Africa s external and intra-regional trade

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Africa s external and intra-regional trade"

Transcription

1 Africa s external and intra-regional trade Dr Edward George Head of Soft Commodities Research, Ecobank Euromoney Global Commodities Finance Conference, Geneva, 5 June 2013

2 Section 1 Africa s external trade

3 Exports Algeria Libya Egypt Cote d Ivoire Ghana Nigeria Cameroon Kenya Total imports in US$ (not to scale), 2011 Sources: Intracen, Ecobank Research. Zambia Crude & petroleum products Metals, ores & precious stones Timber & wood products Cocoa, coffee & tea Cotton Angola South Africa 3

4 Imports Libya Algeria Egypt Cote d Ivoire Ghana Nigeria Cameroon Kenya Total imports in US$ (not to scale), 2011 Sources: Intracen, Ecobank Research. Crude & petroleum products Machinery, vehicles & electronics Iron & steel Cereals & flour Sugar Angola Zambia South Africa 4

5 Commodity exporters dominate trade volumes The oil & gas exporters run large trade surpluses Total trade, US$ million, 2011 Country Exports Imports Total trade Trade balance Algeria 73,562 46, ,988 27,136 Angola 59,349 15,181 74,530 44,168 Cameroon 4,387 4,187 8, CDI 11,049 6,720 17,769 4,329 Egypt 30,782 59,269 90,051 (28,487) Ghana 7,988 12,341 20,330 (4,353 ) Kenya 5,853 15,028 20,881 (9,174 ) Libya 18,266 6,084 24,350 12,182 Nigeria 95,199 43, ,588 51,811 South Africa 92,976 99, ,702 (6,750 ) Zambia 8,954 7,149 16,102 1,805 Source: Intracen. South Africa has by far the largest trade volumes, followed by Nigeria & Algeria Oil exporting countries run healthy trade surpluses, with the exception of Cameroon Egypt has the largest trade deficit, followed by Kenya, South Africa & Ghana 5

6 EU, China and USA dominate bilateral trade Africa s key trade partners, 2011 Exports to Africa (US$ m) Imports from Africa (US$ m) Bilateral trade (US$ m) % of total Country EU 186, , , % China 85, , , % Other Africa 70,191 63, , % USA 32,845 68, , % India 23,346 39,780 63, % Brazil 12,210 14,266 26, % Others 125,231 89, , % World 535, ,984 1,129, % Sources Intracen. Africa s trade with the world, % 6% 9% 19% 12% 17% 35% EU China Other Africa USA India Brazil Others Intra-regional trade totalled US$133bn in 2011, just 11.8% of Africa s trade with world Although it has grown from 4% in 1960, it is still below the peak of 15% in 1997 Key trade partners are the EU (35%), China (18%) and the USA (9%) Africa s share of world trade is just 3.1%, a proportion that has been stable for years 6

7 Section 2 Africa s intra-regional trade a sleeping giant?

8 Africa s intra-regional trade is poorly developed Intra-regional and extra-regional trade US$ billion & %, Source: World Bank.

9 Intra-African exports Maghreb West Africa EAC Intra-African exports, US$, 2011 Sources: Intracen, Ecobank Research. Crude & petroleum products Machinery, vehicles & electronics Metals, ores & precious stones Food products Cash crops SADC 9

10 Intra-African imports Maghreb West Africa EAC Intra-African imports, US$, 2011 Sources: Intracen, Ecobank Research. Crude & petroleum products Machinery, vehicles & electronics Food products Iron & steel Cement SADC 10

11 SADC dominates intra-african trade West Africa is more focused on crude oil exports Share of Africa s trade with world, 2011 Share of Africa s intra-regional trade, % Maghreb West Africa 18% 46% Central Africa 44% 32% EAC 24% 4% 5% SADC 7% 7% Sources: Intracen, AfDB, Ecobank Research. SADC dominates external and intra-regional trade flows Nigeria s share of intra-regional trade is smaller than its external trade, reflecting the dominance of hydrocarbons in the country s exports 11

12 Largest economies have largest trade volumes But data is heavily skewed by exports of commodities Top ten trade with world, 2011 Top ten intra-african trade, % 17% South Africa Nigeria Algeria Egypt Angola 41% 15% 8% South Africa Nigeria Côte d Ivoire Namibia Zambia 2% 2% 3% 4% 5% 7% 8% 14% 11% Morocco Tunisia Ghana Libya Congo-B Others 4% 4% 4% 4% 6% 6% 4% 4% Egypt Botswana Ghana Libya Tunisia Others Sources: Intracen, AfDB, Ecobank Research. Mineral giant South Africa and oil producers dominate total trade volumes But South Africa & Nigeria s share of intra-african trade is smaller Côte d Ivoire, Zambia & Ghana stand out as regional trade hubs 12

13 But few have well developed intra-regional trade links Commodity exporters contribute little to intra-regional trade Top 20 African traders, US$ billion, Sources: Afreximbank, Ecobank Research. 13

14 Landlocked countries drive intra-regional trade Top 20 African countries intra-regional trade, US$ billion, 2011 Country Total intra-african trade % of country s total trade % of region s total trade Mali % 0.5% Zimbabwe % 0.7% Namibia % 1.2% Rwanda % 1.7% Côte d Ivoire % 1.9% Botswana % 0.9% Zambia % 1.0% Togo % 0.2% CAR % 0.2% Malawi % 0.2% DRC % 6.5% Senegal % 0.6% Niger % 0.2% Uganda % 3.5% Burkina Faso % 0.3% Guinea-Bissau % 0.0% Mozambique % 0.4% Kenya % 8.1% Libya % 3.0% Cameroon % 3.0% Burundi % 0.4% Ghana % 1.3% Landlocked countries make up 11 of the Top 15 intra-regional traders Notable standouts include: Namibia integrated into Rand Zone Côte d Ivoire over 40% of its trade is with West Africa Togo major entrepot for goods Senegal & Cameroon entry point to interior (Sahel & Central Africa) Mozambique & Kenya: food flows But volumes are relatively small; most are <2% of regional trade Kenya s intra-regional trade is largest, at 8.1% of EAC trade flows DRC (6.5%) and Cameroon (3%) are significant in Central Africa Sources: Afreximbank, Ecobank Research. 14

15 Informal trade is flourishing

16 Leading trade houses have large footprint in Africa Competition varies between the different commodities Commodities traded by key trade houses in Africa, 2010 Source: Olam. 16

17 There are many players in the cocoa trade % of total cocoa purchases by volume Cote d Ivoire, 2010/11 Ghana, 2011/12 23% 4% 5% 5% 6% 6% 7% 18% 12% 14% Cargill ADM Barry Callebaut Olam Touton Négoce Ali Lakiss Noble Esteve Armajaro Others 5% 5% 5% 7% 7% 15% 8% 13% 35% PBC Akuafo Adamfo Armajaro Ghana Transroyal Ghana Olam Ghana Federated Commodities Cocoa Merchants Ghana Kuapa Kokoo Others Cargill & ADM of the USA are dominant in Cote d Ivoire s privatised cocoa market Ghana s cocoa market, regulated by Cocobod, is dominated by local players (notably PBC) There are many subsidiaries of the majors purchasing beans on their behalf Largest confectioner that buys directly is Barry Callebaut Sources: CCC, Cocobod, Ecobank Research. 17

18 Petroleum products is a tight market A handful of oil majors & traders dominate the sector Market share of petroleum product retailers in Africa, 2011 Leading oil trading houses, % 7% 14% 10% 17% 22% 18% Total Shell Engen Chevron OilLibya BP Others Company Revenue (US$ billion) HQ Geneva & Rotterdam Glencore Trafigura Geneva 79.2 Vitol Baar (CH) Addax & Oryx Group Geneva 2.5 Just six companies handle 90% of SSA s petroleum product retail sector Total & Shell have a 40% market share, while Engen & OilLibya are major African players Other local retailers include Oando, KenolKobil & Tradex, while other multinationals include Vitol, Helios & Puma Energy (subsidiary of Trafigura) Four major oil trade houses dominate the trade in petroleum products Source: Ecobank Research. 18

19 Section 3 Challenges & Opportunities

20 Overlapping trade blocks complicate trade Each EAC country is a member of a competing trade block Trade blocks & bilateral trade agreements Source: Ecobank Research. 20

21 The costs of trade are high All African regions have worse indicators than rest of world Cross-border trade indicators, 2011 Number of documents required for import/export compares well with other emerging markets But costs to import and export containers are substantially higher Inadequate port and warehousing infrastructure are to blame 21

22 The quality of logistics varies greatly between countries South Africa, Senegal and Uganda lead the field Logistics performance index, 2012 Country Score Customs Infrastructure International shipments Logistics competence Tracking & tracing Timeliness South Africa Senegal Uganda Latin America (ave) East Asia & Pacific (ave) DRC MENA (ave) Tanzania Kenya Nigeria Cameroon Cote d'ivoire Ghana Sub-Saharan Africa (ave) Ethiopia Zambia Angola Source: World Bank Logistics Performance Index SSA ranks lowest of the world s developing regions, and well below its rivals South Africa, Senegal and Uganda are noteable outliers West, Central and East Africa could perform significantly better 22

23 The chukadu

24 The chukadu at work

25 Kasumbalesa Zambia-DRC border

26 Consumption levels are constrained, but rising Sugar consumption, kg per capita, 2010 Palm oil consumption, kg per capita, 2010 Ethiopia Madagascar Mozambique Tanzania SSA average Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe Malawi India Kenya South Africa EU Swaziland Brazil Ethiopia Rwanda Mozambique Zimbabwe DRC SSA Tanzania India EU South Africa Angola West Africa Kenya Indonesia Malaysia Sources: World Bank, ISO, FAOSTAT, Ecobank Research. Average consumption of sugar and palm oil is low High prices & limited supplies have restrained consumption, but strong population growth and urbanisation is increasing demand An emerging African Middle Class will also boost demand as disposable incomes rise 26

27 Nigeria & Ethiopia are set to be major cement exporters Projected to have combined surplus of 50m MT by 2015 Cement deficit/surplus, ;000 MT 35,000 30,000 Nigeria Ethiopia 25,000 20,000 15,000 10,000 5, , e 2013f 2014f 2015f -10,000 Sources: Intracen, Ecobank Research. Both countries ran large deficits, but from 2013 there will be substantial surpluses Even if ambitious targets are not met, sizeable volumes will be available for export to regional markets, creating new opportunities for intra-regional trade finance 27

28 Trade corridors will drive growth in intra-regional trade Pan-African Highway, proposed routes Long-standing trade routes exist along the West African coast and from coastal countries into the interior Major initiatives are under way to promote new trade corridors Some are in early stages (e.g. the LAPSSET project), but others are progressing well (e.g. the Maputo Development Corridor) Key focus on improving coastal route along southern Mediterranean and trade corridors from Atlantic and Pacific Ocean coasts into the interior Trade financiers will need strong understanding of markets and risk 28

29 Thank you

Trade in the East African Community (EAC) Africa s intra-regional powerhouse

Trade in the East African Community (EAC) Africa s intra-regional powerhouse Trade in the East African Community (EAC) Africa s intra-regional powerhouse Dr Edward George Head of Soft Commodities Research, Ecobank Windsor Country Club, Nairobi, Thursday May 16th 2013 Section 1

More information

The challenge of financing Africa s food trade. Dr Edward George Head of Soft Commodities Research, Ecobank 4 June 2014, Geneva

The challenge of financing Africa s food trade. Dr Edward George Head of Soft Commodities Research, Ecobank 4 June 2014, Geneva The challenge of financing Africa s food trade Dr Edward George Head of Soft Commodities Research, Ecobank 4 June 2014, Geneva Section 1 Drivers of Africa s food demand Sub-Saharan Africa is heavily dependent

More information

Structure & competition in West Africa s cocoa trade. Edward George Head of Soft Commodities Research, Ecobank 21 November 2012

Structure & competition in West Africa s cocoa trade. Edward George Head of Soft Commodities Research, Ecobank 21 November 2012 Structure & competition in West Africa s cocoa trade Edward George Head of Soft Commodities Research, Ecobank 21 November 2012 Cocoa production in West Africa Annual production, MT 1,600 % share of world

More information

The sugar trade in Africa. Edward George Head of Soft Commodities Research, Ecobank 15 April 2013

The sugar trade in Africa. Edward George Head of Soft Commodities Research, Ecobank 15 April 2013 The sugar trade in Africa Edward George Head of Soft Commodities Research, Ecobank 15 April 2013 World sugar production and consumption Europe FSU North & Central America MENA Production and consumption

More information

Investing and Doing Business in West Africa: Key Drivers and Perspectives

Investing and Doing Business in West Africa: Key Drivers and Perspectives Investing and Doing Business in West Africa: Key Drivers and Perspectives Rolake Akinkugbe West Africa Specialist/Head of Energy, Ecobank Research West Africa Global Banking and Investment Forum, 5 November

More information

The Myth/Reality of Rising Africa

The Myth/Reality of Rising Africa The Myth/Reality of Rising Africa 2013/4/15 Nomura Research Institute, Ltd. Public Management Consulting Department Emerging and BoP markets Consulting Group Group Manager Junji Koike Marunouchi Kitaguchi

More information

Steel demand in sub-saharan Africa

Steel demand in sub-saharan Africa Steel demand in sub-saharan Africa African Union and the United Nations Statistics Division Regional Seminar on International Trade Statistics, 13 May 2014 This document is protected by copyright. Distribution

More information

Africa-China trading relationship

Africa-China trading relationship -China trading relationship tralac has been monitoring the trading relationship between and China for several years. This brief provides a synopsis of the latest -China trade data and an evaluation of

More information

Research and Development in Nigeria: Building Research Networks across and beyond Nigeria

Research and Development in Nigeria: Building Research Networks across and beyond Nigeria Research and Development in Nigeria: Building Research Networks across and beyond Nigeria 1 Professor V.O. Okoruwa Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria 2 Outline

More information

Gabon: Opportunities & Outlook

Gabon: Opportunities & Outlook Gabon: Opportunities & Outlook Rolake Akinkugbe West Africa/Gulf of Guinea Specialist & Head of Oil and Gas Research Ecobank Group UK-Gabon Investment Forum 29 November 2012 Section 1 Gabon s economy:

More information

UNITED NATIONS CONFERENCE ON TRADE AND DEVELOPMENT COMMODITIES AT A GLANCE. «Special issue on Cotton in Africa»

UNITED NATIONS CONFERENCE ON TRADE AND DEVELOPMENT COMMODITIES AT A GLANCE. «Special issue on Cotton in Africa» UNITED NATIONS CONFERENCE ON TRADE AND DEVELOPMENT COMMODITIES AT A GLANCE «Special issue on Cotton in Africa» N 2 July 2011 Printed at United Nations, Geneva GE.1151099 June 2011 250 UNCTAD/SUC/2011/2

More information

The coffee sector in Sub-Saharan Africa. Dr Edward George Head of Soft Commodities Research, Ecobank 4 March 2014, London

The coffee sector in Sub-Saharan Africa. Dr Edward George Head of Soft Commodities Research, Ecobank 4 March 2014, London The coffee sector in Sub-Saharan Africa Dr Edward George Head of Soft Commodities Research, Ecobank 4 March 2014, London Africa has a small share of world coffee production % share of world Arabica production,

More information

Challenge 1: Learning About the Physical Geography of Africa

Challenge 1: Learning About the Physical Geography of Africa Challenge 1: Learning About the Physical Geography of Africa Atlas Mountains 3N Nile River 3N 2N Niger River Sahel Sahara Lake Chad Ethiopian Highlands Equator W N S E Congo River River Congo Basin Equator

More information

www.pwc.ie Africa Business Forum December 2014

www.pwc.ie Africa Business Forum December 2014 www.pwc.ie Africa Business Forum December 2014 Welcome Colm O Callaghan Director, Ireland Africa Business Forum December 2014 2 Agenda Speaker Topic Colm O Callaghan, Ireland Welcome address Tim Morgan,

More information

What Are the Best Ways of Promoting Financial Integration in Sub-Saharan Africa? Amadou Sy Senior Fellow, Africa Growth Initiative Paris, May 2014

What Are the Best Ways of Promoting Financial Integration in Sub-Saharan Africa? Amadou Sy Senior Fellow, Africa Growth Initiative Paris, May 2014 What Are the Best Ways of Promoting Financial Integration in Sub-Saharan Africa? Amadou Sy Senior Fellow, Africa Growth Initiative Paris, May 2014 1. Why focus on financial integration now? The Africa

More information

TERTIARY EDUCATION COMMISSION. School Calendars. Africa and Indian Ocean Countries

TERTIARY EDUCATION COMMISSION. School Calendars. Africa and Indian Ocean Countries TERTIARY EDUCATION COMMISSION School Calendars Africa and Indian Ocean Countries June, 2012 1 Table of Contents Country Page ALGERIA 3 ANGOLA 3 BENIN 3 BOTSWANA 3 BURUNDI 3 CAMEROON 3 COMOROS 3 COTE D

More information

Corporate Overview Creating Business Advantage

Corporate Overview Creating Business Advantage Corporate Overview Creating Business Advantage 14 April 2013 Agenda The power of the group Our achievements Quick facts African regulatory environment Portfolio of offerings Creating value in Africa African

More information

Africa-South Africa trading relationship. By Andrew Partridge 1 [1]

Africa-South Africa trading relationship. By Andrew Partridge 1 [1] -South trading relationship By Andrew Partridge 1 [1] This Brief documents the trading relationship between South and the rest of the n continent from 1996 to 2012. The analysis uses data sourced from

More information

country profiles WHO regions

country profiles WHO regions country profiles WHO regions AFR AMR EMR EUR SEAR WPR Algeria Total population: 37 63 aged years and older (+): 73% in urban areas: 66% Income group (World Bank): Upper middle income 196 196 197 197 198

More information

We re fighting hunger, worldwide - Join us!

We re fighting hunger, worldwide - Join us! Why Walk the World? Since 2003, Walk the World has taken place across all 24 time zones of the globe, beginning in Australia and ending in Samoa, taking in more than 70 countries. This year, thousands

More information

ISO AND AFRICA. Introduction. June 2006

ISO AND AFRICA. Introduction. June 2006 June 2006 ISO AND AFRICA Introduction Of the 156 ISO members, 120 are from developing or are economies in transition. Of these, 37 are members in Africa (the list is attached at Annex 1). Increased membership,

More information

Economic and Social Council

Economic and Social Council United Nations Economic and Social Council E/ECA/CRCI/9/3 Distr.: General 22 September 215 Original: English Economic Commission for Africa Committee on Regional Cooperation and Integration Ninth session

More information

AIO Life Seminar Abidjan - Côte d Ivoire

AIO Life Seminar Abidjan - Côte d Ivoire AIO Life Seminar Abidjan - Côte d Ivoire Life Insurance Market Survey of Selected African Countries Bertus Thomas Africa Committee of the Actuarial Society of South Africa Agenda SECTION 1 SURVEY OBJECTIVE

More information

DEVELOPMENT AID AT A GLANCE

DEVELOPMENT AID AT A GLANCE DEVELOPMENT AID AT A GLANCE STATISTICS BY REGION 2. AFRICA 21 edition 2.1. ODA TO AFRICA - SUMMARY 2.1.1. Top 1 ODA receipts by recipient USD million, net disbursements in 213 2.1.3. Trends in ODA 1 Egypt

More information

SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN AFRICA

SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN AFRICA SEMINARIO INTERNACIONAL GESTIÓN INTEGRAL DE RESIDUOS SÓLIDOS Y PELIGROSOS, SIGLO XXI SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN AFRICA Luis F. Diaz, George M. Savage, and Clarence G. Golueke Concord, California USA Solid

More information

Tracking Agricultural Spending for Agricultural Growth and Poverty Reduction in Africa

Tracking Agricultural Spending for Agricultural Growth and Poverty Reduction in Africa Tracking Agricultural Spending for Agricultural Growth and Poverty Reduction in Africa Shenggen Fan and Anuja Saurkar In most African countries agriculture and poverty are closely related, as the majority

More information

DEFINITION OF THE CHILD: THE INTERNATIONAL/REGIONAL LEGAL FRAMEWORK. The African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child, 1990

DEFINITION OF THE CHILD: THE INTERNATIONAL/REGIONAL LEGAL FRAMEWORK. The African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child, 1990 DEFINITION OF THE CHILD: THE INTERNATIONAL/REGIONAL LEGAL FRAMEWORK Article 2: Definition of a Child The African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child, 1990 For tile purposes of this Charter.

More information

Presentation to 38th General Assembly of FANAF Ouagadougou, 17-21 February 2014. Thierry Tanoh- Group CEO

Presentation to 38th General Assembly of FANAF Ouagadougou, 17-21 February 2014. Thierry Tanoh- Group CEO Presentation to 38th General Assembly of FANAF Ouagadougou, 17-21 February 2014 Thierry Tanoh- Group CEO Contents Global Demographics Africa Market Size & Growth Drivers Key players & Competitive Landscape

More information

AFRICA FORWARD CMA CGM Head Office 4 quai d Arenc Marseil e cedex 02 France Tel : +33 (0)

AFRICA FORWARD CMA CGM Head Office 4 quai d Arenc Marseil e cedex 02 France Tel : +33 (0) AFRICA FORWARD Today, more than ever, Africa is a key growth market for the CMA CGM Group. This is why Africa is at the heart of our strategic priorities. Our commitment: to strengthen our current position

More information

Chart 1: Zambia's Major Trading Partners (Exports + Imports) Q4 2008 - Q4 2009. Switzernd RSA Congo DR China UAE Kuwait UK Zimbabwe India Egypt Other

Chart 1: Zambia's Major Trading Partners (Exports + Imports) Q4 2008 - Q4 2009. Switzernd RSA Congo DR China UAE Kuwait UK Zimbabwe India Egypt Other Bank of Zambia us $ Million 1. INTRODUCTION This report shows Zambia s direction of merchandise trade for the fourth quarter of 2009 compared with the corresponding quarter in 2008. Revised 1 statistics,

More information

Win in Africa with Africa

Win in Africa with Africa Win in Africa with Africa Specific measures and improved skills Ever since the election of Joseph S Blatter as President in FIFA s development work has become more and more diverse particularly in Africa

More information

The African Development Bank Group s ICT Operations Strategy

The African Development Bank Group s ICT Operations Strategy The African Development Bank Group s ICT Operations Strategy ITU Regional Cybersecurity Forum for Africa and Arab States June 4-5, 2009 Tunis Ali YAHIAOUI Chief ICT Officer, African Development Bank a.yahiaoui@afdb.org

More information

Factoring in Africa: Opportunities and Challenges

Factoring in Africa: Opportunities and Challenges Factoring in Africa: Opportunities and Challenges By Mrs. Kanayo Awani Director Trade Finance and Branches African Export-Import Bank Presented at the 2014 Afreximbank Seminar on Factoring Lusaka, Zambia

More information

2014 Africa Food Security and Hunger/ Undernourishment Multiple Indicator Scorecard

2014 Africa Food Security and Hunger/ Undernourishment Multiple Indicator Scorecard 2014 Africa Food Security and Hunger/ Undernourishment Multiple Indicator Scorecard Information & Analysis on Health, Population, Human & Social Development Summary highlights, findings of scorecard and

More information

Assessing Economic Liberalization Episodes: A Synthetic Control Approach. Online Appendix

Assessing Economic Liberalization Episodes: A Synthetic Control Approach. Online Appendix Assessing Economic Liberalization Episodes: A Synthetic Control Approach Online Appendix Andreas Billmeier Ziff Brothers Investments Tommaso Nannicini Bocconi University, IGIER & IZA This Version: November

More information

G4S Africa. Andy Baker Regional President. G4S Africa

G4S Africa. Andy Baker Regional President. G4S Africa Andy Baker Regional President G4S Africa 1 Macro-economic environment Over the last decade, six of the world s 10 fastest growing economies were in Africa. This is forecast to continue.. Diversity across

More information

18 th UBS South African Financial Services Conference Beyond South Africa

18 th UBS South African Financial Services Conference Beyond South Africa NEDBANK GROUP LIMITED 18 th UBS South African Financial Services Conference Beyond South Africa October 2015 Mfundo Nkuhlu, Chief Operating Officer Agenda The Nedbank Group journey Nedbank share price

More information

Factoring in Africa: Opportunities and challenges

Factoring in Africa: Opportunities and challenges Factoring in Africa: Opportunities and challenges By Dr. B.O. Oramah Vice President (Business Development and Corporate Banking) African Export-Import Bank Presented at the 2014 Afreximbank Seminar on

More information

AFRICA. Carole Marsh/Gallopade International Page 7. ~ This book is not reproducible. ~

AFRICA. Carole Marsh/Gallopade International  Page 7. ~ This book is not reproducible. ~ Section 1 AFRICA Carole Marsh/Gallopade International www.gallopade.com Page 7 Geographical Understandings Chapter 1 SS7G1 The student will locate selected features of Africa. a. Locate on a world and

More information

Nipping African Clothing in a Post-MFA Bud?

Nipping African Clothing in a Post-MFA Bud? Nipping African Clothing in a Post-MFA Bud? Nicolas Pinaud, OECD Development Centre 经 合 组 织 发 展 中 心 Standard Chartered & the OECD Development Centre AFRICA AND CHINA: ECONOMIC AND BUSINESS PERSPECTIVES

More information

UK-SENEGAL TRADE & INVESTMENT FORUM 2013

UK-SENEGAL TRADE & INVESTMENT FORUM 2013 UK-SENEGAL TRADE & INVESTMENT FORUM 2013 INVESTING IN ENERGY, MINES & INFRASTRUCTURE Stéphane Brabant, Partner, +33 1 53 57 78 32, stephane.brabant@hsf.com London, 17 th June 2013 1. SENEGAL AT A GLANCE

More information

PRIORITY AREAS FOR SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT PERSPECTIVES FROM AFRICA EUNICE G. KAMWENDO UNDP REGIONAL BUREAU FOR AFRICA

PRIORITY AREAS FOR SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT PERSPECTIVES FROM AFRICA EUNICE G. KAMWENDO UNDP REGIONAL BUREAU FOR AFRICA PRIORITY AREAS FOR SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT PERSPECTIVES FROM AFRICA EUNICE G. KAMWENDO UNDP REGIONAL BUREAU FOR AFRICA Outline Reflections on social Development in Africa along the following 4 pillars: Growth

More information

Latest trends in technology for news media in Africa. Sibusiso Nkomo

Latest trends in technology for news media in Africa. Sibusiso Nkomo Latest trends in technology for news media in Africa Sibusiso Nkomo The latest trend in news media and communications technology in Africa shows a continent on an upward economic trajectory but still haunted

More information

In 2003, African heads of state made a commitment to

In 2003, African heads of state made a commitment to Issue Note November 213 No. 22 Trends in Public Agricultural Expenditures in Africa Samuel Benin and Bingxin Yu 1 In 23, African heads of state made a commitment to invest percent of their total national

More information

Global Fuel Economy Initiative Africa Auto Club Event Discussion and Background Paper Venue TBA. Draft not for circulation

Global Fuel Economy Initiative Africa Auto Club Event Discussion and Background Paper Venue TBA. Draft not for circulation Global Fuel Economy Initiative Africa Auto Club Event Discussion and Background Paper Venue TBA Draft not for circulation Launched on March 4, 2009 by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the

More information

NASD PLC Private Equity Conference 2015 Simplifying Private Equity

NASD PLC Private Equity Conference 2015 Simplifying Private Equity NASD PLC Private Equity Conference 2015 Simplifying Private Equity Exits Size dynamism of the PE industry & valuation issues in Africa By Bisi Sanda February 2015 Background Private equity in Africa Page

More information

Global Fund Country Allocations:

Global Fund Country Allocations: Global Fund Country Allocations: 2014-2016 12 March 2014 In 2014, the Global Fund is implementing a new funding model. As partners in the response to HIV, tuberculosis and malaria, we expect to reach more

More information

The Worldwide Digital English Language Learning Market

The Worldwide Digital English Language Learning Market Ambient Insight The 2015-2020 Worldwide Digital English Language Market : Sam S. Adkins, Chief Researcher Compiled: February 2016 1 Compiled: February 2016 Ambient Insight, LLC Ambient Insight's "The 2015-2020

More information

Accelerating E-Government E-Readiness at Work

Accelerating E-Government E-Readiness at Work Accelerating E-Government E-Readiness at Work Roslyn Docktor McConnell International Agenda Why E-Readiness How to Assess E-Readiness What is the E-Readiness in Africa Where to Act: Applying E-Readiness

More information

Inadequate access, poor government performance make water a top priority in Africa

Inadequate access, poor government performance make water a top priority in Africa Dispatch No. 16 22 March 2015 Inadequate access, poor government performance make water a top priority in Africa Afrobarometer Dispatch No. 16 Thomas Bentley, Kangwook Han, and Richard Houessou Summary

More information

RAINFALL VARIABILITY AND DROUGHT IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA

RAINFALL VARIABILITY AND DROUGHT IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA RAINFALL VARIABILITY AND DROUGHT IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA By R. Gommes Senior Officer, Agrometeorology F. Petrassi Statistical Clerk Environment and Natural Resources Service (SDRN) FAO Research, Extension

More information

African Economic Outlook 2007

African Economic Outlook 2007 African Economic Outlook 2007 Measuring the Pulse of Africa Federica Marzo Henri-Bernard Solignac Lecomte OECD Development Centre 7 June 2007 Chatham House, London 1 2 3 4 What is the African Economic

More information

Parliamentary Powers Index Scores by Country, in Alphabetical Order

Parliamentary Powers Index Scores by Country, in Alphabetical Order Parliamentary Powers Index Scores by Country, in Alphabetical Order Please cite M. Steven Fish and Matthew Kroenig, The Handbook of National Legislatures: A Global Survey (New York: Cambridge University

More information

Per Capita Income Guidelines for Operational Purposes

Per Capita Income Guidelines for Operational Purposes FROM: The President May 29, 2013 Per Capita Income Guidelines for Operational Purposes The Gross National Income (GNI) guidelines covering the Civil Works Preference, IDA Eligibility, IBRD Terms and the

More information

People and Demography

People and Demography PART 1The setting PART 1 People and Demography The population of all Africa was estimated at 802.5 million people in 2000 and it rose to 1 010.3 million inhabitants in 2010, which means an average annual

More information

Scenario for Vegetable Oil Fortification with Vitamin A in 75 Countries

Scenario for Vegetable Oil Fortification with Vitamin A in 75 Countries Scenario for Vegetable Oil Fortification with Vitamin A in 75 Countries What if All vegetable oil consumed in 75 countries included in DARs for which FAO data is available were fortified to a level of

More information

IMPLICATIONS OF OVERLAPPING MEMBERSHIP ON THE EXPECTED GAINS FROM ACCELERATED PROGRAM FOR ECONOMIC INTEGRATION (APEI)

IMPLICATIONS OF OVERLAPPING MEMBERSHIP ON THE EXPECTED GAINS FROM ACCELERATED PROGRAM FOR ECONOMIC INTEGRATION (APEI) IMPLICATIONS OF OVERLAPPING MEMBERSHIP ON THE EXPECTED GAINS FROM ACCELERATED PROGRAM FOR ECONOMIC INTEGRATION (APEI) ABSTRACT In September 2012, five like-minded and reform oriented countries namely Malawi,

More information

THE STATE OF MOBILE ADVERTISING

THE STATE OF MOBILE ADVERTISING AFRICA THE STATE OF MOBILE ADVERTISING Africa is a land of contrasts. It is the world s second-largest continent (after Asia), and home to the second-largest population yet it only outpaces Antarctica

More information

East Africa. Rahul Ghosh Divisional Director, Middle East & Africa Group ETHIOPIA TANZANIA SUDAN DJIBOUTI RWANDA

East Africa. Rahul Ghosh Divisional Director, Middle East & Africa Group ETHIOPIA TANZANIA SUDAN DJIBOUTI RWANDA East Africa SUDAN DJIBOUTI ETHIOPIA Rahul Ghosh Divisional Director, Middle East & Africa Group rahul_ghosh@iesingapore.gov.sg RWANDA UGANDA KENYA BURUNDI TANZANIA 21 July 2015 Agenda Overview of East

More information

UNFCCC initiatives: CDM and DNA Help Desks, the CDM Loan Scheme, Regional Collaboration Centres

UNFCCC initiatives: CDM and DNA Help Desks, the CDM Loan Scheme, Regional Collaboration Centres UNFCCC initiatives: CDM and DNA Help Desks, the CDM Loan Scheme, Regional Collaboration Centres Africa Carbon Forum 03 July 2013 - Abidjan, Côte d Ivoire Ms. Flordeliza Andres Programme Officer, UNFCCC

More information

The Africa Infrastructure

The Africa Infrastructure AIDI May 2016 www.afdb.org Chief Economist Complex Table of Contents 1. Introduction and Background 1. Introduction and Background 2. The AIDI 2016 Highlights 3. Main Results 4. Conclusions References

More information

Financing Education for All in Sub Saharan Africa: Progress and Prospects

Financing Education for All in Sub Saharan Africa: Progress and Prospects Financing Education for All in Sub Saharan Africa: Progress and Prospects Albert Motivans Education for All Working Group Paris, 3 February 211 1 Improving the coverage and quality of education finance

More information

Public Sector Clients INVESTING IN AFRICA

Public Sector Clients INVESTING IN AFRICA Delivering Power Solutions to our Private & Public Sector Clients INVESTING IN AFRICA Executive Summary TransCentury ( TCL ) TCL) is pleased to sponsor the 14 th Annual East Africa Power Industry Convention

More information

Countries Ranked by Per Capita Income A. IBRD Only 1 Category iv (over $7,185)

Countries Ranked by Per Capita Income A. IBRD Only 1 Category iv (over $7,185) Page 1 of 5 Note: This OP 3.10, Annex C replaces the version dated September 2013. The revised terms are effective for all loans that are approved on or after July 1, 2014. Countries Ranked by Per Capita

More information

Overview of global cocoa, coffee and sugar markets. Dr Edward George Head of Soft Commodities Research, Ecobank 12 November 2013, Geneva

Overview of global cocoa, coffee and sugar markets. Dr Edward George Head of Soft Commodities Research, Ecobank 12 November 2013, Geneva Overview of global cocoa, coffee and sugar markets Dr Edward George Head of Soft Commodities Research, Ecobank 12 November 2013, Geneva Section 1 Cocoa Cocoa production is focused on West Africa Cocoa

More information

Manufacturing & Reproducing Magnetic & Optical Media Africa Report

Manufacturing & Reproducing Magnetic & Optical Media Africa Report Brochure More information from http://www.researchandmarkets.com/reports/3520587/ Manufacturing & Reproducing Magnetic & Optical Media Africa Report Description: MANUFACTURING & REPRODUCING MAGNETIC &

More information

Business Opportunities in the African Agribusiness Industry

Business Opportunities in the African Agribusiness Industry 2015 Gulf Coast Trade Alliance World Trade Conference Business Opportunities in the African Agribusiness Industry Yasmine Umutoni Consultant _ Agribusiness & Agriculture Development African agribusiness

More information

AfricaSan: Second African Conference on Sanitation and Hygiene Durban, South Africa 18-20 February 2008

AfricaSan: Second African Conference on Sanitation and Hygiene Durban, South Africa 18-20 February 2008 A Snapshot of Sanitation in Africa A special tabulation for AfricaSan based on preliminary data from the WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation AfricaSan: Second African

More information

THE CONTRIBUTIONS OF COTTON TO ECONOMY AND FOOD SECURITY IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES. P. Fortucci Director, Commodities and Trade Division

THE CONTRIBUTIONS OF COTTON TO ECONOMY AND FOOD SECURITY IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES. P. Fortucci Director, Commodities and Trade Division THE CONTRIBUTIONS OF COTTON TO ECONOMY AND FOOD SECURITY IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES P. Fortucci Director, Commodities and Trade Division Cotton is one of the most important and widely produced agricultural

More information

Economic and trade policy overview by Taku Fundira, tralac Researcher

Economic and trade policy overview by Taku Fundira, tralac Researcher South Africa has a population of over 45 million people and an estimated GDP (PPP) of US$ 524 billion in 2010 (CIA, 2011). The country employs a mixed economy to address the legacies of apartheid, with

More information

Where are We with Flour Fortification? Global Status and African Situation Analysis. Milla McLachlan, PhD FFI Arusha, November 18, 2008

Where are We with Flour Fortification? Global Status and African Situation Analysis. Milla McLachlan, PhD FFI Arusha, November 18, 2008 Where are We with Flour Fortification? Global Status and African Situation Analysis Milla McLachlan, PhD FFI Arusha, November 18, 2008 Presentation Outline Global progress Wheat Flour and Maize Meal Production

More information

International Fuel Prices 2012/2013

International Fuel Prices 2012/2013 International Fuel Prices 212/213 8 th Edition Published by International Fuel Prices 212/213 8 th Edition Disclaimer Findings, interpretation and conclusions expressed in this document are based on the

More information

Trade Policy and Performance in Sub- Saharan Africa Since The 1980s

Trade Policy and Performance in Sub- Saharan Africa Since The 1980s CREDIT Research Paper No. 05/13 Trade Policy and Performance in Sub- Saharan Africa Since The 1980s by Charles Ackah and Oliver Morrissey Centre for Research in Economic Development and International Trade,

More information

Cash Crops, Food Crops and Agricultural Sustainability

Cash Crops, Food Crops and Agricultural Sustainability GATEKEEPER SERIES No. 2 International Institute for Environment and Development Sustainable Agriculture and Rural Livelihoods Programme Cash Crops, Food Crops and Agricultural Sustainability EDWARD B.

More information

Deloitte on Africa The New Economies in Africa

Deloitte on Africa The New Economies in Africa Deloitte on Africa The New Economies in Africa Investing in Africa is a common phrase these days, yet, the question begs, how does one approach a continent of 54 countries with a diverse array of economic,

More information

Proforma Cost for international UN Volunteers for UN Partner Agencies for 2016. International UN Volunteers (12 months)

Proforma Cost for international UN Volunteers for UN Partner Agencies for 2016. International UN Volunteers (12 months) Proforma Cost for international UN Volunteers for UN Partner Agencies for 2016 Country Of Assignment International UN Volunteers (12 months) International UN Youth Volunteers (12 months) University Volunteers

More information

Canada and Africa s Natural Resources: Key Features 2013

Canada and Africa s Natural Resources: Key Features 2013 Canada and Africa s Natural Resources: Key Features 2013 by Aniket Bhushan Senior Researcher, The North-South Institute This report provides an overview and analysis of key data available through the Canadian

More information

Japan s Initiative on Infrastructure Development in Africa and TICAD Process Fifth Ministerial Meeting NEPAD-OECD Africa Investment Initiative

Japan s Initiative on Infrastructure Development in Africa and TICAD Process Fifth Ministerial Meeting NEPAD-OECD Africa Investment Initiative Japan s Initiative on Infrastructure Development in Africa and TICAD Process Fifth Ministerial Meeting NEPAD-OECD Africa Investment Initiative Kei YOSHIZAWA Deputy Director,Office for TICAD Process Japan

More information

The Little Data Book on Africa

The Little Data Book on Africa From Africa Development Indicators The Little Data Book on Africa Basic indicators National accounts Millennium Development Goals Paris Declaration indicators Private sector development Trade Infrastructure

More information

WHO Global Health Expenditure Atlas

WHO Global Health Expenditure Atlas WHO Global Health Expenditure Atlas September 214 WHO Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data WHO global health expenditure atlas. 1.Health expenditures statistics and numerical data. 2.Health systems

More information

UNIDO s Energy and Climate Change Programme

UNIDO s Energy and Climate Change Programme UNIDO s Energy and Climate Change Programme Alois P. MHLANGA Industrial Development Officer Energy and Climate Change United Nations Industrial Development Organization a.mhlanga@unido.org Energy and Climate

More information

Migration and Development in Africa: Implications for Data Collection and Research

Migration and Development in Africa: Implications for Data Collection and Research Migration and Development in Africa: Implications for Data Collection and Research Marzia Rango Migration Research Division IOM UN DESA workshop on strengthening the collection and use of migration data

More information

Total Purchases in 2012

Total Purchases in 2012 Fighting Hunger Worldwide Food Procurement Annual Report 2012 Maize, Niger WFP/Rein Skullerud Procurement Mission Statement To ensure that appropriate commodities are available to WFP beneficiaries in

More information

Financing Agro-Business and Food Processing in Nigeria. Oti Ikomi Head, Corporate Banking Products Ecobank Group, South Africa March 8, 2011

Financing Agro-Business and Food Processing in Nigeria. Oti Ikomi Head, Corporate Banking Products Ecobank Group, South Africa March 8, 2011 Financing Agro-Business and Food Processing in Nigeria Oti Ikomi Head, Corporate Banking Products Ecobank Group, South Africa March 8, 2011 1 Outline Overview of Agribusiness Value Chain Challenges of

More information

INTRA-AFRICA AGRICULTURAL TRADE: A SOUTH AFRICAN PERSPECTIVE

INTRA-AFRICA AGRICULTURAL TRADE: A SOUTH AFRICAN PERSPECTIVE INTRA-AFRICA AGRICULTURAL TRADE: A SOUTH AFRICAN PERSPECTIVE Daya, Y., Ranoto, T.R. and Letsoalo, M.A September 2006 Department of Agriculture, Pretoria, South Africa www.nda.agric.za Authors are economists

More information

Eligibility List 2015

Eligibility List 2015 The Global Fund adopted an allocation-based approach for funding programs against HIV/AIDS, TB and malaria in 2013. The Global Fund policy states that countries can receive allocation only if their components

More information

Fixed Income, Currency and Commodities

Fixed Income, Currency and Commodities Ecobank Middle Africa Guidebook 2013: Fixed Income, Currency and Commodities Translating Local African Knowledge into Performance. ecobank.com : Currency Volatility (2009-) The front cover imagery illustrates

More information

ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN

ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN United Nations Conference on Trade And Development EMBARGO The contents of this Report must not be quoted or summarized in the print, broadcast or electronic media before 11 July 2013, 17:00 hours GMT

More information

Assessing Progress in Africa toward the Millennium Development Goals, 2011

Assessing Progress in Africa toward the Millennium Development Goals, 2011 North Africa, on the other hand, has made the greatest progress by improving the lives of 8.7 million, or 34.9 percent, slum dwellers (UN-Habitat, 2010). At the country level, the trend shows that of the

More information

Section II: Fuel Price Subsidies in Sub-Saharan Africa

Section II: Fuel Price Subsidies in Sub-Saharan Africa Section II: Fuel Price Subsidies in Sub-Saharan Africa u Over half of all African governments subsidize fuel to protect consumers, with oil exporters having the largest subsidies. u At an average cost

More information

INTERNATIONAL TRANSPORT

INTERNATIONAL TRANSPORT INTERNATIONAL TRANSPORT UNICEF Supply Division 22.04.2015 CONTENT 1. Organization of the International Transport Function 2. Main Objectives of the International Transport 3. Role of International Transport

More information

EGG INDUSTRY POULTRY INDUSTRY THE ROLE OF THE IN THE GLOBAL

EGG INDUSTRY POULTRY INDUSTRY THE ROLE OF THE IN THE GLOBAL Hans-Wilhelm Windhorst, IEC Statistical Analyst The role of the egg industry in the global poultry industry THE ROLE OF THE EGG INDUSTRY IN THE GLOBAL POULTRY INDUSTRY Introduction The role of the egg

More information

Assessing Progress in Africa toward the Millennium Development Goals, over the period 2010/11 under the slogan

Assessing Progress in Africa toward the Millennium Development Goals, over the period 2010/11 under the slogan Overall, there has been some progress in the three indicators tracking the achievements of countries toward MDG 4. Despite these achievements, and due to the fact that most child deaths are preventable

More information

BADEA EXPORT FINANCING SCHEME (BEFS) GUIDELINES

BADEA EXPORT FINANCING SCHEME (BEFS) GUIDELINES BADEA EXPORT FINANCING SCHEME (BEFS) GUIDELINES 1 P.O. Box 5925 Jeddah 21432 Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Telephone: 636 1400 Telex: 601137-601407 ISDB SJ Facsimile: 636 6871 Jeddah (IDB) Facsimile: 637 1064

More information

The Trade Finance Bank for Africa

The Trade Finance Bank for Africa The Role of Afreximbank and of IFG Africa Chapter in the development of Factoring in Africa By Chairperson, Africa Chapter. B.O. Oramah and Executive Vice-President (AFREXIMBANK) Presentation at the First

More information

Table 5: HIV/AIDS statistics for Africa (excluding North Africa), 2001 and 2009

Table 5: HIV/AIDS statistics for Africa (excluding North Africa), 2001 and 2009 Table 5: HIV/AIDS statistics for Africa (excluding North Africa), 2001 and 2009 Year People living with HIV (million) People newly infected with HIV (million) Children living with HIV (million) AIDS-related

More information

2008 AfricA PoPulAtion

2008 AfricA PoPulAtion Reference Bureau and African & Health Research Center 2008 Africa AFRICA SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA NORTHERN AFRICA Algeria Data Sheet Egypt Libya Morocco Sudan Tunisia Western Sahara WESTERN AFRICA Benin Burkina

More information

UNAIDS 2013 AIDS by the numbers

UNAIDS 2013 AIDS by the numbers UNAIDS 2013 AIDS by the numbers 33 % decrease in new HIV infections since 2001 29 % decrease in AIDS-related deaths (adults and children) since 2005 52 % decrease in new HIV infections in children since

More information

We understand the unique challenges and opportunities that exist in the recruitment market in Africa

We understand the unique challenges and opportunities that exist in the recruitment market in Africa We understand the unique challenges and opportunities that exist in the recruitment market in Africa TABLE OF CONTENTS CA Global Group Corporate Structure 2 CA Global Group Websites 3 About CA Global Headhunters

More information

Population below the poverty line Rural % Population below $1 a day % Urban % Urban % Survey year. National %

Population below the poverty line Rural % Population below $1 a day % Urban % Urban % Survey year. National % 2.7 International the the Afghanistan.................... Albania 2002 29.6 19.8 25.4...... 2002 a

More information