1 A Single Source of Truth: Why You Need Effective Data Governance Dr. Henry DeVries Management Consultant, Principal October 7, 2014
3 About Me Henry DeVries Management Consultant, Principal Targeted services for Business Analytics Ph.D. Cornell University 39 years in higher education Faculty member, administrator, researcher 16 years as CIO at Calvin College in Grand Rapids, MI 13 years (concurrently) as CFO Active in NACUBO, CACUBO, EDUCAUSE, CCCU
4 Objective Explore various components of a data governance program Explore ways to align business intelligence/reporting infrastructure (people, process, policies, tools, technology) into a framework that supports data governance
5 Agenda 1 Data Governance Definitions Callout text 2 Components of Data Governance 3 Ellucian s Data Governance Service 4 Some Common issues to Think About
6 Data Governance Definitions
7 What is it The Data Governance Institute Data Governance is a system of decision rights and accountabilities for information-related processes, executed according to agreedupon models which describe who can take what actions with what information, and when, under what circumstances, using what methods.
8 What is it DAMA (Data Management Int l): The exercise of authority, control and shared decision-making (planning, monitoring and enforcement) over the management of data assets. Data Governance is high-level planning and control over data management.
9 What is it? my working definition The governance and quality control processes for assessing, managing, using, improving, monitoring, maintaining, and protecting organizational data. Data governance processes apply to all of the components of the business intelligence infrastructure (people, processes, policies, tools, and technology),
10 Why? Objectives of data governance Enable better decision making Reduce operational friction Protect the needs of data stakeholders Assure data accuracy and quality Train management and staff to adopt common approaches to data issues Build standard, repeatable processes Reduce costs and increase effectiveness through coordination of efforts Ensure transparency of processes
11 The Need for Data Governance Institutions are increasingly enthusiastic about Data-Driven Decision Making and Institutional Performance Management BUT You need quality data to analyze and manage institutional outcomes So, back to the Guiding Principle A single source of the (data) truth Data Governance is designed to help the institution assure that desired data quality
12 Symptoms Your numbers don t match my numbers.so I ll create my own database.. Multiple data sources for the same type of data.what impacts does this have? Data validation issues.do you know who is responsible for validation, what will be validated, when should data be validated, and how is it done? You spend more time auditing the reports for correctness of the data than using the report.
13 Data Governance Components
14 Guiding Principle An institution needs a single source of the truth for all of its operational and reporting data. Data governance is about putting the correct infrastructure in place to assure this.
15 Component #1 Data Ownership An institution needs an infrastructure to establish who owns the data at an institution. That s not as simple as it seems. It is also important to distinguish the other data roles, such as data governance council, data trustee, data steward, data custodian and data consumer (end-user).
16 Component #2 Data Quality An institution needs an infrastructure to govern how data elements are defined, recorded, and displayed, i.e., a data dictionary. Data standards are also important to ensure that all data is defined consistently, input accurately, and that data correctness and completeness are maintained.
17 Component #3 Data Access An institution needs an infrastructure to govern how data is classified (personal/private, confidential, community, public) and who receives access to what. This also intersects with external compliance requirements, such as FERPA, HIPAA, FIPPA, etc.
18 Component #4 Data Security An institution needs an infrastructure to govern how and where data is stored, handled, shared, distributed and protected. This requires a comprehensive set of policies and procedures for both personnel and IT resources. There is often intersection with external compliance directives, e.g., PCI-DSS, HIPAA, etc.
19 Ellucian s Data Governance Service
20 Data Governance Service Data governance is a process of quality control for assessing, managing, using, improving, monitoring, maintaining, protecting and reporting organizational data and information. If you cannot trust the data, then turning data into useful information for reporting results, running analysis, decision making and developing strategies is difficult to impossible. The Data Governance Services provides clients with the necessary tools and support to create a solid data governance roadmap and the ongoing support to move forward that plan.
21 Data Governance Service Step 1: Information Gathering Through a combination of surveys with on-site interviews and focus groups, we will assess the current data governance infrastructure (people, policies, procedures and technologies) and determine what additional resources may be needed to achieve the desired future state.
22 Data Governance Service Step 2: Training Workshop This one-day workshop leverages the information obtained during the initial onsite visit and educates institutional staff to begin to develop the necessary infrastructure to support Data Governance.
23 Data Governance Service Step 3: Assessment and Recommendations Presents the assessment of the current infrastructure and recommendations for new assets, along with a roadmap that will allow the institution to create the environment to support Data Governance.
24 Data Governance Service Step 4: Ongoing Advisory Support 1. Development of Charter to Data Governance Council 2. Determination and Assignment of Data Ownership Roles 3. Development of the Data Dictionary and Data Standards 4. Mentoring with Information Technology Security Officer
25 Common Issues to Think About
26 Data Ownership Who owns my record? Clear, well-understood roles are critical to resolve conflicts and challenges Data Governance Council Data Trustees / Owners Date Stewards Data Custodians Data Consumers This is a governance question, not an IT one. Executive Sponsorship
27 Data Quality Procedures Validation during data entry e.g., address-checking, duplicate records Error correction procedures Policies Data dictionary: identifies standard elements for data use for key business terms Meaning (definition) of the data element Validation, format, display Metadata
28 Shadow Databases Often the most significant problem for overall institutional data quality Lack of synchronization with master database Additional data not in the master database Invisible data (not shared) Security, backup / recovery Inconsistent reporting arguing more about the data, than the question at hand
29 Customizations, Localizations Customizations changes to the baseline that have been made to reflect local preferences Localizations changes to the baseline that are necessary to do business in your specific environment Are they moving from the transactional database into the Business Intelligence stack (ODS/EDW)?
30 External Data Sources Bolt-ons, Add-ons, SaaS e.g., recruiting/admissions tools, CRM systems Incomplete or asymmetrical data transfer to/from the transactional database Subsequent difficulty in reporting performance metrics
31 Data Access Community Definitions (AUP) Public Data Sensitive Data Private Information Confidential Information Community Information External Factors FERPA, HIPAA, FIPPA, PCI-DSS, PHI, etc.
32 Data Access - Reporting As Business Intelligence initiatives open up the data to a broader base of data consumers across the campus, how do you control who can see what? These may be different security measures that those which apply to reporting from the transactional database Institutional governance question
33 Data Security People-based Knowledge transfer about how to handle sensitive data Policies -- FERPA Procedures jump drives, , etc. Technology-based Data backup / restore Data encryption Data transfer Audit trail
34 How do you measure progress? Adoption of Policies Procedures Tools Data Governance KPIs Number of data integrity open Issues Number of Data Quality issues resolved Number of defined data sources in the Data Dictionary
35 Summary Data Governance is a key component in the establishment of a reliable infrastructure to support data-driven decision-making Data Governance components: ownership, quality, access and security Data Governance is far-reaching across the institution and is bigger than just IT
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