Save Kiwi. How to YOUR GUIDE TO HELPING SAVE OUR NATIONAL BIRD. This guide accompanies the How to Save Kiwi training DVD.

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Save Kiwi. How to YOUR GUIDE TO HELPING SAVE OUR NATIONAL BIRD. This guide accompanies the How to Save Kiwi training DVD."

Transcription

1 How to Save Kiwi YOUR GUIDE TO HELPING SAVE OUR NATIONAL BIRD Photo: BNZ Save the Kiwi Trust This guide accompanies the How to Save Kiwi training DVD.

2 Table of Contents 1 About Kiwi Community Efforts 5 Five Species 6 A Versatile Bird 6 A Biological Oddity 7 The Threats Kiwi Face 7 2 Predator Control & Monitoring The Threats 9 First Things First 9 Types of Control 10 Stoats 10 Ferrets 12 Rats 12 Cats and Dogs 13 Possums 14 Hedgehogs 15 Pigs 16 Keep Good Records 17 3 Cats and Dogs Cats 19 Wild Cats 19 Traps 20 Poison 21 House Cats Also Kill Kiwi 21 Dogs 22 What You Can Do 22 Hunting Dogs 23 Helpful Resources 23 2

3 CONTENTS PAGE 4 BNZ Operation Nest Egg TM The Beginning 25 How it Works 25 The Benefits 26 Advocating for Kiwi 26 Buying Time 27 5 Call Count Monitoring Types of Monitoring 29 Kiwi Call Count Monitoring Training Package 30 Setting up a Monitoring Programme 30 Specialised Monitoring Methods 31 6 Habitat Protection Adaptable Birds 33 Living with Kiwi 33 Long-Term Protection 33 7 Kiwi and Forestry Kiwi-Friendly Forestry 35 Other Things You Can Do 37 Find Out More 37 8 Starting a Kiwi Protection Project in Your Community Co-operative Efforts 39 The First Thing 40 Funding 40 Other Resources 41 Find Out More 41 9 Resources to Save Kiwi 42 3

4 Photo: Department of Conservation CHAPTER 1 About Kiwi It wasn t so long ago that we realised kiwi were in trouble. Big trouble. Mainland populations were halving every years. While many of us took it for granted that our quirky flightless national bird would always be around, in the early 1990s researchers and scientists discovered that kiwi were dying out on the mainland, disappearing from places where they had once been common. 4

5 CHAPTER 1 : About Kiwi The main cause of declining kiwi populations is predators especially stoats and dogs. Stoats are particularly devastating for young chicks, while dogs kill adult birds. Since the spotlight went onto kiwi, we have learned a great deal about them, including that ensuring their survival on the mainland was too big a job for the Department of Conservation on its on. New Zealanders rallied, and today thousands of people around the country are working hard to help save kiwi. We are learning more all the time, and improving what we do to make our efforts more effective. The difference we are making iwi, community volunteers, scientists, researchers, Department of Conservation field workers proves we can make a huge positive contribution to the kiwi s future. Community Efforts More than 80 community-based kiwi groups operate around the country, with volunteers protecting more than 60,000 hectares of kiwi land. They kill kiwi predators, raise awareness about kiwi s plight, and work with district and regional councils and other agencies. The Trust, a partnership between BNZ, the Department of Conservation and Forest and Bird, also puts a lot of energy into advocating for kiwi. A big emphasis is on encouraging dog owners to keep their pets in check so that they don t kill kiwi. The backbone for community efforts is the BNZ Save the Kiwi Trust, which provides funding, resources, and access to expertise and advice, including this booklet and the DVD that make up the How to Save Kiwi kit. Many community-led projects receive financial support from the Trust. Photo: Moana Bianchin This booklet and the DVD are a good place to begin if you want to learn more about how you can help. More information is also available on the BNZ Save the Kiwi website 5

6 Five Species Five species of kiwi are recognised, and each is threatened. They are the brown kiwi (which has four forms), little spotted kiwi, great spotted kiwi, rowi and tokoeka (which also has four forms). Tiritiri Matangi Is Motuihe Is Tongariro Whangarei Taranga/Hen Is Whakau/Red Mercury Is Moehau Five kiwi sanctuaries are managed by the Department of Conservation to protect different species or special populations. The three North Island sanctuaries protect brown kiwi and are at Whangarei, Moehau and Tongariro. The two South Island sanctuaries protect the two rarest kiwi. Rowi are in the Okarito sanctuary, while Haast tokoeka are in the Haast sanctuary. Chalky Is Haast Okarito Kapiti Is Long Is Karori Wildlife Sanctuary Brown Kiwi Great Spotted Kiwi Little Spotted Kiwi Rowi Tokoeka Kiwi Sanctuaries A Versatile Bird Kiwi are versatile birds. Some live on the coast, digging in sand; some live among snowy tussock high in the mountains; while others live in the many spaces that lie between forest, scrub, rough farmland, swamps and even pine forests. Photo: Rogan Colbourne - DOC All the birds really need is a good supply of the food they like to eat grubs, crickets, snails, worms, spiders, fruit and berries and a place to nest and shelter a burrow, hollow log, under a rock or in a clump of vegetation. 6

7 CHAPTER 1 : About Kiwi A Biological Oddity One thing that makes kiwi so special is their biology, which is very different to most birds. For example, the kiwi s powerful muscular legs are heavy and marrow-filled, like a mammal s, and make up a third of the bird s weight. Most bird skeletons are light and filled with air sacs to enable flight. Unlike other birds, a kiwi s nostrils are at the end of its beak, like a human nose. And like us, its eye sockets are divided by large nasal cavities in most birds, eye sockets are separated by a plate. Kiwi eyes are quite small and its eyesight is not particularly good, but its big ears and large scent organ help it navigate the night forest. A female kiwi produces a large egg, which weighs 15-20% of her body weight and is six times bigger than for most birds of her size. Kiwi are the only birds with nostrils at the end of their beak The huge yolk and long incubation allow the chick to emerge as a mini adult, fully feathered and able to feed itself which is very unusual for a bird. A kiwi s plumage is shaggy and hair-like, and it has cat-like whiskers on its face and around the base of its beak. These tactile super-sensitive way-finding whiskers probably evolved to help the bird feel its way through the dark. Find out more about what makes kiwi so different and special at: Photo: Department of Conservation The Threats Kiwi Face The kiwi s troubles begin in its burrow. About half of all eggs laid don t even hatch either due to natural bacteria, or because the egg is disturbed. Even if a chick does emerge, 70% never reach six months most are killed by stoats, or sometimes cats. Another 20% die from natural causes or other predators. A kiwi egg is large relative to the size of the female Photo: Department of Conservation Of the 10% of wild chicks that do make it to six months of age, only half achieve adulthood. That means just 5% of all hatched chicks become adults. And even then they are not safe. Dogs and ferrets can kill adult birds. That s why the work of BNZ Save the Kiwi Trust, with your support, is so important. 7

8 Stoat in Fenn trap (under plastic tunnel) Photo: Wendy Sporle CHAPTER 2 Predator Control & Monitoring Land clearance used to be the biggest threat for kiwi and other native birds. Today, predators are the worst problem, and controlling them is the most important thing we can do to help save kiwi. 8

9 CHAPTER 2 : Predator Control & Monitoring The Threats The biggest threat to kiwi chicks comes from stoats and cats, while dogs and ferrets are particularly hard on adult birds, which means we lose breeding populations. Other introduced animals are also hard on kiwi. Possums kill both chicks and adult birds, destroy eggs and steal kiwi burrows to live in themselves. Pigs destroy eggs and can kill adult kiwi. While hedgehogs, rodents and weasels don t kill kiwi, they do cause other problems. They compete for the same food, and are preyed on by the same predators that attack kiwi, helping to keep stoat and cat numbers high. First Things First Before you begin killing kiwi predators, it s important to learn about these animals and the law of unintended consequences. For example, if you remove just rats, what will the stoats eat? If you take out stoats, what will happen to rabbit and mice numbers? You can find guidelines and advice on in the Resources to Save Kiwi. section It s also good to target predator control to the times of year when the pest animals can have the worst effect on kiwi. There are best practice guidelines and experienced trappers available to help you work out the right programme and avoid any hidden negative ripples. Photo: Dr Shaun Ogilvie, Lincoln University Possum beside a philproof bait station Kiwi with signs of stoat predation bites on the neck For example, with stoats, that is when the young leave their dens, from October/November through to March. This coincides with when kiwi chicks weigh less than 1 kilogram and are at their most vulnerable. Photo: Wendy Sporle 9

10 Types of Control There are many different types of trap, and new ones are being developed all the time. While it is important to follow the recommended best practice for each one, there are basic principals that can be applied to most equipment. Two important things to remember are: Take health and safety precautions to avoid being injured by traps, or catching a disease from handling dead animals or tainted traps. Be careful to make sure your traps are set to only catch the animal you are targeting. We don t want to put any other species at risk especially kiwi. For example, for leg-hold traps, that means setting them at least 75 centimetres above the ground. Different agencies and projects can prefer different kinds of trap. This booklet briefly looks at devices most likely to be used by communities to catch different predators. You can get more detailed information about what will work best in your area by talking with staff at your local Department of Conservation office and regional council, or your local Landcare representative. Practical demonstrations and ideas are provided on the How to Save Kiwi DVD. Stoats Stoats are one of three mustelid species introduced to New Zealand the others are ferrets and weasels. Stoats are the most abundant and widespread. They are active during the day, and especially good climbers and swimmers. They are opportunists and eat anything rodents, birds, weta, lizards and kiwi chicks. They kill more than 50% of all kiwi chicks in areas where they are not controlled. TRAPS Stoats are notoriously difficult to trap, so be prepared to experiment with different sites, different tunnel types and different lures, and to take time and care when positioning or setting the trap. Check trap lines every two to three weeks over summer refresh the baits and spring each trap. In winter, trap checks can be less frequent as bait keeps longer and stoats are generally less active. A stoat caught in a DOC 200 trap Photo: Darren Peters 10

11 CHAPTER 2 : Predator Control & Monitoring Trapping is usually done with DOC 150 or DOC 200 or fenn kill traps; Victor and Timms traps are less effective for stoats. Traps must be set under covers as all three mustelids are particularly attracted to tunnels. The Department of Conservation website has a handout on tunnel designs (visit do a search for stoats). Two-trap tunnels are very effective. With the bait in the middle between the traps, the pest animal is forced to cross over a trap to get to it. If using only one trap, a fine mesh at the bait end means the stoat can see it, but has to enter the tunnel from the other end and go over the trap to reach it. Salted rabbit bait works well, as do eggs, fish and rodents. Place traps under a little overhead vegetation along streams, tracks, roads, fencelines and ridges, as these could be routes for stoats. At the time of publication, self-setting traps have just been introduced. Because they can be set with long-life bait, they will only need to be checked a couple of time a year, and have the potential to increase the area where stoats are controlled. Space them metres apart around the edge of a small bush block. If a larger block is being controlled, you ll need trap lines through the whole forest. Space traps about metres apart along lines that are up to 1 kilometre apart. Stoat populations recover very quickly so you must persist with control if you want to gain long-term benefits. 11

12 Ferret in a double set of Fenn traps which are under a wooden tunnel Photo: Malcolm Pullman Rats New Zealand has four species of rodent: kiore, Norway rat, ship rat and the house mouse. All were introduced. Kiore are regarded as a valued species (taonga) by some iwi, and are now confined to offshore islands and remote parts of Fiordland. Rats and mice are usually in the bush in high numbers and pose two problems. Ferrets Ferrets are the largest of the mustelids, about the size of a small cat. They hunt mainly at night, and prefer open areas and bush edges. They eat small animals, including rabbits, rodents, lizards and frogs, and adult and juvenile kiwi. Ferrets have kits (young) in their dens during October and November. TRAPS Like stoats, ferrets can be caught in cage traps and/or DOC 250 traps set in tunnels, and they also like rabbit bait. POISON They can also be poisoned. Pestoff is a protein-based anti-coagulant ferret poison, using diaphacinone, and made by Animal Control Products (ACP). It is available from rural and farm suppliers, or directly from ACP. While available for public use, it must be used in tunnel bait stations to protect non-target animals. First, they eat insects and the fruit and seeds that feed birds and allow forests to regenerate kiwi chicks tend to be slower growing when there are many rodents around. Second, rats and mice are food for the kiwi s predators and help keep populations of cats and mustelids high. Tree climbing ship rats are also increasingly recognised as killers in their own right, especially of smaller birds and their eggs. It is preferable to do rodent control immediately after a possum poisoning operation, as there will be fewer possums to eat the rodent baits. TRAPS Rats will sometimes be caught in leg-hold, fenn or Timms traps set for other pests, but it is better to target them with rat traps or poison. Victor type snap rat traps, set under a cover, can be used. Trapping is usually done on a relatively small scale, but has been successful when a grid system is used at 50 x 50 metre spacings. 12

13 CHAPTER 2 : Predator Control & Monitoring Ship rat climbing on a philproof bait station Bait the traps with bacon, white chocolate or a mixture of peanut butter and rolled oats, and make sure they are covered to prevent risk to other birdlife. POISONS Poisons such as 1080, diphacinone (marketed as Ditrac or Ratabait ) and cholecalciferol (marketed as Feracol or Campaign ) can be used in bait stations to kill rats and mice is only available for use by regional councils and the Department of Conservation. A variety of poisons are continually being tested and updated. For the latest information about commercially available rodent poisons and bait stations contact the nearest Department of Conservation or regional council office. Note that if you choose to kill possums with cyanide, this won t kill rodents so you will need to also use a different control method. Photo: Nga Manu Images Photo: Dr Shaun Ogilvie, Lincoln University Dog Image Cats and Dogs Dogs are a major problem for kiwi and kill many birds every year, but, along with domestic cats, we don t tend to think of them as animal pests or predators. They re both covered in more detail the next chapter. 13

14 Photo: Nga Manu Images Regional councils have contractors who carry out possum control for landowners contact your local council for a quote. TRAPS Cage traps are useful (on a small scale) if you need to positively identify the caught animal before it is killed for instance, if there s a risk of catching nontarget species. Leg-hold traps can be used, and must have soft jaws just in case the wrong animal is caught. Many kiwi have missing toes or feet, or damaged beaks, because of leg-hold traps with hard jaws. To avoid catching kiwi, set soft-jaw traps at least 75 centimetres off the ground, either on tree trunks, a sloping log or a plywood platform. Space traps about 40 metres apart for effective control. By law, leghold traps need to be checked daily. Possums Possums are pests for several reasons. They eat kiwi habitat and compete with kiwi for burrows; they kill adult kiwi and chicks; and they eat kiwi eggs. There are many techniques for killing possums. They can be trapped, poisoned or shot. The method you choose will best suit what you want to achieve, and how much time and money you have. Advice is available from local Department of Conservation and regional council offices. Pest control suppliers also provide information packages. It is most effective to begin with an intensive blitz, followed by a long-term maintenance regime. The most effective initial blitz methods are poisoning with either 1080, cyanide or cholecalciferol. A Victor leghold trap in a scott board tree mount Several types of possum kill traps are on the market, such as Timms, the SA possum trap, the Warrior and the Trapinator. Talk to people who use them to help decide which suits your situation best. Bait with fruit (sprinkled with cinnamon) or a commercially available possum prefeed paste. Photo: Malcolm Pullman 14

15 CHAPTER 2 : Predator Control & Monitoring Traps should be on ridges and spurs, beside tracks, the bush edge, or where possum sign is visible such as on scratch trees, easily recognisable as the bark is shredded near to the ground; and on possum runs, smooth trails through grass, about 20 centimetres wide. Traps need to be at least 75 centimetres off the ground. Any trap set on the ground is a potential disaster for kiwi. POISONS A number of poisons are registered to use on possums, including cyanide, cholecalciferol and Cyanide is in regular use. It can be used as a paste or in a capsule form ( Feratox ). Cyanide is highly toxic and kills in seconds including humans. You must be trained and have a licence to use it. Licences can be obtained through the Environmental Risk Management Authority (ERMA), after paying a fee and sitting an exam. Cyanide can also kill kiwi, so if using the paste, place the poison at least 75 centimetres off the ground and out of reach is a registered poison and can only be used by approved handlers. It is only available to pest control agencies such as regional councils and the Department of Conservation. Cholecalciferol can be used as a firm paste in bulk, or in a pre-packed bag or container. It does not require a licence to use. SHOOTING Night shooting possums with spotlights can be effective, particularly in more open terrain and around bush margins. The return for effort is seldom better than using traps or poison, but regular shoots can help gauge the number of possums in an area. The fur can also be plucked from freshly killed possums and sold to help cover your costs. You will need a firearms licence and must comply with all legal and safety requirements. Possums are most commonly shot with a.22 rifle with a 4-power telescopic sight that has a front element of at least 32 millimetres to enhance night vision. A 12-volt rechargeable battery in a backpack or shoulder sling can power a hand-held spotlight. Dry cell batteries avoid the risk of acid spills. Hedgehogs Hedgehogs are not kiwi killers, but they are introduced to New Zealand, and they do compete for the kiwi s food native insects and snails. Hedgehogs also eat the eggs of ground nesting birds. Photo: Rogan Colbourne - DOC They can be in the bush in large numbers, and can be caught in kill traps, such as fenn traps, set under tunnels. They often become stuck in the tunnel entrance of a mustelid or possum trap, or caught in the trap itself. 15

16 Photo: Rob Suisted/www.naturespic.com Pigs Pigs are opportunist scavengers and foragers. Their omnivorous diet includes fern fronds and roots, supplejack, fruits, native snails, worms and centipedes and the eggs and chicks of ground nesting birds. Wild pigs excavate and kill kiwi in holes or on their nests, and destroy eggs. They have very large home ranges, are social and can be present in high densities. Sometimes people deliberately (and usually illegally) release wild pigs so they can hunt them. The consequences for kiwi is a double disaster while some pig dogs can be trained not to hunt kiwi, wild pigs cannot. Photo: Wendy Sporle FENCING Pigs can be fenced out and are especially shy of electric fences. Because the hot wire needs to be near the ground, these fences must be well maintained. A well maintained mesh fence will also exclude pigs. HUNTING Pigs can be shot on bush edges where they forage, or lured to a suitable site with offal dumps. While hunting is unlikely to eradicate pigs, any hunting pressure will help reduce the enormous damage wild pigs do. Hunters who use dogs must minimise the risk they pose for kiwi. The following are the minimum guidelines for kiwi-friendly pig hunters to follow: Train your dogs to hunt only pigs, and to be obedient and controllable. Put your dogs through a kiwi aversion course. Use 2 3 dogs; no more than necessary. Use radio-tagged collars on dogs, so lost animals can be located. Don t leave lost dogs in bush overnight do everything you can to find them before going home. If unsuccessful, report them lost. Never take pups in training into kiwi zones, and leave any bird or possum chasers at home. Don t hunt at night when kiwi are more active. 16

17 CHAPTER 2 : Predator Control & Monitoring Take injured kiwi to a vet or Department of Conservation office as soon as you can. If you leave it, it will probably die as dog bites quickly become septic. Hand any dead kiwi to the Department of Conservation, regardless of how it died. They provide valuable scientific information to help save living birds. Feathers are distributed to local Maori weavers to repair kiwi feather cloaks (kahu-kiwi). CAGES Cages are especially useful for smaller patches of bush and areas where there is ongoing re-invasion. A relatively simple design uses a sheet of reinforcing mesh coiled into a spiral shape and securely anchored to the ground with waratah standards. Bait the centre of the spiral with meat or fish to lure the pigs into it, and tie the opening so that it stays slightly open. Once they are comfortable with the scenario, position the opening so the pigs have to push it slightly to enter, and can t escape back out. The angry animals will need to be dispatched carefully. Keep Good Records It is important to keep track of what you catch, where and when. This helps build up a picture of what pests you re dealing with, and the busiest times of year. It s also a good motivator, to show the progress you are making. Carry a notebook to record what you find at each trap, and at the end of each day, record the results and any other useful data into permanent files. Community groups can use free webbased spreadsheets that allow anyone registered to insert data, which means you can share information online. One example is docs.google.com It s also important to have a monitoring programme in place to track whether the pest and predator control is achieving what you re aiming for. Tracking tunnels with bait and inkpads can be set so that small animals running through them leave footprints, showing you what pests are still around. Photo: Malcolm Pullman Find Out More More information is available on the How to Save Kiwi DVD and the BNZ Save the Kiwi website 17

18 CHAPTER 3 Cats and Dogs Family pet, or kiwi killer? All dogs, regardless of their size, breeding or training, are potential kiwi killers. Cats are also a major predator of kiwi. 18

19 CHAPTER 3 : Cats and Dogs Cats Cats came to New Zealand on the ships of early European explorers, in the late 1700s. All ships were rat-infested, and cats were on board to help control them. It took about 50 years for wild cats to become established here, and since the 1800s they have been chewing through New Zealand s native wildlife. Cats travel long distances quickly. The edges of a wild cat s large home range often follow natural barriers, such as streams. A female with kittens seldom moves more than 500 metres from her dens, but tomcats roam up to 20 kilometres. Cats are active day and night. They usually stalk alone, but will share their home area with other cats. Photo: Rob Suisted/www.naturespic.com Their vision and hearing are acute, but smell is less sensitive. WILD CATS New Zealand has many wild cats, which are widespread on the mainland and many offshore islands. Most populations have established from dumped unwanted pets. They breed quickly female cats are sexually mature after one year and wild females may have two litters a year. Photo: Malcolm Pullman Wild and wandering cats travel long distances, and have territories ranging from 50-2,000 hectares. They are seldom seen and naturally cautious, which makes them a difficult pest to lure to a trap. 19

20 TRAPS Live capture cage traps should be used when it is important to not kill family pets. That allows you to release, unharmed, animals wearing collars, while wild cats can be shot or drowned. Good places to set traps are near rubbish dumps, offal holes, hay barns, along fence lines, waterways, roads and tracks, and in vegetation-free areas under trees. Wild cat with transmitter on in a live capture box trap Make sure no vegetation will prevent the door from closing. Smoked fish is a good long-lasting lure. For wild tom cats, you can use the scent of a female domestic cat let her sleep in the cage before putting it outside, and place her bedding or dirt box in the cage. Fine chicken wire at the rear and sides of the cage will stop harrier hawks pulling the bait through the bars. One cage per 10 hectares will give adequate control. In larger areas cages should be moved to a new site every three months. By law, live capture cages must be checked daily. If there is no risk of killing domestic cats, then kill traps, such as the Timms or SA cat traps, can be used. A recommended modification to the Timms trap is to enlarge the keyhole by 10 millimetres on each side. Leg-hold traps will catch cats if strategically placed. Only soft jaw versions should be used, such as a Victor 1.5. Again, by law, each trap must be checked daily and the catch dispatched humanely. Photo: Blue Orb Havahart live capture trap Photo: Wendy Sporle 20

21 Photo: Wendy Sporle CHAPTER 3 : Cats and Dogs POISON Pestoff, the ACP ferret poison, is also effective on cats. Secondary poisoning can also be effective if cats prey on poisoned rodents and/or possums. HOUSE CATS ALSO KILL KIWI Not only wild cats kill kiwi. If you live near an area with kiwi there are several things you can do: Neuter or spay your cat. Feed it well. Put a bell collar on it. Keep it inside at night. When it dies, don t replace it. Photo: Lesley Baigent SA cat trap safely mounted on a ramp out of the reach of kiwi A simple set-up uses a horizontal or sloping board attached to a tree trunk (out of the reach of kiwi) with a meat lure above the trap. This may need to be under cover, to avoid attracting (and catching) hawks or other birds. One trap for cats can be laid in a line of traps set for possums. The trap s chain must be long enough for a caught animal to be able to sit on the ground. 21

22 Dogs Man s best friend is not the kiwi s best friend. All dogs, regardless of their size, breeding or training, are potential kiwi killers. Dogs find the strong distinctive scent of kiwi irresistible and easy to track. They can catch and kill a kiwi in seconds because the bird has no wing muscles to protect its chest, which is easily crushed in a dog s mouth. That s why even highly trained kiwi dogs must always wear a muzzle when working. Dogs don t eat the kiwi; it s simply a natural instinct. Photo: Rogan Colbourne - DOC A dog with a penchant for kiwi can quickly wipe out whole populations; it s a story kiwi workers have heard too many times. By killing adult birds, dogs take the breeders out of the population. Without dogs or ferrets, brown kiwi in Northland would live to more than 50 years. Instead, they are lucky to reach 13 years. In the five years to June 1995, dogs killed 135 kiwi in Northland 70% of all the reported kiwi deaths in the region. Researchers say that, without dogs, Northland s brown kiwi numbers would be self-sustaining. WHAT YOU CAN DO By keeping their dog under control, even people who don t get involved in a community kiwi project can still make a huge contribution to kiwi s survival. The very safest option if you live in an area where kiwi live, is not to have a dog at all. If you do have a dog, stop it from ever going into the bush. Photo: Wendy Sporle 22

23 CHAPTER 3 : Cats and Dogs If kiwi can wander close to your house, it is vital that they never meet your dog. You could build a fence to keep kiwi out and dogs in. Or at night, keep your dog indoors or tied up in an enclosure that kiwi can t get into many kiwi die during canine night-time hunting sprees. You can also train your dog to be less attracted to kiwi, which is especially important for hunters who use dogs. HUNTING DOGS Along with having their dogs trained to avoid kiwi, hunters can reduce the threat their animals pose by training them well, giving them plenty of work, using tracking collars, keeping them under control when in the bush, and staying out of the bush at night, when kiwi are more active. Any injured birds need to be taken to a vet as soon as possible, as dog bites quickly become infected. The How to Save Kiwi DVD shows examples of kiwi aversion training. You can find out more by contacting your local Department of Conservation office. Photo: Wendy Sporle You can also help stop dogs killing kiwi by: Taking wandering dogs to the local council dog ranger. Talking about pet care and control with your neighbours. Encouraging councils to apply no pet clauses to new subdivisions. Taking unwanted pets to the SPCA. HELPFUL RESOURCES BNZ Save the Kiwi can help you deliver the dog safety message. Stickers, brochures, kiwi information and kiwi zone signs can be ordered from More ideas on dealing with dogs are in the Guidebook to kiwi advocacy, available via request. For more information about kiwi aversion training for dogs, contact the Department of Conservation. KIWI ZONE HELP US PROTECT KIWI DOGS KILL KIWI DOGS ARE A BIG PROBLEM FOR KIWI YOU CAN HELP NO DOGS ALLOWED Find out more about kiwi protection projects and dog aversion training near you: KIWI & DOGS DON T MIX Do you know what your dog is up to when you can t see it? Keep dogs away from places wild kiwi live. Keep your dog under control at all times. Visit the BNZ Save the Kiwi website Your Local Kiwi Conservation Group Department of Conservation Area Offi ce 23

Kakapo Recovery Plan 1996-2005

Kakapo Recovery Plan 1996-2005 Kakapo Recovery Plan 1996-2005 Threatened Species Recovery Plan No.21 Kakapo Management Group Department of Conservation P.O. Box 10-420 Wellington New Zealand CONTENTS 1. Background 5 2. Distribution

More information

BEECH MAST RESPONSE 2014

BEECH MAST RESPONSE 2014 BEECH MAST RESPONSE 2014 Heavy seeding in our native forests this year will drive high rodent and stoat numbers that prey on endangered birds. Battle for our Birds is a predator control response to protect

More information

Teacher resource: Studying small land animals

Teacher resource: Studying small land animals Teacher resource: Studying small land animals This resource is intended to help teachers to develop a unit on how to study small land animals in a local environment. Use the information provided to help

More information

Waterway Technote Pest animals

Waterway Technote Pest animals Waterway Technote Pest animals Contents Benefits of animal pest control 1 Common pest animal species found in riparian areas and control methods 2 Protecting plants from animal pests 3 Regional pest specific

More information

Pest Toolkit. Pest proofing your land for a sustainable community. Help is at hand. Main topics: Pest Animal control. pest plant control

Pest Toolkit. Pest proofing your land for a sustainable community. Help is at hand. Main topics: Pest Animal control. pest plant control Pest Toolkit Pg1 Main topics: RPMP Pest proofing your land for a sustainable community Pg2 Pg3 Pg4 Pest Animal control pest plant control weed control in retirement areas Pests are unwanted plants (invasive

More information

CATS and WILDLIFE HOW YOU CAN PROTECT BOTH

CATS and WILDLIFE HOW YOU CAN PROTECT BOTH CATS and WILDLIFE HOW YOU CAN PROTECT BOTH Where is your cat right now? Could it be harming native wildlife? Is it roaming in your neighbour s yard? Is it crossing a busy road? Could it be returned to

More information

Controlling rats and mice. A guide to preventing infestations and getting rid of them

Controlling rats and mice. A guide to preventing infestations and getting rid of them Controlling rats and mice A guide to preventing infestations and getting rid of them General information about rats and mice The house mouse and the brown rat are common rodent pests. We all have a responsibility

More information

Small mammal monitoring report for Key Native Ecosystem sites. February 2016

Small mammal monitoring report for Key Native Ecosystem sites. February 2016 Small mammal monitoring report for Key Native Ecosystem sites February 2016 Small mammal monitoring report for Key Native Ecosystem sites February 2016 For more information, contact the Greater Wellington

More information

Living with Foxes and Skunks Goose Hunting: CWS

Living with Foxes and Skunks Goose Hunting: CWS Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry Living with Foxes and Skunks Goose Hunting: CWS November 19 th, 2015 Town of Tecumseh Kathryn Markham, A/Management Biologist Steven Rowswell, A/Wildlife Technician

More information

FORMAK Pest Animal Transect Whakawhaaititanga Kararehe Orota Planning Instruction

FORMAK Pest Animal Transect Whakawhaaititanga Kararehe Orota Planning Instruction FORMAK Pest Animal Transect Whakawhaaititanga Kararehe Orota Planning Instruction Overview Why do it? What s involved? How long? How often? To allow trends in relative numbers of a variety of animal pests

More information

PEST CONTROL Control vertebrate pests by shooting

PEST CONTROL Control vertebrate pests by shooting 1 of 5 level: 3 credit: 6 planned review date: July 2006 sub-field: purpose: Pest Management This unit standard is for people involved with vertebrate pest control in rural environments. People credited

More information

Rimutaka Incline activity cards

Rimutaka Incline activity cards Rimutaka Incline activity cards To the supervisor As you lead your group on an exploration of the Rimutaka Incline, please ensure that the group stays together, treats the environment respectfully and

More information

Cycles of life. You will be visiting the museum to see some baby animals and their parents. Here are some of their stories.

Cycles of life. You will be visiting the museum to see some baby animals and their parents. Here are some of their stories. Cycles of life Some animals die of old age, some die of disease, some are killed and eaten by other animals. But the world does not run out of animals because more are being born or hatched all the time.

More information

Sentinel Chicken Screening Here are the mosquito larvae! Ground Application Aerial Larvicide Applications

Sentinel Chicken Screening Here are the mosquito larvae! Ground Application Aerial Larvicide Applications County of San Diego Vector Control Program Mosquitoes, Rats, Ticks and More! What is a Vector? Any organism capable of carrying and transferring a disease Common vectors: Mosquitoes Ticks Rats Flies Mosquito

More information

Questions & Answers on Rabies

Questions & Answers on Rabies BUCKS COUNTY DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH Neshaminy Manor Center, Health Building 1282 Almshouse Road Doylestown, PA 18901 215-345-3318 Questions & Answers on Rabies Q: What is rabies? A: Rabies is a deadly disease

More information

China The Giant Panda

China The Giant Panda China The Giant Panda China The Giant Panda Deep in a forest, a black-and-white bear sits peacefully. It chews the green leaves of a plant. The bear is alone, but there are others not too far away. Later,

More information

Who Knows Utah Animals?

Who Knows Utah Animals? Who Knows Utah Animals? Fourth Grade Core: Standard 5 Objective 2 Identify common plants and animals that inhabit Utah forests, wetlands, and deserts; cite examples of physical features that allow particular

More information

TRAPPER EDUCATION COURSE STUDENT EXAMINATION

TRAPPER EDUCATION COURSE STUDENT EXAMINATION OHIO DIVISON OF WILDLIFE TRAPPER EDUCATION COURSE STUDENT EXAMINATION Student Name Address This test should be taken with a Number 2 pencil only. There are 50 questions in this test. You are given more

More information

Lesson 1. Objectives: ocus: Subjects:

Lesson 1. Objectives: ocus: Subjects: Lesson 1 The Web of Life Objectives: 1. Understand the concept of an ecosystem. 2. Understand the interdependence of members of an ecosystem. Subjects: 1. Ecology 2. Language 3. Art MATERIALS: Copies of

More information

5 PEST CONTROL - ANIMALS AND PLANTS

5 PEST CONTROL - ANIMALS AND PLANTS 70 5 PEST CONTROL - ANIMALS AND PLANTS North Marlborough s relatively warm sheltered environment provides good conditions for a large array of introduced plant and animal pests. Some of these can have

More information

Grassland Food Webs: Teacher Notes

Grassland Food Webs: Teacher Notes Grassland Food Webs: Teacher Notes Alan Henderson ecosystem Objectives After completing this activity students will be able to: Create a food web and identify producers and consumers. Assign organisms

More information

Wild About... Frogs and Frogspawn

Wild About... Frogs and Frogspawn a Wild About... Rutland County Council Nature notes Frogs belong to a group of animals called amphibians, which also includes newts and toads. Amphibians live both on land and in water. Water is needed

More information

Owls. Choose words from the list at the end of the page to fill in the blank spaces.

Owls. Choose words from the list at the end of the page to fill in the blank spaces. Owls Choose words from the list at the end of the page to fill in the blank spaces. Owls are _ of prey. A bird of prey is one that catches its food in its Owls hunt for their at night. A bird that hunts

More information

What to Do About Rats or Mice in Your Home or Business

What to Do About Rats or Mice in Your Home or Business Janel Heinrich, MPH, MA, Director City-County Building, Room 507 608 266-4821 210 Martin Luther King, Jr. Boulevard 608 266-4858 fax Madison, WI 53703 www.publichealthmdc.com What to Do About Rats or Mice

More information

Tracks of a Panda by Nick Dowson, Illustrated by Yu Rong Scripted for Readers Theater by Karen Antikajian

Tracks of a Panda by Nick Dowson, Illustrated by Yu Rong Scripted for Readers Theater by Karen Antikajian Tracks of a Panda by Nick Dowson, Illustrated by Yu Rong Scripted for Readers Theater by Karen Antikajian Narrator 1: Narrator 6: Narrator 2: Narrator 7: Narrator 3: Narrator 8: Narrator 4: Fact Announcer

More information

We have put together the following guidance on the different kinds of pests that we treat.

We have put together the following guidance on the different kinds of pests that we treat. Pest Control Guidance Document: We have put together the following guidance on the different kinds of pests that we treat. If you need advice or help with pests, please contact us on 01942 404364. Contents

More information

Be Bear Aware. in Colorado Bear Country

Be Bear Aware. in Colorado Bear Country Be Bear Aware in Colorado Bear Country If you live in the foothills and mountains of Colorado, you live in bear country! If you hike and camp in Colorado, chances are you ve visited places where bears

More information

Lesson Overview. Biodiversity. Lesson Overview. 6.3 Biodiversity

Lesson Overview. Biodiversity. Lesson Overview. 6.3 Biodiversity Lesson Overview 6.3 6.3 Objectives Define biodiversity and explain its value. Identify current threats to biodiversity. Describe how biodiversity can be preserved. THINK ABOUT IT From multicolored coral

More information

A Method of Population Estimation: Mark & Recapture

A Method of Population Estimation: Mark & Recapture Biology 103 A Method of Population Estimation: Mark & Recapture Objectives: 1. Learn one method used by wildlife biologists to estimate population size of wild animals. 2. Learn how sampling size effects

More information

Town of Richmond Hill Beaver Management Policy Summary

Town of Richmond Hill Beaver Management Policy Summary Town of Richmond Hill Beaver Management Policy Summary Above Left: Tree damage from beaver. Above Right: Beaver dam in stream - notice the water level above and below the dam! Below: Beaver swimming. Town

More information

CONSERVING OUR RURAL ENVIRONMENT

CONSERVING OUR RURAL ENVIRONMENT HUME CITY COUNCIL CONSERVING OUR RURAL ENVIRONMENT Grant Guidelines 2015 2016 hume.vic.gov.au CONTENTS 1. GRANT OVERVIEW 1 1.1 Program introduction 1 1.2 Who can apply? 1 1.3 Grant types 1 2. GRANT SELECTION

More information

A guide to living with Urban Coyotes

A guide to living with Urban Coyotes A guide to living with Urban Coyotes Living with coyotes ThinkStock Coyotes are found throughout Florida. This adaptable animal belongs to the dog family and resembles a small German shepherd. In Florida,

More information

Fishing, Hunting & Gathering The Rights and Responsibilities of First Nations People in Manitoba

Fishing, Hunting & Gathering The Rights and Responsibilities of First Nations People in Manitoba Fishing, Hunting & Gathering The Rights and Responsibilities of First Nations People in Manitoba First Nations people have always had a special relationship with the natural life forms that the land provides

More information

Fry Instant Word List

Fry Instant Word List First 100 Instant Words the had out than of by many first and words then water a but them been to not these called in what so who is all some oil you were her sit that we would now it when make find he

More information

Everything You Wanted to Know About Spiders!

Everything You Wanted to Know About Spiders! Everything You Wanted to Know About Spiders! How do spiders fit into the Animal Kingdom? Spiders are arthropods, a group of invertebrates containing insects, crustaceans, millipedes, centipedes, arachnids

More information

50p. Winter. Ightham Mote adventure Mote Road, Ivy Hatch, Sevenoaks, Kent TN15 0NT www.nationaltrust.org.uk/ightham-mote www.50things.org.

50p. Winter. Ightham Mote adventure Mote Road, Ivy Hatch, Sevenoaks, Kent TN15 0NT www.nationaltrust.org.uk/ightham-mote www.50things.org. 50p Winter Ightham Mote adventure Mote Road, Ivy Hatch, Sevenoaks, Kent TN15 0NT www.nationaltrust.org.uk/ightham-mote www.50things.org.uk Where to begin This pack has ideas of things to do outside as

More information

YOUR KNOWLEDGE. Cambridge University Press 978-1-107-61526-7 - Unlock: Reading and Writing Sills 3 Carolyn Westbrook Excerpt More information

YOUR KNOWLEDGE. Cambridge University Press 978-1-107-61526-7 - Unlock: Reading and Writing Sills 3 Carolyn Westbrook Excerpt More information ANIMALS UNIT 1 YOUR KNOWLEDGE Work with a partner. Discuss the questions below. 1 Is it better to see animals in a zoo or in the wild? Why? 2 Are there more wild animals in your country now or were there

More information

ENDANGERED AND THREATENED

ENDANGERED AND THREATENED ENDANGERED AND THREATENED Understand how species in the Sonoran Desert Region may become endangered or threatened and what is being done to protect them. ARIZONA SCIENCE STANDARDS SC03-S4C3-03&04, SC08-S1C3-07,

More information

Fry Instant Words High Frequency Words

Fry Instant Words High Frequency Words Fry Instant Words High Frequency Words The Fry list of 600 words are the most frequently used words for reading and writing. The words are listed in rank order. First Hundred Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Group

More information

www.irishseedsavers.ie Natural surface water on earth includes lakes, ponds, streams, rivers, estuaries, seas and oceans.

www.irishseedsavers.ie Natural surface water on earth includes lakes, ponds, streams, rivers, estuaries, seas and oceans. www.irishseedsavers.ie POND LIFE FACT SHEET Natural surface water on earth includes lakes, ponds, streams, rivers, estuaries, seas and oceans. A pond is a small body of fresh water shallow enough for sunlight

More information

Post-Wildfire Clean-Up and Response in Houston Toad Habitat Best Management Practices

Post-Wildfire Clean-Up and Response in Houston Toad Habitat Best Management Practices Post-Wildfire Clean-Up and Response in Houston Toad Habitat Best Management Practices Purpose The purpose of this document is to provide guidance and recommendations for minimizing potential impacts to

More information

MARCH OF THE PENGUINS

MARCH OF THE PENGUINS MARCH OF THE PENGUINS S C I E N C E M O V I E N I G H T The Academic Support Center @ Daytona State College (Science 127 Page 1 of 33) The Academic Support Center @ Daytona State College (Science 127 Page

More information

San Mateo County Environmental Health

San Mateo County Environmental Health San Mateo County Environmental Health, San Mateo, CA. 94403 (650) 372-6200 General Information Rats and mice have been associated with people for hundreds of years. They live on our food and waste products

More information

GCSE BITESIZE Examinations

GCSE BITESIZE Examinations GCSE BITESIZE Examinations General Certificate of Secondary Education AQA SCIENCE A BLY1B Unit Biology B1b (Evolution and Environment) AQA BIOLOGY Unit Biology B1b (Evolution and Environment) FOUNDATION

More information

Predators and how they may affect aviary design

Predators and how they may affect aviary design Chapter 2 Predators and how they may affect aviary design Predators can come in many forms, but any list might include foxes, rats, weasels, stoats, martens, owls, birds of prey, mice, snakes and insects

More information

Animals all around. Lesson 1. What s Alfie got? He s got a stick insect. 1 Say. $ CD2. 3 Read and match. 1 What s Liam got?

Animals all around. Lesson 1. What s Alfie got? He s got a stick insect. 1 Say. $ CD2. 3 Read and match. 1 What s Liam got? Lesson 1 Animals all around Lesson 1 1 Say. $ CD2 21 2 Listen and say the number. $ CD2 22 3 tortoise 1 2 hamster iguana 5 6 8 guinea pig 7 spider canary 3 Read and match. 1 What s Liam got? a She s got

More information

Dangerous Wild Animals (Northern Ireland) Order 2004. Guidance on the keeping of Wolves and Wolf-Dog Hybrids

Dangerous Wild Animals (Northern Ireland) Order 2004. Guidance on the keeping of Wolves and Wolf-Dog Hybrids Dangerous Wild Animals (Northern Ireland) Order 2004 Guidance on the keeping of Wolves and Wolf-Dog Hybrids www.ehsni.gov.uk Guidance on the keeping of Wolves and Wolf-Dog Hybrids 1. Species Names 2.

More information

The Sea Turtle Coloring Book

The Sea Turtle Coloring Book The Sea Turtle Coloring Book Sea turtles are reptiles, the same as lizards, gecko and snakes. Unlike their crocodile and snake relatives, turtle have no teeth. Turtles have a shell, called a carapace,

More information

Name That Adaptation. Background: Link to the Plan Read Section 5 (Whooping Crane Ecology and Biology) in the Management Plan

Name That Adaptation. Background: Link to the Plan Read Section 5 (Whooping Crane Ecology and Biology) in the Management Plan Summary Students will explore structural, physiological, and behavioral adaptations of whooping cranes. Objectives: Students will be able to: Define an adaptation Describe several whooping crane adaptations

More information

Animals and Adaptation

Animals and Adaptation Animals and Adaptation From: http://www.learninghaven.com/science/articles/animals_and_adaptation.htm In order for animals to survive, they need to be able to adapt. In this lesson we will look at the

More information

A NEW REGIONAL PEST MANAGEMENT PLAN FOR GISBORNE

A NEW REGIONAL PEST MANAGEMENT PLAN FOR GISBORNE A NEW REGIONAL PEST MANAGEMENT PLAN FOR GISBORNE OCTOBER 2015 WHY DO WE NEED A PEST MANAGEMENT PLAN? Weeds and animal pests cause significant impacts to Gisborne s: economy; environment; and human health.

More information

Threatened Species P R I M A R Y

Threatened Species P R I M A R Y Threatened Species P R I M A R Y Acknowledgements This resource was developed by: Alice Howard, Zoos SA Learning With support from the following people and organisations: John Gardner, Zoos SA Learning

More information

Key Idea 2: Ecosystems

Key Idea 2: Ecosystems Key Idea 2: Ecosystems Ecosystems An ecosystem is a living community of plants and animals sharing an environment with non-living elements such as climate and soil. An example of a small scale ecosystem

More information

World Oceans Day at ZSL Whipsnade Zoo

World Oceans Day at ZSL Whipsnade Zoo World Oceans Day at ZSL Whipsnade Zoo Teachers notes KS 1 & KS 2 This booklet will help you to focus your self guided trail on ocean animals, looking at the adaptations of the species and focusing in on

More information

Protecting our Places INTRODUCING THE NATIONAL PRIORITIES FOR PROTECTING RARE AND THREATENED NATIVE BIODIVERSITY ON PRIVATE LAND

Protecting our Places INTRODUCING THE NATIONAL PRIORITIES FOR PROTECTING RARE AND THREATENED NATIVE BIODIVERSITY ON PRIVATE LAND Protecting our Places INTRODUCING THE NATIONAL PRIORITIES FOR PROTECTING RARE AND THREATENED NATIVE BIODIVERSITY ON PRIVATE LAND 1 Message from Ministers Private landowners have a crucial role to play

More information

Wildlife Habitat Conservation and Management Plan

Wildlife Habitat Conservation and Management Plan Wildlife Habitat Conservation and Management Plan For [Applicant Name] [Insert photo of property] Developed in Cooperation with Jane Doe Habitat Conservation Biologist Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife

More information

Responsible Pet Owners, Wildlife and Traps

Responsible Pet Owners, Wildlife and Traps Responsible Pet Owners, Wildlife and Traps Keeping Your Dog Safe is Your Responsibility If you allow your dog to run at large in wildlife habitat (1) at any time of year, you are breaking the law as defined

More information

KNOW THE BEAR FACTS FOR KIDS

KNOW THE BEAR FACTS FOR KIDS KNOW THE BEAR FACTS FOR KIDS New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection Black Bears in New Jersey Activity Guide Black bears live in New Jersey. They were here long before people were. About 100

More information

Regional Ecologist: Southwest Australia

Regional Ecologist: Southwest Australia Regional Ecologist: Southwest Australia Join Australia s leading non-government conservation science team and use your skills and experience to help save Australia s threatened wildlife The non-profit

More information

Integrated Pest Management for Rat, Mice, and other Rodents at Thurston County s Waste and Recovery Center

Integrated Pest Management for Rat, Mice, and other Rodents at Thurston County s Waste and Recovery Center Integrated Pest Management for Rat, Mice, and other Rodents at Thurston County s Waste and Recovery Center When you think of garbage you automatically think of rats and rodents because they are very opportunistic

More information

BigTrunks. Tiny Tales. For Animal Lovers Aged 5-7

BigTrunks. Tiny Tales. For Animal Lovers Aged 5-7 BigTrunks Tiny Tales For Animal Lovers Aged 5-7 Big HOW TO Trunks TEACH WITH TINY TALES Teaching Guide Print out or display the stories on an interactive whiteboard and bookmark them on computers for use

More information

Caring for guinea pigs

Caring for guinea pigs Caring for guinea pigs YOUR GUIDE TO KEEPING GUINEA PIGS HEALTHY AND HAPPY Animal Welfare Foundation www.bva-awf.org.uk AWF is the charity led by the veterinary profession Registered Charity No. 287118

More information

All members of the puma species carry their kittens the same way domestic cats do, and they can purr like housecats too.

All members of the puma species carry their kittens the same way domestic cats do, and they can purr like housecats too. Florida Panther In spite of many, many attempts, I have not been able to discover let alone photograph a majestic Florida panther in the wild. The tawny cat is an endangered species. The panthers I have

More information

Cotton top Tamarins and Conservation

Cotton top Tamarins and Conservation Cotton top Tamarins and Conservation What is a Cotton-top Tamarin? The Cotton-top Tamarin (Saguinus oedipus) is a small species of monkey, recognisable by the white punk hairdo from which it gets its name.

More information

Disney Worldwide Conservation Fund Allows Teachers to Broaden Awareness of the Plight of the Diamondback Terrapin

Disney Worldwide Conservation Fund Allows Teachers to Broaden Awareness of the Plight of the Diamondback Terrapin Disney Worldwide Conservation Fund Allows Teachers to Broaden Awareness of the Plight of the Diamondback Terrapin Maggie Dugan: Upper Township Elementary School Jane Krajewski: Quinton Township School

More information

ANNUAL REPORT UNALIENATED CROWN LAND WEED CONTROL TASMAN-NELSON DISTRICT

ANNUAL REPORT UNALIENATED CROWN LAND WEED CONTROL TASMAN-NELSON DISTRICT ANNUAL REPORT UNALIENATED CROWN LAND WEED CONTROL TASMAN-NELSON DISTRICT Financial Year 2008-2009 Prepared for Land Information New Zealand by Landward Management Ltd PO Box 5627 DUNEDIN June 2009 TABLE

More information

A Most Colorful Mammal by Guy Belleranti

A Most Colorful Mammal by Guy Belleranti Name: In the tropical rainforests of western Africa lives a mammal with a most colorful face and rump. This mammal is the mandrill, the world's largest monkey. The skin on a male mandrill's face has a

More information

4THE UNIVERSITY OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK

4THE UNIVERSITY OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK 4THE UNIVERSITY OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK GRADE 4 ELEMENTARY-LEVEL SCIENCE TEST WRITTEN TEST JUNE 6, 2011 Student Name School Name Print your name and the name of your school on the lines above. The test

More information

Silent, Nighttime Hunters By Guy Belleranti

Silent, Nighttime Hunters By Guy Belleranti By Guy Belleranti Owls are raptors, or birds of prey. They are carnivores who quickly and silently swoop down on their prey from above. Most raptors such as eagles, hawks and falcons are day hunters. They

More information

Friends of Maziwe - Turtle Conservation

Friends of Maziwe - Turtle Conservation Friends of Maziwe In 2005 the Dorobo Fund Directors, recreational stakeholders along the Ushongo Beach, the Tanzanian Government and the local community have joined together in a unique venture to protect

More information

Guide to Healthy Trees

Guide to Healthy Trees Guide to Healthy Trees Al and Bri Seaton Front cover image: This magnifi cent tree is located on our property in Mansfi eld, Victoria. A few years ago it was suffering severely from drought, erosion and

More information

Integrated Pest Management

Integrated Pest Management Integrated Pest Management Many people do not mind encountering bugs outdoors. However, bugs indoors are usually considered pests. Even one insect may be considered too many. People use pesticides to control

More information

Release: 1. HLTPOP409C Identify pest control strategies

Release: 1. HLTPOP409C Identify pest control strategies Release: 1 HLTPOP409C Identify pest control strategies HLTPOP409C Identify pest control strategies Modification History Not Applicable Unit Descriptor Descriptor This unit aims to describe the competencies

More information

Roots & Shoots Raptor Care EcoTeam Lesson 4: Predator/Prey Relationships

Roots & Shoots Raptor Care EcoTeam Lesson 4: Predator/Prey Relationships Roots & Shoots Raptor Care EcoTeam Lesson 4: Predator/Prey Relationships Time needed 30 minutes for journal page. Project is ongoing. Cost None Weather requirement None Advance preparation Locate and contact

More information

Food chain to food web game. The Sun. Sun. The suns energy allows plant life to grow so that animals can survive. Produces heat and light

Food chain to food web game. The Sun. Sun. The suns energy allows plant life to grow so that animals can survive. Produces heat and light Sun The Sun The suns energy allows plant life to grow so that animals can survive. Produces heat and light Plants Plants Plants need the sun to make their own food through a process called photosynthesis.

More information

Follow the steps listed on the following pages to help eliminate the conditions that encourage rats.

Follow the steps listed on the following pages to help eliminate the conditions that encourage rats. CONTROLLING RATS Responsibilities It takes a community-wide effort to manage the rodent population. What Does the Evanston Health and Human Services Department Do? Working with residents, the Evanston

More information

Rodent monitoring and control outdoors: What do you do when outdoors no longer exists!

Rodent monitoring and control outdoors: What do you do when outdoors no longer exists! Rodent monitoring and control outdoors: What do you do when outdoors no longer exists! Introduction The routine use of rodent baits within food factories has declined in recent years, driven primarily

More information

Sullivan s Island Bird Banding and Environmental Education Program. Sarah Harper Díaz, MA and Jennifer Tyrrell, MS

Sullivan s Island Bird Banding and Environmental Education Program. Sarah Harper Díaz, MA and Jennifer Tyrrell, MS Sullivan s Island Bird Banding and Environmental Education Program Sarah Harper Díaz, MA and Jennifer Tyrrell, MS I. Introduction The Sullivan s Island Bird Banding and Environmental Education Program

More information

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT Form 1221-2 (June 1969) UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT MANUAL TRANSMITTAL SHEET Subject: BLM Manual 5716 Protective Measures Release 5-161 Date 7/7/15 1. Explanation

More information

WHAT MADE THESE TRACKS?

WHAT MADE THESE TRACKS? WHAT MADE THESE TRACKS? A guide to assist in interpreting the tracks of small mammals, lizards and insects by Warren Agnew AcknowledgementS Department of Conservation, Stoat Technical Advisory Group, for

More information

House Mice. Quick Stats: Color: Dusty gray with a cream belly. Shape: Round. Size: 2¹ 2 33 ₄ inches long

House Mice. Quick Stats: Color: Dusty gray with a cream belly. Shape: Round. Size: 2¹ 2 33 ₄ inches long House Mice Quick Stats: Color: Dusty gray with a cream belly Shape: Round Size: 2¹ 2 33 ₄ inches long Region: Found throughout the U.S. and the world House Mice Mus musculus Linnaeus Overview: The house

More information

Rodents. By: Isidoro Cabrera

Rodents. By: Isidoro Cabrera Rodents By: Isidoro Cabrera The trouble with rodents Norway rats The trouble with rodents Polynesian rats The trouble with rodents Roof rats The trouble with rodents Common house mouse Norway rats and

More information

Protect your most valuable assets

Protect your most valuable assets Protect your most valuable assets Premise eliminates termites right around your home Termites are a very serious pest in Australia, causing damage that costs hundreds of millions of dollars to repair each

More information

Childrenʼs Farmyard and Animal Nursery. Teacher Resource Pack

Childrenʼs Farmyard and Animal Nursery. Teacher Resource Pack Childrenʼs Farmyard and Animal Nursery Teacher Resource Pack Curriculum linked worksheets and activities SACSA Band: Early Years Learning Area: Science Strand: Life systems Key Idea Children investigate

More information

Waterway Technote Planning

Waterway Technote Planning Waterway Technote Planning Contents Benefits to planning your waterway management 1 Prioritising waterway management where to start? 1 What are your priorities? 1 Start with the best areas or those at

More information

POLICY ON THE RELOCATION OF WILDLIFE

POLICY ON THE RELOCATION OF WILDLIFE State of New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection Mail Code 501-03 Division of Fish and Wildlife PO Box 420 / 501 East State Street Trenton, NJ 08625-0420 POLICY ON THE RELOCATION OF WILDLIFE

More information

Tree House Humane Society

Tree House Humane Society Tree House Cats at Work Project For the cats -- for the community Humane, Effective, Long-term Solutions The Tree House Cats at Work Project is a green humane program that removes sterilized and vaccinated

More information

THIS IS THE RECOMMENDED CODE OF CONDUCT WHICH IS QUITE SELF- EXPLANATORY, AND IS ENCOURAGED AS A MODEL FOR ALL PAAS MEMBERS TO FOLLOW.

THIS IS THE RECOMMENDED CODE OF CONDUCT WHICH IS QUITE SELF- EXPLANATORY, AND IS ENCOURAGED AS A MODEL FOR ALL PAAS MEMBERS TO FOLLOW. THIS IS THE RECOMMENDED CODE OF CONDUCT WHICH IS QUITE SELF- EXPLANATORY, AND IS ENCOURAGED AS A MODEL FOR ALL PAAS MEMBERS TO FOLLOW. The Club s Committee feels that this should be the minimum standard

More information

PEST CONTROL POLICY AND PLAN

PEST CONTROL POLICY AND PLAN APPENDIX 12 PEST CONTROL POLICY AND PLAN COOMBE COUNTRY PARK Pest Control Policy and Plan 1 www.coventry.gov.uk/coombe www.coventry.gov.uk/coombe Pest Control Policy and Plan Introduction We have a duty

More information

Stephen Wilson Pest Control Ranger

Stephen Wilson Pest Control Ranger Stephen Wilson Pest Control Ranger Zoe Lieschke, Charlie Seidel and Nathan Wardius Walbundrie Public School Creative Catchment Kids Creative Catchment Kids is an initiative of Wirraminna Environmental

More information

Threatened, Endangered & Extinct Lesson Plan

Threatened, Endangered & Extinct Lesson Plan Threatened, Endangered & Extinct Lesson Plan Keywords: habitat, ecosystem, food,, shelter, space, basic needs, threatened, endangered, extinct Grade level: 3 rd & 4 th Grades Setting: classroom Subjects

More information

Who Eats What in the Woods?

Who Eats What in the Woods? Who Eats What in the Woods? Developed with teachers at Tolworth Junior School in Kingston upon Thames in 2000. The webaddress for this activity is; Last updated 26th February 2008 This activity has now

More information

-* -* -* -* reflecting. A~fion ~ynop i. Gl) ~ linking to real world

-* -* -* -* reflecting. A~fion ~ynop i. Gl) ~ linking to real world Afion ynop i Students make food webs of their study site, then trace how a change in one population could affect other populations within the web. Session 1 1. Show a food web made by a team of ecologists.

More information

Dear Internship Candidate,

Dear Internship Candidate, Dear Internship Candidate, Thanks for your interest in becoming a part of the team here at the WNC Nature Center, a part of the City of Asheville's Parks, Recreation and Cultural Arts Department. With

More information

WILDFLOWER RESTORATION PROJECT. Experimental Design and Data Collection Guide

WILDFLOWER RESTORATION PROJECT. Experimental Design and Data Collection Guide 1 Experimental Design and Data Collection Guide 2 INTRODUCTION This citizen science wildflower restoration project requires you to set up a study site, gather and plant seeds, and monitor changes in the

More information

Animals of the Desert

Animals of the Desert Animals of the Desert (NatureScope Discovering Deserts page 26-27) Third Grade Core: Standard 2 Objective 2 Describe the interactions between living and nonliving things in a small environment. Teach a

More information

6. Which of the following is not a basic need off all animals a. food b. *friends c. water d. protection from predators. NAME SOL 4.

6. Which of the following is not a basic need off all animals a. food b. *friends c. water d. protection from predators. NAME SOL 4. NAME SOL 4.5 REVIEW - Revised Habitats, Niches and Adaptations POPULATION A group of the same species living in the same place at the same time. COMMUNITY-- All of the populations that live in the same

More information

The Wonderful World of Wetlands BINGO

The Wonderful World of Wetlands BINGO The Wonderful World of Wetlands BINGO Time: 10-15 minutes to create Bingo board; 5-10 minutes to play one-round of Bingo Scituate Reservoir Watershed Education Program 17 Smith Ave Greenville, RI 02828

More information

(5) Wildlife Conservation and Management in Japan 5-1) Basic Policy and Strategy of Wildlife Conservation

(5) Wildlife Conservation and Management in Japan 5-1) Basic Policy and Strategy of Wildlife Conservation (5) Wildlife Conservation and Management in Japan 5-1) Basic Policy and Strategy of Wildlife Conservation a) Basic Concepts Wild animals and plants serve as the basic components of ecosystems, and their

More information

BEARS. Polar Bear Photo by Jerzy Strzelecki

BEARS. Polar Bear Photo by Jerzy Strzelecki BEARS There are technically 8 species of bear which include the Asiatic Black Bear, Black Bear, Brown Bear, Panda Bear, Polar Bear, Sloth Bear, Spectacled Bear, and the Sun Bear. That being said, the North

More information