Talk to a Councelor Today. (877) TABLE OF CONTENT 2 HOW TO TREAT HEROIN ADDICTION

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Talk to a Councelor Today. (877) 605-3107 TABLE OF CONTENT 2 HOW TO TREAT HEROIN ADDICTION"

Transcription

1

2 TABLE OF CONTENT HOW TO TREAT HEROIN ADDICTION

3 Almost 1 million Americans (about 966,000 people) struggle with heroin dependency, according to statistics from the National Institute on Drug Abuse. More than 4.2 million Americans, or about 1.6 percent of the population, have used heroin at least once in their lives. Almost 25 percent of those who try the drug experience dependency, making heroin the most widely abused opiate in the country. But heroin use isn t just prevalent in the U.S.: Around the world, more than 9.2 million people use heroin. In Europe, four of every five drug-related deaths are linked to heroin or other opiates. Read on to learn about this drug s history, its effects and treatment options. 3 HOW TO TREAT HEROIN ADDICTION

4 WHAT IS HEROIN? Heroin is synthesized from the sap of the Asian opium poppy (Papaver somniferum), a flowering plant that grows in dry, warm climates in Asia, the Middle East and South America. Poppies produce thick, white sap that dries to form a sticky, dark substance known as opium, a narcotic substance with analgesic properties that forms the base material used in the synthesis of morphine, codeine and heroin. Heroin may take the form of a dark, tarry substance or a white to brown powder. The drug can be smoked through a pipe, injected into veins or muscles, smoked with marijuana or tobacco, or snorted. Heroin affects the pleasure and pain centers in the brain, leading to euphoric highs and pain relief, as well as a high risk of addiction. 4 HOW TO TREAT HEROIN ADDICTION

5 HISTORY OF HEROIN The opium poppy has a long history of use as a medicinal plant across Asia, Europe and the Middle East. The first known reference to the plant comes from 3,400 B.C.; the ancient Sumerians who populated Mesopotamia cultivated the flower, which they called hul gil or the joy plan, and Early Greek and Roman physicians used opium as a sleep aid and to relieve pain. Traders carried the opium poppy through the region and as cultivation of the flower increased, so did demand for the opium it produced. Over centuries, poppy production spread from the Mediterranean, into Europe, China and Southeast Asia, where opium use both medicinal and recreation -- continued to grow over the next few centuries. In 1803, chemists discovered how to extract morphine from opium, creating a painkiller that s still considered among the most effective analgesics available for severe pain. In 1874, a British researcher accidently left a combination of morphine and the chemical acetic anhydride boiling for a few hours, creating heroin. Five years later, the Bayer pharmaceutical company synthesized heroin in the lab and introduced it commercially for use as a painkiller in HOW TO TREAT HEROIN ADDICTION

6 At this time, the medical community was unaware of heroin s highly addictive and potentially dangerous properties, though opium smoking had been banned in San Francisco for more than two decades. Physicians commonly prescribed the drug for pain relief and, perhaps ironically, as a treatment for morphine addiction, which was relatively widespread at the time. In 1903, the rates of heroin addiction had grown to levels the Drug Enforcement Administration describes as alarming. In 1924, federal law made all heroin use illegal. Today, heroin is classified as a Schedule I substance, or a drug with no currently accepted medical use and a high potential for abuse. Schedule I drugs are the most dangerous drugs of all the drug schedules with potentially severe psychological or physical dependence. Currently, most of the world s poppy production is concentrated in a 4,500-mile-long mountainous region that stretches from Central Asia, through Pakistan, Turkey and Afghanistan, and on to Laos and Myanmar/Burma. In 2013, more than 5,500 tons of raw opium were produced in Afghanistan alone the world s largest producer -- an amount worth $1 billion. Much of that opium is synthesized into heroin and smuggled into the U.S. Purity levels have increased in recent years, with the national purity rate ranging from one to 98 percent, with an average of 35 percent purity. 6 HOW TO TREAT HEROIN ADDICTION

7 HOW DOES HEROIN WORK? When a user snorts, smokes or injects heroin, the substance has an immediate narcotic effect, acting to: Depressing the central nervous system Relieving pain Decreasing mental function Slowing the rate of physical functions like breathing and heartbeat Heroin creates a short-lived rush of euphoria that lasts for a few minutes, followed by a warm, drowsy state that lasts up to several hours. Heroin s structure mimics that of naturally occurring chemicals known as endorphins. The brain produces endorphins in times of pain or stress, helping the body to cope and leading to their nickname as the natural opiates of the body. Endorphins work by preventing certain neurons from firing, which relieves pain and produces a warm, happy or even euphoric feeling during intense physical exercise (think runner s high) or when experiencing stress or pain. The molecules in morphine -- heroin s base substance -- affect the endorphin-receptor sites in much the same way as actual endorphins, relieving pain and creating a rush of euphoria. However, unlike endorphins, humans can actually control the amount of heroin they ingest; it s very easy to begin craving more and more of this feel-good chemical, which is why heroin is so addictive. 7 HOW TO TREAT HEROIN ADDICTION

8 HEROIN S SHORT-TERM EFFECTS After taking heroin, users feel effects within a few seconds to a few minutes. These may include: Euphoric rush Feelings of tension in the abdomen Pain relief Warm flush Dry mouth Heavy feeling in arms and legs Dizziness Sexual pleasure Nausea Vomiting Itching After these initial effects subside, users feel warm, cozy, drowsy and mentally cloudy. Known as being on the nod, these feelings generally last for four to five hours. 8 HOW TO TREAT HEROIN ADDICTION

9 HEROIN S LONG-TERM EFFECTS With repeated use over time, heroin users are at risk for a host of medical issues. These may include: Abscesses and tissue infections Cellulite Liver disease Kidney disease Infections of the cardiovascular system Scarred and collapsed veins Increased risk of pneumonia, tuberculosis and respiratory diseases Severe constipation Gastrointestinal cramping Early onset arthritis and rheumatic diseases Bacterial infections in the blood stream Poor oral health Coma Sexual dysfunction Depression Memory loss Permanent brain damage Increased risk of contracting HIV/AIDS and hepatitis B and C Dependence, tolerance and addiction 9 HOW TO TREAT HEROIN ADDICTION

10 When pregnant women use heroin, the drug also affects the fetus. Heroin use while pregnant may result in a greater chance of miscarriage or premature delivery. Babies who are born to heroin users have a higher risk of low birth rate, cardiovascular and respiratory function issues, as well as an increased risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Babies may also be born dependent on heroin and experience neonatal abstinence syndrome, or NAS. In addition to these side effects, heroin users are also at risk of experiencing serious medical issues related to ingesting impure heroin. Manufacturers and dealers often cut the drug with substances such as sugar, powdered milk, starch or even strychnine or other hazardous substances. These added substances are virtually impossible to detect before using the heroin. When injected, many added substances don t dissolve inside the body. Over time, they can build up in blood vessels, leading to clogs, infections and cell death, all of which may result in the sudden death of the user. When snorted or smoked, these additional substances increase the user s risk of respiratory damage and disease. As each batch of heroin is different, it s impossible for users to always accurately judge the potency and purity of a dose, which also leads to an increased risk of overdose and death. 10 HOW TO TREAT HEROIN ADDICTION

11 DEPENDENCE, TOLERANCE AND ADDICTION Heroin use over time may lead to dependence and tolerance, which may lead to addiction. The National Institute on Drug Abuse estimates that about 23 percent of heroin users will experience dependence or addiction. When used regularly, the body adapts to the presences of the drug, thus building up tolerance. Users have to ingest more amounts of heroin to get the desired effects. Higher doses, in turn, lead to greater tolerance and greater dependence. Over time, this leads to addiction. Dependence occurs because the brain adapts to a regular supply of heroin by adjusting its circuits. When the drug stops coming in, the brain adapts by allowing the neurotransmitters that were inhibited by heroin to start flowing again, creating a chemical imbalance that results in physical symptoms known as withdrawal. About 23% of those who try heroin experience dependency, making heroin the most widely abused opiate in the country. 11 HOW TO TREAT HEROIN ADDICTION

12 WITHDRAWAL SYMPTOMS Heroin users that build up tolerance and dependence experience withdrawal symptoms when they reduce the amount of the drug they ingest or stop using altogether. Withdrawal symptoms can start within a few hours of the last usage, but generally begin from eight to 12 hours after the last dose. Withdrawal symptoms may include: Tearing of the eyes Sneezing Feelings of weakness Pain in muscles and bones Insomnia Restlessness Fever Anxiety Nausea Diarrhea Vomiting Cold flashes and goose bumps the term going cold turkey stems from these symptoms Spasms and uncontrollable movements, such as twitching and kicking as in kicking the habit Strong cravings for the drug Withdrawal can last anywhere from just a few days up to a month. On average, withdrawal symptoms last for about a week and peak from 24 to 72 hours after ingestion of the last dose of heroin. In unhealthy users, withdrawal may occasionally lead to death. Pregnant heroin users who go through withdrawal may experience spontaneous abortion. Although heroin withdrawal is rarely fatal in most healthy adults, the process can be debilitating. 12 HOW TO TREAT HEROIN ADDICTION

13 TREATMENT There are a number of available treatments for heroin addiction, including detoxification, behavioral modification and medical programs. The most effective treatment method differs from person to person, but all tend to work best when the addiction is addressed sooner than later. DETOXIFICATION IS A FIRST STEP IN MANY TREATMENT PROGRAMS. Detoxification helps ease withdrawal symptoms while users transition back to a heroin-free state. While detoxification isn t a treatment in and of itself, it helps bridge the gap between heroin addiction and long-term treatment plans. Sometimes, detoxification is combined with medical treatments. The synthetic narcotic methadone, one of the most common medical treatments for heroin addiction, has been used for more than three decades. Methadone works by weakly mimicking the effects of heroin in the brain, helping users ease off the drug while reducing cravings. When properly prescribed and used, methadone doesn t result in intoxication or sedation -- users can drive, feel pain and experience emotions. Each dose reduces withdrawal for up to 36 hours; while taking methadone, using heroin doesn t result in the feelings of euphoria that tend to exacerbate addiction. 13 HOW TO TREAT HEROIN ADDICTION

14 A newer treatment option, buprenorphine, works like methadone but has a lower chance of overdose and weaker opiate effects. Buprenorphine also lowers rates of physical dependence and can be administered privately in a doctor s office, rather than in a clinic. Other medical treatments include: Clonidine may cause sedation Lofexidine designed for those undergoing opiate withdrawal Naloxone used to counteract overdose Naltrexone blocks the effects of opiate and lasts from one to three days Many treatment programs also utilize cognitive behavioral therapy or contingency management therapy. Cognitive behavioral therapy helps users learn how to change their behavior and thoughts in order to overcome addictions for the long term, while contingency management therapy uses a point system based on behavioral choices. Treatment programs may use a combination of methods to guide users through the withdrawal process. Successful completion of a treatment program can help heroin users overcome their addiction and go on to enjoy life without opiates. 14 HOW TO TREAT HEROIN ADDICTION

Like cocaine, heroin is a drug that is illegal in some areas of the world. Heroin is highly addictive.

Like cocaine, heroin is a drug that is illegal in some areas of the world. Heroin is highly addictive. Heroin Introduction Heroin is a powerful drug that affects the brain. People who use it can form a strong addiction. Addiction is when a drug user can t stop taking a drug, even when he or she wants to.

More information

Heroin. How is Heroin Abused? What Other Adverse Effects Does Heroin Have on Health? How Does Heroin Affect the Brain?

Heroin. How is Heroin Abused? What Other Adverse Effects Does Heroin Have on Health? How Does Heroin Affect the Brain? Heroin Heroin is a synthetic opiate drug that is highly addictive. It is made from morphine, a naturally occurring substance extracted from the seed pod of the Asian opium poppy plant. Heroin usually appears

More information

Heroin. How Is Heroin Abused? How Does Heroin Affect the Brain? What Other Adverse Effects Does Heroin Have on Health?

Heroin. How Is Heroin Abused? How Does Heroin Affect the Brain? What Other Adverse Effects Does Heroin Have on Health? Heroin Heroin is an opiate drug that is synthesized from morphine, a naturally occurring substance extracted from the seed pod of the Asian opium poppy plant. Heroin usually appears as a white or brown

More information

Heroin. How Is Heroin Abused? How Does Heroin Affect the Brain? What Other Adverse Effects Does Heroin Have on Health?

Heroin. How Is Heroin Abused? How Does Heroin Affect the Brain? What Other Adverse Effects Does Heroin Have on Health? Heroin Heroin is an opiate drug that is synthesized from morphine, a naturally occurring substance extracted from the seed pod of the Asian opium poppy plant. Heroin usually appears as a white or brown

More information

Stimulants Notes. What is heroin?

Stimulants Notes. What is heroin? What is heroin? Heroin is an opiate/depressant drug processed from morphine, a naturally occurring substance in the Asian poppy plant. Morphine has been used as a narcotic for thousands of years. According

More information

DANGERS OF. f HEROIN. ALERT s alert

DANGERS OF. f HEROIN. ALERT s alert AKA > Smack, H, hammer, skag, horse, dope, rocks... WHAT IS HEROIN? Heroin comes from the opium poppy. 1 Heroin is sold as white granules, pieces of rock or powder with a bitter taste and no smell. It

More information

Hulpverleningsmodellen bij opiaatverslaving. Frieda Matthys 6 juni 2013

Hulpverleningsmodellen bij opiaatverslaving. Frieda Matthys 6 juni 2013 Hulpverleningsmodellen bij opiaatverslaving Frieda Matthys 6 juni 2013 Prevalence The average prevalence of problem opioid use among adults (15 64) is estimated at 0.41%, the equivalent of 1.4 million

More information

Down the Up Staircase

Down the Up Staircase Down the Up Staircase Addiction is only a few steps away Supplemental Information on Oxycontin/Heroin Abuse Past & present youth trends? Then Cigarettes Alcohol Marijuana + Now OxyContin Heroin Why do

More information

Dependence and Addiction. Marek C. Chawarski, Ph.D. Yale University David Metzger, Ph.D. University of Pennsylvania

Dependence and Addiction. Marek C. Chawarski, Ph.D. Yale University David Metzger, Ph.D. University of Pennsylvania Dependence and Addiction Marek C. Chawarski, Ph.D. Yale University David Metzger, Ph.D. University of Pennsylvania Overview Heroin and other opiates The disease of heroin addiction or dependence Effective

More information

Opiate Abuse and Mental Illness

Opiate Abuse and Mental Illness visited on Page 1 of 5 LEARN MORE (HTTP://WWW.NAMI.ORG/LEARN-MORE) FIND SUPPORT (HTTP://WWW.NAMI.ORG/FIND-SUPPORT) GET INVOLVED (HTTP://WWW.NAMI.ORG/GET-INVOLVED) DONATE (HTTPS://NAMI360.NAMI.ORG/EWEB/DYNAMICPAGE.ASPX?

More information

OTC Abuse. Dr. Eman Said Abd-Elkhalek Lecturer of Pharmacology & Toxicology Faculty of Pharmacy Mansoura University

OTC Abuse. Dr. Eman Said Abd-Elkhalek Lecturer of Pharmacology & Toxicology Faculty of Pharmacy Mansoura University OTC Abuse Dr. Eman Said Abd-Elkhalek Lecturer of Pharmacology & Toxicology Faculty of Pharmacy Mansoura University Opiates Abuse Opioids are a group of natural, partially synthetic, or synthetic drugs

More information

Iowa Governor s Office of Drug Control Policy

Iowa Governor s Office of Drug Control Policy Iowa Governor s Office of Drug Control Policy medicines or take them in a manner not prescribed, we increase the risk of negative effects. It is estimated that over 35 million Americans are ages 65 and

More information

This booklet provides information for people who use heroin The National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre (NDARC) has conducted many interviews with

This booklet provides information for people who use heroin The National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre (NDARC) has conducted many interviews with This booklet provides information for people who use heroin The National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre (NDARC) has conducted many interviews with heroin users, many of whom have requested more information

More information

MEDICATION ASSISTED TREATMENT FOR OPIOID ADDICTION

MEDICATION ASSISTED TREATMENT FOR OPIOID ADDICTION MEDICATION ASSISTED TREATMENT FOR OPIOID ADDICTION Mark Fisher Program Administrator State Opioid Treatment Adminstrator Kentucky Division of Behavioral Health OBJECTIVES Learn about types of opioids and

More information

Healthy Family Tool Kit

Healthy Family Tool Kit : How Did I Get Here? A scientific look at opiates, including heroin and prescription painkillers. Students will understand the dangers of the use and abuse of opiates, the chemical causes of addiction

More information

This module reviews the following: Opioid addiction and the brain Descriptions and definitions of opioid agonists,

This module reviews the following: Opioid addiction and the brain Descriptions and definitions of opioid agonists, BUPRENORPHINE TREATMENT: A Training For Multidisciplinary Addiction Professionals Module II Opioids 101 Goals for Module II This module reviews the following: Opioid addiction and the brain Descriptions

More information

Cocaine. Like heroin, cocaine is a drug that is illegal in some areas of the world. Cocaine is a commonly abused drug.

Cocaine. Like heroin, cocaine is a drug that is illegal in some areas of the world. Cocaine is a commonly abused drug. Cocaine Introduction Cocaine is a powerful drug that stimulates the brain. People who use it can form a strong addiction. Addiction is when a drug user can t stop taking a drug, even when he or she wants

More information

Loved ones or co-workers may notice a number of signs of heroin use, which are visible during and after heroin consumption:

Loved ones or co-workers may notice a number of signs of heroin use, which are visible during and after heroin consumption: Introduction Heroin is a highly addictive, illegal drug. It is used by millions of addicts around the world who are unable to overcome the urge to continue taking this drug every day of their lives knowing

More information

The opioids and heroin. Dr Deny Susanti

The opioids and heroin. Dr Deny Susanti The opioids and heroin Dr Deny Susanti Opioids Introduction Opiates, sometimes referred to as narcotics, are a group of drugs which are used medically to relieve pain, but also have a high potential for

More information

Heroin Addiction and Abuse

Heroin Addiction and Abuse Most users can control PDF display size by using Zoom or +\- on the reader interface. Heroin Addiction and Abuse The following materials are utilized in a continuing education course at www.ceu-hours.com

More information

Methamphetamine. Like heroin, meth is a drug that is illegal in some areas of the world. Meth is a highly addictive drug.

Methamphetamine. Like heroin, meth is a drug that is illegal in some areas of the world. Meth is a highly addictive drug. Methamphetamine Introduction Methamphetamine is a very addictive stimulant drug. People who use it can form a strong addiction. Addiction is when a drug user can t stop taking a drug, even when he or she

More information

Drug Abuse and Addiction

Drug Abuse and Addiction Drug Abuse and Addiction Introduction A drug is a chemical substance that can change how your body and mind work. People may abuse drugs to get high or change how they feel. Addiction is when a drug user

More information

Opioids Information for Health Professionals

Opioids Information for Health Professionals Opioids Information for Health Professionals Introduction Opioid is the generic term for any substance that binds to the opioid receptors found in the central nervous system (CNS), gastrointestinal tract,

More information

Share the important information in this Medication Guide with members of your household.

Share the important information in this Medication Guide with members of your household. MEDICATION GUIDE BUPRENORPHINE (BUE-pre-NOR-feen) Sublingual Tablets, CIII IMPORTANT: Keep buprenorphine sublingual tablets in a secure place away from children. Accidental use by a child is a medical

More information

DRUGS OF ABUSE CLASSIFICATION AND EFFECTS

DRUGS OF ABUSE CLASSIFICATION AND EFFECTS Drug and Drug use DRUGS OF ABUSE CLASSIFICATION AND EFFECTS A pharmaceutical preparation or a naturally occurring substance used primarily to bring about a change in the existing process or state (physiological,

More information

HEROIN AND RELATED OPIATES

HEROIN AND RELATED OPIATES HEROIN AND RELATED OPIATES DAVID J. NUTT Psychopharmacology Unit, Bristol University Heroin is a derivative of morphine and both belong to a large family of drugs called the opiates, that were originally

More information

It is important that you tell your family and the people closest to you of this increased sensitivity to opioids and the risk of overdose.

It is important that you tell your family and the people closest to you of this increased sensitivity to opioids and the risk of overdose. MEDICATION GUIDE VIVITROL (viv-i-trol) (naltrexone for extended-release injectable suspension) Read this Medication Guide before you start receiving VIVITROL injections and each time you receive an injection.

More information

A G U I D E F O R U S E R S N a l t r e x o n e U

A G U I D E F O R U S E R S N a l t r e x o n e U A GUIDE FOR USERS UNaltrexone abstinence not using a particular drug; being drug-free. opioid antagonist a drug which blocks the effects of opioid drugs. dependence the drug has become central to a person

More information

Understanding Addiction: The Intersection of Biology and Psychology

Understanding Addiction: The Intersection of Biology and Psychology Understanding Addiction: The Intersection of Biology and Psychology Robert Heimer, Ph.D. Yale University School of Public Health Center for Interdisciplinary Research on AIDS New Haven, CT, USA November

More information

Downers/Depressants (pages 40-50)

Downers/Depressants (pages 40-50) Downers/Depressants (pages 40-50) Read pages 49-54, 59-60, and 78-79 of the booklet, Street Drugs. Pages 40-50 of the text. Narcotics: Prescription Origin: Southeast Asia, Southwest Asia, and in the Western

More information

PRESCRIPTION DRUG ABUSE prevention

PRESCRIPTION DRUG ABUSE prevention PRESCRIPTION DRUG ABUSE prevention Understanding Drug Addiction Many people do not understand how someone could abuse drugs even when their life seems to be falling apart. It is often assumed that those

More information

And, despite the numbers, for many people, the Facts About Drugs are not clear.

And, despite the numbers, for many people, the Facts About Drugs are not clear. According to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), an estimated 20 million Americans aged 12 or older used an illegal drug in the past 30 days. This estimate represents 8% percent of the

More information

What is Methadone? Opioid Treatment Programs Today. Is Methadone Safe? Pain Clinics. Wisconsin OTPs. Methadone Maintenance Treatment 5/6/2013

What is Methadone? Opioid Treatment Programs Today. Is Methadone Safe? Pain Clinics. Wisconsin OTPs. Methadone Maintenance Treatment 5/6/2013 Methadone Maintenance Treatment Tanya Hiser, MS, LPC State Opioid Treatment Authority April 22, 2013 What is Methadone? Schedule II pharmaceutical opioid similar to Oxycodone or morphine. Binds to the

More information

Considerations in Medication Assisted Treatment of Opiate Dependence. Stephen A. Wyatt, D.O. Dept. of Psychiatry Middlesex Hospital Middletown, CT

Considerations in Medication Assisted Treatment of Opiate Dependence. Stephen A. Wyatt, D.O. Dept. of Psychiatry Middlesex Hospital Middletown, CT Considerations in Medication Assisted Treatment of Opiate Dependence Stephen A. Wyatt, D.O. Dept. of Psychiatry Middlesex Hospital Middletown, CT Disclosures Speaker Panels- None Grant recipient - SAMHSA

More information

A prisoners guide to buprenorphine

A prisoners guide to buprenorphine A prisoners guide to buprenorphine 2 The Opium poppy In the land of far, far away the opium poppy grows. The seed pods of this poppy are scratched until they drip with a sticky resin called opium. Raw

More information

methadonefact.qxd 8/11/01 2:05 PM Page 1 INFORMATION Advantages of methadone treatment DEPRESSANT Methadone maintenance Pregnancy METHADONE

methadonefact.qxd 8/11/01 2:05 PM Page 1 INFORMATION Advantages of methadone treatment DEPRESSANT Methadone maintenance Pregnancy METHADONE methadonefact.qxd 8/11/01 2:05 PM Page 1 INFORMATION Advantages of methadone treatment 10 DEPRESSANT Methadone maintenance Pregnancy METHADONE methadonefact.qxd 8/11/01 2:05 PM Page 2 WHAT IS METHADONE

More information

34 th Judicial District Substance Abuse Study Guide

34 th Judicial District Substance Abuse Study Guide 34 th Judicial District Substance Abuse Study Guide What is Drug Addiction? 2 It is characterized by intense and, at times, uncontrollable drug craving, along with compulsive drug seeking and use that

More information

8/1/2014. Who We Are. BHG s Medical Mission. BHG Company Overview

8/1/2014. Who We Are. BHG s Medical Mission. BHG Company Overview Who We Are BHG s Medical Mission BHG Company Overview Behavioral Health Group (BHG) is a leading provider of opioid addiction treatment services. Our treatment centers provide pharmacotherapeutic maintenance

More information

Pregnancy and Substance Abuse

Pregnancy and Substance Abuse Pregnancy and Substance Abuse Introduction When you are pregnant, you are not just "eating for two." You also breathe and drink for two, so it is important to carefully consider what you put into your

More information

Medicines To Treat Alcohol Use Disorder A Review of the Research for Adults

Medicines To Treat Alcohol Use Disorder A Review of the Research for Adults Medicines To Treat Alcohol Use Disorder A Review of the Research for Adults Is This Information Right for Me? Yes, this information is right for you if: Your doctor* said you have alcohol use disorder

More information

MEDICATION GUIDE SUBOXONE (Sub-OX-own) (buprenorphine and naloxone) Sublingual Film for sublingual or buccal administration (CIII)

MEDICATION GUIDE SUBOXONE (Sub-OX-own) (buprenorphine and naloxone) Sublingual Film for sublingual or buccal administration (CIII) MEDICATION GUIDE SUBOXONE (Sub-OX-own) (buprenorphine and naloxone) Sublingual Film for sublingual or buccal administration (CIII) IMPORTANT: Keep SUBOXONE in a secure place away from children. Accidental

More information

Naltrexone Pellet Treatment for Opiate, Heroin, and Alcohol Addiction. Frequently Asked Questions

Naltrexone Pellet Treatment for Opiate, Heroin, and Alcohol Addiction. Frequently Asked Questions Naltrexone Pellet Treatment for Opiate, Heroin, and Alcohol Addiction Frequently Asked Questions What is Naltrexone? Naltrexone is a prescription drug that effectively blocks the effects of heroin, alcohol,

More information

MEDICATION GUIDE SUBOXONE (Sub OX own) (buprenorphine and naloxone) Sublingual Tablets (CIII)

MEDICATION GUIDE SUBOXONE (Sub OX own) (buprenorphine and naloxone) Sublingual Tablets (CIII) MEDICATION GUIDE SUBOXONE (Sub OX own) (buprenorphine and naloxone) Sublingual Tablets (CIII) IMPORTANT: Keep SUBOXONE in a secure place away from children. Accidental use by a child is a medical emergency

More information

CONTROLLED SUBSTANCE CONTRACT

CONTROLLED SUBSTANCE CONTRACT CONTROLLED SUBSTANCE CONTRACT The purpose of this contract is to protect my access to controlled substances and to protect our ability to prescribe for you. The long-term use of substances such as opiates

More information

Buprenorphine/Naloxone Maintenance Treatment for Opioid Dependence

Buprenorphine/Naloxone Maintenance Treatment for Opioid Dependence Buprenorphine/Naloxone Maintenance Treatment for Opioid Dependence Information for Family Members Family members of patients who have been prescribed buprenorphine/naloxone for treatment of opioid addiction

More information

10/28/2014. Collecting the Raw Opium

10/28/2014. Collecting the Raw Opium Opioid Analgesics (or Narcotic Analgesics) We are moving on to a new category of drugs whose effects, superficially, may look similar to those of the CNS depressants, but the drugs are, in fact, a completely

More information

The ABCs of Medication Assisted Treatment

The ABCs of Medication Assisted Treatment The ABCs of Medication Assisted Treatment J E F F R E Y Q U A M M E, E X E C U T I V E D I R E C T O R C O N N E C T I C U T C E R T I F I C A T I O N B O A R D The ABCs of Medication Assisted Treatment

More information

Methadone gets in your bones. Myth

Methadone gets in your bones. Myth gets in your bones. does not get into the bones or in any other way cause harm to the skeletal system. Although some methadone patients report having aches in their arms and legs, the discomfort is probably

More information

HEROIN PREVENTION PRESENTATION

HEROIN PREVENTION PRESENTATION HEROIN PREVENTION PRESENTATION HEROIN DOESN T DISCRIMINATE Heroin cases rose in nearly every WI county over the last 3 years Heroin-related deaths up 50% in 2012 199 deaths (2012) vs. 29 (2000-2007) Affects

More information

Prescription Drugs: Abuse and Addiction

Prescription Drugs: Abuse and Addiction EAP Drug Free Workplace Newsletter March 2014 Prescription Drugs: Abuse and Addiction What are some of the commonly abused prescription drugs? Although many prescription drugs can be abused or misused,

More information

Ever wish you could... Quit using heroin? Protect yourself from HIV infection? Get healthier?

Ever wish you could... Quit using heroin? Protect yourself from HIV infection? Get healthier? Ever wish you could... Quit using heroin? Protect yourself from HIV infection? Get healthier? Good News: Medical treatments called opioid (oh-pee-oyd) maintenance can help you! Injecting heroin puts you

More information

Established in 1974 Non-Profit Federal Block Grant recipient Accept Medicaid, Private Insurance, and Self-Pay.

Established in 1974 Non-Profit Federal Block Grant recipient Accept Medicaid, Private Insurance, and Self-Pay. Established in 1974 Non-Profit Federal Block Grant recipient Accept Medicaid, Private Insurance, and Self-Pay. Patients are not denied treatment if they do not have the ability to pay for services Schedule

More information

OPIATE CHEMISTRY AND METABOLISM

OPIATE CHEMISTRY AND METABOLISM PIATE HEMISTRY AND METABLISM piates are any chemicals derived from morphine and codeine, and morphine and codeine themselves. They all have the generalised structure shown below, where X represents either

More information

Gerald A Amundsen II, MD Mustang, Oklahoma

Gerald A Amundsen II, MD Mustang, Oklahoma Gerald A Amundsen II, MD Mustang, Oklahoma About the Drug What it is How it is used Street Lingo The Epidemic Who is using Where s it coming from Evaluation and Management Why the sudden return? How do

More information

Benzodiazepines. And Sleeping Pills. Psychological Medicine

Benzodiazepines. And Sleeping Pills. Psychological Medicine Benzodiazepines And Sleeping Pills Psychological Medicine Introduction Benzodiazepines are a type of medication prescribed by doctors for its therapeutic actions in various conditions such as stress and

More information

Amphetamines Addiction

Amphetamines Addiction Introduction Amphetamines, which are classified as stimulants, work by using the dopamine reward system of the brain. When these drugs are used, the user s central nervous system is simulated which causes

More information

What you need for Your to know Safety about longterm. opioid pain care. What you need to know about long-term opioid

What you need for Your to know Safety about longterm. opioid pain care. What you need to know about long-term opioid What you need to know about longterm opioid pain care. What you need to know about long-term opioid and the Safety of Others pain care. TAKING What you OPIOIDS need to know about long-term RESPONSIBLY

More information

Evolution and Effects of Heroin. Drugs have been rapidly evolving in today s world and affecting the lives of many.

Evolution and Effects of Heroin. Drugs have been rapidly evolving in today s world and affecting the lives of many. Saenz 1 Cat Saenz Jessica Frogley English 2010 September 14, 2011 Evolution and Effects of Heroin Abstract: Drugs have been rapidly evolving in today s world and affecting the lives of many. As drug use

More information

the facts about NALTREXONE

the facts about NALTREXONE the facts about NALTREXONE for Treatment of Opioid Addiction It s not like I woke up one day when I was young and told myself, I wanna be a drug addict. I wanna ruin my life and ruin the lives of those

More information

Prescription Drug Abuse

Prescription Drug Abuse Prescription Drug Abuse Introduction Most people take medicines only for the reasons their health care providers prescribe them. But millions of people around the world have used prescription drugs for

More information

CHARLES & SUE S SCHOOL OF HAIR DESIGN DRUG AND ALCOHOL POLICY DRUG AND ALCOHOL POLICY; SUBSTANCE ABUSE RESOURCES:

CHARLES & SUE S SCHOOL OF HAIR DESIGN DRUG AND ALCOHOL POLICY DRUG AND ALCOHOL POLICY; SUBSTANCE ABUSE RESOURCES: CHARLES & SUE S SCHOOL OF HAIR DESIGN DRUG AND ALCOHOL POLICY DRUG AND ALCOHOL POLICY; SUBSTANCE ABUSE RESOURCES: At Charles & Sue s School of Hair Design, the illicit use of drugs and/or alcohol by staff

More information

Opioid Analgesic Medication Information

Opioid Analgesic Medication Information Opioid Analgesic Medication Information This handout provides information about treating pain with opioid analgesics or narcotics. Please read this entire handout. We want to be sure that you understand

More information

SUBSTANCE ABUSE. Key Concepts. Types of Drugs

SUBSTANCE ABUSE. Key Concepts. Types of Drugs SUBSTANCE ABUSE You have to choose who you want to be in life. This happens by making lots of decisions every day. Using substances is a choice. This is a big choice, because substances have a very real

More information

DrugFacts: Treatment Approaches for Drug Addiction

DrugFacts: Treatment Approaches for Drug Addiction DrugFacts: Treatment Approaches for Drug Addiction NOTE: This is a fact sheet covering research findings on effective treatment approaches for drug abuse and addiction. If you are seeking treatment, please

More information

How drugs effect the central nervous system

How drugs effect the central nervous system DRUGS AND THE BRAIN Most of the psychological and behavioural effects of psychoactive drugs is due the interaction they have with the nerve cells in the CNS (which includes the brain and peripheral nervous

More information

Substance Abuse lifestyle Concern for mother - fetus - and - neonate

Substance Abuse lifestyle Concern for mother - fetus - and - neonate OBJECTIVES Learn about types of opioids and associated withdrawal symptoms Learn what medications are available to treat opioid addiction Understand the pros and cons associated with each medication Understand

More information

Heroin Addiction. Kim A. Drury RN, MSN

Heroin Addiction. Kim A. Drury RN, MSN Heroin Addiction Kim A. Drury RN, MSN Heroin use is on the rise in our area. Nearly every day the news media reports situations involving Heroin. According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services

More information

Opioid/Opiate Dependent Pregnant Women

Opioid/Opiate Dependent Pregnant Women Opioid/Opiate Dependent Pregnant Women The epidemic, safety, stigma, and how to help. Presented by Lisa Ramirez MA,LCDC & Kerby Stewart MD The prescription painkiller epidemic is killing more women than

More information

DRUG USE. 1300 136 588 ndss.com.au AND TYPE 1 DIABETES

DRUG USE. 1300 136 588 ndss.com.au AND TYPE 1 DIABETES DRUG USE AND TYPE 1 DIABETES 1300 136 588 ndss.com.au The National Diabetes Services Scheme (NDSS) is an initiative of the Australian Government administered by Diabetes Australia. Contents Topic Page

More information

Assessment and Management of Opioid, Benzodiazepine, and Sedative-Hypnotic Withdrawal

Assessment and Management of Opioid, Benzodiazepine, and Sedative-Hypnotic Withdrawal Assessment and Management of Opioid, Benzodiazepine, and Sedative-Hypnotic Withdrawal Roger Cicala, M. D. Assistant Medical Director Tennessee Physician s Wellness Program Step 1 Don t 1 It is legal in

More information

Frequently asked questions

Frequently asked questions Naltrexone Pellet Treatment for Opiate, Heroin, and Alcohol Addiction Frequently asked questions What is Naltrexone? Naltrexone is a prescription drug that completely blocks the effects of all opioid drugs

More information

Opioid Addiction and Methadone: Myths and Misconceptions. Nicole Nakatsu WRHA Practice Development Pharmacist

Opioid Addiction and Methadone: Myths and Misconceptions. Nicole Nakatsu WRHA Practice Development Pharmacist Opioid Addiction and Methadone: Myths and Misconceptions Nicole Nakatsu WRHA Practice Development Pharmacist Learning Objectives By the end of this presentation you should be able to: Understand how opioids

More information

DEVELOPING MANUFACTURING SUPPLYING. Naltrexone Implants. Manufactured by NalPharm Ltd WWW.NALPHARM.COM

DEVELOPING MANUFACTURING SUPPLYING. Naltrexone Implants. Manufactured by NalPharm Ltd WWW.NALPHARM.COM DEVELOPING MANUFACTURING SUPPLYING Naltrexone Implants Background to Nalpharm NalPharm is a specialist pharmaceutical company supplying proprietary branded medications and generic drugs in the area of

More information

Pain and problem drug use

Pain and problem drug use Pain and problem drug use Information for patients Prepared by the British Pain Society in consultation with the Royal College of Psychiatrists, the Royal College of General Practitioners and the Advisory

More information

MEDICATION ASSISTED TREATMENT FOR OPIOID ADDICTION

MEDICATION ASSISTED TREATMENT FOR OPIOID ADDICTION MEDICATION ASSISTED TREATMENT FOR OPIOID ADDICTION Mark Fisher Program Administrator State Opioid Treatment Administrator Kentucky Division of Behavioral Health OBJECTIVES Learn about types of opioids

More information

What you should know about treating your pain with opioids. Important information on the safe use of opioid pain medicine.

What you should know about treating your pain with opioids. Important information on the safe use of opioid pain medicine. What you should know about treating your pain with opioids Important information on the safe use of opioid pain medicine. If your healthcare provider has determined that opioid therapy is right for you,

More information

Reintegration. Recovery. Medication-Assisted Treatment for Alcohol Dependence. Reintegration. Resilience

Reintegration. Recovery. Medication-Assisted Treatment for Alcohol Dependence. Reintegration. Resilience Reintegration Recovery Medication-Assisted Treatment for Alcohol Dependence Reintegration Resilience 02 How do you free yourself from the stress and risks of alcohol dependence? Most people cannot do it

More information

Developing Human Fetus

Developing Human Fetus Period Date LAB. DEVELOPMENT OF A HUMAN FETUS After a human egg is fertilized with human sperm, the most amazing changes happen that allow a baby to develop. This amazing process, called development, normally

More information

About drugs. Psychoactive drugs. Drugs are substances that change a person s physical or mental state.

About drugs. Psychoactive drugs. Drugs are substances that change a person s physical or mental state. 1 About drugs Drugs are substances that change a person s physical or mental state. The vast majority of drugs are used to treat medical conditions, both physical and mental. Some, however, are used outside

More information

Drug addiction. These factors increase the likelihood of your having an addiction to a legal or an illegal drug:

Drug addiction. These factors increase the likelihood of your having an addiction to a legal or an illegal drug: Drug addiction You may be hooked emotionally and psychologically. You may have a physical dependence, too. If you're addicted to a drug whether it's legal or illegal you have intense cravings for it. You

More information

Opiates Heroin/Prescription Steve Hanson Opiates Dates to 4,000 BC Mimics endorphin activity Natural - Opium, morphine, codeine Semi-synthetic- Heroin, Dilaudid Synthetics - Darvon, Demerol, Fentanyl Modern

More information

Section 15.3 Long-Term Risks of Alcohol

Section 15.3 Long-Term Risks of Alcohol Objectives Identify five serious physical effects of longterm alcohol abuse. Describe the three stages of alcoholism. List in order three steps taken during recovery from alcoholism. Slide 1 of 25 Myth

More information

OVERVIEW WHAT IS POLyDRUG USE? Different examples of polydrug use

OVERVIEW WHAT IS POLyDRUG USE?  Different examples of polydrug use Petrol, paint and other Polydrug inhalants use 237 11 Polydrug use Overview What is polydrug use? Reasons for polydrug use What are the harms of polydrug use? How to assess a person who uses several drugs

More information

Medication-Assisted Treatment for Opioid Addiction

Medication-Assisted Treatment for Opioid Addiction Medication-Assisted Treatment for Opioid Addiction Facts for Families and Friends U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance

More information

Contaminated Heroin: a Serious Danger How Parents Can Protect and Help Their Teens

Contaminated Heroin: a Serious Danger How Parents Can Protect and Help Their Teens Contaminated Heroin: a Serious Danger How Parents Can Protect and Help Their Teens by María Elisa Cuadra Fernández, LCSW R, ACSW, CASAC, CPP, ICPS, ICADC Executive Director/CEO, COPAY Inc. Introduction

More information

BABIES BORN TO ADDICTED MOTHERS

BABIES BORN TO ADDICTED MOTHERS BABIES BORN TO ADDICTED MOTHERS PATRICA M. MESSERLE LICENSED CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGIST, M.A., ABSNP LICENSED SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGIST DIPLOMATE OF THE AMERICAN BOARD OF SCHOOL- NEUROPSYCHOLOGY 1 Signs and Symptoms

More information

Overall Learning Objectives

Overall Learning Objectives Overall Learning Objectives Understand the difference between use, misuse and abuse of substances/drugs; Differentiate between commonly abused legal and illegal substances/drugs; Become aware of common

More information

Medications for chronic pain

Medications for chronic pain Medications for chronic pain When it comes to treating chronic pain with medications, there are many to choose from. Different types of pain medications are used for different pain conditions. You may

More information

Medications Used in the Treatment of Addiction Developed by Randall Webber, MPH. Alcohol Withdrawal

Medications Used in the Treatment of Addiction Developed by Randall Webber, MPH. Alcohol Withdrawal Medications Used in the Treatment of Addiction Developed by Randall Webber, MPH Alcohol Withdrawal MEDICATION Long/intermediateacting benzodiazepines (e.g., chlordiazepoxide/ Librium, diazepam/valium)

More information

1. According to recent US national estimates, which of the following substances is associated

1. According to recent US national estimates, which of the following substances is associated 1 Chapter 36. Substance-Related, Self-Assessment Questions 1. According to recent US national estimates, which of the following substances is associated with the highest incidence of new drug initiates

More information

Drug Abuse/Overdose. By : Dr. Ragia M Hegazy, M.D. Assistant professor of Clinical Toxicology

Drug Abuse/Overdose. By : Dr. Ragia M Hegazy, M.D. Assistant professor of Clinical Toxicology Drug Abuse/Overdose By : Dr. Ragia M Hegazy, M.D. Assistant professor of Clinical Toxicology OPIATES DESIRED EFFECTS OF USE The Rush Sedation Euphoria Analgesia OPIUM COMES FROM THE POPPY PLANT PAPAVER

More information

Treatment Approaches for Drug Addiction

Treatment Approaches for Drug Addiction Treatment Approaches for Drug Addiction [NOTE: This is a fact sheet covering research findings on effective treatment approaches for drug abuse and addiction. If you are seeking treatment, please call

More information

Treatment Approaches for Drug Addiction

Treatment Approaches for Drug Addiction Treatment Approaches for Drug Addiction NOTE: This is a fact sheet covering research findings on effective treatment approaches for drug abuse and addiction. If you are seeking treatment, please call the

More information

TRENDS IN HEROIN USE IN THE UNITED STATES: 2002 TO 2013

TRENDS IN HEROIN USE IN THE UNITED STATES: 2002 TO 2013 2013 to 2002 States: United the in Use Heroin in Trends National Survey on Drug Use and Health Short Report April 23, 2015 TRENDS IN HEROIN USE IN THE UNITED STATES: 2002 TO 2013 AUTHORS Rachel N. Lipari,

More information

Treatments for drug misuse

Treatments for drug misuse Understanding NICE guidance Information for people who use NHS services Treatments for drug misuse NICE clinical guidelines advise the NHS on caring for people with specific conditions or diseases and

More information

ARCHIVED BULLETIN. Product No. 2004-L0424-013 SEPTEMBER 2004 U. S. D E P A R T M E N T O F J U S T I C E

ARCHIVED BULLETIN. Product No. 2004-L0424-013 SEPTEMBER 2004 U. S. D E P A R T M E N T O F J U S T I C E BULLETIN INTELLIGENCE Product No. 2004-L0424-013 SEPTEMBER 2004 U. S. D E P A R T M E N T O F J U S T I C E NDIC Within the past 2 years buprenorphine a Schedule III drug has been made available for use

More information

Treatment Approaches for Drug Addiction

Treatment Approaches for Drug Addiction Treatment Approaches for Drug Addiction NOTE: This is a fact sheet covering research findings on effective treatment approaches for drug abuse and addiction. If you are seeking treatment, please call 1-800-662-HELP(4357)

More information

BUPRENORPHINE. the facts about. for Treatment of Opioid Addiction

BUPRENORPHINE. the facts about. for Treatment of Opioid Addiction the facts about BUPRENORPHINE for Treatment of Opioid Addiction U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Treatment

More information

Medication Assisted Treatment

Medication Assisted Treatment Medication Assisted Treatment Tanya Hiser, MS, LPC State Opioid Treatment Authority Bureau Of Prevention, Treatment, & Recovery State of Wisconsin Elizabeth Collier, MSW, CSAC, ICS, LCSW TANF Best Practice

More information