1 Telecommunications in Israel 2013 From Monopoly to Competition: Market Sectors Domestic Fixed Services Bezeq -Bezeq -Hot (the cable company) -012 Telecom -Cellcom Fixed Telecommunications Services -Partner Fixed Telecommunications Services -Globcalll -BIT Mobile Telephony Pelephone MNOs: -Pelephone -Cellcom -Partner -Hot Mobile -Golan Telecom MVNOs: -Rami Levi -Alon Cellular -Home Cellular (6 more companies were licensed and have yet to start operation) International Services Internet Service Bezeq Only university network 012 Smile Barak-Netvision Bezeq International Xfone 018 Telzar Golan Telecom Hallo 015 Mirs International 012 Smile Bezeq International Barak-Netvision Golden Lines Over 50 smaller ISP's The following pages will provide you with facts and data relating to the evolution and structure of Israel's ICT market, from the monopoly-based market it was until 1994 to the ultra-modern multi-player market it is today, in In 2011, the telecommunications sector in Israel had revenues of US$ 7.5 billion, representing about 4% of the GDP.
2 Regulation A Policy for a Multi-operator Environment Israel has pursued progressive liberalization and privatization in its communications and information technology subsector. These reforms have included privatization, with the sale by the Government of its controlling interest in Bezeq, Israel's incumbent fixed-wire line service provider, in 2005; adoption of a regulatory regime suitable for a multi-operator environment; and competitive local exchange carrier (CLEC) licenses for infrastructure, transmission, data (broadband) and telephony services, a wireless tender carried out in 2010 which led to the entry of two new infrastructure-based operators, and an ongoing process for the development of a wholesale market in fixed communications. Regulatory functions are exercised by the Ministry of Communications. The Communications Law empowers the Minister of Communications to enact legislation concerning all relevant telecommunications services and equipment, including technical specifications for telecommunications equipment and type approvals. The Communications Law states that any license and change thereof must contribute to competition in the field of telecommunications. It also provides that a licensee must fulfill certain prerequisites (requirements vary from one licensee to another). Licenses may be revised or cancelled if an operator becomes, inter alia, anti-competitive, or unfit to provide telecommunications services. There are generally no controls over the tariffs of private suppliers, and certain Bezeq tariffs, which are regulated owing to Bezeq s largely monopolistic market position. Cross-subsidies from monopolized services to competitive services are not allowed. The Ministry attempts to provide incentives to increase competition; for example, the Ministry's 2010 spectrum tender included a provision by which new entrants would receive their bid amounts back, in increments, as their market share in the household (as opposed to the business) sector increases. The Communications Law was amended in August 2001 to eliminate the existing cable television franchises and introduce a revised licensing regime. This allows use of cable infrastructure for the provision of telephony and advanced fixed telecommunications services, such as data communications and broadband Internet access, in addition to multi-channel subscriber television already provided by franchise. In May 2003, a new amendment to the Communications Law allowed CLECs to compete in the fixed telecommunications services without USO (universal service obligation) as from September The Ministry of Communications subsequently issued a set of regulations to establish the terms of procedures to apply for such a license, called a "Specialized Domestic license", and, to date 5 such licenses have been granted. These operators comprise over 30% of the fixed telephony market as of 2012, with the cable incumbent (HOT), providing most of these lines. The Chronology of Market Liberalization In 1984, the regulatory and operational functions in Israeli telecommunications were separated. All telecommunications facilities, which had until that time been governmentoperated, were transferred to the newly established Bezeq company. Bezeq was granted a tightly-regulated monopoly for the provision of telecommunications services. The rise of the ICT revolution in the 90 s, the interest of existing and potential carriers in using the new technologies to provide enhanced services, and a desire to confer the benefits of competition onto the consumer, have led the Ministry to initiate strategic amendments to the existing regulatory structure. In 1994, the first significant step towards a competitive telecommunications market was taken: the incumbent Bezeq was required to form subsidiary companies in order to provide services in market sectors other than domestic, fixed wire line telephony, such as the
3 cellular (Pelephone Ltd.) and international (Bezeq International Ltd.) market sectors. By the end of 1994, the cellular market sector became indeed a competitive one, when Cellcom, the second cellular company, began operations, after winning a tender issued by the Ministry of Communications. Competition levels grew further in 1998, as Partner stepped in (again through a public tender) and in 2001 when MIRS was granted a cellular license. The international telephony and data market saw the entry of competition in 1997, as Barak and Golden Lines began operation. The introduction of competition in the international calling field was indeed a case study in the effects of competition: the price of a call abroad dropped over 70% in a matter of weeks. An amendment of the Telecommunications Act in 1997 enabled the licensing of DBS satellite TV service provider; which began operation on July 2000, and competes with the cable company in the multi-channel broadcasting market. Bezeq s exclusive monopoly-by-law on fixed telephone services ended in June Subsequently, in September 2000, the Minister of Communications enacted regulations for the licensing of new operators in the fixed services market any entity meeting the licensing criteria may receive a license. In February 2001 the Ministry issued a tender for the assignment of additional 2G and 3G cellular frequencies. The tender for additional cellular services using 2G or 3G frequencies was concluded successfully, and frequency bands were allocated for future use by the three major mobile telephone operators. In August 2001, the Telecommunications Act was amended by the Parliament on the basis of a proposal drafted by the Ministry of Communications. This amendment did away with the existing cable television franchises, and introduces instead a licensing regime, which allows use of cable infrastructure for the provision of telephony and advanced fixed telecommunications services such as data communications and broadband Internet access, in addition to the continued provision of multi-channel subscriber television. In May 2003, the Telecommunications Act was amended by the Parliament, in order to allow CLEC s to compete in the fixed telecommunications services without USO (Universal Service Obligation) as of September Subsequently, the Ministry of Communications has issued a set of regulations to establish the terms and procedures to apply for such a license, called a Specialized Domestic License. Up to the present, five of these Licenses were given by the Ministry of Communications to 012 Telecom, Globcall Telecommunications. Cellcom fixed Telecommunications services, Bezeq International, and Partner fixed Telecommunications services. While Bezeq remains Israel s leading domestic, fixed-service operator, the cable operator HOT Telecom has acquired above 300,000 voice telephony subscribers, mainly in the households and small business segment. As previously stated, alternative operators provide over 30% of the revenues in the fixed telephony market. In early 2007, the Minister of Communications appointed a public committee, headed by Professor Rueben Gronau of the Economics Department at the Hebrew University (the Gronau Committee), to recommend a future regulatory and competitive policy. The committee presented its recommendations in the summer of To provide incentives for investment by incumbent operators, the committee recommended that the Minister adopt a policy of mandated access to incumbent networks, including, inter alia, local loop unbundling (along with other network elements necessary to implement LLU), wholesale line rental and resale of incumbent services. The committee s recommendations were based on a thorough investigation of the European regulatory scheme, and were designed to ensure that competitive carriers would upgrade network infrastructure, causing incumbents to do so as well. The committee recommended that Bezeq not be given a regulatory holiday nor any monopoly over the use of the NGA, and that competitors be provided access to the NGA according to European best practices as they evolve over time. The Minister adopted the recommendations of the committee on the matter of a wholesale market in fixed communications, as the committee recommended them.
4 A further committee, headed by Mr. Amir Hayek, CPA, recommended that the policy of wholesale access should be carried out, and the Minister of Communications adopted the main points of this committee's recommendations. The ensuing policy document set out a "roadmap" for a wholesale market in fixed communications, along with liberalization of the constraints on incumbents, including, inter alia, more flexibility in tariffs and reductions in structural separation within the "Bezeq" Group. The implementation of this policy is ongoing, and remains a strategic focus of the Ministry. Review of Israel's Telecommunications Market Sectors Fixed Services The "phone-lines-to-households penetration rate" is falling, owing mainly to increased use of mobile services and broadband (rather than dialup) internet, and currently stands at approximately 92%, while the "home-pass rate" for domestic telephony exceeds 99%. Broadband service in Israel (by cable modem or ADSL) has a home-pass rate of 99%, and a penetration rate of approximately 82% of households (2010). High speed internet access is firmly entrenched as a standard service in most Israeli homes In March 2002, the cable companies (before the merger into the unified HOT Telecom company) were granted licenses to provide broadband telephony access on their infrastructure (using cable modems). The cable infrastructure became a competitor to the Bezeq's infrastructure. As a result, the penetration rate of broadband 2012 households had grown from approximately 4% in 2002 to approximately 82% in 2007, with a home-pass of 99%. The prices of broadband Internet Access have decreased precipitously, and currently stand at approximately 88 NIS (about $23 per month), with average speeds of about 8 MbpsSince high-speed internet access is a key driver for the global ICT economy,, it is an important key in advancing the Israeli market. Recent market developments have increased the pace of speed upgrades among consumers, with both Bezeq and HOT offering 100Mbps service. Bezeq has rolled out a fiber-to-the-curb (FTTC) network and HOT is upgrading their hybrid fiber-coax network to allow higher speeds to more consumers. Since September 2004, it had become possible to new competitors to enter the fixed telecommunications service market, free from Universal Service Obligations, and there are 5 providers operating according to those licenses. These licences are granted to operators who own limited infrastructures, and to operators who provide VOIP service over broadband infrastructure of other operators. Cellular Telephony There are five cellular operators in Israel who provide digital technology countrywide coverage and modern 3G (third generation) services. Pelephone, the oldest operator, has rolled out a UMTS network. The second operator, Cellcom, still operates the American IS- 136 TDMA technology as a legacy second-generation network, but uses European DCS 1800 and UMTS for third generation services. Orange (Partner Communications), the third operator, uses GSM technology DCS 1800 and UMTS. Two new operators entered the market in 2010: Hot mobile, which uses third-generation UMTS technology alongside a legacy iden network acquired along with small operator Mirs Communications, while Golan Telecom uses UMTS technology exclusively. Both Golan Telecom and HOT mobile have concluded national roaming agreements which allow for nationwide coverage while they build their networks. In addition to these infrastructure-based competitors, the Ministry amended the regulatory framework to allow provision of services by mobile virtual network operators (MVNO's). Two of Israel's leading supermarket chains have begun offering services as MVNO's.
5 The introduction of competition in 1995 led to an extremely high subscriber growth rate, one of the highest in the world. As of 2011, penetration stands at approximately 130%. This rapid growth was achieved by providing nationwide coverage, low tariffs, introduction of Calling Party Pays (CPP) method in 1994, network quality, and effective marketing. On December 18, 2001, tenders were concluded for licenses for additional 2G and 3G cellular frequency bands, in order to expand network capacities and enable use of broadband cellular applications employing DCS-1800 and UMTS technologies. Cellcom, Pelephone and Partner participated in these tenders; a total of 115MHz has been assigned to those parties at a total license fee of 240 million USD. The new frequencies enabled the operators to provide GSM1800 modern services and 3rd Generation UMTS features. During the year 2004 additional 10 MHz were assigned to the UMTS network of Cellcom, by tender, and in 2010 a further spectrum tender resulted in the entry of two new operators. As part of the process of increasing competition, the Ministry lowered the regulated rate for termination of calls on mobile networks from approx NIS to approx NIS, at the beginning of 2011, after a comprehensive consultation. These updated rates contribute to a more competitive environment and better reflect the cost of terminating calls on mobile networks. Number Portability On September 1, 2006, the act approved by the Israeli government on August 15, 2004 regarding the implementation of the number portability in Israel has become valid. "The Portability Law" allow fixed and mobile telephony subscribers to keep their phone number in the case of exchanging operators. Over 300,000 consumers have taken advantage of this option, which is seen as a critical factor in improving the competitiveness of both the mobile and fixed telephony markets. One notable feature of the Israeli number portability scheme is the short turnaround time of 3 hours, with no more than half an hour of interruption of service. The introduction of 2 new operators was a significant test of the number portability system, which continues to perform well. International Telecommunications Services International long distance services have traditionally been a monopoly of Bezeq International (a subsidiary of Bezeq). In July 1997, two privately-owned facility-based carriers, Golden Lines and Barak, were also licensed. In May 2004, three additional licenses were given to Internet Gold, Xphone, and Netvision. Some smaller entrants have since begun offering services, bringing the total to 8. In 2007, outgoing fixed international telephone traffic amounted to 1.6 billion minutes; the figure for incoming traffic was 1.3 billion minutes. The licensed operators currently deliver services over a modern digital network, including several switching facilities incorporating advanced intelligent network infrastructure. The operators also use VOIP technology. Other enhancements include optical submarine cables (including Lev, a 5 Gb/s fiber cable between Israel, Cyprus and Italy, in service since 1998, and MED Nautilus, a 3.84 Tb/s DWDM system in restorable ring configuration, between Israel, Cyprus, Greece and Italy); digital satellite links; modern operator facilities; and advanced data communications facilities. In recent years, two new submarine cables have been inaugurated, one (owned by Bezeq International) to mainland Europe and another (owned by the Tamares Group) to Cyprus. These new cables carry mainly internet traffic, which is growing at a fast pace Outgoing traffic quickly tripled and the new carriers rapidly gained substantial market share as the incumbent operator lost its exclusive position. Fair and transparent interconnection arrangements, equal access rules and bold cuts in retail prices, have enhanced competition in international services. As a result of the competition in prices dropped by approximately 70% and in 2004 additional substantial reductions accrued. Today, owing to significant competition from non-licensed traffic such as VoIP, international calling is
6 becoming part of a bundle of services. For example, many mobile operators offer unlimited international calling to a large number of destinations as part of their service package. Internet & Broadband There are 3 large Internet service providers in Israel and 45 smaller license holders, serving more than three million users, including above 60% of households and above 80% of businesses. Cellular phone companies introduced wireless Internet during Bezeq began to offer ADSL services in 2000, and the cable companies started to provide broadband cable modem access in March Internet service providers purchase international IP bandwidth, connect to the backbone networks of Bezeq and HOT, and provide services to consumers based on a VPN configuration. The average speed in Israeli is approximately 8Mbps, with speeds of up to 100 Mbps available on HOT s network and 100 Mbps on Bezeq s network. Bezeq is completing the rollout of a fiber-to-the-curb network and beginning trials of a fiber-to-thehome network, while HOT is investing in their hybrid fiber-coaxial network to provide higher speeds as well As a result of the competition, the penetration rate of broadband to households has grown from approximately 4% in 2002 to approximately 82% in Fixed broadband service in Israel (by Cable Modem or ADSL) has a home-pass of 99%. The tariffs of broadband Internet have dropped precipitously and broadband internet is now a common, household product. The cable company and Bezeq are obligated to provide universal deployment of broadband Internet access service. Broadband penetration rates are high: over 1,100,000 ADSL subscribers and 600,000 cable modem subscribers,, translate to a penetration rate of 82%, placing Israel among the leading countries in the world in terms of broadband penetration. Factors encouraging this growth include the competition between Bezeq and the cable company (both are under universal service obligation for broadband as well as telephony), competition between five major ISP s widespread use of computer in business and at home, advanced telecommunications infrastructure and a regulatory policy of minimal intervention. Several sophisticated Hebrew-language portals and a vast array of Hebrew web sites also contribute to ubiquitous Internet use in Israel. In addition, the Israeli government has undertaken many e-government initiatives and many interactions with government agencies are done online, such as license renewal, payments, taxation, viewing of court documents, etc. Israel is a world leader in developing Internet technologies and applications, and Israeli companies operating in the field have marked several international successes. This international reputation is also recognized on the home market, and influences local interest and use. The country's strong tradition of academic inquiry and research has placed Israel on the global research network for the NGI (Next Generation Internet), linking Israel to the world's seekers of scientific and industrial knowledge through StarTap (Chicago) to the U.S.- Internet 2 Network, through the Point of Presence (London) to the EU GEANT Network and to Q-Med (Mediterranean consortium Quantum extension).
7 Broadcasting Public TV channels There are three public TV channels: channel 1, offering diverse cultural, entertainment, news and documentary content; channel 33, offering culture and news content, including a daily Arabic language timeslot; and the Educational TV, whose contents are broadcast over 3 different platforms special daily timeslots on channel 1 and on the commercial channel 2, and all day on the cables-carried channel 23. Channels 1 and 33, as well as Israel's public radio stations, are operated and regulated by the Israel Broadcasting Authority; the Educational TV is financed by the Ministry of Education. Commercial TV channels There are two commercial TV channels channel 2 and channel 10. These, as well as Israel's commercial regional radio stations, are regulated by the Second Authority for Television and Radio. Multichannel TV Israel's multichannel subscriber television market is regulated by the Council of Cable and Satellite TV Broadcasting, overseen by the Minister of Communications. Currently, this market comprises three operators, all of whom are required to include all public and commercial channels in their offering. 1. Cable TV: Hot Telecommunication Systems Ltd (known under the brand name "Hot"), is the cable TV operator; historically the result of the 2006 merger of three regional cable TV companies (each holding a regional monopoly), the company offers a countrywide, fully digital cable network (including a recording converter, VoD service, and HD channels), and services 893,000 subscribers (2013). Since 2009, the company is held by the European Altice SA cable TV group. 2. Satellite TV: DBS Satellite Services (1998) Ltd, the satellite TV operator, known under its brand name "Yes", began its operations in July 2000 using Israel s AMOS communications satellites. With 578,000 subscribers (2013), it is 49.9% owned by Bezeq, and 50.1% by Eurocom. The company offers a fully digital network, a recording converter, VoD service, and HD broadcasting. 3. Digital Terrestrial TV: An ammendment to the law in 2008 has paved the way to digital terrestrial TV, authorizing the Second Authority for TV and Radio to operate the service; initial operations started in The service, brand-named IDAN Plus, is offered free of charge, and only requires the one-time acquisition of a special digital converter and antenna kit. As of 2012, circa 500,000 households use the service, which contains Israel's public and commercial TV channels (channel 1, channel 2, channel 10, channel 23, channel 33, the Knesset channel), all public radio stations, and some regional commercial radio stations. Regulatory work is being carried nowadays so that IDAN Plus channel offering grows significantly in the very near future, to include niche and subject-based channels currently broadcast solely by Hot and Yes, as well as a subject-based (possibly children's) channel exclusive to IDAN Plus. In May 2013, the Minister of Communications and the Ministry of Finance have passed a series of reforms in the multichannel television market, under the Economic Arrangements bill. The reforms include a narrow broadcast package by DBS and Hot, giving the Minister the authority to lower prices or intervene in the composition of stations. He also received the authority to require Yes and Hot to sell the narrow broadcast package to companies wanting to enter the television market, thus paving the way to more competition. Any telecommunications company that wants to provide television broadcasts will be allowed to market Yes or Hot's narrow broadcast packages. It can buy the package of channels at a price approved or ordered by the minister, and it will have the right to add its own channels to the package and sell them to its customers.
8 Radio stations In total, there are 22 public (countrywide) and commercial (regional) FM radio stations; in addition, there are 39 educational radio stations (generally using the 106FM frequency) operated locally by different schools, colleges and university campuses across the country. There are 150 radio transmitters across Israel, serving all stations. Postal Services Over the past two decades the Israeli postal market has undergone wide-ranging reform. The process began with the establishment of the Israeli Postal Authority (IPA) in 1987 and culminated in with the creation of the Israeli Postal Company (IPC), the opening of the bulk-mail market to competition, the introduction of a new set of tariffs (in November 2007) and the granting of a new license to the IPC (in January 2008), thus creating a regulatory framework and introducing additional flexibility in the introduction of new products. Israel s postal industry generates annual revenues of some $800 million (2006) from the delivery of some 710 million postal items (about 100 per inhabitant). The dominant firm in the market is the government-owned IPC, since it is the only universal provider and operates in every submarket. Courier services have been provided by competitive operators for many years. In March 2001, a private company began providing mail delivery services to large bulk-mail customers, but further competition was prevented by legal processes. The legal debate lasted for several years and in the meanwhile a status quo was maintained: the company continued its activity without expanding its volume. In March 2006, the IPA was transformed into the IPC and in September of that same year the Sagi Report on setting new tariffs was submitted. The report was adopted six months later and the tariffs came into effect 13 months later, in November On January 3, 2008, following a drafting process of over two years, a license to the IPC was finally granted. The license determined the regulatory framework in which the company operates in terms of the definition of universal service and the relationship between the regulator and the Company. Moreover, the license defined a framework for the addition of new and even non-postal services. Today, the bulk mail segment is open to competition. A public committee (the "Reich Committee") is currently beginning its deliberations on a new tariff structure for the Postal Company.
9 Israel's Role in World Telecommunications Since Israel is a small country, with almost no natural resources, it has always had to depend on its intellectual resources, for survival and development. This is one of the factors that have made the country a technological leader. Innovation and Manufacturing Israel is widely acknowledged as a technological innovator. A major share of local service provider's networks and applications was designed and produced by Israeli companies. These technologies include public switching, transmission, access network technology, wireless local loop systems, data networking devices, network management software, billing systems and value added services software. Hundreds of active start-up companies are developing a variety of new technologies, mostly related to information processing, and many in the telecommunications field. Technological R&D activities in Israel are intensive. Traditional industry-academy cooperation, supported by Ministry of Industry and Trade s Chief Scientist, has led the country to some significant breakthroughs in several areas. Excellence areas include Internet applications, broadband, local area networks, digital wireless, opto-electronics, video and image processing, satellite communications, network management, network security and telemedicine. This excellence in R&D and original innovation has turned Israel s ICT industry into the country s leading economic sector. Foreign Investment The Israeli telecommunications industry has consistently been highly attractive to foreign investors. Several leading multinational telecommunication companies have invested in the Israeli market, including investment in Israeli high-tech companies, R&D and manufacturing facilities in Israel. More than 100 dedicated high-tech venture capital funds operate in Israel. Indirect investment in Israeli telecommunications firms is also provided by institutional and private investors purchasing shares of Israeli companies traded on the New York Stock Exchange, as well as in London and on other European exchanges. Israel is one of the countries with the highest number of companies which are traded in the American stock exchange, Nasdaq. Israeli IT and telecommunication companies in Nasdaq are world leaders in areas such as Internet security, value added service solutions, billing solutions and customer care services, VoIP technologies, fixed wireless access technologies, telecommunication services via satellite, optical and copper networking solutions, data and ATM, etc. International and Regional Cooperation Over the past several years, Israel has pursued the development of international and regional telecommunications cooperation. Israel has signed bilateral telecommunications agreements with 27 countries. Israel is committed to an active policy of international and regional integration, with a view to participating in future cooperative endeavors relating to telecommunications products and services. The Israeli Ministry of Communications is regularly taking part in the year-round activities of the Euro-Mediterranean Regulators Group (EMERG), an EU initiative aimed at increasing EU- Mediterranean regulatory harmonization and promoting cooperation among the telecommunications regulation authorities around the Mediterranean basin.
10 Israel has fully participated in the WTO (World Trade Organization) & GATS telecommunications services negotiations, and has committed itself, within the framework of the WTO multilateral agreement, to an open, competitive and transparent telecommunications industry. Even before Israel ascended to the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Israeli representatives served as observers to telecommunications-related activities of the organization, chiefly the working group for communications infrastructure and services policy (CISP). Today Israel is a member of the working group and other related OECD bodies. Satellites The AMOS-1 Israeli geostationary satellite, located at 4 degrees west, began operations in It was built by the Israeli Aircraft Industries (IAI) and uses 7 Ku-band transponders, primarily for direct-to-home television broadcasting, TV distribution and VSAT services for customers in the Middle East and in Central Europe. Spacecom Ltd. is the exclusive marketer and service provider of AMOS-1 services. Another satellite, the Gurwin-II TechSAT, was launched in July This experimental satellite was designed, manufactured and is controlled by The Technion-Israel Institute of Technology. The Gurwin-II TechSAT provides communications, remote sensing and research services. ImageSat system designed and manufactured, like AMOS-1, by IAI, provides services via MBT Ltd., an international consortium headed by Israeli Aircraft Industries, had launched its EROS satellite in EROS is a non-geostationary orbit satellite, which provides highly accurate commercial photography and surveillance services. In December 2003, Spacecom Ltd. launched AMOS-2 and it is co-located with AMOS-1. AMOS-2 has 11 Ku-band transponders and 3 backup transponders, 72 MHz bandwidth each. It has 3 spot beams: the Middle East beam supports up to 11 transponders; the Europe beam supports up to 6 transponders; and US East Coast beam supports up to 8 transponders. Amos-3 was launched in April 2008, to replace Amos-1 in its geosynchronous orbit. Amos-3 has 15 Ku-band transponders.
11 2013 Statistics General information Population 7,707,000 Land area 20,770 sq km Fixed Services Number of domestic telephony operators 2 general licenses (Bezeq, Hot), 5 special licenses (Cellcom-netvision 013, Partner- 012, Bezeq int.,) Number of fixed phone lines 2.9 million Total revenues $1.5 billion (2011) Percentage of digital telephone network 100% Home-pass 99% Number of broadband infrastructure operators 2 (Bezeq and HOT)+a 3 rd, FTTH network being deployed (using Electric Corporation infrastructure) Internet & Broadband Number of ISP 70+ (3 major players) Number of broadband subscribers ~1,800,000 (~1,100,000 ADSL, ~700,000 Cable) Broadband penetration 80% of households Broadband penetration per 100 inhabitants ~25% Broadband home-pass 99% Average speed 10 Mb/s Cellular Telephony Opening of competition 1995 Number of operators 5 network operators + 9 MVNO licensees (of whom 3 are already operating as of December 2012) Country coverage 99% of the Israeli population Total revenues $2.91 billion (2012) Number of subscribers 9,964,000 Penetration rate 132% Average ARPU $93 Average MOU 426 Date of UMTS spectrum auction December 2001, July 2011 Number of UMTS licenses 5 UMTS frequencies band price $45 million (per operator) International telecommunications Services Opening of competition 1997 Number of operators 8 Total number of minutes (in 2012) 2.6 Billion (Incoming & Outgoing)
Ministry of Communications, November 2006 From Monopoly to Competition: 1994-2006 Market Sectors 1994 2006 Domestic Fixed Services Bezeq Bezeq Hot (the cable companies) 012 Telecom Cellcom Fixed Telecommunications
Telecommunications in Israel 2 0 0 1 STATE OF ISRAEL Ministry of Communications Policies for the Marketplace Over the past ten years, the Israeli telecommunications sector has benefited from a thorough
Telecommunications Industry & Market in Israel Uri Olenik Director General 1 Presentation Agenda Israel Demographics & ICT Statistics Telecommunications Industry Telecommunications Market Overview Telecom
Internet (over-the-top) services and challenges to regulation Adi Cahan-Gonen Senior Professional Advisor to the Director-General Israel: short snapshot Israel is a developed ICT economy Widespread adoption
Country Session: The Republic of TURKEY 13-14 July 2006 Content Liberalisation Mobile Market Fixed Market Internet Services Frequencies Directory Services Satellites CaTV networks 2 LIBERALISATION 3 Liberalisation-I
Appendix A: Basic network architecture TELECOMMUNICATIONS LOCAL ACCESS NETWORKS Traditionally, telecommunications networks are classified as either fixed or mobile, based on the degree of mobility afforded
CONTENTS 1. Characteristics of the telecommunications services market.1 1.1 Global development.1 1.2 Structure and volume of the Bulgarian telecommunications market...6 1.3 Prospects for development of
Telecommunications Regulation SOUTH AFRICA Bowman Gilfillan CONTACT INFORMATION Daniel Pretorius Bowman Gilfillan 165 West Street, Sandton P.O. Box 785812 Johannesburg, 2146 +27116699381 email@example.com
YOUR TRUSTED BUSINESS PARTN E R JAMII TELECOMMUNICATIONS LTD COMPANYPROFILE Table of Contents 1. Introduction 2. Our Vision 3. Our Mission 4. Our Core Values 5. Our Customer Service Vision 6. The Company
Definitions of the Telecommunication indicators used in the EUROSTAT telecommunications inquiry Table 1 Operators (Unit: number (NBR)) Number of active operators (only active) offering publicly available
Backgrounder Harper Government Takes Action to Support Canadian Families Rules for the 700 MHz and 2500 MHz Spectrum Auctions Foreign Investment Restrictions in the Telecommunications Sector The Harper
MEMO/06/84 Brussels, 20 February 2006 The European Electronic Communications Regulation and Markets 11 th Report Frequently Asked Questions What is the EU regulatory framework for electronic communications?
Convergence: challenges from the perspective of regulation Remko Bos Director department of Markets Independent Post and Telecommunications Authority (OPTA), The Netherlands EETT s 4th International Conference:
Panel: How broadband policy can contribute to deploy secured and universal broadband access Presentation: Initiatives to deploy broadband access in Europe Erik BOHLIN Chalmers University of Technology,
Brochure More information from http://www.researchandmarkets.com/reports/1943720/ Slovakia - Telecoms, IP Networks, Digital Media and Forecasts Description: The report outlines Slovakia's fixed-line telecoms
OCDE OECD ORGANISATION DE COOPÉRATION ET ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC DE DÉVELOPPEMENT ÉCONOMIQUES CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT COMMUNICATIONS OUTLOOK 1999 BROADCASTING: Regulatory Issues Country: Korea Date
18 Customer-oriented High Quality Customer Service Better Returns to Shareholders China Mobile (Hong Kong) Limited 19 The table below summarizes selected operating data of the Group for the period from
OPEN SKIES POLICY - MARKET ACCESS PRINCIPLES FOR SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS Executive Summary The need for Open Skies approach for satellite services stems from the reach and nature of satellite signals,
&RPSHWLWLRQDQGGHUHJXODWLRQLQ )LQODQGDQGLQ(8 The liberalization of European telecom markets The Finnish market situation New regulatory demands in promoting competition 7KH(87HOHFRPPXQLFDWLRQV PDUNHW 150
ANTICIPATED ACQUISITION BY BT GROUP PLC OF EE LIMITED Summary of hearing with UKB Group on 14 August 2015 Overview of UKB s concerns 1. UKB Group (UKB) told the CMA that it was comprised of UK Broadband
PARTNER COMMUNICATIONS ANNOUNCES RECENT DEVELOPMENTS ROSH HA'AYIN, Israel, May 25, 2010 - Partner Communications Company Ltd. ("Partner" or "the Company") (NASDAQ and TASE: PTNR), a leading Israeli communications
90 Management s Discussion and Analysis Management s Discussion Management s Discussion and Analysis/Operating and Financial Review and Prospects 91 and Analysis OPERATING AND FINANCIAL REVIEW AND PROSPECTS
TUNISIA BUSINESS REFORM AND COMPETITIVENESS PROJECT Workshop sur le Service Universel L Expérience Américaine Kelly Cameron +1(301) 768-7263 firstname.lastname@example.org +216 95 320 650 26 janvier 2015
Brochure More information from http://www.researchandmarkets.com/reports/1410956/ Cote d Ivoire (Ivory Coast) - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Market Insights, Statistics and Forecasts Description: Ivory
Article 11 Annex: Questionnaire to National Authorities Case n 37.639 Sector inquiry / Roaming Please note that, in the interest of facilitating the processing and analysis of the relevant data, you are
Brochure More information from http://www.researchandmarkets.com/reports/1226790/ Hong Kong - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Forecasts Description: This report covers the sophisticated Hong Kong telecommunications
Martin Cave: fibre in Europe IEP Barcelona, 17 February 2015 Imperial College Business School 1 Why is Europe slow to get fibre, and why does it matter? IEP Barcelona 17 February 2015 Martin Cave Imperial
Satellite Broadband Services Report to the UK Space Leadership Council by the Satellite Broadband Steering Group June 2011 Summary Satellite broadband services are likely to be part of the infrastructure
Fiber to the Home Definition Fiber to the home (FTTH) is the ideal fiber-optics architecture. In this architecture, fiber deployment is carried all the way to the customer s home (premises). Overview Today
Unbundling in Europe: Recent Trends Sophie BISMUT IDATE, Montpellier O ver the past few years, a radical change has come about in the role of the copper local loop that connects subscribers to their operator's
INFORMATION BRIEF Minnesota House of Representatives Research Department 600 State Office Building St. Paul, MN 55155 November 1999 Jeanne Cochran, Legislative Analyst, 651-296-8961 Pat Dalton, Legislative
April 1999 Made by Öhrlings PricewaterhouseCoopers on commission by the National Post and Telecom Agency (PTS) Öhrlings PricewaterhouseCoopers has been commissioned by the National Post and Telecom Agency
Steptoe's internationally recognized Telecommunications Group, based in the firm's Washington and London offices, advises on a broad range of telecommunications-related commercial, transactional, regulatory,
emarket Services makes it easier for you to use electronic marketplaces for international business TELECOMMUNICATIONS INDUSTRY REPORT Report Letizia Gallacci emarket Services, ICE, Italy www.emarketservices.com
Electronic Communications Committee (ECC) within the European Conference of Postal and Telecommunications Administrations (CEPT) SERVICE PROVIDER ACCESS IN MOBILE NETWORKS March 2003 Page 2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Telecommunications Regulation DOMINICAN REPUBLIC Pellerano & Herrera CONTACT INFORMATION Luis Rafael Pellerano Pellerano & Herrera 10 John F. Kennedy Avenue 809-735-2205 email@example.com 1. What is
Getting Broadband FCC Consumer Facts What Is Broadband? Broadband or high-speed Internet access allows users to access the Internet and Internetrelated services at significantly higher speeds than those
Lex Mundi Telecommunications Regulation Multi-Jurisdictional Survey CONTACT INFORMATION Maria Luisa Gubbins Estudio Olaechea Bernardo Monteagudo 201 San Isidro, Lima 27, Peru 51 (1) 219-0400 firstname.lastname@example.org
Review of recent CCSA experiences in the Telecommunications Sector Kazan, Russia Selelo Ramohlola & Tapera Muzata 31 March 3 April 2015 Outline of Presentation Opening remarks Introduction & background
SPEECH/08/355 Viviane Reding Member of the European Commission responsible for Information Society and Media Europe's Way to the High Speed Internet: Why Effective Network Competition is the Freeway to
Box 6-2 continued By June 2003, this had grown to 88 percent. A recent study indicates that the introduction of satellite TV led to substantial gains for consumers. However, ongoing antitrust oversight
Electronic Communications Committee (ECC) within the European Conference of Postal and Telecommunications Administrations (CEPT) HIGH CAPACITY DSL-SYSTEMS Oulu, March 2006 Page 2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY In this
2008 TELECOMMUNICATIONS SECTOR IV. TELECOMMUNICATIONS SECTOR 1. Sector Overview At present the telecommunications sector in Thailand is dominated by mobile communications. There are about 43 million mobile
INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON GOOD GOVERNANCE FOR NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT WORKSHOPS ON E GOVERNMENT FOR ACHIEVING THE MDGS AND E CITIES NETWORK IN ASIA AND THE PACIFIC: LOCAL E GOVERNMENT FOR THE MDGS AND SERVICE
The State of ICT Market Development in Saudi Arabia Online, Field Work (x3) & Interviews: 2009-2010 The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 2010 This work is copyright. Prepared for the Communications and Information
Department for Culture, Media & Sport 1 Annex B: Glossary 2G: Second generation of mobile telephony systems. Uses digital transmission to support voice, low-speed data communications, and short messaging
Next Generation Networks: In need of regulation Anne Barbarin Groupe neuf cegetel 15/11/2006 Neuf Cegetel Key Figures Financial performance which places the group in a good position for 2006 and 2007 Change
Over the Top and Pay TV Opportunities: How are operators and content providers working together to create innovative platforms? By Loren Braithwaite-Kabosha CEO: South African Communications Forum Disruptive
The Status of Telecommunications in Grenada 1 Overview The telecommunications sector was estimated to have contributed EC $94.9 million to GDP, Telecommunications Investment and Revenue in Grenada representing
ADSL or Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line Backbone Bandwidth Bit Commonly called DSL. Technology and equipment that allow high-speed communication across standard copper telephone wires. This can include
QUARTERLY QUESTIONNAIRE ON ELECTRONIC COMMUNICATION SERVICES AS A FIXED LOCATION AND NOMADIC VOIP SERVICES Fixed Telephone Service (FTS) Nomadic VoIP service Internet Access Services (IAS) Pay-TV Service
Central Superfast Broadband Project Frequently Asked Questions What is the Central Superfast Broadband Project? The Central Superfast Broadband Project is a partnership between Central Bedfordshire Council,
WiMAX technology An opportunity that can lead African Countries to the NET Economy Annamaria Raviola SVP - Marketing and Business Development Agenda Telecommunications in Africa: the present picture Wi-MAX:
Bridging the African Internet Introduction Mike Silber Head of Legal and Commercial Liquid Telecom Board member ICANN.za Domain Name Authority TENET ISPA (South Africa) Management Committee Bridging the
FT networks, services and IS evolution perspectives towards convergence Patrice COLLET France Télécom Network, Carrier and IT Division Networks, Carriers and IT France Télécom T vision Networks, Carriers
Brochure More information from http://www.researchandmarkets.com/reports/1205940/ Botswana - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses Description: Regulator issues consultation on migration
Satellite Basics Benefits of Satellite People need access to enterprise-class, high-speed voice, video and data applications wherever they happen to be. Satellite connectivity has the power to drive communications
Broadband Policies in Japan January, 2009 FUJINO, Masaru Counselor for Communications Policy Embassy of Japan 1 Topics I Broadband Environment in Japan II Major Policies for Broadband Deployment III Current
Lex Mundi Telecommunications Regulation Multi-Jurisdictional Survey CONTACT INFORMATION Alberto J. Rivera Marval, O'Farrell & Mairal Av. Leandro N. Alem 928, 7th Floor 1001 Buenos Aires, Argentina 54.11.4310.0100
Chapter 2 Voice services This chapter discusses the availability of voice services in Australia and the changes that this market is experiencing. The number of fixed voice services is declining, with consumers
Attachment The Study Group on New Business Models and the Grand Design of Competitive Environments for the New Information and Communications Era Interim Report How Competitive Environments in the Telecommunications
Telecommunications De-regulation Policy Consultative Paper Ministry of Information Technology & Telecommunications IT & Telecommunications Division December 2002 1. Telecommunications De-Regulation Policy
Company presentation 2014 Gilat Satcom is a subsidiary of Eurocom Group Eurocom Group is the largest privately owned holding company with strong presence in Israel and a growing presence internationally
Liberalisation and Growth in Telecommunications - Hong Kong, China's Experience T F So, Assistant Director Office of the Telecommunications Authority Hong Kong, China Agenda Key Milestones in Liberalisation
Telecom Argentina Plan 2011-13 Safe Harbour These presentations contain statements that constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.
Principal Technological Introductions Vodafone Portugal Vodafone has always been at the forefront of the introduction of new technologies and the development of mobile data services. It pioneered in Portugal
Annex No.1 to the 25th resolution of the Communications Regulatory Commission, 2007 REGULATION ON VOICE OVER INTERNET PROTOCOL /Amended by 26th resolution of 2009, 4th resolution of 2012, 39th resolution
1.264 Lecture 21 Telecom network technology: Fiber, satellite, cellular telephony, cable modems, DSL Network technology We ve just covered the basic components of transmission, switching/ routing and physical
an innovative and integrated wireless network aimed at offering Triple Play services Introduction AIR is a wireless network that can be used to offer Triple Play economically, i.e. with a typical pay-back
Huawei Answer to ARCEP s public consultation on the challenges tied to new frequency bands for electronic communication services access networks July 2007-26 September 2007 Question no. 1: What is your
Broadband Cheat Sheet www.tech4ohio.org Your Guide to Broadband and Telecom in Ohio About Technology for Ohio s Tomorrow Technology for Ohio s Tomorrow is a non-profit organization comprised of individual
Traffic Forecasting Models for the Incumbent Based on New Drivers in the Market KJELL STORDAHL Kjell Stordahl (58) received his M.S. in statistics from Oslo University in 1972. He worked with Telenor R&D
Extending Constant Connectivity to Any Location How leading companies meet challenges with satellite communication technology 1 Today s companies face connectivity challenges and new opportunities To sustain
Overview of Developments in the Telecommunications Market in 2011 Office of the Telecommunications Authority 9 February 2012 1 Overview of Developments in the Telecommunications Market in 2011 Mobile Market
Your consent to our cookies if you continue to use this website.