1 Laws on Blogging during the Singapore General Elections
2 Who We Are Boutique firm 10 lawyers Specialist practice -IT, telecoms International experience Set up in August books published, 1 in progress Ranked as leading firm in international surveys Asia-Pacific Legal 500 Asialaw Profiles Best Lawyers Chambers Managing IP Corporate International Magazine
3 Overview Sources of Singapore law Proposed Changes The Players Internet Election Advertising Prohibited Content & Prohibitions Regulated Content Films Act Registration Conclusion
4 Sources of Law Parliamentary Elections Act revised 2010 Parliamentary Elections (Amendment) Bill 2010 Parliamentary Elections (Election Advertising) regulations 2003 Advisory Council on the Impact of New Media on Society (AIMS) report 2009 Other content regulations
5 Recent changes (AIMS) A branch of National Research Foundation Published a report in 2008 recommending the liberalisation of cyberspace The report made 26 recommendations 17 were accepted but the government differed from AIMS proposal in some areas Opted for a progressive and pragmatic approach
6 Recent Changes (AIMS) For candidates and political parties 2.3. Extend the positive list for Internet election advertising Allow election candidates and their political parties and agents to use new media tools on election manifestos and rally speeches to promote themselves E.g. podcasts, vodcasts and blogs
7 Recent Changes (AIMS) For Individuals AIMS recommendation (accepted) Allow individuals to participate in Internet election advertising Can participate by blogging or posting election materials.
8 Recent Changes (AIMS) Online Political Content 2.4. Liberalize the Films Act in phases To allow certain party political films under the amended Films Act for Internet election advertising during election To set up an independent advisory panel to advise the Board of Film Censors (BFC) on whether films are party political films, and if they can be allowed under the amended Films Act (now called Political Films Consultative Committee)
9 Internet Election Advertising Based on definitions of the Parliamentary Elections Act (PEA) Blogging can be considered Internet Election Advertising should the content involve politics
10 Definitions "election advertising" means any poster, banner, notice, circular, handbill, illustration, article, advertisement or other material that can reasonably be regarded as intended to promote or procure the electoral success at any election for one or more identifiable political parties, candidates or groups of candidates; or to otherwise enhance the standing of any such political parties, candidates or groups of candidates with the electorate in connection with any election, and such material shall be election advertising even though it can reasonably be regarded as intended to achieve any other purpose as well and even though it does not expressly mention the name of any political party or candidate, but excludes any button, badge, pen, pencil, balloon and any other thing prescribed by the Minister by notification in the Gazette.
11 Definitions "publish" means make available to the general public, or any section thereof, in whatever form and by whatever means, including broadcasting (by wireless telegraphy or otherwise) and transmitting on what is commonly known as the Internet;
12 Parties involved (A) (B) Corporates including political parties and candidates Individuals (not including politicians) But if an individual uses his website and acts like a political party, then even though he calls himself "an individual", we will have to treat it like a political party. - Dr Balaji Sadasivan
13 Prohibited Content No publishing of election survey results during election period Where election period refers to the period beginning with the day the writ of election is issued for an election and ending with the start of polling day at the election. Section 78C of the PEA provides: No person shall publish or permit or cause to be published the results of any election survey during the period beginning with the day the writ of election is issued for an election and ending with the close of all polling stations on polling day at the election
14 Prohibited Content No publishing of exit polls or forecasts on polling day Section 78D of the PEA provides: No person shall publish or permit or cause to be published on polling day before the close of all polling stations on polling day (a) any statement relating to the way in which voters have voted at the election where that statement is (or might reasonably be taken to be) based on information given by voters after they have voted; or (b) any forecast as to the result of the election which is (or might reasonably be taken to be) based on information so given.
15 For individuals Prohibitions No publishing of election advertising by foreigners during election period Section 83(1A) of the PEA provides: An individual who is not a citizen of Singapore shall not knowingly publish or display, or knowingly cause or permit to be published or displayed, any election advertising in or among any electors in an electoral division during the period beginning with the day the writ of election is issued for an election and ending with the start of the eve of polling day at the election.
16 Prohibited Content All forms of election advertising are prohibited on polling day and eve of polling day unless exempted Section 78B of the PEA provides: No person shall, at any time on polling day or the eve of polling day at an election in an electoral division (a) knowingly publish, or knowingly cause or permit to be published, any election advertising in or among any electors in the electoral division; or (b) knowingly display, or knowingly cause or permit to be displayed, any election advertising on any vehicle, thing or structure within the electoral division or adjoining the electoral division.
17 Recent Changes Parliamentary Elections (Amendment) Bill PEA prohibits publication or display of election advertising on Polling Day Exceptions Internet election advertising lawfully published before Polling Day does not need to be taken down on Polling Day Individual transmission of personal political views on the Internet, on a noncommercial basis, is permitted
18 Recent Changes Parliamentary Elections (Amendment) Bill Clause 29 amends PEA to extend existing prohibition of election advertising on Polling Day to Cooling-Off day. Still allows individual transmission of personal political views on the Internet (on a non-commercial basis) Widened the exception to cover any form of telephonic or electronic transmission of personal political views by individuals to other individuals (on a non-commercial basis) eg SMS Take into account new forms of individual personal communication
19 Regulated Content Election Advertising permitted during election period conforming with regulations Section 78A of the PEA provides that the Minister may make: regulating election advertising and the publication thereof during an election period on what is commonly known as the Internet by political parties, and candidates or their election agents, including prescribing the features that must or must not appear or be used in any such election advertising
20 For Candidates and Political parties Section 4(1) of the Parliamentary Elections (Election Advertising) Regulations Only certain forms of election advertising included in the positive list may be published on the Internet Other forms of Internet election advertising are prohibited - podcast
21 For candidates and political parties The Positive List a. any photograph of any candidate or group of candidates or any drawing or illustration which purports to depict any such candidate or group of candidates or to be a likeness or representation of any candidate; b. any historical or biographical information about, and any manifesto or declaration of policies or ideology of, the political party or the candidate or group of candidates; c. any message by electronic mail that promotes or opposes any political party or the election of any candidate or group of candidates, including one that takes a position on an issue with which a political party or candidate or group of candidates, as the case may be, is associated, and that complies with paragraph (2); d. any newsletter, journal or other periodical publication of the political party;
22 For candidates and political parties The Positive List e. any advertisement or material for the recruitment of members or subscribers of a political party or for acquiring the services of volunteers or canvassers for a candidate or group of candidates, and that complies with paragraph (2); f. any announcement of any meeting or constituency visit held or to be held by or on behalf of a candidate or group of candidates or the political party; g. any facility where persons can communicate with each other in real time through text messages (commonly known as a chat room) or post articles or letters for discussion or comment (commonly known as a discussion forum) and the provision and maintenance of which complies with the requirements in regulation 5; h. any electronic cross-reference on a web page (commonly known as a hypertext link) that links the web page directly to any other web page that either does not contain any election advertising or that contains election advertising the publication of which complies with these Regulations and is not proscribed by the Returning Officer.
23 For Individuals Parliamentary Elections (Election Advertising) Regulations
24 PERMITTED CONTENT Internet Election Advertising by political parties in line with Regulations Internet Election Advertising by individuals (Singaporeans) in line with Regulations Election Advertising written by foreigners All Election Advertising* Election Survey Results PROHIBITED CONTENT Exit Polls Before nomination day Nomination day Election period (XX days) Polling day After polling day
25 2. Recent Changes 1998 Amendments to the Films Act Rationale: Keep politics objective and rational rather than allow emotions to be whipped up in place of rational responses Party political films can be employed to sensationalise or present serious issues in a biased and emotional manner Not allow politics to be reduced to a contest where political parties and candidates promote themselves through camera angles, sharp and slick editing techniques or emotive, slanted presentations Section 33 of the Act hence prohibits the distribution of party political films. This includes links and embedded videos on blogs Offenders are liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $100,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 2 years
26 Recent Changes Films (Amendment) Bill Rationale: The Internet has become a major source of multi-media information Rise of a global trend of new media and social networking tools being used in political discourse Australia s Kevin Rudd (Facebook) USA s Barack Obama (Youtube, Twitter, Flickr) Younger Singaporeans more media savvy, own blogs and facebook accounts Younger Singaporeans want more space for political discourse, greater engagement with the Government, and their views to be taken seriously
27 Recent Changes Films (Amendment) Bill With the Films (Amendment) Bill, Section 33 no longer applies to: Live recordings of events held in accordance with the law; Anniversary and commemorative videos of political parties; Factual documentaries, biographies or autobiographies; Manifestoes of political parties produced by or on behalf of a political party; and Candidate's declaration of policies or ideology produced by or on behalf of the candidate. Blogs are now free to publish the aforementioned types of political videos
28 For Individuals Registration Private or individual bloggers can discuss politics. But if persistently propagate, promote or circulate political issues relating to Singapore Required to register with MDA.
29 Registration Registration of political sites is seldom enforced. However, due to the nature of recent cases (The Online Citizen), the possibility shouldn t be discounted if the blog in question is political in nature. Registrants are subjected to the same set of Class Licence conditions and the Internet Code of Practice as any other non-registered Internet Content Provider. The reason for requiring registration is to maintain a higher level of accountability of those responsible for such websites. Registration has not stopped political parties' websites from posting critical comments and engaging in free and open discussions on government policies and issues. -Lui Tuck Yew, Minister for Information, Communication and the Arts
30 Registration Political Blogs may be required to Register as a political site with the Media Development Authority (MDA) Provide particulars of the team/person running them Broadcasting Act (Cap. 28) Internet code of practice An Internet Content Provider who is or is determined by the Authority to be a body of persons engaged in the propagation, promotion or discussion of political or religious issues relating to Singapore on the World Wide Web through the Internet, shall register with the Authority within 14 days after the commencement of its service, or within such longer time as the Authority may permit.
31 Registration Political Blogs may be required to Register with the Registry of Political Donations, limiting certain types of donations and requiring them to file donation reports periodically Political Donations Act (Cap. 236) [The Act] prohibits political associations and candidates from accepting donations except from permissible donors, and restricts the receipt of anonymous donations to less than S$5,000 in total per reporting period [The Act] requires political associations to file donation reports periodically with the Registrar of Political Donations
32 Conclusion Blogs must take note to ensure that: Their published content, if political in nature, falls under the Parliamentary Elections (Election Advertising) Regulations but changes are not available yet No form of election advertising (E.g. political blog posts, political articles etc) are to be written by foreigners No election survey results or exit polls are published No election advertising are published on polling day and the eve of polling day, subject to certain exceptions No political films that are prohibited under the Films Act are published/distributed on the blogs If made to register under the MDA and/or Registry of Political Donations as political sites, they follow the rules and regulations placed upon them
Factsheet The Canada Elections Act: Frequently Asked Questions for Labour Organizations Important Update Regarding Election Advertising on the Internet: Elections Canada has just published their July 2015
Election advertising handbook for Third Parties, Financial Agents and Auditors EC 20227 July 2015 This page is intentionally left blank. Table of Contents ABOUT THIS DOCUMENT... III Contact information...
Electoral Finance Bill Government Bill Explanatory note General policy statement This Bill creates a stand-alone Act (the Electoral Finance Act) to provide more transparency and accountability in the democratic
Remote Gambling Bill Bill No. 23/2014. Read the first time on 8 September 2014. REMOTE GAMBLING ACT 2014 (No. of 2014) Section ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS PART 1 PRELIMINARY 1. Short title and commencement
Briefing on Laws Related to Campaign Advertising Disclaimers in Other States For the State Administration and Veterans' Affairs Interim Committee Prepared by Megan Moore, Legislative Services April 10,
FLORIDA STATUTES ON POLITICAL ADVERTISEMENTS Section 106.011(17), F.S. Definition of political advertisement. Political advertisement means a paid expression in any communications media prescribed in subsection
New South Wales Workers Compensation (General) Amendment (Work Injury Advertising) under the Workplace Injury Management and Workers Compensation Act 1998 Her Excellency the Governor, with the advice of
1 L.R.O. 2001 Electronic Transactions CAP. 308B CHAPTER 308B ELECTRONIC TRANSACTIONS ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS SECTION PART I Preliminary 1. Short title. 2. Interpretation. 3. Non-application of Parts II
New South Wales Workers Compensation (General) Amendment (Advertising) under the Workplace Injury Management and Workers Compensation Act 1998 Her Excellency the Governor, with the advice of the Executive
The State Peace and Development Council The Myanmar Dental Council Law ( The State Peace and Development Council Law No. 15 / 2011 ) The 8th Waning day of Pyatho 1372 M.E. ( The 27th, January, 2011 ) The
Financial Advisers (Amendment) Bill Bill No. 15/2015. Read the first time on 11 May 2015. A BILL intituled An Act to amend the Financial Advisers Act (Chapter 110 of the 2007 Revised Edition). Be it enacted
New South Wales Legal Profession Amendment (Personal Injury Advertising) Regulation 2003 under the Legal Profession Act 1987 Her Excellency the Governor, with the advice of the Executive Council, has made
Annex 16 DRAFT INSURANCE (AMENDMENT) BILL 2015 Disclaimer: This version of the Bill is in draft form and is subject to change. It is also subject to review by the Attorny-General s Chambers. 1 Insurance
Protection from Harassment Bill Bill No. 12/2014. Read the first time on 3rd March 2014. PROTECTION FROM HARASSMENT ACT 2014 (No. of 2014) Section ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS PART I PRELIMINARY 1. Short title
Committee Secretariat Joint Standing Committee on Electoral Matters via email: firstname.lastname@example.org RE: Submission to Inquiry into the funding of political parties and election campaigns. Dear Chair, Thank
Bill No. 47/04. Financial Advisers (Amendment) Bill Read the first time on 19th October 04. A BILL i n t i t u l e d An Act to amend the Financial Advisers Act (Chapter 1 of the 02 Revised Edition). Be
UK Parliamentary general election 2015 Guidance for candidates and agents Part 3 of 6 Spending and donations Translations and other formats For information on obtaining this publication in another language
Company Formation in Turkey At Ketenci&Ketenci we regularly assist foreign corporations and investors to form new companies and branches in Turkey. Thanks to the Turkish Direct Foreign Investment regulation;
ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA THE SMALL BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT ACT, 2007 No. of 2007 The Small Business Development Act, 2007 No. of 2007 THE SMALL BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT ACT, 2007 ARRANGEMENT Sections 1. Short title.
Guidelines Use of Community College District Resources to Influence the Outcome of Elections Arizona Attorney General s Office 2006 I. Preamble The Arizona Legislature, during the First Regular Session
Liquor Control (Supply and Consumption) Bill Bill No. 1/2015. Read the first time on 19 January 2015. LIQUOR CONTROL (SUPPLY AND CONSUMPTION) ACT 2015 (No. of 2015) Section ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS PART
Code of conduct for political parties, candidates, canvassers and campaigners on the handling of postal vote applications and postal ballot papers in England and Wales Introduction 1. Political parties,
1-7-1 1-7-1 CHAPTER 7 INITIATIVE AND REFERENDUM SECTION: 1-7-1: Direct Legislation; Form Of Petition 1-7-2: Requirements For Circulating Petition 1-7-3: Circulation; Number Of Signatures 1-7-4: Approval;
MEMO RE: Federal Election Commission (FEC) and State Regulation of Online Political Advertising Date: Winter 2012 FEC Background: The Federal Election Commission (FEC) is an independent regulatory agency
CHAPTER 273 THE MONEYLENDERS ACT. Arrangement of Sections. Section 1. Interpretation. 2. Licences to be taken out by moneylenders. 3. Certificate required for grant of moneylenders licence. 4. Suspension
Part 4 Division 1 Section 134 A3599 Part 4 Share Capital Division 1 Nature of Shares 134. Nature and transferability of shares (1) A share or other interest of a member in a company is personal property.
The Electoral Commission s response to the Northern Ireland Office consultation paper Improving Electoral Registration Procedures in Northern Ireland 1 Introduction 1.1 The Electoral Commission welcomes
RGS WEBSITE AND SOCIAL MEDIA POLICY RGS (Regional Government Services Authority) established its first Internet Website Policy in 2015. JPA Website Policy 1. Purpose. The purpose of this Policy is to establish
Guidance letter to all political parties regarding European and Local Elections Polling day 24th May 2014 Restrictions on Electronic Direct Marketing / Canvassing I am taking the opportunity to write to
Principal Act BUSINESS NAMES REGISTRATION ACT Act. No. Commencement 22.10.1918 Assent 22.10.1918 Amending enactments Relevant current provisions Commencement date Acts. 1918-27 s. 16(1) 1935-08 ss. 7 and
..,, OPINION NO. 90-04 March 16, 1990 FACTS: The inquiring attorney asks about the propriety of mailing to members of the bar and others a professional announcement regarding his election to membership
THE CABLE TELEVISION NETWORKS (REGULATION) ACT, 1995 CHAPTER I PRELIMINARY 1. Short title, extent and commencement 137 2. Definitions 137 CHAPTER II REGULATION OF CABLE TELEVISION NETWORK 3. Cable television
ASSIGNMENT 7: YOUR MARKETING/PR PLAN AND ONLINE THOUGHT LEADERSHIP Read the following assignment. Then read Chapters 11 and 12 in your textbook. Be sure to complete Self-Check 7 to measure your progress.
ISLAMIC AFFAIRS & CHARTABLE ACTIVITIES DEPARTMENT GOVERNMENT OF DUBAI Rules for Licenses of Religious and Charitable Societies and Organization Of their Activities in the Emirate of Dubai IN THE NAME OF
Voter Contact Registry How to contact Canadians the right way This Guidebook is for general information only. You should always seek independent legal advice for any specific problem or issue. Respecting
Legislation updated to: 31 January 2014 ELECTORAL ACT 73 OF 1998 [ASSENTED TO 12 OCTOBER 1998] [DATE OF COMMENCEMENT: 16 OCTOBER 1998] (Unless otherwise indicated) (English text signed by the President)
ACCReDITATION COuNCIL OF TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO ACT ChAPTeR 39:06 Act 16 of 2004 Amended by 16 of 2007 10 of 2008 Current Authorised Pages Pages Authorised (inclusive) by 1 8.. 9 16.. 17 19.. 2 Chap. 39:06
ENVIRONMENTAL INVESTMENT FUND OF NAMIBIA ACT 13 OF 2001 [ASSENTED TO 6 DECEMBER 2001] [DATE OF COMMENCEMENT: TO BE PROCLAIMED] (Signed by the President) ACT To provide for the establishment of an Environmental
Foreign Exchange Act, 2006 Act 723 Section ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS Authority of Bank of Ghana and licensing 1. Authority of Bank of Ghana 2. Responsibility of Bank of Ghana 3. Requirement of licence 4.
Guide to Communications for Provincial Election Advertising Sponsors 870 (16/01) Table of Contents Introduction......... 1 Privacy.......... 1 Election advertising......... 2 What is election advertising?.......
Partisan Political Activity Rules for Less Restricted DoD Civilians Applicability: The following rules apply to the majority of DoD civilian employees, referred to as Less Restricted employees, including
PRSA members Non-members Not-for-profit PRSA member Not-for-profit non-member *Include proof of 501(c)(3) certification $65 $70 $50* $55* PRSA members Non-members Not-for-profit PRSA member Not-for-profit
Legal Supplement Part A to the Trinidad and Tobago Gazette, Vol. 43, No. 102, 17th June, 2004 Legal Supplement Part A to the Trinidad and Tobago Second Session Eighth Parliament Republic of Trinidad and
The Union of Myanmar The State Peace and Development Council The Electronic Transactions Law ( The State Peace and Development Council Law No. 5/2004 ) The 12th Waxing of Kason 1366 M.E. (30th April, 2004)
REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA NONPROFIT ORGANISATIONS ACT REPUBLIEK VAN SUID-AFRIKA WET OP ORGANISASIES SONDER WINSOOGMERK No, 1997 ACT To provide for an environment in which nonprofit organisations can flourish;
Terms and Conditions For Mobile Phone Service Pre-Paid Type Between The Service Provider And Subscribers 1. General 1.1 This Terms and Conditions for Mobile Phone Service ( Terms and Conditions ) is binding
1 Policy Brief 9 March 2011 The Use of Social Media in the 2010 Niagara Municipal Election Introduction The traditional tool of the municipal election has been shoe leather. Candidates walked from door
Public Act No. 15-15 AN ACT AMENDING THE CODE OF ETHICS FOR LOBBYISTS TO REDEFINE "EXPENDITURE" AND RAISE THE THRESHOLD FOR LOBBYIST REGISTRATION. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives
MINIMUM ADVERTISED PRICE POLICY FOR HJC PRODUCTS (EFFECTIVE September 1, 2015) 1. Introduction. HJC America, Inc. ("HJC") is committed to maintaining the superior quality and integrity of its line of motorcycle
ADDENDUM INDIA Our Code, as well as this addendum is provided as guidance in conducting your L-3 responsibilities. These documents are not intended to be all inclusive. You should seek guidance from the
PLEASE NOTE This document, prepared by the Legislative Counsel Office, is an office consolidation of this Act, current to December 2, 2015. It is intended for information and reference purposes only. This
Voting Rights Act Section 203 Compliance Orange County, CA Neal Kelley, Orange County Registrar of Voters 55.2 Standards for Measuring Compliance Material should be provided to allow voters to be effectively
BROADCASTING ACT (CHAPTER 28, SECTION 9) BROADCASTING (CLASS LICENCE) NOTIFICATION G.N. NO. S 330/ 2013 REVISED 29 MAY 2013 Citation 1. This Notification may be cited as the Broadcasting (Class Licence)
I ICO guidance Guidance on political campaigning 3 Guidance on political campaigning Data Protection Act Privacy and Electronic Communications Regulations Contents Introduction... 3 A. Why comply?... 5
LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF ARMENIA Adopted on October 24, 2001 CHAPTER 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS Article 1. Scope of the Law This law regulates the legal relationships arising from establishment, activity, reorganization
Part 3D - Officers' Employment Procedure Rules 1 These rules determine procedures to be followed in the recruitment of senior officers of the council and in any disciplinary action which may become necessary
Motor Vehicles (Third-Party Risks and Compensation) (Amendment) Bill Bill No. 18/2013. Read the first time on 21st October 2013. A BILL intituled An Act to amend the Motor Vehicles (Third Party Risks and
Act No. 40 of 2002 THE BUSINESS REGISTRATION ACT 2002 I assent 16th December 2002 KARL AUGUSTE OFFMANN President if the Republic ---------------------- ARRANGEMENT OF CLAUSES Clause 1. Short title 2. Interpretation
Part H Access and supply Contents 1 Introduction 2 Publication The full register of electors The edited register of electors 3 Inspection The full register of electors The edited register of electors Inspection
Donations and loans: guidance for regulated donees and regular participants in Northern Ireland July 2008 (Revised version January 2014) Translations and other formats For information on obtaining this
Department of Defense DIRECTIVE NUMBER 1344.10 February 19, 2008 USD(P&R) SUBJECT: Political Activities by Members of the Armed Forces References: (a) DoD Directive 1344.10, Political Activities by Members
CABLE TELEVISION NETWORKS (REGULATION) ACT, 1995 [Act No. 7 of Year 1995, dated 25-3-1995] (as amended upto 31.8.07) An Act to regulate the operation of cable television networks in the country and for
INFORM ATION SHEET G056v 09 May 2015 Internet: Copying & Downloading This information sheet is for people who want to copy or download material from the Internet or swap and share files online. The purpose
SAMPLE CLAUSES FOR OBTAINING AND WITHDRAWING CONSENT 08 MAY 2015 INTRODUCTION 1. The purpose of this guide is to set out sample clauses for obtaining an individual s consent to collect, use or disclose
Financial Advisers Act Section 24-34 Conduct of Business COE Section (5) PART III CONDUCT OF BUSINESS Division 1 General Restriction on granting unsecured advances, loans or credit facilities to director,
Publicity guidance 1 Congratulations on getting a grant from the Big Lottery Fund. We want you to promote your project as widely as possible and we have written this guide to help you do this. Promoting
RESTRICTIONS ON POLITICAL CAMPAIGNING BY PUBLIC EMPLOYEES ORS 260.432 Issued by: Kate Brown Secretary of State Elections Division 255 Capitol St. NE, Suite 501 Salem, OR 97310 Tel: 503-986-1518 Fax: 503-373-7414
New South Wales Casino, Liquor and Gaming Control Authority Act 2007 No 91 Contents Part 1 Part 2 Preliminary Page 1 Name of Act 2 2 Commencement 2 3 Definitions 2 4 Meaning of gaming and liquor legislation