Delia flavibasis Stein (Diptera:Anthomyiidae) as a Major Pest of Wheat in the Major Cereal Belt, Southeast Ethiopia

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Delia flavibasis Stein (Diptera:Anthomyiidae) as a Major Pest of Wheat in the Major Cereal Belt, Southeast Ethiopia"

Transcription

1 African Crop Science Conference Proceedings Vol. 8. pp Printed in El-Minia, Egypt ISSN 123-7X/27$ 4. 27, African Crop Science Society Delia flavibasis Stein (Diptera:Anthomyiidae) as a Major Pest of Wheat in the Major Cereal Belt, Southeast Ethiopia TAFA JOBIE Oromiya Agricultural Research Institute, Sinana Agricultural Research Center, P.O. Box 28, Bale-Robe; Abstract : Of the wide list of insect pests recorded on wheat in Ethiopia, only few field and storage insects are major pests while others are of minor importance. Barley shoot fly is a major pest of barley on the highlands of Ethiopia. The Southeast agroecology, particularly, the mid and high altitude areas of Bale are the hot spot areas for this pest. The formerly identified shoot fly species, Delia arambourgi Seguy has been catalogued as minor pest of wheat in Ethiopia but the pest situation of the recently reported species from Bale, D. flavibasis Stein has not been assessed with respect to wheat. Thus, this study was initiated to investigate the degree of infestation of wheat by barley shoot fly at Sinana, Southeast. Ethiopia. Accordingly, one pot culture and three field experiments were conducted at Sinana including a study on off-season infestation assessment. Results of both pot culture and field studies revealed that wheat was highly infested by D. flavobasis both under pot culture and field conditions indicating that this crop, besides barley, is another main host for this pest in Bale. In the pot experiment, infestation of wheat was 87 percent and in the field infestation generally ranged from 2-9 percent and 34-7 percent in Experiment II, and I respectively. During the non-crop period infestation of wheat by barley shoot fly reached nearly 2 percent. This implies that, volunteer wheat seedlings are among very important hosts for barley shoot fly during the non-crop periods to maintain population till the cropping season commences. Generally, it could be concluded that D. flavibasois is a major pest of wheat in Bale, Southeast Ethiopia and there is a need for management interventions similar to barley. Key words: Delia flavibasis, infestation, wheat Introduction Wheat is the major staple food crop in Ethiopia, categorically falling in the leading cereals in yield, acreage and total production. Ethiopia is the major wheat producer in sub-saharan Africa (Hailu et al., 1991). The wheat belts of East Africa, Arsi and Bale are among the major wheat producing zones of Ethiopia. In many parts of Bale, wheat is grown in both bona (August to December) and ganna (March to July) seasons. Average national wheat yields are generally considered to be low, particularly under farmers production circumstances (Hailu et al., 1991). The sub optimal yield is certainly attributable to some major production constraints. The major wheat production constraints are categorized into two: technical (soil fertility, incidence of weeds, diseases, insects and lack of seed of improved varieties) and socioeconomic (unavailability of inputs viz., seed, fertilizer and pesticides) (Hailu et al., 1991). Of several insect pests recorded on wheat in Ethiopia, only five, field insects viz., Schizaphis graminum, Diuraphis noxius, Decticoides brevipennis, Locusta migratoria migratoriodes, Aiolophus longicornis are considered, as major ones and the rest are minor pests. The most important storage product insect pests of wheat are Sitophilus granaius, S. orizae, S. zeamais, Sitotorga cerealella, Oryzeaphilus mercator, Ephestia cautella, Rhizopertha dominica, Tribolium castaneum and T. confusum (Abdurahman and Adugna, 1991; Adugna and Kemal, 1986) Barley shoot fly, Delia arambourgi has been regarded as minor pest of wheat (Crowe et al., 1977; Tadesse, 1979; Adugna and Kemal, 1986 and Hill, 1989). Recently, another shoot fly species known as Delia steinella Emden was reported as major pest of wheat from Bale, Southeastern Ethiopia (Tafa and Tadesse, 25). The pest status of a recently identified barley shoot fly species, Delia flavibasis Stein (Tafa, 23 and Tafa et al., 24), which is a major pest of barley in Bale has not been studied with respect to wheat. Farmers, researchers and other experts usually reported wheat being damaged by shoot fly in the Southeastern part of Ethiopia and thus it was found important to verify and quantify barley shoot fly damage to wheat. This paper, therefore, provides the pest status and level of infestation of wheat by barley shoot fly, D. flavibasis in the Southeastern region of Ethiopia. Materials and Methods Description of the study site The study was conducted at Sinana Agricultural Research Center, which is located 7 N latitude and 4 E longitude in Bale Zone of the Oromiya Regional State, Ethiopia. The Center is found in Sinana Dinsho district of Bale, the hot spot area for barley shoot fly incidence in Ethiopia. Sinana Agricultural Research Center is located at a distance of 4 km south east of Addis Ababa and 33 km east of Robe town (Capital of Bale Zone) on the road to Goro and Soofumar cave. The elevation is 24 m.a.s.l. The study area is characterized by bimodal rainfall pattern. There are two growing seasons: the main rainy season, locally called bona, which extends from August to December; the other season, locally called gana extends from March to July. The average annual rainfall of bona generally ranges from 27 to 56 mm and that of gana

2 TAFA JOBIE ranges from 25 to 56 mm. Average annual maximum and minimum temperatures are 21 and 9 ºC, respectively. The soil in the study area is vertisols and slightly acidic (ph = 6.2). Barley shoot fly is more important in the bona season and hence the study was undertaken during this season under natural infestation in the field and artificial infestation in pot culture experiments. Pot culture study Bread wheat, emmer wheat, tef (Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trottor) and maize (Zea mais) were exposed to barley shoot fly infestation to investigate the host range of the pest among cereals. The experimental design was Completely Randomized (CRD) with four replications. Seven seedlings were raised in each pot of diameter 13 cm and thinned to four. Shortly after germination, seedlings were inoculated with eggs of D. flavibasis at the rate of three per seedling (Tafa, 23). Dead heart was recorded. Field study Two field experiments were conducted at Sinana in 26 main season (bona) to investigate the infestation level of D. flavibasis on durum, bread and emmer wheats under field conditions and natural infestation. In the first experiment, laid out in augmented design, 91 commercial durum and bread wheat genotypes were evaluated. In the second experiment, laid out in Randomized Complete Block Design with three replications, 23 bread wheat genotypes were evaluated for their reaction to barley shoot fly infestation under natural infestation. Percent infestation and deadheart were recorded. Number of seedlings showing infestation and dead hearts were counted from among total of 5 plants within a quadrat 18 days after sowing (1 days after germination). Assessment of infestation during off-season (crop free period) In the bimodal areas of Bale, southeast Ethiopia, the period extending from November to March usually does not offer barley shoot fly and other crop pests with hosts of favorable growth stage. Most of these months correspond to harvesting time while few months (February and March) are totally crop-free. The level of wheat infestation by D. flavibasis during this period was tested using five improved bread wheat varieties viz., Madawalabu, Wabe, Mitike. Sofumar and Dure grown using irrigation. Results Green house (pot culture) study Some cereals commonly grown in Bale viz., Emmer wheat, bread wheat, tef, maize and oat were evaluated for their preference as host by the barley shoot fly, D. flavibasis. The results of the test are shown in figure 2. The infestation in the susceptible barley variety, HB-42 (control) was 1%. Emmer wheat, bread wheat and tef had also high infestation level. This indicates that these crops could serve as suitable hosts besides the main host of barley and the damage caused may be considered of economic importance. On the other hand, maize and oat were the least infested. Infested maize seedlings did not suffer to deadheart. Hence, the two crops may not serve as suitable hosts nor may the damage caused be of economic importance. Field study Experiment I A study was conducted under field conditions to investigate the responses of 91 bread, and durum wheat commercial varieties to infestation of barley shoot fly, D. flabibasis at Sinana. Results generally showed that most of the genotypes in all the two crops were highly infested and all infestations formed also deadheart. Infestation generally ranged from 2-9 % (Figure 1) in bread and durum wheat and 4-56 percent in emmer wheat (data not shown). Similarly, the percentage of deadheart in emmer wheat ranged from Experiment II In this experiment, the responses of 23 bread wheat genotypes were tested for their reaction to infestation of barley shoot fly under field conditions and natural infestation. Infestation generally ranged from 34-7 percent (figure 3) Level of infestation during the non-crop period The results of off-season trials indicated that in 24 non-cropping period, the infestation level of wheat due to D. flavibais ranged from 12-19%. In 25, infestation of wheat ranged from

3 No of varieties 3 25 Number of genotypes Below 3 % 3-5 % 51-7 % 71-9 % Infestation level Figure 1. Response of some bread and durum wheat commercial varieties to infestation of Delia flavibasis Stein Emmer wheat Bread wheat Barley (HB-42) Tef Maize Host crop Figure 2. Host preference of barley shoot fly, Delia flavibasis 967

4 TAFA JOBIE ETBW467 ETBW4671 ETBW4693 ETBW4695 ETBW4697 ETBW4698 ETBW4779 ETBW4788 ETBW492 ETBW4921 ETBW4922 ETBW4923 ETBW4927 ETBW4928 ETBW4929 ETBW493 ETBW4932 ETBW4938 ETBW4939 ETBW494 Holandi Wabe Mada walabu Genotypes Figure 3. Response of some bread wheat genotypes to infestation of barley shoot fly, Delia flavibasis Discussion Until recently, barley shoot fly has been considered as minor pest of wheat and Delia arambourgi Seguy was regarded as the only species occurring throughout the country (Crowe et al., 1977; Tadesse, 1979; Hill, 1989; Adugna and Kemal, 1986). Recently, it was investigated that in addition to D. flavibasis, recorded in 1969 (Davidson, 1969), two more shoot fly species viz., D. flavibasis and D. steinella occur in the southeast part of Ethiopia (Tafa, 23). D. steinella was previously reported to be the major pest of wheat (Tafa and Tadesse, 25). The results of this study generally show that durum, bread and emmer wheat are apparently suitable hosts of barley shoot fly in addition to the main host, barley and hence consequently suffer significant yield loss due to this pest. Therefore, there is need of management interventions to harvest yield offered to the genetic potential of these crops. Emmer wheat was relatively less infested under both pot culture and field conditions and is apparently the least preferred host compared to bread and durum wheat as well as barley. The infestation level of barley was very high (1 percent) for susceptible varieties such as Shegie and HB-42 under field conditions during the study period (data not shown). 968 The fact that infestation was recorded during non-crop period indicates that barley shoot fly has the potential to infest seedlings throughout the year though the level of population may vary from season to season. In Bale, wheat is harvested using combiners. A large number of seeds are shattered while harvesting, which germinate during off-season following short rains. Thus, D. flavibasis may easily survive on volunteer crops during the off-season, consequently making the incidence of the pest considerable. References Abdurahman Abdulahi & Adugna Haile Research on the control of insect and rodent pests of wheat in Ethiopia. In: Hailu Gebere-Mariam, Tanner DG and Mengistu Hulluka (eds.). Wheat Research in Ethiopia: A historical perspective. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. IAR/CIMMYT. 392 pp. Adugna Haile & Kemal Ali A review of research on the control of insect pests of small cereals in Ethiopia. In: Tsedeke Abate (ed.). A review of crop protection research in Ethiopia. Proceedings of the First Ethiopian Crop Protection Symposium, February 4-7, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. pp

5 Crowe, T.J., Tadesse Geberemedhin & Tsedeke Abate An Annotated List of Insect Pests of Field Crops in Ethiopia. Institute of Agricultural Research, Addis Ababa. 71 pp. Davidson, A Effect of some systemic insecticides on an infestation of the barley fly Delia arambourgi in Ethiopia. East African Agricultural and Forestry Journal 34, Hailu Beyene, Wilfred Mwangi & Workneh Negatu Research conducted on wheat production constraints in Ethiopia. In: Hailu Gebere-Mariam, Tanner DG and Mengistu Hulluka (eds.). Wheat Research in Ethiopia: A historical perspective. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. IAR/CIMMYT. 392 pp. Hailu Gebere-Mariam, Tanner DG & Mengistu Hulluka (eds.) Wheat Research in Ethiopia: A historical perspective. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. IAR/CIMMYT. 392 pp. Hill, D.S Catalogue of Crop Pests of Ethiopia (1 st ed.). Bulletin No.1. Alemaya University of Agriculture, Alemaya, Ethiopia, 14 pp. Tafa Jobie. 23. Mechanism(s) of resistance in barley accessions to shoot fly, Delia flabibasis Stein (Diptera: Anthomyiidae). M.Sc. Thesis. Alemaya University, Ethiopia, 73 pp. Tafa Jobie & Tadesse Gebremedhin. 25. Delia steinella Emden: Newly recorded pest of wheat (Triticum aestivum) and its infestation levels at Sinana, Ethiopia. Tafa Jobie, Tadesse Gebremedhin & P.K.Sakhuja. 24. Ovipositional antixenosis in some barley accessions to barley shoot fly. Pest Management Journal of Ethiopia 8, Tadesse Geberemedhin Chemical control of barley fly, Delia arambourgi Seguy (Diptera: Anthomyiidae) in Ethiopia. In: Diseases, pests and weeds of cereals and horticultural crops in Ethiopia and methods of their control. Paper presented at the I conference, June Scientific Phytopathological Laboratory (SPL), Ambo. pp

Southern Agricultural Research Institute, Crop Science Research Work Process, Jinka Agricultural Research Center, Jinka, Ethiopia

Southern Agricultural Research Institute, Crop Science Research Work Process, Jinka Agricultural Research Center, Jinka, Ethiopia PJ PALGO JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURE ISSN 2476-8359 Volume 2 Issue 4,October 2015 Page 85-89 http://www.palgojournals.org/pja/index.htm Corresponding authors Email: tganta@yahoo.com EFFECT OF CULTIVATION FREQUENCY

More information

Determining the effect of stemborers on yields of cereal crops, principally maize and sorghum

Determining the effect of stemborers on yields of cereal crops, principally maize and sorghum Integrated Systems for the Humid Tropics (Humidtropics) Determining the effect of stemborers on yields of cereal crops, principally maize and sorghum International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology

More information

INTRODUCTION. Ethiopia is a tropical country located in northeastern Africa between 3 0 and 15 0 latitude, and

INTRODUCTION. Ethiopia is a tropical country located in northeastern Africa between 3 0 and 15 0 latitude, and 1. INTRODUCTION Ethiopia is a tropical country located in northeastern Africa between 3 0 and 15 0 latitude, and 33 0 and 48 0 longitude. The diverse physiographic conditions ranging from -125 m (Danakil

More information

COMMISSION IMPLEMENTING DECISION

COMMISSION IMPLEMENTING DECISION 20.3.2014 Official Journal of the European Union L 82/29 COMMISSION IMPLEMENTING DECISION of 18 March 2014 on the organisation of a temporary experiment providing for certain derogations for the marketing

More information

Sequential cropping of Vertisols in the Ethiopian highlands using a broadbed-and-furrow system

Sequential cropping of Vertisols in the Ethiopian highlands using a broadbed-and-furrow system Sequential cropping of Vertisols in the Ethiopian highlands using a broadbed-and-furrow system ABIYE ASTATKE, SAMUEL JUTZI and ABATE TEDLA International Livestock Centre for Africa P.O. Box 5689, Addis

More information

Wheat Production and Research in Ethiopia

Wheat Production and Research in Ethiopia 1 Wheat Production and Research in Ethiopia Hailu Gebre-Mariam IAR, P.O. Box 2003 Addis Ababa Summary Ethiopia is the largest wheat producer in sub-saharan Africa with about 0.75 million ha of durum and

More information

THE SCIENCE THE FUTURE OF CANADIAN CANOLA: APPLY THE SCIENCE OF AGRONOMICS TO MAXIMIZE GENETIC POTENTIAL.

THE SCIENCE THE FUTURE OF CANADIAN CANOLA: APPLY THE SCIENCE OF AGRONOMICS TO MAXIMIZE GENETIC POTENTIAL. THE SCIENCE THE FUTURE OF CANADIAN CANOLA: APPLY THE SCIENCE OF AGRONOMICS TO MAXIMIZE GENETIC POTENTIAL. WHERE WE HAVE BEEN CANOLA PRODUCTION HAS SURPASSED THE INDUSTRY TARGET OF 15 MMT. This was achieved

More information

Humidtropics Kiboga/Kyankwanzi Soybean production training

Humidtropics Kiboga/Kyankwanzi Soybean production training Humidtropics Kiboga/Kyankwanzi Soybean production training Makerere University and Humidtropics collaboration Soybean Seed production Training of Kiboga-Kyankwanzi platform members in Soybean Seed Production

More information

Maize is a major cereal grown and consumed in Uganda and in the countries of Kenya, Sudan, Democratic Republic of Congo and Rwanda

Maize is a major cereal grown and consumed in Uganda and in the countries of Kenya, Sudan, Democratic Republic of Congo and Rwanda Maize Production in Uganda Farmers have improved maize yields from 1,000Kg/ha to 3,000-5,000 Kg/ha using the recommended technologies Maize is a major cereal grown and consumed in Uganda and in the countries

More information

Farming. In the Standard Grade Geography exam there are three types of farming you need to know about arable, livestock and mixed.

Farming. In the Standard Grade Geography exam there are three types of farming you need to know about arable, livestock and mixed. Types of Farming In the Standard Grade Geography exam there are three types of farming you need to know about arable, livestock and mixed. Arable farms are ones where the main way of making money is by

More information

suscon Green One application. 3 years control against grass grub. Grass grub damaged pasture

suscon Green One application. 3 years control against grass grub. Grass grub damaged pasture suscon Green One application. 3 years control against grass grub. Grass grub damaged pasture suscon Green is a dust free, controlled release granule that controls Grass Grub in newly established pasture

More information

CLIMATE RISK SENSITIVITY IN THE FOOD VALUE CHAIN: WHEAT

CLIMATE RISK SENSITIVITY IN THE FOOD VALUE CHAIN: WHEAT CLIMATE RISK SENSITIVITY IN THE FOOD VALUE CHAIN: WHEAT Peter Johnston Climate System Analysis Group (Univ of Cape Town) Food, NutriAon and Health Security Research AAUN 27/28 August 2015 Canberra Our

More information

Speaker Summary Note

Speaker Summary Note 2020 CONFERENCE MAY 2014 Session: Speaker: Speaker Summary Note Building Resilience by Innovating and Investing in Agricultural Systems Mark Rosegrant Director, Environment and Production Technology Division

More information

Outline. What is IPM Principles of IPM Methods of Pest Management Economic Principles The Place of Pesticides in IPM

Outline. What is IPM Principles of IPM Methods of Pest Management Economic Principles The Place of Pesticides in IPM Improving Control Systems in Thailand for Plant and Plants Products Intended for Export to the European Union co-funded by the European Union and Thai Department of Agriculture Preharvest Use of Pesticides

More information

Maize Stored Pests Control by PICS-Bags: Technological and Economic Evaluation

Maize Stored Pests Control by PICS-Bags: Technological and Economic Evaluation Maize Stored Pests Control by PICS-Bags: Technological and Economic Evaluation Kerstin Hell, Kukom Edoh Ognakossan, Agbeko Kodjo Tonou, Yendouban Lamboni, Kokou Edoh Adabe and Ousmane Coulibaly 5th World

More information

I. RECOMMENDED PRACTICES BASED ON GOOD AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES (GAP) AND GOOD MANUFACTURING PRACTICES (GMP)

I. RECOMMENDED PRACTICES BASED ON GOOD AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES (GAP) AND GOOD MANUFACTURING PRACTICES (GMP) CAC/RCP 51-2003 Page 1 of 8 CODE OF PRACTICE FOR THE PREVENTION AND REDUCTION OF MYCOTOXIN CONTAMINATION IN CEREALS, INCLUDING ANNEXES ON OCHRATOXIN A, ZEARALENONE, FUMONISINS AND TRICOTHECENES CAC/RCP

More information

AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES Vol. II - Pest Control: Herbaceous Weeds - A. DiTommaso, C.L. Mohler and R.E. Nurse

AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES Vol. II - Pest Control: Herbaceous Weeds - A. DiTommaso, C.L. Mohler and R.E. Nurse PEST CONTROL: HERBACEOUS WEEDS A. DiTommaso, C.L. Mohler and R.E. Nurse Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, Cornell University, USA Keywords: Mechanical control, biological control, Integrated Weed Management

More information

Integrated Pest Management

Integrated Pest Management Chapter 2 Integrated Pest Management In This Chapter Keywords After learning the information in this chapter, you will be able to: 1. Define Integrated Pest Management (IPM). 2. List and describe the 5

More information

AEROBIC RICE: WATER SAVING RICE PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY

AEROBIC RICE: WATER SAVING RICE PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY AEROBIC RICE: WATER SAVING RICE PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY E. Subramanian 1, G. James Martin 2, E. Suburayalu 3 and R. Mohan 4 Abstract Field experiments were conducted at Central Farm, Coimbatore to develop

More information

Management JBiopest 5(1): of 1-6 rice yellow stem borer, Scirpophaga incertulas Walker using some biorational insecticides

Management JBiopest 5(1): of 1-6 rice yellow stem borer, Scirpophaga incertulas Walker using some biorational insecticides Management JBiopest 5(1): of 1-6 rice yellow stem borer, Scirpophaga incertulas Walker using some biorational insecticides Sitesh Chatterjee 1 and Palash Mondal 2 ABSTRACT The experiments were carried

More information

Organic Gardening Certificate Program Quiz Week 3 Answer Key

Organic Gardening Certificate Program Quiz Week 3 Answer Key Q uiz for week 3 readings: 1. The database on the Organic Weed management Website contains the following sections except: A. Picture B. Ecology C. Management D. Description 2. The weed quackgrass can reproduce

More information

3.7 Implied Labor Hours

3.7 Implied Labor Hours 3.7 Implied Labor Hours USDA data for the period 1990 through 2011 is presented to describe the implied amount of labor that is used to produce an acre and unit of output (e.g., labor hours per bushel

More information

CORN IS GROWN ON MORE ACRES OF IOWA LAND THAN ANY OTHER CROP.

CORN IS GROWN ON MORE ACRES OF IOWA LAND THAN ANY OTHER CROP. CORN IS GROWN ON MORE ACRES OF IOWA LAND THAN ANY OTHER CROP. Planted acreage reached a high in 1981 with 14.4 million acres planted for all purposes and has hovered near 12.5 million acres since the early

More information

Culture in field conditions - Challenges A South American point of view Roberto Campos Pura Natura, Argentina

Culture in field conditions - Challenges A South American point of view Roberto Campos Pura Natura, Argentina A South American point of view Roberto Campos Pura Natura, Argentina EUSTAS 6 th Stevia Symposium Leuven, July 3 rd and 4 th I. Area of cultivation II. Environment III. Production of seedlings IV. Planting

More information

Maize Seed Production Manual

Maize Seed Production Manual Youth Agripreneurs Agriculture is the future Maize Seed Production Manual Produced by IITA Youth Agripreneurs Maize Seed Production Manual Produced by IYA Cassava Value Chain Members International Institute

More information

Instruction to all the Pest Monitors/Data Entry Operators

Instruction to all the Pest Monitors/Data Entry Operators Instruction to all the Pest Monitors/Data Entry Operators Before entering the data, please check the data sheets thoroughly. Enter the data in the following order (Enter Scout Farm Information) Fig 1.

More information

Sustainability in Agricultural Marketing:

Sustainability in Agricultural Marketing: International Journal of scientific research and management (IJSRM) Special Issue On National Level Conference Business Growth and Social Development Pages 19-24 2014 Website: www.ijsrm.in ISSN (e): 2321-3418

More information

AP ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 2012 SCORING GUIDELINES

AP ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 2012 SCORING GUIDELINES AP ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 2012 SCORING GUIDELINES Question 3 The active ingredients in many pesticides are chemical compounds that kill organisms such as insects, molds, and weeds. Proponents claim that

More information

JOB ANNOUNCEMENT. Nursery Manager DEGREE AND CURRICULUM:

JOB ANNOUNCEMENT. Nursery Manager DEGREE AND CURRICULUM: Horticulture Nursery Manager Associate degree in Horticulture or related degree. Will consider all qualified agriculture degrees. Manages nursery to grow horticultural plants, such as trees, shrubs, flowers,

More information

Agriculture Insurance Company of India Limited (AIC)

Agriculture Insurance Company of India Limited (AIC) Q1: What is Insurance? WEATHER BASED CROP INSURANCE SCHEME FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS (FAQS) Insurance is a tool to protect you against a small probability of a large unexpected loss. It is a technique

More information

Recommended Resources: The following resources may be useful in teaching

Recommended Resources: The following resources may be useful in teaching Unit D: Controlling Pests and Diseases in the Orchard Lesson 1: Managing and Controlling Pests of Fruit and Nut Crops Student Learning Objectives: Instruction in this lesson should result in students achieving

More information

Rwanda Agricultural Sector and its Impact on Food Security and Economy

Rwanda Agricultural Sector and its Impact on Food Security and Economy Rwanda Agricultural Sector and its Impact on Food Security and Economy Workshop on Asian Lessons and Agriculture Transformation in Rwanda J.J. Mbonigaba Muhinda Rwanda Agriculture Board jj.mbonigaba@rab.gov.rw

More information

FINAL REPORT. Identification of termites causing damage in maize in small-scale farming systems M131/80

FINAL REPORT. Identification of termites causing damage in maize in small-scale farming systems M131/80 FINAL REPORT Identification of termites causing damage in maize in small-scale farming systems M131/80 Project Manager: Dr MS Mphosi Co-workers: SH Nthangeni, UM du Plessis, AL Rossouw DETAILS PROJECT

More information

FIELD MANAGEMENT PRACTICES

FIELD MANAGEMENT PRACTICES MAIZE PRODUCTION GENERAL INTRODUCTION Maize is one of the major staple foods in Uganda. Its production has increased over the years as people change their consumption trends. It has evolved from a purely

More information

A review of agricultural and monsoon conditions

A review of agricultural and monsoon conditions For the past 2 years India has experienced drought like conditions. This year the Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) has predicted that there will above normal monsoon. If monsoons this year are good,

More information

Soybean Marketing & Production College, Minneapolis, MN. isafarmnet.com

Soybean Marketing & Production College, Minneapolis, MN. isafarmnet.com Soybean Marketing & Production College, Minneapolis, MN Peter Kyveryga, Ph.D. Operations Manager of Analytics On-Farm Network, Iowa Soybean Association Technical Editor-Precision Agriculture of the Agronomy

More information

Protected Cultivation

Protected Cultivation Workshop on Implementation Strategy for MIDH 24 January 2014, NAAS Complex, Pusa, New Delhi Protected Cultivation NATIONAL COMMITTEE ON PLASTICULTURE APPLICATIONS IN HORTICULTURE (NCPAH) Why Protected

More information

INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR KENNESAW STATE UNIVERSITY

INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR KENNESAW STATE UNIVERSITY INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR KENNESAW STATE UNIVERSITY KENNESAW, GEORGIA PREPARED JANUARY 1997 REVISED NOVEMBER 2006 TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction and Principles of Integrated Pest Management

More information

Cash Flow Analysis Worksheets

Cash Flow Analysis Worksheets Cash Flow Analysis Worksheets Trent Teegerstrom Introduction This article describes the cash budget and analysis worksheets available for downloading at the Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics

More information

Current capabilities in the analysis of climate risks and adaptation strategies in critical areas

Current capabilities in the analysis of climate risks and adaptation strategies in critical areas Current capabilities in the analysis of climate risks and adaptation strategies in critical areas M. Arif Goheer Global Change Impact Studies Centre (GCISC) Islamabad- 44000, Pakistan Symposium on Climate

More information

Introduction to Integrated Pest Management. John C. Wise, Ph.D. Michigan State University MSU Trevor Nichols Research Complex

Introduction to Integrated Pest Management. John C. Wise, Ph.D. Michigan State University MSU Trevor Nichols Research Complex Introduction to Integrated Pest Management John C. Wise, Ph.D. Michigan State University MSU Trevor Nichols Research Complex What is Integrated Pest Management? Integrated Pest Management (IPM) New concept;

More information

ENERGY IN FERTILIZER AND PESTICIDE PRODUCTION AND USE

ENERGY IN FERTILIZER AND PESTICIDE PRODUCTION AND USE Farm Energy IQ Conserving Energy in Nutrient Use and Pest Control INTRODUCTION Fertilizers and pesticides are the most widely used sources of nutrients and pest control, respectively. Fertilizer and pesticides

More information

Welcome and introduction i to AU Research Centre Flakkebjerg

Welcome and introduction i to AU Research Centre Flakkebjerg Workshop AU Flakkebjerg 22.09.2012 Welcome and introduction i to AU Research Centre Flakkebjerg Head of Research Section Entomology & Plant Pathology præsen TATION Welcome networking on Systemic approaches

More information

FACT SHEET. Production Risk

FACT SHEET. Production Risk ALABAMA AGRICULTURAL & MECHANICAL UNIVERSITY SMALL FARMERS RESEARCH CENTER FACT SHEET Production Risk Any production related activity or event that is uncertain is a production risk. Agricultural production

More information

Rainfall and Temperature Variation Study in Rural Kebeles of Dire Dawa Administration of Ethiopia

Rainfall and Temperature Variation Study in Rural Kebeles of Dire Dawa Administration of Ethiopia International Journal of Engineering and Technical Research (IJETR) ISSN: 2321-0869, Volume-2, Issue-4, April 2014 Rainfall and Temperature Variation Study in Rural Kebeles of Dire Dawa Administration

More information

Today we will talk about the importance of our environment: what it is and how do we use it.

Today we will talk about the importance of our environment: what it is and how do we use it. In the previous presentation on Human Health and Pesticides, we discussed some of the negative consequences associated with pesticide use. In this presentation we will focus on environmental degradation

More information

LAB 5 - PLANT NUTRITION. Chemical Ionic forms Approximate dry Element symbol Atomic weight Absorbed by plants tissue concentration

LAB 5 - PLANT NUTRITION. Chemical Ionic forms Approximate dry Element symbol Atomic weight Absorbed by plants tissue concentration LAB 5 PLANT NUTRITION I. General Introduction All living organisms require certain elements for their survival. Plants are known to require carbon (C), hydrogen (H), oxygen (O), nitrogen (N), phosphorus

More information

Closing Yield Gaps. Or Why are there yield gaps anyway?

Closing Yield Gaps. Or Why are there yield gaps anyway? Closing Yield Gaps Or Why are there yield gaps anyway? Closing Yield Gaps: Large potential to increasing food production Major cereals: attainable yield achieved (%) 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80%

More information

CURRICULUM VITAE : AHMED HUSSEIN EL-HENEIDY

CURRICULUM VITAE : AHMED HUSSEIN EL-HENEIDY CURRICULUM VITAE NAME : AHMED HUSSEIN EL-HENEIDY DATE OF BIRTH : 25 APRIL 1946 CITIZENSHIP : EGYPTIAN COUNTRY OF RESIDENCE: EGYPT ADDRESS : P. O. Box # 915, P. Code 11728, MAADI, CAIRO, EGYPT E-mail Address:

More information

PREVALENCE OF INSECT PESTS, PREDATORS, PARASITOIDS AND ITS SURVIVAL IN GENETICALLY ENGINEERED CORN IN PAKISTAN

PREVALENCE OF INSECT PESTS, PREDATORS, PARASITOIDS AND ITS SURVIVAL IN GENETICALLY ENGINEERED CORN IN PAKISTAN PREVALENCE OF INSECT PESTS, PREDATORS, PARASITOIDS AND ITS SURVIVAL IN GENETICALLY ENGINEERED CORN IN PAKISTAN BY DR. HABIB IQBAL JAVED National Agricultural Research Centre Islamabad, Pakistan INTRODUCTION

More information

Plant development depends on

Plant development depends on Using Growing Degree Days to Predict Plant Stages by Perry Miller, Will Lanier and Stu Brandt* MT200103 AG 7/2001 It s tough to predict plant growth based on the calendar because temperatures can vary

More information

Evaluation of Biofertilizer and Manure Effects on Quantitative Yield of Nigella Sativa L.

Evaluation of Biofertilizer and Manure Effects on Quantitative Yield of Nigella Sativa L. Evaluation of Biofertilizer and Manure Effects on Quantitative Yield of Nigella Sativa L. Mohammad Reza Haj Seyed Hadi Fereshteh Ghanepasand Mohammad Taghi Darzi Dept. of Agronomy, Roudehen Branch, Islamic

More information

Integrated Pest Management

Integrated Pest Management Integrated Pest Management Andrea Veres Junior Technical Officer FAO REU andrea.veres@fao.org Yerevan, Armenia 2013 Why develop IPM? Agriculture was: not sustainable optimized inputs for maximum profit

More information

P. M. B. www.eds sl.com. of a. Senior Partner. Tel: +23276787890. .com

P. M. B. www.eds sl.com. of a. Senior Partner. Tel: +23276787890. .com ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT SERVICESS LTD 15 Mudge Farm, Off Sir Samuel Lewis Road P. M. B. 108, Freetown ~ Sierra Leonee www.eds sl.com FARMERS ASSESSMENT OF RICE VARIETIES IN NORTHERN SIERRA LEONE Report

More information

BENEFITS OF USING IPM

BENEFITS OF USING IPM Edward J. Bechinski and William H. Bohl Potato growers who use IPM consider all available pest control tools. Alternatives to conventional pesticides are the foundation of every IPM plan. Pesticides play

More information

PS10-10 6171 Spinosad provides long-term protection for stored wheat

PS10-10 6171 Spinosad provides long-term protection for stored wheat PS10-10 6171 Spinosad provides long-term protection for stored wheat E.L. Bonjour 1,*, T.W. Phillips 1, J.T. Pitts 2 Abstract Field experiments in metal bins were conducted over a 96-week period to compare

More information

Effects of Index Insurance on Economic Decision Making and Credit Seeking in Tigray, Ethiopia. Betsy Ness-Edelstein Master of Arts, 2012

Effects of Index Insurance on Economic Decision Making and Credit Seeking in Tigray, Ethiopia. Betsy Ness-Edelstein Master of Arts, 2012 Effects of Index Insurance on Economic Decision Making and Credit Seeking in Tigray, Ethiopia Betsy Ness-Edelstein Master of Arts, 2012 1 Introduction This report examines the effects of a weather index-based

More information

CLIMATIC CHANGE AND DROUGHT MITIGATION: CASE OF MOROCCO

CLIMATIC CHANGE AND DROUGHT MITIGATION: CASE OF MOROCCO CLIMATIC CHANGE AND DROUGHT MITIGATION: CASE OF MOROCCO Mohammed Karrou B.P. 415, Avenue de la Victoire, INRA Rabat Morocco E-mail : karrou@awamia.inra.org.ma Fax. +212 37 77 40 03 1. Situation of Moroccan

More information

4.0 Discuss some effects of disturbances on the forest.

4.0 Discuss some effects of disturbances on the forest. 4.0 Discuss some effects of disturbances on the forest. 4.1 Describe common disturbances that occur in the Boreal forest. Disturbances are normal to the life of the forest. Forests are very resilient (able

More information

COVER PAGE. PROJECT TITLE: Evaluation of small grains in California 2016-2017 (UC Regional Cereal Evaluation Program and production research)

COVER PAGE. PROJECT TITLE: Evaluation of small grains in California 2016-2017 (UC Regional Cereal Evaluation Program and production research) COVER PAGE PROJECT TITLE: Evaluation of small grains in California 2016-2017 (UC Regional Cereal Evaluation Program and production research) PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: Mark Lundy OTHER INVESTIGATORS: Department

More information

Performance Evaluation of Community Based Irrigation Management in the Tekeze Basin

Performance Evaluation of Community Based Irrigation Management in the Tekeze Basin Performance Evaluation of Community Based Irrigation Management in the Tekeze Basin A case study on three small-scale irrigation schemes (micro dams) Mintesinot Behailu, Mohammed Abdulkadir, Atinkut Mezgebu

More information

EXPERIENCES ON TRANSFER OF MANAGEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY FOR ASCOCHYTA BLIGHT OF CHICKPEA IN TURKEY. Nevin AÇIKGÖZ

EXPERIENCES ON TRANSFER OF MANAGEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY FOR ASCOCHYTA BLIGHT OF CHICKPEA IN TURKEY. Nevin AÇIKGÖZ ANADOLU, J. of AARI 7 (1) 1997, 1-8 MARA EXPERIENCES ON TRANSFER OF MANAGEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY FOR ASCOCHYTA BLIGHT OF CHICKPEA IN TURKEY Nevin AÇIKGÖZ Aegean Agricultural Research Institute POB. 9 Menemen,

More information

CHAPTER- VIII TERMITE DAMAGES TO VARIOUS PLANT AND AGRICULTURAL CROPS

CHAPTER- VIII TERMITE DAMAGES TO VARIOUS PLANT AND AGRICULTURAL CROPS CHAPTER- VIII TERMITE DAMAGES TO VARIOUS PLANT AND AGRICULTURAL CROPS 8.1. Introduction In addition to structural wood, the termite also infested woody plants, such as trees, shrubs, and herbs reported

More information

Adoption of GE Crops by U.S. Farmers Increases Steadily

Adoption of GE Crops by U.S. Farmers Increases Steadily Adoption of GE Crops by U.S. Farmers Increases Steadily Farmers are more likely to adopt new practices and technologies if they expect to benefit from them. Benefits are usually thought of in monetary

More information

COMPOST AND PLANT GROWTH EXPERIMENTS

COMPOST AND PLANT GROWTH EXPERIMENTS 6y COMPOST AND PLANT GROWTH EXPERIMENTS Up to this point, we have concentrated primarily on the processes involved in converting organic wastes to compost. But, in addition to being an environmentally

More information

AXUM UNIVERSITY. 1. Background

AXUM UNIVERSITY. 1. Background AXUM UNIVERSITY 1. Background Axum University is one of the newly established public higher education institutions in Ethiopia. It is located in Axum town, about 1010Km north of Addis Ababa, the Ethiopian

More information

Cabrillo College Catalog 2015-2016

Cabrillo College Catalog 2015-2016 HORTICULTURE Natural Applied Sciences Division Wa Garner, Division Dean Division Office, Room 701 Peter Shaw, Department Chair, (831) 479-6241 Aptos Counsel: (831) 479-6274 f appointment Watsonville Counsel:

More information

Best Management Practices for Colorado Corn

Best Management Practices for Colorado Corn Best Management Practices for Colorado Corn Primary Authors: Troy Bauder Department of Soil and Crop Sciences Colorado State University Reagan Waskom Department of Soil and Crop Sciences Colorado State

More information

IDŐJÁRÁS Quarterly Journal of the Hungarian Meteorological Service Vol. 116, No. 3, July September 2012, pp. 211-220

IDŐJÁRÁS Quarterly Journal of the Hungarian Meteorological Service Vol. 116, No. 3, July September 2012, pp. 211-220 IDŐJÁRÁS Quarterly Journal of the Hungarian Meteorological Service Vol. 116, No. 3, July September 2012, pp. 211-220 Impact of precipitation on yield quantity and quality of wheat and maize crops Csaba

More information

1 SEEDLING QUALITY. Seedling quality

1 SEEDLING QUALITY. Seedling quality Seedling quality Quality versus quantity A nursery manager s most important goal is to produce quality trees. Quality is more important than quantity. It is a common mistake in nurseries to concentrate

More information

Effect of acid rain on growth of Papaya (Carica papaya) and Castor (Ricinus communis) plants

Effect of acid rain on growth of Papaya (Carica papaya) and Castor (Ricinus communis) plants Effect of acid rain on growth of Papaya (Carica papaya) and Castor (Ricinus communis) plants Madiha, Yakubu Haruna., Abrar Ahmad Khan* and Zubairu Umar Darma Abstract Department of Biology, Umaru Musa

More information

Deficit Rainfall Insurance Payouts in Most Vulnerable Agro Climatic Zones of Tamil Nadu, India

Deficit Rainfall Insurance Payouts in Most Vulnerable Agro Climatic Zones of Tamil Nadu, India Deficit Rainfall Insurance Payouts in Most Vulnerable Agro Climatic Zones of Tamil Nadu, India S.Senthilnathan, K.Palanisami, C.R.Ranganathan and Chieko Umetsu 2 Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore,

More information

PINEAPPLE PRODUCTION. Introduction

PINEAPPLE PRODUCTION. Introduction PINEAPPLE PRODUCTION Introduction The pineapple is a tropical and subtropical fruit grown in many countries in Africa. In Uganda it is mainly grown south of Lake Kyoga and western Uganda. Ii is a tradable

More information

Decision Document E92-02

Decision Document E92-02 Agriculture Canada Food Production and Inspection Branch Direction générale, Production et inspection des aliments Pesticides Directorate Direction des pesticides Decision Document E92-02 PRODUCT MANAGEMENT

More information

Christmas Trees Pseudotsuga menziesil (Douglas-fir), Abies grandis (Grand fir), Abies procera

Christmas Trees Pseudotsuga menziesil (Douglas-fir), Abies grandis (Grand fir), Abies procera Christmas Trees Pseudotsuga menziesil (Douglas-fir), Abies grandis (Grand fir), Abies procera (Noble fir) (Pinaceae) Fast Facts: Acres in Washington: 25,000 acres Number of growers: 300 Value of Production

More information

Index Insurance for Climate Impacts Millennium Villages Project A contract proposal

Index Insurance for Climate Impacts Millennium Villages Project A contract proposal Index Insurance for Climate Impacts Millennium Villages Project A contract proposal As part of a comprehensive package of interventions intended to help break the poverty trap in rural Africa, the Millennium

More information

PESTICIDE USE IN IRRIGATED CROPS AND ITS EFFECT ON HUMAN AND ANIMALS HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT

PESTICIDE USE IN IRRIGATED CROPS AND ITS EFFECT ON HUMAN AND ANIMALS HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT PESTICIDE USE IN IRRIGATED CROPS AND ITS EFFECT ON HUMAN AND ANIMALS HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT Background Pest problems is more pronounced in agricultural ecosystem where the natural balance of host and pests

More information

Federal Crop Insurance RISK MANAGEMENT. Chris Eddy Dell s Insurance Agency

Federal Crop Insurance RISK MANAGEMENT. Chris Eddy Dell s Insurance Agency Federal Crop Insurance RISK MANAGEMENT Chris Eddy Dell s Insurance Agency Multiperil Coverage Crop: Barley Practice: Irrigated Level: 75% Actual Price: $2.05 per bu. Average Yield: 130 bu/acre Guarantee

More information

Rainfed agriculture evolution in a climate variability context of West Africa sudano- sahelian zone

Rainfed agriculture evolution in a climate variability context of West Africa sudano- sahelian zone Rainfed agriculture evolution in a climate variability context of West Africa sudano- sahelian zone Drissa DIALLO, Université des Sciences, des Techniques et des Technologies de Bamako (USTTB) Bruno BARBIER,

More information

FIRST NATIONAL COMMUNICATIONS OF KENYA PROBLEMS AND CONSTRAINTS

FIRST NATIONAL COMMUNICATIONS OF KENYA PROBLEMS AND CONSTRAINTS FIRST NATIONAL COMMUNICATIONS OF KENYA PROBLEMS AND CONSTRAINTS CONTENT OF THE 1 ST NATIONAL COMMUNICATION 9 Chapters Executive Summary National Circumstances Sustainable Development GHG Inventory Vulnerability

More information

Crop Insurance in Australia. Steven Green Managing Director, Dr. Olena Sosenko Technical Manager

Crop Insurance in Australia. Steven Green Managing Director, Dr. Olena Sosenko Technical Manager Crop Insurance in Australia Steven Green Managing Director, Dr. Olena Sosenko Technical Manager Agenda Overview of Australian Agriculture Australian Risks profile Structure of Crop Insurance Market Government

More information

1. INTRODUCTION. Rice is the most cultivated major food crop in the world. It is the staple food for

1. INTRODUCTION. Rice is the most cultivated major food crop in the world. It is the staple food for INTRODUCTION 1. INTRODUCTION Rice is the most cultivated major food crop in the world. It is the staple food for seventeen countries in Asia and the Pacific, eight countries in Africa, seven countries

More information

Bt corn in Italy: A missed opportunity for farmers and feeders

Bt corn in Italy: A missed opportunity for farmers and feeders Emerging Market Leaders Workshop on Effective Messaging on Global Food Production Issues May 20 th 2015, Rome Bt corn in Italy: A missed opportunity for farmers and feeders Marco Aurelio Pasti AMI - Associazione

More information

PRELIMINARY FOCUS GROUP STUDY: AUSTRALIAN FARMER ATTITUDE TO ON-FARM RISK MANAGEMENT AND INSURANCE

PRELIMINARY FOCUS GROUP STUDY: AUSTRALIAN FARMER ATTITUDE TO ON-FARM RISK MANAGEMENT AND INSURANCE PRELIMINARY FOCUS GROUP STUDY: AUSTRALIAN FARMER ATTITUDE TO ON-FARM RISK MANAGEMENT AND INSURANCE Prepared by: Dr Jay Cummins, Mr Ashley Lipman, Ms Heather Feetham June 2014 Authors acknowledge that this

More information

Phosphorus use efficiency, grain yield, and quality of triticale and durum wheat under irrigated conditions

Phosphorus use efficiency, grain yield, and quality of triticale and durum wheat under irrigated conditions Proceedings of the 5 th International Triticale Symposium, Annex June 30 July 5, 2002, Radzików, Poland Phosphorus use efficiency, grain yield, and quality of triticale and durum wheat under irrigated

More information

The Potential for Worldwide Crop Production Increase Due to Adoption of Pesticides Rice, Wheat & Maize. Leonard P. Gianessi March 2013 (Revised)

The Potential for Worldwide Crop Production Increase Due to Adoption of Pesticides Rice, Wheat & Maize. Leonard P. Gianessi March 2013 (Revised) Crop Protection Research Institute The Potential for Worldwide Crop Production Increase Due to Adoption of Pesticides Rice, Wheat & Maize Leonard P. Gianessi March 2013 (Revised) CropLife Foundation 1156

More information

Management of Variety Collections. Experience in Germany

Management of Variety Collections. Experience in Germany Management of Variety Collections Experience in Germany Beate Rücker Federal Variety Office, Hannover, Germany Seminar on DUS Testing, Geneva, March 18-20, 2010 Variety collection for DUS testing Consideration

More information

Grasslands. Environmental Science Chapters 8

Grasslands. Environmental Science Chapters 8 Grasslands Environmental Science Chapters 8 Grassland Biome A grassland ecosystem is an area that receives more rainfall than a desert, but not enough to support the trees of a forest. These usually exist

More information

DRYLAND SYSTEMS Science for better food security and livelihoods in the dry areas

DRYLAND SYSTEMS Science for better food security and livelihoods in the dry areas DRYLAND SYSTEMS Science for better food security and livelihoods in the dry areas CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Agricultural Production Systems The global research partnership to improve agricultural

More information

Improving food security

Improving food security From feeding a population expected to reach nine billion by 2050 to looking after soil, water and natural habitats our world s farmers face increasing challenges. What s more, they re under greater pressure

More information

#1: Threshold and Injury Calculations the Theory. #2: Putting Economic Injury Levels and Action Thresholds to Use. Related Topics

#1: Threshold and Injury Calculations the Theory. #2: Putting Economic Injury Levels and Action Thresholds to Use. Related Topics Module #4 What is a Threshold? p. 1 www.nysaes.cornell.edu/ipmnet/ne.ipm.region What is a Threshold? By James VanKirk Overview Concept Activity Handouts The Economic Injury Level and the Action Threshold

More information

Farmer Field Schools (FFS)

Farmer Field Schools (FFS) Farmer Field Schools (FFS) Farmer to farmer experience sharing, mutual learning and dissemination of good practices for an improved agricultural production An experience from Food Security and Livelihoods

More information

Impact of dry seeding with alternate wetting and drying on rice productivity and profitability in Punjab-Pakistan

Impact of dry seeding with alternate wetting and drying on rice productivity and profitability in Punjab-Pakistan Impact of dry seeding with alternate wetting and drying on rice productivity and profitability in Punjab-Pakistan Mann RA 1, Hussain S 1, Saleem M 2 1 Rice Program, National Agricultural Research Centre

More information

Practical pest control

Practical pest control Page 1 of 7 Practical pest control What do you need to know? How would you assess your ability to control pests of grain produce in your onfarm storage? Can you: appraise your situation and make an appropriate

More information

Making an image using altitude as background image

Making an image using altitude as background image Try to re-do the previous exercise with different settings under Distance in Km between gridlines, Maximum interpolation radius (in Km), Minimum number of nearest stations and Maximum number of nearest

More information

International Institute of Tropical Agriculture

International Institute of Tropical Agriculture C3P INVENTORY SURVEY FOR CMD-RESISTANT CASSAVA VARIETIES IN RWANDA COUNTRY REPORT BY EARRNET Coordination Office International Institute of Tropical Agriculture Table of content Table of contents i 1.

More information

BCR for Seed and Fibre Production with Seed and Cutting Treatments at Different Sowing Methods at JAES and KRS, BJRI in O-9897 Variety

BCR for Seed and Fibre Production with Seed and Cutting Treatments at Different Sowing Methods at JAES and KRS, BJRI in O-9897 Variety Universal Journal of Plant Science (6): 11-17, 2015 DOI: 10.1189/ujps.2015.0060 http://www.hrpub.org BCR for Seed and Fibre Production with Seed and Cutting Treatments at Different Sowing Methods at and,

More information

WaterPartners International Project Funding Proposal: Gulomekeda and Ganta-afeshum, Ethiopia

WaterPartners International Project Funding Proposal: Gulomekeda and Ganta-afeshum, Ethiopia WaterPartners International Project Funding Proposal: Gulomekeda and Ganta-afeshum, Ethiopia Project Summary: Location: Eastern Region of the Tigray Regional State Number of Individual Beneficiaries: 1,720

More information

Basic Farming Questions What did you grow on the farm when you first started? Are you a first generation farm owner or has your family been in

Basic Farming Questions What did you grow on the farm when you first started? Are you a first generation farm owner or has your family been in MASTER LIST OF POSSIBLE QUESTIONS FOR FARMER INTERVIEWS: Choose a subset of 15-20 of these questions and have them ready in case the conversation hits a slow spot. Personal History When did you start farming?

More information

Agricultural Production and Research in Heilongjiang Province, China. Jiang Enchen. Professor, Department of Agricultural Engineering, Northeast

Agricultural Production and Research in Heilongjiang Province, China. Jiang Enchen. Professor, Department of Agricultural Engineering, Northeast 1 Agricultural Production and Research in Heilongjiang Province, China Jiang Enchen Professor, Department of Agricultural Engineering, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin, China. Post code: 150030

More information