Section I. Context Chapter 1. Country s context and current equity situation.

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Section I. Context Chapter 1. Country s context and current equity situation."

Transcription

1 1 Equity in education: dimension, causes and policy responses. Country Analytical Report Russia Outline Russian CAR will follow structural requirements offered in General Guidelines. Outline from this report represents frame ideas of each chapter in order to introduce them to experts for further references and comments on particular essential points. Section I. Context Chapter 1. Country s context and current equity situation. Country s economic, social and cultural background Demographic data of the country; average education level in the country; economic indicators, general economic growth, disbalance in regional industrial development, evaluation of threats and opportunities; growing social (geographic, cultural, ethnic and religious) diversity of population; incapability of social sphere (welfare system) to meet properly all the requirements of population, including educational needs; people s negative attitudes towards reforms, due to hardships, caused by the reforms of the last decade. Concerning public opinion it should be noted that still the view at Soviet times educational system as at the very best one in the world, even against all other disadvantages of the communist regime is commonly spread in Russia. It makes public expectations of reforms to be aimed more at sustainability of old practices rather then at looking for adaptation to modern demands. Main structural features of the educational system General performances of the education system; number of institutions; growing participation rates; enrollment requirements at each level; percentage of GDP and budget share spent on education (its changes through the last decade), population expenditures on education; influence of transition period in Russia on the quality of education, its financing mechanisms and governance; first evidences of reforms. Cultural and political context around equity More then 15 years of political and economical transformations have inevitably influenced cultural sphere and educational system of the country adding complexity to international challenges of liberalization and globalization. Thus, making reforms in education Russia needs to resolve both common and specific problems among which there is the imperfection of social infrastructure; luck of systemic and legitimate approach to quality assessment; misbalance in between education institutions programs offers and labor market demands; low social status of scientific and educational personnel; and, in the end, equity problems at near all levels of educational system. Views and approaches to equity problems Broad spectrum of Russian politicians and policymakers regard the provision of equity in education, specially equal access and opportunities as a top priority of the country policy leading to greater social cohesion and forming adequate

2 2 resources for further economical development. Recently started in Russia program of education reforms incorporated this idea as one of its guidelines. In connection to the previous notes it might be useful to analyze several topics related to the Russian education policy, which caused rather hot internal debates: Unified State Examination (Final test after graduation of secondary school conducted independently from school administrations and providing admission to universities due to its results.) State Individual Financial Obligations, (Prospect of the implementation of state educational vouchers) Rural school net restructuring Informatization of education Consequences of Russia signed Bologna declaration. Subpopulations at risk Among equity problems actual for Russia it might be useful to distinguish following characteristics: - place of living (remote territories); - SEB; - special needs groups; - gender; - immigration status - ethnicity. Section II. Opportunities and outcomes Chapter 2. Profile of equity in education This section of the Russian CAR presents all quantitative and qualitative information available from official statistics and various independent surveys to equity problems at each level of education. Main points of the Russian education system, where inequity becomes more visible and even glaring are transformations between levels (i.e. job, college or university as options for secondary school graduates). Nevertheless each educational level has its own equity concerns. Analysis of accumulated data on each stage follows the breakdown, presented in General Guidelines (SEB, location of residence, ethnicity, immigration status, language group, gender) as precisely as possible. But some levels may have deviations in description from these requirements due to the lack or incompleteness of the information obtained (preschool education and adult learning), while the others may have some peculiar characteristics, which are not mentioned in General Guidelines. Preschool education Preschool education is provided for children from 3 to 7 years old. Analysis of equity issuers at this educational level is mainly based on research works than on statistics, as there is a glaring lack of it.

3 3 Compulsory secondary education Compulsory secondary education in Russia is mainly public and maintained for children between 7 and 15. Description of this level of education includes comments on participation, graduation and drop-out rates (based on statistical data), curriculum and its deviations, analysis of PISA results and surveys of equity problems held on these grounds. It should be noted that compulsory public education is added by different options from out-of school courses, trainings and other opportunities, which, of course, influence individual s capacities. Unfortunately, variety of these options in spite of their importance for equity can hardly be assessed. Upper secondary education and primary professional education After compulsory education there is a choice for students between upper secondary education and primary professional education. Problems of low status of primary professional education in Russia, lack of its correspondence to labor market requirements; prevailing tertiary education orientation over upper secondary education can be treated as sources of inequities at this level, despite the rest of more or less common ones for each educational stage. Results of surveys on equity issuers are widely presented in this description as well as quantitative characteristics similar to the previous educational level. Post-secondary education Post-secondary education in Russia includes secondary professional educations, higher professional education and post-graduate education. Secondary professional and higher professional educational options are provided mostly for people from 17. Concerning higher education it takes the first place in inequalities combination list in Russia, and as the result education at leading universities is often treated as something tending to exclusivity. Wide range of surveys, exploring main equity problems of this educational level (SEB, place of residence, gender inequity in some specializations and programs, private and public status of universities as a source of inequity, etc.) and excessive statistical data (participation, graduation, dropout and stop-out rates) form the basis of this educational level description. Adult learning and on-work cite training Information about this type of education is the most incomplete and fragmentary. Lack of relevant statistics and little research made in this sphere maintain significant difficulties for its description. Although there are some tendencies that are evident: crucial role of employers (mainly foreign, transnational or big Russian companies) in this sector; and tendency among people, participating in adult education to have higher education levels in particular fields Earnings over the life cycle. Earnings over the life cycle is the most difficult issue in the Russian CAR. The life cycle for the most of population has changed dramatically during last 10 or 15 years. In contrast to OECD countries, in Russia there isn t yet any strong correlation between individuals contributions (both, financial and time & intellectual) into personal education and following progress in social status. In Russia there are many professional fields with a very strong competition at the entrance and very law incomes and/or social guarantees inside (medicine, arts and

4 4 culture (if not computer design), most academic (fundamental) disciplines). On the other hand many representatives of business and political elites at all levels are seeking for scientific degree just after they get the career peak. So it seems that on one hand education itself is still recognized as one of the social values independently from the lack of its direct connection with well-being, on the other hand particular level of education (formal degree) is necessary as a pass for penetration into some social gates. Analysis of these paradoxes together with controversial trends at the labor market should take the main space of this part of the Russian CAR Preliminary data sources Official statistics is presented by State Committee on Statistics of Russian Federation; Population poll 2002; Labour Force Survey; Household survey; Monitoring on Education Economy, Challenges of Education System Modernization in Russia, (State University Higher School of Economics) Polls on motivations in choosing educational strategies for children made by Obshestvennoe Mnenie Fund; Polls on education issues (including lifelong learning) Higher School of Economics All Russian Opinion Research Centre; Access to education for socially vulnerable groups of population (Survey and research project conducted by NGO Independent Institute for Social Policy). Section III. Causes and explanations. Chapter 3. Longitudinal transmission of inequality. Russia has not got any experience of providing longitudinal surveys on equity related issues. Nevertheless there are some analyses (though their number is limited ) made on transmission of SEB and education motivation through generations. There are also some surveys investigating processes and mechanisms of inequality accumulation through the life cycle. Analysis of these surveys is represented in details in Russian CAR. Chapter 4. Understanding the causes of inequity. Following structure presented in the General Guidelines Russian examines: CAR motivational barriers; institutional barriers; social and cultural barriers; economic barriers. Basis for understanding of causes of inequities in education form the results of the analysis presented in the previous chapters enlarged by relevant information from economic and sociological literature.

5 5 Section IV. Policies, programs and initiatives. Chapter 5. Active educational policies bearing on equity. It can be repeated that equity concerns have become an essential part and one of the major incentives of reforms in education sphere governmental program called Modernization of education, being held in Russia nowadays. This section of the Russian CAR represents quantitative and qualitative information about the Russian education reforms implementation, their impact on social, cultural, economical and institutional spheres, analyzed according to the different points of views on these reforms. This chapter should give a brief list and analysis of State Federal programs, targeted programs and initiatives taken to lessen inequity in education as a guarantee of social equality and better social cohesion in Russia and to strengthen the leading positions of equity issues in policy agenda. Chapter 6. Non-educational policies that affect outcomes in education sector. General observation of social and income support services, child health and welfare systems, their interconnection and interaction in policy priorities maintaining is the main content of this chapter. All these spheres in Russia suffer from underdevelopment and lack of financing so they do not form solid and secure base for provision of educational reforms. Special attention should be paid to relations between science and education. Debates around interrelations between the Russian Academy of Sciences and Russian education and their impact on industrial and technological development of the country have been going on from the last century and remain unfinished. Russian higher education system has got another peculiar feature: 2 years of conscript military service, which is obligatory for males. It interferes into educational activity of males aged between 18 and 28 introducing additional inequities, especially harmful in periods of transition from school to work and from secondary school to tertiary education, these correlate to the age mentioned. This problem is extremely acute for Russia. Although its impact on participation, completion and drop-out rates and motivation to education is controversial. Analysis of numerous of surveys exploring these aspects of this equity problem, based on statistical data, is also available in this chapter. Section V. Conclusions Chapter 7. Conclusions and assessments This section gives overall summary of inequity issues at all levels of Russian education system, lists societal groups at risk, provides analysis of policies, initiatives and reforms addressing them and discussion of the perspectives, opportunities and threats expected in the future. It is compelled of conclusions finishing each chapter (sections).

Using Student Assessment Results for Education Quality and Systems Strengthening

Using Student Assessment Results for Education Quality and Systems Strengthening Using Student Assessment Results for Education Quality and Systems Strengthening 1 CASE STUDY Uses of assessment information to support student learning in the Russian Federation E S C H B O R N, G E R

More information

Curriculum Development for Doctoral Studies in Education

Curriculum Development for Doctoral Studies in Education Curriculum Development for Doctoral Studies in Education Irine BAKHTADZE * Abstract Profound changes in high education which started in 1996 in Georgia have to be continued. We have to explore potentially

More information

OECD SOCIAL COHESION POLICY REVIEWS

OECD SOCIAL COHESION POLICY REVIEWS OECD SOCIAL COHESION POLICY REVIEWS CONCEPT NOTE Social Cohesion Policy Reviews are a new OECD tool to: measure the state of social cohesion in a society and monitor progress over time; assess policies

More information

Accessibility of education as a social problem (differentiation of access to higher education and population s attitude towards it)

Accessibility of education as a social problem (differentiation of access to higher education and population s attitude towards it) Accessibility of education as a social problem (differentiation of access to higher education and population s attitude towards it) Project team: G.A.Cherednichenko (Project Director), E.D.Voznesenskaya,

More information

MAKING THE BEST OF HUMAN RESOURCES IN GREECE

MAKING THE BEST OF HUMAN RESOURCES IN GREECE MAKING THE BEST OF HUMAN RESOURCES IN GREECE by Christos Kittas Chancellor of the University of Athens Investment on human resources through education is the key for reinforcing the position of Greece

More information

Higher Education Finance and Cost-Sharing in the Czech Republic 1. Brief Description of the Higher Education System in the Czech Republic The Czech

Higher Education Finance and Cost-Sharing in the Czech Republic 1. Brief Description of the Higher Education System in the Czech Republic The Czech Higher Education Finance and Cost-Sharing in the Czech Republic 1. Brief Description of the Higher Education System in the Czech Republic The Czech Republic is one of the transition or post communist countries

More information

(AGENDA -OVERVIEW OF THE DAY) 1. COOPERATION IN THE FIELD OF POLICIES 2. COMMUNITY PROGRAMMES 3. OTHER COMMUNITY INSTRUMENTS

(AGENDA -OVERVIEW OF THE DAY) 1. COOPERATION IN THE FIELD OF POLICIES 2. COMMUNITY PROGRAMMES 3. OTHER COMMUNITY INSTRUMENTS (AGENDA -OVERVIEW OF THE DAY) 1. COOPERATION IN THE FIELD OF POLICIES 2. COMMUNITY PROGRAMMES 3. OTHER COMMUNITY INSTRUMENTS 4. OTHER OBLIGATIONS RELATED TO THE ACQUIS 1 COOPERATION IN THE FIELD OF POLICIES

More information

HAMPTON UNIVERSITY ONLINE College of Education and Continuing Studies PhD in Educational Management

HAMPTON UNIVERSITY ONLINE College of Education and Continuing Studies PhD in Educational Management Program Overview The accelerated program provides candidates with an opportunity to develop the critical leadership skills and knowledge that are required in today s increasingly complex, diverse, and

More information

PROGRAM FOR LICENSING ASSESSMENTS FOR COLORADO EDUCATORS (PLACE ) OBJECTIVES FIELD 041: SCHOOL COUNSELOR

PROGRAM FOR LICENSING ASSESSMENTS FOR COLORADO EDUCATORS (PLACE ) OBJECTIVES FIELD 041: SCHOOL COUNSELOR PROGRAM FOR LICENSING ASSESSMENTS FOR COLORADO EDUCATORS (PLACE ) OBJECTIVES Subareas Human Growth and Development Counseling, Consultation, and Group Work Career Development and Educational Planning Appraisal

More information

Korean Model of Secondary Education Development: Approaches, outcomes and emerging tasks

Korean Model of Secondary Education Development: Approaches, outcomes and emerging tasks Korean Model of Secondary Education Development: Approaches, outcomes and emerging tasks Chong Jae Lee Professor Seoul National University A paper presented to Seminar on Growth Strategies for Secondary

More information

Finland Population: Fertility rate: GDP per capita: Children under 6 years: Female labour force participation:

Finland Population: Fertility rate: GDP per capita: Children under 6 years: Female labour force participation: Finland Population: 5.21 m. Fertility rate: 1.7. GDP per capita: USD 26 500. Children under 6 years: 399 889. Female labour force participation: 72% of women (15-64 years) are employed, 18.2% of whom are

More information

The Role of Higher Education System in Human Capital Formation

The Role of Higher Education System in Human Capital Formation World Applied Sciences Journal 18 (Special Issue of Economics): 135-139, 2012 ISSN 1818-4952 IDOSI Publications, 2012 DOI: 10.5829/idosi.wasj.2012.18.120022 The Role of Higher Education System in Human

More information

Education Factor and Human Resources Development

Education Factor and Human Resources Development Education Factor and Human Resources Development Albania Case Sonila Berdo, MBA University Pavaresia Vlorë Abstract The article gives a general view of the actual situation and the potential importance

More information

HAMPTON UNIVERSITY ONLINE School of Education and Human Development PhD in Educational Management

HAMPTON UNIVERSITY ONLINE School of Education and Human Development PhD in Educational Management Program Overview This accelerated program provides candidates with an opportunity to develop the critical leadership skills and knowledge that are required in today s increasingly complex, diverse, and

More information

53rd DIRECTING COUNCIL

53rd DIRECTING COUNCIL 53rd DIRECTING COUNCIL 66th SESSION OF THE REGIONAL COMMITTEE OF WHO FOR THE AMERICAS Washington, D.C., USA, 29 September-3 October 2014 CD53.R14 Original: Spanish RESOLUTION CD53.R14 STRATEGY FOR UNIVERSAL

More information

Portugal. Country coverage and the methodology of the Statistical Annex of the 2015 HDR

Portugal. Country coverage and the methodology of the Statistical Annex of the 2015 HDR Human Development Report 2015 Work for human development Briefing note for countries on the 2015 Human Development Report Portugal Introduction The 2015 Human Development Report (HDR) Work for Human Development

More information

ANNEX E. Czech Republic

ANNEX E. Czech Republic Czech Republic Population: 10.24 m. Fertility rate: 1.18. GDP per capita: USD 15 100. Children under 6years: 540 000. Female labour force participation: Female labour force participation rate for women

More information

SECTOR ASSESSMENT (SUMMARY): EDUCATION. 1. Sector Performance, Problems, and Opportunities

SECTOR ASSESSMENT (SUMMARY): EDUCATION. 1. Sector Performance, Problems, and Opportunities Higher Education Reform Project (RRP PRC 43007) SECTOR ASSESSMENT (SUMMARY): EDUCATION Sector Road Map 1. Sector Performance, Problems, and Opportunities a. Vision and Strategy 1. The Government of Mongolia

More information

Results of Public Opinion Poll and Review of International Practice About the draft law on Vocational Education (December 2006)

Results of Public Opinion Poll and Review of International Practice About the draft law on Vocational Education (December 2006) Results of Public Opinion Poll and Review of International Practice About the draft law on Vocational Education (December 2006) 1.1 Focus group analysis 1 From October through November 2006 Transparency

More information

The Rock Star of the Recovery : Explaining Sweden s Strong Economic Performance

The Rock Star of the Recovery : Explaining Sweden s Strong Economic Performance The Rock Star of the Recovery : Explaining Sweden s Strong Economic Performance Johan Berggren Political Advisor to the Swedish Ministry of Finance E urope is beset by economic and financial risks: uneven

More information

Overview. Early Childhood Education and Care Grants Program

Overview. Early Childhood Education and Care Grants Program Overview Early Program The Early Program Overview is intended to inform the NSW early childhood education and care sector about the funding assistance that is available from the NSW Department of Education

More information

1. Introduction. 1.1 Background and Motivation. 1.1.1 Academic motivations. A global topic in the context of Chinese education

1. Introduction. 1.1 Background and Motivation. 1.1.1 Academic motivations. A global topic in the context of Chinese education 1. Introduction A global topic in the context of Chinese education 1.1 Background and Motivation In this section, some reasons will be presented concerning why the topic School Effectiveness in China was

More information

School of Public Health. Academic Certificate Student Handbook 2012-2013

School of Public Health. Academic Certificate Student Handbook 2012-2013 School of Public Health Academic Certificate Student Handbook 2012-2013 Revised August 2012 Page 2 TABLE OF CONTENTS ACADEMIC CERTIFICATE PROGRAM OVERVIEW... 3 BASIC COMMUNITY PUBLIC HEALTH PRACTICE...

More information

India. Country coverage and the methodology of the Statistical Annex of the 2015 HDR

India. Country coverage and the methodology of the Statistical Annex of the 2015 HDR Human Development Report 2015 Work for human development Briefing note for countries on the 2015 Human Development Report India Introduction The 2015 Human Development Report (HDR) Work for Human Development

More information

Trinidad and Tobago Strategic Actions for Children and GOTT-UNICEF Work Plan 2013-2014 1

Trinidad and Tobago Strategic Actions for Children and GOTT-UNICEF Work Plan 2013-2014 1 Trinidad and Tobago Strategic Actions for Children and GOTT-UNICEF Work Plan 2013-2014 1 The Trinidad and Tobago Strategic Actions for Children and the Government of Trinidad and Tobago-UNICEF Work Plan

More information

Human Development Index (HDI)

Human Development Index (HDI) Human Development Report 2015 Work for human development Briefing note for countries on the 2015 Human Development Report Iraq Introduction The 2015 Human Development Report (HDR) Work for Human Development

More information

Sustaining the Race to the Top Reforms

Sustaining the Race to the Top Reforms Sustaining the Race to the Top Reforms Race to the Top (RTTT) presents states with a unique opportunity to accelerate their efforts to graduate all high school students prepared for college, careers and

More information

Curricularneed evaluation for studentspursuing Masters in Hospital &Healthcare Management at an Indian University. Abstract: Keywords: Introduction

Curricularneed evaluation for studentspursuing Masters in Hospital &Healthcare Management at an Indian University. Abstract: Keywords: Introduction IOSR Journal of Research & Method in Education (IOSR-JRME) e-issn: 2320 7388,p-ISSN: 2320 737X Volume 4, Issue 1 Ver. I (Jan. 2014), PP 09-13 Curricularneed evaluation for studentspursuing Masters in Hospital

More information

Bologna process main assumptions, implementation in Poland and Ukraine

Bologna process main assumptions, implementation in Poland and Ukraine Tomasz Oczoś Bologna process main assumptions, implementation in Poland and Ukraine 1. Introduction In my short presentation I will describe briefly Bologna process, its aims, actions and main documents

More information

SHANGHAI CONSENSUS. Building skills for work and life

SHANGHAI CONSENSUS. Building skills for work and life United Nations Cultural Organization Third International Congress on Technical and Vocational Education and Training Shanghai, People s Republic of China, 14-16 May 2012 SHANGHAI CONSENSUS Transforming

More information

UNIVERSITY OF BELGRADE FACULTY OF PHILOSOPHY. Part two: INFORMATION ON DEGREE PROGRAMS

UNIVERSITY OF BELGRADE FACULTY OF PHILOSOPHY. Part two: INFORMATION ON DEGREE PROGRAMS Part two: INFORMATION ON DEGREE PROGRAMS Part two: Information on Degree Programs Philosophy Bachelor s Degree Philosophy Master s Degree Philosophy Doctoral Degree Sociology Bachelor s Degree Sociology

More information

Is Soviet Legacy a Hindrance? Advancement of Bologna Process in Armenia, Georgia and Ukraine. Nino Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, Georgia

Is Soviet Legacy a Hindrance? Advancement of Bologna Process in Armenia, Georgia and Ukraine. Nino Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, Georgia Is Soviet Legacy a Hindrance? Advancement of Bologna Process in Armenia, Georgia and Ukraine Nino Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, Georgia Armenia, Georgia and Ukraine Contents Description of the

More information

EUA Aarhus Declaration 2011. Investing Today in Talent for Tomorrow

EUA Aarhus Declaration 2011. Investing Today in Talent for Tomorrow EUA Aarhus Declaration 2011 Investing Today in Talent for Tomorrow European Commission President José Manuel Barroso told conference participants that universities have a key role to play in helping Europe

More information

G20 Labour and Employment Ministers Declaration Moscow, 18-19 July 2013

G20 Labour and Employment Ministers Declaration Moscow, 18-19 July 2013 G20 Labour and Employment Ministers Declaration Moscow, 18-19 July 2013 1. We, the Ministers of Labour and Employment from G20 countries met in Moscow on July 18-19, 2013 to discuss the global labour market

More information

Monetary policy rules and their application in Russia. Economics Education and Research Consortium Working Paper Series ISSN 1561-2422.

Monetary policy rules and their application in Russia. Economics Education and Research Consortium Working Paper Series ISSN 1561-2422. Economics Education and Research Consortium Working Paper Series ISSN 1561-2422 No 04/09 Monetary policy rules and their application in Russia Anna Vdovichenko Victoria Voronina This project (02-230) was

More information

Higher Education Finance and Cost-Sharing in Norway

Higher Education Finance and Cost-Sharing in Norway Higher Education Finance and Cost-Sharing in Norway I. A Brief Description of the Higher Education System in Norway In Norway, the higher education system is relatively large, and the population is highly

More information

The Development of Self-Employment in Russia

The Development of Self-Employment in Russia The Development of Self-Employment in Russia Theodore February 2001 PONARS Policy Memo 186 University of Arizona Despite the important economic, social, and political roles the self-employed can potentially

More information

1. Assessment of the policy context, economic circumstances and institutional/legal background in Bulgaria regarding migration

1. Assessment of the policy context, economic circumstances and institutional/legal background in Bulgaria regarding migration Bulgaria: migration flows problems and policies Statements and Comments Iskra Beleva Institute of Economics to the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences The globalisation and the intensive economic and social

More information

Equity and Quality in Education. Supporting Disadvantaged Students and Schools

Equity and Quality in Education. Supporting Disadvantaged Students and Schools Equity and Quality in Education. Supporting Disadvantaged Students and Schools Summary in English Read the full book on: 10.1787/9789264130852-en Across OECD countries, almost one in every five students

More information

Under embargo until 13 September, at 11:00 Paris time. Country note Brazil

Under embargo until 13 September, at 11:00 Paris time. Country note Brazil Education at a Glance 2011 OECD Indicators DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/eag-2011-en OECD 2011 Under embargo until 13 September, at 11:00 Paris time Country note Brazil Questions can be directed to: Andreas

More information

The Condition of College & Career Readiness l 2011

The Condition of College & Career Readiness l 2011 The Condition of College & Career Readiness l 2011 ACT is an independent, not-for-profit organization that provides assessment, research, information, and program management services in the broad areas

More information

School of Public Health

School of Public Health School of Public Health Academic Certificate Student Handbook 2014-2015 Revised August 2014 TABLE OF CONTENTS P a g e 2 TABLE OF CONTENTS ACADEMIC CERTIFICATE PROGRAM OVERVIEW... 3 BASIC COMMUNITY PUBLIC

More information

Higher Education in the Gaza Strip

Higher Education in the Gaza Strip Access Equity Diversity and Inclusion in Higher Education Higher Education in the Gaza Strip Policies, Quality, Access and the role of NGOs Ahmed Alqarout EAN World Congress Scholar 2013 1 Contents 1.

More information

PRIMARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION IN UZBEKISTAN. Statistical bulletin

PRIMARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION IN UZBEKISTAN. Statistical bulletin PRIMARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION IN UZBEKISTAN Statistical bulletin FACTS AND FIGURES 2000-2006 Statistics Series 5 PRIMARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION IN UZBEKISTAN Statistical bulletin FACTS AND FIGURES

More information

Under embargo until 11 September, at 11:00 am Paris time

Under embargo until 11 September, at 11:00 am Paris time COUNTRY NOTE Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators 2012 PORTUGAL Under embargo until 11 September, at 11:00 am Paris time Questions can be directed to: Andreas Schleicher, Advisor to the Secretary-General

More information

MAIN PRINCIPLES OF THE STRATEGY ON BUILDING OF WORLD-CLASS UNIVERSITIES IN RUSSIA

MAIN PRINCIPLES OF THE STRATEGY ON BUILDING OF WORLD-CLASS UNIVERSITIES IN RUSSIA Independent Ranking Agency MAIN PRINCIPLES OF THE STRATEGY ON BUILDING OF WORLD-CLASS UNIVERSITIES IN RUSSIA Vladimir Troyan Irina Artyushina Shanghai 2007 Introduction CONTENTS: Concept of the Modernization

More information

SOCIAL SPHERE MODELING BASED ON SYSTEM DYNAMICS METHODS

SOCIAL SPHERE MODELING BASED ON SYSTEM DYNAMICS METHODS SOCIAL SPHERE MODELING BASED ON SYSTEM DYNAMICS METHODS Abstract Natalia N. Lychkina State University of Management 99 Ryazansky Avenue, Moscow, Russia, 109542 Tel: +7 (495) 749-71-77 / Fax: +7 (495) 371-05-28

More information

EUA PUBLICATIONS 2010

EUA PUBLICATIONS 2010 EUA PUBLICATIONS 2010 Trends 2010: A decade of change in European Higher Education BY ANDRÉE SURSOCK & HANNE SMIDT EUA PUBLICATIONS 2010 Trends 2010: A decade of change in European Higher Education BY

More information

(OECD, 2012) Equity and Quality in Education: Supporting Disadvantaged Students and Schools

(OECD, 2012) Equity and Quality in Education: Supporting Disadvantaged Students and Schools (OECD, 2012) Equity and Quality in Education: Supporting Disadvantaged Students and Schools SPOTLIGHT REPORT: AUSTRIA www.oecd.org/edu/equity This spotlight report draws upon the OECD report Equity and

More information

Doctoral Studies in Social Work and Social Policy at SSW National University Kiev-Mohyla Academy

Doctoral Studies in Social Work and Social Policy at SSW National University Kiev-Mohyla Academy Doctoral Studies in Social Work and Social Policy at SSW National University Kiev-Mohyla Academy Doctoral Studies in Social Work and Social Policy is the first doctoral program which offers postgraduate

More information

TEACHING OF STATISTICS IN NEWLY INDEPENDENT STATES: THE CASE OF KAZAKSTAN

TEACHING OF STATISTICS IN NEWLY INDEPENDENT STATES: THE CASE OF KAZAKSTAN TEACHING OF STATISTICS IN NEWLY INDEPENDENT STATES: THE CASE OF KAZAKSTAN Guido Ferrari, Dipartimento di Statistica G. Parenti, Università di Firenze, Italy The aim of this report is to discuss the state

More information

Recommendation 195. Recommendation concerning Human Resources Development: Education, Training and Lifelong Learning

Recommendation 195. Recommendation concerning Human Resources Development: Education, Training and Lifelong Learning Recommendation 195 International Labour Office Geneva Recommendation concerning Human Resources Development: Education, Training and Lifelong Learning Recommendation 195 Recommendation concerning Human

More information

education in finland Finnish education in a nutshell

education in finland Finnish education in a nutshell Finnish education in a nutshell education in finland A central objective is to provide all citizens with equal opportunities. 6 5 A 4 3 1&2 0 iscedclassification duration in years 0 5 1 9 3 3 2 Education

More information

education in finland Finnish education in a nutshell

education in finland Finnish education in a nutshell Finnish education in a nutshell education in finland 2 Finnish education in a nutshell A central objective is to provide all citizens with equal opportunities. Education system in Finland 6 Doctoral degrees

More information

DESCRIPTOR OF THE STUDY FIELD OF ACOUNTING CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS

DESCRIPTOR OF THE STUDY FIELD OF ACOUNTING CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS DESCRIPTOR OF THE STUDY FIELD OF ACOUNTING CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS 1. The Descriptor of the study field of Accounting (hereinafter referred to as the Descriptor ) shall govern the special requirements

More information

TOURISM-RELATED TRAINING PROGRAMS IN ARMENIA. Susanna Aghajanyan

TOURISM-RELATED TRAINING PROGRAMS IN ARMENIA. Susanna Aghajanyan TOURISM-RELATED TRAINING PROGRAMS IN ARMENIA Susanna Aghajanyan Education is our passport to the future. The goal of education for sustainable development is to develop individual s knowledge, skills,

More information

LATVIA. The national Youth Guarantee Implementation Plan 2014-2018 (YGIP)

LATVIA. The national Youth Guarantee Implementation Plan 2014-2018 (YGIP) LATVIA The national Youth Guarantee Implementation Plan 2014-2018 (YGIP) 1. Context/Rationale (see SWD section 1.2 and 1.5) Description of youth unemployment in Latvia. The overall youth unemployment rate

More information

FP2020: A RESEARCH ROADMAP POLICY BRIEF

FP2020: A RESEARCH ROADMAP POLICY BRIEF FP2020: A RESEARCH ROADMAP POLICY BRIEF The global community came together in July 2012 in pursuit of an ambitious yet essential goal: ensuring that 120 million additional women and girls have access

More information

Key indicators on tertiary education : calculation and interpretation

Key indicators on tertiary education : calculation and interpretation Key indicators on tertiary education : calculation and interpretation Olivier LABE UIS Workshop on education statistics Windhoek, 17-21 October, 2010 Overview - Input indicators: teaching staff, education

More information

Sweden s recent experience of international migration - issues and studies

Sweden s recent experience of international migration - issues and studies Session 2: Social coàhesion, diversity and inequality Björn Gustafsson October 2001 Sweden s recent experience of international migration - issues and studies Abstract When Sweden entered the new millennium

More information

UMEÅ INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL

UMEÅ INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL UMEÅ INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL OF PUBLIC HEALTH Master Programme in Public Health - Programme and Courses Academic year 2015-2016 Public Health and Clinical Medicine Umeå International School of Public Health

More information

Access and Barriers to Post-Secondary Education Under Michigan's Welfare to Work Policies

Access and Barriers to Post-Secondary Education Under Michigan's Welfare to Work Policies Access and Barriers to Post-Secondary Education Under Michigan's Welfare to Work Policies Policy Background and Recipients' Experiences Coalition for Independence Through Education (CFITE) February 2002

More information

Will Bulgaria Remain a "Quiet Place" for Higher Education?

Will Bulgaria Remain a Quiet Place for Higher Education? Page 1 of 5 Will Bulgaria Remain a "Quiet Place" for Higher Education? Bulgarian higher education fails to compete successfully either within the EU or with the US. It is lagging behind in terms of available

More information

Teacher Education for the Future

Teacher Education for the Future Teacher Education for the Future A Policy Document from the Union of Education Norway www.utdanningsforbundet.no Teacher education that emphasises knowledge and quality The education of teachers should

More information

School of Public Health

School of Public Health School of Public Health Academic Certificate Student Handbook 2015-2016 Revised August 2015 TABLE OF CONTENTS P a g e 2 TABLE OF CONTENTS ACADEMIC CERTIFICATE PROGRAM OVERVIEW... 3 BASIC COMMUNITY PUBLIC

More information

Analysis of 2007 Project Graduate Survey:

Analysis of 2007 Project Graduate Survey: Analysis of 2007 Project Graduate Survey: Factors Influencing Intentions To Complete a Bachelor s Degree Dr. Dallas F. Kratzer II Workforce Leadership Program University of Louisville Background of the

More information

A Comparative Analysis: Differences between Mexico and Sweden Country Outlines and Education System Structures

A Comparative Analysis: Differences between Mexico and Sweden Country Outlines and Education System Structures International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, Volume 6, Issue 7, July 2016 200 A Comparative Analysis: Differences between Mexico and Sweden Country Outlines and Education System Structures

More information

SECTOR ASSESMENT (SUMMARY): EDUCATION 1

SECTOR ASSESMENT (SUMMARY): EDUCATION 1 Country Partnership Strategy: Viet Nam, 2012 2015 SECTOR ASSESMENT (SUMMARY): EDUCATION 1 Sector Road Map 1. Sector Performance, Problems, and Opportunities 1. Country context. In Viet Nam, education is

More information

Monitoring progress in reducing the gender gap in labour force participation

Monitoring progress in reducing the gender gap in labour force participation Monitoring progress in reducing the gender gap in labour force participation International Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development International Labour Organization Report prepared for the

More information

The development of Shinawatra University s international graduate program in joint public and business administration (PBA)

The development of Shinawatra University s international graduate program in joint public and business administration (PBA) The development of Shinawatra University s international graduate program in joint public and business administration (PBA) Introduction: Given the fact that management challenges in terms of political-economic-societaltechnological

More information

Slides from presentation on survey on TVET challenges. Includes responses from APEC members, good practices, and suggestions

Slides from presentation on survey on TVET challenges. Includes responses from APEC members, good practices, and suggestions Indonesia References (2012). TVET challenges and educational response in Asia-Pacific region. Presented by China at Third APEC Education Pre-Ministerial Research Symposium. Moscow. Slides from presentation

More information

Matti Kyrö. International comparisons of some features of

Matti Kyrö. International comparisons of some features of Matti Kyrö International comparisons of some features of Finnish education and training International comparisons of some features of the Finnish education and training system The education system DOCTORAL

More information

The IBIS Education for Change strategy states the overall objective

The IBIS Education for Change strategy states the overall objective CONCEPT PAPER: YOUTH EDUCATION & TRAINING 1 Concept Paper youth education & training Photo: Ricardo Ramirez The IBIS Education for Change strategy states the overall objective of IBIS work with education

More information

Chapter 2. Education and Human Resource Development for Science and Technology

Chapter 2. Education and Human Resource Development for Science and Technology Chapter 2 Education and Human Resource Development for Science and Technology 2.1 Evironment for Basic Human Resource Development... 53 2.1.1 Science education in primary and secondary schools... 53 2.1.2

More information

SOCIAL STUDIES GRADE 9. Curriculum Map and Standards MODERN WORLD HISTORY. Office of Teaching and Learning Curriculum Division

SOCIAL STUDIES GRADE 9. Curriculum Map and Standards MODERN WORLD HISTORY. Office of Teaching and Learning Curriculum Division SOCIAL STUDIES MODERN WORLD HISTORY GRADE 9 Curriculum Map and Standards 2015-2016 Aligned with Ohio s Learning Standards for Social Studies and the Common Core State Standards for Literacy in History/Social

More information

Description of the program

Description of the program Study program Faculty Cycle Public Administration Public Administration and Political Sciences Undergraduate ECTS 180 Offered in Tetovo and Skopje Description of the program The program for Public Administration

More information

such as loneliness and computer/ict illiteracy. (see also the staff working paper Ageing well in the information Society )

such as loneliness and computer/ict illiteracy. (see also the staff working paper Ageing well in the information Society ) Contribution of the European Network of Occupational Therapy in Higher Education to the Debate around the Consultation Paper Europe s Social Reality by Roger Liddle and Fréderic Lerais ENOTHE The European

More information

PIAAC Outline of First International Report (2013) & Proposed Thematic PIAAC Data Analysis ADVANCED OUTLINE OF THE FIRST INTERNATIONAL PIAAC REPORT 1

PIAAC Outline of First International Report (2013) & Proposed Thematic PIAAC Data Analysis ADVANCED OUTLINE OF THE FIRST INTERNATIONAL PIAAC REPORT 1 ADVANCED OUTLINE OF THE FIRST INTERNATIONAL PIAAC REPORT 1 The development and implementation of PIAAC A collaborative effort Form and Style of the first international report A key objective of the first

More information

NATIONAL INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES STRATEGY FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF AZERBAIJAN (2003-2012)

NATIONAL INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES STRATEGY FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF AZERBAIJAN (2003-2012) NATIONAL INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES STRATEGY FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF AZERBAIJAN (2003-2012) Science and technologies are developing very fast. That s why we in Azerbaijan

More information

Nursing. Nunavut. Recruitment and Retention Strategy 2007 2012 NUNAVUT NURSES BE THE DIFFERENCE

Nursing. Nunavut. Recruitment and Retention Strategy 2007 2012 NUNAVUT NURSES BE THE DIFFERENCE Government of Nunavut Department of Health and Social Services Nunavut Nursing Recruitment and Retention Strategy 2007 2012 NUNAVUT NURSES BE THE DIFFERENCE Nunavut Nursing Recruitment and Retention Strategy

More information

MPHIL PROGRAMME IN CHILDHOOD STUDIES

MPHIL PROGRAMME IN CHILDHOOD STUDIES CHILDHOOD STUDIES SIDE 71 MPHIL PROGRAMME IN CHILDHOOD STUDIES Approved by the Board at NTNU 30.08.2005, with changes made by the Faculty of Social Sciences and Technology Management 9.01.2007. Norwegian

More information

RURAL AND REMOTE PRACTICE ISSUES

RURAL AND REMOTE PRACTICE ISSUES CMA POLICY RURAL AND REMOTE PRACTICE ISSUES The Canadian Medical Association (CMA) believes that all Canadians should have reasonable access to uniform, high quality medical care. The CMA is concerned,

More information

UNICEF, Division of Policy and Practice, Statistics and Monitoring Section, www.childinfo.org, May 2008

UNICEF, Division of Policy and Practice, Statistics and Monitoring Section, www.childinfo.org, May 2008 Education statistics: Tajikistan UNICEF, Division of Policy and Practice, Statistics and Monitoring Section, www.childinfo.org, May 28 1 Tajikistan: Pre-primary enrollment 8 NER or GER (%) 6 4 2 198 1982

More information

Reform of Higher Education in Japan - Fostering responsiveness to society -

Reform of Higher Education in Japan - Fostering responsiveness to society - Workshop : Means to implement the Document of Views of Prince Abdullah Bin Abdul-Aziz on Higher Education, held on 30 January to 1st February 2005, at King Abdul Aziz University, Saudi Arabia Reform of

More information

Bolivia (Plurinational State of)

Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Human Development Report 2015 Work for human development Briefing note for countries on the 2015 Human Development Report Bolivia (Plurinational Introduction The 2015 Human Development Report (HDR) Work

More information

Evaluation of degree programs. Self-Evaluation Framework

Evaluation of degree programs. Self-Evaluation Framework Evaluation of degree programs Self-Evaluation Framework COVER, December 2009 FOREWORD UNIL's approach to quality emphasizes procedures based on reflection that encourage the faculties and units concerned

More information

OPINION ON GENDER DIMENSION IN THE NEXT PROGRAMMING PERIOD OF THE STRUCTURAL FUNDS 2007-2013

OPINION ON GENDER DIMENSION IN THE NEXT PROGRAMMING PERIOD OF THE STRUCTURAL FUNDS 2007-2013 OPINION ON GENDER DIMENSION IN THE NEXT PROGRAMMING PERIOD OF THE STRUCTURAL FUNDS 2007-2013 Advisory Committee on Equal Opportunities Between Women and Men July 2006 1 Opinion 1 on GENDER DIMENSION IN

More information

Implementation of a New Curriculum for the English Teacher Program at the National University of Education in Mongolia

Implementation of a New Curriculum for the English Teacher Program at the National University of Education in Mongolia Implementation of a New Curriculum for the English Teacher Program at the National University of Education in Mongolia Bulgantsetseg Munkhbat a* and Enkhbayar Lkhagva a a English, German Language Department,

More information

REGULATIONS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF HOUSING MANAGEMENT (MHousMan)

REGULATIONS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF HOUSING MANAGEMENT (MHousMan) 592 REGULATIONS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF HOUSING MANAGEMENT (MHousMan) (See also General Regulations) Any publication based on work approved for a higher degree should contain a reference to the effect

More information

Jordan Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) programmes

Jordan Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) programmes IBE/2006/EFA/GMR/CP/40 Country profile prepared for the Education for All Global Monitoring Report 2007 Strong Foundations: Early Childhood Care and Education Jordan Early Childhood Care and Education

More information

Standards for Advanced Programs in Educational Leadership

Standards for Advanced Programs in Educational Leadership Standards for Advanced Programs in Educational Leadership for Principals, Superintendents, Curriculum Directors, and Supervisors NATIONAL POLICY BOARD FOR EDUCATIONAL ADMINISTRATION Published January,

More information

Netherlands. Country coverage and the methodology of the Statistical Annex of the 2015 HDR

Netherlands. Country coverage and the methodology of the Statistical Annex of the 2015 HDR Human Development Report 2015 Work for human development Briefing note for countries on the 2015 Human Development Report Netherlands Introduction The 2015 Human Development Report (HDR) Work for Human

More information

Norway. Country coverage and the methodology of the Statistical Annex of the 2015 HDR

Norway. Country coverage and the methodology of the Statistical Annex of the 2015 HDR Human Development Report 2015 Work for human development Briefing note for countries on the 2015 Human Development Report Norway Introduction The 2015 Human Development Report (HDR) Work for Human Development

More information

TOOLKIT. Indicator Handbook for Primary Education: Abridged. Compiled by Laurie Cameron (AED)

TOOLKIT. Indicator Handbook for Primary Education: Abridged. Compiled by Laurie Cameron (AED) TOOLKIT Indicator Handbook for Primary Education: Abridged Compiled by Laurie Cameron (AED) EQUIP2 is funded by the U. S. Agency for International Development Cooperative Agreement No. GDG-A-00-03-00008-00

More information

2.1 Net enrolment ratio in primary education

2.1 Net enrolment ratio in primary education 2.1 Net enrolment ratio in primary education GOAL AND TARGET ADDRESSED Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education Target 2.A: Ensure that, by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able

More information

Proposal for Dual Degree Program Master of Education in Higher Education (M.Ed.) / Master of Public Policy and Administration (MPPA)

Proposal for Dual Degree Program Master of Education in Higher Education (M.Ed.) / Master of Public Policy and Administration (MPPA) Proposal for Dual Degree Program Master of Education in Higher Education (M.Ed.) / Master of Public (MPPA) The Center for Public and the Higher Education Master s program in the School of Education propose

More information

Belgium. Country coverage and the methodology of the Statistical Annex of the 2015 HDR

Belgium. Country coverage and the methodology of the Statistical Annex of the 2015 HDR Human Development Report 2015 Work for human development Briefing note for countries on the 2015 Human Development Report Belgium Introduction The 2015 Human Development Report (HDR) Work for Human Development

More information

United Kingdom. Country coverage and the methodology of the Statistical Annex of the 2015 HDR

United Kingdom. Country coverage and the methodology of the Statistical Annex of the 2015 HDR Human Development Report 2015 Work for human development Briefing note for countries on the 2015 Human Development Report United Kingdom Introduction The 2015 Human Development Report (HDR) Work for Human

More information

Recommendations on the development of medical education in Germany based on a review of model medical degree programmes

Recommendations on the development of medical education in Germany based on a review of model medical degree programmes wr wissenschaftsrat Drs. 4017-14 Dresden 11 07 2014 Recommendations on the development of medical education in Germany based on a review of model medical degree programmes Executive Summary contents Preliminary

More information