TISA: THE LEAKED CORE TEXT

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "TISA: THE LEAKED CORE TEXT"

Transcription

1 FACULTY OF LAW Professor Jane Kelsey Law School Buildings 9-17 Eden Crescent, Auckland Telephone ext Facsimile The University of Auckland Private Bag Auckland Mail Centre Auckland 1142, New Zealand TISA: THE LEAKED CORE TEXT The Trade in Services Agreement (TISA) is being negotiated by a self-selected group of mainly rich countries, calling themselves the Really Good Friends of Services. The leaked core text provides further evidence of their game plan to bypass other governments in the World Trade Organization (WTO) and rewrite its services agreement in the interests of their corporations. It also makes the new risks from TISA to governments right to regulate in their national interest much clearer. Many of the basic rules are carried over from the WTO S General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS), so that TISA can be exported back into the WTO without having to revise the core rules. By adding new rules and changing some existing ones they aim to tighten the handcuffs on the freedom of governments to regulate their services. What TISA reinforces While TISA threatens to impose more extreme restrictions on governments, the problem lies with the core rules themselves. The following illustrates some of their main implications 1 (see footnotes for references to the leaked text): Trade in services agreements treat services as marketable commodities, 2 and deny or subordinate or deny altogether their social, cultural, environmental, employment, and development functions. People are not viewed as citizens or members of their communities - they are consumers. 3 Those who provide the services do not need to have any connection to the people or communities that rely on their services they can be supplied from offshore, 4 or by a temporary visitor, 5 or through foreign firms who establish a local presence but whose priority is to deliver profits to offshore shareholders. 6 None of these suppliers has any long-term responsibility or accountability to the country that consumes them. Governments sign away their right to give preferences to local providers of services, such as broadcasting, education, electricity or sanitation, or to limit foreign investors and require majority local directors for sensitive services sectors. 7 The core rules on market access restrict governments ability to shape those markets by limiting the size or growth of certain activities, such as banks, tourist ventures or hypermarkets, whether nation-wide or in local areas, and whether they are locally or foreign owned. 8 The restrictions apply at central and local government level, and non-government bodies like professional bodies. 9 1 This list is illustrative and is not an extensive analysis of all the existing GATS rules carried into TISA. 2 Article I-2(g) 3 Article I-2 (g) and (i) 4 Article I-1.2(a) and (b) 5 Article I-1.2(d) 6 Article I-1.2(c) and Article I-2(d) 7 Article I-4 8 Article I-3

2 These rules are sweeping in their scope, because they limit governments rights to use almost every tool available to them any law, regulation, rule, procedure, decision, administrative action or any other form. 10 They also apply to any measures that affect trade in a service, 11 even if it does so indirectly, such as payment or distribution systems, or for a non-commercial reason, for example environmental objectives, or restrictions on sale of unhealthy products. Further, they apply to any aspects of the supply chain for a particular service its production, distribution, marketing, sale and delivery. 12 A public or private monopoly, such as a postal service or agricultural marketing and distribution board can be challenged for using its monopoly to cross-subsidise or advantage any nonmonopoly services it provides. 13 The pretend carveout for public services only applies to the very rare situations where a service is provided through a public monopoly for free. 14 The exceptions for public health, environment, public order and morality must be established as a defence to a complaint, and are subject to many onerous tests. 15 They have proven ineffective as safeguards in the WTO, succeeding fully in only 1 out of more than 40 disputes. 16 Privacy protections are illusory. In addition to all the hurdles for other exceptions, laws and regulations to protect individual s privacy in relation to processing and disseminating personal data and protecting confidentiality must not be inconsistent with the provisions of the agreement! 17 Governments cannot restrict cross-border movements of capital that are essential to a service, or inflows of capital that relate to foreign investment, where they have made commitments in those services. 18 There are very limited options for governments to impose capital controls, even in situations of an actual or threatened balance of payments emergency. If they manage to meet those circumstances, the kinds of controls they can adopt are severely limited and would face a high risk of being challenged. 19 What is new about TISA Services are much more exposed to existing and new rules: Three features of TISA combine to go far beyond the GATS. First, the core rules are supplemented by new substantive restrictions on what governments can do. 9 Article I-1.3(a). As with the GATS, there is a requirement for central government to take such measures as may be reasonably available to it to ensure their observance ; some more recent FTAs apply to all levels of government without that caveat. 10 Article I-2(a) 11 Article I-2(c) 12 Article I-2(b) 13 Article [ ] Monopolies and Exclusive Service Suppliers 14 Article I-1.3(b) and (c) 15 Article I-9 16 https://www.citizen.org/documents/general-exception.pdf 17 Article I-9(c)(ii). See the discussion of the leaked TISA e-commerce text. For reasons that are not clear, the text from the GATS on the right not to disclose confidential information that would impede law enforcement, or otherwise be contrary to the public interest, is in square brackets. 18 Article I-3 fn 2, and Article I-7 19 Article I-8: Restrictions to Safeguard the Balance of Payments 2

3 Second, there are new or more extensive criteria for decision-making and rights for commercial firms, including foreign firms, to pressure governments to protect their interests. Third, changes to scheduling bring more services under the two main rules on non-discrimination in favour of locals (national treatment) and not restricting the size and shape of, and foreign presence in, the market (market access). The TISA text also anticipates much greater use of additional commitments, whereby governments will become bound to a range of new restrictions on certain activities or sectors, which may or may not be linked to the schedules. 20 Scheduling: In the GATS, the national treatment and market access rules only apply to the services that governments agree to make subject to them. Each country has its own list or schedule, and there are several ways to limit its exposure for example, not committing to the non-discrimination rule or retaining the right to limit its market in certain ways. It can also limit its exposure to certain ways of delivering the service, for example by a foreign investor or over the Internet. Part II of TISA sets out different rules for market access and national treatment, although the provisions refer to Sections A and B and Parts I and II of schedules that are not explained in this text. Services sectors are still brought under the market access rule using a positive list, meaning it only applies to a sector that is explicitly committed, and is subject to any limitations that are specified. 21 National treatment (foreign services and suppliers must be treated at least as well as their local counterparts) is where the major change occurs. It is presumed that all services, and all ways of supplying them, are covered by the TISA rule, unless they are explicitly protected. A government can protect the future right to use a measure that relates to a sector, sub-sector or activity by listing it in Section A of Part 1 of its schedule. 22 A government can also list lesser protections in its schedule, 23 which preserves its right to apply current measures that breach the national treatment rule. However, it cannot increase the level of non-compliance 24 (ie new restrictions on foreign firms or benefits to local ones) and a ratchet will apply that automatically locks in any new liberalisation. 25 Sectors that are not listed in the schedule under one or other of these parts will be required to apply the national treatment rule, potentially forever. This negative list approach is designed to extend a government s obligations under TISA far beyond the positive list approach of the GATS, and puts a country s future regulatory capacity at risk of error, omission, unforeseen or unforeseeable situation, or a highly liberalising government that is intent on binding the hands of its successors. The EU has also proposed a special schedule for the temporary movement of (elite) services personnel, which appears to apply a positive list approach to both market access and national treatment rules. Making the new sectoral and other annexes part of the agreement: The other major expansion of the GATS is through new disciplines, such as those on domestic regulation, transparency, and e- commerce, and new or revised annexes on specific sectors, such as maritime transport, telecommunications and financial services. 26 The TISA parties want to make sure that these are considered part of the actual agreement, especially as their game plan is to get TISA recognised as a plurilateral agreement in the WTO. They also want to make sure the new disciplines and sectoral annexes are in a form that allows them to be included in countries GATS schedules as additional commitments. No special treatment for developing countries: None of the development provisions in the GATS are repeated in the core TISA text. Clearly gold standard does not allow for any development sensitivities. That includes the requirement in GATS that much less is asked of developing countries when they enter into non-wto trade in services agreements, and that the other countries make 20 Article I-5: Additional Commitments 21 Article II-1: Scheduling of Market Access Commitments 22 Article II-2.4: Scheduling of National Treatment Commitments, through Section A of Part 1 of its schedule 23 Article II-2.1, through Section B of Part I or Part II of its schedule. 24 Article II Article II Drafter s note to Article [ ]: Annexes 3

4 concessions in areas of interest to developing countries. That means any developing country participation in, or seeking to join, TISA will be subject to the same onerous rules. Some existing provisions may be expanded, depending on new and enhanced disciplines : There may be new definitions, 27 changes to the mechanism for adopting additional commitments, 28 and to the provision on Annexes, 29 depending on what is in the new and enhanced disciplines being developed under TISA. (Please refer to the other leaked TISA documents). Where have they not agreed The ratchet effect of other agreements into TISA: The coverage of these agreements is ratcheted up through what is called the most-favoured-nation rule. All parties to TISA are entitled the best treatment that a government gives to the like services and suppliers of any other country, for any measure that is covered by the agreement, even if that other country is not a TISA party or even a member of the WTO. 30 This entire provision on Most-Favoured-Nation Treatment has square brackets that indicate it has not been agreed to. The text indicates several points of disagreement, although there may be more. Under the GATS, countries could list any measures they wanted to exempt from this, but they had to do so at the time they adopted the GATS. Those exemptions were meant to be temporary and be reviewed after 5 years, but few of them have been removed. The TISA parties disagree about how the way those exemptions should be identified, and whether it should be subject to the same conditions as the GATS (meaning the review after 5 years). How far governments can limit this rule is especially important because TISA countries that have signed up to stronger rules and obligations in other free trade or investment agreements could have to provide the same treatment to all the other TISA countries. Colombia is especially concerned about having to give other TISA parties the same rights it has given other countries foreign investors under bilateral investment treaties, including controversial investor protections and enforcement through investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS). The MFN rule is linked to a second rule on Economic Integration GATS Article V 31 - about the kind of free trade agreements (FTAs) that are permissible under the GATS. Switzerland, Norway and Turkey want to exclude the MFN rule from applying to existing agreements that cover trade in services and have been notified to the WTO as complying with its rules Turkey wants that to extend to future agreements as well. Japan and Colombia suggest a negatively worded right to enter into FTAs that cover services, provided they are notified to the WTO as complying with the GATS rules. This Article is also in square brackets. The US doesn t want this provision at all, but the EU will only agree to the MFN rule if there is a protection for these economic integration agreements. Government procurement is more extensively covered: TISA repeats part of the GATS provision on government procurement, which says the non-discrimination and market access rules do not apply to rules, regulations and requirements where government agencies procure services. But that exclusion only applies where the services are procured for governmental purposes and not for commercial resale or to use in the supply of services for sale. It would not apply where governments are contracting for supply of electricity or water services, or construction and operation of transport or social services through public private partnerships and contracts. The TISA provision reiterates the GATS provision, 32 but drops the reference to future negotiations on government procurement of services. The entire government procurement provision in the core text is in square brackets. However, there is a separate proposal on government procurement; the analysis of that leaked proposal explains its implications Drafter s note at end of Article I-2 28 Placeholder: [Article II-4: Scheduling Additional Commitments] [Under discussion] 29 Article [ ] Annexes 30 Article [ ] Most-Favoured-Nation Treatment 31 Article [ ] [Economic Integration GATS Article V] [Linked to Article on MFN] 32 [GATS Article XIII: Government Procurement] 33 See new analysis on Wikileaks 4

5 Requiring Reviews of Administrative Decisions: A large number of countries want all parties to maintain tribunals or procedures where an aggrieved service firm can obtain prompt review of administrative decisions that affect trade in services, and appropriate remedies where they are justified. 34 If the procedures are not independent of the agency that made the decision it needs to provide for an objective and impartial review. Similar language was proposed for the Domestic Regulation Annex, 35 and may be moved into the core text. There is disagreement on whether governments can establish the tribunals or procedures as soon as practicable or they must be in existence at time agreement comes into force. Domestic Regulation: The provision on domestic regulation in the core text is much more limited than in the annex on domestic regulation that has been leaked several times. This text indicates that the purely rhetorical part of that Annex will be included in the core text, in particular recognition of the right of governments to regulate and introduce new regulations, which is still subject to compliance with the TISA rules. 36 There is disagreement on whether that should be for public or national policy objectives. The US has a long-standing sensitivity over domestic regulation rules, and has blocked them in the GATS, and wants to limit the contestable requirement that general measures are administered in a reasonable, objective and impartial manner to sectors committed in its schedule. Presumably the remainder of the disciplines, which will impose more extensive restrictions on governments, will be in separate rules or annex. Transparency: There is a placeholder for a core provision on transparency, with a cross-reference to a US text proposal. It is clear that transparency will go beyond the GATS requirement to publish relevant measures of general application. Transparency in TISA means ensuring that commercial interests, especially but not only transnational corporations, can access and influence government decisions that affect their interests rights and opportunities that may not be available to local business or to national citizens. They may want to stop or change government decisions they don t like, or rally to support those that are being challenged. Several texts on Transparency have been leaked, along with transparency provisions in other chapters. (Please see the separate analyses of these documents. 37 ) Subsidies: There is simply a placeholder for a provision on subsidies. 38 Subsidies are a measure covered by the core rules. It would breach the national treatment rule to restrict them to domestic services and suppliers, unless the right to do so has been protected in the schedule. The actual texts of some FTAs have excluded subsidies (and even grants and similar supports) from the rules. There is no indication of whether that is being considered for TISA, or whether they are considering whether to repeat the GATS provision that commits to negotiate rules on trade distorting subsidies and provide consultations where a party says it has been disadvantaged by payment of a subsidy - a provision that has largely been ignored. The structure of TISA TECHNICAL NOTES As expected, many basic provisions of what is called the core text for TISA are identical to the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) in the World Trade Organization (WTO). That is to 34 [Article [ ]: review of Administrative Decisions] 35 February 2014 text (https://wikileaks.org/tisa/domestic/) and analysis (https://wikileaks.org/tisa/domestic/analysis/analysis-tisa-domestic-regulation- Annex.pdf). See new text and analysis on Wikileaks. 36 [Article [ ] Domestic Regulation] January 2015 text (https://wikileaks.org/tisa/transparency/ /) and analysis (https://wikileaks.org/tisa/transparency/ /analysis/analysis-tisa-transparency- Article.pdf) 38 [Placeholder for subsidies] 5

6 make it easier to integrated back into the GATS. New schedules of commitments of sectors will greatly extend the coverage and impact of the rules. In addition there will be referred to as new and enhanced disciplines. Disciplines are trade-speak for restrictions on what governments can do in relation to services. Provisions that are different from the GATS are in blue italics. The corresponding GATS provision is in brackets. PREAMBLE PART 1: GENERAL PROVISIONS Scope (Art 1 and Art 28) Most-Favoured-Nation Treatment (Art 2) Economic Integration (Art 5) Market access (Art 16) National treatment (Art 17) Disclosure of Confidential Information (Art III bis) Domestic Regulation (Art 6) Additional Commitments (Art 18) Review of Administrative Decisions (new) Transparency (Art III) Recognition (Art 7) Payments and Transfers (Art 11) Restrictions to Safeguards for Balance of Payments (Art 12) Monopolies and Exclusive Service Suppliers (Art 8) General Exceptions (Art 14) Security Exceptions (Art 14 bis) Denial of Benefits (Art 28) Government Procurement (Art 13) (Subsidies: Art 15) PART II SCHEDULING COMMITMENTS Scheduling of Market Access Commitments (cf Art 20) Scheduling of National Treatment Commitments (cf Art 20) Scheduling Measures Inconsistent with both Market Access and National Treatment (cf Art 20) Scheduling of Additional Commitments (cf Art 20) [PART III: NEW AND ENHANCED DISCIPLINES PART IV INSTITUTIONAL PROVISIONS Resolution of disputes Future participation in Agreement Multilateralisation Institutional provisions ANNEXES] Standard provisions of GATS in TISA Because the core text reflects the strategy of creating a text that can dock with the GATS many of the core definitions and rules about coverage are also the same: definitions, measures supply of services modes of supplying services, sector 6

7 commercial presence application to local government services supplied in exercise of government authority monopoly. 7

IMPLICATIONS OF THE TISA TRADE IN HEALTH CARE SERVICES PROPOSAL FOR PUBLIC HEALTH

IMPLICATIONS OF THE TISA TRADE IN HEALTH CARE SERVICES PROPOSAL FOR PUBLIC HEALTH FACULTY OF LAW Professor Jane Kelsey 28 January 2015 Law School Buildings 9-17 Eden Crescent, Auckland Telephone 64 9 373 7599 ext. 88006 Facsimile 64 9 373 7471 email: j.kelsey@auckland.ac.nz The University

More information

Trade in Services Agreement (TiSA) Core Text (April 2015)

Trade in Services Agreement (TiSA) Core Text (April 2015) Trade in Services Agreement (TiSA) Core Text (April 2015) WikiLeaks release: July 1, 2015 Keywords: TiSA, Trade in Services Agreement, WTO, GATS, G20, BCBS, IAIS, IOSCO, FATF, OECD, United States, European

More information

WTO AGREEMENTS GENERAL AGREEMENT ON TRADE IN SERVICES (GATS)

WTO AGREEMENTS GENERAL AGREEMENT ON TRADE IN SERVICES (GATS) WTO AGREEMENTS GENERAL AGREEMENT ON TRADE IN SERVICES (GATS) Alison Burrows Director, Services Trade and Negotiations Section Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade Canberra, Australia What is a service?

More information

1. The Parties agree that a delivery transmitted by electronic means shall not be subject to customs duties, fees or charges.

1. The Parties agree that a delivery transmitted by electronic means shall not be subject to customs duties, fees or charges. E-COMMERCE CHAPTER X ELECTRONIC COMMERCE Article X-01: Objective, Scope and Coverage 1. The Parties recognise that electronic commerce increases economic growth and trade opportunities in many sectors

More information

CHAPTER 11 TRADE IN SERVICES. Article 11.1. Definitions

CHAPTER 11 TRADE IN SERVICES. Article 11.1. Definitions CHAPTER 11 TRADE IN SERVICES For the purposes of this Chapter: Article 11.1 Definitions a service supplied in the exercise of governmental authority means any service which is supplied neither on a commercial

More information

CHAPTER SUMMARY: INVESTMENT

CHAPTER SUMMARY: INVESTMENT CHAPTER SUMMARY: INVESTMENT Investment rules are included in trade agreements such as the TPP because of the importance governments attach to guaranteeing the high standards of governance that are pivotal

More information

CHAPTER SEVEN SECTION A GENERAL PROVISIONS

CHAPTER SEVEN SECTION A GENERAL PROVISIONS CHAPTER SEVEN TRADE IN SERVICES, ESTABLISHMENT AND ELECTRONIC COMMERCE SECTION A GENERAL PROVISIONS ARTICLE 7.1: OBJECTIVE, SCOPE AND COVERAGE 1. The Parties, reaffirming their respective rights and obligations

More information

THE GENERAL AGREEMENT ON TRADE IN SERVICES (GATS)

THE GENERAL AGREEMENT ON TRADE IN SERVICES (GATS) THE GENERAL AGREEMENT ON TRADE IN SERVICES (GATS) Application to Health and Social Services Trade in Services Division WTO 1 Structure of the WTO Goods Services Int. property Dispute settlement Basic principles

More information

Outlines of the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement

Outlines of the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement Page 1 of 5 Outlines of the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement ENHANCING TRADE AND INVESTMENT, SUPPORTING JOBS, ECONOMIC GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT: OUTLINES OF THE TRANS-PACIFIC PARTNERSHIP AGREEMENT On

More information

Report. of the TiSA negotiation round. taking place 6-13 October 2015

Report. of the TiSA negotiation round. taking place 6-13 October 2015 Report of the TiSA negotiation round taking place 6-13 October 2015 Date: 29/10/2015 Summary The 14th TiSA negotiating round took place from 6-13 October 2015 and was organised and chaired by the US. The

More information

Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership

Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership This document is the European Union's proposal for services, investment and e-commerce text. It was tabled for discussion with the US in the negotiating round of 12-17 July 2015 and made public on 31 July

More information

GLOBAL SERVICES COALITION POSITION PAPER ON THE TRADE IN SERVICES AGREEMENT (TiSA) September 2014

GLOBAL SERVICES COALITION POSITION PAPER ON THE TRADE IN SERVICES AGREEMENT (TiSA) September 2014 GLOBAL SERVICES COALITION POSITION PAPER ON THE TRADE IN SERVICES AGREEMENT (TiSA) September 2014 The Global Services Coalition (GSC) is an informal coalition of associations representing the services

More information

THE GENERAL AGREEMENT ON TRADE IN SERVICES (GATS)

THE GENERAL AGREEMENT ON TRADE IN SERVICES (GATS) THE GENERAL AGREEMENT ON TRADE IN SERVICES (GATS) POLICIES AND TOOLS FOR HIGHER EDUCATION Oslo, 26-27 May 2003 1 GATS: Structure Framework Agreement Annexes covering certain sector- or policyrelated issues

More information

the purchase or use of, or payment for, a service;

the purchase or use of, or payment for, a service; CHAPTER ELEVEN CROSS-BORDER TRADE IN SERVICES ARTICLE 11.1: SCOPE AND COVERAGE 1. This Chapter applies to measures adopted or maintained by a Party affecting crossborder trade in services by service suppliers

More information

TEXTUAL PROPOSAL EXCLUSIVE RIGHTS OR PRIVILEGES. Chapter on Initial Provisions and Definitions

TEXTUAL PROPOSAL EXCLUSIVE RIGHTS OR PRIVILEGES. Chapter on Initial Provisions and Definitions TEXTUAL PROPOSAL POSSIBLE PROVISIONS ON STATE ENTERPRISES AND ENTERPRISES GRANTED SPECIAL OR EXCLUSIVE RIGHTS OR PRIVILEGES In line with the proposed content developed in the Initial Position Paper proposed

More information

(iv) Services auxiliary to insurance, such as consultancy, actuarial, risk assessment and claim settlement services.

(iv) Services auxiliary to insurance, such as consultancy, actuarial, risk assessment and claim settlement services. Note to the reader The enclosed document contains a proposal by the European Union in the context of the "Trade in Services Agreement TiSA" negotiations. This document was distributed in July 2013. This

More information

AGREEMENT ON TECHNICAL BARRIERS TO TRADE. Having regard to the Uruguay Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations;

AGREEMENT ON TECHNICAL BARRIERS TO TRADE. Having regard to the Uruguay Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations; Page 117 AGREEMENT ON TECHNICAL BARRIERS TO TRADE Members, Having regard to the Uruguay Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations; Desiring to further the objectives of GATT 1994; Recognizing the important

More information

Investment EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Investment EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 9 Investment The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) levels the playing field for American workers and American businesses, leading to more Made-in-America exports and more higher-paying American jobs here

More information

Some E-Commerce Aspects of Service Delivery in WTO Law. Chi Carmody Faculty of Law University of Western Ontario

Some E-Commerce Aspects of Service Delivery in WTO Law. Chi Carmody Faculty of Law University of Western Ontario Some E-Commerce Aspects of Service Delivery in WTO Law Chi Carmody Faculty of Law University of Western Ontario The WTO Agreement WTO created in 1994; now has 157 members WTO is an umbrella consisting

More information

ANALYSIS OF GATS SECTORAL COMMITMENTS OF WTO MEMBER STATES UNDERTAKEN IN THE URUGUAY ROUND INTRODUCTION ON HOW TO READ SPECIFIC COMMITMENTS BY SECTOR

ANALYSIS OF GATS SECTORAL COMMITMENTS OF WTO MEMBER STATES UNDERTAKEN IN THE URUGUAY ROUND INTRODUCTION ON HOW TO READ SPECIFIC COMMITMENTS BY SECTOR ANALYSIS OF GATS SECTORAL COMMITMENTS OF WTO MEMBER STATES UNDERTAKEN IN THE URUGUAY ROUND INTRODUCTION ON HOW TO READ SPECIFIC COMMITMENTS BY SECTOR 1.0 INTRODUCTION This memo outlines a basic approach

More information

Section 1: Scope and Definitions. Article X.1: Scope of Application. A. Air services and related services in support of air services other than:

Section 1: Scope and Definitions. Article X.1: Scope of Application. A. Air services and related services in support of air services other than: [Investment Chapter Section 1: Scope and Definitions... 1 Section 2: Establishment of Investments... 6 Section 3: Non-Discriminatory Treatment... 10 Section 4: Investment Protection... 11 Section 5: Reservations

More information

July 3, 2014 1. SCOPE OF THE SUBSTANTIVE INVESTMENT PROTECTION PROVISIONS

July 3, 2014 1. SCOPE OF THE SUBSTANTIVE INVESTMENT PROTECTION PROVISIONS July 3, 2014 The Trans-Atlantic Business Council (TABC) welcomes the opportunity to comment on the European Commission public consultation on investment protection and investor-to-state dispute settlement

More information

CHAPTER 13 TELECOMMUNICATIONS. commercial mobile services means public telecommunications services supplied through mobile wireless means;

CHAPTER 13 TELECOMMUNICATIONS. commercial mobile services means public telecommunications services supplied through mobile wireless means; CHAPTER 13 TELECOMMUNICATIONS Article 13.1: Definitions For the purposes of this Chapter: commercial mobile services means public telecommunications services supplied through mobile wireless means; cost-oriented

More information

For the purposes of this Chapter: by a national of a Party in the territory of the other Party;

For the purposes of this Chapter: by a national of a Party in the territory of the other Party; CHAPTER 11 : CROSS BORDER TRADE IN SERVICES ARTICLE 11.1 : DEFINITIONS For the purposes of this Chapter: 1. cross border supply of services or cross border trade in services means the supply of a service:

More information

NATIONAL TREATMENT PRINCIPLE

NATIONAL TREATMENT PRINCIPLE Chapter 2 NATIONAL TREATMENT PRINCIPLE 1. OVERVIEW OF RULES National treatment (GATT Article III) stands alongside MFN treatment as one of the central principles of the WTO Agreement. Under the national

More information

CHAPTER 14 ELECTRONIC COMMERCE

CHAPTER 14 ELECTRONIC COMMERCE CHAPTER 14 ELECTRONIC COMMERCE Article 14.1: Definitions For the purposes of this Chapter: computing facilities means computer servers and storage devices for processing or storing information for commercial

More information

IMPROVING THE RESOLUTION OF TAX TREATY DISPUTES

IMPROVING THE RESOLUTION OF TAX TREATY DISPUTES ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT IMPROVING THE RESOLUTION OF TAX TREATY DISPUTES (Report adopted by the Committee on Fiscal Affairs on 30 January 2007) February 2007 CENTRE FOR TAX

More information

HIGHLIGHTS OF THE ASEAN COMPREHENSIVE INVESTMENT AGREEMENT (ACIA)

HIGHLIGHTS OF THE ASEAN COMPREHENSIVE INVESTMENT AGREEMENT (ACIA) HIGHLIGHTS OF THE ASEAN COMPREHENSIVE INVESTMENT AGREEMENT () 1 Summary of Contents Mandate of 10 th AIA Council/39 th AEM Structure of Contents of An Assessment Benefits of 2 Mandate of 10 TH AIA Council

More information

Current Commitments under the GATS in Educational Services

Current Commitments under the GATS in Educational Services BACKGROUND DOCUMENT Current Commitments under the GATS in Educational Services Prepared for the OECD/US Forum on Trade in Educational Services Washington, DC, U.S.A. 23 24 May 2002 OECD/CERI Summary 1.

More information

10 September 2013. The Honorable Karel de Gucht Commissioner for Trade European Commission Brussels, Belgium. Dear Commissioner de Gucht:

10 September 2013. The Honorable Karel de Gucht Commissioner for Trade European Commission Brussels, Belgium. Dear Commissioner de Gucht: The Honorable Karel de Gucht Commissioner for Trade European Commission Brussels, Belgium 10 September 2013 Dear Commissioner de Gucht: It has been almost twenty years since the GATS has taken effect.

More information

Investment protection in the EU-US Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP)

Investment protection in the EU-US Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) Investment protection in the EU-US Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) Marc Maes, 11.11.11 for the Seattle to Brussels Network 5 March 2014 Content: Main conclusions Introduction A. Background

More information

Side-by-side Comparison of the 2014 and 2015 TPA Bills

Side-by-side Comparison of the 2014 and 2015 TPA Bills Side-by-side Comparison of the 2014 and 2015 TPA Bills ***Prepared by Ways and Means Committee Democratic Staff*** A comparison of the Bipartisan Congressional Trade Priorities Act of 2014 (Baucus-Hatch-Camp)

More information

MOST-FAVOURED-NATION TREATMENT PRINCIPLE

MOST-FAVOURED-NATION TREATMENT PRINCIPLE Chapter 1 MOST-FAVOURED-NATION TREATMENT PRINCIPLE OVERVIEW OF RULES Most-Favoured-Nation ( MFN ) treatment requires Members to accord the most favourable tariff and regulatory treatment given to the product

More information

CHAPTER FIFTEEN COMPETITION POLICY, MONOPOLIES AND STATE ENTERPRISES

CHAPTER FIFTEEN COMPETITION POLICY, MONOPOLIES AND STATE ENTERPRISES CHAPTER FIFTEEN COMPETITION POLICY, MONOPOLIES AND STATE ENTERPRISES Article 15.1: Definitions For the purposes of this Chapter: designate means to establish, authorize, or to expand the scope of a monopoly

More information

Licensing Options for Internet Service Providers June 23, 2001 Updated September 25, 2002

Licensing Options for Internet Service Providers June 23, 2001 Updated September 25, 2002 Licensing Options for Internet Service Providers June 23, 2001 Updated September 25, 2002 Some countries require Internet Service Providers ( ISPs ) to obtain government- issued licenses before commencing

More information

How the Canada-Korea Free Trade Agreement Will Benefit Nova Scotia

How the Canada-Korea Free Trade Agreement Will Benefit Nova Scotia How the Canada-Korea Free Trade Agreement Will Benefit Nova Scotia Creating jobs and opportunities for Nova Scotians Nova Scotia stands to benefit significantly from preferred access to the South Korean

More information

The first round of TPP negotiations was held in Melbourne in March 2010.

The first round of TPP negotiations was held in Melbourne in March 2010. AN INTRODUCTION History The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) builds from the Trans-Pacific Strategic Economic Partnership Agreement (P4) between Brunei, Chile, New Zealand and Singapore which entered into

More information

EDRi s. January 2015. European Digital Rights Rue Belliard 20, 1040 Brussels www.edri.org @EDRi tel. +32 (0) 2 274 25 70

EDRi s. January 2015. European Digital Rights Rue Belliard 20, 1040 Brussels www.edri.org @EDRi tel. +32 (0) 2 274 25 70 EDRi s Red lines on TTIP January 2015 European Digital Rights Rue Belliard 20, 1040 Brussels www.edri.org @EDRi tel. +32 (0) 2 274 25 70 ABOUT EDRI European Digital Rights is a network of 34 privacy and

More information

Suspend the negotiations for a free trade agreement with the USA no agreement at the expense of workers, consumers or the environment

Suspend the negotiations for a free trade agreement with the USA no agreement at the expense of workers, consumers or the environment German Trade Union Confederation (DGB) Executive Board DGB Position Suspend the negotiations for a free trade agreement with the USA no agreement at the expense of workers, consumers or the environment

More information

CHAPTER 15 GOVERNMENT PROCUREMENT

CHAPTER 15 GOVERNMENT PROCUREMENT CHAPTER 15 GOVERNMENT PROCUREMENT Article 15.1: Definitions For the purposes of this Chapter: build-operate-transfer contract and public works concession contract means a contractual arrangement the primary

More information

CHAPTER 11 FINANCIAL SERVICES

CHAPTER 11 FINANCIAL SERVICES CHAPTER 11 FINANCIAL SERVICES Article 11.1: Definitions For the purposes of this Chapter: cross-border financial service supplier of a Party means a person of a Party that is engaged in the business of

More information

1. This Chapter applies to measures adopted or maintained by a Party relating to:

1. This Chapter applies to measures adopted or maintained by a Party relating to: CHAPTER ELEVEN FINANCIAL SERVICES ARTICLE 11.1: SCOPE AND COVERAGE 1. This Chapter applies to measures adopted or maintained by a Party relating to: financial institutions of the other Party; and cross-border

More information

CHAPTER ELEVEN FINANCIAL SERVICES. 1. This Chapter applies to measures adopted or maintained by a Party relating to:

CHAPTER ELEVEN FINANCIAL SERVICES. 1. This Chapter applies to measures adopted or maintained by a Party relating to: CHAPTER ELEVEN FINANCIAL SERVICES ARTICLE 11.1: SCOPE AND COVERAGE 1. This Chapter applies to measures adopted or maintained by a Party relating to: financial institutions of the other Party; and cross-border

More information

1. RESPONDENT DETAILS

1. RESPONDENT DETAILS 1. RESPONDENT DETAILS 1.1. Type of respondent -single choice I am answering this consultation on behalf of a company/organisation Your details - Companies/Organisations 1.1.1. My company's/organisation's

More information

MODEL SCHEDULE OF WTO COMMITMENTS FOR INVESTMENT BANKING, TRADING, AND ASSET MANAGEMENT Explanatory Memorandum

MODEL SCHEDULE OF WTO COMMITMENTS FOR INVESTMENT BANKING, TRADING, AND ASSET MANAGEMENT Explanatory Memorandum March 8, 2005 MODEL SCHEDULE OF WTO COMMITMENTS FOR INVESTMENT BANKING, TRADING, AND ASSET MANAGEMENT Explanatory Memorandum I. INTRODUCTION Internationally active securities companies are working together

More information

Centre means the International Centre for Settlement ofinvestment Disputes ("ICSID") established by the ICSID Convention;

Centre means the International Centre for Settlement ofinvestment Disputes (ICSID) established by the ICSID Convention; INVESTMENT Article 12.2: Definitions For purposes of this Chapter: Centre means the International Centre for Settlement ofinvestment Disputes ("ICSID") established by the ICSID Convention; claimant means

More information

Council of the European Union Brussels, 9 October 2014 (OR. en)

Council of the European Union Brussels, 9 October 2014 (OR. en) Council of the European Union Brussels, 9 October 2014 (OR. en) 11103/13 DCL 1 DECLASSIFICATION of document: dated: 17 June 2013 new status: Subject: WTO 139 SERVICES 26 FDI 17 USA 18 ST 11103/13 RESTREINT

More information

Non Exchange Trading Broker Agreement

Non Exchange Trading Broker Agreement Clearing Agreement F to the Commodity Derivatives Clearing Rules Appendix 10 to the Clearing Rules of NASDAQ OMX Derivatives Markets Non Exchange Trading Broker Agreement Non Exchange Trading Broker: [insert

More information

PROTOCOL ON THE ACCESSION OF THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA

PROTOCOL ON THE ACCESSION OF THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA PROTOCOL ON THE ACCESSION OF THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA Preamble The World Trade Organization ("WTO"), pursuant to the approval of the Ministerial Conference of the WTO accorded under Article XII of

More information

CHAPTER 8 TRADE IN SERVICES PART I: SCOPE AND DEFINITIONS. the production, distribution, marketing, sale or delivery of a service;

CHAPTER 8 TRADE IN SERVICES PART I: SCOPE AND DEFINITIONS. the production, distribution, marketing, sale or delivery of a service; CHAPTER 8 TRADE IN SERVICES PART I: SCOPE AND DEFINITIONS ARTICLE 8.1: SCOPE 1. This Chapter shall apply to measures adopted or maintained by a Party affecting trade in services, including measures in

More information

Negotiation of a Free Trade Agreement between Hong Kong and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations. Consultation Document

Negotiation of a Free Trade Agreement between Hong Kong and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations. Consultation Document Negotiation of a Free Trade Agreement between Hong Kong and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations Consultation Document INTRODUCTION The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region will

More information

Public consultation on modalities for investment protection and ISDS in TTIP

Public consultation on modalities for investment protection and ISDS in TTIP Public consultation on modalities for investment protection and ISDS in TTIP A. General assessment What is your overall assessment of the proposed approach on substantive standards of protection and ISDS

More information

Factsheet on. Investor-State Dispute Settlement

Factsheet on. Investor-State Dispute Settlement Factsheet on Investor-State Dispute Settlement 3 October 2013 1. What is Investor-State Dispute Settlement ('ISDS')? ISDS is a procedural mechanism provided for in international agreements on investment.

More information

Financial Services in the Current WTO Framework

Financial Services in the Current WTO Framework 2006 Monetary Authority of Macao Financial Services in the Current WTO Framework K.H. Lei Abstract This paper examines how the multilateral trading system affects Macao s trade in financial services and

More information

TRADE IN SERVICES, INVESTMENT AND E-COMMERCE

TRADE IN SERVICES, INVESTMENT AND E-COMMERCE DISCLAIMER:. This is a draft text intended as a basis for discussion. The EU reserves the right to make subsequent modifications to this text and to complement its proposals at a later stage, by modifying,

More information

What is TPP? Which countries are involved in TPP?

What is TPP? Which countries are involved in TPP? What is TPP? The Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP) is a free trade agreement between 12 Asia-Pacific countries that liberalises trade and sets consistent rules to make it easier to do business

More information

Financial Services EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Financial Services EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 11 Financial Services The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) levels the playing field for American workers and American businesses, leading to more Made-in-America exports and more higher-paying American

More information

Chapter 4. The Interaction Between Investment and Services Chapters in Selected Regional Trade Agreements*

Chapter 4. The Interaction Between Investment and Services Chapters in Selected Regional Trade Agreements* ISBN 978-92-64-04202-5 International Investment Law: Understanding Concepts and Tracking Innovations OECD 2008 Chapter 4 The Interaction Between Investment and Services Chapters in Selected Regional Trade

More information

The EU s new investment policy agenda

The EU s new investment policy agenda The EU s new investment policy agenda Prof. Markus Krajewski University of Erlangen-Nürnberg ITAP UNCTAD Annual Capacity Building Program International Investment Agreements: Negotiating for Sustainable

More information

CHAPTER 7 TECHNICAL BARRIERS TO TRADE. Article 7.1. Definitions. Article 7.2. Objectives

CHAPTER 7 TECHNICAL BARRIERS TO TRADE. Article 7.1. Definitions. Article 7.2. Objectives CHAPTER 7 TECHNICAL BARRIERS TO TRADE Article 7.1 Definitions 1. For the purposes of this Chapter, TBT Agreement means the Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade, which is part of the WTO Agreement.

More information

TRADE IN SERVICES, INVESTMENT AND E-COMMERCE

TRADE IN SERVICES, INVESTMENT AND E-COMMERCE DISCLAIMER:. This is a draft text intended as a basis for discussion. The EU reserves the right to make subsequent modifications to this text and to complement its proposals at a later stage, by modifying,

More information

INSTITUT DE DROIT INTERNATIONAL Session de Tokyo 2013 13 September 2013 EIGHTEENTH COMMISSION

INSTITUT DE DROIT INTERNATIONAL Session de Tokyo 2013 13 September 2013 EIGHTEENTH COMMISSION JUSTITIA ET PACE 18th Commission INSTITUT DE DROIT INTERNATIONAL Session de Tokyo 2013 EIGHTEENTH COMMISSION Legal Aspects of Recourse to Arbitration by an Investor Against the Authorities of the Host

More information

Special Education Procedural Safeguards

Special Education Procedural Safeguards Special Education Procedural Safeguards Rights for Parents and Children School District of For more information or questions regarding your child s special education services contact: Director of Special

More information

NOTICE OF PRIVACY PRACTICES OF THE GROUP HEALTH PLANS SPONSORED BY ACT, INC.

NOTICE OF PRIVACY PRACTICES OF THE GROUP HEALTH PLANS SPONSORED BY ACT, INC. NOTICE OF PRIVACY PRACTICES OF THE GROUP HEALTH PLANS SPONSORED BY ACT, INC. THIS NOTICE DESCRIBES HOW MEDICAL INFORMATION ABOUT YOU MAY BE USED AND DISCLOSED AND HOW YOU CAN GET ACCESS TO THIS INFORMATION.

More information

Committee on International Trade

Committee on International Trade European Parliament 2014-2019 Committee on International Trade 2015/2233(INI) 25.9.2015 DRAFT REPORT containing the European Parliament s recommendations to the Commission on the negotiations for the Trade

More information

The EU-Korea Free Trade Agreement

The EU-Korea Free Trade Agreement The EU- Free Trade Agreement Services Structure of the presentation 1. Main principles of the Services Chapter 2. Introduction to the Modes of Supply 3. Introduction to the n list of commitments 4. A closer

More information

PBGC-19: Office of General Counsel Case Management System

PBGC-19: Office of General Counsel Case Management System PBGC-19: Office of General Counsel Case Management System Excerpted from Federal Register: Sept. 9, 2014 (Volume 79, Number 174) General Routine Uses System Name: Office of General Counsel Case Management

More information

Trade in Financial Services in LAC: Safeguarding Stability

Trade in Financial Services in LAC: Safeguarding Stability Regional Dialogue on Promoting Services Development and Trade in Latin America and the Caribbean 12 13 November 2013 Room Raul Prebish, ECLAC, Santiago Trade in Financial Services in LAC: Safeguarding

More information

Trade Policy Committee (Services and Investment)

Trade Policy Committee (Services and Investment) EUROPEAN COMMISSION Directorate-General for Trade Directorate B - Services and Investment, Intellectual Property and Public Procurement Services, Investment Brussels, 2 July 2013 TRADE B1, B2/asc / 2557028

More information

ANNEX 1 TO THE AGREEMENT ON AMENDMENT OF AND ACCESSION TO THE CENTRAL EUROPEAN FREE TRADE AGREEMENT

ANNEX 1 TO THE AGREEMENT ON AMENDMENT OF AND ACCESSION TO THE CENTRAL EUROPEAN FREE TRADE AGREEMENT ANNEX 1 TO THE AGREEMENT ON AMENDMENT OF AND ACCESSION TO THE CENTRAL EUROPEAN FREE TRADE AGREEMENT Consolidated Version of the Central European Free Trade Agreement (CEFTA 2006) PREAMBLE The Republic

More information

How Industry Might Use Free Trade and Investment Agreements to Oppose Smokefree 2025

How Industry Might Use Free Trade and Investment Agreements to Oppose Smokefree 2025 How Industry Might Use Free Trade and Investment Agreements to Oppose Smokefree 2025 Professor Jane Kelsey, School of Law, The University of Auckland, NZ, 8 November 2012 Focus of this presentation 1.

More information

position I) Introduction: as it stands, CETA is not consensual

position I) Introduction: as it stands, CETA is not consensual position Position Paper of the German Trade Union Confederation (DGB) On the Free Trade Agreement between Canada and the EU (Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement, CETA) 02.12.2014 I) Introduction:

More information

Making Sense of the CETA

Making Sense of the CETA Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives September 2014 Making Sense of the CETA An Analysis of the Final Text of the Canada-European Union Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement Edited by Scott Sinclair,

More information

Organisation de Coopération et de Développement Economiques Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

Organisation de Coopération et de Développement Economiques Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Organisation de Coopération et de Développement Economiques Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development RECOMMENDATION OF THE OECD COUNCIL CONCERNING GUIDELINES FOR CONSUMER PROTECTION IN THE

More information

SESSION 6: FINANCIAL INCLUSION, TRADE AGREEMENTS AND REGULATORY REFORM

SESSION 6: FINANCIAL INCLUSION, TRADE AGREEMENTS AND REGULATORY REFORM UNITED NATIONS CONFERENCE ON TRADE AND DEVELOPMENT Expert Meeting on THE IMPACT OF ACCESS TO FINANCIAL SERVICES, INCLUDING BY HIGHLIGHTING THE IMPACT ON REMITTANCES ON DEVELOPMENT: ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT

More information

The Highlights of the Trans-Pacific Partnership E-commerce Chapter Burcu Kilic & Tamir Israel 1

The Highlights of the Trans-Pacific Partnership E-commerce Chapter Burcu Kilic & Tamir Israel 1 November 5, 2015 The Highlights of the Trans-Pacific Partnership E-commerce Chapter Burcu Kilic & Tamir Israel 1 The E-commerce 2 chapter of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) sets rules that, if ratified,

More information

TRANS-PACIFIC PARTNERSHIP AGREEMENT

TRANS-PACIFIC PARTNERSHIP AGREEMENT TRANS-PACIFIC PARTNERSHIP AGREEMENT Presented by Ms. Dany Carrière, Director Trans-Pacific Partnership Division, Global Affairs Canada Deputy Chief Negotiator for Canada Trans-Pacific Partnership and Mr.

More information

Canada - European Free Trade Association (EFTA)

Canada - European Free Trade Association (EFTA) Page 1 of 18 Canada, and the Republic of Iceland, the Principality of Liechtenstein, the Kingdom of Norway and the Swiss Confederation (the EFTA States ), hereinafter collectively referred to as the Parties,

More information

Petroleum law lecture 2 Host government agreements

Petroleum law lecture 2 Host government agreements Associate Professor Ivar Alvik Petroleum law lecture 2 Host government agreements Introduction the relationship between the host state and the oil company Three main aspects: What type of legal arrangement(s)?

More information

Tender Evaluation and Contract Award

Tender Evaluation and Contract Award Brief 9 January 2011 Public Procurement Tender Evaluation and Contract Award C O N T E N T S Key principles governing the process of evaluation of tenders How does an evaluation panel operate? How does

More information

005ASubmission to the Serious Data Breach Notification Consultation

005ASubmission to the Serious Data Breach Notification Consultation 005ASubmission to the Serious Data Breach Notification Consultation (Consultation closes 4 March 2016 please send electronic submissions to privacy.consultation@ag.gov.au) Your details Name/organisation

More information

Section 2 Investment-related treaties

Section 2 Investment-related treaties Section 2 Investment-related treaties Foreign direct investment has been growing rapidly worldwide since the 1980s, playing a major role in driving the growth of the global economy. In terms of the share

More information

Align Technology. Data Protection Binding Corporate Rules Processor Policy. 2014 Align Technology, Inc. All rights reserved.

Align Technology. Data Protection Binding Corporate Rules Processor Policy. 2014 Align Technology, Inc. All rights reserved. Align Technology Data Protection Binding Corporate Rules Processor Policy Confidential Contents INTRODUCTION TO THIS POLICY 3 PART I: BACKGROUND AND ACTIONS 4 PART II: PROCESSOR OBLIGATIONS 6 PART III:

More information

Promoting Cross Border Data Flows Priorities for the Business Community

Promoting Cross Border Data Flows Priorities for the Business Community Promoting Cross Border Data Flows Priorities for the Business Community The movement of electronic information across borders is critical to businesses around the world, but the international rules governing

More information

CHAPTER 9 INVESTMENT. Section A

CHAPTER 9 INVESTMENT. Section A CHAPTER 9 INVESTMENT Section A Article 9.1: Definitions For the purposes of this Chapter: Centre means the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) established by the ICSID Convention;

More information

CHAPTER 9 INVESTMENT. Section A

CHAPTER 9 INVESTMENT. Section A CHAPTER 9 INVESTMENT Section A Article 9.1: Definitions For the purposes of this Chapter: Centre means the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) established by the ICSID Convention;

More information

WTO NEGOTIATIONS ON TRADE IN SERVICES

WTO NEGOTIATIONS ON TRADE IN SERVICES WTO NEGOTIATIONS ON TRADE IN SERVICES (A BACKGROUNDER) Introduction TPD(Services) The creation of the GATS was one of the landmark achievements of the Uruguay Round, whose results entered into force in

More information

Qualitative analysis of a potential Free Trade Agreement between the European Union and India. Executive Summary

Qualitative analysis of a potential Free Trade Agreement between the European Union and India. Executive Summary Centre for the Analysis of Regional Integration at Sussex Qualitative analysis of a potential Free Trade Agreement between the European Union and India Executive Summary Centre for the Analysis of Regional

More information

TTIP AND CULTURE. what are 'cultural sectors' from the trade perspective? how do trade talks deal with the so-called 'cultural exception'?

TTIP AND CULTURE. what are 'cultural sectors' from the trade perspective? how do trade talks deal with the so-called 'cultural exception'? TTIP AND CULTURE In 2013, the European Union (EU) started negotiations for a free trade agreement (FTA) the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership or TTIP with the United States (US), the largest

More information

GATS, TISA AND EDUCATION SERVICES

GATS, TISA AND EDUCATION SERVICES GATS, TISA AND EDUCATION SERVICES Antoni Verger GEPS. Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (on behalf of Education International) Overview 1. Introduction: Why is governmental authority in education important?

More information

Part B PROCEDURAL SAFEGUARDS NOTICE

Part B PROCEDURAL SAFEGUARDS NOTICE Part B PROCEDURAL SAFEGUARDS NOTICE New York State Education Department PROCEDURAL SAFEGUARDS NOTICE Rights for Parents of Children with Disabilities, Ages 3-21 As a parent, you are a vital member of the

More information

Section 1. Objective and Scope

Section 1. Objective and Scope TEXTUAL PROPOSAL DISPUTE SETTLEMENT General Notes: 1. Articles are numbered from 1 for ease of reading, especially when an Article cross-refers to another provision of the Dispute Settlement chapter. The

More information

Privacy Policy. Federal Insurance Company, Singapore Branch Singapore Personal Data Protection Privacy Policy. 1. Introduction

Privacy Policy. Federal Insurance Company, Singapore Branch Singapore Personal Data Protection Privacy Policy. 1. Introduction Privacy Policy 1. Introduction Federal Insurance Company, Singapore Branch ( we, our or us ) recognise the importance of protecting the privacy and the rights of individuals in relation to their personal

More information

Good Decision-Making Guide Good decisions make good sense

Good Decision-Making Guide Good decisions make good sense Good Decision-Making Guide Good decisions make good sense Introduction Today s community expects that public agencies will operate consistently and fairly and that government at all levels will have systems

More information

BUSINESS ASSOCIATE AGREEMENT

BUSINESS ASSOCIATE AGREEMENT BUSINESS ASSOCIATE AGREEMENT This Business Associate Agreement ( Agreement ) is effective as of, 200 ( Effective Date ), and entered into by and between, whose address is ( Business Associate ) and THE

More information

Memorandum on Leaked TISA Financial Services Text Professor Jane Kelsey, Faculty of Law, University of Auckland, New Zealand

Memorandum on Leaked TISA Financial Services Text Professor Jane Kelsey, Faculty of Law, University of Auckland, New Zealand Memorandum on Leaked TISA Financial Services Text Professor Jane Kelsey, Faculty of Law, University of Auckland, New Zealand This memorandum provides a preliminary analysis of the leaked financial services

More information

AGREEMENT BETWEEN CANADA AND THE REPUBLIC OF PERU FOR THE PROMOTION AND PROTECTION OF INVESTMENTS

AGREEMENT BETWEEN CANADA AND THE REPUBLIC OF PERU FOR THE PROMOTION AND PROTECTION OF INVESTMENTS AGREEMENT BETWEEN CANADA AND THE REPUBLIC OF PERU FOR THE PROMOTION AND PROTECTION OF INVESTMENTS CANADA AND THE REPUBLIC OF PERU, hereinafter referred to as the "Parties", RECOGNIZING that the promotion

More information

Northport Health Services of Florida, LLC d/b/a Ocala Health and Rehabilitation Center 1201 Southeast 24 th Road Ocala, FL 34471-6009 352-732-2449

Northport Health Services of Florida, LLC d/b/a Ocala Health and Rehabilitation Center 1201 Southeast 24 th Road Ocala, FL 34471-6009 352-732-2449 Northport Health Services of Florida, LLC d/b/a Ocala Health and Rehabilitation Center 1201 Southeast 24 th Road Ocala, FL 34471-6009 352-732-2449 THIS NOTICE DESCRIBES HOW MEDICAL INFORMATION ABOUT YOU

More information

Trade in Services Agreement (TiSA) Annex on Professional Services (February 2015)

Trade in Services Agreement (TiSA) Annex on Professional Services (February 2015) Trade in Services Agreement (TiSA) Annex on Professional Services (February 2015) WikiLeaks release: June 3, 2015 Keywords: TiSA, Trade in Services Agreement, WTO, GATS, G20, BCBS, IAIS, IOSCO, FATF, OECD,

More information