAGO Department of Modern Languages & Literatures ITAL 101-ONLINE SUMMER SESSION A SYNCHRONOUS SESSIONS TUESDAYS: 10-11 A.M. Professor: Wiley Feinstein Virtual

More information

PREZZI FABI 2014. Bassa Stagione Alta Stagione Bassa Stagione

PREZZI FABI 2014. Bassa Stagione Alta Stagione Bassa Stagione PREZZI FABI 2014 Bassa Stagione Alta Stagione Bassa Stagione 01.01.14-13.06.14 14.06.14-06.09.14 07.09.14-31.12.14 Corsi per Adulti Inglese generale 129.50 168.00 129.50 Inglese Intensivo 192.50 231.00

More information

Introduction to Semantics. A Case Study in Semantic Fieldwork: Modality in Tlingit

Introduction to Semantics. A Case Study in Semantic Fieldwork: Modality in Tlingit A Case Study in Semantic Fieldwork: Modality in Tlingit In this handout, I ll walk you step-by-step through one small part of a semantic fieldwork project on an understudied language: Tlingit, a Na-Dene

More information

LENGUA INGLESA III. E.g.: Impressed by Jeremy s work, the manager extended his contract for 5 more years. OR...

LENGUA INGLESA III. E.g.: Impressed by Jeremy s work, the manager extended his contract for 5 more years. OR... PARTICIPLE CLAUSES: Theory 1. Introduction E.g.: Opening her eyes, the baby began to cry. OR... When she opened her eyes, the baby... The baby, who opened her eyes, began... E.g.: Feeling tired, Louise

More information

Istituto Tecnico Commerciale e per Geometri S. Bandini Siena

Istituto Tecnico Commerciale e per Geometri S. Bandini Siena Istituto Tecnico Commerciale e per Geometri S. Bandini Siena Programma di Lingua e Civiltà INGLESE Prof.ssa Claudia Busini Classe IV A Erica ANNO SCOLASTICO 2010-2011 LITERATURE Dal libro di testo Now

More information

Conditional Sentences Third Condition (Past Time - Unreal/ Contrary to Fact)

Conditional Sentences Third Condition (Past Time - Unreal/ Contrary to Fact) Conditional Sentences Third Condition (Past Time - Unreal/ Contrary to Fact) Complete the following sentences using the correct form of the verbs provided. Ex. Annie failed her history test, but if she

More information

Big Data, Big True. IDC Big Data Conference II, Bologna 19 novembre 2013. Fabio Rizzotto IT Research&Consulting Director, IDC Italy

Big Data, Big True. IDC Big Data Conference II, Bologna 19 novembre 2013. Fabio Rizzotto IT Research&Consulting Director, IDC Italy Big Data, Big True IDC Big Data Conference II, Bologna 19 novembre 2013 Fabio Rizzotto IT Research&Consulting Director, IDC Italy Il sorpasso dei Big Data sulla BI Business Intelligence Big Data Worldwide

More information

Annotated Examples of Student Writing

Annotated Examples of Student Writing Annotated Examples of Student Writing The following writing collections are from ELLs in grades 2, 3, 5, 8, and high school. The collections, which come from around the state, show how students at the

More information

Italian Section 31 - Online activitites

Italian Section 31 - Online activitites No. 01 L'abbigliamento Clothes the dress the bathers the pyjamas the cap i sandali the sandals the jeans the pants the shorts the the jacket the the t- the skirt the da ginnastica the runners No. 02 Scriviamo

More information

2. After saying yes, sometimes there s no choice but to say no... From the tone you can tell that no means No! No

2. After saying yes, sometimes there s no choice but to say no... From the tone you can tell that no means No! No 1. Things you need to know E indispensabile da sapere! 1. Yes, it s great to begin with a word of agreement: Yes Sì 2. After saying yes, sometimes there s no choice but to say no... From the tone you can

More information

Ling 201 Syntax 1. Jirka Hana April 10, 2006

Ling 201 Syntax 1. Jirka Hana April 10, 2006 Overview of topics What is Syntax? Word Classes What to remember and understand: Ling 201 Syntax 1 Jirka Hana April 10, 2006 Syntax, difference between syntax and semantics, open/closed class words, all

More information

English 333: Instructed SLL

English 333: Instructed SLL Instructed Second Language Learning Instructed Second Language Learning A model for the study of classroom teaching Classroom discourse Does classroom instruction make a difference? Focus on form Teaching

More information

The Economic Outlook Il quadro economico INTELLIGENCE ON THE WORLD, EUROPE, AND ITALY LO SCENARIO DI OGGI E DI DOMANI PER LE STRATEGIE COMPETITIVE

The Economic Outlook Il quadro economico INTELLIGENCE ON THE WORLD, EUROPE, AND ITALY LO SCENARIO DI OGGI E DI DOMANI PER LE STRATEGIE COMPETITIVE Session/Sessione The Economic Outlook Il quadro economico ELECTRONIC POLL RESULTS RISULTATI DEL TELEVOTO INTELLIGENCE ON THE WORLD, EUROPE, AND ITALY LO SCENARIO DI OGGI E DI DOMANI PER LE STRATEGIE COMPETITIVE

More information

LESSON 6 (Unit 3 HM continued) Now translate this passage from a literary text. Think about the appropriate unit of translation for words and phrases

LESSON 6 (Unit 3 HM continued) Now translate this passage from a literary text. Think about the appropriate unit of translation for words and phrases LESSON 6 (Unit 3 HM continued) Now translate this passage from a literary text. Think about the appropriate unit of translation for words and phrases that are obscure or heavy, and difficult to translate.

More information

Appendix to Chapter 3 Clitics

Appendix to Chapter 3 Clitics Appendix to Chapter 3 Clitics 1 Clitics and the EPP The analysis of LOC as a clitic has two advantages: it makes it natural to assume that LOC bears a D-feature (clitics are Ds), and it provides an independent

More information

Grammar Workshop Verb Tenses*

Grammar Workshop Verb Tenses* Grammar Workshop Verb Tenses* J O S E P H I N E B O Y L E J E N N I F E R R A M P U L L A A C A D E M I C S U P P O R T A N D A C C E S S C E N T E R A M E R I C A N U N I V E R S I T Y F E B R U A R Y

More information

Summer Session III. Classes begin 6/27. Travel from 7/3-7/25/2013

Summer Session III. Classes begin 6/27. Travel from 7/3-7/25/2013 Study Abroad in Urbino, Italy Summer Session III Classes begin 6/27 Travel from 7/3-7/25/2013 Urbino is one of the best preserved Renaissance towns in all of Italy. Culturally the town is most famous

More information

10. Here are... friends... names are Amanda and Tom.

10. Here are... friends... names are Amanda and Tom. INGLESE 1. COMPLETA LE DOMANDE INSERENDO UNA WH-WORD 1.. are they from? They re from Spain 2.. is it? It s the computer room. 3.. is that girl? She s my friend Chiara. 4.. is your job? I m a policeman.

More information

SAMPLE. Course Learning Objectives and Expected Learning Outcomes

SAMPLE. Course Learning Objectives and Expected Learning Outcomes Syllabus Elsa de Giovanni Conversations in Italian NYU Department of Italian Summer in Florence 2016 Course Title: Level: Conversations in Italian Undergraduate Course description This course has a thematic

More information

The New Luxury World: l identità digitale nel lusso fa la differenza

The New Luxury World: l identità digitale nel lusso fa la differenza The New Luxury World: l identità digitale nel lusso fa la differenza Massimo Fubini Founder & CEO di ContactLab 7 Luxury Summit, Il Sole 24ORE, 10 giugno 2015 It may not be modified, organized or reutilized

More information

SURVEY OF STUDENTS FAMILIARITY WITH GRAMMAR AND MECHANICS OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE AN EXPLORATORY ANALYSIS. Hialeah, FL 33012, USA. Email: mshakil@mdc.

SURVEY OF STUDENTS FAMILIARITY WITH GRAMMAR AND MECHANICS OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE AN EXPLORATORY ANALYSIS. Hialeah, FL 33012, USA. Email: mshakil@mdc. Polygon Spring 2010 Vol. 4, 43-55 SURVEY OF STUDENTS FAMILIARITY WITH GRAMMAR AND MECHANICS OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE AN EXPLORATORY ANALYSIS M. Shakil 1, V. Calderin 2 and L. Pierre-Philippe 3 1 Department

More information

Act 4: Movie Set Travel Agency

Act 4: Movie Set Travel Agency newsinslowitalian.com/italian-for-beginners Act 4: Movie Set Travel Agency Welcome back, everybody! Today is a big day. As I mentioned to you last time, today Connor will tell Silvia all about a special

More information

Ricercare l efficienza operativa facilitando il cambiamento con soluzioni enterprise avanzate

Ricercare l efficienza operativa facilitando il cambiamento con soluzioni enterprise avanzate Ricercare l efficienza operativa facilitando il cambiamento con soluzioni enterprise avanzate Fabio Della Lena Principal Solutions Designer, Infor 27 Giugno 2013 1 www.infor.com 2 Ricerca dell efficienza

More information

Domain and goal Activities Dancing game Singing/Vocalizing game Date What did your child do?

Domain and goal Activities Dancing game Singing/Vocalizing game Date What did your child do? AUDITION Sways, dances or vocalizes to music and singing CD, MP3, radio Voice Bombardment of /p/ Speech Sounds p.5 6 An important aspect of learning to listen is learning that music and singing is different

More information

Listening Guide for Claudio Monteverdi, L'Orfeo, favola in musica

Listening Guide for Claudio Monteverdi, L'Orfeo, favola in musica Listening Guide for Claudio Monteverdi, L'Orfeo, favola in musica A concordance between the 1609 printed score, Anne Ridler s English translation (in volume two of the sourcebook), and the recording by

More information

Six Minute Walk Test Protocol GEIRD project THE GEIRD PROJECT SIX-MINUTE WALK TEST PROTOCOL

Six Minute Walk Test Protocol GEIRD project THE GEIRD PROJECT SIX-MINUTE WALK TEST PROTOCOL THE GEIRD PROJECT SIX-MINUTE WALK TEST PROTOCOL Researchers using these materials are requested to inform the GEIRD Coordinating Centre and cite the source appropriately. For further information and contacts,

More information

Unit 18: Present Perfect Tense vs. Past Tense

Unit 18: Present Perfect Tense vs. Past Tense Unit 18: Present Perfect Tense vs. Past Tense THE PROBLEMS She has lived there last year. They didn t call yet. Exercise 1: 1) Circle the verbs (auxiliary verbs, main verbs and past participles). 2) Write

More information

Cognome Nome Matr. Corso di laurea. CLA Sperimentazione - Lingua Inglese - (a.a 2010/2011) September session. Top Ten Countries by Immigrants

Cognome Nome Matr. Corso di laurea. CLA Sperimentazione - Lingua Inglese - (a.a 2010/2011) September session. Top Ten Countries by Immigrants Cognome Nome Matr. Corso di laurea CLA Sperimentazione - Lingua Inglese - (a.a 2010/2011) September session GRAPHa Guarda il grafico e decidi se le frasi che seguono sono vere o false. Inserisci T (true)

More information

Proficiency Evaluation Test Intermediate to Advanced

Proficiency Evaluation Test Intermediate to Advanced Proficiency Evaluation Test Intermediate to Advanced Name I. Grammar / Vocabulary II. Reading Comprehension III. Writing Sample IV. Conversation / Interview Directions for the Tutor: Allow the participant

More information

Difficulties that Arab Students Face in Learning English and the Importance of the Writing Skill Acquisition Key Words:

Difficulties that Arab Students Face in Learning English and the Importance of the Writing Skill Acquisition Key Words: Difficulties that Arab Students Face in Learning English and the Importance of the Writing Skill Acquisition Key Words: Lexical field academic proficiency syntactic repertoire context lexical categories

More information

ESERCIZI ESTIVI PER IL SUPERAMENTO DEL DEBITO CLASSI PRIME a.s. 2013/14

ESERCIZI ESTIVI PER IL SUPERAMENTO DEL DEBITO CLASSI PRIME a.s. 2013/14 ESERCIZI ESTIVI PER IL SUPERAMENTO DEL DEBITO CLASSI PRIME a.s. 2013/14 LINGUA E CIVILTA INGLESE Completa le frasi inserendo il verbo tra parentesi nella forma corretta. Usa la forma affermativa. 1. I

More information

GESE Initial steps. Guide for teachers, Grades 1 3. GESE Grade 1 Introduction

GESE Initial steps. Guide for teachers, Grades 1 3. GESE Grade 1 Introduction GESE Initial steps Guide for teachers, Grades 1 3 GESE Grade 1 Introduction cover photos: left and right Martin Dalton, middle Speak! Learning Centre Contents Contents What is Trinity College London?...3

More information

The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde

The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde Step Three B1.2 READING & TRAINING Robert Louis Stevenson The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde audio CD PART TWO The Search for Mr Hyde Mr Utterson was unhappy after his walk with Richard Enfield.

More information

Our analysis of the results of the experiment did not provide an explanation of its failure, because our data collection lacked the precision needed.

Our analysis of the results of the experiment did not provide an explanation of its failure, because our data collection lacked the precision needed. ESERCIZI DI STILE Errori di stile ESERCIZIO 1 Our analysis of the results of the experiment did not provide an explanation of its failure, because our data collection lacked the precision needed. i verbi

More information