The cloud - ULTIMATE GAME CHANGER ===========================================

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "The cloud - ULTIMATE GAME CHANGER ==========================================="

Transcription

1 The cloud - ULTIMATE GAME CHANGER =========================================== When it comes to emerging technologies, there is one word that has drawn more controversy than others: The Cloud. With cloud replacing infrastructure, hardware and software, it is ultimately changing the face of IT. It is a game changing phase of IT that is not just a passing phenomenon but a reality that has just begun to realize its potential. 1

2 CONTENTS Cloud-the game changer...3 Anatomy of the Cloud..3 What is cloud/ Cloud computing...3 Cloud computing service models.4 Cloud computing deployment model.5 Advantages and challenges of cloud computing Advantages 6 Challenges.6 Embracing the Cloud.7 Tips to keep your data safe in the cloud 7 Migration 8 Key Consideration before migrating data to cloud 8 Moving apps to cloud. Why, when and how?...9 Tips for migrating applications to the cloud 10 Impact of Cloud in the industry..11 Conclusion..11 2

3 Cloud-the game changer The Cloud has become a game changing phase of IT that it is not only impacting the way computing services are and will be delivered but also the way in which users will use IT. It has a profound impact on business operations in almost any industry today, allowing companies of all sizes to more effectively serve customers, perform risk-analysis and create new revenue streams. Cloud assures immense benefits in both commercial and technical terms. It promises to be a computing services model that is not restricted to a particular industry. Its ability to access, analyze, store and share information could not just change business but our personal lives too. Anatomy of the cloud What is Cloud / Cloud Computing? Though there are numerous definitions of the cloud, what exactly is cloud? Internet based access to low-cost computing and applications and the internet-based data and access can be together termed as a cloud. In order for any offering to be termed as a cloud it should have few characteristics like On-demand self-service, internet accessibility, pooled resources, elastic capacity and usage based billing. When the term Cloud combines with computing, it becomes bigger and fussier. Cloud Computing is typically defined as a type of computing that relies on sharing computing resources rather than having local servers or personal devices to handle applications. So the phrase cloud computing means a type of internet based computing, where different services such as servers, storage and applications are delivered to an organizations computers and devices through the internet. Further, Cloud Computing can be defined in terms of the different service models and the deployment models 3

4 Cloud Computing Service Models Cloud computing usually delivers their service through 3 different models: The three service models are geared for different purposes Service Model Software as a Service (SaaS) Who uses It? Agency staff members Available Services , word processing and customer relation management tools Why use It? Business tasks performed locally on a computer Platform as a Service (PaaS) Developers and application managers Services for creating, testing, managing and hosting software applications Establish a common and consistent platform for application development Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) IT system managers Virtual machines, storage services and backup services Build a customized computing environment In SaaS model cloud providers install and operate application software in the cloud and cloud users access the software from cloud clients. Typically the user access the software on demand using a browser on a computer or mobile device. They manage the cloud infrastructure and platform where the application runs. SaaS is referred to as on-demand software and is usually priced on a pay-per-use basis. 4

5 In PaaS, Cloud service providers provides an online software development platform for an user and the application developers can use the provider s computing environments, tools and libraries for their applications. In IaaS, Cloud service providers provide the necessary hardware and software upon which maintaining all the physical equipment whereas the user is responsible for configuring and maintaining the operating system and the associated applications and resources. Cloud Computing Deployment Models A cloud deployment model represents a specific type of cloud environment, primarily distinguished by ownership, size and access. Basically there are four cloud deployment models: Public Clouds: A public cloud is a publicly accessible cloud environment owned by a third-party cloud provider. The cloud provider is responsible for the creation and on-going maintenance of the public cloud and its IT resources. The IT resources on public clouds are usually provisioned via the previously described cloud delivery models and are generally offered to cloud consumers at a cost or are commercialized via other avenues. Community Clouds: A community cloud infrastructure is procured jointly by several agencies or programs that share specific needs such as security, compliance, or jurisdiction consideration. The providers manage the community cloud and may keep it onpremises or off-premises Private Clouds: A private cloud is owned by a single organization. Private clouds enable an organization to use cloud computing technology as a means of centralizing access to IT resources by different parts, locations, or departments of the organization. Hybrid Clouds: Hybrid cloud is a composition of two or more clouds (private, community or public) that remain distinct entities but are bound together, offering the benefits of multiple deployment models. A cloud consumer may choose to deploy cloud services processing sensitive data to a private cloud and other, less sensitive cloud services to a public cloud. Advantages and Challenges of Cloud Computing Recent years witnessed an increasing popularity of cloud computing and more business firms are migrating to cloud to improve speed, agility and scalability. Though the cloud promises several benefits in commercial and technical terms, but the challenges too need to be considered when planning for cloud adoption. 5

6 Major advantages Cloud Computing is undoubtedly the most cost-efficient method to store and process data. In the traditional method adding up the licensing fee for multiple users seems to be very expensive. Cloud offers an in-built feature, scalability, where you pay only for the application or data storage required. Clouds can be scaled to change your IT system demands Cloud offers more business agility by allowing lower switching costs from one tool to another. The automatic software integration system allows the user to pick their desired services and applications Another advantage of cloud computing is it does not require any on premise hardware or software distribution, ensures better protection from malware, and tracks external interference into your network No complaints about low storage space anymore! Cloud offers unlimited storage capacity People worldwide can access the cloud. Once registered with the cloud, data can be accessed from anywhere, anytime, provided you have a net connection Cloud offers increased collaboration. Employees anywhere can sync up and work on documents and shared apps Automatic software updates Quick deployment. Once a user registers, his entire system can be fully functional within minutes. Don t worry about the data when something happens to your machine. You can retrieve the data, which is safe in the cloud Not only its cost efficiency and flexible computing resources, cloud computing also holds the potential to redefine the relationship between corporate IT departments and business units. It is these very drivers that made cloud computing shift the paradigm of how Information Technology is used nowadays. Challenges Though the cloud service demand is growing exponentially, still there are widespread concerns about, how safe our data in the cloud? Is there any chances of hacking the cloud services? Major cloud challenges include: Privacy and security Reliability and availability Transition and execution risks Limited scope for customization Cultural resistance Regulatory ambiguity Issues of taxation Different data privacy standards Non availability of a standard code for cloud Lack of technical person 6

7 Embracing the cloud Before venturing to embrace the Cloud, organizations would need to evaluate a number of concerns. At first glance, though a cloud computing application may appear to be a lot cheaper, need to be sure you are doing a total cost comparison. Before you leap into the cloud, think how the drawbacks could affect your business. Many organizations today lack the necessary visibility of their application connectivity requirements and underlying security policies. Here are some key integration considerations before you embrace the cloud. Security & Compliance: While talking about the cloud, the major concern is the security of data. It is critical that you take every precautionary step to secure data from increasingly sophisticated data threats like cyber surveillance, data breaches etc. Security and compliance issues should be given the top priority as it can affect the business critically. Make sure to find a provider who has a policy driven approach to where IT policies are automatically enforced. Cost & Performance: The cost and performance should be perfectly balanced while choosing cloud. Cost has to be correctly measured and analyzed. The key factors that impact the performance of cloud includes type of media used, access protocols, and the access between storage and applications. Customers should analyze these before opting a provider. Network Vulnerabilities: Organizations should prioritize network vulnerabilities by business application. Applications can run the risk of being under performed and low availability while undergoing some reconfiguration. Business owners can opt for services such as automated replication and high availability of their application without any code changes. Key barriers to cloud adoption: Lack of confidence in ability to cloud vendors to perform IT governance Regulatory/compliance Difficulty in integration with existing systems Security Availability and Recovery capabilities: Enterprises need to have clear IT solutions that are vigilant because interruptions in computing services cause increased costs and can sometimes contribute to a loss of consumer confidence. Opt a provider who works closely with an IT consulting firm that can show them ways to organize bandwidth levels that will be sufficient to meet their IT needs. Always procure cloud service providers who offer a service level target with penalties for noncompliance. Risk of Decommissioned Applications: Decommissioned applications often lead to security risks. IT professionals have to manually identify firewall rules each time to fix the issue. In doing so, many unnecessary access rules are left creating security risks. Always use firewall rules to identify network components and applications that can effectively block unauthorized access. Complexity: The sheer complexity of any given network can lead to a lot of mistakes, especially when it comes to multiple firewalls with complex rule sets. Simplifying security management processes through automation and an application-centric approach is a must. 7

8 Tips to keep your data safe in the cloud While using cloud, the first thing you should do is to define the level of privacy you need and thus a level of protection for it. Data can be successfully protected through certain proper steps. Choose the right vendor Select the most reliable service provider Be clear about how the cloud service works and the user agreement of your provider Always back up your data in the cloud Make sure that you are using a very strong password Choose a vendor who offers a high level of physical security a network of fully protected secure data centers and a multi-element security system in the cloud that isolates and safeguards your important company data with firewalls, log and threat management The IT staff should constantly test all layers of protection, ensuring that systems are up to date. Migration The immense benefits of cloud made many organizations think about the decision to migrate to the cloud. However, due to the rapidly evolving Cloud market and dynamic technical information, most organizations are unsure on how to proceed with the migration into the Cloud. One of the biggest challenges organizations contemplating Cloud adoption face is where to start and what to focus on. Further, depending on the type of enterprise e.g. SMEs, government or large corporations, the challenges and migration process would vary. Key considerations before migrating data to cloud All applications as well as the supporting network infrastructure may not be suitable for migration onto the Cloud. There are both business and technical factors to consider while evaluating the suitability of an application and infrastructure for Cloud migration. Key factors to consider when moving cloud are: Security & Compliance: While talking about the cloud, the major concern is the security of data. It is critical that you take every precautionary step to secure data from increasingly sophisticated data threats like cyber surveillance, data breaches etc. Security and compliance issues should be given the top priority as it can affect the business critically. Make sure to find a provider who has a policy driven approach to where IT policies are automatically enforced. Cost & Performance: The cost and performance should be perfectly balanced while choosing cloud. Cost has to be correctly measured and analyzed. The key factors that impact the performance of cloud includes type of media used, access protocols, and the access between storage and applications. Customers should analyze these before opting a provider. Network Vulnerabilities: Organizations should prioritize network vulnerabilities by business application. Applications can run the risk of being under performed and low availability while 8

9 undergoing some reconfiguration. Business owners can opt for services such as automated replication and high availability of their application without any code changes. Availability and Recovery capabilities: Enterprises need to have clear IT solutions that are vigilant because interruptions in computing services cause increased costs and can sometimes contribute to a A typical cloud migration loss of consumer confidence. Opt a provider who approach involves: works closely with an IT consulting firm that can Planning, Migration, Golive and monitoring show them ways to organize bandwidth levels that will be sufficient to meet their IT needs. Always procure cloud service providers who offer a service level target with penalties for noncompliance. Risk of Decommissioned Applications: Decommissioned applications often lead to security risks. IT professionals have to manually identify firewall rules each time to fix the issue. In doing so, many unnecessary access rules are left creating security risks. Always use firewall rules to identify network components and applications that can effectively block unauthorized access. Complexity: The sheer complexity of any given network can lead to a lot of mistakes, especially when it comes to multiple firewalls with complex rule sets. Simplifying security management processes through automation and an application-centric approach is a must. Moving apps to cloud. When? Why? How? Moving an application to the cloud simply means running the app somewhere on the internet other than on your own servers. This can be done either through SaaS, PaaS or IaaS. But why put apps in the cloud? Moving the apps to the cloud is a business decision which represents a spectrum of benefits and trade-offs. The business advantages of moving to the cloud are numerous and compelling. In the broadest terms, there are three key categories of business benefits: Agility, Focus and Cost. The cloud model keeps your business more agile over the lifetime of the app. Deploying apps to the cloud lets you focus on higher-value activities. Enterprises often confused on how to choose which app should be moved to cloud. It often makes sense to start with the lowest-risk, lowest-value apps those with minimal customer data and other sensitive information or apps that take maximum advantage of the cloud s elasticity. Start your foray into the cloud with your least bandwidth-hungry apps, or apps that don t 9

10 require five-nine availability, so you can get a feel for how your apps run in the cloud. Carefully consider the capabilities of prospective cloud service providers before moving forward with any specific app development projects. As organizations gain experience with migrating to the cloud, new opportunities for increasing agility, focus, and cost savings will emerge, and forward-looking companies will find new ways to transform them into competitive advantage. Tips for migrating apps to the cloud When deciding to migrate an application from on-premises to the cloud there are several aspects of the application architecture like the Application Management, Application Security, Application Compatibility and Database Compatibility need to be considered. Pointers for a successful data base migration: Assess database size Application test before migration Data confidentiality Design the service level agreement document Ensure scalability Fix the right operating system Eliminating garbage Application Management: For the effective running of the app, operation management team needs data that will enable them to make effective decisions. Before the application is deployed to production, issues like service-level agreements, capacity planning, customer billing, auditing, application monitoring, traffic analysis and managing cost need to be resolved for better results. Application Security: Mission-critical applications with high-availability and compliance are not suitable for running on public clouds or external private clouds as there are issues around resource control and geographic location of data. Since security being the top concern many companies have invested substantial amount of time, money and engineering to develop security models Application Compatibility: If you have the ability to run native code and you can run applications with full trust, you must package your application before deploying it to the cloud, which means it s important to evaluate your application to see if it s a good fit. Database Compatibility: Database sizing will determine what hardware is required, and how much storage and what instance will be needed after migration. This can be undertaken by the internal IT team itself. Data confidentiality is also a deal maker. Migrate only those databases or applications which are not mission critical. First migrate those databases which can be hosted in environments that may not be trusted. Impact of Cloud in the industry Cloud has now become the way that people live. It has already made huge waves in the technology industry. Consumer cloud services such as icloud, Google Drive and Dropbox have changed the way people think about digital content and how to use it. In the enterprise sector, cloud deployment is increasingly the preferred option, no longer the niche use case. Cloud computing involves the shift from IT-based products to business-oriented services. An 10

11 increasing presence of services such as Microsoft s Office 365: instead of needing to buy and maintain software for every PC in the organization, companies now have access to alwaysupdated office software through the cloud. Cloud Computing allows businesses to experiment with and to implement new services faster because there is no time needed to deal with computer hardware a lot, it is easier and faster to rent computing power via a cloud service than to buy the needed servers. Cloud computing has not only impacted the IT industry but also it changed the society and economy as a whole. Conclusion Cloud Computing is the next big wave in computing. It has several benefits such as better hardware management, better and easier management of data security. To summarize, the Cloud holds promise for all types of organizations, SMEs, large corporations and government firms. Cloud computing infrastructure are next generation platforms that can provide tremendous values to companies of any size. They can help companies achieve more efficient use of their IT hardware and software investment and provide a means to accelerate the adoption of innovations. Cloud computing increases the profitability by improving the resource utilization. However, different approaches are required by each organization to leverage the Cloud effectively Stylus Cloud enabled services Stylus cloud portfolio transparently integrates all the three service models: Platform as a Service, Infrastructure as a Service and Software as a Service. We follow a structured approach to establish our client s business needs, assess the underlying technology components like infrastructure, application, processes, policies etc and then deploy the appropriate cloud computing components. We were successful in analyzing current state to identify opportunities for leveraging cloud computing, assess and recommend the optimal cloud orchestration solution set, migrate cloudready applications and data to cloud environment, management of IaaS, PaaS, and SaaS components, managed services for a cloud environment etc. For best output we do the required changes across people, process and technology, and accelerate the transformation of IT to an ondemand, service-oriented environment. # 924, 5 A Cross, 1st Block, HRBR Layout, Bangalore

Module 1: Facilitated e-learning

Module 1: Facilitated e-learning Module 1: Facilitated e-learning CHAPTER 3: OVERVIEW OF CLOUD COMPUTING AND MOBILE CLOUDING: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR CAs... 3 PART 1: CLOUD AND MOBILE COMPUTING... 3 Learning Objectives... 3 1.1

More information

See Appendix A for the complete definition which includes the five essential characteristics, three service models, and four deployment models.

See Appendix A for the complete definition which includes the five essential characteristics, three service models, and four deployment models. Cloud Strategy Information Systems and Technology Bruce Campbell What is the Cloud? From http://csrc.nist.gov/publications/nistpubs/800-145/sp800-145.pdf Cloud computing is a model for enabling ubiquitous,

More information

Elastic Cloud Infrastructure:

Elastic Cloud Infrastructure: WHITE PAPER Elastic Cloud Infrastructure: Agile, Efficient and Under Your Control - 1 - INTRODUCTION Most businesses want to spend less time and money building and managing infrastructure to focus resources

More information

White Paper on CLOUD COMPUTING

White Paper on CLOUD COMPUTING White Paper on CLOUD COMPUTING INDEX 1. Introduction 2. Features of Cloud Computing 3. Benefits of Cloud computing 4. Service models of Cloud Computing 5. Deployment models of Cloud Computing 6. Examples

More information

20 th Year of Publication. A monthly publication from South Indian Bank. www.sib.co.in

20 th Year of Publication. A monthly publication from South Indian Bank. www.sib.co.in To kindle interest in economic affairs... To empower the student community... Open YAccess www.sib.co.in ho2099@sib.co.in A monthly publication from South Indian Bank 20 th Year of Publication Experience

More information

Cloud Computing; What is it, How long has it been here, and Where is it going?

Cloud Computing; What is it, How long has it been here, and Where is it going? Cloud Computing; What is it, How long has it been here, and Where is it going? David Losacco, CPA, CIA, CISA Principal January 10, 2013 Agenda The Cloud WHAT IS THE CLOUD? How long has it been here? Where

More information

Overview. The Cloud. Characteristics and usage of the cloud Realities and risks of the cloud

Overview. The Cloud. Characteristics and usage of the cloud Realities and risks of the cloud Overview The purpose of this paper is to introduce the reader to the basics of cloud computing or the cloud with the aim of introducing the following aspects: Characteristics and usage of the cloud Realities

More information

Cloud Computing for SCADA

Cloud Computing for SCADA Cloud Computing for SCADA Moving all or part of SCADA applications to the cloud can cut costs significantly while dramatically increasing reliability and scalability. A White Paper from InduSoft Larry

More information

Elastic Private Clouds

Elastic Private Clouds White Paper Elastic Private Clouds Agile, Efficient and Under Your Control 1 Introduction Most businesses want to spend less time and money building and managing IT infrastructure to focus resources on

More information

Public Clouds. Krishnan Subramanian Analyst & Researcher Krishworld.com. A whitepaper sponsored by Trend Micro Inc.

Public Clouds. Krishnan Subramanian Analyst & Researcher Krishworld.com. A whitepaper sponsored by Trend Micro Inc. Public Clouds Krishnan Subramanian Analyst & Researcher Krishworld.com A whitepaper sponsored by Trend Micro Inc. Introduction Public clouds are the latest evolution of computing, offering tremendous value

More information

VALUE PROPOSITION FOR SERVICE PROVIDERS. Helping Service Providers accelerate adoption of the cloud

VALUE PROPOSITION FOR SERVICE PROVIDERS. Helping Service Providers accelerate adoption of the cloud VALUE PROPOSITION FOR SERVICE PROVIDERS Helping Service Providers accelerate adoption of the cloud Partnership with Service Providers Enabling Your Cloud Services in Complex Environments Today s challenge

More information

Reaping the Benefits of Cloud Computing

Reaping the Benefits of Cloud Computing Reaping the Benefits of Cloud Computing Contents Introduction... 2 Finding #1: Better alignment between business and IT is a strategic objective for many companies.... 4 Finding #2: A majority of organizations

More information

INTRODUCTION THE CLOUD

INTRODUCTION THE CLOUD INTRODUCTION As technologies rapidly evolve, companies are responding with creative business models and exciting ways to reach new markets. But major technology shifts and the influx of information that

More information

IJRSET 2015 SPL Volume 2, Issue 11 Pages: 29-33

IJRSET 2015 SPL Volume 2, Issue 11 Pages: 29-33 CLOUD COMPUTING NEW TECHNOLOGIES 1 Gokul krishnan. 2 M, Pravin raj.k, 3 Ms. K.M. Poornima 1, 2 III MSC (software system), 3 Assistant professor M.C.A.,M.Phil. 1, 2, 3 Department of BCA&SS, 1, 2, 3 Sri

More information

GET CLOUD EMPOWERED. SEE HOW THE CLOUD CAN TRANSFORM YOUR BUSINESS.

GET CLOUD EMPOWERED. SEE HOW THE CLOUD CAN TRANSFORM YOUR BUSINESS. GET CLOUD EMPOWERED. SEE HOW THE CLOUD CAN TRANSFORM YOUR BUSINESS. Cloud computing is as much a paradigm shift in data center and IT management as it is a culmination of IT s capacity to drive business

More information

Cloud Infrastructure as a Service Market Update, 2015. United States

Cloud Infrastructure as a Service Market Update, 2015. United States Cloud Infrastructure as a Service Market Update, 2015 United States March 2015 Contents Section Slide Numbers Executive Summary 5 Market Overview 7 Definitions & Study Scope 8-10 Market Drivers 12-14 Market

More information

IBM 000-281 EXAM QUESTIONS & ANSWERS

IBM 000-281 EXAM QUESTIONS & ANSWERS IBM 000-281 EXAM QUESTIONS & ANSWERS Number: 000-281 Passing Score: 800 Time Limit: 120 min File Version: 58.8 http://www.gratisexam.com/ IBM 000-281 EXAM QUESTIONS & ANSWERS Exam Name: Foundations of

More information

ITL BULLETIN FOR JUNE 2012 CLOUD COMPUTING: A REVIEW OF FEATURES, BENEFITS, AND RISKS, AND RECOMMENDATIONS FOR SECURE, EFFICIENT IMPLEMENTATIONS

ITL BULLETIN FOR JUNE 2012 CLOUD COMPUTING: A REVIEW OF FEATURES, BENEFITS, AND RISKS, AND RECOMMENDATIONS FOR SECURE, EFFICIENT IMPLEMENTATIONS ITL BULLETIN FOR JUNE 2012 CLOUD COMPUTING: A REVIEW OF FEATURES, BENEFITS, AND RISKS, AND RECOMMENDATIONS FOR SECURE, EFFICIENT IMPLEMENTATIONS Shirley Radack, Editor Computer Security Division Information

More information

Kent State University s Cloud Strategy

Kent State University s Cloud Strategy Kent State University s Cloud Strategy Table of Contents Item Page 1. From the CIO 3 2. Strategic Direction for Cloud Computing at Kent State 4 3. Cloud Computing at Kent State University 5 4. Methodology

More information

Cloud Computing: What IT Professionals Need to Know

Cloud Computing: What IT Professionals Need to Know Learning Cloud Computing: What IT Professionals Need to Know Cloud computing promises new career opportunities for IT professionals. In many cases, existing core skill sets transfer directly to cloud technologies.

More information

INTRODUCTION TO CLOUD COMPUTING CEN483 PARALLEL AND DISTRIBUTED SYSTEMS

INTRODUCTION TO CLOUD COMPUTING CEN483 PARALLEL AND DISTRIBUTED SYSTEMS INTRODUCTION TO CLOUD COMPUTING CEN483 PARALLEL AND DISTRIBUTED SYSTEMS CLOUD COMPUTING Cloud computing is a model for enabling convenient, ondemand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing

More information

CLOUD COMPUTING An Overview

CLOUD COMPUTING An Overview CLOUD COMPUTING An Overview Abstract Resource sharing in a pure plug and play model that dramatically simplifies infrastructure planning is the promise of cloud computing. The two key advantages of this

More information

Top five lessons learned from enterprise hybrid cloud projects

Top five lessons learned from enterprise hybrid cloud projects Top five lessons learned from enterprise hybrid cloud projects Top performer highlights More than half of top performers give users access to selfservice provisioning across both private and public cloud

More information

WhitePaper. Private Cloud Computing Essentials

WhitePaper. Private Cloud Computing Essentials Private Cloud Computing Essentials The 2X Private Cloud Computing Essentials This white paper contains a brief guide to Private Cloud Computing. Contents Introduction.... 3 About Private Cloud Computing....

More information

GET CLOUD EMPOWERED. SEE HOW THE CLOUD CAN TRANSFORM YOUR BUSINESS.

GET CLOUD EMPOWERED. SEE HOW THE CLOUD CAN TRANSFORM YOUR BUSINESS. GET CLOUD EMPOWERED. SEE HOW THE CLOUD CAN TRANSFORM YOUR BUSINESS. Cloud computing is as much a paradigm shift in data center and IT management as it is a culmination of IT s capacity to drive business

More information

OVERVIEW Cloud Deployment Services

OVERVIEW Cloud Deployment Services OVERVIEW Cloud Deployment Services Audience This document is intended for those involved in planning, defining, designing, and providing cloud services to consumers. The intended audience includes the

More information

Introduction to Cloud Computing

Introduction to Cloud Computing 1 Introduction to Cloud Computing CERTIFICATION OBJECTIVES 1.01 Cloud Computing: Common Terms and Definitions 1.02 Cloud Computing and Virtualization 1.03 Early Examples of Cloud Computing 1.04 Cloud Computing

More information

INTRODUCING CLOUD POWER

INTRODUCING CLOUD POWER INTRODUCING CLOUD POWER WHAT IF YOU COULD TAKE YOUR EXISTING IT INFRASTRUC- TURE AND MAKE IT MORE FLEXIBLE, MORE PRODUCTIVE, AND MORE POWERFUL ALL FOR LESS MONEY THAN YOU RE CUR- RENTLY SPENDING? Introducing

More information

Architecting the Cloud

Architecting the Cloud Architecting the Cloud Sumanth Tarigopula Director, India Center, Best Shore Applications Services 2011Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without

More information

Enterprise Cloud Solutions

Enterprise Cloud Solutions IT(O) IT Outsourcing Options Enterprise Cloud Solutions CloudAgile Select Partner PDF v2.2 9/11/12 Cloud Computing with Latisys With the Latisys Cloud, your Enterprise can: Achieve unprecedented control,

More information

Who moved my cloud? Part I: Introduction to Private, Public and Hybrid clouds and smooth migration

Who moved my cloud? Part I: Introduction to Private, Public and Hybrid clouds and smooth migration Who moved my cloud? Part I: Introduction to Private, Public and Hybrid clouds and smooth migration Part I of an ebook series of cloud infrastructure and platform fundamentals not to be avoided when preparing

More information

Cloud Infrastructure Security

Cloud Infrastructure Security Cloud Infrastructure Security Dimiter Velev 1 and Plamena Zlateva 2 1 University of National and World Economy, UNSS - Studentski grad, 1700 Sofia, Bulgaria dvelev@unwe.acad.bg 2 Institute of Control and

More information

yvette@yvetteagostini.it yvette@yvetteagostini.it

yvette@yvetteagostini.it yvette@yvetteagostini.it 1 The following is merely a collection of notes taken during works, study and just-for-fun activities No copyright infringements intended: all sources are duly listed at the end of the document This work

More information

Implementing Hybrid Cloud at Microsoft

Implementing Hybrid Cloud at Microsoft Implementing Hybrid Cloud at Microsoft Published September 2013 The following content may no longer reflect Microsoft s current position or infrastructure. This content should be viewed as reference documentation

More information

Where in the Cloud are You? Session 17032 Thursday, March 5, 2015: 1:45 PM-2:45 PM Virginia (Sheraton Seattle)

Where in the Cloud are You? Session 17032 Thursday, March 5, 2015: 1:45 PM-2:45 PM Virginia (Sheraton Seattle) Where in the Cloud are You? Session 17032 Thursday, March 5, 2015: 1:45 PM-2:45 PM Virginia (Sheraton Seattle) Abstract The goal of this session is to understanding what is meant when we say Where in the

More information

Shaping Your IT. Cloud

Shaping Your IT. Cloud Shaping Your IT Cloud Hybrid Cloud Models Enable Organizations to Leverage Existing Resources and Augment IT Services As dynamic business demands continue to place unprecedented burden on technology infrastructure,

More information

Cloud Computing. Course: Designing and Implementing Service Oriented Business Processes

Cloud Computing. Course: Designing and Implementing Service Oriented Business Processes Cloud Computing Supplementary slides Course: Designing and Implementing Service Oriented Business Processes 1 Introduction Cloud computing represents a new way, in some cases a more cost effective way,

More information

Can security conscious businesses really adopt the Cloud safely?

Can security conscious businesses really adopt the Cloud safely? Can security conscious businesses really adopt the Cloud safely? January 2014 1 Phone: 01304 814800 Fax: 01304 814899 info@ Contents Executive overview The varied Cloud security landscape How risk assessment

More information

IBM Cognos TM1 on Cloud Solution scalability with rapid time to value

IBM Cognos TM1 on Cloud Solution scalability with rapid time to value IBM Solution scalability with rapid time to value Cloud-based deployment for full performance management functionality Highlights Reduced IT overhead and increased utilization rates with less hardware.

More information

Hybrid Cloud Architecture: How to Streamline Hybrid Cloud Migration

Hybrid Cloud Architecture: How to Streamline Hybrid Cloud Migration Hybrid Cloud Architecture: How to Streamline Hybrid Cloud Migration Introduction According to a Nucleus Research report cloud applications deliver 1.7 times more return on investment on average over on-

More information

Outline. What is cloud computing? History Cloud service models Cloud deployment forms Advantages/disadvantages

Outline. What is cloud computing? History Cloud service models Cloud deployment forms Advantages/disadvantages Ivan Zapevalov 2 Outline What is cloud computing? History Cloud service models Cloud deployment forms Advantages/disadvantages 3 What is cloud computing? 4 What is cloud computing? Cloud computing is the

More information

CHAPTER 8 CLOUD COMPUTING

CHAPTER 8 CLOUD COMPUTING CHAPTER 8 CLOUD COMPUTING SE 458 SERVICE ORIENTED ARCHITECTURE Assist. Prof. Dr. Volkan TUNALI Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences / Maltepe University Topics 2 Cloud Computing Essential Characteristics

More information

Cloud Computing demystified! ISACA-IIA Joint Meeting Dec 9, 2014 By: Juman Doleh-Alomary Office of Internal Audit jdoleh@wayne.edu

Cloud Computing demystified! ISACA-IIA Joint Meeting Dec 9, 2014 By: Juman Doleh-Alomary Office of Internal Audit jdoleh@wayne.edu Cloud Computing demystified! ISACA-IIA Joint Meeting Dec 9, 2014 By: Juman Doleh-Alomary Office of Internal Audit jdoleh@wayne.edu 2 If cloud computing is so simple, then what s the big deal? What is the

More information

On Premise Vs Cloud: Selection Approach & Implementation Strategies

On Premise Vs Cloud: Selection Approach & Implementation Strategies On Premise Vs Cloud: Selection Approach & Implementation Strategies Session ID#:10143 Prepared by: Praveen Kumar Practice Manager AST Corporation @Praveenk74 REMINDER Check in on the COLLABORATE mobile

More information

HARNESSING THE POWER OF THE CLOUD

HARNESSING THE POWER OF THE CLOUD HARNESSING THE POWER OF THE CLOUD Demystifying Cloud Computing Everyone is talking about the cloud nowadays. What does it really means? Indeed, cloud computing is the current stage in the Internet evolution.

More information

Master the Might of the Hybrid Cloud

Master the Might of the Hybrid Cloud Reach for the Sky Master the Might of the Hybrid Cloud WHITE PAPER As an IT decision maker at a global enterprise, you face unique challenges in managing a complex infrastructure with varied resources

More information

Developing SAP Enterprise Cloud Computing Strategy

Developing SAP Enterprise Cloud Computing Strategy White Paper WFT Cloud Technology SAP Cloud Integration Service Provider Developing SAP Enterprise Cloud Computing Strategy SAP Cloud Computing is a significant IT paradigm change with the potential to

More information

VMware Solutions for Small and Midsize Business

VMware Solutions for Small and Midsize Business SOLUTION BRIEF VMware Solutions for Small and Midsize Business Protect Your Business, Simplify and Save on IT, and Empower Your Employees AT A GLANCE VMware is a leader in virtualization and cloud infrastructure

More information

Cloud Computing 159.735. Submitted By : Fahim Ilyas (08497461) Submitted To : Martin Johnson Submitted On: 31 st May, 2009

Cloud Computing 159.735. Submitted By : Fahim Ilyas (08497461) Submitted To : Martin Johnson Submitted On: 31 st May, 2009 Cloud Computing 159.735 Submitted By : Fahim Ilyas (08497461) Submitted To : Martin Johnson Submitted On: 31 st May, 2009 Table of Contents Introduction... 3 What is Cloud Computing?... 3 Key Characteristics...

More information

Leveraging the Private Cloud for Competitive Advantage

Leveraging the Private Cloud for Competitive Advantage Leveraging the Private Cloud for Competitive Advantage Introduction While it is universally accepted that organisations will leverage cloud solutions to service their IT needs, there is a lack of clarity

More information

Computing in a virtual world Cloud Computing

Computing in a virtual world Cloud Computing Computing in a virtual world Cloud Computing Just what is cloud computing anyway? Skeptics might say it is nothing but industry hyperbole, visionaries might say it is the future of IT. In realty, both

More information

Computing: Public, Private, and Hybrid. You ve heard a lot lately about Cloud Computing even that there are different kinds of Clouds.

Computing: Public, Private, and Hybrid. You ve heard a lot lately about Cloud Computing even that there are different kinds of Clouds. Cloud Computing: Public, Private, and Hybrid You ve heard a lot lately about Cloud Computing even that there are different kinds of Clouds. And you ve got questions:» What are the differences between Public

More information

4/28/2014. What's the Scoop on Cloud Computing. Agenda. Why you are here?

4/28/2014. What's the Scoop on Cloud Computing. Agenda. Why you are here? What's the Scoop on Cloud Computing and Virtualization? ation? April 30, 2014 Jason Wampler, Director of IT, Association Forum of Chicagoland Agenda History and Conceptual Overview of Virtualization &

More information

Security Issues in Cloud Computing

Security Issues in Cloud Computing Security Issues in Computing CSCI 454/554 Computing w Definition based on NIST: A model for enabling ubiquitous, convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources

More information

CUMULUX WHICH CLOUD PLATFORM IS RIGHT FOR YOU? COMPARING CLOUD PLATFORMS. Review Business and Technology Series www.cumulux.com

CUMULUX WHICH CLOUD PLATFORM IS RIGHT FOR YOU? COMPARING CLOUD PLATFORMS. Review Business and Technology Series www.cumulux.com ` CUMULUX WHICH CLOUD PLATFORM IS RIGHT FOR YOU? COMPARING CLOUD PLATFORMS Review Business and Technology Series www.cumulux.com Table of Contents Cloud Computing Model...2 Impact on IT Management and

More information

Cloud Computing. Bringing the Cloud into Focus

Cloud Computing. Bringing the Cloud into Focus Cloud Computing Bringing the Cloud into Focus November 2011 Introduction Ken Cochrane CEO, IT/NET Partner, KPGM Performance and Technology National co-leader IT Advisory Services KPMG Andrew Brewin Vice

More information

Confidence in the Cloud Five Ways to Capitalize with Symantec

Confidence in the Cloud Five Ways to Capitalize with Symantec Five Ways to Capitalize with Symantec Solution Brief: Confidence in the Cloud Confidence in the Cloud Contents Overview...............................................................................................

More information

CLOUD COMPUTING IN HIGHER EDUCATION

CLOUD COMPUTING IN HIGHER EDUCATION Mr Dinesh G Umale Saraswati College,Shegaon (Department of MCA) CLOUD COMPUTING IN HIGHER EDUCATION Abstract Technology has grown rapidly with scientific advancement over the world in recent decades. Therefore,

More information

Managing Cloud Computing Risk

Managing Cloud Computing Risk Managing Cloud Computing Risk Presented By: Dan Desko; Manager, Internal IT Audit & Risk Advisory Services Schneider Downs & Co. Inc. ddesko@schneiderdowns.com Learning Objectives Understand how to identify

More information

Capability Paper. Today, aerospace and defense (A&D) companies find

Capability Paper. Today, aerospace and defense (A&D) companies find Today, aerospace and defense (A&D) companies find Today, aerospace and defense (A&D) companies find themselves at potentially perplexing crossroads. On one hand, shrinking defense budgets, an increasingly

More information

Alternatives to Legacy IT Systems: An Unbiased Look at the Current State of the Cloud Market

Alternatives to Legacy IT Systems: An Unbiased Look at the Current State of the Cloud Market Alternatives to Legacy IT Systems: An Unbiased Look at the Current State of the Cloud Market 2012 SAVVIS. All Rights Reserved. 1 Executive Summary There are a limited number of technologies which have

More information

The Key Components of a Cloud-Based Unified Communications Offering

The Key Components of a Cloud-Based Unified Communications Offering The Key Components of a Cloud-Based Unified Communications Offering Organizations must enhance their communications and collaboration capabilities to remain competitive. Get up to speed with this tech

More information

VMware Hybrid Cloud. Accelerate Your Time to Value

VMware Hybrid Cloud. Accelerate Your Time to Value VMware Hybrid Cloud Accelerate Your Time to Value Fulfilling the Promise of Hybrid Cloud Computing Through 2020, the most common use of cloud services will be a hybrid model combining on-premises and external

More information

Achieve Economic Synergies by Managing Your Human Capital In The Cloud

Achieve Economic Synergies by Managing Your Human Capital In The Cloud Achieve Economic Synergies by Managing Your Human Capital In The Cloud By Orblogic, March 12, 2014 KEY POINTS TO CONSIDER C LOUD S OLUTIONS A RE P RACTICAL AND E ASY TO I MPLEMENT Time to market and rapid

More information

Private & Hybrid Cloud: Risk, Security and Audit. Scott Lowry, Hassan Javed VMware, Inc. March 2012

Private & Hybrid Cloud: Risk, Security and Audit. Scott Lowry, Hassan Javed VMware, Inc. March 2012 Private & Hybrid Cloud: Risk, Security and Audit Scott Lowry, Hassan Javed VMware, Inc. March 2012 Private and Hybrid Cloud - Risk, Security and Audit Objectives: Explain the technology and benefits behind

More information

A SURVEY OF CLOUD COMPUTING: NETWORK BASED ISSUES PERFORMANCE AND ANALYSIS

A SURVEY OF CLOUD COMPUTING: NETWORK BASED ISSUES PERFORMANCE AND ANALYSIS A SURVEY OF CLOUD COMPUTING: NETWORK BASED ISSUES PERFORMANCE AND ANALYSIS *Dr Umesh Sehgal, #Shalini Guleria *Associate Professor,ARNI School of Computer Science,Arni University,KathagarhUmeshsehgalind@gmail.com

More information

Fujitsu Dynamic Cloud Bridging today and tomorrow

Fujitsu Dynamic Cloud Bridging today and tomorrow Fujitsu Dynamic Cloud Bridging today and tomorrow Contents Cloud Computing with Fujitsu 3 Fujitsu Dynamic Cloud: Higher Dynamics for Enterprises 4 Fujitsu Dynamic Cloud: Our Offering 6 High Security Standards

More information

How cloud computing can transform your business landscape

How cloud computing can transform your business landscape How cloud computing can transform your business landscape Introduction It seems like everyone is talking about the cloud. Cloud computing and cloud services are the new buzz words for what s really a not

More information

Overview of Cloud Computing and Cloud Computing s Use in Government Justin Heyman CGCIO, Information Technology Specialist, Township of Franklin

Overview of Cloud Computing and Cloud Computing s Use in Government Justin Heyman CGCIO, Information Technology Specialist, Township of Franklin Overview of Cloud Computing and Cloud Computing s Use in Government Justin Heyman CGCIO, Information Technology Specialist, Township of Franklin Best Practices for Security in the Cloud John Essner, Director

More information

Hadoop in the Hybrid Cloud

Hadoop in the Hybrid Cloud Presented by Hortonworks and Microsoft Introduction An increasing number of enterprises are either currently using or are planning to use cloud deployment models to expand their IT infrastructure. Big

More information

The Hybrid Cloud: Bringing Cloud-Based IT Services to State Government

The Hybrid Cloud: Bringing Cloud-Based IT Services to State Government The Hybrid Cloud: Bringing Cloud-Based IT Services to State Government October 4, 2009 Prepared By: Robert Woolley and David Fletcher Introduction Provisioning Information Technology (IT) services to enterprises

More information

PART I: The Pros and Cons of Public Cloud Computing

PART I: The Pros and Cons of Public Cloud Computing PART I: The Pros and Cons of Public Cloud Computing Pros 1. Efficiently use the resource through sharing Users from companies or enterprises can access to the centralized servers where data are stored

More information

What Is The Cloud And How Can Your Agency Use It. Tom Konop Mark Piontek Cathleen Christensen

What Is The Cloud And How Can Your Agency Use It. Tom Konop Mark Piontek Cathleen Christensen What Is The Cloud And How Can Your Agency Use It Tom Konop Mark Piontek Cathleen Christensen Video Computer Basics: What is the Cloud What is Cloud Computing Cloud Computing Basics The use of the word

More information

Supporting Sustainable Cloud Services Investing In The Network To Deliver Scalable, Reliable, And Secure Cloud Computing

Supporting Sustainable Cloud Services Investing In The Network To Deliver Scalable, Reliable, And Secure Cloud Computing October 2009 Supporting Sustainable Cloud Services Investing In The Network To Deliver Scalable, Reliable, And Secure Cloud Computing A commissioned study conducted by Forrester Consulting on behalf of

More information

Cloud Computing Flying High (or not) Ben Roper IT Director City of College Station

Cloud Computing Flying High (or not) Ben Roper IT Director City of College Station Cloud Computing Flying High (or not) Ben Roper IT Director City of College Station What is Cloud Computing? http://www.agent-x.com.au/ Wikipedia - the use of computing resources (hardware and software)

More information

Introductions. KPMG Presenters: Jay Schulman - Managing Director, Advisory - KPMG National Leader Identity and Access Management

Introductions. KPMG Presenters: Jay Schulman - Managing Director, Advisory - KPMG National Leader Identity and Access Management Introductions KPMG Presenters: Jay Schulman - Managing Director, Advisory - KPMG National Leader Identity and Access Management Agenda 1. Introduction 2. What is Cloud Computing? 3. The Identity Management

More information

Introduction to Cloud Computing

Introduction to Cloud Computing Introduction to Cloud Computing Rohit Thakral rohit@targetintegration.com +353 1 886 5684 About Rohit Expertise Sales/Business Management Helpdesk Management Open Source Software & Cloud Expertise Running

More information

The NREN s core activities are in providing network and associated services to its user community that usually comprises:

The NREN s core activities are in providing network and associated services to its user community that usually comprises: 3 NREN and its Users The NREN s core activities are in providing network and associated services to its user community that usually comprises: Higher education institutions and possibly other levels of

More information

Essential Characteristics of Cloud Computing: On-Demand Self-Service Rapid Elasticity Location Independence Resource Pooling Measured Service

Essential Characteristics of Cloud Computing: On-Demand Self-Service Rapid Elasticity Location Independence Resource Pooling Measured Service Cloud Computing Although cloud computing is quite a recent term, elements of the concept have been around for years. It is the maturation of Internet. Cloud Computing is the fine end result of a long chain;

More information

Cloud Computing Phillip Hampton LogicForce Consulting, LLC

Cloud Computing Phillip Hampton LogicForce Consulting, LLC Phillip Hampton LogicForce Consulting, LLC New IT Paradigm What is? Benefits of Risks of 5 What the Future Holds 7 Defined...model for enabling ubiquitous, it convenient, ondemand network access to a shared

More information

Introduction to Cloud Computing. Srinath Beldona srinath_beldona@yahoo.com

Introduction to Cloud Computing. Srinath Beldona srinath_beldona@yahoo.com Introduction to Cloud Computing Srinath Beldona srinath_beldona@yahoo.com Agenda Pre-requisites Course objectives What you will learn in this tutorial? Brief history Is cloud computing new? Why cloud computing?

More information

Cloud Computing: The Need for Portability and Interoperability

Cloud Computing: The Need for Portability and Interoperability I D C E X E C U T I V E I N S I G H T S Cloud Computing: The Need for Portability and Interoperability August 2010 By Jean Bozman, Research Vice President, Enterprise Servers and Gary Chen, Research Manager,

More information

Cloud Computing - Architecture, Applications and Advantages

Cloud Computing - Architecture, Applications and Advantages Cloud Computing - Architecture, Applications and Advantages 1 Arun Mani Tripathi 2 Rizwan Beg NIELIT Ministry of C&I.T., Govt. of India 2 Prof. and Head, Department 1 of Computer science and Engineering,Integral

More information

SECURITY POLICY MANAGEMENT ACROSS THE NEXT GENERATION DATA CENTER

SECURITY POLICY MANAGEMENT ACROSS THE NEXT GENERATION DATA CENTER SECURITY POLICY MANAGEMENT ACROSS THE NEXT GENERATION DATA CENTER An AlgoSec Whitepaper MANAGE SECURITY AT THE SPEED OF BUSINESS AlgoSec Whitepaper Introduction Corporate networks today must deliver hundreds

More information

Sage ERP I White Paper. ERP and the Cloud: What You Need to Know

Sage ERP I White Paper. ERP and the Cloud: What You Need to Know I White Paper ERP and the Cloud: What You Need to Know Table of Contents Executive Summary... 3 Increased Interest in Cloud-Based ERP and SaaS Implementations... 3 What is Cloud/SaaS ERP?... 3 Why Interest

More information

Cloud Computing in Higher Education: A Guide to Evaluation and Adoption

Cloud Computing in Higher Education: A Guide to Evaluation and Adoption Cloud Computing in Higher Education: A Guide to Evaluation and Adoption Executive Summary Public cloud computing delivering infrastructure, services, and software on demand through the network offers attractive

More information

Making Leaders Successful Every Day

Making Leaders Successful Every Day Making Leaders Successful Every Day Why & How Enterprises Are Adopting the Cloud James Staten, VP, Principal Analyst The bottom line 1. Public cloud adoption is driven by the business, not IT Empowered

More information

The Cloud is Not Enough Why Hybrid Infrastructure is Shaping the Future of Cloud Computing

The Cloud is Not Enough Why Hybrid Infrastructure is Shaping the Future of Cloud Computing Your Platform of Choice The Cloud is Not Enough Why Hybrid Infrastructure is Shaping the Future of Cloud Computing Mark Cravotta EVP Sales and Service SingleHop LLC Talk About Confusing? Where do I start?

More information

Architectural Implications of Cloud Computing

Architectural Implications of Cloud Computing Architectural Implications of Cloud Computing Grace Lewis Research, Technology and Systems Solutions (RTSS) Program Lewis is a senior member of the technical staff at the SEI in the Research, Technology,

More information

Cloud computing: the state of the art and challenges. Jānis Kampars Riga Technical University

Cloud computing: the state of the art and challenges. Jānis Kampars Riga Technical University Cloud computing: the state of the art and challenges Jānis Kampars Riga Technical University Presentation structure Enabling technologies Cloud computing defined Dealing with load in cloud computing Service

More information

Everything You Need To Know About Cloud Computing

Everything You Need To Know About Cloud Computing Everything You Need To Know About Cloud Computing What Every Business Owner Should Consider When Choosing Cloud Hosted Versus Internally Hosted Software 1 INTRODUCTION Cloud computing is the current information

More information

Creative Configurations

Creative Configurations Creative Configurations Mixing and Matching Public, Private and Hybrid Clouds for Maximum Benefits Through this year-long series of whitepapers and webinars, independent analyst Ben Kepes is creating a

More information

The Key Components of a Cloud-Based UC Offering

The Key Components of a Cloud-Based UC Offering The Key Components of a Cloud-Based UC Offering Organizations must enhance their communications and collaboration capabilities to remain competitive. Get up to speed with this tech primer and find new

More information

Capturing the New Frontier:

Capturing the New Frontier: Capturing the New Frontier: How Software Security Unlocks the Power of Cloud Computing Executive Summary Cloud computing is garnering a vast share of IT interest. Its promise of revolutionary cost savings

More information

Privacy in the Cloud A Microsoft Perspective

Privacy in the Cloud A Microsoft Perspective A Microsoft Perspective November 2010 The information contained in this document represents the current view of Microsoft Corp. on the issues discussed as of the date of publication. Because Microsoft

More information

CLOUD COMPUTING SECURITY ISSUES

CLOUD COMPUTING SECURITY ISSUES CLOUD COMPUTING SECURITY ISSUES Florin OGIGAU-NEAMTIU IT Specialist The Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Brasov, Romania The term cloud computing has been in the spotlights

More information

Processing invoices in the cloud or on premises pros and cons

Processing invoices in the cloud or on premises pros and cons WHITE PAPER Purchase-to-pay by ReadSoft. Automated account payables processing software Author: Wille Dahl March 2012 Copyright ReadSoft - www.readsoft.com Processing invoices in the cloud or on premises

More information

HP S POINT OF VIEW TO CLOUD

HP S POINT OF VIEW TO CLOUD HP S POINT OF VIEW TO CLOUD Frank Bloch Director Technology Consulting 2010 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice 3 GLOBAL MEGA

More information

Cloud Computing Guidelines

Cloud Computing Guidelines 1 Cloud Computing Guidelines Contents Introduction... 3 What is cloud computing?... 3 Why use cloud computing?... 4 The building blocks of cloud computing... 8 Best practice guidelines... 12 The legal

More information