Weed Po cket Guide. Agricultural and Environmental Weeds FAR NO RTH QUEENSLA N D

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Weed Po cket Guide. Agricultural and Environmental Weeds FAR NO RTH QUEENSLA N D"

Transcription

1 Weed Po cket Guide Agricultural and Environmental Weeds FAR NO RTH QUEENSLA N D

2 Credits 2 Collaboratively produced by: Wet Tropics Management Authority; Far North Queensland Local Government Pest Plan Advisory Committee; and Department of Natural Resources and Mines, with assistance from the Natural Heritage Trust. Graphic Design: Grant Flockhart & Willi Schulze Photographic Credits: NR&M staff, WTMA staff, Cook Shire Council staff, Bureau of Sugar Experimental Stations, Andrew Mitchell (Australian Quarantine Inspection Service), Ken Murray, Richard Lindeman, Di Ward, Agnes Reinhart, Colin Wilson. Special thanks for writing and editing: Di Ward, Steve Goosem and Garry Werren. Department of Natural Resources and Mines, Queensland Government September 2001 ISBN QNRM01198 The Department of Natural Resources and Mines owns the rights to the Weed Identification Deck series. Cover photos: Giant rat s tail grass (left) and Singapore daisy

3 Index 3 TREE African tulip p8 Camphor laurel p10 Caribbean pine p12 Cucumber tree p14 East Indian mahogany p16 Guava p18 Harungana p20 Leucaena p22 Miconia p24 Pond apple p26 Raintree p28 SHRUB Anzac flower p30 Barleria p32 Chinee apple p34 Coffee p36 Giant bramble p38 Giant sensitive plant p40 Golden dewdrops p42 Hairy senna p44 Japanese sunflower p46 Lantana p48 Mimosa pigra p50 Privets p52 Sanchezia p54 Siam weed p56 Sicklepod p58 South-east Asian wait-a-while p60 Sweet prayer plant p62 Wild tobacco p64 Yellow allamanda p66 FORB/ HERB Annual ragweed p68 Brillantaisia p70 Calopo p72 Centro p74 Clitoria p76 Erect tar vine p78 Fringed spider flower p80 Horehound p82 Knob weed p84 Mother-in-law s tongue p86 Parthenium p88 Peacock fern p90 Persian shield p92 Praxelis p94 Puero p96 Red Christmas pride p98 Red ivy p100 Singapore daisy p102 Siratro p104 Snakeweeds p106 Spiny emex p108 Tobacco weed p110 Wandering jew p112 Wandering jew p114 VINE Balsam pear p116 Black-eyed Susan p118 Elephant ear vine p120 Glycines p122 Mikania vine p124 Morning glory p126 Passionfruits p128 Rubber vine p130 Thunbergias p132 Turbina p134 GRASS/ SEDGE Aleman grass p136 Bamboo p138 Elephant grass p140 Giant rat s tail grass p142 Grader grass p144 Guinea grass p146 Molasses grass p148 Navua sedge p150 Para grass p152 WATER WEED Alligator weed p154 Cabomba p156 Hymenachne p158 Limnocharis p160 Salvinia p162 Water hyacinth p164

4 Positive identification of weeds is difficult! This weed identification deck has been developed to aid weed recognition and should be used as a guide only. Many plants can look very similar, so weeds can be mistaken for natives and vice versa. The pest plants contained in this identification deck spread quickly and vigorously. They damage local native flora and fauna, diminish land value and some cause health problems. It is important for all members of the community to contribute to pest plant control. There are many factors which make weeds hard to deal with. The two main issues are noticing a weed on a property and identifying the weed and its subsequent control methods. If you think you have found a pest plant, you should take a cutting and obtain positive identification and latest control information. Positive identification should be obtained before any steps are taken to control particular plants. Identification and control options can be obtained from your local government s weed inspector or your local Department of Natural Resources and Mines Land Protection Officer. Plant identification can also be obtained via samples sent to the Queensland Herbarium (see page 6 for instructions on sample preparation). 4

5 Symbol Guide Environmental Weed (green background) Agricultural Weed (brown background) Potential Weed (red background) Weed type tree shrub fo r b / h e r b grass vine water weed (attached to water way floor) water weed (free floating) A annual P perennial alternate leaves opposite leaves compound leaves basal leaves whorled leaves has berries (or berry-like fruit) has flowers flowering time has spines has pods 5

6 How to prepare a sample for the Herbarium 6 All specimens must be dried before sending. Using moderate pressure, press specimens between sheets of newspaper until dry (usually several days). This also applies to water plants. Include a small branch or portion of the stem about cm long with leaves, flowers and/or fruits attached. Include the whole plant for small plants, grasses and sedges. For plants with large leaves or flower-heads, include a sample of the top and base of leaves or heads, and the dimensions of the whole leaf or flower-head. Collect enough material to make at least two sets of specimens and clearly number each set. Keep one set and send the other for identification. Specimens are not returned. If the specimen falls apart, keep all the pieces together. Include notes giving location of plant, collector s name, date of collection, the plant s habit and flower colour and any other information you think is relevant for each specimen. Pack the dried specimens flat, each in a folder of newspaper, with some cardboard packing around the bundle. Do not glue or tape specimens to the paper. Put your name and address on the package and include a covering letter. Send the package to: Identification and Advisory Service, Queensland Herbarium, Brisbane Botanic Gardens, Mt Coo-tha Road TOOWONG QLD 4066

7 Spread Symbols water wind machinery, equipment, vehicles animals, birds, humans cuttings, pieces pasture seed, turf, soil, farm produce 7

8 African tulip (BIGNONIACEAE) Spathodea campanulata 8 P

9 African tulip Spathodea campanulata Description Showy, fast-growing, evergreen tree to 25 m tall, somewhat buttressed. Bark is rough and greenish grey-brown with small white lenticels. Leaves compound, opposite, pinnate, glossy green; 7-1 oval leaflets (6-12 cm long) alternate or opposite. Large, bell-shaped flowers, 8-12 cm long, bright crimson-red, sometimes with yellow frilled edge, swollen on one side, 5-lobed, in clusters at the ends of branches. Fruit is a long dagger-like woody capsule, with many seeds. Seeds are light and winged and can be carried long distances even by gentle breezes. Habitat Occurring naturally in tropical and sub-tropical west Africa, African tulip tree was introduced here as an ornamental. It readily invades disturbed rainforest and river systems, as well as cleared, unmanaged land. Has the ability to sucker along its root system and grow from cuttings. Declaration This species is listed as an Undesirable Plant in the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area. Currently not declared, although its control is highly recommended. ACTION: For control information contact your local government weed inspector or your NR&M Land Protection Officer. 9

10 Camphor laurel (LAURACEAE) Cinnamomum camphora 10 P

11 Camphor laurel Cinnamomum camphora Description Fast growing, evergreen tree to 20 m. Scaly grey bark. Leaves simple, alternate (sometimes opposite) oval to elliptical 6-10 cm long x 3-6 cm wide, shiny above, waxy bluish-green below, 3-nerved, characteristic smell of camphor when crushed. Masses of small, cream, fragrant flowers. Fruits are berry-like, spherical, 7-8 mm across, green at first and then changing to black when ripe, containing a single seed. Habitat Introduced from Asia as an ornamental, Camphor laurel has the potential to develop dense infestations in rainforest, along water courses and in clearings. Declaration This species is listed as an Undesirable Plant in the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area. Currently not declared, although its control is highly recommended. ACTION: For control information contact your local government weed inspector or your NR&M Land Protection Officer. 11

12 Caribbean pine (PINACEAE) Pinus caribaea 12 P

13 Caribbean pine Pinus caribaea Description Evergreen tree to 30 m with broad, rounded crown, often free of branches to a considerable height. Grey to reddish-brown bark, fissured, sheds in wide flat plates. Deep-green needles, cm long, usually in bundles of 3, and rarely 4, 5 or 2, crowded at the ends of branches. Glossy brown cones, about 5-10 cm long and cm wide when closed. Each cone scale has a small prickle. Winged seeds usually mottled grey or light brown. Habitat Originally from the West Indies and Central America, this tree is an aggressive species that tolerates hard conditions. Seeds are blown into paperbark and open eucalypt forests where they can form dense stands, excluding other vegetation and altering fire regimes. Declaration This species is listed as an Undesirable Plant in the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area. Currently not declared although its control is highly recommended. ACTION: For control information contact your local government weed inspector or your NR&M Land Protection Officer. 13

14 Cucumber tree (BIGNONIACEAE) Parmentiera aculeata 14 P

15 Cucumber tree Parmentiera aculeata Description Small to large tree with short, thick trunk and pale bark. Branches with short stout spines at nodes. Leaves compound, opposite, trifoliate, on long narrowly-winged leaf stalks, three elliptical leaflets each 4-8 cm long. Flowers in leaf axils, along branches and on trunk on the old wood, trumpet shaped, green with brown-purple lines, cm long. Ridged, red-stained, yellow-green cucumber-like fruit, cm long and 2-3 cm wide, often curved. Habitat Native to Central America, this tree was introduced as an ornamental for its edible fruits. It has invaded rainforest in the Barron and Mulgrave catchments, outcompeting native rainforest trees. Declaration Currently not declared, although its control is highly recommended. ACTION: For control information contact your local government weed inspector or your NR&M Land Protection Officer. 15

16 East Indian mahogany (MELIACEAE) Chukrasia velutina 16 P

17 East Indian mahogany Chukrasia velutina Description Deciduous medium to large tree, m in height. Bark surface rusty brown or deep brown, deeply fissured or cracked, with obvious lenticels. Leaves compound, alternate, pinnate with 4-9 pairs of alternate hairy leaflets without an end leaflet. Large pink to white flowers on stalks in the leaf axils. Capsules large (4 x 3.5 cm), rounded, woody, contain seeds winged at one end. Habitat Dominant native of high rainfall lowland forest from Bangladesh to Thailand. Regarded as a pioneer species, it can colonise bare ground and road cuttings in its natural range. The species was introduced to the Atherton Tableland and Mulgrave Valley in the 1960s as a cabinet timber. It has prolific seed production and a tremendous potential for spread through wind-borne seeds. It is now steadily expanding its range by colonizing disturbed areas within rainforest, on rainforest edges and in cleared areas. Declaration This species is listed as an Undesirable Plant in the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area. Currently not declared, although its control is recommended. ACTION: For control information contact your local government weed inspector or your NR&M Land Protection Officer. 17

18 Guava or Yellow guava Psidium guajava (MYRTACEAE) 18 P

19 Guava or Yellow guava Psidium guajava Description Tree to 4-8 m with a dense bushy canopy. Smooth light reddish brown to grey bark, with four-angled branchlets. Leaves opposite, oval (7-15 cm long x 3-5 cm wide), leathery, with prominent veins. Large (2.5 cm wide) white-petalled flowers with prominent stamens, on 1-2 cm hairy stalks in leaf axils. Round fruits, 8 cm diameter, with pink flesh and yellow skins, containing many yellowish seeds. Habitat Native to tropical America, guava was introduced here for its fruit. Invades disturbed rainforest and abandoned areas, forming dense thickets. Declaration This species is listed as an Undesirable Plant in the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area. Currently not declared, although its control is highly recommended. ACTION: For control information contact your local government weed inspector or your NR&M Land Protection Officer. 19

20 Harungana (CLUSIACEAE) Harungana madagascariensis 20 P

21 Harungana Harungana madagascariensis Description Tree m high, with bright orange-coloured bark exudate. Distinctive broad egg-shaped and opposite leaves, cm long x 6-10 cm wide. Whitish, very small, fragrant flowers dotted with black glands in terminal inflorescences. Small (2-3 mm), orange-brown, fleshy fruits with 2-4 seeds each. Habitat This tree is a pioneer species native to Madagascar, Mauritius and tropical Africa where it grows on the margins of wet forests and in regrowth after disturbance. In North Queensland it grows on well-drained soils and also withstands poor drainage on alluvium. It favours water courses and rainforest edges and roads, and will also invade cyclone-damaged rainforest and gaps in rainforest caused by fallen trees or landslips. Harungana grows at all altitudes and can form dense thickets to the exclusion of all other species. Declaration This species is listed as an Undesirable Plant in the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area. Currently not declared, although its control is recommended. ACTION: For control information contact your local government weed inspector or your NR&M Land Protection Officer. 21

22 Leucaena (MIMOSACEAE) Leucaena leucocephala 22 P

23 Leucaena Leucaena leucocephala Description Shrub or small tree to 7 m tall. Dark-green, alternate, feathery leaves with many pairs of oblong leaflets. Small, round, cream, wattle-like ball flowers, about 12 mm across, single or in pairs in leaf axils. Flat, green pods turns pale to dark-brown when mature, 8-20 cm long and cm wide, clustered, with about 20 flat oval glossy brown seeds (6 mm long). Habitat A native of Central America, Leucaena has the potential to form dense stands along streams and on roadsides and in other disturbed areas, inhibiting growth of other species and reducing ground cover. A serious environmental weed. Shattering of pods causes local dispersal of seeds in the vicinity of the parent plant, while vehicles and flowing water disperse seeds longer distances. Prolific seed producer, reestablishes from basal shoots after fire. Declaration Currently not declared, although its control is recommended. ACTION: For control information contact your local government weed inspector or your NR&M Land Protection Officer. 23

24 Miconia (MELASTOMATACEAE) Miconia calvescens 24 P

25 Miconia Miconia calvescens Description A small evergreen shade tolerant tree to 15 m. Large (60-70 cm long) attractive leaves are dark green above and reddish-purple beneath, with three prominent ivory veins on each leaf. Flowering and fruiting begin after 4-5 years. Numerous flowers are sweet-scented, white to pink and short-lived (12-24 hrs after opening). Mature fruit are dark purple to black fleshy berries, mm in diameter in panicles, each fruit containing up to 200 seeds. Habitat A native of Central America, Miconia aggressively invades rainforest forming dense stands and shading out native plants. Mature plants can produce up to 3 million seeds several times per year, creating a massive soil seed bank. Declaration This species is listed as an Undesirable Plant in the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area and is a declared plant in Queensland. For further information on declaration status refer to the NR&M Pest Fact series. ACTION: For control information contact your local government weed inspector or your NR&M Land Protection Officer. 25

26 Pond apple (ANNONACEAE) Annona glabra 26 P

27 Pond apple Annona glabra Description Semi-deciduous tree usually 3-6 m in height. Normally single-trunked and narrowly buttressed, but seeds germinating in groups often fuse and give the appearance of multi-stemmed plants. Stems are grey, thin-barked with prominent lenticels cm leaves may yellow in dry season, prominent midrib is depressed on the upper surface, petiole grooved on the upper surface. Cream-white flowers open from a 3-angled bud, with the 3 outer petals marked with a bright red spot near the base on the inner surface, inner petals with a yellow spot near the base on inner surface. Fruit are 5-8 cm in diameter, green, apple-shaped and have stringy orange flesh and a large number of pumpkin-like seeds. Habitat Native to tropical North, Central and South America and coastal west Africa, Pond apple is an extremely aggressive plant that invades seasonally inundated wetlands, swamps, mangroves and creeks and rivers including farm drainage systems, forming dense thickets that prevent the regeneration of native plants and replace native ecosystems. The seed floats and can survive long periods of immersion, giving this plant the opportunity for spread over very long distances. Declaration Pond Apple is listed as a Weed of National Significance and as an Undesirable Plant in the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area. Currently not declared, although its control is highly recommended. ACTION: For control information contact your local government weed inspector or your NR&M Land Protection Officer. 27

28 Rain tree (MIMOSACEAE) Samanea saman 28 P

29 Rain tree Samanea saman Description Large to massive, evergreen, spreading, umbrella-shaped and symmetrical tree to 60 m tall with the crown up to 80 m broad. Grey very coarsely flaky bark. Leaves alternate, bipinnate, cm long, with 2-8 pairs of primary leaflets each with 2-7 paired stalkless leaflets with a glandular dot between each pair. Flowerheads clustered near the ends of twigs, each cluster on a green hairy stalk 7-10 cm long, with many small tubular flowers with greenish petals and dark pink stamens. Black woody seed pods are oblong, flat, cm long x 2 cm wide, each with several oblong, reddish-brown seeds around 1 cm long. Habitat Native to central and south America, Rain trees have been widely planted for shade, and are able to spread into native forests, particularly along stream margins. Declaration This species is listed as an Undesirable Plant in the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area. Currently not declared, although its control is highly recommended. ACTION: For control information contact your local government weed inspector or your NR&M Land Protection Officer. 29

30 Anzac flower or Tree daisy (ASTERACEAE) Montanoa hibiscifolia 30 P

31 Anzac flower or Tree daisy Montanoa hibiscifolia Description Perennial, scarcely-branching shrub/small tree up to 6 m high. Leaves deeply palmately lobed, up to 25 cm long and 25 cm wide, dark green above and paler below, softly hairy on both surfaces, with a pair of lobes at the base of the leaf blade. Daisy-like flowers, about 4 cm across, ray petals white and disc yellow, profuse, in terminal branched inflorescences. Reddish-brown dry fruits look like old papery flower heads, one-seeded, do not open to release the seed. Habitat Tree Daisy is a native of Central America and was introduced to Far North Queensland as a garden plant. Invades rainforest margins, gullies and road embankments. Declaration This species is listed as an Undesirable Plant in the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area. Currently not declared, although its control is highly recommended. ACTION: For control information contact your local government weed inspector or your NR&M Land Protection Officer. 31

32 Barleria (ACANTHACEAE) Barleria prionitis 32 P

33 Barleria Barleria prionitis Description A robust, prickly shrub to about 1 m high. 3-5 sharp, pale-coloured spines 1-2 cm long, in leaf axils. Branches are smooth, brown and roughly square in cross-section. Oval leaves cm long with a pointed tip ending in a short spine. Yellow, tubular flowers about 4 cm long with long projecting stamens occur in upright spikes at the top of the plant. Seed capsule is oval-shaped and about 18 mm long, tapering into a 6 mm long beak. Seeds are large (8 mm long and 5 mm wide), flat and covered in matted hairs. Habitat Barleria is a native to tropical Asia, Africa and India that invades open woodland habitats and along watercourses, surviving the dry season and growing vigorously with onset of the wet. It can form dense prickly thickets. Declaration Currently not declared although its control is recommended. ACTION: For control information contact your local government weed inspector or your NR&M Land Protection Officer. 33

34 Chinee apple (RHAMNACEAE) Ziziphus mauritiana 34 P

35 Chinee apple Ziziphus mauritiana Description A thorny, spreading, deciduous shrub to 8 m high and 10 m wide, with densely branched stems. Branches are zigzag with a leaf and a thorn at each inflection point. Three-nerved leaves are rounded, alternate, glossy green above and almost white beneath, margins toothed, elliptical but asymetrical at base. Small, greenish-white flowers in clusters in the leaf axils have an unpleasant smell. Round, edible fruits are pale yellow or orange when ripe, and similar in size and structure to a cherry. Habitat Chinee Apple is a native to southern Asia and eastern Africa, and was imported for its fruits by miners last century. It is now widespread in the drier parts of the tropics in cleared areas, areas of sparse vegetation, along water courses and in exposed areas and can form dense thickets which restrict stock management, accessibility and land productivity. Declaration This species is a declared plant in Queensland. For further information on declaration status refer to the NR&M Pest Fact series. ACTION: For control information contact your local government weed inspector or your NR&M Land Protection Officer. 35

36 Coffee (RUBIACEAE) Coffea arabica 36 P

37 Coffee Coffea arabica Description An often multi-stemmed shrub or small tree 2-5 m tall. Tiered branches. Leaves glossy deep-green, smooth-edged, in opposite pairs. Attractive small white fragrant flowers are clustered along the branches in leaf axils. In shaded conditions the flowers may remain closed and automatically selfpollinate. Fruit is bright red when ripe, each containing two beans which, when extracted, dried and roasted, are our familiar coffee beans. Habitat Native of mountain rainforest understorey in Ethiopia. In north Queensland, this shade tolerant plant has invaded undisturbed rainforest and rainforest margins on the Atherton Tableland. Declaration This species is listed as an Undesirable Plant in the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area. Currently not declared, although its control is recommended. ACTION: For control information contact your local government weed inspector or your NR&M Land Protection Officer. 37

38 Giant bramble (ROSACEAE) Rubus alceifolius 38 P

39 Giant bramble Rubus alceifolius Description A vigorous, scrambling, perennial shrub. Stems become thick canes to 5 m long, covered with a felt of brown hairs and scattered hooked thorns. Alternate leaves are large (12-14 cm across), green above and velvety brown below, densely hairy, deeply notched at the base, about seven shallow lobes, finely serrated. White flowers in clusters at the end of short secondary canes. Fruit is an edible aggregate berry, red when ripe (Sept-Oct). Habitat A native of South-east Asia, Giant Bramble is capable of smothering other plants and forming dense thickets. It readily invades wet gullies, creekbanks, the perimeter of rainforest, pastures and roads, tracks and other clearings. Giant Bramble can be confused with the native bramble, commonly called wild raspberry which has differently-shaped leaves. Declaration This species is a declared plant for the local government areas of Cairns, Johnstone and Eacham. For further information on declaration status refer to the NR&M Pest Fact series. ACTION: For control information contact your local government weed inspector or your NR&M Land Protection Officer. 39

40 Giant sensitive plant (MIMOSACEAE) Mimosa diplotricha 40 A

41 Giant sensitive plant Mimosa diplotricha Description A shrubby, climbing or sprawling annual that behaves like a perennial vine in certain years. Stem branches profusely, often scrambling over other plants, conspicuously 4-angled, the angles lined with sharp, hooked thorns. Leaves bright green, feather like, and slightly sensitive to touch. Small pink staminate flowers, round, about 12 mm across on short stalks in leaf axils. Numerous pods clustered in leaf axils, each about 25 mm long and 6 mm wide when ripe, clothed with small prickles. Each pod breaks into 4 or 5 one-seeded pieces. Seeds are very long-lived in the soil. Habitat Native to Brazil, Giant sensitive plant is now naturalised in the high rainfall areas of coastal North Queensland. The plant will choke out cane, other crops and grassland. Declaration This species is a declared plant. For further information on declaration status refer to the NR&M Pest Fact series. ACTION: For control information contact your local government weed inspector or your NR&M Land Protection Officer. 41

42 Golden dewdrops (VERBENACEAE) Duranta erecta (syn. D. repens) 42 P

43 Golden dewdrops Duranta erecta (syn. D. repens) Description Vigorous shrub or small tree to 7 m high. Drooping, spiny branches. Leaves opposite, stalked, egg-shaped, 2-8 cm long. Blue tubular flowers, 1 cm long, in sprays up to 20 cm long. Bright yellow fruits, spherical, 5-10 mm across. Habitat Native to tropical America, Golden dewdrops was introduced to Australia as an ornamental. Invades disturbed areas. Declaration This species is listed as an Undesirable Plant in the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area. Currently not declared, although its control is recommended. ACTION: For control information contact your local government weed inspector or your NR&M Land Protection Officer. 43

44 Hairy senna (CAESALPINIACEAE) Senna hirsuta 44 P

45 Hairy senna Senna hirsuta Description Perennial shrub to 3 m. Single or multi-stemmed, becoming woody with age. Pinnate leaves with 2-6 pairs of hairy leaflets 4-9 cm long, ribbed leaf stalk has a prominent conical gland at the base. Yellow flowers clustered in groups of 5 8 on upper branches. Hairy, cylindrical pods cm long each contain round dull seeds. Habitat Native to America, Hairy senna readily invades disturbed areas such as roadsides, fencelines, creek banks and the edges of rainforest. Declaration Currently not declared, although its control is highly recommended. ACTION: For control information contact your local government weed inspector or your NR&M Land Protection Officer. 45

46 Japanese sunflower (ASTERACEAE) Tithonia diversifolia 46 P

47 Japanese sunflower Tithonia diversifolia Description Erect thicket-forming shrub to 3 m tall. Alternate leaves, deeply divided into 3-7 pointed and serrated lobes that are wedge-shaped at the base, dull-green on the upper surface and pale green and velvet-like on the underside, cm long and 5-15 cm wide. Bright yellow sunflower-like flowers, 6-10 cm wide, on the ends of stalks in the forks of the upper leaves. Narrow, brown seeds with silky hairs and a crown of flat papery scales. Habitat Native to Mexico and Central America, Japanese sunflower is now widespread and common in FNQ. It is found on roadsides, banks, unmanaged land and fire-degraded hillslopes. Declaration This species is listed as an Undesirable Plant in the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area. Currently not declared, although its control is recommended. ACTION: For control information contact your local government weed inspector or your NR&M Land Protection Officer. 47

48 Lantana (VERBENACEAE) Lantana camara 48 P

49 Lantana Lantana camara Description Scrambling, heavily-branched shrub to 4 m high. Grows as either a compact clump, dense thicket or scrambler. Stems are four-angled when young, rounded when mature, with numerous short prickles. Leaves are bright green above, paler beneath, about 6 cm long, with slightly rounded-toothed margins, strongly veined, aromatic when crushed. Flowers mainly pink, yellow, orange and red, in compact heads to 2.5 cm wide. Fruits are fleshy, rounded, glossy and purplish-black when ripe. Habitat A native of tropical America, Lantana was introduced to Australia as a garden plant. It is now naturalised in pastures, native vegetation, roadsides and gullies of most coastal and sub-coastal areas of Queensland, mainly on richer soils. Toxic to stock. Declaration Lantana is listed as a Weed of National Significance, and an Undesirable Plant in the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area. Currently not declared although its control is highly recommended. ACTION: For control information contact your local government weed inspector or your NR&M Land Protection Officer. 49

50 Mimosa pigra (MIMOSACEAE) Mimosa pigra 50 P

51 Mimosa pigra Mimosa pigra Description An erect multi-branched shrub to 5 m. Stem thorns are 5 to 10 mm long. Bright green leaves are 20 cm long, prickly, feather-like, leaflets folding together when touched and at night. Flowers are pink, ball-shaped and about 1-2 cm across, from leaf axil. Flattened seedpods are hairy, brown when mature and contain oblong, brown or green flat seeds. Habitat This native of tropical America is now a very serious problem in the Northern Territory where it infests swampy areas, floodplains and along watercourses. There is a huge potential for its spread in FNQ. Declaration This species is a declared plant in Queensland and is also listed as a Weed of National Significance. For further information on declaration status refer to the NR&M Pest Fact series. ACTION: For control information contact your local government weed inspector or your NR&M Land Protection Officer. 51

52 Privet broad-leaved and small-leaved (OLEACEAE) Ligustrum lucidum (broad) and Ligustrum sinense (small) broad-leaved small-leaved 52 P

53 Privet broad-leaved and small-leaved Ligustrum lucidum (broad) and Ligustrum sinense (small) Description Privet broad-leaved Perennial small tree to 10 m, sometimes a dense shrub. Shoots hairless. Leaves oval, glossy, dark green, 5-12 x 3-6 cm. Small cream-white flowers in clusters up to 20 cm long. Small (8 mm across) egg-shaped fruit, purplish or black, in bunches at ends of stems. Description Privet small-leaved Densely branched perennial shrub to 5 m high. Shoots densely hairy. Small, dull green, oval leaves to 6 cm long, hairy on midrib below. Leaf stalk hairy. Fragrant white flowers in clusters up to 10 cm long. Small (6 mm diameter) dull black-purple berries approximately 5 mm in diameter. Habitat Broad-leaved Privet is native to China, Japan and Korea, while Small-leaved privet is from China. Both were introduced to Australia as garden plants. Invade rainforest margins, regrowth and wet schlerophyll forest, and are also found in pastures and disturbed gullies and creek banks. Extremely aggressive, forming dense thickets. Declaration These species are listed as Undesirable Plants in the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area. Currently not declared, although their control is highly recommended. ACTION: For control information contact your local government weed inspector or your NR&M Land Protection Officer. 53

Invasive Tree Species

Invasive Tree Species Invasive Tree Species A Contents Invasive Tree Species................. 1 Removal Permit Process.............. 2 Mitigation......................... 3 Identification Guide: Norway maple - Acer platanoides............

More information

North Shore Community Garden Society Plants to Avoid

North Shore Community Garden Society Plants to Avoid North Shore Community Garden Society - Plants to Avoid Page 1 North Shore Community Garden Society Plants to Avoid Japanese Polygonum Kno tw eed Cuspidatum Rhizomatous, semi-woody, herbaceous perennial

More information

West Virginia Trees. Basic Tree Identification For FFA Forestry Contest

West Virginia Trees. Basic Tree Identification For FFA Forestry Contest West Virginia Trees Basic Tree Identification For FFA Forestry Contest Developed in cooperation with the West Virginia Division of Forestry and the Tyler County FFA Chapter. Identification of trees base

More information

Alligatorweed: Alternanthera philoxerides. Palmer Amaranth: Amaranthus palmer. WEED MANAGEMENT: Identification

Alligatorweed: Alternanthera philoxerides. Palmer Amaranth: Amaranthus palmer. WEED MANAGEMENT: Identification Alligatorweed: Alternanthera philoxerides Alligatorweed is a perennial member of the pigweed family (Amaranthaceae). Reproduction occurs through seed and movement of stem fragments that readily root at

More information

Common Name: AMERICAN BARBERRY. Scientific Name: Berberis canadensis Miller. Other Commonly Used Names: none. Previously Used Scientific Names: none

Common Name: AMERICAN BARBERRY. Scientific Name: Berberis canadensis Miller. Other Commonly Used Names: none. Previously Used Scientific Names: none Common Name: AMERICAN BARBERRY Scientific Name: Berberis canadensis Miller Other Commonly Used Names: none Previously Used Scientific Names: none Family: Berberidaceae (barberry) Rarity Ranks: G3/S1 State

More information

Henbit. Origin: Northern Africa and Eurasia. Location: gardens, lawns, roadsides, cropland, waterways, and waste areas

Henbit. Origin: Northern Africa and Eurasia. Location: gardens, lawns, roadsides, cropland, waterways, and waste areas Henbit Lamium amplexicaule L. Lamiaceae (Mint family) Origin: Northern Africa and Eurasia Location: gardens, lawns, roadsides, cropland, waterways, and waste areas Mint family Occurrence: Henbit seeds

More information

Trees help us experience connections with our natural heritage and with our most deeply held spiritual and cultural values.

Trees help us experience connections with our natural heritage and with our most deeply held spiritual and cultural values. REASONS FOR PLANTING TREES Shade from trees cools hot streets and parking lots and drive ways. Cities are "heat islands" that are 5-9 degrees hotter than surrounding areas. Trees and shrubs add beauty

More information

Japanese Knotweed (Polygonum cuspidatum) Japanese honeysuckle (Lonicera japonica)

Japanese Knotweed (Polygonum cuspidatum) Japanese honeysuckle (Lonicera japonica) Japanese Knotweed (Polygonum cuspidatum) Japanese Barberry (Berberis thunbergii) Photo: www.emmitsburg.net Description: Aggressive plant that forms thickets 3-6 feet tall. Stems are hollow and bamboo-like.

More information

Laboratory Broadleaf Weed Identification

Laboratory Broadleaf Weed Identification 1 Tips for Identifying Broadleaf Weeds Laboratory Broadleaf Weed Identification The cotyledon is an important identifying characteristic for broadleaf weeds. Shape and position of leaves, presence of pubescence

More information

Plant Adaptations. This cactus displays light-colored hair that helps shade the plant. Copyright

Plant Adaptations. This cactus displays light-colored hair that helps shade the plant. Copyright Plant Adaptations Plants have adaptations to help them survive (live and grow) in different areas. Adaptations are special features that allow a plant or animal to live in a particular place or habitat.

More information

Project on the Eradication of the Weed Wedelia trilobata from Niue. Pest Management in the Pacific Programme

Project on the Eradication of the Weed Wedelia trilobata from Niue. Pest Management in the Pacific Programme Project on the Eradication of the Weed Wedelia trilobata from Niue Pest Management in the Pacific Programme (Component 7: Cook Islands, Niue and Tokelau) Progress Report INTRODUCTION Wedelia trilobata

More information

Cercis Ruby Falls. www.planthaven.com. Origin: Redbud breeding program at NCSU Species: Cercis canadensis Protection Status: US PPAF

Cercis Ruby Falls. www.planthaven.com. Origin: Redbud breeding program at NCSU Species: Cercis canadensis Protection Status: US PPAF Cercis Ruby Falls Origin: Redbud breeding program at NCSU Protection Status: US PPAF Key Features Unique weeping habit. Full crown of foliage at the top. Large heart shaped purple leaves. Attractive reddish-purple

More information

Land Protection Management Action Plan 2008 2012

Land Protection Management Action Plan 2008 2012 TABLELANDS REGIONAL COUNCIL Land Protection Management Action Plan 2008 2012 Bellyache Bush Wild Dog Gamba Grass Created by Health & Environment Department, Tablelands Regional Council and Referenced to

More information

Habitat Comparison at the Garden

Habitat Comparison at the Garden Habitat Comparison at the Garden Several types of habitats are represented at the Atlanta Botanical Garden: tropical rainforest, desert, temperate deciduous forest and wetlands. During this activity students

More information

Dichotomous Keys for the Arboretum Walk. Plant List

Dichotomous Keys for the Arboretum Walk. Plant List 1 Dichotomous Keys for the Arboretum Walk Plant List Common name 1. Pin oak 2. Sweet gum 3. Red maple 4. Bur oak 5. River birch 6. Black cherry 7. Tulip poplar 8. Kentucky coffeetree 9. Catalpa 10. Honeylocust

More information

Controlling Invasive Plants and Animals in our Community

Controlling Invasive Plants and Animals in our Community Controlling Invasive Plants and Animals in our Community PROVIDED BY THE WILDLIFE COMMITTEE What makes a plant or animal invasive? When a plant or animal from another region of the world (usually Europe

More information

Plant Structure, Growth, and Development. Chapter 35

Plant Structure, Growth, and Development. Chapter 35 Plant Structure, Growth, and Development Chapter 35 PLANTS developmental plasticity = ability of plant to alter form to respond to environment Biological heirarchy Cell basic unit of life Tissue group

More information

Ministry of Natural Resources. What trees grow best where you live? Ontario s Tree Atlas

Ministry of Natural Resources. What trees grow best where you live? Ontario s Tree Atlas Ministry of Natural Resources What trees grow best where you live? Ontario s Tree Atlas Trees make Ontario beautiful There are dozens of species of trees found in our province, from the tall and mighty

More information

JAPANESE KNOTWEED. What is Japanese Knotweed?

JAPANESE KNOTWEED. What is Japanese Knotweed? JAPANESE KNOTWEED What is Japanese Knotweed? Japanese Knotweed (botanical name Fallopia japonica) was introduced into Britain from Japan in the early 1800 s. It was originally grown as an ornamental plant,

More information

GENERAL WATERING & CARE GUIDE

GENERAL WATERING & CARE GUIDE GENERAL WATERING & CARE GUIDE Between 30-60 percent of water applied to lawns and gardens is never absorbed by the plants. Water is often wasted because it is applied too quickly and runs off, evaporates

More information

The Basics of Tree Pruning

The Basics of Tree Pruning The Basics of Tree Pruning By John Ball, Forest Health Specialist and Aaron Kiesz, Urban and Community Forestry Specialist Until the end of the 19 th century, trees were not a common sight in many parts

More information

Making and using keys Teacher Guidance

Making and using keys Teacher Guidance Teacher Guidance Activities in earlier sections should have laid foundations that lead children to these more complex activities, in which they apply their observation and sorting skills to the practical

More information

The Wonderful World of Wetlands BINGO

The Wonderful World of Wetlands BINGO The Wonderful World of Wetlands BINGO Time: 10-15 minutes to create Bingo board; 5-10 minutes to play one-round of Bingo Scituate Reservoir Watershed Education Program 17 Smith Ave Greenville, RI 02828

More information

DEVELOPMENT GUIDELINES OAK TREES CARE AND MAINTENANCE

DEVELOPMENT GUIDELINES OAK TREES CARE AND MAINTENANCE DEVELOPMENT GUIDELINES OAK TREES CARE AND MAINTENANCE This guide will offer basic information for the preservation and maintenance of oak trees as a part of an overall landscape use. Unfortunately, oak

More information

-1 7.04 Propagules adapted to wind dispersal n. -1 7.05 Propagules water dispersed n

-1 7.04 Propagules adapted to wind dispersal n. -1 7.05 Propagules water dispersed n Australia/New Zealand Weed Risk Assessment adapted for Florida. Data used for analysis published in: Gordon, D.R., D.A. Onderdonk, A.M. Fox, R.K. Stocker, and C. Gantz. 2008. Predicting Invasive Plants

More information

Ipomoea horsfalliae (prince's vine)

Ipomoea horsfalliae (prince's vine) Australia/New Zealand Weed Risk Assessment adapted for Florida. Data used for analysis published in: Gordon, D.R., D.A. Onderdonk, A.M. Fox, R.K. Stocker, and C. Gantz. 28. Predicting Invasive Plants in

More information

KINGMAN IS GROWING! COLUMN

KINGMAN IS GROWING! COLUMN KINGMAN IS GROWING! COLUMN THE INTRIGUING AGAVE BY LINDA REDDICK, KINGMAN AREA MASTER GARDENER An Agave is a tough, easy-care succulent that can add style to your garden, tolerate less than ideal conditions

More information

Geraniaceae geranium family

Geraniaceae geranium family Geraniaceae geranium family Long-known for the prized ornamentals and house plants obtained from South African species. Nova Scotia hosts two genera and a half-dozen species. Most are herbs with lobed

More information

A Beginner s Guide to Butterfly Identification

A Beginner s Guide to Butterfly Identification A Beginner s Guide to Butterfly Identification Common Name Color(s) Key Feature(s) from one wing tip to the other Zebra Swallowtail (SWT) White with stripes Very long tails zebra striped 2½ -4 Moist woods

More information

Apricot Tree Prunus armeniaca

Apricot Tree Prunus armeniaca Apricot Tree Prunus armeniaca Up to 25-30 tall x 15-20 wide or partial shade 10 degrees F. General: The Apricot Tree is a subspecies of the peach and dates back 3,000 years to northeastern China. Apricots

More information

Deficiency Symptoms in Vegetable Plants (Corrective Treatments Per 30ʼ-long Row)

Deficiency Symptoms in Vegetable Plants (Corrective Treatments Per 30ʼ-long Row) Deficiency Symptoms in Vegetable Plants (Corrective Treatments Per 30ʼ-long Row) BORON (1-2 ounces Borax) General Symptoms Rosette Crown terminal buds; Death of terminal buds; leaves are an off-green color;

More information

Holt Ch. 6 Biomes. Section 6.1 pg # 1-6

Holt Ch. 6 Biomes. Section 6.1 pg # 1-6 Holt Ch. 6 Biomes Section 6.1 pg 153-155 # 1-6 1. Describe how plants determine the name of a biome. Scientists name biomes after their vegetation because the plants that grow in an area determine what

More information

Two Main Precautions Before You Begin Working

Two Main Precautions Before You Begin Working Pruning Mango Trees Roy Beckford, Ag/Natural Resources Agent, UF/IFAS Lee County Two Main Precautions Before You Begin Working 1. Mango peel and sap contain urushiol, the chemical in poison ivy and poison

More information

Grade 4 Title: My Name is Magnolia Whittney McCray

Grade 4 Title: My Name is Magnolia Whittney McCray Grade 4 Title: My Name is Magnolia Whittney McCray Student Learning Objective(s): The students will understand why Magnolias are a type of evergreen. The students will create a story based on the information

More information

Alternatives to non-native, invasive woody plants.

Alternatives to non-native, invasive woody plants. Berberis Alternatives to non-native, invasive woody plants. Euonymus Lonicera Pyrus 1. Severe Threat Exotic plant species which possess characteristics of invasive species and spread easily into native

More information

Pruning Citrus Trees. Citrus trees are pruned in order; PRUNING STAGES YOUNG TREE PRUNING HAND PRUNING MAINTENANCE PRUNING

Pruning Citrus Trees. Citrus trees are pruned in order; PRUNING STAGES YOUNG TREE PRUNING HAND PRUNING MAINTENANCE PRUNING Pruning Citrus Trees Citrus trees are pruned in order; to allow light penetration into the canopy; to prevent crowding of main scaffold branches and to remove branches which cross; to remove or shorten

More information

Diagram of a Typical Plant

Diagram of a Typical Plant Grade: 9 to 12 Length: variable Subjects: life science Topics: weed identification Objectives Exercises in this lesson help students achieve the following objectives: Understand the basic parts of a plant

More information

Dry Bean Types and Development Stages

Dry Bean Types and Development Stages Dry Bean Types and Development Stages Two basic plant growth habits are found in dry edible bean: determinate (bush) or indeterminate (vining or trailing). Cultivars may be classified according to plant

More information

Palm Trees for Landscapes in Tulare & Kings Counties Suggested by Nancy Gravender, UC Master Gardener

Palm Trees for Landscapes in Tulare & Kings Counties Suggested by Nancy Gravender, UC Master Gardener Palm Trees for Landscapes in Tulare & Kings Counties Suggested by Nancy Gravender, UC Master Gardener MEDIUM-SIZED PALM TREES (10-25 Ft. Tall) FAN PALMS: Guadalupe Palm (Brahea edulis) Grows to 20 ft.,

More information

April s Featured Plants

April s Featured Plants Genus: Geum (Avens) Genus of about 50 perennials, mostly with dense clusters of hairy leaves Geum chiloense Species originating from Island of Chiloe, Chile which enjoys a cold, wet climate. These plants

More information

Tall Prairie Grasses and Forbes (Flowers and Legumes)

Tall Prairie Grasses and Forbes (Flowers and Legumes) Tall Prairie Grasses and Forbes (Flowers and Legumes) Big Bluestem Commonly known as "Turkey Foot Grass" is named for it's large size and bluish color and seed heads which branch out resembling a turkey's

More information

Introducing Our First Newsletter

Introducing Our First Newsletter RORAIMA NURSERY Newsletter No. 1 20 Swan Street Lara Vic 3212 Spring 2011 Ph: 03 5282 8704 Email: enquiries@roraimanursery.com.au Website: www.roraimanursery.com.au Introducing Our First Newsletter Welcome

More information

PRIMROSE SELECTIONS FOR NEWFOUNDLAND By Todd Boland, Research Horticulturist Memorial University of Newfoundland Botanical Garden

PRIMROSE SELECTIONS FOR NEWFOUNDLAND By Todd Boland, Research Horticulturist Memorial University of Newfoundland Botanical Garden PRIMROSE SELECTIONS FOR NEWFOUNDLAND By Todd Boland, Research Horticulturist Memorial University of Newfoundland Botanical Garden Primroses are classified into 37 groups based on area of origin, flower

More information

White Umbelliferous Plants - How To Identify & Control

White Umbelliferous Plants - How To Identify & Control White Umbelliferous Plants - How To Identify & Control Courtney LeClair Wisconsin DNR Bureau of Endangered Resources Early Detection Invasive Plant Coordinator Courtney.leclair@wisconsin.gov 608-267 267-74387438

More information

Phoenix roebelenii (pygmy date palm)

Phoenix roebelenii (pygmy date palm) Australia/New Zealand Weed Risk Assessment adapted for Florida. Data used for analysis published in: Gordon, D.R., D.A. Onderdonk, A.M. Fox, R.K. Stocker, and C. Gantz. 28. Predicting Invasive Plants in

More information

Flower Model: Teacher Instructions Sepals Anther Stamens (male) Filament Stigma Pistil Style (female) Ovary Petals sepals petals stamens pistil

Flower Model: Teacher Instructions Sepals Anther Stamens (male) Filament Stigma Pistil Style (female) Ovary Petals sepals petals stamens pistil Flower Model: Teacher Instructions In order to better understand the reproductive cycle of a flower, take a look at some flowers and note the male and female parts. Most flowers are different; some have

More information

Common Backyard Birds of Alabama

Common Backyard Birds of Alabama Common Backyard Birds of Alabama Alabama Ornithological Society (AOS) state list includes 420 species: 158 species regularly breed in Alabama 174 species regularly winter 80 species migrate through Alabama

More information

Invasive Species Jeopardy

Invasive Species Jeopardy LESSON FOURTEEN: INVASIVE SPECIES JEOPARDY Duration: One 45-minute class period Objectives: To test students knowledge of exotic invasive plant species taught in this unit. Prepare in advance: Practice

More information

The OPAL Biodiversity Survey

The OPAL Biodiversity Survey The OPAL Biodiversity Survey By The Open University with Hedgelink Introduction Biodiversity is the variety of life. Hedgerows can be important havens for this, both in the countryside and in our cities.

More information

Flowers; Seeds enclosed in fruit

Flowers; Seeds enclosed in fruit Name Class Date Chapter 22 Plant Diversity Section Review 22-1 Reviewing Key Concepts Short Answer On the lines provided, answer the following questions. 1. Describe the main characteristics of plants.

More information

2015 AVAGO 2D SEISMIC SURVEY ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN SUMMARY

2015 AVAGO 2D SEISMIC SURVEY ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN SUMMARY ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN SUMMARY TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. INTRODUCTION... 3 2. DESCRIPTION OF ACTIVITY... 4 3. DESCRIPTION OF THE ENVIRONMENT... 4 4. DESCRIPTION OF THE ACTIVITY IN RELATION TO THE ENVIRONMENT...

More information

Common diseases of nectarines

Common diseases of nectarines OCTOBER 2009 PRIMEFACT 890 Common diseases of nectarines L. Ullio Cleanfresh Project, Intensive Industries, Sydney Markets Bacterial canker Bacterial canker is considered a major disease of stone fruit

More information

Growing lemons in Australia- a production manual - Readers Note

Growing lemons in Australia- a production manual - Readers Note Growing lemons in Australia- a production manual - Readers Note This document is part of a larger publication. The remaining parts and full version of the publication can be found at: http://www.dpi.nsw.gov.au/agriculture/horticulture/citrus/lemon-manual

More information

Summary of Pre- and Post-Project Vegetation Survey Results

Summary of Pre- and Post-Project Vegetation Survey Results 3921 East Bayshore Road Palo Alto CA 94303-4326 tel 650.962.9876 fax 650.962.8234 www.acterra.org info@acterra.org Introduction Summary of Pre- and Post-Project Vegetation Survey Results Acterra Stewardship

More information

Extension SP627. Wayne K. Clatterbuck Associate Professor. Samuel W. Jackson Extension Associate Forestry, Wildlife and Fisheries

Extension SP627. Wayne K. Clatterbuck Associate Professor. Samuel W. Jackson Extension Associate Forestry, Wildlife and Fisheries Extension SP627 Samuel W. Jackson Extension Associate Forestry, Wildlife and Fisheries Wayne K. Clatterbuck Associate Professor Forestry, Wildlife and Fisheries Invasive, exotic plants can cause significant

More information

Myriophyllum aquaticum (Vell.) Verdcourt

Myriophyllum aquaticum (Vell.) Verdcourt Myriophyllum aquaticum (Vell.) Verdcourt A guide to Identification, Risk Assessment and Management Jonathan Newman Plant Protection Service, Wageningen, NL Centre for Ecology and Hydrology Wallingford,

More information

Pruning Fruit Trees. Develop strong tree structure. This should begin when trees are planted and continue each year thereafter.

Pruning Fruit Trees. Develop strong tree structure. This should begin when trees are planted and continue each year thereafter. Agriculture and Natural Resources Pruning Fruit Trees Extension Horticulture Arkansas Is Our Campus Visit our web site at: http://www.uaex.edu Fruit trees should be pruned every year to maintain their

More information

Pineapples. Ian Hewett Horticultural Marketing Inspectorate United Kingdom. Version - October 2011

Pineapples. Ian Hewett Horticultural Marketing Inspectorate United Kingdom. Version - October 2011 Pineapples Ian Hewett Horticultural Marketing Inspectorate United Kingdom Version - October 2011 1 Definition Of Produce This Standard applies to pineapples of varieties (cultivars) grown from Ananascomosus(L).

More information

Name Date Hour Table #

Name Date Hour Table # Flower Structure Flowers vary in size, shape and color. The largest flower, with at diameter of one meter (three feet and three inches) and weighing about 9 kilograms (20 pounds), is born on a plant from

More information

Climate, Vegetation, and Landforms

Climate, Vegetation, and Landforms Climate, Vegetation, and Landforms Definitions Climate is the average weather of a place over many years Geographers discuss five broad types of climates Moderate, dry, tropical, continental, polar Vegetation:

More information

Vascular Plants Bryophytes. Seedless Plants

Vascular Plants Bryophytes. Seedless Plants plant reproduction The Plants Vascular Plants Bryophytes Liverworts, Hornworts, Mosses lack roots and specialized tissues grow in moist, shady areas All have sieve cells and tracheids Seedless Plants Ferns

More information

Mighty Oaks From Little Acorns

Mighty Oaks From Little Acorns Science Process: Observe and Measure / Life Science / Math: Measurement (Length), data Analysis (graphing) / reading: Sequencing / Listening / Writing / Visual Arts expression Background Buds are on the

More information

IGCSE and GCSE Biology. Answers to questions. Section 2. Flowering Plants. Chapters 6-9. Chapter 6 Plant structure and function

IGCSE and GCSE Biology. Answers to questions. Section 2. Flowering Plants. Chapters 6-9. Chapter 6 Plant structure and function 1 IGCSE and GCSE Biology. Answers to questions Section 2. Flowering Plants. Chapters 6-9 Chapter 6 Plant structure and function Page 54 1. a Epidermis. Helps maintain shape, reduces evaporation, resists

More information

Bombax ceiba. Family: Malvaceae Red Silk-Cotton; Red Cotton Tree; Kapok; Flower Display: A+ Silk Cotton

Bombax ceiba. Family: Malvaceae Red Silk-Cotton; Red Cotton Tree; Kapok; Flower Display: A+ Silk Cotton Stephen H. Brown, Horticulture Agent Lee County Extension, Fort Myers, Florida (239) 533-7513 brownsh@ufl.edu http://lee.ifas.ufl.edu/hort/gardenhome.shtml Bombax ceiba Family: Malvaceae Red Silk-Cotton;

More information

1 SEEDLING QUALITY. Seedling quality

1 SEEDLING QUALITY. Seedling quality Seedling quality Quality versus quantity A nursery manager s most important goal is to produce quality trees. Quality is more important than quantity. It is a common mistake in nurseries to concentrate

More information

Backyard Buffers. Protecting Habitat and Water Quality

Backyard Buffers. Protecting Habitat and Water Quality Backyard Buffers Protecting Habitat and Water Quality What is a buffer? A buffer (also called a riparian buffer area or zone) is the strip of natural vegetation along the bank of a stream, lake or other

More information

Writing a Dichotomous Key to Wildflowers

Writing a Dichotomous Key to Wildflowers Writing a Dichotomous Key to Wildflowers Objectives: 1. Understand how to use and make dichotomous keys. 2. Understand common terminology of plant morphology. 3. Learn to recognize some fall wildflowers.

More information

Grasslands. Environmental Science Chapters 8

Grasslands. Environmental Science Chapters 8 Grasslands Environmental Science Chapters 8 Grassland Biome A grassland ecosystem is an area that receives more rainfall than a desert, but not enough to support the trees of a forest. These usually exist

More information

Exhibit Inquiry. Rainforest. Aug 11

Exhibit Inquiry. Rainforest. Aug 11 Exhibit Inquiry Exhibit Inquiry Have students look for the following exhibits related to living things during their visit to the Ontario Science Centre: Where to go: (Level 6) What it's about: Tropical

More information

Common Oaks of Florida 1

Common Oaks of Florida 1 FOR51 Common Oaks of Florida 1 Nancy P. Arny 2 This document describes characteristics of the oak species common to Florida, as well as some that are not so common. A short glossary at the end of the document

More information

Care of Mature Backyard Apple Trees

Care of Mature Backyard Apple Trees Education Center and Info Line practical solutions to everyday questions Toll free Info Line 1-877-398-4769 M-F 9 AM - 2 PM Care of Mature Backyard Apple Trees Introduction Backyard apple trees can be

More information

Insect identification sheet

Insect identification sheet information leaflet Insect identification sheet To enable you to identify the insect you have in your home, we have provided some identification sheets. These depict the most common pest species that you

More information

The lychee belongs to the Sapindaceae family Christian DIDIER

The lychee belongs to the Sapindaceae family Christian DIDIER THE LYCHEE Litchi chinensis Sonn is a tropical /subtropical fruit originated in southern China and southeastern Asia. The lychee belongs to the Sapindaceae family Christian DIDIER Introduction to LYCHEE

More information

Table 3. List of descritors for maize

Table 3. List of descritors for maize Table 3. List of descritors for maize Descriptor Descriptor Descriptor state Recording stage Remarks number 1 Accession number 2 Total no. of leaves Record the total number of At flowering leaves per plant

More information

Tree and forest restoration following wildfire

Tree and forest restoration following wildfire Peter F. Kolb (PhD) MSU Extension Forestry Specialist Adj. Assistant Professor Forest Ecology School of Forestry, University of Montana, Missoula, MT 59808 Tel. (406) 243-4705, e-mail: efpfk@forestry.umt.edu

More information

CLIMBING PLANTS. Sustainable Options Fact Sheet PP17/00. Plant Pest Control. Caring for the Bay of Plenty. Blue Morning Glory.

CLIMBING PLANTS. Sustainable Options Fact Sheet PP17/00. Plant Pest Control. Caring for the Bay of Plenty. Blue Morning Glory. Introduction Many plant pests in the Bay of Plenty are climbing types which are very destructive to native plants and regenerating native forest. Some of these species are described below, along with suitable

More information

Post-Wildfire Clean-Up and Response in Houston Toad Habitat Best Management Practices

Post-Wildfire Clean-Up and Response in Houston Toad Habitat Best Management Practices Post-Wildfire Clean-Up and Response in Houston Toad Habitat Best Management Practices Purpose The purpose of this document is to provide guidance and recommendations for minimizing potential impacts to

More information

Growing Cocoa Beans. Growing Region

Growing Cocoa Beans. Growing Region Growing Cocoa Beans All chocolate begins with cocoa beans, the fruit of the cacao tree (also called a cocoa tree). Scientists know that the cacao tree originated somewhere in South or Central America.

More information

Dry Forest. Objectives Students will learn how seeds are transported. Student will be able to explain how seeds are transported.

Dry Forest. Objectives Students will learn how seeds are transported. Student will be able to explain how seeds are transported. Concepts Seed dispersal mechanisms, and their ability to spread seeds HCPS III Benchmarks SC6.1.2 SC6.2.1 MA6.9.1 MA6.12.1 MA6.13.1 Duration 2 hours Dry Forest Source Material Project Wild Vocabulary distribute

More information

Tropical Tracks. Tropical rainforests are located along the Equator. Look at the map in the Biome. Draw the Equator on your map and label it.

Tropical Tracks. Tropical rainforests are located along the Equator. Look at the map in the Biome. Draw the Equator on your map and label it. Tropical Tracks KS2 In Eden s Rainforest Biome you will discover how plants, animals and people of the Tropical Rainforest fit together. Let s Start! Look Point 1 (The Map, grid reference 175 482) Tropical

More information

Butterfly Identification in Northern Virginia and Washington, D.C.

Butterfly Identification in Northern Virginia and Washington, D.C. A Beginner s Guide to Butterfly Identification in Northern Virginia and Washington, D.C. TABLE OF CONTENTS HELPFUL HINTS 2 SWALLOWTAILS (Papilionidae)...3 WHITES and SULPHURS (Pieridae)..4 HAIRSTREAKS

More information

Weed I.D. and Management

Weed I.D. and Management Weed I.D. and Management featuring 10 common weeds Test your skills Bill Curran Penn State University Weed identification Most people want to know the names of (and how to control) the weeds they encounter

More information

Pruning Trees. Center for Landscape and Urban Horticulture. University of California Cooperative Extension Central Coast & South Region

Pruning Trees. Center for Landscape and Urban Horticulture. University of California Cooperative Extension Central Coast & South Region University of California Cooperative Extension Central Coast & South Region Center for Landscape and Urban Horticulture Pruning Trees Pruning Trees at Planting Landscape trees should not be pruned at planting

More information

Fertilizer, Weed Control, Grubs, and General Application Questions

Fertilizer, Weed Control, Grubs, and General Application Questions Lawn Care FAQ s Fertilizer, Weed Control, Grubs, and General Application Questions Why do we have so many weeds? Dandelions in particular, weeds in general, do not seem concerned about how long lawn has

More information

Fruits, seeds and their dispersal

Fruits, seeds and their dispersal Introducing fruits, seeds and their dispersal After fertilisation, seeds will form. It is important for the seeds to be spread (dispersed) away from each other and from the parent plant. This helps to

More information

United States Standards for Grades of Christmas Trees

United States Standards for Grades of Christmas Trees United States Department of Agriculture Agricultural Marketing Service Fruit and Vegetable Programs United States Standards for Grades of Christmas Trees Fresh Products Branch Effective October 30, 1989

More information

Tree factsheet images at pages 3, 4, 5

Tree factsheet images at pages 3, 4, 5 Forest Ecology and Forest Management Group Tree factsheet images at pages 3, 4, 5 Prunus serotina Ehrh. taxonomy author, year Ehrhart 1783 synonym - Family Rosaceae Eng. Name Black Cherry, Wild Cherry

More information

To meet the expectations of this unit, students should already know how the appearance of some organisms change over time.

To meet the expectations of this unit, students should already know how the appearance of some organisms change over time. GRADE 4: Life science 3 Life cycles of animals and plants UNIT 4L.3 12 hours About this unit This unit is the third of four units on life science for Grade 4. The unit is designed to guide your planning

More information

Prepared By: Tom Parker Geum Environmental Consulting, Inc.

Prepared By: Tom Parker Geum Environmental Consulting, Inc. Prepared By: Tom Parker Geum Environmental Consulting, Inc. Topics covered: Definition of riparian and floodplain restoration Floodplain attributes as a basis for developing criteria for restoration designs

More information

Florida Native Plant Society

Florida Native Plant Society Florida Native Plant Society Native Plant Owners Manual Asclepias humistrata Sandhill Milkweed Mark Hutchinson For Your Information All date and seasonal references are applicable to the eastern panhandle

More information

Communities, Biomes, and Ecosystems

Communities, Biomes, and Ecosystems Communities, Biomes, and Ecosystems Before You Read Before you read the chapter, respond to these statements. 1. Write an A if you agree with the statement. 2. Write a D if you disagree with the statement.

More information

make a model Roman Villa Supported by bbc.co.uk/history

make a model Roman Villa Supported by bbc.co.uk/history make a model Roman Villa Make a model Roman villa with under-floor heating! Supported by 4 hours This activity is great for an extended holiday project for children or the whole family. You can each take

More information

CHAPTER 807 LANDSCAPING AND SCREENING

CHAPTER 807 LANDSCAPING AND SCREENING CHAPTER 807 LANDSCAPING AND SCREENING 807.001. Purpose 807.005. Definitions 807.010. Applicability 807.015. Landscaping and Screening 807.020. Landscaping Plan 807.025. Plant Material Standards 807.030.

More information

Cotinus coggygria. Cotoneaster sp. Shrubs

Cotinus coggygria. Cotoneaster sp. Shrubs Cotinus coggygria Common Name: Smoke Bush Family: Anacardiaceae Characteristics of plant: A large shrub/small tree which grows to 15 with bluish-green foliage that turns red in fall. Flowers appear as

More information

10B Plant Systems Guided Practice

10B Plant Systems Guided Practice 10B Plant Systems Guided Practice Reproduction Station 1 1. Observe Plant A. Locate the following parts of the flower: stamen, stigma, style, ovary. 2. Draw and label the parts of a flower (listed above)

More information

Virus diseases affect tomato production to some

Virus diseases affect tomato production to some A L A B A M A A & M A N D A U B U R N U N I V E R S I T I E S Virus Diseases Of Tomato ANR-0836 Virus diseases affect tomato production to some degree every year in Alabama. The amount of damage they cause

More information

Restoring Land and Planting Trees

Restoring Land and Planting Trees 198 11 Restoring Land and Planting Trees In this chapter: page Preventing erosion...200 Story: NGO workers learn about erosion from farmers... 201 Restoring damaged land...202 Natural succession...202

More information

Pest Toolkit. Pest proofing your land for a sustainable community. Help is at hand. Main topics: Pest Animal control. pest plant control

Pest Toolkit. Pest proofing your land for a sustainable community. Help is at hand. Main topics: Pest Animal control. pest plant control Pest Toolkit Pg1 Main topics: RPMP Pest proofing your land for a sustainable community Pg2 Pg3 Pg4 Pest Animal control pest plant control weed control in retirement areas Pests are unwanted plants (invasive

More information

Why Fruit Trees Die D. B. Meador, Extension Specialist (retired) University of Illinois

Why Fruit Trees Die D. B. Meador, Extension Specialist (retired) University of Illinois Why Fruit Trees Die D. B. Meador, Extension Specialist (retired) University of Illinois Occasionally, fruit trees decline and often die. Diseases affecting the leaves, fruit, and twigs of fruit trees usually

More information

o d Propagation and Moon Planting Fact Sheet

o d Propagation and Moon Planting Fact Sheet o d Propagation and Moon Planting Fact Sheet Propagation Propagation is actually quite simple and requires very little effort on your part. Most seeds are ready to go, complete with all the nutrients and

More information