Economic Assessment Report of Henderson County NC

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1 EconomicAssessmentReport ofhendersoncountync September2015 Preparedfor: HendersonCountyBoardofCommissioners

2 Contents Introduction...3 Highlights...4 Demographics...7 PopulationTrends...7 PopulationCharacteristics...9 Income & Average Wage...13 Employment...17 WorkerFlows...17 LaborForceParticipation...18 TotalEmployment...18 BusinessEmployment&Wages...21 WorkforceDemographics...31 JobDemand...32 Business-Personal Property Values by Industry...35 Assessment of Key Economic Activities...38 Manufacturing...39 HealthCare...40 AgriBusiness...41 Tourism...43 AnnualPopulationInMigration...44 SummaryofEconomicImpacts...47 EstimatedTaxImpacts...48 StrategicImplications...50 Appendix...51 Firm Profile...52 EconomicAssessmentReportofHendersonCountyNCPage2of52

3 Introduction The Economic Assessment Report of Henderson County is an objective analysis of the characteristics and trends of the County economy.thereportisdesignedtosupportknowledgeabledecision making. Key Economic Activities & Impactshow does five of the County s major activities impact the economy, and how do they each comparetooneanother? Thereportispresentedinfivemainsections.Eachsectiontakesan indepth examination of a particular facet of the economy, yet recognizesthatthereisasignificantamountofoverlapbetweenthe facets. Thefivesections: DemographicswhoisHendersonCounty?Whataretheimportant populationtrendsandcharacteristicsofcountyresidents? Income&AverageWagehowhastheCounty sincomeandaverage wagegrown,andhowdoesthatgrowthcomparetothestateand nation? Employmentwhere do County residents work and how much are they paid? Where are new jobs being added? In what areas does thecountyspecialize? BusinessPersonalPropertyValuesbyIndustry whatarethefiscal contributionsofindustrysectorsinthecounty? EconomicAssessmentReportofHendersonCountyNCPage3of52

4 Highlights Demographics HendersonCountyhasexperiencedunbrokenpopulation growthforoverfourdecades,andisprojectedtocontinuea similartrendforatleastthenextfifteenyears. Netpopulationgrowthisdrivenentirelyfrominmigration; primarilyfromwithintheu.s. HendersonCounty smedianageat46.1yearsis8.3yearsabove thestateand8.7yearsabovethenation. Relativetothestateandnation,theCountyisunder representedinagegroupsbelowage50,andoverrepresented inagegroups59andabove. Despitenewresidentsincludingarelativelyhigherproportionof olderpersons,morethanhalfofthecounty snewresidentsare undertheageof35. LevelsofeducationalattainmentofHendersonCounty s residentpopulationcloselymatchlevelsinthestateandnation. Income & Average Wage At$38,611,percapitaincomeintheCountyisonparwiththe statewidefigure,yet16percentbelowthenation. After adjusting for inflation, per capita income increased by $1,784or6.2percentoverthelasttenyears.Thenetincreaseis 1.3percentagepointsgreaterthanthestatewideincrease,but lagsthenationbytwopercent. Personalgovernmenttransfers,namelySocialSecurityand Medicare,areplayingagreaterroleintheCounty stotal income,presentlyaccountingfor24percentofallincome. Asof2013,Henderson scounty saverageannualwageequaled $35,929;24percentbelowthestateand39percentbelowthe nation. Afteradjustingforinflation,theCounty saverageannualwage hasdecreasedby$764or2.6percentoverthelasttenyears. Employment TotalEmployment Asof2013,moreofHendersonCounty sresidentworkersout commuted for employment than worked in the County. Additionally, nonresident incommuting workers outnumbered residentworkersemployedinthecounty. As of 2013,55.3 percent of Henderson Countyresidents were either employed or looking for a job. The proportion is 7.8 percentage points below the state, and 8.5 percentage points belowthenation TotalemploymentintheCountypeakedin2008andis presentlystill2,101jobsor5.7percentlower. TheunemploymentrateinHendersonCountyaveraged4.6 percentoverthelasttwelvemonths,whichismorethana percentagepointbelowthestateandnation.theratehasbeen steadilydecliningsinceapeakinearly2010. EconomicAssessmentReportofHendersonCountyNCPage4of52

5 BusinessEmployment&IndustryWages In terms of size, four businesses are dominant in Henderson County seconomy,togethertheyaccountfor57percentofall jobs: o HealthCare5,843jobs,17percent o Manufacturing5,312jobs,15percent o RetailTrade4,932jobs,14percent o Accommodations&FoodServices3,886jobs,11percent. Sixmajorbusinesstypesarelocallyspecialized;havingahigh relativeconcentrationofemployment.inorderof specialization: o AgricultureSupport o Manufacturing o RetailTrade o Accommodations&FoodService o Arts,Entertainment&Recreation o HealthCare Overthelastfiveyearsjobgrowthhasbeenledby Accommodations&FoodServices,adding484jobs,up14 percent,andresponsibleforonequarterofthecounty sjob creation. OthermajorjobcreatorsareHealthCareup420jobs,and Manufacturingup256jobs Ofthethreelargestjobcreators;theaverageweeklywagein Accommodations&FoodServicesis56percentbelowtheCounty average.bothhealthcareandmanufacturinghavewagesabove thecountyaverage;42and23percentaboverespectively. Among22occupationalgroupsinHendersonCounty,seven groupshaveahighdegreeoflocalspecialization,generally mirroringindustryspecialization.thetopfourinorderof specialization: o Farming&Forestry o Healthcare o Production o FoodPreparation&Serving WorkforceDemographics Therecessionseverelyimpactedmaleemploymentinthe County,withlossesmorethandoublethoseexperiencedby females.since2011jobgainsbymaleshaveoutpacedfemale gains,buttherelativeproportionremainshistoricallylow. Netemploymentgainshavebeenledentirelybyworkersover theageof55inhendersoncounty. Overthelasttenyears,workerswithalevelofeducationof SomecollegeorAssociatedegreehasovertakenworkerswitha Highschooldegreetocomprisethesinglelargestemployed educationalcategoryinthecounty. JobDemand TheHealthCareandRetailbusinessescomprisedoverhalfofall onlineadvertisedjobsforhendersoncounty;31and21percent respectively.manufacturingcomprisedfourpercentofopenings. FiftyeightpercentofallonlineadvertisedjobsrequiredaHigh schooldiplomaorequivalentorless.positionsrequiringa Bachelor'sdegreecomprisedthirteenpercent. Amongthetop33advertisedoccupations,twelverequiredpost secondaryeducation,andofthosetwodidnothaveexistingarea programs;physiciansandoccupationaltherapists. EconomicAssessmentReportofHendersonCountyNCPage5of52

6 Key Economic Activities & Impacts BusinessPersonalPropertyValuesbyIndustry The Manufacturing sector accounted for $606.3 million, or 60.7 percent of total FY 2015 BusinessPersonal Property value in the County.Nootherindustryaccountedformorethanfivepercentof thetotal. A comparison of the oneyear change in total BusinessPersonal PropertyvaluesfromFY2014showsManufacturingresponsiblefor anincreaseof$79.6million;nearlydoublethetotalincreasefrom the remaining sixteen industry sectors that experienced growth. Twosectors,RetailTradeandFinance&Insurance,declinedintotal BusinessPersonalPropertyvalueovertheperiod. KeyEconomicActivities&IndividualEconomicImpacts Five key Henderson County economic activities were analyzed independentlyandmeasuredfortheirfulllocaleconomicimpacts. Together the analyses provide a unique means to objectively comparetheeconomicimpactsofeachactivity.theresultsprovide astraightforwardandquantifiablebenchmarkfromwhichtovalue the economic contributions of each activity specifically to HendersonCounty. Assummaryofresults: Jobs WeeklyWage (weighted) Direct Supported Total Direct Supported Average Manufacturing 5,669 4,652 10,321 $965 $711 $850 HealthCare 5,843 3,070 8,913 $852 $634 $777 Agribusiness 2,923 1,349 4,272 $515 $644 $556 Tourism 2, ,173 $367 $634 $423 InMigration(annual) $672 $623 $657 In terms of total tax dollars generated, Manufacturing has the greatest impact, with a total annual estimated contribution of $267.9 million; $122.4 million in State & Local taxes and $145.5 millioninfederaltaxes.healthcarehasthesecondlargesttotaltax contribution of $135.1 million, followed by AgriBusiness at $66.5 millionandtourismat$32.9million.inmigrationcontributes$6.7 millionintaxesannually. As a proportion of the total estimated taxes generated by HendersonCounty seconomy,manufacturingisthetopcontributor amongthefivekeyactivities;responsiblefor26percentofthetotal; andnearlyathirdofallstate&localtaxes. Manufacturing activitiescontributesthemosttotalandsupported jobs,hasthehighestwagesbothdirectandsupported,andhasthe top job multiplier. Health Care, Agribusiness, and inmigration all sharethesamejobmultiplier;0.5.supportedjobwagesarehigher thandirectjobwagesinbothagribusinessandtourism. EconomicAssessmentReportofHendersonCountyNCPage6of52

7 Demographics TheDemographicssectionlooksatwhoHendersonCountyis.The sectionexaminesimportantpopulationtrendsandcharacteristicsof Countyresidents. PopulationTrends According to the US Census Bureau, as of 2014 the population of HendersonCountytotaled111,149.Thisrepresentsanincreaseof 1,618 persons over 2013; but more significantly continues an unbrokenstreamofyearlypopulationgrowthdatingbacktoatleast 1970 (Figure 1), the year in which annual population figures first began to be published. Of North Carolina 100 counties, only 18 othershaveexperiencedasimilartrendofuninterruptedpopulation growth over the preceding 44 years. Unsurprisingly, the North Carolina Office of State Budget and Management (NCOSBM) projects population growth in the County to continue at a similar trendforthenext15years. HendersonCounty s2014annualrateofpopulationgrowthreached 1.5 percent in 2014; outpacing both the state (1.0%) and nation (0.7%). Following the most recent recession (ending in mid2009), the County s rate of population growth dropped to a low of 0.6 percent in 2012, but has climbed in the two subsequent years (Figure2).TheCountyexperiencedaprerecessionpeakin2006at 2.5percent;thehighestgrowthratesince1997.Overthelastten yearstherateofpopulationgrowthhasaveraged1.5percent(table 1).NCOSBMprojectspopulationgrowthtocontinueatanaverage annualpaceof0.9percentforthenext15years. Figure1 HendersonCounty TotalPopulation 130, , , ,000 90,000 80,000 70,000 60,000 50,000 40, Source:U.S.CensusBureau,NCOfficeofStateBudgetandManagement Figure2 AnnualPopulationGrowthRates 3.0% 2.5% 2.0% 1.5% 1.0% 0.5% 0.0% Source:U.S.CensusBureau Projected Henderson NorthCarolina Nation EconomicAssessmentReportofHendersonCountyNCPage7of52

8 Table1 AnnualPopulationGrowthRates 2014 Population 10year Average Rate 5year Average Rate 15year Projected Average Rate Henderson 111, % 1.0% 0.9% NorthCarolina 9.9mil 1.5% 1.0% 1.0% Nation 318.8mil 0.9% 0.8% 0.8% Source:U.S.CensusBureau,NCOfficeofStateBudgetandManagement Population change is derived from three sources: natural (births overdeaths),domesticandinternationalmigration.overthemost recent2010to2014periodhendersoncounty spopulationgrowth wasdueoverwhelminglytonet domesticinmigration; 91 percent oftheincrease(figure3).netinternationalinmigrationaccounted fortheremainingninepercent.naturalchangewasresponsiblefor anetlossof962;thatisthecountyexperienced962moredeaths thanbirths. Figure3 NetSourceofPopulationChange( ) HendersonCounty 6,000 5,000 4,000 3,000 2,000 1,000 0 (1,000) Source:U.S.CensusBureau Domestic Migration 4,788 Natural (962) Figure4 AnnualSourceofPopulationChange* HendersonCounty International Migration458 Nationwide, only eleven percent of all 3,142 U.S. counties share Henderson smixofnetgrowthdrivensolelyfrominmigration. 2,700 2,200 DomesticMigration InternationalMigration NaturalIncrease Theroleofdomesticinmigrationasthechiefsourceofpopulation changeinthecountyisconfirmedwithanexaminationoftheten mostrecentyearsofdata(figure4).overthelastfiveyears,natural losses have expanded, consistent with an aging population that is attracting a slightly older demographic group, which is detailed furtherinthisreport. 1,700 1, (300) *Noestimateconductedforyear2000 Source:U.S.CensusBureau EconomicAssessmentReportofHendersonCountyNCPage8of52

9 PopulationCharacteristics Henderson County s median age stood at 46.1 years in 2013; 8.3 yearsabovethestateand8.7yearsabovethenation(figure5).the rise of the median age and gap from state and nation has grown overtheprevioussixpreviousyears. Acloserexaminationofparticularagegroupsrelativetothestate andnationshowshendersoncountyisunderrepresentedinallage groupsbelowage5054,andoverrepresentedinallagegroups55 59 and above (Figure 6).The widest under representation is age group2024,whichisroughly2.4percentagepointslowerthanthe stateandnation.andthewidestoverrepresentationisagegroup 6569,2.6percentagepointshigher. Figure5 MedianAge Figure6 AgeGroupsbyPercentofTotalPopulation2013 8% 7% 6% 5% 4% 3% 2% 1% <5 59 Henderson NorthCarolina Nation Source:U.S.CensusBureau Source:U.S.CensusBureau,moving3yearestimates Henderson NorthCarolina US Consideringthehigherrelativeproportionofolderresidentsandin migration ssingularroleinpopulationgrowth;theagecomposition of new residents into the County was compared to existing residents, the state and nation. New residents and existing residentsshareasimilargeneraldistribution;theproportioninage groupsunderages3544arelowerthanthestateandnation,and theproportionsoverages3544arehigherinage(figure7). However, it should be noted that age groups gaps among new residentsandthestateandnationarenotaswideasthegapsinthe existing resident population. For example, 19 percent of new residents are in age group 2534, which is just three percentage points below the state and nationwide proportion; but is nine percentagepointsabovehenderson sexistingresidentpopulation. EconomicAssessmentReportofHendersonCountyNCPage9of52

10 This finding challenges the perception that Henderson County s population growth is driven primarily by retirees (ages 65 and older).whileproportionallybiasedtoolderagegroups,thereisstill significant new resident attraction among younger age groups. Another simpler way to express this is that more than half (51 percent)ofthecounty snewresidentsareundertheageof35. residentswhohaveattained Somecollege,nodegree. Atthisvery general level of analysis, educational attainment is not a distinguishingassetorliabilityforthecounty. Figure8 EducationAttainmentbyPercentofTotalPopulation(age25+) Survey Figure7 AgeGroups&NewResidents Estimates 50% 45% 40% 35% 30% 25% 20% 15% 10% Henderson Nation NorthCarolina 30% 25% 20% 15% 10% 5% ExistingHenderson Residents NewHenderson Residents Nation NorthCarolina 5% 0% Lessthan 9thgrade Source:U.S.CensusBureau 9thto12th Highschool Some grade,no diploma graduate college,no degree Associate's degree Bachelor's degree Graduate or professional degree 0% < Source:U.S.CensusBureau Levels of educational attainment of Henderson County s resident population,ages25yearandolder,closelymatchlevelsinthestate andnation(figure8andtable2).thereisaslighttwoandonehalf percentage point local strength in the relative proportion of EconomicAssessmentReportofHendersonCountyNCPage10of52

11 Table2 EducationAttainmentbyPercentofTotalPopulation(age25+) Survey Henderson North # % Carolina Nation Lessthan9thgrade 3, % 5.7% 5.9% 9thto12thgrade,no diploma 6, % 9.4% 8.0% Highschoolgraduate 20, % 27.0% 28.1% Somecollege,nodegree 18, % 21.9% 21.2% Associate'sdegree 7, % 8.7% 7.8% Bachelor'sdegree 13, % 18.0% 18.0% Graduateorprofessional degree 8, % 9.3% 10.8% Source:U.S.CensusBureau Among major racial categories, Henderson County comprises a higher relative proportion of those classifying themselves as White thaninthestateornation(table3).similarlythecounty has lower relative proportions of residents among the four remainingmajorracialclassifications. In terms of ethnicity, 1 Henderson County s 10,743 Hispanics represent 9.8 percent of the population, which is.09 percentage points greater than the statewide proportion, yet 7.3 percentage pointsbelowthenationwideshare(table4). Table3 RaceComposition2013 White Blackor African American American Indian/ Alaska Native Asian Native Hawaiian/ Pacific Islander Henderson(#) 101,957 3, , Henderson(%) 93.1% 3.3% 0.7% 1.1% 0.2% NorthCarolina 71.7% 22.0% 1.6% 2.6% 0.1% Nation 77.7% 13.2% 1.2% 5.3% 0.2% Source:U.S.CensusBureau Table4 HispanicProportion2013* Hispanic Origin Henderson(#) 10,743 Henderson(%) 9.8% NorthCarolina 8.9% Nation 17.1% *Hispanicorigincanbeheritage,nationality,lineage,orcountryofbirth.People whoidentifyashispanicmaybeanyrace. Source:U.S.CensusBureau Henderson County s gender mix is similar to the statewide composition;womencomprisingroughlythreepercentmoreofthe total population than men (Table 5). Nationwide the difference is closertotwopercent. 1 Ethnicityreferstoculturalfactors,whileracialdefinitionsarebasedon physicalcharacteristics. EconomicAssessmentReportofHendersonCountyNCPage11of52

12 Table5 GenderComposition2013 Female Male Figure10 HouseholdsbyType Survey Henderson(#) 56,576 52,964 Henderson(%) 51.6% 48.4% Henderson 55% 12% 33% NorthCarolina 51.3% 48.7% Nation 50.8% 49.2% Source:U.S.CensusBureau NorthCarolina 49% 18% 33% At2.9persons,theaveragefamilysizeinHendersonCountyis0.2 persons lower that the statewide average and 0.3 persons lower than the nationwide average (Figure 9). Marriedcouple family householdscomprise55percentofallhouseholdsinthecounty,six percentagepointsgreaterthanthestateandnation(figure10).and singlepersonhouseholdscomprise12percentofhouseholds,which issixpercentagepointslessthanthestateornation. Nation Source:U.S.CensusBureau 49% 18% Marriedcouplefamilyhousehold Singlehouseholder,familyhousehold Nonfamilyhousehold 34% Figure9 AverageFamilySize Survey Inthemostrecent survey,thepercentofHenderson County spopulationlivingbelowthepovertylevelis14.1,or14,975 persons(figure11). 2 Thisisanincreasefrom12.1percentinthe earlier survey,whichrepresented11,834personsliving belowthepovertylevel.thecounty spovertyrateisbelowboth thestatewideandnationalrates;17.5and15.4percentrespectively inthemostrecentsurvey. Source:U.S.CensusBureau Nation NorthCarolina Henderson 2 Povertylevelsvaryaccordingtohouseholdsizeandageofchildren. EconomicAssessmentReportofHendersonCountyNCPage12of52

13 Figure11 PercentofPopulationLivingBelowPovertyLevel Survey 18% 17.5% indicator of consumers' purchasing power and of the economic wellbeingoftheresidentsofanarea.pciismeasuredbyplaceof residence,notplaceofwork.hendersoncountyworkerstraveling outsidethecountyforemploymentareincludedinthepciresults. Source:U.S.CensusBureau Income & Average Wage 16% 14% 12% 10% 8% 6% 4% 2% 0% 12.1% 15.1% % 14.1% % Henderson NorthCarolina UnitedStates The Income & Average Wage section looks at how Henderson County sincomeandaveragewagehasgrownandhowthatgrowth comparestothestateandnation. Asof2013,Henderson scounty spciequaled$38,611;lessthana percentbelowthestatewidepcifigure,and16percentbelowthe national PCI. After adjusting for inflation, the County s PCI has increasedby$1,784or6.2percentoverthelasttenyears(figures 13, 13 Table 6). The net increase is 1.3 percentage points greater thanthestatewideincrease,butlagsthenationbytwopercent. Figure12 PerCapitaIncome InflationAdjusted $37,000 $35,000 $33,000 $31,000 $29,000 $27,000 Nation Henderson NorthCarolina Source:U.S.BureauofEconomicAnalysis Per capita income (PCI) is a broad measure of income, including wages, proprietor s income, investment income and personal government transfers. Per capita income is often used as an EconomicAssessmentReportofHendersonCountyNCPage13of52

14 Figure13 PerCapitaIncome NetChange(2013=0) InflationAdjusted Source:U.S.BureauofEconomicAnalysis Table6 PerCapitaIncome yearinflation adjustedchange Henderson $38,611 $1, % NorthCarolina $38,683 $1, % Nation $44,765 $2, % Source:U.S.BureauofEconomicAnalysis $3,500 $3,000 $2,500 $2,000 $1,500 $1,000 $500 $0 Recession Nation Henderson NorthCarolina County sincometoitspresent24percent,whileearningsdropped three percent and investment income by one percent (Figure 15). Amongthethreesources,personalgovernmenttransferswerenot notablyimpactedbythemostrecentrecession. Figure14 SourcesofTotalIncome InflationAdjusted HendersonCounty $2,300M $2,100M $1,900M $1,700M $1,500M $1,300M $1,100M $900M $700M $500M Source:U.S.BureauofEconomicAnalysis Recession Investment Income Earnings Personal Goverment Transfers Among the sources of total income in 2013, earnings (wages, salariesandproprietor sincome)comprises52percentofthetotal, withtheremaindersplitequalingbetweeninvestmentincomeand personal government transfers (Figure 14). Over the last decade, personal government transfers has grown from 20 percent of the EconomicAssessmentReportofHendersonCountyNCPage14of52

15 Figure15 SourcesofTotalIncome NetChange(2013=0) InflationAdjusted HendersonCounty $800M $700M Recession Earnings Figure16 PersonalGovernmentTransfers InflationAdjusted HendersonCounty $600M $500M $400M $300M Personal Goverment Transfers Investment Income $400M $350M $300M $250M SocialSecurity MedicalBenefits $200M $200M $100M $150M Source:U.S.BureauofEconomicAnalysis $M Acloserexaminationofpersonalgovernmenttransfersshowsthe significantrolesofsocialsecurityandmedicalbenefits(primarily Medicare);whichtogetheraccountfor85percentofallpersonal governmenttransfersintothecounty(figure16).overall,social SecurityandMedicalBenefitscontribute17percentoftheCounty s totalincome. $100M $50M $M Source:U.S.BureauofEconomicAnalysis IncomeMaintenance VeteransBenefits Unemployment Average annual wage per job is simply total wages and salaries dividedbythenumberofwageandsalaryjobsinthecounty.unlike PCI,averageannualwageperjobfiguresaremeasuredbyplaceof work, not residence. The numbers provide a relative gauge of job quality of employment within the County, although nonresidents workinginthecountyarealsoincluded. EconomicAssessmentReportofHendersonCountyNCPage15of52

16 As of 2013, Henderson s County s average annual wage (AAW) equaled $35,929; the figure is 24 percent below the state and 39 percentbelowthenation.afteradjustingforinflation,thecounty s AWWhasdecreasedby$764or2.6percentoverthelasttenyears (Figures 17, 18 and Table 7). Over the same period the statewide AAW increased by 3.8 percent and nationally by 4.7 percent. Because AAW only measures employed persons, the changes overtime and between geographies is chiefly due to changes in industrialcomposition. Figure17 AverageAnnualWageperJob InflationAdjusted $41,000 Figure18 AverageAnnualWageperJob NetChange(2013=0) InflationAdjusted $2,500 $2,000 $1,500 $1,000 $500 $0 Recession Nation $1,772 NorthCarolina $1,287 $39,000 $37,000 $35,000 Nation NorthCarolina ($500) ($1,000) Source:U.S.BureauofEconomicAnalysis Henderson ($746) $33,000 $31,000 $29,000 Henderson $27,000 $25, Source:U.S.BureauofEconomicAnalysis Table7 AverageAnnualWageperJob yearinflation adjustedchange Henderson $35,929 ($746) 2.6% NorthCarolina $44,656 $1, % Nation $50,012 $1, % Source:U.S.BureauofEconomicAnalysis EconomicAssessmentReportofHendersonCountyNCPage16of52

17 Employment TheEmploymentsectionexaminesthedifferentfacetsofworkingin HendersonCounty. WorkerFlows Understanding worker flows is critical to correctly interpreting Henderson County s employment and industry trends. Nearly all stateandfederalstatisticalagenciesmeasureemploymentbyplace of work. Because employment data is mostly reported by employers,theseagenciesgenerallydisregardwheretheemployees actuallylive.fordataforanationorevenstatethedifferencesin live and work locations is typically not significant to outcomes. Howeveratacountylevel,countingjobsonlybyplaceofworkcan lead to missing major employment trends as resident workers commute outside the county for employment, and nonresident workerscommuteintothecountyforemployment. Oddly, due to shifting worker flows, the number of Henderson residents employed increased over the 2002 to 2013 period (up 9,217jobsor33percent),whilethenumberofpersonsemployedin the County remained essentially flat (up 99 jobs or 0.3 percent), despiteasignificantincreaseinincommuting(up2,272jobsor16.5 percent). Goingforwardinthisassessment,mostemploymentmeasureswill bebyplaceofemployment;whichignoresresidentoutcommuting. Figure19 WorkerFlows* HendersonCounty 24,000 22,000 20,000 18,000 Recession LivinginHenderson butemployed Outside (outcommuters) Employedin Hendersonbut LivingOutside (incommuters) TheU.S.CensusBureaurecentlydevelopedaprogramformatching employer records with personal administrative records. Data from the program enables linking a worker s place of employment to placeofresidence.dataareavailableforyears2002to ,000 14,000 12,000 Living&Employedin Henderson As of 2013, more of Henderson County s resident workers out commutedforemploymentthanworkedinthecounty(59percent outcommute) (Figure 19, Table 8).Additionally, nonresident in commuting workers outnumbered resident workers employed in thecounty(52percentofincountyemployment). 10,000 *Onlyone primary jobiscountedforeachworker. Source:U.S.CensusBureau EconomicAssessmentReportofHendersonCountyNCPage17of52

18 Table8 Workerflows change Living&EmployedinHenderson 15,338 2, % LivinginHendersonbutEmployed Outside(outcommuters) 21,833 11, % EmployedinHendersonbutLiving Outside(incommuters) 16,786 2, % Source:U.S.CensusBureau Figure20 LaborForceParticipation Ages16+ 66% 64% 62% 60% Recession Nation NorthCarolina LaborForceParticipation As of 2013, 55.3 percent of Henderson County residents over the ageof15wereeitheremployedorlookingforajob.theproportion is7.8percentagepointsbelowthestate,and8.5percentagepoints belowthenation(figure20).laborforceparticipationhasdeclined ineveryyearsince % 56% Henderson 54% Source:U.S.CensusBureau,moving3yearestimates TotalEmployment Asofthesecondquarterof2014,totalemploymentinHenderson County equaled 34,891 (Figure 21). Total employment peaked in 2008andispresently2,101jobsor5.7percentlower. BeginninginAugust2010,theCountyexperiencednearlyunbroken monthlyyeartoyearjobgrowth,atanaverageannualpaceof1.6 percent(figure22).formostof2013andearly2014jobgrowthin Henderson County outpaced the state and nation. In the most EconomicAssessmentReportofHendersonCountyNCPage18of52

19 recentsixmonthsofdata,april2014toseptember2014,thepace turnednegative,averaging0.9percentor313fewerjobs. TheunemploymentrateinHendersonCountyaveraged4.6percent overthelasttwelvemonths,whichismorethanapercentagepoint belowthestateandnation(figure23).theratehasbeensteadily decliningsinceapeakinearly2010. Figure21 TotalEmployment HendersonCounty 37,500 37,000 Recession 36,500 36,000 35,500 35,000 34,500 34,000 33,500 33, Source:NorthCarolinaDepartmentofCommerce,2 nd quarters EconomicAssessmentReportofHendersonCountyNCPage19of52

20 Figure22 EmploymentChange MonthlyYearOverYear 6.0% Recession 4.0% 2.0% 0.0% 2.0% 4.0% 6.0% 8.0% Henderson NorthCarolina Nation 10.0% Source:USBureauofLaborStatistics EconomicAssessmentReportofHendersonCountyNCPage20of52

21 Figure23 UnemploymentRate(%) Source:NorthCarolinaDepartmentofCommerce Nation NorthCarolina Henderson BusinessEmployment&Wages In terms of total employment, four businesses are dominant in Henderson County s economy (Figure 24). Each represents more than ten percent of the County s employment, and together they accountfor57percentofalljobs.at5,843jobs,healthcareisthe largest business, 17 percent of the total; while Manufacturing, whichemploys5,312,isaclosesecondat15percent.retailtrade employs 4,932 and accounts for 14 percent of total employment. Andfinally,theAccommodations&FoodServicesindustryemploys 3,886,whichrepresents11percentofalljobsintheCounty. In some business classification arrangements Accommodations & FoodServicesiscombinedwithArts,Entertainment&Recreationto form a Leisure & Hospitality industry sector. Using this format, Henderson County s Leisure & Hospitality business would total 4,517jobs,rankfourthlargestandemploy13percent AgricultureemploymentistreateddifferentlybystateandFederal agencies due to dissimilarities from other businesses in employee reportingandseasonalityofoperations.employmentisreportedfor AgricultureSupport,whichincludessupportingactivitiessuchassoil preparation,machineharvestingandlaborcontracting.henderson County has 1,211 jobs in Agriculture Support. However, employmentatmanyfarms,greenhousesandranchoperationsare notincluded.accordingtothemostrecentcensusofagriculture,in 2012therewere468farmsintheCounty,comprising35,752acres. IntheKEYECONOMICACTIVITESsectionanassessmentofthelocal agriculture sector is made using a variety of sources to obtain a morecomprehensiveviewoftheindustry seconomicimpact. EconomicAssessmentReportofHendersonCountyNCPage21of52

22 Figure24 MajorBusinessTotalEmployment2014 HendersonCounty *Doesnotincludeagriculturalproduction. Source:NorthCarolinaDepartmentofCommerce HealthCare Manufacturing RetailTrade Accommodations&Food Service Education AdminServices Construction PublicAdmin AgricultureSupport* WholesaleTrade Professional&Technical Services Finance&Insurance Transportation&Warehousing Arts,Entertainment& Recreation Information RealEstate ManagementofCompanies Utilities 1,211 1, ,878 1,731 1,566 2,389 3,886 5,312 4,932 5,843 Absolutebusinessemploymentisanimportantindicator,yetitdoes not address whether the composition is comparable to other geographies. Are the particular business concentrations unique to HendersonCountyordotheysimplymirrorwhatmightbeobserved nationwide? To determine whether employment in a particular business is relatively greater in Henderson County, the Degree of Local Specialization (DLS) calculation was conducted. 3 Identifying Henderson County s DLS (higher proportion of employment in a particular business relative to the nation) is important for several reasons. Firstly, high specialization figures indicate the County is exporting those products or services outside its boundaries. 4 Exportingisthebasisforwealthcreation.Productsorservicesnot exportedarelimitedintheirgrowthpotentialbylocaldemandand theinabilitytoattractnewdollarsintotheeconomy.secondly,high specialization implies unique local conditions, expertise, skills, supporting institutions, production processes, etc. It indicates Henderson County has a competitive advantage in that particular economicactivity. At 3.5, Henderson County s business with the highest DLS is Agriculture Support (Figure 25 Table 9). Although the Agriculture Support classification does not fully capture total employment in 3 TheDLScalculationprovidesanindex,where1.0isaproportionof businessemploymentequaltothenation;lessthan1.0meansthe proportionislessthanthenation,andgreaterthan1.0meansthe proportionisgreaterthanthenation.locallyspecializedbusinessesare recognizedwhendlsindexscoresareabove1.0.forexample,ascoreof 1.2wouldshowthelocalproportionofemploymentinaparticular businessisroughly20percentgreaterthanthenation. 4 Conceptually,specializationintourismindicatesaneconomyis exporting experiences,attractionsoramenitiestooutsiders. EconomicAssessmentReportofHendersonCountyNCPage22of52

23 Agriculture, it does indicate the business overall is highly specialized. Next in terms of local specialization is Manufacturing withadlsof1.7.oftheremainingfourbusinesseswithdlsscores above 1.0; three are related to tourism (Retail Trade, Accommodations & Food Service and Arts, Entertainment & Recreation). Finally the Health Care industry displays high relative localspecializationwithadlsscoreof1.1. Table9 BusinessEmploymentChange&AverageWeeklyWage HendersonCounty Degree oflocal Specialization 2014 Employment FiveYear Change TotalPrivateIndustries 30,356 1,583 Rankbyspecialization AgricultureSupport* 3.5 1, Manufacturing 1.7 5, RetailTrade 1.2 4, Accommodations&FoodService 1.2 3, HealthCare 1.1 5, Arts,Entertainment&Recreation (143) Construction 1.0 1,731 (121) AdministrativeServices 0.8 1, WholesaleTrade 0.8 1, Education RealEstate Utilities Finance&Insurance (52) Transportation&Warehousing Information (97) Professional&TechnicalServices ManagementofCompanies *Doesnotincludeagriculturalproduction Source:NorthCarolinaDepartmentofCommerce,USBureauofLaborStatistics EconomicAssessmentReportofHendersonCountyNCPage23of52

24 Figure25 PrivateBusinessEmploymentChange&DegreeofLocalSpecialization HendersonCounty 4.0 Ag Support* 3.5 DegreeofLocalspecialization Arts, Entertainment & Recreation Construction Retail Trade Manufacturing Health Care Accommodations & Food Service Information Wholesale Trade Admin Services 0.0 (200) (100) Finance & Insurance Utilities Management of Companies Education Transportation & Warehousing Bubblesizerepresentstotalemploymentasof20143Q *Doesnotincludeagriculturalproduction. Source:NorthCarolinaDepartmentofCommerce,USBureauofLaborStatistics Professional & Technical Services Real Estate EmploymentChange EconomicAssessmentReportofHendersonCountyNCPage24of52

25 Netemploymentchangebybusinessisexaminedfrom2009tothe mostcurrent2014data.bybeginningin2009themeasureintends to avoid core recession losses and capture current postrecession trends. Figure26 MajorBusinessEmploymentChange HendersonCounty Accommodations&FoodService 484 Ofalleighteenbusinesssectors,thirteenhaveexperiencednetjob gains (Figure 26). Among growing businesses, Accommodations & FoodServiceshasproducedthemostnetnewjobs,adding484jobs, up14percent,andresponsibleforonequarterofthecounty sjob growth.followingishealthcare,whichhasadded420jobs,isup8 percent, and accounts for 21 percent of the County s job growth. And Manufacturing grew by 256 jobs, is up 5 percent and is responsible for 13 percent of County job growth. Together these threebusinesseshaveproduced59percentofnetjobgrowth. HealthCare Manufacturing AdminServices RetailTrade AgricultureSupport* WholesaleTrade PublicAdmin As with the business concentration observed in the total employmentnumbers;jobgrowthhasalsobeenconcentratedina handfulofdominantbusinesses. Professional&TechnicalServices RealEstate ManagementofCompanies The Admin (Administrative) Services business ranked fourth in job creation by adding 204 jobs and bears description. The sector primarily provides services to other businesses such as temporary employment, recordkeeping, building maintenance and waste collection. Growth in this business is not unique to Henderson County and reflects a trend towards outsourcing nonessential businessservices. Utilities Transportation&Warehousing Education Finance&Insurance Information Construction (6) (52) (97) (121) 5 2 Arts,Entertainment&Recreation (153) *Doesnotincludeagriculturalproduction. Source:NorthCarolinaDepartmentofCommerce EconomicAssessmentReportofHendersonCountyNCPage25of52

26 Average industry weekly wages range from a high of $1,258 in Utilitiestoalowof$303inAccommodations&FoodService(Figure 27).ComparedtotheCounty saverageof$681,elevenbusinesses havehigherwages,withtheremainingsevenlower. Figure27 MajorBusinessAverageWeeklyWage2014 HendersonCounty Utilities ManagementofCompanies $1,258 $1,244 Figure28intersectsbothbusinesswagesandbusinessemployment growth onto a single chart. The chart visually displays that employment growth in higher wage businesses has been led by Manufacturing and Health Care; and in lower wage businesses by Accommodations & Food Service and Admin (Administrative) Services. The average weekly wage in Accommodations & Food Servicesis56percentbelowtheCountyaverage.WhilebothHealth CareandManufacturinghavewagesabovetheCountyaverage;42 and23percentaboverespectively. Finance&Insurance Manufacturing Professional&TechnicalServices Transportation&Warehousing HealthCare WholesaleTrade PublicAdmin Information Construction Education RealEstate AgricultureSupport* AdminServices RetailTrade $1,023 $965 $868 $857 $835 $801 $785 $753 $699 $659 $540 $532 $497 $495 Arts,Entertainment&Recreation Accommodations&FoodService $303 $476 CountyAvg$681 *Doesnotincludeagriculturalproduction. Source:NorthCarolinaDepartmentofCommerce EconomicAssessmentReportofHendersonCountyNCPage26of52

27 Figure28 BusinessEmploymentChange&AverageWeeklyWage HendersonCounty $1,400 Utilities Management of Companies AverageWeeklyWage $1,200 Finance & Insurance $1,000 Transportation & Warehousing Information $800 Construction $600 $400 $200 Arts, Entertainment & Recreation Education Professional & Technical Services Real Estate Public Admin Ag Support* Manufacturing Wholesale Trade Retail Trade Admin Services Health Care CountyAvg$681 Accommodations & Food Service $0 (200) (100) Bubblesizerepresentstotalemploymentasof20143Q *Doesnotincludeagriculturalproduction. Source:NorthCarolinaDepartmentofCommerce EmploymentChange EconomicAssessmentReportofHendersonCountyNCPage27of52

28 An analysis of County subsector business employment by wage quartilesshowsthatcurrentwagedistributionisrelativelybalanced andrecentjobgainshaveremainedcomparable.totalemployment was separated into four wage quartiles according to 67 local businesssubsectors(thetwomiddlequartileswerecombinedintoa single50percentgroupingtosimplifytheanalysis).theresultshave the proportions of employment closely matching the respective quartiles;asexampledby27percentofemploymentinthetop25 percentbusinesswagequartile(figure29).overthelastfiveyears, job gains in thecountyhave trendedslightlytowards lower wage businesses;36percentofgainstothebottomwagequartileversus 32percenttoboththemiddleandtopquartiles(Figure30). Figure29 TotalEmploymentbyIndustryWageQuartile2014 HendersonCounty Figure30 FiveYearEmploymentGainsbyIndustryWageQuartile HendersonCounty Source:NorthCarolinaDepartmentofCommerce Source:NorthCarolinaDepartmentofCommerce EconomicAssessmentReportofHendersonCountyNCPage28of52

29 Aswithbusinesses,employmentcanbeexaminedbyoccupations. Unlike businesses, occupations reveal underlying worker skills and expertise. Among 22 occupational groups in Henderson County, sevengroupshaveahighdegreeoflocalspecialization(dls>1.0) (Table10).Unsurprisingly,amongthesevenisFarming&Forestry, two groups in Healthcare, Production and Food Preparation & Serving. Overlaying the DLS scores with the corresponding average hourly wage revels that only one occupational group, Healthcare Practitioners&Technical,isbothlocallyspecializedandhaswages greaterthanthe$18.37hourlycountyaverage(figure31). Table10 EmploymentbyOccupationalGroups2015 RankedbyDegreeofLocalSpecialization HendersonCounty Occupation Hourly AverageWage DegreeofLocal Specialization Employ ment Farming&Forestry $ HealthcareSupport $ ,610 Production $ ,610 HealthcarePractitioners& Technical $ ,450 BuildingCleaning& $ ,330 Occupation Maintenance Installation,Maintenance& Repair Hourly AverageWage DegreeofLocal Specialization Employ ment $ ,540 FoodPreparation&Serving $ ,530 Construction $ ,240 Transportation&Material Moving $ ,120 Sales $ ,210 Community&SocialServices $ Education,Training&Library $ ,850 Office&Administrative Support $ ,690 PersonalCare $ Arts,Design,Entertainment, Sports&Media $ ProtectiveService $ Legal $ Management $ ,040 Business&Financial Operations $ Architecture&Engineering $ Life,Physical&SocialScience $ Computer&Mathematical $ Source:USBureauofLaborStatistics,NorthCarolinaDepartmentofCommerce EconomicAssessmentReportofHendersonCountyNCPage29of52

30 Figure31 EmploymentbyOccupationGroups;DegreeofLocalSpecialization&AverageHourlyWage HendersonCounty 2.0 Farming&Forestry CountyAvg$18.37 DegreeofLocalSpecialization Building Cleaning& Maintenance Construction 0.8 Sales 0.6 Personal Care Office& Administrative Support Food Preparation &Serving Healthcare Support Transportation &Material Moving Protective Service Bubblesizerepresentstotalemploymentasof2014 Source:NorthCarolinaDepartmentofCommerce Arts,Design, Entertainment,Sports &Media Production Installation, Maintenance&Repair Education,Training& Library Community&Social Services Legal Life,Physical &SocialScience HealthcarePractitioners &Technical Business&Financial Operations Architecture& Engineering Computer& Mathematical Management $5 $10 $15 $20 $25 $30 $35 $40 $45 AverageHourlyWage EconomicAssessmentReportofHendersonCountyNCPage30of52

31 WorkforceDemographics As of 2014, males comprised 48.8 percent of Henderson County s workforce. Males made up 51 percent of workers as recently as 2008 (Figure 32). The recession severely impacted males, with lossesmorethandoublethoseexperiencedbyfemales(down2,832 versus 1,148 between 2006 and 2011).Since 2011 job gains by males have outpaced female gains 2 to 1, but the relative proportionremainshistoricallylow. Figure32 EmploymentbyGender HendersonCounty 18,000 17,500 Recession Netemploymentgainsamongagegroupshavebeenledsolelyby older workers in Henderson County (Figure 33). Over the last ten years, workers ages 5564 increased by 1,407, up 32 percent. Similarly,overthesameperiod,workersagesover64increasedby 765 or 49 percent. All other age groups experienced declines, the greatestbeingthoseunderage25,downby918or20percent.the trends have moderated postrecession; but net gains are still to thoseworkers55andolder. Figure33 EmploymentbyAgeGroups HendersonCounty 9,000 8,000 7,000 6,000 5,000 Recession ,000 Female 4,000 <25 16,500 3,000 16,000 Male 2,000 >64 15,500 1, Source:U.S.CensusBureau 15, Source:U.S.CensusBureau EconomicAssessmentReportofHendersonCountyNCPage31of52

32 Overthelasttenyears,workerswithalevelofeducationofSome collegeorassociatedegreehasovertakenworkerswithalevelof Highschoolorequivalent,nocollegetocomprisethesinglelargest employededucationalcategoryinthecounty(figure34).post recession,theworkforceproportionsacrossalleducationlevelshas remainedrelativelyconstant. Figure34 EmploymentbyLevelofEducation HendersonCounty 11,000 10,000 Recession Somecollegeor Associatedegree JobDemand Togaugejobdemand,dataofonlineadvertisedjobsinHenderson County overthe twelvemost recent months was analyzed. 5 Some cautionshould beexercised ininterpreting onlineadvertisedjobs. Somefirmsholdlongstandingjobadvertisementswhichmaynotbe directly tied to a particular opened position; but reflect the establishment of a pool of potential hires. Also examining the quantity of postings provides no indication of how critical an unfilledpositionistoafirm soperations. 9,000 8,000 7,000 6,000 Highschoolor equivalent,no college Bachelor'sor advanceddegree The Health Care and Retail businesses comprised over half of all online advertised jobs; 31 and 21 percent of average monthly openings respectively (Figure 35). Manufacturing comprised four percent of openings. Two businesses, Agriculture and Utilities, averagedlessthanonepositionamonth,overtheoneyearperiod. 5,000 4,000 Workersaged24or younger* Lessthanhigh school 3, *Notlevelofeducationisassignedtothoselessthan25years. Source:USCensusBureau 5 ThedataiscompiledandpublishedbyGeographicSolutionsundera contractwiththenorthcarolinadepartmentofcommerce EconomicAssessmentReportofHendersonCountyNCPage32of52

33 Figure35 AverageMonthlyJobOpeningsbyBusiness HendersonCounty Figure36 AverageMonthlyJobOpeningsbyEntryLevelEducation HendersonCounty Somecollege,nodegree 8 Education 10 Construction 14 Master'sdegree 63 Professional&TechnicalServices 16 ManagementofCompanies 18 Doctoralorprofessionaldegree 89 Information 21 PublicAdministration 29 Associate'sdegree 114 WholesaleTrade RealEstate Postsecondarynondegreeaward 159 Manufacturing Transportation&Warehousing Bachelor'sdegree 202 AdminServices FinanceandInsurance Lessthanhighschool 340 Source:GeographicSolutions,onlineadvertisedjobs,May2014April2015 Intermsofjobdemandbylevelofeducation,58percentofonline advertisedjobsrequiredahighschooldiplomaorequivalentorless (Figure36).PositionsrequiringaBachelor'sdegreecomprised thirteenpercentoftheannualaverageadvertisements. Accommodations&FoodServices RetailTrade HealthCare Source:GeographicSolutions,onlineadvertisedjobs,May2014April2015 There are 33 occupations that averaged ten or more monthly advertisements for positions in Henderson County (Table 11). A cursory examination of the presence of postsecondary programs that meet the basic requirements for those occupations, revealed onlytwo;physicians,surgeonsandoccupationaltherapists,didnot haveprogramsintheimmediatearea.seeappendixtable19fora list of Blue Ridge Community College completions by program. Highschooldiplomaorequivalent 530 EconomicAssessmentReportofHendersonCountyNCPage33of52

34 Table11 AverageMonthlyJobOpenings OccupationsAveraging10orMorePositionsAdvertisedOnline HendersonCounty Occupation Avg.JobOpenings TypicalEntrylevelEducation AreaPostSecondaryProgramsOffered RegisteredNurses 65 Associate'sdegree BRCCABTECH:AssociateDegreeNursing RetailSalespersons 51 Lessthanhighschool NotRequired NursingAssistants 47 Postsecondarynondegreeaward ABTECH FirstLineSupervisorsofRetailSalesWorkers 44 Highschooldiplomaorequivalent NotRequired Physicians, Surgeons 41 Doctoralorprofessionaldegree None LaborersandFreight,Stock,andMaterialMovers,Hand 40 Less thanhighschool NotRequired HeavyandTractorTrailerTruckDrivers 39 Postsecondarynondegreeaward ABTECHCaldwellCCPartnership CustomerServiceRepresentatives 30 Highschooldiplomaorequivalent NotRequired CombinedFoodPreparationandServingWorkers 28 Lessthanhighschool NotRequired FirstLineSupervisorsofFoodPreparationandServingWorkers 21 Highschooldiplomaorequivalent NotRequired Managers,AllOther 20 Highschooldiplomaorequivalent NotRequired Cashiers 19 Lessthanhighschool NotRequired OccupationalTherapists 18 Master'sdegree None HeatingandAirConditioningMechanicsandInstallers 18 Highschooldiplomaorequivalent NotRequired WaitersandWaitresses 18 Lessthanhighschool NotRequired MedicalandHealthServicesManagers 17 Bachelor'sdegree Wingate:MBAHealthCareManagement,UNCAHealthandWellness LicensedPracticalandLicensedVocationalNurses 17 Postsecondarynondegreeaward ABTECH Driver/SalesWorkers 17 Highschooldiplomaorequivalent NotRequired PersonalCareAides 16 Lessthanhighschool NotRequired GeneralandOperationsManagers 16 Bachelor'sdegree Wingate:MBA,UNCA MerchandiseDisplayersandWindowTrimmers 15 Highschooldiplomaorequivalent NotRequired LightTruckorDeliveryServicesDrivers 14 Highschooldiplomaorequivalent NotRequired ExecutiveSecretariesandExecutiveAdministrativeAssistants 14 Highschooldiplomaorequivalent NotRequired Carpenters 13 Highschooldiplomaorequivalent NotRequired StockClerks,SalesFloor 13 Lessthanhighschool NotRequired PhysicalTherapists 12 Doctoralorprofessionaldegree WCU SalesManagers 12 Bachelor'sdegree WingateMBA,UNCA,Montreat MedicalAssistants 11 Postsecondarynondegreeaward BRCC:MedicationAide,NurseAid,MedicalOffice,ABTECH MaidsandHousekeepingCleaners 11 Lessthanhighschool NotRequired Tellers 11 Highschooldiplomaorequivalent NotRequired NursePractitioners 11 Master'sdegree WCU Janitorsand Cleaners,ExceptMaidsandHousekeepingCleaners 10 Lessthanhighschool NotRequired DemonstratorsandProductPromoters 10 Highschooldiplomaorequivalent NotRequired Sources:GeographicSolutions,onlineadvertisedjobs,May2014April2015,USBureauofLaborStatistics,PostSecondaryprogramsbyauthor EconomicAssessmentReportofHendersonCountyNCPage34of52

35 Business-Personal Property Values by Industry An analysis was conducted of the County s FY 2015 Business PersonalProperty(BPP)valuesbyindustrysector.BPPcontributes 6.6 percent of the County s tax base. The analysis included 2,950 recordstotaling$880,297,930;whichrepresents88percentofthe totalbbpvalueinthecounty.theresultsindicatetherelativefiscal contributionsofeachindustrysector. Manufacturing accountedfor $606.3 million, 68.9 percent oftotal BPPvalueanalyzed(Figure37)or60.7percentoftheCounty stotal BBP.The secondhighestindustry, RetailTrade, accountedforfive percentoftotalbbp.oftwentymajorindustrysectors,eightsectors eachaccountedforlessthanonepercentofthetotalbpp. The average FY 2015 BPP value per record in the County is $298,406.Typically representing a single location, a record may have more than one physical site, such as a single grocery store brandoperatinginmultiplelocations.amongindustrysectors,the highest average BPP value per record in the County is Manufacturing;averaging$3.3millionperrecord(Figure38).Two othersectorsreachanaveragebppvalueabove$1million;mining &QuarryingandUtilities. A comparison of the oneyear change in total BPP values from FY 2014toFY2015showsManufacturingresponsibleforanincrease of $79.6 million; nearly double the total increase from the remainingsixteenindustrysectorsthatexperiencedgrowth(figure 39).Twosectors,RetailTradeandFinance&Insurance,declinedin total value over the period, $10.5 million and $8.4 million respectively. Finally, an examination of only newly listed records in FY 2015 showsthemanufacturingsectortopsthelistwithanewbppvalue of $8.7 million (Figure 40). Utilities places second with new BPP valueof&7.4million. An estimate of the total tax contributions of five key economic activitiesinthecountycanbefoundonpage48. EconomicAssessmentReportofHendersonCountyNCPage35of52

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