Enhanced version of 316/316L austenitic stainless steel. Better material performance at a lower cost. Juha Kela Juha Kela / 316plus

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1 Enhanced version of 316/316L austenitic stainless steel. Better material performance at a lower cost. Juha Kela July

2 Lower cost 8 July

3 Lower cost 316 plus is available at lower, more stable prices Lower total transaction price due to lower alloy surcharge compared to 316L (calculation averaged over Feb-Apr 2014) Better cost stability compared to standard Cr-Ni-Mo alloyed austenitic grades Less price volatile alloys of Ni and Mo 8 July

4 High corrosion resistance 8 July

5 High corrosion resistance 316 plus is easier to specify in highly corrosive environments Considerable improvement over typical austenitic grades, including 316L (1.4404) Higher PRE of ~26 due to alloy content with >20% Cr, 0.7% Mo and 0.2% N Low risk of intergranular corrosion even after welding thermal cycle due to low carbon content (<0.03%) 8 July

6 Chemical composition Outokumpu designation 316 plus Typical values Austenitic Austenitic Austenitic C Si Cr Ni Mo Mn N <0,03 0,45 20,30 8,60 0,70 1,80 0,20 <0,03 ~0,40 18,10 8,10 - ~1,50 ~0,05 <0,03 ~0,40 16,70 10,10 2,05 ~1,00 ~0,05 Mechanical properties Outokumpu designation 1,5mm 2B typical values Rp 0,2 N/mm2 Rp 1,0 N/mm2 Rm N/mm2 Ag % A50/80 % HV plus Austenitic Austenitic Austenitic ,5 42, ,8 54, ,8 53, July

7 Higher corrosion resistance plus excellent formability 8 July

8 Higher strength 8 July

9 Higher strength 316 plus enables more end products with less material Remarkably higher strength (+100 MPa) compared to 316L due to Nitrogen alloying Makes thinner gauges possible, enabling lighter structures 8 July

10 Tank calculation comparison Example 1: Diameter 10 m, height 20 m Comparison of 316L vs. 316 plus 316 PLUS 316 Saving of 8 % in material purchase Example 2: Diameter 10 m, height 25 m Comparison of 316L vs. 316 plus Saving of 11 % in material purchase 8 July

11 Higher strength plus higher corrosion resistance 8 July

12 Less emissions 8 July

13 Less emissions 316 plus decreases your carbon footprint Higher strength 316 plus enables lighter structures and increased transport loads Increasing transport loads decreases total transports needed and reduces fuel consumption Outokumpu is committed to helping reduce emissions worldwide ours, yours, and your customers Target to reduce carbon profile 20% per ton by 2020 compared to 2009 level. 8 July

14 Excellent formability 8 July

15 Excellent formability 316 plus formability features comparable to 316L Ideal for many types of applications Stretch forming similar to 316L according to Erichsen Index Deep-drawing similar to 316L according to LDR value 8 July

16 -196 / / / +250 Wide range of usage temperatures Usage temperature 8 July

17 Lower cost plus higher strength Higher corrosion resistance plus excellent formability Lower cost plus higher corrosion resistance Higher strength plus higher corrosion resistance 8 July

18 Material performance comparison Strength 316L 316 plus LDX 2101 Corrosion resistance Stress corrosion and corrosion fatigue Fatigue resistance Not tested Not tested Formability Temperature range Erosion / abrasion resistance Cryogenic -196 C / +550 C Cryogenic -196 C / +550 C -40 / +250 C Lower price volatility due to low Nicontent Ni 10.1 Ni 8.6 somewhat less volatile than 316L Ni 1.5 clearly less volatile than 316L 8 July

19 Product availability 316 plus Grade Surface Thickness Width range D 3,5 8,5 Depending on thickness E 2,3 4,5 Depending on thickness B 0,8 5,0 Depending on thickness N, 4N 0,8 4,0 Depending on thickness 4420 Maximum width is 1500 mm Note: thickness > 8 mm, only untrimmed coils available 8 July

20 Product samples and testing All inquiries for these steel grades should be submitted to Tornio Research Centre The material quantity can range from A4 size to several melts A4 sizes are in stock, delivered on demand for customers In case of bigger amounts of samples, negotiations are needed & delivery time take longer 8 July

21 Standardizations EN registered for 316 plus EN /ASTM A240 standardization and UNS number application processes started and expected to be finalized during 2015 Pressure vessel approvals Particular Material appraisal (PMA) Case by case before pressure vessel standardization 8 July

22 Suitable applications Outokumpu 316 plus fits these type of applications: General use, Cathode Plates, Heavy construction industry, Building façades, Piping, Water treatment, Pulp and paper industry, Heat exchangers, Tanks And it does not fit for usage in very high temperatures or very aggressive/corrosive environments. It fits pressure vessel applications, but need a PMA case by case. 8 July

23 Tornio Customer Service Contacts EMEA region Jouni Kujansuu Product Manager Technical Customer Service Mobile Phone: Telephone: Hannele Aikio Product Manager Technical Customer Service Mobile Phone: Telephone: Jorma Rukajarvi Product Manager Technical Customer Service Mobile Phone: Telephone: Erkki Palsi Product Manager Technical Customer Service Mobile Phone: Telephone: Americas Jukka Moilanen Product Manager Technical Customer Service Mobile Phone: Telephone: APAC Ville Hakkarainen Product Manager Technical Customer Service Mobile Phone: July

24 Feedback on 316 plus? Please contact: 8 July

25 Appendixes 8 July

26 Austenitic stainless steel tree (Euroinox) SOURCE: eel_en.pdf The new 316 plus 8 July

27 Corrosion resistance in salt spray test Test conditions: 5% NaCl, 5 min spraying, 55 min drying at 35 C, humidity 70 % Austenitic Cr 10Ni 2Mo 2B finish After 1 day After 3 days After 7 days Outokumpu 316 plus Austenitic EN X2CrNiMoN B finish 8 July

28 Corrosion resistance - CPT Localized pitting resistance compared to various different austenitic or duplex grades. Typical critical pitting temperature values determined in 1 M NaCl (320-grit) according to ASTM G July

29 Corrosion resistance Localized pitting resistance is superior to / 316L. Results are average of 6 samples. 8 July

30 Sheet formability High Erichsen Index and Limiting Drawing Ratio (LDR) makes this grade excellent choice for many sheet forming applications. Swift-cup LDR Erichsen 8 July

31 Weldability Low carbon content (<0,03 %) prevents the precipitation of Cr carbides avoiding intergranular corrosion in welds. Nitrogen improves weld metal corrosion resistance in general and strength at elevated temperatures. Solidification in F-A mode prevents hot cracking. Grade is not prone to intermetallic phase transformation. Modified (18 hours annealing) intergranular corrosion test EN ISO (Strauss-test) for base material: PASSED 8 July

32 Impact Competitive and stable price compared to 316L Decreased Ni & Mo alloying Higher corrosion resistance compared to 316L Higher strength compared to 316L (+100 Mpa) Possibility to use thinner gauges, save material and decrease emissions and carbon foot print Good formability Good formability in spite of higher strength Excellent weldability Wide range of potential applications 8 July

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