3 ArcNorth News is the only GIS publication dedicated to telling the stories of Canadian GIS professionals using ESRI technology. ArcNorth News has been published since 1997 and has a circulation of 8,000. Features Harvesting efficiently using mobile GIS...4 City of Kitchener leverages mobile GIS to conduct street tree inventory...5 Geological Survey of Canada: Mining for data...6 From the field to the enterprise using an electronic silviculture system...7 Mobile GIS for battlespace awareness...10 Town of Oakville enhances service with AVL solutions...12 Des applications de cartographie sur le terrain intégrées aux systèmes de l entreprise...16 Enterprise integrated field mapping applications...17 Manitoba Hydro s field data collection and photo management applications...20 Columns Getting Technical Technical Support Portal...8 Industry News...11 Technology Spotlight ArcGIS Mobile solutions for building and deploying mobile applications...14 Pleins feux sur la technologie Des solutions ArcGIS Mobile pour la conception et le déploiement d applications mobiles...18 Education Spotlight Students learn the value of mobile GIS...21 ESRI Across Canada...22 Advertisers Directory Canadian Institute of Geomatics e: t: w: Cansel e: t: w: GENEQ Inc. e: t: w: Page 4 Page 13 Page 17 Page 20 Editor: Leslie Keyser Contributors: Chris North Colleen Raymond Frank Goehner Heather Hill Jean Tong John Waite Jonathan Nowlan Julie Larochelle Leslie Keyser Matt English Paul Salah Rana Eleid Special Contributions: Ben Schmidt, Manitoba Hydro Bob Bernard, Saint John Energy Captain Michael Davie, Department of National Defence Danny Crain, New Brunswick Department of Natural Resources Deon Hamlyn, Corner Brook Pulp and Paper Guy Buller, Geological Survey of Canada Kelly Moore-McKenzie, Michipicoten High School Melanie Wawryk, City of Kitchener Steve Czajka, Town of Oakville Circulation / Advertising: Layout / Cover Design: Sharon Van Meer Printed in Canada. Publications Mail agreement # Copyright 2008 ESRI Canada Limited. All rights reserved. Trademarks provided under license from Environmental Systems Research Institute, Inc.
4 F E A T U R E Harvesting efficiently using mobile GIS Corner Brook Pulp and Paper (CBPP), a division of Kruger Publication Papers, has been using GIS since 1987 when they had a direct link to the Newfoundland Forest Service GIS located at Herald Towers, in Corner Brook. Today, they use ArcPad for pre-harvest planning field work by capturing the necessary terrain and tree stand attributes required for inventory analysis and operations planning. They also use ArcPad to help navigate harvesters in the woods and record harvesting activity. Each harvester is equipped with a GPS recorder that tracks location and activity. CBPP currently employs approximately 400 people for their harvesting and silviculture programs and another 500 in their newsprint mill and Deer Lake Power operations. Their operations typically run 24 hours a day, five days a week and naturally must work within seasonal time constraints. We have realized fantastic productivity gains by digitally capturing and displaying our operations Deon Hamlyn, Operations Superintendent, Corner Brook Pulp and Paper Pre-harvest planning is an intensive and rigorous activity that requires collecting accurate block boundaries for harvest digitally to reproduce operational maps. CBPP uses ESRI s ArcPad software, running on Thales and Trimble GPS units, to create and manipulate shapefiles of harvest blocks in the field, then adds this data to the company s corporate GIS. This data is used to create an accurate representation of a harvest block, an accurate volume determination, and the minimum road requirements for passage along with other valuable attributes affecting navigation such as slope and hydrology. To further improve harvesting operations, CBPP installed simple electronic service recorders (Multidats) on five harvesters in September Each Multidat is equipped with an internal GPS unit and exterior antennae mounted on the roof of each machine. Once an operator has entered his three digit code into the Multidat, the system senses the machine s motion and begins to record activity data and GPS coordinates. When a machine is sitting idle for longer than five minutes the operator is prompted to enter a stop code which explains the reason the machine is not working. They also equipped the harvesters with a Tablet PC running ArcPad. A customized application was built to show the information captured from the GPS Multidat system in ArcPad so that the operators could visualize their current location along with other information previously downloaded from the corporate databases. With the track logs turned on the operator can see the areas they have harvested in order to most efficiently navigate to new harvest locations within their defined block. Prior to using ArcPad for navigation, a foreman would tie ribbons around trees, marking the boundaries for harvest to guide machine operators. The foreman s job has changed significantly now that he can show the operators on a screen where he expects them to harvest so that and they can navigate directly to these locations. Today, before each harvester begins work, the computer in each harvester machine is loaded with a shapefile of the harvest boundary. All harvesting activity is tracked, logged, and uploaded to the company s central database at the end of each day. These data logs are then sent to a download station in the foreman s vehicle through a short range RF modem connection. The download station then connects to the Internet via a cell phone modem when the foreman s truck is within range of a cell tower, and the shapefiles are uploaded to the company s FTP site. From there the data is incorporated into the company s GIS and displayed through the use of an ArcGIS Server system so field supervisors back in the office can visualize the track logs of their harvesting equipment over the operating area. Since installing a navigation and tracking system in each harvester, CBPP has realized the following benefits: Increased productivity through targeted direction to identified stands for harvesting Reduced environmental incidents as operators now see the buffer zones and streams on the maps in the cab The technology helps attract and retain employees (the tools are not only interesting for the operators to work with, but also provide increased safety and personal satisfaction through productivity gains) Easier to communicate with contractors who have navigation systems Better monitoring tools help create the most economically efficient harvest plans We have been successfully using the navigation portion of this system since May 2007 and we are in the process of automating the upload and display of the shapefiles in our ArcGIS Server application, said Deon Hamlyn, Operations Superintendent, Corner Brook Pulp and Paper. My hope is to automate the entire process. I also envision transferring harvest tracking data between machines, so that forwarders know where harvesters have cut. We have realized fantastic productivity gains by digitally capturing and displaying our operations. It seems clear, the greater our field communication becomes, the greater the economic return. Harvest boundaries are defined as digital shapefiles and downloaded to the computers on the harvesters. This enables them to see where they need to cut and track where they have already been. Corner Brook Pulp and Paper ArcNorth News! Vol. 11 No. 1!
5 City of Kitchener leverages mobile GIS to conduct street tree inventory F E A T U R E The City of Kitchener is a vibrant and cosmopolitan community located in the Region of Waterloo, in the heart of south western Ontario. The city is part of one of the most diverse and dynamic economies in North America, built on the foundations of entrepreneurship, innovation, and education. Strong economic growth and new development have both created opportunities and presented challenges in terms of maintaining, restoring, and creating parks, trails, and urban forest lands within the City. Field capture for Kitchener s urban forest program is made easy using ArcPad to enter standardized information and perform background calculations. Today, thousands of trees line the streets of Kitchener. In contrast to other types of assets, trees are one of the few owned by a municipality that actually increases in value as it ages. Maintaining the health and well being of these assets poses a number of unique challenges for Kitchener s Forest Managers since trees are living organisms that require maintenance, protection, and eventually replacement. Forest Managers need to identify hazards such as dead branches that hang over parking spots, streets, and sidewalks and react quickly in order to prevent personal injury or damage to property. It is also the duty of the City s Forest Managers to protect trees and educate internal and external stakeholders on the many benefits that trees provide. Back in 1999 the City s Parks, Planning, and Development Operations department became interested in conducting an inventory of all the trees located along city streets in order to better manage its green infrastructure. At that time, technology was not in place to allow them to calculate the actual value (e.g., social, economic, health, and environment) of each street tree and provide empirical data to various stakeholders to support decisions. Developments in GIS-based tree data calculation tools have effectively provided urban Forest Managers with the ability to calculate the actual value of street tree data based upon scientific research conducted by the United States Forest Service. After learning about the availability of these GIS-based tools, the City secured capital funding for the expansion of their pre-existing city-wide Street Tree Inventory application. The City s Forest Managers hoped utilizing a comprehensive set of analysis tools, the creation of custom forms, and improved visualization in the field would give them the ability to provide a more compelling argument for the protection of trees. Kitchener s Street Tree Inventory solution now consists of a two-part tree inventory application involving the collection of tree points and tree inspections. The first part of the application uses custom forms in ArcPad that standardize the collection and display of all tree point data including common features that don t change over time (e.g., tree species, location, and year planted). Tree points are plotted by selecting a location on a Tablet PC loaded with 12 cm ortho imagery to provide a visual backdrop for feature context and positional accuracy. Once tree points are plotted, a spatial join is automatically triggered in ArcPad to transfer information from underlying layers to the tree layer (e.g., tree ownership, street name, and tree species.) Everything that we have access to in the office is now fully accessible out in the field Melanie Wawryk, GIS Application Specialist, City of Kitchener The second part of the application involves the collection of health and road construction inspections. One of the main advantages of the Street Tree Inventory application is that it gives the City s Arborists the ability to maintain and view historic health records in the field. It also allows them to assess the effects of road construction plans and tree maintenance on long term tree health. The tree data collection process evolved from a database spreadsheet to Pendragon Forms on a Palm Pilot, to an ArcPad 6 pilot study, to the current enterprise ArcPad 7.0 application running on Futjitsu Tablet PCs. Migrating to an enterprise GIS-based application was an important step for the City because it automated their data collection process and standardized the manner in which data is created, edited, analyzed, and integrated into the City s ArcSDE geodatabase. GIS allowed us to better manage the trees within our community, said David Schmitt, Environmental and Urban Forestry Project Manager, City of Kitchener. We are now better equipped to make long-term decisions that ensure our trees are protected and maintained in a manner that maximizes benefits to the community. Integration of field data into the ArcSDE geodatabase is facilitated by a daily checkin/checkout functionality that allows field crews to synchronize field data and fosters collaboration while maintaining data integrity. The custom checkin/checkout interface allows crews to update ArcPad layers and system files in a way that program changes and modifications to pick lists can be distributed easily to all users. All data downloads and uploads occur nightly so that field crews have access to the most current information the following day. Once the captured data is downloaded from the mobile units, it is linked and accessed through their corporate infrastructure management system (Cityworks) and their GIS web portal OnPoint, for ongoing management and monitoring of the City s green infrastructure. Everything that we have access to in the office is now fully accessible out in the field, said Melanie Wawryk, GIS Application Specialist, City of Kitchener. In the future, the City of Kitchener plans to leverage their Cityworks infrastructure management system to generate work orders against trees that have been identified as requiring immediate and critical maintenance. City of Kitchener 5
6 F E A T U R E Geological Survey of Canada: Mining for data Mineral resources and mining activities are an important aspect of the Canadian economy. Therefore, it is essential to have an unbiased understanding of the country s mineral assets and their economic potential for the nation. Since 1842 the Geological Survey of Canada (GSC), now part of the Earth Science Sector under the Department of Natural Resources of Canada, has been Canada s premier agency for geoscientific information and research. The GSC provides its geoscientific data to industry, universities, and other government organizations in Canada and throughout the world. In consideration of sustainable development of Canada's resources, environmental protection, and technological innovation, information from the GSC can form the foundation upon which mineral exploration decisions are made. Our standardized forms provide a systematic approach to data collection which, in turn, has increased client confidence in our data offerings Guy Buller, Database Expert and Programmer, Geological Survey of Canada Much of Canada s mineral and metal production is exported and helps Canada maintain a positive trade balance. In 2004, Canada exported $28.3 billion worth of minerals and primary metals to over 130 countries and territories. That same year, Canadian imports of minerals and primary metals totaled $10.5 billion. Exploration expenditures in Canada are now over $1 billion annually. Exploration expenditures for base metals between 1975 and 2004 have declined to around 20% of total exploration and as a percentage, basemetal exploration in Canada had fallen below the average rate worldwide. A reduced focus on base-metal exploration, not surprisingly, has led to a prolonged decline in Canada s base-metal reserves. Unless new reserves are discovered, Canada s current ranking as a major metal and mineral producer could be threatened. As a result it is essential to have an unbiased understanding of the country s mineral assets and their economic potential in order to maintain Canada s ranking. In the mid 1990 s a push began at the GSC to enhance the collection of raw field data in selected areas of operation by introducing electronic data capture. Of prime importance was the need to have accurate location information related to an area s resource potential. The push was largely due to concerns regarding the processes for field data collection and editing since they are sometimes prone to error and often time consuming. Geographic data traveled into the field in the form of paper maps and field data would return back to the office in the form of sketches, notes on paper maps, and paper forms. Once back in the office, these sets of data were deciphered and manually entered into spreadsheets and then transferred to a GIS. As a result of these processes GIS data was often not as accurate as it could have been. Advancements in mobile technology have given many organizations including the GSC the ability to directly capture information in the field in electronic format and furthered the end of a paperbased data stream. With this in mind the GSC developed and tested their own data collection application called Ganfeld which leverages the GIS capabilities of ArcPad. Initial tests proved beneficial so they decided to incorporate standardized forms. One of the most significant impacts of ArcPad, in conjunction with the creation of standardized forms, was that it allowed workers to automatically set location points on an electronic base map using the information retrieved directly from a GPS receiver. In this way, areas that did not feature landmarks were immediately verifiable by comparing a map representation shown on a display screen to that of the actual landscape. This allowed for greater spatial confidence for the researcher and allowed him/her to systematically enter geologic data into a standardized form. A series of electronic forms help geologists capture essential earth data for further research and analysis. The visual representation was a breakthrough for the application as it was highly desirable to have a system that not only captured data, but also allowed field crews to see a dynamic map taking shape in their hands, said Guy Buller, Database Expert and Programmer, Geological Survey of Canada. Data collected using standardized forms is stored as shapefiles and the base geographic data serves as base layer data while users are out in the field. After field data is collected it is synchronized directly to a laptop running ArcMap, which in turn allows researchers to analyze and interpret the area s geology while in the field. The streamlining and automation of data flow through direct capture and download of values eliminated the extra step of reentering information, added Guy Buller. Our standardized forms provide a systematic approach to data collection which, in turn, has increased client confidence in our data offerings. As a result of the development of this application, both internal and external consumers of GSC data have greater confidence in geological interpretations that are being developed. This confidence is essential, as it is these interpretations that provide a basic understanding of a geological terrain that mineral exploration companies need to discover Canada s mineral assets. Geological Survey of Canada Natural Resources Canada ArcNorth News! Vol. 11 No. 1!
7 From the field to the enterprise using an electronic silviculture system F E A T U R E New Brunswick is the largest of Canada s Maritime provinces and covers 73,440 square kilometres in roughly a rectangle shape about 242 kilometres (150 miles) from east to west and 322 kilometres (200 miles) north to south. It features an abundance of forest lands, occupying 6.2 million of the total 7.2 million hectares of the province, which support a vital forest industry that numerous communities within the province depend upon. The migration to the ArcSDE framework using an Oracle database has positioned DNR to allow more data sharing and increased data usage, as users demand more application specific development support Danny Crain, Department of Natural Resources, New Brunswick The province s forest industry consists of three key industries: forestry and logging, wood products, and pulp and paper. It directly contributes $1.7 billion to the economy, directly employs over 17,000 people, accounts for 30-40% of exports from the province, and generates over $260 million in tax revenues. For every 100 direct jobs created in New Brunswick s forest industry, 35 jobs are indirectly created in other sectors of the provincial economy. New Brunswick s Department of Natural Resources (DNR) is the key government agency dedicated to the preservation, protection, effective management, and maintenance of the Province s natural resources. In November 2003, the DNR undertook an initiative aimed at providing means to exchange accurate silviculture information between internal and external stakeholders with the creation of a silviculture application. Managing a forest industry of this significance poses a number of unique challenges. In particular with regard to the management of large volumes of spatial and non-spatial data the foundation upon which nearly all resource management decisions are made. To be successful, DNR wanted to ensure that a mechanism was in place that would allow them to disseminate accurate forest information to relevant stakeholders in a timely fashion. In turn, that information was to be leveraged across the enterprise to enable DNR to practice what they and other forest industry experts call Multiple-use Resource Management. Multiple-use Resource Management is the effective management of a forested area to simultaneously provide more than one of the following resource objectives: protection of fish and wildlife, wood products, and watershed areas, the creation of areas for recreation, aesthetics, and grazing. Since 1982, DNR has been leveraging GIS technology to help manage a vast amount of spatial data that they use to make resource management decisions. Initially, the GIS was used by a select group of users to create Crown Land Management Plans. Since 1991, the Information Services and Systems (ISS) branch has been responsible for providing a GIS infrastructure for DNR. Initially, this involved ensuring the GIS contained current information, proper hardware, licenses, etc. In 2001, roles within the ISS began to evolve with the migration of part of their architecture to a new ArcSDE framework using an Oracle database. The migration to the ArcSDE framework using an Oracle database has positioned DNR to allow more data sharing and increased data usage, as users demand more application specific development support, said Danny Crain, Manager, GIS Section, Department of Natural Resources, New Brunswick. While the initial silviculture application addressed a number of administrative requirements DNR had with respect to the collection and submission of field data, it did not provide multi-user access to the most current spatial and non-spatial information. In addition, the previous process for submitting field data proved inefficient because it relied upon the conversion of hard copy data to electronic format and it was prone to human error. With this in mind DNR began to look at improving their collection and submission processes to make it easier to verify information submitted by licensees. Licensees are any person or company that enters into a forest management agreement (FMA) with the government in exchange for permission to harvest resources on Crown Lands. DNR decided that the core functionality of the silviculture application could be improved by automating the process used for collecting and submitting field data through the development of an electronic silviculture database called ESilv. Core users of the ESilv application include DNR s regional and district staff who use it during the course of their field season which runs from May to November each year. The initial implementation of the ESilv project gave licensees the ability to submit electronic information, including spatial locations via a webbased application, which were loaded into an Oracle /ArcSDE database. Initial data submissions formed the basis of a departmental data verification process which in turn provided a means to ensure the accuracy of information. The verification process was converted into a handheld application using Trimble GeoXM receivers and ArcPad software for collecting the spatial information that would be loaded back into the ArcSDE database. The ESilv handheld application was then deployed to their regional offices and put into production in June Prior to this implementation Trimble GPS units were used to capture the spatial information and paper forms were utilized to capture the related tabular information. The tabular information was transcribed by regional staff into either MS Excel, MS Access, or MS Word, depending on the region and submitted to the Forestry Management Board (FMB) at the end of each field season. In the field, survey points were located using a predefined grid that would provide 1 point per hectare of treated area. To locate the points, field staff used a compass and string box. The information submitted by licensees, to locate the treatment, was provided either in digital format or as a hardcopy map with the area drawn on by hand. The new verification process allowed the application to fit a grid to the spatial block submission and then use ArcPad to locate them for sampling. In the current system the data can be collected in the field and uploaded to the system within one to two working days. The application completes calculations on the data and now that the database is centrally located all users who require access, have it. The previous silviculture monitoring process consisted of four distinct processes for submitting the same information. The process was long and labour intensive, using information that did not incorporate the best use of current technology. The use of handheld units with ArcPad software has allowed the process to be streamlined into a common application that automates the collection of verification information and has eliminated a significant amount of human error. New Brunswick Natural Resources 7
8 GETTING TECHNICAL Technical Support Portal ESRI Canada has implemented a new Technical Support Portal available in both English and French. The portal provides clients with the ability to request support online, quickly find out the status of both past and present support cases, locate information stored in ESRI s Knowledgebase, and find answers to frequently asked questions. Utilizing the portal saves time and provides a convenient way to communicate technical issues, and is available 24 hours a day 7 days a week. For more information contact Technical Support at or visit General questions: Q: What can I do on the Technical Support Portal? A: The ESRI Canada Support Portal allows clients to: Submit new support or enhancement request View the status and progress of open support requests View notes from past support requests Change contact information Fill out ESRI Canada Technical Support satisfaction surveys Q: I forgot my password, what should I do? A: Passwords can be reset by clicking on the Reset Password link that appears on the login screen after a failed login attempt. Figure 1 After clicking on Reset Password an will be sent to the address used to login to the portal. The will contain a temporary password and instructions on how to change your password. Q: How can I change my contact information (i.e., phone number/extension, address) using the support portal? A: 1. Log in to the support portal (see Figure 1) 2. Click Preferences at the bottom left corner of the page 3. Click My Information (see Figure 2) 4. On the My Information page change the desired information (see Figure 3) 5. Click on Submit Changes Note: it may take a few days for these changes to be reflected in your portal account. Submitting new support and feature requests: Q: How do I create a new support request using the support portal? A: 1. Log in to the support portal 2. Click on Support Request (see Figure 4) 3. Fill out the request form making sure to fill in the required fields (see Figure 5) 4. Click on Send (see Figure 6) Q: How can I query my cases? A: The portal allows users to query cases in three ways: 1. By using the Filter (see Figure 7). 2. By using the Find command (see Figure 8) Clicking on the Find command will add the Find bar to your portal window. The Find bar allows users to search for cases by case (see Figure 9). 3. By using the Advanced Find command on the Find bar (see figure 10). The Advanced Find button will open the Case Search window. From this window users can specify search criteria for their query (see Figure 11). To use the Case Search, specify your criteria and press the Find Cases button. The results of the query will be displayed in the Search Results section. To open a particular case either double click the case or select it and click OK. Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 ArcNorth News! Vol.11 No. 1!
9 G E T T I N G T E C H N I C A L Q: How can I see what work has been done on my open case? A: 1. Log in to the support portal 2. Click on My Open Cases 3. Find your open case in the list or search for it using the Find command of the pre defined filters. 4. Open the case by clicking on the case number under the Case # column. 5. Scroll to the bottom of the page and a list of all current case activities be listed (see Figure 12) Filling out a survey: Q: Do I need to fill out an answer to every single question? A: No, although we would prefer all questions be filled out, users are not required to answer every question before submitting their survey. Q: Is it mandatory to enter comments? A: No, it is not mandatory to leave comments. The comment box is there in case you need to send us a comment (see Figure 13). Figure 6 Figure 7 Figure 8 Q: Why am I asked about the importance of every question on the survey? A: The importance value helps us determine how important that particular question is to users. This helps us determine areas that are important to our clients (see Figure 14). Q: Can I opt out of being sent surveys? A: No, an will be sent after each case is closed by the analyst. This serves as a confirmation that the support request has been closed. However, filling out the survey is not mandatory. Figure 9 Figure 10 Figure 13 Figure 11 Figure 14 To view the complete list of Frequently Asked Questions visit the Support Portal FAQ page at Written by: Jonathan Nowlan, ESRI Canada Figure 12 9
10 F E A T U R E Mobile GIS for battlespace awareness Army operations are by their nature focused on the ground and as a result keeping an accurate geographical picture of the current situation (called the common operational picture or common tactical picture) is vital to success. Understanding the current situation has been supported by paper mapping for at least 1,000 years at the strategic level and at least 300 years at the tactical level. Although essential, paper maps alone are not capable of providing the level of battlespace awareness to holistically visualize and understand the battlefield. In Canada, the design, production, and delivery of communications systems for the Army is the responsibility of the Directorate Land Command Systems Program Management (DLCSPM). A major part of their mandate is the development of the Land Command Support System (LCSS). This system is a collection of communications equipment that includes portable and vehicle-mounted radios, satellite systems, computer hardware, GIS software, and networks that together provide a complete solution to ensure that the members of our Armed Forces have access to the most timely and accurate information possible. One major goal of the LCSS is to provide a better way to report on the positions of friendly units. This is known as blue positional awareness as friendly units are represented using blue military symbols denoting their size and role. In LCSS, Army vehicles determine their positions using GPS receivers and transmit this information over a shared radio network. As a vehicle receives other reported positions, the commander s screen is updated to show the latest information overlaid on a background map of the area. In the Army s command centre, Commanders and their support staff use GIS enabled software to track the progress of the battle. In addition to the reported friendly positions, enemy movements and other relevant battlefield information are plotted. Army staff are also able to digitally prepare graphical overlays to support planned and ongoing operations. These overlays can then be distributed over the radio network to vehicles on the battlefield and displayed on each Commander s screen. The use of common GIS software throughout the system ensures that the location of battlefield objects, including units, obstacles such as minefields, and control features such as assigned routes and boundaries can be precisely determined and consistently displayed across the battlefield. The ability to share information in near real-time allows for improved situational awareness at all levels, which in turn makes us a more agile and effective force Captain Michael Davie, DLCSPM Prior to the implementation of the LCSS, Army headquarters almost exclusively used paper maps, pins, and clear plastic overlays to visualize the battlefield. Updates to this information were typically delivered by voice communications over the radio, and overlays would have to be physically delivered to lower headquarters. This process, although effective, did not provide the level of detailed analysis required to carry out battle management and operational planning activities in a contemporary theatre of operations. GIS software is an important system component that has made battle management and battle planning activities more efficient and reliable, said Captain Michael Davie, DLC- SPM. The ability to share information in near real-time allows for improved situational awareness at all levels, which in turn makes us a more agile and effective force. In 2007, DLCSPM in conjunction with Thales Systems Canada and CGI, completed work on a centralized command and control application called BattleView, a key part of the Canadian Army's tactical command and control system, LCSS. BattleView provides advanced GIS mapping and geodata management tools that enable Army Commanders and their staff to carry out battle management and operational planning activities more effectively. Advanced terrain analysis and visualization capabilities provides us with a very clear understanding of the current situation on the battlefield and allows us to make sound and timely decisions about the actions required by our forces on the ground, said Captain Davie. GIS has been an integral part of BattleView from the beginning. GIS provides the backbone upon which digital mapping, military symbology, and terrain analysis are combined to present a virtual model of the battlefield. Developers of BattleView created an application framework that extends the ArcGIS Engine development platform to provide BattleView s core battlefield mapping capability. In addition to these core-mapping capabilities, BattleView extends ArcGIS Military Overlay Editor (MOLE) to provide MIL-STD-2525B tactical symbology, and the ArcGIS Spatial Analyst and ArcGIS 3D Analyst extensions provide terrain analysis capabilities. The GIS data used in this application includes map and imagery information provided by the Canadian Forces Mapping and Charting Establishment, along with battlefield information generated both automatically by the system (such as vehicle positional reports) and by BattleView users (such as overlay orders). Implementing ESRI s GIS technology has relieved us of the burden of developing a custom GIS solution, said Captain Davie. We have in effect implemented a complete spatial data management framework without having to undertake the time and expense of extensive development and testing. BattleView provides complete battle space situation awareness, a fully integrated commercial off the shelf (COTS) GIS, and enhances battle management and operational planning. BattleView adopts a new architecture based on Service Oriented Architecture (SOA). Adopting a SOA enabled our developers to make the transition from an application-centric view of the battle space to a process-centric one, added Captain Davie. The new architecture in BattleView provides the capacity to easily and efficiently integrate functional services. Future plans include extending some of the application s geospatial capabilities. Once completely field tested, the application will be leveraged during every Land Force exercise and operation. Department of National Defence ArcNorth News! Vol. 11 No. 1!
11 I N D U S T R Y N E W S IBM honors ESRI with Top Star Award for being "Best of the Best" IBM, the world leader in information technology, has named ESRI a recipient of its 2007 Public Sector Top Star Award for consistently demonstrating the "Best of the Best" business partner qualities. ESRI was recognized for forging a successful partnership with IBM, as well as building success in the marketplace, at IBM's PartnerWorld 2007 in St. Louis, Missouri. "IBM and ESRI are committed to improving the health, education, security, and prosperity of citizens and nations around the world," says Pamela Kaplan, vice president of Marketing, IBM Global Public Sector. For more information: Avenza announces MAPdataCanada - a complete royalty-free library of Canada-wide data in Shapefile format Avenza Systems Inc., the developer of MAPublisher map production software, Geographic Imager spatial imaging software, and MAPdataUSA announces the release of MAPdataCanada, a new library of royalty-free Canada-wide data in Shapefile format based on source Canadian, provincial, and territorial data files. Enhancements include a joined road layer with concatenated road names to a single column for easier labeling and selecting, proper name directory and file structure of all provinces and territories in a convenient DVD package. MAPublisher 7.6 for Adobe Illustrator is a full product update that is free of charge to all current MAPublisher Maintenance Program subscribers and replaces the current shipping version of MAPublisher, version 7.5, for all new customers using Adobe Illustrator CS2 or CS3. "Once again, we have responded to the requests of our users by quickly improving on the previous version 7.5 release and including many new functions and feature enhancements, said Ted Florence, President of Avenza. The inclusion of live GPS data collection and drawing is a tremendous new built-in feature that we know many users will enjoy and find to be extremely useful. For more information: Visit the ESRI Canada website for the full listing of the latest Industry News at Subscribe to ESRI Canada s RSS Feed at
12 F E A T U R E Town of Oakville enhances service with AVL solutions The Town of Oakville is a thriving community of over 165,000 people, located on the shores of Lake Ontario. As part of the Greater Toronto Area (GTA), Canada's largest metropolitan area with a total population of more than 5.3 million, Oakville must draw upon a larger, increasingly mobile work force of more than 2 million within a 30 kilometre radius of Oakville. As a result, the Town of Oakville, in particular its Infrastructure and Transit Services Commission, is faced with a number of specific challenges regarding the ongoing maintenance of their road network. departments and staff who often had to gather information from various sources. In 2004, the Infrastructure and Transit Services Commission began looking at the prospect of incorporating GPS technology with their GIS to give them the ability to track more than 300 municipal vehicles in real time. After careful consideration, they set out to develop an overall corporate strategy to implement a comprehensive AVL solution. of GIS Services for the Town of Oakville. The AVL solution offers a defence against potential litigation by providing a systematic way of recording where a vehicle is at any given time. In addition, the ability to quickly prepare an electronic report or map of a vehicle s travels is considerably faster with GIS technology than the paper-based method previously used. Today, Town managers are better able to track issues and respond in a more timely fashion since they can quickly use the AVL system to obtain an accurate picture of where their crews are at any given time. Making decisions based on geography is nothing new to the Town of Oakville. The Town began using GIS back in 1994 and currently leverages this technology in a number of applications including Emergency Response, Planning and Development, Transit, Asset Management, and Parks and Recreation. In order to maintain the Town s network of roads, Town managers rely upon a number of technologies including GIS which is used daily to store, retrieve, manipulate, query, and report on mapping and related information across various departments. A Commission goal was to implement an Automatic Vehicle Location (AVL) solution to interface with these technologies so that they could have the ability to determine the whereabouts of their fleet of over 300 public vehicles. AVL technology is a means for determining the geographic location of a vehicle and transmitting this information to a point where it can be used. Most commonly, the location is determined using a GPS, which utilizes a constellation of at least 24 Medium Earth Orbit satellites that transmit precise microwave signals to a GPS receiver to determine its location, speed, direction, and time. Prior to implementing their AVL solution, the Infrastructure and Transit Services Commission produced photocopied maps that snow plow operators would use to illustrate the amounts of road salt / brine expended during each of their trips and transit drivers would use to plan their routes. These maps were then stored in filing cabinets and served as a record of the vehicle s travels. The problem with storing this paper-based information was that it was not easily accessible to other internal Playback historic information on any vehicle route. The corporate AVL strategy identified three key objectives that the solution Report of route statistics. would need to address. These objectives were to better equip the corporation to deal with litigations, allow them to track their assets in real-time, and assist them in the management of winter storm events. A proof of concept implementation identified core requirements of stability, scalability, and ease of use. In the fall of 2005, the Infrastructure and Transit Services Commission began an AVL pilot project with vendor support from ESRI Canada and CompassCom. They built the pilot for a small number of public vehicles to get a feel for the solution and to understand the technology. They also invited all Commissions to participate in the pilot given that the solution they adopted would need to integrate within the context of the entire corporation. ESRI and CompassCom have combined two very effective applications GIS and vehicle tracking into an integrated GIScentric solution for faster and easier decision-making, said Steve Czajka, Manager Snow removal is provided as a service to the residents and businesses of the Town of Oakville, and as a result both parties expect to conduct business without interruption. During inclement weather, the Town dispatches its fleet of salt spreaders/plows to the main arterial streets, which are divided into 16 routes and encompass some 700 kilometres of roads. Once the arterial streets are considered safe for travel, the fleet is dispatched to the secondary, residential streets for salting and plowing operations until all streets have been treated. If at any time, residents and business owners perceive a reduction in service, the complaints come in. Demonstrating its effectiveness, the AVL solution integrates with the Town s backend ArcView GIS software and CompassCom s Mobile Asset Tracking Server software, providing a single interface for accessing the full range of information. Information such as where each vehicle is located, which direction it is headed, and how fast it is going can all be accessed through the system. Town managers can determine at a glance, whether a specific vehicle is moving, stopped, or has specialized functions enabled such as engine on/off, plow blade up/down, salt spread on/off, etc. CompassCom s software gives Town managers the ability to effectively visualize their fleet of public vehicles in real-time. The robust solution works by simultaneously receiving vehicle location and discrete data over a wireless communication network. The solution communicates with laptops and GPS-enabled handsets, ArcNorth News! Vol. 11 No. 1!
13 F E A T U R E serves this data in real-time back to various users including the Managers of Parks and Recreation, Roads and Works, and Transit Departments via the Internet using standard TCP/IP, UDP, and XML protocols. The great part about this solution is that it uses our GIS data including any layers we choose with the latest streets or districts we create, said Czajka. Conversely we can also data mine data from our AVL server and plot our AVL observations by date, time, vehicle and department within ArcView. The AVL solution also serves as a tool to help the town s managers and supervisors manage large winter storm events. They now have the ability to leverage resources more efficiently and can review their performance to identify areas for improvement. They also have a single corporate AVL solution that provides a common framework for future applications. It has streamlined operations, increased workforce efficiency, and allowed users to bring various datasets together, which will help the Town be better prepared in the event of a large-scale emergency. Now not only can managers and supervisors track city vehicles from the comfort of their offices (or homes via Citrix), they also have the ability to remotely access real-time fleet data while in the field, via the use of their truck mounted laptops. Future enhancements to the AVL solution include integration with a Work Order management system (e.g., Cityworks). Special consideration is being given to the addition of a number of advanced Transit and Fire related applications that will leverage the AVL solution. These applications may include: Transit Applications: Real-time Service Monitoring Zone Bussing care-a-van APC Route Planning Automated Stop Announcement Message Boards Hot/Cold Run Analysis Web Mapping Customized map cartography with vehicle display. Fire Applications: 911 Dispatch Emergency Operations Centre Town of Oakville
14 TECHNOLOGY SPOTLIGHT ArcGIS Mobile solutions for building and deploying mobile applications The ArcGIS Server Mobile SDK is a software development kit (SDK) for the Microsoft.NET framework that developers can use to build highly focused Mobile GIS applications. Mobile GIS applications enable field workers to display, inspect, capture, and update geographic information in the field. Applications created using the Mobile SDK use maps that are authored in ArcGIS Desktop and published as map resources using ArcGIS Server to distribute and synchronize geographic information to a range of supported mobile device platforms. Mobile GIS applications Traditionally, spatial information has been taken to the field using paper maps, often in the form of map books. Information collected with a map book in the field is sketched on top of the paper map using pen or pencil and then entered into a GIS or CAD system when the field worker returns to the office. Field inspections are often done using reporting forms that are taken to the field on paper, filled out on a clipboard and then entered into a database upon return to the office. The re-entry of information captured on paper can be quite costly and is prone to error. As a result more and more organizations have decided to remove paper based systems in favor of software applications running on mobile devices. Using the ArcGIS Server Mobile technology, developers can now build highly focused mobile GIS applications that are designed with a specific field workflow in mind and that synchronize changes directly with the geodatabase while connected in the field. Focused applications require little or no training for the field worker and can use the terminology that they use in the field today. Developers can grow and release functionality at their own pace based upon enhancements and changes to field workflows. There are a wide range of applications that developers can create using the ArcGIS Mobile SDK. Some examples include: Field Viewing Application Provides tools that allow spatial information to be taken to the field in order to make better decisions. A simple viewing application that can query asset information using a map will add value to the decisions made in the field. Field Inspections Allows field crews to inspect assets in the field (transformers, water meters, street signs, etc). They report their condition, operational status, often take a picture of the asset, and use GPS to improve its locational accuracy. Example of an ArcGIS Mobile application for street light inspections. Field Data Collection Allows field crews to collect new information in the field with a streamlined data collection application. Overview of the Mobile SDK The following steps are required to build, deploy, and maintain a mobile solution using ArcGIS Server: Design and author mobile maps using ArcMap (ArcGIS Desktop), and publish them using ArcCatalog (ArcGIS Desktop) or the ArcGIS Server Manager Create a mobile application using Visual Studio.NET 2005 and the ArcGIS Server Mobile SDK components Deploy a mobile application and data to targeted devices Designing, authoring, and publishing mobile maps The Mobile SDK extends the capabilities of an ArcGIS Server map resource so that developers can distribute spatial information to mobile devices. Maps that are authored using ArcMap contain the spatial and tabular information that not only becomes the map resource that is published, but also becomes the map that is displayed in the mobile application that is taken to the field. Developers can publish a map resource using either ArcCatalog or the ArcGIS Server Manager web application. Once a mobile map has been designed and is ready to be published, it can then be connected to the ArcGIS Server home page and published as a web service. Field workers now have access to the same high quality maps in the field as desktop users have in the office. Creating a mobile application The Mobile SDK can be used to build highly focused mobile GIS applications quickly and efficiently. By developing a focused application developers can improve field productivity and effectiveness, reduce the amount of training that is required to use the application, eliminate potential error, and guide field workers through tasks in the application. The Mobile SDK components are built on top of the Microsoft.NET Framework, extending the.net Framework class library with additional classes that support a set of custom controls for both the Windows and Windows Mobile development platforms. Developers need Visual Studio.NET 2005 in order to build applications using the mobile components. The Mobile SDK supports building applications for Windows Mobile 5 devices (Pocket PC and Smartphone), Windows Mobile for Pocket PC 2003/2003 SE, Windows CE 5.0, and Windows XP. The suite of mobile.net components have been integrated into Microsoft Visual Studio.NET and add the following functionalities: Display spatial information using a Map control Display and capture GPS location Create new point, line, and polygon features, as well as update the shape of existing features Edit tabular data using ADO.NET recordsets Synchronize changes between mobile devices and the GIS server ArcNorth News! Vol. 11 No. 1!
15 TECHNOLOGY SPOTLIGHT In addition to the.net components, several sample applications and code samples are available to get developers started building mobile applications with ArcGIS Server. Deploying a mobile application Once a mobile map has been authored and published, and an application is built that leverages that map service, developers will need to define a deployment package for the field device(s) that will be using the application along with the data that has been published. There are different approaches and mobile technologies that developers can use to build a deployment package. It is important to note that whatever approach is taken, it will be a matter of pushing the deployment to the device rather than pulling the deployment from the server. Developers can package their deployment into a CAB file if they are using Windows Mobile or simply use a zip file on the windows platform. Developers can push the deployment from a web server using a Microsoft click once deployment or by purchasing a technology that will accomplish that task. It is recommended that developers deploy or provision devices only when they have the best connection possible (cradled device). What s coming in ArcGIS 9.3? A new ArcGIS Mobile application will be introduced at ArcGIS 9.3. The ArcGIS Mobile application is a Windows Mobile application for deploying mobile GIS data, maps, tasks, and projects. The application targets the Windows Mobile 5 Pocket PC and Windows Mobile 6 Professional platforms and enables organizations to quickly and easily deploy the key mobile GIS capabilities required in any successful deployment right out-of-the-box. The application is centrally managed with ArcGIS Server s rich standards-based platform providing highperformance ArcGIS Mobile data, services, and projects that can be deployed throughout an organization. There is an ArcGIS Server Manager that Overview of the steps for building, deploying and maintaining an ArcGIS Mobile solution. configures the ArcGIS Mobile Once the application is deployed, field application by designing individual ArcGIS workers can synchronize not only the Mobile projects with an intuitive web-based updates that they make in the field but also configuration utility. Through the ArcGIS all other updates relevant to their work Server Manager there is a new web-based area that have been synchronized with portal optimized for Internet Explorer the server. Mobile that enables organizations to host the ArcGIS Mobile application and their ArcGIS Mobile projects for deployment to Windows Mobile-based devices. Find out more at
16 P O I N T F O C A L Des applications de cartographie sur le terrain intégrées aux systèmes de l entreprise Saint John Energy est une société de distribution d électricité qui dessert abonnés à Saint John, au Nouveau- Brunswick. Le réseau de l entreprise est constitué de 13 sous-stations et de 84 lignes d alimentation dans une zone de service qui s étend sur 333 km 2. En 2001, Saint John Energy a entrepris un ambitieux «projet d application pour l entreprise. Connu sous le nom de PAE, ce projet avait pour buts d accroître l efficacité du travail à l aide de technologies émergentes de même que de mettre à niveau et d implanter trois technologies fondamentales : un système d'information de gestion, un système d information sur les clients et un système d information géographique (SIG). Saint John Energy délaissait ainsi ses systèmes précédents d information de gestion et d information sur les clients pour en implanter de nouveaux. Le SIG et l utilisation de données géographiques numériques représentaient toutefois des nouveautés pour la société puisque, comme beaucoup d autres entreprises de services publics, Saint John Energy utilisait par le passé des systèmes sur papier. Le PAE a permis d inaugurer une nouvelle ère de données géographiques numériques. Le point de départ pour Saint John Energy a été de cartographier son infrastructure aérienne. En 2002, ESRI Canada et Saint John Energy ont élaboré de concert un outil pour la collecte de données qui s exécute sur les appareils Windows CE utilisant ArcPad. En un an, à l aide de cet outil, le personnel a cartographié l ensemble des actifs aériens. Environ emplacements de poteaux, de transformateurs, de lampadaires, de câbles électriques et de compteurs ont été relevés par GPS, avec une précision submétrique. En 2004, Saint John Energy s est associée à la ville de Saint John et les municipalités de Rothesay, Quispamsis et Grandbay-Westfield pour obtenir des photographies aériennes du territoire, d une résolution de 1 pixel : 15 cm (1 pixel : 6 po), qui servent de référence visuelle aux actifs cartographiés. La combinaison de l imagerie à haute résolution et des données de terrain précises s est rapidement avérée très utile à la planification et à la prise de décision, que ce soit pour l identification des postes et l évaluation des demandes de règlement, la planification de nouvelles infrastructures ou la localisation des infrastructures souterraines. En s appuyant sur l expérience des levés sur le terrain qu elle a acquise, Saint John Energy a lancé un second projet de relevé en 2005, pour cartographier les équipements des tiers rattachés à ses poteaux (en usage combiné). Les équipes sur le terrain ont utilisé une tablette PC tout-terrain dotée d un GPS et d une licence autonome de ArcEditor afin d ajouter l emplacement et les caractéristiques des équipements des tiers installés sur ses poteaux. L infrastructure de Saint John Energy est affichée par-dessus une imagerie à haute résolution dans ArcMap. / Saint John Energy s infrastructure is displayed in ArcMap over high resolution imagery. Monsieur Bob Bernard, de Saint John Energy, mentionne : «Une fois le levé terminé et les données analysées, nous avons commencé à facturer l usage combiné des poteaux à nos partenaires. Dès le troisième mois de facturation, Saint John Energy avait récupéré une somme plus importante que celle investie dans les levés.» En 2006, Saint John Energy a lancé un projet pilote avec Tantalus Systems Corporation, de Vancouver, pour l implantation d une infrastructure de comptage automatisée (ICA). Cette infrastructure peut détecter les coupures de courant au niveau des compteurs. L ICA relaie automatiquement l information relative à la coupure à une tour de transmission qui la retransmet au serveur ICA. Le SIG détecte le problème grâce à une interface ODBC avec le serveur ICA et crée instantanément un point sur la carte pour représenter l'endroit où la coupure s'est produite. Lors de la mise en place du projet pilote, les données de l ICA ont été intégrées à celles des abonnés tirées du système d information sur les clients. Depuis, le SIG constitue le lieu d enregistrement privilégié de l emplacement géographique des compteurs des abonnés. Saint John Energy intègre ces emplacements, qu elle tire du SIG, aux données en temps quasi réel de l ICA et à celles du système d information sur les clients. Ainsi, lorsqu une coupure de courant survient, l utilisateur appuie simplement sur le bouton d information dans ArcMap et, en un clic sur l emplacement de la panne sur la carte, il reçoit les données sur l abonné, celles de l ICA ainsi que toutes les données techniques pertinentes directement du SIG, comme la connectivité des câbles. Saint John Energy a récemment choisi, pour alimenter la stratégie d intégration du PAE, l application de conception de lignes Designer de la société Telvent Miner & Miner. Designer, qui peut être utilisé au bureau et sur le terrain, remplacera deux outils non intégrés de conception de ligne utilisés actuellement pour la conception et l exécution des dessins de détail (p. ex., la conception de l alimentation électrique de nouvelles habitations), et permettra d unifier le processus. Cette solution automatisera l estimation des coûts et la production des nomenclatures. Elle déterminera automatiquement les besoins de stocks en fonction de la conception et pourra effectuer une série de calculs techniques basés sur les pratiques de construction normalisées. La mise en ouvre de Designer et du système de gestion des travaux qui lui est associé permettra d intégrer et de rationaliser le flux d information entre le personnel de terrain, le service de l ingénierie, l exploitation, les entrepôts et le service des finances. La stratégie d'entreprise de Saint John Energy est l occasion pour celle-ci de mettre en place des processus de gestion efficaces, ce qui favorisera la cohérence dans l ensemble de l organisation. L engagement de la société à intégrer les applications cartographiques sur le terrain à l ensemble de l entreprise lui a permis non seulement de tirer parti de ses investissements en actifs, mais également d accroître la précision et d améliorer la gestion du processus des travaux de son personnel qui utilise les technologies SIG mobiles sur le terrain. «Designer simplifiera le flux d information en provenance du terrain vers nos bureaux, nos services d ingénierie et de finances et nos entrepôts. Nos employés seront en mesure de faire leur travail plus efficacement et d'offrir une qualité de service constante et de niveau supérieur à nos abonnés. Le SIG mobile est une composante importante de nos activités. L acharnement que nous mettons à améliorer nos applications, nos technologies et notre démarche continue de bénéficier à nos clients», conclut monsieur Bernard. Saint John Energy ArcNorth News! Vol. 11 No. 1!
17 Enterprise integrated field mapping applications Saint John Energy is an electric distribution utility that serves 36,000 customers in Saint John, New Brunswick. The company s network consists of 13 substations and 84 feeders within its service area of 333 square kilometres. In 2001, Saint John Energy embarked on an ambitious Enterprise Application Project. The EAP, as it is commonly known, was undertaken to gain efficiencies through emerging technologies and to upgrade and implement three core technologies: management information systems (MIS), customer information systems (CIS), and geographic information systems (GIS). Saint John Energy phased out their legacy CIS and MIS and implemented new ones. But the idea of using a GIS was new, as was the idea of having digital spatial data. Historically, Saint John Energy like many utilities was paper based. The EAP implementation ushered in a new era of digital spatial data. The first step for Saint John Energy was to conduct a survey of their overhead infrastructure. In 2002, ESRI Canada, working in conjunction with Saint John Energy, created a data collection tool that ran on a Windows CE device utilizing ArcPad. With this tool, staff mapped their entire overhead inventory of field assets within one year capturing approximately 200,000 attributed sub-metre GPS locations representing poles, transformers, streetlights, wires, and meter locations. To provide a visual reference for their mapped assets, Saint John Energy collaborated with the City of Saint John and towns of Rothesay, Quispamsis, and Grandbay-Westfield in 2004 to acquire 15cm (6 pixel) aerial photography. The combination of high-resolution imagery and accurate field data quickly proved invaluable for planning and decision-making. They used the data collection tool for everything from citing substations through assessing insurance claims, to planning new infrastructure and locating existing underground infrastructure. Continuing to build upon their field survey experience, a second survey commenced in 2005 to map third party attachments (joint use attachments) to Saint John Energy owned poles. Field crews used ruggedized Tablet PCs integrated with GPS and standalone ArcEditor to add the locations and attributes of third party attachments to Saint John Energy owned poles. Bob Bernard, at Saint John Energy remarked, After the survey was complete and the data was analyzed we started billing our joint use partners for the attachments to the poles. By the third month of billing for the joint use connections to our poles Saint John Energy had recouped more than the entire cost of the joint use survey. Mobile GIS is an important part of our business and efforts to improve our applications, technologies, and approach have continued to reward our rate payers Bob Bernard, Saint John Energy In 2006, Saint John Energy started a pilot project with Tantalus Systems Corporation, to implement an AMI meter system. AMI stands for Automated Metering Infrastructure and it detects when a meter experiences an outage. It then relays the outage status automatically to a communications tower, which relays that information to the AMI Server. The GIS sees this outage through an Open Database Connection (ODBC) to the AMI Server, which then instantly creates a point on the map indicating the location of the outage condition. Saint John Energy s infrastructure is displayed in ArcMap over high resolution imagery. / L infrastructure de Saint John Energy est affichée par-dessus une imagerie à haute résolution dans ArcMap. Upon rollout of the pilot project, AMI meter data was incorporated with customer data from the CIS. Since, the GIS provides a natural placeholder for the spatial location of the customer metre locations; Saint John Energy integrated the spatial locations of the customers from the GIS with the near real time data from the metres in the AMI to the customer data from the CIS. This means when an outage occurs, the user simply uses the information button from within ArcMap and with one click on the outage point on the map they get CIS customer data, AMI meter data, and all F E A T U R E pertinent electrical data from the GIS such as wire connectivity. As part of Saint John Energy s integration strategy from the EAP project, Saint John Energy recently selected Telvent Miner & Miner s Designer line design application. Designer, which operates on the enterprise and in the field, will replace two non-integrated line design tools currently used for detailing and design (e.g., designing the power supply to a new home) with a single, integrated process. This solution will automate the generation of cost estimates and bills of materials. It will automatically determine what inventory is required based on the design, and can perform a series of engineering calculations based on standard construction practices. It is expected that the implementation of Designer and the associated work management system will integrate and streamline the flow of information among the field, engineering, operations, stores, and finance departments. The enterprise approach presents more opportunities for effective and efficient management processes at Saint John Energy and will steer Saint John Energy towards a greater sense of consistency throughout the organization, said Bob Bernard. Saint John Energy s commitment to integrating field mapping applications within the broader enterprise has not only leveraged asset inventory investments but also provided increased efficiencies in workflow management and accuracy for Saint John Energy field staff utilizing mobile GIS technologies. Designer will provide us with a streamlined information flow from the field through to our operations, engineering, finance and stores departments. This will enable our field employees to perform their job more effectively while delivering a high quality and consistent level of service to our customers, concluded Bob Bernard. Mobile GIS is an important part of our business and efforts to improve our applications, technologies, and approach have continued to reward our rate payers. Saint John Energy 17
18 PLEINS FEUX SUR LA TECHNOLOGIE Des solutions ArcGIS Mobile pour la conception et le déploiement d applications mobiles ArcGIS Server Mobile SDK est une trousse de logiciels de développement (SDK) pour Microsoft.NET Framework qui peut être utilisée par les développeurs pour créer des applications SIG mobiles et ciblées. Ces applications SIG mobiles permettent au personnel sur le terrain d afficher, d examiner, de saisir et de mettre à jour des informations géographiques sur le terrain. Les applications conçues à l aide de Mobile SDK utilisent des cartes qui sont créées dans ArcGIS Desktop. Ces cartes sont publiées à titre de ressources cartographiques et font appel à ArcGIS Server pour la distribution et la synchronisation de l information géographique vers une gamme de plateformes d appareils mobiles supportées. Applications SIG mobiles Traditionnellement, l information géographique sur le terrain consistait à utiliser des cartes imprimées, souvent sous forme de recueils. L information saisie sur le terrain était effectuée à l aide de croquis sur la carte en utilisant un crayon ou un stylo. Une fois de retour au bureau l information était entrée manuellement dans le système SIG ou DAO. Les inspections sur terrain étaient effectuées sur des formulaires de notification sur papier, remplis sur une planchette à pince, puis entrées dans la base de données une fois de retour au bureau. Ces saisies de la même information en double, sur papier puis sur ordinateur, coûtent cher et augmentent la probabilité d erreurs. Par conséquent, de plus en plus d organisations choisissent de remplacer les systèmes sur papier par des logiciels qui fonctionnent sur des appareils mobiles. La technologie ArcGIS Server Mobile permet aux développeurs de concevoir des applications SIG mobiles très ciblées. Celles-ci répondent à un processus d édition sur le terrain très précis et qui permettent de synchroniser les données directement avec la Geodatabase sur le terrain. Ces applications ciblées nécessitent peu de formation, voire aucune, et peuvent utiliser la terminologie propre aux méthodes actuelles de travail sur le terrain. Les développeurs peuvent étendre et mettre en production les fonctionnalités à leur propre rythme, en fonction des améliorations et des modifications apportées aux processus d édition sur le terrain. Il est possible de concevoir un large éventail d applications grâce à ArcGIS Mobile SDK. En voici quelques exemples : Application de visualisation sur le terrain Fournit des outils qui permettent d apporter l information géographique sur le terrain dans le but de prendre de meilleures décisions. Il s agit d une application de visualisation simple qui permet d effectuer des recherches et d obtenir de l information sur les actifs, ce qui contribue à une prise de décisions éclairées sur le terrain. Inspections sur le terrain Cette application permet au personnel sur le terrain de faire l inspection des actifs (transformateurs, compteurs d eau, signalisation routière, etc.) Le personnel fait un rapport sur la condition et l état de fonctionnement de l actif et souvent, le prend en photographie. On utilise également le GPS pour en préciser l emplacement. Le levé des données et leur accès sur le terrain. Collecte de données sur le terrain Le personnel sur le terrain peut recueillir de nouvelles informations à l aide d une application simple de collecte de données. Applications SIG mobiles Les étapes qui suivent sont essentielles pour concevoir, déployer et entretenir une solution mobile utilisant ArcGIS Server : Concevoir et créer des cartes mobiles avec ArcMap (ArcGIS Desktop) et les publier utilisant ArcCatalog (ArcGIS Desktop) ou ArcGIS Server Manager Créer une application mobile avec Visual Studio.NET 2005 et les composants de ArcGIS Server Mobile SDK Déployer une application mobile ainsi que des données pour des appareils particuliers. Concevoir, créer et publier des cartes mobiles Mobile SDK permet d accroître le potentiel d une ressource cartographique de ArcGIS Server afin de transmettre de l information géographique aux appareils mobiles. Les cartes qui sont manipulées dans ArcMap contiennent les informations géographiques et tabulaires qui se transforment non seulement en une ressource cartographique destinée à la publication, mais également en une carte affichée sur l application mobile utilisée sur le terrain. Les développeurs peuvent publier une ressource cartographique au moyen de ArcCatalog ou de l application Web ArcGIS Server Manager. À la fin de la conception et quand elle est prête à être publiée, la carte peut être liée à la page d accueil de ArcGIS Server pour être publiée à titre de service Web. Le personnel sur le terrain a maintenant accès aux mêmes cartes de haute qualité que les utilisateurs dans les bureaux. Création d une application mobile Mobile SDK peut être utilisé pour concevoir rapidement et efficacement des applications SIG mobiles ciblées. Le développement de telles applications permet d améliorer le processus et l efficacité des travaux, de réduire la durée de la formation nécessaire, d éliminer les risques d erreur et d assister les travailleurs sur le terrain au moyen de tâches définies dans l application. Les composants Mobile SDK sont fondés sur Microsoft.NET Framework. Ils enrichissent la bibliothèque de.net Framework par l ajout de classes qui prennent en charge un ensemble de commandes personnalisées pour les plateformes de développement Windows et Windows Mobile. Les développeurs doivent posséder Visual Studio.NET 2005 pour créer des applications qui font appel aux composants mobiles. Mobile SDK prend en charge la conception d applications pour des appareils Windows Mobile 5 (Pocket PC et téléphones intelligents), Windows Mobile pour Pocket PC 2003/2003 SE, Windows CE 5.0 et Windows XP. La suite de composants mobiles.net est intégrée à Microsoft Visual Studio.NET et ArcNorth News! Vol. 11 No. 1!
19 PLEINS FEUX SUR LA TECHNOLOGIE ajoute les fonctionnalités suivantes : Affichage de l information géographique à l aide d un composant pour cartes Affichage et saisie d un emplacement par GPS Création de nouvelles entités telles que des points, des lignes et des polygones, et modification des entités existantes Édition des données tabulaires à l aide d objets Recordset de ADO.NET Synchronisation des appareils mobiles avec le serveur SIG. En plus des composants.net, plusieurs modèles d application et de codes sont à la disposition des développeurs pour que ceux-ci puissent amorcer la création d applications mobiles au moyen de ArcGIS Server. Déploiement d une application mobile Après la création et la publication d une carte mobile, et après avoir créé une application en tirant parti de ce service de cartes, les développeurs doivent élaborer une trousse de déploiement destinée aux appareils de terrain qui exécuteront l application et utiliseront les données publiées. Les développeurs peuvent adopter différentes démarches et technologies mobiles pour concevoir leur trousse de déploiement. Il est important de noter que le déploiement s effectue toujours du serveur vers l appareil mobile et jamais l inverse, peu importe la démarche adoptée. La trousse de déploiement peut prendre la forme d un fichier CAB si le développeur utilise Windows Mobile ou, plus simplement, d un fichier ZIP sur une plateforme Windows. Le déploiement peut également s effectuer à partir d un serveur Web, grâce à la technologie de déploiement ClickOnce de Microsoft ou en achetant un autre outil qui permet d accomplir cette tâche. Il est recommandé aux développeurs de ne déployer ou de n alimenter que les appareils qui disposent de la meilleure connexion possible (ceux munis d une station d accueil). Un aperçu des étapes à suivre construire, déployer et maintenir une solution de ArcGIS Mobile. Une fois l application déployée, le personnel de terrain est en mesure de synchroniser non seulement les mises à jour effectuées sur le terrain, mais aussi toutes celles qui sont pertinentes à leur territoire et qui ont été synchronisées avec le serveur. Grâce aux avancées technologiques, l utilisation des SIG mobiles sur le terrain est devenue possible et permet maintenant aux organisations de collaborer et de prendre des décisions éclairées en temps réel. Nouveautés dans ArcGIS 9.3 ArcGIS 9.3 comprend une nouvelle application : ArcGIS Mobile. ArcGIS Mobile est une application fondée sur Windows Mobile qui vise au déploiement de données SIG mobiles, de cartes, de tâches et de projets. Elle a été conçue pour les plateformes Windows Mobile 5 Pocket PC et Windows Mobile 6 Professional. Elle permet aux organisations de déployer rapidement et aisément les principales fonctionnalités d'un SIG mobile et de les rendre prêtes à utiliser instantanément. La gestion de l'application est centralisée sur la plateforme ArcGIS Server, dont la puissance, la richesse et l ouverture aux normes de l industrie assurent la distribution des données, des services et des projets dans l ensemble de l organisation. ArcGIS Server Manager comporte un utilitaire de configuration web convivial qui permet de définir des projets individuels dans ArcGIS Mobile. ArcGIS Server Manager permet aussi d accéder à un nouveau portail optimisé pour les internautes mobiles, où les organisations peuvent héberger les applications et les projets ArcGIS Mobile qu ils déploient sur des appareils fonctionnant sous Windows Mobile. Pour de plus amples renseignements, visitez le
20 F E A T U R E Manitoba Hydro s field data collection and photo management applications Manitoba Hydro is Manitoba s major energy utility provider delivering electricity and natural gas to communities in the province. Headquartered in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Manitoba Hydro serves 516,800 electric customers throughout Manitoba and 259,500 gas customers in various communities throughout southern Manitoba. The corporation s capital assets-in-service at original cost exceed $11 billion, making it one of the largest energy and gas utilities in Canada. For several years Manitoba Hydro has used GIS in various departments including the Hydro Power Planning Department. In 2006, the Hydro Power Planning Department developed a field data capture application using ArcGIS Engine, a developer product for creating custom GIS desktop applications. Using ArcGIS Engine we were able to build a stand-alone application to support the collection of samples and the monitoring of erosion and sediment transport in the future power generation project areas of Wuskwatim, Keeyask, and Conawapa, including the Nelson River estuary, said Ben Schmidt, GIS and Special Studies, Manitoba Hydro. ArcGIS Engine provides application programming interfaces for COM,.NET, Java, and C++ that not only include detailed documentation, but also include a series of high-level visual components that made it easy to build an ArcGIS application. Field crews are typically sent out to collect water, bed material, and bed load samples. Sensor readings are taken with the collection of each water sample recoding temperature, turbidity, dissolved oxygen, etc. Stationary turbidity data loggers are deployed and maintained throughout the study areas. Erosion survey transect data is created as well. All this data is required for analysis as part of the environmental impact assessment during planning, construction, and operations phases of future power generation projects. Data collection and analysis is an important part of assessing current conditions and trying to understand the potential impacts of future development. In the past, field crews used hand written field notes to record information on a particular site. This process required office staff to perform extensive quality control as there was a high potential for human error during the transfer of ArcNorth News! Vol. 11 No. 1! 2008 data from the field notes to electronic format. To ensure consistency and to minimize errors, Manitoba Hydro decided to implement an application that would automate collection processes and provide a standard format for all crews to use when capturing data. The Rapid Capture sample collection interface with the navigation screen in the background. The Rapid Capture system provides field crews with a Tablet PC-based application that has standardized menu options that are based on the type of sampling being performed. Also, most of the data collection is now automated, thus resulting in a significant increase in data accuracy. Further, the application performs quality control on the incoming data by verifying that it is within a predetermined range. Using Rapid Capture, field crews became more efficient and information from the field became more consistent, accurate, and required less time to review and understand. The Rapid Capture Application uses WiFi hotspots in remote locations to upload the data collected and download current changes created in the sampling program on a daily basis. In addition, Rapid Capture is integrated with GPS and other data including orthophotos and bathymetric data so that crews can use it to increase awareness of the surrounding environment and to safely navigate between sites. Samples collected in the field are labeled with a bar code, and that data is scanned, located, and identified in the GIS. Using the bar code reduces human error. The bar code number and attached data are forwarded to the lab, and before the sample case arrives, the lab already knows what to expect and can schedule the appropriate lab resources to handle the analysis. The resulting lab report also contains the bar code, and the GIS can 20 perform a join based on this identifier. In addition to field data collection, Manitoba Hydro uses a large number of photos, another expensive type of information. Given the success of GIS integration in data collection and the development of Rapid Capture, the Hydro Power Planning Department at Manitoba Hydro started looking for solutions that would allow them to improve their efficiency, increase data accuracy and consistency, and minimize errors transferring information related to photos. Photo-based data is used in many areas at Manitoba Hydro to document conditions at a point in time for review and comparison purposes. Some activities that use photo-based data are erosion and sediment transport, shoreline erosion studies, site exploration, generating station planning and design, operations and maintenance (debris management, mitigation, surveying, potentially contaminated sites, etc.) asset management, structures, and more. In 2007, the company developed the Terra Recon Snapshot application once again using ArcGIS Engine. The objectives of the Snapshot application are to automate and/or simplify the collection of reference photos along with the critical metadata associated with the photo in the field in real-time or as a post-processing activity. Critical information that is collected with the photo such as GPS location, date/time, username, direction and distance of object in photo, keywords, and notes are essential for each photo. The system organizes the photos into groups (photo album, field trip, etc.) where the field trip will have a Manitoba Hydro operation tied to it with data/time of the field trip, notes, and keywords that apply to the group of photos. The photos and associated metadata are uploaded into a central repository making the photos searchable and accessible to the entire corporation. In the past, field crews used cameras that required films to capture photos in the field and were restricted to a maximum of 25 photos per film. After the field trip, photos had to be developed, analyzed, and information had to be transferred from paper notes to electronic format. Once field crews began using digital cameras, they were able to take more than 25 pictures, however it still took a great deal of time to Continued on page 21