1 104 SHORT NOTE HERPETOZOA 27 (1/2) Wien, 30. Juli 2014 SHORT NOTE The population of Mauremys rivulata (VALENcIENNES, 1833) on the Island of Bozcaada, Turkey The only freshwater habitat on the Turkish Island of Bozcaada (Greek name: Tenedos) is inhabited by a population of Mauremys rivulata (VALENcIEN NES, 1833). The authors analyzed physico-chemical and bacteriological characteristics of the water, the turtles oral and cloacal bacterial flora, feeding habits and morphological features. The Island of Bozcaada ( N; E; size: km²; maximum elevation: Göztepe m a.s.l., Yeni kale Hill m a.s.l.) is located in the northeast Aegean Sea, southwest of the Çanakkale Strait (Dardanelles) and situated on the continental shelf, about 7 km off the Turkish Aegean coast (Fig. 1). The island (human population about 2,500; main in dustries: fishing, viniculture and tourism) lacks wetland areas (DERmITZAkIS 1990) with the exception of a single lake (TOSu NOğLu et al. 2009). Lake Azmak ( N, E; length 100 m, width 5 m, depth 2 m) is a stagnant water body at sea level. Field studies were carried out on four days (June 18, July 27, August 9 and September 15) in 2012 when a fish trap was placed in the lake be tween 07:00 to 8:00 h in the morning and checked at noon. captured individuals were marked by notching the marginal scutes of the shell using files (cagle 1939). Juvenile turtles with soft shells were marked with nail scissors. Body measurements, oral and cloacal swabs and stomach contents were taken from the samples which were released into the lake thereafter. A total of 29 M. rivulata individuals (21 females, six males and two juveniles) were sampled: six in June, four in July, four in August and 15 in Sep - tember. Isolation of selected pathogens from oral and cloacal swabs followed standard methods for Enterobacteriaceae (mac con - key agar), Vibrio sp. (Thiosulfate citrate Bile Salts Sucrose (TcBS) Agar), Aero - monas sp. (Glutamate Starch Phenol Red Agar) and Pseudomonas sp. (Pseudomonas Isolation Agar). Plates were incubated at c and examined after hours. Isolated colonies were identified by Gram and biochemical reactions (murray et al. 1999). In addition, microbiological water quality parameters (total coliform bacteria - Tc, faecal coliform bacteria - Fc) were assessed using the most probable number (mpn) method (FINSTEIN 1972). Water temperature, ph, electrical conductivity (Ec) and dissolved oxygen (DO) readings were taken on the spot with a Hatch-Lange Tm ecological kit. The physico-chemical and microbiological qualities of Bozcaada fresh water are shown in Table 1. According to the Turkish WATER POLLuTION control REGuLATION (2004) that classifies inland water into categories, high quality (class I), moderate quality (class II), polluted (class III) and highly polluted waters (class IV), water Fig. 1: Geographical location of Bozcaada Island (Turkey) and view of Lake Azmak (left), the only wetland habitat on Bozcaada Island.
2 SHORT NOTE HERPETOZOA 27 (1/2) Wien, 30. Juli 2014 SHORT NOTE 105 Fig. 2: Dorsal, ventral and lateral views of Mauremys rivulata (VALENcIENNES, 1833). A specimen typical of the population of Lake Azmak, Bozcaada Island (Turkey), is shown. temperature, Ec, ph and DO averages complied with inland water quality parameters classes I II in all months of the study. However, dissolved oxygen values entered (classes II III) in July and August. Similarly, microbial and fecal pollution indicator bacteria counts were within the water quality parameters of class I. Fecal coliform levels showed sudden increase in August and September, thus downgrading the water quality to classes III and IV. A total of 113 Gram negative bacteria were isolated from oral and cloacal samples of M. rivulata. Enterobacter aerogenes was the most common microorganism identified (38/113, 33.62%). Other bacteria isolated were Vibrio sp. (33/113, 29.20%), Aero - monas sp. (24/113, 21.23%) and Pseudo - monas sp. (15/113; 13.27%), respectively. monthly total bacteria counts amounted to three in June, eight in July, 37 in August, and 65 in September. The bacteria which were isolated in this study are all considered opportunistic pathogens in reptiles and amphibians, and their presence in association with overt clinical signs of disease should be considered as significant (FILIPPI et al. 2010). While in all months, coliform bacteria values were within a tolerable range, the counts of fecal coliform bacteria exceeded acceptable threshold values with an increase in temperature. There was a positive correlation between the number of potentially pathogenic bacteria isolated from oral and cloacal swabs and the number of aquatic pollution indicator bacteria, especially in the months of August and September. However, an obvious negative effect of the increaseing microbial contamination on the turtle population was not observed, unless the small number of juveniles would be taken as indicative. Applying stomach flushing (LEGLER 1977), the stomach contents of eight indi- Table 1: Physico-chemical and microbiological quality of the water in Lake Azmak, Bozcaada Island (Tur - key). The water quality class rating I-IV (WATER POLLuTION control REGuLATION 2004) is given in parentheses. month June July August September Temperature ( o c) 21.7 (I-II) 26.9(I-II) 27.9 (I-II) 20.5 (I-II) Dissolved oxygen (mg/l) 7.35 (II) 5.17 (III) 5.45 (III) 8.86 (I) ph 8.29 (I) 7.98 (I) 7.16 (I) 8.27 (I) Electrical conductivity (μs/cm) 3.09 (I) 3.27 (I) 3.47 (I) 3.29 (I) Total coliform (mpn/100 ml) 40 (I) 30 (I) 40 (I) 1500 (I) Faecal coliform (mpn/100 ml) 0 (I) 90 (I) 230 (III) 4600 (IV)
3 106 SHORT NOTE HERPETOZOA 27 (1/2) Wien, 30. Juli 2014 SHORT NOTE Table 2: morphometric measurements and ratios of 29 specimens of Mauremys rivulata (VALENcIENNES, 1833) collected from Lake Azmak, Bozcaada Island (Turkey). m males, F females. Straight carapace m Lenght (ScL) F m+f Juv carapace Width (cw) m F m+f Juv Plastron Lenght (PL) m F m+f Juv Plastron Width (PW) m F m+f Juv ScL/cW m F m+f Juv PL/PW m F m+f Juv Body mass m F m+f Juv viduals were collected immediately after capture, to cope with the rapid prey digestion in turtles. Prey items were preserved in 70 % ethanol and identified to the lowest taxonomic level possible with a Boeco bin - ocular microscope and an Olympus BX51 microscope, using appropriate literature (BORROR & WHITE 1970; ÖkTEm & BARAN 1977; komarek & ANAGNOSTIDIS 1986, 1989, 1999; krammer & LANGE-BERTALOT 1991a, 1991b, 1999a, 1999b; JOHN et al. 2003; BALIAN et al. 2008; GuIRY & GuIRY 2012) İn the stomach contents analyzed, animal prey items (26 %) comprised crustaceans (malacostraca: 9.8 %) and Arthropods (In - secta - Odonata nymphs: 5.4 %, Odonata adults: 4.5 % and Hymenoptera adults: 6.3 %); plant matter (74 % of prey items) included monocotyledons (Holophila sp.), Trebouxiophyceae, coleochaetophyceae, conjugato phyceae (Spirogyra sp.), cyano - phyceae, Bacillariophyceae, cymbellaceae and seeds of aquatic plants. Fecal analysis revealed that M. rivulata feeds on aquatic and terrestrial invertebrates, filamentous algae, epipelic algae and other aquatic plants, identifying this species as an opportunistic omnivore (SIDIS & GASITH 1985) which was endorsed by ÇIÇEk & AYAZ (2011) who found insects, fishes, amphibians and plant matter in M. rivulata stomach contents. Feeding on animal prey was never doubted but feeding on plant matter was debated with regard to its intentional or accidental ingestion (LABBORONI & chelazzi 1991). In this study, however, animal matter represented the minority (26 %) of prey items in the stomach contents of M. rivulata. Among the plants observed, microalgae were likely taken accidentally, whereas macroalgae such as Holophila sp. and Spirogyra sp. were most likely eaten intentionally. Straight carapace and plastron lengths (ScL, PL) and widths (cw, PW), were taken with a mitutoyo digital caliper (precision: 0.01 mm) and ratios cl/cw and PL/PW
4 SHORT NOTE HERPETOZOA 27 (1/2) Wien, 30. Juli 2014 SHORT NOTE 107 were calculated. Body mass was weighed using a digital balance. Descriptive statistics of the measurements and rates were calculated using the SPSS (10.0) program. The carapace was mostly brown or olive green to green in color, the plastron much darker, sometimes almost black (Fig. 2). morphometric data are summarized in Table 2. comparative body measurements are available in FRITZ (1994, 1995). The present observations are in line with previous studies which found that females of the Balkan Terrapin are larger and heavier than males (AuER & TAşkAVAk 2004; RIFAI & AmR 2004; GüÇLü & TüRkOZAN 2010) and the straight carapace length not to exceed 220 mm (WERNER 1902; SIEBENROck 1913; ÇEVIk 1982; TOk 1999; WIScHuF & BuSAck 2001; AYAZ & BuDAk 2008). AckNOWLEDGmENTS: This study was funded by the Scientific and Technological Research council of Turkey (TüBİTAk Project No. 112T063). REFERENcES: AuER, m. & TAşkAVAk, E. (2004): Population structures of syntopic Emys orbicularis and Mauremys rivulata in western Turkey.- Biologia, Bratislava, 59 (Suppl. 14): AYAZ, D. & BuDAk, A. (2008): Distribution and morphology of Mauremys rivulata (VALENcIENNES, 1833) (Reptilia: Testudines: Geoemydidae) in the Lake District and mediterranean region of Turkey.- Turkish Journal of Zoology, Ankara; 32: BALIAN, E. V. & LEVEquE, c. & SEGERS, H. & martens, k. (2008): Freshwater animal diversity assessment.- Hydrobiolo - gia, Dordrecht; 595: BORROR, D. J. & WHITE, R. E. (1970): A field guide to the Insects. New York (Houghton mifflin), pp cagle, F. R. (1939): A system for marking turtles for future identification.- copeia, Washington; 1939: ÇEVIk, E. (1982): Trakya kaplumbağa ve kertenkelelerinin taksonomik araştırılması, Ph.D. thesis, Ege university, İzmir, pp. 85. ÇIÇEk, k. & AYAZ, D. (2011): Çizgili kaplum - bağanın (Mauremys rivulata) besin içeriği üzerine bir ön çalışma; p In: X. ulusal Ekoloji ve Çevre kon - gresi, 4-7 Ekim 2011 [10th National Ecology and En - vironment congress, 4-7 October 2011], Çanakkale. DERmITZAkIS, m. D. (1990): Paleogeo graphy, geodynamic processes and event stratigraphy during the late cenozoic of the Aegean area. International symposium on Biogeographical aspects of Insularity, Rome, may 1987, Academia Nazionale dei Lincei, 85: FILIPPI, E. & D ALTERIO, G. L. & BROZZI, A. B. & micci, m. & POLITI, P. & mantero, D. (2010): Note on the intestinal bacterial populations of free living snakes in Italy.- Herpetology Notes, Braunschweig; 3: FINSTEIN, m. S. (1972): Pollution microbiology. A Laboratory manual. New York (marcel Dekker), pp FRITZ, u. (1994): Zur innerartlichen Variabilität von Emys orbicularis (LIN NAEuS, 1758), 4. Variabilität und Zoogeo graphie im pontokaspischen Gebiet mit Beschreibung von drei neuen unterarten.- Zoologische Abhandlungen des museums für Tierkunde, Dresden; 48 (4): FRITZ, u. (1995): Zur innerartlichen Variabilität von Emys orbicularis (LINNAEuS, 1758). 5a. Taxonomie in mittel-westeuropa, auf korsika, Sardinien, der Apenninen-Halbinsel und Sizilien und unterartengruppen von Emys orbicularis (Reptilia: Testudines: Emydidae).- Zoologische Abhandlungen des museums für Tier kunde, Dresden; 48 (13): GuIRY, m. D. & GuIRY, G. m. (2012): AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National university of Ireland, Galway. WWW document available at < algaebase.org > [last accessed on 25 April, 2012]. GüÇLü, Ö. & TüRkOZAN, O. (2010): Population structure of Mauremys rivulata in Western Turkey.- Turkish Journal of Zoology, Ankara; 34 (3): JOHN D. m. & WHITTON, B. A. & BROOk, A. J. (2003): The freshwater algal flora of the British Isles: an identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. cambridge (cambridge university Press), pp komarek, J. & ANA GNOSTIDIS, k. (1986): moderm approach to the classification system of cyanophytes. 2-chroococcales.- Algological Studies, Stuttgart; 43: komarek, J. & ANAGNOSTIDIS, k. (1989): modem approach to the classification system of cyanophytes. 4-Nostocales.- Algological Studies, Stut - tgart; 56: koma REk, J. & ANAGNOSTIDIS, k. (1999): cyanoprokaryota. Part 1: chroococcales. Jena (Gustav Fischer), pp krammer, k. & LANGE- BERTALOT, H. (1991a): Süß wasserflora von mittel - europa. Bacillariophyceae, Vol. 213, Part 3: centrales, Fragillariaceae, Eunoticeae. Stuttgart (Gustav Fischer), pp krammer, k. & LANGE-BERTALOT, H. (1991b): Süßwasserflora von mitteleuropa. Bacillario - phyceae, Vol. 214, Part 4: Achnanthaceae, kritische Ergänzungen zu Navicula (Lineolatae) und Gompho - nema. Stuttgart, Jena (Gustav Fischer), pp krammer, k. & LANGE-BERTALOT, H. (1999a): Süßwasserflora von mitteleu ropa. Bacil lariophyceae, Vol. 211, Part 1: Naviculaceae. Berlin (Spectrum Akademischer Verlag), pp krammer, k. & LANGE-BERTALOT, H. (1999b): Süßwasserflora von mitteleuropa. Bacillariophyceae, Vol. 2/2, Part 2: Bacillariaceae, Epithemiaceae, Surirellaceae. Berlin (Spectrum Akademischer Verlag), pp LABBORONI, m. & chelazzi, G. (1991): Activity pattern of Emys orbicularis L. (chelonia: Emydidae) in central Italy.- Ethology, Ecology & Evolution, Firenze; 3: LEGLER, J. m. (1977): Stomach flushing: A technique for chelonian dietary studies.- Herpetologica, Lawrence; 33: murray, P. R. & BARON, E. J. & PFALLER, m. A. & TENOVER, F. c. & YOLkEN, R. H. (1999): manual of clinical microbiology. 7th Edition. Washington (American Society for microbiology), pp ÖkTEm, N. & BARAN, İ. (1977): Arthropoda laboratuvar klavuzu.- Ege üniversitesi Fen Fakültesi kitaplar Serisi İlker matbaası, Bornova-İzmir; 75: RIFAI, L. B. & AmR, Z. S. (2004): morphomet rics and biology of the striped-necked terrapin, Maur emys rivulata (VALENcIENNES, 1833), in Jordan (Rep tilia: Testudines: Geoemydidae). Zoologische Abhand lungen des museums für Tierkunde, Dresden; 54: SIDIS, I. & GASITH, A. (1985): Food habits of the caspian Terrapin (Mauremys caspica rivulata) in unpolluted and polluted habitats in Israel.- Journal of Herpetology, Houston etc.; 19 (1): SIEBEN - ROck, F. (1913): Schildkröten aus Syrien und meso - potamien.- Annalen des Naturhistorischen museums, Wien; 27: TOk, c. V. (1999): The taxonomy and ecology of Mauremys caspica rivulata VALENcI -
5 108 SHORT NOTE HERPETOZOA 27 (1/2) Wien, 30. Juli 2014 SHORT NOTE ENNES, 1833 (Testudinata: Bataguridae) and Testudo graeca ibera PALLAS, 1811 (Testudinata: Tesdudinidae) in Resadiye (Datça) Peninsula.- Turkish Journal of Zoology, Ankara; 23 (1): TOSuNOğLu, m. & GüL, Ç. & uysal, İ. (2009): The herpetofauna of Tenedos (Bozcaada, Turkey). Herpetozoa, Wien; 22 (1/2): WATER POLLuTION control REGuLATION (WPcR) (2004): Water pollution control regulation, chapter 1.- Official journal, Ankara; 25687: WERNER, F. (1902): Die Reptilien- und Amphi bienfauna von kleinasien.- Sitzungsberichte der Akademie der Wissenschaften, mathematisch-naturwissenschaftliche klasse, Wien; 111: WIScHuF, T. & BuSAck, S. D. (2001): Mauremys rivulata (VALENcIENNES in BORY DE SAINT-VINcENT et al., 1833) Ostmediterrane Bachschildkröte, pp In: FRITZ, u. (ed.): Handbuch der Reptilien und Amphibien Europas, Band 3/IIIA: Schildkröten I. Wiebelsheim (Aula Verlag). key WORDS: Reptilia: Testudines: Geoemy - didae: Mauremys rivulata; ecology, aquatic habitat pollution, food habits, population estimate, morphology, Bozcaada Island, Aegean See, Çanakkale, Turkey SuBmITTED: may 6, 2013 AuTHORS: Çiğdem GüL (corresponding author < > < edu.tr >); murat TOSuNOğLu, Nurcihan HAcIOğLu, Tuğçe ÇAPRAZLI, Hüseyin ERDuğAN, İbrahim uysal - Çanakkale Onsekiz mart university, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Department of Biology, Çanak - kale, Turkey. Herpetofauna of Paxos, Ionian Islands, Greece, including two species new to the island Whereas the herpetofauna of corfu, the northernmost of the Ionian Islands, has been extensively covered in the literature (see mertens 1961; TóTH et al. 2002; RAZETTI et al. 2006) only a few reports are available for the small neighboring island of Paxos or Paxi (keymar 1984; ŠANDERA et al. 2004). Although scientific reports of reptiles are scarce, Paxos has been known to harbor many snakes and in one travel companion from the early 19th century (DOD - WELL 1819) you could for example read: It (Paxos) contains vast number of serpents, which are said to be of harmless and inoffensive nature.. Paxos is the largest among the group of islands comprising Antipaxos, Panagia, Ag. Nikolaous, mongonissi and a few other small islets or rocks. Paxos is situated 13 km SSE of corfu and approximately 55 km northwest of Lefkada (Santa maura). The distance to the Greek mainland is 15 km. The vegetation is typically mediterra - nean, and the landscape and flora are highly influenced by centuries of human activity such as farming. In later years, tourism, house building and constructions of roads also have had an impact on the environment with degradation of the natural vegetation as a consequence. Approximately 75 % of the flora has a mediterranean distribution in a wide sense (GEORGIADIS et al. 1986). About 435 plant taxa (species and subspecies) have been reported from the island and the forest is mainly of the Oleo-ceratoneous type with species such as Ceratonia siliqua, Pistacia lenticus, Juniperus phoenicea, Pinus hale - pensis, and Olea europaea, but tree species such as Quercus ilex and Cupressus sempervirens belonging to the so-called quercus ilicis level are also represented. In the south of the Island a low-laying coastal level of phrygana vegetation can be found. Paxos has an area of 30 km 2 and a population of around 2,500 permanent residents. The average annual precipitation is similar to that of corfu, i.e., approximately 1,000 mm. However, on Paxos all the natural water ways dry out completely in summer; there are no natural springs or water reservoirs in the ground and water has always been scarce during the summer months. Old water-cisterns with small ca - nals carved in the sloping rocks for the collection of rain water can be found in some places on the island, indicating that special measures had to be taken to collect and preserve fresh water. Paxos, Antipaxos, Lefkada, cephalo - nia and Zakynthos belong to the Preapulian or Paxos sedimentary zone, a zone that corresponds to the most external domain of the Hellenic fold-and-thrust belt (karakitsios et al. 2010), while corfu belongs to the Ionian sedimentary zone. The Paxos coastline is much eroded and boasts more sea caves per kilometer than any other coast line in the world (FRIEND 2002). The Preapulian zone has traditionally been considered a relatively uniform sedimentary zone consisting of limestone, dolomites, marlstone and evaporite, and the absence of flysch, but recent studies have revealed a more complex scenario (karakitsios et al. 2010). The topography of Paxos also differs from corfu in the absence of high mountains and
www.irishseedsavers.ie POND LIFE FACT SHEET Natural surface water on earth includes lakes, ponds, streams, rivers, estuaries, seas and oceans. A pond is a small body of fresh water shallow enough for sunlight
Turtles! Ma ayan Dagan Table of Contents 1: Taxonomy: What kind of animal is a turtle? 2: Turtle or tortoise? 2: Anatomy: The Parts of a Turtle 3: The Shell of a Turtle 4: Evolution from Ancient Reptiles
Water Quality Indicators Lab Introduction Water is an essential resource for all life forms. In fact, water is the main component in cells and it composes up to 60 to 70 percent of the weight of living
1. Use BLUE to color and label the following bodies of water: Mediterranean Sea, Aegean Sea, Ionian Sea 2. Use a BLACK dot to mark and label the following cities/landmarks: Troy, Athens, Mt. Olympus, and
MODULE 3 - LABORATORY TESTING Objective This module is for INFORMATION ONLY. No BETC test questions are from this module. On completion of this module, participants will be able to: o o Identify the types
2 1 SECTION 2 Monitoring water quality in estuaries The Waterwatch program includes testing of a number of water quality parameters to provide information about the health of the waterway under investigation.
Pond Water Web Lesson Plan Purpose: As a result of this lesson, students will become familiar with common organisms found in a pond and discover their importance in a balanced aquatic habitat as they create
DIAMONDBACK TERRAPIN NESTING ON THE POPLAR ISLAND ENVIRONMENTAL RESTORATION PROJECT Willem M. Roosenburg, Ohio University, Department of Biological Sciences, Phil E. Allman, Ohio University, Department
Lesson Plan Two - Ecosystems Summary Students discuss what living things need to survive. They identify the abiotic and biotic components of an ecosystem and describe the roles and interactions of producers
Slovenia. Slovenia, a relatively new country, established its independence in 1991. This nation, approximately the size of New Jersey, was once part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and Yugoslavia. Borders:
Monk seal sightings in the central Ionian Sea A network of fishermen for the protection of the marine resources By Aliki Panou Archipelagos environment and development Introduction and methods The Ionian
Designing in Sustainability in an Utility Scale Photovoltaic Array Tim Green, Brookhaven National Laboratory Richard Chandler, BP Solar October 2010 Biography Tim Green Currently the Natural & Cultural
STEFAN WALSTON AND KELLEY RILEY INTRODUCTION TO MICROBIAL WATER QUALITY STEFAN WALSTON AND KELLEY RILEY UNIVERSITY OF ARIZONA DEPT. OF SOIL, WATER AND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE INTRODUCTION General lab rules
Characteristics of Terrestrial Ecosystems Terrestrial ecosystems are land-based ecosystems. Rainforests, deciduous forests, and grasslands are all examples of terrestrial ecosystems. The Earth has many
Communities, Biomes, and Ecosystems Section 1: Community Ecology Section 2: Terrestrial Biomes Section 3: Aquatic Ecosystems Click on a lesson name to select. 3.1 Community Ecology Communities A biological
Algae Producer uses photosynthesis to produce energy from absorbed sunlight using chlorophyll Photo: WikiCommons http://www.larousse.fr/encyclopedie/media/algues/11000970 Many kinds of algae (see image)
Water and Wastewater Sample Collection and Analysis December 2011 Introduction Accurate testing of drinking water is crucial to maintaining the health and safety of Islanders who rely on this resource.
Lesson 1: Make the Connection Activity: Students work with paper cutouts to learn about the parts of a food chain, specifically herbivores, carnivores, and producers. Grade level: 4-8 Subjects: Science,
REPRODUCTION IN THE GREEK ENDEMIC LIZARD Podarcis milensis (SAURIA: LACERTIDAE) C. ADAMOPOULOU 1, E. D. VALAKOS 2 & A. LEGAKIS 1 1 University of Athens, Department of Biology, Zoological Museum, Panepistimioupolis,
NAME: Urban Ecology: Watersheds and Aquatic Ecology A BIOBUGS program Objective: To describe the health of the Muddy River in the Fens wetlands system of Boston by examining abiotic and biotic parameters.
Chapter 1. Bacterial isolation, identification and storage Ruangpan, Lila & Tendencia, Eleonor A. Date published: 2004 To cite this document : Ruangpan, L., & Tendencia, E. A. (2004). Chapter 1. Bacterial
The update of the Greek Red Data Book of threatened fauna: Summary results and trends Panagiota Maragou Project coordinator WWF Greece Anastasios Legakis Scientific coordinator Zoological Museum University
THE WATER CYCLE Water is the most abundant substance in living things. The human body, for example, is composed of about 70% water, and jellyfish are 95% water. Water participates in many important biochemical
Enteric Unknowns Miramar College Biology 205 Microbiology Enteric (Greek enteron = intestine) bacteria are comprised of several different genera, but all reside in the digestive tract of mammals. Because
Undergraduate Catalog 1998-1999 BIOLOGY: Ecology and Evolutionary Biology (EEB) Head of Department: Professor Gregory J. Anderson Department Office: Room 312, Torrey Life Sciences Building For major requirements,
HOW TO WRITE AN UNKNOWN LAB REPORT IN MICROBIOLOGY GENERAL Unknown reports in microbiology are written in scientific format. Scientific writing is written differently from other types of writing. The results
Aquatic Biomes, Continued Introduction Extent of Marine biomes Issues & challenges Factors influencing distribution Dynamics in time & space Depth Tour of marine biomes Issues (by biome) Freshwater biomes
Web of Water Teacher s Guide Webisode 4 Coastal Plain Table of Contents About Coastal Plain.... 3 South Carolina Science Standards.. 5 Discussion Questions....... 11 Knowitall Resources...... 13 Credits.....
CONSERVATION MEASURES FOR ELEONORA S FALCON IN GREECE LAYMAN S REPORT JANUARY 2008 2 Eleonora s Falcon Eleonora s Falcon is one of the most characteristic birds of the Aegean Sea. It is a migrating falcon
Wetlands What is a wetland? A wetland is an area that usually holds shallow, slow-moving, or stationary water. Animals and plants living in or near wetlands are adapted to and often dependent on wet conditions
WFD Bathing Waters Impact Data Risk Assessment Methodology GUIDANCE ON THRESHOLDS AND METHODOLOGY TO BE APPLIED IN IRELAND S RIVER BASIN DISTRICTS Paper by the Working Group on Characterisation and Risk
G. Schernewski und T. Dolch (Hrsg.): Geographie der Meere und Küsten Coastline Reports 1 (2004), ISSN 0928-2734 S. 177-181 Holistic Systems Analysis for ICZM: The Coastal Futures Approach Andreas Kannen
Backyard Buffers Protecting Habitat and Water Quality What is a buffer? A buffer (also called a riparian buffer area or zone) is the strip of natural vegetation along the bank of a stream, lake or other
Name: Date: Testing Water for Bacteria Using Membrane Filtration High School Physical Science Fall Module 1 Environmental Laboratory NGSSS Big Idea: Coliform is a type of bacteria common in soils, plants
Manitoba Environment Manitoba Health Guideline 98 02 (Formerly ES 155) GUIDELINES FOR PUBLIC WATER SYSTEMS : CHLORINE RESIDUAL TESTING AND REPORTING, and; BACTERIOLOGICAL WATER SAMPLING, SUBMISSION AND
AMENDMENTS TO APPENDICES I AND II OF THE CONVENTION Other Proposals A. PROPOSAL Transfer of Clemmvs muhlenbergii from Appendix Il to Appendix I. B. PROPONENT The United States of America. C. SUPPORTING
ANALYSIS OF TOURISM POTENTIAL FOR CRETE A. Matzarakis 1, P. Nastos 2 N. Karatarakis 3, A. Sarantopoulos 3 1 Meteorological Institute, University of Freiburg, Germany 2 Laboratory of Climatology and Atmospheric
Exercise X IMViC Tests IMViC tests are used to study the physiological characteristics of bacteria from the Family Enterobacteriaceae, especially Escherichia and Enterobacter. The biochemical characteristics
Chapter 1 BACTERIA AND WATER QUALITY What are Bacteria? What are Indicator Bacteria? How Do Bacteria Get Into Streams and Rivers? What Risks Do Bacteria Pose To Human Health? Georgia Bacterial Standards
France s biodiversity at risk A call for action France hosts a large proportion of the species that are threatened at the European level, and has the important responsibility for protecting these species
CHAPTER 4 PHYSICAL SCIENCE CONNECTIONS 4.3 Physical Variables You have read about the compounds that make up living things. The presence and amount of other compounds like oxygen and water are variables
Vaughan Centre for Lifelong Learning Part-Time Certificate of Higher Education in Global Ecology and Wildlife Conservation Delivered via Distance Learning FAQs What are the aims of the course? This course
Environmental Science Week7 - Geology Module 3: Geology, Earth and the Lithosphere 27. The Seven Continents: The continents are the major land masses of the earth. According to tradition most people speak
Introduction to Medical Microbiology Course Medical Microbiology Unit I Introduction to Microbiology Essential Question What is Medical Microbiology? TEKS 130.207(c) 2A, 3D Prior Student Learning n/a Estimated
Celia Y. Chen, Ph.D Dartmouth College Research Professor Department of Biological Sciences Class of '78 Life Sciences Center HB 6044 Hanover, NH 03755 (603)646 2376 Celia.firstname.lastname@example.org Dr. Celia Chen
A Lesson Plan Developed by Introductory Activity Lead a discussion on the diversity of living organisms in, on, or around a lake. Record the names of as many organisms as the students can think of. They
Grouping Organisms Classifying Organisms When you look for socks to wear, you probably go to your sock drawer. Your shirts might be in a different drawer. The clothes are grouped so that you can find them.
Oikos: House and Ology: to Study Scientific discipline in which the relationships among living organisms and the interaction the organisms have with their environments are studied. An Ecologist is someone
MASTER OF SCIENCE IN BIOLOGY The Master of Science in Biology program is designed to provide a strong foundation in concepts and principles of the life sciences, to develop appropriate skills and to inculcate
5.2.1 Recall the cell as the smallest unit of life and identify its major structures (including cell membrane, cytoplasm, nucleus, and vacuole). Taxonomy level: 1.1 and 1.2-A Remember Factual Knowledge
Investigation Booklet Exploring: Salt in Our Lives 1. Draw and describe your prediction of what will happen to the eggplant after the teacher applies salt to it. Drawing of an eggplant with water droplets
OAT Practice 5 th Grade Science Life Science Brought to you by: Many plants and animals live in and around the pond. One year the pond dried up. 1) Which organism in the pond ecosystem was still able to
MICROBES OF THE BODY: THE ENTERICS The term enterics refers to organisms belonging to the family Enterobacteriaceae. This is a family of Gram-negative, oxidase-negative, facultative anaerobic rods. Several
Spain s biodiversity at risk A call for action Spain hosts a large proportion of species that are threatened at the European level, and has an important responsibility for protecting these species within
1 st six weeks 1 Identify questions and problems that can be answered through scientific investigation. 2 Design and conduct scientific investigations to answer questions about the world by creating hypotheses;
Activity Sheet A - Getting Sorted Duration: 45 minutes Locate the animals listed below and find out their scientific name. Remember that the scientific name is usually written in italics or is underlined.
NPS Inventory and Monitoring Program The National Park Service Inventory & Monitoring Program Student Opportunities Sara Stevens Program Manager NPS Inventory and Monitoring Program NPS Programs at URI
CHAPTER 3 3 Types of Maps SECTION Models of the Earth KEY IDEAS As you read this section, keep these questions in mind: How are elevation and topography shown on a map? What are three types of information
Communities, Biomes, and Ecosystems Before You Read Before you read the chapter, respond to these statements. 1. Write an A if you agree with the statement. 2. Write a D if you disagree with the statement.
INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE READY-TO-USE PLATED MEDIA PA-255082.02 Rev.: June 2003 BD Modified CNA Agar BD Modified CNA Agar with Crystal Violet INTENDED USE BD Modified CNA Agar is a selective medium for the
SECTION 3.2 CLIMATE AND PRECIPITATION Ulster County Climate Data A preliminary analysis of the Preserve s weather data shows that the average temperature has risen about two degrees over the past 114 years.
NATURE STEM-Based BOY SCOUTS OF AMERICA MERIT BADGE SERIES NATURE Enhancing our youths competitive edge through merit badges Requirements 1. Name three ways in which plants are important to animals. Name
Bathing water results 2008 Italy 1. Introduction This report gives a general overview of water quality in Italy during the 2008 season. Italy reported 12 parameters under the Directive 76/160/EEC (1 Total
Establishing large-scale trans-boundaries MPA networks: the OSPAR example in North-East Atlantic Introduction A pledge to establish a representative network of marine and coastal protected areas by 2012
Terrestrial Fauna Biodiversity in Thailand Wachara SANGUANSOMBAT THAILAND NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM (TNSM) National Science Museum 513,115 sq km. No. of Known species No. of endemic No. of Thai Threatened
Directions: 1) Draw vocabulary card from the stack of words. 2) Classify the word into one of the three groups I use the word I ve heard the word I ve NEVER heard the word according to your understanding
IDENTIFICATION OF UNKNOWN BACTERIA It is virtually impossible to identify bacteria based on physical characteristics alone. This is due to the fact that there are only a few basic shapes and physical features
Todays date and title need to be underlined. Write down the homework in your planner and the key word in your knowledge bank! 14/06/2016 The UK s Physical Landscapes Homework Complete the four mark GCSE
AP ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 2014 SCORING GUIDELINES Question 4 (a) The atmosphere is one important carbon reservoir. (i) Describe a biological process by which carbon is removed from the atmosphere and converted
SANTA BARBARA COUNTY COMPREHENSIVE PLAN LOMPOC AREA A. LAND USE ELEMENT INTERPRETIVE GUIDELINES B. COMMUNITY BENEFITS C. COUNTY ACTION ITEMS Adopted by the Board of Supervisors November 9, 1999 A. Santa
CUBA CONFRONTING CLIMATE CHANGE CUBA: Main Characteristics Total population: 11.2 millions Length of the Island of Cuba: 1,200 Km. Maximum Width: 191 Km. Minimum Width: 31 Km. More than 4,000 islands and
4-H Marine Biology and Oceanography Proficiency Program A Member s Guide OVERVIEW The 4 H Marine Biology and Oceanography Proficiency program helps you learn what you need to know about your 4 H project.
Eagle Quest Name SITE: American Eagle Foundation 1. How many species of eagles are found on Earth? 2. Identify each using the letters below using BD for the Bald Eagle, G for the Golden Eagle, H for the
Water Pollution and Algal Blooms in the Coastal Waters of the U.S. edited by David L. Alles Western Washington University e-mail: email@example.com Last updated 2008-2-27 Note: In PDF format most of the
Marine Conservation Science and Policy Service learning Program Trophic Structure refers to the way in which organisms utilize food resources and hence where energy transfer occurs within an ecosystem.
HUNTINGTON BEACH STATE PARK 16148 Ocean Highway Murrells Inlet, SC 29576 Phone: (843) 237-4440 Fax: (843) 237-3387 and a new Eco Lab with a plankton farm and biotope aquariums representing the different
Introduction to protection goals, ecosystem services and roles of risk management and risk assessment. Lorraine Maltby Problem formulation Risk assessment Risk management Robust and efficient environmental
reflect How do you respond to environmental changes? Maybe you wear different types of clothes in different seasons. Maybe you only ride your bike during certain times of the year. What if you moved to