1 Standardized Runoff Index (SRI) Adolfo Mérida Abril Javier Gras Treviño
2 Contents 1. About the SRI SRI in the world Methodology 2. Comments made in Athens on SRI factsheet 3. Last modifications of the factsheet 4. Conclusions
3 WFD, Common Implementation Strategy - Water Scarcity and Droughts Expert Group About the SRI - SRI in the world SRI is a hydrological drought indicator, based on the assessment of the runoff of a given basin. Spain proposed this indicator to the EG in 2010 in order to include the effects of the natural characteristics of the basins in droughts. SRI is an internationally recognized and widely used indicator: The U.S. National Weather Service provides actualized SRI maps, among other indices, in three time scales
4 About the SRI - Methodology METHODOLOGY Same as for the SPI, the SRI is the unit standard normal deviate associated with the percentile of hydrologic runoff accumulated over a specific duration 1. Involves fitting a probability density function (PDF) to a given frequency distribution of monthly runoff for a gauge station. The PDF parameters are then used to find the cumulative probability of an observed runoff for the required month and temporal scale. This cumulative probability is then transformed to the standardized normal distribution with mean zero and variance one, which results in the value of the SRI. The probability density function selected will depended on the data series. Gamma distribution can be used in most European basins, but users can choose other PDF that better fits to their data. 1. Shukla and Wood, SPATIAL AND TEMPORAL SCALES Spatial scale: Stream gauge stations or surface data built by interpolation. Temporal scale depends on the characteristics of the basin and the aims of the assessment: Monthly (SR1), Quarterly (SRI3), Annual (SRI12), Seasonal or Interannual (SRI18, SRI24, SRI36). SOME REMARKS Gauge stations must be representative of the basin. Pristine conditions: runoff data should not be affected by human activities when ever is possible. Data series that are affected by human activities should be restored to natural conditions by discounting the abstraction produced upstream the station. The indicator should be used together with other indicator like SPI, soil moisture, snowpack, groundwater, fapar, etc.
5 About the SRI - Methodology During the process of discussions of the WS&D EG the SRI methodology has been adapted to European conditions: eg: Thresholds calculation: Severity thresholds are defined based on the probability of exceeding an observed runoff value, which will have an associated SRI value. The probabilities selected are: P95% corresponds to SRI = Much drier than normal P90% corresponds to SRI = Severely drier than normal P80% corresponds to SRI = Moderately drier than normal MS have assessed the indicator on their basins and they have contributed their observations to the implementation of the indicator and drafting the previous versions of the factsheet: Time scale Representativeness of the gauge stations Probability distribution function to be used Use it in conjunction with other indicators
6 Comments made in Athens on SRI factsheet During Athens meeting (Sept 2012) some changes in the factsheet were pointed out in order to the SRI final acceptance in the WS&D indicators pool: To explain clearly that SRI is a hydrological drought indicator that should be used in pristine conditions when ever is possible. Restoring runoff to natural regime has to do with the basin abstractions but it is not necessary to understood the entire hydrological cycle in the basin. To specify that temporal scale used will depend on the basin conditions and the aims of the assessment. To explain how SRI relates to SPI and other drought indicators. To modify the thresholds names. Including a mention on the use of a probability density function other than Gamma distribution. Since the meeting in Athens no other comments from MS have been received, therefore no more changes, other than the ones above, are been included in the factsheet.
7 Last modifications of the factsheet Pristine conditions Restoration to natural flow Entries about Pristine conditions and restoration of flow to natural regime have been introduced in points 5 and 6 of the factsheet:
8 Last modifications of the factsheet Temporal Scale The comment about Temporal scale has been introduced in the point 3 of the factsheet: Previous versions Actual version
9 Last modifications of the factsheet SRI related to SPI and other indicators The relationship of the SRI with the SPI and with other indicators have been introduced in two points of the new factsheet:
10 Last modifications of the factsheet Thresholds names Severity threshold names have been modified in the last version of the factsheet: Previous version Actual version Extreme drought Much drier than normal Sever drought Severely drier than normal Moderate drought Moderately drier than normal
11 Last modifications of the factsheet Probability Density Function References about the PDF that can be used, other than Gamma distribution, can be found in various places.
12 Conclusions The SRI has been assessed in 11 European basins and MS have agreed in that this can be a useful indicator, together with other indices, to identify drought periods in Europe. Comments and feedback from MS have been included in the factsheet, which latest version is available in CIRCABC. If no other comments or observations are done we propose this indicator to be accepted in the European Pool of Drought Indicators. Further development can be done on thresholds and on assess the indicator in different types of basins (e.g. snow-fed or rain-fed basins).
13 Drought Hazard and Water Scarcity Risk Maps Bases for discussion Adolfo Mérida Abril Javier Gras Treviño
14 Contents Background Mandate tasks. Main goals of drought risk maps. References Concepts Possible Methodologies to be developed 1. Floods Directive Methodology 1.1. Drought risk maps methodology (Stepwise approach) 2. Water Scarcity Indicator Methodology 3. Status maps methodology Conclusions and baseline for future developments
15 Background Drought Risk Maps in the Mandate for the EG on WS&D the purposes of the DRM are:, together with WS&D indicators, establish drought phases and structural water scarcity, applied recommended measures included in the DMP report, and minimize WS&D socio-economic and environmental impacts... Task nº 5 of the Mandate says: Support the creation of Drought Risk Maps, through commonly agreed methodology and scales. The Mandate talks about drought risk maps but at the same time expresses the need to establish structural water scarcity which is directly related to impacts. The added value of the risk maps over the status maps are the Hazard and Vulnerability concepts. Risk can t be understood without taking into account Impacts.
16 Background Main Goals of Drought Risk Maps To determine the probability of drought occurrence. To define water demands or consumptions existing in the European basins. To evaluate the impacts that a drought of a given intensity can produce on population and environmental water demand. To identify measures at a local, basin, national and European scale to mitigate the impacts of a drought. To generate usable maps that can be used by water managers, stakeholders and public to implement measures for a sustainable water management.
17 Floods Directive (Directive 2007/60/CE on the assessment and management of flood risks): flood risk means the combination of the probability of a flood event and of the Other references: References potential adverse consequences for human health, the environment, cultural heritage and economic activity associated with a flood event. Risk = probability of occurrence * adverse consequences 1. UNDP (United Nations Development Program): how a good Drought Risk Management and a good early warning system can reduce drought impacts. Drought risk is directly associated with impacts of a drought. 2. Australian Government : The Bureau's seasonal outlooks are general statements about the probability or risk of wetter or drier than average weather over a three-month period. 3. Spanish White Book on Water (MIMAM, 2000). Studied how two IPCC scenarios (1 and 2) would affect river flows in 2030, helping to generate water scarcity risk maps ranging from low-use, temporary-scarcity and structural-scarcity scenarios. 4. ClimWatAdapt and SCENES projects: For this project maps of future water use, under the IPCC scenarios, have been developed.
18 Definitions accepted by the EG WS&D: Concepts Drought: is a natural phenomenon. It is a temporary, negative and severe deviation along a significant time period and over a large region from average precipitation values (a rainfall deficit), which might lead to meteorological, agricultural, hydrological and socio-economic drought, depending on its severity and duration. Water Scarcity: is a man-made phenomenon. It is a recurrent imbalance that arises from an overuse of water resources, caused by consumption being significantly higher than the natural renewable availability. Water scarcity can be aggravated by water pollution (reducing the suitability for different water uses), and during drought episodes. Floods Directive Flood Risk means the combination of the probability of a flood event and of the potential adverse consequences for human health, the environment, cultural heritage and economic activity associated with a flood event. Risk = Hazard * Vulnerability Flood and drought are natural phenomenon with an associated probability of occurrence, whose impact depends on the place and the time when they occur.
19 Other concepts HAZARD It is the probability of occurrence of a given intensity Flood/Drought phenomena. It describes a natural phenomenon, it is not related to the consequences or impacts * VULNERABILITY It s the potential impact of a drought event on people and the environment in a given location/basin. Effects would be more or less intensive depending on the characteristics of the location/basin. - Frequency: Nº of times that an event occur, - Duration: Nº of weeks/months/years that the event lasts, and - Severity: intensity of the event. Probability can be low, for extreme events, medium, return period 30 years, and high, for events with lower return periods.
20 Other concepts Risk Related to water scarcity. Adverse effects caused by drought on the people, human activities and environment. Water scarcity depends on human activity, it s impacts are related to human activity and environment. Risk Maps (RM) RM Should show the potential adverse consequences of a given intensity drought event on population and the environment. These maps should be used to identify European basins with structural water deficit that can be aggravated during drought periods. Drought Management Plans It should establish the measures that have to be taken in case of a concrete drought event, at a local and basin level. DMP are focused on immediate management issues. They should be developed under the umbrella of RBMPs. RM can support the development of DMPs by identifying the RBDs or parts of them where the development of a DMP is more necessary.
21 Possible Methodologies to be developed 1. FLOODS DIRECTIVE (FD 2007/60/EC) METHODOLOGY 1.1. Drought risk maps methodology (Stepwise approach) 2. WATER SCARCITY INDICATOR METHODOLOGY 3. STATUS MAPS METHODOLOGY This methodology has been abandoned since it does not fit into the concepts of risk, hazard and vulnerability of the Flood Directive.
22 Possible Methodologies to be developed 1. FLOODS DIRECTIVE (FD 2007/60/EC) METHODOLOGY (1/2) 1.1. FLOODS DIRECTIVE (FD 2007/60/EC) METHODOLOGY:
23 Possible Methodologies to be developed 1. FLOODS DIRECTIVE (FD 2007/60/EC) METHODOLOGY (2/2) Floods Directive distinguishes between Hazard and Risk maps Risk = Hazard * Vulnerability HAZARD MAPS = drought maps (probability of occurrence a drought with a certain intensity). RISK MAPS = consequences of a given intensity drought. Floods and droughts are different phenomena: Consequences of floods only appear in a concrete area of the territory while consequences of droughts can happen any where. Floods are developed in a short period of time (hours) while droughts can last months or even years. Finally in floods events only the flow parameter is involved while droughts can be depicted using different parameters (precipitation, flow, soil moisture, snowpack, etc.).
24 Possible Methodologies to be developed 1.1. Drought risk maps methodology (Stepwise approach) This methodology has been developed following the discussion and comments of the EG during the Athens meeting (September 2012). It is a variation of the Flood Directive s methodology, using drought parameters and it s characteristics for assessing risk. DROUGHT MAPS Based on the probability of occurrence of a drought event of a given intensity Probability is calculated from the temporal series of a variable (precipitation, runoff, soil moisture, etc) depending on the characteristics of the basin and the drought indicator chosen. The drought event should be defined in terms of hazard: frequency, duration and severity Overlap DEMAND MAPS Demand can be difficult to calculate at the EU level A simplified dataset can be used (e.g. consumption data from main sectors). Forecasts of demand data can be used to evaluate future drought risk to analyze climate change impacts. DROUGHT RISK MAPS
25 Strengths: WFD, Common Implementation Strategy - Water Scarcity and Droughts Expert Group Possible Methodologies to be developed Both methods are coherent with the Floods Directive. Drought indicators accepted by the EG WS&D can be used. One or more drought indicators (of the CIS indicator set) can be used. Weaknesses: Selection of the drought indicators: The Indicator/s should be selected depending on the characteristics of the basin and the type of demands in it (e.g. rain-fed agriculture can be affected by SPI, while urban demand that depends on surface water can be affected by SRI). Since these indicators are statistical distributions, indicator values in different basins are not comparable. These indicators only detect anomalies from the average of their own data series. To make them comparable droughts must be defined in terms of number of consecutive month in which the indicator/s selected give a high intensity drought, and then calculating the probability of occurrence of a drought. Other comparable indicators would be those based on absolute variables, as Annual Average Runoff or Runoff/km 2, etc. Historical droughts should be taken into account by generating specific maps on this issue. It s not easy to identify the demand areas that depend on the area/basin that is suffering a drought. Historical and current demand data can be difficult to obtain. It is difficult to assess the impacts in terms of human health, the environment, cultural heritage and economic activity.
26 Possible Methodologies to be developed 2. WATER SCARCITY INDICATOR METHODOLOGY (1/2)
27 Possible Methodologies to be developed 2. WATER SCARCITY INDICATOR METHODOLOGY (2/2) Strengths: It uses a water scarcity indicator that has been selected by the EG WS&D for the European pool of WS&D indicators, so all MS are likely to use it in a medium term. WEI+ is useful to describe water scarcity, Management is related to water scarcity more than to drought, and It is ready to provide risk maps. Weaknesses: It might be a bit simplistic. It inherits all the uncertainties of WEI+: data availability, thresholds, Water Requirements issues... Considering water demand as a stable variable it s assumed that there are no changes in population growth or in water consumption. The indicator should be more flexible and permit the use of other consumption options. Another question is how to predict the variation of water demand according to different types and length of Drought. Some MS argue that WEI+ should not be considered as the basis for Drought risk map methodology, but for Water Scarcity risk map methodology. It adds a new threshold issue. Establishing low-medium-high levels can be difficult and would depend on the basins characteristics.
28 Conclusions and baseline for further developments Flood Directive definition of Risk has been suggested since is an adequate concept, therefore previous methodologies, that don t fit in it, have been abandoned (e.g. Status maps methodology). There are two different approaches suggested: Flood Directive vs. water scarcity indicators methodology. The first one is related with drought risk while the second one have to do with water scarcity and management. Drought, as a natural phenomenon, is not a risk per se. The Risk concept can-not be understood without taking into account impacts. Risk can be considered as the relation between the probability of occurrence of natural phenomena (hazard) and the impacts of these phenomena (vulnerability). Drought can be measured using CIS drought indicators Set, but for this purpose drought should be defined as the number of consecutive months in which the indicator gives a high intensity drought. It is not easy to achieve an standardization of the risk maps methodology, base on FD, at a European level: The number and type of the drought indicators selected will depend on the characteristics of the RBDs and the degree of certainty to be achieved with the analysis. Drought impacts are related to water consumption, water use and water demand. Due to the difficulty of estimating water demand in the RBD, other water use dataset can be used: e.g. most important consumption in the RBD, water use estimation, etc. Changing the demand dataset could simplify the implementation of the risk maps in each RBD, but also risk maps would be more heterogeneous throughout EU. Risk maps should be practical management tools and risk forecasting should permit using data from IPCC Scenarios.
Developing the European Drought Observatory (EDO) Jürgen Vogt European Commission Joint Research Centre (JRC) Institute for Environment and Sustainability (IES) firstname.lastname@example.org http://desert.jrc.ec.europa.eu/
Ministry of Water Resources Ministry of Environmental Protection EU China River Basin Management Programme Technical Report 075 Water Resource Supply Security Strategy Analysis Ben Piper, Zhang Wang and
Sub-sector Guideline: (1) Sediment-related Disaster Prevention (Adaptation Project) (2) Sediment-related Disaster Prevention (BAU Development with Adaptation Options) Basic Concept A. General Concept B.
Chapter 2 Flash Flood Science A flash flood is generally defined as a rapid onset flood of short duration with a relatively high peak discharge (World Meteorological Organization). The American Meteorological
Estimating Potential Reduction Flood Benefits of Restored Wetlands Kenneth W. Potter University of Wisconsin Introduction Throughout the summer of 1993 a recurring question was the impact of wetland drainage
Climate Change Impacts to the Water Environment: Thailand Wijarn Simachaya, Ph.D Pollution Control Department Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment http://www.pcd.go.th 1 Overview of Presentation
Severn Trent use of UKCP09 joint probability plots for climate change risk assessment As part of our climate change risk assessment, we have used joint probability plots from the UKCP09 tool to help us
WWDR4 Background Information Brief Global water resources under increasing pressure from rapidly growing demands and climate change, according to new UN World Water Development Report As demand for water
Flood Prevention & Protection Roles and Responsibilities of Conservation Authorities PROTECTING PEOPLE AND PROPERTY Flooding is the leading cause of public emergency in Ontario Climate Change is creating
"The EU Water Blueprint: Implications for Water Law and Policy" Seville, 21th of January 2013 Hosted by the Three decades of improvement in water protection Water efficiency, green economy, Europe 2020...
The is co-financed by the EU through South East Europe Transnational Cooperation Programme Page 1 Introduction The is co-financed by the EU through South East Europe Transnational Cooperation Programme
Disaster Risk Reduction and Building Resilience to Climate Change Impacts Luna Abu-Swaireh (email@example.com) May 2015 United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR) Droughts Floods Storms
Managing Drought Risk in a Changing Climate: The Role of National Drought Policy Dr. Donald A. Wilhite School of Natural Resources University of Nebraska-Lincoln Drought Risk in the Context of Change 22
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE MAY 2008 What is Drought? Drought is a deficiency in precipitation over an extended period, usually a season or more, resulting in a water shortage causing adverse impacts on vegetation,
Dr. Donald A. Wilhite School of Natural Resources University of Nebraska-Lincoln Mexico s National Drought Program Meeting, Mexico City 25-26 November 2013 How do we prepare for and mitigate the impacts
18 June 2009 Preannouncement ERA-Net IWRM-Net 2d joint Call for research proposals IWRM-Net (towards a European wide exchange Network for integrating research efforts on Integrated Water Resources Management)
Status box Title: Reporting Sheets for Reporting Monitoring Requirements Version no.: 5.0 Date: 27 November 2005 Author(s): EC-DG Environment D.2 and Carla Littlejohn Circulation and received comments:
What are the Experts Saying About Effects of Climate Change on Rainfall and Streamflow in the Southeast? by David H. Moreau Director, Water Resources Research Institute of the University of North Carolina
The Caribbean Drought and Precipitation Monitoring Network: The Concept and its Progress Adrian R. Trotman Caribbean Institute for Meteorology and Hydrology Inter-regional Workshop on Indices and Early
Projections, Predictions, or Trends? The challenges of projecting changes to fire regimes under climate change Bec Harris 9-11 th October, 2013 What are we looking for? Aims differ, and are more or less
sample The IPCC Special Report on Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation A changing climate leads to changes in extreme weather and climate events 2 Impacts
Expert Panel Assessment Snowy Precipitation Enhancement Trial (SPET) Executive Summary In Summary Snowy Hydro Ltd proposes to undertake a six year cloud seeding trial in the Snowy Mountains region of New
Modeling Impact of Climate Change on Hydrology of the Brahmani River Basin, India Alok Kumar Sikka National Rainfed Area Authority, Planning Commission, Government of India, New Delhi, India Adlul Islam
Project cofinanced by European Regional Development Fund Project cofinancé par le Fonds européen de développement régional 1G-MED08-515 Sustainable Water Management through Common Responsibility enhancement
Preliminary advances in Climate Risk Management in China Meteorological Administration Gao Ge Guayaquil,Ecuador, Oct.2011 Contents China Framework of Climate Service Experience in Climate/disaster risk
Belmont Forum Collaborative Research Action on Mountains as Sentinels of Change 1. Background and rationale Mountains exist in many regions of the world and are home to a significant fraction of the world
3rd UNECWAS Annual Seminar 21st of August, TUT Responding to the Challenges of Water Security: the VIII Phase of the International Hydrological Programme 2014-2021 Blanca Jimenez-Cisneros Director of the
The IPCC Special Report on Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation A changing climate leads to changes in extreme weather and climate events 2 How do changes
Climate Change Adaptation in London Alex Nickson, Policy & Programmes Manager Climate Change Adaptation & Water, Greater London Authority Why adapt? We are not very well adapted to our existing climate
European Territorial Cooperation (ETC) Danube Transnational Programme (DTP) Kick-off event: A stream of cooperation Budapest, 23-24 September 2015 Challenges in transnational water management and flood
Armenian State Hydrometeorological and Monitoring Service Offenbach 1 Armenia: IN BRIEF Armenia is located in Southern Caucasus region, bordering with Iran, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Turkey. The total territory
Drought Monitoring and Forecasting in Sub-Saharan African Justin Sheﬃeld Princeton University Outline Challenges for sub-saharan Africa (SSA) Current capabilities (national, regional, international) Princeton
CORFU Project Barcelona Case Study Final Workshop 19 th of May 2014 Flood risk assessment through a detailed 1D/2D coupled model Beniamino Russo Aqualogy Urban Drainage Direction Introduction and general
IIASA-DPRI 2008 Operational methodology to assess flood damages in Europe Contributors: Nicola Lugeri, Carlo Lavalle, Elisabetta Genovese 1 Focus of ADAM work on extremes Types Floods, Heat-wave, Drought
Flash Flood Guidance Systems Introduction The Flash Flood Guidance System (FFGS) was designed and developed by the Hydrologic Research Center a non-profit public benefit corporation located in of San Diego,
New challenges of water resources management: Title the future role of CHy by Bruce Stewart* Karl Hofius in his article in this issue of the Bulletin entitled Evolving role of WMO in hydrology and water
Impacts of Climate Change on Egypt and the Nile River BY: LAMA EL HATOW CO-FOUNDER OF THE WATER INSTITUTE OF THE NILE (WIN) AND PH.D. CANDIDATE IN ERASMUS UNIVERSITY ROTTERDAM IN THE NETHERLANDS, DOING
Eastern Africa Growing Season 2016 (Long Rains) Recovering from El Niño? HIGHLIGHTS In 2015, one of the strongest El Ninos on record, led to intense droughts in Ethiopia, Sudan and Somaliland. The growing
6.11.2007 Official Journal of the European Union L 288/27 DIRECTIVES DIRECTIVE 2007/60/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 23 October 2007 on the assessment and management of flood risks
Climate Extremes Research: Recent Findings and New Direc8ons Kenneth Kunkel NOAA Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites North Carolina State University and National Climatic Data Center h#p://assessment.globalchange.gov
DROUGHT IN THE MURRAY DARLING BASIN Drought is a familiar phenomenon in the Murray Darling basin and is one of the most hazardous and most complex threats to humankind and the natural ecosystems they rely
What is FRIEND -Water? Water W REGIMES FROM INTERNATIONAL EXPERIMENTAL AND NETWOR IS AN INTERNATIONAL COLLABORATIVE NETWORK OF EXPERTS THAT AIMS TO GENERATE NEW UNDERSTANDING ABOUT REGIONAL HYDROLOGY AND
Implementation of the WFD in the Danube basin Zagreb - 2 nd follow-up meeting - Joint Statement 9 March 2010 Marieke van Nood WFD Team DG Environment, European Commission WFD timelines 22 December 2009
POTENTIAL IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON FLOODING IN WISCONSIN Ken Potter and Zach Schuster Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering University of Wisconsin Madison, WI OUTLINE Typical flood scenarios
Core Idea ESS3 Vocabulary Earth and Human Activity How do Earth s surface processes and human activities affect each other? Earth human activities planetary systems resource renewable or replaceable Natural
4 June 2015 GIEWS Update El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) Possible impact on agricultural production during the second half of 2015 Highlights: In March 2015, the arrival of El Niño was officially declared
Drought in the Czech Republic in 2015 A preliminary summary October 2015, Prague DISCLAIMER All data used in this preliminary report are operational and might be a subject of change during quality control.
Technical University of Košice Institute of Environmental Engineering Floods - their definition, causes, consequences and state of art LLP IP Erasmus No. 11203-1660/KOSICE03 Ing. Lenka Gaňová Floods Floods
JAMAICA Agricultural Insurance: Scope and Limitations for Weather Risk Management Diego Arias Economist 18 June 2009 Financed partly by the AAACP EU Support to the Caribbean Agenda The global market Products
Fourth International Conference on Climate Services (ICCS4)) Upgrading weather, climate and water information services to enhance food and water security in Yemen Hanan Al-Dobaee, NWRA Uruguay, December
Water Security Outlook December 2015 Purpose of the water security outlook The Water Security Outlook (WSO) is an annual update to Barwon Water s Water Supply Demand Strategy (WSDS), published in 2012.
Impact of water harvesting dam on the Wadi s morphology using digital elevation model Study case: Wadi Al-kanger, Sudan H. S. M. Hilmi 1, M.Y. Mohamed 2, E. S. Ganawa 3 1 Faculty of agriculture, Alzaiem
Stormwater Management in a Changing Climate: Current Initiatives at TRCA Ryan Ness Toronto and Region Conservation Authority A.D. Latornell Conservation Symposium November 21, 2008 TRCA Jurisdiction History
MONITORING OF DROUGHT ON THE CHMI WEBSITE Richterová D. 1, 2, Kohut M. 3 1 Department of Applied and Land scape Ecology, Faculty of Agronomy, Mendel University in Brno, Zemedelska 1, 613 00 Brno, Czech
1 2 A very short description of the functional center network: regarding the Hydraulic and Hydrogeological risk, the national alert system is ensured by the National Civil Protection Department (DPCN),
EUROPEAN COMMISSION Better Regulation "Toolbox" This Toolbox complements the Better Regulation Guideline presented in in SWD(2015) 111 It is presented here in the form of a single document and structured
Real-time hazard impact modelling for surface water flooding: some UK developments Steven Cole 1, Bob Moore 1, Timothy Aldridge 2, Andy Lane 3,4 and Stefan Laeger 4 International Conference on Flood Resilience,
DROUGHT INDICES Andrej Ceglar Biotechnical faculty, University of Ljubljana firstname.lastname@example.org DROUGHT Proceeding of precipitation deficit throughout the hydrological cycle (Rasmusson, 1993) Influence
doi:10.5194/piahs-366-80-2015 80 Hydrological Sciences and Water Security: Past, Present and Future (Proceedings of the 11th Kovacs Colloquium, Paris, France, June 2014). IAHS Publ. 366, 2015 Measuring
APPENDIX A : 1998 Survey of Proprietary Risk Assessment Systems In its 1997 paper, the working party reported upon a survey of proprietary risk assessment systems designed for use by UK household insurers
Symposium on Climate Risk Management Guayaquil, Ecuador 10 th 12 th October 2011 Session 2: Background and Objectives Deborah Hemming Met Office Hadley Centre Weather / Climate impacts on all sectors and
REGIONAL PERSPECTIVES ON INTEGRATED MONITORING AND FORECASTING SYSTEMS: SOUTHERN AFRICA Expert Meeting on National Early Warning System for Agricultural Weather Management Fairfax, Virginia USA 18-20 July,
European Union Regional Policy ntrum fur -^t- 111/ Towards sustainable and strategic management of water resources European Commission Bibliothek Wasser und Umwelt (TU Darm stadt) Contents EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Floods Requirements of the Floods Directive JASPERS Networking Platform Workshop: Best Practices in Flood Risk Management Brussels, 17 September 2013 This presentation History of the Directive Key principles
Management of the Neman River basin with account of adaptation to climate change Progress of the pilot project since February, 2011 Vladimir Korneev, Central Research Institute for Complex Use of Water
CHAPTER 6 2009 REGIONAL WATER SUPPLY OUTLOOK Water Demand Forecast Approach 6.1 Introduction Long-range water demand forecasting is a fundamental tool that water utilities use to assure that they can meet
DEVELOPING FLOOD VULNERABILITY MAP FOR NORTH KOREA Soojeong Myeong, Research Fellow Hyun Jung Hong, Researcher Korea Environment Institute Seoul, South Korea 122-706 email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org
LIFE08 ENV/IT/436 Time Series Analysis and Current Climate Trends Estimates Dr. Guido Fioravanti email@example.com Rome July 2010 ISPRA Institute for Environmental Protection and Research
Living with Climate Change Helping People Adapt to the New Normal Kevin Parton ILWS Overview 1. Climate Change and Climate Variability 2. Three Projects 3. Conclusions 1. Climate Change and Climate Variability
EUROPEAN COMMISSION DIRECTORATE GENERAL ENVIRONMENT Directorate C Qualityof Life, Water & Air ENV.C.1 Water KICK OFF MEETING OF THE 2013 HALTING DESERTIFICATION IN EUROPE PILOT PROJECTS. 05 th February
Current capabilities in the analysis of climate risks and adaptation strategies in critical areas M. Arif Goheer Global Change Impact Studies Centre (GCISC) Islamabad- 44000, Pakistan Symposium on Climate
Assessment of the seasonal forecast for the winter season 2010/11 in Bulgaria Ilian Gospodinov National institute of meteorology and hydrology, Bulgaria firstname.lastname@example.org 27 April 2011, Sofia 1.
Extreme Events and Disasters are the Biggest Threat to Taiwan Typhoon Morakot Impacts due from Climate Change According to the statistical data of the past hundred years, the annual mean temperature of
Great Plains and Midwest Climate Outlook 19 March 2015 Wendy Ryan Assistant State Climatologist Colorado State University email@example.com Grass fire in SE Nebraska 13 March 2015 General Information
Training Programme 5 day Training on and Adaptation Developed by: Bangladesh Centre for Advanced Studies (BCAS) [A comprehensive training module along with guideline for trainers aiming to enhance capacity
Martin Jaffe, University of Illinois at Chicago In urban areas, droughts treated as water supply reliability issue: water system capacity overbuilt based on historical worst drought of record Can extrapolate
Abstract Recovery of full cost and pricing of water in the Water Framework Directive D. Assimacopoulos Professor, Department of Chemical Engineering, NTUA The Water Framework Directive (EC 2000/60) introduces
River Basin Management in Croatia 2. INTERNATIONAL RIVER BASIN MANAGEMENT HIGH LEVEL SYMPOSIUM Cappadocia/NEVŞEHİR, Turkey 16-18 April 2013 2 Water sector responsibilities are shared among: Croatian Parliament
White Paper February 2013 Daniel Shi Naresh Devineni Upmanu Lall Edwin Piñero Summary The emerging awareness of the dependence of business on water has resulted in increasing awareness of the concept of
Conference on Climate Change and Official Statistics Oslo, Norway, 14-16 April 2008 The Role of Spatial Data Infrastructure in Integrating Climate Change Information with a Focus on Monitoring Observed
Temperature - C Quinte Conservation Climate Change Strategy November 2015 As stewards of the local watersheds Quinte Conservation has been active in assessing and monitoring climate change and is proposing
A Self Assessment to Address Climate Change Readiness in Your Community Midwest Region 0 Climate Change Readiness Index A Self Assessment to Address Climate Change Readiness in Your Community Communities
North American Weather & Climate Extremes: Progress in Monitoring and Research July 15-21, 2005 Aspen Global Change Institute Aspen, Colorado Shaun McGrath Western Governors Association WGA Drought Report
El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO): Review of possible impact on agricultural production in 2014/15 following the increased probability of occurrence EL NIÑO Definition and historical episodes El Niño
FAO Crop Monitoring and Yield Forecasting Tool (AgroMetShell version 2.0) Objectives To provide a unique shell in which to integrate all software tools to be used for crop monitoring and crop yield forecasting
Real-time modelling of surface water flooding hazard and impact at countrywide scales Steven Cole 1, Robert Moore 1, Paul Mattingley 1,Timothy Aldridge 2, Jon Millard 3,4 and Stefan Laeger 5 BHS National
IUCN Guidelines to Avoid Impacts of Water Resources Projects on Dams and Other Water Infrastructure (December 2013) IUCN does not engage in projects which involve the design, construction or rehabilitation