1 FRNSW Physical Aptitude Test Candidate Preparation Guide
2 TABLE OF CONTENTS PART 1 Introduction & General s for Your Training Program PART 2 Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire (PAR Q) PART 3 Functional Warm Up PART 4 Training for Core Strength PART 5 Training for Cardiovascular Fitness PART 6 Training for Strength and Endurance PART 7 How to Structure Your Program
3 PART 1 - Introduction Firefighting can be a physically demanding occupation. Common incident ground tasks such as carrying and using rescue equipment, dragging hoses, lifting ladders and rescuing people require a high level of cardiovascular fitness, muscular strength, flexibility, agility, endurance and core stability. The Fire & Rescue NSW Physical Aptitude Test (PAT) is designed to test the inherent physical and physiological demands of firefighting to ensure individuals recruited for the role possess the level of strength and endurance required to safely and effectively meet the demands of firefighting. This guide has been developed to assist those preparing for the PAT. These programs have been created by Exercise Physiologists to target the development of functional strength, endurance and agility, however the ability to complete this program will not guarantee competency in the PAT. This guide provides specific functional training to assist in preparation for the PAT and is designed for individuals currently undertaking resistance and cardiovascular training at least 2 days a week. Individuals who do not currently perform physical activity should initially attempt to increase their base level cardiovascular fitness and strength prior to attempting this program. General instruction for your training program Before you get started We recommend all candidates complete a Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire (PAR-Q) prior to commencing their preparation program. This can be found in Part 2 of this guide. If you have not been regularly physically active in the past 6 months it is also recommended you consult with your GP prior to commencing exercise. Hydration Adequate hydration is essential to maximise the effectiveness of your training sessions and prevent illness and injury. Drink small amounts of water often - before, during and after the session. If you have been exercising heavily for greater than an hour an electrolyte drink may benefit your training and recovery. Importance of a warm up A proper warm up should be gradual in nature and include movements which replicate the activity you are about to perform at a low intensity. See the functional warm up section of this guide, which outlines the importance of a dynamic warm up and a detailed warm up plan. Progress at your own pace You should progressively increase your training load (e.g. how long you perform your sessions for, or the amount of weight you are lifting), making sure your body has adequate time for rest and recovery. Progression should be gradual and within the limits your body can tolerate. Training too hard and soon may lead to injury which will impede your training program. The progressions listed through the program should purely be used as a guide only. If in doubt, you should consult an exercise professional.
4 Importance of rest Be sure to include rest days in your program so your body has time to recover. It is highly recommended that you have at least one day of rest between resistance training sessions. This has been shown to not only reduce the risk of injury but also improve the outcomes of resistance training. Flexibility Training Flexibility is crucial to the physical performance of firefighting. Improving your flexibility will ensure your body is prepared to deal with the movements and postures associated with firefighting tasks e.g. squatting or reaching for equipment, and is an important part of your PAT preparation. Static stretching is completed by taking a muscle to its end range of motion, using slow gradual movements and holding (pain free) for at least 30 seconds. It is recommended that you stretch only warm muscles, so static stretching should be performed at the end of each of your exercise sessions. It is also strongly recommended that you stretch on your rest days. Again to ensure that you are stretching warm muscles, this can be combined with an active recovery such as following a slow walk. Stretching should target the main muscles used during your training i.e. hamstrings, quadriceps, calves, lower back, chest and shoulders. If you are unsure of how to stretch these muscle groups you should consult an exercise professional. Taper your training before the PAT Tapering your program at least one week before the actual test date will ensure adequate time for your body to recover and allow you to perform at your best during the PAT.
5 PART 2 Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire
6 PART 3 - Functional Warm-Up An adequate warm has the following benefits: Increased blood flow to working muscles and joints Reduced risk of injury Reduced muscle tension Improved coordination Improved range of motion Improved exercise performance A proper warm-up starts with a few minutes of whole body movement which is designed to increase blood flow to working muscles. This is followed by a series of movements which use the muscles and joints about to be exercised. The following exercises comprise a recommended warm-up when training for your PAT. Whole Body Movement Complete 5 minutes of cycling, rowing or jogging at a low intensity for 5 minutes Back-to-Front Leg Swings Stand side on-to a wall with one hand on the wall Swing one leg backward and then forward (through a comfortable range at low speed) Do this for 15 swings You may be able to increase this range of movement throughout the set Turn around and repeat this process on the opposite leg
7 Side-to-Side Leg Swings Stand facing a wall, with one hand on the wall Swing one leg out to the side, and then back across the front of your standing leg Do this through a comfortable range, at low speed Complete 15 leg swings for each leg You may be able to increase this range of movement throughout the set Swap and complete the process on the opposite leg Arm Swings Move away from the wall and into an open area Start with one arm straight up, and the other arm straight down Ensure that both palms are facing forward Swing your arms and swap their position (complete 15 arm swings) Do this through a comfortable range and speed You may be able to increase this range of movement throughout the set
8 Cat-Camel Curls Position yourself on all fours so your hands are directly under your shoulders and knees directly under your hips Slowly push your back upwards so it rounds towards the roof through a comfortable range Now slowly push your back downwards so it curves towards the floor (also through a comfortable range) Complete 10 repetitions Good Mornings Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart, knees slightly bent and hands on either side of your lower back While maintaining bent knees and a neutral spinal posture, tilt your torso forward through a comfortable range Return to the starting position While maintaining bent knees and a neutral spinal posture, tilt your torso backward through a comfortable range Complete 10 movements backward and forward
9 Body Weight Squat Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart, knees slightly bent and arms across your chest Begin to move as if sitting down. Then, move your hips backward and bend at the knees (there should be no arching of the lower back) Move through a comfortable range and return to an upright position Complete 10 squats You may be able to increase this range of movement throughout the set Calf Walk Walk forward for 40 steps pushing up onto your toes during each step
10 Walking Lunge Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart Take one large step forward with your right leg Your step should be large enough for your right knee not to pass your toes when you bend down Bend your left knee and lower your body to the ground Move through a comfortable range and return to an upright position Keep your torso upright and your back straight by holding your stomach tight and drawing your navel in towards your spine Repeat this movement stepping forward with your left leg Complete 10 lunges on each leg
11 PART 4 - Training for Core Strength Core exercises focus on strengthening and stabilising the muscles associated with the pelvis, lower back, hips and abdomen. When these muscles work together they improve balance and stability of the hips and lower back. This is crucial to the ability to safely perform functional movements such as squatting, stair climbing, pushing and dragging. It is important that the core muscles are engaged in all activities you perform and that they have the strength and endurance to stabilise the body. Core training should start with floor-based exercises and progress to dynamic functional movements such as squatting. The following functional core exercises should be completed while activating (or turning on ) your core. If you are unsure of how to activate your core you should consult a trained health professional for advice prior to attempting this program. Each exercise has a suggested progression. You should only attempt the progressions once you are able to fully complete the current exercise with correct posture and stability throughout all the repetitions and sets. Bridging Lie on your back, with knees bent and feet flat on the floor Have your arms flat on the ground beside your body Squeeze your buttock muscles and push your hips up towards the ceiling until your knees, hips and shoulders form a straight line (feet, shoulders and head remain on the ground) Hold for 20 seconds and return to the start position Rest for 10 seconds. Complete 6 repetitions (by 3 sets) Progression Complete the process above with your arms across your chest When in the raised bridge position, lift one leg off the ground and hold, ensuring your hips stay in position and do not drop
12 Forward Lunge with Single-Sided Weight Start by holding a light to moderate dumbbell in one hand Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart Take one large step forward with your right leg (your step should be large enough so your right knee does not pass your toes when you lower it) Bend your left knee and lower it until it is approximately 5cm above the floor, and then push up again Keep your torso upright and your back straight throughout the movement by holding your stomach tight and drawing your navel in towards your spine Return to the original position Repeat the movement stepping forward with your left leg Repeat this exercise 10 times on each leg (completing 2 sets) Progression Gradually increase the weight of the dumbbell according to your performance. Body Weight Squat with Single-Sided Weight Start by holding a light to moderate dumbbell in one hand Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart and knees slightly bent Begin to move as if sitting down Then move your hips backward and bend at the knees there should be no arching of your lower back The depth of your squat should ensure your knees don t pass in front of your toes You should aim to progress to performing squats to a depth where your thighs are parallel to the ground Return to the upright position Repeat this exercise 10 times and complete 2 sets Hold the weight in the opposite hand for the second set
13 Progression Gradually increase the weight of the dumbbell according to your performance 45 Degree Step and Hold Stand with feet shoulder-width apart Step forward at a 45 degree angle with your right leg Ensure that your landing knee is slightly bent Hold your balance on one leg with the opposite knee bent at 90 degrees Repeat on the opposite leg Repeat the exercise 10 times on each leg (completing 2 sets) Progression Hold one 5kg dumbbell in one hand. Remember to swap hands for your second set Gradually increase the weight of the dumbbell and/or step size according to performance
14 Scrum Squat Adopt a crawl walk position with your left hand and both feet on the ground Ensure you maintain a neutral spine by having a straight line between your ears, shoulders and hips. There should also be some bend in your knees Push forward by straightening your knees and rock back to the original position Repeat this exercise 5 times, and then swap to the right hand Complete 3 sets on each hand Progression With the opposite leg when in forward position, extend backward so that your leg is off the ground in line with your body Gradually increase the repetitions for each set Step-Up with Leg Drive and Hold Set up an aerobic step at a height of approximately 25 to 30 cm Step up and place your right foot on the box Bring your left knee up so your hip is at 90 degrees Hold for 2 seconds Return to the start position and repeat with the other leg Concentrate on using your right buttock (or the buttock on the side which has the foot planted on the box) to control your movement and ensure there is no hip dropping or hitching Repeat this exercise 10 times on each leg (completing 2 sets) Progression Hold a light dumbbell in each hand Then, hold a dumbbell in one hand only Gradually increase the dumbbell weight according to performance
15 PART 5 - Training for Cardiovascular Fitness Cardiovascular fitness is extremely important for firefighters to be able to cope with stressors on their cardiovascular system as a result of occupational demands. Before commencing your cardiovascular fitness program, assess your current fitness level. When planning your cardiovascular fitness program consider the following: Frequency: 3 times a week Intensity: When commencing cardiovascular exercise training a good place to start is at a moderate intensity. This can be measured using the talk test e.g. you should be able to talk in short sentences (but not hold a full conversation) while exercising. Vigorous exercise at a higher intensity causes your heart and breathing rates to increase making you breathless and talking more difficult. For information on more accurate methods of determining training intensity, consult an appropriately qualified fitness professional. Time: At least 30 minutes per session for moderate intensity exercise (session duration should initially be reduced when commencing more vigorous exercise). Alternatively, maintain your exercise duration at 30 minutes or above, and combine increasing intervals of higher intensity exercise with moderate exercise. Type: Use a variety of cardiovascular exercise such as cycling, rowing or jogging to achieve the required frequency, intensity and duration. This use of varying types will assist in preventing overuse injuries. Below are 2 examples of interval-type training programs: Highlands Challenge 2 mins of cycling and rowing (warm up) 2km Hill Cycle (*) 1km Row 2km Hill Cycle 500m Row 2km Hill Cycle 1km Row 1km Hill Cycle & Row (*) In hill mode on an exercise bike Interval Running 3 minute light jog to warm up 200m vigorous effort 200m recovery at slow pace 400m vigorous effort 400m recovery at slow pace 600m vigorous effort 600m recovery at slow pace 600m vigorous effort 600m recovery at slow pace 400m vigorous effort 400m recovery at slow pace 200m vigorous effort 200m recovery at slow pace
16 PART 6 - Training for Strength and Endurance A good level of whole body muscular strength, endurance and power is essential for firefighters to ensure they can safely and effectively carry heavy loads (including the weight associated with Personal Protective ) and operate equipment at emergency incidents. The best way to improve strength and endurance for the PAT is to replicate the movement and load of common firefighting tasks as closely as possible. It is strongly suggested that your program uses free weights or free motion (cable based) machines rather then machine weights which have a limited range of motion and are unlikely to mimic the posture and muscular coordination required for firefighting tasks. In many of the exercises below, there is a requirement to wear a backpack with a load of 20kg. This has been prescribed to represent the weight of the Personal Protective (PPE) commonly used while firefighting and to prepare you to perform functional tasks under such loads. Be sure that the load installed is stable in nature i.e. not a water weight, that the backpack selected is strong enough to take the load, and it is secured firmly to your back when required. For some people, particularly those who have not participated in regular physical activity, the following functional exercises may be beyond their physical capacity. In this case, a whole body resistance training program aimed at improving general strength and endurance would be beneficial prior to starting this functional training program. It is strongly suggested that you seek advice from an appropriately qualified fitness professional before you start. This will ensure that the resistance program you are doing is correct and appropriate for your training level. General Safety Considerations for Strength Training Always keep your spine in a neutral position. Don t forget this includes your neck Ensure there is a straight line between your ears, shoulders and hips Always activate your core muscles and maintain this activation throughout the exercise With any exercises in the standing position, your feet should be shoulder-width apart to create a stable base of support, with your knees slightly bent Ensure your shoulders are always in a set position (back and down) and don t round your shoulders forward When completing resistance training, never lock your joints as this will place all the pressure through them increasing the risk of injury Control when lifting is essential. Swinging the load will not give muscles the appropriate stimulus and can lead to injury These tips are not only important while completing an exercise but should also be adhered to when accessing and returning weights or pulleys The following Functional Training Program has been colour-coded to reflect the various stages. This is also reflected in the sample training program in Part 7 of this guide. The code is as follows: Green = Beginner Blue = Intermediate Red = Advanced
17 Exercise 1 For Beginners Bicep curl into overhead press 10 to 15 kg dumbbell (or small bar attachment on low pulley with 10 to 15 kg resistance) With your feet positioned shoulder-width apart and your knees slightly bent, start with your arms straight in front of your thighs Grasp the bar/dumbbell Keeping your palms facing in the same direction, bend your elbows and curl the bar/dumbbell until near shoulder-height Push bar/dumbbell straight up overhead ensuring it remains slightly in front of your head Lower the bar/dumbbell back to your shoulders, and then lower it to the starting position Complete 3 sets of 6 to 10 repetitions For Intermediate single arm overhead press with step Medium to high pulley with 7 to 10 kg resistance (or 7 to 10 kg dumbbell) Back pack loaded with 20 kg (start with lower load such as 10 kg and build up to 20 kg) Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart and knees slightly bent Hold the pulley or dumbbell in one hand, out to the side of your body, and slightly above the height of your head While taking a step forward with the opposite leg (to the hand holding the weight) extend your arm in an upward and forward direction until just before it is completely straight Return to the start position Complete 6-10 repetitions Swap arms and repeat completing 2-3 sets on each arm
18 For Advanced single arm overhead press with step Medium/high pulley with 15 kg resistance or a 15 kg dumbbell Back pack loaded with 20 kg Complete as per above instructions, sets and repetitions Exercise 2 For Beginners Squat 10 kg dumbbell or small bar attachment on low pulley (10 kg resistance) Back pack with 20 kg load (start with a lower load e.g. 10 kg and build up to 20 kg) Hold dumbbell/bar (both hands for bar, or dumbbell in each hand) Stand with feet shoulder-width apart and knees slightly bent Begin to move as if sitting down Move your hips backward and bend at the knees (should be no arching of the lower back) The depth of your squat should ensure your knees don t pass in front of your toes Aim to progress to squats at depths where your thighs are parallel to the ground Return to the upright position Complete 3 sets of 6 to 10 repetitions
19 For Intermediate squat into bicep curl and overhead press 12.5 to 25 kg dumbbell (or small bar attachment on low pulley with 12.5 to 25 kg resistance) Back pack loaded with 20 kg Hold dumbbell/bar in 2 hands, and in front of your thighs Have your feet positioned shoulder-width apart with your knees slightly bent Squat as if about to sit down Do not arch your lower back Return to the upright position Keeping your palms facing in the same direction, bend your elbows and curl the bar/dumbbell until near shoulder-height Push the bar/dumbbell straight up overhead ensuring it remains slightly in front of your head Lower the bar/dumbbell back to your shoulders and then back to the starting position Complete 3 sets of 6 to 10 repetitions For Advanced squat into bicep curl and overhead press 30 kg dumbbell (or small bar attachment on low pulley with 30 kg resistance) Back pack loaded with 20 kg Complete as per above instructions, sets and repetitions Exercise 3 For Beginners single-sided load carry 15 kg dumbbell Back pack loaded with 20 kg (start with a lower load e.g. 10 kg and build up to 20 kg) Place 20 kg backpack securely on your back Perform a half-squat to pick up the dumbbell from kneeheight (from a bench or shelf) and hold directly by the side of your leg Walk 50 metres and place the dumbbell down Immediately pick up the dumbbell (from knee-height) in other hand, and perform a half-squat Repeat above process 4 times so the total distance walked is equivalent to 200 metres
20 For Intermediate single-sided sided load carry 22.5 kg dumbbell Back pack loaded with 20 kg Complete as per above instructions For Advanced single-sided sided load carry 30 kg dumbbell Back pack loaded with 20 kg Complete as per above instructions Exercise 4 For Beginners step-ups Backpack loaded with 20 kg (start with a lower load e.g. 10 kg and build up to 20 kg) Step (fixed or aerobic step) ) 25 to 30 cm in height Place backpack securely on your back Perform 36 step-ups (a completed step is both feet up and both feet down) ensuring that you swap the lead leg intermittently throughout the exercise Alternative for Beginners step-ups (no backpack) 2 x 10 kg dumbbells Step (fixed or aerobic step) Hold 1 dumbbell in each hand Perform 36 step-ups
21 For Intermediate step-ups Backpack loaded with 20 kg load plus 1 x 10 kg dumbbell Step (fixed or aerobic step) Place backpack securely on your back and hold 10 kg dumbbell in one hand by your side Perform 36 step-ups Alternate dumbbell between hands throughout exercise Alternative for Intermediate step-ups (no backpack) 2 x 15 kg dumbbells Step (fixed or aerobic step) Complete as per above instructions for Alternative Beginner Exercise 4 step ups For Advanced step-ups Backpack loaded with 20 kg load plus 1 x 20 kg dumbbell Step (fixed or aerobic step) Complete as per above instructions for Intermediate Exercise 4 step-ups Alternative for Advanced step-ups (no backpack) 2 x 20 kg dumbbells (alternative) Step (fixed or aerobic step) Complete as per above instructions for Alternative Beginner Exercise 4 step-ups.
22 Exercise 5 For Beginners static dumbbell holds 1 x 7.5kg dumbbell and 1 x 5 kg dumbbell me a split stance (one foot forward and one foot backward) Pick up dumbbells so the lightest one is in your back hand Raise dumbbells to eye level with knuckles on both hands facing away from your face and your front elbow in line with your front knee Hold in this position for 40 seconds Rest for 20 seconds Pick up dumbbells so the lightest one is in your back hand Hold at waist-height for 40 seconds using an overhand grip for each side Arms should not be locked and you should have a slight bends at the elbows Rest for 20 seconds
23 Pick up dumbbells so the lightest one is in your back hand Hold at below knee-height for 40 seconds using an overhand grip for each side Perform a half-squat or lunge stance to ensure correct positioning Rest for 2 minutes Repeat above routine ensuring you use alternate dumbbells for each hand For Intermediate static dumbbell holds 1 x 10 kg dumbbell and 1 x 5 kg dumbbell Complete as per above instructions For Advanced static dumbbell holds 1 x 12.5 kg dumbbell and 1 x 5 kg dumbbell Complete as per above instructions Exercise 6 For Beginners pulley advance Backpack loaded with 20 kg (start with a lower load e.g. 10 kg and build up to 20 kg) Pulley system with tricep rope attachment set at waist-height (or floor-height set to 10 kg resistance) Place backpack securely on your back Place tricep rope over 1 shoulder, holding with 2 hands Advance by stepping forward as far as weight stack allows, and count your steps Walk backward in a controlled movement and repeat until you complete 45 steps forward Rest for 30 seconds and repeat so that you have completed 5 sets of 45 steps (alternating the tricep rope over the opposite shoulder each time)
24 Alternate For Beginners loaded hill walk Backpack loaded with 20 kg Treadmill or hill of approximately 5% gradient 2 x 5 kg dumbbells Place backpack securely on your back If using a treadmill set it to a walking speed and 5% gradient Pick up one dumbbell in each hand and walk for 5 minutes For Intermediate pulley advance Backpack loaded with 20 kg Pulley system with tricep rope attachment set at waist-height (or alternatively floor-height set to 15 kg resistance) Complete as per instructions for Beginner Exercise 6 pulley advance Alternative For Intermediate loaded hill walk Backpack with 20 kg load Treadmill or hill of approximately 5% gradient 2 x 7 kg dumbbells Complete as per instructions for Alternative Beginner Exercise 6 loaded hill walk For Advanced pulley advance Backpack loaded with 20 kg Pulley system with tricep rope attachment set at waist-height (or floor-height set to 20 kg resistance) Complete as per instructions for Beginner Exercise 6 pulley advance
25 Alternative For Advanced loaded hill walk Backpack loaded with 20 kg Treadmill or hill of approximately 5% gradient 2 x 10kg dumbbells Complete as per instructions for Alternative Beginner Exercise 6 loaded hill walk Exercise 7 For Beginners dumbbell crawling walk 2 x 6 kg dumbbells Assume a crawling position with dumbbells in each hand From this position perform a crawling walk manoeuvre with dumbbells and feet in contact with the ground Ensure your knees are not in contact with the ground and that you maintain a neutral spine Crawl for 10 metres and repeat 3 times For Intermediate scrum squat (pulley) Backpack loaded with 20 kg (start with a lower load e.g. 10 kg and build tolerance to 20 kg) Pulley system with tricep rope attachment set at floor-height and 10 to 15 kg resistance) Place backpack securely on your back Hold tricep rope securely with one hand over one shoulder Assume the crawl walk position with one hand and both feet on the ground ensuring that you maintain a neutral spine. Ensure there is some bend in your knees Push forward by straightening your knees and rocking back to the original position Repeat 10 times, rest for 2 minutes and complete 4 sets (2 on each hand)
26 Alternative For Intermediate scrum squat (elastic) Backpack loaded with 20 kg Elastic tubing (e.g. tyre tubes) secured to a post Complete as per above instruction for Intermediate Exercise 7 Scrum squat (Pulley) with elastic tubing to replace tricep rope and pulley For Advanced scrum squat (pulley) Backpack with 20 kg load Pulley system with tricep rope attachment set at floor-height and 20 kg resistance Complete as per above instruction for Intermediate Exercise 7 Scrum squat (Pulley) Alternative For Advanced scrum squat (elastic) Backpack loaded with 20 kg Elastic tubing (e.g. tyre tubes) secured to a post Complete as per above instruction for Intermediate Exercise 7 Scrum squat (Pulley) with elastic tubing to replace tricep rope and pulley
27 Exercise 8 For Beginners resisted backward walk (pulley) Backpack loaded with 20 kg (start with lower load e.g. 10 kg and build tolerance to 20 kg) Pulley system with tricep rope attachment set at floor-height and 40 kg resistance Place backpack securely on your back Hold tricep rope in each hand Perform a half squat and walk backward as far as the weight stack allows Count you steps and return to starting position Repeat so that you have completed 20 steps backward Rest and repeat twice Alternative For Beginners resisted backward walk (sled) Backpack loaded with 20 kg Makeshift sled such as a sack or bag with 40 kg inside Place backpack securely on your back. Perform a half squat and walk backwards 10 metres dragging the sled or sack along ground Rest and repeat twice
28 For Intermediate resisted backward walk (pulley) Backpack with 20 kg load Pulley system with tricep rope attachment set at floor-height and 50 kg resistance Complete as per above instructions for Beginner Exercise 8 Resisted backward walk (Pulley) Alternative For Intermediate resisted backward walk (sled) Backpack with 20 kg load Makeshift sled such as a sack or bag with 50 kg inside Complete as per above instructions for Alternative Beginner Exercise 8 Resisted Backward Walk (Sled) For Advanced resisted backward walk (pulley) Backpack with 20 kg load Pulley system with tricep rope attachment set at floor-height and 60 kg resistance Complete as per above instructions for Beginner Exercise 8 Resisted backward walk (Pulley) Alternative For Advanced resisted backward walk (sled) Backpack with 20 kg load Makeshift sled such as a sack or bag with 60 kg inside Complete as per above instructions for Alternative Beginner Exercise 8 Resisted Backward Walk (Sled)
29 PART 7 - How to Structure Your Program It is highly recommended that you commence your PAT training program as soon as possible to compliment your current training. In summary you should also take the following into account: Weekly Program Structure When commencing your strength and endurance program (Part 6) you will also be completing your functional core program (Part 4). It is recommended that you complete these programs on separate days. If due to time constraints you complete both of these programs in the same session, it is recommended that the functional core program is completed after the strength and endurance program. Complete PAT Preparation Circuit Every 2 weeks it is strongly recommended that you complete the following circuit. This circuit is made up of each of the exercises from the functional training program with some modifications to the sets and/or repetitions for each. Each exercise station should be completed using the current load/weight you have progressed to and with minimal rest in between. Refer to the appropriate exercise description if required. Exercise 1 Bicep curl into overhead press (beginner) Single arm overhead press (intermediate & advanced) Complete 1 set of the appropriate exercise Exercise 2 Squat (beginner) Squat into bicep curl and overhead press (intermediate & advanced) Complete 1 set of the appropriate exercise Exercise 3 Single-sided load carry Complete exercise for 200 metres Exercise 4 Step ups Complete 1 set Exercise 5 Static dumbbell holds Complete 1 set of each hold Exercise 6 Pulley advance Complete 1 round (5 repetitions of 45 steps, with 30 seconds rest between repetitions) Exercise 7 Crawling walk (beginner) Scrum squat (advanced) Complete crawling walk for 30 metres, or scrum squat (2 sets of 15 reps, 15 each arm) Exercise 8 Resisted backwards walk Complete 1 set 1
30 Importance of Flexibility Don t forget the importance of flexibility. Stretching should be used both as a cool down procedure and on your rest days. For more information on flexibility and stretching see Part 1. Progression Through the Stages You should look to advance the intensity of your training based on your ability to complete a full rotation of your selected program, and using the appropriate technique and posture. Tapering your Training before the PAT Tapering your program at least one week before the actual test date will ensure adequate time for your body to recover and allow you to perform at your best during the PAT
TABLE OF CONTENTS PART 1 3 Introduction & General s for Your Training Program PART 2 5 Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire (PAR Q) PART 3 6 Functional Warm Up / Mobility routine PART 4 11 Training
Fit for Duty Physical Training Guide 1 P age Table of Contents Part 1: Page 3 Introduction and Instructions for completing the program Part 2: Page 5 Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire Part 3: Page
12 Week Do-it-Yourself Fitness Program Created by Brad Awalt, MS, ACSM Assistant Manager, Health Plus email@example.com January 2011 Do you have a goal to begin an exercise routine, but not sure
Stretching Exercises General Guidelines Perform stretching exercises at least 2 3 days per week and preferably more Hold each stretch for 15 20 seconds Relax and breathe normally Stretching is most effective
Dumbbell Shoulder Raise Dumbbell Shoulder Raise 1) Lie back onto an incline bench (45 or less) with a DB in each hand. (You may rest each DB on the corresponding thigh.) 2) Start position: Bring the DB
Physical Capability Strength Test: One Component of the Selection Process One aspect of the Power Systems Institute selection process is to successfully complete and achieve a passing score on a physical
try Elise s toning exercise plan Whether you want to start things off slow and gradually build up your fi tness, or begin with a challenge, Elise s toning exercise programme is designed for all levels.
SAMPLE WORKOUT Full Body Perform each exercise: 30 secs each x 2 rounds or 2-3 sets of 8-12 reps Monday & Wednesday or Tuesday & Thursday Standing Squat Muscles: glutes (butt), quadriceps (thigh) Stand
Stair Workouts Get in Shape: Step up Warning: If you feel any knee pain, refrain from continuing that particular exercise. Avoid the no pain, no gain motto and modify with regular walking or any activity
EXERCISE DESCRIPTIONS PHASE I Routine #1 Hip Mobility Exercise: Forward Out-In Movement: Raise leg out to the side, and rotate around to the front. Keep shin/thigh angle at 90 degrees. Exercise: Backward
Printable Workout: www.myfitstation.com The Lose-the-Last-1o-Pounds Workout From The Women s Health Big Book of Exercises Phase 1) Week 1-4 It s time to finish off that fat for good! This 8-week plan from
Basic Stretch Programme 3 Exercise Circuit 4 2 1 Calves Stand approximately 1 metre away from wall with legs straight and heels on floor. Step and lean forward and slowly push hips towards wall. Should
Fact sheet Exercises for older adults undergoing rehabilitation Flexibility refers to the amount of movement possible around a joint and is necessary for normal activities of daily living such as stretching,
SUGGESTED FITNESS PROGRAMME General Exercise Guidance Good exercise training advice is highly specific to the individual. It should be understood, therefore, that the advice provided here can only be general.
Cardiac Rehab Program: Stretching Exercises Walk around the room, step side to side, ride a bike or walk on a treadmill for at least 5 minutes to warm up before doing these stretches. Stretch warm muscles
Strength Training HEALTHY BONES, HEALTHY HEART No matter what your age, strength training can improve your bone health and your balance. As we age, our bones lose both tissue and strength. This condition
Exercise 1: Knee to Chest Starting Position: Lie on your back on a table or firm surface. Action: Clasp your hands behind the thigh and pull it towards your chest. Keep the opposite leg flat on the surface
UNIVERSAL FITNESS NETWORK, Inc. 2315 West Monica Dunlap, IL 61525 (309)-360-5615 firstname.lastname@example.org FACTS ABOUT THE PHYSICAL FITNESS ASSESSMENT TESTS Universal Fitness Network, Inc. specializes in physical
Prepared for: Prepared by: OrthoInfo Purpose of Program After an injury or surgery, an exercise conditioning program will help you return to daily activities and enjoy a more active, healthy lifestyle.
The 11+ A complete warm-up program Part 1 & 3 A A }6m Part 2 B A: Running B: Jog back B! FIELD SET-UP A: Running exercise B: Jog back The course is made up of 6 pairs of parallel cones, approx. 5-6m apart.
About Craig Ballantyne & Turbulence Training Craig Ballantyne, CSCS, M.Sc., is a Strength & Conditioning coach in Toronto, author of Turbulence Training, a contributing author to Men s Health and Women
Stretching in the Office Legs: Quads, Hamstrings, IT band, Hip flexors, Gluts, Calves Quads: Standing @ desk maintaining upright posture, grab one leg @ a time by foot or ankle and bring it towards backside
A proper warm-up is important before any athletic performance with the goal of preparing the athlete both mentally and physically for exercise and competition. A warm-up is designed to prepare an athlete
EGOSCUE CLINIC PAIN/POSTURE STRETCHES 1. Standing Arm Circles: Helps Restore Upper Body Strength Two sets of 40 repetitions each. Stand with your feet pointed straight and hip-width apart. Place your fingertips
Basic Training Exercise Book Basic Training Exercise Book Instructions The exercises are designed to challenge the major muscles groups every day, approximately every 2 to 3 hours., for a total of 6 times
Stair Workouts Get in Shape: Step up! Warning: If you feel any knee pains, refrain from continuing that particular exercise. Avoid the no pain, no gain motto and modify with regular walking or any activity
Compliments of (Medical Group Name & Phone # to be inserted here) Lower Body Strength/Balance Exercises Hip Flexion Strengthens thigh and hip muscles. Use ankle weights, if you are ready to. Stand to the
DIVISION OF AGRICULTURE RESEARCH & EXTENSION University of Arkansas System Family and Consumer Sciences Increasing Physical Activity as We Age Exercises for Low Back Injury Prevention FSFCS38 Lisa Washburn,
KNEE PROGRAM INTRODUCT ION Welcome to your knee exercise program. The exercises in the program are designed to improve your knee stability and strength of the muscles around your knee and hip. The strength
JUNIPERO SERRA VOLLEYBALL OFF SEASON TRAINING SCHEDULE 2007 OFF SEASON WORKOUT Our off season workout is centered around Speed, Agility & Quickness which are athletic attributes that are very trainable
COMMON OVERUSE INJURIES ATTRIBUTED TO CYCLING, AND WAYS TO MINIMIZE THESE INJURIES Listed are a few of the most common overuse injuries associated with cycling long distances. 1. Cervical and upper back
Range of Motion A guide for you after spinal cord injury Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation Program This booklet has been written by the health care providers who provide care to people who have a spinal
2008 ELITE PERFORMANCE ATHLETE CONDITIONING BEACH VOLLEYBALL TRAINING PROGRAM Team BC 2008 Steve Van Schubert, CAT(C), CSCS Training Schedule General Outline Phase 1 2 Weeks Phase 2 3 Weeks Phase 3 3 Weeks
Physical Agility Test Preparation and Safety TT DD CC JJ J How to Prepare for the PAT Prior to taking the Physical Agility Test, applicants should seek medical advice from their physician. The day of the
Strength Training for the Runner Strength Training for the Runner What? The goal of resistance training for runners is not necessarily adding muscle mass but 1. improving muscular strength, 2. improving
Chair Exercises For Older Adults Many of these exercises were adapted from these sources: National Institute on Aging, Exercise: A Guide from the National Institute on Aging, 2001, http://www.nia.nih.gov/healthinformation/publications/exerciseguide/.
8 SHOULDERS The shoulders are the key to many full-bodied movements. Skill in such sports as swimming, baseball, golf, and tennis and other racquet sports is improved with the help of strong shoulders.
Keep fit at the workplace! A simple training programme for more exercise at the workplace. INTRODUCTION Dear Readers, Keeping your body in one position, such as sitting or standing for a long time, results
No Equipment Agility/Core/Strength Program for Full Body No Equip Trainer: Rick Coe Introduction Program designed to be performed in a circuit. Perform exercises in sequence without rest 2-3 times. Increase
CANDIDATE PHYSICAL ABILITIES TEST (CPAT) PREPARATION GUIDE Preparation Guide for the Candidate Physical Ability Test The job of a fire fighter is one of the most physically demanding jobs in North America.
Outline Chronos - Circuit Training Bodyweight 1. Mountain climbers doubles x 10 2. Mountain climbers singles x 10 each leg 3. Mountain climbers singles out x 10 each leg 4. Mountain Climbers Doubles out
Sue Schuerman, PT, GCS, PhD UNLVPT Exercise & Physical Activity (Your Everyday Guide from the National Institute on Aging) Go4Life Retain our physical and mental health Continue to do the things we enjoy
Cardiovascular rehabilitation home exercise programme To get the most benefit from the cardiovascular rehabilitation programme we recommend that you do some form of exercise on the days you are not attending
Winter Sports Advanced Ski Exercises - Introduction The following exercises are for individuals who already have a significant level of fitness. If you are unsure as to whether they are appropriate for
Remember to: Warm-up your muscles first before stretching (e.g. stretch after walking). Stretch until you feel mild discomfort, not pain. Never bounce or force a stretch. Hold the stretch for 10-30 seconds
Prepared for: Prepared by: OrthoInfo Purpose of Program After an injury or surgery, an exercise conditioning program will help you return to daily activities and enjoy a more active, healthy lifestyle.
Introduction Low Back Pain Exercises Interactive Video Series Transcript July 2013 ** Note: If an exercise causes an increase in your pain, stop the exercise.** [Music introduction; Dr. John Sheehan onscreen]
Otago Exercise Program Edited Version Exercise Booklet Created by: Genesee County Coalition Supported by a grant from the Health Foundation for Western and Central New York Otago Exercise Program to Prevent
HELPFUL HINTS FOR A HEALTHY BACK 1. Standing and Walking For correct posture, balance your head above your shoulders, eyes straight ahead, everything else falls into place. Try to point toes straight ahead
Exercises for the Hip Gluteal Sets: Lie on your back, tighten buttocks and hold for 3-5 seconds. Repeat 20 times. Supine Hip ER/IR: Lie on your back with legs straight. Gently rotate knees out and in limited
CHAPTER : BACK & ABDOMINAL STRETCHES Standing Quad Stretch ) Stand and grasp right ankle with same hand, use a wall or chair to Lower maintain Back balance with left hand. Maintain an upright Stretches
30 minute shoulder sculpting workout Go to failure on each set, so choose the weight best suited for you. Don t take a break in between sets unless stated. Military Press- 10 reps, Lateral raises- 12 reps,
Prepared for: Prepared by: OrthoInfo Purpose of Program After an injury or surgery, an exercise conditioning program will help you return to daily activities and enjoy a more active, healthy lifestyle.
Strength Training for the Knee This handout is to help you rebuild the strength of the muscles surrounding the knee after injury. It is intended as a guideline to help you organize a structured approach
Physical Therapy and Home Exercise Program for Patients in the Exercise Group (Treatment Sessions 1-8) and the Manipulation + Exercise Group (Treatment Sessions 3-8) This exercise handout contains descriptions
BREATHE BETTER The Breathe Better resource has been developed in partnership with Wintec s Centre for Sport Science and Human Performance with funding provided by the Wintec Research Office through a research
A small roller with a big effect The mini roller for massaging, strengthening, stretching and warming up Suva Preventative products P. O Box, 6002 Lucerne Enquiries Tel. 041 419 58 51 Orders www.suva.ch/waswo
SHOULDER INTRODUCT ION Welcome to your shoulder exercise program The exercises in the program are designed to improve your shoulder mobility, posture and the control of the muscles in your neck and shoulder
The Santa Monica Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine Research Foundation The PEP Program: Prevent injury and Enhance Performance This prevention program consists of a warm-up, stretching, strengthening, plyometrics,
Why is exercise important following a heart attack? Slow progression back into daily activity is important to strengthen the heart muscle and return blood flow to normal. By adding aerobic exercises, your
total hip replacement EXCERCISE BOOKLET patient s name: date of surgery: physical therapist: www.jointpain.md Get Up and Go Joint Program Philosophy: With the development of newer and more sophisticated
Welcome to the world of Power Plate Exercise The Power Plate is the innovative, time saving and results driven way to improve your fitness and well being. It works by accelerating the body s natural response
Info. from the nurses of the Medical Service LOWER BACK PAIN Exercise guide GS/ME 03/2009 EXERCISE GUIDE One of the core messages for people suffering with lower back pain is to REMAIN ACTIVE. This leaflet
Lower Body Exercise One: Glute Bridge Lying on your back hands by your side, head on the floor. Position your feet shoulder width apart close to your glutes, feet facing forwards. Place a theraband/mini
Head Movements Stand up tall and look ahead. Slowly turn your head as far as you can to the right. Slowly turn your head as far as you can to the left. Repeat five times to each side. 44 Neck Movements
EXERCISE MANUAL PERSONALITY GYM EXERCISE MANUAL PERSONALITY GYM legs. 1 calves raise Stand with the wide part of one foot on the seated row foot support. Start in a position with your calves stretched.
Physiotherapy Department The advanced back rehabilitation programme This booklet explains what happens during the advanced back rehabilitation programme and how the exercises may help your condition. We
Preventing Falls Strength and balance exercises for healthy ageing Exercise should be comfortable and fun. To get the most out of your home exercise book, join a class for older people to check your exercises
Spinal Exercise Program/Core Stabilization Program Adapted from The Spine in Sports: Robert G. Watkins Below is a description of a Core Stability Program, designed to improve the strength and coordination
Have a ball SWISS BALL EXERCISES SWISS BALL TRAINING 2 Swiss Ball training is an excellent way to build 'core body strength' and have some fun at the same time. Training on the Ball forces you to use muscles
Walkers, Crutches, Canes These devices provide support through your arms to limit the amount of weight on your operated hip. Initially, after a total hip replacement you will use a walker to get around.
Throwers Ten Exercise Program The Thrower s Ten Program is designed to exercise the major muscles necessary for throwing. The Program s goal is to be an organized and concise exercise program. In addition,
BODY BLOCKS In sequencing Breathing and Tempo Flexibility / Mobility and Proprioception (feel) Upper body segment Middle body segment Lower body segment Extension / Static Posture Office / Computer Travel
CONDITIONING PLAN FOR CHEERLEADING 2007-2008 GENERAL OVERVIEW This plan is a sport specific conditioning plan designed for the female competitive cheerleader. The purpose is to allow for proper training
STRETCHING EXERCISES Physical Activity Resource Center for Public Health PARC-PH STRETCHING 2 Safety Information...3 Benefits of Stretching...3 Safety Considerations Before and During Exercise...3 A Set
ACL Reconstruction Rehabilitation Program 1. Introduction to Rehabilitation 2. The Keys to Successful Rehabilitation 3. Stage 1 (to the end of week 1) 4. Stage 2 (to the end of week 2) 5. Stage 3 (to the
USA Gymnastics Online: Technique: Uneven Bars Page 1 of 9 Instructor Training Program Levels 1 through 4 Uneven Bars Level 1 - Uneven Bars MOUNT: BACK HIP PULLOVER Grasp bar with hands "shoulder width"
Injury Prevention for the Back and Neck www.csmr.org We have created this brochure to provide you with information regarding: Common Causes of Back and Neck Injuries and Pain Tips for Avoiding Neck and
Strength Training for the Shoulder This handout is a guide to help you safely build strength and establish an effective weighttraining program for the shoulder. Starting Your Weight Training Program Start
Australian Centre for Agricultural Health and Safety Farming with Back Pain 2008 Australian Centre for Agricultural Health and Safety All rights reserved Title: Farming with Back Pain Authors: Boughton
Post Surgery Rehabilitation Program for Knee Arthroscopy This protocol is designed to assist you with your rehabilitation after surgery and should be followed under the direction of a physiotherapist May
FUNCTIONAL STRENGTHENING *This group of exercises are designed to increase leg and core endurance and stability as related to bipedal functional activities. *Perform this program for 4-6 weeks. It is ideal
Wythenshawe Hospital Cardiac Rehabilitation Patient Information Remember : Lifelong regular physical activity - 0 minutes, five times per week is important for your general health. I feel so much better
stretches and exercises The enclosed sheets contain stretches and exercises which can be used to delay and minimise the development of contractures and deformities occurring in children with Duchenne muscular