1 Bryant T. Aldridge Rehabilitation Center Unit Specific Inclusive Diversity Analysis: CULTURAL COMPETENCY AND DIVERSITY PLAN February 2015 Prepared by Brian Agan A Cultural Competency and Inclusive Diversity Plan was developed for the Comprehensive Integrated Inpatient Rehabilitation Program to demonstrate how the Bryant T. Aldridge Rehabilitation Center (BTARC) will respond to the diversity of our stakeholders, including patients, employees and outside vendors. We want to enable staff to work effectively cross culturally with each other, as well as, the patients and families we serve by understanding, appreciating and respecting differences and similarities in beliefs, values and practices within and between cultures. BTARC maintains a policy of nondiscrimination with all employees and applicants for employment. It is the policy of Nash Hospital s Inc. to offer equal employment and advancement opportunities to qualified individuals on the basis of merit, competence and qualifications and without regard to race, color sex, religion, ancestry, national origin, age, veteran status, marital status, disability or genetic information. Rehabilitation staff receives cultural/inclusive diversity training at the time of hire, annually through the Inclusive Diversity Committee and as needed thereafter. This Cultural Competency and inclusive diversity plan address the following areas: culture, age, gender, sexual orientation, spiritual beliefs, socioeconomic status and language. Cultural competency and inclusive diversity is part of staff orientation. The Cultural competency and inclusive diversity Plan is reviewed annually for relevance and updated as needed by the Rehabilitation Unit Leadership Team. The information in this document is shared with staff and available to patients and other stakeholders on our website.
2 CULTURE Our patient demographics vary from year to year. Last year, our patient population was 60.7% Caucasian, 36.5% African American, 0.2%%Hispanic/Latino, and 2.2%% Native American. Nash County has a large presence of African American and Caucasians in its population. Nash County demographics from 2014 indicate the following population demographics through census analysis in Community Population Demographics Nash County NC White alone, percent, 2013 (a) 57.30% 71.70% Black or African American alone, percent, 2013 (a) 39.00% 22.00% American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent, 2013 (a) 0.90% 1.60% Asian alone, percent, 2013 (a) 1.00% 2.60% Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent, 2013 (a) Z 0.10% Two or More Races, percent, % 2.00% Hispanic or Latino, percent, 2013 (b) 6.60% 8.90% White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent, % 64.40% An example of being cultural competent for needs of our patients is the awareness of the Native American culture for our patients we have hired staff who are of native American descent. In our rehab department, we make every effort to match a Spanish- speaking patient with our Therapist whom is fluent in Spanish. We utilize Marti, an electronic/video interpretation service for ongoing translation services within any language that would present to our facility. Cultural requests related to diet are always considered unless the dietician indicates otherwise. Much of our written materials are available in Spanish and other worksheets and therapeutic tasks are utilized that contain culturally enriching information.
3 Our rehabilitation social worker and case manager work regularly with external stakeholders such as nursing homes, home health agencies and DME vendors to ensure that patients with different cultural and language needs upon discharge are matched with the most appropriate facility to provide continued services. As noted in the introduction to this plan, Nash Hospital s, Inc. as an employer does not discriminate in hiring or advancement based on race, color, national origin or ancestry. AGE Our patient ages were as follows for the last year: 16% in the range, 58% in the range, and 26% in the 65+ range. Our rehab unit trends in line with national benchmarks for inpatient medical rehabilitation units. In having a high adult and geriatric population and main goal for our program and those that we serve is to return to a community setting with the support of family. This is an area of our program we take very much to heart and demonstrate success.
4 2013 Estimated Nash County Population by Age 2019 Proj Median Age: Proj Median Age: 41 Total Population % o population 2014 Proj Total Pop , % 2014 Proj Total Pop , % 2014 Proj Total Pop , % 2014 Proj Total Pop , % 2014 Proj Total Pop , % 2014 Proj Total Pop , % Our rehab unit does not accept patients under the age of 18. Because our patients are of a senior age, we focus on return to home and self- care / safe mobility tasks during the rehabilitation process as appropriate. In addition to cultural and language awareness when working on discharge needs, our social worker and discharge planner are sensitive to a patients need for placement and services based on age as well. Our staff have to be 18 years of age. The largest demographic for our staff falls in the range, which allows for better understanding for the majority of clients we serve who are of a similar age. We have not had an issue with an elderly patient having concerns with having a younger staff member but should that arise, we would modify staff assignments to an older staff member if possible. GENDER Our patient demographics in 2014 indicated 46.7% were male and 53.3% were female. We traditionally have always had an evenly split population as it relates to gender. Our staff demographics, however, indicated that we have a higher number of female staff at 94% compared to 6% male staff.
5 60.0% 50.0% 40.0% Total Admissions by Gender 30.0% 20.0% 10.0% % Male Female Care is taken to accommodate the request if a male patient prefers a male staff member to assist with toileting, etc. We have not encountered a sexually inappropriate male/female patient however, and must be taken with our staff if that situation arises. If this behavior did occur, it would be managed through a Licensed Medical Social Worker consult, discussed with staff, and is addressed with training.. As noted in the introduction to this plan we do not discriminate in hiring or advancement based on gender. SEXUAL ORIENTATION We respect patients of all sexual orientation. When we have patients with a need for additional support or concern regarding sexual orientation, this can be addressed through the Licensed Medical Social Worker and/or we will locate community resources to address this. There is not a Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender organization in our county. If resources were needed, we would reach out to our affiliate Health System, UNC Health Care for further assistance. We would assure that can facilitate assistance with social, educational and advocacy services.
6 Sexual orientation is not a demographic that is tracked for patients or staff due to privacy issues. SPIRITUAL BELIEFS We respect patients spiritual beliefs and admit patients with a variety of spiritual beliefs and many with no particular spiritual belief. We have chaplaincy services available for consultation for every patient and a spirituality group is held every Sunday on the Rehab Unit for patients who wish to partake in these activities. Family can attend as well. It patients have certain spiritual holidays, we will respect that as well modifying the pare plan for therapy to accommodate the identified need. If we have patients who need to have special food related to their spiritual beliefs we will accommodate that request as much as possible through our dietary department and/or let the family members bring in foods that fit the spiritual beliefs of the patient if it is cleared medically by the physician and their diet. Concerning employees, we have occasionally had a request for a religious accommodation relating to dress, and as long as it s not a safety issue, we will accommodate the request (i.e. wearing a head scarf). Staff have made special requests to work or not work certain days of the week and/or holidays based on religious beliefs and rehab leadership makes every effort to accommodate these requests. As an employer, we cannot discriminate based on the spiritual beliefs or religion of our staff. Again due to privacy issues this is not a demographic that is tracked for patients or staff. SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS Patients receive services regardless of their or their family s socioeconomic status. Services are typically funded through Medicare 74.9% BTARC population, Medicaid 7.2% % BTARC population, or Commercial Insurance, 16.9 % BTARC
7 population. This past year, 1.0% of the patients admitted to the Rehab Unit were unfunded. We are fortunate to have a very active financial counselling program at Nash Hospital s Inc which assists those persons served with achieving any possible benefit or form of funding to not only cover their IRF stay, but to assist with funding at discharge.. When a patient is discharged from the program, if socioeconomic status is an issue, the case managers will assist the patient and family with accessing social services such as disability access, social security, etc. We work very closely with church in our community for support at the time of discharge to assist with improving the discharge disposition. As an employer, we cannot discriminate in hiring or advancement since decisions must be based on merit, not socioeconomic status. Again this is a demographic we do not track in our patients or staff due to privacy issues. LANGUAGE On a rare occasion, we have a patient who is a non- English speaker. The main non- English language spoke is Spanish and we are able to accommodate that issue by providing certified translation services and having onsite interpreters as needed. Our Marti translator service can accommodate any patient that we would admit to our program. Many documents have been translated into Spanish for our patients and families to utilize. Additionally, at discharge, our social work and discharge planner make efforts to find outside vendors who speak the language of the patient whenever possible if that is a barrier. Regarding employees, staff must be able to speak, read and write English. We have some bilingual staff.
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