Angelides, D. and Roesset, J. (1981). Nonlinear Lateral Dynamic Stiffness of Piles J. Geotech. Eng., ASCE, 107(11),

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1 REFERENCES Abacarius, J. (1991). Lateral Load Test on Driven Pile Footings, Proc. 3rd U.S. Conference Lifeline Earthquake Eng., ASCE, Los Angeles, Abdoun, T., Dobry, R., O Rourke, T., and Chadhuri, D. (1996). Centrifuge Modeling of Seismically-Induced Lateral Deformation During Liquefaction and Its Effect on a Pile Foundation, Proc. of the 6th U.S.-Japan Workshop on Earthquake Resistant Design of Lifeline Facilities and Countermeasures Against Soil Liquefaction, Rpt. No. NCEER , NCEER, Abduljauwad, S., Al-Sulaimani, G., and Basunbul, I. (1990). Model Piles Embedded in Submerged Sand and Subjected to Static and Cyclic Lateral Loadings, Geotechnical Eng., J. of the Southeast Asian Geotechnical Society, 21, Abe, I., Sugimoto, M, Ohki, N., Suzuki, Y., Jido, J., Hayamizu, Y., and Hiromatsu, T. (1984). Dynamic Behavior of Pile Foundation During Earthquakes, Proc. 8th World Conf. Earthquake Eng., San Francisco, Vol. 3, Abghari, A. and Chai, J. (1995). Modeling of Soil-Pile -Superstructure Interaction for Bridge Foundations, in Performance of Deep Foundations Under Seismic Loading, Geotech. Spec. Pub. 51, ASCE, Adachi, T. and Kimura, M. (1992). Model Tests and Analyses of Interaction Factor on Laterally Loaded Group Piles, Proc. 4th Intl. Symposium on Numerical Models in Geomechanics, Swansea, Vol. 1, Agaiby, S., Kulhawy., F., and Trautmann, C. (1992). Experimental Study of Drained Lateral and Moment Behavior of Drilled Shafts During Static and Cyclic Loading, Rpt. TR , Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, January. Agarwal, S. (1973). Characterisation of Clay as Applicable to Pile Foundations Under Dynamic Lateral Loads, Proc. Symposium Earth and Earth Structures Under Earthquakes and Dynamic Loads, Roorkee, Aktan, H., Kagawa, T., Kambhatla, A., and Celebi, M. (1992). Measured and Analytical Response of a Pile Supported Building, Proc. 10th World Conf. Earthquake Eng., Madrid, Vol. 3, Allen, L. and Reese, L. (1980). Small Scale Tests for the Determination of p-y Curves in Layered Soils, Proc. 12th Offshore Technology Conf., OTC 3747, Vol. 1, Alpan, I. (1973). The Dynamic Response of Pile Foundations to Lateral Forces, Proc. 5th World Conf. Earthquake Eng., Rome, Vol. 2,

2 American Petroleum Inst. (1993). Recommended Practice for Planning, Designing, and Constructing Fixed Offshore Platforms - Working Stress Design, Rpt. RP 2A-WSD, 20th Edition, July. American Society for Testing and Materials (1997). D : Standard Test Method for Piles Under Lateral Loads, Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Volume 4.08, Soil and Rock. Angelides, D. and Roesset, J. (1981). Nonlinear Lateral Dynamic Stiffness of Piles J. Geotech. Eng., ASCE, 107(11), Applied Technology Council (1996). Improved Seismic Design Criteria for California Bridges: Provisional Recommendations, Rpt. ATC-32, California Department of Transportation, June. Arango-Greiffenstein, I. (1971). Seismic Stability of Slopes in Saturated Clay, Ph.D. Dissertation, Univ. of California, Berkeley. Arnold, P., Idriss, I., Reimer, R., Beebe, K., Marshall, P. (1977). A Study of Soil-Pile- Structure Systems in Severe Earthquakes, Proc. 9th Offshore Technology Conf., OTC 2749, Houston, Vol. 1, Badoni, D. and Makris, N. (1997). Analysis of the Nonlinear Response of Structures Supported on Pile Foundations, Rpt. No. UCB/EERC-97/07, Earthquake Eng. Research Ctr., Univ. of California. Banerjee, P. and Davies, T. (1980). Analysis of Some Reported Case Histories of Laterally Loaded Pile Groups, Proc. 1st Intl. Conf. on Numerical Methods in Offshore Piling, London, Banerjee, P. and Sen, R. (1987). Dynamic Behaviour of Axially and Laterally Loaded Piles and Pile Groups, in Dynamic Behaviour of Foundations and Buried Structures, Vol. 3, Banerjee, S., Stanton, J., and Hawkins, N. (1987). Seismic Performance of Precast Prestressed Concrete Piles, J. Struct. Engrgr., ASCE, 113(2), Bartolomey, A. (1977). Experimental Analysis of Pile Groups Under Lateral Loads, Proc. 10th Specialty Session, 9th Intl. Conf. Soil Mechanics Fdn. Eng., Tokyo, Barton, Y. (1982). Laterally Loaded Model Piles in Sand: Centrifuge Tests and Finite Element Analyses, Ph.D. Dissertation, Cambridge Univ. 421

3 Barton, Y. (1984). Response of Pile Groups to Lateral Loading in the Centrifuge, Proc. Symposium on the Application of Centrifuge Modelling to Geotech. Eng., Manchester, Bea, R. (1988). PAR User Guidelines: Loadings, Soils, and Pile Characteristics, Rpt. To Joint Industry Project, Dept. of Civil Eng. And Dept. of Naval Architecture and Offshore Eng., Univ. of California, Berkeley, February. Bea, R. (1990). Dynamic Loading Effects on Pile Capacity, in H.B. Seed Memorial Symposium, Vol. 2, BiTech, Bea, R. and Audibert, J. (1979). Performance of Dynamically Loaded Pile Foundations, Proc. 2nd Intl. Conf. on Behaviour of Offshore Structures, London, Vol. 3, Bea, R., Litton, R., Nour-Omid, S., Chang, J. (1984). A Specialized Design and Research Tool for the Modeling of Near-Field Soil Interactions, Proc. 16th Offshore Technology Conf., OTC 4806, Houston, Vol. 3, Beck, J. (1978). Determining Models of Structures from Earthquake Records, Rpt. No. EERL-78/01, Earthquake Eng. Research Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena. Bhomik, S. and Long, J. (1991). An Analytical Investigation of the Behavior of Laterally Loaded Piles, Proc. Geotech. Eng. Congress, Vol. 2, ASCE Spec. Pub. 27, Bierschwale, M., Coyle, H., and Bartowkewitz, R. (1981). Lateral Load Tests on Drilled Shafts Founded In Clay, in Drilled Piers and Caissons, ASCE, Biscontin, G. (1998). personal communication. Blaney, G. and O'Neill, M. (1986a). Measured Lateral Response of Mass on Single Pile in Clay, J. Geotech. Eng., ASCE, 112(4), Blaney, G. and O'Neill, M. (1986b). Analysis of Dynamic Laterally Loaded Pile in Clay, J. Geotech. Eng., ASCE, 112(9), Blaney, G. and O'Neill, M. (1989). Dynamic Lateral Response of a Pile Group in Clay, Geotech. Testing J., ASTM, 12(1), Blaney, G., and Mallow, W. (1987). Synthetic Clay Soil for Dynamic Model Pile Tests, in Dynamic Response of Pile Foundations - Experiment, Analysis, and Observation, Geotech. Spec. Pub. 11, ASCE,

4 Blaney, G., Kausel, E., and Roesset, J. (1976). Dynamic Stiffness of Piles, Proc. 2nd Intl. Conf. on Numerical Methods in Geomechanics, Blacksburg, Vol. 2, Blaney, G., Muster, G., and O Neill, M. (1987). Vertical Vibration Test of a Full-Scale Group, in Dynamic Response of Pile Foundations - Experiment, Analysis, and Observation, Geotech. Spec. Pub. 11, ASCE, Bogard, D. and Matlock, H. (1980). Simplified Calculation of P-Y Curves for Laterally Loaded Piles in Sands, Unpublished Report, Earth Technology Corp. Bogard, D. and Matlock, H. (1983). Procedures for the Analysis of Laterally Loaded Pile Groups in Soft Clay, Proc. Conf. Geotech. Practice in Offshore Eng., ASCE, Austin, Bonaparte, R. and Mitchell, J. (1979). The Properties of San Francisco Bay Mud at Hamilton Air Force Base, California, Rpt. to the Dept. of Civil Eng., Univ. of California, Berkeley, April. Bouafia, A. and Garnier, J. (1991). Experimental Study of P-Y Curves for Piles in Sand, Proc. Intl. Conf. Centrifuge 91, Boulder, Bouckovalas, G. (1996). Evaluation of Cyclic Model Tests on Anchor Piles in Clay, Soils and Foundations, JSSMFE, 36(4), Boulanger, R., Bray, J., Chew, S., Seed, R., Mitchell, J., and Duncan, J. (1991). SSCOMPPC: A Finite Element Analysis Program for Evaluation of Soil-Structure Interaction and Compaction Effects, Rpt. UCB/GT/91-02, Univ. of California, Berkeley. Bray, J. (1990). The Effects of Tectonic Movements on Stresses and Deformations in Earth Embankments, Ph.D. Dissertation, Univ. of California, Berkeley. Brittsan, D. (1995). Indicator Pile Test Program for the Seismic Retrofit of the East Approach Structure of the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge, Caltrans Foundation Testing and Instrumentation Office of Structural Foundations Engineering Service Center, Sacramento, April. Broms, B. (1964a). Lateral Resistance of Piles in Cohesive Soils, J. Soil Mechanics and Foundation Div., ASCE, 90(3), Broms, B. (1964b). Lateral Resistance of Piles in Cohesionless Soils, J. Soil Mechanics and Foundation Div., ASCE, 90(3), Brown, D. and Shie, C. (1991). Modification of P-Y Curves to Account for Group Effects on Laterally Loaded Piles, Proc. Geotech. Eng. Congress, Vol. 1, ASCE Spec. Pub. 27,

5 Brown, D., Morrison, C., and Reese, L. (1988). Lateral Load Behavior of a Pile Group in Sand, J. Geotech. Eng., ASCE, 114(11), Brown, D., Reese, L., and O Neill, M. (1987). Cyclic Lateral Loading of a Large Scale Pile Group, J. Geotech. Eng., ASCE, 113(11), Brown, D., Reese, L., and O Neill, M. (1987). Cyclic Lateral Loading of a Large Scale Pile Group, J. Geotech. Eng., ASCE, 113(11), Brown, D., Shie, C., and Kumar, M. (1989). P-Y Curves for Laterally Loaded Piles Derived from Three Dimensional Finite Element Model, Proc. 3rd Intl. Symposium on Numerical Models in Geomechanics, Niagra Falls, Budhu, M. and Davies, T. (1987). Nonlinear Analysis of Laterally Loaded Piles in Cohesionless Soils, Can. Geotech. J., 24(2), Budhu, M. and Davies, T. (1988). Analysis of Laterally Loaded Piles in Soft Clays, J. Geotech. Eng., ASCE, 114(1), Building Seismic Safety Council (1997). NEHRP Guidelines for the Seismic Rehabilitation of Buildings, 1997 Edition, Part 1: Provisions and Part 2: Commentary, Rpts. No. FEMA 273/274, Federal Emergency Management Agency, October. Building Seismic Safety Council (1997). NEHRP Recommended Provisions for Seismic Regulations for New Buildings and Other Structures, 1997 Edition, Part 1: Provisions and Part 2: Commentary, Rpts. No. FEMA 302/303, Federal Emergency Management Agency, October. Burr, J., Pender, M., and Larkin, T. (1997). Dynamic Response of Laterally Excited Pile Groups, J. Geotech. And Geoenv. Eng., ASCE, 123(1), 1-8. Butterfield, R. and Khan, A. (1985). Determination of the Dynamic Response of Piles to Lateral Loads, Proc. 2nd Intl. Conf. Soil Dyn. Earthquake Engrg, aboard QEII, Cafe, P. (1991). Dynamic Response of a Pile-Supported Bridge on Soft Soil, M.S. Thesis, Univ. of California, Davis. Cai, Y., Gould, P., and Desai, C. (1995). Numerical Implementation of a 3-D Nonlinear Seismic S-P-S-I Methodology, in Seismic Analysis and Design for Soil-Pile-Structure Interactions, Geotech. Spec. Pub. 70, ASCE, Caliendo, J., Anderson, L., Winward, R., Dapp, S., and Musser, S. (1996). Instrumentation for Laterally Loaded Model Piles, in Small Magnitude Measurements in Geotechnical Engineering, Transportation Research Record 1548,

6 Carrubba, P. and Maugeri, M. (1996). Non Linear Effects During Dynamic Loading on Piles, Proc. 11th World Conf. Earthquake Eng., Acapulco, Paper No Carter, D. (1984). A Nonlinear Soil Model for Predicting Lateral Pile Response, Rpt. 359, Dept. of Civil Eng., Univ. of Auckland. Carter, J. and Kulhawy, F. (1988). Analysis and Design of Drilled Shaft Foundations Socketed Into Rock, Rpt. EL-5918, Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, August. Celebi, M. (1993a). Seismic Responses of Two Adjacent Buildings. I: Data and Analyses, J. Struct. Eng., ASCE, 119(8), Celebi, M. (1993b). Seismic Responses of Two Adjacent Buildings. II: Interaction, J. Struct. Eng., ASCE, 119(8), Celebi, M. and Safak, E. (1992). Seismic Response of Pacific Park Plaza, I: Data and Preliminary Analysis, J. Struct. Eng., ASCE, 118(6), Chacko, M. (1995). Analysis of Dynamic Soil-Pile-Structure Interaction, M.S. Thesis, Univ. of California, Davis. Chang, C., Naesgaard, E., Wang, Z., and Siu, D. (1995). Geotechnical Considerations for Seismic Vulnerability Study of Port Mann Bridge, Proc. Natl. Seismic Conference on Bridges and Highways, FHWA. Chang, G., Kutter, B., and Romstad, K. (1990). Centrifuge Modeling of Soil-pile- Structure Interaction During Simulated Earthquake Loading, Proc. 4th U.S. Natl. Conf. on Earthquake Eng., Palm Springs, Vol. 3, Chen, L., Poulos, H., and Hull, T.(1996). Model Tests on Pile Groups Subjected to Lateral Soil Movement, Research Rpt. No. R729, School of Civil and Mining Eng., Univ. of Sydney, September. Clough, R. and Penzien, J. (1996). Dynamics of Structures, 2nd Edition, McGraw-Hill, New York. Clough, R. and Pirtz, D. (1956). Earthquake Resistance of Rockfill Dams, J. Soil Mechanics and Foundation Div., ASCE, 82(2), Cofer, W., McLean, D., and McGuire, J. (1994). Analytical Modeling of Foundations for Seismic Analysis of Bridges, WSDOT Rpt. WA-RD 328.2, Washington State Univ., February. Conner, G. and Grant, W. (1995). Seismic Analysis of Concrete Columns on Single 425

7 Drilled Shafts, Proc. Natl. Seismic Conference on Bridges and Highways, FHWA. Cox, W., Dixon, D., and Murphy, B. (1983). Lateral Load Tests on 25.4 mm (1-in.) Diameter Piles in Very Soft Clay in Side-by-Side and In-Line Groups, in Laterally Loaded Deep Foundations, Analysis and Performance, ASTM Spec. Tech. Pub. 835, Craig, W. (1985). Modelling Pile Installation in Centrifuge Experiments, Proc. 11th Intl. Conf. Soil Mech. Fdn. Eng., San Francisco, Vol. 2, Crouse, C. and Cheang, L. (1987). Dynamic Testing and Analysis of Pile-Group Foundation, in Dynamic Response of Pile Foundations - Experiment, Analysis, and Observation, Geotech. Spec. Pub. 11, ASCE, Crouse, C., and Jennings, P. (1975). Soil-Structure Interaction During the San Fernando Earthquake, Bull. Seis. Soc. Amer., 65(1), CUREe - Kajima (1991). Dynamic Interaction Between Pile Group and Non-linear Soil, Rpt. No. CK 91-02, CUREe and Kajima Corp., February. Darr, K. (1990). Effect of Oblique, Tensile Loading on the Capacity of a Vertical Pile in Clay, M.S. Thesis, Univ. of Texas at Austin. Davies, T. and Budhu, M. (1986). Nonlinear Analysis of Laterally Loaded Piles in Heavily Overconsolidated Clay, Geotechnique, 36(4), Davisson, M. (1972). Inspection of Pile Driving Operations, Tech. Rpt. M-22, Cold Regions Research Engineering Laboratories, Corps of Engineers, U.S. Dept. of the Army. Davisson, M. and Gill, H. (1963). Laterally Loaded Piles in a Layered System, J. Soil Mechanics and Foundation Div., ASCE, 89(3), Davisson, M. and Salley, J. (1970). Model Study of Laterally Loaded Piles, J. Soil Mechanics and Foundation Div., ASCE, 96(5), De Alba, P. (1983). Group Effect on Piles in a Liquefying Sand Deposit, Proc. Conf. Geotech. Practice in Offshore Eng., ASCE, Austin, Desai, C. and Appel, G. (1976). 3-D Analysis of Laterally Loaded Structures, Proc. 2nd Intl. Conf. on Numerical Methods in Geomechanics, ASCE, Blacksburg, Dickenson, S. (1994). Dynamic Response of Soft and Deep Cohesive Soils During the Loma Prieta Earthquake of October 17, 1989, Ph.D. Dissertation, Univ. of California, Berkeley. Dobry, R. and Gazetas, G. (1988). Simple Method for Dynamic Stiffness and Damping 426

8 of Floating Pile Groups, Geotechnique, 38(4), Dobry, R., Vicente, E., O Rourke, M., and Roesset, J. (1982). Horizontal Stiffness and Damping of Single Piles, J. Geotech. Eng., ASCE, 108(3), Dou, H. and Byrne, P. (1996). Dynamic Response of Single Piles and Soil-Pile Interaction, Can. Geotech. J., 33(1), Duncan, J., Evans, L., and Ooi, P. (1994). Lateral Load Analysis of Single Piles and Drilled Shafts, J. Geotech. Eng., ASCE, 120(6), Dyvik, R., and Madshus, C. (1985). Lab Measurements of G max Using Bender Elements, in Advances in the Art of Testing Soils Under Cyclic Conditions, ASCE, Edmonds, F., Carr, A., Goldsmith, P., North, P., Wood, J., and Preston, R. (1980). Seismic Design of Bridges, Section 4 - Bridge Foundations, Bull. of the New Zealand Natl. Soc. for Earthquake Eng., 13(3), El Naggar, M. and Novak, M. (1994a). Nonlinear Model for Dynamic Axial Pile Response, J. Geotech. Eng., ASCE, 120(2), El Naggar, M. and Novak, M. (1994b). Nonlinear Axial Interaction in Pile Dynamics, J. Geotech. Eng., ASCE, 120(4), El Naggar, M. and Novak, M. (1995). Effect of Foundation Nonlinearity on Modal Properties of Offshore Towers, J. Geotech. Eng., ASCE, 121(9), El Sharnouby, B. and Novak, M. (1984). Dynamic Experiments with Group of Piles, J. Geotech. Eng., ASCE, 110(6), El Sharnouby, B. and Novak, M. (1990). Stiffness Constants and Interaction Factors for Vertical Response of Pile Groups, Can. Geotech. J., 27(6), El-Marsafawi, H., Han, Y., and Novak, M. (1992). Dynamic Experiments on Two Pile Groups, J. Geotech. Eng., ASCE, 118(6), El-Marsafawi, H., Kaynia, A., and Novak, M. (1992). The Superposition Approach to Pile Group Dynamics, in Piles Under Dynamic Loads, Geotech. Spec. Pub. 34, ASCE, Emery, J. and Nair, G. (1977). Dynamic Response of a Single Pile, Proc. 10th Specialty Session, 9th Intl. Conf. Soil Mechanics Fdn. Eng., Tokyo, Esashi, Y. and Yoshida, Y. (1980). Convenient Aseismic Design of Pile Foundation, Proc. 7th World Conf. Earthquake Eng., Istanbul, Vol. 3,

9 Fan, K. and Gazetas, G. (1991). Seismic Response of Single Piles and Pile Groups, Rpt. NCEER , Dept. of Civil Eng., SUNY Buffalo, January. Feagin, L. (1937). Lateral Pile Loading Tests, Transactions of the ASCE, Vol. 102, Paper No. 1959, Fenves, G. and DesRoches, R. (1994). Response of the Northwest Connector in the Landers and Big Bear Earthquakes, Rpt. No. UCB/EERC-94/12, Earthquake Eng. Research Ctr., Univ. of California. Fenves, G., and Serino, G. (1992). Evaluation of Soil-Structure Interaction in Buildings During Earthquakes, Data Utilization Rpt. CSMIP/92-01, Rpt. to Offc. of Strong Motion Studies, Div. of Mines and Geology, California Dept. of Conservation, June. Fenves, G., Fillipou, F., and Sze, D. (1992). Response of the Dumbarton Bridge in the Loma Prieta Earthquake, Rpt. No. UCB/EERC-92/02, Earthquake Eng. Research Ctr., Univ. of California. Fiegel, G. (1995). Centrifugal and Analytical Modeling of Soft Soil Sites Subjected to Strong Shaking, Ph.D. Dissertation, Univ. of California, Davis. Fiegel, G., Hudson, M., Idriss, I., Kutter, B., and Zeng, X. (1994). Effect of Model Containers on Dynamic Soil Response, Proc. of Centrifuge 94, Singapore, Finn, W. and Gohl, B. (1987). Centrifuge Model Studies of Piles Under Simulated Earthquake Lateral Loading, in Dynamic Response of Pile Foundations - Experiment, Analysis, and Observation, Geotech. Spec. Pub. 11, ASCE, Finn, W. and Gohl, W. (1992). Response of Model Pile Groups to Strong Shaking, in Piles Under Dynamic Loads, Geotech. Spec. Pub. 34, ASCE, Focht, J. and Koch, K. (1973). Rational Analysis of the Lateral Performance of Offshore Pile Groups, Proc. 5th Offshore Technology Conf., OTC 1896, Houston, Vol. 2, Fowler, M., Johnston, R., and Nagle, G. (1994). Seismic Retrofit of Foundations for a Double-Deck Viaduct, Proc. Intl. Conf. on Design and Construction of Deep Foundations, FHWA, Vol. 2, Franke, E. (1988). Group Action Between Vertical Piles Under Horizontal Loads, Proc. 1st Intl. Geotech. Seminar on Deep Foundations on Bored and Auger Piles, Ghent,

10 Franke, E. and Muth, G. (1985). Scale Effect in 1-g Model Tests on Horizontally Loaded Piles, Proc. 11th Intl. Conf. Soil Mech. Fdn. Eng., San Francisco, Vol. 2, Fujii, S., Cubrinovski, M., Tokimatsu, K., and Hayashi, T. (1998). Analyses of Damaged and Undamaged Pile Foundations in Liquefied Soils During the 1995 Kobe Earthquake, Proc. 3 rd Conf. Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering and Soil Dynamics, ASCE, Seattle, Fukouka, M. (1966). Damage to Civil Engineering Structures, Soils and Foundations, JSSMFE, 6(2), Fukuoka, A., Adachi, N., Miyamoto, Y., and Sako, Y. (1996). Centrifuge Model Tests of Pile Foundation in Liquefiable Sand Deposits, Proc. 11th World Conf. Earthquake Eng., Acapulco, Paper No Fuse, Y., Ashihara, E., Kikuchi, T., and Goto, Y.(1992). Vibration Test of Bridge Pier with Large-Scale Group-Pile Foundation, Proc. 10th World Conf. Earthquake Eng., Madrid, Vol. 3, G & E Engineering Systems (1994). San Francisco - Oakland Bay Bridge East Crossing Earthquake Assessment, Rpt. R12.1, Consultants Report to California Department of Transportation, December. Gandhi, S. and Selvam, S. (1997). Group Effect on Driven Piles Under Lateral Loads, J. Geotech. And Geoenv. Eng., ASCE, 123(8), Gao, M., Tong, J., and Fang, H. (1988). Model Studies and Numerical Analysis of Pile- Soil Interaction of Single and Arrayed Piles Under Static and Dynamic Loadings, Proc. Intl. Symposium Modelling Soil-Water-Structure Interaction, Delft, Gaul, R. (1958). Model Study of a Dynamically Laterally Loaded Pile, J. Soil Mechanics and Foundation Div., ASCE, 84(1), Paper No. 1535, Gazetas, G. (1991). Foundation Vibrations, in Foundation Engineering Handbook, 2nd Edition, Van Nostrand Reinhold, Gazetas, G. and Dobry, R. (1984). Horizontal Response of Piles in Layered Soils, J. Geotech. Eng., ASCE, 110(1), Gazetas, G. and Makris, N. (1991). Dynamic Pile-Soil-Pile Interaction - Part I: Analysis of Axial Vibration, Earthquake Eng. Struct. Dyn., 20(2),

11 Gazetas, G. and Mylonakis, G. (1998). Seismic Soil-Structure Interaction: New Evidence and Emerging Issues, Proc. 3 rd Conf. Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering and Soil Dynamics, ASCE, Seattle, Gazetas, G., Fan, K., Tazoh, T., and Shimizu, K. (1993). Seismic Response of the Pile Foundation of Ohba-Ohashi Bridge, Proc. 3rd Intl. Conf. on Case Histories in Geotech. Eng., St. Louis, Vol. 3, Gazetas, G., Fan, K., Tazoh, T., Shimizu, M., Kavvadas, M., and Makris, N. (1992). Seismic Pile-Group-Structure Interaction, in Piles Under Dynamic Loads, Geotech. Spec. Pub. 34, ASCE, Georgiadis, M. and Butterfield, R. (1982). Laterally Loaded Pile Behavior, J. Geotech. Eng., ASCE, 108(1), Gibson, A. (1996). Physical Scale Modeling of Geotechnical Structures at One-G, Ph.D. Dissertation, California Inst. of Tech., Pasadena. Gill, H. (1968). Soil Behavior Around Laterally Loaded Piles, Technical Rpt. R 571, Naval Civil Engineering Laboratory, Naval Facilities Eng. Command, Port Hueneme, April. Girault, P. (1986). Analysis of Foundation Failures, in The Mexico Earthquake, Factors Involved and Lessons Learned, ASCE, Glaser, S. (1993). Estimating Soil Parameters Important for Lifeline Siting Using System Identification Techniques, Rpt. No. NIST 5143, Building and Fire Research Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg. Gle, D. and Woods, R. (1983). Suggested Procedure for Conducting Dynamic Lateral- Load Tests on Piles, in Laterally Loaded Deep Foundations, Analysis and Performance, ASTM Spec. Tech. Pub. 835, Gohl, W. (1991). Response of Pile Foundations to Simulated Earthquake Loading: Experimental and Analytical Results, Ph.D. Dissertation, Univ. of British Columbia. Gohl, W. (1993). Response of Pile Foundations to Earthquake Shaking - General Aspects of Behavior and Design Methodologies, Seismic Soil/Structure Interaction Seminar, Vancouver, B.C. Gohl, W. and Finn, W. (1987). Seismic Response of Single Piles in Shake Table Studies, Proc. 5th Canadian Conf. Earthquake Eng., Ottawa,

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