Australian Catholic Schools 2012

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1 Australian Catholic Schools 2012

2 Foreword Australian Catholic Schools 2012 is the tenth annual report on enrolment trends in Catholic schools from the NCEC Data Committee. As with previous editions, this report provides a snapshot of the enrolments in Australian Catholic schools for the past year, and reports changes in enrolments since NCEC is committed to understanding regional dynamics and issues and placing these trends in the national context. The reporting of enrolment trends by the ABS remoteness categories in this report recognises that Catholic school enrolment trends transcend state and territory boundaries, and that there may be differences in the enrolment dynamics of city and country Catholic schools. The annual reporting of enrolment trends by categories of remoteness illustrates NCEC s quest to better understand and support rural and regional Australia. Information in this report, other than the sections relating to religious affiliation and school finances, is sourced from the national, annual DEEWR Census of Non-Government schools. This census of all non-government schools has been conducted by the Commonwealth government since 1985, and collects information from all non-government schools on the first Friday in August each year for the purposes of statistical collection and school funding. Information relating to school funding is sourced from ACARA s MySchool website, which reports information including school performance and school funding for every Australian school. School funding has been reported on MySchool since 2011 (2009 calendar year). Information relating to religious affiliation is sourced from the NCEC Data Committee s annual collection of Catholic and non-catholic students in Catholic schools, a national census of all Catholic schools, first conducted in Over the past decade, Australian Catholic Schools has built on the format and trends of previous editions, while expanding the reporting on salient or emerging data on Australian Catholic schools. Australian Catholic Schools 2012 continues this tradition through the expanded reporting on the trends for Catholic and non-catholic enrolments, and the trends in school resourcing and the sources of school resourcing. This report, as with all reports by the NCEC Data Committee (and the NCEC Australian Catholic Education Statistics Working Group are available from the NCEC website at Questions relating to this report should be directed to Crichton Smith at or by phone at (02) ( for international phone calls). May 2013 Australian Catholic Schools 2012

3 Contents Statistical Snapshot... 1 Catholic School Trends... 2 Number of Schools... 2 Types of Schools... 4 Student Enrolment Trends... 8 Primary and Secondary Enrolment Trends Student Retention Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Students Students with a Disability Full-Fee Paying Overseas Students Catholic and Non-Catholic Students Teachers and Non-Teaching Staff School Funding Diocesan Trends Number of Schools Types of Schools Student Enrolment Trends Primary and Secondary Enrolment Trends Student Retention Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Students Students with a Disability Full-Fee Paying Overseas Students Catholic and Non-Catholic Students Teachers and Non-Teaching Staff School Funding s to Catholic Schools Australian Catholic Schools 2012

4 Statistical Snapshot (Australian Catholic Schools) 2012 from 2011 Number of Catholic Schools... 1, Students (Full-Time Equivalent) , ,931 Primary Students , ,457 Secondary Students , ,474 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Students... 17, ,258 Students with a Disability... 30, ,776 Full-Fee Paying Overseas Students... 1, Catholic Students (1) , ,239 Non-Catholic Students (1) , ,959 (Apparent) Student Retention From Catholic Primary to Secondary Schools % - 0.2% From Year 10 to Year % + 3.4% Staffing (Head Count) Total Staff in Catholic Schools... 85, ,194 Teachers (including Principals)... 57, ,305 Non-Teaching Staff... 27, Staffing (Full-Time Equivalent) Total Staff in Catholic Schools... 67, ,646 Teachers (including Principals)... 49, ,041 Non-Teaching Staff... 18, School Funding Net Recurrent Income Per Student (2011)... $11,377 + $684 Income from Government (Commonwealth and State)... 71% No change Income from Private Income (Fees and Other Private Income) 29% No change Note 1: The sum of the Catholic and non-catholic students varies slightly from other counts as Catholic and non-catholic enrolments were not enumerated the same day as the Annual School Census in every state and territory. Australian Catholic Schools

5 Catholic School Enrolment Trends Number of Schools Table 1 shows that there were 1,706 Catholic schools in Australia in As is reported in detail on page 88, nine new schools opened in 2012 (two in NSW, NT, Qld and Vic, and one in WA), which was the largest number of new schools opened in a year since Australian Catholic Schools commenced reporting this information in However, as has been the pattern for Australian Catholic schools, while nine schools commenced in 2012, the combination of school closures and school amalgamations has resulted in there being a net national increase of two schools from 2011 to Graph 1: Number of Catholic Schools, Australia, ,750 1,725 Schools 1,700 1,675 1, Table 1: s in the number of Catholic Schools, by States and Territories, Net change from 2011 Net change since 1985 Proportion of schools in each state (2012) ACT % New South Wales % Northern Territory % Queensland % South Australia % Tasmania % Victoria % Western Australia % Australia 1, % Australian Catholic Schools

6 Map 1 shows the significant national, geographically comprehensive coverage of Catholic schools and campuses, particularly outside of the capital cities. Table 2 reports the number of schools and schools/campuses by remoteness categories. Although the majority of schools and campuses are located in the major cities of Australia (where the majority of students live), two out of every five Catholic schools are located outside of Australia s major cities. M aps showing the ABS Remoteness Categories are available in The Sectoral Trends of Australian Schooling (Vol. 1), page 21 (February 2008), available at Map 1: Location of Catholic schools and campuses, 2012 Table 2: Number of Catholic Schools and Campuses by Remoteness Category, 2012 Schools Proportion of Schools Schools & Campuses Proportion of Schools & Campuses Major Cities of Australia 1,049 61% 1,100 61% Inner Regional Australia % % Outer Regional Australia % % Remote Australia 43 3% 46 3% Very Remote Australia 26 2% 27 2% Total 1, % 1, % Australian Catholic Schools

7 Types of Schools There were 1,228 primary schools, 318 secondary schools, 150 combined primary/secondary schools and 10 Special schools in Australia in 2012 (Table 3). Primary and secondary schools are those schools that have (only) primary or (only) secondary students enrolled, although the grade range for primary and secondary students does vary between states and territories. Combined schools are those schools that have both primary and secondary students enrolled at the school. Special Schools are those schools which satisfy the definition of a school and are designated by the relevant state or territory education authority as a special school. A special school caters predominately for students who have one or more of the following characteristics: intellectually disabled, physically disabled, hearing impaired, visually impaired, autistic, or socially/emotionally disturbed. Schools such as intensive language centres, schools where the distinguishing feature is the lack of a formal curriculum, schools for exceptionally gifted or talented students, Distance Education Schools and Special Assistance Schools that cater primarily caters for students with social, emotional or behavioural difficulties are not Special Schools. The overwhelming majority of primary schools (98%) enrol students from the first year of primary schooling to the final year of primary schooling. For Secondary schools, 87% of schools enrol students for all secondary grades. Forty-one percent of Combined Primary/Secondary schools enrol students comprehensively from the first year to the final year of schooling, while 59% enrol students for only a portion of school grades. Table 3: Number of schools by school type, states and territories, 2012 Primary Secondary Combined Special All School ACT New South Wales Northern Territory Queensland South Australia Tasmania Victoria Western Australia Australia 1, ,706 Table 3 shows that the majority of Catholic schools in Australia are primary (only) schools, and partially reflects the historical context of Australian Catholic education. However, there are significant differences in the proportion of primary only schools across the states and territories, as is highlighted in Table 4. As this table highlights, while 72% of Australian schools are primary schools, this varies from 41% in the Northern Territory to 79% in Victoria. The relatively low proportion of combined primary/secondary schools in Victoria, combined with its proportion of secondary schools (even though this state has the second largest number of secondary schools) results in its significantly higher proportion of primary schools than for other states. Australian Catholic Schools

8 Table 4: Proportion of schools by school type, states and territories, 2012 Primary Secondary Combined Special All School ACT 77% 17% 7% 100% New South Wales 72% 22% 5% 1% 100% Northern Territory 41% 29% 29% 100% Queensland 67% 24% 9% 100% South Australia 66% 11% 21% 2% 100% Tasmania 65% 14% 22% 100% Victoria 79% 18% 3% 0.4% 100% Western Australia 70% 4% 26% 100% Australia 72% 19% 9% 1% 100% The relative number and percentage of school types reported above reflect the historical evolution of Australian Catholic schooling. However, different school types are also a reflection of a geographical dimension for providing Catholic education in Australia. Table 5 and Table 6 show the number and proportion of schools, and highlight the different distributions of primary and secondary schools, while Special schools are only located in the major cities. As the tables report, there are fewer secondary only Catholic schools beyond the major cities and inner regional Australia than there are combined primary/secondary schools, with there being no secondary only schools in very remote Australia. Table 5: Number of Catholic schools by school type by Remoteness Category, 2012 Primary Schools Secondary Schools Combined Schools Special School All School Major Cities of Australia ,049 Inner Regional Australia Outer Regional Australia Remote Australia Very Remote Australia Total 1, ,706 Table 6: Proportion of Catholic schools by school type by Remoteness Category, 2012 Primary Schools Secondary Schools Combined Schools Special School All School Major Cities of Australia 61% 65% 59% 100% 61% Inner Regional Australia 22% 25% 17% 0% 22% Outer Regional Australia 13% 8% 15% 0% 12% Remote Australia 3% 2% 4% 0% 3% Very Remote Australia 1% 0% 5% 0% 2% Total 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% Australian Catholic Schools

9 Boarding Schools Fifty-two Australian Catholic schools (Table 7) provide boarding facilities for students. Depending on the individual school, boarding may include full boarding, and/or include weekly boarding where students live at the college weekdays (or until the completion of Saturday sporting commitments). Table 7 shows nearly two-thirds of Catholic boarding schools in Australia are in either NSW (33%) or Queensland (29%), but even in these states, boarding schools are only a small proportion of Catholic schools. Table 8 shows that three-quarters (75%) of boarding schools are located in the major cities and inner regional Australia. While boarding schools in metropolitan areas are likely to have historically enrolled students from rural and isolated communities, and continue to do so, a proportion of students in Boarding schools are from the city in which the school is located and from overseas. Table 7: Number and proportion of Non-Boarding and Boarding schools by school type, states and territories, 2012 Non- Boarding Schools Boarding Schools Boarding Schools as percentage of all schools Percentage of all Boarding Schools ACT % New South Wales % 33% Northern Territory % 2% Queensland % 29% South Australia % 10% Tasmania % Victoria % 10% Western Australia % 17% Australia 1, % 100% Table 8: Number and proportion of Non-Boarding and Boarding schools by Remoteness Category, 2012 Non- Boarding Schools Boarding Schools Boarding Schools as percentage of all schools Percentage of all Boarding Schools Major Cities of Australia 1, % 46% Inner Regional Australia % 29% Outer Regional Australia % 21% Remote Australia % 4% Very Remote Australia % 0% Total 1, % 100% Australian Catholic Schools

10 Co-educational and Single Sex schools Table 9 shows that 89% of Catholic schools are co-educational, and that this is so for schools located in the major cities (Table 10). However, as Table 11 shows, single-sex schools are almost entirely the domain of secondary education, with only one primary school and no Special schools being a single-sex school. Similarly, many combined primary/secondary schools limit enrolments for both males and females to some grades (most commonly the earlier grades in the school). Table 9 shows that nationally, there are more female-only schools (92) than male-only schools (75). In most states, the proportion of male and female only schools is similar, although Queensland, South Australia and Victoria have a marginally larger number of female-only schools than male-only schools. Table 9: Number of co-educational and single-sex Catholic schools, states and territories, 2012 Co-Educational Schools Single Sex Schools Male only Female only Single-Sex schools as % of all schools ACT % New South Wales % Northern Territory % Queensland % South Australia % Tasmania % Victoria % Western Australia % Australia 1, % Table 10: Number and proportion of co-educational and single-sex Catholic schools by Remoteness Category, 2012 Co-Educational Schools Single Sex Schools Male only Female only Single-Sex schools as % of all schools Major Cities of Australia % Inner Regional Australia % Outer Regional Australia % Remote Australia % Very Remote Australia % Total 1, % Table 11: Number of co-educational and single-sex Catholic schools by school type, 2012 Co-Educational Schools Single Sex Schools Male only Female only Single-Sex schools as % of all schools Primary only schools 1, % Secondary only schools % Combined schools % Special Schools % Total 1, % Australian Catholic Schools

11 Student Enrolment Trends There were 735,403 students in Australian Catholic schools in 2012, which was an increase of 11,931 or 1.6% from the previous year. This was the largest annual increase, both in the number of students and the annual percentage growth since 1985 (the first year of available data). Since 1985, the number of students has increased by 160,398, which is a 28% increase in the number of students. Graph 2 and Table 12 show that the number of students in Catholic schools has increased every single year since However, the annual growth has not always been consistent across years. For example, enrolments increased by just 235 students from 1992 to 1993, while this year s growth was almost 12,000 students. Graph 2: Students in Catholic schools, Australia, , , ,000 Students 640, , , , , Table 12: Student enrolments and annual change in Catholic schools, Australia, from Previous Year from Previous Year Year Students in Catholic Schools % Year Students in Catholic Schools % , ,218 5, % ,846 6, % ,578 6, % ,757 4, % ,636 7, % ,640 5, % ,024 4, % ,936 3, % ,124 4, % ,586 2, % ,268 6, % ,917 3, % ,659 7, % ,119 2, % ,270 7, % , % ,621 5, % ,022 3, % ,353 5, % ,722 5, % ,858 7, % ,820 8, % ,864 9, % ,579 7, % ,472 10, % ,727 7, % ,403 11, % Australian Catholic Schools

12 Table 13 shows that the number of students increased from 2011 to 2012 in every state and territory. However, this growth was not consistent across all states and territories. While ACT, NSW and NT had enrolment growth similar to the national average, Queensland and Victoria had more than 2% enrolment increase last year. WA had a 1% enrolment increase, while SA and Tasmania had less than 1% increase from 2011 to Table 13: s in Catholic school enrolments, by States and Territories, (FTE) from 2011 since 1985 ACT 17, ,682 New South Wales 247,226 3,428 38,046 Northern Territory 4, Queensland 138,154 3,196 52,726 South Australia 48, ,168 Tasmania 14, ,371 Victoria 197,491 4,062 23,037 Western Australia 67, ,914 Australia 735,403 11, ,398 Almost 209,000 students are enrolled in Catholic schools outside of the major cities, while more than half a million students (72%) in Catholic schools in the major cities of Australia (Table 14). This is a significantly higher proportion than for the proportion of schools (61%) located in the major cities. This difference in the proportions of schools and students indicates that nationally, there are not unexpectedly important differences in the structure and profiles of Catholic schools and schooling when the major cities are compared to the rest of Australia. The NCEC Report The Sectoral Trends of Australian Schooling (Volume 1) (available at provides detailed analysis pertaining to the connection between school size, remoteness and resourcing. Table 14: Number of Students by Remoteness Category, 2012 Students (2012) Proportion of students Major Cities of Australia 526,542 72% Inner Regional Australia 140,269 19% Outer Regional Australia 58,090 8% Remote Australia 8,144 1% Very Remote Australia 2,358 0% Total 735, % Australian Catholic Schools

13 Primary and Secondary Enrolment Trends Of particular interest are the varying patterns of growth across both primary and secondary schools. Graph 3 illustrates the changing proportions of primary and secondary enrolments in Catholic education. Since 1985, 56% of the growth in Catholic school enrolments has been in secondary students, which have increased by 90,128, while primary enrolments have increased by 70,271. However, from 2011 to 2012, the increase in primary enrolments (+6,458) was greater than the increase in secondary enrolments (+5,473). Graph 3: Students in Catholic schools, Primary and Secondary, Australia, , ,000 Primary Students Students 340, , ,000 Secondary Students 220, Table 15 shows that 89% of primary students enrolled in Catholic schools are located in the major cities and inner regional Australia, while 92% of secondary students are enrolled in schools in these regions. This difference between the primary and secondary enrolments reflects the history and geography of Catholic secondary education in remote Australia; the structure of primary, secondary and combined primary/secondary schools; and accessibility to Catholic secondary, and post-compulsory secondary, education in rural Australia. Table 15: Number of Primary and Secondary Students by Remoteness Category, 2012 Primary Students Proportion of Primary Students Secondary Students Proportion of Secondary Students Major Cities of Australia 282,034 70% 244,509 73% Inner Regional Australia 75,575 19% 64,694 19% Outer Regional Australia 36,645 9% 21,444 6% Remote Australia 5,866 1% 2,278 1% Very Remote Australia 2,173 1% 185 0% Total 402, % 333, % Australian Catholic Schools

14 Table 16 reports the changes in the past year in the primary and secondary enrolments in each of the states and territories, as well as the overall change since The table reports that primary enrolments increased in all states and territories, other than South Australia and Tasmania. For secondary enrolments, all states and territories, other than Northern Territory, had an increase in secondary enrolments. Secondary growth was greater than primary growth from 2011 to 2012 in NSW, South Australia and Tasmania. Table 16: s in Catholic school enrolments, by States and Territories, Primary from 2011 since Secondary from 2011 since 1985 ACT 8, , ,663 New South Wales 126,688 1,436 7, ,538 1,992 31,034 Northern Territory 2, , Queensland 81,836 2,115 31,837 56,318 1,082 20,889 South Australia 28, ,425 20, ,743 Tasmania 7, ,010 7, ,361 Victoria 105,922 2,264 5,863 91,570 1,799 17,176 Western Australia 40, ,179 26, ,735 Australia 402,293 6,458 70, ,110 5,473 90,128 Graphs 4 and 5 illustrate the most recent changes (from 2011 to 2012) in primary and secondary enrolments in each of the states and territories as reported in the above table. Graph 4: in Catholic Primary enrolments, Graph 5: in Catholic Secondary enrolments, by States and Territories, by States and Territories, SA -77 NT -3 Tas -19 ACT 16 NT 71 ACT 220 Tas 40 WA 242 WA 448 NSW 1,436 SA 305 Qld 1,082 Qld 2,115 Vict 2,264 Vic 1,799 NSW 1,992-1, ,000 2,000 3,000-1, ,000 2,000 3,000 Fewer students in 2012 than 2011 More students in 2012 than 2011 Fewer students in 2012 than 2011 More students in 2012 than 2011 Australian Catholic Schools

15 Graphs 6 to 13 highlight that although there are different primary and secondary enrolment patterns across the states and territories, the majority of states and territories have witnessed the convergence of primary and secondary enrolments in Catholic schools. Graphs 6 to 13: Primary and Secondary Enrolments in Catholic schools, individual States and Territories, Graph 6: Australian Capital Territory 9,000 Graph 7: New South Wales 140,000 8,000 Primary Students 120,000 Primary Students 7,000 Secondary Students 100,000 Secondary Students 6, , Graph 8: Northern Territory 4,000 Primary Students 3,000 Graph 9: Queensland 80,000 60,000 Primary Students 2,000 Secondary Students 40,000 Secondary Students 1, Graph 10: South Australia 30,000 20, Graph 11: Tasmania 8,000 25,000 Primary Students 6,000 Primary Students 20,000 Secondary Students 15,000 Secondary Students 4,000 10, Graph 12: Victoria 120,000 2, Graph 13: Western Australia 50, ,000 Primary Students 40,000 Primary Students 80,000 Secondary Students 30,000 20,000 Secondary Students 60,000 10, Australian Catholic Schools

16 Student Retention Part of the growth in secondary schools has been created by students enrolling in Catholic secondary schools as the first enrolment in a Catholic school; and by students increasingly tending to stay in Catholic schools once they commence. Retention rates in excess of 100% from Catholic primary to Catholic secondary means in effect that there are more students in the first year of Catholic secondary schools than there were in the last year of Catholic primary schools the previous year. Clearly, many students from other schools commence their Catholic education in secondary school. Anecdotal evidence suggests that a considerable number of these are Catholic students for whom the local government primary school was more convenient or preferable than the Catholic school. Graph 14 shows that the Apparent Retention Rate for students from Catholic primary schools to Catholic secondary schools has been greater than 100% for both boys and girls since 1986; and has overall continued to increase in most years. Table 17 reports that the retention from Catholic primary to Catholic secondary schools was greater than 100% in all states and territories in 2012, other than for girls in NT, which was almost 100%. Table 17 would suggest that overall, there appears to be a more significant attraction for the Catholic secondary school as the first Catholic school for girls than for boys in most states and territories. Graph 14: Apparent Retention Rates, Catholic Primary to Catholic Secondary schools, Australia, % 125% Girls 120% 115% Boys 110% 105% 100% 95% Apparent Retention Rate Table 17: Apparent Retention Rates, Catholic Primary to Catholic Secondary schools, Australia and States and Territories, 2012 Percentage of students Girls Boys All Students ACT New South Wales Northern Territory Queensland South Australia Tasmania Victoria Western Australia Australia Note: NSW, NT, ACT, Vic, Tas and WA retention is from Grade 6 to Grade 7. SA and Qld retention is from Grade 7 to 8. Australian Catholic Schools

17 A contributing factor to the increase in enrolments in Catholic secondary schools has been the increasing improvement in the secondary Apparent Retention Rate in the 1980s and early 1990s, although this is now fairly stable in all states. Significantly, there has always been a difference in Apparent Retention Rates between boys and girls in all school sectors and that is no less evident in Catholic schools, and the Apparent Retention Rate for girls remains consistently higher than for boys. The Apparent Retention Rate for post-compulsory education (students in Catholic schools staying from Year 10 to complete Year 12) increased significantly from 1987 to 1992 (for females) and 1993 (for males). Retention rates increased slightly from 2004 to 2010, but have increased noticeably since In 2012, the retention rate for both females (88.9%) and males (82.8%) was the highest since 1986 (the first year of available data) (Table 18). Graph 15: Apparent Retention Rates for post-compulsory schooling (Year 10 to Year 12) in Catholic Secondary schools, Australia, % 100% Apparent Retention Rate 90% 80% 70% 60% Females Males 50% Table 18: Apparent Retention Rates for post-compulsory schooling (Year 10 to Year 12) in Catholic secondary schools, States and Territories, 2012 Percentage of students Females Males All Students ACT New South Wales Northern Territory Queensland South Australia Tasmania Victoria Western Australia Australia Australian Catholic Schools

18 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Students The number and proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (ATSI) students has increased significantly over the period from 1985 to 2012 (Graph 16 and Table 19), and in all states and territories (Table 20). One of the key factors has been the significant increase in the level of Commonwealth Government support. Apart from the Commonwealth Government s support, many dioceses began to develop more systematic enrolment and support policies in response to the Statement by Pope John Paul II to the Indigenous community at Alice Springs in In 2012, there were 17,349 Indigenous students in Catholic schools, which represented 2.4% of all students in Australian Catholic schools. This was an increase of 1,258 students from the previous year, which was the largest increase since Graph 17 shows that Indigenous enrolments in Catholic schools increased from 2011 to 2012 in all states and territories other than South Australia. F urther research from the ACES Working Group on the enrolment trends for Indigenous students is available from Indigenous Student Trends in Catholic Schools (June 2005), available at Graph 16: Students identified as ATSI in Catholic schools, Australia, ,000 Number of students Number of students % of all students 15,000 10,000 5,000 3% 2% 1% ATSI as % of all students % Table 19: Students identified as ATSI in Catholic schools, Australia, Year ATSI Students ATSI as % of all students Year ATSI Students ATSI as % of all students , % , % , % , % , % , % , % , % , % , % , % , % , % , % , % , % , % , % , % , % , % , % , % , % , % , % , % , % Australian Catholic Schools

19 Graph 17: Recent change in ATSI student enrolments in Catholic schools, States and Territories, SA 0 ACT 34 TAS 37 WA 64 VIC 121 NT 147 NSW 408 QLD Table 20: Number and percentage of students identified as ATSI in Catholic schools, States and Territories, 1985 and Proportion of Number of Students % of Students Number of Students % of Students from 1985 to 2012 ATSI students in each State (2012) ACT % % 260 2% NSW 5, % 1, % 4,790 34% NT 1, % 1, % % Queensland 4, % 1, % 3,482 28% SA % % 510 3% Tasmania % % 550 4% Victoria 1, % % 1,016 6% WA 2, % 1, % % Australia 17, % 5, % 11, % Australian Catholic Schools

20 Remoteness Table 21 shows that there is significant difference in the enrolment patterns for Indigenous and non-indigenous students in urban and rural Catholic schools. While overall, 2.4% of students in Catholic schools are Indigenous, these students comprise only a small proportion (1.2%) of students in the Catholic schools in the major cities. By comparison, more than two-thirds of students in a Catholic school in very remote Australia are Indigenous. Over one-third (36%) of Indigenous students are in the major cities, and 20% are in Catholic schools in remote or very remote Australia. By comparison, nearly three-quarters (72%) of non-indigenous students are in Catholic schools in the major cities, while only 1% of non-indigenous students are in remote or very remote Catholic schools. Table 21: Number and Percentage of ATSI Students by Remoteness Category, 2012 ATSI Students ATSI as % of all students in remoteness category Proportion of ATSI students by Remoteness Proportion of non-atsi students by Remoteness Major Cities of Australia 6, % 36% 72% Inner Regional Australia 4, % 24% 19% Outer Regional Australia 3, % 20% 8% Remote Australia 1, % 11% 1% Very Remote Australia 1, % 9% <1% Total 17, % 100% 100% Primary and Secondary Indigenous Enrolments The number of both Indigenous primary and Indigenous secondary students in Australian Catholic schools has increased significantly since 1985 as illustrated in Graph 18. In 1985, there were 3,697 Indigenous primary students, and this has more than doubled to 10,104 primary students in However, the growth in secondary Indigenous students has been even more significant, with the number of Secondary Indigenous students more than quadrupled from 1985 to Since 1985, the number of secondary Indigenous students has increased from 1,726 to 7,245. Although the increase in secondary enrolments has been more dramatic, the number of primary Indigenous enrolments has been greater (+6,407) than the secondary enrolments (+5,519), partly due to the relatively lower proportion of Indigenous secondary students, when Secondary Indigenous enrolments represented 32% of all Indigenous enrolments in Australian Catholic schools (Table 22). From 1997 to 2008, the increase in the number of secondary Indigenous students has been greater than the increase in the primary Indigenous students in most years, and secondary enrolments now represent 42% of Indigenous enrolments. However, since 2009, the annual increase in Indigenous primary students was larger than the increase of Indigenous secondary students. In 2012, Indigenous primary enrolments increased by 744, and Indigenous secondary enrolments increased by 514 students. These increases were the largest annual increase for both primary and secondary since Australian Catholic Schools

21 Graph 18: Students in Catholic schools, Primary and Secondary, Australia, Indigenous Students Indigenous Primary Students Indigenous Secondary Students Table 22: Primary and Secondary Indigenous Students, Australia, Indigenous Primary Students from previous year Primary as % of all Indigenous Students Indigenous Secondary Students from previous year Secondary as % of all Indigenous Students ,697 68% 1,726 32% , % 1, % , % 1, % , % 1, % , % 1, % , % 1, % , % 1, % , % 2, % , % 2, % , % 2, % , % 2, % , % 2, % , % 2, % , % 2, % , % 3, % , % 3, % , % 3, % , % 3, % , % 3, % , % 4, % , % 4, % , % 4, % , % 5, % , % 5, % , % 5, % , % 6, % , % 6, % , % 7, % Australian Catholic Schools

22 Table 23 shows that there are significant differences across the states and territories in the proportion of Indigenous students in primary or secondary Catholic education. These differences reflect historical enrolment trends, the significant difference for Indigenous students in urban and rural Catholic schools (reported in the previous section) and limited access to non-metropolitan Catholic secondary education in some states. Table 23: Primary and Secondary Indigenous Students, States and Territories, 2012 Primary Secondary ACT % % New South Wales 3,406 59% 2,413 41% Northern Territory 1,075 63% % Queensland 2,608 53% 2,275 47% South Australia % % Tasmania % % Victoria % % Western Australia 1,558 68% % Australia 10,104 58% 7,246 42% Table 24 reports the change from 2011 to 2012 in primary and secondary Indigenous enrolments in each of the states and territories, as well as the change in Indigenous primary and secondary enrolments since In the past year, Indigenous primary enrolments increased in each of the states and territories, while Indigenous secondary enrolments increased in all states and territories other than the South Australia (-6). Table 24: in Primary and Secondary Indigenous Students, States and Territories, Primary Secondary 2012 from 2011 from from 2011 from 1985 ACT New South Wales 3, ,753 2, ,037 Northern Territory 1, Queensland 2, ,687 2, ,796 South Australia Tasmania Victoria Western Australia 1, Australia 10, ,407 7, ,520 Australian Catholic Schools

23 Indigenous Retention Rates As discussed earlier, part of the growth in secondary schools has been created by students enrolling in Catholic secondary schools as the first enrolment in a Catholic school. Graph 19 shows that the rate for Indigenous students enrolling in Catholic secondary schools, as the first enrolment in a Catholic school, has been increasing almost every year since 1994, and the retention from Catholic primary to Catholic secondary is higher for Indigenous students (134%) than for non-indigenous students (121%). As such, since 2002, a higher proportion of Indigenous secondary students had not attended a Catholic primary school than non-indigenous secondary students. However, as the graph illustrates, the trend was significantly different prior to Graph 19: Apparent Retention Rates for Indigenous and Non-Indigenous students, Catholic Primary to Catholic Secondary schools, Australia, % Apparent Retention Rate 140% 130% 120% 110% 100% 90% Non-Indigenous Students Indigenous Students 80% Another contributing factor to the increase in Indigenous enrolments in Catholic secondary schools has been the increasing improvement in students remaining beyond compulsory education until Year 12. Graph 20 shows that while the retention rate from Year 10 to Year 12 has, since 1992, been consistently at about 80% for non-indigenous students, the retention for Indigenous students from Year 10 to Year 12 has been significantly different to the non-indigenous students. As the graph highlights, the retention to Year 12 for Indigenous students was only 24% in 1987, but has increased markedly to 69% in However, while the gap between Indigenous and Non-Indigenous retention has reduced, the Year 10 to Year 12 retention rate for Indigenous students still remains significantly below that for non-indigenous students (84%). Graph 20: Apparent Retention Rates for Indigenous and Non-Indigenous students, post-compulsory schooling (Year 10 to Year 12) in Catholic Secondary schools, Australia, % Apparent Retention Rate 80% 60% 40% 20% Non-Indigenous Students Indigenous Students 0% Australian Catholic Schools

24 Students with a Disability Students with a Disability (SWD) in Catholic schools have increased from 1985 to 2012 (Graph 21 and Table 25) particularly since the advent of the Commonwealth Disability Discrimination Act in 1992 and the promulgation of the education standards under the Disability Discrimination Act in In 2012, there were 30,506 SWD students in Catholic schools, which was an increase of 1,776 students from the previous year. Graph 22 and Table 26 show that the number of SWD students increased from 2011 to 2012 in every state and territory, other than Western Australia (-5). Victoria had the largest increase in SWD students, with an increase of 744 students from 2011 to Students with a Disability represent 4.2% of students in Australian Catholic schools. The Northern Territory has the highest proportion of SWD students (6.3%), while the ACT has the lowest proportion (2.5%). Students with a Disability (SWD) are only those students who meet all the following criteria to be classified to receive Commonwealth funding. Students must 1) have an intellectual, sensory, physical or social/emotional impairment or multiple impairments; 2) have been formally assessed as having the impairment by a person with relevant qualifications to the impairment being assessed (ie. medical practitioners/specialists, psychologists, social workers, members of the therapy professions, visiting teacher services or guidance officers in schools); and 3) the degree of impairment must be sufficient to satisfy the criteria for enrolment in government special education services or programmes in the State or Territory. Students are not classified as SWD students if 1) the State or Territory government does not provide a special education service or programme for a particular impairment, or the impairment is not of sufficient severity to qualify the student for a government special education service or programme; 2) a student whose only impairment is a specific learning difficulty or for whom remedial education or remedial support is appropriate; or 3) overseas students are excluded even when they are within the definition of students with disabilities Australian Catholic Schools

25 Graph 21: Number and percentage of SWD students in Catholic schools, Australia, ,000 Number of students 5% Number of students 29,000 23,000 17,000 11,000 % of all students 4% 3% 2% SWD as % of all students 5,000 1% -1, % Table 25: Number and percentage of SWD students in Catholic Schools, Australia, Year SWD Students SWD as % of all students Year SWD Students SWD as % of all students , % , % , % , % , % , % , % , % , % , % , % , % , % , % , % , % , % , % , % , % , % , % , % , % , % , % , % , % Australian Catholic Schools

26 Graph 22: Recent change in SWD student enrolments in Catholic schools, States and Territories, WA, -5 NT, 42 ACT, 52 TAS, 64 SA, 88 QLD, 351 NSW, 472 VIC, Fewer students in 2012 than 2011 More students in 2012 than 2011 Table 26: Number and percentage of SWD students in Catholic schools, States and Territories, 1985 and Proportion of Number of % of Number of % of from 1985 SWD in each Students Students Students Students to 2012 State (2012) ACT % % 338 1% NSW 12, % % 11,669 39% NT % Nil 293 1% Queensland 4, % % 4,274 15% SA 1, % % 1,573 6% Tasmania % % 396 1% Victoria 8, % % 8,265 28% WA 2, % % 2,305 8% Australia 30, % 1, % 29, % Australian Catholic Schools

27 Remoteness Table 27 shows that almost three in every four (73%) SWD students are enrolled in Catholic schools in the major cities. However, the table also shows that SWD students, as a proportion of all students in each of the remoteness categories (other than for very remote Australia), is similar across all of the categories. To illustrate, 4.2% of the students enrolled in Catholic schools in the major cities are SWD students, as are 3.9% of the students enrolled in Catholic schools in remote Australia. However, the proportion of SWD students in very remote Australia is significantly higher than for the other remoteness categories. Table 27: Number and Percentage of SWD Students by Remoteness Category, 2012 SWD Students SWD as % of all students SWD as % students in Remoteness category Major Cities of Australia 22, % 73% Inner Regional Australia 5, % 18% Outer Regional Australia 2, % 7% Remote Australia % 1% Very Remote Australia % 1% Total 30, % 100% Primary and Secondary Enrolments Graph 23 illustrates the increase in both primary and secondary SWD students since In 1985, there were 954 primary SWD students, but by 2012 this had increased to 18,362. Over this time, the number of secondary SWD enrolments had also increased significantly, increasing from 438 to 12,144 in However, as Table 28 reports, the number of secondary SWD students increased by 1,081 from 2011 to 2012, which was the second largest increase in Secondary SWD students since 1985 (the largest was 1,084 the previous year). Graph 23: Primary and Secondary SWD students in Catholic schools, Australia, ,000 Indigenous Students 15,000 10,000 5,000 SWD Primary Students SWD Secondary Students Australian Catholic Schools

28 Table 28: Primary and Secondary SWD Students, Australia, SWD Primary Students from previous year Primary as % of all SWD Students SWD Secondary Students from previous year Secondary as % of all SWD Students % % , % % , % % , % % , % % , % % ,733 1,894 67% 1, % , % 2, % , % 2, % , % 2, % , % 3, % , % 3, % , % 4, % , % 4, % , % 5, % , % 5, % , % 5, % , % 5, % , % 6, % , % 6, % , % 7, % , % 7, % ,215 1,249 61% 8, % ,251 1,036 61% 8, % ,356 1,105 62% 9, % ,648 1,292 63% 9, % ,667 1,019 61% 11,063 1,084 39% , % 12,144 1,081 40% Australian Catholic Schools

29 Table 29 shows that while the majority of states and territories have a similar proportion of SWD students in primary and secondary education, the ACT has a significantly higher proportion in secondary education (48% compared with the national average of 40%), while South Australia and Western Australia have significantly higher proportions of SWD students in primary education. Table 29: Primary and Secondary SWD Students, States and Territories, 2012 Primary Secondary ACT % % New South Wales 7,015 58% 5,031 42% Northern Territory % % Queensland 2,713 61% 1,738 39% South Australia 1,292 66% % Tasmania % % Victoria 5,148 60% 3,405 40% Western Australia 1,554 65% % Australia 18,362 60% 12,144 40% Table 28 highlighted the significant growth since 1985 in SWD students in both primary and secondary education nationally, and Table 30 shows that this has been consistent across all states and territories. In the past year, SWD enrolments primary increased in all states and territories, other than Western Australia (-58), while secondary enrolments increased in all states and territories. Victoria had the largest increase from 2011 to 2012 in both primary (+346) and secondary (+366) SWD students. Table 30: in Primary and Secondary SWD Students, States and Territories, Primary Secondary 2012 from 2011 from from 2011 from 1985 ACT New South Wales 7, ,715 5, ,955 Northern Territory Queensland 2, ,550 1, ,724 South Australia 1, , Tasmania Victoria 5, ,946 3, ,320 Western Australia 1, , Australia 18, ,409 12,144 11,063 11,707 Australian Catholic Schools

30 SWD Retention Rates Graph 24 shows the retention of SWD students from Catholic primary to Catholic secondary (red line), and post-compulsory retention (blue line). The retention from Catholic primary to Catholic secondary has remained consistently around 80%, other than for the period from 1991 and 1992, which most likely reflects the advent of the Commonwealth Disability Discrimination Act in This retention rate is significantly lower than the retention from primary to secondary Catholic schools for non-swd students. Graph 24 shows that the post-compulsory retention rates (Year 10 to Year 12) for SWD students in 1987 was just 10%, but increased significantly to just over 40% from 1986 to From 1991 to 2006, post-compulsory retention rates for SWD students increased steadily; and in 2007 increased to more than 60%. Since 2007, post-compulsory retention has increased at a greater rate, and increased to 71% in Graph 24: Apparent Retention Rates for Students with a Disability, Catholic Primary to Catholic Secondary (red) and Post-Compulsory (Blue), Australia, Apparent Retention Rate 160% 140% 120% 100% Retention from Primary to Secondary 80% 60% 40% Post-Compulsory Retention 20% 0% Australian Catholic Schools

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