Volume Four. Exhibitors. Author's Index. Table of Contents / Sessions. Papers. Volume One Volume Two Volume Three.

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1 Volume Four Exhibitors Author's Index Table of Contents / Sessions v ix xxiii Papers Volume One Volume Two Volume Three Volume Four Student Papers

2 Volume Four Session 53 Ocean Science Forecast Mike Smith Naval Oceanographic Office Should Be in Session 9: Development of a Micro Autonomous Underwater Vehicle For Complex 3-D Sensing 2043 Brett Hobson, Bryan Schulz, Jason Janet, Mathieu Kemp, Ryan Moody, Chuck Pell, and Heather Pinnix Nekton Research, LLC, Durham, NC Prediction of Chaotic Time Series Based on Wavelet Neural Network 2046 Lan Gao, Ling Lu, and Zhijun Li, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan, P.R. China Tsunami Height Forecast from Water-Level Data Yong Wei, Graduate Research Assistant, Department of Ocean and Resources Engineering, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI; Kwok Fai Cheung, Department of Ocean and Resources Engineering, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI; George D. Curtis, Joint Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Research, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI; Charles McCreery, Pacific Tsunami Warning Center, Ewa Beach, HI Session 54 Underwater Telemetry and Communications Ed Johnson SAIC Stennis Engineering Manager Experiments in Sub-sea Acoustic Communication Networks 2059 A.E. Adams, O.R. Hinton, B.S. Sharif, C.C. Tsimenidis, I.P. Morns, and J. Neasham, Underwater Acoustics Group, Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, UK lii

3 , r Integrated Acoustic Communication and Navigation for Multiple UUVs 2065 Lee Freitag, Mark Johnson, Matthew Grund, Sandipa Singh, and James Preisig, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA Undersea Acoustic Network Operations Through a Database-Oriented Server/Client Interface 2071 C. L. Fletcher, J. A. Rice, and R. K. Creber, Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center, San Diego, CA; D. L. Codiga, University of Connecticut, Avery Point, CT Protocols for Sub-Sea Communication Networks 2076 I.P. Morns, O.R. Hinton, A.E. Adams and B.S. Sharif, Underwater Acoustics Group, Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, UK Performance of Undersea Acoustic Networking Using RTS/CTS Handshaking and ARQ Retransmission 2083 R.K. Creber, J.A. Rice, P.A. Baxley, and C.L. Fletcher, Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center, San Diego, CA A Network Layer Protocol for UANs to Address Propagation Delay Induced Performance Limitations 2087 Geoffrey G. Xie and John H. Gibson, Department of Computer Science, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA Session 55 Acoustic Detection Dr. Ken Foote Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA Acoustic Performance of New International Monitoring System Hydrophone Stations 2100 John Newton and Patrick Grenard, Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization, Vienna International Centre, Vienna, Austria Active High Frequency Phased-Array Sonar for Whale Shipstrike Avoidance: Target Strength Measurements 2104 James H. Miller, Department of Ocean Engineering University of Rhode Island, Narragansett, Rl; David C. Potter, Northeast Fisheries Science Center NOAA Fisheries, Woods Hole, MA Detection of Small Man-Made Objects in Sector Scan Imagery using Neural Networks 2108 Stuart W. Perry, Maritime Operations Division Defence Science and Technology Organisation Pyrmont, NSW, Australia; Ling Guan, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Ryerson Polytechnic University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada A High-Frequency, Narrow-Beam Sub-Bottom Profiler for Archaeological Applications 2115 David A. Mindell and Brian Bingham, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Research Group in Deep Sea Archaeology, MA Comparative Study of Shallow Water Multibeam Imagery for Cleaning Bathymetry Sounding Errors 2124 E. Kammerer, D. Chariot, and S. Guillaudeux, Triton Elics International, Watsonville, CA; P. Michaux, EPSHOM Improving Sidescan Sonar Mosaic Accuracy by Accounting for Systematic Errors 2129 Didier Chariot, Ron Schaaf, and Xavier Brossard, Triton Elics International, Watsonville, CA Snapping Shrimp: Measuring their Natural Distribution in Space and Time with Low Frequency Arrays Donald W. Miklovic and M.T. Bird, AETC Incorporated, San Diego, CA.2095 Some Image Tools for Sonar Image Processing 2134 Stephane Guillaudeux, Triton Elics International, Watsonville, CA liii

4 A Robust Model-Based Detector for Active Sonar 2139 D.A. Abraham, K.L. Hillsley, and J. Norrmann, The Pennsylvania State University Applied Research Laboratory, State College, PA The Use of Sinusoidal Frequency Modulated Pulses for Low-Doppler Detection 2147 Steve Ward, QinetiQ Ltd., Dorset, UK An Examination of the Use of Signal Excess as a Broadband Detection Performance Model 2152 Mark E. Mulvey, AETC Incorporated, San Diego, CA Session 56 Acoustic Communication Lee Freitag Senior Engineer, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA Session Co-Chair Dr. Milica Stojanovic Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA Development of a Real-Time High Data Rate Acoustic Link 2159 J. Trubuil, T. Le Gall, and J. Labat, ENST-Bretagne, Brest Cedex, France; G. Lapierre, G.E.S.M.A. (Groupe d'etudes Sous-Marines de I'Atlantique), Brest Naval, France Multiuser Undersea Acoustic Communications in the Presence of Multipath Propagation 2165 M. Stojanovic, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA; L. Freitag, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA Equalization and Coding for Coherent Communication in the ASIMOV Vertical Link 2170 Joao Gomes, and Victor Barroso, Institute Superior Tecnico Institute de Sistemas e Robotica, Lisboa, Portugal 2D-Rake MMSE Receiver for Burst Communications Through Multiple-Access Shallow-Water Channels 2177 C.C. Tsimenidis, O.R. Hinton, B.S. Sharif, and A.E. Adams, Underwater Acoustics Group, Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, UK Blind Receivers for MSK Signals Transmitted Through Shallow Water 2183 Rolf Weber, Andreas Waldhorst, Florian Schulz, and Johann F. Bohme, Ruhr-Universitat Bochum, Signal Theory Group, Bochum, Germany Performance Comparison Of Iterative/Integral Equalizer/Decoder Structures For Underwater Acoustic Channels 2191 F. Blackmon, Naval Undersea Warfare Center, Division Newport, Newport, Rl; E. Sozer, M. Murandian, J. Proakis, and M. Salehi, Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering, Northeastern University, Boston, MA Iterative Equalization and Decoding Techniques for Shallow Water Acoustic Channels 2201 E.M. Sozer and J.G. Proakis, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Northeastern University Boston, MA; F. Blackmon, Naval Undersea Warfare Center, Division Newport, Newport, Rl A Blind Multichannel DFE Receiver for Precoded OQPSK Signal Transmission in Shallow Water 2209 Andreas Waldhorst, Rolf Weber, and Johann F. Bohme, Signal Theory Group, Ruhr-Universitat Bochum, Germany Preliminary Design of OFDM and CDMA Acoustic Communication System 2216 Kazuyoshi Miyoshi, Member, IEEE, Department of Computer Science, Hiroshima Kokusai-gakuin University, Hiroshima, Japan Design of a Communication Protocol for Underwater Acoustic Modems and Networks 2220 Gerard Lapierre, ORCA Instrumentation, Zl du Vernis, Brest, France; Ludovic Chevallier, Fabrice Gallaud, and Gerard Ayela, G.E.S.M.A. (Groupe d'etudes Sous-Marines de I'Atlantique), Naval Brest, France liv

5 Underwater Acoustic Communication Using Passive Phase Conjugation 2227 Daniel Rouseff, Warren L. J. Fox, Darrell R. Jackson, and Christopher D. Jones, Physics Laboratory, College of Ocean and Fishery Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA Underwater Acoustic Communication Using Time-Reversal 2231 G. F. Edelmann, W. S. Hodgkiss, S. Kim, W. A. Kuperman, and H. C. Song, Marine Physical Laboratory, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, CA; T. Akal, SACLANT Undersea Research Centre, La Spezia, Italy Wavefront Segmentation in Phase-Conjugate Arrays for Spatially Modulated Acoustic Communication 2236 Joao Gomes, and Victor Barroso, Institute Superior Tecnico Institute de Sistemas e Robdtica, Lisboa, Portugal Passive Phase-Conjugate Signaling Using Pulse- Position Modulation 2244 Paul Hursky and Michael B. Porter, Science Applications International Corporation, La Jolla, CA; Joseph A. Rice and Vincent K. McDonald, Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center, San Diego, CA Scale Model Analysis of Full-duplex Communications in an Underwater Acoustic Channel 2250 Kevin B. Smith, Andres Larraza, and Burcin Kayali, Department of Physics, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA Basin-Scale Acoustic Communication: A Feasibility Study Using Tomography M-sequences 2256 Lee Freitag, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA; Milica Stojanovic, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA Performance of Channel-equalized Acoustic Communications in the Surf Zone 2262 Dale Green, Benthos Inc., North Falmouth, MA; Fletcher Blackmon, Telemetry System Engineer, NUWCDIVNPT, Newport, Rl Acoustic Communication with Small UUVs Using a Hull-Mounted Conformal Array 2270 Lee Freitag and Matthew Grund, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA; Josko Catipovicy and Daniel Nagle, Naval Undersea Warfare Center, Newport, Rl; Brian Pazol and James Glynnz, Materials Systems Incorporated, Littleton, MA Hybrid Acoustic and RF Data Telemetry Systems Concepts with Experimental Results 2276 E.M. Will and G.S. Edelson, BAE Systems, Information & Electronic Warfare Systems, Advanced Systems & Technology, Underwater Acoustics Technology, Nashua, NH; D.T. Nagle, Naval Undersea Warfare Center, Division Newport, Newport, Rl TALISMAN An Innovative Tool Using Time Varying Channel Model to Evaluate Performances of an Acoustic Link 2283 Gerard Lapierre, G.E.S.M.A. (Groupe d'etudes sousmarines de I'atlantique), BP Brest Naval, France; Christine Le Brun, IPSIS, Cesson Sevigne, France; Christophe Viala, Semantic TS, Sanary Sur Mer, France Session 57 Data Access / Retrieval / Display Mike Helmsley NOAA National Data Buoy Center SIO Explorer: Digital Library Project Stephen P. Miller, John Helly, Anthony Koppers, and Peter Brueggeman, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA The Streaming Data Management Challenge 2297 S. Kim Juniper, Keith Shepherd, and Kim Wallace, Canadian Scientific Submersible Facility, Sidney, B.C, Canada IVADO: An Oceanographic Data Analysis and Visualization Tool Based on ION/IDL and Java Using netcdf Interface 2302 O. Chic, E. del Rio, and E. Garcia-Ladona, Dept. de Geologia Marina y Oceanografia Fisica Institute de Ciencias del Mar (CSIC), Barcelona, Spain lv

6 Field Test Data Distribution on CD-ROM Using World Wide Web Technology 2306 Michele E. D'Anna-Decker, Ian M. Courtney, Jeffrey L. Hanson, Larry H. White, and Kwadwo A. Yeboah, The Johns Hopkins University, Applied Physics Laboratory, Laurel, MD Inormation Technology For Marine Data Management 2311 A.Vorontsov and N.Mikhailov, Russian Research Institute of Hydrometeorological Information - World Data Center, National Oceanographic Data Center of Russia, Kaluga Reg., Russia A Climate Data Portal 2315 Nancy N. Soreide, NOAA/OAR/PMEL, Seattle, WA; Charles L. Sun, NOAA/NODC, Silver Spring, MD; Bernard J. Kilonsky, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI; Donald W. Denbo and Willa H. Zhu, Joint Institute for the Study of the Atmosphere and Ocean, University of Washington, Seattle, WA; John R. Osborne, Java OceanAtlas Software, Inc. Distributed Data Servers and Web Interface in the Climate Data Portal 2318 Willa H. Zhu, Joint Institute for the Study of the Atmosphere and Ocean, University of Washington, Seattle, WA Data Telemetry for Ocean Bottom Instrumentation 2322 Peter A. Koski, Jonathan Ware, and Daniel Frye, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA; S. Craig Cumbee, Naval Oceanographic Office, Stennis Space Center, MS The Long-Term Marine Data Set Collected by the National Data Buoy Center 2328 J. Michael Hemsley, Chief, Engineering Branch National Data Buoy Center, Stennis Space Center, MS Session 58 Electronic Chart Display and Information Systems Nick Perugini Chief of the Marine Chart Division, Office of Coast Survey in NOAA's National Ocean Service Session Co-Chair, Harry M. Strong Director, Oceanic, Atmospheric and Space Systems Programs, Mitretek Systems, Inc., McLean, VA NOAA's Integrated Suite of Navigational Products and Services 2336 Captain Nicholas E. Perugini, NOAA Office of Coast Survey; Captain Maureen R. Kenny, NOAA Center for Operational Oceanographic Products and Services; Captain Jonathan W. Bailey, NOAA National Geodetic Survey National Ocean Service, Silver Spring, MD Inland Electronic Navigational Charts in the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers 2342 Robert G. Mann, Ph.D., U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Topographic Engineering Center, Alexandria, VA Multifunction ECDIS for the Emergence Condition like a Breakdown of Navigational Equipments 2348 J. Lee, D. Lee, D. Kim, I. Jung, T. Sim, S. Lee, and J. Bae, Technical Research Institute, Daeyang Electric Co., Ltd., Pusan, South Korea; J. Chun, Scientific Computing Laboratory, Department of EECS, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Taejon, South Korea lvi

7 Session 59 Localization and Tracking Stan Chamberlain OES Technology Committee Chairs Coordinator, Raytheon Company, Tewksbury, MA A Marine Mammal Acoustic Detection and Localization Algorithm Using Spectrogram Image Correlation 2354 Brinda Ramaswamy, Pyrcon, LLC, Narragansett, Rl; Dr. Gopu R. Potty and Dr. James H. Miller, Department of Ocean Engineering, University of Rhode Island, Narragansett, Rl Wavefront Curvature Passive Ranging in a Temporally Varying Sound Propagation Medium 2359 B. G. Ferguson, Maritime Operations Division, DSTO, NSW Australia; R. J. Wyber, Midspar Systems Pty. Ltd., Oyster Bay, NSW, Australia Results from the Simulation of a Decoupled Concurrent Mapping and Localization Technique 2366 J. D. Harris, II and R. N. Carpenter, Naval Undersea Warfare Center, Unmanned Undersea Vehicle Division Newport, Rl Optical Flow Based Speed Estimation in AUV Target Tracking 2377 Yang Fan and Arjuna Balasuriya, School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Singapore Session 60 Marine Geology and Geophysics Dr. Mike Cruikshank MMTC Associates, Honolulu, HI Session Co-Chair A Remote, Multi-Sensor Station to Monitor Conditions Near the Sea Floor Within the Hydrate Stability Zone 2389 J. Robert Woolsey, Thomas M. McGee, and Robin C. Buchannon, Center for Marine Resources and Environmental Technology, The University of Mississippi, University, MS Design and Operation of a Pressure Retaining Sampler for Sedimentary Gases and Gas Hydrates 2396 J. Erickson, P. Brewer, G. Friederich, and E. T. Peltzer, Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, Moss Landing, CA. El Nino Tectonic Modulation in the Pacific Basin 2400 Bruce A. Leybourne, Naval Oceanographic Office, Geophysics Division, Stennis Space Center, MS; Michael B. Adams, Logicon Inc., MSRC Visualization Center, Stennis Space Center, MS Bathymetry Map Analysis Using Simulated Annealing on a GIS Platform 2407 Atanu Basu and Iwona Maczkowska, Pacific Mapping Program, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI Optical and Navagational Sensor Fusion Scheme for Cable Following by AUVS 2383 Arjuna Balasuriya, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore; Tamaki Ura, University of Tokyo, Japan Session 61 Air / Sea Interaction Prof. Rene Garello ENST Bretagne, France Field Measurement of the Aerial Distribution of Sea-salt Particles in Coastal Zone 2415 Masatoshi Katayama, Faculty of Engineering, Kyushu Kyoritsu University, Kitakyushu, Japan lvii

8 The Application of State-of-the-Art Oceanographic and Meteorological Forecasting Products to the Hawaiian Islands 2419 Robert C. Bohlin, Matthew C. Barron, and Renwick M. Mohammed, Naval Pacific Meteorology and Oceanography Center/Joint Typhoon Warning Center, Pearl Harbor, HI; James K. Lewis, Scientific Solutions, Inc., Kalaheo, HI On the Distribution of Small-Scale Roughness at the Edges of Monomolecular Surface Films 2425 Martin Gade and Philipp A. Lange, University of Hamburg, Institute of Oceanography, Hamburg, Germany Mobile Bay Response to a Strong Autumn Cold Front Passage 2432 Richard L. Crout and Arne R. Diercks, Naval Meteorology and Oceanography Command Ocean Technologies, Stennis Space Center, MS Session 62 Coastal Zone Management Harry M. Strong Director, Oceanic, Atmospheric and Space Systems Programs, Mitretek Systems, Inc., McLean, VA Adapting An Enhanced Multiple Database Integration and Update Capability to Support Coastal Operations 2436 C. R. Nichols, Marine Information Resources Corporation, Ellicott City, MD; P.T. Brennan and S. J. Cento, Northrop Grumman Corporation, Bethpage, NY; K. R. Dedrick, Marine Information Resources Corporation, Ellicott City, MD; G. H. Tuell, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL The New National Coastal Data Development Center 2445 Joe Stinus, NOAA/National Coastal Data Development Center, Stennis Space Center, MS; Fred Klein and Amy Sheridan, Mitretek Systems, McLean, MS Session 63 Buoy / Mooring Technology Walter Paul Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA Dynamic Analysis of NDBC Shallow-Water Test Mooring 2449 Mark Grosenbaugh, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA; Chung-Chu Teng, National Data Buoy Center, Stennis Space Center, MS An Optical Positioning System for Underwater Arrays 2454 Richard D. Dittman, Marentec, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada; Francine Desharnais and Garry J. Heard, Defence Research Establishment Atlantic, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada New Trawl-Resistant Bottom Mount to Support Hydrographic Current Measurement Requirements 2459 S. Craig Cumbee, Naval Oceanographic Office Stennis Space Center, MS; Peter Clay, Mooring Systems, Inc., Cataumet, MA MELBA Mediterranean Lagrangian Buoy Appliance 2464 Fiorello Cavallini, Daniele Maffei, and Ramiro dell'erba, Italian National Agency for New Technology, Energy and Environment (ENEA), Division of Robotics and Information Technology, Rome Overview of Ocean Based Buoys and Drifters: Present Applications and Future Needs 2470 Nancy N. Soreide, NOAA/PMEL, Seattle, WA; Catherine E. Woody, NOAA/NDBC, Stennis Space Center, MS; Stephen M. Holt, Mitretek Systems, Inc., McLean, VA Communications and Power to the Seafloor: MBARI's Ocean Observing System Mooring Concept 2473 Mark Chaffey and Ed Mellinger, MBARI, Moss Landing, CA; Walter Paul, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA MBARI Vertical Profiler 2482 Mark Brown, Mike Kelley, and Paul McGill Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, Moss Landing, CA lviii

9 Session 64 Metrology and Calibration (Signal Processing) Stu Burley U.S. Navy Pacific Missile Range Kauai Array Calibration Based on Inverse Subspace Fitting 2486 C.R. Wan, School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore; J.T. Goh and C.S. Chia, DSO National Laboratories, Singapore A WOCE CTD Calibration Laboratory Newly Established In China 2492 Houlong Yu and Zhaoji Jia, Institute of Ocean Technology, State Oceanic Administration of China, Tianjin, China Multibeam Sonar Calibration: Removal of Static Surface Reverberation by Coherent Echo Subtraction 2498 Dezhang Chu, and Kenneth G. Foote, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA; Kenneth C. Baldwin and Larry A. Mayer, Center for Ocean Engineering, Chase Ocean Engineering Laboratory, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH; Yanchao Li, Department of Geodesy and Geomatics Engineering, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada; Gary D. Melvin, Marine Fish Division, Department of Fisheries and Oceans, St. Andrews Biological Station, St. Andrews, NB Canada Calibrating a Narrowband 18-kHz Sonar 2503 Kenneth G. Foote, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA Multibeam Sonar Calibration: Target Localization in Azimuth 2506 Dezhang Chu, and Kenneth G. Foote, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA; Kenneth C. Baldwin and Larry A. Mayer, Center for Ocean Engineering, Chase Ocean Engineering Laboratory, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH; Yanchao Li, Department of Geodesy and Geomatics Engineering, University of New Brunswick, New Brunswick, Canada; Gary D. Melvin, Marine Fish Division, Department of Fisheries and Oceans, St. Andrews Biological Station, St. Andrews, NB, Canada CCD Camera Calibration for Underwater Laser Scanning System 2511 C. C. Wang, H. C. Hsu, J. S. Sue, and T. C. Huang, Institute of Undersea Technology; S. W. Shyue, Department of Marine Environment and Engineering, National Sun Yat-sen University, Kao-Hsiung, Taiwan Session 65 Seafloor Properties/Engineering Captain C. W. Green Fleet Oceanographer, U.S. Navy, Pacific Fleet, Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Analysis of Small Scale Bedforms with 2D and 3D Image Acquisition Techniques 2518 S. Baglio, Dipartimento Elettrico Elettronico e Sistemistico, University of Catania, Catania, Italy; C. Faraci, E. Foti, and R. Musumeci, Dipartimento di Ingegneria Civile ed Ambientale, University of Catania, Catania, Italy Small Scale Seafloor Roughness Measurement Using a ROV 2525 N. P. Chotiros, J. N. Piper, J. Moore and D. F. Weigl, Applied Research Laboratories, The University of Texas at Austin, Texas Session 66 Matched Fields (Acoustics) Stan Chamberlain OES Technology Committee Chairs Coordinator, Raytheon Company, Tewksbury, MA High-frequency Source Localization in the Strait of Sicily 2530 Cristiano Soares, and S.M. Jesus, Universidade do Algarve, Faro, Portugal; Martin Siderius, Science Applications International Corp., La Jolla, CA "Real Time" Broadband Adaptive Matched Field Processing 2536 Herbert Freese, David Gever, Richard Evans, Brian Sperry, and Rob Greene, Science Applications International Corporation, McLean VA; D.J. Fabozzi, Maui Supercomputer Center, Kehei, HI lix

10 WWW-based High Performance Computing Support of Acoustic Matched Field Processing 2541 D.H.Gever, Science Applications International Corporation; D.J.Fabozzi, II, Maui High Performance Computing Center, Kehei, HI Session 67 Non-Acoustic Imaging (Signal and Information) Dr. Richard H. Nadolink Chief Technology Officer, NUWC, Newport, Rl Identification of Influential Factors for Underwater Laser Imaging 2549 Hsin-Hung Chen, Institute of Undersea Technology National Sun Yat-sen University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan Underwater Mosaicing and Trajectory Reconstruction Using Global Alignment 2557 Nuno Gracias and Jose Santos-Victor, Institute Superior T'ecnico & Institute de Sistemas e Rob'otica, Lisboa Codex, Portugal Extracting Robust Features and 3-D Reconstruction in Underwater Images 2564 Francois-Xavier Espiau, Patrick Rives, IFREMER Toulon, INRIA Sophia-Antipolis, Icare Project, France A System to Evaluate the Accuracy of a Visual Mosaicking Methodology 2570 R. Garcia, J. Batlle, and X. Cufi, Computer Vision and Robotics Group, University of Girona, Spain 3-D Mapping of Sea Floor Scenes by Stereo Imaging 2577 A. Khamene, H. Madjidi, and S. Negahdaripour, Siemens Corporate Research Underwater Vision Imaging Lab, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL Positioning and Photo-Mosaicking with Long Image Sequences; Comparison of Selected Methods 2584 S. Negahdaripour and P. Firoozfam, Underwater Vision & Imaging Laboratory, Electrical & Computer Engineering Department, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL Utilizing Panoramic Views for Visually Guided Tasks in Underwater Robotics Applications 2593 S. Negahdaripour, H. Zhang, P. Firoozfam, and J. Oles, Underwater Vision & Imaging Laboratory, Electrical & Computer Engineering Department, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL A New Algorithm to Calculate the Reference Image of Ship Targets for ATR Using ISAR 2601 K. Yamamoto and M. Iwamoto, Member, IEEE, T. Kirimoto, Member, IEEE, Mitsubishi Electric Corporation, Japan Session 68 Acoustic Sediment Characterization Jon Preston Quester Tangent Corporation, Sidney, BC, Canada A Method for the Analysis of Chirp Signals Insonifying Layered Media for Sub-bottom Profiling 2608 I. R. Stevenson, P. Nicholson, L. M. Linnett, and S. Morrison, Fortkey Ltd., Edinburgh, Scotland Seabed Classification of Multibeam Sonar Images 2616 J.M. Preston, A.C. Christney, S. F. Bloomer, and I.L. Beaudet, Quester Tangent Corporation, Sidney, BC, Canada Acoustic and Physical Property Correlation of Marine Sediments from the Texas-Louisiana Continental Shelf 2624 Traci L. Stokes, Naval Oceanographic Office, Ocean Analysis Branch, Stennis Space Center, MS; Dean A. Dunn, University of Southern Mississippi, Department of Geology, Hattiesburg, MS High-Resolution Geophysical Core Logging Data from Marine Sediment Core Samples 2634 Carter L. Gehman and Gene V. Kelly, Naval Oceanographic Office, Laboratories Services Branch, Stennis Space Center, MS lx

11 Benthic Habitat Mapping with Acoustic Seabed Classification 2642 James L. Galloway, P. Eng., Canadian Hydrographic Service, Pacific Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Sidney B.C., Canada STUDENT PAPERS "This work relates to Department of Navy grant N issued by the Office of Naval Research. The United States Government has a royalty-free license throughout the world in all copyrightable material contained herein." "Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Office of Naval Research." Genetic Algorithm Optimisation of a Supply Ship Propulsion and Navigation Systems 2645 Eva Alfaro-Cid, Euan W. McGookin, and David J. Murray-Smith, Centre of Systems and Control & Dept. of Electronics and Electrical Engineering, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK Marine Sediment Classification Using Sidescan Sonar and Geographical Information System Software in Kaneohe Bay, Oahu, Hawaii 2653 Andreas J. Andersson, School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology, University of Hawai'i, Honolulu, HI; Tom B. Reed, IV, Oceanic Imaging Consultants, Inc., Honolulu, HI; Christopher D. Winn, Hawaii Pacific University, Marine Science Program, Honolulu, HI Effectiveness of Spatial-Temporal Collocated Microwave Scatterometric and Vertical-Horizontal Polarized Radiometric Images in Sea Surface Monitoring 2658 Arsen Arakelyan, Faculty of Biochemistry, Yerevan State University, Yerevan, Armenia; A.K.Hambaryan and A.K.Arakelian, ECOSERV Remote Observation Centre Co. Ltd., Yerevan, Armenia An Hybrid Methodology for RL-based Behavior Coordination in a Target Following Mission with an AUV 2666 M. Carrerasand J. Batlle, Institute of Informatics and Automation University of Girona, Edifici Politecnica II, Campus Montilivi, Spain; J. Yuh, Autonomous Systems Laboratory, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI A Wavelet Packet Approach for Bistatic Buried Target Classification with an AUV-borne Synthetic Aperture Sonar 2673 Joseph R. Edwards, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Ocean Engineering; Monica Montanari, University of Pisa, Department of Information Engineering Development of Ecological Policy, Assessment and Prediction of the Fate of Chernobyl Radionuclides in Sediments of the Black Sea 2677 Alexei E. Kontar, P.P.Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia Highlighting Pipelines Offshore Norway: Visualization and Quantitative Analysis 2688 R.E. Loke and J.M.H. du Buf, Vision Laboratory, Dept. of Electronics and Computer Science, University of Algarve, Faro, Portugal Differences in Olfactory System Between Wild and Cultured Red Sea Bream, Pagrus major (Teleostei) 2696 R. R. Mana, G. Kawamura, K. Anraku, T. Matsuoka, and T. Masuda, Laboratory of Fish Ethology, Kagoshima University, Kagoshima, Japan The Design, Construction, and Testing of a Flexible Fin Propelled Autonomous Underwater Vehicle 2703 Ryan Moody, North Carolina State University, Integrated Manufacturing Systems Engineering Institute, Raleigh, NC Analysis of Non-Coherent Signaling in Surf Zone Acoustic Telemetry Experiments,.2708 Tetsuro Oishi, Research Associate, Acoustics Research Laboratory, Univ. of Massachusetts Dartmouth, N. Dartmouth, MA; Dale Green, Principle Engineer, Benthos Inc., North Falmouth, MA lxi

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