Effect of Dick and Carey instructional model

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Effect of Dick and Carey instructional model"

Transcription

1 Educational Research (ISSN: ) Vol. 3(3) pp , March 2012 Available Copyright 2012 International Research Journals Full Length Research Paper Effect of Dick and Carey instructional model on the performance of electrical/electronics technology education students in some selected concepts in technical colleges of northern Nigeria Hassan Bello 1 and U. O. Aliyu 2 1 Vocational and Technology Education Programme, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi, Nigeria 2 Electrical Engineering Programme, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi, Nigeria ABSTRACT This study was conducted to find out the effectiveness of the Dick and Carey Instructional Model that served as a guide to the electrical/electronics technology education teachers in designing their instructions at the Nigeria Certificate of Education (NCE) level. It is an attempt to improve the colleges teachers ability on how to deliver their instruction successfully. All the electricity/electronics teachers that were involved in the study were adequately oriented on how to go about using the model prior to the commencement of the study. The design employed was the Quasi-experimental research, the Non- equivalent Control Group design, the instrument for data collection was Electrical/Electronics Achievement Test (EEAT II), developed by the researcher. Some of the findings due to the four hypotheses tested at 0.05 level of significance indicated that there was Significant differences between the mean achievement scores of the experimental and control groups in the post-test; and this was not attributed to sex of the subjects (Male or Female) unlike in the school proprietorship (Federal or State Colleges of Education) when post-tested. Based on these, it was further recommended that the teachers should embark on using the guidelines proffered in the Dick and Carey Model when designing instructions. In addition, the National Commission for Colleges of Education (NCCE) should subsequently, considers introducing the Model as standard for guiding teachers in planning instructional activities at N.C.E. (Tech.) level. This is to safeguard the teachers against setting complicating instructional objectives, poor use of instructional strategies and biased assessment of students learning outcome, thereby resulting to low academic performance of the students. Keywords: Instructional Model, Theories of Teaching/learning, Gender, Schools Proprietorship. INTRODUCTION In teaching and learning process, the teacher is directly involved in the implementation of the curriculum so planned. It is the teacher who determines how the curriculum reaches the learner and facilitates smooth implementation. Richardson (2001) compared a teacher to an expert in an emergency room: saying that the teacher must react constantly to the immediate events in the classroom despite having a basic plan of instruction that determines the important components of the lesson. The possession of sound knowledge of the relevant psychology of learning in conjunction with that *Corresponding Author Tel: ± , ± of the teaching-learning process in real life situation, induce in the teacher a high capacity to deliver the goods. Bednar et al (1995) advocates an interwoven development of the theories of teaching with that of learning as a necessary tool for good teacher preparation. The desired outcome and more importantly the relationship between the teacher and the learner are measures of effectiveness of any instructional process. Research findings in the area of psychology have helped in solving many problems concerning teaching and learning. Through research in education numerous learning theories and Instructional Design (ID) models have been established. one well-known instructional design model is The Dick and Carey Systems Approach Model. The model was originally published in 1978 by

2 278 Educ. Res. Figure 1. Dick and Carey Model (Source: Sherri Braxton's site on ID Models) Walter Dick and Lou Carey in their book entitled The Systematic Design of Instruction. The model is in the form of ADDIE (the most common model used for creating instructional materials). This acronym stands for the 5 phases contained in the model: Analyzing learner characteristics, Designing and developing learning objectives, Developing instructional materials, Implementing the instruction, and Evaluating the desired goals. Most of the current instructional design models according to (Piskurich, 2006) are variations of the ADDIE process. Dick and Carey made a significant contribution to the instructional design field by addressing instruction as an entire system, focusing on the interrelationship between context, content, learning and instruction. According to Dick, et al (2005) "Components such as the instructor, learners, materials, instructional activities, delivery system, and learning and performance environments interact with each other and work together to bring about the desired student learning outcomes." The Dick and Carey model was based on the idea that there is a predictable and reliable link between a stimulus (instructional materials) and the response that it produces in a learner (learning of the materials). The model also insists that designer needs to identify the sub-skills the student must master to permit the intended behaviour to be learned and then select the stimulus and strategy for its presentation that builds each sub-skill. This is a theory borrowed from behaviourist, cognitivist, and constructivist schools. The work of Dick and Carey were influenced by Robert Gagne s conditions of learning (Gagne, 1977). A system, according to Dick and Carey (2004), is technically a set of interrelated parts, all of which work together toward a defined goal. The model is called systems approach because it contains components that are related to each other. Each component has an input and an output as indicated in figure 1. Dick and Carey (1996) listed the following reasons for advocating a systems approach: 1. The focus is on what the learner is required to know/do by the end of the course. 2. Each component in the system is linked carefully to the other. 3. This process is empirical and replicable. Dick and Carey (1996) in their Instructional System Design (ISD) refer to a set of procedures and techniques that an instructional designer should employ to design, develop, evaluate, and revise instruction. The Elements of the model consists of ten major components (nine basic steps in an iterative cycle and a culminating evaluation of the effectiveness of the instruction) as follows: 1. Determine Instructional Goal what do you want learners to be able to do after the instruction is completed? 2. Analyze the Instructional Goal a step-by-step determination of what people are doing when they perform the goal and what entry behaviours are needed 3. Analyze Learners and Contexts context in which the skills will be learned and the context in which the skills will be used 4. Write Performance Objectives specific behaviour skills to be learned, the conditions under which they must be performed and the criteria for successful performance 5. Develop Assessment Instruments based on the stated objectives 6. Develop Instructional Strategy identify strategy to achieve the terminal objective; emphasis on presentation of information, practice and feedback, testing 7. Develop and Select Instruction using the stated strategy produce instructional materials 8. Design and Conduct Formative Evaluation testing of instructional materials in one-to-one, small groups or

3 Bello and Aliyu 279 field evaluations so that the materials can be evaluated with learners and revised prior to distribution 9. Revise Instruction data from the formative evaluation are summarized and interpreted to attempt to identify difficulties experience by learners in achieving the objectives and to relate these difficulties to specific deficiencies in the materials Summative Evaluation independent evaluation to judge the worth of the instruction. The model was mainly designed for a classroom setting in educational institutions. At such, Dick and Carey (1996) pointed out the systematic characteristics of their model as being: Goal-directed, Interdependencies of all the components in the system, Feedback mechanism to determine whether stated goal is met and Self-regulating i.e., modifying goals until the desired goal is reached. Based on these advantages, Gustafson and Branch (1997) recommended Dick and Carey's (1996) Model as The most widely adopted introductory text related to the ID process. Thus, their model is known almost. Similarly, Januszewski (2008) reported that the process is beneficial to any person/group that is responsible for developing some product and/or deliverable for another person/group. The tertiary institutions offering technological courses that are within the scope of this study are the Colleges of Education offering technical courses such as automobile, woodwork, metalwork, building and electrical/electronics technology education within the study area. Some of these technical colleges were established by federal government while some by the states government. The main programme offered by both the male and female students in these institutions is the three year NCE courses for teachers of basic technology at the junior secondary school level. Statement of the problem In the content area of electrical/electronics technology education at colleges of education level, some concepts appear to be difficult for the students to grasp. The problem of grasping sometimes is not limited to the students alone but also to some teachers handling the courses. The resultant effect is continued drop in the percentage of students who pass the examination and or acquiring a certificate in the area (Aina, 1992). This also posed a problem as to whether the initial training of the teachers themselves (in terms of the knowledge of subject matter and pedagogy) is adequate or not. On the other hand, Lecture method has become the traditional method of teaching predominantly used in Nigeria s institutions of higher learning (UNICEF, 2001) without it being associated with other (s) as may be required. In an attempt to reduce teaching difficulty, this study therefore, is intended to adapt the steps proffered in the Dick and Carey instructional model to serve as a guide to teachers when designing instruction. This is with a view to provide them with a framework for thorough planning, developing and adapting instruction based on learners needs and content requirements. Purposes of the study 1. Try out the Dick and Carey model by using it to teach a group of students the difficult concepts in order to determine its effectiveness. 2. Find out whether there is difference in performance between the group of students taught under guidance of the model and those without in the posttest. 3. Compare the performance of the subjects based on gender. 4. Compare the performance of the subjects based on school s proprietorship Base on these purposes, four null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. METHODOLOGY This study was a Quasi-experimental research, the Non-equivalent Control Group Design, which is diagrammed in Table 1 This type of design has a great deal of currency in researches on teaching. This is because it is natural to use existing classrooms in a given school for a study and a lot simpler than to start creating classrooms groups through random selection and random assignment (Campbell and Julian, 1963; Gibbons and Herman, 1997). The design involves an experimental group (G 1 ) and a control group (G 2 ) both given a pretest (Y 11 and Y 21 ) and a post test (Y 12 and Y 22 ) respectively, in which the control group and experimental group do not have pre-experimental sampling equivalence (Sambo, 2005). Intact classes in all the colleges of education selected for the study were used. The independent variable was the Dick and Carey instructional model, while the dependent variable was the students performance in the post-test. The experimental groups were exposed to the influence of the model (X); the control groups were not. Observations were then made to determine the differences that occur in the experimental as contrasted with the control group. The area for this study was the 19 states of the northern part of Nigeria. The population for the study comprised of the 71 teachers and the 351 students in all the 20 NCE electrical/electronics technology education awarding Colleges of Education duly accredited by NCCE. Northern Nigeria having 19 States was thought of as divided into 19 clusters. The researcher then selected eight (8) clusters at random from the 19 clusters. From each of these eight clusters one College of Education was selected at random. Intact (electrical/electronics) classes were then con-

4 280 Educ. Res. Table1. Quasi-experimental Design Pre-test Treatment post test Experiment G 1 : Y 11 X Y 12 Control G 2 : Y 21 Y 22 Table 2: Reliability Index result Test statistic Possible values Desired values pilot group (N = 60) Item difficulty [0, 1] 0.3 Average 0.47 Index (P) Item Discrimination [-1, 1] 0.3 Average 0.34 Index (D) Reliability [0, 1] & 0.91 Index (r) sidered for the experiment in all the selected colleges. The total number of subjects that constituted the sample for this study was therefore; the 37 electrical/electronics technology education teachers and the 198 final year students from the eight clusters. Simple random sampling technique was also used in placing the Colleges of Education into experimental or control group. After the conduct of the experiment, the pre-test and the post-test scores obtained from the four experimental groups were put together and treated as one group (G 1 ). Also the scores of the four control groups obtained were put together and treated as one group called (G 2 ). The instruments used for this study consisted of the Dick and Carey Instructional Model and a 60-items Electricity/Electronics Achievement Test (EEAT II) developed by the researcher based on the concepts in the content area of the NCE (electricity/electronics technology education) curriculum. The test instrument is an objective test that contained test items like multiple choices, true or false and fill in the blanks spaces. The same test instrument served as pre-test and post-test. Response of students to the Learning Difficulty Opinion Questionnaire (SLDOQ) initially administered by the researcher showed that students experienced some difficulties in understanding many of the concepts in the curriculum. Pilot study was also carried out basically to try-out the test instrument in order to ascertain its reliability. For the purpose of this, intact classes of the electricity/ele ctronics technology education departments were also considered, i.e., 44-students from Hassan Usman Katsina Polytechnic, Katsina, 05- students from College of Education, Azare, Bauchi State and 11-students from Ramat polytechnic maiduguri, Borno State that were at the 300 level of the N.C.E. Programme constituted the pilot group of 60 students. With the cooperation and assistance given by the teachers from the respective departments, EEAT II was administered at different interval of time due to the schools location. Using the data from the group of 60 students, the researcher performed three statistical tests, two of which were focusing on the individual test items (difficulty and discrimination index) and the later (reliability index) focusing on the test as a whole as shown in table 2. Eventually, the Data for this study were collected by administering the EEAT II at the pre-test and the posttest stages. These were however accomplished by the volunteered electricity/electronics technology education teachers from the Colleges of Education involved in the study. In each of these institutions, the teachers were given induction training on how to go about using the Instructional Model in preparing their instructional content, thus: (a) The teachers were requested to read trough the steps and subsequently the task specifications proffered in the model before commencement of the instructional design. (b) The teachers were encouraged to be objective and critical as possible in following all the steps specified in the model. (c) The teachers were asked to complete all the activities prescribed by the model when planning for the instruction. (d) When all teaching had ended, the post-test was then administered to the students. This covered a period of twelve weeks for the group taught under guidance of the Dick and Carey instructional model and the group taught using the traditional lecture method. Each week comprised of two periods of 60 minutes. The same test instrument served as both the pre-test and the post-test to enable the researcher find out the gain in knowledge by the subjects in the groups. For the Data Analysis, the data obtained from the pre-test and post-test administered were used to test the null hypotheses using student t-

5 Bello and Aliyu 281 Table 3. Comparison of the Mean Scores of the Experimental and Control Group in the Pre-test Group Mean S.D N df S.E t-cal * t-crit ** Decision Exp accepted Control Table 4. Comparison of the Mean Scores of Experimental and Control Group in the Post-test Group Mean S. D N df S.E t-cal * t-crit ** Decision Exp rejected Control Table 5. Comparison of the Mean Scores of Male and Female Subjects in Experimental Group in the Post-test Subject Mean S.D N df S.E t-cal * t-crit ** Decision Male accepted Female test, based on the decision that If the calculated t-ratio is greater than the critical or table value, null (H o ) hypothesis is rejected in favour of the alternative (H a ). RESULTS Hypothesis 1 achievement scores of both the experimental and control group in the pre-test. From Table 3, the t-calculated value (1.78) is less than the t-critical value (1.97); the null hypothesis is therefore accepted that there was no significant difference between the experimental and control groups on the pre-test. Hypothesis 2 achievement scores of both experimental and control groups in the post-test. Referring to Table 4, the calculated t-value is (11.96) while the critical or table t- value is (1.97).The calculated t-ratio exceeds the critical t-ratio; the null hypothesis was therefore rejected in favour of the alternative hypothesis. Significant difference was found in favour of those thought using the Instructional Model. In other words, the use of the Dick and Carey Model has proved to be more effective in facilitating the acquisition of knowledge among the subjects than the use of the Conventional Lecture Method. Hypothesis 3 achievement scores of male and female subjects in experimental group in post-test. From Table 5, the calculated t-value (1.46) is less than the critical t-value (2.0086). The null hypothesis was accepted at 0.05 levels of significance. That there was no significant difference between the mean scores of male and female subjects in the experimental group when post-tested. Any differences observed are such that they could have arisen from sampling errors. Hypothesis 4 achievement scores of subjects in Federal and State Colleges of Education in experimental group in post-test. Table 6 indicated the Comparison of the mean scores of subjects in Federal and State Colleges of Education in the experimental group on the post-test. The t- calculated (6.08) is higher than the t-critical (1.99). The null hypothesis was therefore rejected at 0.05 levels of significance in favour of the alternative hypothesis. Hence, we concluded that subjects from Federal Colleges of Education performed better than those in

6 282 Educ. Res. Table 6. Comparison of the Mean Scores of Subjects in Federal and State Colleges of Education in the Experimental Group in the Post-test Colleges Mean S.D N df S.E t-cal * t-crit ** Decision Federal rejected State the State Colleges of Education in experimental group in the post-test. Findings of the Study Based on the data analysis presented, the followings are the principal Findings of the study: 1. There was no significant difference in the mean achievement scores of both the experimental and control groups in the pre-test. 2. Significant difference in the mean achievement score was found in favour of the experimental group (i.e. those taught using the instructional model). 3. There was no significant difference in the mean achievement scores attributed to gender in the experimental group when post-tested. 4. There was significant difference in the mean achievement scores of subjects from Federal Colleges of Education compared to subjects from State Colleges of Education in the experimental group when posttested. DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS The result of the analysis of the null hypothesis which stated that There would be no significant difference between the mean achievement scores of experimental and control groups on the post-test' revealed that the experimental group performed significantly better than the control group. This significant difference in the mean achievement scores between the experimental and control groups may be attributable to the treatment that exists between the two different groups leading to better retention of facts among the subjects in the experimental group. This may well be an indication that the sequential stages of proper instructional designing and presentation provided in the Dick and Carey model have offered a better understanding of the difficult concepts by the learners. The better performance of the experimental group over the control group also enjoyed the effort of the teachers through judicious utilization of the model in designing lessons. The finding that the Dick and Carey instructional model assists retention of knowledge, as a possible outcome of better initial learning among the experimental group, derives support from the works of: Bruner (Undated) who stated that concepts are better learnt through learners participations in problem solving, and also that of Seels and Glasgow (1990), Anglin (1991), Smith and Ragam (1993), Genry (1994) and Kemp et al (1996) among others. At the end of the treatment, transition in average scores between the experimental and the control groups in the pre-test and post-test were found to be from 37.15% to 64.73% (experimental groups) and from 37.32% to 49.25% (control groups) respectively. This however, signified that the traditional classroom instructional strategies readily practiced by teachers in the control groups did not offer significant change in the mean performance of the subjects when compared to the experimental groups. This could be as a result of setting complicating instructional objectives, poor use of instructional strategies and biased assessment of students learning outcome, thereby resulting to low academic performance of the students. Proper use of all these stages were clearly suggested by Gagne (1977), and Kemp, et al (1996) and were adequately emphasized in the Dick and Carey model. The result of the analysis of the third hypothesis showed that there was no significant difference in the mean achievement scores attributable to gender/sex (Male or Female) in the experimental and control groups. This implies that when appropriate stages of delivering instruction are employed and relevant instructional materials were used, the learners could actually acquire the best in whatever lesson or course of study irrespective of sex difference. The finding of this study regarding academic performance base on gender is in agreement with that of Zoango (1971), Brown (1978), Watercraft (1984), Okeke (1986) and Inomesia (1987) in Uzoagulu (1997) who found that there were no significant difference between the achievement of male and female subjects in science. Therefore, the finding that both male and female subjects in this study performed evenly is not misleading. Sex appears to be no determinant of achievement in the technical colleges. It was clear from the result that most of the females were as competent as most males. Therefore, it would be unnecessary to provide a different teaching strategy for any of the sexes. One factor which is said to distinguish males from females in their achievement is the presence of mathematics. Even then, Maccoby in Uzoagulu (1997) has noted that between the ages of 7, 11, and 12, males and females perform about equally in skills connected with computation. The result of hypothesis 4 of the study indicated that there was significant difference in the mean achievement scores between subjects from Federal

7 Bello and Aliyu 283 Colleges of Education compared to those from State s owned Colleges of Education in the experimental groups when post-tested. There was a variation of performance observed between the scores obtained from the Federal Colleges of Education compared to the scores obtained from the State colleges of Education (µ FM = and µ SM = 36.47) respectively. This could be attributed to lack of adequate provision of instructional facilities in most state s own schools as clearly pointed out in Aina (1992) and Makoju (1998) who reported that there is acute shortage of infrastructures and physical facilities in most technical teacher training institutions in the country, coupled with the inability of some teachers to improvise as at when due. This also is an indication of the fact that teaching and learning could be more result oriented if adequate instructional materials are put in place, proper instructional strategies are followed and the learners are adequately participating in the processing of the knowledge. CONCLUSION The poor performance of the students in the Colleges of Education examinations was an indication of the fact that they were poorly taught, and also that difficulty exists in learning the subjects among the students. The Dick and Carey Model proved more efficient than the traditional lecture method readily adopted by most teachers at the higher institutions of learning. RECOMMENDATIONS The following recommendations were proffered based on the findings of this study:- 1. While designing instruction using the Dick and Carey Model, care should be taken by teachers to select a type of multimedia that is relevant to the learning objectives, otherwise, the technology - not the pedagogy - would drive the course delivery. 2. Electricity/Electronics technology education teachers should subject the Dick and Carey Model into use by further trying it out at various institutions of learning, as this will ascertain its usefulness in developing instructions based on content and learners requirement. 3. NCCE should consider the adoption of the Dick and Carey model as the proper means of designing instructions across all the N.C.E. awarding Institutions in the Country. REFERENCES Aina O (1992). Vocational and Technical Teacher Training in Nigeria.Centre for International Technical Education: Huddershield, U.K. Anglin G (1991). Instructional technology: Past, present and future. Englewood, Colorado: Libraries Unlimited. Bednar AK, Cunningham D, Duffy TM, Perry JP (1995). Theory into practice: How do we link? In G.J. Anglin (Ed.), Instructional technology: Past, present and future. (2nd Ed., pp ). Englewood, CO: Libraries Unlimited, Inc. Campbell DT, Julian CS (1963). Experimental and Quasi- Experimental Designs for Research: Houghton Mifflin Company Boston, USA Dick W, Carey L (1996). The systematic design of instruction. (4 th ed.). New York: Harper Collins College Publishers. Dick W, Carey L, James O (2005) [1978]. The Systematic Design of Instruction (6th ed.). Allyn Bacon. pp Carey WO, Carey L (2004)Systematic Design of Instruction. Boston,MA:Allyn and Bacon. Gagne RM (1977). The conditions of learning. (4 nd ed.). New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, Inc. Genry C (1994). Introduction to instructional development. Belmont, California: Wad publishing Co. Gibbons B, Herman J (1997). True and quasi-experimental designs. Practical Assessment, Research and Evaluation 5 (14). Gustafson KL, Branch RM (1997). Survey of IDM, (3 rd. Ed). Syracuse, NY:Information Resources Publications, Syracuce University. Januszewski A, Molenda M (2008). Educational Technology: A definition with commentary. New York, NY: Routledge. Kemp J, Morrison G, Ross S (1996). Designing effective instruction. Upper Saddle New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc. Makoju EJ (1998). Strategies for improving practical content of technology subjects: Albany Delna, press. Piskurich GM (2006). Rapid Instructional Design: Learning ID fast and right. Richardson V (2001). Handbook of Research on Teaching (4 th Ed.): American Educational Research Association, Washington, D.C. Sambo AA (2005). Research Methods in Education. Stirling-Horden Publishers (Nig.) Ltd. Lagos, Ibadan, Bennin City, Jattu-Uzairue. Seels B, Glasgow Z (1998). Making instructional design decisions. Columbus, Ohio: Publishing Company. Smith P, Ragan T (1993). Instructional design. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pren Hall, Inc. United Nation International Children Education Fund (UNICEF), Children and Women s Rights in Nigeria: A Wake-up Call. Situation Assessment and Analysis. National Planning Commission, Abuja and UNICEF Nigeria Uzoagulu AE (1997). Interpretation of Research Results. In A.E. Eze et al (eds) Foundations of Research in Education. Enugu: Rejoint Communication Ltd.

INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN IN EDUCATION: NEW MODEL

INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN IN EDUCATION: NEW MODEL INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN IN EDUCATION: NEW MODEL Prof. Dr. Aytekin İŞMAN Sakarya University, Turkey isman@sakarya.edu.tr & ismanay@hotmail.com, www.aytekinisman.com INTRODUCTION Instruction is a plan of teaching

More information

Technological Attitude and Academic Achievement of Physics Students in Secondary Schools (Pp. 150-157)

Technological Attitude and Academic Achievement of Physics Students in Secondary Schools (Pp. 150-157) An International Multi-Disciplinary Journal, Ethiopia Vol. 4 (3a) July, 2010 ISSN 1994-9057 (Print) ISSN 2070-0083 (Online) Technological Attitude and Academic Achievement of Physics Students in Secondary

More information

Comparative Analysis between System Approach, Kemp, and ASSURE Instructional Design Models

Comparative Analysis between System Approach, Kemp, and ASSURE Instructional Design Models International Journal of Education and Research Vol. 3 No. 12 December 2015 Comparative Analysis between System Approach, Kemp, and ASSURE Instructional Design Models By Ahmad Abdullahi Ibrahim Ahmad.daneji@yahoo.com

More information

Effects of Computer Animation Package on Senior Secondary School Students Academic Achievement in Geography in Ondo State, Nigeria.

Effects of Computer Animation Package on Senior Secondary School Students Academic Achievement in Geography in Ondo State, Nigeria. Journal of Teaching and Teacher Education ISSN (2210-1578) J. Tea. Tea. Edu. 3, No. 2 (July-2015) Effects of Computer Animation Package on Senior Secondary School Students Academic Achievement in Geography

More information

Nonye Azih and B.O. Nwosu Department of Business Education, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Nigeria

Nonye Azih and B.O. Nwosu Department of Business Education, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Nigeria Current Research Journal of Social Sciences 3(2): 66-70, 2011 ISSN: 2041-3246 Maxwell Scientific Organization, 2011 Received: November 23, 2010 Accepted: March 08, 2011 Published: March 30, 2011 Effects

More information

Full Length Research Paper. * 1 Adeshina Tunde Joel, 2 Udoh Abasido, 3 Ndomi Benjamin and 2 Aliyu Muhibeedeen

Full Length Research Paper. * 1 Adeshina Tunde Joel, 2 Udoh Abasido, 3 Ndomi Benjamin and 2 Aliyu Muhibeedeen Educational Research (ISSN: 2141-5161) Vol. 3(8) pp. 632-638, August 2012 Available online@ http://www.interesjournals.org/er Copyright 2012 International Research Journals Full Length Research Paper Impact

More information

Solomon Iheonunekwu ; Onyemaechi Kevin Egesi and Ogbenyealu Uche Uchechi

Solomon Iheonunekwu ; Onyemaechi Kevin Egesi and Ogbenyealu Uche Uchechi INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY AND STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN BUSINESS STUDIES IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN AROCHUKWU L.G.A. OF ABIA STATE Solomon Iheonunekwu; Onyemaechi Kevin Egesi

More information

Systems Approach Model for Designing Instruction (Dick & Carey)

Systems Approach Model for Designing Instruction (Dick & Carey) Contact: Novita Training 1-773-590-3636 info@novitaunique.com www.novitatraining.com Systems Approach Model for Designing Instruction (Dick & Carey) Brief description The Dick and Carey model prescribes

More information

Instructional Design: A Postcard View. Brian Querry EDTECH 503 Spring 2011

Instructional Design: A Postcard View. Brian Querry EDTECH 503 Spring 2011 Instructional Design: A Postcard View Brian Querry EDTECH 503 Spring 2011 List of Postcards SLIDES CONTENT 3-4 The History of Instructional Design 5-6 Definition of "Instructional Design" 7-8 Systematic

More information

IMPLICATIONS OF TWO WELL-KNOWN MODELS FOR INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGNERS IN DISTANCE EDUCATION: DICK-CAREY VERSUS MORRISON-ROSS-KEMP

IMPLICATIONS OF TWO WELL-KNOWN MODELS FOR INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGNERS IN DISTANCE EDUCATION: DICK-CAREY VERSUS MORRISON-ROSS-KEMP Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education-TOJDE April 2007 ISSN 1302 6488, Volume: 8 Number: 2 Article: 5 IMPLICATIONS OF TWO WELL-KNOWN MODELS FOR INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGNERS IN DISTANCE EDUCATION: DICK-CAREY

More information

Patrick U. Osadebe 1,* *Correspondence: Department of Guidance and Counselling, Delta State University, Abraka, USA. E-mail: drosadebeuzo@gmail.

Patrick U. Osadebe 1,* *Correspondence: Department of Guidance and Counselling, Delta State University, Abraka, USA. E-mail: drosadebeuzo@gmail. Comparative Analysis of Senior Secondary School Students Performance with School-Based Assessment Scores of Continuous Assessment and Promotion Examination in Delta State Patrick U. Osadebe 1,* 1 Department

More information

Achievement in Physics Using Mastery Learning and Mind Mapping Approaches: Implication on Gender and Attitude

Achievement in Physics Using Mastery Learning and Mind Mapping Approaches: Implication on Gender and Attitude International Journal of Humanities Social Sciences and Education (IJHSSE) Volume 1, Issue 12, December 2014, PP 154-161 ISSN 2349-0373 (Print) & ISSN 2349-0381 (Online) www.arcjournals.org Achievement

More information

Effect of Computer-Assisted Packages on the Performance of Senior Secondary Students in Mathematics in Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria

Effect of Computer-Assisted Packages on the Performance of Senior Secondary Students in Mathematics in Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria Effect of Computer-Assisted Packages on the Performance of Senior Secondary Students in Mathematics in Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria Ada Anyamene, PhD Chinyelu Nwokolo, PhD Department of Guidance and Counselling

More information

Instructional Design Models. UBC/KFUPM Workshop 2009

Instructional Design Models. UBC/KFUPM Workshop 2009 Instructional Design Models UBC/KFUPM Workshop 2009 Instructional Design? The process for designing instruction based on sound practices. Instructional design is based on the assumption that learning is

More information

BUSINESS EDUCATION STUDENTS S PERCEPTION OF THE SKILL NEEDS FOR SUCCESSFUL ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN NIGERIA. M. O. BINUOMOTE

BUSINESS EDUCATION STUDENTS S PERCEPTION OF THE SKILL NEEDS FOR SUCCESSFUL ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN NIGERIA. M. O. BINUOMOTE BUSINESS EDUCATION STUDENTS S PERCEPTION OF THE SKILL NEEDS FOR SUCCESSFUL ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN NIGERIA. M. O. BINUOMOTE and OKOLI. B.E Department of Business Education Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki,

More information

EVALUATING BASIC TECHNOLOGY INSTRUCTION IN NIGERIAN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

EVALUATING BASIC TECHNOLOGY INSTRUCTION IN NIGERIAN SECONDARY SCHOOLS EVALUATING BASIC TECHNOLOGY INSTRUCTION IN NIGERIAN SECONDARY SCHOOLS V.O. Uwaifo Department of Vocational and Technical Education, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma and J. E.O. Edigin Department of Vocational

More information

The African Symposium: An online journal of the African Educational Research Network

The African Symposium: An online journal of the African Educational Research Network EFFECT OF COMPUTER SIMULATION INSTRUCTIONAL PACKAGE ON SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL MATHEMATICS STUDENTS RETENTION IN ARITHMETIC PROGRESSION IN LAVUN LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF NIGER STATE, NIGERIA Ramatu Wodu

More information

Enhancing Mathematics Achievement of Secondary School Students Using Mastery Learning Approach

Enhancing Mathematics Achievement of Secondary School Students Using Mastery Learning Approach Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Studies (JETERAPS) 4(6): 848-854 Journal Scholarlink of Emerging Research Trends Institute in Educational Journals, 203 Research (ISSN: and

More information

Analysis of Three Instructional Design Models

Analysis of Three Instructional Design Models Analysis of Three Instructional Design Models 1 2 Abstract Instructional design models provide for a systematic approach of implementing the instructional design process for a specific educational initiative

More information

Integration of New Technologies in Teaching and Learning of Accounting in Public Tertiary Institutions: A critical role of an Accountancy Educator

Integration of New Technologies in Teaching and Learning of Accounting in Public Tertiary Institutions: A critical role of an Accountancy Educator International Journal of Scientific Research in Education, MARCH 2015, Vol. 8(1), 19-26. Integration of New Technologies in Teaching and Learning of Accounting in Public Tertiary Institutions: A critical

More information

Impact of Computer Education on Students Interest and Performance in Automobile Trade, in Nigerian Secondary Schools and Colleges

Impact of Computer Education on Students Interest and Performance in Automobile Trade, in Nigerian Secondary Schools and Colleges Impact of Computer Education on Students Interest and Performance in Automobile Trade, in Nigerian Secondary Schools and Colleges Name: Ohwojero Chamberlain Address: Delta State University Secondary School,

More information

Effect of polya problem-solving model on senior secondary school students performance in current electricity

Effect of polya problem-solving model on senior secondary school students performance in current electricity European Journal of Science and Mathematics Education Vol. 3, o. 1, 2015, 97 104 Effect of polya problem-solving model on senior secondary school students performance in current electricity Olaniyan, Ademola

More information

The Effect of Animated Cartoons on Teaching English Grammar: A Study of St Louis Nursery and Primary School, Ikere -Ekiti, Nigeria

The Effect of Animated Cartoons on Teaching English Grammar: A Study of St Louis Nursery and Primary School, Ikere -Ekiti, Nigeria The Effect of Animated Cartoons on Teaching English Grammar: A Study of St Louis Nursery and Primary School, Ikere -Ekiti, Nigeria Bankole Faloye, Oladunni Olufunso Deji-Afuye College of Education, Nigeria

More information

ESE 6939 Instructional Design

ESE 6939 Instructional Design ESE 6939 Instructional Design The mission of the College of Education is to prepare exemplary practitioners and scholars; to generate, use and disseminate knowledge about teaching, learning and human development;

More information

Towards Utilization of E-Learning in Preparing Business Education Students for the World of Work

Towards Utilization of E-Learning in Preparing Business Education Students for the World of Work An International Multidisciplinary Journal, Ethiopia Vol. 8(3), Serial No. 34, July, 2014:155-164 ISSN 1994-9057 (Print) ISSN 2070--0083 (Online) DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/afrrev.v8i3.13 Towards Utilization

More information

Effects of Photography on Acquisition of Sculpture Skills among Junior Secondary School Students in Osun State, Nigeria (Pp.

Effects of Photography on Acquisition of Sculpture Skills among Junior Secondary School Students in Osun State, Nigeria (Pp. An International Multi-Disciplinary Journal, Ethiopia Vol. 4 (2) April, 2010 ISSN 1994-9057 (Print) ISSN 2070-0083 (Online) Effects of Photography on Acquisition of Sculpture Skills among Junior Secondary

More information

Integrating Instructional Technology into Teacher Education Curriculum in Nigeria

Integrating Instructional Technology into Teacher Education Curriculum in Nigeria ISSN: 2276-7789 ICV 2012: 6.05 Integrating Instructional Technology into Teacher Education Curriculum in Nigeria By Abidoye J. A. (Ph.D) Fatoki O. R. Research Article Integrating Instructional Technology

More information

A Study of Student Attitudes and Performance in an Online Introductory Business Statistics Class

A Study of Student Attitudes and Performance in an Online Introductory Business Statistics Class A Study of Student Attitudes and Performance in an Online Introductory Business Statistics Class Sue B. Schou Idaho State University ABSTRACT Due to economic constraints, more and more distance education

More information

Running head: THE FIELD OF INSTRUCTIONAL TECHNOLOGY. Instructional Design. Teresa Hill. University of Houston ClearLake

Running head: THE FIELD OF INSTRUCTIONAL TECHNOLOGY. Instructional Design. Teresa Hill. University of Houston ClearLake Design 1 Running head: THE FIELD OF INSTRUCTIONAL TECHNOLOGY Instructional Design Teresa Hill University of Houston ClearLake In partial fulfillment of the requirements for INST 5131 Assignment 3 Caroline

More information

Teaching & Media: A Systematic Approach

Teaching & Media: A Systematic Approach Teaching & Media: A Systematic Approach The Gerlach & Ely Model A Critique by Sarah Grabowski February 27, 2003 Dr. Rob Branch EDIT 6180 The Gerlach & Ely Model From Teaching and Media: A Systematic Approach,

More information

HMID 5003: Principles and Practices of Instructional Design

HMID 5003: Principles and Practices of Instructional Design HMID 5003: Principles and Practices of Instructional Design Welcome and Introduction to the Course What a wonderful phrase this is: instructional design! Most times, students or people at large are curious

More information

NATIONAL OPEN OF UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA

NATIONAL OPEN OF UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA NATIONAL OPEN OF UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA SCHOOL OF EDUCATION COURSE CODE: EDT 821 COURSE TITLE: INSTRUCTIONAL TASK ANALYSIS AND PSYCHOLOGICAL BASIS OF INSTRUCTIONAL MEDIA 1 COURSE GUIDE EDT 821 INSTRUCTIONAL

More information

ICT Utilization and Teaching Learning in Business Education in Tertiary Institutions in Cross River State

ICT Utilization and Teaching Learning in Business Education in Tertiary Institutions in Cross River State Doi:10.5901/mjss.2013.v4n5p99 Abstract ICT Utilization and Teaching Learning in Business Education in Tertiary Institutions in Cross River State Edet E. Okon Francis I. Okon Department of Vocational Education

More information

CGMB 123 MULTIMEDIA APPLICATION DEVELOPMENT

CGMB 123 MULTIMEDIA APPLICATION DEVELOPMENT CGMB 123 MULTIMEDIA APPLICATION DEVELOPMENT Chapter 7 Instructional System Design Models T.J.Iskandar Abd. Aziz tjiskandar@uniten.edu.my Part I Instructional Design Terms & Definition Objectives 3 Upon

More information

Effectiveness of Mastery Learning Strategy and Inquiry Training Model on Pupil s Achievement in Science

Effectiveness of Mastery Learning Strategy and Inquiry Training Model on Pupil s Achievement in Science Effectiveness of Mastery Learning Strategy and Inquiry Training Model on Pupil s Achievement in Science ASHOK K. KALIA* ABSTRACT The present study aims to investigate the effectiveness of Mastery Learning

More information

International Journal of Education and Research Vol. 3 No. 1 January 2015

International Journal of Education and Research Vol. 3 No. 1 January 2015 International Journal of Education and Research Vol. 3 No. 1 January 2015 CHALLENGES OF EFFECTIVE CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT AND CONTROL IN PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN DELTA STATE BY OSAKWE, Regina N. (Ph.D.)

More information

ASSURE Model 1. Deconstructing the Heinich, Moldena, Russell, and Smaldino. Instructional Design Model. Angela E. Megaw

ASSURE Model 1. Deconstructing the Heinich, Moldena, Russell, and Smaldino. Instructional Design Model. Angela E. Megaw ASSURE Model 1 Running head: ASSURE MODEL Deconstructing the Heinich, Moldena, Russell, and Smaldino Instructional Design Model Angela E. Megaw EDIT 6180 University of Georgia ASSURE Model 2 Unlike most

More information

INFLUENCE OF EXPECTANCY THEORY ON EMPLOYEES PERFORMANCE IN LAGOS STATE CHAPTER ONE

INFLUENCE OF EXPECTANCY THEORY ON EMPLOYEES PERFORMANCE IN LAGOS STATE CHAPTER ONE INFLUENCE OF EXPECTANCY THEORY ON EMPLOYEES PERFORMANCE IN LAGOS STATE CHAPTER ONE 1.1 Introduction In every organisation, the human resource is the most delicate and complex to manage and control. Most

More information

Reforming Basic Science Teaching and Learning In Primary Schools Through Mutual Team Teaching: A Study of Oyo East Local Government Area of Oyo State

Reforming Basic Science Teaching and Learning In Primary Schools Through Mutual Team Teaching: A Study of Oyo East Local Government Area of Oyo State Reforming Basic Science Teaching and Learning In Primary Schools Through Mutual Team Teaching: A Study of Oyo East Local Government Area of Oyo State Bolaji, O.A Emmanuel Alayande College of Education,

More information

PERCEPTION OF DIFFICULT TOPICS IN CHEMISTRY CURRICULUM BY STUDENTS IN NIGERIA SECONDARY SCHOOLS

PERCEPTION OF DIFFICULT TOPICS IN CHEMISTRY CURRICULUM BY STUDENTS IN NIGERIA SECONDARY SCHOOLS PERCEPTION OF DIFFICULT TOPICS IN CHEMISTRY CURRICULUM BY STUDENTS IN NIGERIA SECONDARY SCHOOLS Jimoh, Adeyemi Tajudeen (PhD) Kwara State College of Education, Oro Abstract This study was conducted to

More information

The State of Administration of Health Services among Secondary Schools in Cross River State of Nigeria (Pp. 292-301)

The State of Administration of Health Services among Secondary Schools in Cross River State of Nigeria (Pp. 292-301) An International Multi-Disciplinary Journal, Ethiopia Vol. 5 (1), Serial No. 18, January, 2011 ISSN 1994-9057 (Print) ISSN 2070-0083 (Online) The State of Administration of Health Services among Secondary

More information

The Pedagogy of Medical Education

The Pedagogy of Medical Education The Pedagogy of Medical Education Instructional Design Principles The best instruction is that which is: Effective - facilitates learners acquisition of the prescribed knowledge, skills and attitudes Efficient

More information

The Systematic Design of Instruction

The Systematic Design of Instruction The Systematic Design of Instruction Walter Dick, Florida State University Lou Carey, University of South Florida James O. Carey, University of South Florida Contents Preface xvii To the Instructor xxi

More information

The Development of High Quality E-Learning Courseware For Students in Higher Education 1 : Empirical Findings from Chiang Mai University.

The Development of High Quality E-Learning Courseware For Students in Higher Education 1 : Empirical Findings from Chiang Mai University. 1 The Development of High Quality E-Learning Courseware For Students in Higher Education 1 : Empirical Findings from Chiang Mai University Abstract Dr. Thanomporn Laohajaratsang 2 In order to make the

More information

Assessment of the quality of business education programme in selected higher institutions in Ogun State

Assessment of the quality of business education programme in selected higher institutions in Ogun State AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SOCIAL AND MANAGEMENT SCIENCES ISSN Print: 2156-1540, ISSN Online: 2151-1559, doi:10.5251/ajsms.2012.3.4.140.144 2012, ScienceHuβ, http://www.scihub.org/ajsms Assessment of the quality

More information

Effective students involvement in public relations: a strategy for improving enrolment into technical teacher education programme in Nigeria

Effective students involvement in public relations: a strategy for improving enrolment into technical teacher education programme in Nigeria AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SOCIAL AND MANAGEMENT SCIENCES ISSN Print: 2156-1540, ISSN Online: 2151-1559, doi:10.5251/ajsms.2011.2.4.392.397 2011, ScienceHuβ, http://www.scihub.org/ajsms Effective students involvement

More information

INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN: A Comparison of Models Instructional Design Spring Semester 2012 MEDT-7461-N01

INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN: A Comparison of Models Instructional Design Spring Semester 2012 MEDT-7461-N01 Instructional Design Spring Semester MEDT-7461-N01 Heather North 3/20/ Instructional Design has many definitions. Although each model is different, they all incorporate student centered components that

More information

Role of Educational Technology at Primary School Level In District Karak (KHYBER PUKHTUNKHWA) PAKISTAN

Role of Educational Technology at Primary School Level In District Karak (KHYBER PUKHTUNKHWA) PAKISTAN Role of Educational Technology at Primary School Level In District Karak (KHYBER PUKHTUNKHWA) PAKISTAN Qaiser Suleman M.Phil (Education) Scholar, Kohat University of Science & Technology Kohat (Khyber

More information

THE INFLUENCE OF PARENTS EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND AND STUDY FACILITIES ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

THE INFLUENCE OF PARENTS EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND AND STUDY FACILITIES ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS Ozean Journal of Social Sciences 6(2), 2013 ISSN 1943-2577 2013 Ozean Publication THE INFLUENCE OF PARENTS EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND AND STUDY FACILITIES ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

More information

Instructional Transaction Theory: An Instructional Design Model based on Knowledge Objects

Instructional Transaction Theory: An Instructional Design Model based on Knowledge Objects : An Instructional Design Model based on Knowledge Objects M. David Merrill and the ID 2 Research Group Department of Instructional Technology Utah State University, Logan, UT 84322-2830, USA Educational

More information

EFFECTS OF ADVANCE ORGANIZER TEACHING APPROACH ON SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS ACHIEVEMENT IN CHEMISTRY IN MAARA DISTRICT, KENYA

EFFECTS OF ADVANCE ORGANIZER TEACHING APPROACH ON SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS ACHIEVEMENT IN CHEMISTRY IN MAARA DISTRICT, KENYA EFFECTS OF ADVANCE ORGANIZER TEACHING APPROACH ON SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS ACHIEVEMENT IN CHEMISTRY IN MAARA DISTRICT, KENYA PROFESSOR SAMUEL W. WACHANGA*; ANTONY MUGIIRA ARIMBA**; PROF. ZACHARIAH K.

More information

INVESTIGATIONS OF STUDENTS MOTIVATION TOWARDS LEARNING SECONDARY SCHOOL PHYSICS THROUGH MASTERY LEARNING APPROACH

INVESTIGATIONS OF STUDENTS MOTIVATION TOWARDS LEARNING SECONDARY SCHOOL PHYSICS THROUGH MASTERY LEARNING APPROACH JOHNSON M. CHANGEIYWO, P. W. WAMBUGU and S. W. WACHANGA INVESTIGATIONS OF STUDENTS MOTIVATION TOWARDS LEARNING SECONDARY SCHOOL PHYSICS THROUGH MASTERY LEARNING APPROACH Received: 4 June 2009; Accepted:

More information

ADDIE. Instructional Design Model. Leshin et. Al. in 1992 labeled instructional design as instructional system

ADDIE. Instructional Design Model. Leshin et. Al. in 1992 labeled instructional design as instructional system 1 ADDIE Instructional Design Model Background information: Leshin et. Al. in 1992 labeled instructional design as instructional system development, in which an individual completes an ordered set of activities

More information

THE EFFECT OF PEER TUTORING AND EXPLICIT INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGIES ON PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS LEARNING OUTCOMES IN MATHEMATICS

THE EFFECT OF PEER TUTORING AND EXPLICIT INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGIES ON PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS LEARNING OUTCOMES IN MATHEMATICS Bulgarian Journal of Science and Education Policy (BJSEP), Volume 7, Number 1, 2013 THE EFFECT OF PEER TUTORING AND EXPLICIT INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGIES ON PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS LEARNING OUTCOMES IN MATHEMATICS

More information

The effect of teachers qualifications on students performance in mathematics

The effect of teachers qualifications on students performance in mathematics Sky Journal of Educational Research Sky Journal of Educational Research Vol. 2(1), pp. 010-014, February, 2014 Available online http://www.skyjournals.org/sjer ISSN 2354-4406 2014 Sky Journals Full Length

More information

Effect of Smart Classroom Learning Environment on Academic Achievement of Rural High Achievers and Low Achievers in Science

Effect of Smart Classroom Learning Environment on Academic Achievement of Rural High Achievers and Low Achievers in Science International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences Vol. 3 (2013) pp 1-9 Online: 2013-09-25 (2013) SciPress Ltd., Switzerland doi:10.18052/www.scipress.com/ilshs.3.1 Effect of Smart Classroom Learning

More information

Perception of Nigerian secondary school teachers on introduction of. e-learning platforms for instruction

Perception of Nigerian secondary school teachers on introduction of. e-learning platforms for instruction December 2010, Volume 7, No.12 (Serial No.73) US-China Education Review, ISSN 1548-6613, USA Perception of Nigerian secondary school teachers on introduction of e-learning platforms for instruction Peter

More information

Gender Differences in Use of Electronic Resources in University Libraries of Adamawa State, Nigeria

Gender Differences in Use of Electronic Resources in University Libraries of Adamawa State, Nigeria http://unllib.unl.edu/lpp/ Library Philosophy and Practice 2011 ISSN 1522-0222 Gender Differences in Use of Electronic Resources in University Libraries of Adamawa State, Nigeria Musa Dauda Bassi Assistant

More information

School Environmental Variables and Students Academic Performance in Agricultural Science

School Environmental Variables and Students Academic Performance in Agricultural Science School Environmental Variables and Students Academic Performance in Agricultural Science Dr. S. O. Nsa Dr. A. A. Offiong Mr. M. F. Udo Mr. A. S. Ikot Department of Vocational Education Faculty of Education

More information

Form 2B City University of Hong Kong

Form 2B City University of Hong Kong Form 2B City University of Hong Kong Information on a Course offered by Department of Applied Social Sciences with effect from Semester A 2012/2013 Part I Course Title: Course Code: Course Duration: Educational

More information

Effects of Teaching through Online Teacher versus Real Teacher on Student Learning in the Classroom

Effects of Teaching through Online Teacher versus Real Teacher on Student Learning in the Classroom Effects of Teaching through Online Teacher versus Real Teacher on Student Learning in the Classroom Sirous Hadadnia Islamic Azad University-Mamasani Branch, Iran Norouz Hadadnia Zargan Office of Education,

More information

ISSN: 2322-4770. Journal of Educational and Management Studies. J. Educ. Manage. Stud., 5(3): 180-186; Sep 30, 2015

ISSN: 2322-4770. Journal of Educational and Management Studies. J. Educ. Manage. Stud., 5(3): 180-186; Sep 30, 2015 ORIGINAL ARTICLE PII: S232247701500028-5 Received 05 Jun. 2015 Accepted 10 Aug. 2015 2015, Scienceline Publication www.science-line.com ISSN: 2322-4770 Journal of Educational and Management Studies JEMS

More information

Independent t- Test (Comparing Two Means)

Independent t- Test (Comparing Two Means) Independent t- Test (Comparing Two Means) The objectives of this lesson are to learn: the definition/purpose of independent t-test when to use the independent t-test the use of SPSS to complete an independent

More information

ENHANCING TEACHING QUALITY THROUGH CONTINUING PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION

ENHANCING TEACHING QUALITY THROUGH CONTINUING PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION European Journal of Educational Studies 5(2), 2013 European Journal of Educational Studies 5(2), 2013 2013 Ozean Publication ENHANCING TEACHING QUALITY THROUGH CONTINUING PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION P.I. EMEME*,

More information

The influence of communication on administration of secondary schools in Delta State, Nigeria

The influence of communication on administration of secondary schools in Delta State, Nigeria International NGO Journal Vol. 5(8), pp. 194-198, December 2010 Available online at http:// www.academicjournals.org/ingoj ISSN 1993 8225 2010 Academic Journals Article The influence of communication on

More information

Research Proposal: Evaluating the Effectiveness of Online Learning as. Opposed to Traditional Classroom Delivered Instruction. Mark R.

Research Proposal: Evaluating the Effectiveness of Online Learning as. Opposed to Traditional Classroom Delivered Instruction. Mark R. 1 Running head: Effectiveness of Online Learning Research Proposal: Evaluating the Effectiveness of Online Learning as Opposed to Traditional Classroom Delivered Instruction Mark R. Domenic University

More information

Information and communication technology awareness among technical college teachers in Benue State, Nigeria

Information and communication technology awareness among technical college teachers in Benue State, Nigeria International Journal of Vocational and Technical Education Vol. 3(6), pp. 75-80, September 2011 Available online at http://www.academicjournals.org/ijvte 2011 Academic Journals Full Length Research Paper

More information

in nigerian companies.

in nigerian companies. Information Management 167 in nigerian companies. Idris, Adekunle. A. Abstract: Keywords: Relationship Marketing, Customer loyalty, Customer Service, Relationship Marketing Strategy and Nigeria. Introduction

More information

Conditions of Learning (R. Gagne)

Conditions of Learning (R. Gagne) Conditions of Learning (R. Gagne) http://tip.psychology.org/gagne.html Overview: This theory stipulates that there are several different types or levels of learning. The significance of these classifications

More information

Introduction. Van Houlson, Business Librarian, University of Minnesota Libraries Twin Cities

Introduction. Van Houlson, Business Librarian, University of Minnesota Libraries Twin Cities Introduction Good instruction should not be left to chance and luck. Most of us in libraries get a very limited amount of time with our learners. Even though we might be making some breakthroughs in certain

More information

A STATISTICS COURSE FOR ELEMENTARY AND MIDDLE SCHOOL TEACHERS. Gary Kader and Mike Perry Appalachian State University USA

A STATISTICS COURSE FOR ELEMENTARY AND MIDDLE SCHOOL TEACHERS. Gary Kader and Mike Perry Appalachian State University USA A STATISTICS COURSE FOR ELEMENTARY AND MIDDLE SCHOOL TEACHERS Gary Kader and Mike Perry Appalachian State University USA This paper will describe a content-pedagogy course designed to prepare elementary

More information

WHITE PAPER AN INTRODUCTION TO THE ADDIE INSTRUCTIONAL SYSTEMS DESIGN MODEL

WHITE PAPER AN INTRODUCTION TO THE ADDIE INSTRUCTIONAL SYSTEMS DESIGN MODEL WHITE PAPER AN INTRODUCTION TO THE ADDIE INSTRUCTIONAL SYSTEMS DESIGN MODEL Jolly T. Holden. Ed.D. 2015 i Table of Contents Introduction to Instructional Systems Design...3 Instructional Systems Design

More information

UNDERSTANDING THE INDEPENDENT-SAMPLES t TEST

UNDERSTANDING THE INDEPENDENT-SAMPLES t TEST UNDERSTANDING The independent-samples t test evaluates the difference between the means of two independent or unrelated groups. That is, we evaluate whether the means for two independent groups are significantly

More information

The Impact of E-Learning on some Psychological Dimensions and Academic Achievement

The Impact of E-Learning on some Psychological Dimensions and Academic Achievement Vol.2, No.2 (2013), pp.49-56 http://dx.doi.org/10.14257/ijel.2013.2.2.05 The Impact of E-Learning on some Psychological Dimensions and Academic Achievement Seyedeh Monavar Yazdi 1 and Ghazal Zandkarimi

More information

The Impact of Input Enhancement through Multimedia on the Improvement of Writing Ability

The Impact of Input Enhancement through Multimedia on the Improvement of Writing Ability The Impact of Input Enhancement through Multimedia on the Improvement of Writing Ability Roya Khoii 1, Azin Tabrizi 2 1 Islamic Azad University, Tehran North Branch, Tehran, Iran, 2 Young Researchers Club,

More information

MODERN TRENDS IN THE USE OF EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY IN THE CLASSROOM

MODERN TRENDS IN THE USE OF EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY IN THE CLASSROOM MODERN TRENDS IN THE USE OF EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY IN THE CLASSROOM 1 Dr. (Mrs.) Ann E. Umeh, Dr. (Mrs.) C.C. Nsofor Department of Science Education, Federal University of Technology, Minna Phone No: 08037031358

More information

A NEW MODEL FOR THE WORLD OF INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN: A NEW MODEL

A NEW MODEL FOR THE WORLD OF INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN: A NEW MODEL A NEW MODEL FOR THE WORLD OF INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN: A NEW MODEL Assoc. Prof. Dr. Aytekin İŞMAN Sakarya University Assoc. Prof. Dr. Mehmet ÇAĞLAR Eastern Mediterranean University Senior Instructor Fahme

More information

PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCY AMONG SCHOOL AND NON-SCHOOL COUNSELLORS IN RIVERS STATE, NIGERIA

PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCY AMONG SCHOOL AND NON-SCHOOL COUNSELLORS IN RIVERS STATE, NIGERIA PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCY AMONG SCHOOL AND NON-SCHOOL COUNSELLORS IN RIVERS STATE, NIGERIA Dr. Maxwell. D. Eremie Department of Educational Foundations Faculty of Technical and Science Education University

More information

Technology Integration and Instructional Design

Technology Integration and Instructional Design Technology Integration and Instructional Design By Jennifer Summerville and Angelia Reid-Griffin We required that students consider how they will use the model to design, and plan their lessons to best

More information

ASSESSING THE MANAGEMENT OF HUMAN RESOURCES IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS BY MALE AND FEMALE PRINCIPALS IN RIVERS STATE OF NIGERIA

ASSESSING THE MANAGEMENT OF HUMAN RESOURCES IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS BY MALE AND FEMALE PRINCIPALS IN RIVERS STATE OF NIGERIA ISSN-L: 2223-9553, ISSN: 2223-9944 Academic Research International ASSESSING THE MANAGEMENT OF HUMAN RESOURCES IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS BY MALE AND FEMALE PRINCIPALS IN RIVERS STATE OF NIGERIA Samuel O. Nwafor

More information

LEARNING THEORIES Ausubel's Learning Theory

LEARNING THEORIES Ausubel's Learning Theory LEARNING THEORIES Ausubel's Learning Theory David Paul Ausubel was an American psychologist whose most significant contribution to the fields of educational psychology, cognitive science, and science education.

More information

Instructional Design Basics. Instructor Guide

Instructional Design Basics. Instructor Guide Instructor Guide Table of Contents...1 Instructional Design "The Basics"...1 Introduction...2 Objectives...3 What is Instructional Design?...4 History of Instructional Design...5 Instructional Design

More information

Notes on the design of learning

Notes on the design of learning Notes on the design of learning By Glenn Martin Learning design is known as instructional design, or instructional systems design (ISD). It is a planning and structuring process that analyses employee

More information

Students Perception of the National Open University of Nigeria Scheme: A Case Study of Calabar Centre (Pp. 347-354)

Students Perception of the National Open University of Nigeria Scheme: A Case Study of Calabar Centre (Pp. 347-354) An International Multi-Disciplinary Journal, Ethiopia Vol. 3 (2), January, 2009 ISSN 1994-9057 (Print) ISSN 2070-0083 (Online) Students Perception of the National Open University of Nigeria Scheme: A Case

More information

EDC 607 Instructional Design I Equivalence of On-Campus and Online Delivery Option

EDC 607 Instructional Design I Equivalence of On-Campus and Online Delivery Option EDC 607 Instructional Design I Equivalence of On-Campus and Online Delivery Option 24 Instructor : Gary J. Anglin 137 Taylor Education Building Office Telephone : 257-5972 Email : zandin@ukyed u Instructional

More information

Integrated Educational Programmes in Plateau State, Nigeria

Integrated Educational Programmes in Plateau State, Nigeria Journal of Modern Education Review, ISSN 2155-7993, USA August 2014, Volume 4, No. 8, pp. 623 628 Doi: 10.15341/jmer(2155-7993)/08.04.2014/006 Academic Star Publishing Company, 2014 http://www.academicstar.us

More information

THE TEACHER AS PROFESSIONAL EDUCATOR

THE TEACHER AS PROFESSIONAL EDUCATOR COURSE SYLLABUS Southeast Missouri State University THE TEACHER AS PROFESSIONAL EDUCATOR Department of Middle and Secondary Education Course No.: SE 683 Course Title: Instructional Design & Technology

More information

Assessment of Workshop Facilities Management Practices in Technical Colleges of Niger State

Assessment of Workshop Facilities Management Practices in Technical Colleges of Niger State International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, Volume 4, Issue 7, July 2014 1 Assessment of Workshop Facilities Management Practices in Technical Colleges of Niger State Abdulkadir, M.

More information

Azubuike, O. C. 1 and Offordile, S 2. School of Agriculture/Home Economics,Federal College of Education (Technical),Umunze,Anambra State,

Azubuike, O. C. 1 and Offordile, S 2. School of Agriculture/Home Economics,Federal College of Education (Technical),Umunze,Anambra State, STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING THE USE OF ELECTRONIC TEACHING AND LEARNING(E-LEARNING) IN AGRIC SCIENCE AND HOME ECONOMICS IN TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS OF ANAMBRA STATE-NIGERIA Azubuike, O. C. 1 and Offordile, S 2

More information

MODELS OF CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT

MODELS OF CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT MODELS OF CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT 1. Curriculum model A model can give order of the process Curriculum development is a task, it requires orderly thinking. It needs to examine both the order in which decisions

More information

Journal of Empirical Studies TEACHERS CHARACTERISTICS AND STUDENTS PERFORMANCE LEVEL IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING

Journal of Empirical Studies TEACHERS CHARACTERISTICS AND STUDENTS PERFORMANCE LEVEL IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING Journal of Empirical Studies journal homepage: http://pakinsight.com/?ic=journal&journal=66 TEACHERS CHARACTERISTICS AND STUDENTS PERFORMANCE LEVEL IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING Bolarinwa

More information

University Undergraduate StudentsPerception of Arts Course Content, Behavioural Outcomes and Entrepreneurial Skills in Cross River State Nigeria

University Undergraduate StudentsPerception of Arts Course Content, Behavioural Outcomes and Entrepreneurial Skills in Cross River State Nigeria Global Journal of Human Social Science Interdisciplinary Volume 13 Issue 1 Version 1.0 Year 2013 Type: Double Blind Peer Reviewed International Research Journal Publisher: Global Journals Inc. (USA) Online

More information

The Effect of Varied Visual Scaffolds on Engineering Students Online Reading. Abstract. Introduction

The Effect of Varied Visual Scaffolds on Engineering Students Online Reading. Abstract. Introduction Interdisciplinary Journal of E-Learning and Learning Objects Volume 6, 2010 The Effect of Varied Visual Scaffolds on Engineering Students Online Reading Pao-Nan Chou and Hsi-Chi Hsiao (The authors contributed

More information

Effect of Audio Instructional Package on Basic Pupils Performance in English Pronunciation Skills in Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria

Effect of Audio Instructional Package on Basic Pupils Performance in English Pronunciation Skills in Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria Effect of Audio Instructional Package on Basic Pupils Performance in English Pronunciation Skills in Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria Abstract OGUNLADE, O. Olufunmilola PhD and AMOSA, A. Alsea Basic education

More information

Perceived Entrepreneurial Competencies Required By Automobile Technology Students In Technical Colleges In Bauchi And Gombe States, Nigeria.

Perceived Entrepreneurial Competencies Required By Automobile Technology Students In Technical Colleges In Bauchi And Gombe States, Nigeria. Perceived Entrepreneurial Competencies Required By Automobile Technology Students In Technical Colleges In Bauchi And Gombe States, Nigeria Medugu, Jimritu Dunama (Ph.D.) DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL TECHNOLOGY

More information

A Quality Assurance Model for Continuing Technical Education

A Quality Assurance Model for Continuing Technical Education A Quality Assurance Model for Continuing Technical Education P. Venkataram +, Anandi Giridharan* + Professor at Dept. of Electrical Communication Engineering & Chairman of Centre for Continuing Education,

More information

From Design Theory to Development Practice: Developing a Stronger Understanding of Our Field.

From Design Theory to Development Practice: Developing a Stronger Understanding of Our Field. From Design Theory to Development Practice: Developing a Stronger Understanding of Our Field. Abstract Aaron Fried, Yongjin Lee, Karen Zannini, & Tiffany A. Koszalka Syracuse University How does one develop

More information

Instructional Design. Dr. James Smith Spring 2003

Instructional Design. Dr. James Smith Spring 2003 Instructional Design Dr. James Smith Spring 2003 Instructional Design (ID) The systematic process of translating principles of learning and instruction into plans for instructional materials and activities.

More information

A comparison of education in Greek and English nurses

A comparison of education in Greek and English nurses Blackwell Science, LtdOxford, UKINRInternational Nursing Review1466-7657International Council of Nurses, 20035128893Original ArticleA comparison of education in Greek and English nursesn. A. Bakalis et

More information

Virtual Teaching in Higher Education: The New Intellectual Superhighway or Just Another Traffic Jam?

Virtual Teaching in Higher Education: The New Intellectual Superhighway or Just Another Traffic Jam? Virtual Teaching in Higher Education: The New Intellectual Superhighway or Just Another Traffic Jam? Jerald G. Schutte California State University, Northridge email - jschutte@csun.edu Abstract An experimental

More information