# DEFENCE AGAINST NO TRUMPS

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8 PART IV: DEFENSIVE SIGNALS VS NO-TRUMP (A) The Equal Honour Signal You are West. You lead the Q from Q J Dummy hits with Declarer wins the first trick with the A. Who has the K? To answer this question, you must look at the card that partner plays to the trick, i.e. you need to watch partner s attitude when you as a defender lead a high card. EXAMPLE Let's take the same lead as above, same dummy, only now you are East. What do you play from: (a) K 8 2 (b) K (c) K 8 (d) 8 2 (e) (f) Answer: (a) and (b) (c) you play the 8 -- the highest spot card you can afford; you would play the K to unblock the suit; (d)(e)(f) you would play the 2, the lowest card, as you have no honour card with which to help partner. When partner leads an honour card and you play the highest spot card you can afford, you are telling your partner you hold an honour equal to the one he has led. And if you are unlucky enough to hold something like the K 3 2 when partner leads the Q, play the 3 and hope that partner, noticing that the 2 is missing, may believe you are signalling. Remember, if partner leads the Q and you hold the 10, that is an equal honour, because partner will also have the J. Signal with the highest spot card you can afford!

10 EXAMPLES (1) Dummy (North) holds K Q J You (East) hold J 10 8 Q A Declarer (South) wins the opening lead and attacks. Partner plays the 2 on the first trick. How many s does declarer have? Which will you take? [Answer: Declarer has two s. Partner is playing a low card to show you three. You should therefore take the second and thus sever declarer s entry to the long s in dummy.] (2) Dummy (North) holds K Q J You (East) hold the A 7 4. When declarer leads the 2, partner plays the 8. How many does declarer have? Which will you take? [Answer: Partner is playing a high card showing two cards. That means declarer has 3 s. WIN the third. This will sever declarer s communication with dummy s clubs forever. ] (3) Dummy (North) holds A Q J You (East) hold the K 8 3. Declarer (South) leads the 5. Partner plays the 2. How many does declarer have? Which should you take? [Answer: South has two s (partner should be showing three). SO, let declarer win the first trick, return to their hand to repeat the finesse, and surprise them with the K the second time they finesse.]

11 (D) Suit Preference Returns Against NT. When a player who has led a suit is about to finally establish it, he may, at the same time, suggest to his partner his entry by the size of the card he plays to clear out declarer's last stopper. If he does so with his lowest card, he has an entry in the lower of the suits in question. If he establishes his suit by leading the highest card, he is suggesting to partner that partner return the higher ranking suit. EXAMPLE DUMMY A K J 9 6 YOU PARTNER K Q Plays the J when you lead the 3! Lead the 3 You hold the K Q You lead the 3 against a NT contract. Dummy hits with the Dummy also holds the A K J 9 6. Partner plays the J. Declarer plays the 4 of, which allows partner s J of to hold the trick. Partner returns the 8, declarer plays the 10 and you win the Q. Your last play of the suit will clear (or establish) the suit. If you had an entry in s, you would clear the suit with the K. If you had an entry in s, you would lead the 2 to clear the suit. Notice that in this example, as in real life, one suit is usually ruled out. In this case, dummy's holding rules out s as a possible choice of suits you wish led!

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