Analysis of the shooting of Barbara Scharton

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Analysis of the shooting of Barbara Scharton"

Transcription

1 Summary Analysis of the shooting of Barbara Scharton 1. After gaining entry on the first floor in the Lyons/Scharton home, the assailants discovered Barbara Scharton in a bedroom on that floor. Assailant 1 was likely armed with a.22 revolver and assailant 2, a 12 gauge shotgun. Assailant 1 entered Scharton s bedroom followed by assailant Assailant 1 approached the bed where Scharton, who was alerted to the trespasser entry, was sitting up and about to get off the bed when she received the first of three.22 bullets, which hit her in the right forearm. Assailant 1 fired the second.22 bullet at the sitting victim, an intermediate range shot to her upper right chest. The third.22 shot was by a hard contact shot to Scharton s right arm. After this third shot, Scharton fell back onto the bed inserting a pillow between her and the assailants. Assailant 1 was now to the left of Scharton and assailant 2 discharged his shotgun at her face. Assailant 1 fired another.22 bullet at Scharton s neck near her chin, likely within a second of the shotgun blast. 3. The shooting attack on Barbara Scharton was coordinated and rapidly executed and lasted no more than 5 seconds from entry to her bedroom to the final shot. Introduction This report is a reconstruction of the homicide of Barbara Scharton at 621Aurora Street, Santa Barbara in the early morning of May 4, The homicide was reconstructed utilizing the crime scene images and reports and the autopsy images and report. Barbara Scharton received five shots while she was on her bed in a bedroom on the first floor of her newly-constructed house. The first three shots were received while she was sitting and the final two when she was on her back on the bed. The assailants. The reconstruction of the scene necessitates two assailants. As will be discussed below, the evidence indicates the Scharton homicide occurred too rapidly and with two firearms for this to be committed by a single shooter. Assailant 1 likely had a.22 revolver because of the lack of shell casings at the scene and the weapon was not used for Daniel Lyons attack (i.e., it was nearly empty after the attack on Barbara Scharton). Assailant 2 had the shotgun which due to the rapid multiple shots later at Daniel Lyons, was likely a 12 gauge semiautomatic shotgun. The Daniel Lyons attack, which also cannot be reconstructed with only one shooter, probably involved the same two shooters. However, there could have been a third assailant who had a.38 revolver. The attack Assailant entry. A short time after 1 AM on May 4, 2009 the two, perhaps three, assailants entered the home at 621 Aurora Street, Santa Barbara, California. It could be that the assailants were unaware of Scharton being in a bedroom other than the master bedroom on the

2 Figure 1. Left. Deceased Barbara Scharton on her bed as she was found (DSC 0145). The position of her legs indicates she was in the process of getting out of her bed when she was attacked. Right. The body after the pillows and bed spread were removed (DSC 0300). The tucking of the bed sheet around Scharton s body indicates she had pulled and wrapped the sheet around her upon the assailants entry into her bedroom. second floor of the house. She, upon hearing the trespassers, called out thinking it was Daniel Lyons. Scharton was concerned enough by foot steps and/or muffled voices as well as the lack of verbal response to her, that she sat up in bed and started to get out of the bed (Fig. 1, left and Fig. 2). It was at this time that the assailants entered her bedroom. In the early part of the assailant entry into her bedroom, Scharton pulled at her overlying bed sheet, bringing it up to her neck and wrapping it around her (Fig. 1 right). The pattern of shots to Scharton indicates the assailants approached her while she sat on the bed (Fig. 2). Figure 2. A mannequin overlay on crime scene image, DSC 0145, showing the likely position (at 1 ) of the.22 firearm for shot 1.

3 Figure shot 1 distant range, as demonstrated by a mannequin. The red dot approximates the entrance and the X, the approximates the position of the bullet that was recovered from the right forearm. The bullet trajectory is shown by the arrow. Right. This graphic shows this likely trajectory on the horizontal plane. Figure 4. Left..22 shot 2 at intermediate range using a mannequin simulation. The shooter appears to have been to the right of Scharton for this shot. Upper right. The muzzle of the.22 was likely within 2 or 3 inches of her sheet-covered chest as indicated by the soot deposit on the sheet (at arrow, DSC 0265). This shot might have occurred after the next.22 shot and visa versa. Lower right. This graphic shows this likely trajectory on the horizontal plane.

4 The first shot. The assailants entered the bedroom with assailant 1 in the lead. He rapidly reached the base of the bed and started shooting his.22 firearm at the sitting Scharton. The first bullet hit Barbara Scharton s right arm (Figs. 2 and 3). This is Gunshot Wound No. 5 in the autopsy report. Due to the uncertain angle of her body and arm positions, the position of the shooter is approximate, but he was somewhere at the base of the bed, likely near the right side. Considering the location and bullet track (as indicated in the autopsy report) and the position of the body on the bed, this wound as well as the next two.22 bullet wounds could not have occurred while Scharton was on her back in the bed, her position when found. Shot 2. Assailant 1 fired his second.22 shot when he was just to the right of Barbara Scharton. This is Gunshot Wound No. 3 in the autopsy report. Soot on the bed sheet that was covering her chest (Fig. 4, upper right) in the vicinity of this.22 entrance wound shows the.22 muzzle was probably between 2 or 3 inches of the bed sheet when fired. A contact or near contact shot is discounted because the sheet fabric was not torn by the muzzle blast nor was there soot noted on or near the entrance wound and the sheet was high enough for her skin not to receive any soot. No soot was reported in the wound track by the autopsy report. This shot could have occurred after the.22 shot to Scharton s upper right arm (shot 3, see below). Regardless of the shot order, the shooter was quite close to his victim when both of these shots were delivered. Figure 5. Shot number 3. Left and lower right. The assailant pressed the muzzle of the.22 firearm against the arm at the location shown and discharged the gun. Upper right. Image DSC The nearly uniform distribution of the soot around the wound suggests the muzzle was pressed hard against the skin forcing that skin, but not the arm, to be almost 90 degrees to the muzzle.

5 Figure 6. The shot gun wound to Barbara Scharton s face. A. X-ray of the side of Barbara s head showing the direction of the blast as well as the.22 bullet that was the last fired into the body (DSC 0030). Arrow show the direction of the blast. B. Scharton s left arm and hand (IMG 1527). The left forearm caught part of the shotgun s blast. C. the right arm and hand (IMG 1519) showing the avulsed injury caused by the arm being in part of the main shotgun blast. D. Not only were Scharton s arms involved in the shotgun blast, but so was the pillow on her lower chest and abdomen (at arrow)(dsc 0261). Shot 3. The autopsy report noted for this wound (Gunshot Wound No. 4) copious amounts of black carbonaceous debris around the entrance defect (Fig. 5, upper right) and declared this wound as a contact-range gunshot. Obviously, assailant 1 firmly pressed the muzzle of his.22 firearm against Barbara Scharton s lateral/posterior aspect of her right upper arm near her elbow and fired. The nearly uniform distribution of the soot around the wound (Fig. 5, upper right) suggests the muzzle was pressed hard against the skin forcing that skin, but not the arm, to be almost 90 degrees to the muzzle. The bullet went the length of her upper arm and lodged in the right deltoid muscle at her shoulder. The shot trajectory is simulated in Fig. 5 left. Either Scharton fell back or was pushed by an assailant so that the final 2 shots to her occurred while she was on her back on the bed. Shot 4. This is a 12 gauge shotgun wound to Barbara Scharton s face (Fig. 6) and is Gunshot Wound No. 1 in the autopsy report. The autopsy X-ray of Barbara Scharton s head shows the direction of the shotgun pellets were upward as reflected by the arrow in Fig. 6A. This X-ray indicates Scharton was lying on the bed when she received this devastating wound. Scharton

6 Figure 7. Blood spatter from the shotgun blast to Barbara Scharton s face. Left. Spatter on the pillow to the left of Barbara s head. Right. A pillow was in front of Barbara when the shotgun discharged. If that pillow received spatter resulting from the shotgun blast, the bleeding from the severely wounded right hand obscured it. The bloodstains on the pillow (the upper right of the image) indicate the arm had been moved several times after its wounding. had her left arm in front and slightly above her right in a defensive posture likely in response to the shotgun pointed at her so that both her left arm (Fig. 6B) and right arm (Fig. 6C) were caught in the blast. In addition, she had a pillow on her chest which also caught part of the shotgun blast (Fig. 6D, arrow). Figure 8. Reconstruction of the shotgun blast to Barbara Scharton s face. The red line represents the trajectory of the blast. The arms of the mannequin would not flex to their probable position for the shotgun blast and Scharton s arms were probably lower than shown here. The shotgun muzzle was likely more than 2 feet from the face, and could have been as much as 3 feet. See text.

7 7 Figure 9. The.22 shot 5 into the upper neck of Barbara Scharton. Left. Autopsy image DSC 0032 showing the.22 caliber wound (arrow) surround by defects caused by shotgun pellets. Right. The mannequin s arms would not flex enough to rest on the pillow so they were removed to show the trajectory of the shot. The shotgun muzzle had sufficient distance from the victim s face that gunshot distributed impact blood spatter was relatively minor considering the nature of the firearm. Judging from the satellite pellet wounds on Scharton s right face and left arm, the shotgun s muzzle was more than two feet from the victim, perhaps as much as 3 feet (see Hueske, 2006, p. 114). The gas input by the shotgun blast into Scharton s head wound was minor at this distance. Blood spatter, however, can be seen on the pillow to the right of Scharton s face (Fig. 7, left). Spatter is not seen on the pillow which Scharton had in front of her due to the bleeding from her severely wounded right arm obscuring any of the spatter derived from the shotgun blast (Fig.7, right). Figure 8 recreates this shot to Scharton with a mannequin. Shot 5. The shotgun blast pushed Barbara Scharton s head back a small amount. Following the shotgun blast, assailant 1 fired his.22 firearm at Scharton s upper neck (Fig. 9). This is Gunshot Wound No. 2 in the autopsy report. The shooter, assailant 1, was standing to the right of the shotgun shooter and left of Scharton, when he fired this shot. This bullet s trajectory was from her upper neck to the right part of her head. Since it is unlikely the shooter would return to Scharton after her homicide for another shot, this shot probably occurred immediately after the shotgun blast and, of course, prior to the attack on Daniel Lyons. Discussion The bloodstaining on the pillow indicated that the right arm was moved several times after the shotgun injury (Fig. 7, right). This may have occurred after law enforcement enter the building. How long did the assault on Barbara Scharton take? The homicide had to have been performed so quickly that Daniel Lyons on the second floor had little time to react to the noise. I would give it 5 seconds at most for the assault on Barbara Scharton and 7 to 10 seconds to reach Daniel Lyons bedroom. Barbara Scharton s homicide was carried out with precision. Assailant 1 incapacitated the

8 victim which allowed assailant 2 to position himself for the killing shotgun blast. Assailant 2 resisted discharging his shotgun until he was in position to be assured of a kill by a stationary victim with only one shot, reserving his remaining cartridges for the second victim. It is apparent each assailant knew what to do. The assailants knew the other victim, who by the firing of their guns at Scharton would arouse him and if given enough time, he would call the police. Daniel Lyons would be aroused enough to quickly understand he was being attacked when the assailants neared his bedroom on the second floor. Daniel Lyons was awakened by the gunfire. The assailants knew where he was and in order to avoid potentially fatal resistance to them by Daniel or him calling the police or yelling to his neighbor to call the police, they had to attack him within seconds of finishing with Scharton. This is another indication of a well-coordinated operation with Scharton. Indeed, the confused Daniel Lyons probably was attacked within seconds of being aroused, naked and unarmed, which suggests a third assailant was involved in the attack on Scharton and Lyons. Reference. Hueske, EE Practical analysis and reconstruction of shooting incidents. CRC Press. New York. Bryan Burnett Meixa tech P.O.Box 844 Cardiff, CA COMMENTS WELCOME

Bloodstain Pattern Case Study

Bloodstain Pattern Case Study A P P E N D I X II Bloodstain Pattern Case Study W. Jerry Chisum Victim: Raymond Defendant: Bill Codefendant: Joe Witness: Romona, Joe s girlfriend at the time This was an old and cold case. That is to

More information

Range of Motion. A guide for you after spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation Program

Range of Motion. A guide for you after spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation Program Range of Motion A guide for you after spinal cord injury Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation Program This booklet has been written by the health care providers who provide care to people who have a spinal

More information

Interpretation of Blood Spatter for Licensed Professional Investigators

Interpretation of Blood Spatter for Licensed Professional Investigators Interpretation of Blood Spatter for Licensed Professional Investigators By Louis L. Akin, LPI Licensed Professional Investigator, Crime Scene Reconstructionist Blood spatter interpretation may be defined

More information

Blood Pattern Analysis at Crime Scenes

Blood Pattern Analysis at Crime Scenes Blood Pattern Analysis at Crime Scenes By Through a variety of schools, classes, and seminars homicide detectives and crime scene technicians or criminalists are garnering a level of expertise that has

More information

ACTIVE SHOOTER RESPONSE. 1. Emergency Management Plan

ACTIVE SHOOTER RESPONSE. 1. Emergency Management Plan ACTIVE SHOOTER RESPONSE 1. Emergency Management Plan The world has changed! Student Life and Public Safety are fully aware of this as a campus Personal safety is everyone s responsibility Keep Yourself

More information

CORE STRENGTH EXERCISES

CORE STRENGTH EXERCISES CORE STRENGTH EXERCISES The main muscles involved with Core Strength include muscles of the abdomen, hip flexors and low back postural muscles. It is important to maintain proper strength of these muscles

More information

Stretching in the Office

Stretching in the Office Stretching in the Office Legs: Quads, Hamstrings, IT band, Hip flexors, Gluts, Calves Quads: Standing @ desk maintaining upright posture, grab one leg @ a time by foot or ankle and bring it towards backside

More information

Exercise 1: Knee to Chest. Exercise 2: Pelvic Tilt. Exercise 3: Hip Rolling. Starting Position: Lie on your back on a table or firm surface.

Exercise 1: Knee to Chest. Exercise 2: Pelvic Tilt. Exercise 3: Hip Rolling. Starting Position: Lie on your back on a table or firm surface. Exercise 1: Knee to Chest Starting Position: Lie on your back on a table or firm surface. Action: Clasp your hands behind the thigh and pull it towards your chest. Keep the opposite leg flat on the surface

More information

Bloodstain Evidence May reveal:

Bloodstain Evidence May reveal: Unit 5 1 Bloodstain Evidence May reveal: Origin(s) of bloodstain Distance of bloodstain from target Direction from which blood impacted Speed with which blood left its source Position of victim & assailant

More information

Blood. Is it Blood? Blood. Blood Evidence. Is it Human Blood? Blood Spatters 2/19/2008. Obvious

Blood. Is it Blood? Blood. Blood Evidence. Is it Human Blood? Blood Spatters 2/19/2008. Obvious Blood Blood Is it Blood? Obvious Not always an easy determination Not Obvious Stains on clothes, carpet, etc Presumptive Tests Blood indicated on Confirmatory Tests Blood identified on Stains not visible

More information

Directional Analysis of Blood Spatter at Crime and Accident Scenes for the Private Investigator

Directional Analysis of Blood Spatter at Crime and Accident Scenes for the Private Investigator Directional Analysis of Blood Spatter at Crime and Accident Scenes for the Private Investigator By Louis L. Akin, LPI Blood spatter analysis is an important part of contemporary crime scene investigation

More information

UPPER QUADRANT PAC. Do only those exercises that I have checked off for you to do independently. THINGS TO AVOID

UPPER QUADRANT PAC. Do only those exercises that I have checked off for you to do independently. THINGS TO AVOID UPPER QUADRANT PAC Most common pain / disfunction syndromes occur as a result of a combination of poor posture habit and imbalanced muscle groups. The following exercise protocols will address the most

More information

Strengthening Exercises - Below Knee Amputation

Strengthening Exercises - Below Knee Amputation Strengthening Exercises - Below Knee Amputation These exercises will help you strengthen your muscles to best use your prosthetic leg. Do these exercises as directed by your therapist or doctor. Do the

More information

FIREARMS, TOOL MARKS, AND OTHER IMPRESSIONS

FIREARMS, TOOL MARKS, AND OTHER IMPRESSIONS FIREARMS, TOOL MARKS, AND OTHER IMPRESSIONS 15-1 Introduction Structural variations and irregularities caused by scratches, nicks, breaks, and wear may permit the criminalist to relate: A bullet to a gun

More information

Greenville, SC Police Department GENERAL ORDER Subject Force Response

Greenville, SC Police Department GENERAL ORDER Subject Force Response Greenville, SC Police Department GENERAL ORDER Subject Force Response Number 200A6 Type Operational Effective Date September 20, 2011 Amends/ Rescinds 200A5 Pages 1 of 11 Re-evaluation Annual-January References

More information

40 Allied Drive Dedham, MA (office) Shoulder Exercises

40 Allied Drive Dedham, MA (office)  Shoulder Exercises Shoulder Exercises Phase 1 1. Pendulum exercise Bend over at the waist and let the arm hang down. Using your body to initiate movement, swing the arm gently forward and backward and in a circular motion.

More information

THE INTERNATIONAL SKEET GUN MOUNT

THE INTERNATIONAL SKEET GUN MOUNT THE INTERNATIONAL SKEET GUN MOUNT By B J McDaniel Assistant Shotgun Coach As printed in USA Shooting News One of the rules in International Skeet to make the game more challenging is the requirement to

More information

Stretch at Your Desk Program

Stretch at Your Desk Program Stretch at Your Desk Program UT LivingWell Stretch at Your Desk Video http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mslxjh0gtoq The HealthPoint Occupational Health Program is part of Human Resource Services, University

More information

Lifting & transferring

Lifting & transferring Lifting & transferring Learning guide Caring for people who are not very mobile tends to involve a great deal of lifting. You may need to assist them from the bed to the chair or the wheelchair and back

More information

Warm-Up Exercises - Page 1

Warm-Up Exercises - Page 1 Warm-Up Exercises - Page 1 Exercise 1: Forward-backward arm swings (underarm) Start with both arms down by your sides. Keeping both arms straight and with minimal body movement, swing them both together

More information

SHOOT/DON T SHOOT STUDY GUIDE 2010

SHOOT/DON T SHOOT STUDY GUIDE 2010 SHOOT/DON T SHOOT STUDY GUIDE 2010 This study guide is designed to provide the law enforcement Explorer with basic principles. The guide is not all inclusive, and does not delineate specific techniques

More information

General Guidelines. Neck Stretch: Side. Neck Stretch: Forward. Shoulder Rolls. Side Stretch

General Guidelines. Neck Stretch: Side. Neck Stretch: Forward. Shoulder Rolls. Side Stretch Stretching Exercises General Guidelines Perform stretching exercises at least 2 3 days per week and preferably more Hold each stretch for 15 20 seconds Relax and breathe normally Stretching is most effective

More information

Lower Body Strength/Balance Exercises

Lower Body Strength/Balance Exercises Compliments of (Medical Group Name & Phone # to be inserted here) Lower Body Strength/Balance Exercises Hip Flexion Strengthens thigh and hip muscles. Use ankle weights, if you are ready to. Stand to the

More information

Course of fire begins with a proper load and make ready for each relay.

Course of fire begins with a proper load and make ready for each relay. SEMI-AUTO PISTOL QUALIFICATION COURSE: 2011 OPOTA TARGET: OPOTA RQT-2 NUMBER OF ROUNDS: 25 (26 minimum on shooter) FIRING RANGE DISTANCE REQ.: TIME LIMITS: LIGHT CONDITIONS: MODE OF CARRY: MAGAZINES ARE

More information

Shoulders (free weights)

Shoulders (free weights) Dumbbell Shoulder Raise Dumbbell Shoulder Raise 1) Lie back onto an incline bench (45 or less) with a DB in each hand. (You may rest each DB on the corresponding thigh.) 2) Start position: Bring the DB

More information

Moving from ATA Trap to the Bunker

Moving from ATA Trap to the Bunker Moving from ATA Trap to the Bunker By BJ McDaniel Assistant Shotgun Coach USA Shooting Part two of three. In the last installment we talked about making the transition from ATA trap to Olympic trap. We

More information

UNIVERSITY OF TOLEDO

UNIVERSITY OF TOLEDO UNIVERSITY OF TOLEDO SUBJECT: CODE VIOLET VIOLENT SITUATION Procedure No: EP-08-015 PROCEDURE STATEMENT Code Violet will be initiated for serious situations involving any individual(s) exhibiting or threatening

More information

IS-907 Active Shooter: What You Can Do. Visual 1 IS-907 Active Shooter: What You Can Do

IS-907 Active Shooter: What You Can Do. Visual 1 IS-907 Active Shooter: What You Can Do IS-907 Active Shooter: What You Can Do Visual 1 Course Administration Sign-in sheet Course evaluation forms Site logistics Emergency procedures Breaks Restrooms Cell phones Visual 2 DISPATCHER: 911, what

More information

The Golfers Ten Program

The Golfers Ten Program The Golfers Ten Program 1. Self Stretching of the Shoulder Capsule a. Posterior capsular stretch Bring your arm across your chest toward the opposite shoulder. With the opposite arm grasp your arm at your

More information

2014-15 School Bus Driver Inservice TITLE OF LESSON: CRISIS RESPONSE ON A SCHOOL BUS

2014-15 School Bus Driver Inservice TITLE OF LESSON: CRISIS RESPONSE ON A SCHOOL BUS 2014-15 School Bus Driver Inservice TITLE OF LESSON: CRISIS RESPONSE ON A SCHOOL BUS Objectives of Lesson: At the end of this lesson: Name three (3) attributes of a crisis pull off on your route. Name

More information

EXERCISE SHEET FOR LOWER BACK PAIN

EXERCISE SHEET FOR LOWER BACK PAIN EXERCISE SHEET FOR LOWER BACK PAIN Double Leg Stretch To challenge lumbo pelvic control with upper and lower limb sagittal plane movements. To challenge scapula thoracic stability with dissociated movement

More information

http://guninfo.tnet.com

http://guninfo.tnet.com Reconstructed Manual for a PA-63 Double Action Semi-Automatic Pistol 9x18mm Makarov More Gun Info can be found at: http://guninfo.tnet.com The contents of this manual were reconstructed from graphical

More information

10 Easy Core Exercises to Keep You Strong and Fit

10 Easy Core Exercises to Keep You Strong and Fit 10 Easy Core Exercises to Keep You Strong and Fit It pays to get your core muscles the muscles around your trunk and pelvis in better shape, if only to keep your balance. Really, having a strong body core

More information

Faculty Disclosure. Ms. Miller has listed no financial interest/arrangement that would be considered a conflict of interest.

Faculty Disclosure. Ms. Miller has listed no financial interest/arrangement that would be considered a conflict of interest. Faculty Disclosure Amanda S. Miller Ms. Miller has listed no financial interest/arrangement that would be considered a conflict of interest. Developed by Michael L. Stone, SCSA Retired OPD Crime Laboratory

More information

Free Weight Exercises. BENCH PRESS: This exercise develops the chest and the tricep muscles.

Free Weight Exercises. BENCH PRESS: This exercise develops the chest and the tricep muscles. Free Weight Exercises BENCH PRESS: This exercise develops the chest and the tricep muscles. Lie flat on bench with feet flat on the floor (or bench) and knees bent at 90 degrees. Grasp bar at shoulder

More information

FLEXIBILITY MAINTANCE PROGRAM

FLEXIBILITY MAINTANCE PROGRAM FLEXIBILITY MAINTANCE PROGRAM Here is a sample of a full program that can be done at the end of the day or as a maintenance routine anytime. It covers all areas of the body and focuses on the hip area

More information

Warm-up, cool-down and stretch

Warm-up, cool-down and stretch Warm-up, cool-down and stretch Warming-up before playing sport prepares the mind, heart, muscles and joints for the upcoming event. It improves performance, helps players get mentally prepared and is a

More information

How Bloodstain Pattern Analysis Works

How Bloodstain Pattern Analysis Works How Bloodstain Pattern Analysis Works http://science.howstuffworks.com/bloodstain-pattern-analysis.htm Andy Crawford/Dorling Kindersley/Getty Images Introduction to How Bloodstain Pattern Analysis Works

More information

IDPA 3-gun Shoot Spring 2013 Stage instructions

IDPA 3-gun Shoot Spring 2013 Stage instructions IDPA 3-gun Shoot Spring 2013 Stage instructions Stage 1: Rifle Skill at Arms Course of Fire: 3 positions standing, kneeling, prone No Concealment Round Count: 18 rounds rifle Target Distance: 20-60 yard

More information

Stretch No: 1. Standing hamstring stretch. Muscle(s): Hamstring. Stretch Duration: 8-10 secs for warm up. Teaching Points:

Stretch No: 1. Standing hamstring stretch. Muscle(s): Hamstring. Stretch Duration: 8-10 secs for warm up. Teaching Points: Stretch No: 1. Standing hamstring stretch Muscle(s): Hamstring 8-10 secs for warm up Stand with one leg just in front of the other Bend the back knee and rest your weight on the bent knee Tilt the hips

More information

STRETCHING EXERCISES FOR TANGO DANCERS Author: Bob Anderson Illustrations: Jean Anderson Editor: Victor Levant webmaster

STRETCHING EXERCISES FOR TANGO DANCERS Author: Bob Anderson Illustrations: Jean Anderson Editor: Victor Levant webmaster STRETCHING EXERCISES FOR TANGO DANCERS Author: Bob Anderson Illustrations: Jean Anderson Editor: Victor Levant webmaster vlevant@hotmail.com In 2002 I contacted stretching guru Bob Anderson for assistance

More information

STATE ATTORNEY REVIEW

STATE ATTORNEY REVIEW STATE ATTORNEY Fourth Judicial Circuit of Florida ANGELA B. COREY 311 West Monroe Street STATE ATTORNEY Jacksonville, Florida 32202 Tel: (904) 255-2500 Fax: (904)255-3009 STATE ATTORNEY REVIEW JUSTIFIABLE

More information

Lose Weight for Life Exercise s

Lose Weight for Life Exercise s be your best Lose Weight for Life Exercise s This booklet contains descriptions and photographs of all the basic exercise outlined in the lose weight for life training program Squats Stand with your feet

More information

Preparing for the Washington State Criminal Justice Training Commission Physical Ability Test

Preparing for the Washington State Criminal Justice Training Commission Physical Ability Test Preparing for the Washington State Criminal Justice Training Commission Physical Ability Test Whereas many training routines can be used to improve performance in the Physical Ability Test (PAT), participants

More information

His Statement 2- Report 2. He indicated there had been other counseling sessions.

His Statement 2- Report 2. He indicated there had been other counseling sessions. NOTE: Replaced person s name with he, him, his or this man. His Statement 1- Report 1 He knew Rob about 11 years. He had been counseling Rob for a couple months, first time around thanksgiving, second

More information

FBI Releases 2013 Statistics on Law Enforcement Officers Killed and Assaulted

FBI Releases 2013 Statistics on Law Enforcement Officers Killed and Assaulted FBI Releases 2013 Statistics on Law Enforcement Officers Killed and Assaulted FBI San Diego, December 02, 2014 On January 15, 2013, an officer with the Galt, California Police Department was killed while

More information

Comparison Qualities of the Wireless TASER (XREP) and the Mossberg X12 LLS

Comparison Qualities of the Wireless TASER (XREP) and the Mossberg X12 LLS 259 Comparison Qualities of the Wireless TASER (XREP) and the Mossberg X12 LLS By: R.T. Wyant, M.S and.b.j. Smelser, Washington State Patrol, 2203 Airport Way S, Seattle, Wa 98134 Keywords: Electronic

More information

The Use of HemoSpat To Include Bloodstains Located on Nonorthogonal Surfaces in Area-of-Origin Calculations

The Use of HemoSpat To Include Bloodstains Located on Nonorthogonal Surfaces in Area-of-Origin Calculations Technical Note The Use of HemoSpat To Include Bloodstains Located on Nonorthogonal Surfaces in Area-of-Origin Calculations Kevin Maloney 1 Jim Killeen 1 Andy Maloney 2 Abstract: Determining the origin

More information

Forensic Science: The Basics

Forensic Science: The Basics Forensic Science: The Basics Forensic Pathology Chapter 10 Jay A. Siegel,Ph.D. Power point presentation by Greg Galardi, Peru State College, Peru Nebraska Pathology Is a medical specialty originally designed

More information

Stage 1. Dr. John Howell, DC

Stage 1. Dr. John Howell, DC Core Strength Training Dr. John Howell, DC Strengthening the Core Reduces Back Pain Abdominals get all the credit for protecting the back and being the foundation of strength, but they are only a small

More information

Lecture 1 I. PURPOSE OF COURSE LEARNING THE BEST FORM A. BEGIN WITH THE END IN MIND B. BASIC STANCE USCAA

Lecture 1 I. PURPOSE OF COURSE LEARNING THE BEST FORM A. BEGIN WITH THE END IN MIND B. BASIC STANCE USCAA Lecture 1 I. PURPOSE OF COURSE The purpose of this course is to teach an archery shooting form and coaching methods to USCA College Coaches and Archers. We don't assume that the student has experience

More information

Standing with legs slightly apart, inhale and expand chest and shoulders; exhale and draw in chest and shoulders.

Standing with legs slightly apart, inhale and expand chest and shoulders; exhale and draw in chest and shoulders. ILLUSTRATED EXERCISE #4 PAGE 1 2012 Bringing the Body to the Stage and Screen and Beyond by Annette Lust 1 Standing with legs slightly apart, inhale and expand chest and shoulders; exhale and draw in chest

More information

Warm Up Exercise Drills

Warm Up Exercise Drills Warm Up Exercise Drills Exercise 1: The Bend and Reach Purpose: This exercise develops the ability to squat and reach through the legs. It also serves to prepare the spine and extremities for more vigorous

More information

INTEROFFICE MEMORANDUM

INTEROFFICE MEMORANDUM INTEROFFICE MEMORANDUM DATE: August 26, 2013 PHONE: (909) 387-8309 FROM: THRU: TO: Simon R. Umscheid Supervising Deputy District Attorney Central Office San Bernardino Mary Ashley Chief Deputy District

More information

Active Shooters Time to Plan, Practice and Prepare

Active Shooters Time to Plan, Practice and Prepare Active Shooters Time to Plan, Practice and Prepare Introduction On the morning of 7 January 2015, two masked gunmen forced their way into the offices of the French satirical weekly Charlie Hebdo in Paris

More information

4.2 Facilitation Zone: Crime Scene

4.2 Facilitation Zone: Crime Scene 4.2 Facilitation Zone: Crime Scene This is the scene of the crime. Scotland Yard believes that this botanist went crazy and was found ranting about a worm and murdered his family. Overall Facilitation

More information

Self-Defense Study Guide

Self-Defense Study Guide 1 Self-Defense Study Guide Introduction Self defense is defending yourself against an act of physical aggression and violence that endangers you and/or your loved ones. Self-defense requires you understand

More information

Self Care Exercises. F u n c t i o n a l T e s t s. Discover Balance & Restore Your Health Dr. Reanna Plancich

Self Care Exercises. F u n c t i o n a l T e s t s. Discover Balance & Restore Your Health Dr. Reanna Plancich Self Care Exercises F u n c t i o n a l T e s t s Discover Balance & Restore Your Health Dr. Reanna Plancich Hands-Up Stretch GOAL: Duration 20 minutes Allows your head, neck and shoulders to return to

More information

Back Safety and Lifting

Back Safety and Lifting Back Safety and Lifting Structure of the Back: Spine The spine is the part of the back that supports the trunk and head. It protects the spinal cord as well as giving flexibility to the body. Vertebrae

More information

stretches and exercises

stretches and exercises stretches and exercises The enclosed sheets contain stretches and exercises which can be used to delay and minimise the development of contractures and deformities occurring in children with Duchenne muscular

More information

Active shooter. how to respond. Supervisor Edition. Federal Law Enforcement Training Center Office of Security & Emergency Management

Active shooter. how to respond. Supervisor Edition. Federal Law Enforcement Training Center Office of Security & Emergency Management Active shooter how to respond Supervisor Edition Federal Law Enforcement Training Center Office of Security & Emergency Management Active Shooter: How To Respond - Supervisor Edition 1 2 G10-125 Active

More information

PISTOL RULES for 2010

PISTOL RULES for 2010 PISTOL RULES for 2010 1. Arrival at the Pistol Range and Check-In during "Open" Hours All handguns and rifles must be unloaded and packaged, meaning in a bag, sack, box, gun case, or the like. No pistol

More information

EXERCISE DESCRIPTIONS PHASE I Routine #1

EXERCISE DESCRIPTIONS PHASE I Routine #1 EXERCISE DESCRIPTIONS PHASE I Routine #1 Hip Mobility Exercise: Forward Out-In Movement: Raise leg out to the side, and rotate around to the front. Keep shin/thigh angle at 90 degrees. Exercise: Backward

More information

ACTIVE SHOOTER HOW TO RESPOND

ACTIVE SHOOTER HOW TO RESPOND ACTIVE SHOOTER HOW TO RESPOND October 2008 Emergency Numbers EMERGENCY SERVICES: 9-1 -1 LOCAL EMERGENCY INFORMATION LINE: LOCAL POLICE DEPARTMENT: LOCAL FIRE DEPARTMENT: LOCAL HOSPITAL: LOCAL FBI FIELD

More information

Keep fit at the workplace! A simple training programme for more exercise at the workplace.

Keep fit at the workplace! A simple training programme for more exercise at the workplace. Keep fit at the workplace! A simple training programme for more exercise at the workplace. INTRODUCTION Dear Readers, Keeping your body in one position, such as sitting or standing for a long time, results

More information

WILDLIFE ACHIEVEMENT CHAPTER -----The Izaak Walton League of America, Inc.

WILDLIFE ACHIEVEMENT CHAPTER -----The Izaak Walton League of America, Inc. RIFLE/PISTOL RANGE RULES AND REGULATIONS These rules apply to Chapter members and their guests in a general shooting environment. Some may be waived by range safety officials at organized Chapter functions

More information

Dumbbell - Squats. Basic Ball Crunch. Fitness Walking. Dumbbell Overhead Press. Purpose. To develop & strengthen the abdominal muscles (core).

Dumbbell - Squats. Basic Ball Crunch. Fitness Walking. Dumbbell Overhead Press. Purpose. To develop & strengthen the abdominal muscles (core). The Exercise Ring Tammy Bartz, CPT Bariatric Support Centers International 4001 South 700 East, Suite 40, Salt Lake City, Utah 84107 www.bariatricsupportcenter.com 801-327-6500 The Exercise Ring Tammy

More information

Bedrest Exercises for Pregnancy

Bedrest Exercises for Pregnancy Bedrest Exercises for Pregnancy A simple exercise program will keep your muscles toned and improve your circulation while you are on bedrest. It helps your body: Tone muscles to reduce stiffness and muscle

More information

Home Dumbbell Workout

Home Dumbbell Workout Home Dumbbell Workout Single Leg Squat Holding two dumbbells, stand with your knees slightly bent and your feet shoulder-width apart. Lift your right leg so that your knee is bent 90 degrees and your lower

More information

Cardiac Rehab Program: Stretching Exercises

Cardiac Rehab Program: Stretching Exercises Cardiac Rehab Program: Stretching Exercises Walk around the room, step side to side, ride a bike or walk on a treadmill for at least 5 minutes to warm up before doing these stretches. Stretch warm muscles

More information

Houston Orthopædics & Sports Medicine 1601 Main Street # 601 Richmond, TX Low Back Program

Houston Orthopædics & Sports Medicine 1601 Main Street # 601 Richmond, TX Low Back Program The Sports Medicine Specialists RSH Physical Therapy 1601 Main Street # 602 281.341.2874 David Edell, LAT, ATC, CSCS Houston Orthopædics & Sports Medicine 1601 Main Street # 601 281.565.8800 Cellular:

More information

Top 25 Core Exercises

Top 25 Core Exercises Top 25 Core Exercises Lateral Leg Rolls - Feet Up Lie on the floor Knees & hips bent, feet off the floor Roll knees from side to side Shoulders remain flat on floor Complete 2-4 sets of 4-6 repetitions.

More information

BACK EXERCISES. To Promote a Healthy Back

BACK EXERCISES. To Promote a Healthy Back BACK EXERCISES To Promote a Healthy Back Knee-to-chest stretch Lower back rotational stretch Lie on your back with your knees bent and your feet flat on the floor (A). Using both hands, pull up one knee

More information

Weight-lifting 101. P.O. Box 142107 Salt Lake City, Utah 84114-2107 801-538-6261 888-222-2542

Weight-lifting 101. P.O. Box 142107 Salt Lake City, Utah 84114-2107 801-538-6261 888-222-2542 Weight-lifting 101 The Move It! listserv is an email discussion group that focuses on the latest in the fitness world. Join today by sending a blank email to joinmoveit@list.utah.gov. P.O. Box 142107 Salt

More information

Focused on a 5K: Strong Strides with Resistance Training

Focused on a 5K: Strong Strides with Resistance Training HSW-LR937 Focused on a 5K: Strong Strides with Resistance Training Often when we get focused on one type of activity such as walking or running we forget about the benefits of adding other activities to

More information

A Stretch-Break Program for Your Workplace! www.healthyworkplaceweek.ca

A Stretch-Break Program for Your Workplace! www.healthyworkplaceweek.ca www.healthyworkplaceweek.ca A Stretch-Break Program for Your Workplace! Why is stretching at work important? Sitting at a desk or computer; or standing at your work station for extended periods of time

More information

12 Week Do-it-Yourself Fitness Program

12 Week Do-it-Yourself Fitness Program 12 Week Do-it-Yourself Fitness Program Created by Brad Awalt, MS, ACSM Assistant Manager, Health Plus brad.awalt@vanderbilt.edu January 2011 Do you have a goal to begin an exercise routine, but not sure

More information

NON-PRECEDENTIAL DECISION - SEE SUPERIOR COURT I.O.P. 65.37

NON-PRECEDENTIAL DECISION - SEE SUPERIOR COURT I.O.P. 65.37 NON-PRECEDENTIAL DECISION - SEE SUPERIOR COURT I.O.P. 65.37 COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA Appellee IN THE SUPERIOR COURT OF PENNSYLVANIA v. ANTONIO M. JOHNSON Appellant No. 2271 MDA 2013 Appeal from the

More information

Fact sheet Exercises for older adults undergoing rehabilitation

Fact sheet Exercises for older adults undergoing rehabilitation Fact sheet Exercises for older adults undergoing rehabilitation Flexibility refers to the amount of movement possible around a joint and is necessary for normal activities of daily living such as stretching,

More information

SIM GILL DISTRICT ATTORNEY

SIM GILL DISTRICT ATTORNEY Ralph Chamness Chief Deputy Civil Division Lisa Ashman Administrative Operations Civil Division Chief Lindsay Shepherd South Jordan Police Department 1600 West Towne Center Dr. South Jordan, UT 84095 SIM

More information

GYM: CORE WORK & BODY CONDITIONING

GYM: CORE WORK & BODY CONDITIONING GYM: CORE WORK & BODY CONDITIONING By Mark Yeoman (Bsc) GYM: CORE WORK & BODY CONDITIONING Mark is a qualified Physical Education teacher and has represented Great Britain at the World Triathlon Championships

More information

For Deep Pressure Massage

For Deep Pressure Massage T H E R A C A N E O W N E R S M A N U A L For Deep Pressure Massage Thera Cane is a self massager used to apply pressure to sore muscles. The unique design of the Thera Cane lets you apply deep pressure

More information

Weight lifting exercises

Weight lifting exercises Weight lifting exercises An important part of being healthy is exercising regularly and staying active. PAL (Physical Activity Line) is a phone line, website and physical activity resource designed to

More information

Core Stretches. Warm up: Lower body stretches (standing):

Core Stretches. Warm up: Lower body stretches (standing): Core Stretches Warm up: Warm up can include activities such as: walking around the room, stepping side to side, riding a bike for 5 minutes, or walking on the treadmill for 5 minutes. Remember to breathe

More information

Strength and Stability Exercises for the

Strength and Stability Exercises for the Produced and Assemble by Members of the Human Performance Lab Spring 2008 Strength and Stability Exercises for the Back Row: (left to right): Eric Dale, Trevor Wittwer, Nick McCoy Front Row: Jenna Pederson,

More information

EXERCISE INSTRUCTIONS 1

EXERCISE INSTRUCTIONS 1 EXERCISE INSTRUCTIONS 1 Contents ANKLE TOUCHES... 4 BACK EXTENSIONS... 4 BACK REVERSE FLYES... 4 BALL ROLL... 4 BASKETBALL SQUATS... 4 BEAR CRAWL... 4 BICEP CURL (Resistance Band)... 4 BOXING JABS... 5

More information

Forensic Science : Course Syllabus Forensic Science : Secrets of the Dead

Forensic Science : Course Syllabus Forensic Science : Secrets of the Dead Forensic Science : Course Syllabus Forensic Science : Secrets of the Dead COURSE DESCRIPTION: Fingerprints. Blood spatter. DNA analysis. The world of law enforcement is increasingly making use of the techniques

More information

Constant Leg Dominant Pain Self-Management Programme

Constant Leg Dominant Pain Self-Management Programme Things to remember: Constant Leg Dominant Pain Self-Management Programme 1. Prolonged bed rest is not recommended and can hinder recovery 2. Schedule periods of activity with rest throughout the day 3.

More information

Chest (medicine ball)

Chest (medicine ball) Kneel to Pushup Kneel to Pushup Start Position: Your body will be in an upright position sitting on your knees. Hold medicine ball at chest level. Keeping your torso erect fall forward and chest press

More information

Exercises for frozen shoulder

Exercises for frozen shoulder Exercises for frozen shoulder FORWARD ELEVATION Stretches inferior and anterior-inferior capsule Lie down on a flat surface Use your good arm to grasp the arm of your stiff shoulder at the level of the

More information

Lessons Learned and Key Recommendations from the Virginia Tech Tragedy

Lessons Learned and Key Recommendations from the Virginia Tech Tragedy Lessons Learned and Key Recommendations from the Virginia Tech Tragedy University Setting Virginia Tech is a sprawling campus in rural Blacksburg, Va. Campus population: 35,000 students 131 buildings 5

More information

Knee Conditioning Program. Purpose of Program

Knee Conditioning Program. Purpose of Program Prepared for: Prepared by: OrthoInfo Purpose of Program After an injury or surgery, an exercise conditioning program will help you return to daily activities and enjoy a more active, healthy lifestyle.

More information

Core Stability Exercises

Core Stability Exercises Core Stability Exercises Crunch on Ball with Bar 1) Sit in upright position on stability with feet flat on floor. 2) Walk feet forward allowing the ball to roll underneath body 3) Place hands across your

More information

HELPFUL HINTS FOR A HEALTHY BACK

HELPFUL HINTS FOR A HEALTHY BACK HELPFUL HINTS FOR A HEALTHY BACK 1. Standing and Walking For correct posture, balance your head above your shoulders, eyes straight ahead, everything else falls into place. Try to point toes straight ahead

More information

Important Operational Features:

Important Operational Features: Good Hunting! Thank you for choosing a Merkel product. The Merkel SR1 semi-automatic is an outstanding precision hunting rifle. This manual and the warnings contained herein must be read and understood

More information

Healthy Upper Back: Exercises

Healthy Upper Back: Exercises Healthy Upper Back: Exercises Here are some examples of exercises for your upper back. Start each exercise slowly. Ease off the exercise if you start to have pain. Your doctor or therapist will tell you

More information

FORWARD ELEVATION. Stretches inferior and anterior-inferior capsule

FORWARD ELEVATION. Stretches inferior and anterior-inferior capsule FORWARD ELEVATION Stretches inferior and anterior-inferior capsule Lie down on a flat surface Use your good arm to grasp the arm of your stiff shoulder at the level of the elbow Raise the stiff arm above

More information

Preventing Overuse Injuries at Work

Preventing Overuse Injuries at Work Preventing Overuse Injuries at Work The Optimal Office Work Station Use an adjustable chair with good lumbar support. Keep your feet flat on a supportive surface (floor or foot rest). Your knees should

More information

Homicide Investigation Checklist

Homicide Investigation Checklist Homicide Investigation Checklist Victim s Name: Date: Enter scene by route least likely to disturb evidence, noting route of travel Check victim for signs of life Note time of arrival Living Victim Summon

More information

VOLLEYBALL. Rules, Regulations and Scoring Team Composition 1. A team is comprised of six players:

VOLLEYBALL. Rules, Regulations and Scoring Team Composition 1. A team is comprised of six players: VOLLEYBALL Volleyball is a game played with two teams of six players each. The object of the game is to use skills such as the forearm pass, set, spike and block to gain an advantage on the opponent by

More information