Routing Protocols. Interconnected ASes. Hierarchical Routing. Hierarchical Routing

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Routing Protocols. Interconnected ASes. Hierarchical Routing. Hierarchical Routing"

Transcription

1 Routing Protocols scale: with 200 million destinations: can t store all dest s in routing tables! routing table exchange would swamp links! Hierarchical Routing Our routing study thus far - idealization all routers identical flat not true in practice administrative autonomy internet = of s each admin may want to control routing in its own Hierarchical Routing aggregate routers into regions, autonomous systems (S) routers in same S run same routing protocol intra-s routing protocol routers in different S can run different intra-s routing protocol Gateway router Direct link to router in another S Interconnected Ses Intra-S Routing algorithm Forwarding table Inter-S Routing algorithm Forwarding table is configured by both intra- and inter-s routing algorithm Intra-S sets entries for internal dests Inter-S & Intra-s sets entries for external dests 1

2 Inter-S tasks Suppose router in receives datagram for which dest is outside of Router should forward packet towards one of the gateway routers, but which one? 1. to propagate this reachability needs: 2. to learn which dests are reachable through and which through info to all routers in Job of inter-s routing! Example: Setting forwarding table in router Suppose learns (via inter-s protocol) that subnet x is reachable via (gateway ) but not via. Inter-S protocol propagates reachability info to all internal routers. Router determines from intra-s routing info that its interface I is on the least cost path to. Puts in forwarding table entry (x,i). Example: Choosing among multiple Ses Now suppose learns from the inter-s protocol that subnet x is reachable from and from. To configure forwarding table, router must determine towards which gateway it should forward packets for dest x. This is also the job on inter-s routing protocol! Example: Choosing among multiple Ses Now suppose learns from the inter-s protocol that subnet x is reachable from and from. To configure forwarding table, router must determine towards which gateway it should forward packets for dest x. Hot potato routing: send packet towards closest of two routers. Learn from inter-s protocol that subnet x is reachable via multiple gateways Use routing info from intra-s protocol to determine costs of least-cost paths to each of the gateways Hot potato routing: Choose the gateway that has the smallest least cost Determine from forwarding table the interface I that leads to least-cost gateway. Enter (x,i) in forwarding table 2

3 Intra-S Routing lso known as Interior Gateway Protocols (IGP) Most common Intra-S routing protocols: RIP ( Routing Information Protocol) Distance vector algorithm Included in SD-UNIX Distribution in 1982 Distance metric: # of hops (max = 15 hops) RIP: Routing Information Protocol OSPF: Open Shortest Path First IGRP: Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (Cisco proprietary) u z C D v y w x From router to subsets: destination hops u 1 v 2 w 2 x 3 y 3 z 2 RIP advertisements Distance vectors: exchanged among neighbors every 30 sec via Response Message (also called advertisement) Each advertisement: list of up to 25 destination nets within S RIP: Example w x y D C Destination Network Next Router Num. of hops to dest. w 2 y 2 z 7 x Routing table in D z 3

4 Dest Next hops w - 1 x - 1 z C RIP: Example dvertisement from to D w x y D C Destination Network Next Router Num. of hops to dest. w 2 y 2 z 7 5 x Routing table in D z RIP: Link Failure and Recovery If no advertisement heard after 180 sec --> neighbor/link declared dead routes via neighbor invalidated new advertisements sent to neighbors neighbors in turn send out new advertisements (if tables changed) RIP Table processing RIP routing tables managed by applicationlevel process called route-d (daemon) advertisements sent in UDP packets, periodically repeated Transprt (UDP) (IP) link physical routed forwarding table forwarding table routed Transprt (UDP) (IP) link physical OSPF (Open Shortest Path First) open : publicly available Uses Link State algorithm LS packet dissemination Topology map at each node Route computation using Dijkstra s algorithm OSPF advertisement carries one entry per neighbor router dvertisements disseminated to entire S (via flooding) Carried in OSPF messages directly over IP (rather than TCP or UDP 4

5 OSPF advanced features (not in RIP) Security: all OSPF messages authenticated (to prevent malicious intrusion) Multiple same-cost paths allowed (only one path in RIP) For each link, multiple cost metrics for different TOS (e.g., satellite link cost set low for best effort; high for real time) Integrated uni- and multicast support: Multicast OSPF (MOSPF) uses same topology data base as OSPF Hierarchical OSPF in large domains. Hierarchical OSPF Hierarchical OSPF Two-level hierarchy: local area, backbone. Link-state advertisements only in area each nodes has detailed area topology; only know direction (shortest path) to nets in other areas. rea border routers: summarize distances to nets in own area, advertise to other rea order routers. ackbone routers: run OSPF routing limited to backbone. oundary routers: connect to other S s. Internet inter-s routing: GP GP (order Gateway Protocol): the de facto standard GP provides each S a means to: 1. Obtain subnet reachability information from neighboring Ss. 2. Propagate reachability information to all Sinternal routers. 3. Determine good routes to subnets based on reachability information and policy. allows subnet to advertise its existence to rest of Internet: I am here 5

6 GP basics Pairs of routers (GP peers) exchange routing info over semi-permanent TCP connections: GP sessions GP sessions need not correspond to physical links. When advertises a prefix to, is promising it will forward any datagrams destined to that prefix towards the prefix. can aggregate prefixes in its advertisement Distributing reachability info With egp session between and, sends prefix reachability info to. can then use igp do distribute this new prefix reach info to all routers in can then re-advertise new reachability info to over -to- egp session When router learns of new prefix, creates entry for prefix in its forwarding table. egp session egp session igp session igp session Path attributes & GP routes When advertising a prefix, advert includes GP attributes. prefix + attributes = route Two important attributes: S-PTH: contains Ss through which prefix advertisement has passed: S 67 S 17 NEXT-HOP: Indicates specific internal-s router to next-hop S. (There may be multiple links from current S to next-hop- S.) When gateway router receives route advertisement, uses import policy to accept/decline. GP route selection Router may learn about more than 1 route to some prefix. Router must select route. Elimination rules: 1. Local preference value attribute: policy decision 2. Shortest S-PTH 3. Closest NEXT-HOP router: hot potato routing 4. dditional criteria 6

7 GP messages GP messages exchanged using TCP. GP messages: OPEN: opens TCP connection to peer and authenticates sender UPDTE: advertises new path (or withdraws old) KEEPLIVE keeps connection alive in absence of UPDTES; also CKs OPEN request NOTIFICTION: reports errors in previous msg; also used to close connection W GP routing policy C Figure 4.5-GPnew: a simple GP scenario X Y legend: provider customer :,,C are provider s X,W,Y are customer (of provider s) X is dual-homed: attached to two s X does not want to route from via X to C.. so X will not advertise to a route to C W GP routing policy (2) C Figure 4.5-GPnew: a simple GP scenario X Y legend: provider customer : advertises to the path W advertises to X the path W Should advertise to C the path W? No way! gets no revenue for routing CW since neither W nor C are s customers wants to force C to route to w via wants to route only to/from its customers! Why different Intra- and Inter-S routing? Policy: Inter-S: admin wants control over how its traffic routed, who routes through its net. Intra-S: single admin, so no policy decisions needed Scale: hierarchical routing saves table size, reduced update traffic Performance: Intra-S: can focus on performance Inter-S: policy may dominate over performance 7

8 Placing routing into context 8

Based on Computer Networking, 4 th Edition by Kurose and Ross

Based on Computer Networking, 4 th Edition by Kurose and Ross Computer Networks Internet Routing Based on Computer Networking, 4 th Edition by Kurose and Ross Intra-AS Routing Also known as Interior Gateway Protocols (IGP) Most common Intra-AS routing protocols:

More information

Internet Technology. 09. Routing on the Internet. Paul Krzyzanowski. Rutgers University. Spring CS Paul Krzyzanowski

Internet Technology. 09. Routing on the Internet. Paul Krzyzanowski. Rutgers University. Spring CS Paul Krzyzanowski Internet Technology 09. Routing on the Internet Paul Krzyzanowski Rutgers University Spring 2016 March 21, 2016 CS 352 2013-2016 Paul Krzyzanowski 1 Summary Routing Enable a host to determine the next

More information

Internet Technology 3/21/2016

Internet Technology 3/21/2016 Summary Internet Technology 09. Routing on the Internet Paul Krzyzanowski Rutgers University Spring 2016 Routing Enable a host to determine the next hop on a least-cost route to a Graph traversal problem

More information

Network Layer. Abusayeed Saifullah. CS 5600 Computer Networks. These slides are adapted from Kurose and Ross

Network Layer. Abusayeed Saifullah. CS 5600 Computer Networks. These slides are adapted from Kurose and Ross Network Layer Abusayeed Saifullah CS 5600 Computer Networks These slides are adapted from Kurose and Ross IP addresses: how to get one? Q: how does network get subnet part of IP addr? A: gets allocated

More information

Advanced Networking Routing: RIP, OSPF, Hierarchical routing, BGP

Advanced Networking Routing: RIP, OSPF, Hierarchical routing, BGP Advanced Networking Routing: RIP, OSPF, Hierarchical routing, BGP Renato Lo Cigno Routing Algorithms: One or Many? Is there a single routing protocol in the Internet? How can different protocols and algorithms

More information

Network Routing: Distance Vector, Link State 4/10/2012

Network Routing: Distance Vector, Link State 4/10/2012 Network Routing: Distance Vector, Link State 4/10/2012 1 2 Admin Possibility of scheduling Exam 2 during final period Recap: Distributed Distance-Vector Simple update rule: d ( h + 1) = min ( d + d ( h))

More information

Internet inter-as routing: BGP

Internet inter-as routing: BGP Internet inter-as routing: BGP BGP (Border Gateway Protocol): the de facto standard BGP provides each AS a means to: 1. Obtain subnet reachability information from neighboring ASs. 2. Propagate the reachability

More information

Route Discovery Protocols

Route Discovery Protocols Route Discovery Protocols Columbus, OH 43210 Jain@cse.ohio-State.Edu http://www.cse.ohio-state.edu/~jain/ 1 Overview Building Routing Tables Routing Information Protocol Version 1 (RIP V1) RIP V2 OSPF

More information

Inter-domain Routing. Outline. Border Gateway Protocol

Inter-domain Routing. Outline. Border Gateway Protocol Inter-domain Routing Outline Border Gateway Protocol Internet Structure Original idea Backbone service provider Consumer ISP Large corporation Consumer ISP Small corporation Consumer ISP Consumer ISP Small

More information

Lab Course RouterLab

Lab Course RouterLab Lab Course RouterLab - Border Gateway Protocol (RFC 4271) Some of the slides come from: http://www.ietf.org/proceedings/07dec/slides/idrtut-0.pdf 1 Miscellaneous Anything that needs discussion? 2 Miscellaneous

More information

Border Gateway Protocol (BGP)

Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) Petr Grygárek rek 1 Role of Autonomous Systems on the Internet 2 Autonomous systems Not possible to maintain complete Internet topology information on all routers big database,

More information

Dynamic Routing Protocols II OSPF. Distance Vector vs. Link State Routing

Dynamic Routing Protocols II OSPF. Distance Vector vs. Link State Routing Dynamic Routing Protocols II OSPF Relates to Lab 4. This module covers link state routing and the Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) routing protocol. 1 Distance Vector vs. Link State Routing With distance

More information

CS 3251- Computer Networks 1: Routing Algorithms

CS 3251- Computer Networks 1: Routing Algorithms CS 35- Computer Networks : Routing Algorithms Professor Patrick Tranor 0//3 Lecture 3 Reminders The due date for Homework was moved to Thursda. Reason: Allow ou to attend toda s lecture. Project is still

More information

Internet Firewall CSIS 4222. Packet Filtering. Internet Firewall. Examples. Spring 2011 CSIS 4222. net15 1. Routers can implement packet filtering

Internet Firewall CSIS 4222. Packet Filtering. Internet Firewall. Examples. Spring 2011 CSIS 4222. net15 1. Routers can implement packet filtering Internet Firewall CSIS 4222 A combination of hardware and software that isolates an organization s internal network from the Internet at large Ch 27: Internet Routing Ch 30: Packet filtering & firewalls

More information

Introduction to Dynamic Routing Protocol

Introduction to Dynamic Routing Protocol Introduction to Dynamic Routing Protocol Routing Protocols and Concepts Ola Lundh Objectives Describe the role of dynamic routing protocols and place these protocols in the context of modern network design.

More information

Internet inter-as routing: BGP

Internet inter-as routing: BGP Internet inter-as routing: BGP BGP (Border Gateway Protocol): the de facto standard BGP provides each AS a means to: 1. Obtain subnet reachability information from neighboring ASs. 2. Propagate the reachability

More information

Routing Protocols (RIP, OSPF, BGP)

Routing Protocols (RIP, OSPF, BGP) Chapter 13 Routing Protocols (RIP, OSPF, BGP) INTERIOR AND EXTERIOR ROUTING RIP OSPF BGP 1 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2000 1 Introduction Packets may pass through several networks on their way to

More information

Chapter 13 Routing Protocols

Chapter 13 Routing Protocols Chapter 13 Routing Protocols Interior and Exterior Routing RIP OSPF BGP Multicast Routing 13-1 Figure 13-1 Popular routing protocols Popular routing protocols Interior Exterior RIP OSPF BGP 13-2 13-1 Figure

More information

OSPF (Open Shortest Path First)

OSPF (Open Shortest Path First) OSPF (Open Shortest Path First) Link-state based routing protocol: an Interior Gateway Protocol (IGP) for inside ASs (modified by M. Veeraraghavan) 1 What is OSPF? Open Developed by IETF IGP working group,

More information

Exterior Gateway Protocols (BGP)

Exterior Gateway Protocols (BGP) Exterior Gateway Protocols (BGP) Internet Structure Large ISP Large ISP Stub Dial-Up ISP Small ISP Stub Stub Stub Autonomous Systems (AS) Internet is not a single network! The Internet is a collection

More information

CSE331: Introduction to Networks and Security. Lecture 8 Fall 2006

CSE331: Introduction to Networks and Security. Lecture 8 Fall 2006 CSE331: Introduction to Networks and Security Lecture 8 Fall 2006 Announcements Reminders: Project I is due on Monday, Sept. 25th. Homework 1 is due on Friday, Sept. 29th. CSE331 Fall 2004 2 Internet Protocol

More information

OSPF Version 2 (RFC 2328) Describes Autonomous Systems (AS) topology. Propagated by flooding: Link State Advertisements (LSAs).

OSPF Version 2 (RFC 2328) Describes Autonomous Systems (AS) topology. Propagated by flooding: Link State Advertisements (LSAs). OSPF Version 2 (RFC 2328) Interior gateway protocol (IGP). Routers maintain link-state database. Describes Autonomous Systems (AS) topology. Propagated by flooding: Link State Advertisements (LSAs). Router

More information

Datagram-based network layer: forwarding; routing. Additional function of VCbased network layer: call setup.

Datagram-based network layer: forwarding; routing. Additional function of VCbased network layer: call setup. CEN 007C Computer Networks Fundamentals Instructor: Prof. A. Helmy Homework : Network Layer Assigned: Nov. 28 th, 2011. Due Date: Dec 8 th, 2011 (to the TA) 1. ( points) What are the 2 most important network-layer

More information

Module 7. Routing and Congestion Control. Version 2 CSE IIT, Kharagpur

Module 7. Routing and Congestion Control. Version 2 CSE IIT, Kharagpur Module 7 Routing and Congestion Control Lesson 4 Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) Specific Instructional Objectives On completion of this lesson, the students will be able to: Explain the operation of the

More information

Lecture (05) OSPF. By: Dr. Ahmed ElShafee. Dr. Ahmed ElShafee, ACU : Fall 2016, Practical App. Networks II

Lecture (05) OSPF. By: Dr. Ahmed ElShafee. Dr. Ahmed ElShafee, ACU : Fall 2016, Practical App. Networks II Lecture (05) OSPF By: Dr. Ahmed ElShafee ١ Dr. Ahmed ElShafee, ACU : Fall 2016, Practical App. Networks II Overview OSPF is an interior gateway protocol and a classless link state routing protocol. Because

More information

OSPF: Open Shortest Path First

OSPF: Open Shortest Path First OSPF: Open Shortest Path First 1 Figure 13-18 Areas in an autonomous system 2 Figure 13-19 Types of links 3 Figure 13-20 Point-to-point link 4 Figure 13-21 Transient link 5 Figure 13-22 Stub link 6 Figure

More information

Outline. Internet Routing. Alleviating the Problem. DV Algorithm. Routing Information Protocol (RIP) Link State Routing. Routing algorithms

Outline. Internet Routing. Alleviating the Problem. DV Algorithm. Routing Information Protocol (RIP) Link State Routing. Routing algorithms Outline Internet Routing Venkat Padmanabhan Microsoft Research 9 pril 2001 Routing algorithms distance-vector (DV) link-state (LS) Internet Routing border gateway protocol (BGP) BGP convergence paper Venkat

More information

OSPF -Open Shortest Path First

OSPF -Open Shortest Path First OSPF -Open Shortest Path First Abstract: This report discusses about the OSPF protocol, its advantages, some issues faced while designing large OSPF networks. Keywords: Internal Gateway Protocol (IGP),

More information

GregSowell.com. Mikrotik Routing

GregSowell.com. Mikrotik Routing Mikrotik Routing Static Dynamic Routing To Be Discussed RIP Quick Discussion OSPF BGP What is Routing Wikipedia has a very lengthy explanation http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/routing In the context of this

More information

IP Routing Protocols. Routing Principles

IP Routing Protocols. Routing Principles IP Routing Protocols Routing is one of the most important functions of IP. Routing process (routing daemon) is a software program running on a host (the router). e.g. routd in Unix. This lecture is concerned

More information

Introduction to TCP/IP

Introduction to TCP/IP Introduction to TCP/IP Raj Jain The Ohio State University Columbus, OH 43210 Nayna Networks Milpitas, CA 95035 Email: Jain@ACM.Org http://www.cis.ohio-state.edu/~jain/ 1 Overview! Internetworking Protocol

More information

Open Shortest Path First

Open Shortest Path First 46 CHAPTER Chapter Goals Discuss the use of autonomous systems. Describe the use of the Sorts Path First algorithm. Discuss the additional features of OSPF. Background (OSPF) is a routing protocol developed

More information

Routing with OSPF. Introduction

Routing with OSPF. Introduction Routing with OSPF Introduction The capabilities of an internet are largely determined by its routing protocol. An internet's scalability, its ability to quickly route around failures, and the consumption

More information

IP Addressing. and Routing. Prepared by : Swapan Purkait Director. Nettech Private Ltd. swapan@nettech.in + 91 93315 90003

IP Addressing. and Routing. Prepared by : Swapan Purkait Director. Nettech Private Ltd. swapan@nettech.in + 91 93315 90003 For Summer Training on Computer Networking visit IP Addressing Prepared by : Swapan Purkait Director Nettech Private Limited swapan@nettech.in + 91 93315 90003 and Routing IP Addresses Basic IP Addressing

More information

Active measurements: networks. Prof. Anja Feldmann, Ph.D. Dr. Nikolaos Chatzis Georgios Smaragdakis, Ph.D.

Active measurements: networks. Prof. Anja Feldmann, Ph.D. Dr. Nikolaos Chatzis Georgios Smaragdakis, Ph.D. Active measurements: networks Prof. Anja Feldmann, Ph.D. Dr. Nikolaos Chatzis Georgios Smaragdakis, Ph.D. Outline Organization of Internet routing Types of domains Intra- and inter-domain routing Intra-domain

More information

Intra-domain routing. CS 640: Introduction to Computer Networks. Inter-domain Routing: Hierarchy. Aditya Akella

Intra-domain routing. CS 640: Introduction to Computer Networks. Inter-domain Routing: Hierarchy. Aditya Akella CS 640: Introduction to Computer Networks Aditya Akella Lecture 11 - Inter-Domain Routing - BGP (Border Gateway Protocol) Intra-domain routing The Story So Far Routing protocols generate the forwarding

More information

OSPF (Open Shortest Path First)

OSPF (Open Shortest Path First) OSPF (Open Shortest Path First) Open : specification publicly available RFC 1247, RFC 2328 Working group formed in 1988 Goals: Large, heterogeneous internetworks Uses the Link State algorithm Topology

More information

Border Gateway Protocol (BGP-4)

Border Gateway Protocol (BGP-4) Vanguard Applications Ware IP and LAN Feature Protocols Border Gateway Protocol (BGP-4) Notice 2008 Vanguard Networks 25 Forbes Blvd Foxboro, MA 02035 Phone: (508) 964 6200 Fax: (508) 543 0237 All rights

More information

Masterkurs Rechnernetze IN2097

Masterkurs Rechnernetze IN2097 Masterkurs Rechnernetze IN2097 Advanced computer networking Internet Protocols Prof. Dr.-Ing. Georg Carle, Wolfgang Mühlbauer Chair for Network Architectures and Services Computer Science Department Technical

More information

Outline. EE 122: Interdomain Routing Protocol (BGP) BGP Routing. Internet is more complicated... Ion Stoica TAs: Junda Liu, DK Moon, David Zats

Outline. EE 122: Interdomain Routing Protocol (BGP) BGP Routing. Internet is more complicated... Ion Stoica TAs: Junda Liu, DK Moon, David Zats Outline EE 22: Interdomain Routing Protocol (BGP) Ion Stoica TAs: Junda Liu, DK Moon, David Zats http://inst.eecs.berkeley.edu/~ee22/fa9 (Materials with thanks to Vern Paxson, Jennifer Rexford, and colleagues

More information

Inter-domain Routing Basics. Border Gateway Protocol. Inter-domain Routing Basics. Inter-domain Routing Basics. Exterior routing protocols created to:

Inter-domain Routing Basics. Border Gateway Protocol. Inter-domain Routing Basics. Inter-domain Routing Basics. Exterior routing protocols created to: Border Gateway Protocol Exterior routing protocols created to: control the expansion of routing tables provide a structured view of the Internet by segregating routing domains into separate administrations

More information

Link-State Routing Protocols

Link-State Routing Protocols Link-State Routing Protocols Malin Bornhager Halmstad University Session Number 2002, Svenska-CNAP Halmstad University 1 Objectives Link-state routing protocol Single-area OSPF concepts Single-area OSPF

More information

Question 1. [7 points] Consider the following scenario and assume host H s routing table is the one given below:

Question 1. [7 points] Consider the following scenario and assume host H s routing table is the one given below: Computer Networks II Master degree in Computer Engineering Exam session: 11/02/2009 Teacher: Emiliano Trevisani Last name First name Student Identification number You are only allowed to use a pen and

More information

Routing in Small Networks. Internet Routing Overview. Agenda. Routing in Large Networks

Routing in Small Networks. Internet Routing Overview. Agenda. Routing in Large Networks Routing in Small Networks Internet Routing Overview AS, IGP,, BGP in small networks distance vector or link state protocols like RIP or OSPF can be used for dynamic routing it is possible that every router

More information

Layer 3 Routing User s Manual

Layer 3 Routing User s Manual User s Manual Second Edition, July 2011 www.moxa.com/product 2011 Moxa Inc. All rights reserved. User s Manual The software described in this manual is furnished under a license agreement and may be used

More information

Notes Odom, Chapter 14 Routing Protocol Concepts and Configuration Flashcards Set:

Notes Odom, Chapter 14 Routing Protocol Concepts and Configuration Flashcards Set: EDTECH 552 (SP11) Susan Ferdon Notes Odom, Chapter 14 Routing Protocol Concepts and Configuration Flashcards Set: http://www.flashcardmachine.com/1335840/i84t network route route metrics static route default

More information

Network layer: Overview. Network layer functions IP Routing and forwarding

Network layer: Overview. Network layer functions IP Routing and forwarding Network layer: Overview Network layer functions IP Routing and forwarding 1 Network layer functions Transport packet from sending to receiving hosts Network layer protocols in every host, router application

More information

6.263 Data Communication Networks

6.263 Data Communication Networks 6.6 Data Communication Networks Lecture : Internet Routing (some slides are taken from I. Stoica and N. Mckewon & T. Griffin) Dina Katabi dk@mit.edu www.nms.csail.mit.edu/~dina Books Text Book Data Communication

More information

Internet Routing Overview

Internet Routing Overview Internet Routing Overview AS, IGP,, BGP Agenda Routing at Large Types of Autonomous Systems -2 Introduction BGP Internet Routing Overview, v4.5 2 Page 45-1 Routing in Small Networks in small networks distance

More information

Chapter 10 Link-State Routing Protocols

Chapter 10 Link-State Routing Protocols Chapter 10 Link-State Routing Protocols CCNA2-1 Chapter 10 Note for Instructors These presentations are the result of a collaboration among the instructors at St. Clair College in Windsor, Ontario. Thanks

More information

Introduction to Dynamic Routing Protocols

Introduction to Dynamic Routing Protocols CHAPTER 3 Introduction to Dynamic Routing Protocols Objectives Upon completion of this chapter, you should be able to answer the following questions: Can you describe the role of dynamic routing protocols

More information

Lecture 11: Interdomain Routing

Lecture 11: Interdomain Routing Lecture 11: Interdomain Routing CSE 123: Computer Networks Stefan Savage Midterm on Thursday Midterm reminder Covers everything through Lecture 10 (link state routing) All associated assigned readings

More information

Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP)

Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) SFWR 4C03: Computer Networks & Computer Security Jan 31-Feb 4, 2005 Lecturer: Kartik Krishnan Lecture 13-16 Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) The operation of the Internet is closely monitored by

More information

Border Gateway Protocol BGP4 (2)

Border Gateway Protocol BGP4 (2) Border Gateway Protocol BGP4 (2) Professor Richard Harris School of Engineering and Advanced Technology (SEAT) Presentation Outline Border Gateway Protocol - Continued Computer Networks - 1/2 Learning

More information

Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP):

Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP): SFWR 4C03: Computer Networks and Computer Security January 6-9 004 Lecturer: Kartik Krishnan Lectures 10-1 Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP): The operation of the Internet is closely monitored by

More information

CS551 External v.s. Internal BGP

CS551 External v.s. Internal BGP CS551 External v.s. Internal BGP Bill Cheng http://merlot.usc.edu/cs551-f12 1 Exterior vs. Interior World vs. me EGP vs. IGP Little control vs. complete administrative control BGP (and GGP, Hello, EGP)

More information

Cisco BGP Case Studies

Cisco BGP Case Studies Table of Contents BGP Case Studies...1 BGP4 Case Studies Section 1...3 Contents...3 Introduction...3 How Does BGP Work?...3 ebgp and ibgp...3 Enabling BGP Routing...4 Forming BGP Neighbors...4 BGP and

More information

Link State Routing. Link State Packets. Link State Protocol. Link State Protocols Basic ideas Problems and pitfalls

Link State Routing. Link State Packets. Link State Protocol. Link State Protocols Basic ideas Problems and pitfalls Link State Routing In particular OSPF dr. C. P. J. Koymans Informatics Institute University of Amsterdam (version 1.2, 2010/03/02 13:33:33) Monday, March 1, 2010 Link State Protocols Basic ideas Problems

More information

Building Scalable Cisco Networks Routing 2.0

Building Scalable Cisco Networks Routing 2.0 640-503 Building Scalable Cisco Networks Routing 2.0 Version 1-1 - Important Note Please Read Carefully This product will provide you questions and answers along with detailed explanations carefully compiled

More information

OSPF Routing Protocol

OSPF Routing Protocol OSPF Routing Protocol Contents Introduction Network Architecture Campus Design Architecture Building Block Design Server Farm Design Core Block Design WAN Design Architecture Protocol Design Campus Design

More information

Internetworking and Internet-1. Global Addresses

Internetworking and Internet-1. Global Addresses Internetworking and Internet Global Addresses IP servcie model has two parts Datagram (connectionless) packet delivery model Global addressing scheme awaytoidentifyall H in the internetwork Properties

More information

basic BGP in Huawei CLI

basic BGP in Huawei CLI basic BGP in Huawei CLI BGP stands for Border Gateway Protocol. It is widely used among Internet Service Providers to make core routing decisions on the Internet. The current BGP version is BGP-4 defined

More information

The Internet. Internet Technologies and Applications

The Internet. Internet Technologies and Applications The Internet Internet Technologies and Applications Aim and Contents Aim: Review the main concepts and technologies used in the Internet Describe the real structure of the Internet today Contents: Internetworking

More information

14. Intra-Domain Routing

14. Intra-Domain Routing 4. Intra-Domain Routing n Distance vector routing RIP n Link-state routing OSPF Jon Turner slides adapted from Kurose and Ross Routing vs Forwarding routing algorithm local forwarding table prefix out/nh..0.0/6..3.0/4

More information

Router and Routing Basics

Router and Routing Basics Router and Routing Basics Malin Bornhager Halmstad University Session Number 2002, Svenska-CNAP Halmstad University 1 Routing Protocols and Concepts CCNA2 Routing and packet forwarding Static routing Dynamic

More information

BGP. EE 122, Fall 2013 Sylvia Ratnasamy

BGP. EE 122, Fall 2013 Sylvia Ratnasamy BGP EE 122, Fall 2013 Sylvia Ratnasamy http://inst.eecs.berkeley.edu/~ee122/ Material thanks to Ion Stoica, Scott Shenker, Jennifer Rexford, and many other colleagues BGP: The story so far l Destinations

More information

Layer 3 Routing User s Manual (UI 2.0)

Layer 3 Routing User s Manual (UI 2.0) Layer 3 Routing User s Manual (UI 2.0) Second Edition, June 2015 www.moxa.com/product Models covered by this manual: IKS-G6824A, ICS-G7826A, ICS-G7828A, ICS-G7848A, ICS-G7850A, ICS-G7852A Series 2015 Moxa

More information

IP Addressing and Routing

IP Addressing and Routing IP Addressing and Routing 1 Basic IP Addressing Each host connected to the Internet is identified by a unique IP address. An IP address is a 32-bit quantity. Expressed as a dotted-decimal notation W.X.Y.Z.

More information

CSC458 Lecture 6. Homework #1 Grades. Inter-domain Routing IP Addressing. Administrivia. Midterm will Cover Following Topics

CSC458 Lecture 6. Homework #1 Grades. Inter-domain Routing IP Addressing. Administrivia. Midterm will Cover Following Topics CSC458 Lecture 6 Inter-domain Routing IP Addressing Stefan Saroiu http://www.cs.toronto.edu/syslab/courses/csc458 University of Toronto at Mississauga Homework #1 Grades Fraction of Students 100 80 60

More information

Performance Analysis of Interior Gateway Protocols

Performance Analysis of Interior Gateway Protocols pp. 59-63 Krishi Sanskriti Publications http://www.krishisanskriti.org/areee.html Performance Analysis of Interior Gateway Protocols Sukhkirandeep Kaur 1, Roohie Naaz Mir 2 1 Student, C.S.E Deptt., NIT

More information

Unicast Routing Protocols (RIP, OSPF, and BGP)

Unicast Routing Protocols (RIP, OSPF, and BGP) CHAPTER 4 Unicast Routing Protocols (RIP, OSPF, and BGP) Exercises. RIP is an intradomain routing protocol that enables routers to update their routing tables within an autonomous system.. A RIP message

More information

Ausgewählte Kapitel der Rechnernetze

Ausgewählte Kapitel der Rechnernetze Ausgewählte Kapitel der Rechnernetze Komplexe, große Internetze bauen Routing Routing-Protokolle Distance-Vector Link-State Goal: Build Large Networks How to implement a Very Large Network? Flooding clearly

More information

CS335 Sample Questions for Exam #2

CS335 Sample Questions for Exam #2 CS335 Sample Questions for Exam #2.) Compare connection-oriented with connectionless protocols. What type of protocol is IP? How about TCP and UDP? Connection-oriented protocols Require a setup time to

More information

Routing Basics. Chapter Goals. What Is Routing? CHAPTER

Routing Basics. Chapter Goals. What Is Routing? CHAPTER CHAPTER 5 Chapter Goals Learn the basics of routing protocols Learn the differences between link-state and distance vector routing protocols Learn about the metrics used by routing protocols to determine

More information

BGP Terminology, Concepts, and Operation. Chapter 6 2007 2010, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Public

BGP Terminology, Concepts, and Operation. Chapter 6 2007 2010, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Public BGP Terminology, Concepts, and Operation 1 IGP versus EGP Interior gateway protocol (IGP) A routing protocol operating within an Autonomous System (AS). RIP, OSPF, and EIGRP are IGPs. Exterior gateway

More information

BGP Router Startup Message Flow

BGP Router Startup Message Flow LEG: Brief BGP Router Startup Message Flow This sequence diagram was generated with EventStudio System Designer (http://www.eventhelix.com/eventstudio). The Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) is an inter-autonomous

More information

Using the Border Gateway Protocol for Interdomain Routing

Using the Border Gateway Protocol for Interdomain Routing CHAPTER 12 Using the Border Gateway Protocol for Interdomain Routing The Border Gateway Protocol (BGP), defined in RFC 1771, provides loop-free interdomain routing between autonomous systems. (An autonomous

More information

LAB FOUR Dynamic Routing Protocols

LAB FOUR Dynamic Routing Protocols LAB FOUR Dynamic Routing Protocols In the previous lab, you learned how to configure routing table entries manually. This was referred to as static routing. The topic of Lab 4 is dynamic routing, where

More information

BGP. 1. Internet Routing

BGP. 1. Internet Routing BGP 1. Internet Routing (C) Herbert Haas 2005/03/11 1 Internet Routing Interior Gateway Protocols (IGPs) not suitable for Inter-ISP routing Technical metrics only No policy features Inter-ISP routing is

More information

Advanced IP Networking Series: Routing The Network of Networks Wayne M. Pecena, CPBE, CBNE

Advanced IP Networking Series: Routing The Network of Networks Wayne M. Pecena, CPBE, CBNE Advanced IP Networking Series: Routing The Network of Networks Wayne M. Pecena, CPBE, CBNE Texas A&M University Office of Information Technology Educational Broadcast Services Advanced IP Networking Series:

More information

Link State Routing. In particular OSPF (Open Shortest Path First)

Link State Routing. In particular OSPF (Open Shortest Path First) Link State Routing In particular OSPF (Open Shortest Path First) Link State Protocol Complete information about network topology Uses Dijkstra s Shortest Path Tree algorithm Replaces RIP for more complex

More information

Understanding Virtual Router and Virtual Systems

Understanding Virtual Router and Virtual Systems Understanding Virtual Router and Virtual Systems PAN- OS 6.0 Humair Ali Professional Services Content Table of Contents VIRTUAL ROUTER... 5 CONNECTED... 8 STATIC ROUTING... 9 OSPF... 11 BGP... 17 IMPORT

More information

BGP overview BGP operations BGP messages BGP decision algorithm BGP states

BGP overview BGP operations BGP messages BGP decision algorithm BGP states BGP overview BGP operations BGP messages BGP decision algorithm BGP states 1 BGP overview Currently in version 4. InterAS (or Interdomain) routing protocol for exchanging network reachability information

More information

The OSPF Primer Edited by J. Scott, 2007 Page 1 of 21

The OSPF Primer Edited by J. Scott, 2007 Page 1 of 21 The OSPF Primer Edited by J. Scott, 2007 Page 1 of 21 An OSPF Primer, edited from the Web by J. Scott, Feb 2007 Introduction to OSPF Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) routing protocol is a Link State protocol

More information

Computer Networks Administration Help Manual Sana Saadaoui Jemai Oliver Wellnitz

Computer Networks Administration Help Manual Sana Saadaoui Jemai Oliver Wellnitz Technische Universität Braunschweig Institut für Betriebssysteme und Rechnerverbund Computer Networks Administration Help Manual Sana Saadaoui Jemai Oliver Wellnitz Braunschweig, 27 th March 2007 Contents

More information

Edges = communication links Vertices = computers, switches, routers, etc. For packet inbound at a particular vertex, determine what output edge to use

Edges = communication links Vertices = computers, switches, routers, etc. For packet inbound at a particular vertex, determine what output edge to use IP Routing Networks as Graphs Networks are graphs Edges = communication links Vertices = computers, switches, routers, etc For packet inbound at a particular vertex, determine what output edge to use Routers

More information

Interior Gateway Protocols (RIP and OSPF)

Interior Gateway Protocols (RIP and OSPF) Interior Gateway Protocols (RIP, OSPF) Interior Gateway Protocols (RIP and OSPF) What is Routing? To ensure information is delivered to the correct destination at a reasonable level of performance Forwarding

More information

Distance Vector Routing Protocols. Routing Protocols and Concepts Ola Lundh

Distance Vector Routing Protocols. Routing Protocols and Concepts Ola Lundh Distance Vector Routing Protocols Routing Protocols and Concepts Ola Lundh Objectives The characteristics of distance vector routing protocols. The network discovery process of distance vector routing

More information

Would normally be due in a week, but there is no school next Wed so it ll be due Nov 16 th instead

Would normally be due in a week, but there is no school next Wed so it ll be due Nov 16 th instead CSE 123 Computer Networks Fall 2009 Lecture 9 Internet Routing: Link State Algorithms and Inter-domain Routing Assignments HW #2 is out Would normally be due in a week, but there is no school next Wed

More information

CS 457 Lecture 17 Global Internet. Fall 2011

CS 457 Lecture 17 Global Internet. Fall 2011 CS 457 Lecture 17 Global Internet Fall 2011 Distance Vector: Poison Reverse If Z routes through Y to get to X : Z tells Y its (Z s) distance to X is infinite (so Y won t route to X via Z) Still, can have

More information

Evolution of QoS routing in the Internet

Evolution of QoS routing in the Internet Evolution of QoS routing in the Internet Olivier Bonaventure Dept. Computing Science and Engineering Université catholique de Louvain http://www.info.ucl.ac.be/people/obo June 4th, 2004 Page 1 Agenda Routing

More information

O 10.16.1.0/27 [110/129] via 192.168.1.5, 00:00:05, Serial0/0/1

O 10.16.1.0/27 [110/129] via 192.168.1.5, 00:00:05, Serial0/0/1 1 Which two statements are true regarding the advantages of the use of static routes? (Choose increased security reduced effort in configuring routes the administrator maintains control over routing easier

More information

Can Forwarding Loops Appear when Activating ibgp Multipath Load Sharing?

Can Forwarding Loops Appear when Activating ibgp Multipath Load Sharing? Can Forwarding Loops Appear when Activating ibgp Multipath Load Sharing? Simon Balon and Guy Leduc Research Unit in Networking EECS Department- University of Liège (ULg) Institut Montefiore, B28 - B-4000

More information

CSE 123b Communications Software

CSE 123b Communications Software CSE 123b Communications Software Spring 2004 Lecture 6: Link-state & Interdomain Routing Stefan Savage Last class Routing: how to gets packets to their destination Forwarding: local calculation to decide

More information

APNIC elearning: BGP Basics. Contact: training@apnic.net. erou03_v1.0

APNIC elearning: BGP Basics. Contact: training@apnic.net. erou03_v1.0 erou03_v1.0 APNIC elearning: BGP Basics Contact: training@apnic.net Overview What is BGP? BGP Features Path Vector Routing Protocol Peering and Transit BGP General Operation BGP Terminology BGP Attributes

More information

Dove siamo? Architecture of Dynamic Routing

Dove siamo? Architecture of Dynamic Routing Dove siamo? Algoritmi di routing Protocolli di routing» Intra dominio (IGP)» Inter dominio (EGP) Le slides relative a questo argomenti sono tratte da Interdomain Routing and The Border Gateway Protocol

More information

Routing Protocol - BGP

Routing Protocol - BGP Routing Protocol - BGP BGP Enterprise Network BGP ISP AS 3000 AS 2000 BGP is using between Autonomous Systems BGP(cont.) RFC 1771(BGPv4) Support CIDR Transfer the AS information to reach destination Using

More information

Network layer functions. Chapter 4 Network Layer. Connection setup. Interplay between routing and forwarding

Network layer functions. Chapter 4 Network Layer. Connection setup. Interplay between routing and forwarding Network laer functions Chapter 4 Network Laer transport packet from sending to receiving hosts laer entit in ever host, router functions: path determination: route taken b packets from source to dest.

More information

Administrative Distance

Administrative Distance RIP is a distance vector routing protocol. It shares routing information through the local broadcast in every 30 seconds. In this tutorial we will explain RIP routing fundamentals with examples such as

More information

Objectives. Introduction. Classful IP Addressing. IPv4 Classful Addressing Structure (RFC 790)

Objectives. Introduction. Classful IP Addressing. IPv4 Classful Addressing Structure (RFC 790) 1 Objectives VLSM and CIDR Routing Protocols and Concepts Chapters 6 and 7 Compare and contrast classful and classless IP addressing. Review VLSM and explain the benefits of classless IP addressing. Describe

More information