TERM LOAN AND WORKING CAPITAL. Seminar on Term Loan and Working Capital - December, 2010.

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "TERM LOAN AND WORKING CAPITAL. Seminar on Term Loan and Working Capital - December, 2010."

Transcription

1 TERM LOAN AND WORKING CAPITAL -STRATEGIES 1

2 INVESTMENT AND FINANCE POLICY 2

3 INVESTMENT POLICY Investment Policy selects an optimum portfolio of investment opportunities that maximize anticipated net cash inflows (ENPV) at minimum risk 3

4 FINANCE POLICY Financepolicy identifies potential fund sources (equity and debt, long or short) required to sustaininvestment, evaluates the risk adjusted returns expected by each and then selects the optimum mix that will minimisetheir overall weighted average cost of capital (WACC) 4

5 NORMATIVE OBJECTIVE The normative objectives of strategic financial management is the determination of a maximum inflow of cash profit and hence corporate value, subject to acceptable levels of riskassociated with investment opportunities, having acquired capital efficiently at minimum cost. 5

6 STRATEGIC FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT The Finance Decision (External) Capital Equity Debt Govt. Aid Acquisition of funds The Investment Decision (Internal) Disposition of funds Assets Fixed Current CAPITAL MARKET Objective Minimum Cost of Capital (WACC) Objective Maximum Cash Profit < (NPV) Corporate Objective MANAGEMENT POLICY Distributions Internal Maximum Economic Value Added (EVA) Retentions External Maximum Market Value Added (MVA) Capital Gains Corporate Wealth Maximization (Share price) 6

7 EVOLUTION OF FINANCE STRATEGY A Traditional Managerial Economic Systematic Behavioral Post Modern HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE 7

8 POST-MODERNIST THEORY A FEW Non-Linear Theory POINTS TO PONDER Wealth Maximization delinked from Trading Fundamentals Crowd Behavior Market Sentiment Speculative Bubbles, Market Incoherence Catastrophe Theory 8

9 TERM LOAN AND WORKING CAPITAL -STRUCTURES 9

10 CAPITAL BUDGETING 10

11 CAPITAL BUDGETING MODELS PAY BACK METHOD ACCOUNTING RATE OF RETURN INTERNAL RATE OF RETURN NET PRESENT VALUE 11

12 CAPITAL BUDGETING MODELS COMPARATIVE CHART Model Wealth Maximisation Objective Investment Criteria Payback Rarely Miminise Payback (Maximise Liquidity) Time ARR Rarely Maximise ARR Profitability percentage IRR Rarely Maximise IRR Profitablity percentage NPV Likely Maximise NPV Absolute profits 12

13 IRR V/S NPV (Capital Cost of both projects is 10%) Project Year 0 Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 IRR (%) NPV 1 (135) % (100) %

14 RISK ANALYSIS 14

15 RISK ANALYSIS Total Risk = BusinessRisk + FinancialRisk Business Risk relates to the variabilityof future cash flows arising from an investment s fundamentalcharacteristics, as well as changing economic conditions Financial Risk is associated with a project s funding and how the earnings distributedto investors determine the company s cost of capital 15

16 TREATMENT OF BUSINESS RISK Modifications to the cut-off rate for investment that adds a risk premium to the discount rate Point estimates such as best, worst or most likely net cash inflow: Minimax, Laplace and Probability criteria 16

17 STANDARD DEVIATION THE MEAN-VARIANCE ANALYSIS Mean-Variance Analysis converts multi-valued outcomes to quasi-risk forecasts Is based on the classical probability theory Cash flows are assumed to be random variables which conform to a normal distribution with a symmetrical bell shaped curve 17

18 STANDARD DEVIATION IS DETERMINED AS FOLLOWS Calculate the mean of the distribution (EMV) by multiplying each variable s value by its probability of concurrence and adding the products Subtract the EMV from each possible value and square the result Multiply each squared deviation around the mean by its probability to determine cetainity equivalents and add them together. The sum is the variance Calculate the square root of the variance. This is the Standard Deviation THE LOWER THE STANDARD DEVIATION THE LOWER THE RISK AND VICE VERSA 18

19 FINANCE RISK WEIGHTED AVERAGE COST OF CAPITAL VARIOUS SOURCES AND THEIR RELATED COSTS Source of Finance Share Issue: Equity Preference Loan Issues: Secured and Unsecured Convertible Deferred payment to creditors Sale of excess or idle assets Sale and lease back of property Unallocated Overheads Capital Cost EPS or Dividends plus growth Fixed Dividend Interest plus repayment premium Interest plus future EPS (assuming conversion price above market price) Opportunity cost, administrative costs, loss of goodwill Alternative yield Leasing cost plus capital appreciation Opportunity Cost 19

20 WEIGHTED AVERAGE COST OF CAPITAL 20

21 WEIGHTED AVERAGE COST OF CAPITAL K = K(e) (V(E) + V(D)) + K(d) (V(D)/V(E)+ V(D)) Where: K = WACC K(e) = Cost of Equity K(d) = Cost of Debt V(E) = Market Value of Equity V(D) = Market Value of Debt 21

22 ASSUMPTIONS OF WACC Discount Rate New Projects have the same Risk-Return profile as the company s existing equity Each project is marginalto the scale of existing operations The company will retain its existing capital structure, leaving financial risk unchanged (IF A COMPANY ALTERS ITS CAPITAL STRUCTURE, THE WEIGHTS APPLIED TO THE COMPONENT COSTS IN THE WACC CALCULATIONS WOULD ALSO CHANGE, LEADING TO A NEW DISCOUNT RATE) 22

23 WACC BOOK VALUE: EXAMPLE Ordinary Shares Retained Earnings Prefence Shares CAPITAL STRUCTURE WEIGHT COMPONENT COST (%) WEIGHTED COST (%) Debentures Totals

24 WACC MARKET VALUE: EXAMPLE Ordinary Shares Retained Earnings Preference Shares CAPITAL STRUCTURE WEIGHT COMPONENT COST (%) WEIGHTED COST (%) Debentures Totals

25 RELEVANCE OF BUSINESS MODELS IN BOOT B2G B2C DETERMINING STRUCTURE GESTATION PERIODS CROSS BORDER BUSINESS TAX SENSITIVE BUSINESS CYCLES 25

26 TERM LOANS 26

27 TERM LOANS -TYPES TERM LOANS DOMESTIC V/S FOREIGN DEFERRED PAYMENT FACILITIES FCCBs Non Convertible Debentures Vendor Bill Discounting Stand By Letters of Credit 27

28 TERM LOANS DOMESTIC V/S FOREIGN End Use Interest Costs Hedging Costs Regulatory Considerations Accounting Considerations 28

29 FCCBs Investors Appetite Equity Linkage Coupon Rates Automatic Route Reset Clauses SEC Reg

30 Non Convertible Debentures Secured Debt Long Term Tenure Interest Rates Listed, Tradable Good Secondary Market Attached Warrants 30

31 WORKING CAPITAL 31

32 WORKING CAPITAL IMPORTANCE AND LONG TERM IMPLICATIONS Need for Proper Estimations: Error in Estimations have long term negative implications Sufficient Margins to be provided: Total reliance on debt not desirable Standard Ratios should not be applied: Business Model will determine Ratios Inventory, Receivables and Payables Management have become key features of Working Capital Management 32

33 WORKING CAPITAL TRADITIONAL CASH CREDIT OVERDRAFT BILL DISCOUNTING SOURCES WORKING CAPITAL TERM LOAN FOREIGN CURRENCY DENOMINATED LIMITS 33

34 WORKING CAPITAL NON-TRADITIONAL COMMERCIAL PAPER SOURCES NON CONVERTIBLE DEBENTURES STAND BY LETTERS OF CREDIT DISCOUNTING FUTURE CASH FLOWS 34

35 THANK YOU FOR YOUR PATIENCE TILL DEBT DO US PART 35

6. Debt Valuation and the Cost of Capital

6. Debt Valuation and the Cost of Capital 6. Debt Valuation and the Cost of Capital Introduction Firms rarely finance capital projects by equity alone. They utilise long and short term funds from a variety of sources at a variety of costs. No

More information

Cash flow before tax 1,587 1,915 1,442 2,027 Tax at 28% (444) (536) (404) (568)

Cash flow before tax 1,587 1,915 1,442 2,027 Tax at 28% (444) (536) (404) (568) Answers Fundamentals Level Skills Module, Paper F9 Financial Management June 2014 Answers 1 (a) Calculation of NPV Year 1 2 3 4 5 $000 $000 $000 $000 $000 Sales income 5,670 6,808 5,788 6,928 Variable

More information

CFS. Syllabus. Certified Finance Specialist. International benchmark in Finance profession

CFS. Syllabus. Certified Finance Specialist. International benchmark in Finance profession CFS Certified Finance Specialist Syllabus International benchmark in Finance profession Certified Finance Specialist Summary: This award will provide candidates the opportunity to gain advanced level knowledge

More information

Fundamentals Level Skills Module, Paper F9

Fundamentals Level Skills Module, Paper F9 Answers Fundamentals Level Skills Module, Paper F9 Financial Management December 2008 Answers 1 (a) Rights issue price = 2 5 x 0 8 = $2 00 per share Theoretical ex rights price = ((2 50 x 4) + (1 x 2 00)/5=$2

More information

ACCA F9 - Financial Management Multiple Choice Questions for June 2015 Exam

ACCA F9 - Financial Management Multiple Choice Questions for June 2015 Exam F9 - Financial Management Multiple hoice Questions for June 2015 Exam F9 test 1 Introduction to financial management and governance Q1. What is the role of financial management? To prepare financial statements

More information

Taxable cash flow 556 1,485 1,530 2,308 Taxation (167) (446) (459) (692) CA tax benefits

Taxable cash flow 556 1,485 1,530 2,308 Taxation (167) (446) (459) (692) CA tax benefits Answers Fundamentals Level Skills Module, Paper F9 Financial Management June 2011 Answers 1 (a) Net present value evaluation of new confectionery investment Year 1 2 3 4 5 $000 $000 $000 $000 $000 Sales

More information

Total 100 All learning outcomes must be evidenced; a 10% aggregate variance is allowed.

Total 100 All learning outcomes must be evidenced; a 10% aggregate variance is allowed. Prescription: 603 Business Finance Elective prescription Level 6 Credit 20 Version 2 Aim Prerequisites Recommended prior knowledge Students will apply financial management knowledge and skills to small

More information

Construction Economics & Finance. Module 6. Lecture-1

Construction Economics & Finance. Module 6. Lecture-1 Construction Economics & Finance Module 6 Lecture-1 Financial management: Financial management involves planning, allocation and control of financial resources of a company. Financial management is essential

More information

Source of Finance and their Relative Costs F. COST OF CAPITAL

Source of Finance and their Relative Costs F. COST OF CAPITAL F. COST OF CAPITAL 1. Source of Finance and their Relative Costs 2. Estimating the Cost of Equity 3. Estimating the Cost of Debt and Other Capital Instruments 4. Estimating the Overall Cost of Capital

More information

Fundamentals Level Skills Module, Paper F9

Fundamentals Level Skills Module, Paper F9 Answers Fundamentals Level Skills Module, Paper F9 Financial Management June 2009 Answers 1 (a) Weighted average cost of capital (WACC) calculation Cost of equity of KFP Co = 4 0 + (1 2 x (10 5 4 0)) =

More information

Level 6 Advanced Diploma in Finance (531) 126 Credits

Level 6 Advanced Diploma in Finance (531) 126 Credits Level 6 Advanced Diploma in Finance (531) 126 Credits Unit: Finance Theory Guided Learning Hours: 210 Exam Paper No.: 4 Prerequisites: Knowledge of Finance. Number of Credits: 21 Corequisites: A pass or

More information

] (3.3) ] (1 + r)t (3.4)

] (3.3) ] (1 + r)t (3.4) Present value = future value after t periods (3.1) (1 + r) t PV of perpetuity = C = cash payment (3.2) r interest rate Present value of t-year annuity = C [ 1 1 ] (3.3) r r(1 + r) t Future value of annuity

More information

Indicative Content. 1.1.1 The main types of corporate form. 1.1.2 The regulatory framework for companies. 1.1.6 Shareholder Value Analysis.

Indicative Content. 1.1.1 The main types of corporate form. 1.1.2 The regulatory framework for companies. 1.1.6 Shareholder Value Analysis. Unit Title: Corporate Finance Unit Reference Number: L/601/3900 Guided Learning Hours: 210 Level: Level 6 Number of Credits: 25 Learning Outcome 1 The learner will: Understand the role of the Corporate

More information

MCQ on Financial Management

MCQ on Financial Management MCQ on Financial Management 1. "Shareholder wealth" in a firm is represented by: a) the number of people employed in the firm. b) the book value of the firm's assets less the book value of its liabilities

More information

Question 1. Marking scheme. F9 ACCA June 2013 Exam: BPP Answers

Question 1. Marking scheme. F9 ACCA June 2013 Exam: BPP Answers Question 1 Text references. NPV is covered in Chapter 8 and real or nominal terms in Chapter 9. Financial objectives are covered in Chapter 1. Top tips. Part (b) requires you to explain the different approaches.

More information

Fundamentals Level Skills Module, Paper F9. Section A. Monetary value of return = $3 10 x 1 197 = $3 71 Current share price = $3 71 $0 21 = $3 50

Fundamentals Level Skills Module, Paper F9. Section A. Monetary value of return = $3 10 x 1 197 = $3 71 Current share price = $3 71 $0 21 = $3 50 Answers Fundamentals Level Skills Module, Paper F9 Financial Management December 2014 Answers Section A 1 A Monetary value of return = $3 10 x 1 197 = $3 71 Current share price = $3 71 $0 21 = $3 50 2

More information

Fundamentals Level Skills Module, Paper F9

Fundamentals Level Skills Module, Paper F9 Answers Fundamentals Level Skills Module, Paper F9 Financial Management June 2008 Answers 1 (a) Calculation of weighted average cost of capital (WACC) Cost of equity Cost of equity using capital asset

More information

Paper F9. Financial Management. Fundamentals Pilot Paper Skills module. The Association of Chartered Certified Accountants

Paper F9. Financial Management. Fundamentals Pilot Paper Skills module. The Association of Chartered Certified Accountants Fundamentals Pilot Paper Skills module Financial Management Time allowed Reading and planning: Writing: 15 minutes 3 hours ALL FOUR questions are compulsory and MUST be attempted. Do NOT open this paper

More information

STUDENT CAN HAVE ONE LETTER SIZE FORMULA SHEET PREPARED BY STUDENT HIM/HERSELF. FINANCIAL CALCULATOR/TI-83 OR THEIR EQUIVALENCES ARE ALLOWED.

STUDENT CAN HAVE ONE LETTER SIZE FORMULA SHEET PREPARED BY STUDENT HIM/HERSELF. FINANCIAL CALCULATOR/TI-83 OR THEIR EQUIVALENCES ARE ALLOWED. Test III-FINN3120-090 Fall 2009 (2.5 PTS PER QUESTION. MAX 100 PTS) Type A Name ID PRINT YOUR NAME AND ID ON THE TEST, ANSWER SHEET AND FORMULA SHEET. TURN IN THE TEST, OPSCAN ANSWER SHEET AND FORMULA

More information

FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT For M.Com /B.Com Part A Question & Answers INTRODUCTION TO FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT 1. What is financial management?

FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT For M.Com /B.Com Part A Question & Answers INTRODUCTION TO FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT 1. What is financial management? FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT For M.Com /B.Com Part A Question & Answers INTRODUCTION TO FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT 1. What is financial management? It is the application of planning and control functions of the finance

More information

1 (a) Net present value of investment in new machinery Year 1 2 3 4 5 $000 $000 $000 $000 $000 Sales income 6,084 6,327 6,580 6,844

1 (a) Net present value of investment in new machinery Year 1 2 3 4 5 $000 $000 $000 $000 $000 Sales income 6,084 6,327 6,580 6,844 Answers Fundamentals Level Skills Module, Paper F9 Financial Management June 2013 Answers 1 (a) Net present value of investment in new machinery Year 1 2 3 4 5 $000 $000 $000 $000 $000 Sales income 6,084

More information

Examiner s report F9 Financial Management June 2013

Examiner s report F9 Financial Management June 2013 Examiner s report F9 Financial Management June 2013 General Comments The examination consisted of four compulsory questions, each worth 25 marks. Most candidates attempted all four questions and there

More information

TYLER JUNIOR COLLEGE School of Continuing Studies 1530 SSW Loop 323 Tyler, TX 75701 1.800.298.5226 www.tjc.edu/continuingstudies/mycaa

TYLER JUNIOR COLLEGE School of Continuing Studies 1530 SSW Loop 323 Tyler, TX 75701 1.800.298.5226 www.tjc.edu/continuingstudies/mycaa TYLER JUNIOR COLLEGE School of Continuing Studies 1530 SSW Loop 323 Tyler, TX 75701 1.800.298.5226 www.tjc.edu/continuingstudies/mycaa Education & Training Plan Finance Professional Program Student Full

More information

Fundamentals Level Skills Module, Paper F9. Section A. Mean growth in earnings per share = 100 x [(35 7/30 0) 1/3 1] = 5 97% or 6%

Fundamentals Level Skills Module, Paper F9. Section A. Mean growth in earnings per share = 100 x [(35 7/30 0) 1/3 1] = 5 97% or 6% Answers Fundamentals Level Skills Module, Paper F9 Financial Management June 2015 Answers Section A 1 A 2 D 3 D Mean growth in earnings per share = 100 x [(35 7/30 0) 1/3 1] = 5 97% or 6% 4 A 5 D 6 B 7

More information

Certified Financial Management Professional VS-1201

Certified Financial Management Professional VS-1201 Certified Financial Management Professional VS-1201 Certified Financial Management Professional Certified Financial Management Professional Certification Code VS-1201 Vskills certification for Financial

More information

Contribution 787 1,368 1,813 983. Taxable cash flow 682 1,253 1,688 858 Tax liabilities (205) (376) (506) (257)

Contribution 787 1,368 1,813 983. Taxable cash flow 682 1,253 1,688 858 Tax liabilities (205) (376) (506) (257) Answers Fundamentals Level Skills Module, Paper F9 Financial Management June 2012 Answers 1 (a) Calculation of net present value (NPV) As nominal after-tax cash flows are to be discounted, the nominal

More information

Shree Guru Kripa s Institute of Management

Shree Guru Kripa s Institute of Management COST ACCOUNTING & FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT Reg. No.. Total Number of Printed Pages: 5 Date: 30.03.2016 Maximum Marks: 100 Question 1 is compulsory (4 5 = 20 Marks). Answer any 5 from the remaining 6 (16 5

More information

CIMA Strategic Level F3 FINANCIAL STRATEGY (REVISION SUMMARIES)

CIMA Strategic Level F3 FINANCIAL STRATEGY (REVISION SUMMARIES) CIMA Strategic Level F3 FINANCIAL STRATEGY (REVISION SUMMARIES) Chapter Title Page number 1 Introduction to financial strategy 3 2 Analysing performance 7 3 Planning and forecasting 11 4 Long term finance

More information

1 (a) Calculation of net present value (NPV) Year 1 2 3 4 5 6 $000 $000 $000 $000 $000 $000 Sales revenue 1,600 1,600 1,600 1,600 1,600

1 (a) Calculation of net present value (NPV) Year 1 2 3 4 5 6 $000 $000 $000 $000 $000 $000 Sales revenue 1,600 1,600 1,600 1,600 1,600 Answers Fundamentals Level Skills Module, Paper F9 Financial Management December 2011 Answers 1 (a) Calculation of net present value (NPV) Year 1 2 3 4 5 6 $000 $000 $000 $000 $000 $000 Sales revenue 1,600

More information

LEADing Practice Financial Scorecard Measurements

LEADing Practice Financial Scorecard Measurements LEADing Practice Financial Scorecard Measurements Scorecard Area Finance & Accounting Scorecard Group Accounting ratios Balance sheet Scorecard Performance Measurement Deferred revenue as % of total revenue

More information

Actuarial Society of India

Actuarial Society of India Actuarial Society of India EXAMINATIONS November 2004 SUBJECT - 108: Finance and Financial Reporting Indicative Solution S-108 Page 1 of 7 1 D 2 C 3 B 4 D 5 D 6 A 7 B 8 C 9 B 10 D 11 Trade credit is short-term

More information

ACCA F9 FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT. Study System Sample Session

ACCA F9 FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT. Study System Sample Session ACCA F9 FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT Study System Sample Session ATC INTERNATIONAL ACCA PAPER F9 FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT STUDY SYSTEM No responsibility for loss occasioned to any person acting or refraining from

More information

Financial Statement and Cash Flow Analysis

Financial Statement and Cash Flow Analysis Chapter 2 Financial Statement and Cash Flow Analysis Answers to Concept Review Questions 1. What role do the FASB and SEC play with regard to GAAP? The FASB is a nongovernmental, professional standards

More information

FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT

FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT STUDY MATERIAL:- FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT VERY SHORT QUESTIONS ( 1 MARK) 1 Define Financial Management. Ans financial management is that specialized activity which is responsible for obtaining and affectively

More information

Financing Your Dream: A Presentation at the Youth Business Linkage Forum (#EAWY2014) Akin Oyebode Head SME Banking, Stanbic IBTC Bank, Nigeria.

Financing Your Dream: A Presentation at the Youth Business Linkage Forum (#EAWY2014) Akin Oyebode Head SME Banking, Stanbic IBTC Bank, Nigeria. Financing Your Dream: A Presentation at the Youth Business Linkage Forum (#EAWY2014) Akin Oyebode Head SME Banking, Stanbic IBTC Bank, Nigeria. Content 1 Introduction 2 Profit and loss Account or Income

More information

INSTITUTE OF ACTUARIES OF INDIA. CT2 Finance and Financial Reporting MAY 2009 EXAMINATION INDICATIVE SOLUTION

INSTITUTE OF ACTUARIES OF INDIA. CT2 Finance and Financial Reporting MAY 2009 EXAMINATION INDICATIVE SOLUTION INSTITUTE OF ACTUARIES OF INDIA CT2 Finance and Financial Reporting MAY 2009 EXAMINATION INDICATIVE SOLUTION General guidelines to markers: The solutions provided here are indicative ones. Please award

More information

Economic Feasibility Studies

Economic Feasibility Studies Economic Feasibility Studies ١ Introduction Every long term decision the firm makes is a capital budgeting decision whenever it changes the company s cash flows. The difficulty with making these decisions

More information

Lecture 7 - Capital Budgeting: Decision Criteria

Lecture 7 - Capital Budgeting: Decision Criteria Lecture 7 - Capital Budgeting: Decision Criteria What is Capital Budgeting? Analysis of potential projects. Long-term decisions; involve large expenditures. Very important to a firm s future. The Ideal

More information

Republic Polytechnic Continuing Education & Training Course Structure for : Finance Management

Republic Polytechnic Continuing Education & Training Course Structure for : Finance Management Republic Polytechnic Continuing Education & Training Course Structure for : Finance Management Module Finance Management Description Finance Management is a module that serves to cover key financial aspects

More information

Financial and Cash Flow Analysis Methods. www.project-finance.com

Financial and Cash Flow Analysis Methods. www.project-finance.com Financial and Cash Flow Analysis Methods Financial analysis Historic analysis (BS, ratios, CF analysis, management strategy) Current position (environment, industry, products, management) Future (competitiveness,

More information

ADVANCED FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT PAPER 16

ADVANCED FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT PAPER 16 ADVANCED FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT PAPER 16 SYLLABUS CHART Advanced Financial Management Paper 16 Financial Management Paper 11 OVERALL AIM To enable the learner broaden their knowledge and skills, and exercise

More information

comment on the following by ( ) or ( ) 1. The financial staff s task is to obtain and use funds so as to maximize the market share of the firm. 2.

comment on the following by ( ) or ( ) 1. The financial staff s task is to obtain and use funds so as to maximize the market share of the firm. 2. comment on the following by ( ) or ( ) 1. The financial staff s task is to obtain and use funds so as to maximize the market share of the firm. 2. Two key limitations of the proprietorship for of business

More information

Finance 3130 Corporate Finiance Sample Final Exam Spring 2012

Finance 3130 Corporate Finiance Sample Final Exam Spring 2012 Finance 3130 Corporate Finiance Sample Final Exam Spring 2012 True/False Indicate whether the statement is true or falsewith A for true and B for false. 1. Interest paid by a corporation is a tax deduction

More information

Chapter 18 Working Capital Management

Chapter 18 Working Capital Management Chapter 18 Working Capital Management Slide Contents Learning Objectives Principles Used in This Chapter 1. Working Capital Management and the Risk- Return Tradeoff 2. Working Capital Policy 3. Operating

More information

Current Assets. Current Liabilities. Quick Assets or Liquid Assets. Current Liabilities. 1. Liquidity Ratios 1 Current Ratio Formula.

Current Assets. Current Liabilities. Quick Assets or Liquid Assets. Current Liabilities. 1. Liquidity Ratios 1 Current Ratio Formula. 1. Liquidity Ratios 1 Current Ratio Current Assets Current Liabilities This ratio shows short-term financial soundness of the business. Higher ratio means better capacity to meet its current obligation.

More information

Capcon Holdings plc. Interim Report 2011. Unaudited interim results for the six months ended 31 March 2011

Capcon Holdings plc. Interim Report 2011. Unaudited interim results for the six months ended 31 March 2011 Capcon Holdings plc Interim Report 2011 Unaudited interim results for the six months ended 31 March 2011 Capcon Holdings plc ("Capcon" or the "Group"), the AIM listed investigations and risk management

More information

UNIVERSITY OF WAH Department of Management Sciences

UNIVERSITY OF WAH Department of Management Sciences BBA-330: FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT UNIVERSITY OF WAH COURSE DESCRIPTION/OBJECTIVES The module aims at building competence in corporate finance further by extending the coverage in Business Finance module to

More information

CAPITAL BUDGETING. Net Present Value and Other Investment Criteria

CAPITAL BUDGETING. Net Present Value and Other Investment Criteria CAPITAL BUDGETING Net Present Value and Other Investment Criteria Net Present Value (NPV) Net present value is the difference between an investment s market value (in today s dollars) and its cost (also

More information

BF 6701 : Financial Management Comprehensive Examination Guideline

BF 6701 : Financial Management Comprehensive Examination Guideline BF 6701 : Financial Management Comprehensive Examination Guideline 1) There will be 5 essay questions and 5 calculation questions to be completed in 1-hour exam. 2) The topics included in those essay and

More information

Analyzing the Statement of Cash Flows

Analyzing the Statement of Cash Flows NACM Central Region Credit Conference 2012 Analyzing the Statement of Cash Flows John A. Jaeger, CCE Manager Credit & Accounts Receivable Follett Higher Education Group 1 1 Analyzing the Statement of Cash

More information

Certification Program on Corporate Treasury Management

Certification Program on Corporate Treasury Management Certification Program on Corporate Treasury Management Introduction to corporate treasury management Introduction to corporate treasury management: relevance, scope, approach and issues Understanding treasury

More information

Foundations in Financial Management (FFM) September 2016 to June 2017

Foundations in Financial Management (FFM) September 2016 to June 2017 Foundations in Financial Management (FFM) September 2016 to June 2017 This syllabus and study guide is designed to help with teaching and learning and is intended to provide detailed information on what

More information

VALLIAMMAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE DEPARTMENT OF MANAGEMENT STUDIES BA7202-FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT - QUESTION BANK

VALLIAMMAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE DEPARTMENT OF MANAGEMENT STUDIES BA7202-FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT - QUESTION BANK Year and Semester FIRST YEAR II SEMESTER (EVEN) Subject Code and Name BA7202 FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT Faculty Name 1) Mrs.A.UMA DEVI ASST PROF (OG) 2) Mr.J.ANAND ASST PROF (OG) Q.No UNIT I PART A BT Level

More information

Paper F9. Financial Management. Friday 6 June 2014. Fundamentals Level Skills Module. The Association of Chartered Certified Accountants.

Paper F9. Financial Management. Friday 6 June 2014. Fundamentals Level Skills Module. The Association of Chartered Certified Accountants. Fundamentals Level Skills Module Financial Management Friday 6 June 2014 Time allowed Reading and planning: Writing: 15 minutes 3 hours ALL FOUR questions are compulsory and MUST be attempted. Formulae

More information

Selecting sources of finance for business

Selecting sources of finance for business Selecting sources of finance for business by Steve Jay 08 Sep 2003 This article considers the practical issues facing a business when selecting appropriate sources of finance. It does not consider the

More information

B Com (H) III Year. Paper 3.4HA

B Com (H) III Year. Paper 3.4HA B Com (H) III Year Paper 3.4HA FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT Module 1 UNIT 1 : INTRODUCTION 1. Give an idea about the Wealth Maximisation objective of Financial Management. 2. Discuss the various functions of Financial

More information

Financial Ratios and Quality Indicators

Financial Ratios and Quality Indicators Financial Ratios and Quality Indicators From U.S. Small Business Administration Online Women's Business Center If you monitor the ratios on a regular basis you'll gain insight into how effectively you

More information

RATIO ANALYSIS FORMULAS + THEORIES

RATIO ANALYSIS FORMULAS + THEORIES A) Cash Position Ratio : - 1) Absolute Cash Ratio = Cash Reservoir Current Liabilities 2) Cash Position to Total asset Ratio = Cash Reservoir * 100 (Measure liquid layer of assets) Total Assets 3) Interval

More information

Financial Management (F9)

Financial Management (F9) Financial Management (F9) This syllabus and study guide is designed to help with planning study and to provide detailed information on what could be assessed in any examination session. THE STRUCTURE OF

More information

LAFE CORPORATION LIMITED Un-audited Q1 2014 Financial Statement and Dividend Announcement (All in US Dollars)

LAFE CORPORATION LIMITED Un-audited Q1 2014 Financial Statement and Dividend Announcement (All in US Dollars) LAFE CORPORATION LIMITED Un-audited Q1 2014 Financial Statement and Dividend Announcement (All in US Dollars) PART I INFORMATION REQUIRED FOR ANNOUNCEMENTS OF QUARTERLY (Q1, Q2 & Q3), HALF-YEAR AND FULL

More information

Education & Training Plan Finance Professional Certificate Program with Externship

Education & Training Plan Finance Professional Certificate Program with Externship Testing Services and Programs 1200 N. DuPont Highway Dover, DE 19901 https://www.desu.edu/academics/mycaa Contact: Amystique Harris-Church 302.857.6143 achurch@desu.edu Student Full Name: Education & Training

More information

Ratio Analysis CBDC, NB. Presented by ACSBE. February, 2008. Copyright 2007 ACSBE. All Rights Reserved.

Ratio Analysis CBDC, NB. Presented by ACSBE. February, 2008. Copyright 2007 ACSBE. All Rights Reserved. Ratio Analysis CBDC, NB February, 2008 Presented by ACSBE Financial Analysis What is Financial Analysis? What Can Financial Ratios Tell? 7 Categories of Financial Ratios Significance of Using Ratios Industry

More information

BUSINESS PLAN TEMPLATE

BUSINESS PLAN TEMPLATE iplanner.net Small Business Plans Online BUSINESS PLAN TEMPLATE For a start-up company 18/01/2012 12:33:19(GMT) Executive Summary... 3 Business Overview... 3 Products and Services... 3 Sales Forecast...

More information

Education & Training Plan Finance Professional Certificate Program with Externship

Education & Training Plan Finance Professional Certificate Program with Externship Student Full Name: University of Texas at El Paso Professional and Public Programs 500 W. University Kelly Hall Ste. 212 & 214 El Paso, TX 79968 http://www.ppp.utep.edu/ Contact: Sylvia Monsisvais 915-747-7578

More information

DCF and WACC calculation: Theory meets practice

DCF and WACC calculation: Theory meets practice www.pwc.com DCF and WACC calculation: Theory meets practice Table of contents Section 1. Fair value and company valuation page 3 Section 2. The DCF model: Basic assumptions and the expected cash flows

More information

Consolidated Statement of Profit or Loss (in million Euro)

Consolidated Statement of Profit or Loss (in million Euro) Consolidated Statement of Profit or Loss (in million Euro) Q3 2013 Q3 2014 % change 9m 2013 9m 2014 % change Revenue 689 636-7.7% 2,126 1,909-10.2% Cost of sales (497) (440) -11.5% (1,520) (1,324) -12.9%

More information

Chapter 10. What is capital budgeting? Topics. The Basics of Capital Budgeting: Evaluating Cash Flows

Chapter 10. What is capital budgeting? Topics. The Basics of Capital Budgeting: Evaluating Cash Flows Chapter 10 The Basics of Capital Budgeting: Evaluating Cash Flows 1 Topics Overview and vocabulary Methods NPV IRR, MIRR Profitability Index Payback, discounted payback Unequal lives Economic life 2 What

More information

KEY COMPONENTS - Financial projections. Table B7.1 - Financial projections

KEY COMPONENTS - Financial projections. Table B7.1 - Financial projections KEY COMPONENTS - Financial projections Block A Historic cost profit and loss Table B7.1 - Financial projections 1 Total Income m 2 Surplus (before interest) m Full line title Total Income Full line title

More information

Actuarial Society of India

Actuarial Society of India Actuarial Society of India Examination November 2006 CT2: Finance and Financial Reporting Indicative Solutions Page 1 of 7 Solution 1-10 Sol 1 Sol 2 Sol 3 Sol 4 Sol 5 Sol 6 Sol 7 Sol 8 Sol 9 Sol 10 E E

More information

Financial Management (F9) 2011

Financial Management (F9) 2011 Financial Management (F9) 2011 This syllabus and study guide is designed to help with planning study and to provide detailed information on what could be assessed in any examination session. THE STRUCTURE

More information

Chapter. Statement of Cash Flows For Single Company

Chapter. Statement of Cash Flows For Single Company Chapter 4 Statement of Cash Flows For Single Company 4.1 Single company statement of cash flows Statement of cash flows are primary financial statements and are required along side the income statement

More information

ENTREPRENEURIAL FINANCE: Strategy Valuation and Deal Structure

ENTREPRENEURIAL FINANCE: Strategy Valuation and Deal Structure ENTREPRENEURIAL FINANCE: Strategy Valuation and Deal Structure Chapter 9 Valuation Questions and Problems 1. You are considering purchasing shares of DeltaCad Inc. for $40/share. Your analysis of the company

More information

Financial Risk Management

Financial Risk Management 176 Financial Risk Management For the year ended 31 December 2014 1. FINANCIAL RISK MANAGEMENT OBJECTIVES AND POLICIES s major financial instruments include cash and bank balances, time deposits, principal-protected

More information

Analyzing the Statement of Cash Flows

Analyzing the Statement of Cash Flows Analyzing the Statement of Cash Flows Operating Activities NACM Upstate New York Credit Conference 2015 By Ron Sereika, CCE,CEW NACM 1 Objectives of this Educational Session u Show how the statement of

More information

Industrial and investment analysis as a tool for regulation

Industrial and investment analysis as a tool for regulation Industrial and investment analysis as a tool for regulation Marina Di Giacomo, Università di Torino Turin School of Local Regulation International Summer School on Regulation of Local Public Services 1

More information

SampleFinal Finance 320 Finance Department

SampleFinal Finance 320 Finance Department SampleFinal Finance 320 Finance Department Name Chapters: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, 12, and 13 1) A C corporation earns $4.50 per share before taxes. The corporate tax rate is 35%, the personal tax

More information

Module 2: Preparing for Capital Venture Financing Financial Forecasting Methods TABLE OF CONTENTS

Module 2: Preparing for Capital Venture Financing Financial Forecasting Methods TABLE OF CONTENTS Module 2: Preparing for Capital Venture Financing Financial Forecasting Methods Module 2: Preparing for Capital Venture Financing Financial Forecasting Methods 1.0 FINANCIAL FORECASTING METHODS 1.01 Introduction

More information

Consolidated Statement of Profit or Loss (in million Euro)

Consolidated Statement of Profit or Loss (in million Euro) Consolidated Statement of Profit or Loss (in million Euro) FY 2014 FY 2015 % change Q4 2014 Q4 2015 % change un Revenue 2,620 2,646 1.0% 711 672-5.5% Cost of sales (1,813) (1,804) -0.5% (489) (464) -5.1%

More information

9. Short-Term Liquidity Analysis. Operating Cash Conversion Cycle

9. Short-Term Liquidity Analysis. Operating Cash Conversion Cycle 9. Short-Term Liquidity Analysis. Operating Cash Conversion Cycle 9.1 Current Assets and 9.1.1 Cash A firm should maintain as little cash as possible, because cash is a nonproductive asset. It earns no

More information

COMMUNITY FOUNDATION OF GREATER MEMPHIS, INC. INVESTMENT GUIDELINES FOR MONEY MARKET POOL

COMMUNITY FOUNDATION OF GREATER MEMPHIS, INC. INVESTMENT GUIDELINES FOR MONEY MARKET POOL INVESTMENT GUIDELINES FOR MONEY MARKET POOL discretionary Money Market Pool is expected to pursue their stated investment strategy and follow the investment guidelines and objectives set forth herein.

More information

NEPAL ACCOUNTING STANDARDS ON CASH FLOW STATEMENTS

NEPAL ACCOUNTING STANDARDS ON CASH FLOW STATEMENTS NAS 03 NEPAL ACCOUNTING STANDARDS ON CASH FLOW STATEMENTS CONTENTS Paragraphs OBJECTIVE SCOPE 1-3 BENEFITS OF CASH FLOWS INFORMATION 4-5 DEFINITIONS 6-9 Cash and cash equivalents 7-9 PRESENTATION OF A

More information

Discussion Board Articles Ratio Analysis

Discussion Board Articles Ratio Analysis Excellence in Financial Management Discussion Board Articles Ratio Analysis Written by: Matt H. Evans, CPA, CMA, CFM All articles can be viewed on the internet at www.exinfm.com/board Ratio Analysis Cash

More information

INDUSTRIAL-ALLIANCE LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY. FIRST QUARTER 2000 Consolidated Financial Statements (Non audited)

INDUSTRIAL-ALLIANCE LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY. FIRST QUARTER 2000 Consolidated Financial Statements (Non audited) INDUSTRIAL-ALLIANCE LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY FIRST QUARTER 2000 Consolidated Financial Statements (Non audited) March 31,2000 TABLE OF CONTENTS CONSOLIDATED INCOME 2 CONSOLIDATED CONTINUITY OF EQUITY 3 CONSOLIDATED

More information

FINANCIAL, TREASURY AND FOREX MANAGEMENT

FINANCIAL, TREASURY AND FOREX MANAGEMENT FINAL EXAMINATION DECEMBER 2005 FINANCIAL, TREASURY AND FOREX MANAGEMENT NOTE: 1. Answer FIVE questions including Question No. 1 which is COMPULSORY. All working notes should be shown distinctly. 2. Tables

More information

Sri Lanka Accounting Standard-LKAS 7. Statement of Cash Flows

Sri Lanka Accounting Standard-LKAS 7. Statement of Cash Flows Sri Lanka Accounting Standard-LKAS 7 Statement of Cash Flows CONTENTS SRI LANKA ACCOUNTING STANDARD-LKAS 7 STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS paragraphs OBJECTIVE SCOPE 1 3 BENEFITS OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION 4 5 DEFINITIONS

More information

SAMPLE FACT EXAM (You must score 70% to successfully clear FACT)

SAMPLE FACT EXAM (You must score 70% to successfully clear FACT) SAMPLE FACT EXAM (You must score 70% to successfully clear FACT) 1. What is the present value (PV) of $100,000 received five years from now, assuming the interest rate is 8% per year? a. $600,000.00 b.

More information

1. What are the three types of business organizations? Define them

1. What are the three types of business organizations? Define them Written Exam Ticket 1 1. What is Finance? What do financial managers try to maximize, and what is their second objective? 2. How do you compare cash flows at different points in time? 3. Write the formulas

More information

Ten-year review, ratios, share

Ten-year review, ratios, share Ten-year review, ratios, share statistics and definitions Ten-year Review Period Number of weeks Statements of comprehensive income 10-year compound growth % Sale of merchandise 14 11 290 10 458 Cost of

More information

There was no evidence of time pressure in this exam and the majority of candidates were able to attempt all questions within the time limit.

There was no evidence of time pressure in this exam and the majority of candidates were able to attempt all questions within the time limit. Examiner s General Comments Performance on F3 in May was a distinct improvement over some previous diets. This improvement was evident in both home and overseas centres although there were significant

More information

NIKE Case Study. Professor Corwin. An overview of the individual questions and their relation to the lecture topics is provided below.

NIKE Case Study. Professor Corwin. An overview of the individual questions and their relation to the lecture topics is provided below. NIKE Case Study Professor Corwin This case study includes several problems related to the valuation of Nike. We will work through these problems throughout the course to demonstrate some of the most important

More information

Business Finance. Theory and Practica. Eddie McLaney PEARSON

Business Finance. Theory and Practica. Eddie McLaney PEARSON Business Finance Theory and Practica Eddie McLaney PEARSON Harlow, England London New York Boston San Francisco Toronto Sydney Auckland Singapore Hong Kong Tokyo Seoul Taipei New Delhi Cape Town Säo Paulo

More information

Chapter 2: Capital Budgeting Techniques

Chapter 2: Capital Budgeting Techniques Chapter 2: Introduction 2.1 Introduction In order to assess the feasibility of any investment project, some capital budgeting techniques should be used to evaluate that project. This part illustrates the

More information

TERHAD. Training to Labuan Offshore Entities on Compilation of International Investment Position (IIP) Report

TERHAD. Training to Labuan Offshore Entities on Compilation of International Investment Position (IIP) Report TERHAD Training to Labuan Offshore Entities on Compilation of International Investment (IIP) Report September 2012 TERHAD 1. Equity Capital: A/L Definition Form DIa Exposures with Affiliated Enterprises

More information

Principles of Financial Management. 3 3 Lecture/Laboratory Hours

Principles of Financial Management. 3 3 Lecture/Laboratory Hours COURSE OUTLINE BUS218 Course Number Principles of Financial Management Course Title Credits 3 3 Lecture/Laboratory Hours Course description: Principles of financial management as applied to the firm including

More information

Module 1: Corporate Finance and the Role of Venture Capital Financing TABLE OF CONTENTS

Module 1: Corporate Finance and the Role of Venture Capital Financing TABLE OF CONTENTS 1.0 FINANCING PRINCIPLES Module 1: Corporate Finance and the Role of Venture Capital Financing Financing Principles 1.01 Introduction to Financing Principles 1.02 Capitalization of a Business 1.03 Capital

More information

Consolidated Statement of Profit or Loss (in million Euro)

Consolidated Statement of Profit or Loss (in million Euro) Consolidated Statement of Profit or Loss (in million Euro) Q3 2014 Q3 2015 % change 9m 2014 9m 2015 % change Revenue 636 661 3.9% 1,909 1,974 3.4% Cost of sales (440) (453) 3.0% (1,324) (1,340) 1.2% Gross

More information

Financial Statements

Financial Statements Financial Statements The financial information forms the basis of financial planning, analysis & decision making for an organization or an individual. Financial information is needed to predict, compare

More information

FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT

FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT PROFESSIONAL 2 EXAMINATION - AUGUST 2008 NOTES Answer all three questions from Section A. Answer two questions only from Section B. (If you provide answers to more questions than required

More information

Far-western University Faculty of Management

Far-western University Faculty of Management Far-western University Faculty of Management Course: Fundamentals of Financial Management Full marks: 100 Course No. Mgt FIN 2001 Pass marks: 45 Nature of the course: Theory Total periods: 120 Year: Second

More information

Management Accounting Financial Strategy

Management Accounting Financial Strategy PAPER P9 Management Accounting Financial Strategy The Examiner provides a short study guide, for all candidates revising for this paper, to some first principles of finance and financial management Based

More information