SCREENING OF SIX RICE VARIETIES AGAINST YELLOW STEM BORER, Scirpophaga incertulus WALKER. SAID MIR KHAN*, GHULAM MURTAZA* and HINA MIR**

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "SCREENING OF SIX RICE VARIETIES AGAINST YELLOW STEM BORER, Scirpophaga incertulus WALKER. SAID MIR KHAN*, GHULAM MURTAZA* and HINA MIR**"

Transcription

1 Sarhad J. Agric. Vol. 26, No. 4, SCREENING OF SIX RICE VARIETIES AGAINST YELLOW STEM BORER, Scirpophaga incertulus WALKER. SAID MIR KHAN*, GHULAM MURTAZA* and HINA MIR** * Department of Entomology, Faculty of Agriculture, Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan. ** Faculty of Molecular Biology, Department of Animal Sciences, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad. ABSTRACT Studies were conducted on the relative resistance of six rice varieties (Basmati-385, IRRI- 6, Basmati Super, Basmati- 370, DR- 83 and KSK- 282) against the yellow stem borer (Scirpophaga incertulus Walker) in 2007, at the Research Farm of Agricultural Faculty, Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan. Maximum dead-hearts (58.35%) and white-ear heads (13.67%) were found in Basmati Super whereas minimum dead-hearts (13.63%) and white-ear heads (2.35%) were found in IRRI-6 followed by DR-83 and KSK-282 with 20.06% and 25.74% dead-hearts and 9.45% and 4.97% white ear heads, respectively. IRRI-6 was found not only tolerant to rice stem borer attack but also showed maximum number of tillers (49.60), spike length (32.61cm), grains spike -1 (132.8), thousand grains weight (35.67g) and yield hectare -1 (6.53 tons). However, it showed less plant height (97.22 cm) compared to other tested varieties. Over all, results showed that fine varieties (Basmati) were highly susceptible to the yellow stem borer compared to the coarse varieties tested. Key Words: Scirpophaga incertulus, relative resistance, rice varieties, pest Citation: Khan, M., S. G. Murtaza and H. Mir Screening of six rice varieties against the yellow stem borer, scirpophaga incertulus walker. Sarhad J. Agric 26(4): INTRODUCTION Cultivated rice, Oryza sativa L. is one of the world s most important crops, providing staple food for nearly half of the global human population (FAO, 2004). It is an important source of employment and income-generating crop in the rural areas of Asia. It is high valued cash crop accounting 6.7% in value added items in agriculture, 1.6% in GDP and also a major export commodity for Pakistan accounting for 6.1% of total export earnings (Sheikh and Kanasro, 2003). In Pakistan, during the cropping season of 2005, total area under rice crop was about 2.62 million hectares with a total production of 5.54 million tons. In the North West Frontier Province (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa), the area under rice crop during this season was 59,400 hectares with a total production of 117,500 tons. In Dera Ismail Khan, its cultivated area increased during the season to 5,200 hectares with a production of 14,700 tons (Anonymous, 2007). The yellow stem borers, Scirpophaga incertulus Walker and white stem borer, Scirpophaga innotata (Walker) are the most serious pests in South and South East Asia (Rehman et al., 2002). Yellow stem borer alone causes yield losses upto 10 million tons and accounts for 50% of all insecticides used in rice fields (Huesing and English, 2004). It attacks the crop from seedling to harvesting stages and causes complete loss of affected tillers (Salim and Masih, 1987; Atwal, 1976). Dead hearts are produced when the insect attacks at vegetative stage while white ear heads appear when the stem borers attack at the time of ear development (Bashir et al., 2004). Control of stem borer in rice involved application of pesticides, varietal resistance and the use of natural enemies (Kiritani, 1972; 1977; 1979). Although cultural practices are helpful in reducing crop damage due to borers, however, other methods are required (Loevinsohn et al., 1988) to keep these pests below economic injury levels. Rice borers cannot be controlled with use of pesticides alone because these are protected inside the grass stem throughout most of their life cycles. Emphasis has been focused on the development of stem borer resistant rice varieties because this approach is considered economical and environment friendly (Abro et al., 2003; Chaudhary et al., 1984; and Heinrichs, 1986). Cultivation of resistant varieties of rice will play a significant role in integrated management systems in rice (Shafique et al., 2000).

2 Said Mir Khan et al. Screening of six rice varieties against the yellow stem borer 592 Present study was conducted with a specific objective to compare the relative resistance of different rice varieties against the yellow stem borer, Scirpophaga incertulus. MATERIALS AND METHODS A trial was conducted in a randomized complete block design with three replications to assess resistance/tolerance of six rice varieties (Basmati-385, IRRI-6, Basmati Super, Basmati-370, DR-83, KSK- 282) at the Research Farm of Agricultural Faculty, Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan, under field conditions against the yellow stem borer during rice season Nursery of these varieties was raised in 2nd week of April For this purpose seeds were soaked over night and then broadcasted in standing water the next morning in respective plots assigned to each variety. Recommended dose of fertilizer (Nitrogen in the form of urea and phosphorus in the form of DAP) was applied. Thirty days old nursery plants of each variety were transplanted in the experimental units (each 2 x 3 m 2 ) with row-to-row and plant-to-plant distance 22cm and 20cm, respectively. All other agronomic practices were performed alike in all fields. Yellow stem borer s infestation was recorded by checking dead hearts and white ear heads at boosing and panicle stage and converted to percent infestation. Plant morphological and agronomical data based on plant height, number of tillers, spike length, grains spike -1, thousand grains weight and yield plot -1 (converted into tons hectare -1 ) were also recorded. The final data were analyzed with analysis of variance (ANOVA) and means were separated using least significant difference (LSD) test. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION The results (Table I) revealed that minimum dead hearts (13.63%) and white ear heads (2.35%) were recorded in IRRI-6 followed by DR-83 and KSK-282 with and 25.74% dead hearts and 9.45 and 4.97% white ear heads, respectively. Whereas maximum dead hearts (58.35%) and white ear heads (13.67%) were found in variety Basmati Super followed by Basmati-370 and Basmati 385 with 58.07% and 49.22% dead hearts and 12.64% and 13.20% white ear heads, respectively. On the basis of dead hearts, Basmati Supper and Basmati-370 were not significantly different from each other. Similarly, variety DR-83 and KSK-282 were also found non-significantly different from each other. IRRI-6 was found highly resistant/tolerant against rice stem borer, followed by variety DR-83. IRRI-6 and Basmati Super were found highly significantly different from each other in case of borer attack. Overall it was found that fine varieties were highly susceptible against rice stem borer compared to coarse varieties. Data regarding plant morphological and agronomic characteristics of different varieties (Table II) revealed that maximum mean plant height (146.3cm) showed by the variety Basmati-370 whereas maximum number of tillers (49.60) and spike length (32.61cm) was found in variety IRRI-6. Similarly lowest mean plant height (91.44cm), number of tillers (29.50) and spike length (22.55cm) was found in Basmati-385, KSK-282 and Basmati Super, respectively. On the basis of plant height, cultivar Basmati- 385, IRRI-6 and Basmati Super were found non-significantly different from each other. The number of tillers produced by all the tested varieties was found non-significantly different from each other except IRRI-6. On the basis of number of tillers, Basmati Super and KSK-282 were found significantly different from each other. As far as number of tillers and spike length are concerned, variety IRRI-6 showed maximum number of tillers and spike length as compared to other tested varieties. Table-I Percent infestation of yellow stem borer in six rice varieties cultivated in Dera Ismail Khan. Varieties Dead hearts White ear heads BASMATI b a IRRI d 2.35 d BASMATI SUPER a a BASMATI a a DR cd 9.45 b KSK c 4.97 c

3 Sarhad J. Agric. Vol. 26, No. 4, Table-II Comparison of Plant height (cm), Number of tillers and spike length among different tested varieties of rice. Varieties Plant Height (cm) No. of Tillers Spike Length (cm) BASMATI d bc cd IRRI d a a BASMATI SUPER d b d BASMATI a bc b DR c ab d KSK b c bc Yield data of different varieties (Table III) revealed that variety IRRI-6 produced significantly maximum number of grains (132.8 spike -1 ), thousand grains weight (35.67g) and yield per hectare (6.53 tons), followed by KSK-282 which produced grains spike -1, 28.0g thousand grains weight and 5.38 tons hac -1 grain yield. The number of grains spike -1 of all other tested varieties were found non significantly different from each other except KSK-282. As far as thousand grains weight and yield of tested varieties were concerned, Basmati Super produced minimum thousand grains weight (17.67g) as well as yield hectare -1 (0.36 tons). Results showed that all fine (Basmati) varieties were found non-significantly different from each other. Table-III Comparison of grains per spike, thousand grains weight and yield per hectare among different tested varieties of rice. Varieties Grains spike -1 Thousandgrains weight (gm) Yield (Tons hac -1 ) BASMATI c cd 0.89 d IRRI a a 6.53 a BASMATI SUPER c d 0.36 e BASMATI c c 0.64 de DR c b 4.92 c KSK b b 5.38 b The results of present study revealed that coarse varieties were found less susceptible to yellow stem borer than fine varieties; as maximum infestation and less grain yield was found in all tested Basmati varieties. Minimum larval infestation, more grain yield and yield related parameters were found in coarse variety IRRI-6 followed by KSK-282 and DR-83. Our results are in line with that of Khan et al., (2003) who also stated that variety KSK-282 was resistant while Basmati-385 was susceptible to the attack of rice stem borer under the agro ecological conditions of Dera Ismail Khan. Abdullah et al., (1996) found more unfilled grains in fine variety Basmati-283 followed by IRRI-6 and KSK-282. They further reported that varieties KSK-282 & IRRI-6 gave highest yield as compared to other fine varieties. Shafiq et al., (2000) reported that the coarse rice varieties IR8-151, IR6-20, B/94, IR and IR6-25 B/94 were comparatively resistant to borer attack and produced high yield/ha. CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS Akram et al., (1994) observed that Pakhal was a resistant variety of rice to stem borer (Chilo suppressalis) and leaf folder (Cnaphalocrocis medinalis). According to them it provided 58.8% head rice recovery compared to 55.2% for JP-5. Gul Hassan et al., (1999) reported that cultivar KS-282 was the tallest, produced highest number of tillers, panicles plant -1, spikelets penicle -1, 1000 grains weight and yield plot -1 compared to other tested cultivars. Khan et al., (2003) screened eight rice varieties JP-5, Swat-1, Swat-2, Dilrosh-97, Basmati-385, KS-282, Gomal-6 and Gomal-7 for their resistance against rice stem borer. None of the tested varieties was free from the attack of rice stem borer. However, variety KS-282 was found resistant as compared to other tested cultivars. The current investigation confirms that the coarse varieties of rice were comparatively highly resistant to the yellow stem borer s attack as compared to the fine varieties tested in our study. IRRI-6 and KSK-282 were found comparatively highly resistant to the yellow stem borer and eventually more yields were produced as compared to other tested varieties. Therefore, we recommend these two varieties to be cultivated at large acreage which may reduce pest infestation, stabilize ecosystem and eventually farmers will have benefits in achieving higher rice yields.

4 Said Mir Khan et al. Screening of six rice varieties against the yellow stem borer 594 REFERENCES Abdullah, K. and G.S. Shah Effect of different sowing dates and rice cultivars on the incidence and damage by rice stem borers. Second Int. Cong. Entomol. Sci. pp Abro, G.H., G.M. Lakho and T.S. Syed Relative resistance of some rice cultivars to yellow, Scirpophaga incertulus and Pink, Sesamia inferens stem borers. Pakistan J. Zool., 35(2): Akram, M., M. Ashraf, F.M. Abbasi and M.A. Sagar Pakhal: a high yielding, short duration rice variety for Hazara division in Pakistan. Int. Rice Res. Notes. 19: 18. Anonymous, Agriculture Statistics of Pakistan, Govt. of Pakistan Ministry of Food Agric. and Live St. pp Atwal, A.S Agricultural pest of India and South East Asia, Kalayani publishers. Ludhiana, India. 153p. Bashir, K., H. Tayyab, F. Tahira, L. Zakia, S.A. Mehdi and R. Sheikh Field evaluation and risk assessment of transgenic indica basmati rice. Molecular Breed. 13 (4): Chaudhary, R.C., G.S. Khush and E.A. Heinrichs Varietal resistance to rice stem-borers in Asia. Insect Sci. Applic. 5: Food and Agric. Org. of the United Nations (FAO) The state of food security in the world. pp Hassan, G. M., Qureshi, N.H. Shah and I. Awan Performance of six rice cultivars under direct seeded condition of Dera Ismail Khan. Pak. J. Biol. Sci. 2(4): Heinrichs, E.A Perspectives and directions for the continued development of insect resistant rice varieties. Agr. Ecosyst. Envir. 18: Huesing, J. and L. English The impact of Bt crops on the developing world. Agric. Biol. Forum. 7(1-2) Khan, M., A.U.R. Saljoqi, A. Latif and K. Abdullah Evaluation of some rice varieties against rice stem borer. Asian J. Plant. Sci. 2(6): Kiritani, K Strategy in integrated control of rice pests. Rev. Plant Prot. Res. 5: Kiritani, K Recent progress in the pest management of rice in Japan. JARQ. 11: Kiritani, K Pest management in rice. Ann. Rev. Ent. 24: Loevinsohn, M.E., J.A. Litsinger and E.A. Heinrichs The Entomology of indigenous and naturalized systems in Agriculture. Rice insect pests and agricultural change. Westview Press, Boulder, CO. In: M. K. Harris & C. E. Rogers (eds.). pp Rehman, A., E.U. Haq and C. Inayatullah Impact of tillage practices and cropping system on the survival of over wintering rice stem borer larvae. Pak. J. Agric. Res. 17(2): Salim, M. and R. Masih Efficacy of insecticides against rice stem borer at NARC, Islamabad. Pak. J. Agric. Res. 8(4): Shafique, M., M. Ashraf, M. Bux and M. Tofique Screening of rice genotypes for resistance to stem borers. Pak. J. Zool. 32(2) Sheikh, M.A. and H.A. Kanasro Production, consumption and export of rice. Press release the daily Dawn. http//dawn.com, March 10.

5

RESISTANCE OF DIFFERENT BASMATI RICE VARIETIES TO STEM BORERS UNDER DIFFERENT CONTROL TACTICS OF IPM AND EVALUATION OF YIELD

RESISTANCE OF DIFFERENT BASMATI RICE VARIETIES TO STEM BORERS UNDER DIFFERENT CONTROL TACTICS OF IPM AND EVALUATION OF YIELD Pak. J. Bot., 37(2): 319-324, 2005. RESISTANCE OF DIFFERENT BASMATI RICE VARIETIES TO STEM BORERS UNDER DIFFERENT CONTROL TACTICS OF IPM AND EVALUATION OF YIELD RASHID A. KHAN, JUNAID A. KHAN, F. F. JAMIL

More information

Received: 5 th Dec-2013 Revised: 15 th Dec-2013 Accepted: 17 th Dec-2013 Research article

Received: 5 th Dec-2013 Revised: 15 th Dec-2013 Accepted: 17 th Dec-2013 Research article Received: 5 th Dec-2013 Revised: 15 th Dec-2013 Accepted: 17 th Dec-2013 Research article SCREENING OF RICE GERMPLASM FOR RESISTANCE TO YELLOW STEM BORER SCIRPOPHAGA INCERTULAS WALKER. 1 V. Visalakshmi*,

More information

FIELD COMPARISON OF DIFFERENT RICE (ORYZA SATIVA L.) GENOTYPES FOR THEIR RESISTANCE AGAINST RICE STEM BORERS (PYRALIDAE: LEPIDOPTERA)

FIELD COMPARISON OF DIFFERENT RICE (ORYZA SATIVA L.) GENOTYPES FOR THEIR RESISTANCE AGAINST RICE STEM BORERS (PYRALIDAE: LEPIDOPTERA) ISSN 1023-1072 Pak. J. Agri., Agril. Engg., Vet. Sci., 2013, 29 (2): 137-145 FIELD COMPARISON OF DIFFERENT RICE (ORYZA SATIVA L.) GENOTYPES FOR THEIR RESISTANCE AGAINST RICE STEM BORERS (PYRALIDAE: LEPIDOPTERA)

More information

Survey on the occurrence, distribution pattern and management of stem borers on rice in Kanyakumari District, Tamil Nadu

Survey on the occurrence, distribution pattern and management of stem borers on rice in Kanyakumari District, Tamil Nadu 2014; 2 (6): 8690 ISSN 23207078 JEZS 2014; 2 (6): 8690 2014 JEZS Received: 21102014 Accepted: 05112014 C. Gailce Leo Justin Professor (Entomology), Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Kovilpatti 628 501,

More information

Determining the effect of stemborers on yields of cereal crops, principally maize and sorghum

Determining the effect of stemborers on yields of cereal crops, principally maize and sorghum Integrated Systems for the Humid Tropics (Humidtropics) Determining the effect of stemborers on yields of cereal crops, principally maize and sorghum International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology

More information

Management JBiopest 5(1): of 1-6 rice yellow stem borer, Scirpophaga incertulas Walker using some biorational insecticides

Management JBiopest 5(1): of 1-6 rice yellow stem borer, Scirpophaga incertulas Walker using some biorational insecticides Management JBiopest 5(1): of 1-6 rice yellow stem borer, Scirpophaga incertulas Walker using some biorational insecticides Sitesh Chatterjee 1 and Palash Mondal 2 ABSTRACT The experiments were carried

More information

Impact of dry seeding with alternate wetting and drying on rice productivity and profitability in Punjab-Pakistan

Impact of dry seeding with alternate wetting and drying on rice productivity and profitability in Punjab-Pakistan Impact of dry seeding with alternate wetting and drying on rice productivity and profitability in Punjab-Pakistan Mann RA 1, Hussain S 1, Saleem M 2 1 Rice Program, National Agricultural Research Centre

More information

PREVALENCE OF INSECT PESTS, PREDATORS, PARASITOIDS AND ITS SURVIVAL IN GENETICALLY ENGINEERED CORN IN PAKISTAN

PREVALENCE OF INSECT PESTS, PREDATORS, PARASITOIDS AND ITS SURVIVAL IN GENETICALLY ENGINEERED CORN IN PAKISTAN PREVALENCE OF INSECT PESTS, PREDATORS, PARASITOIDS AND ITS SURVIVAL IN GENETICALLY ENGINEERED CORN IN PAKISTAN BY DR. HABIB IQBAL JAVED National Agricultural Research Centre Islamabad, Pakistan INTRODUCTION

More information

Materials and Methods

Materials and Methods International journal of Agronomy and Plant Production. Vol., 3 (8), 295-299, 2012 Available online at http:// www.ijappjournal.com ISSN 2051-1914 2012 VictorQuest Publications Management of aromatic rice

More information

Assessments of crop losses in rice ecosystems due to stem borer damage (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae)

Assessments of crop losses in rice ecosystems due to stem borer damage (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) Assessments of crop losses in rice ecosystems due to stem borer damage (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) K. Muralidharan, I.C. Pasalu Department of Crop Protection, Directorate of Rice Research (ICAR), Hyderabad

More information

Outline. What is IPM Principles of IPM Methods of Pest Management Economic Principles The Place of Pesticides in IPM

Outline. What is IPM Principles of IPM Methods of Pest Management Economic Principles The Place of Pesticides in IPM Improving Control Systems in Thailand for Plant and Plants Products Intended for Export to the European Union co-funded by the European Union and Thai Department of Agriculture Preharvest Use of Pesticides

More information

ECONOMIC YIELD, FIBER TRAIT AND SUCKING INSECT PEST INCIDENCE ON ADVANCED GENOTYPES OF COTTON IN PAKISTAN

ECONOMIC YIELD, FIBER TRAIT AND SUCKING INSECT PEST INCIDENCE ON ADVANCED GENOTYPES OF COTTON IN PAKISTAN RESPONSE OF SOME COTTON GENOTYPES AGAINST SUCKING INSECTS PESTS Cercetări Agronomice în Moldova Vol. XLVIII, No. 1 (161) / 2015 ECONOMIC YIELD, FIBER TRAIT AND SUCKING INSECT PEST INCIDENCE ON ADVANCED

More information

INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT IN PADDY

INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT IN PADDY INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT IN PADDY SMS (Entomology) Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Dhemaji Assam Agricultural University Silapathar INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT (IPM) IN PADDY Among the food grains paddy occupies

More information

Impact of Water Saving Irrigation Systems on Water Use, Growth and Yield of Irrigated Lowland Rice

Impact of Water Saving Irrigation Systems on Water Use, Growth and Yield of Irrigated Lowland Rice Agriculture, Environment and Food Security in the Context of Rice Impact of Water Saving Irrigation Systems on Water Use, Growth and Yield of Irrigated Lowland Rice W. M. W. Weerakoon, T. N. N. Priyadarshani,

More information

GENETIC DIVERSITY ANALYSIS AND CHARACTER ASSOCIATION IN SOME CHINESE HYBRID RICE UNDER DRY CONDITIONS

GENETIC DIVERSITY ANALYSIS AND CHARACTER ASSOCIATION IN SOME CHINESE HYBRID RICE UNDER DRY CONDITIONS Pakistan J. Agric. Res. Vol. 25 No. 4, 2012 GENETIC DIVERSITY ANALYSIS AND CHARACTER ASSOCIATION IN SOME CHINESE HYBRID RICE UNDER DRY CONDITIONS Muhammad Yaqoob*, Rukhsana Anjum, Mumtaz Hussain and Muhammad

More information

RICE CULTIVATION: ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES AND WATER SAVING APPROACHES

RICE CULTIVATION: ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES AND WATER SAVING APPROACHES RICE CULTIVATION: ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES AND WATER SAVING APPROACHES Ragab Ragab 1 Introduction Globally, rice is the most important food crop with more than 90% produced in Asia. In most of Asian countries,

More information

Genetically modified crops in Integrated Pest Management

Genetically modified crops in Integrated Pest Management Federal Department of Economic Affairs, Education and Research EAER Agroscope Genetically modified crops in Integrated Pest Management Franz Bigler, Michael Meissle and Jörg Romeis Agroscope ART Zürich,

More information

BCR for Seed and Fibre Production with Seed and Cutting Treatments at Different Sowing Methods at JAES and KRS, BJRI in O-9897 Variety

BCR for Seed and Fibre Production with Seed and Cutting Treatments at Different Sowing Methods at JAES and KRS, BJRI in O-9897 Variety Universal Journal of Plant Science (6): 11-17, 2015 DOI: 10.1189/ujps.2015.0060 http://www.hrpub.org BCR for Seed and Fibre Production with Seed and Cutting Treatments at Different Sowing Methods at and,

More information

Alternate wetting and drying irrigation for rice cultivation

Alternate wetting and drying irrigation for rice cultivation J. Bangladesh Agril. Univ. 6(2): 409 414, 2008 ISSN 1810-3030 Alternate wetting and drying irrigation for rice cultivation M.M.H. Oliver 1, M.S.U. Talukder and M. Ahmed Department of Irrigation and Water

More information

INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT (IPM) STRATEGIES FOR NERICA VARIETIES

INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT (IPM) STRATEGIES FOR NERICA VARIETIES INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT (IPM) STRATEGIES FOR NERICA VARIETIES Contributors: Nwilen i n i n Jones on s on s Brar r r r r You ou ou A Togo Adebayo Kehind MN Ukwungwu I Kamara and A Hamadoun Unit 1 Major

More information

Applied Development of Delaus, a Rice Blast Control Fungicide: Delaus Prince Granule and Its Treatment into Seedling Boxes at the Sowing Stage

Applied Development of Delaus, a Rice Blast Control Fungicide: Delaus Prince Granule and Its Treatment into Seedling Boxes at the Sowing Stage Applied Development of Delaus, a Rice Blast Control Fungicide: Delaus Prince Granule and Its Treatment into Seedling Boxes at the Sowing Stage Sumitomo Chemical Co., Ltd. Agricultural Chemicals Research

More information

Bt corn in Italy: A missed opportunity for farmers and feeders

Bt corn in Italy: A missed opportunity for farmers and feeders Emerging Market Leaders Workshop on Effective Messaging on Global Food Production Issues May 20 th 2015, Rome Bt corn in Italy: A missed opportunity for farmers and feeders Marco Aurelio Pasti AMI - Associazione

More information

CAUSES OF LOW LEVEL FARMING OF FLOWERS IN INDUS VALLEY

CAUSES OF LOW LEVEL FARMING OF FLOWERS IN INDUS VALLEY AMERICAN RESEARCH THOUGHTS ISSN: 2392 876X Impact Factor: 2.0178 (UIF) Volume 1 Issue 11 September 2015 Available online at: www.researchthoughts.us http://dx.doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.1536267 CAUSES

More information

Southern Agricultural Research Institute, Crop Science Research Work Process, Jinka Agricultural Research Center, Jinka, Ethiopia

Southern Agricultural Research Institute, Crop Science Research Work Process, Jinka Agricultural Research Center, Jinka, Ethiopia PJ PALGO JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURE ISSN 2476-8359 Volume 2 Issue 4,October 2015 Page 85-89 http://www.palgojournals.org/pja/index.htm Corresponding authors Email: tganta@yahoo.com EFFECT OF CULTIVATION FREQUENCY

More information

Taming Major Maize Field Pests in Kenya: The Role of Biotechnology

Taming Major Maize Field Pests in Kenya: The Role of Biotechnology Taming Major Maize Field Pests in Kenya: The Role of Biotechnology Stephen Mugo and Simon Gichuki Presentation to OFAB, Jacaranda Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya, 30 th July 2009 Presentation made to STAK in support

More information

Heritability and correlation coefficient analysis for yield and its components in rice (Oryza sativa L.)

Heritability and correlation coefficient analysis for yield and its components in rice (Oryza sativa L.) African Journal of Plant Science Vol. 5 (3), pp. 207-212, March 2011 Available online at http://www.academicjournals.org/ajps ISSN 1996-0824 2011 Academic Journals Full Length Research Paper Heritability

More information

AEROBIC RICE: WATER SAVING RICE PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY

AEROBIC RICE: WATER SAVING RICE PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY AEROBIC RICE: WATER SAVING RICE PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY E. Subramanian 1, G. James Martin 2, E. Suburayalu 3 and R. Mohan 4 Abstract Field experiments were conducted at Central Farm, Coimbatore to develop

More information

Current capabilities in the analysis of climate risks and adaptation strategies in critical areas

Current capabilities in the analysis of climate risks and adaptation strategies in critical areas Current capabilities in the analysis of climate risks and adaptation strategies in critical areas M. Arif Goheer Global Change Impact Studies Centre (GCISC) Islamabad- 44000, Pakistan Symposium on Climate

More information

Sustainability in Agricultural Marketing:

Sustainability in Agricultural Marketing: International Journal of scientific research and management (IJSRM) Special Issue On National Level Conference Business Growth and Social Development Pages 19-24 2014 Website: www.ijsrm.in ISSN (e): 2321-3418

More information

Evaluation of efficacy of different insecticides and bioagents against Sesamia inferens Walker in maize.

Evaluation of efficacy of different insecticides and bioagents against Sesamia inferens Walker in maize. Available online at www.scholarsresearchlibrary.com European Journal of Zoological Research, 2013, 2 (4): 98-102 (http://scholarsresearchlibrary.com/archive.html) ISSN: 2278 7356 Evaluation of efficacy

More information

EXPERIENCES ON TRANSFER OF MANAGEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY FOR ASCOCHYTA BLIGHT OF CHICKPEA IN TURKEY. Nevin AÇIKGÖZ

EXPERIENCES ON TRANSFER OF MANAGEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY FOR ASCOCHYTA BLIGHT OF CHICKPEA IN TURKEY. Nevin AÇIKGÖZ ANADOLU, J. of AARI 7 (1) 1997, 1-8 MARA EXPERIENCES ON TRANSFER OF MANAGEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY FOR ASCOCHYTA BLIGHT OF CHICKPEA IN TURKEY Nevin AÇIKGÖZ Aegean Agricultural Research Institute POB. 9 Menemen,

More information

THE DISTRIBUTION OF MAIZE STEM BORERS IN CROSS RIVER STATE, NIGERIA. Okweche, Simon Idoko and Umoetok, Sylvia B. A

THE DISTRIBUTION OF MAIZE STEM BORERS IN CROSS RIVER STATE, NIGERIA. Okweche, Simon Idoko and Umoetok, Sylvia B. A Accepted: Dec-2011 Research Article THE DISTRIBUTION OF MAIZE STEM BORERS IN CROSS RIVER STATE, NIGERIA. Okweche, Simon Idoko and Umoetok, Sylvia B. A Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture,

More information

International Journal of Advanced Research in Biological Sciences ISSN : 2348-8069 www.ijarbs.com Research Article

International Journal of Advanced Research in Biological Sciences ISSN : 2348-8069 www.ijarbs.com Research Article International Journal of Advanced Research in Biological Sciences ISSN : 2348-8069 www.ijarbs.com Research Article Efficacy of Different Pesticides For The Control of Cotton Jassid Changing Arid Envirnoment

More information

ROLE OF FENVALERATE ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF COTTON (GOSSYPIUM HIRSUTUM L.)

ROLE OF FENVALERATE ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF COTTON (GOSSYPIUM HIRSUTUM L.) Science Research Reporter 2(3): 281-285, Oct. 2012 ROLE OF FENVALERATE ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF COTTON (GOSSYPIUM HIRSUTUM L.) Singh Mamta 1 and S. D. Narkhede 1 Research Associate, Krishi Anusandhan Bhawan-II,

More information

Case Study. Vetiver Grass as Component of Integrated Pest Management Systems

Case Study. Vetiver Grass as Component of Integrated Pest Management Systems Case Study Vetiver Grass as Component of Integrated Pest Management Systems Johnnie van den Berg School of Environmental Sciences and Development, North-West University, Private Bag X6001, Potchefstroom,

More information

Effect of Establishment Methods and Weed Management Practices on Some Growth Attributes of Rice

Effect of Establishment Methods and Weed Management Practices on Some Growth Attributes of Rice Rice Science, 2006, 13(2): 131-140 131 http://www.ricesci.cn; www.ricescience.org Effect of Establishment Methods and Weed Management Practices on Some Growth Attributes of Rice Mohammad Safdar BALOCH

More information

Speaker Summary Note

Speaker Summary Note 2020 CONFERENCE MAY 2014 Session: Speaker: Speaker Summary Note Building Resilience by Innovating and Investing in Agricultural Systems Mark Rosegrant Director, Environment and Production Technology Division

More information

PISTACHIO TREE - A NEW HOST FOR TWO SPECIES OF TERMITES (ISOPTERA, ARTHROPODA) FROM IRAN

PISTACHIO TREE - A NEW HOST FOR TWO SPECIES OF TERMITES (ISOPTERA, ARTHROPODA) FROM IRAN Pak. J. Bot., 41(5): 2633-2637, 29. PISTACHIO TREE - A NEW HOST FOR TWO SPECIES OF TERMITES (ISOPTERA, ARTHROPODA) FROM IRAN SULTAN RAVAN 1, FARKHANDA MANZOOR 2* AND GHAZALA NASIM 3 1 Department of Plant

More information

IMPACT OF SUPPORT PRICE AND FERTILIZER OFFTAKE ON RICE PRODUCTION AND WHEAT ACREAGE IN NWFP, PAKISTAN ABSTRACT

IMPACT OF SUPPORT PRICE AND FERTILIZER OFFTAKE ON RICE PRODUCTION AND WHEAT ACREAGE IN NWFP, PAKISTAN ABSTRACT IMPACT OF SUPPORT PRICE AND FERTILIZER OFFTAKE ON RICE PRODUCTION AND WHEAT ACREAGE IN NWFP, PAKISTAN M. Niamatullah, K. U. Zaman and M. A. Khan * Department of Economics, * Gomal College of Veterinary

More information

1. INTRODUCTION. Rice is the most cultivated major food crop in the world. It is the staple food for

1. INTRODUCTION. Rice is the most cultivated major food crop in the world. It is the staple food for INTRODUCTION 1. INTRODUCTION Rice is the most cultivated major food crop in the world. It is the staple food for seventeen countries in Asia and the Pacific, eight countries in Africa, seven countries

More information

FINAL REPORT. Identification of termites causing damage in maize in small-scale farming systems M131/80

FINAL REPORT. Identification of termites causing damage in maize in small-scale farming systems M131/80 FINAL REPORT Identification of termites causing damage in maize in small-scale farming systems M131/80 Project Manager: Dr MS Mphosi Co-workers: SH Nthangeni, UM du Plessis, AL Rossouw DETAILS PROJECT

More information

Pest Management in Tropical Cereals: Rice & Maize. Defoliators: migratory. More Defoliators. Maize. BCCM 2012: IPM case studies. Sorghum Millet Tef

Pest Management in Tropical Cereals: Rice & Maize. Defoliators: migratory. More Defoliators. Maize. BCCM 2012: IPM case studies. Sorghum Millet Tef Source: http://www.fao.org/ www.infonet-biovision.org/default/ct/123/crops BCCM 2012: IPM case studies Pest Management in Tropical Cereals: Rice & Maize also Sorghum Millet Tef RPB 2011; tropical_cereals

More information

Alaska Forest Pest Control Supplemental Information. Category Twelve

Alaska Forest Pest Control Supplemental Information. Category Twelve Alaska Forest Pest Control Supplemental Information Category Twelve In general, applicators who apply pesticides to property other than their own, or act as a pesticide consultant must obtain certification

More information

Evaluating the benefits of integrated rice-duck farming as organic system in Bangladesh

Evaluating the benefits of integrated rice-duck farming as organic system in Bangladesh Evaluating the benefits of integrated rice-duck farming as organic system in Bangladesh Shaikh Tanveer Hossain*, H Konagaya, T Furuno and H Sugimoto * E-mail : tanveer107@yahoo.com Fact Sheet of Bangladesh

More information

Adoption of GE Crops by U.S. Farmers Increases Steadily

Adoption of GE Crops by U.S. Farmers Increases Steadily Adoption of GE Crops by U.S. Farmers Increases Steadily Farmers are more likely to adopt new practices and technologies if they expect to benefit from them. Benefits are usually thought of in monetary

More information

Cotton Situation in the World 1 M. Rafiq Chaudhry Technical Information Section

Cotton Situation in the World 1 M. Rafiq Chaudhry Technical Information Section 1 Cotton Situation in the World 1 M. Rafiq Chaudhry Technical Information Section Abstract The world cotton production for the year 1996/97 is currently placed by the ICAC at about 19 million metric tons

More information

Evaluation of Biofertilizer and Manure Effects on Quantitative Yield of Nigella Sativa L.

Evaluation of Biofertilizer and Manure Effects on Quantitative Yield of Nigella Sativa L. Evaluation of Biofertilizer and Manure Effects on Quantitative Yield of Nigella Sativa L. Mohammad Reza Haj Seyed Hadi Fereshteh Ghanepasand Mohammad Taghi Darzi Dept. of Agronomy, Roudehen Branch, Islamic

More information

Technical Guide Yellow Stem Borer (Scirpophaga incertulas)

Technical Guide Yellow Stem Borer (Scirpophaga incertulas) Toxicological information Exosex contains 3.2 mg Technical Grade Pheromone per gram of food grade wax powder and poses virtually no hazard to health. Ecotoxicological information Non hazardous to the environment.

More information

ENERGY IN FERTILIZER AND PESTICIDE PRODUCTION AND USE

ENERGY IN FERTILIZER AND PESTICIDE PRODUCTION AND USE Farm Energy IQ Conserving Energy in Nutrient Use and Pest Control INTRODUCTION Fertilizers and pesticides are the most widely used sources of nutrients and pest control, respectively. Fertilizer and pesticides

More information

GROWTH DYNAMICS AND YIELD OF WINTER WHEAT VARIETIES GROWN AT DIVERSE NITROGEN LEVELS E. SUGÁR and Z. BERZSENYI

GROWTH DYNAMICS AND YIELD OF WINTER WHEAT VARIETIES GROWN AT DIVERSE NITROGEN LEVELS E. SUGÁR and Z. BERZSENYI GROWTH DYNAMICS AND YIELD OF WINTER WHEAT VARIETIES GROWN AT DIVERSE NITROGEN LEVELS E. SUGÁR and Z. BERZSENYI AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF THE HUNGARIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES, MARTONVÁSÁR The growth

More information

Integrated Pest Management

Integrated Pest Management Integrated Pest Management Andrea Veres Junior Technical Officer FAO REU andrea.veres@fao.org Yerevan, Armenia 2013 Why develop IPM? Agriculture was: not sustainable optimized inputs for maximum profit

More information

What are biofuels? Pocket K No. 24. Biotechnology for Green Energy: Biofuels

What are biofuels? Pocket K No. 24. Biotechnology for Green Energy: Biofuels Pocket K No. 24 Biotechnology for Green Energy: Biofuels What are biofuels? Biofuels are alternative fuels made from plant and plant-derived resources. Biofuels are used mainly for transportation. There

More information

Economic Threshold for Three Lepidopterous Larval Pests of Fresh-Market Cabbage in Southeastern New Brunswick

Economic Threshold for Three Lepidopterous Larval Pests of Fresh-Market Cabbage in Southeastern New Brunswick HORTICULTURAL ENTOMOLOGY Economic Threshold for Three Lepidopterous Larval Pests of Fresh-Market Cabbage in Southeastern New Brunswick P. M. MALTAIS, 1 J. R. NUCKLE, 1 AND P. V. LEBLANC 2 J. Econ. Entomol.

More information

Life-Science Economics and Policy

Life-Science Economics and Policy Life-Science Economics and Policy Winter Term 2011/12 Dr. Maarten J. Punt Technische Universität München - Weihenstephan maarten.punt@tum.de http://www.wzw.tum.de/aew/ GMO adoption by countries What is

More information

EFFECT OF MOISTURE STRESS ON COMBINING ABILITY VARIATION FOR BIRD RESISTANCE TRAITS IN SUNFLOWER (HELIANTHUS ANNUUS L.)

EFFECT OF MOISTURE STRESS ON COMBINING ABILITY VARIATION FOR BIRD RESISTANCE TRAITS IN SUNFLOWER (HELIANTHUS ANNUUS L.) Pak. J. Bot., 40(3): 1319-1328, 2008. EFFECT OF MOISTURE STRESS ON COMBINING ABILITY VARIATION FOR BIRD RESISTANCE TRAITS IN SUNFLOWER (HELIANTHUS ANNUUS L.) SAEED RAUF 1*, H.A. SADAQAT 1 AND A. NAVEED

More information

EFFECT OF SOME SECONDARY AND MICRO NUTRIENTS ALONG WITH ORGANIC AMENDMENTS ON T. AMAN

EFFECT OF SOME SECONDARY AND MICRO NUTRIENTS ALONG WITH ORGANIC AMENDMENTS ON T. AMAN ISSN-1991-3036 (Online) & ISSN-2075-1621 (Optical) Int. J. Sustain. Crop Prod. 5(4):51-58(November 2010) EFFECT OF SOME SECONDARY AND MICRO NUTRIENTS ALONG WITH ORGANIC AMENDMENTS ON T. AMAN M.S. ISLAM

More information

#1: Threshold and Injury Calculations the Theory. #2: Putting Economic Injury Levels and Action Thresholds to Use. Related Topics

#1: Threshold and Injury Calculations the Theory. #2: Putting Economic Injury Levels and Action Thresholds to Use. Related Topics Module #4 What is a Threshold? p. 1 www.nysaes.cornell.edu/ipmnet/ne.ipm.region What is a Threshold? By James VanKirk Overview Concept Activity Handouts The Economic Injury Level and the Action Threshold

More information

Diffusion of Technologies Within Social Networks

Diffusion of Technologies Within Social Networks Working paper Diffusion of Technologies Within Social Networks Evidence from a Coffee Training Program in Rwanda Esther Duflo Tavneet Suri March 2010 IGC Contract RA 2010 03 001 Final Report 1. Introduction

More information

AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES Vol. II - Pest Control: Herbaceous Weeds - A. DiTommaso, C.L. Mohler and R.E. Nurse

AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES Vol. II - Pest Control: Herbaceous Weeds - A. DiTommaso, C.L. Mohler and R.E. Nurse PEST CONTROL: HERBACEOUS WEEDS A. DiTommaso, C.L. Mohler and R.E. Nurse Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, Cornell University, USA Keywords: Mechanical control, biological control, Integrated Weed Management

More information

COMBINING ABILITY IN LOCAL AND CIMMYT INBRED LINES OF MAIZE (Zea mays L.) FOR GRAIN YIELD AND YIELD COMPONENTS USING LINE TESTER ANALYSIS

COMBINING ABILITY IN LOCAL AND CIMMYT INBRED LINES OF MAIZE (Zea mays L.) FOR GRAIN YIELD AND YIELD COMPONENTS USING LINE TESTER ANALYSIS RESEARCH ARTICLE SABRAO Journal of Breeding and Genetics 46 (2) 256-264, 2014 COMBINING ABILITY IN LOCAL AND CIMMYT INBRED LINES OF MAIZE (Zea mays L.) FOR GRAIN YIELD AND YIELD COMPONENTS USING LINE TESTER

More information

Efficacy of different management practices against Chilo partellus (Swinhoe) in Kharif maize in Western Uttar Pradesh

Efficacy of different management practices against Chilo partellus (Swinhoe) in Kharif maize in Western Uttar Pradesh Journal homepage: http://www.journalijar.com INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ADVANCED RESEARCH RESEARCH ARTICLE Efficacy of different management practices against Chilo partellus (Swinhoe) in Kharif maize in

More information

Effects of N amount and timing of N injection fertilisation to cereals compared to broadcast surface application

Effects of N amount and timing of N injection fertilisation to cereals compared to broadcast surface application Effects of N amount and timing of N injection fertilisation to cereals compared to broadcast surface application Einfluss von N-Menge und Injektionszeitpunkt bei der N-Injektionsdüngung zu Getreide im

More information

To address the effect of organic fertilizers on rice insect pests and diseases, an experiment was carried out in Cuulong Delta Rice Research

To address the effect of organic fertilizers on rice insect pests and diseases, an experiment was carried out in Cuulong Delta Rice Research Omonrice 13: 26-33 (2005) EFFECTS OF ORGANIC FERTILIZERS ON INSECT PEST AND DISEASES OF RICE Luong Minh Chau 1 and K.L Heong 2 1 Cuullong Delta Rice Research Institute Co Do, Can Tho, Vietnam 2 International

More information

EFFECTS OF VARYING IRRIGATION AND MEPIQUAT CHLORIDE APPLICATION ON COTTON HEIGHT, UNIFORMITY, YIELD, AND QUALITY. Abstract

EFFECTS OF VARYING IRRIGATION AND MEPIQUAT CHLORIDE APPLICATION ON COTTON HEIGHT, UNIFORMITY, YIELD, AND QUALITY. Abstract EFFECTS OF VARYING IRRIGATION AND MEPIQUAT CHLORIDE APPLICATION ON COTTON HEIGHT, UNIFORMITY, YIELD, AND QUALITY Glen Ritchie 1, Lola Sexton 1, Trey Davis 1, Don Shurley 2, and Amanda Ziehl 2 1 University

More information

THE GUYANA RICE INDUSTRY

THE GUYANA RICE INDUSTRY THE GUYANA RICE INDUSTRY The Rice Industry of Guyana has been in existence for over a century, starting with the production of a wetland variety called Carolina Gold Rice. Furthermore, rice has been an

More information

Indian Agrochemical Industry

Indian Agrochemical Industry Indian Agrochemical Industry Introduction. India is the fourth largest producer of agrochemicals globally, after United States, Japan and China. The agrochemicals industry is a significant industry for

More information

AN ANALYSIS OF TOMATO PRODUCTION COST AND LABOR FORCE PRODUCTIVITY IN TURKEY

AN ANALYSIS OF TOMATO PRODUCTION COST AND LABOR FORCE PRODUCTIVITY IN TURKEY 692 Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science, 16 (No 6) 2010, 692-699 Agricultural Academy AN ANALYSIS OF TOMATO PRODUCTION COST AND LABOR FORCE PRODUCTIVITY IN TURKEY G. KESKIN 1, F. F. TATLIDIL 2 and

More information

2014 Flax Weed Control Trial

2014 Flax Weed Control Trial 2014 Flax Weed Control Trial Dr. Heather Darby, UVM Extension Agronomist Susan Monahan, Erica Cummings, Julian Post, and Sara Ziegler UVM Extension Crops and Soils Technicians 802-524-6501 Visit us on

More information

2) Relevance for environmental policy... 2. 4) Data sources and reporting... 4 5) References at the international level... 4

2) Relevance for environmental policy... 2. 4) Data sources and reporting... 4 5) References at the international level... 4 F- 4: Pesticide consumption 1) General description... 2 1.1) Brief definition... 2 1.2) Units of measurement... 2 1.3) Context...2 2) Relevance for environmental policy... 2 2.1) Purpose... 2 2.2) Issue...

More information

Overview of DFC-N AU in Benin

Overview of DFC-N AU in Benin Overview of DFC-N 10-025AU in Benin Increasing value of African mango and cashew production is a project financed by DANIDA. It is introducing, developing and optimizing weaver-ant Integrated Pest Management

More information

Control of rice insect pests

Control of rice insect pests Control of rice insect pests Table of Contents OVERVIEW...3 BASICS OF CULTURAL CONTROL OF RICE INSECT PESTS...4 Lesson 1 - Definition of cultural control... 4 Lesson 2 - Advantages and disadvantages of

More information

Insect resistance and risk assessment studies of advanced generations of basmati rice expressing two genes of Bacillus thuringiensis

Insect resistance and risk assessment studies of advanced generations of basmati rice expressing two genes of Bacillus thuringiensis Electronic Journal of Biotechnology ISSN: 0717-3458 Vol.10 No.2, Issue of April 15, 2007 2007 by Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso -- Chile Received January 18, 2006 / Accepted October 26,

More information

Development of Lygus Management Strategies for Texas Cotton

Development of Lygus Management Strategies for Texas Cotton Development of Lygus Management Strategies for Texas Cotton Ram Shrestha, Megha Parajulee, and Stanley Carroll Texas A&M AgriLife Research and Extension Center Lubbock, Texas 3 rd International Lygus Symposium,

More information

AGRONOMY (NEW REGULATION)

AGRONOMY (NEW REGULATION) AGRONOMY (NEW REGULATION) Friday 08.05.2015 F.N STA 611 Statistical Methods & Design of Experiments Saturday 09.05.2015 F.N COM 615 Computer Applications for Monday 11.05.2015 F.N AGR 611 Modern Concepts

More information

THE SCIENCE THE FUTURE OF CANADIAN CANOLA: APPLY THE SCIENCE OF AGRONOMICS TO MAXIMIZE GENETIC POTENTIAL.

THE SCIENCE THE FUTURE OF CANADIAN CANOLA: APPLY THE SCIENCE OF AGRONOMICS TO MAXIMIZE GENETIC POTENTIAL. THE SCIENCE THE FUTURE OF CANADIAN CANOLA: APPLY THE SCIENCE OF AGRONOMICS TO MAXIMIZE GENETIC POTENTIAL. WHERE WE HAVE BEEN CANOLA PRODUCTION HAS SURPASSED THE INDUSTRY TARGET OF 15 MMT. This was achieved

More information

CROP INSURANCE IN INDIA - A BRIEF REVIEW

CROP INSURANCE IN INDIA - A BRIEF REVIEW Pinnacle Research Journals 20 CROP INSURANCE IN INDIA - A BRIEF REVIEW VISHITA KHANNA*; KEYUR UPADHYAY**; HARSHIL GANDHI*** ABSTRACT *International Agribusiness Management Institute, **International Agribusiness

More information

Paddy Cultivation in Sri Lanka. Mr. G.D.U Jayawardena

Paddy Cultivation in Sri Lanka. Mr. G.D.U Jayawardena Paddy Cultivation in Sri Lanka By Mr. G.D.U Jayawardena 1 Origin of rice plant Evidence says in China or in India Species 22 species are documented in the world - 20 wild species and 2 cultivated species

More information

CORRELATION AND FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTION FOR DIFFERENT PARAMETERS AMONG BREAD WHEAT (TRITICUM AESTIVUM L.) ACCESSIONS

CORRELATION AND FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTION FOR DIFFERENT PARAMETERS AMONG BREAD WHEAT (TRITICUM AESTIVUM L.) ACCESSIONS Pak. J. Bot., 44(1): 2-29, 212. CORRELATION AND FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTION FOR DIFFERENT PARAMETERS AMONG BREAD WHEAT (TRITICUM AESTIVUM L.) ACCESSIONS MUHAMMAD MOHIBULLAH 1, MALIK ASHIQ RABBANI 2, IRFANULLAH

More information

Grasshopper and Bean Leaf Beetle

Grasshopper and Bean Leaf Beetle FS 905 Economic Thresholds in Soybeans Grasshopper and Bean Leaf Beetle Michael A. Catangui, Ph.D. Extension entomologist & assistant professor Plant Science Department South Dakota State University Economic

More information

JOB ANNOUNCEMENT. Nursery Manager DEGREE AND CURRICULUM:

JOB ANNOUNCEMENT. Nursery Manager DEGREE AND CURRICULUM: Horticulture Nursery Manager Associate degree in Horticulture or related degree. Will consider all qualified agriculture degrees. Manages nursery to grow horticultural plants, such as trees, shrubs, flowers,

More information

P. M. B. www.eds sl.com. of a. Senior Partner. Tel: +23276787890. .com

P. M. B. www.eds sl.com. of a. Senior Partner. Tel: +23276787890. .com ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT SERVICESS LTD 15 Mudge Farm, Off Sir Samuel Lewis Road P. M. B. 108, Freetown ~ Sierra Leonee www.eds sl.com FARMERS ASSESSMENT OF RICE VARIETIES IN NORTHERN SIERRA LEONE Report

More information

Efficacy of Dual Gene Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) Cotton for Control of Bollworm, Helicoverpa Zea (Boddie)

Efficacy of Dual Gene Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) Cotton for Control of Bollworm, Helicoverpa Zea (Boddie) Efficacy of Dual Gene Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) Cotton for Control of Bollworm, Helicoverpa Zea (Boddie) N.M. Taillon 1, G. Lorenz 1, A. Plummer 1, M. Chaney 1, B.C. Thrash 2, D.L. Clarkson 1, L. Orellana

More information

Delia flavibasis Stein (Diptera:Anthomyiidae) as a Major Pest of Wheat in the Major Cereal Belt, Southeast Ethiopia

Delia flavibasis Stein (Diptera:Anthomyiidae) as a Major Pest of Wheat in the Major Cereal Belt, Southeast Ethiopia African Crop Science Conference Proceedings Vol. 8. pp.965-969 Printed in El-Minia, Egypt ISSN 123-7X/27$ 4. 27, African Crop Science Society Delia flavibasis Stein (Diptera:Anthomyiidae) as a Major Pest

More information

2. The proposal has been sent to the Virtual Screening Committee (VSC) for evaluation and will be examined by the Executive Board in September 2008.

2. The proposal has been sent to the Virtual Screening Committee (VSC) for evaluation and will be examined by the Executive Board in September 2008. WP Board 1055/08 International Coffee Organization Organización Internacional del Café Organização Internacional do Café Organisation Internationale du Café 26 August 2008 Original: English Project/ Common

More information

Nitrogen uptake in cotton+greengram intercropping system as influenced by integrated nutrient management

Nitrogen uptake in cotton+greengram intercropping system as influenced by integrated nutrient management Crop Res. 41 (1, 2 & 3) : 59-63 (2011) Printed in India Nitrogen uptake in cotton+greengram intercropping system as influenced by integrated nutrient management S. M. NAWLAKHE 1 AND D. D. MANKAR 2 Department

More information

Agricultural Production and Research in Heilongjiang Province, China. Jiang Enchen. Professor, Department of Agricultural Engineering, Northeast

Agricultural Production and Research in Heilongjiang Province, China. Jiang Enchen. Professor, Department of Agricultural Engineering, Northeast 1 Agricultural Production and Research in Heilongjiang Province, China Jiang Enchen Professor, Department of Agricultural Engineering, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin, China. Post code: 150030

More information

EFFECT OF GAUCHO-FERTILIZER INTERACTION AND AGRONOMIC CHARACTERS ON THE INCIDENCE OF PESTS OF SMOOTH AND HAIRY VARIETY OF COTTON IN BANGLADESH

EFFECT OF GAUCHO-FERTILIZER INTERACTION AND AGRONOMIC CHARACTERS ON THE INCIDENCE OF PESTS OF SMOOTH AND HAIRY VARIETY OF COTTON IN BANGLADESH ISSN-1991-3036 (Online) & ISSN-2075-1621 (Optical) Int. J. Sustain. Crop Prod. 5(4):46-50(November 2010) EFFECT OF GAUCHO-FERTILIZER INTERACTION AND AGRONOMIC CHARACTERS ON THE INCIDENCE OF PESTS OF SMOOTH

More information

An analysis of production and marketing of coconut in Tumkur District, India

An analysis of production and marketing of coconut in Tumkur District, India ISSN: 2347-3215 Volume 2 Number 10 (October-2014) pp. 167-175 www.ijcrar.com An analysis of production and marketing of coconut in Tumkur District, India S.Shashikumar* and H.M.Chandrashekar Department

More information

Location-specific nutrient and crop management in rice farming: mobile phone and web-based decision tools are bringing results of research to farmers

Location-specific nutrient and crop management in rice farming: mobile phone and web-based decision tools are bringing results of research to farmers FAO-World Bank meeting Bangkok 15 May 2012 Location-specific nutrient and crop management in rice farming: mobile phone and web-based decision tools are bringing results of research to farmers Roland J.

More information

Bt Cotton: An Investigation of its Social Implications in India. By: Olivia Price

Bt Cotton: An Investigation of its Social Implications in India. By: Olivia Price 1 Bt Cotton: An Investigation of its Social Implications in India By: Olivia Price Imagine you are a smallholder cotton farmer in India. Your crops are your livelihood, and they support your financially-struggling

More information

Dr.-Ing. Ngoc Luan Nguyen, Technical consultant, SDCC Ltd., Vietnam

Dr.-Ing. Ngoc Luan Nguyen, Technical consultant, SDCC Ltd., Vietnam Dr.-Ing. Ngoc Luan Nguyen, Technical consultant, SDCC Ltd., Vietnam Dr.-Ing. Ngoc Luan Nguyen is technical consultant for an independent company, SDCC Ltd. He has been involving mainly in the areas of

More information

The Probabilistic Economic Injury Level: Incorporating Uncertainty into Pest Management Decision-Making

The Probabilistic Economic Injury Level: Incorporating Uncertainty into Pest Management Decision-Making FORUM The Probabilistic Economic Injury Level: Incorporating Uncertainty into Pest Management Decision-Making ROBERT K. D. PETERSON 1 AND THOMAS E. HUNT 2 Department of Entomology, 333 Leon Johnson Hall,

More information

Ecologically based weed management! Chuck Mohler! Cornell University!

Ecologically based weed management! Chuck Mohler! Cornell University! Ecologically based weed management! Chuck Mohler! Cornell University! Outline! Understanding weeds! Behavior of wandering perennials! Tillage and emergence cues! Life and death of weed seeds in the soil!

More information

Harvesting energy with fertilizers

Harvesting energy with fertilizers Harvesting energy with fertilizers Sustainable agriculture in Europe 1 Harvesting energy with fertilizers The reason for agriculture s existence is to supply energy to mankind. Agriculture converts solar

More information

The Potential for Worldwide Crop Production Increase Due to Adoption of Pesticides Rice, Wheat & Maize. Leonard P. Gianessi March 2013 (Revised)

The Potential for Worldwide Crop Production Increase Due to Adoption of Pesticides Rice, Wheat & Maize. Leonard P. Gianessi March 2013 (Revised) Crop Protection Research Institute The Potential for Worldwide Crop Production Increase Due to Adoption of Pesticides Rice, Wheat & Maize Leonard P. Gianessi March 2013 (Revised) CropLife Foundation 1156

More information

Chemical versus Biological Control of Sugarcane. By Abid Hussain Matiari Sugar Mills Ltd.

Chemical versus Biological Control of Sugarcane. By Abid Hussain Matiari Sugar Mills Ltd. Chemical versus Biological Control of Sugarcane By Abid Hussain Matiari Sugar Mills Ltd. Sugarcane It is an important cash crop, Pakistan is the fifth largest cane producing country. However, its yield

More information

Knowledge management tools of rice technology in Nepal

Knowledge management tools of rice technology in Nepal Knowledge management tools of rice technology in Nepal BP Tripathi 1 Abstract Technology plays an important role for enhancing production and productivity. In Nepal, the apex research body, Nepal Agricultural

More information

Recommended Resources: The following resources may be useful in teaching

Recommended Resources: The following resources may be useful in teaching Unit D: Controlling Pests and Diseases in the Orchard Lesson 1: Managing and Controlling Pests of Fruit and Nut Crops Student Learning Objectives: Instruction in this lesson should result in students achieving

More information

Introduction: Growth analysis and crop dry matter accumulation

Introduction: Growth analysis and crop dry matter accumulation PBIO*3110 Crop Physiology Lecture #2 Fall Semester 2008 Lecture Notes for Tuesday 9 September How is plant productivity measured? Introduction: Growth analysis and crop dry matter accumulation Learning

More information