Terrorism Finance in Turkey: A Growing Concern

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1 FOUNDATION FOR DEFENSE OF DEMOCRACIES Terrorism Finance in Turkey: A Growing Concern Jonathan Schanzer February 2014

2 Terrorism Finance in Turkey: A Growing Concern Jonathan Schanzer February 2014 FDD PRESS A division of the FOUNDATION FOR DEFENSE OF DEMOCRACIES Washington, DC

3 Table of Contents Terrorism Finance in Turkey: A Growing Concern

4 Terrorism Finance in Turkey: A Growing Concern I. Introduction 2

5 Terrorism Finance in Turkey: A Growing Concern II. Iran Gas-for-Gold 3

6 4 Terrorism Finance in Turkey: A Growing Concern

7 5 Terrorism Finance in Turkey: A Growing Concern

8 6 Terrorism Finance in Turkey: A Growing Concern

9 Terrorism Finance in Turkey: A Growing Concern Ahrar al Sham fighters in Syria in 2012 III. Jihadists in Syria 7

10 8 Terrorism Finance in Turkey: A Growing Concern

11 9 Terrorism Finance in Turkey: A Growing Concern

12 10 Terrorism Finance in Turkey: A Growing Concern

13 Terrorism Finance in Turkey: A Growing Concern (Arab News Photo) IV. Yasin al-qadi 11

14 Terrorism Finance in Turkey: A Growing Concern V. Saleh al-aruri 12

15 13 Terrorism Finance in Turkey: A Growing Concern

16 Terrorism Finance in Turkey: A Growing Concern Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan, right, and Hamas leader Khaled Mashaal during the AKP congress in Ankara, Turkey, Sept. 30, (AP Photo) VI. Hamas Ties 14

17 15 Terrorism Finance in Turkey: A Growing Concern

18 Terrorism Finance in Turkey: A Growing Concern Hamas leader Ismail Haniyeh, center, in front of the Mavi Marmara in Istanbul, Turkey, Jan. 2, (AP Photo) VII. The İHH 16

19 17 Terrorism Finance in Turkey: A Growing Concern

20 18 Terrorism Finance in Turkey: A Growing Concern

21 Terrorism Finance in Turkey: A Growing Concern Chinese S-300 (HongQi 9 [HQ-9]) launcher VIII. China Missile Defense Deal 19

22 Terrorism Finance in Turkey: A Growing Concern IX. Financial Action Task Force (FATF) 20

23 21 Terrorism Finance in Turkey: A Growing Concern

24 Terrorism Finance in Turkey: A Growing Concern President Barack Obama and Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan at the White House, May 16, (AP Photo) X. Conclusion 22

25 23 Terrorism Finance in Turkey: A Growing Concern

26 24 Terrorism Finance in Turkey: A Growing Concern

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32 Terrorism Finance in Turkey: A Growing Concern About The Author Jonathan Schanzer is vice president for research at Foundation for Defense of Democracies. He is a former terrorism finance analyst the U.S. Department of the Treasury, where he took part in the designation of numerous terrorist financiers. Dr Schanzer has authored three books the Middle East: State of Failure: Yasser Arafat, Mahmoud Abbas and the Unmaking of the Palestinian State (Palgrave Macmillan, 2013), Hamas vs Fatah: The Struggle for Palestine (Palgrave Macmillan, 2008), and Al-Qaeda s Armies: Middle East Affiliate Groups and the Next Generation of Terror (Washington Institute for Near East Policy, 2004). Dr. Schanzer publishes regularly in the U.S. print media and he makes frequent appearances on domestic and international television channels. Dr. Schanzer holds a bachelors degree from Emory University, a masters degree from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, and a doctorate from Kings College London. He also studied Arabic at the American University in Cairo in

33 Terrorism Finance in Turkey: A Growing Concern About the Foundation for Defense of Democracies The Foundation for Defense of Democracies is a non-profit, non-partisan policy institute dedicated exclusively to promoting pluralism, defending democratic values, and fighting the ideologies that drive terrorism. Founded shortly after the attacks of 9/11, FDD combines policy research, democracy and counterterrorism education, strategic communications, and investigative journalism in support of its mission. FDD focuses its efforts where opinions are formed and decisions are made, providing cutting-edge research, investigative journalism and public education - transforming ideas into action and policy. FDD holds events throughout the year, including the Leading Thinkers series, briefings on Capitol Hill, expert roundtables for public officials, diplomats and military officers, book releases, and panel discussions and debates within the policy community. For more information, please visit 31

34 NONPARTISAN & NONPROFIT, FDD FIGHTS TERRORISM & PROMOTES FREEDOM P.O. Box Washington, DC (202)

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