See Appendix A for the complete definition which includes the five essential characteristics, three service models, and four deployment models.

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1 Cloud Strategy Information Systems and Technology Bruce Campbell What is the Cloud? From Cloud computing is a model for enabling ubiquitous, convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources (e.g., networks, servers, storage, applications, and services) that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort or service provider interaction See Appendix A for the complete definition which includes the five essential characteristics, three service models, and four deployment models. Why the Cloud Cloud computing has the potential to improve operations. Read on to see what IST is already doing, and plans to do. Strategy Software as a Service (SaaS) Strategy SaaS (hosted) options, may be considered in addition to locally hosted options, for new services, or existing services being upgraded. The following issues should be examined: Notes User requirements Ensure solution meets requirements Total Cost of Ownership Policy 8 (Information Security) and Privacy Security Impact Assessment (PSIA) Disaster Recovery (DR) Service Level Agreement Can the vendor meet the required Recovery Time Objectives (RTOs) and Recovery Point Objectives (RPOs) in the event of disaster at their site(s)? Ensure all key issues are documented, including key performance indicators (KPIs), and penalties Support

2 Monitoring Exit Strategy Can the University extract data, in a usable form, should we wish to change vendors? Advanced Programming Interface (API) Amount of control the University needs to maintain over the application The following tools and infrastructure are provided to allow for successful SaaS deployments: Single Signon (CAS) - allows authentication of hosted applications without sharing passwords with service providers Redundant External Network - ensures availability of external applications to on campus users is not vulnerable to the failure of a single internet service provider or single piece of network equipment. Examples of current SaaS solutions that UW is using are are as follows: Desire2Learn Mypensioninfo IST will also be moving undergraduate student to the cloud in 2015/2016. Recommendation : IST should develop a toolkit to assist in the assessment of SaaS solutions, including the issues in the above table, and other key issues, and an SLA template. Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) and Platform as a Service (PaaS) Strategy IST plans an evolutionary approach, to expand our private cloud capability, then expand to the hybrid cloud model. Progress, Notes, Plans Standardize / Consolidate 75% of Windows and Linux servers are virtualized Project to migrate Solaris/Sparc ERP systems to Linux/x86 Virtualization of remaining servers (that are good virtualization candidates) is in progress All new applications are virtualized, where possible

3 Optimize / Protect Redundant design (compute/storage/network/security) is in place Instrumentation and monitoring is in place Improvements in physical location of infrastructure in progress (as new data centre comes into service) Adding automated disaster recovery protection as part of DR project Build private cloud (IaaS and PaaS) (2014/2015) Build hybrid cloud (2015/2016) IT as a Service (ITaaS) Selection of vendor in progress Vendor must integrate with our existing vmware environment, and integrate with one or more public cloud services. Abstract hardware layer to the maximum extent possible o Compute virtualization is in place o Consider Storage / Network /Security virtualization, when ready Automate service delivery to the maximum extent possible Provide self service portal Evolution to Virtual Data Centre Choose a public cloud vendor which integrates with our cloud management solution. Develop guidelines on use of public vs private cloud services. Include DR capabilities, security, etc Migrate some applications to public cloud, where appropriate. Potential for chargeback, if needed SLA reporting, if needed Appendix A - Cloud Definitions From Cloud computing is a model for enabling ubiquitous, convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources (e.g., networks, servers, storage, applications, and services) that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort or service provider interaction. This cloud model is composed of five essential characteristics, three service models, and four deployment models. Essential Characteristics: On-demand self-service. A consumer can unilaterally provision computing capabilities, such as server time and network storage, as needed automatically without requiring human interaction with each service provider.

4 Broad network access. Capabilities are available over the network and accessed through standard mechanisms that promote use by heterogeneous thin or thick client platforms (e.g., mobile phones, tablets, laptops, and workstations). Resource pooling. The provider s computing resources are pooled to serve multiple consumers using a multi-tenant model, with different physical and virtual resources dynamically assigned and reassigned according to consumer demand. There is a sense of location independence in that the customer generally has no control or knowledge over the exact location of the provided resources but may be able to specify location at a higher level of abstraction (e.g., country, state, or datacenter). Examples of resources include storage, processing, memory, and network bandwidth. Rapid elasticity. Capabilities can be elastically provisioned and released, in some cases automatically, to scale rapidly outward and inward commensurate with demand. To the consumer, the capabilities available for provisioning often appear to be unlimited and can be appropriated in any quantity at any time. Measured service. Cloud systems automatically control and optimize resource use by leveraging a metering capability 1 at some level of abstraction appropriate to the type of service (e.g., storage, processing, bandwidth, and active user accounts). Resource usage can be monitored, controlled, and reported, providing transparency for both the provider and consumer of the utilized service. Service Models: Software as a Service (SaaS). The capability provided to the consumer is to use the provider s applications running on a cloud infrastructure 2. The applications are accessible from various client devices through either a thin client interface, such as a web browser (e.g., web-based ), or a program interface. The consumer does not manage or control the underlying cloud infrastructure including network, servers, operating systems, storage, or even individual application capabilities, with the possible exception of limited user- specific application configuration settings. Platform as a Service (PaaS). The capability provided to the consumer is to deploy onto the cloud infrastructure consumercreated or acquired applications created using programming languages, libraries, services, and tools supported by the provider 3. The consumer does not manage or 1 Typically this is done on a pay-per-use or charge-per-use basis. 2 A cloud infrastructure is the collection of hardware and software that enables the five essential characteristics of cloud computing. The cloud infrastructure can be viewed as containing both a physical layer and an abstraction layer. The physical layer consists of the hardware resources that are necessary to support the cloud services being provided, and typically includes server, storage and network components. The abstraction layer consists of the software deployed across the physical layer, which manifests the essential cloud characteristics. Conceptually the abstraction layer sits above the physical layer. 3 This capability does not necessarily preclude the use of compatible programming languages, libraries, services, and tools from other sources.

5 control the underlying cloud infrastructure including network, servers, operating systems, or storage, but has control over the deployed applications and possibly configuration settings for the application-hosting environment. Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS). The capability provided to the consumer is to provision processing, storage, networks, and other fundamental computing resources where the consumer is able to deploy and run arbitrary software, which can include operating systems and applications. The consumer does not manage or control the underlying cloud infrastructure but has control over operating systems, storage, and deployed applications; and possibly limited control of select networking components (e.g., host firewalls). Deployment Models: Private cloud. The cloud infrastructure is provisioned for exclusive use by a single organization comprising multiple consumers (e.g., business units). It may be owned, managed, and operated by the organization, a third party, or some combination of them, and it may exist on or off premises. Community cloud. The cloud infrastructure is provisioned for exclusive use by a specific community of consumers from organizations that have shared concerns (e.g., mission, security requirements, policy, and compliance considerations). It may be owne d, managed, and operated by one or more of the organizations in the community, a third party, or some combination of them, and it may exist on or off premises. Public cloud. The cloud infrastructure is provisioned for open use by the general public. It may be owned, managed, and operated by a business, academic, or government organization, or some combination of them. It exists on the premises of the cloud provider. Hybrid cloud. The cloud infrastructure is a composition of two or more distinct cloud infrastructures (private, community, or public) that remain unique entities, but are bound together by standardized or proprietary technology that enables data and application portability (e.g., cloud bursting for load balancing between clouds).

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