Progress in the Treatment of Kidney Cancer

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Progress in the Treatment of Kidney Cancer"

Transcription

1 KIDNEY CANCER Progress in the Treatment of Kidney Cancer Presented by Ronald M. Bukowski, MD The Cleveland Clinic Foundation Keith Lyons, MSW CancerCare Find out about: Current treatment options New advances The role of clinical trials Ways to cope with cancer Help and Hope

2 CancerCare is a national nonprofit organization that provides free professional support services to anyone affected by cancer: people with cancer, caregivers, children, loved ones, and the bereaved. CancerCare programs including counseling, education, financial assistance, and practical help are provided by trained oncology social workers and are completely free of charge. Founded in 1944, CancerCare now provides individual help to more than 90,000 people each year, in addition to the more than 1.4 million people who gain information and resources from our website. Contacting CancerCare National Office CancerCare 275 Seventh Avenue New York, NY Services Tel: HOPE (4673) Administration Tel: Fax: Website: If you are a health care professional interested in ordering bulk quantities of this booklet for your patients, please contact

3 KIDNEY CANCER Progress in the Treatment of Kidney Cancer Presented by Ronald M. Bukowski, MD Director, Experimental Therapeutics Program The Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Center Professor of Medicine The Cleveland Clinic Foundation Lerner College of Medicine Case Western Reserve University Cleveland, Ohio Keith Lyons, MSW Oncology Social Worker CancerCare New York, NY The information in this booklet is based on the CancerCare Connect Telephone Education Workshop Progress in the Treatment of Renal Cell Carcinoma, which took place in January The workshop was conducted by CancerCare in partnership with the Association of Clinicians for the Underserved, Association of Oncology Social Work, Intercultural Cancer Council, Kidney Cancer Association, Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer, and Society of Urologic Nurses and Associates. INTRODUCTION page 2 TREATMENT OPTIONS, page 4 TARGETED TREATMENTS, page 6 YOUR SUPPORT TEAM, page 10 FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS page 12 GLOSSARY (definitions of blue boldfaced words in the text) page 15 RESOURCES page 16 This patient booklet was made possible by educational grants from Antigenics, Bayer/Onyx Pharmaceuticals, and Pfizer. 1

4 Researchers have made exciting progress in developing new treatments. Each year, 36,000 adults in the United States are diagnosed with kidney cancer. No one knows what causes this cancer, but it usually occurs for no obvious reason and is rarely inherited. Kidney cancer is two to three times more common in men than in women and tends to affect people between the ages of 50 and 70. Kidney cancer tends to be silent, causing no symptoms until it has spread beyond the kidneys. In fact, about 25 to 30 percent of kidney cancers have already spread to other parts of the body by the time they are diagnosed. The most Kidney cancer cells, highly magnified common symptoms are blood in the urine, pain or pressure in the side or back, and a lump in the side or back (see box on page 4). There are several different types of kidney cancer cells. Knowing which type a tumor contains helps your doctor plan treatment. The most common, called clear cell, is found in about 80 percent of kidney tumors. The second 2

5 KIDNEY CANCER How the Kidneys Work The two kidneys, which are each about the size of a fist, are located on both sides of the spine, in the back of the body. The kidneys serve as the body s filtration system. Each day they remove excess salts and other substances from the roughly 200 quarts of blood that flows through them. In the process, the kidneys produce about two quarts of urine a day, which carries waste out of the body. The kidneys also produce hormones that perform many functions, such as controlling blood pressure. Each kidney works independently. People can live with only one kidney. If both kidneys fail to work, a dialysis machine can be used to filter the blood. Medical Illustration Copyright 2006 Nucleus Medical Art. All rights reserved. most common, called papillary, is found in about 10 to 12 percent of tumors. Other types, which occur rarely, include chromophobe, collecting duct, and undifferentiated cancer cells. During the past ten years, researchers have made a number of important discoveries about how kidney tumors develop. For example, scientists have found changes in the genes that promote growth of kidney cancer. These types of findings have led to the development of new drugs recently approved for treatment of the disease. 3

6 Signs and Symptoms People with kidney cancer may experience: Blood in the urine Pain or pressure in the side or back A lump in the side or back Ankle and leg swelling High blood pressure Anemia (low levels of red blood cells) Weakness and fatigue Loss of appetite Weight loss Frequent fevers Treatment Options Surgery is the main treatment for kidney cancer that has not yet spread. One technique that surgeons are using more often is laparoscopy. For this technique, the surgeon inserts into the abdomen thin tubes that contain a tiny light, camera, and instruments to remove the tumor. This type of surgery is just as effective as traditional surgery, but less painful and easier to recover from. If cancer has spread beyond the kidneys, it is usually treated with surgery (to remove as much of the tumor as possible) followed by immunotherapy. Immunotherapy is the use of substances that increase the body s natural ability to fight cancer. 4

7 KIDNEY CANCER Studies show that two such substances, interleukin-2 (Proleukin) and interferon alfa (Intron A, Roferon-A) can cause some kidney tumors to shrink by more than half. Doctors often prescribe these drugs as treatments for advanced kidney cancer, although, so far, only interleukin-2 has been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for this purpose. Immunotherapy works in only 10 to 15 percent of patients, and it can cause severe side effects, such as extreme fatigue, heart attacks, and intestinal bleeding. Stages of Kidney Cancer The stage of kidney cancer is based on the size of the tumor and whether it has spread to other parts of the body. Knowing the stage of the cancer helps determine the course of treatment. Kidney cancer is divided into four stages: Stage I The tumor is small (less than 7 centimeters) and has not spread beyond the kidney. Stage II The tumor is larger than 7 centimeters. Stage III The tumor has either: begun to grow out of the kidney, into the surrounding fat, or spread to a nearby lymph node (lymph nodes are small, bean-shaped structures that act as filtering stations to remove waste and fluids and help fight infection. When invaded by cancer cells, lymph nodes are a point from which tumors can spread throughout the body), or spread to a large vein that drains the kidney. Stage IV The tumor has spread into more than one lymph node, or it has spread extensively to other areas of the body, such as the lungs, bone, or brain. 5

8 Targeted Treatments Because standard treatments help only a relatively small percentage of people whose cancer has spread beyond the kidneys, researchers have been studying targeted treatments. Unlike chemotherapy, targeted treatments attack cancer cells primarily. This spares healthy tissues and causes fewer side effects. Today, the drug bevacizumab (Avastin), a targeted therapy approved for treatment of advanced colon or rectal cancer, is often prescribed for people with advanced kidney cancer. Also, two new targeted therapies, sorafenib (Nexavar) and sunitinib (Sutent), were approved by the FDA in late 2005 and early 2006, respectively, for the treatment of advanced kidney cancer. BEVACIZUMAB Although the FDA has approved bevacizumab only for treatment of advanced colon or rectal cancer, doctors Risk Factors for Kidney Cancer Smoking Gender Kidney cancer is two to three times more common in men than in women. Race People of African descent are at highest risk for kidney cancer. Age Most people diagnosed with kidney cancer are between the ages of 50 and 70. Obesity and a high-fat diet High blood pressure Overuse of certain medications, such as diuretics (used to increase urination) and milder types of pain medication Exposure to the metal cadmium Genetics Less than one percent of cases are inherited. 6

9 KIDNEY CANCER often prescribe it for people with advanced kidney cancer. Bevacizumab takes advantage of one of the things we know about how kidney tumors grow. Much like normal tissues, tumors need to have a blood supply. Tumors release VEGF, stimulating blood vessel growth, which, in turn, feeds tumor growth. Blood vessels grow in several ways. One way is through the presence of a protein called vascular endothelial growth factor, or VEGF. This protein stimulates blood vessels to grow into tumors. When tumor cells spread through the body, they release VEGF to create new blood vessels. These blood vessels supply oxygen, minerals, and other nutrients to feed the tumor. Bevacizumab works by stopping VEGF from stimulating the growth of new blood vessels in tumors. Because normal tissues have an established blood supply, they are not affected by the drug. Side effects of bevacizumab are generally mild. The drug may slightly increase the risk of a blood clot. It also sometimes raises blood pressure, which can be controlled with medications. Researchers are still testing it alone and with other drugs for advanced kidney cancer. You may wish to talk with your doctor about whether bevacizumab is right for you. SUNITINIB Tumor VEGF production VEGF Blood vessel growth Tumor growth In January 2006, the FDA approved sunitinib for treatment of advanced kidney cancer. Unlike bevacizumab and immunotherapy, which are given intravenously (through 7

10 The Importance of Clinical Trials There s no question that clinical trials have led to advances in cancer treatment, creating a brighter future for all people with cancer. Clinical trials are the standard by which we measure the worth of new treatments and quality of life as patients go through those treatments. For this reason, doctors and scientists urge patients to take part. Your doctor can guide you in making a decision about whether a clinical trial is right for you. Here are a few things you should know: Often, patients who take part in clinical trials gain access to and benefit from new treatments. Before you participate in a trial, you will be fully informed as to the risks and benefits of the trial. No patient receives a placebo or dummy pill if there is a standard treatment available for the disease. Most trials are designed to test a new treatment against a standard treatment to find out whether the new treatment has any benefit. You can stop taking part in a clinical trial at any time for any reason. a blood vein), sunitinib is a capsule that can be taken by mouth. It is taken daily for four weeks, followed by a two-week break before the next four-week cycle. Research has shown that sunitinib can shrink kidney tumors in many people who have already tried other treatments that didn t work. In one study, for example, sunitinib was given to people who had been treated with immunotherapy first. Within about two months of taking sunitinib, more than 40 percent of these people s tumors had shrunk significantly. And, another 25 percent of patients tumors had shrunk, though not as much. 8

11 KIDNEY CANCER This response lasted for at least a year. The side effects of sunitinib, such as fatigue, are usually mild to moderate. Sunitinib works by targeting specific parts of cancer cells, cutting off their blood supply and blocking their ability to grow. Researchers believe that the drug s dual action may enable it to control kidney cancer in the long run. SORAFENIB Another targeted treatment, called sorafenib, was approved to treat advanced kidney cancer in December Like sunitinib, it can be taken in pill form. And, like sunitinib, sorafenib has been shown to shrink kidney tumors in many people who have already tried other treatments that didn t work. In a study of more than 900 people, for instance, sorafenib shrank kidney tumors in about 80 percent of patients. In addition, it had a major effect on slowing tumor growth. Common side effects of the drug, such as loose stools, are generally mild and easy to treat. Sorafenib helps stop cancer by suppressing VEGF and platelet derived growth factor (PDGF). Like VEGF, PDGF is a protein that plays a critical role in the growth of blood vessels that feed kidney tumors. By inhibiting these vessels, sorafenib slows or stops their growth. Sorafenib is also the first drug to target another protein, called RAF kinase, which helps signal cancer cells to grow and multiply. Researchers suspect that these multiple actions are what make the drug so effective at slowing the advancement of cancer. Clinical trials of sorafenib are ongoing. ON THE HORIZON Researchers are continually looking for other ways to treat kidney cancer. Doctors in the United States and Europe are testing cancer vaccines, which help a person s own immune system stall tumor growth. A number of vaccines are being 9

12 A vaccine is made using a patient s own cells (1) that are injected. At the site of the injection (2), specialized immune cells recognize the vaccine and present it to the immune system (3). Once the vaccine is in the immune system it triggers an order to seek out and kill cancer cells, leaving healthy cells alone. studied in clinical trials for people with advanced kidney cancer. Some types of vaccines are made from a person s own tumor, whereas others are made from proteins on cancer cells or blood vessels in tumors. Your Support Team When you are diagnosed with kidney cancer, you re faced with a series of choices that will have a major effect on your life, and maybe you re not sure where to turn. But help is available. Of course, your most important resources are your health care team, family members, and friends. It is very important to develop good communications with them. You can also turn to these resources: Oncology social workers and nurse practitioners are specially trained to help you find out more about your treatment options, learn how to navigate the health care system, and get the best care possible. Kidney cancer can affect your energy level, the way you view yourself and the future, and other important areas of your life. Often when you are coping with kidney cancer, you need someone to talk with who 10

13 KIDNEY CANCER can help you and your family sort through the emotions and issues that arise. These health care professionals can provide emotional support, help you cope with treatment and its side effects, and guide you to resources. CancerCare offers free counseling from professional oncology social workers on its staff. Support groups Support groups can reduce the feeling that you are going through cancer alone. These groups provide reassurance, suggestions, insight a safe harbor where you can share similar concerns with your peers in a supportive environment. At CancerCare, people with cancer and their families can take part in support groups in person, online, or on the telephone. Financial help is offered by a number of organizations, including CancerCare, to assist with the cost of transportation to treatment, child care, or help needed around the home. CancerCare can also refer you to other resources in your community that can provide assistance. The CancerCare Connect booklet Coping With Cancer: Tools to Help You Live provides more information on the medical, emotional, and practical concerns faced by people with cancer. Request a copy of this booklet by calling CancerCare at HOPE (4673). 11

14 Frequently Asked Questions Q Is bevacizumab ever combined with sunitinib or sorafenib as a treatment for kidney cancer? A Yes, this is taking place in clinical trials now. Combining the drugs has to be done very carefully, however, because some of the side effects of these medications are similar and their severity may be increased when they are taken together. For example, all of these drugs can raise blood pressure, so blood pressure would have to be checked frequently in someone who takes both drugs at the same time. Until the results of clinical trials are available, patients should not take more than one of these targeted treatments at a time. Q Is sorafenib effective in tumors that contain papillary cancer cells? Or is it only helpful against tumors with clear cells? A Sorafenib has been tested mainly in people with clear cell kidney tumors, the most common type. But some preliminary research suggests that the drug may also be effective in treating papillary tumors, the second most common type of kidney cancer. The FDA has approved the drug for treatment of all types of advanced kidney cancer. Until more is known about the effectiveness of sorafenib in treating papillary tumors, it makes sense to consider it as a treatment option for them. Q I was taking sorafenib and my doctor decided to lower my dose because I was having trouble coping with the side effects of the drug. Is a lower dose of sorafenib as effective as the original, full dose? 12

15 KIDNEY CANCER A At this time, we don t know. Lower doses may be just as effective as higher doses, but this has never really been tested in a clinical trial. That s why we try to start all of our patients on the recommended dose and maintain that level. That doesn t mean a reduced dose won t work for you. We simply don t know at this time. Q Can people be treated with radiation while they are taking one of the new targeted treatments? A Right now, we don t have any research to show whether it would be safe to undergo radiation while taking one of these new drugs. Studies designed to test the safety and effectiveness of combining radiation with targeted treatment may be done in the future. Q My husband has a small kidney tumor about two to three centimeters. We know he needs surgery, but what happens after that? A Generally, surgery is the only treatment required for tumors that small. Your doctor will discuss the type of procedure he or she recommends, but chances are the tumor will be removed with laparoscopy, a small opening in the abdomen. The surgeon will want to see your husband after the operation to make sure he is recovering well. After that, your medical oncologist will follow up with periodic blood tests to check kidney function, as well as chest x-rays and scans of the abdomen and chest to make sure the kidney tumor has not come back. You can expect your husband to have a checkup every three months for the first year, every four months for the second to fifth year, and yearly after that. Because there are currently no medicines that can prevent kidney cancer from coming back after surgery, it s important to continue these screening tests. Like everyone, kidney cancer survivors should have regular screening tests for cancers of the prostate (in men) and colon. People 13

16 with kidney cancer may have a slightly higher chance of developing these types of cancers. Q I m going to be treated with interleukin-2 for advanced kidney cancer. My doctor says I ll have to be hospitalized during treatment. Why is that? A Interleukin-2 is the most powerful drug currently used to treat advanced kidney cancer. High doses of interleukin-2 cause severe side effects in about 50 to 60 percent of people. These effects include low blood pressure, excess fluid in the lungs, kidney damage, heart attacks, bleeding, chills, and fever. As such, people treated with interleukin-2 need to be watched carefully in the hospital, for as long as 10 days. Only hospitals with expertise in treating people with high-dose interleukin-2 should recommend (or advise against) its use. Some doctors and hospitals use lower doses of interleukin-2, which have fewer and milder side effects. But lower doses do not seem to be as effective in treating kidney cancer as high doses of the drug. Q My doctor believes, and I agree, that sunitinib is right for me. But my health insurance doesn t cover the cost. How can I get some financial assistance? A Patient assistance programs are available to help cover the cost of many cancer drugs. If you are concerned about the cost of cancer treatment, contact CancerCare to speak with a staff member who can help you find these programs. CancerCare also provides limited financial assistance to individuals currently being treated for cancer to help with such costs as transportation and child care. Contact us at HOPE (4673) to learn more. 14

17 KIDNEY CANCER Glossary anemia A condition that can cause fatigue, shortness of breath, and other symptoms due to low levels of red blood cells. dialysis A process in which a person s blood is run through a machine that filters impurities. Dialysis is used in people whose kidneys are unable to filter blood. immunotherapy The use of substances that increase the body s natural ability to fight cancer. laparoscopy Surgical removal of a kidney tumor through a small opening in the abdomen. The surgeon inserts thin tubes through the opening containing a tiny light, camera, and instruments to remove the tumor. lymph nodes Small filtering stations that remove waste and fluids and help fight infections. When invaded by cancer cells, lymph nodes are a jumping-off point from which tumors can spread throughout the body. PDGF Short for platelet derived growth factor, a protein that plays a critical role in promoting the growth of blood vessels that feed tumors. RAF kinase A protein that helps signal cancer cells to grow and divide. response A drug s effect on a tumor either shrinking it or stopping its growth. VEGF Short for vascular endothelial growth factor, a protein that stimulates blood vessels to grow in tumors. When tumor cells spread throughout the body, they release VEGF and create new blood vessels that supply the tumor cells with oxygen, minerals, and other nutrients. 15

18 Resources CancerCare Kidney Cancer Association National Cancer Institute Cancer Information Service To find out about clinical trials: Coalition of National Cancer Cooperative Groups National Cancer Institute 16

19 The information presented in this patient booklet is provided for your general information only. It is not intended as medical advice and should not be relied upon as a substitute for consultations with qualified health professionals who are aware of your specific situation. We encourage you to take information and questions back to your individual health care provider as a way of creating a dialogue and partnership about your cancer and your treatment. All people depicted in the photographs in this booklet are models and are used for illustrative purposes only. Photomicrograph of kidney cancer cells on page 2: Nancy Kedersha/ Immunogen/Photo Researchers, Inc CancerCare, Inc. All rights reserved.

20 From the moment of diagnosis, let the hope begin. When Fran was diagnosed with cancer, she knew that she and her daughter, Rachel, would need support. Both found help and hope with CancerCare. Since 1944, our professional oncology social workers have provided free counseling, education and practical help for anyone touched by cancer. CancerCare is with you every step of the way. If we can help you and your family, please call us at HOPE (4673) or visit Help and Hope HOPE (4673) CancerCare 2005

Cancercare Connect Booklet Series. Renal Cell Cancer. www.cancercare.org

Cancercare Connect Booklet Series. Renal Cell Cancer. www.cancercare.org Cancercare Connect Booklet Series Treatment Update Renal Cell Cancer www.cancercare.org Treatment Update Renal Cell Cancer Table of Contents The CancerCare Connect Booklet Series offers up-to-date, easy-to-read

More information

Kidney Cancer.

Kidney Cancer. Treatment Update Kidney Cancer www.cancercare.org The CancerCare Connect Booklet Series offers up-to-date, easy-to-read information on the latest treatments, managing side effects, and coping with cancer.

More information

Clinical Trials: Improving the Care of People Living With Cancer

Clinical Trials: Improving the Care of People Living With Cancer CLINICAL TRIALS Clinical Trials: Improving the Care of People Living With Cancer Presented by Mary McCabe, RN, MA Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center Carolyn Messner, DSW CancerCare Learn about: Stages

More information

Mesothelioma. 1995-2013, The Patient Education Institute, Inc. www.x-plain.com ocft0101 Last reviewed: 03/21/2013 1

Mesothelioma. 1995-2013, The Patient Education Institute, Inc. www.x-plain.com ocft0101 Last reviewed: 03/21/2013 1 Mesothelioma Introduction Mesothelioma is a type of cancer. It starts in the tissue that lines your lungs, stomach, heart, and other organs. This tissue is called mesothelium. Most people who get this

More information

Smoking and misuse of certain pain medicines can affect the risk of developing renal cell cancer.

Smoking and misuse of certain pain medicines can affect the risk of developing renal cell cancer. Renal cell cancer Renal cell cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in tubules of the kidney. Renal cell cancer (also called kidney cancer or renal adenocarcinoma) is a disease in which

More information

Thymus Cancer. This reference summary will help you better understand what thymus cancer is and what treatment options are available.

Thymus Cancer. This reference summary will help you better understand what thymus cancer is and what treatment options are available. Thymus Cancer Introduction Thymus cancer is a rare cancer. It starts in the small organ that lies in the upper chest under the breastbone. The thymus makes white blood cells that protect the body against

More information

RCC. RENAL CELL CARCINOMA the most common form of kidney cancer UNDERSTANDINGRCC

RCC. RENAL CELL CARCINOMA the most common form of kidney cancer UNDERSTANDINGRCC RCC RENAL CELL CARCINOMA the most common form of kidney cancer UNDERSTANDINGRCC RENAL CELL CARCINOMA ABOUT THIS GUIDE This guide will: Help you understand renal cell carcinoma (RCC) Provide information

More information

Drug treatments for kidney cancer

Drug treatments for kidney cancer James Whale Fund for Kidney Cancer Drug treatments for kidney cancer Before your doctors can discuss treatment options with you they need to know how far your cancer has progressed. Staging is used to

More information

Genetics Gender plays a role in kidney cancer, as men are twice as likely as women to develop RCC

Genetics Gender plays a role in kidney cancer, as men are twice as likely as women to develop RCC What is kidney cancer? Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most common kind of kidney cancer. 1 Normally, your kidneys filter your blood and excrete waste in urine. Although our kidneys are important, we

More information

Thyroid Cancer. This reference summary will help you better understand what thyroid cancer is and what treatment options are available.

Thyroid Cancer. This reference summary will help you better understand what thyroid cancer is and what treatment options are available. Thyroid Cancer Introduction The thyroid is a gland in the neck. Thyroid cancer is a common type of cancer. It accounts for 1% to 5% of cancer cases worldwide. As medical technology advances, more cases

More information

Kidney Cancer Understanding your diagnosis

Kidney Cancer Understanding your diagnosis Kidney Cancer Understanding your diagnosis Let s Make Cancer History 1 888 939-3333 cancer.ca Kidney Cancer Understanding your diagnosis When you first hear that you have cancer you may feel alone and

More information

CANCERCARE CONNECT BOOKLET SERIES. Kidney Cancer. www.cancercare.org

CANCERCARE CONNECT BOOKLET SERIES. Kidney Cancer. www.cancercare.org CANCERCARE CONNECT BOOKLET SERIES Treatment Update Kidney Cancer www.cancercare.org The CancerCare Connect Booklet Series offers up-to-date, easy-to-read information on the latest treatments, managing

More information

CANCERCARE CONNECT BOOKLET SERIES. Lung Cancer. www.cancercare.org

CANCERCARE CONNECT BOOKLET SERIES. Lung Cancer. www.cancercare.org CANCERCARE CONNECT BOOKLET SERIES Treatment Update Lung Cancer www.cancercare.org The CancerCare Connect Booklet Series offers up-to-date, easy-to-read information on the latest treatments, managing side

More information

Lung Cancer. This reference summary will help you better understand lung cancer and the treatment options that are available.

Lung Cancer. This reference summary will help you better understand lung cancer and the treatment options that are available. Lung Cancer Introduction Lung cancer is the number one cancer killer of men and women. Over 165,000 people die of lung cancer every year in the United States. Most cases of lung cancer are related to cigarette

More information

Types of surgery for kidney cancer

Types of surgery for kidney cancer Useful information for cancer patients Contents This information is about the different operations that you may have for kidney cancer. Surgery can be used to treat almost any stage of kidney cancer. There

More information

Kidney Cancer. Understanding your diagnosis

Kidney Cancer. Understanding your diagnosis Kidney Cancer Understanding your diagnosis Kidney Cancer Understanding your diagnosis When you first hear that you have cancer, you may feel alone and afraid. You may be overwhelmed by the large amount

More information

Breast Cancer. CSC Cancer Experience Registry Member, breast cancer

Breast Cancer. CSC Cancer Experience Registry Member, breast cancer ESSENTIALS Breast Cancer Take things one step at a time. Try not to be overwhelmed by the tidal wave of technical information coming your way. Finally you know your body best; you have to be your own advocate.

More information

The TV Series. www.healthybodyhealthymind.com INFORMATION TELEVISION NETWORK

The TV Series. www.healthybodyhealthymind.com INFORMATION TELEVISION NETWORK The TV Series www.healthybodyhealthymind.com Produced By: INFORMATION TELEVISION NETWORK ONE PARK PLACE 621 NW 53RD ST BOCA RATON, FL 33428 1-800-INFO-ITV www.itvisus.com 2005 Information Television Network.

More information

Understanding. Pancreatic Cancer

Understanding. Pancreatic Cancer Understanding Pancreatic Cancer Understanding Pancreatic Cancer The Pancreas The pancreas is an organ that is about 6 inches long. It s located deep in your belly between your stomach and backbone. Your

More information

Intestinal Cancer. Intestinal cancer is rare. But eating a high-fat diet or having certain digestive diseases can raise a person s risk.

Intestinal Cancer. Intestinal cancer is rare. But eating a high-fat diet or having certain digestive diseases can raise a person s risk. Intestinal Cancer Introduction This reference summary discusses cancer of the small intestines, not cancer of the colon. Intestinal cancer starts in the cells of the small intestine. The small intestine

More information

A Woman s Guide to Prostate Cancer Treatment

A Woman s Guide to Prostate Cancer Treatment A Woman s Guide to Prostate Cancer Treatment Supporting the man in your life Providing prostate cancer support and resources for women and families WOMEN AGAINST PROSTATE CANCER A Woman s Guide to Prostate

More information

Mesothelioma: Questions and Answers

Mesothelioma: Questions and Answers CANCER FACTS N a t i o n a l C a n c e r I n s t i t u t e N a t i o n a l I n s t i t u t e s o f H e a l t h D e p a r t m e n t o f H e a l t h a n d H u m a n S e r v i c e s Mesothelioma: Questions

More information

What If I Have a Spot on My Lung? Do I Have Cancer? Patient Education Guide

What If I Have a Spot on My Lung? Do I Have Cancer? Patient Education Guide What If I Have a Spot on My Lung? Do I Have Cancer? Patient Education Guide A M E R I C A N C O L L E G E O F C H E S T P H Y S I C I A N S Lung cancer is one of the most common cancers. About 170,000

More information

Liver Cancer What is the liver? What is liver cancer?

Liver Cancer What is the liver? What is liver cancer? Liver Cancer What is the liver? The liver is the largest internal organ in the body and is important in digesting food. The liver performs many other functions, including collecting and filtering blood

More information

Types of treatment for liver cancer

Types of treatment for liver cancer Useful information for cancer patients Contents This information is an overview of treatments for primary liver cancer. There are sections on Primary or secondary cancer The main treatments for primary

More information

Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Acute Myeloid Leukemia Acute Myeloid Leukemia Introduction Leukemia is cancer of the white blood cells. The increased number of these cells leads to overcrowding of healthy blood cells. As a result, the healthy cells are not

More information

The causes of kidney cancer are unknown. However, there are several factors that may increase your risk including:

The causes of kidney cancer are unknown. However, there are several factors that may increase your risk including: Kidney cancer Summary Kidney cancer is more common in people over the age of 55 years. Most kidney cancers are found when the doctor is checking for something else. A person is usually able to live quite

More information

Multiple Myeloma. This reference summary will help you understand multiple myeloma and its treatment options.

Multiple Myeloma. This reference summary will help you understand multiple myeloma and its treatment options. Multiple Myeloma Introduction Multiple myeloma is a type of cancer that affects white blood cells. Each year, thousands of people find out that they have multiple myeloma. This reference summary will help

More information

M6-1 NOTE. Each major learning point is clearly identified by boldface type throughout the guide and emphasized in the PowerPoint presentation.

M6-1 NOTE. Each major learning point is clearly identified by boldface type throughout the guide and emphasized in the PowerPoint presentation. Basics of Cancer Treatment Module 6 Basics of Cancer Treatment Target Audience: Community members Staff of Indian health programs, including Community Health Representatives Contents of Learning Module:

More information

This handout is for informational purposes only. Talk with your doctor or health care team if you have any questions about your care.

This handout is for informational purposes only. Talk with your doctor or health care team if you have any questions about your care. PATIENT EDUCATION patienteducation.osumc.edu What is the thyroid gland? The thyroid is a butterfly shaped gland located in the neck. Your thyroid makes and stores hormones, which help regulate your heart

More information

Colon and Rectal Cancer

Colon and Rectal Cancer Colon and Rectal Cancer What is colon or rectal cancer? Colon or rectal cancer is the growth of abnormal cells in your large intestine, which is also called the large bowel. The colon is the last 5 feet

More information

Individualizing Your Lung Cancer Care: Informing Decisions Through Biomarker Testing

Individualizing Your Lung Cancer Care: Informing Decisions Through Biomarker Testing Individualizing Your Lung Cancer Care: Informing Decisions Through Biomarker Testing These Are Hopeful Times for Lung Cancer Survivors When people first learn they have cancer, they are often afraid. But

More information

Radiation Therapy for Prostate Cancer

Radiation Therapy for Prostate Cancer Radiation Therapy for Prostate Cancer Introduction Cancer of the prostate is the most common form of cancer that affects men. About 240,000 American men are diagnosed with prostate cancer every year. Your

More information

What Cancer Patients Need To Know

What Cancer Patients Need To Know Taking Part in Clinical Trials What Cancer Patients Need To Know NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH National Cancer Institute Generous support for this publication was provided by Novartis Oncology. Taking

More information

Multiple Myeloma Understanding your diagnosis

Multiple Myeloma Understanding your diagnosis Multiple Myeloma Understanding your diagnosis Multiple Myeloma Understanding your diagnosis When you first hear that you have cancer you may feel alone and afraid. You may be overwhelmed by the large amount

More information

Biological Therapies for Cancer

Biological Therapies for Cancer Biological Therapies for Cancer Key Points Biological therapies use the body's immune system to fight cancer or to lessen the side effects that may be caused by some cancer treatments. Biological therapies

More information

Introduction Breast cancer is cancer that starts in the cells of the breast. Breast cancer happens mainly in women. But men can get it too.

Introduction Breast cancer is cancer that starts in the cells of the breast. Breast cancer happens mainly in women. But men can get it too. Male Breast Cancer Introduction Breast cancer is cancer that starts in the cells of the breast. Breast cancer happens mainly in women. But men can get it too. Many people do not know that men can get breast

More information

Prostate Cancer Guide. A resource to help answer your questions about prostate cancer

Prostate Cancer Guide. A resource to help answer your questions about prostate cancer Prostate Cancer Guide A resource to help answer your questions about prostate cancer Thank you for downloading this guide to prostate cancer treatment. We know that all the information provided online

More information

Breast Lumpectomy and Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy

Breast Lumpectomy and Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy Breast Lumpectomy and Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy Introduction Breast cancer is a common condition that affects millions of women every year. It usually shows up as a lump that can be felt and/or seen on

More information

Metastatic Melanoma What You Need to Know

Metastatic Melanoma What You Need to Know ESSENTIALS Metastatic Melanoma Metastatic Melanoma What You Need to Know If you have metastatic melanoma, you may feel as though your life has been turned upside down. It s a serious disease, but patients

More information

Kidney Disease WHAT IS KIDNEY DISEASE? TESTS TO DETECT OR DIAGNOSE KIDNEY DISEASE TREATMENT STRATEGIES FOR KIDNEY DISEASE

Kidney Disease WHAT IS KIDNEY DISEASE? TESTS TO DETECT OR DIAGNOSE KIDNEY DISEASE TREATMENT STRATEGIES FOR KIDNEY DISEASE Kidney Disease WHAT IS KIDNEY DISEASE? Kidney disease is when your kidneys are damaged and not functioning as they should. When kidney disease is not going away it is called chronic kidney disease or CKD.

More information

Mantle Cell Lymphoma and New Treatments on the Horizon

Mantle Cell Lymphoma and New Treatments on the Horizon MANTLE CELL LYMPHOMA Mantle Cell Lymphoma and New Treatments on the Horizon Presented by James Armitage, MD University of Nebraska Medical Center Pierluigi Porcu, MD The Ohio State University Comprehensive

More information

Treating Localized Prostate Cancer A Review of the Research for Adults

Treating Localized Prostate Cancer A Review of the Research for Adults Treating Localized Prostate Cancer A Review of the Research for Adults Is this information right for me? Yes, this information is right for you if: Your doctor * said all tests show you have localized

More information

Blood Transfusion. Red Blood Cells White Blood Cells Platelets

Blood Transfusion. Red Blood Cells White Blood Cells Platelets Blood Transfusion Introduction Blood transfusions are very common. Each year, almost 5 million Americans need a blood transfusion. Blood transfusions are given to replace blood lost during surgery or serious

More information

Prostate Cancer Screening

Prostate Cancer Screening Prostate Cancer Screening The American Cancer Society and Congregational Health Ministry Team June Module To access this module via the Web, visit www.cancer.org and type in congregational health ministry

More information

Bone Marrow Transplantation

Bone Marrow Transplantation Bone Marrow Transplantation Introduction Bone marrow is the spongy tissue inside all of your bones, including your hip and thigh bones. The bone marrow is like a factory that makes different types of blood

More information

Understanding Your Diagnosis of Endometrial Cancer A STEP-BY-STEP GUIDE

Understanding Your Diagnosis of Endometrial Cancer A STEP-BY-STEP GUIDE Understanding Your Diagnosis of Endometrial Cancer A STEP-BY-STEP GUIDE Introduction This guide is designed to help you clarify and understand the decisions that need to be made about your care for the

More information

PERIPHERAL STEM CELL TRANSPLANT INTRODUCTION

PERIPHERAL STEM CELL TRANSPLANT INTRODUCTION PERIPHERAL STEM CELL TRANSPLANT INTRODUCTION This booklet was designed to help you and the important people in your life understand the treatment of high dose chemotherapy with stem cell support: a procedure

More information

Breast Cancer. Sometimes cells keep dividing and growing without normal controls, causing an abnormal growth called a tumor.

Breast Cancer. Sometimes cells keep dividing and growing without normal controls, causing an abnormal growth called a tumor. Breast Cancer Introduction Cancer of the breast is the most common form of cancer that affects women but is no longer the leading cause of cancer deaths. About 1 out of 8 women are diagnosed with breast

More information

Understanding cancer talk

Understanding cancer talk Understanding cancer talk Doctors may use words you don t understand. It s okay to ask them to explain something again. Understanding cancer advanced disease benign Disease that has spread outside the

More information

MANAGING ANEMIA. When You Have Kidney Disease or Kidney Failure. www.kidney.org

MANAGING ANEMIA. When You Have Kidney Disease or Kidney Failure. www.kidney.org MANAGING ANEMIA When You Have Kidney Disease or Kidney Failure www.kidney.org About the Information in this Booklet Did you know that the National Kidney Foundation (NKF) offers guidelines and commentaries

More information

Guide to Understanding Breast Cancer

Guide to Understanding Breast Cancer An estimated 220,000 women in the United States are diagnosed with breast cancer each year, and one in eight will be diagnosed during their lifetime. While breast cancer is a serious disease, most patients

More information

Asymptomatic or smoldering myeloma with no symptoms and slow growing cancer cells

Asymptomatic or smoldering myeloma with no symptoms and slow growing cancer cells ESSENTIALS Multiple Myeloma Diagnosed with Multiple Myeloma? It s important to understand everything you can about your diagnosis, possible treatments, and places to go for support and care. Cancer is

More information

An Introduction to PROSTATE CANCER

An Introduction to PROSTATE CANCER An Introduction to PROSTATE CANCER Being diagnosed with prostate cancer can be a life-altering experience. It requires making some very difficult decisions about treatments that can affect not only the

More information

Quick Facts about Appendix Cancer

Quick Facts about Appendix Cancer Quick Facts about Appendix Cancer What is the appendix? The appendix is a pouch-like tube attached to the first part of the large intestine (cecum). The appendix is about 10 centimetres long and has no

More information

About the kidneys and kidney cancer

About the kidneys and kidney cancer About the kidneys and kidney cancer This information is an extract from the booklet Understanding kidney cancer. You may find the full booklet helpful. We can send you a free copy see page 5. The kidneys

More information

TREATMENT UPDATE

TREATMENT UPDATE TREATMENT UPDATE WWW.CANCERCARE.ORG The CancerCare Connect Booklet Series offers up-to-date, easy-to-read information on the latest treatments, managing side effects, and coping with cancer. To order free

More information

WHEN PROSTATE CANCER RETURNS: ADVANCED PROSTATE CANCER. How Will I Know If My Prostate Cancer Returns?

WHEN PROSTATE CANCER RETURNS: ADVANCED PROSTATE CANCER. How Will I Know If My Prostate Cancer Returns? WHEN PROSTATE CANCER RETURNS: ADVANCED PROSTATE CANCER (The following information is based on the general experiences of many prostate cancer patients. Your experience may be different.) How Will I Know

More information

Pancreatic Cancer Understanding your diagnosis

Pancreatic Cancer Understanding your diagnosis Pancreatic Cancer Understanding your diagnosis Let s Make Cancer History 1 888 939-3333 cancer.ca Pancreatic Cancer Understanding your diagnosis When you first hear that you have cancer you may feel alone

More information

Blood Transfusion. There are three types of blood cells: Red blood cells. White blood cells. Platelets.

Blood Transfusion. There are three types of blood cells: Red blood cells. White blood cells. Platelets. Blood Transfusion Introduction Blood transfusions can save lives. Every second, someone in the world needs a blood transfusion. Blood transfusions can replace the blood lost from a serious injury or surgery.

More information

Your Immune System & Lung Cancer Treatment

Your Immune System & Lung Cancer Treatment Your Immune System & Lung Cancer Treatment Immunotherapy and Lung Cancer Immunotherapy is quickly developing as an important approach to treating many forms of cancer, including lung cancer. Immunotherapy

More information

Pancreatic Cancer. What does the pancreas do? What is cancer?

Pancreatic Cancer. What does the pancreas do? What is cancer? Pancreatic Cancer Pancreatic cancer mainly occurs in people over 60. If it is diagnosed at an early stage, then an operation to remove the cancer followed by chemotherapy with or without radiation therapy

More information

Early Prostate Cancer: Questions and Answers. Key Points

Early Prostate Cancer: Questions and Answers. Key Points CANCER FACTS N a t i o n a l C a n c e r I n s t i t u t e N a t i o n a l I n s t i t u t e s o f H e a l t h D e p a r t m e n t o f H e a l t h a n d H u m a n S e r v i c e s Early Prostate Cancer:

More information

Surgery Choices. National Cancer Institute. For Women with DCIS or Breast Cancer. National Institutes of Health

Surgery Choices. National Cancer Institute. For Women with DCIS or Breast Cancer. National Institutes of Health National Cancer Institute Surgery Choices For Women with DCIS or Breast Cancer U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health The National Cancer Institute is grateful for our

More information

Hodgkin Lymphoma Understanding your diagnosis

Hodgkin Lymphoma Understanding your diagnosis Hodgkin Lymphoma Understanding your diagnosis Let s Make Cancer History 1 888 939-3333 cancer.ca Hodgkin Lymphoma Understanding your diagnosis When you first hear that you have cancer you may feel alone

More information

Treating Melanoma S kin Cancer A Quick Guide

Treating Melanoma S kin Cancer A Quick Guide Treating Melanoma Skin Cancer A Quick Guide Contents This is a brief summary of the information on Treating melanoma skin cancer from our website. You will find more detailed information on the website.

More information

IMMUNOTHERAPY FOR THE TREATMENT OF LUNG CANCER

IMMUNOTHERAPY FOR THE TREATMENT OF LUNG CANCER IMMUNOTHERAPY FOR THE TREATMENT OF LUNG CANCER BOOKLET SUPPLEMENT Immunotherapy Immunotherapy is one of the most exciting new approaches for treating several types of cancer, including lung cancer. Immunotherapies

More information

Surgery. Wedge resection only part of the lung, not. not a lobe, is removed. Cancer Council NSW

Surgery. Wedge resection only part of the lung, not. not a lobe, is removed. Cancer Council NSW The treatment you receive will depend on your lung cancer type, for example, whether you have a non-small cell lung cancer Adenocarcinoma or Squamous cell carcinoma, and if this is a sub-type with a mutation.

More information

Bone Marrow or Blood Stem Cell Transplants in Children With Severe Forms of Autoimmune Disorders or Certain Types of Cancer

Bone Marrow or Blood Stem Cell Transplants in Children With Severe Forms of Autoimmune Disorders or Certain Types of Cancer Bone Marrow or Blood Stem Cell Transplants in Children With Severe Forms of Autoimmune Disorders or Certain Types of Cancer A Review of the Research for Parents and Caregivers Is This Information Right

More information

Prostate Cancer Screening. A Decision Guide for African Americans

Prostate Cancer Screening. A Decision Guide for African Americans Prostate Cancer Screening A Decision Guide for African Americans This booklet was developed by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Published

More information

Living with a Diagnosis of Lung Cancer

Living with a Diagnosis of Lung Cancer Living with a Diagnosis of Lung Cancer Written on behalf of the National Lung Cancer Partnership by: Joan H. Schiller, MD, Regina M. Vidaver, PhD, Silvia Novello, MD, PhD, Julie Brahmer, MD, MSc and Lori

More information

X-Plain Breast Cancer Reference Summary

X-Plain Breast Cancer Reference Summary X-Plain Breast Cancer Reference Summary The risk of breast cancer among Asian Americans living in the U.S. is relatively low compared to caucasian women. However, there is concern that the risk of breast

More information

TALKING ABOUT BLOOD TRANSFUSIONS

TALKING ABOUT BLOOD TRANSFUSIONS TALKING ABOUT BLOOD TRANSFUSIONS TALKING ABOUT BLOOD TRANSFUSIONS Contents What Is a Blood Transfusion?...2 What Is the Role of Blood Transfusion in Treatment for Chronic Disease?...2 Blood and Transfusion

More information

RADIATION THERAPY FOR LYMPHOMA. Facts to Help Patients Make an Informed Decision TARGETING CANCER CARE AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR RADIATION ONCOLOGY

RADIATION THERAPY FOR LYMPHOMA. Facts to Help Patients Make an Informed Decision TARGETING CANCER CARE AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR RADIATION ONCOLOGY RADIATION THERAPY FOR Facts to Help Patients Make an Informed Decision TARGETING CANCER CARE AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR RADIATION ONCOLOGY FACTS ABOUT The lymphatic system is a network of tiny vessels extending

More information

Small Intestine Cancer

Small Intestine Cancer Small Intestine Cancer What is the Small Intestine? The small intestine, also called the small bowel, is part of the body s gastrointestinal tract or digestive system. Its jobs are to: Break down food

More information

X-Plain Chemotherapy for Breast Cancer - Adriamycin, Cytoxan, and Tamoxifen Reference Summary

X-Plain Chemotherapy for Breast Cancer - Adriamycin, Cytoxan, and Tamoxifen Reference Summary X-Plain Chemotherapy for Breast Cancer - Adriamycin, Cytoxan, and Tamoxifen Reference Summary Introduction Breast cancer is a common condition that affects one out of every 11 women. Your doctor has recommended

More information

Contact Maryann Verrillo Diane Shnitzler (703) 691-1805. Interventional Radiology Treatments for Kidney Cancer

Contact Maryann Verrillo Diane Shnitzler (703) 691-1805. Interventional Radiology Treatments for Kidney Cancer Interventional Radiology Treatments for Kidney Cancer FACT SHEET Contact Maryann Verrillo Diane Shnitzler (703) 691-1805 Kidney cancer is the eighth most common cancer in men and the tenth in women. 1

More information

GFR (Glomerular Filtration Rate) A Key to Understanding How Well Your Kidneys Are Working

GFR (Glomerular Filtration Rate) A Key to Understanding How Well Your Kidneys Are Working GFR (Glomerular Filtration Rate) A Key to Understanding How Well Your Kidneys Are Working www.kidney.org National Kidney Foundation's Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative Did you know that the National

More information

Chemotherapy for Breast Cancer - Adriamycin and Cytoxan

Chemotherapy for Breast Cancer - Adriamycin and Cytoxan Chemotherapy for Breast Cancer - Adriamycin and Cytoxan Introduction Breast cancer is a common condition that affects one out of every 11 women. Your doctor has recommended chemotherapy for your breast

More information

Many people with non-hodgkin lymphoma have found an educational support group helpful. Support

Many people with non-hodgkin lymphoma have found an educational support group helpful. Support Track 2: Treatment Options [Narrator] Many people with non-hodgkin lymphoma have found an educational support group helpful. Support groups take many forms: some meet the needs of people with all kinds

More information

surgery choices For Women with Early-Stage Breast Cancer family EDUCATION PATIENT

surgery choices For Women with Early-Stage Breast Cancer family EDUCATION PATIENT surgery choices For Women with Early-Stage Breast Cancer PATIENT & family EDUCATION U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health National Cancer Institute NATIONAL RESEARCH

More information

METASTASES TO THE BONE

METASTASES TO THE BONE RADIATION THERAPY FOR METASTASES TO THE BONE Facts to Help Patients Make an Informed Decision TARGETING CANCER CARE AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR RADIATION ONCOLOGY WHAT ARE BONE METASTASES? Cancer that starts

More information

Getting A New Pancreas Facts About Pancreas Transplants

Getting A New Pancreas Facts About Pancreas Transplants Release Date October 1, 2003 Revised December 2006 Revised March 2012 Getting A New Pancreas Facts About Pancreas Transplants American Society of Transplantation 1120 Route 73, Suite 200 Mount Laurel,

More information

Colorectal Cancer Treatment

Colorectal Cancer Treatment Scan for mobile link. Colorectal Cancer Treatment Colorectal cancer overview Colorectal cancer, also called large bowel cancer, is the term used to describe malignant tumors found in the colon and rectum.

More information

Skin cancer Patient information

Skin cancer Patient information Skin cancer Patient information What is cancer? The human body is made up of billions of cells. In healthy people, cells grow, divide and die. New cells constantly replace old ones in an orderly way. This

More information

Gallbladder cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the gallbladder.

Gallbladder cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the gallbladder. Gallbladder cancer Gallbladder cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the gallbladder. Gallbladder cancer is a rare disease in which malignant (cancer) cells are found

More information

Frequently Asked Questions About Ovarian Cancer

Frequently Asked Questions About Ovarian Cancer Media Contact: Gerri Gomez Howard Cell: 303-748-3933 gerri@gomezhowardgroup.com Frequently Asked Questions About Ovarian Cancer What is ovarian cancer? Ovarian cancer is a cancer that forms in tissues

More information

Treating Mesothelioma - A Quick Guide

Treating Mesothelioma - A Quick Guide Treating Mesothelioma - A Quick Guide Contents This is a brief summary of the information on Treating mesothelioma from CancerHelp UK. You will find more detailed information on the website. In this information

More information

PATIENT INFORMATION ABOUT ADJUVANT THERAPY AFTER THE WHIPPLE OPERATION FOR ADENOCARCINOMA ( CANCER ) OF THE PANCREAS AND RELATED SITES.

PATIENT INFORMATION ABOUT ADJUVANT THERAPY AFTER THE WHIPPLE OPERATION FOR ADENOCARCINOMA ( CANCER ) OF THE PANCREAS AND RELATED SITES. PATIENT INFORMATION ABOUT ADJUVANT THERAPY AFTER THE WHIPPLE OPERATION FOR ADENOCARCINOMA ( CANCER ) OF THE PANCREAS AND RELATED SITES. Radiation Oncology Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins Last

More information

An Introduction to PROSTATE CANCER

An Introduction to PROSTATE CANCER An Introduction to PROSTATE CANCER Being diagnosed with prostate cancer can be a life-altering experience. It requires making some very difficult decisions about treatments that can affect not only the

More information

ABOUT CHEMOTHERAPY. For more information, call PENN (7366) or visit our web sites: pennmedicine.org/abramson and oncolink.

ABOUT CHEMOTHERAPY. For more information, call PENN (7366) or visit our web sites: pennmedicine.org/abramson and oncolink. ABOUT CHEMOTHERAPY This Helpful Facts sheet is designed to give you basic information on chemotherapy. More detailed information can be provided by your doctor or nurse. If you have other questions, or

More information

CANCER TREATMENT: Chemotherapy

CANCER TREATMENT: Chemotherapy CANCER TREATMENT: Chemotherapy Chemotherapy, often called chemo, is the use of drugs to treat a disease. The term chemotherapy is now most often used to describe a type of cancer treatment. Dr. Khuri:

More information

General Information About Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

General Information About Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer General Information About Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Non-small cell lung cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the lung. The lungs are a pair of cone-shaped breathing

More information

Lung Cancer. Know how to stay strong

Lung Cancer. Know how to stay strong Lung Cancer Know how to stay strong What is cancer? 2 Cancer is a disease when some cells in the body grow out of control Normal cells Your body has many tiny cells and keeps making new cells to keep you

More information

YTTRIUM 90 MICROSPHERES THERAPY OF LIVER TUMORS

YTTRIUM 90 MICROSPHERES THERAPY OF LIVER TUMORS YTTRIUM 90 MICROSPHERES THERAPY OF LIVER TUMORS The information regarding placement of Yttrium 90 microsphres for the management of liver tumors on the next several pages includes questions commonly asked

More information

Disease/Illness GUIDE TO ASBESTOS LUNG CANCER. What Is Asbestos Lung Cancer? www.simpsonmillar.co.uk Telephone 0844 858 3200

Disease/Illness GUIDE TO ASBESTOS LUNG CANCER. What Is Asbestos Lung Cancer? www.simpsonmillar.co.uk Telephone 0844 858 3200 GUIDE TO ASBESTOS LUNG CANCER What Is Asbestos Lung Cancer? Like tobacco smoking, exposure to asbestos can result in the development of lung cancer. Similarly, the risk of developing asbestos induced lung

More information

Treating Hodgkin s Lymphoma A Quick Guide

Treating Hodgkin s Lymphoma A Quick Guide Treating Hodgkin s Lymphoma A Quick Guide Contents This is a brief summary of the information on Treating Hodgkin s lymphoma from CancerHelp UK. You will find more detailed information on the website.

More information

Understanding series. new. directions. 1-800-298-2436 LungCancerAlliance.org. A guide for the patient

Understanding series. new. directions. 1-800-298-2436 LungCancerAlliance.org. A guide for the patient Understanding series LUNG CANCER: new treatment directions 1-800-298-2436 LungCancerAlliance.org A guide for the patient TABLE OF CONTENTS What s New in lung cancer? Advancements...4 Changes in genes that

More information

Small cell lung cancer

Small cell lung cancer Small cell lung cancer Small cell lung cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the lung. The lungs are a pair of cone-shaped breathing organs that are found within

More information

Surgery for kidney cancer

Surgery for kidney cancer This information is an extract from the booklet, Understanding kidney cancer. You may find the full booklet helpful. We can send you a copy free see page 5. Surgery is often the only treatment that is

More information