1 Feliks Paweł (Felix Paul) Wierzbicki Free to read online: They Carry a Promise: Selected Poems By Janusz Szuber; Translated by Ewa Hryniewicz-Yarbrough The Stormy Life of Ex-Sergeant W. In 1847 a grievous lack of women was felt in California. That s why Dr. Feliks Wierzbicki complained about his unmarried state and dirty linen. With hydropathy he treated those sick of gold rush, cut with knives and pierced with bullets. This western has its prologue in Volhynia, from which this underage soldier of the November Uprising
2 came. He was later deported by the Austrian authorities to the United States, where he studied medicine, allegedly in Connecticut. Before he enlisted (arriving in California after six months, by boat from New York), he wrote a treatise: The Ideal Man. Conversation between Two Friends about Beauty, Goodness, and Truth. He didn t fight the Mexicans since in the meantime the war had ended and Sergeant Wierzbicki, a private again, left the local garrison and his superiors with whom he couldn t come to terms. We don t know if he searched for treasures. He roamed on horseback and on foot, crossed the Sierra Nevada, reached the great desert. A book about the Gold Country was the outcome of that, a best seller that went for five dollars a copy. Maybe the defeat of the Uprising and the encyclical Cum Primum caused his attacks on the Church and the Jesuits. However, the doctor s true passion was metallurgy, And until his death he worked in a San Francisco mint. Even though he published An Essay on the History of Medicine, he died of pneumonia at the age of forty-five, using steam baths instead of staying in bed and taking appropriate medications. **************************************************************************************************************** Born 1 January 1815, Czerniawka (part of Romanowka, owned by the Lubomirski family), Volhynia, Russian-occupied Poland (now Chernyavka, Ukraine)
3 Wierzbicki took part in the November Uprising, in Poland. He intended to study medicine but left school to become a soldier in the November Uprising. He fought in the battles of Olszynka Grochowska (25 II 1831) and Ostrołęka (26 V 1831) and defended Warsaw (6-7 IX 1831). After the Uprising the regiment in which he was a soldier retreated to Galicja (then Austria) where he was interned for three years. After his release from prison he emigrated to America (he was 19 years old). In his part of Wołyn there were problems with freedom of citizens in the small towns that Russians took after the Napoleonic war. [per R. Włodek, Kraków, PL] 1830: Began his pre-med studies in Warsaw crossed the frontier to avoid death , New York, Evening Post -- Arrival of Polish passengers Geneva, NY Gazette Advertizer, 9 April 1834 Place: Annotation: Source Bibliography: Page: 177 New York, New York Date and port of arrival. Polish exiles who came from Trieste to New York on the frigates Guerriera and Hebe; on the corvettes Lipsia and Adria; and to Boston on the merchant vessel Cherokee. LERSKI, JERZY JAN. "List of the Polish Exiles in the United States of North America." In A Polish Chapter in Jacksonian America: The United States and the Polish Exiles of Madison, MI: University of Wisconsin Press, 1958, pp Reportedly arrived in the USA on 28 March 1834: From Trieste to New York 1835, Yale University, Connecticut
4 Name: Felix Paul Wierzbicki Publication Year: 1835 Publication State: Connecticut School Name: Yale University Residence: Poland, Europe Title: Catalogue of the officers and students in Yale College, Reportedly taught French at Northampton, MA for about 1.5 years 1839, New Bedford, Massachusetts (Taught French, at Amherst College (?), Massachusetts) 17 Walnut is a faculty address at Amherst , Providence, Rhode Island Faculty housing, Burnett House, 17 Walnut, Amherst College
5 1841: Providence, Rhode Island Franklin House Hotel 1842: penned The Ideal Man (in Boston?) A contemporary review of the book, The Boston Quarterly Review, April 1842
6 1844 New York Speech in New York about the 1830 Polish Uprising (transcribed speech is included near the end of this file) Polish American Studies - Volume 42 - Page 63
7 1845: Naturalized, New York City
8 1845: Secured a patent 1846
9 New Bedford, MA Read online: Three Chapters on the History of Poland Chapter 1 https://books.google.com/books?id=m90xaqaaiaaj&pg=pa676&lpg=pa676&dq=%22whig+j ournal%22+wierzbicki&source=bl&ots=cy2v0vqtjd&sig=s2tt_y- IxgO3fPu20eMqvQ8qbe0&hl=en&sa=X&ei=UzQ7VZ_BN4PooAS60oDIDQ&ved=0CCQQ6AEwAg #v=onepage&q=wierzbicki&f=false Chapter 2: The Revolution https://books.google.com/books?id=m90xaqaaiaaj&pg=pa676&lpg=pa676&dq=%22whig+j ournal%22+wierzbicki&source=bl&ots=cy2v0vqtjd&sig=s2tt_y- IxgO3fPu20eMqvQ8qbe0&hl=en&sa=X&ei=UzQ7VZ_BN4PooAS60oDIDQ&ved=0CCQQ6AEwAg #v=onepage&q=%22whig%20journal%22%20wierzbicki&f=false Chapter 3: Character of the Poles https://books.google.com/books?id=in4xaqaaiaaj&pg=pp11&dq=%22dr.+f.p.+wierzbicki% 22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=jSc7VdDKPIjEogSE2YCgAQ&ved=0CCUQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=%22Dr. %20F.P.%20wierzbicki%22&f=false
10 26 Sept 1846: Boarded the LooChoo for California with Company H of Stevenson s Regiment Polish American Studies - Volume 42 - Page Arrived in San Francisco March 19 or March 26, 1847 Dr. Felix P. Wierzbicki, a Polish physician and author, came to California in 1847 as a hospital steward on board the Loo Choo with the expedition of Jonathan D. Stevenson. Read more From: A World Transformed: Wierzbicki, Felix Paul (Feliks Paweł) (Dr.): Hospital Steward, U.S.S. Loo Choo/Pvt., Co. H, 1st New York Volunteers ( Stevenson s Regiment ) From the book, M.W. Fifer, M.D. by G. Asche
11 Polish American Studies - Volume 42 - Page 65
12 California No. of Lot Date Grantor Grantee Estate How Conveyed. 671 June 26, 1847 Hyde, Alcalde F. P. Wierzbicki Grant on Petition 672 June 26, 1847 Hyde, Alcalde F. P. Wierzbicki Grant on Petition 4 June 26, 1847 Hyde, Alcalde F. P. Wierzbicki Grant on Petition The preface to the first edition of Dr. Wierzbicki's book on California was dated September 30, The preface to the second edition, with some added pages, was dated December 30, of the same year. The printing was done by Washington Bartlett, No. 8 Clay Street. This was the Washington Bartlett who published the Journal of Commerce in 1850, and did the state printing for the first California legislature probably his most notable achievement was the publication of Dr. Wierzbicki's book in 1849, the first book in the English language to be printed in a State of California.
13 Polish American Studies - Volume 42 - Page 64 Lover of Beauty : Philokalist A pen name of Felix Wierzbicki
14 Weekly Alta, 1 Oct 1849: Advice to the Miner
18 Weekly Pacific News, 31 December 1849 Full review here: Henry Raup Wagner See excerpts below
20 Polish American Studies - Volume 42 - Page : Dr. FP Wierzbicki, San Jose, California (Bought property in San Jose in 1850) Unclaimed Letters in the San Francisco Post Office for 3 months
22 1851: San Jose, California SEE NEXT PAGE
23 San Jose property, Santa Clara County 1852 Census Monterey Co., California 1855 Aleksander Hołyński (Alexander Holinski): speaks of California As It is, And As It May Be: 1856: San Francisco, California
24 Address to the democracy of San Francisco Polish American Studies - Volume 42 - Page 67 Lectures on Spiritualism
25 State Medical Convention 1857
27 1859 [Bielawski was at 71 Montgomery] Polish American Studies - Volume 42 - Page 66 Polish American Studies - Volume 42 - Page
28 Listed in 1860 Census (Assayer) Living on California Street Name: F P Wierzbicki Age in : Birth Year: abt 1825 Birthplace: Poland Home in San Francisco District 6, San Francisco, California 1860: Felix Paul Wierzbicki letter, San Francisco, California, to Mrs. A. C. L. Botta, April 22, Summary Note Cite As: Wierzbicki laments the removal of the Ferdinand C. Ewer family to New York City; discusses his own meager income and failed enterprises; praises the Ewer household, and mentions the family's departure on the John L. Stephens; mentions gifts brought to Botta by Ewer, and Wierzbicki's forthcoming letter of introduction to Botta; her planned young ladies' class, her eye condition, and her forthcoming book, probably Handbook of Universal Literature. Wierzbicki asks Botta's help in retrieving his scrapbook, which may have some relation to his California As It Is, And As It May Be. Born in Charniawce, Poland, Felix Paul Wierzbicki came to the United States in 1834, earned a medical degree, and after service in the Mexican War, arrived in San Francisco in Joining the Gold Rush, he mined in Mokelumne Hill, then returned to San Francisco, practicing medicine and surgery. He wrote California As It Is, And As It May Be (1849), the first original work in English written and published in California. He became acquainted with Ferdinand Ewer in late 1849, asking Ewer to publish a review in the Pacific News. Botta was known for hosting weekly gatherings of writers and artists in her New York City home. Felix Paul Wierzbicki letter, San Francisco, California, to Mrs. A. C. L. Botta, April 22, 1860 (SF MSS 11/38), San Francisco History Center, San Francisco Public Library. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the City Archivist. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the San Francisco Public Library as the owner of the physical items. Purchase. Subject Botta, Anne C. Lynch, (Anne Charlotte Lynch), correspondent Ewer family. Ewer, Ferdinand C., (Ferdinand Cartwright)
29 Born about Died 25 or 26 December 1860 Death of the author, Dr. F. Wierzbicki Dec. 26, 1860 in San Francisco
30 Died of congestion of the lungs See also:
31 Wiezribicki, Dr.Felix P. Poland Lone Mt., Gr. 3, T. 55, chain plot WIERZBICKI FELIX PAUL 12/26/1860 US ARMY ASSISTANT SURGEON OS /21/1940
32 1866 The Ideal Man (Dr. Robert Hare was a spiritualist, as was Dr. Wierzbicki)
33 Doctor Felix P Wierbicki California, San Francisco Area Funeral Home Records, birth: burial: 27 Dec 1860 Poland San Francisco, San Francisco, California Name: Doctor Felix P Wierbicki Event Type: Burial Event Date: 27 Dec 1860 Event Place: San Francisco, San Francisco, California Gender: Male Age: 43 Marital Status: Birth Date: Birthplace: Death Date: Birth Year (Estimated): Funeral Home: Funeral Place: Obituary Included: Father's Name: Poland N. Gray & Co. Funeral Records San Francisco, San Francisco, California Mother's Name: Record Type: Register Source Reference: p , Digital Folder Number: Image Number: 00405
34 A. Hollub: Hollub was a Freemason Board of Trustees, Toland Medical College 1863 BIBLIOGRAFA CALIFORNICA [ARTICLE] Sacramento Daily Union 25 June 1863
36 1905 San Francisco Chronicle 1933 SEE NEXT PAGE
37 1936 (30 May) nd Street, San Francisco SEE NEXT PAGE
42 1979 Mural, Toland Hall, UCSF Medical Center, San Francisco (by Bernard Zakheim)
43 Felix Paul Wierzbicki ( ) left his native Poland after participating in the doomed revolution of He made his way to America where he received a medical degree and practiced in Providence, Rhode Island. When the Mexican War broke out, Wierzbicki enlisted in the Army and was sent to California. Wierzbicki left the Army shortly after reaching the West and practiced medicine until the discovery of gold drew him to prospecting on Mokelumne Hill. In 1849, he returned to San Francisco, where he spent the rest of his life. California as it is (1849) was the first English-language book printed in California. It is a valuable guide to California for prospective settlers that includes a survey of agriculture, hints on gold mining, a guide to San Francisco, and a chapter on California's Hispanic residents and Native American tribes. Author Felix Paul Wierzbicki, a Polish exile who lived in Providence for a time, modeled characters in his book, The ideal man (1841), after the Manton family of Providence. He learned about them through a mutual friend, music teacher and composer Edward B. Bohuszewicz, another Polish exile living in the city. THE MANTONS IN PROVIDENCE, , AND BOHUSZEWICZ. In 1841 there was published in Boston a little book bearing the following title, "The Ideal Man; a conversation between two friends upon the Beautiful, the Good, a<id the True, as manifested in actual life. By a Philokalist" It was published by Elizabeth P. Peabody, then a bookseller, in Boston. This distinguished woman was a correspondent with Goethe; she was an educated woman, in the German language, and possessed a philosophical mind. The preface to this book, and the author of it. The author's name was Felix Paul Wierzbicki, pronounced Viertsbitski. The book was apparently copyrighted at Boston by J. P. Wierzbicki. This was possibly a typographical error, the two names being for the same person. There certainly was no person bearing those names in the Boston Directory at that time. Felix Paul Wierzbicki was a Pole, who was forced to leave Poland by his participation in the Polish Revolution of He came to this country, and settled at Boston, where he acquired the English language, and became a teacher: later he studied medicine and became a physician. He came to Providence to practice medicine.and f Jiv/d* at the Franklin House, then L1S419 a leading hotel. It was there that this book, the "ideal Man", was doubtless written, and
44 this leads me to examine it. The au- I thor says the "Jdeal Man" is a conver- I sation between two friends. The nature of this conversation is fore- I shadowed in the Preface, "Have the! sympathies of your heart ever been so en i vvmed with those of a hero as to J feel that his noble sentiments and deeds were yours also? Have you felt your ; sotd expand on your discovery of some! truth? If you have experienced all this, and more, 1 need not plead before you J the claims of the Beautiful, the Good, and the True, which I have endeavored here to twine into one thread of life. ; in the Ideal Man." With this introduc- tion of his readers "into the company of J my two friends, I withdraw that they : make their acquaintance at leisure." These two friends were named respectively, Rudolph and Conrad, and the : impression prevails that Conrad was the I senior of the two friends. They discuss ; the natural beauties of the Earth, and the influences upon the minds of men which these beauties should exert ; and j how when exerted, in absolute harmony, j the result is, in mankind, the beautiful, the good, and the true. Thus the two j friends discuss Christianity; intellectual I development; the influences best calcui Iated to call out the noble feejings in! man ; first, Nature, and the Fiile -\n.s, sculpture being specially considered. But Music is specifically excepted from a direct, decided mention. The reason! fc'r this exception appears in a succeeding chapter, given wholly to the glorification of music. It begins, "How little is music, the purest of our delights; the most incorruptible; the holiest of influences that swa) r the human heart, understood in its nature." Music thus being found unique, in its influences, Conrad returns to consider the other influences. These are his views : "The Fine Arts aim to imitate nature in embodying the idea of the beautiful, each in their respective manner. Hence to painting, sculpture,- and architecture you must add oratory, poetry, dancing, and gardening. Scarcely may we be allowed to separate oratory from poetry, since what is truly beautiful in it, is poetic; yet as their application sometimes differs wc may for the sake of convenience regard them as distinct. To me the poetic element is the best argument in favor of the immortality of the soul; it penetrates the crust of the material world and sheds a ray of hope procuring better destinies for the
45 race hereafter. It brings up the soul even when it seems to be engulphed in sense. It is the spiritual lever destined : to make the human race rise to the I highest degree of civilization and per-! fection; though assuming various phases, J yet, it ever was, and is, active in the i human soul ; the rudest tribes even arc ; blessed with its beneficient influence. ; : Could man but apprehend its character, \ and follow its impulses, happiness I would not be so empty a word as he now j finds it." This conversation between two Friends, upon the Beautiful, the Good, and the True, turned upon the illustration of these virtues as '"manifested in Actual Life". This at once suggests men,' and women, and children as thus existing somewhere. Were they in Providence, where this book was written? Mr. and Mrs. Stanley, and their four children, were the persons discussed (pages 47-52). Many of those who have visited Swan Point Cemetery have observed a fine Granite monument, near the entrance, erected in memory of Edward B. Bohuszewicz, pronounced Bhoosevitsch, who died in Providence in Sep tern- ' her, 1848; This person was a Polish,jgfeiiUtti»*wft,, -.-who hswi /-Jived in j Providence several years, and who was received by the most educated, and most j influential families here. He was a music teacher, at the time, of a quality then quite unknown to Providence. Among his most intimate friends were Mr. and Mrs. Amasa Manton, and their sons and daughters. The Manton s dwelt in a fine old mansion on Snow street, which was, at that time the very center of polite! society. At the home of the Mantons,! Mr. Bohuszewicz was a constant visitor \ There he "met all the professions ; law- j yers, divines, physicians, artists, poli- j ficrsiis, military men, artisan-"-, and sim- \ pie farmers; gentlemen of lcizure, and j talked politics, religion, arts, science, j and philosophy; I have enjoyed the \ company of high bred and handsome women, and listened to their winning words, and charming strains of music." Such was Mr. Conrad's story, and it was true of the visits of Mr. Bohuzewicz to the home of the Mantons. Mr. and Mrs. Stanley had four children so d*4 the Mantons. 211*. and Mrs. Stanley had two boys and two girls su had the Mantons. The eldest son of the Stanleys studied at the German Universities so did the eldest son of the Mantons.
46 Mr. Stanley was about fifty-three years of age. Mr. Manton was not quite fifty. The Stanleys passed their summers in the country so, too, did the Mantons. Fortune lavished her favors upon Mr. Stanley so, too, her favors were lavished upon Mr. Manton. The gardens around Mr. Stanley's house were 'not exhibitions of vulgar pride". The garden in front of Mr. Manton's house on Snow street was of ideal beauty. The Stanleys had a daughter named Isabella; so likewise had the Mantons. So 1 might continue in making comparisons. Conrad grew eloquent in his characterizations of the Stanleys. "Their life became my study, for I found in them my ideal of life. In drawing you a sketch of the family of the Stanleys, I will present you the results of education conducted under the light of the True, the Beautiful, and the Good. Mark, what a charming group these Stanleys make, good enough to immortalize a painter." Conrad was almost eulogistic of the Stanley children. The eldest son he names Zeno after a great student of Socrates, who was the founder of the stoics. Conrad continues, "A mind of Zeno's cast will not fail to learn that the highest aim of the wise and good should be to fill the place in which Providence has chosen to put him." (p. 70.) The eldest son of the Mantons became a student at the German Universities as I have before stated. But for downright enthusiasm I commend Conrad's description of the two daughters of the Stanleys, and then 1 note the fact that Mr. Bohuszewicz dedicated two of his musical compositions to the two daughters of the Mantons. These compositions are in the Sidney S. Rider Historical Library now at Brown University. One of these daughters is named in the book Helen, licr real name was Elizabeth. The name Helen must have been a typographical error for tielon. The eldest daughter of the Mantons was the fir>i woman in Providence, to know anything of Helon's Pilgrimage to Jerusalem. then an almost unknown book. 1* bore the name of no author. It was anonymous. She must have learned of its existence from Mr. Bohuszewicz, who was a. scholar. The author of Helon's Pilgrimage was the distinguished German scholar, David Frederick Strauss, the author of the extraordinary Life of Jesus. This fact is not stated in any of the biographies which 1 have been abh to consult. Helon is mentioned half a. dozen times in Biblical history, always
47 as being the Father of Eliab. These two Poli>h gentlemen in Providence at the same time were both exiles, forced to leave their country, by the disastrous Revolution of Necessarily they must have been confidential friends, and from this intimacy Mr. "Wiersbieki developed the narrative which he has left us. Mr. Wierzbicki's Stanleys, were Mr. Bohuszewicz's Mantons. The monument at Swan Point was erected by the Mantons, the money being largely the gift of Amasa Manton. Such is the interesting history connected with the "Ideal Man" published in Boston in c Anniversary of the Polish Revolution (of 1830) December 1845, The Tribune. Dr. Wierzbicki s speech was in English, and though very well written, was delivered with the slowness and hesitancy of a foreigner and therefore had less effect than it would in his native tongue. He spoke with judgment and feeling of the history and present position of Poland, hoping in the might of principles and the possibility of her enduring the constantly increasing injuries heaped upon her. We think, ourselves, that it is impossible they should, now that Nicholas is determined to break up not only all feelings of nationality, but also of individuality. The very worm would not endure so crushing and pertinacious a footstep without rising up to sting the tyrant s heel. He will find that the sanctuary of religious faith, or those inherited sentiments which are as indestructable a part of the man as his life-blood, cannot be entirely broken up and rifled without causing explosion that may wound him. Dr. Wierzbicki inputed in part the failure of earlier efforts at resistance to the bad influence of the Jesuits who have sown the seeds of disease and feebleness in the Polish youth during the unguarded hours of education so that, when the day came for wise and united effort, they were not found fit for it. A friend who was present has furnished us a report of Dr. Wierzbicki s remarks which we insert without abbreviation: Countrymen and Fellow Citizens Once more on the ressurection of the anniversary of the Polish Revolution of 1830 we meet to commemorate that great event, to do honor to the heroic dead and to plead before the civilized world the cause of that martyred nation that its quickened sympathies may strengthen anew her sons in their efforts for a national existence. The spirit of the Poles, notwithstanding their reverse of fortune, is not yet broken, and as every streamlet goes to swell the sweeping waves of a mighty river, so every expression of sympathy for their holy cause quickens and animates their ardor.
48 The events of the past year have proved that their relentless foe has not relaxed his grasp; new victims have been added to dungeons already full to overflowing; the bones of thousands are whitening in the mountain peaks of Caucacus; beloved wives, mothers and sisters have longed for death as their only deliverer; others have suffered the martyrdom of the early Christians inflicted by this modern Diocletian. Pious nuns whose sole crimes were love of God and love of country have left bloody foot prints on the desert wastes of Siberia. But I need not go on enumerating the atrocities inflicted upon that hapless nation by the incarnate fiend under whose iron heel she now writhes; my breast is tightening at the recollection of them, and cries of anguish seem to be wafted on the evening breeze to our very midst. It is not enough that the Poles endure the gnawing pains of despotism at home; they are followed in their exile and unrelentingly traduced abroad. To cover the blackness of the souls of their oppressors, their character as a nation is maligned, their history is falsified, and their honor that last and dearest patrimony left unsullied by their forefathers is assailed. Of the many who have done this infamous work of despots we cannot overlook an Alison who with a consummate hypocrisy of candor misrepresents the hearing and teachings of Polish history in a work on Europe so well known to the English reader. And even in this land of freedom we regret we behold a man professing to be a follower of the just, meek, and loving Master now traversing the country and scattering widely unwarranted opinions under the garb of Lectures on the History of Northern Nations of Europe. Out of regard for his clerical station I dare not question the motives that influence the Rev. Dr. Baird, but in justice to the cause of truth and humanity I am bound to expose his ignorance of the subject upon which he Lectures on the History of Northern Nations of Europe discourses so largely. There are others who, to expulcate the Czar, call the struggle of the Poles an old family quarrel to be settled by the parties themselves another of those abominable falsehoods to circulate which the Russian Government spares not its gold. I hold in my hands an address to the Russians delivered by the Poles in London commemorating on the 17 th of July last the anniversary of the death of the first five martyrs in the cause of Russian freedom. This address alone, if there were no other proofs, refuted the above assertions; the Russians here are styled brothers, children of the same parent stock, only duped and made subservient to the cunning devices of one selfish Tataro Germanie family, who grasps at the whole world for the sole pleasure of tyrannizing over it. What noble, what fraternal, what Christian sentiments does this address breathe to the misled Russians? The Italian patriots, at whose head stands the name of the honest Mazzini, are a guaranty of the truth of its contents. In view of these calumnies and misrepresentations, it becomes a sacred duty to every Pole to protest against the injustice done to his country s cause and such an occasion as the present especially calls upon him to speak aloud of these wrongs and of their consequences upon the destinies of other nations. But it is doubly the duty of him who, like myself, is not less proud to call himself a Pole than a citizen of this Republic.
49 A discerning eye cannot fail to see that Providence, in its wisdom, has chosen the two nations as the instruments of the future regeneration of mankind. Permit me then, my countrymen and fellow citizens, to vindicate the honor of Poland, and linger for a moment upon the bright destinies which a unity of spirit between my native and adopted lands will secure for future generations. Her calumniators find it prudent to ignore the debt which science and Christianity, or, in a word, Civilization, owes to the Polish nation. I need not now dwell on this point I have done so on another occasion. But it is to the spirit of her history that I will devote a few thoughts. From her first entrance into the ranks of Christian nations, Poland was ever foremost in the progressive development of civilization, and she proved, on more than one occasion, that she comprehended the spirit of her Divine Master better than some of her more boastful neighbors. A spirit of humanity, a love of light and freedom constantly illume the pages of her history. Who first among nations endeavored to enlighten the mass of her people by a liberal stream of education? History answers, Poland the same Poland that protected the freedom of conscience. Her moral grandeur may be seen in the institution of the order of nobility, which was conferred for real merit virtue and knowledge only, while in other countries invaders, freebooters, banditti, became barons of the realm as in England, where the bloody Norman was the noble of the land. The Polish nobility sprang from her own soil, at her own bidding; and he only who showed wisdom in council, courage on the battle field in defense of his country was made noble. And even three centuries, he who received the honors of a University, entered de jure the rank of the proudest of her families, whatever might have been his origin. The Polish nation was characterized by a spirit of great humanity. When her sons were fighting against despotism in Italy, in the end of the last century, their banners spoke to the world: Gli numini liberi ano fratat (?). Freemen are brothers. And when the Northern tyrant raised his arm to strike a dendy (?) blow against Belgium, lest liberty might receive a mortal wound, Poland hastened to impose her own bosom. In their late struggle with their foe, the inscription For our and your liberte on their standards told the misled Russian soldiery that freedom or death were in their own hands; and many have found, when made prisoners of war, that they were in the hands of forgiving brothers, rather than relentless enemies. The noblest of her sons fought side by side in the cause of freedom and humanity. By such deeds is the spirit and history of the Polish nation manifested. Her enemies and ill-informed friends ascribe the fall of Poland to her political follies and vices, thus endeavoring to extenuate the guilt of her rapacious neighbors. But as great follies and greater crimes have existed, and do exist now elsewhere, and yet the identity(?) and independence of those countries is preserved notwithstanding; he who does not see this must have read history to little purpose.
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Prayers for a Virtual Pilgrimage with Pope Francis Tuesday, September 22 Washington, DC As our shepherd Pope Francis begins his pilgrimage to the United States, please pray for the Church in our country.
Enrichment Activity 1 The Changing Pledge In this activity, students try to solve a mystery about the Pledge of Allegiance. They are provided with a version of the Pledge from October 1892 and are asked
Life Without You I am invoking my right to remain silent in the face of life, All of my words have escaped from dictionaries, There is only one Word that I must say before Angel of Death is You. I am a
Joy Scripture Verses In The New Testament (Matthew 13:20) The one who received the seed that fell on rocky places is the man who hears the word and at once receives it with joy. (Matthew 13:44) "The kingdom
The Story of the World TEST BOOK AND ANSWER KEY Volume 1: Ancient Times Peace Hill Press Charles City, Virginia www.peacehillpress.com How to Use These Tests and Answer Key These Tests and their accompanying
Yogi Tea Bag Inspirations received from all the Yogi Tea Debby has consumed over the last year A Act selfless, you will be infinite. Appreciate yourself and honor your soul. As a plant can t live without
Whereas I was Blind, Now I See John 9: 1-11; 25 We all know that great hymn well: Amazing grace, how sweet the sound, that saved a wretch like me; I once was lost, but now I m found; was blind, but now
25 True education fosters human values Daivaadheenam Jagathsarvam Sathyaadheenamtu Daivatham That Sathyam Uthamaadheenam Uthamo Paradevatha The whole world is under the control of God; God is subject to
RESPONSORIAL PSALMS FOR FUNERAL LITURGY 1. Psalm 23 The Lord is my shepherd, there is nothing I shall want. 2. Psalm 25 To you, O Lord, I lift my soul. 3. Psalm 27 The Lord is my light and my salvation.
A Gathering of Brothers Prayer Service Opening Prayer God, you who make all things new in Jesus and who calls us to Brotherhood, give us, we pray, a greater awareness of your love for all people, and a
Page 1 of 6 This form is designed to assist in gathering obituary information. Funeral Program Information Form Program Title Choose one Farwell to Celebrating the life of In Loving Memory of In Remembrance
Ephesians Roger A. Cox 1 THE BOOK OF EPHESIANS Introduction Except for the book of Romans, the book of Ephesians is the most carefully written presentation of Christian theology in the New Testament. Paul
"God's Wisdom Revealed to All (Ephesians 3:7-20) by Rev. Jackie Stoneman Paul begins this chapter by reminding the Ephesians that he is in fact a prisoner. Because he has been preaching to the Gospel especially
12 November 2011 voaspecialenglish.com Sam Houston, 1793-1863: An Early Leader of Texas Cavalry soldiers line up at Fort Sam Houston, Texas loc.gov (You can download an MP3 of this story at voaspecialenglish.com)
BOOK 3, PART I, LESSON 4 A PRAYER IN THE GARDEN THE BIBLE: Luke 22:39-53, Mark 14:32-50 THEME: We remember that Jesus taught about love and showed love in everything he did. During Lent and Easter we remember
245 Resource 17: Readers Theatre Gettysburg and Mr. Lincoln s Speech Gettysburg and Mr. Lincoln s Speech Script developed by Rasinski, T. (2004). Kent State University. 1304.109h/326.091 Parts (5): Narrators
Whiplash 1 Matthew 16:21-28 (NRSV) From that time on, Jesus began to show his disciples that he must go to Jerusalem and undergo great suffering at the hands of the elders and chief priests and scribes,
Ordinary Moments of Grace To everything there is a time and a season for every purpose under heaven. A time to be born and a time to die. A time to sow and a time to reap. A time to laugh and a time to
E d g a r A l l a n P o e p The Fall of the House of Usher Part One It was a dark and soundless day near the end of the year, and clouds were hanging low in the heavens. All day I had been riding on horseback
World Youth Day USA Krakow Kickoff July 7, 2015 Bishop Frank J Caggiano s Opening Remarks (Video Clip 1) Thank you for coming here this afternoon to inaugurate the Pilgrim Year of Preparation for World
Exodus 32 1 When the people saw that Moses was so long in coming down from the mountain, they gathered around Aaron and said, Come, make us gods who will go before us. As for this fellow Moses who brought
WORSHIP HITS FOR KIDS VOLUME 1 LORD I LIFT YOUR NAME ON HIGH LORD I LIFT YOUR NAME ON HIGH; LORD I LOVE TO SING YOUR PRAISES. I M SO GLAD YOU RE IN MY LIFE; I M SO GLAD YOU CAME TO SAVE US. YOU CAME FROM
No Greater Love Memorial Day May 26, 2013 Trinity United Methodist Church John 15:9-17 In our nation, where history is often overshadowed by current happenings, it is good that we set aside a couple days
Devotion NT319 CHILDREN S DEVOTIONS FOR THE WEEK OF: LESSON TITLE: Spiritual Gifts THEME: God gives us all different gifts to serve Him and to serve others! SCRIPTURE: 1 Corinthians 12:1-31; 14:1-40 Dear
Pastor Spotlight Martha Fisher, CBC Women s Pastor Inspiration Martha Fisher, Women s Pastor at Community Bible Church, leads with a passion to reach, teach and help the women of our community for Jesus.
The Apotheosis of George Washington Intended Grade Level: High School Lesson Purpose: For more than 200 years, George Washington has represented the embodiment of republican virtues for America. During
1 BENEDICTION AND FINAL GREETINGS Hebrews 13:20-25 As the writer comes to the end of the letter, he prays for his readers. He prays to the God who knows everything and who knows our hearts. Although we
Cherokee Women and Education Before 1877 By Laura Page European Treatment of Cherokee Women In the early 16th Century Native American women were treated with high respect and held positions of authority
Devotion NT267 CHILDREN S DEVOTIONS FOR THE WEEK OF: LESSON TITLE: The Second Coming THEME: Jesus is coming again. SCRIPTURE: Matthew 24:27-31 Dear Parents Welcome to Bible Time for Kids. Bible Time for
A is simply 1-2 paragraphs of what you believe about God, faith, Jesus, salvation, etc. Every Confirmation student will pick out a Confirmation verse as a basis of their faith statement. You can use one
NEW BELIEVERS STUDY TABLE OF CONTENTS BIBLE STUDY 1: SALVATION 1 BIBLE STUDY 2: FAITH AND ASSURANCE 4 BIBLE STUDY 3: POWER OF THE HOLY SPIRIT 7 BIBLE STUDY 4: TRIALS 10 BIBLE STUDY 1: SALVATION SCRIPTURE
Old Testament Reading #1 A reading from the book of Job (19:23-27) Job answered and said: Oh, would that my words were written down! Would that they were inscribed in a record: That with iron chisel and
Medical Malpractice VOIR DIRE QUESTIONS INTRODUCTION: Tell the jurors that this is a very big and a very important case. Do a SHORT summary of the case and the damages we are seeking. This summary should
The Sword in the Stone Sunday Service Children s Story Materials: Pictures to show while telling the story OPTIONAL: a sword Preparations: Prepare any necessary materials. Invite children up to steps of
THE REQUIREMENTS OF COMMITTED MEMBERS Part 2 We need to give strong support. We cannot give strong support unless we become mighty men. None of us should fail because this is God s plan. God wants us to
Ephesians Chapter 1 1. Tell us some of the blessings in your life. 2. What do you think Paul is talking about when he talks about Spiritual blessings? 3. How do blessings relate to praising God? 4. What
Explanatory Notes: WILL WE BE MARRIED IN THE LIFE AFTER DEATH? Series title: Topic: Marriage in heaven / heaven as a marriage Table of Contents: Message 1: What is the Life after Death Like? p. 1 Message
What are you worried about? Looking Deeper Looking Deeper What are you worried about? Some of us lie awake at night worrying about family members, health, finances or a thousand other things. Worry can
The American Legion MEDIA & COMMUNICATIONS OFFICE P.O. BOX 1055 INDIANAPOLIS, IN 46206 (317) 630-1253 Fax (317) 630-1368 For God and Country VETERANS DAY SPEECH 2015 The American Legion M&C DIVISION October
Veteran s Day Poems One Nation Under God One Nation Under God we live Think about all some had to give We the people share freedom s life In a world of ever present strife Be grateful to those who keep
Devotion NT224 CHILDREN S DEVOTIONS FOR THE WEEK OF: LESSON TITLE: The Woman at the Well THEME: Jesus knows all about us and He loves us. SCRIPTURE: John 4:1-42 Dear Parents Welcome to Bible Time for Kids!
Bible for Children presents THE MAN OF FIRE Written by: Edward Hughes Illustrated by: Lazarus Adapted by: E. Frischbutter Produced by: Bible for Children www.m1914.org 2007 Bible for Children, Inc. License:
April 2012 ~SHARING MY PERSONAL PERSPECTIVE~ Dear Friends, It is a certainty that shared values encourage cooperative relationships. I don t know who first said this, but I certainly believe it to be true.
The Muslim taxi driver was talkative that day as he picked me up from our house at the Virginia Theological Seminary. First, he marveled at the flock of birds across the field. Then he said with authority,
Mama Maggie: The Egyptian Mother Teresa A Long Journey of Love and Giving Leads to a Nobel Nomination She is a woman whose thin body belies the amount of strength and energy that overflows from it to serve
NOT MY WILL BUT THINE, BE DONE I have a burden in my heart to share this with you. I believe that it is God s will that we are drawn closer to him, that we hunger after His will and his heart. Let s read
LOVE OUT LOUD 365 DEVOTIONS FOR LOVING GOD, LOVING YOURSELF, AND LOVING OTHERS JOYCE MEYER NEW YORK BOSTON NASHVILLE Copyright 2011 by Joyce Meyer All rights reserved. Except as permitted under the U.S.
Extravagant Generosity John 3:16 Fifth in a Sermon Series based on Robert Schnase's Five Practices of Fruitful Congregations Honk if you love Jesus. The Bible says it, I believe it, and that settles it.
50 scripture verses on worry 1. Therefore do not worry about tomorrow, for tomorrow will worry about itself. Each day has enough trouble of its own. Matt 6:34 NIV 2. I can do all this through him who gives
Title: MOSES: A PROPHET BECOMES A GREAT LEADER Space for Notes (Yours and ours) Theme: God s dealings with Moses gives hope to leaders and to oppressed people Bible Basis: Deuteronomy 34:10-12 NLT; Exodus
(2) FEAR OF FEAR This lady was cautious. She decided she wouldn t let herself go in her drinking. And she would never, never take that morning drink! Ididn t think I was an alcoholic. I thought my problem
1 Corinthians 3:10-23 Building on a firm foundation 1. Building God s building- let us make sure of our foundation. a. Paul has laid the foundation of Jesus Christ b. God has made Christ as the one and
MEMORIAL DAY 2009 ON MEMORIAL DAY, WE COMMEMORATE AND CELEBRATE WITH HUMBLE REVERENCE, THE MEMORY OF ABSENT COMRADES, ALL OF WHOM EPITOMIZE AND GIVE TRUE MEANING TO THE WORDS, VALOR, SACRIFICE, LOYALTY
Devotion NT285 CHILDREN S DEVOTIONS FOR THE WEEK OF: LESSON TITLE: The Day of Pentecost THEME: Jesus sent the Holy Spirit to indwell and empower us. Dear Parents SCRIPTURE: Acts 2:1-41 Dear Parents, Welcome
CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS FOUNDATION Bill of Rights in Action 20:2 Hobbes, Locke, Montesquieu, and Rousseau on Government Starting in the 1600s, European philosophers began debating the question of who should
The Funeral Service Pastoral Introduction This may be read silently by those present before the service begins. God s love and power extend over all creation. Every life, including our own, is precious
Suggested Prayer Service for Teachers to be modified for use by churches or in other settings Call to Worship: (From Psalm 8:1 and 9:1) Leader: O LORD, our Lord, how majestic is your name in all the earth!
Doug Ohman 763-543-1049 www.pioneerphotography.com Artist Statement My goal as a photographer is to capture images that tell stories. Many of my photos reflect a deep sense of nostalgic emotion. I have
To My Shepherd From Your Sheep (Revised: 4/2/2013) Jesus Christ, You are my Shepherd. You have come to search for and rescue me. Luke 19:10, For the Son of Man has come to seek and to save that which was
NATIONAL BIBLE INSTITUTE NBI'S FREE QUIZ... "BIBLE: Basic Information Before Leaving Earth" Please answer all questions contained in the test. You will be contacted within a few days with your results.
Message for THE LORD'S DAY MORNING, November 3,2013 Christian Hope Church of Christ, Plymouth, North Carolina by Reggie A. Braziel, Minister Accountable To God I Corinthians 3:9-15 (NKJV) Please turn with
DOCTRINE OF THE HOLY SPIRIT The Illumination of the Spirit Lesson 10 In this lesson we will study the Holy Spirit s role in helping believers understand the meaning of the Word of God which is often referred
LOVE YOU LIKE THE EARTH Audrey Auld 2003 (APRA) I love you like the rain I love you like the sun coming up again And the moon pulling on the tide And the day turning into night I love you like the trees
Talia Boyers 1 st Place Essay 2012 Lincoln Essay Competition Tears stream down his face. He winces as the whip cracks. Blood coats his back, drying in the sun s heat. Down the road a girl is being auctioned
Mission and Service Candle-Lighting Services for Worship and Home Introduction Here are two ideas for Advent candle-lighting: one for worship services and one to be used at home by your church families.
Verbatim Memory Tool for Memorizing the Apostle Paul s Epistle to the Ephesians KJV Created by Donald L. Potter Using Mike Shead s Verbatim Converter April 23, 2012 www.donpotter.net Ephesians KJV: Verbatim
The Story of the Prophet Isaiah Background Focus: Isaiah, a prophet of destruction and of hope (the book of Isaiah) The meditation of the 8th-century prophet Isaiah on the destiny of Jerusalem left a tradition
GOSPEL Mark 10: 35-45 The holy gospel, according to Saint Mark, the tenth chapter. Glory to you, O Lord. 35James and John, the sons of Zebedee, came forward to him and said to him, Teacher, we want you