12 Quality of Service (QoS)

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "12 Quality of Service (QoS)"

Transcription

1 Burapha University ก Department of Computer Science 12 Quality of Service (QoS) Quality of Service Best Effort, Integrated Service, Differentiated Service Factors that affect the QoS Ver. 0.1 :,

2 Why is VoIP QoS important? Quality of Service - Architecture models Voice Quality Definition Primary Factors Measuring Quality of Service Design Recommendation for VoIP Phone Diagnostic Capabilities Conclusion 2 ก 41

3 VoIP - Quality of Service 3 ก 41

4 Why is VoIP QoS important? PSTNs have played the first role in voice communications for a long time. But future is going to be different. It seems that VoIP will become the first choice in voice communications. But on one condition: it must be able to provide a QoS as good as PSTNs. 4 ก 41

5 VoIP QoS Before establishing a call Setup Delay Blocking Probability After establishing a call Voice Quality Delay Echo Etc. 5 ก 41

6 VoIP QoS PERFORMANCE DIMENSIONS APPLICATION Bandwidth Delay Sensitivity to Jitter Loss IP Telephony Low High High Med Video Conferencing High High High Med Streaming media Low-High Med Low Med Client / Server Transactions Low Med Low High 1 (store/forward) Low Low Low High 1 Best Effort Traffic Low-Med Low Low Low 6 ก 41

7 QoS Architecture Models Best Effort Service Integrated Service (IntServ) Differentiated Service (DiffServ) 7 ก 41

8 Best Effort Service describes a network service in which the network does not provide any guarantees that data is delivered or that a user is given a guaranteed quality of service level or a certain priority. In a best effort network all users obtain best effort service, meaning that they obtain unspecified variable bit rate and delivery time, depending on the current traffic load. By removing features such as recovery of lost or corrupted data and preallocation of resources, the network operates more efficiently, and the network nodes are inexpensive. 8 ก 41

9 Best Effort Service What exactly IP does: All packets treated equally Unpredictable bandwidth Unpredictable delay and jitter 9 ก 41

10 IntServ (RFC1633) The Int-Serv concept reserves just the right amount of bandwidth to support the flow's requirements and protect it from disruptions caused by network congestion. Reservations are negotiated with each network device along a route to a destination. If each device has resources to support the flow, a reserved path is set up. RSVP (Resource Reservation Protocol) is the signaling protocol that sends messages in the forward direction to request reservations, and then sends messages in the reverse direction to set up the reservations if all devices in a route agree to reserve resources. 10 ก 41

11 IntServ (RFC1633) 11 ก 41

12 DiffServ (RFC2474/2475) It differentiates traffic by user, service requirements, and other criteria. It marks packets so that network nodes can provide different levels of service via priority queuing or bandwidth allocation, or by choosing dedicated routes for specific traffic flows. A policy management system controls service allocation. Diff-Serv defines a new DS (Differentiated Services) field in the IP header that replaces the older ToS (Type of Service) field. It works on Layer ก 41

13 DiffServ (RFC2474/2475) 13 ก 41

14 QoS Architecture Components Classification Coloring Admission Control Traffic Shaping/Policing Congestion Management Congestion Avoidance Signaling 14 ก 41

15 VoIP traffic VoIP traffic is one of those kinds that must be provided with realtime bandwidth. Thus in order to have good QoS, network manager must guarantee real-time bandwidth for VoIP. 15 ก 41

16 Voice Quality is Subjective The concept of voice quality is some how subjective. It varies person to person and depends on many factors such as person s mood, person s definition of a good voice quality, etc. 16 ก 41

17 Voice Quality Definition One of the important factors in VoIP QoS is Voice Quality (VQ). Despite the subjectivity of VQ, it can be quantified according to three parameters: Service quality Sound quality Conversation quality 17 ก 41

18 Service Quality Service quality depends on services that company provides users with. These services include: Offered Services Availability of users in foreign countries Network availability, down time, Busy time Reliability Price 18 ก 41

19 Sound Quality By the term sound quality we mean: Loudness Distortion Noise Crosstalk Fading 19 ก 41

20 Conversation Quality Conversation quality manly depends on: Echo End-to-end delay Loudness distortion noise Fading Crosstalk Silence suppression performance 20 ก 41

21 Primary Factors Among the parameters mentioned in previous slides, three parameters are more important than others: Clarity End-to-end delay Echo 21 ก 41

22 Clarity By the term clarity we mean clearness and distortion-less. There are some parameters that affect clarity: Packet loss Speech codecs Noise Echo Voice Activity detectors (VADs) External factors 22 ก 41

23 Packet Loss As the network, becomes congested, router buffers fill and start to drop packets. Route changes as a result of inoperative network links. Packet experiences a large delay in the network and arrives too late to be used in reconstructing the voice signal. Solutions for Packet Loss Assure minimum throughput for selected applications. Prioritization (Classification) & Router flow control 23 ก 41

24 Speech Codecs A speech codec transforms analog voice into digital bit streams, and vice versa. Some codecs perform compression as well. A codec s effect on VQ is influenced by compression, packet size, packet loss, and any error-correction mechanisms used by the codec itself. 24 ก 41

25 Other Factors Noise Noise can originate from analog lines or from bit errors on data transmission lines. Voice Activity Detectors Echo External Environmental Factors Room noise, end-user mood, end-user expectations, etc. may cause the audio quality be perceived as unacceptable. 25 ก 41

26 End-to-End Delay There are some factors that affect end-to-end delay: PSTN delay IP network delay Packet capture delay Switching/Routing delay Jitter Buffer Delay VoIP devices (gateways, terminals, etc.) delays 26 ก 41

27 Echo Relationship between echo levels, delay and perception is shown in figure below 27 ก 41

28 Echo Echo can easily be cancelled by the help of echo canceller blocks or by using digital circuits. Performance of these blocks depend on doubletalk and echo return loss. 28 ก 41

29 QoS versus QoE Quality of Experience (QoE) is subjective and relates to the actual perceived quality of a service by the user This applies to voice, multimedia, and data Quality of service (QoS) is an optimization tool designed to deliver a certain Quality of Experience (QoE) by ensuring that network elements apply consistent treatment to traffic flows as they traverse the network 29 ก 41

30 Measuring QoS Two measurement units: Mean Opinion Score (ITU P.800) Subjective call quality measurement perceived by the user E-Model (ITU G.107) Transmission planning tool for estimating user satisfaction Objective measurement E-model output: R value Under 60 is not acceptable Over 94.5 is unattainable in VOIP 30 ก 41

31 Measuring QoS R-Value User Satisfaction MOS Very Satisfied Satisfied Toll Quality Some Users Dissatisfied Many Users Dissatisfied Nearly All Users Dissatisfied Not Recommended ก 41

32 Measuring QoS In order to measure QoS, operator must measure certain parameters: Clarity Delay Echo 32 ก 41

33 Measuring QoS - Measuring Clarity The mostly used method for measuring clarity is to employ human listeners, measure mean opinion score (MOS) and the compare it with standards such as P.800. Another method is Perceptual Speech-Quality Measurement (PSQM) defined by ITU in P.861. The third method is Perceptual Analysis Measurement System (PAMS). 33 ก 41

34 Measuring QoS - Measuring Delay There are two methods for measuring end-to-end delay: Acoustic Ping MLS Normalized Cross-Correlation (MLS stands for Maximum Length Sequence) 34 ก 41

35 Measuring QoS - Measuring Echo Measure Echo Delay Measure Echo Return Loss (ERL) According to ITU-T G.168 ERL should be greater than 55dB Measure echo canceller performance Convergence time Cancellation depth Doubletalk robustness Perceived Annoyance Caused by Echo (PACE) 35 ก 41

36 Example of packetization period (packet size) trade off 36 ก 41

37 Design Recommendations for VoIP - typical The following slides are typical considerations when designing for VOIP Vendors only supports customers with Layer 2/3 switched networks (no shared media devices, cable-based, hub-based LAN) L2 switch ports must be set to autonegotiate for VoIP devices Goal of Zero Percent Packet Loss for VoIP Use G.711 CODEC when possible Excellent Voice Quality Bandwidth usually available in LAN and MAN Use G.729A or G.729AB to conserve bandwidth Take care to meet customer voice quality requirements Watch out for multiple transcodings (multiple VoIP hops) Be careful with VAD subject to clipping effects Centralised voice mail and music can be a call quality issue 37 ก 41

38 Traffic engineering process - typical For site pairs, determine voice trunks needed Calculate VoIP bandwidth demands Traffic Bandwidth Calculator / Vivinet Assessor Overlay VoIP traffic patterns onto physical network diagram Vivinet Assessor Size the required primary and alternate converged network links: Evaluate current traffic demand Calculate, add in VoIP traffic demand Evaluate various failure scenarios Factor in desired headroom, unusable bandwidth 38 ก 41

39 Bandwidth Example Requirement: A company wants to support up to 4 simultaneous voice calls over the IP WAN network (128kbps) between two sites If all 4 calls were simultaneously active, this would require kbps (using a G.729 codec, 20 ms voice sample, and PPP overhead/frame) of the available 90 kbps of the 128 kbps link This requirement exceeds the carrying capacity of the link and completely starves that data traffic The solution is to upgrade the WAN connection bandwidth. A 256 kbps link is the minimum speed to provide 109 kbps for four G.729 VoIP calls, 80 kbps for data, and 20% availability for zero-bit stuffing 39 ก 41

40 Phone Diagnostic Capabilities Ping and Traceroute The administrator can execute the Ping or Traceroute command from a specific endpoint with any arbitrary destination, typically another endpoint or Signaling Server. IP Networking statistics The administrator can view information on the packets sent, packets received, broadcast packets received, multicast packets received, incoming packets discarded, and outgoing packets discarded. Ethernet statistics The administrator can view ethernet statistics (for example, number of collisions, VLAN ID, speed and duplex) for the IP Phone on a particular endpoint. The exact statistics will depend on what is available from the IP Phone for the specific endpoint. UNISTIM statistics (Unified Networks IP Stimulus) The administrator can view RUDP (Reliable User Datagram Protocol) statistics (for example, number of messages sent, received, retries, resets, and uptime) for the IP Phones. Real time Transport Protocol statistics The administrator can view RTP/RTCP QoS metrics (for example, packet loss, jitter, etc.) while a call is in progress. 40 ก 41

41 Conclusion: Providing Better VoIP QoS Supporting dedicated bandwidth Improving loss characteristics Avoiding and managing network congestion Setting traffic priorities across the network Echo cancellation Minimizing delay 41 ก 41

Requirements of Voice in an IP Internetwork

Requirements of Voice in an IP Internetwork Requirements of Voice in an IP Internetwork Real-Time Voice in a Best-Effort IP Internetwork This topic lists problems associated with implementation of real-time voice traffic in a best-effort IP internetwork.

More information

Troubleshooting Common Issues in VoIP

Troubleshooting Common Issues in VoIP Troubleshooting Common Issues in VoIP 2014, SolarWinds Worldwide, LLC. All rights reserved. Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) Introduction Voice over IP, or VoIP, refers to the delivery of voice and

More information

Voice over IP. Overview. What is VoIP and how it works. Reduction of voice quality. Quality of Service for VoIP

Voice over IP. Overview. What is VoIP and how it works. Reduction of voice quality. Quality of Service for VoIP Voice over IP Andreas Mettis University of Cyprus November 23, 2004 Overview What is VoIP and how it works. Reduction of voice quality. Quality of Service for VoIP 1 VoIP VoIP (voice over IP - that is,

More information

Service resiliency and reliability Quality of Experience Modelling requirements A PlanetLab proposal. PDCAT'08 - Dunedin December 1-4, 2008

Service resiliency and reliability Quality of Experience Modelling requirements A PlanetLab proposal. PDCAT'08 - Dunedin December 1-4, 2008 PlaNetLab Options from Massey University Richard Harris Presentation Outline Service resiliency and reliability Quality of Experience Modelling requirements A PlanetLab proposal PDCAT'2008 Dunedin 2 (c)

More information

Indepth Voice over IP and SIP Networking Course

Indepth Voice over IP and SIP Networking Course Introduction SIP is fast becoming the Voice over IP protocol of choice. During this 3-day course delegates will examine SIP technology and architecture and learn how a functioning VoIP service can be established.

More information

Quality of Service (QoS) and Quality of Experience (QoE) VoiceCon Fall 2008

Quality of Service (QoS) and Quality of Experience (QoE) VoiceCon Fall 2008 Quality of Service (QoS) and Quality of Experience (QoE) VoiceCon Fall 2008 John Bartlett NetForecast, Inc. john@netforecast.com www.netforecast.com VoIP Deployment Realities VoIP is not just another application

More information

QoS in VoIP. Rahul Singhai Parijat Garg

QoS in VoIP. Rahul Singhai Parijat Garg QoS in VoIP Rahul Singhai Parijat Garg Outline Introduction The VoIP Setting QoS Issues Service Models Techniques for QoS Voice Quality Monitoring Sample solution from industry Conclusion Introduction

More information

Curso de Telefonía IP para el MTC. Sesión 2 Requerimientos principales. Mg. Antonio Ocampo Zúñiga

Curso de Telefonía IP para el MTC. Sesión 2 Requerimientos principales. Mg. Antonio Ocampo Zúñiga Curso de Telefonía IP para el MTC Sesión 2 Requerimientos principales Mg. Antonio Ocampo Zúñiga Factors Affecting Audio Clarity Fidelity: Audio accuracy or quality Echo: Usually due to impedance mismatch

More information

5. DEPLOYMENT ISSUES Having described the fundamentals of VoIP and underlying IP infrastructure, let s address deployment issues.

5. DEPLOYMENT ISSUES Having described the fundamentals of VoIP and underlying IP infrastructure, let s address deployment issues. 5. DEPLOYMENT ISSUES Having described the fundamentals of VoIP and underlying IP infrastructure, let s address deployment issues. 5.1 LEGACY INTEGRATION In most cases, enterprises own legacy PBX systems,

More information

Clearing the Way for VoIP

Clearing the Way for VoIP Gen2 Ventures White Paper Clearing the Way for VoIP An Alternative to Expensive WAN Upgrades Executive Overview Enterprises have traditionally maintained separate networks for their voice and data traffic.

More information

VoIP Analysis Fundamentals with Wireshark. Phill Shade (Forensic Engineer Merlion s Keep Consulting)

VoIP Analysis Fundamentals with Wireshark. Phill Shade (Forensic Engineer Merlion s Keep Consulting) VoIP Analysis Fundamentals with Wireshark Phill Shade (Forensic Engineer Merlion s Keep Consulting) 1 Phillip D. Shade (Phill) phill.shade@gmail.com Phillip D. Shade is the founder of Merlion s Keep Consulting,

More information

Knowledge Is Power: Do what s best for the client.

Knowledge Is Power: Do what s best for the client. Knowledge Is Power: Do what s best for the client. 1. Understanding Voice and Data Differences Even when they are carried on the same network, voice traffic and data traffic cannot be handled the same

More information

1. Public Switched Telephone Networks vs. Internet Protocol Networks

1. Public Switched Telephone Networks vs. Internet Protocol Networks Internet Protocol (IP)/Intelligent Network (IN) Integration Tutorial Definition Internet telephony switches enable voice calls between the public switched telephone network (PSTN) and Internet protocol

More information

VoIP Bandwidth Considerations - design decisions

VoIP Bandwidth Considerations - design decisions VoIP Bandwidth Considerations - design decisions When calculating the bandwidth requirements for a VoIP implementation the two main protocols are: a signalling protocol such as SIP, H.323, SCCP, IAX or

More information

Fundamentals of VoIP Call Quality Monitoring & Troubleshooting. 2014, SolarWinds Worldwide, LLC. All rights reserved. Follow SolarWinds:

Fundamentals of VoIP Call Quality Monitoring & Troubleshooting. 2014, SolarWinds Worldwide, LLC. All rights reserved. Follow SolarWinds: Fundamentals of VoIP Call Quality Monitoring & Troubleshooting 2014, SolarWinds Worldwide, LLC. All rights reserved. Introduction Voice over IP, or VoIP, refers to the delivery of voice and multimedia

More information

Application Note. Pre-Deployment and Network Readiness Assessment Is Essential. Types of VoIP Performance Problems. Contents

Application Note. Pre-Deployment and Network Readiness Assessment Is Essential. Types of VoIP Performance Problems. Contents Title Six Steps To Getting Your Network Ready For Voice Over IP Date January 2005 Overview This provides enterprise network managers with a six step methodology, including predeployment testing and network

More information

B12 Troubleshooting & Analyzing VoIP

B12 Troubleshooting & Analyzing VoIP B12 Troubleshooting & Analyzing VoIP Phillip Sherlock Shade, Senior Forensics / Network Engineer Merlion s Keep Consulting phill.shade@gmail.com Phillip Sherlock Shade (Phill) phill.shade@gmail.com Phillip

More information

Voice Quality in Converging Telephony and IP Networks

Voice Quality in Converging Telephony and IP Networks Agilent Technologies Voice Quality in Converging Telephony and IP Networks White Paper By Stefan Pracht, Agilent Technologies XoIP Product Marketing Manager Dennis Hardman, Agilent Technologies XoIP Learning

More information

Quality of Service. Traditional Nonconverged Network. Traditional data traffic characteristics:

Quality of Service. Traditional Nonconverged Network. Traditional data traffic characteristics: Quality of Service 1 Traditional Nonconverged Network Traditional data traffic characteristics: Bursty data flow FIFO access Not overly time-sensitive; delays OK Brief outages are survivable 2 1 Converged

More information

EXPERIMENTAL STUDY FOR QUALITY OF SERVICE IN VOICE OVER IP

EXPERIMENTAL STUDY FOR QUALITY OF SERVICE IN VOICE OVER IP Scientific Bulletin of the Electrical Engineering Faculty Year 11 No. 2 (16) ISSN 1843-6188 EXPERIMENTAL STUDY FOR QUALITY OF SERVICE IN VOICE OVER IP Emil DIACONU 1, Gabriel PREDUŞCĂ 2, Denisa CÎRCIUMĂRESCU

More information

Voice Over IP - Is your Network Ready?

Voice Over IP - Is your Network Ready? Voice Over IP - Is your Network Ready? Carrier Grade Service When was the last time you called the phone company just to say, I am just calling to say thank you for my phone service being so reliable?

More information

Traffic Characterization and Perceptual Quality Assessment for VoIP at Pakistan Internet Exchange-PIE. M. Amir Mehmood

Traffic Characterization and Perceptual Quality Assessment for VoIP at Pakistan Internet Exchange-PIE. M. Amir Mehmood Traffic Characterization and Perceptual Quality Assessment for VoIP at Pakistan Internet Exchange-PIE M. Amir Mehmood Outline Background Pakistan Internet Exchange - PIE Motivation Preliminaries Our Work

More information

SIP Trunking and Voice over IP

SIP Trunking and Voice over IP SIP Trunking and Voice over IP Agenda What is SIP Trunking? SIP Signaling How is Voice encoded and transported? What are the Voice over IP Impairments? How is Voice Quality measured? VoIP Technology Confidential

More information

Analysis of IP Network for different Quality of Service

Analysis of IP Network for different Quality of Service 2009 International Symposium on Computing, Communication, and Control (ISCCC 2009) Proc.of CSIT vol.1 (2011) (2011) IACSIT Press, Singapore Analysis of IP Network for different Quality of Service Ajith

More information

Overcoming Barriers to High-Quality Voice over IP Deployments. White Paper

Overcoming Barriers to High-Quality Voice over IP Deployments. White Paper Overcoming Barriers to High-Quality Voice over IP Deployments White Paper White Paper Overcoming Barriers to High-Quality Voice over IP Deployments Executive Summary Quality of Service (QoS) issues are

More information

Application Notes. Introduction. Sources of delay. Contents. Impact of Delay in Voice over IP Services VoIP Performance Management.

Application Notes. Introduction. Sources of delay. Contents. Impact of Delay in Voice over IP Services VoIP Performance Management. Application Notes Title Series Impact of Delay in Voice over IP Services VoIP Performance Management Date January 2006 Overview This application note describes the sources of delay in Voice over IP services,

More information

VoIP QoS. Version 1.0. September 4, 2006. AdvancedVoIP.com. sales@advancedvoip.com support@advancedvoip.com. Phone: +1 213 341 1431

VoIP QoS. Version 1.0. September 4, 2006. AdvancedVoIP.com. sales@advancedvoip.com support@advancedvoip.com. Phone: +1 213 341 1431 VoIP QoS Version 1.0 September 4, 2006 AdvancedVoIP.com sales@advancedvoip.com support@advancedvoip.com Phone: +1 213 341 1431 Copyright AdvancedVoIP.com, 1999-2006. All Rights Reserved. No part of this

More information

Management of Telecommunication Networks. Prof. Dr. Aleksandar Tsenov akz@tu-sofia.bg

Management of Telecommunication Networks. Prof. Dr. Aleksandar Tsenov akz@tu-sofia.bg Management of Telecommunication Networks Prof. Dr. Aleksandar Tsenov akz@tu-sofia.bg Part 1 Quality of Services I QoS Definition ISO 9000 defines quality as the degree to which a set of inherent characteristics

More information

Evaluating Data Networks for Voice Readiness

Evaluating Data Networks for Voice Readiness Evaluating Data Networks for Voice Readiness by John Q. Walker and Jeff Hicks NetIQ Corporation Contents Introduction... 2 Determining Readiness... 2 Follow-on Steps... 7 Summary... 7 Our focus is on organizations

More information

QoS issues in Voice over IP

QoS issues in Voice over IP COMP9333 Advance Computer Networks Mini Conference QoS issues in Voice over IP Student ID: 3058224 Student ID: 3043237 Student ID: 3036281 Student ID: 3025715 QoS issues in Voice over IP Abstract: This

More information

Encapsulating Voice in IP Packets

Encapsulating Voice in IP Packets Encapsulating Voice in IP Packets Major VoIP Protocols This topic defines the major VoIP protocols and matches them with the seven layers of the OSI model. Major VoIP Protocols 15 The major VoIP protocols

More information

Level: 3 Credit value: 9 GLH: 80. QCF unit reference R/507/8351. This unit has 6 learning outcomes.

Level: 3 Credit value: 9 GLH: 80. QCF unit reference R/507/8351. This unit has 6 learning outcomes. This unit has 6 learning outcomes. 1. Know telephony principles. 1.1. Demonstrate application of traffic engineering concepts Prioritization of voice traffic Trunking requirements Traffic shaping. 1.2.

More information

Goal We want to know. Introduction. What is VoIP? Carrier Grade VoIP. What is Meant by Carrier-Grade? What is Meant by VoIP? Why VoIP?

Goal We want to know. Introduction. What is VoIP? Carrier Grade VoIP. What is Meant by Carrier-Grade? What is Meant by VoIP? Why VoIP? Goal We want to know Introduction What is Meant by Carrier-Grade? What is Meant by VoIP? Why VoIP? VoIP Challenges 2 Carrier Grade VoIP Carrier grade Extremely high availability 99.999% reliability (high

More information

Application Note How To Determine Bandwidth Requirements

Application Note How To Determine Bandwidth Requirements Application Note How To Determine Bandwidth Requirements 08 July 2008 Bandwidth Table of Contents 1 BANDWIDTH REQUIREMENTS... 1 1.1 VOICE REQUIREMENTS... 1 1.1.1 Calculating VoIP Bandwidth... 2 2 VOIP

More information

Delivering reliable VoIP Services

Delivering reliable VoIP Services QoS Tips and Tricks for VoIP Services: Delivering reliable VoIP Services Alan Clark CEO, Telchemy alan.d.clark@telchemy.com 1 Objectives Clear understanding of: typical problems affecting VoIP service

More information

Quality of Service Testing in the VoIP Environment

Quality of Service Testing in the VoIP Environment Whitepaper Quality of Service Testing in the VoIP Environment Carrying voice traffic over the Internet rather than the traditional public telephone network has revolutionized communications. Initially,

More information

Combining Voice over IP with Policy-Based Quality of Service

Combining Voice over IP with Policy-Based Quality of Service TechBrief Extreme Networks Introduction Combining Voice over IP with Policy-Based Quality of Service Businesses have traditionally maintained separate voice and data networks. A key reason for this is

More information

Voice Over IP Performance Assurance

Voice Over IP Performance Assurance Voice Over IP Performance Assurance Transforming the WAN into a voice-friendly using Exinda WAN OP 2.0 Integrated Performance Assurance Platform Document version 2.0 Voice over IP Performance Assurance

More information

PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF VOIP TRAFFIC OVER INTEGRATING WIRELESS LAN AND WAN USING DIFFERENT CODECS

PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF VOIP TRAFFIC OVER INTEGRATING WIRELESS LAN AND WAN USING DIFFERENT CODECS PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF VOIP TRAFFIC OVER INTEGRATING WIRELESS LAN AND WAN USING DIFFERENT CODECS Ali M. Alsahlany 1 1 Department of Communication Engineering, Al-Najaf Technical College, Foundation of

More information

Voice over IP. Abdus Salam ICTP, February 2004 School on Digital Radio Communications for Research and Training in Developing Countries

Voice over IP. Abdus Salam ICTP, February 2004 School on Digital Radio Communications for Research and Training in Developing Countries Voice over IP Abdus Salam ICTP, February 2004 School on Digital Radio Communications for Research and Training in Developing Countries Ermanno Pietrosemoli Latin American Networking School (Fundación EsLaRed)

More information

Network Considerations for IP Video

Network Considerations for IP Video Network Considerations for IP Video H.323 is an ITU standard for transmitting voice and video using Internet Protocol (IP). It differs from many other typical IP based applications in that it is a real-time

More information

Optimizing Converged Cisco Networks (ONT)

Optimizing Converged Cisco Networks (ONT) Optimizing Converged Cisco Networks (ONT) Module 2: Cisco VoIP Implementations (Deploy) Calculating Bandwidth Requirements for VoIP Objectives Describe factors influencing encapsulation overhead and bandwidth

More information

Voice over IP (VoIP) and QoS/QoE

Voice over IP (VoIP) and QoS/QoE Voice over IP (VoIP) and QoS/QoE Professor Richard Harris School of Engineering and Advanced Technology (SEAT) Presentation Outline Understanding jitter and methods to overcome problems with jitter Quality

More information

Distributed Systems 3. Network Quality of Service (QoS)

Distributed Systems 3. Network Quality of Service (QoS) Distributed Systems 3. Network Quality of Service (QoS) Paul Krzyzanowski pxk@cs.rutgers.edu 1 What factors matter for network performance? Bandwidth (bit rate) Average number of bits per second through

More information

VOIP QOS. Thomas Mangin. ITSPA - Autumn Seminar 11th October 2012 LEEDS. Technical Director IXLeeds AND THE IXP THE CORE THE EDGE

VOIP QOS. Thomas Mangin. ITSPA - Autumn Seminar 11th October 2012 LEEDS. Technical Director IXLeeds AND THE IXP THE CORE THE EDGE VOIP QOS ITSPA - Autumn Seminar 11th October 2012 LEEDS THE EDGE THE CORE AND THE IXP Thomas Mangin Technical Director IXLeeds AGENDA NO AGENDA Agenda are good to let you known when to doze off There is

More information

Analysis and Simulation of VoIP LAN vs. WAN WLAN vs. WWAN

Analysis and Simulation of VoIP LAN vs. WAN WLAN vs. WWAN ENSC 427 Communication Networks Final Project Report Spring 2014 Analysis and Simulation of VoIP Team #: 2 Kadkhodayan Anita (akadkhod@sfu.ca, 301129632) Majdi Yalda (ymajdi@sfu.ca, 301137361) Namvar Darya

More information

An Introduction to VoIP Protocols

An Introduction to VoIP Protocols An Introduction to VoIP Protocols www.netqos.com Voice over IP (VoIP) offers the vision of a converged network carrying multiple types of traffic (voice, video, and data, to name a few). To carry out this

More information

Voice Over IP Per Call Bandwidth Consumption

Voice Over IP Per Call Bandwidth Consumption Over IP Per Call Bandwidth Consumption Interactive: This document offers customized voice bandwidth calculations with the TAC Bandwidth Calculator ( registered customers only) tool. Introduction Before

More information

How To: Diagnose Poor VoIP Calls through diagnostics.

How To: Diagnose Poor VoIP Calls through diagnostics. How To: Diagnose Poor VoIP Calls through diagnostics. When problems arise with poor VoIP phone calls, where do you start looking to troubleshoot the issue? This is one of the many challenges of managing

More information

Region 10 Videoconference Network (R10VN)

Region 10 Videoconference Network (R10VN) Region 10 Videoconference Network (R10VN) Network Considerations & Guidelines 1 What Causes A Poor Video Call? There are several factors that can affect a videoconference call. The two biggest culprits

More information

Cisco Networks (ONT) 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cisco Networks (ONT) 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Optimizing Converged Cisco Networks (ONT) reserved. Lesson 2.4: Calculating Bandwidth Requirements for VoIP reserved. Objectives Describe factors influencing encapsulation overhead and bandwidth requirements

More information

IP-Telephony Quality of Service (QoS)

IP-Telephony Quality of Service (QoS) IP-Telephony Quality of Service (QoS) Bernard Hammer Siemens AG, Munich Siemens AG 2001 1 Presentation Outline End-to-end OoS of VoIP services Quality of speech codecs Network-QoS IntServ RSVP DiffServ

More information

EarthLink Business SIP Trunking. NEC SV8300 IP PBX Customer Configuration Guide

EarthLink Business SIP Trunking. NEC SV8300 IP PBX Customer Configuration Guide EarthLink Business SIP Trunking NEC SV8300 IP PBX Customer Configuration Guide Publication History First Release: Version 1.0 May 18, 2012 CHANGE HISTORY Version Date Change Details Changed By 1.0 5/18/2012

More information

ALCATEL CRC Antwerpen Fr. Wellesplein 1 B-2018 Antwerpen +32/3/240.8550; Suresh.Leroy@alcatel.be +32/3/240.7830; Guy.Reyniers@alcatel.

ALCATEL CRC Antwerpen Fr. Wellesplein 1 B-2018 Antwerpen +32/3/240.8550; Suresh.Leroy@alcatel.be +32/3/240.7830; Guy.Reyniers@alcatel. Contact: ALCATEL CRC Antwerpen Fr. Wellesplein 1 B-2018 Antwerpen +32/3/240.8550; Suresh.Leroy@alcatel.be +32/3/240.7830; Guy.Reyniers@alcatel.be Voice over (Vo) was developed at some universities to diminish

More information

Is Your Network Ready for VoIP? > White Paper

Is Your Network Ready for VoIP? > White Paper > White Paper Tough Questions, Honest Answers For many years, voice over IP (VoIP) has held the promise of enabling the next generation of voice communications within the enterprise. Unfortunately, its

More information

Bandwidth Security and QoS Considerations

Bandwidth Security and QoS Considerations This chapter presents some design considerations for provisioning network bandwidth, providing security and access to corporate data stores, and ensuring Quality of Service (QoS) for Unified CCX applications.

More information

Investigation and Comparison of MPLS QoS Solution and Differentiated Services QoS Solutions

Investigation and Comparison of MPLS QoS Solution and Differentiated Services QoS Solutions Investigation and Comparison of MPLS QoS Solution and Differentiated Services QoS Solutions Steve Gennaoui, Jianhua Yin, Samuel Swinton, and * Vasil Hnatyshin Department of Computer Science Rowan University

More information

Application Notes. Introduction. Contents. Managing IP Centrex & Hosted PBX Services. Series. VoIP Performance Management. Overview.

Application Notes. Introduction. Contents. Managing IP Centrex & Hosted PBX Services. Series. VoIP Performance Management. Overview. Title Series Managing IP Centrex & Hosted PBX Services Date July 2004 VoIP Performance Management Contents Introduction... 1 Quality Management & IP Centrex Service... 2 The New VoIP Performance Management

More information

Nortel - 920-803. Technology Standards and Protocol for IP Telephony Solutions

Nortel - 920-803. Technology Standards and Protocol for IP Telephony Solutions 1 Nortel - 920-803 Technology Standards and Protocol for IP Telephony Solutions QUESTION: 1 To achieve the QoS necessary to deliver voice between two points on a Frame Relay network, which two items are

More information

IP videoconferencing solution with ProCurve switches and Tandberg terminals

IP videoconferencing solution with ProCurve switches and Tandberg terminals An HP ProCurve Networking Application Note IP videoconferencing solution with ProCurve switches and Tandberg terminals Contents 1. Introduction... 3 2. Architecture... 3 3. Videoconferencing traffic and

More information

VOICE over IP H.323 Advanced Computer Network SS2005 Presenter : Vu Thi Anh Nguyet

VOICE over IP H.323 Advanced Computer Network SS2005 Presenter : Vu Thi Anh Nguyet VOICE over IP H.323 Advanced Computer Network SS2005 Presenter : Vu Thi Anh Nguyet 1 Outlines 1. Introduction 2. QoS in VoIP 3. H323 4. Signalling in VoIP 5. Conclusions 2 1. Introduction to VoIP Voice

More information

Five Hosted VoIP Features

Five Hosted VoIP Features Five Hosted VoIP Features WHITEPAPER: voice SERVICES quality of service and technology www.megapath.com overview MegaPath offers everything you need for a complete, unified Hosted Voice system that supports

More information

WHITEPAPER. Quality of Service Testing in the VoIP Environment

WHITEPAPER. Quality of Service Testing in the VoIP Environment Quality of Service Testing in the VoIP Environment March 2005 In recent years, the business world has reaped tremendous benefits from the many exciting products and applications made possible by the marriage

More information

EarthLink Business SIP Trunking. NEC SV8100 IP PBX Customer Configuration Guide

EarthLink Business SIP Trunking. NEC SV8100 IP PBX Customer Configuration Guide EarthLink Business SIP Trunking NEC SV8100 IP PBX Customer Configuration Guide Publication History First Release: Version 1.0 August 30, 2011 CHANGE HISTORY Version Date Change Details Changed By 1.0 8/30/2011

More information

Voice Over IP Manual

Voice Over IP Manual Voice Over IP Manual 2 Table of Contents Part I IP Manual 4 1 General... Information 5 2 QoS... Settings 6 3 IP Address... Collision 8 4 IPL... Blades 11 IPL Inform... ation 16 IPL Basic Setup... 17 IPLA...

More information

Online course syllabus. MAB: Voice over IP

Online course syllabus. MAB: Voice over IP Illuminating Technology Course aim: Online course syllabus MAB: Voice over IP This course introduces the principles and operation of telephony services that operate over Internet Protocol (IP) networks

More information

The Conversion Technology Experts. Quality of Service (QoS) in High-Priority Applications

The Conversion Technology Experts. Quality of Service (QoS) in High-Priority Applications The Conversion Technology Experts Quality of Service (QoS) in High-Priority Applications Abstract It is apparent that with the introduction of new technologies such as Voice over IP and digital video,

More information

Understanding Latency in IP Telephony

Understanding Latency in IP Telephony Understanding Latency in IP Telephony By Alan Percy, Senior Sales Engineer Brooktrout Technology, Inc. 410 First Avenue Needham, MA 02494 Phone: (781) 449-4100 Fax: (781) 449-9009 Internet: www.brooktrout.com

More information

IP Telephony (Voice over IP)

IP Telephony (Voice over IP) (Voice over IP) Instructor Ai-Chun Pang, acpang@csie.ntu.edu.tw Office Number: 417, New building of CSIE Textbook Carrier Grade Voice over IP, D. Collins, McGraw-Hill, Second Edition, 2003. Requirements

More information

Quality of Service (QoS) on Netgear switches

Quality of Service (QoS) on Netgear switches Quality of Service (QoS) on Netgear switches Section 1 Principles and Practice of QoS on IP networks Introduction to QoS Why? In a typical modern IT environment, a wide variety of devices are connected

More information

Software-Powered VoIP

Software-Powered VoIP Software-Powered VoIP Ali Rohani Anthony Murphy Scott Stubberfield Unified Communications Architecture Core Scenarios UC endpoints QOE Monitoring Archiving CDR AOL Public IM Clouds Yahoo Remote Users MSN

More information

ehealth and VoIP Overview

ehealth and VoIP Overview ehealth and VoIP Overview Voice over IP (VoIP) configurations can be very complex. Your network could contain a variety of devices, applications, and configuration capabilities to support voice traffic.

More information

Comparison of Voice over IP with circuit switching techniques

Comparison of Voice over IP with circuit switching techniques Comparison of Voice over IP with circuit switching techniques Author Richard Sinden Richard Sinden 1 of 9 Abstract Voice-over-IP is a growing technology. Companies are beginning to consider commercial

More information

Troubleshooting VoIP and Streaming Video Problems

Troubleshooting VoIP and Streaming Video Problems Using the ClearSight Analyzer to troubleshoot the top five VoIP problems and troubleshoot Streaming Video With the prevalence of Voice over IP and Streaming Video applications within the enterprise, it

More information

IP Telephony Deployment Models

IP Telephony Deployment Models CHAPTER 2 Sections in this chapter address the following topics: Single Site, page 2-1 Multisite Implementation with Distributed Call Processing, page 2-3 Design Considerations for Section 508 Conformance,

More information

Voice over IP Manual

Voice over IP Manual Voice over IP Manual 2 IP Manual General Information Introduction The UNIVERGE system uses IP for various applications. This section describes the procedure for connecting the UNIVERGE system to an existing

More information

VoIP network planning guide

VoIP network planning guide VoIP network planning guide Document Reference: Volker Schüppel 08.12.2009 1 CONTENT 1 CONTENT... 2 2 SCOPE... 3 3 BANDWIDTH... 4 3.1 Control data 4 3.2 Audio codec 5 3.3 Packet size and protocol overhead

More information

ANALYSIS OF LONG DISTANCE 3-WAY CONFERENCE CALLING WITH VOIP

ANALYSIS OF LONG DISTANCE 3-WAY CONFERENCE CALLING WITH VOIP ENSC 427: Communication Networks ANALYSIS OF LONG DISTANCE 3-WAY CONFERENCE CALLING WITH VOIP Spring 2010 Final Project Group #6: Gurpal Singh Sandhu Sasan Naderi Claret Ramos (gss7@sfu.ca) (sna14@sfu.ca)

More information

Communications Test Equipment White Paper

Communications Test Equipment White Paper XPI Solutions for Multi-Service/Access Communications Test Equipment White Paper s Addressing VoIP Speech Quality with Non-intrusive Measurements by John Anderson Product Marketing Manager Agilent Technologies

More information

Is Your Network Ready For IP Telephony?

Is Your Network Ready For IP Telephony? WHITE PAPER Is Your Network Ready For IP Telephony? Straight facts about IP telephony planning and deployment 1. Introduction Enterprises are rapidly adopting IP telephony for cost savings, productivity

More information

Mixer/Translator VOIP/SIP. Translator. Mixer

Mixer/Translator VOIP/SIP. Translator. Mixer Mixer/Translator VOIP/SIP RTP Mixer, translator A mixer combines several media stream into a one new stream (with possible new encoding) reduced bandwidth networks (video or telephone conference) appears

More information

Implementing Cisco IP Telephony & Video, Part 1

Implementing Cisco IP Telephony & Video, Part 1 Course Code: CI-CIPTV1 Vendor: Cisco Course Overview Duration: 5 RRP: 2,320 Implementing Cisco IP Telephony & Video, Part 1 Overview Implementing Cisco IP Telephony & Video, Part 1 (CIPTV1) v1.0 is a five-day

More information

Agilent Technologies Performing Pre-VoIP Network Assessments. Application Note 1402

Agilent Technologies Performing Pre-VoIP Network Assessments. Application Note 1402 Agilent Technologies Performing Pre-VoIP Network Assessments Application Note 1402 Issues with VoIP Network Performance Voice is more than just an IP network application. It is a fundamental business and

More information

QoS Parameters. Quality of Service in the Internet. Traffic Shaping: Congestion Control. Keeping the QoS

QoS Parameters. Quality of Service in the Internet. Traffic Shaping: Congestion Control. Keeping the QoS Quality of Service in the Internet Problem today: IP is packet switched, therefore no guarantees on a transmission is given (throughput, transmission delay, ): the Internet transmits data Best Effort But:

More information

Voice over IP (VoIP) Overview. Introduction. David Feiner ACN 2004. Introduction VoIP & QoS H.323 SIP Comparison of H.323 and SIP Examples

Voice over IP (VoIP) Overview. Introduction. David Feiner ACN 2004. Introduction VoIP & QoS H.323 SIP Comparison of H.323 and SIP Examples Voice over IP (VoIP) David Feiner ACN 2004 Overview Introduction VoIP & QoS H.323 SIP Comparison of H.323 and SIP Examples Introduction Voice Calls are transmitted over Packet Switched Network instead

More information

Course 4: IP Telephony and VoIP

Course 4: IP Telephony and VoIP Course 4: IP Telephony and VoIP Telecommunications Technical Curriculum Program 3: Voice Knowledge 6/9/2009 1 Telecommunications Technical Curriculum Program 1: General Industry Knowledge Course 1: General

More information

Performance Evaluation of AODV, OLSR Routing Protocol in VOIP Over Ad Hoc

Performance Evaluation of AODV, OLSR Routing Protocol in VOIP Over Ad Hoc (International Journal of Computer Science & Management Studies) Vol. 17, Issue 01 Performance Evaluation of AODV, OLSR Routing Protocol in VOIP Over Ad Hoc Dr. Khalid Hamid Bilal Khartoum, Sudan dr.khalidbilal@hotmail.com

More information

CS 268: Lecture 13. QoS: DiffServ and IntServ

CS 268: Lecture 13. QoS: DiffServ and IntServ CS 268: Lecture 13 QoS: DiffServ and IntServ Ion Stoica Computer Science Division Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences University of California, Berkeley Berkeley, CA 94720-1776 1

More information

SIP (Session Initiation Protocol) Technical Overview. Presentation by: Kevin M. Johnson VP Engineering & Ops

SIP (Session Initiation Protocol) Technical Overview. Presentation by: Kevin M. Johnson VP Engineering & Ops SIP (Session Initiation Protocol) Technical Overview Presentation by: Kevin M. Johnson VP Engineering & Ops Page 1 Who are we? Page 2 Who are we? Workforce Automation Software Developer Page 3 Who are

More information

MOS Technology Brief Mean Opinion Score Algorithms for Speech Quality Evaluation

MOS Technology Brief Mean Opinion Score Algorithms for Speech Quality Evaluation MOS Technology Brief Mean Opinion Score Algorithms for Speech Quality Evaluation Mean Opinion Score (MOS) is commonly used to rate phone service speech quality, expressed on a scale from 1 to 5, where

More information

VoIP QoS on low speed links

VoIP QoS on low speed links Ivana Pezelj Croatian Academic and Research Network - CARNet J. Marohni a bb 0 Zagreb, Croatia Ivana.Pezelj@CARNet.hr QoS on low speed links Julije Ožegovi Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Mechanical

More information

Challenges and Solutions in VoIP

Challenges and Solutions in VoIP Challenges and Solutions in VoIP Challenges in VoIP The traditional telephony network strives to provide 99.99 percent uptime to the user. This corresponds to 5.25 minutes per year of down time. Many data

More information

Ethernet Switch Evaluation For Streaming Media Multicast Applications

Ethernet Switch Evaluation For Streaming Media Multicast Applications Ethernet Switch Evaluation For Streaming Media Multicast Applications Introduction In addition to many criteria relating to standards compliance, packet forwarding performance, layer 3 and 4 route discovery

More information

This topic lists the key mechanisms use to implement QoS in an IP network.

This topic lists the key mechanisms use to implement QoS in an IP network. IP QoS Mechanisms QoS Mechanisms This topic lists the key mechanisms use to implement QoS in an IP network. QoS Mechanisms Classification: Each class-oriented QoS mechanism has to support some type of

More information

Measurement of V2oIP over Wide Area Network between Countries Using Soft Phone and USB Phone

Measurement of V2oIP over Wide Area Network between Countries Using Soft Phone and USB Phone The International Arab Journal of Information Technology, Vol. 7, No. 4, October 2010 343 Measurement of V2oIP over Wide Area Network between Countries Using Soft Phone and USB Phone Mohd Ismail Department

More information

Testing VoIP on MPLS Networks

Testing VoIP on MPLS Networks Application Note Testing VoIP on MPLS Networks Why does MPLS matter for VoIP? Multi-protocol label switching (MPLS) enables a common IP-based network to be used for all network services and for multiple

More information

ETSI TS 101 329-2 V1.1.1 (2000-07)

ETSI TS 101 329-2 V1.1.1 (2000-07) TS 101 329-2 V1.1.1 (2000-07) Technical Specification Telecommunications and Internet Protocol Harmonization Over Networks (TIPHON); End to End Quality of Service in TIPHON Systems; Part 2: Definition

More information

Using the ClearSight Analyzer To Troubleshoot the Top Five VoIP Problems And Troubleshooting Streaming Video

Using the ClearSight Analyzer To Troubleshoot the Top Five VoIP Problems And Troubleshooting Streaming Video Using the ClearSight Analyzer To Troubleshoot the Top Five VoIP Problems And Troubleshooting Streaming Video With the prevalence of Voice over IP applications within the enterprise, it is important to

More information

VOICE OVER IP AND NETWORK CONVERGENCE

VOICE OVER IP AND NETWORK CONVERGENCE POZNAN UNIVE RSITY OF TE CHNOLOGY ACADE MIC JOURNALS No 80 Electrical Engineering 2014 Assaid O. SHAROUN* VOICE OVER IP AND NETWORK CONVERGENCE As the IP network was primarily designed to carry data, it

More information

VoIP Over the Internet: Is Toll Quality Achievable?

VoIP Over the Internet: Is Toll Quality Achievable? VoIP Over the Internet: Is Toll Quality Achievable? Mansour Karam, Technical Lead SCV Communications Society May 12, 2004 1 Agenda Introduction VoIP versus VoIP over the Internet Challenges for VoIP over

More information