1 Innovaton Polcy, Informaton Socety, Telecommuncatons ICT Strategy of the German Federal Government: Dgtal Germany 2015
2 Edtoral department Federal Mnstry of Economcs and Technology (BMW) Desgn and producton PRpetuum GmbH, Munch Photo credts testro Fotola (Ttel), Ayvengo Fotola (S. 4), G. Krautberger DIGITALstock (S. 6), Photosan Fotola (S. 12), Mtarart Fotola (S. 17), ktsdesgn Fotola (S. 21), Nkola Sorokn Fotola (S. 24), Mrko Raatz Fotola (S. 27) Publsher Federal Mnstry of Economcs and Technology (BMW) Publc Relatons/L Berln The Federal Mnstry of Economcs and Technology has been awarded the berufundfamle audt certfcate for ts famly-frendly HR polcy. The certfcate s granted by berufundfamle ggmbh, an ntatve of the Herte Foundaton. Last Revsed November 2010
3 Innovaton Polcy, Informaton Socety, Telecommuncatons ICT Strategy of the German Federal Government: Dgtal Germany 2015
4 Content A. Strategy for the dgtal future of Germany...3 B. Objectves, measures, projects New growth and jobs through dgtalsaton ICT sector n Germany Dgtal networkng of busness and ndustry Dgtal networks of the future Trustworthy and secure dgtal world Research and development for a dgtal future Educaton, meda competency and ntegraton Dgtal solutons for socetal challenges and ctzen-frendly admnstraton Annex 1: Table of objectves Annex 2: Table of measures... 34
5 3 A. Strategy for the dgtal future of Germany For Germany as a hgh-tech locaton, nformaton and communcaton technologes (ICT) play a decsve role. They are the key to productvty n all ndustres. Measured by gross value added today, the ICT ndustry tself s ahead of mechancal engneerng and motor-vehcle manufacturng. In employment terms, t was just behnd mechancal engneerng n 2009, accountng for 846,000 jobs. We need to better harness the large potental of ICT for growth and employment n Germany. Smart networkng through modern ICT n tradtonal sectors, such as energy, transport, health, educaton, lesure, toursm and admnstraton, affords new opportuntes but also poses new challenges, especally n data protecton. Ths s why the Federal Government has developed a new ICT strategy for the dgtal future of Germany. It sets the government ICT polcy framework for mnstres to plan and mplement the necessary measures. The ICT strategy, Dgtal Germany 2015, sets out the prortes, tasks and projects for the perod up to It ams to do the followng: 3 Strengthen compettveness through the use of ICT n all segments of the economc process 3 Expand dgtal nfrastructure and networks to meet future challenges 3 Safeguard the protected and personal rghts of users n the future Internet and n the use of new meda 3 Step up research and development n the ICT sector and speed up the translaton of R&D fndngs nto marketable products and servces 3 Strengthen basc, further and contnung educaton and tranng and competences n handlng new meda 3 Make consstent use of ICT to cope wth socal problems, ncludng sustanablty and clmate protecton, health, moblty, admnstraton and the mprovement of the qualty of lfe of ctzens Wth the mplementaton of the ICT strategy, the Federal Government s seekng to contrbute to promotng sustanable economc growth, help create new jobs and brng about socal benefts. It s also aware of the socal-polcy sgnfcance of Internet and ICT, wll contnue to engage n dalogue on the prospects of German Internet polcy and the approprate role of government n the future organsaton of the Internet and channel the outcomes nto mprovng the regulatory polcy framework.
6 4 A. Strategy for the dgtal future of Germany The Federal Government s ICT strategy s algned wth the goals of the Dgtal Agenda for Europe 1 and wll further enhance Germany s nternatonal compettveness as a busness locaton. In mplementaton, t wll take account of both actvtes at European level (ncludng the EU Strategy for Key Enablng Technologes and the Innovaton Unon) and projects and developments at nternatonal level and n multnatonal organsatons. Modern and effcent federal government IT wll lay the foundaton for the effectve organsaton of Germany s dgtal future. Strngent jont IT use n the federal admnstraton and for large-scale government projects s a benchmark for Germany as an IT locaton. The future development of federal IT wll be steered by the ntermnsteral Chef Informaton Offcers Councl together wth the Federal IT Management Group chared by the Federal Government Commssoner for Informaton Technology. Core tasks nclude framng archtectures, standards and methods for IT and provdng the necessary nfrastructure. Wth the entry nto force of Secton 91 (c) of the Basc Law n 2009 and the appontment of the IT Plannng Councl, the foundaton and capactes were put n place for the effcent and purposve development of publc-sector IT and federal e-government. The ICT strategy, Dgtal Germany 2015, wll be carred out n close nteracton among polcymakers, ndustry and scentsts. The Federal Mnstry of Economcs and Technology s n charge of coordnatng the mplementaton under the specfc purvews of the varous mnstres. A major role here s played by the Natonal IT Summt, whch has already provded a key mpetus and wll contnue to perform a functon n future strategy mplementaton. 3 Settng up a montorng system n consultaton wth the relevant mnstres and publshng ts fndngs. 1
7 5 B. Objectves, measures, projects 1. New growth and jobs through dgtalsaton 1.1 ICT sector n Germany The strengths of the German ICT ndustry le n software and embedded systems, whch are, however, frequently unknown to the publc. There are many more hgh-qualty, leadng ICT products and servces from Germany than s generally known, such as semconductor chps from Europe s largest mcroelectronc cluster n Dresden. Accordng to OECD, Germany was the ffth largest producer of electronc products worldwde n The Federal Government s commtted to supportng the producton and export of ICT products and servces and related research n Germany. We need to rase local natonal content. In addton to nventons, we must also contnue to ntroduce nnovatons, because these generate growth and jobs through new, nternatonally compettve products and servces. Of specal mportance here are regonal clusters, whch can gve a powerful mpetus to multsectoral nnovatons. Buldng and supportng these wll therefore be a major ssue n nnovaton dalogue. ICT afford good prospects for small and medumszed enterprses. These frequently need a dfferent knd of support to large-scale companes, n fnance, nternatonalsaton, exports and the search for talent as well as n research and development. So we need to pursue dstnct polcy approaches. Qualfed specalsts are coveted by ICT frms. Consderng demographc trends and the brght prospects for the ndustry, ths demand s lkely to ncrease n future. The Federal Government wll pay close attenton to ICT as part of developng a strategy for securng labour supply and under the IT Summt n cooperaton wth the prvate sector. Promotng young enterprses wll also play a major role here. Small and medum-szed enterprses, young busnesses and start-ups n ICT Current studes 2 reveal a dsproportonately large 2 A survey on the breakdown of software and IT servces by the Fraunhofer ISI Insttute n 2010 revealed that n 88.5% of the enterprses n 2006 only 1 to 9 persons (ncludng owners) were engaged n ths sector, whle n almost 1% of the enterprses more than 100 persons were employed. Of partcular note by nternatonal standards s the under-representaton of companes wth a workforce of (5% of enterprses, 23% of employees, 19% of turnover and 11% of nvestments).
8 6 B. Objectves, measures, projects number of small and only a few medum-szed supplers n the German software ndustry n partcular. These, however, earn a larger share of ndustry turnover than small and medum-szed enterprses (SMEs) n other sectors. The Federal Government wll seek to cater for the specal needs of SMEs n ICT. The promoton measure, Innovatve SMEs: ICT, encourages them to make greater efforts n research and development. A major feature of ths programme s the thematc flexblty and the streamlned approval procedure every sx months. The Federal Government wll also contnue to support the development of centres of excellence n ICT and provde further assstance for the current Central Innovaton Programme for SMEs (ZIM) and cooperatve ndustral research. Germany as a naton must return to ts tradton of start-up entrepreneurs. It needs more new busnesses, especally n cuttng-edge technologes. ICT affords great potental for hgh-tech busness startups. In all economc sectors, modern ICT today s a major brdgehead for creatng new products and servces and upgradng effcency and qualty. Wth the ntatve, Start-up Naton Germany, the Federal Government s seekng to foster a natonal culture of busness start-ups, ncludng the launch of the new start-up competton, Innovatve ICT, and support for ICT unversty-based start-ups wth the EXIST grant. Furthermore, t wll mprove the clmate for busness start-ups and corporate fnance for small and medum-szed ICT enterprses. Young ICT busnesses are often key drvers for the rapd practcal applcaton of nnovatons. Frst of all, though, they have to reach a crtcal sze to be compettve on nternatonal markets. The Federal Government wll therefore dentfy and carry out support measures for young enterprses n cooperaton wth the companes engaged n the IT Summt. Objectve: Creaton of 30,000 new jobs n the ICT sector and n the appled ICT ndustres by Rasng the number of ICT-based busness start-ups. Support for SMEs and crafts busnesses n usng Internet and ICT. 3 Start-up Naton Germany ntatve focused on nnovatve busness start-ups 3 Start-up competton, Innovatve ICT, wth fnancal start-up assstance and actve support n the ntal steps towards self-employment 3 Promoton of ICT unversty-based start-ups wth the EXIST grant 3 Contnuaton of the fundng programme, Innovatve SMEs: ICT 3 Dalogue wth and support for young IT enterprses va the IT Summt process 3 Strengthenng ICT competency n SMEs and crafts 3 Further development of Commsson on the Economcs of Geo-Informaton by extendng a network of enterprses, authortes and scentfc nsttutes 3 Intatve for enhancng the usablty of appled software for crafts and SMEs 3 Endowment of the Hgh-Tech Start-Up Fund II n 2011 Trade and Investment Promoton Programme for the Dgtal Internal Market Global trade n ICT products almost doubled from 2000 to 2008 (from US$ 2.2 bllon to US$ 4 bllon), wth emergng natons recordng partcularly strong growth. Worldwde, Germany took eghth place wth ICT exports of US$ 111 bllon. The hghest-growth component of ICT exports are IT servces (US$ 70 bllon n 1996, US$ 325 bllon n 2008, +14 % each year). Wth exports of servces amountng to US$ 15.1 bllon, Germany took second place among the OECD countres behnd Ireland wth US$ 34 bllon. The leadng exporter of IT servces n
9 was Inda wth exports worth US$ 49.4 bllon. As the bulk of German foregn trade takes place n Europe, the Federal Government supports the Commsson s approach of promotng cross-border onlne commerce n the EU. Under the European Dgtal Agenda, we shall seek close and constructve cooperaton wth the European Commsson on the planned reform of ICT standardsaton n Europe. Objectve: Increasng exports and attractng nvestments 3 Includng ICT n the Trade and Investment Promoton Programme (IT Summt) 3 Locatonal marketng to solct and retan nvestors and talent for Germany (IT Summt); focus on green IT, e-energy, for example Open standards and nteroperablty Standardsaton and nteroperablty n the ICT sector are of natonal strategc mportance. Because they are essental for the nteroperablty of complex techncal systems, settng and mplementng standards s a way of ganng compettve advantages. Standardsaton also enables extensve non-propretary scope when selectng products. The Federal Government attaches prorty to open standards for ensurng unhndered access to ICT markets. They are the best way to support nteroperablty and functonalty n complex techncal systems. Interoperable basc telecommuncatons nfrastructure (ncludng network nterfaces, platform requrements) are essental for generatng new servces. The Federal Government s seekng to poston Germany for an nternatonal spearheadng role n the development and dssemnaton of technologes based on open standards. The use of open-source software n publc admnstraton wll also enhance the nteroperablty and future vablty of nformaton technology systems and make a contrbuton to strengthenng ICT competency n Germany for mprovng compettveness and securty on the software market. Objectves: Support for German manufacturers n the early standardsaton of technologcal developments. Promotng the dssemnaton of open standards and nteroperable systems n ndustry and admnstraton, also at European level. Promotng know-how exports to establsh open, nteroperable ICT archtectures and nfrastructures. 3 Settng up facltes for nteroperablty tests and dentfyng benchmarks for procurement projects 3 Installng an Internet portal on nteroperablty 3 Supportng nteroperablty know-how transfer to other natons, ncludng developng countres 3 Establshng a natonal clearng house for solvng nteroperablty problems Dgtal meda and creatve ndustry The Internet and new technologes have done much to accelerate dgtalsaton n the meda sector. The use of ICT does not just generate new onlne products n the conventonal meda (press market, rado ndustry, book market) but ncreasngly nfluences all submarkets n the cultural and creatve ndustry, e.g. musc, electronc games, desgn and flm. Objectve: Further development of ndustry potental and ts economc applcaton
10 8 B. Objectves, measures, projects 3 More n-depth dalogue wth the ndustry under the Culture and Creatve Industry Intatve 3 Industry dalogue on preventng Internet pracy 3 Federal German Computer Game Prze 1.2 Dgtal networkng of busness and ndustry The new hgh-performance networks wll pave the way for smart network platforms and wll enable ICT use n all socal sectors, partcularly n transport, energy, educaton, lesure, toursm and admnstraton. Ther nnovaton potental can, however, only be harnessed and the opportuntes of the nformaton socety put to full use f hgh-performance networks are avalable everywhere and meet the specfcatons of the respectve applcatons n a networked socety. ICT and energy Secure, effcent and envronment-frendly power supply must also be assured and mproved for the future. ICT wll play a key role here. They can help to establsh an Internet of Energy to ratonalse nformaton flow among a growng number of generaton plants, ncludng an ncreasng amount of renewable and locally generated energes, power grds and termnals. An ICT-based management of the energy supply chan wll be able to balance power supply and demand. Ths s the only way to effcently ntegrate the growng rato of mostly volatle renewable energes and ncreasng decentralsed producton nto the mans. Ths wll gve rse to an ntegrated data and energy network wth new structures and functonaltes (smart grd). Objectve: By buldng an ICT-based power grd, Germany wll make a decsve contrbuton to the EU energy trangle of secure, compettve and sustanable supply. The Federal Government s lookng to ncrease the share of renewable energes n power supply to at least 30% by Only by developng an ICT-based smart grd can renewable energes and decentralsed producers be effcently ntegrated nto the exstng power grd. 3 The beacon project, E-Energy: ICT-based Energy System of the Future, sets the followng prortes: Developng and testng smart ICT-based measurng, control and regulaton technologes along the whole supply chan Desgnng electronc market places for the smart power grd Developng and usng non-propretary norms and standards Testng new busness models Revewng the regulatory framework; framng data prvacy and user protecton schemes ICT for electromoblty Safeguardng long-term, envronment-frendly, ndvdual moblty s very mportant for our socety. Electrc vehcles are a promsng opton here. Future electrc vehcles must be able to communcate and nteract closely wth power and traffc networks. ICT play a key role both for power supply connectons to charge batteres and for the swtch-over to other means of transport, such as busses and trans, due to the currently restrcted radus of electro cars. ICT enable the most effcent management of operatng, nvocng and controllng processes and the exchange of necessary nformaton among traffc networks, energy supplers and electrc vehcles. By means of sutable control mechansms, electro cars could also be used as moble power reserves n future to feed back electrcty nto the dstrbuton grd durng hgh demand. Batteres, electroncs and electronc
11 9 systems play a central role n the overall electrc vehcle system, snce they are a major nnovaton drver for electromoblty and provde the bass for energy-effcent system solutons. Objectve: By buldng the ICT-based nfrastructure and applyng ICT for hgh energy effcency n vehcles, the Federal Government wll prepare the way for puttng one mllon electrc vehcles onto Germany s roads by The research programme, ICT for Electrc Moblty, sets the followng prortes: Smart e-grd Controlled chargng and feed back; ntegraton nto electronc market places and smart grds, nvocng and roamng concepts Smart traffc ICT for long-dstance strateges, cockpts and moblty centres; fleet management; authentfcaton and dentty management; busness models Smart vehcle New ICT system archtecture; smart battery management system for mprovng current battery desgns for better performance and reach; data protecton and securty schemes MEMO research project - Meda-based Learnng and Collaboraton Servces for Electromoblty 3 Electrc Vehcle System research programme wth the focus on the followng: Battery system research Vehcle electroncs and energy management Overall electrc vehcle system and manufacturng methods ICT for traffc Traffc telematcs contrbutes both to rasng traffc safety, partcularly road traffc, and to ncreased effcency among transport operators through sutable traffc gudance measures. Ths technology s a useful and necessary addton to nvestment and regulatory polcy. ICT systems are the man way to mprove traffc safety. Developng products, systems and standards as well as the operaton of telematcs nfrastructure are prmarly the job of ndustry. Collectve systems, such as gudance and control systems on trunk roads, can be operated by the publc sector. Provdng a framework and draftng future gudelnes are the tasks of government. Drectve 2010/40/ EU of the European Parlament and of the Councl of 7 July 2010 sets out a common legal framework for the ntroducton of smart road traffc systems and for ts nterfaces wth other means of transport. Objectve: Improvng road traffc safety and flow through the applcaton of ICT 3 Implementaton of Drectve 2010/40/EU of the European Parlament and of the Councl of 7 July 2010 on the framework for the deployment of Intellgent Transport Systems n the feld of road transport and for nterfaces wth other modes of transport. The drectve ncludes followng prorty measures: Provson of EU-wde multmodal travel nformaton servces Provson of EU-wde real tme traffc nformaton servces Specfcaton of a mnmum dataset for traffc nformaton Harmonsed provson for an nteroperable EU-wde ecall applcaton Informaton servces on safe and secure parkng places for trucks and commercal vehcles 3 Draftng a natonal acton plan for smart road traffc wth the followng prortes: Germany-wde management n the development and ntroducton of the smart road traffc system through settng jont prortes and reachng agreements on jont measures and nstruments Ensurng the techncal lead of German enterprses also at European level by means
12 10 B. Objectves, measures, projects of German standards Meetng the drectve requrement of member states to adopt ther own acton plans 3 Transport research programme, Moblty and Transport Technologes, wth the focus on Smart logstcs Personal moblty n the 21st century Smart nfrastructure Cloud computng At present, cloud computng s one of the most promsng avenues for ICT provders and users. It offers user enterprses a way to obtan customsed storage capactes, computng power and software va the Internet for flexble use to meet needs. The fees charged depend on functonal scope, utlsaton tme and number of users. Companes can save on costs through economes of scale. Thanks to non-localsed access va varous termnals, the users can obtan the same requste nformaton access at any tme. In addton, they can draw on professonal, contnually updated and legally complant IT so as to concentrate more on ther core busness. The Federal Government s seekng to speed up the development and ntroducton of cloud computng facltes. Especally small and medum-szed enterprses and the publc sector should be able to take early advantage of the opportuntes. The current challenges wll be addressed wth the new Cloud Computng Acton Programme. 3 The new Cloud Computng Acton Programme comprses four felds of actvty: Harnessng nnovaton and market potental (research programme for secure Internet servces, cloud computng for small and medum-szed enterprses and the publc sector trusted cloud) Creatng a pro-nnovatve framework (securty and legal framework, standards, certfcaton) Coshapng nternatonal developments Provdng nformatonal gudance To ensure the secure and relable use of cloud computng, a number of problems need to be solved. Current IT concepts have to be adapted to specfc requrements, partcularly n data securty and protecton, standardsaton, nteroperablty and servce qualty. Legal problems nclude lablty ssues and aspects of contractual law as well as legal assurance of data protecton and securty. Cloud computng calls for new busness models n the German ICT ndustry.
13 11 2. Dgtal networks of the future Hgh-performance broadband networks Mountng data traffc on the Internet can only be handled n future by developng new technologes for the access networks, core networks and for moble communcaton. As crtcal nfrastructure, future networks and smart network platforms must be made secure and relable. In terms of both qualty and quantty, the concern s not just wth smply makng adjustments or mprovements to exstng telecommuncatons networks, but wth the full-coverage nstallaton of a new basc broadband, IP-based nfrastructure next generaton networks (NGN). Ths s why an nternatonal locatonal polcy race has begun to buld hgh-performance networks for full broadband coverage. Ths s partcularly the case where besdes pure nformaton hghways smart network platforms are needed for educaton, transport, energy, health, lesure, toursm and admnstraton to solve economc and socal problems. For cost and effcency reasons, the next generaton networks wll have to be optmsed by mergng exstng network technologes nto an ntellgent, hgh-performance and flexble network platform. Wth the Federal Government s broadband strategy, 3 Germany has set ambtous targets for natonwde supply. By the end of 2010 f possble, t ams at fullscale provson wth broadband connectons of at least 1 MBt/sec (downstream). As soon as possble, hgh-performance networks (> 50 MBt/sec) wll cover the whole country; a sub-target s to make networks avalable for at least three-quarters of the populaton by the end Ths wll surpass the targets 4 of the European Unon s Dgtal Agenda for 2013 and Broadband strategy mplementaton montorng to date has come to a very postve overall assessment of structure and development. Specfc measures are beng taken to carry out the recommendatons n the montorng report. In comparson wth other major European economes, Germany s the current leader n broadband use. If hgh market growth contnues, t wll be able to extend ts poston further. Among the G7 states, t s now n second place. Besdes DSL and cable provders, partcularly rado technology and, n ndvdual cases also, satellte 3 4 Full basc broadband coverage by 2013; avalablty of over 30 Mbt/sec for 100 % of all households and of at least 100 MBt/sec for at least 50 % of all households by 2020
14 12 B. Objectves, measures, projects systems contrbute to full basc broadband coverage. Germany was the frst country n Europe to release and aucton frequences under the dgtal dvdend for broadband moble rado applcatons. Immedately after assgnng dgtal dvdend frequences, work began wth network expanson to nclude unserved areas. In the second quarter of 2011 at the latest, we wll acheve full natonal basc broadband coverage, so that companes and households n rural areas wll have access to modern ICT. The constructve collaboraton of stakeholders n ndustry, muncpaltes, the federal states and central government and also many ctzens ntatves make a major contrbuton to rollng out broadband networks. In addton to ts rado spectrum polcy measures, the Federal Government has supported ths development by provdng fundng and settng unform condtons for assstance (Jont Task Scheme - Improvement of Agrcultural Structures and Coastal Protecton, Jont Task Scheme - Improvement of Regonal Economc Structures, Framework Regulaton on Empty Conduts), and promoted nformaton and publcty campagns on the requste measures (regonal events n cooperaton wth the German Assocaton of Dstrcts and the German Assocaton of Chambers of Industry and Commerce (DIHK), booklets, a broadband portal, an nformaton offensve, a broadband atlas). In autumn 2010, a broadband offce was establshed as a central contact pont for related ssues at natonal level. Prospects are favourable for the nstallaton and extenson of hgh-performance networks. Partcularly the rapd upgradng of TV cable networks and the roll out of local broadband networks wll speed up ther development. The Federal Government expects to be able to meet most expanson targets n future as well largely through competton n the technology and provder mx. To a lmted extent, government flankng can be worthwhle where market solutons are uneconomc. The Federal Government wll seek to ensure that currently avalable nfrastructures (transport, energy, water management, etc.) are put to greater use for broadband rollout. The Infrastructure Atlas prepared by the Federal Network Agency, whch has already made a major contrbuton here, needs to be stepped up n future. The Federal Government supports the full-coverage expanson of so-called next generaton networks, ncludng a fundng competton wth plot schemes to demonstrate the feasblty of hgh-performance networks also outsde conurbatons at manageable cost through greater use of synerges. Hgh-performance networks can only be expanded rapdly va a varegated provder setup. Ths poses nteroperablty, standardsaton and new access ssues that need to be addressed quckly. The NGA Forum (next generaton access) 5 establshed at the Federal Network Agency makes mportant contrbutons to ths along wth the IT Summt process. A major goal of the German Federal Government s to enhance the role of SMEs n the development process. Objectve: Full-coverage supply and avalablty of broadband networks 3 Implementng and upgradng the broadband strategy 3 Forced development and extenson of full hgh-performance network coverage by harnessng nternfrastructural synerges 3 Implementng plot schemes for hgh-performance networks outsde conurbatons 3 Strengthenng SMEs n the expanson process 5
15 13 Legal framework for telecommuncatons and network neutralty To ensure legal and plannng certanty n the future expanson of hgh-performance networks, the Federal Government wll mplement the new European regulatory framework through the current amendment of the Telecommuncatons Act. The key ponts for broadband expanson are: 3 Longer regulatory cycles and longer-term regulatory schemes The Federal Government attaches prorty to competton and network expanson. It wll make a close apprasal of ways to ensure non-dscrmnatory and unbrdled access to nformaton n future networks (network neutralty). The amendment of the Telecommuncatons Act wll establsh the powers for specfyng transparency oblgatons and mnmum qualty standards. Due to the socetal sgnfcance of nformaton technology, the Federal Government welcomes the current publc debate and also seeks dalogue wth all stakeholders through the IT Summt. 3 Takng account of specfc nvestment rsks n buldng new networks n subsequent remuneraton decsons 3 Accountng for cooperaton n network expanson as part of regulaton 3 Improved framework for network expanson by facltatng co-use of avalable nfrastructure In the nterests of users, the Federal Government s concerned to ensure non-dscrmnatory and transparent servces. The Telecommuncatons Act already provdes nstruments to prevent abuse. The technology underlyng the Internet s, however, undergong radcal change, as are the busness models of servce provders, network operators and equpment manufacturers. As part of broadband data servces, Internet, telecommuncatons and meda servces wll be delvered n future on one platform. Despte all the common features, qute dfferent prncples come nto conflct n many ways. Ths affects both access and remuneraton ssues and the specfcaton of transparency oblgatons n network traffc control and mnmum standards for contents transport. Objectve: Ensurng plannng and legal certanty n the expanson of hgh-performance networks. Guaranteeng non-dscrmnaton n future networks. 3 Implementaton of the European TC drectves; adopton of the amended Telecommuncatons Act n May Introducton of enlarged powers to set transparency oblgatons and mnmum qualty standards n the Telecommuncatons Act 3 Mantanng the hgh German and European standard n non-dscrmnatory freedom of nformaton 3 Contnued dalogue wth socal groups 3 Montorng wth reportng requrements
16 14 B. Objectves, measures, projects Rado spectrum polcy Moblty and the growng need for nformaton n the modern knowledge socety call for ncreasng transmsson capactes spectrum and performance needs are ncreasng for moble wreless applcatons as rapdly as n the cabled sector. In Aprl 2010, 360 megahertz of spectrum was thus auctoned for wreless network access to provde telecommuncatons servces n Germany, doublng the range avalable for ths use. 6 As the frst country n Europe, Germany has provded so-called dgtal dvdend frequences for broadband moble applcatons. Now avalable are more than 600 megahertz of rado spectrum below 5,000 megahertz. Rado frequences, however, reman n short supply. As other rado users also have demands, partcularly rado broadcasters, the Federal Government promotes spectral flexblsaton and harmonsaton as a basc prerequste for the effcent use of frequences. Frequency ranges at 900 and 1,800 megahertz, whch are stll n very ntensve use for voce telephony (GSM), wll be made more flexble n the next fve years. In response to rapd market development, legal provsons and the regulatory framework must be made adaptable enough to ensure that spectrum resources can also be provded quckly to meet future needs. Streamlned nternatonal solutons must be found, also to take advantage of economes of scale n the procurement of termnals and network elements for the avalable frequency uses. Objectve: Meetng frequency needs for use by moble data servces, ncludng ncentves for effcent frequency use. Natonal and nternatonal adjustments of the frequency spectrum. 3 Guaranteeng frequency resources to meet needs for rado applcatons 3 Creatng ncentves for effcent frequency use (flexblsaton, more spectrally effcent technologes) 3 Long-term European strategy for technology and servce neutralty 3 Implementng the dgtal dvdend for moble applcatons 3 Harnessng potental for development n the terrestral rado sector 3 Harmonsng frequences to obtan economes of scale Internet governance Consderng the great socal and economc mportance of the Internet, the relable and effcent dstrbuton of lmted Internet resources plays a major role. Ths holds both for the tasks of the global allocaton of IP addresses and the regstraton of doman names as well as decson-makng and supervson (Internet governance). The Federal Government generally supports the self-regulatng ICANN scheme for the regulaton of central ssues n Internet governance, provded t can contnue to perform ts coordnatng functons effectvely and effcently and can meet ts global accountablty oblgatons to governments, companes and cvl-socety organsatons. 6 Reserve capactes are now avalable through newly assgned spectrum resources n moble telephony at 2.5 GHz. As early as December 2006, bands were allocated from the 3.5 GHz range (WIMAX), whch can also be used for moble rado applcatons. In addton, frequences are generally assgned for wreless use as so-called WLAN applcatons.
17 15 Objectve: Advocacy of German nterests n Internet coordnaton and crtcal Internet resources. 3 New verson of the so-called IANA Contract between ICANN and the U.S. Department of Commerce 3 Actve polcy collaboraton n the UN Internet Governance Forum (IGF) and n commttees of ITU, OECD and others dealng wth questons of Internet polcy Federal networks, Germany Onlne nfrastructure/nternetwork To cope wth the heghtened and growng threat, crtcal communcatons nfrastructures under the purvew the Federal Government, partcularly the federal networks and the nternetwork (Artcle 91c of the Basc Law n conjuncton wth the Act on Lnkng Central/Federal State IT Networks - IT NetzG) need to meet state-of-the-art, hgh-performance and securty standards. Poneerng strateges wll be upgraded and mplemented based on these modern and secure publc admnstraton network nfrastructures, especally n e-government and e-partcpaton and aspects of modern Internet polcy. Wth the development of the nternetwork between central and federal state government, the Federal Government acheved ts am of a seamless, mult-ter admnstraton by Upgradng and ntegratng ths nternetwork nto a jont communcatons nfrastructure are addtonal mlestones. scenaros and servces. For central government and the federal states and muncpaltes, the Internet Protocol Verson 6 (IPv6) wll make a major contrbuton to ntroducng new nternet technologes n modern, secure communcatons nfrastructures. Objectve: Development of the nternetwork between central and federal state government for seamless, mult-ter admnstraton. Extenson of ths nternetwork and ntegraton of other federal networks. 3 Amalgamatng the government networks IVBB and IVBV/BVN nto a jont publc admnstraton network nfrastructure for provdng a standardsed servce portfolo and streamlned securty technologes as part of the project, Federal Networks 3 Ongong consoldaton, partly by ntegratng other federal networks as well as the nternetwork nto the new modular network nfrastructure 3 Management of the new network nfrastructure by a central servce organsaton (CSO) under the purvew of the Federal Mnstry of the Interor also wth a vew to better supervson by the Federal Government, more ndependence of ndvdual enterprses and greater securty, ncludng better crss reslence, economc effcency and flexblty 3 Assgnment of tasks performed by the DOI organsaton to the Federal Government wll also be taken to ensure that new technologes n communcatons nfrastructures are put to purposve use and develop new applcaton 3 Preparaton of a strategy for the ntroducton and use of IPv6 n publc admnstraton n Germany
18 16 B. Objectves, measures, projects 3. Trustworthy and secure dgtal world The rapd development of the Internet calls for measures to make sure t s trustworthy and secure and for answers to the queston of ndvdual responsblty and the role of the state n the dgtal world. Effectve data protecton s essental for the acceptance and development of an nformaton and knowledge socety. The Federal Government subscrbes to the followng prncples n developng and plannng ts Internet polcy: 3 Precedence to the applcaton and enforcement of exstng law over new legslaton 3 Precedence to self-regulaton over new legslaton 3 Evolvng and enforceable system of laws There s a need here for the coherent development of natonal, multnatonal and nternatonal law. The Federal Government sees the task of the state n nformaton technology and the Internet as ensurng freedom and stablty, protecton and relablty and supply and nnovaton. In these functons, t wll create a clmate for greater confdence n Internet technologes and servces. All stakeholders - users, provders or IT securty planners - bear specfc responsblty for IT securty. Important here s to edu- cate young people n partcular about current rsks and rase ther awareness of the need for greater selfprotecton. The Federal Government s also concerned to ensure full polcng throughout the Internet. Internet securty The securty and avalablty of computer networks make up major functonal parameters of our globally networked socety. In contrast to legtmate users, nternatonally well organsed crmnal elements are also engaged on the Internet. There has also been a dscernble ncrease n esponage and sabotage actvtes. The Federal Government s commtted to makng networks and servces safer. Objectve: Securng basc dgtal servces. Guaranteeng the accessblty and relable avalablty of the Internet as nfrastructure. 3 Promotng the applcaton of trustworthy and tamper-proof hardware components and of IT systems (trusted computng) n the federal admnstraton and n major nfrastructure sectors and collaboraton n the Trusted Computng Group
19 17 3 Makng recommendatons for the use of trusted platform modules 3 Makng recommendatons for the securty of IT systems n major nfrastructure sectors 3 Devsng a system of ncentves for the voluntary applcaton of more secure IT systems for better protecton aganst malware 3 Programme for securty research wth the focus on Securty n moble envronments Protecton of Internet nfrastructures Development of verfed secure systems wth a defned level of securty (bult-n securty) New technologes for the protecton of IT systems Objectve: Protecton of personal rghts also n the dgtal sphere and strengthenng self-determnaton and responsblty. The Internet must be a medum where freedom and legal certanty are assured. Guaranteeng securty and transparency n handlng electronc denttes n the dgtal envronment. 3 Upgradng data protecton on the Internet to strengthen self-determnaton and responsblty 3 Establshng a foundaton for data protecton 3 Apprasng ways to mprove data processng transparency 3 Expanson of servces by the Federal Agency for Securty n Informaton Technology for Internet securty Data protecton and securty (protecton of personal rghts on the Internet) Increasngly, the Internet s a medum for ndvdual lfestyles, mantanng contacts and worldwde nformaton exchange. Many mllons of people are engaged n socal networks and publsh n forums. Ths affords new avenues of partcpaton and socal contact, but t also poses new rsks to the protecton of personal rghts on the Internet. The techncal capabltes of modern termnals enable new applcatons that progressvely merge the Internet wth realty for the users and provde ways to accumulate data. Consumer protecton on the Internet Many consumers use the Internet to obtan nformaton n a smple way on certan topcs and/or aval themselves of servces. Some dsreputable companes explot the nattenton of consumers when surfng and try to nvegle them nto concludng contracts requrng payment, whle delberately concealng the oblgaton to pay for the product. Consumers are thus unaware that the product or servce s beng offered aganst payment and are then put under heavy pressure to pay the supposed bll. Objectve: Better protecton of consumers aganst cost and/or subscrpton traps on the Internet. The Federal Government wll make proposals for upgradng data protecton on the Internet.
20 18 B. Objectves, measures, projects 3 At EU level, the Federal Government advocates oblgng busnesses to clearly specfy the prce n combnaton wth an oblgatory confrmaton slot for the concluson of contracts wth consumers on the Internet (so-called button soluton). An e-commerce contract shall only enter nto force when before makng an order the customer has been notfed n clearly vsble form by the seller of the total costs and he has confrmed acknowledgement of ths nformaton by means of a separate declaraton. The Federal Government has made such a proposal at the negotatons n Brussels on a drectve on the rghts of consumers and wll contnue to press for the ncluson of ths type of provson. Objectve: Provdng a framework and nfrastructure components for secure, transparent and user-centred dentty management to enable ctzens to handle ther dgtal denttes as ndependently as possble and also ensure the necessary trustworthness for developng and provdng dsparate forms of legal dgtal servces. Government and prvate sector measures to educate the populaton about the dangers of dentty theft, ncludng means of protecton. 3 Promotng the applcaton of the electronc proof of dentty n the dentty card 3 Submsson of draft legslaton for natonal regulaton of protecton aganst cost traps 3 Gudelnes for the development, mplementaton and standardsaton of socally accepted and consttutonally legtmate technologes for electronc dentty management Dgtal securty: user-centred, secure dentty management and protecton aganst dentty theft Secure denttes are crucal for trustworthy and re lable actvtes n the dgtal world. Even more than today, the dentty of persons and objects wll n future functon as the key for accessng certan products and servces n closed and publc networks. Publc authortes (central government, federal states and muncpaltes) but also prvate nsttutons wll provde statutory nfrastructure elements as an dentfcaton faclty, such as the electronc proof of dentty. De-Mal - secure exchange of electronc messages among ndustry, admnstraton and ctzens De-Mal wll enable the easy, confdental and verfable transfer of electronc messages and documents among communcaton partners of certfed dentty. Ths wll ensure legal certanty for busness and admnstratve procedures and s a major prerequste for greater data protecton and securty n electronc communcaton. The use of electronc denttes n the prvate sector must be made transparent, placed under cvc control and only regulated as far as necessary. The Federal Government supports the use of the electronc proof of dentty n the new dentty card and other documents and promotes other applcatons, e.g. De-Mal. At European level, t advocates secure, transparent and nteroperable systems for electronc denttes and ther management. The Federal Government wll set the legal framework (De-Mal Act) and make the techncal arrangements wth close prvate-sector nvolvement. De-Mal wll be mplemented and operated by largely prvate government-approved (accredted) provders. These wll be mutually nteroperable n a secure network to avod stand-alone solutons.