NVM5. Intraoperative Monitoring (IOM) Reimbursement Guide

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1 2014 NVM5 Intraoperative Monitoring (IOM) Reimbursement Guide

2 2014 NVM5 Intraoperative Monitoring (IOM) Reimbursement Guide

3 CONTENTS OVERVIEW OF THE NVM5 INTRAOPERATIVE MONITORING SYSTEM 1 PURPOSE OF THIS GUIDE 2 DISCLAIMER 2 CODING AND PAYMENT FOR IOM 2 SUMMARY OF IOM CODES 2 IOM REIMBURSEMENT CONSIDERATIONS 3 IOM MONITORING CODES 5 MEDICARE COVERAGE SPECIFIC TO HCPCS CODE G0453 AND CPT CODE ICD-9 PROCEDURE CODING 7 IOM MODIFIERS AND DEVICE HCPCS CODES 8 FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS 9 ADDENDUM A: IOM CPT AND HCPCS CODES IOM CPT AND HCPCS CODES 11 COMPUTER-ASSISTED (NAVIGATIONAL) CPT CODE NVM5 ROD BENDING AND NVM5 GUIDANCE 12 ADDENDUM B: AMBULATORY SURGERY CENTER INFORMATION 13 ADDENDUM C: OUTPATIENT PAYMENT RATES 13 ADDENDUM D: MEDICARE CARRIERS BY STATE, AS OF MARCH

4 2014 NVM5 Intraoperative Monitoring (IOM) Reimbursement Guide OVERVIEW OF THE NVM5 INTRAOPERATIVE MONITORING SYSTEM NuVasive NVM5 is an EMG (electromyography), MEP (motor evoked potentials), and SSEP (somatosensory evoked potentials) Intraoperative Monitoring system that assists with implant placement and surgical technique by monitoring nerve and spinal cord activity throughout the surgical procedure. Bendini is a computer assisted NVM5 Rod Bending system used to bend rods to specific implant locations for spinal surgery applications. The system uses a digitizer, an infrared camera, Bendini software, and a mechanical Rod Bender to expedite manual rod manipulation. NVM5 Guidance aids surgeons in the placement of lumbar pedicle screws through preplanned angle measurements and integrated dynamic EMG information. NVM5 combines intraoperative electrically stimulated EMG and spontaneous EMG activity to help the surgeon assess possible nerve root irritation or injury during spine surgery. Patented software algorithms help provide the surgeon with real-time data to assist with assessment of the patient s neurophysiological status. Motor pathways of the cord are monitored using MEP, whereby a controlled stimulation elicits a motor response that is transmitted through the cord and measured at muscle recording sites. Electrodes record muscle activity during the procedure, allowing for intraoperative assessment of spinal cord and motor pathway integrity. Sensory pathways are monitored using SSEP by stimulating peripheral nerves and recording the responses at various points leading up to the sensory cortex of the brain. MEP SSEP EMG 1

5 PURPOSE OF THIS GUIDE NuVasive has prepared this Intraoperative Monitoring (IOM) Reimbursement Guide to assist surgeons and physicians in properly billing for the use of the NVM5 Intraoperative Monitoring system. This Guide presents pertinent information regarding IOM coding and payment. DISCLAIMER The information provided in this Guide is general coding information only and is not meant to replace coding advice from payors. It is the responsibility of the Provider to determine and submit appropriate codes, charges, modifiers, and bills for services rendered. Payors or their local branches may have their own coding and reimbursement requirements. Before rendering IOM services, Providers should obtain preauthorization from the payor, if required. If you have any questions regarding reimbursement, please contact NuVasive Spine Reimbursement Support by calling or ing Although the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) and the American Medical Association (AMA) Current Procedural Terminology (CPT ) codes 1 were the primary source of the information contained in this Guide, NuVasive does not represent or guarantee that the information is complete, accurate, or applicable to any particular patient or third-party payor. NuVasive disclaims all liability for any consequence resulting from any reliance on the information contained in this Guide. The decision to bill for any service must be made by the healthcare Provider considering the medical necessity of the service rendered. SUMMARY OF IOM CODES The following IOM codes must always be billed with the primary procedure code(s). CPT code IOM in the O.R., one-on-one monitoring, per 15 minutes CPT code IOM from outside the O.R. (remote or nearby) or monitoring of more than one case while in the O.R., per hour CPT code invalidated by CMS Replaced with HCPCS code G0453 for Medicare cases HCPCS code G0453 IOM from outside the O.R. (remote or nearby), monitoring professional can only bill for exclusive time spent monitoring a Medicare patient, per 15 minutes CODING AND PAYMENT FOR IOM When physicians bill for services performed they use the Healthcare Common Procedure Coding System (HCPCS). HCPCS is a collection of standardized codes that represent medical procedures, supplies, products, and services. The codes are used to facilitate the processing of health insurance claims by Medicare and other insurers. Medicare can also create its own HCPCS code set for physician billing, often in the form of G codes. HCPCS is divided into two categories, Level I and Level II. Level I consists of CPT codes five-digit numbers accompanied by narrative descriptions. The CPT codes are created and maintained by the AMA, and reviewed and revised on an annual basis. Level II HCPCS codes identify products, supplies, and services not included in CPT and may be adopted by CMS for a number of reasons. Each CPT code and G code has an assigned number of relative value units (RVUs) that are designed to compare the physician work, malpractice costs, and practice expenses associated with a given procedure or service to those associated with all other procedures or services. RVUs vary by region. Medicare annually revises a dollar conversion factor that, when multiplied by the RVUs of the CPT code or G code, results in the national Medicare reimbursement for that specific code. Commercial payors may also consider the RVUs of the CPT code when establishing physician fee schedules. Please refer to Addendum A for more information regarding the IOM CPT and HCPCS codes. 1 CPT codes, descriptions, and other data are copyright 2014 American Medical Association. All rights reserved. Applicable FARS/DFARS clauses apply. 2

6 2014 NVM5 Intraoperative Monitoring (IOM) Reimbursement Guide IOM REIMBURSEMENT CONSIDERATIONS REIMBURSEMENT FOR IOM REQUIRES CONSIDERATION OF THE FOLLOWING: 1 MONITORING PROVIDED BY A SECOND PHYSICIAN (NOT THE OPERATING SURGEON) 2 DOCUMENTATION OF MONITORING 3 PLACE OF SERVICE 4 BUSINESS ARRANGEMENTS Policies vary by payor, as well as geography. It is important for physicians and group practices to familiarize themselves with local reimbursement policies. 1 The physician being reimbursed for monitoring cannot be the operating surgeon, as monitoring by the primary surgeon is considered a bundled component of the surgery, according to National Correct Coding Initiative (NCCI) edits and the description of CPT codes and A qualified remote monitoring physician must typically be licensed to practice in the state and possess hospital credentials or privileges where the surgery is taking place. MONITORING PROVIDED BY A SECOND PHYSICIAN (NOT THE OPERATING SURGEON) The physician being reimbursed for monitoring shall have a distinct National Provider Identifier (NPI). If not, the payor may consider the operating surgeon and monitoring physician to be the same and may not reimburse for the remote monitoring service. Note that the Taxpayer Identification Number for the operating surgeon and monitoring physician may be the same if they both belong to the same practice. Many Medicare local coverage determinations (LCDs) or other payor coverage guidelines restrict billing by anesthesiologists, technical/surgical assistants, nurses, or other professionals employed by the hospital or practice. Providers should contact their Medicare carrier or payor regarding specific questions related to these policies. 3

7 IOM REIMBURSEMENT CONSIDERATIONS DOCUMENTATION OF MONITORING In order for neurophysiologic monitoring to be a reimbursable event, the medical need for monitoring is documented by a 2written order in the patient s chart. Additional documentation may also be included in the monitoring report. The following information may be considered for inclusion in the monitoring report: Description of the modalities monitored. Clinical information illustrating how the monitoring assisted with the surgical procedure. Duration of monitoring. Location of the interpreting physician during monitoring (e.g., on site or remote). PLACE OF SERVICE Place of Service (POS) code for remote monitoring performed at the physician s office depends on the policy of the payor. 3Either POS code 11 (office) or 21 (inpatient hospital) may be appropriate. POS code 21 should be used for Medicare claims. In general, the POS code reflects the place where the patient (beneficiary) receives the face-to-face service (inpatient hospital POS code 21). When using POS code 21, the remote physician should report the address and zip code of his or her office on the claim form. PAYOR POLICIES REGARDING PLACE OF SERVICE MAY VARY. Inpatient Hospital POS code 21 Office POS code 11 BUSINESS ARRANGEMENTS Business arrangements must comply with the federal Stark and anti-kickback laws. 4STARK LAW The federal Stark Law was created to protect patients of Medicare or Medicaid from physician self-referral. Physician self-referral occurs when a physician refers a patient to a facility in which the physician has a financial interest. The Stark Law prohibits a physician from referring a patient to a medical facility with which the physician or his immediate family has a financial relationship. This includes ownership, investment, or a structured compensation agreement. This does not apply when the physician is employed by a hospital or has hospital privileges. ANTI-KICKBACK LAW The federal anti-kickback law s main purpose is to protect patients and federal healthcare programs from fraud and abuse by containing the influence of money on healthcare decisions. The law states that anyone who receives or pays to influence the referral of federal healthcare program business can be charged with a felony. 4

8 2014 NVM5 Intraoperative Monitoring (IOM) Reimbursement Guide IOM MONITORING CODES CPT CODES AND CPT code 95940: continuous IOM in the O.R., one-on-one monitoring requiring personal attendance, each 15 minutes. CPT code 95941: continuous IOM, from outside the O.R. (remote or nearby) or for monitoring of more than one case while in the O.R., per hour. CPT codes and represent the IOM component of the study/studies and are add-on codes. CPT code or must always be billed together with the applicable primary procedure code(s). CPT CODE IOM in the O.R., one-on-one monitoring, per 15 minutes 15 MIN. 60 CPT CODE MIN. 15 MIN. 60 MIN. IOM from outside the O.R. (remote or nearby) or monitoring of more than one case while in the O.R., per hour. HCPCS CODE G0453 CMS invalidated CPT code for Medicare cases and replaced it with HCPCS code G0453. CPT code still applies. HCPCS code G0453: continuous IOM, from outside the O.R. (remote or nearby), per patient (attention directed exclusively to one patient), each 15 minutes. HCPCS code G0453 must always be billed together with the applicable primary procedure code(s). HCPCS CODE G IOM from outside the O.R. (remote or nearby), monitoring professional can only bill for exclusive time spent monitoring a MIN. 60 MIN. Medicare patient, per 15 minutes. PRIMARY PROCEDURE code(s): 92585, 95822, , , , 95928, 95929, , 95938,

9 IOM MONITORING CODES INSTRUCTIONS FOR CPT CODES AND GUIDELINES REGARDING CPT CODES AND INCLUDE: Codes and describe the ongoing neurophysiologic testing and monitoring performed during surgical procedures. Time spent performing or interpreting the baseline neurophysiologic study/studies should not be counted as IOM, but reported as separate procedure(s). The baseline neurophysiologic study/studies should be used once per operative session. CPT CODE CPT code should be used once per 15 minutes, even if multiple nerve monitoring studies are performed. Code is billed in whole units and should be rounded up to the next unit if at least 8 minutes of service is provided. CPT CODE CPT code should be used once per hour, even if multiple nerve monitoring studies are performed. CPT code is billed in whole units and should be rounded up to the next unit if at least 31 minutes of service is provided. GUIDANCE FOR CPT CODES AND The monitoring physician must be monitoring in real-time. The monitoring physician must be solely dedicated to performing the monitoring. The monitoring physician must have the capacity for continuous or immediate contact with the operating room at all times. When monitoring more than one case, the monitoring physician must have the ability to transfer patient monitoring to another monitoring physician should the monitoring physician s exclusive attention be required for another case. INSTRUCTIONS FOR MEDICARE HCPCS CODE G0453 MEDICARE GUIDELINES REGARDING HCPCS CODE G0453 INCLUDE: Multiple cases may be monitored simultaneously, but the monitoring physician can only bill one case at a time. HCPCS code G0453 is billed in whole units and should be rounded up to the next unit if at least 8 minutes of service is provided, not to exceed 4 units per hour. Monitoring physicians may use the method of their choice to allocate time to patients being simultaneously monitored, but only one unit of service can be billed for a 15-minute time period. The monitoring physician may add up non-continuous time directed at one patient to determine how many units may be billed. Monitoring physicians must account for the exclusive, non-continuous time spent monitoring Medicare patients when billing Medicare. 6

10 2014 NVM5 Intraoperative Monitoring (IOM) Reimbursement Guide MEDICARE COVERAGE SPECIFIC TO HCPCS CODE G0453 AND CPT CODE Payment under Medicare for inpatient hospital services is based on a classification system determined by patient diagnosis known as Medicare Severity Diagnosis Related Groups (MS-DRGs). Under MS DRGs, a hospital is paid at a predetermined, specific rate for each Medicare discharge. Fixed prices are established for hospital services based on the patient diagnosis and are paid regardless of the actual costs the hospital incurs when providing the services. The MS-DRG payment system is based on averages. Payment is determined by treatment required for the average Medicare patient for a given set of diseases or disorders. This includes the length of stay, the number of services provided, and the intensity of services. Only one MS-DRG is assigned to a patient for a particular hospital admission. These admissions are determined by the patient s diagnosis and procedure code(s). ICD-9 (00.94 IOM) Hospitals should code nerve monitoring in addition to the primary surgical procedures with ICD-9 (Clinical Modification) procedure code Intraoperative Neurophysiologic Monitoring to ensure tracking of the use of these services. The tracking is used to develop future payments. The technical component (-TC) of IOM (i.e., use of the NVM5 system) is considered by Medicare to be part of the inpatient service and is not reimbursed separately from the MS-DRG. IOM IS USUALLY BUNDLED INTO THE OVERALL PAYMENT FOR THE HOSPITAL STAY AND IS NOT PAID SEPARATELY UNDER MS-DRGS. ONLY ONE MS-DRG IS ASSIGNED TO A PATIENT PER HOSPITAL ADMISSION. HOSPITALS SHOULD CODE IOM IN ADDITION TO THE PRIMARY SURGICAL PROCEDURE WITH ICD-9 (00.94 INTRAOPERATIVE NEUROPHYSIOLOGIC MONITORING). It is important to check your Medicare carrier s LCDs to ascertain specific carrier requirements for remote monitoring. 2 ICD-9 PROCEDURE CODING ICD-9-CM (CLINICAL MODIFICATION) PROCEDURE CODE Intraoperative Neurophysiologic Monitoring OTHER POSSIBLE REVENUE CODES 920 Other Diagnostic Services 922 Electromyogram 2 7

11 IOM MODIFIERS AND DEVICE HCPCS CODES COMMON MODIFIERS USED WITH IOM Medicare did not allocate a technical or professional component to CPT code or HCPCS code G0453 and has not listed such components in connection with CPT code The use of modifiers with CPT code is dependent on payor policy. Modifiers may be used with the primary code(s). COMMON MODIFIERS USED WITH IOM MODIFIER DESCRIPTION EXAMPLE OF USE -26 -TC Used to denote the professional component reflecting the physician s interpretation of the diagnostic test. Used to denote the technical component of the service. The physician performing the interpretation would bill for the professional component of the IOM. The hospital or third party providing the technical component of the service would bill TC for the technical component of the IOM. DEVICE HCPCS CODES 3 The following product codes highlight possible codes for use with NVM5 Intraoperative Monitoring system: A4550 A4556 A4557 A4649 Surgical tray Electrodes, per pair Lead wires, per pair Surgical supply, miscellaneous PRIMARY CPT CODES NOT COMMONLY USED WITH NVM5 CPT CODES NOT COMMONLY USED WITH NVM5 CPT Description Needle electromyography; cranial nerve supplied muscle(s), unilateral Needle electromyography; cranial nerve supplied muscles, bilateral Needle electromyography, each extremity, with related paraspinal areas, when performed, done with nerve conduction amplitude and latency/velocity study; limited Needle electromyography, each extremity, with related paraspinal areas; complete, five or more muscles studied, innervated by three or more nerves or four or more spinal levels Needle electromyography, non-extremity with nerve conduction, amplitude and latency/velocity study Short-latency somatosensory evoked potentials study, stimulation of any/all peripheral nerves or skin sites, recording from the central nervous system; in the trunk or head (trigeminal) Neuromuscular junction testing (repetitive stimulations, paired stimuli); each nerve, any one method 3 The Device HCPCS codes are used for outpatient claims only and may or may not be reimbursed separately from the procedure payment. 8

12 2014 NVM5 Intraoperative Monitoring (IOM) Reimbursement Guide FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS 1. CAN THE MONITORING PHYSICIAN MULTITASK? The physician must be solely dedicated to performing monitoring and have the capacity for continuous or immediate contact with the operating surgeon. It is always best to seek specific guidance from the individual payors as reimbursement policies vary. 2. CAN THE MONITORING PHYSICIAN MONITOR MULTIPLE CASES AT THE OFFICE? Yes. The monitoring physician can monitor multiple cases. Medicare HCPCS code G0453 only allows for one case at a time to be billed. 3. STIMULATED EMG IS OFTEN USED AS A TOOL TO CHECK THE PLACEMENT OF PEDICLE SCREWS IN SPINAL PROCEDURES. IS THERE A CPT CODE TO CAPTURE THIS TEST? There is no CPT code with a descriptor that specifically refers to pedicle screw testing. According to the AMA s 2005 CPT Q&A, pedicle screw testing should be coded as follows: For pedicle screw stimulation, the individual performing the intraoperative electrophysiologic monitoring is usually evaluating Free Run and triggered electromyography. (The triggered electromyography is when the pedicle screw is stimulated.) CPT code [Needle electromyography; limited study of muscles in one extremity or nonlimb (axial) muscles (unilateral or bilateral), other than thoracic paraspinal, cranial nerve supplied muscles, or sphincters] should be reported for Free Run and triggered electromyography testing... Two units of may be reported if stimulating each leg. If five or more muscles have been stimulated, then it would be appropriate to report code [Needle electromyography; two extremities with or without related paraspinal areas]. 4. HOW MANY UNITS OF HCPCS CODE G0453 MAY BE BILLED PER HOUR? Under Medicare, total billed units for HCPCS code G0453 may not sum to more than the total time available. Monitoring physicians may bill for one unit of G0453 if at least 8 minutes of service is provided as long as no more than 4 units of G0453 are billed for each 60 minutes across all Medicare patients. Physicians may use the method of their choice to allocate time to patients being simultaneously monitored subject to the above restriction (only one unit of service can be billed for a 15-minute increment of time). The monitoring physician s attention does not have to be continuous for a 15-minute block of time; the physician may add up any non-continuous time directed at one patient to determine how many units of HCPCS code G0453 may be billed. If Medicare and non- Medicare patients are being seen, physicians must account for the exclusive, non-continuous time spent monitoring Medicare patients when billing Medicare. 5. CAN A PHYSICIAN BILL FOR MONITORING PERFORMED BY OTHER NONPHYSICIAN PROFESSIONALS? For Medicare, physicians cannot bill insurers for the professional component of monitoring performed by O.R. technicians, nurses, or other professionals employed by the hospital. In addition, physicians cannot bill insurers for the professional component of monitoring performed by others employed by the physician, including nurses or physician assistants. For hospital patients...there is no Medicare Part B coverage of the services of physician-employed auxiliary personnel or services incident to physicians services... Such services can be covered only under the hospital or skilled nursing facility (SNF) benefit and payment for such services can be made only to the hospital or SNF by a Medicare intermediary. Medicare Benefit Policy Manual (Chapter 15, 60.1B) Generally, arrangements regarding the provision of IOM services involve other federal and state laws and regulations (including Stark and anti-kickback self-referral statutes see page 4 for more information), and should be carefully arranged. Because remote monitoring often involves reimbursement by Medicare for a service provided by a third-party company, business arrangements must be considered to verify that they comply with federal anti-self-referral and anti-kickback regulations. 9

13 FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS 6. WHAT ARE SOME COMMON DENIAL REASONS? WHAT ACTION(S) SHOULD BE TAKEN? Common reasons for denials and recommended actions are listed below. These actions do not guarantee payment. DENIAL Monitoring Performed by Operating Surgeon The insurer believes the operating surgeon is performing the monitoring services. ACTION It is important to illustrate and support with documentation that the interpretive professional component was performed by a physician other than the operating surgeon. The physician being reimbursed for monitoring needs to have a distinct National Provider Identifier (NPI). Not Medically Necessary (per ICD-9 code) The diagnostic code does not support the use of the test as a medical necessity. Use the most specific diagnosis code that is appropriate for the condition. Example: Instead of using the code for general spinal stenosis, use the code for lumbar spinal stenosis to support IOM for a lumbar fusion. Place of Service (POS) The wrong POS code was used in the claim. The POS code for remote monitoring performed at the physician s office depends on the policy of the payor. Either POS code 11 (office) or 21 (inpatient hospital) may be appropriate. POS code 21 should be used for Medicare claims. In general, the POS code reflects the place where the patient (beneficiary) receives the face-to-face service, inpatient hospital POS code 21. When using POS code 21, the remote physician should report the address and zip code of his or her office on the claim form. 7. WHAT IF MY CLAIM IS DENIED? HOW SHOULD I APPEAL? You may appeal by submitting an appeal letter directly to the payor. Be sure to include the following information: Patient information (DOB, name, ID number) Surgeon who requested monitoring (operating surgeon) Codes billed An attached copy of the findings (IOM tests and results) An attached copy of the operative report where the monitoring was requested and a list of modalities used Date of service Monitoring physician The reasons for the appeal An attached copy of the Medicare LCD or payor policy (if available) The specific denial reason (i.e., not medically necessary, integral to the primary procedure, etc.) 10

14 2014 NVM5 Intraoperative Monitoring (IOM) Reimbursement Guide ADDENDUM A: IOM CPT AND HCPCS CODES 2014 IOM CPT AND HCPCS CODES The Professional and Technical Component listed is the national Medicare reimbursement value 4 for that particular code. Actual reimbursement values will vary depending on geography and payor. Providers should contact their Medicare carrier (see Addendum E for a list of Medicare carriers by state) or individual payor regarding specific physician fee schedules. INTRAOPERATIVE NEUROMONITORING COMPONENT OF THE STUDY/STUDIES CPT HCPCS G0453 DESCRIPTION Continuous intraoperative neurophysiology monitoring in the operating room, one-on-one monitoring requiring personal attendance, each 15 minutes Continuous intraoperative neurophysiology monitoring, from outside the operating room (remote or nearby) or for monitoring of more than one case while in the operating room, per hour DESCRIPTION Continuous intraoperative neurophysiology monitoring, from outside the operating room (remote or nearby) per patient (attention directed exclusively to one patient), each 15 minutes (list in addition to primary procedure) NATIONAL MEDICARE COVERAGE $32.60 See Commercial Carrier Fee Schedule NATIONAL MEDICARE COVERAGE $32.60 CPT DESCRIPTION EMG NERVE MONITORING PRIMARY CODES Needle electromyography; one extremity with or without related paraspinal areas Five or more muscles stimulated per extremity; use once for bilateral testing Needle electromyography; two extremities with or without related paraspinal areas Five or more muscles stimulated per extremity; use once for bilateral testing PROFESSIONAL COMPONENT TECHNICAL COMPONENT $52.30 $69.50 $83.47 $ Needle electromyography; three extremities with or without related paraspinal areas $ $ Needle electromyography; four extremities with or without related paraspinal areas $ $ Commonly used for pedicle screw testing Needle electromyography; limited study of muscles in one extremity or nonlimb (axial) muscles (unilateral or bilateral), other than thoracic paraspinal, cranial nerve supplied muscles, or sphincters Four or fewer muscles stimulated per extremity; use once for each extremity tested $20.06 $68.06 EMG ET TUBE NERVE MONITORING PRIMARY CODE CPT DESCRIPTION PROFESSIONAL COMPONENT TECHNICAL COMPONENT Needle electromyography; larynx $83.47 $ CMS 2014 January-March PFS, conversion factor $

15 ADDENDUM A: IOM CPT AND HCPCS CODES 2014 IOM CPT AND HCPCS CODES (CONT.) MEP SPINAL CORD MONITORING PRIMARY CODES CPT DESCRIPTION Central motor evoked potentials study (transcranial motor stimulation); upper limbs PROFESSIONAL COMPONENT TECHNICAL COMPONENT $81.32 $ Central motor evoked potentials study (transcranial motor stimulation); lower limbs $80.60 $ Central motor evoked potentials study (transcranial motor stimulation); upper and lower limbs $ $ CPT DESCRIPTION SSEP SPINAL CORD MONITORING PRIMARY CODES Short-latency somatosensory evoked potentials study, stimulation of any/all peripheral nerves or skin sites, recording from the central nervous system; upper limbs Short-latency somatosensory evoked potentials study, stimulation of any/all peripheral nerves or skin sites, recording from the central nervous system; lower limbs Short-latency somatosensory evoked potentials study, stimulation of any/all peripheral nerves or skin sites, recording from the central nervous system; upper and lower limbs PROFESSIONAL COMPONENT TECHNICAL COMPONENT $28.30 $ $28.30 $ $46.57 $ COMPUTER-ASSISTED (NAVIGATIONAL) CPT CODE NVM5 ROD BENDING AND NVM5 GUIDANCE The Bendini Rod Bending system expedites manual rod manipulation via computer-assisted bend instructions. NVM5 Guidance combines 2D fluoro-based navigation technology with an oblique or owl s eye technique to enable lumbar pedicle cannulation. CPT DESCRIPTION Scan Proc Spinal COMPUTER-ASSISTED (NAVIGATIONAL) PRIMARY CODE KEY DESCRIPTORS OF CPT CODE Includes spinal applications, which allow for navigation using an image-guided technique to identify anatomy for precise treatments and for avoidance of vital structures. The application of the procedure is to help identify anatomy, and more specifically, to aid with instrument placement. Not applicable for spinal decompression for degenerative spine disease or disc replacement (codes 63030, 63042, and 63047). Exceptions could include tumor-related surgeries. Possible primary procedure codes for use with include 22600, 22610, and These are subject to payor-specific coverage guidelines. 12

16 2014 NVM5 Intraoperative Monitoring (IOM) Reimbursement Guide ADDENDUM B: AMBULATORY SURGERY CENTER INFORMATION In order to be eligible to receive facility fees, the center must be certified and/or accredited as an Ambulatory Surgery Center (ASC). However, the nerve monitoring procedures performed in conjunction with the NVM5 Intraoperative Monitoring system are not assigned to Medicare ASC payment. Commercial and work-related injury carriers may pay for these procedures in an ASC. Facilities should preauthorize benefits to be sure that coverage is available. ADDENDUM C: OUTPATIENT PAYMENT RATES As mandated by Medicare s Outpatient Prospective Payment System (OPPS), each CPT code is assigned to one Ambulatory Payment Classification (APC) 5. Rates are not geographically adjusted. Each APC encompasses services that are clinically similar and require similar resources. Each APC has a separate payment rate that is meant to account for all of the items used in the procedure. A hospital receives multiple APC payments for a single visit if multiple services are delivered in that visit. APCs do not apply to Ambulatory Surgery Centers. Many private payors use the APC payment rates established by Medicare to determine contracted rates with hospitals. Other payors may employ payment based upon percent of charges, dependent upon individual hospital agreements. OUTPATIENT EMG NERVE MONITORING PRIMARY CODES CPT DESCRIPTION APC APC DESCRIPTOR Needle electromyography; one extremity with or without related paraspinal areas Needle electromyography; two extremities with or without related paraspinal areas Needle electromyography; three extremities with or without related paraspinal areas Needle electromyography; four extremities with or without related paraspinal areas Needle electromyography; limited study of muscles in one extremity or nonlimb (axial) muscles (unilateral or bilateral), other than thoracic paraspinal, cranial nerve supplied muscles, or sphincters Level I Nerve and Level II Nerve and Level II Nerve and Level II Nerve and Level I Minor Procedure 2014 CMS APC PAYMENT $50.30 $ $ $ $ Medicare s Outpatient Prospective Payment System Final Rule, CY

17 ADDENDUM C: OUTPATIENT PAYMENT RATES OUTPATIENT EMG ET TUBE NERVE MONITORING PRIMARY CODES CPT DESCRIPTION APC APC DESCRIPTOR Needle electromyography; larynx 0215 Level I Nerve and 2014 CMS APC PAYMENT $50.30 OUTPATIENT MEP SPINAL CORD MONITORING PRIMARY CODES CPT DESCRIPTION APC APC DESCRIPTOR Central motor evoked potentials study (transcranial motor stimulation); upper limbs Central motor evoked potentials study (transcranial motor stimulation); lower limbs Central motor evoked potentials study (transcranial motor stimulation); upper and lower limbs Level III Nerve and Level I Nerve and Level III Nerve and 2014 CMS APC PAYMENT $ $50.30 $ OUTPATIENT SSEP SPINAL CORD MONITORING PRIMARY CODES CPT DESCRIPTION APC APC DESCRIPTOR Short-latency somatosensory evoked potentials study, stimulation of any/all peripheral nerves or skin sites, recording from the central nervous system; upper limbs Short-latency somatosensory evoked potentials study, stimulation of any/all peripheral nerves or skin sites, recording from the central nervous system; lower limbs Short-latency somatosensory evoked potentials study, stimulation of any/all peripheral nerves or skin sites, recording from the central nervous system; upper and lower limbs Level III Nerve and Level II Nerve and Level III Nerve and 2014 CMS APC PAYMENT $ $ $

18 2014 NVM5 Intraoperative Monitoring (IOM) Reimbursement Guide ADDENDUM D: MEDICARE CARRIERS BY STATE, AS OF MARCH 2014 In order to realize cost savings and increase efficiencies for Medicare claims processing, CMS began to award a series of 15 A/B MAC 6 (Medicare Administrative Contractor) contracts in April These original 15 A/B MACs consisted of Jurisdictions 1 through 15. CMS is in the process of consolidating some of the smaller Jurisdictions into larger A/B MACs, with a goal of creating a total of 10 Jurisdictions. The final 10 A/B MACs will consist of Jurisdictions E through N. Some of the new larger A/B MAC Jurisdictions have been awarded and are currently in place or being implemented, while other Jurisdictions are under bid, corrective action, or award protest. MEDICARE CARRIERS BY STATE STATE CONTRACTOR NAME WEBSITE A/B MAC JURISDICTION Alabama Cahaba Government Benefit Administrators, LLC Jurisdiction 10 (Under Bid - Jurisdiction J) Alaska Noridian Healthcare Solutions, LLC Jurisdiction F Arizona Noridian Healthcare Solutions, LLC Jurisdiction F Arkansas Novitas Solutions, Inc. Jurisdiction H California Noridian Healthcare Solutions, LLC Jurisdiction E Colorado Novitas Solutions, Inc. Jurisdiction H Connecticut National Government Services, Inc. Jurisdiction K Delaware Novitas Solutions, Inc. Jurisdiction L District of Columbia Novitas Solutions, Inc. Jurisdiction L Florida First Coast Service Options, Inc. Georgia Cahaba Government Benefit Administrators, LLC Jurisdiction 9 (Under Bid - Jurisdiction N) Jurisdiction 10 (Under Bid - Jurisdiction J) Hawaii Noridian Healthcare Solutions, LLC Jurisdiction E Idaho Noridian Healthcare Solutions, LLC Jurisdiction F Illinois National Government Services, Inc. Jurisdiction 6 Indiana Iowa Kansas Wisconsin Physician Service Insurance Corporation Wisconsin Physician Service Insurance Corporation Wisconsin Physician Service Insurance Corporation Jurisdiction 8 Jurisdiction 5 Jurisdiction 5 Kentucky CGS Jurisdiction 15 Louisiana Novitas Solutions, Inc. Jurisdiction H Maine National Government Services, Inc. Jurisdiction K Maryland Novitas Solutions, Inc. Jurisdiction L Massachusetts National Government Services, Inc. Jurisdiction K Michigan Wisconsin Physician Service Insurance Corporation Jurisdiction 8 Minnesota National Government Services, Inc. Jurisdiction

19 ADDENDUM D: MEDICARE CARRIERS BY STATE, AS OF MARCH 2014 MEDICARE CARRIERS BY STATE STATE CONTRACTOR NAME WEBSITE A/B MAC JURISDICTION Mississippi Novitas Solutions, Inc. Jurisdiction H Missouri Wisconsin Physician Service Insurance Corporation Jurisdiction 5 Montana Noridian Healthcare Solutions, LLC Jurisdiction F Nebraska Wisconsin Physician Service Insurance Corporation Jurisdiction 5 Nevada Noridian Healthcare Solutions, LLC Jurisdiction E New Hampshire National Government Services, Inc. Jurisdiction K New Jersey Novitas Solutions, Inc. Jurisdiction L New Mexico Novitas Solutions, Inc. Jurisdiction H New York National Government Services, Inc. Jurisdiction K North Carolina Palmetto GBA Jurisdiction 11 North Dakota Noridian Healthcare Solutions, LLC Jurisdiction F Ohio CGS Jurisdiction 15 Oklahoma Novitas Solutions, Inc. Jurisdiction H Oregon Noridian Healthcare Solutions, LLC Jurisdiction F Pacific Territories: American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands Noridian Healthcare Solutions, LLC Jurisdiction E Pennsylvania Novitas Solutions, Inc. Jurisdiction L Puerto Rico First Coast Service Options, Inc. Jurisdiction 9 (Under Bid - Jurisdiction N) Rhode Island National Government Services, Inc. Jurisdiction K South Carolina Palmetto GBA Jurisdiction 11 South Dakota Noridian Healthcare Solutions, LLC Jurisdiction F Tennessee Cahaba Government Benefit Administrators, LLC Jurisdiction 10 (Under Bid - Jurisdiction J) Texas Novitas Solutions, Inc. Jurisdiction H Utah Noridian Healthcare Solutions, LLC Jurisdiction F U.S. Virgin Islands First Coast Service Options, Inc. Jurisdiction 9 (Under Bid - Jurisdiction N) Vermont National Government Services, Inc. Jurisdiction K Virginia Palmetto GBA Jurisdiction 11 Washington Noridian Healthcare Solutions, LLC Jurisdiction F West Virginia Palmetto GBA Jurisdiction 11 Wisconsin National Government Services, Inc. Jurisdiction 6 Wyoming Noridian Healthcare Solutions, LLC Jurisdiction F 16

20 To order, please contact your NuVasive Sales Consultant or Customer Service Representative today at: NuVasive, Inc Lusk Blvd., San Diego, CA phone: fax: NuVasive, Inc. All rights reserved., NuVasive, Speed of Innovation, Bendini, and NVM5 are registered trademarks of NuVasive, Inc. CPT is a registered trademark of the American Medical Association. CPT, Copyright American Medical Association A

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