Sa!1!.loq1DY ap!spboh.laq10 pub a)f!du.l1\l

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Sa!1!.loq1DY ap!spboh.laq10 pub a)f!du.l1\l"

Transcription

1 L661 qj.lbw aj.lo~ }JSB.L mb.i~o.ld 1Uama~BUBW uopb1a~aa ap!spboh pa1b.i~a1ui UOPB!JOSSY 1Uama~BUBW uopb1a~aa ap!spboh (BUOPBN aq.l :Aq pa.lbda.ld Sa!1!.loq1DY ap!spboh.laq10 pub a)f!du.l1\l 'a1b1s 'qs!.lbd 'A1UDO3 'A1!3 'd!qsumol.loj ap!dd Y

2 Photo Credit: Neil Kveberg -Front page, lower left photo

3 !q:jnod 'uo!:j~in~~l 10 'UO!:J~:)!J!:)~ds'plUpU~:JS ~ ~:Jm!:JSUO:) :JOU S~Op :)lod~l S!q.L 'P~:Ju~s~ld ~:J~P ~q:j JO A:)~ln:):)~ pu~ S:J:)~J ~q:j 10J ~Iq!SUOdS~l ~lu oqm. Sl~qlli~lli I~uud M.~!A~l ~q:j pu~ sloq:jn~ ~q:j JO SM.~!A ~q:j S:J:)~IJ~l ~P!n~ S!q:J JO :JU~:JUO:) ~q.l "Mg!Ag1 Iu!l ~!pg 10J '.Loa U~OSgUU!W 'sup1i!a\ ~!U1J puu 'poddns S:)!qdU1~ puu ~noaui10j '.Loa U~OSgUU!W 'Iqup10[ UggI!3 o~ s~uuq~ IU!:)gds 1~~1!q~lY ~de~sp~'l '.Loa ~u!ew ~I\?,MeI~a 'lo1~~l!a ~A!1n~~x3 'YWA"MN UO~IUA\ ~PAD z~puuul~h A~Uln.L l~~l~h P~q "M UO1'BU!qseA\ 'e!dwaio '1~~1!q~lY ~de~sp~'l 'Bu!1Insu :J 1U~P!S~ld 966 I YWA"MN(pnoI:J.1S) l~~u!'bu3 ~~~U~1u!ew e~jv '.Loa e10s~uu!w ){:)~q~ulv preq:)!"m :1'duud M'd!A'dl 'd~ O:J S~UUq.L :J:J~:JIq:JlY ~du:jspuu'1 :Ju~w~~UUUW ~PIspu "M '.Loa UO:J~uIqsUA\ PluIIIA\ AU"M losial~dns :JIuil Al:JS~lOd '.Loa u:jos~uuiw ~u:juaiua\ Inud (l~iiddns :Ju~wdInb3) u:jos~uuiw 'AUBdwoJ xunj.l ':JU~PIS~ld xunj.l wif l~~ui~u3 Iu:Ju~wuolIAu3 ~PIspu "M ~:Ju:Js :Juu:JsIssy'.Loa uuii JP.J q1j N uosui{w.l s~ijp.qj l~~uuuw UOI:JU:J~~~A ~PIspu "M 'umoi 'A:JunoJ ~:J:J~AUd ~~~~:Js uof :J:J~:JIq:JlY ~du:jspub'1 '.Loa uisuo:jsia\ "){JP.:Js PJP.q:JI"M l~~uuuw ~PISpUOWl~:JS~lOd AUMq~IH ~:Ju:Js '.Loa UIUUAIASUU~d Iqu:JS u "M (l~iiddns p~~s) uiwojiiuj 'sp~~s s~s ':JU~PIS~ld JJuq:JS lo:j:jia lo:juuiplooj :Ju~w~~UUUW UOI:JU:J~~~A '.Loa UO~~lO A~JqdwnH PIAUa l~~uuuw WUl~Old ~PIspu "M UMoI WGq1J N Jo A:JISl~AIUil uosl~pu~h ){li)l :J:J~:JIq:JlY ~du:jspub'1 'UOI:JUl:JsIuIwPY AUMq~IH Iul~P~d ~lo'1-l~djbh ~IuuoH :JSIIUI:J~dS ~JIIPIIA\ ~PIspu "M 's~:jroos~"m luln:ju N Jo :Ju~w:Jjp,d~a u:jos~uuiw I gu!lgq~13;) :JSIIUI:J~dS UOI:JU:J~~~A :J:J!l:JsIa'.Loa (~IpUBquud) upijoid u:jos~uuiw '~AI:JU:JU~S~ld~"M s~ius loiu~s '0:JUBI3Moa l~~uuuw UOI:JU:J~~~A ~PISPUO"M '.Loa qu:jil 19'JJ13;) qdi13"m S){OOlH guu13n 'l p1oj){:j!h 1311 (Sloq:)ny ~P!nD) Sl~q1U~1U ~:)lod ){se.l 0:) s){ueq.l '~U1UAIUA\ IllUd UOS1~d1!UqJ JO UO!1::>~1!P ~q1 l~pun ~::>lod ~SUJ. 1U~W~'EUUUW UO!W1~'E~A ~P!Spu "M P~W1'E~1UI VWA"MN ~q1 Aq p~loq1llu SUM. 1X~1 ~qj. lu~p!s~ld VWA"MN 966 I '~::>~q~wv proq::>rn Jo UOn::>~l!p ~q11~pun (VWA"MN) UO!1U!::>OSSV 1U~W~'EUUUW UO!1U1~'E~A ~P!Spu "M luuo!1u N ~q1 10J p~::>np01d SUM. ~P!n'E S!qJ. S.LN3WOO31MON)lJV

4 PREFACE Effective vegetation management is not just mowing the grass periodically along the highway and controlling the brush when you can not see around the corner. In a time when government agencies are being held more accountable for the results and costs of their actions and when sufficient additional resources are not available to continue doing things like they have always been done in the past, the need for effective vegetation management practices has become a pressing issue for many roadway agencies and private contractors that provide~vegetation control along our nation's highways. This guide has been developed to assist those agencies, public or private, that are charged with the responsibility to manage and control roadside vegetation. It is intended to be a planning document that will enable each user to develop a management plan that will recognize the specific needs and unique characteristics of their particular location or area. It does not provide an ideal vegetation management plan. It will provide you with a proven process to enable you to develop an appropriate management plan for your area. This guide is intended to be used by managers, supervisors, and vegetation management teams. It provides order to a planning process and ideas for resource information. It also incorporates some best practices that have proven to be successful in various locations of the United States. It has been developed by a group of leading experts in the field of vegetation management from both the public and private industry with representation from throughout the United States. This guide will help bring a management perspective to roadside vegetation that will parallel that of the agricultural industry -a perspective that has enabled the United States to be a world class leader for many years with continued leadership into the future. We hope you find this guide infonnative and useful, and most importantly we hope it will enable you to provide "Beautiful RoadSides -the key to a beautiful America" in a costeffective and environmentally responsible manner. -Richard Arnebeck, 1996 NRVMA President A thing is right when it tends to preserve the integrity, stability, and beauty of the biotic community. It is wrong when it tends otherwise. -Aldo Leopold, 1949

5 UOp1J2!U1J8.LO 1 III 61 LT ZI 01 6 uo!:a~ni~a3 W~lgOld gu!d;};})! P1O:>;}"H gu!u!~l.1 UO!:a~:>!IddV pu~ UO!:a~:>!1!:aU;}PI poq:a;}w u~id ){1 M. I~nuuv uo!sni:>uoj :}f.l M OJ uvij a'1j 8u!nnJ--u~Id WA"HI ;}gu~"h-guo'l ;}q.1 gu!:au;}w;}idwi ss;}:>:>ns W~lgOld gu!:a~ni~a3 UO!:a~AouuI pu~ q:>l~;}s;}"h 101 A:a!un!loddo gu!p!a01d SUO!:a~l;}P!SUOJ :a;}gpng 101 gu!uu~id pu~ gu!ssn:>s!a S;}!:a!I!q!SUOdS;}"H pu~ S;}!:ana gu!ug!ssv S;}A!:a:>;}fqO pu~ SI~OD gu!z!:a!lo!ld pu~ gu!zai~uv S;}A!:a:>;}fqO pu~ SI~OD gu!qs!iq~:as3 ~:a~a :au;}u!!l;}d gu!:a:>;}iioj s:au;}w;}:a~:as UO!SS!W pu~ UO!S!A gu!:a!lm. l;}q:a;}g.1 ;};}:a:a!wwoj gu!l;};}:as ;}q:i gu!gu!lg u~id ;}gu~"h-guo'l ;}q.1 gu!:a!lm. sgu!:a;};}w ;}A!:a:>;} SA;})! S;}!:a!I!q!SUOdS;}"H ;};}:a:a!wwoj!loddns p~ :au;}w1;}1\\odw3 ;};}:a:a!wwoj UO!:a:>;}I;}S ;};}:a:a!wwoj ;};}:a:a!wwoj gu!l;};}:as WA"HI ;}q.1 gu!z!u~glo NV'ld WA"HI 'lvjo'l 3H.1 DNI.1N3W3'ldWI any DNIdO'l3A3a f.l.1jdl1l{j t;.lnoa UI WANI 8u1J.L1JJs dwn[-..x..hdoso'lihd WA~I NY DNIl.OWO~d Z.ltJJdVlfJ SUO!!l1I~"H :)!Iqnd ~:)ul1jt?,~ddv Il1!U~WUO1!AUH A!!I!q!X~Id :)!wouo:)h A!~Jl1S WV"HDO"Hd l.nhwhdvnvw NOIl.Vl.HDHA OHl.V"HDHl.NI NV do Sl.IdHNHH l.ltjjdvl/:j I!!!! NO IJ.J 11 G 0 "MJ.NI SJ.NHJ.NOJ do H'lHYJ. HJYd'InId SJ.NHWDGH'lMON)lJY S~N~~NO3 ~O ~~gv~

6 21 APPENDICES Example 7. Chapter 4 ADDITIONAL RESOURCES/EXPERTISE GLOSSARY 25 REFERENCES The Integrated Vegetation Management Decision-Making Process 29 Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Threshold Level Concept 3. Keys to Effective Planning Meetings 4. Roadside Management Zone Concept Roadside Prioritization Matrix 34 of Annual Work Plan -Fayette Cpunty, Iowa List of State DOT Roadside Vegetation Management Contacts iiii

7 :~pni:)u! 1\1 I '8U!UURId po08 q8nojq) S:JSO:) WJ~:J-8uOI ~:)np~l 'S~S~:) AURW U! 'pur A:J!fBnb ~AOldW! UR:) ss~:)old ~:J~l~q!I~P ~ q8nojq) SURId pur SWR1801d WA"MI fb:) I 8u!doI~A~P 10 ss~:)old ~qj.-s:i[hflsv3w DNIAVS.LSO3/.LN3W3AOHdWI A.LI~Vfll).:J.san!A!1~e 1Uawa~euew PueI ap!n~ 01 sa~!1~eld 1Uawa~euew 1saq AJe1UnIOA vue si\\.ei U! palinsal aaeq A1!Ienb la1ei\\. UO Sa!1!An~e 1uawa~euew la1ei\\. vue puei Jo1~edw! aqt tnoqe swa~uo~ 'Apua~al glow 'S1ueId aa!seau! 'aiqel!sapun WOl] PueI a1eapd vue ~!I -qnd 1~atOld 01 pau~!sap si\\.ei paai\\. sno!xou aaeq sa1e1s AueW-S.LN~W'.:irmfl()3H 'IV~3'I 0 A~q.L swe1g01d WA"MI ~A1}:>~JJ~ 10J p~~u ~q} ~App SlO}:>eJ le1~a~s.snsu~suo:) pue A}!l'E~}U! 'UO!}eloqen :) '}U~Wl~MOdw~ ~~AOIdw~ 'uo!}e:)!unwwo:)fuo!}e:)np~ :~pni:)u! s}d~:) -UQ:) ~:)lnos~l uewnh.}u~w~'eeuew ~A!}:)~I~s pue A}!I!qeU!e}sns 'A}!Sl~A!PO!q '}U~W~'EeUeW pue UO!}elO}S~l Ie:)!'EOIo:)~ :~pni:) -U! s}d~:)uo:) ~:)lnos~lielmen.s}d~:)uo:) ~lo:) ~:)lnos~l uewnq pue Ielmeu A~~ Iel~A~s ssedwo:)u~ }snw Wel'EOld WA"MI ~A!}:)~lJ~ uy "}da:)uoj Ploqsalq.L WdI \ aq} pu~ ssa~old ~U!l~W UO!S!~aa WA"MI aq} 10j 'l pu~ I sa~!puaddv aas 'W~l~Old WA"MI aa!}~ajja u~ ~U!u!~}sns O} I~!~ru~ alu S}Ins -a1 ~u!}~ni~aa pu~ A1~ssa~au uaqm ~U!}~a1} '~U!lO}!UOW jo ssa~old aq} pu~ s}uawala asaq.l "uo!}~ni~aa pu~ 'swalq01d }sad ~U!}~a1} -- -::!J~ 'sploqsa1q} UO!}~~ pu~ A}!SUap ~U!qS!Iq~}Sa '~U!lO}!UOW 'UO!}UaAa1d :apni~u! WdIjO s}uawala aq.l 'sadll.?a{qo luawa3ljuljw Isad laaw I.1tJUUlJW punos AlllJ.?lWOU -O.?tJ PUlJ AlllJlUtJWUO.lldUtJ UlJ ul salaallj.lis PUlJ SP 'lltjw l.liuo.? Isad tjlljl.1do.lddlj IS0W tj'll stjsn IlJ'll sstj.?o.ld uoy.?lj PUlJ aul1jljw-uolsl.?tjp ptjlljulp.loo.? lj sl FiJI "A1}Sa10j pu~ 'a1mln~ -!}loq 'a1mln~!1~~ U! pasn }da~uo~ (WdV }uawa~~u~w 1sad pa1~1~a1u! aq1jo j.jou!ds ~ S! WA"MI Amvnb IvnsJIt puv IvIUaWUO.lJltua snld Alafvs.l f sapjspvo.l a3vuvw AnV.1 -Jwouo.1a 01 spolflaw l.liuo.1 Isad Iv.1Jwalf.1 puv 'lv.1juvlf.1aw 'lv.1j3010jq 'lv.lni1n.1 lfljm '(2010Ulf.1tJl 0 suoyljln2tj.i PUlJ StJlnllJlS IUtJWU.ltJIt02 0 stj.lnptj.1o.ld uoyljnlljlttj PUlJ 2u!.l01!UOW 0 suoylj.ltjp!suo.1 tj.1uljutjiu!ljw PUlJ 'uoy.1n.lisuo.1 'u2!stjp 0 (stjsstj.1o.ld IlJ.lnllJU PUlJ).(201.1tJIUlJld 10 tj2ptjimouji 0 s.ltjsn.(ljmlf2!lf PUlJ stjy!unwwo.1 IlJ.1 11 sptjtju 0 :2U!MOllOI a'll saiv.l2aiu! IV'll UOYV1a2aA ap!spvo.l 2U!U!VIU!VUl.101 ssa.1o.ld luaula2v -UVUl (mvnb puv 2U!'!VUl-UO!S!.1ap V S! (WA"MU 1u~w~8euew UO!1e1~8~A ~P!spe "M p~1el8~1ui NOI~3il<lOH~NI

8 0 JUDICIOUS USE OF PESTICmES-Properly used, pesticides are an important tool in an IRVM program because they often provide the most cost-effective, expeditious solution to vegetation management objectives while minimizing environmental impact. 0 PUBLIC DEMAND/CUSTOMER EXPECTATIONS-During the past two decades public acceptance and desire for more attractive roadsides have increased. Effective IRVM programs link with public desires and needs. Q TORT CLAIMS-Motorists now have more opportunity to bring legal action against highway officials based on negligence and improper maintenance after notification of a particular defect. An effective IRVM program reduces an agency's vulnerability for multi-million dollar law suits. Guidebook Focus On Management of Existing Vegetation-For simplicity, roadside vegetation may be divided into two categories. The first and most prevalent is what might be called "natural vegetation" or that which exists because of the forces of nature. The second is vegetation which exists as a result of the planning and planting efforts by humans. In its most comprehensive form, IRVM not only involves management of natural vegetation, but also the design, construction and maintenance of planted vegetation. While it is important to avoid building in future management problems when designing and installing roadside vegetation, the focus of this guide will be on the management of existing vegetation, whether natural or planted. The key idea is to encourage desirable plants as much as control undesirables, and to use or consider natural plant succession processes in all efforts and strategies. This guide provides a tool for developing a quality IRVM Program that operates on dynamic, long-range and annual IRVM plans and reported results. 2

9 ~m!} U~A!~ f.~ }e mol} ~sooq:) O} s~nb!uq:)~} p~ S100} }u~m~~e~m JO f.}~!lea e dol~a~a 0 }u~md!nb~ p~ ~m!! 'l~uuosl~d JO, ~sn }U~!:)YJ~ ~low 0 A1!I!q!Xal~ S~:J11:J~ld IOl1uo:J 1s~d poo p~~m 10 ss~u~ai1:j~11~ ~q1 ~zrml1do 0 ~JP.MpJP.q ~PlsP~ol poo 1U~W~A~d 10 ~11I ~q1 pu~1x3 0 s~:jmos p~~s ~da10u~~ fb:j I,.~.~ '~SlldJ~1u~ ~1~Alld poo A:JIUnwwo:J poddns 0 S~1nOl :J1U~:JsP~MoUPIIMfUIslln01 q~nojq1 S~~JP. :Jlu~:JS uo sn:j 1 A11unwwo:J ~10wold 0 S~AI1:J~rqo ~Iq~uI'B1sns AIfB1U~WUOl1AU~ poo AII~~rmOUO:J~ ui'buy 0 WJ~1 poqs poo ~UOI q1oq A~UOW~A~S 0 S1u~wqsIIdwo:J:J~ ~Iq~lns~~w ~S~~l:JUJ 0 ~lom ~An:J~~l OOq1l~q1~l ~lom P~UOOId q11m A11Al1:Jnpold ~s~~l:jui 0 ;)!mouo;)~ S~:JS ~J1J ~:)np~"m.:i :Ju~wd1nb~ p~ SlO:J~l~do ~:)~U~:JU~W 10J SU01:J1PUO:) ~U1"){lOM SnOpJBZBq ~:)np~"m.:i SM~1A snouo:jouow f.q p~sn~:) ~n~1:j~j l~app ~z1w1u1w (j SlO:J:)~J P~:J~I~ll~q:J~~M l~q:jo p~ ~:)1 'MOUS'l~:J~M JO S:J:)~JJ~ l~q:j~~m ~z1w1u1w.:i I~nU~:Jod (~~l:j pjbzbq) l~~~p ~:)np~"m.:i S:J:)~rqo SnOpJBZ~q JO JB~I:) ~uoz ~ u~:ju~w.:i S:Ju~W~l1nb~l ~:)~:JSW :Jq~1S U~:JU1~W.:I AJaJBS.UO!~B~OI JBIn~!:aJed B U! S~~!~~B1d pub SUO!~!PUO~ ~U~lln~ ~q:j UO AI~B~l'B pu~d -~p II!M llb1'b01d WA"MI UB 'BU!~U~W~Idw! pub 'Bu!dOI~A~P wol] 'BU!~InS~l s~y~u~q 10 ~d~ pub ~~l'b~p ~qj...aq1~ssbd ~'BB1~AB ~q:j O~ ~Iq!S!A AIIB1~U~'B ~q ~OU ABW 10 dn MOqS O~ SJB~A IB1~A~S ~:>IB~ ABW s~y~u~q ~!~~q~s~b pub IB~U~WU01!AU~ '~IqB~u~wn~op pub ~Iq!S!A AIJB~I~ pub API~!nb u~yo ~JB s~y~u~q ~~~JP.S pub ~!WOUO~~ ~q:j ~I!l1A\.MOI~q P~~S!I ~JB SnO!Aqo ~SOW ~q~ 10 ~wos.p~!l"ba pub AUBW ~JB llb1'b01d WA"MI UB doi~a~p o~ polj~ pub ~wn ~q~ 'BU~~ 10 s~y~u~q ~qj.. WYH~OHd WAHl 3AIL33~~3.NY ~O SLI~3.N3g I..(aldvlf.J

10 Environmental I:J Maintain or improve water quality I:J Protect soil resources I:J Preserve, conserve, and enhance biodiversity and integrity of desirable native plant communities including threatened and endangered species I:J Reduce negative effects and spread of invasive plant species I:J Improve safety for wildlife Appearance U Provide attractive roadsides 0 Preserve local biological heritage 0 Reflect local landscape character 0 Provide seasonal variation in form, color and texture Public Relations Q Generate teamwork, partnerships, and stakeholder participation Q Share expertise between state and local agencies Q Local communities share responsibilities and pleasures of attractive plants Q Increase awareness and education through better communication Q Generate positive governmental contacts with constituents by means of consistently wellmanaged programs Q Develop ownership of the plan 4

11 ~.A~!UnUIWO:J ~OOId ap!speol a:jooua~u~w Mol '~U!U~~SnS- JIgS e U! ~uasald A~neaq aqj loj uo!te!:jaldde 00 aq o~ spaau ala~ 0 'sa!~oiouq:ja~ pa!idde poo sassa:jold fblmeu 'wa~saso:ja nelaao aqj 'asn POOl ~u!punodns 'saa!t:ja[qo AeMpeol Ieu!t:Junj o~ uo!~eial U! ~uawa~eoow uo!~e~a~aa ap!speolloj suoseal aqj poo~slapun o~ spaau :J!Iqnd a~ 0 'saplspeollno a~eoow,. am MOq poo AqM jo Uo!~e:Jnpa :J!Iqnd qj!m pa:jueieq aq ~snw Uo!u!do :J!Iqnd ~slawo~sn:j ~oopodw! ~sow aqj am slaumopooi ~u!u!o[pe se nam se :J!Iqnd ~u!aed xe~/~u!iaaej} a~ 0 1uamaAIoAuI ;)!1qnd :I~A~I q:)r~ :JR WA'MI Jo UO!:Jow -old 10J SUO!:JR1~P!SUO:) ~WOS q:j!m ~uoir 'sn:) J Jo SR~IB 10fRW ~A!J Jo ~u!pno UR S! ~U!MOnOd 'S~~AOIdw~ ~:)ueu~1ulew AeMq~lq Jo s~:)11:)eld ~UI){lOM AepAJ~A~ ~q1 01 UMOp 1q~ll s~ss~:)old 1u~w~AIoAuI :)IIqnd pue A:)IIOd Ie1u~wUJ~AO~ 1S~~lT?,I ~q1 wall 's~pispeol lno Jo UOl1lpuo:) ~q1 uo 1:)~JJ~ ue ~uiaeq si~a~i ss~:)old lie 1e p~nslnd ~q 1snw 1loddns pue ~UI -pue1sl~pun 'qsiid1;no:):)e 01 s~pe:)~p 10U JI 'sle~a ~){e1 Aew wel~old WA"MI ~PIM-A:)u~~e ue Jo uoi1e1u~w~idwi IInJ 'l~a~moh l~uuosl~d ~:)ueu~1ulew Jo sdnol~ pue sienpialpui1:)~i~s q1lm AP:)~lIP ~UI){lOM Aq q:)eoldde slq1 plem01 ~~ueq:) ss~:)old e ui~~q 01 saem Auew 1I11S ~le ~l~qj..s}!.j~u~q Wl~}-guoI MOqS II!M }t?q} WA"MI st? q:jns q:jt?olddt? Wl~}-guoI t? UO ~lom O} }ut?:}lodw! S! }! SUOSt?~l ~s~q} lad 'SJUIIOP 19M9J UO SP~Wgp glow q1!m ~wndo ~m SSgI S! ~U!PUOJ g:)~ug'ju!'bw.z 'suo!1el~do AeMpeOl Je~I:JP~ ~low q:jim ~:J~dwo~ O:J seq :JU~W~~eUBW uoi:jm~~~a ~PISpeOl '~~UBu~:JuIew AeMq~Iq JO ~w~q~s IIel~Ao ~q:j UJ I :SlO};)ej Iesl~Alun OM.} UIOlj ~UIO;) A;)U~~e uoi}e}jodsuel} ;)IIqnd e ul }U~UI~~eUeUI UOI}e}~~~A ~Plspe~ jo ~;)ue}loduii ~q} ~UIII~S ul s~~u~lieq;) }S~~~lq ~q.l..l,~lm;)ld ~IH ~q} O} uol}ei~l ul }U~UI~~eUeUI UOI}e}~~~A poo~ sl }ue}joduii M. H" S~UIO;)~q UOI}s~nb ~q.l..l,op O} ~ulq} }q~ll ~q} }1 si" jo UOI}S~nb e }OU U~}jO sl }1 ~sne;)~h l,aqa\ i}ou sl }1 }nq-uiel~old WA~I ue }U~UI~IdUII O} ASe~ APlej ~q PInoqs }1 '~ru} lie sl slq} ~UIUInsse 'os 'f.~~i:)os pu~ ~u~wuol1au~ ~q~ s~ij~u~q pu~ f.~uow S~A~S ~I.~wl~ ~q3'll ~q~ ~~ pu~ ~:)~ld ~q3'll ~q~ ul 'f.~m ~q3'll ~q~ S3'Ulq~ ~q3'll ~q~ 3'U10P su~~w ~I.~:)u~u~~ul~w ~PlsP~ol Jo ~~xe ~q~ ul q:)xe~s~l pu~ 3'U1UU~ld 'f.3'olouq:)~~ 'uol~~:)lunwwo:) 'uol~~wlojul poo3' Jo uol~ -~:)11dd~ 1~:)13'01 ~ u~q~ ~low 3'Ulq~ou sl (WA"MV ~U~W~3'~U~W UOI~~~~3'~A ~PlsP~ "M p~~~l3'~~ui uojjvzjuv8.jo.jno;{ ui WAHl 8uJJ.JvJS dzun[ AHdOSO~IHd WAHl NY ~NILOWOHd Z.l{}Jdv'l/:J

12 0 IRVM benefits the public through lower life-cycle maintenance costs, less negative environ-~ mental impact, and the most efficient use of tax dollars. 0 LQcal area maintenance personnel have the greatest oppprtunity to interact with the public through routine contact and to explain the reasons for aryrrvm approach. Legislative! 0 This governing body needs to be convinced that IRVM is a worthy investment which will result in lower maintenance life-cycle costs with more built in sustainability; initial costs must be presented clearly in relation to long-term savings with innovative technologies. 0 Maintenance funding must be dedicated at a reasonable base level which allows for accomplishment of all critical roadside activities along with some preventive maintenance activities. Upper Management '=- Upper management needs to understand and support IRVM as a problem-solving process for roadsides. '=- Agency-wide support and understanding will provide the necessary links with design and construction considerations in terms of the built highway. '=- IRVM is a basis for continuous improvement in the area of roadside maintenance; it applies quality management principles to roadside vegetation management. Maintenance Managers 0 They are the primary resources for motivation, coordination, communication, guidance, training and follow-through on an IRVM program. 0 The maintenance management system must include necessary record keeping and cost tracking components for measurement and evaluation. 0 They are responsible for development and implementation of relevant technology and computer applications for implementation and practice of IRVM. Technical Maintenance Crews 0 If workers do not see the reasons and benefits for IRVM, it will not happen. Maintenance personnel will respond to real life examples and proven success. 0 If crews can be hired, trained and dedicated for roadside maintenance, there is a greater chance for success. 0 Individuals must be inspired and motivated to learn and continually improve the quality of roadsides in their care. This is something that will come with time if the program is successful. 0 There needs to be regular recognition of individuals and crews that succeed in improving their roadsides. They want to know that someone cares about what they do. 6

13 L.p~q!l;)S~P hisno!a~ld si~a~i SS~;)Old lie :Je:JU~WU01!AU~P!Spe01 ~q:j 10J :J;)~dS~l pue ~U!UJe~I ~~e1no;)u~ O:J pue :Ju~w~~uew uo!:je:j~~~a~p!spe01 p~:je1~~:ju! JO ShqM. pue SM.oq ~~ ~:Je;)!unWWO;) O:J hem. e S~P!A01d osie:ji.s~u!q:j :Jq~!l ~q:j op O:J spoq:j~w ~Iq!ssod :Js~q ~q:j ~u!sn ~le ~M. J! ~U!UJJ~:J~P sn sdi~q:ji.:ju~w~a01dw! q:j!m. uo!:jed!;)!:j1ed U~!Ie O:J SS~U~U!II!M. 1no q:j!m. SU!~~q:JI.s~P!Spe01 ~~euew ~M. M.oq ~U! -){U!q:J~l JO SS~;)Old ~U!O~UO ue q~n01q:j :JU~W~A01dw! snonu!:juo;) ~U!:J10ddns Jo hem. e S! WA"MI osu~z!~!:) p~w~:)uo:) pue 'Suo!~!Ieo:) Ie~u~wuol!AU~ 'S~!~!I!~n 'S~U~WUl~ -AOg Ie:) 1 'SlOqqg!~U AeMqg!q ~pni:)u! ~s~q.l AeM 10 ~qg!l ~q~ 10 ~sn lo ~S~l~~U! p~ip.qs e q~!m sl~u:)jed Aue lol s~og ~wes ~q.l.s~:)lnos~l pue uo!~ewjolu! o~ ss~:):)e ~Aeq pue welgold WA"MI ue 10 ~:)u~~s!x~ ~q~ 10 ~leme ~q o~ sp~~u s~ns -S! ~P!SpeOl uo s~q:)no~ ~lom ~SOqM A:)u~ge ~q~ U!q~!M ~uo -AUY UO!~:)ru~suo:) pue ug!s~p '~:)ueu~~u!ew U~~M~~q AI!IP.W -!ld 'uo!~e:)!unwwo:) Ieuo!~:)unl-ssol:) 'gu!oguo ~q o~ sp~~u ~l~q.l.uo!~e~~g~a ~P!SpeOl UQ ~:)~11~ ue q~!m sgu!q~ op OqM Sl~q~O Auew ~le ~l~q~ '~u~w~geuew pue ~u~wdoi~a~p ~P!S -peol ~:)~11~ o~ l~mod q~!m sdnolg lofew ~s~q~ woll ~P!sy

14 THIS PAGE INTENTIONALL Y LEFT BLANK 8

15 6.urnl~Old WA"MI ~A1~:)~lJ~ ue O~ I.~M lnol. UO 11~M ~q 111M nol. pue l~~d~q:) s1q1u1 p~u1pno sd~~s ~q~ Mo11od.s~:)roOS~l pue s111){s '~~P~IMOill{ ~u1u1qwo:) q~nolq:j,,~1 op ~snf".~~s o~ s1 d~~s ~u~:)jodw1 ~sow ~q~ '~s~q SI.~MI~ ~sowjr s1 ueid ~urn~ ~~~Idwo:) ~ q~noq1iv.a:ju~g~ ~~'BtS ~q:} U!q:}! S~~~~!WUI :J gu!l~~~s fb:j l u~~ ~~q UO!~~:J!unwwo:J q~! P~A~!q:J~ ~q A~W A:JU~~S!SUO:J pu~ A~!nU!~uo:J ~P! ~~~~S 'UO!~~~lodsu~l~ Jo s~u~w:jlrd~p ~~~~S Jo ~S~:J ~q:} ui '~ld ~q:} ~no AJ.m:J ~~q:} l~uuosl~d ~P!SP~Ol ~q:} p~ :J!lqnd ~q:} Aq p~~d~:j:j~ S! ~! J! p~~u~w~ldw! ~q 11! ~ld v.sw~:juo:j fb:j!~!10d p~ '~g~~!l~q fbln~~u 'l~ln~ln:j 1~:J l ~!J o~ p~~d~p~ ~JB A~q~ ~sn~:j~q ~s~q ~q~ ~JB SU~ld 1~:J 'l l.su~ld 1~:J l AqA\ l~a~i e~l'p. ~:)UBU~~U!eW lo ~:)!IJS!P 'UO!~~l ~q1 ~e ~no S~:){eqs f.iyensn I~A~I ye:) 1 ~q1 uo!~epodsubl1 Jo s~u~m:ljed~p ~~e~s UN~!A\.s~~e~s P~~!u.o ~q1 ~noq~nolq1 S~l:)e ~P!SpeOl Jo ~l'p.qs S,UO!I ~q1 ~~eubw S~!~!l q~ne peol f.~uno:) pub UMO~ 'd!qsumo~ l~q1~~o~ P~PPV "SUBId WA'MI ye:) IloJ I~A~I ye:)!~oi e ~q f.ew s~!1 -uno:) '~ye:)s l~~l'p.i e UQ 'UBId WA'MI UB moll s~y~u~q ~Z!ye~l f.~q.l.uo!1:)!pspnf l!~q1l~pun s~p!speol u!e~u!'bw s~u~ww~ao~ UMO~ pub Sd!qSUMO.L.~ye:)s UMO~ lo dnsumo~ ~q1 ~q PInoM ~:)eid ~U!pe~s ~q~ 'f.iqen~jv '~Ie:)s ~q1 uodn spu~d~p l~msub ~q.l l.i~a~iie:) I ~q1 S! ~eqa\.uo!:j~wspnr I~~oI 1~~0 10 d!qsumo:j ~ 'f.:j!~ ~ 'qs!ibd ~ 'f.:juno~ ~ '~~IB ~~U~U~:JU!~W 10 UO!~~l ':J~!l:JS!P UO!:J~:JlOdSU~l:J JO :Ju~w:JIBd~p ~:J~:JS ~ l~~~qm I~A~I I~~OI ~q:j :J~ ~Id ~ l~q:j~~o:j ~u!:j:jnd 10J ){10M~UIB1J ~q:j S~P!A01d l~:jd~q~ S!~ NV~d WAHI~V30~ 3H~ ~NI~N3W3~dWI <INV ~NIdO~3A3<I

16 This critical step in program development is well worth the time and energy it requires. Do not be afraid to invite outside input. Assemble the committee right away. Include several people not employed by your agency. If you get good people, they will be your strength, your com-pass and your insurance, adding greatly to the success of the program. Steering Committee Selection Stock the committee with professionals from several disciplines creating a balance of knowledge, interests, and abili-ties. If the plan is to encompass a large geographical area, involve people possessing localknowledge of vegetation, growing conditions and legalities for distinct regions within the area. Smaller is better when deciding how large an area the committee will serve. Include members of those organizations that helped spark the initial interest in IRVM. The list below is a guide for achieving a representative cross section in your committee. Agency Staff Administrator/Policy Maker Design Construction Maintenance Industr~ Renresentative Herbicide Equipment Seed Erosion Control Federal FHWA (Local) V.S. Forest Service Bureau of Land Management Natural Resource Conservation Service V.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Dept. Of Defense Plant Materials Center Natural Resources Soil Conservationist Forester or Arborist Landscape Architect Horticulturist Biologist Botanist/Ecologist Habitat Grou~s Ducks Unlimited Pheasants Forever Beekeepers Association North Am. Wildlife Fed. Garden Club Native Plant Society The Nature Conservancy University Staff/ Educators Te,acher Researcher Extension Agent Agriculture Agronomist Farm Bureau Member Farmer Rancher Agronomy Society Society For Range Management Forage and Grassland Council Joint Right-of -Wa~ Occu~ants Electrical Power Gas Phone Cable Drainage Districts Miscellaneous Regulatory Agency - Agriculture Inspector Soil and Water Conservation District Weed Commissioner Concerned Citizens The committee should be large enough to include several of the above areas but small enough so it can function without becoming unwieldy. ~ to twelve members is sufficient. Meetings should be held at least monthly until the program is in place and functioning. 10

17 Sl~qUI~UI II ' XIpugddy ui "s8upljljw 8u!UUVld ljl'lp.:jljffh 01 SAlJ)]" ggs UOI1dIl:)Sgp pgii131gp glow 13 lod ~lnp~;)old Am1U~~IIlUd lo snsu~suo;) Aq ~msoi;) m sw~11 ~Ullg 0 uoi~edi::>i~dp~ segpi loj ~UgWg~elno::>Ug P~ :)loddns '~IPgl::> gaid {:I ~U!~~~W ~q:a JO UO!~~lnp ~:)unouu~ pub p~l~ao:) ~q O~ SW~~! ~Z!~!l!ld 0 ~U1~~~W ~Jp, noa AqM 10 ~A1~~~rqo ~~U~~U~S-~UO e epu~~e ~q:a u1 ~pnl~uj 0 ~~:):)!UIUl :J pue lo:)e:)1i1:jej 'l~pe~i Jo s~iol ~q:) qs1iqe:)s3 LI lo}~}!i!:)~l I~UO!S -S~10ld ~ U! ~upq 'Amss~:)~u 1! p~ 'l~plo:)~l 'l~p~~i ~ ~sooqj-sl~:)yjo ~~}}!W1UO:) }:)~I~S D : ~U!1\\.OIIO.J ~q1 ~pnl:ju! S~U!1~~W ~A!1:J~.J.J~ 01 SA~~ ~wos.dnol~ ~lo1\\. ~q1.j A1!A!1:JnpOld pur ~IRlOW ~q1 ~AOldW! S~U!1~~W 'Ap~dold p~1:jnpuo:j.ji.amss~:j~u ~q II!1\\. S~U!1~~W ~U!UURld lrl~a~s 'WRl~Old WA~I ~A!1:J~.J.J~ UR dn 1~S 01l~plO UI s8u!ltjtjji1! 8u!uuvIJ tjt1!i.jtjff;[l 01 s{tj)j '~A1~:)~JJ~ -~SO:) S1 pue s~p1speol p~aoldw1 u1 s~ins~l wel~old ~q~ J1 ~U1Wl~~~p o~ ~lod~l s~u';}wqs1idwo:):)e Ienuue ue ~U1~llM pue (ueid ~~uel-~uoi Jo u01~e~u~w~idw1) ueid ~lom Ienuue ~q~ ~U1M~1A~l pue ueid ~~uel-~uoi ~q~ ~U1~1lM :~pni:)u1 s~1~1i1q1suods~l f..~)l.uru s1 wel~old ~q~ MOq UO ~:)ue -P1n~ pue U01~:)~l1P S~P1AOld pue ueid pue wel~old WA"MI ~q~ sdoi~a~p ~~~~1wwo:) ~U1l~~~S ~q.l sa!1!l!q!suodsan aal1!ww :J 3u!.laaIS ".s~~!}~eld }S~q",Sl~q}O 8u!}e8!}S~AU! 10 S8u!}~~m 8u!UUeld U! Aep){lOM l!~q} JO }IP.d l~}}~q ~q} pu~ds }Snm sl~qm~m ~~}}!mmo~ J! Sl~q}O O} S){Se} AI!ep U!e}l~~ JO }U~m -U8!SSe~1 ~l!llb~l Aem }nq ~m!}l~ao 8u!l.Jn~u! 10 JJe}S 8u!ppe }noq}!m ~UOp ~q AllenSn ue~ S!qJ..S~A!}~~rqo qs!idmo~~e O} ~m!} q8nou~ sl~qm~m ~~}}!mmo~ 8U!1~~}S Molle pue }~~rold A}!lO!ld e se }l JJ~ S!q} AJ!}U~P! O} 8u!Il!M ~q osie }snm A~qJ..suo!}e}~~dx~ ~s~q} AJ!IP.I~ O} ~m!} UMO l!~q} }!mmo~ O} 8u!Il!M ~q }snm pue }l JJ~ 8u!UUeld ~q} mall suo!}e}~~dx~ le~i~ }~S }snm sl~8euew l.loddns puv IUlJW.llJMOdwH ljljl1!ww :J.8U!.llJlJIS

18 Bringing In developing, adopting, and implementing an IRVM Program, one important step is the formulation of a long-range plan that outlines the direction the program will go. It answers the question, "Where do we want to be?" somewhere down the road with our program. Longrange plans typically cover five or more years into the future, and may be general or quite specific in nature. They also bec~e a valuable yardstick to measure program success at a later date. A generally accepted course to follow in developing a long-range plan would involve the fol-lowing: Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q the steering committee together for brainstorming/identifying plan elementswriting vision and mission statements Collecting pertinent data (records, inventories, mapping, etc.) Establishing goals and objectives for the program Analyzing and prioritizing goals and objectives Assigning duties and responsibilities for program participants Discussing and planning for budget considerations Providing opportunity for research and innovation Determining methods for evaluating program successes or shortcomings Bringing The Steering Committee Together An Integrated Roadside Vegetation Management Plan is only going to be as good as the people who develop and administer it. Setting up a steering committee and having effective meetings is discussed in another section of this document. However, it is important to remember to involve a broad cross section of people from administrators to the maintenance workers actually doing the hands-on implementation of the plan. It should be done in an atmosphere where employees are free to state their thoughts without fear of repercussions from their superiors. It will probably take several meetings over a period of time to put a comprehensive plan together and assign responsibilities for its implementation. Writing Vision and Mission Statements Early on in the process take the time to formulate vision and mission statements. Assign two or three people to formulate statements for review, correction and adoption by the the steering committee. 12

19 ~\/~ 1.gW!:J U! :Ju!od :J!J!:Jgds e Aq pgag!q:je gq O:J :JInSg1 giqe1nsegw e S! ~AI.L3~rHO uy.slg){ew UO!S!:Jgp 10J gp!n~ e gp!a01d rue '~U!:JseI 19~UOI AIfB1gUg~ gj'p, Agq.L.:JUgwqS!Idwo:J:Je 10J s:jg~j'p,:j se Wgq:J Jo ){U!q.L.:J:Je O:J UO!:JUg:JU! ~upnpug ue se pgqp:jsgp gq :JSgq ue:j 'IVOD Y.MolloJ II!M we1~01d gq:j UO!:J:Jg1!P gq:j gu!pno PInoM :Jeq:J SgA!:J:Jgrqo rue sieo~ :JS!I rue AJ!:JUgp! :J gq PInoM ueid WA"MI ue ~U!:JeInWJoJ U! dg:js Ie:J!~OI :JygU gq.l stjl1,l1.1tjfqo puo slood :JU!lfsnqolsH.SJP,gf. gq11gao Sg:)lnOSg1 giq~i~a~ p~ g:)ugpgdxg q~1m U01~~:)1Idd~ gq1 p~dxg p~ S~gJP, ga1~1sugs 10 I~:)1~P:) q11m U1'Egq O~ S1 f.'eg~~ijs fjo~ugau1 poo'e Y 'S~gJP, ga1~1sugs 10 I~:)11P:) f.j1~ugp1 O~ f.:)~algsuoj gln~~n gq.l S~ q:)ns SU01~~Z1U~'E10 p~ UlB1'E01d g'e~~pgq ~lm~u S,g~mS 1nof. q~1m ~:)gqj 'fjo~ugau11gq~ou~ 'EU10P glojgq U01~~W10JU1 ~U~Id JO SgS~q ~~~p 'EU1~S1Xg 10J ~001 '~:)1~P:) S1 S~S1Xg ~1 glgqm p~ S~S1Xg ~~q1 U01~~~g'EgA JO fjo~ugau1 uy oj e,,1~~qm ~~ ~U!1U~AU!~1" 1U~A~ld ARw pub 1u~wdol~A~P UBld l~dold U! dl~q l1!m S~!l 1U~AU! ~P!SPROl ~U!pnl:JU! UO!1RWlOJ -U! 1U~U!:jl~d 1~q10 pur 'S~!1!I!q!SUOdS~1 pur SpO~~W 'SUO!1Rl~dO ~:JURU~1U!'BW SnO!A~ld JO SplO:J~l ~U!M~!A~"M 1SRd ~q1 U! ~UOp u~~q SRq 1RqM MOq 1S1!J 01 1UR:jlodw! S! 1! 'urld WA"MI UB U! ~){B1 01 UO!1:J~1!P q:j!qm MOq 01 l~plo ui VIVa JUlJu!1.1lJJ 8ul1:JlJno;) aii!aas "M 'UO!S!A!G Ol~aw 'uo!~~pod -SU~l.L Jo ~uaw1jbdag ~~osauu!w -'SPOlfltJUl lutjultjevuvul uopvltjetjtl tj1v!.ldo.lddv tcllvlutjul -UO.l!tlutJ puv tjtlp.jtjfjtj-1s0.j Eu!sn tj]!lfm S.loqlfE!tJu lutj.jv!pv puv S.ltJ]tJtlV.ll fo lutjultco!utj puv Eu!tJq-lltJM 'NtJfvs tjlfl tj.lnsutj 01 stjp!spvo.l UO!S!tl!a O.lltJJ1{ EU!EVUVUl 01 ptj11!ululo.j tj.lv tjm :wgwg~u~s UO!SS!W ~U! -){lom. U S! ~U!M.OIIOj gu.wgq:j gsn oqm. SlgWO~Sn~ gq:j pub 'Sg~!AJgS's~~npold rooa Sgq!l~Sgp AIIunsn ~I.g~Ug~S!Xg loj UOSUgl g~uw!~in S,WUl~Old gq:j S! ~I.uO!~UZ!UU~lO lo WUl~Old lnoa Aq pgag!q~u gq O~ "SPUg" lo gsownd jo ~UgWg~U~S puolq U S! ~UgWg~U~S UO!ss!lli Y-UO!S'S'!w pnoij ls 'H e~jv ~~UeU~1U!ew UO!1e:jlodsUBl.L 10 1U~UI:jled~a e10s~uu!w - ampz!m pup azdoad.lof JuaUlUO.l!I1.Ua.la!l{Jzval{ pup.lafvs v ap!l1.o.ld pup 'U!VJU!VUl OJ.la!Sva pup ZnJ!J -nvaq a.loul sap!spvo.l al{j ajfvul 'spaam sno!xou a.jnpa.l,{11v.lnjvu 11!M Jvl{J sa!j!unululo.j JuvZd al1.!jvu pal{snqvjsa fo a8vjua.j.lad l{8!l{ v fo Jyauaq al{j al1.vl{ 11!M a.lnjnj al{j fo sap!spvo.l al{.l :}u~w~}e}s uo1s1a ~U1){10M.e SI ~U1MOnO] ~q.l.s~pispe011noa]0 }U~W~~euew~q} ul P~}S~l~}UI 10 q}im p~}el:josse ~UOA1~A~ 10] UOI}eAI}OW ]0 ~:J1nOS e se S~A1~~ }U~W~}e}S UO1S1A ~q.l.~wo:j~q ue:j s~pispe01 ~q} }eqm 10] SUO1}el1dse }S~q~N rooa s~pnl:jul pue :J1}Slre~PISI}1.~lmn] ~q} UI S11?,~A Ol O} 01 s~plspe01 1noA ]0 ~lm:jld e sl }u~w~}e}s uo1s1a Y--UO!S'!A

20 Several objectives may be necessary to achieve a goal. For example the goal may be "Toreduce noxious weed cover on roadsides." Objectives to achieve that goal may be: 1. Convert 100 acres of badly infested turf on Interstate 94, between mileposts , to native grasses in '2. Spray out all visible noxious weed infestations on all roadsides by upgrading the equipment fleet and designating licensed applicators for herbicide application duty during the proper times of the 1997 growing season. The "Roadside Vegetation Management Zone Concept," shown in Appendix 4, provides a visual reference point for developing goals and objectives. Several basic principles need to be considered when establishing goals and objectives for theplan. a a a a a Safety for the traveling public and the employee Maintenance of the infrastructure and highway integrity Cost-effective use of public resources in both the long and short term Environmentally sound decision making Being a good neighbor to adjacent landowners and the travelling public Analyzing and Prioritizing Goals and Objectives After goals and objectives have been adopted for an IRVM program, a priority ranking shouldbe given to each one. Identifying which elements are most important allows problem areas and situations to be dealt with first, many times making the program more of a success and making other goals and objectives easier to reach. A simple ranking system with numerical values for lowest to highest priorities works well or refer to the matrix in the following table developed by the Washington Department of Transportation. For a more detailed explanation of this matrix prioritization system see Appendix 5. 14

21 16 "Putting the Plan on Paper" Now the actual plan may be written to address your goals and objectives in order of priority. Individual elements to accomplish each necessary action can be spelled out. The plan should be written by someone with planning experience-usually just one individual or a small committee with individual assignments. Then it may be reviewed by the whole committee and changed, if necessary, to meet your needs. Assigning Duties and Responsibilities At some point in time, either as part of the plan or as a separate exercise, the people who will implement the plan should be assigned duties and responsibilities. This may involve all or part of the current work force, or additional or contracted services. Since these people should already be a part of this planning process, they may have suggestions for what works best, or wish to take on different responsibilities than they previously were assigned. Discussing and Planning for Budget Considerations An IRVM plan may involve merely reallocating existing financial resources, be a response to additional funding possibilities or a need to more efficiently cope with dwindling financial resources. Realize that each program element has a cost connected with implementing it and determine if that cost is feasible under current or proposed budgets. Adding additional equipment may also add to problems in adopting the fully integrated approach to roadside vegetation management problems. Many times these problems can be handled by phasing in the program gradually, and starting with the elements easiest to do within existing time and equipment. It is not always necessary to totally change a program, but rather do things in a more efficient manner, using the same tools we already possess. If pessimism prevails start off with an implementation project. Providing for Research and Innovation Constantly keep an eye out for research opportunities that may result in innovations for improving quality, reducing costs, and improving working conditions for roadside workers. Evaluating Program Success This may be the hardest, but certainly the most important part of writing and implementing an IRVM Plan. It is imperative to have some benchmark, some comparison, some yardstick to measure program success. As much as we need to know where we have been and where we are going, we need to know if we are successful in our endeavors. Short-term goals and objectives need to be reached and documented. Records of implementation activities need to be maintained over time to evaluate oyerall direction and accomplishments. Periodic evaluations by program principals need to be reviewed to see if the program is moving forward and if the IRVM Plan has reasonable and attainable goals and objectives. Changes can then be made to allow us to reach the level of accomplishment that is expected. The entire plan should be reviewed during and at the end of its term. Goals and objectives can be reviewed and re-ranked to see if they are still viable over time. Performance of the plan should be reviewed separately from employee performance. Once the IRVM Plan has been written and adopted, it is time to move forward into the implementation phase.

22 LI.spoq1~m WA"MI Jo UO!t -e::>!idde ~no!::>!pnr 8upnsse pile S~::>ileq1mS!p 8U!p!OAe q8nojqt S~n!unmmo::> tileid pile StueId p~1~8 -ilepu~ pile '~lt?,1'p~u~te~jqt Jo SUO!teIndod 8u!tS!x~ 10J 8u!JB::> -UOpBA.l3SUO;) pub UOpBA.l3S3.1d 0.UO!~UgAlg~U! ou lo Iew!u!Ul q}!m g::>eid g){u~ o~ UO!ssg::>::>ns ~ueid Ieln~eu MoIJe pue ~::>e o~ ~ou UO!S!::>gp sno!::>suo::> e -q:>uo.lddv,.do spuuh" {:I s~s~d w~iqold I l:)uo~ o~ 'S~P!~!ql~q AI!Jewpd 'S~P!~!~s~d ~u!sn -IB;)!waq,:J a ~- -~,.uone1~~~a JUlmeU ~l01s~l vue '1.11sl~A1P vue 1e11qeq ~AOldW1 'S~11~q1s~e ~~uequ~ '10IJuO~ U01S0l~ u1 P1U 1eq1 S~1~~ds Jo 1u~wqs11qe1s~ IDJss~~~ns ~q11e P~w1U ~u1wnqp~lloijuo~ vue ~u1q~lnw '~u11ueld 'u011~~i~s P~~s se q~ns sp q1~w ~U1S 11 -IB.lDJID3 0 \.W~lq01d 10 ~s~d e 1 l}uo~ O~ SWS!ue~lO ~U!A!110 S~ss~~old le1n~eu ~U!Sn -IB;)!~OI0!g 0 "){Se1 ~q1 op 011U~wd!nb~ ~u!sn 'fbl~u~~ U! '~U!pelq '~U!qsruq '~U!MOW -IB;}!UBq;};}W (:I :s~u!p~gq ~U!1\\.OIIOl gq:t 19pUn pgz!lo~g:t~:) gq u~:) pgsn spoq:tgw gqj..pg:tdop~ gq :t ga~q A~W '~U!){U!q:tU! g~u~q:) ~U!PUOdSgllO:) ~ q:t!1\\. ~UOI~ 'spoq:tgw 1\\.gU SgW!:tgWOs.~u!:t:tn:) qsruq Jo A:)ugnbglJ gi:)a:)-gj!i gq:t gp!:)gp II!1\\. si~:)!wgq:) Jo gsn-uou lo gsn gqj..~u!1\\.ow Jo :tug:txg gq:t gu!wlg:tgpii!1\\. Sglm~gJ U!~llg:t 'gidw~xg lad.pg~u~q:) gq A~W Uo!:t~lgdo gq:t Jo gdo:)s lo ~U!W!:t gq:t q~noq:t -I~ ':ts~d gq:t U! pgsn ga~q g1\\. :t~q:t spoq:tgw l~i!w!s lo gw~s gq:t gsn g1\\. SgW!:t AU~W.U~Id :tugw -g~~u~w UO!:t~:tg~gA gp!sp~ "M pg:t~l~g:tui AII~:tO:t ~ :tugwgidw! :t p~sn gip. spoq:tgw Jo A:tg!l~A V UO11V.1nddypuv UO11V.1Yl1uapI pol/law 'UUId ~lom. Iunuuu uu Jo ~Idwux~ uu loj 9 x!pu~ddy ~~S 'P~PlO;)~l ~q PInoqs :a! 'P~qS!Idwo;);)u S! UO!:a;)U Iunp!A!pu! q;)u~ sy 'UUId WA"MI UUl~AO ~q:a Jo :au~w~i~ q;)u~ SS~lppU PInoqs UUId ~lom. Iunuuu uy 'UUId ~~uul-~uoi ~q:a Jo S~A!:a -;)~rqo puu SIUO~ UUl~AO ~q:a qs!idwo;);)u o:a lu~i\ S!q:a op o:a ~U!O~ ~lu ~M. :auqm. S~!J!:au~P!:a1 ':ains~l pu~ ~q:a ~U!A~!q;)U loj ~Inp~q;)s u puu '~su:a ~q:a ~U!qS!Idwo;);)u loj ~Iq!suods~l ~q U!M. oqm. '~uop ~q U!M. :auqm. :ana su~ds:a1 'UUId WA"MI uu ~U!:aU~W~Idw! U! ~~u:as :asl!j ~q:a S! UUId ~lom. Iunuuu uy uold 'Jf.l M lonuuy UO!:j.enleA3 wel~old 0 ~U!dgg){PlO:)glI 0 ~U!U!el.L 0 uo!:j.e:)!iddy pue uo!:j.e:)!j!wgpi poq:j.gw 0 ueld ){lom Ienuuy 0 :SMOnO] S~ dn p~wwns ~q U~:J l.~q.lu~ld WA~I ~8U~1-8uOl ~ 8UI:)U~W~ldwl U~qM MOnO] 0:) S~lnp~:JOld :)u~:)lodwi ~AI] ~l~ ~l~q.l ",!.lom OJ uvzd IJl{J 8u!JlnJ"

23 Training Training of staff cannot be overstressed. No matter how good the work plan, untrained workers will cost time and money and may lead to other problems. Set up a training program that meets the needs of your operation. Training topics taught by qualified instructors should include: Q Q Q Q Q Q Plant identification and planting techniques Chemical, cultural, biological and mechanical methods of pest control Safe and accurate equipment use Employee safety, e.g., clothing, emergency procedures, etc. Recordkeeping Public relations Recordkeeping As important as it is to use reliable methods in implementing a roadside program, it is equally important to maintain timely records of those operations as they are completed. Recordkeeping is essential for future planning and for evaluation of effectiveness. Take advantage of computer databases, geographic information systems (GIS) and global positioning systems (GPS), technology to make recordkeeping more effective and retrievable. Record and file the following information for each project effort: 0 Project Location 0 Project Description 0 Weather Conditions (Especially with herbicides) 0 Acres or Miles Completed 0 Amount of Materials Used U Worker and Equipment Hours Devoted to Project 0 Person Responsible for Activity 0 Follow-up Observations 18

24 61 js:aj IJ~ roof. u! ){:)ni pood j1! op 1snf.~W!1 u 1U d~1s ~uo ~){B1 pub P~:aJU1S 1~~ 011UB:aJodW! S! 1! l~qw~w~"m.wul~old 1u~w~~uuuW UO!1U1~~~A ~P!Spu "M P~1Ul~~1uI UMO lnof. ~u!doi~a~pu! UO!1Ul~do roof. loj 1s~q S! 1UqM ~sooq:) puu ){:)!d 01 nof. s~~ln ~:)loj ){SU1 ~q~ 'sp~~u lnof. 1Y 01 WUl~Old ~P!SPUOl U ~U!U~!S~P U! s1q~noq1 lnof. ~1uInw!1S U!M 1! ~doq ~A\ 'S~!1!I!q!ssod 1u~w~~uuuw ~P!SPUOl Jo M~!Al~AO :)!suq U ~q 01 P~U~!S~P S! puu S~1U1S 01 wall ~Ido~d ~1 f.q UO!1UI!dwo:) U 1U~S~ld~l 1~PIooq S!q1 U! P~1U~S~ld SU~P! pub s1q~noq:a ~q.l.mgl~old lnof. U! "s~:)!1:)uld 1s~q" ~q1 ~q 10U f.uw wuteold f.1uno:) lo ~1U1S ~uo Jo "s~:)!1:)uld 1s~q" ~q.l.uo!1um!s ~np!a!pu! q:)u~ 1!J 01 P~U~!S~P ~q 1snw puu UB:) f.~q1 1Uq:a S! SWUl~Old WA"MI Jo f.1nu~q ~q~ uo!sni~uo3 i.l~les s~p!speol ~q1 ~l~a\ D l~iqt!u!t!:j:jt!un sjt!o~ lno ~l~a\ D i, UOI1~Idwo~ ~~u~ntjui s~~ueq~ Jeuose~s 10 1~q1e~M PIG 0 i,~iq~i~a~ S~~lnOS~l p~ JJ~:Js ~:J~nb~p ~l~a\ 0 D:Jafold aq1 01 pa1e:j IfB aw!1 a1enbape sea\ 0 :SUO!1S~nb ~U!MOIIOJ ~q1 ){se 'p~al~sqo ~lr?, S~u!lliO~1Joqs JI lu~w~l~ Ulr?,l~Old q~e~ U! P~qS!ldwo~~e SeM 1eqM AJnuenO 'S~A!1~~rqO vue syeo~ lnoa ~U!A~~~e U! ~pew SeM SS~iBOld J! 1no PU!d 'ss~~old UO!1enleA~ ~q1 U! w~q1 ~AI0AU! 01 1ueM Aew noa '1U~wdol~A~P Ueld q1!m dl~q 01 ~~11!WWO~ ~U!l~~1S e p~sn noa JI 10U P!P 1eqM vue P~){lOM 1eqM ~1enleA~ ApS~UOq 01 ~W!1 ~){e1lr?,~a q~e3 UOllvnlvtt~ luv.l8o.lj

25 THIS PAGE INTENTIONALL Y LEFT BLANK 20

26 lz 's~:)!1:)eld ~P!SpeOl 1U~!:)!JJ~ loj 1u~md!nb~ ~Iq!ssod 1s~q ~q1 (1!JOl1~llO) ~:)npold 01l~plO U! Sl~"){lO/'t\. ~P!SpeOl moll "){:)eqp~~j 1s~uoq uo AI~l A~q.L '1u~md!nb~ uo!1e:)!idde ~P!:)!ql~q pue ~U!11n:) '~U!P~~S JO S~A!1 -e1u~s~ld~l pue Sl~lm:)eJnuem q1!/'t\. suo!1ei~l poo~ qs!iqe1sg :S.l3.1n'J;JUjnuuw 'Ju3wd!nb3 'S1:)npOld 1U~l~.JJ1P OOO'O~ l~ao 01U1 p~1elodjo:)u1 S1U~1P~l~U1 ~A11:)e ~P1:)11S~d 000'9 ueq1 ~low ~q11noqe u011ewj01u1 Ie1u~wuol1Au~ pue 'q1ie~q 'Ie:)1w~q:) Iem:)e1 10 ~:)lnos e S1 N.LdN 'S1:)~rqns p~1ei~l ~P1:)11S~d 10 A1~1leA ~P1M. e 1noqe u011ewl01u1 p~seq-~:)u~1:)s '~A11:)~rqo S~P1AOld 1eq1 ~:)1Al~S e ss~:):)e noa 8L L -8~ ~u1iie:) Ag :(N.LdN) :)f.lom}an SUopu~!unUlUlo~ala.L ap!~psad luuopun.sw~lgold 1u~w~g~u~w UO!1~1~g~A ~P!SP~Ol q1!m. l~!i!w~j 1:)~1UO:) 1~:) 1 ~ loj :>ysy.sl~lm -:)~Jnu~w lor~w ~q1 Jo AU~W loj l~qwnu ~~lj-u01 ~ 1~g U~:) nqa (ZIZI-~~~-OO8-1) NOI.LVW -HO.!INI 008 gu!u~:) AS.~P!:)!ql~q ~q1 S~lm:)nJnu~w 1~q1 Au~dwo:) ~q1 S! S~P!:)!ql~q 1noq~UO!1~WlOJU! P~!ldd~ pu~ 1~:)!uq:)~1 loj S~:)lnos 1s~q ~q1 Jo ~uo :S.l3.1D:);}BjDUBW 3P!;}!q.l3H "(O~t6-LL~-tl ) 991 9!lnOSS!W 's!no'"] "~S '66'(; xog "O"d 'suapleo Ie~!ue~og!lnoss!w aq~ mol} aiqei!eae S! q~!qm. AlO~~al!a UO!~eAlasuo:) ~ueid 9661 aq~ U! puna} aq Aem sdnol~ UO!~eAlaSuo~ pur sa!~ua~e ~!Iqnd asaq~ }O ~som lo} slaqmnu auoqd pur sassalppe 'samen "Sd!qslaU:)JBd pur UO!~eWlO}~!}O sa~lnos aiq!ssod laq~o ale A~ueAlasuo:) aln~en aq.l se q~ns sdnol~ UO!~eAlaSuo~ pur '(a~!alas a}!ipi!a\ pur qs!d "S"n pur 'a~!alas ){led Ieuo!~eN 'slaau!~u3}0 sdjo:) AWlY "S"n 'a~!alas ~salod "S"n '~uama~euew pue'"]}o nealng 'a~!alas UO!~eAlasuo:) sa~lnosa"m Ieln~eN "~"a) sa!~ua~e ~uam -a~euem purl Ielapa} 's~ua~e uo!sua~xa a~e~s 'Sa!~!SlaA!Un 'smel~old sealy Ieln~eN lo a~e~ -!lah Ieln~eN pur aln~in~!l~ypue sa~lnosa"m Ieln~eN}o s~uam:)jbdaa s,a~e~s lnoa apni~u! s~~e~ -uo~ pa~sa~~ns "noa q~!m. sa~ua!ladxa pur seap! l!aq~ amqs o~ ~U!II!M. aidoad q~!m. a~e~s lnoa U! ApealIe smel~old WA"MI laq~o aq Aem alaq.l :sdno.l~ UOnBA.l3SUO3 pub S3!;)U3SY;)!Iqnd.q~le~s~l vue S~~u~!l~dx~ ~P!Spe01 Ie~oI vue ~:Je:Js 8u!8ueq~x~ 1O} mulo} e S~P!A01d "s~p!spe "M l~u~~ld" l~:j:j,~ism~u YA\Hd ~q.l 1S!I uo!:jnq!l:js!p l~:j:j~ism~u s,~:je:js l~q:joue uo p~~eid ~q :J :){sy.sex~.l vue '!lnoss!w 'e:jos~uu!w 'ue8!q~!w 'emoi 'eppoid 'eurnqeiy 8u!pnI~ -U! l~:j:j~ism~u ~P!Spe01 e qs!iqnd ~mos.uo!:je1:js!u!mpy AeMq8!H Ie1~p~d ~q:j 1O} vue s~:je:js O~ lie 1O} s:j~e:juo~ me1801d ~P!spe "M s:js!i L x!pu~ddy :sa:jb:js.jaq:jo ui smb.jso.jd ap!spboh :~U!h\OIIO} ~q~ ~U!pnl:JU! ~s!:}l~dx~ pu~ S~:JlnOS~l I~UO!~!PP~ ~wos O~U! d~.l i ~l~q~ do~s ~OU op ~nh.~loqh\ ~q~ u~q~ l~~~~l~ ~q o~ s:}l~d ~q:j}0 wns ~q~ s~sn~:j A~l~UAS.dnol~ ~q~ U!q~!h\ puna} S~:JlnOS~l pu~ ~s!~l~dx~ ~q~ Aq p~ss~ldw! ~q II!h\ noa 'W~l~Old WA"MI u~ ~u!dol~a~p}o ss~:jold ~q~ q~nolq! ~loh\ pu~ l~q~~~o~ ~~~~!wwo:j ~U!l~~~S ~ ~~~ noa ~W!~ ~q~ AH 3SILH3dX3/S33HilOS3H ~V.NOILI(l(lV fr.l{}jdvlf:j

27 Public Relations: A good public relations plan can contribute to the success of your IRVM program. Inform the public and others in your agency through newsletter articles. Consider establishing a working relationship with environmental reporters from local newspapers or television stations. Periodically keep agency public affairs personnel aware of photo and press release opportunities regarding roadside management. Collaborate with your agency's Office of Communications to assist in preparation of informative videos on IRVM. Plant Material Sources: Seed and plant stock appropriate for your locale may be commercially available. Contact your local Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) or one of the nine USDA Plant Materials Centers. Seed and plant stock source directories for most portions of the United States are as follows: National - Sources of Native Seeds and Plants Soil and Water Conservation Society, Ankeny, Iowa Northwest Region - Hortus Northwest, $9.00/2 issues Market Street NE, Ste. 521, Salem, OR Hawaii - Directory of Sources for Native Hawaiian Plants, $4.00 to Hawaiian Plant Conservation Center, NTBG, P.O. Box 340, Lawai, Kaua'i, Hawaii Alaska - Directory of Alaska Native Plant Sources, Alaska Department of Natural Resources, Call Western Region - Source List of Native Plants for the West, Native Plant Society of New Mexico, P.O. Box 5917, Santa Fe, NM Nursery Sources for California Native Plants $10.00 to Division of Mines and Geology, P.O. Box 2980 Sacremento, CA Midwest Region - Midwest Native Plant Seed Sources, $5.00 to the National Wildflower Research Center, 4801 La Crosse, Austin, TX Midatlantic Region - Contact the Brandywine Conservancy, Northeast Region - Sources of Propagated Native Plants and Wildflowers, $3.00 to the New England Wildflower Society, Garden in the Woods, Hemenway Road, Framingham, MA Southeast Region - Nursery Sources of Native Plants of the Southeastern United States, $9.00 to Wildflower, 234 Oak Tree Trail, Wilsonville, AL Contact your state Native Plant Society and Nursery and Landscape Association for statespecific information and dealers. Contact the American Seed Trade Association ( ) for other seed growers in your state. 22

28 **Note: This Page has been updated as of 12/21/2004 World Wide Web: Use of the Internet system is rapidly becoming commonplace. Check home pages from herbicide and equipment manufacturers also. Some addresses which may help include: State DOT Sites United States DOT Federal Highway Administration Federal Interagency Committee for the Management of Noxious and Exotic Weeds (FICMNEW) Transportation Research Board (TRB) Washington State Roadside Maintenance General Services Administration Federal Supply Services Department of Interior Library of Congress Information Systems for Agriculture Flora of North America Natural Resource Conservation Service The Nature Conservancy Urban Forestry Council (State example) International Society of Arboriculture Integrated Pest Management Practioners Association National Pesticide Information Center Pesticide Education Resources National Roadside Vegetation Management Association **Note: This Page has been updated as of 12/21/

29 Computer Based Information Systems: Watch for development of "Expert Systems" that utilize high speed computer and compact disk(cd-rom) technology. Examples include: The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers' Noxious and Nuisance Plant Management Information System which allows rapid access to a variety of information on 34 noxious and nuisance plant species including management options (call for information). The Minnesota Department of Transportation's Trees and Shrubs For Minnesota Landscapes and Roadsides which provides data and images for over 320 trees and shrubs applicable to roadside and landscape planting in Minnesota (call Shawn or Rose for information). Research: NRVMA maintains a Research and Development Subcommittee which serves as a source of roadside vegetation management research and information. If you are looking for any available research on a particular subject or if you have any research that you want to share with counterparts in other states, contact Paul Northcutt, Texas DOT at (512) The Tr~nsportation Research Board (TRB) promotes innovation and progress in transportation by stimulating and conducting research and encouraging the implemention of research results. Committees active in research applicable to roadside management include: A3C07-Committee on Roadside Maintenance, A3C53- Task Force on Environmental Maintenance, A3C53(1) Subcommittee on Environmental Maintenance on Travel Way Elements and A3C53(2) Subcommittee on Environmental Maintenance on Roadside and Winter Services. For further information or to obtain a catalog of TRB publications in print write to Transportation Research Board Business Office, National Research Council, 2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W., Washington, D.C (telephone ). NRVMA Proceedings: The National Roadside Vegetation Management Associ.ation publishesproceedings of its annual conferences including papers from each presentor. Copies of the annual proceedings are available from 1985 to the present. 24

30 Sl~~UI {BOD ~u~wj~modw3 UO!1~lO1S~"N mg1saso:j3 A1p8~1UJ A~!Sl~A!a ~Z S:J~Id 10 ~M01~ 10 :Ju~wdOI~A~P ~~ ~UI:JlqlquI10 ~UIII1){ 101 p~sn ~:J1W~q:J V ~P!:)!ql~H UO!S!;)~P 10J ~P!n~ e ~P!A01d pub ~U!1SeI ~UOI AI{t11~U~~ ~jp, A~~1U~wqS!IdUIo;);)e 10J S1~~jp,1 ~jp, s{t1 D l;)e 01 UO!1U~1U! ~UpnpU~ UV U~Id ~~.Jo}u~wdOI~A~P ~~ 8u!lnp sn:).j pub A}1nU1}UO:) SU1~} -U11:1W pub su01ssn:)s1p SI~uUBq:) OqM ~UO 'U01}~:)1unwwo:) P~}~I~l pububld ~ 8U1}U~W~Idw1 pub 8u1doI~A~P u1 S}S1SS~ OqM ~UO 'l~p~~i ss~:)old V lo~~~1i1:)~ti S~U11 -~P1n8 u1"b:ll~:) U1q:J1M S1U~m~pnr 1u~pu~d~pU1 ~~m 01 f.1potpn~ ~P1AOld oj. (17661'UO!~ -elo~s~"m IU:>!~010~ lad f..~~!:>os) sw~~sf..so:>~ snou~~!pu! JO s:>!weuf..p pub f..~!sl~a!p ~q1 o~ SUBwnq f..q p~sne:> ~~ewep ~UP!"Bd~l JO ss~:>old ~q.l {B:)!goI :)3 s~oddns ~I s~i1iu -nunuo:) ~q:j puu puui ~q:j)0 q:jjti~q ~q~ 10) ){10h\ O~ 1~q:J~~0~Ido~d s~upq puu 's~d ~q:j ~snr ~Ou 'W~~SAS ~Ioqh\ ~q~ Sl~PISUO:) ~eq:j q:)e01dde uy ~U~lli~~eUBW p~seg lli~~saso:)3 ~!un ~ s~ P~l~P!S -uo:) '~U~WUOl!AU~ fb:)!saqd S~! q~!m. l~q1~~o~ A~!UnWWO:) fb:)!~oio:)~ uy p~w~:)uo:)~80~ JO 180m Aq 1U p~a!jlu 1u~m~pnr ~~ ~p10:)uo:) 10 1u~m~~1~U fb1~u~d snsu~suoj ~sad ~~q1 Jo IJt110 :JJBd AU~ lip! li!/'t\. s~sad 1aq10 10 UOn -~~a~aa ~a~jp,~ O~ Apad01d pa!idd~ uaq/'t\. 'q:)!q/'t\. punodwo:) :)!~aq1uas V ~~!W~qJ sa!~ads ua!jt! lo a{qnl!sapun Jo uo!}~npoj1u! aq:j f.q pa~nnodun 'najb aq~ o~ aa!~nu ajb q~!qa\ sa!~ads asoq:j f.{uo su!t1~uo~ najb un q~!qa\ U! ~u!aq JO a~n~s V (~~m U~A!~ ~ 10) }~~Id ~q1 UO (S{t:1W!UB 'S}~Id) SWS!UB~lO ~U!A!I JO A}!I!q~!l"BA p~ A}~!l"BA ~q} O} Sl~J~"M p:1:ji8oioih P:!:)!~OIO!H AHVSSO~~

31 Landscape Local Native Integrated Roadside A decision-making and quality management process for maintaining Vegetation Management roadside vegetation that integrates the following: -the needs of local communities and highway users -the knowledge of plant ecology and natural processes -design, construction, anq maintenance considerations -monitoring and evaluation procedures -government statutes and regulations -technology with cultural, biological, mech~al, and chemical pest control methods to economically manage roadsides for safety plus environmental and visual quality Allor any portion of the surface features of the earth, including natural and built elements Character That visual quality or combination of qualities that distinguishes one landscape from another Genotype Mission Statement Plant The genetic constitution shared by all individuals of a species in a particular locale Answers the question "why do we exist?" from a customer's perspective. It usually describes products, services, and the customers who use them. (Also referred to as a "purpose statement") A plant (species) which occurs naturally in a particular area without human cause or influence. Known to exist in an area prior to European settlement Native Plant Community A diverse group of native plants which grow together in the same general place and have mutual interactions Objective Pesticide Policy A specific, measurable result to be achieved by a specific point in time. Objectives are often established annually and stem directly from goals Any substance or mixture of substances intended for controlling insects, rodents, fungi, weeds, and other fomls of plant or animal life that are considered to be pests A guideline for action that is intended to coordinate decision-making and action-taking across an organization 26

32 LZ 'Sl~U~A~IJ Aq ~UI -i\\~ia lo} ~Iq~IreA~Sl~i\\oTJPIIi\\}O UOI!~Indod P~!OOId lo ~A1!~U!OO:JY1U~IS ~uia~q s~ P~YI!U~PI u~~q s~q q:j~i\\ SA~i\\q~lq }O W~!SAS lo A~i\\q~lq V ~~n "M l~m. IJPI!A\.UO!:)~Z!UB~lO ~q:) q:)!m p~:)~!;)oss~ ~UOAJ~A~ 10J UOn~A!:)OW JO ~;)mos ~ S~ S~Al~S pub UOn~Z!UB~lO ~q:) U! :)U~l~qu! SS~U)~~i?, ~q:) s~m:)d~;) :)1.;)nS!~~P! S!:)I.~WO;)~q UB;) UOn~Z!UB~lO ~q:) :)~qm 10J SUOn~l!dS~ :)S~q~~ ~q:) s~pnl;)u!:)1.~m:)oj ~q:) U! SlT?,~f. OZ 0:) 0 I ~UOn~Z!UB~lO UB JO ~m:);)!d V UO1S1A.SI~A~I ~sn ~U~lln;) ~AOq~ 10 ~~ SU01~~1~U~g ~Jn:)nJ 10J ~S1X~ O~ ~nu1~uo;) O~ S~;)roOS~l SA\OIfB q;)~a\ I~A~I ~;)~dui110 ~S 11 ~Iqeull:!:)sns illbl~old lo ~ld e 10 uo!}e}u~w~ldw! p~ }U~W -dol~a~p ~q} ~u!p!n~ 10 ~sodrod ~q} l01 P~lqw~sse ~ldo~d 10 dnoi3 V ~~111"WW ;) gull~~1s

33 Frank, Integrated Pauly, Utah REFERENCES -AASHT6~way Subcommittee on Design A Guide for Transportation Landscape and Environmental Design. American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. Arnebeck, Richard (March Edition). Integrated Vegetation Management-Is It For You? Public Works Magazine. Milo O How to Run A Successful Meeting In Half The Time. Simon & Schuster. Humes, Durward How Storyboarding With Ideas Can Help Your Work Team Plan, Solve Problems, Make Better Decisions. Kendal1/Hunt Publishing Company. Humes, Durward, G.W. Thompson, David G. Noyes Make Your Meetings Count! Integrated Roadside Vegetation Management Technical Manual. em Iowa. Vegetation Management For Roadsides, Washington DOT. and Bio-Integral Resource Center. University of North- Washington DOT Wayne R How To Manage Small Prairie Fires (Prescribed Burns). Friends of Dane County Parks, Madison, Wisconsin. Randall, John and Janet Marinelli, Invasive Plants (Brooklyn Botanic Garden Series), Storey Publishing, Pownal, Vermont. Successories Incorporated Your Attitude Determines Your Altitude & Winning With Teamwork. Successories Publishing. Stubbendieck, Et at Agriculture, Lincoln. Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains. Nebraska Department of Tagliere, Daniel A How to Think and Work to Consenus. Pfeiffer & Company. Tracy, Brian. nar Series. Successful Management Semi Managing Meetings That Get Results.Nightingale-Conant. Vegetation Management Manual. DOT. Wakefield, Robert C., Carl D. Sawyer Roadside Vegetation Management. of Rhode Island Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 432. University Whitson, Tom D Weeds of the West. University of Wyoming, Jackson. 28

34 ~ 6'(; c~~~ ON~ S3A.' ION I JOI!UOV\l I 4 I wej6ojd IU~e.J.L ~lddv I S 3 A ON -t JOJ!UOI/IJ I~ (AIUO ~Idw~X3) (uo:j~u!qsbm Jo a:jb:js) ssa~o.id ~U!}fBW-UO!S!~a<I :Juama~BUBW uo"b:ja~aa pa:jb.i~a:jui aq.t- 1 XI<IN:iIddV

35 APPENDIX 2 -Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Threshold Level Concept (State of Washington DOT) The Relationship Between Injury Level and Action Threshold High Injury Level c 0 ~ CO :J c0 Action Th reshold ~ CO +-' Q) 0) Q) > E Q)..Q 0~ \ Treat here to avoid damage 0- Low Early Time of the Season Late Injury Level -The number, area of cover, or quantity of some plant characteristic which will cause unacceptable functional, economic, aesthetic, or environmental damage when reached by a type of vegetation. Action Threshold -The point when the number, area of cover, or quantity of some plant characteristic reaches a level when treatment action must be taken to avoid reaching the injury level. 30

36 If AI~:}~ln:J:J~ p~p10:j~1 gu!~q ~m S~~p! ~lns ~~W 0 sq:}now 1!~q:} U! Sp10M. :}nd 10 IJO ~Ido~d :}n:j :}OU Op 0 ~A!SU~.J~P Ap~AO 10 ~A!:}~g~U AI~lll:}~W~ld ~q :}OU Op 0 P~PU!W-U~dO ~q 0 Sl~q:}O O:} U~:}S!I pub :}:J~dS~l 0 W~Iq01d ~q:}.jo :}U~:}UO:J ~q:} UO Ag1~U~ sn:j.j 0 s.laqmaw ilno.l~ UO!1~ldwo:)/S11nS~l-pu~ 01 dnolg ~q1 S~AOW 1:1 SUO!1nlos U!MfU!M puy dnolg sdl~q 1:1 UO!1~d!:)!1JBd s~g~lno:)u~ 1:1 )1:)~11~ wall s~~p! p~ sl~np!a!pu! S1:)~10ld 1:1 S~lnp~:)Old p~ S~lns~~w ~A!1~Ul~1fB s1s~ggns 1:1 S~~p! ~1~nl~A~ 10U s~op 1:1 dnolg ~q:j 10 1~Al~S fbl1n~u 1:1.IO1B1!1!;JB.{ S~lnp~:JOld Ale1U~We!Ired q~nojq1 'Aress~:J~u 1! 'lo snsu~suo:j Aq ~msoi:j 01 SW~1! UO!1:Je S~U!lq 0 Sueld pue S~A!1:J~rqo 'SJeO~ ~U!11~S U! S1S!SSe 'UO!1:J~l!P dnol~ ~q:a S~A!~ 0 1ued!:J!1Jed ~A!1:Je 0, uo dn P~h\OU01 ~re SW~1! uo!1:je ~lns s~){ew 0 UO!1ed!:J!:ared pue se~p! l011u~w~~elno:ju~ '1Joddns '1!P~l:J dnol~ S~A!~ 0 epu~~e 01 :}J:J!1S dnol~ sdi~q 0 l01e1!i!:je1 q1!h\ epu~~e spi!nq 0.I;}PB;}~.Sl~qW~W ~~U!wwo:J pue l01e1!i!:je1 'l~pe~i ~q:a 10 S~IOl'~q:a qs!iqe1sh {:I '~lbqs O} ~s!1j~dx~ 10 ~~lb ~ q}!m ~UO!SS~101d ~ s~ ss~:)old ~q}u! ~}~d!:)~d Ann1 O} A}!un1Joddo ~q} 10 I~np!A!pu! S!q} qol A~W ~IOl ~np ~ U! ~U!Al~S 'l~a~moh '10}~}!I!:)~11 ~IOl ~q} UO ~){B} OS~ A~W l~qw~w ~~}}!WW :) 10 dnol~ V '~sodjnd f..i~a s!q} 101 SlO}~}!I!:)~1 AOIdw~ MOU S,.Loa ~}~}S A~W.A~A\J.~pUn ss~:)old ~U!U~Id ~q} }~~ O} 10}~}!I!:)~1 ~UO!SS~101d ~ U! ~upq O} ~An:)npOld f..i~a ~q A~W }! p~1lu}s ~U!}}~~ }snf S! dnol~ ~q} 11 OlD} -~}!I!:)~1 ~ 'f..mss~:)~u 1! 'p~ l~plo:)~l 'l~p~~i ~ ~SOOqJ-Sl~:)YJO ~~}}!WWo:)/dnOl~fUI~~} }:)~I~S D :8u!MOIIOJ ~q} ~pni~u! s8u!}~~w ~A!}~~JJ~ O} SA~){ ~WOS "W~W}S~AU! }eq} UO Ulm~l lno 8u!z!w!xew O} ){OOI PInoqs ~M q~!qm U! W~W}S~AU! ue ~Je s8u!}~~w "A}!A!}~npOld pue ~fblow dnol8 l~moi pue A~UOW pue ~w9 Jo }OI e ~}SeM ue~ A~q:J 'Apood urn JI 'dnol8 ){lom e JO A}!A!}~npOld pue ~fblow ~q:j ~AOldW! Ape~J8 ue~ s8u!}~~w 'Ap~dold urn JI,,'uo!}~e U! w~w~8euew" ~Je s8u!}~~w ",\.ms -s~~~u ~q AeW s8u!}~~w 8u!Um1Id llb~}/dnol8 fbl~a~s llbl80ld WA"NI po08 e dn }~S O} l~plo ui s~upaaw ~U!UUBld aap;)ajj~.1 SAa)l -f XI<IN~ddV

37 0 0 Group leader and facilitator should collaborate on the meeting agenda-agenda should be distributed in advance and should include the following: I:) one sentence objective of why you are meeting I:) topics organized by priority so that most important items are covered first Group leader should run a meeting using the following guidelines: 0 begin on time and assume the late comer is not showing up 0 clearly state the purpose of the meeting in the introductory comments 0 announce the duration of the meeting 0 encourage open discussion-perhaps start with a round robin 0 leader should not dominate the meeting 0 keep discussion on track and press for closure 0 avoid "group think"-groups often move like a herd to hasty decisions 0 welcome conflict- "The more conflict the more likely a good solution" 0 summarize at the end-make sure members are clear on their assignments 0 distribute minutes within 24 hours An IRVM steering committee develops the IRVM Program and Annual Plan with a relatively small core of people in primarily problem-solving meetings. "Storyboarding With Ideas" can be a very effective and time-saving exercise to maximize participation and reach better solutions to problems during these meetings. Once the IRVM Program/Plan is in place information meetings for the purpose of bringing other roadside vegetation workers up to speed on the program will be necessary. Allow ample time for these people to express their feelings and opinions on the program. In some cases informational meetings may include other interested parties. 32

38 SJ8MOI!PI!M pue slueld 81\!leU 8/\J8SUO~ pue 81\J8S8Jd 0 S8!l!l!ln p8lepowwo~~e 0 lel!qelj 8!!IPI!M pue spuell8m 81\J8S8Jd 0 Al!lenb lens!1\ 8~UeLjU8 pue U!elU!eW 0 UO!SOJ8 lu81\8jd 0 Sp88M IOJlUO:> 0 ueld UO!le~!!!ssel~ 8p!SpeOl:l 8Ljl!O S81\!l~8rqO pue sieo6 8Ljl l88w Ol s6u!punojjns lu8~erpe U88J~S Jo/pue pu81q 0 S8!l!UnWWO~ lueld 8~UeU8lU!eW MOl 8l0WOJd 0 (gu!i Mm 01 Z guoz WOll) auoz UO!I!SUBJ.l :e auoz 1.~!lenb lens!a e~ue4ue 0 Se!~!I!~n punoj6jepun e~epowwo~~e 0 ~!uej~ l.empeoj 4~!M elq!~edwo~ eje4m ~e~!qe4 e!!ipi!m ep!aojd 0 UO!SOJe ~ueaejd 0 SpaSM IOJ~UO~ 0 (l.em46!4 e4~ 6u!pe4S seej~ pub) seej~ pjeze4 e~eu!w!le 0 Se4~~!p!O I.~!~ede~ ~!lnejpi.4 u!e~u!ew 0 suo!~~esje~u! ~e pub '6u!ddo~s '6u!ssed JO! e~ue~s!p ~46!s ep!aojd 0 eeje I.JeAO~eJ el~!4ea u!e~u!ew 0 (sp~~u ~UO!!~l~dO!~~W O! I ~uoz wall) auoz IBUO!IBJado :'l euoz e5pe ~uewel\ed e4~ ~e pues Je~U!M pue S!Jqep UMOlq PU!M ~O dnpl!nq e4~ ~uel\ejd t) SUo!~~eSJe~u! ~e pue '5u!ddo~s '5u!ssed JO~ e~ue~s!p ~45!s ep!l\ojd 0 s~ueld el\!sei\u! /i.q dn>teejq ~uewel\ed ~uel\ejd 0 ejempje4 ep!speoj ~O e~ueue~u!ew pue /i.~!i!q!s!1\ JO~ ep!l\ojd 0 le!~ue~od ej!~ e~npej 0 e5eu!ejp ~~el.lns JO~ ep!l\ojd 0 (:Ju~m~Aud mol] Z O:J.0) 9UOZ aaj~ UO!lela6aA : ~ auoz (AIUO ~Idwex3) }da~uo3 auoz }UaWa~RURW ap!sproh -17 XI<lN:fIddV

39 APPENDIX 5 -Roadside Prioritization Matrix (Adapted from Washington DOT) The following roadside priority matrix and description illustrate how one State DOT used a matrix in prioritizing roadside maintenance activities. The weighting and scores in this appendix are not a NRVMA recommendation but are simply to illustrate the use of the matrix. In Washington State, the biennium transportation maintenance budget reduced funding for roadside maintenance activities by approximately 30%. The budget also included language that directed the Washington State Department of Transportation (WSDOT) to look at methods for providing a consistent maintenance level of service throughout the state. Using Quality Managementools, the Team developed a Roadside Maintenance Activity Priority Matrix. The matrix is a reference tool that maintenance people could utilize in planning and budgeting their work. It can also be used as a basis to develop policy aimed at providing consistency in the delivery of the roadside maintenance program. The matrix shows the contribution each roadside maintenance activity makes toward the objectives and goals of the maintenance program and prioritizes the activities into groups from the highest to the lowest priority work. In order to develop a matrix the team had to identify basic program objectives. The program objectives are the criteria that the activities are evaluated against to determine how important they are to program delivery. The objectives answer the question " Why do we maintain highways?" The other things the team needed to identify were the individual maintenance activities. The activities are the "What we do to maintain the roadsides." By evaluating the "what" in terms of achieving the "why", it could then be determined what activities were most important to deliver the overall program. The activities could then be ranked in order of importance and the resulting prioritized list would provide a logical basis for consistent management decisionmaking. The WHY; Identifying Program Objectives First, each team member, on their own, identified what they felt the overall big picture objectives of the program were. Everyone's ideas were then reviewed by the team for commonalty. All the identified objectives, upon review, were ultimately combined into seven basic program objectives. It should be emphasized that the team identified objectives of the entire highway maintenance program, nq.t just the objectives for roadside maintenance. Since the majority of maintenance personnel have to deal with all highway maintenance issues, such as snow and ice control, pavement repair and others, it was important to identify the total maintenance program objectives so it could be determined how the roadside activities fit within the overall program. The highway maintenance program objectives identified by the team are: 0 Provide safe, reliable transportation 0 Maintain the investment at its lowest life cycle cost 0 Support commerce and economic viability 0 Comply with legal mandates 0 Be a responsible member of the community 0 Be environmentally responsible 0 Contribute to a positive appearance 34

40 ~ "~Unel S~:J U~A!~ ~q PInoqs S~!:J!A!:J:)e ~q} 10 %0 lleq} ~low on " 10 ~U!:Jel e U~A!~ ~lp. '~An:)~rqo ~q} O:J {B:)!:J!l:) f.~q} ~lp. loll ':Jlle:JJodW! se :JOU ~lp. :Jnq ~An:)~rqO ~q:j ~U!A~!q:)e U! :Jlle:)Y!U~!S ~lp. :Jeq} S~!:J!A!:J:)V = ~Un8.1 aan~arqo aq1 ~UJAaJq~8 011U8~!JJU~!S D '~A!}:J~rqo U~A!~ R ~U!A~!q:JR 10J S~!}!A!}:JR1URpodW! 1S0W f..i~a ~q1 ~Jp, ~s~qj, '~U!1R1"{R:J!1!l:J,, R U~A!~ ~q PIlloqs S~!1!A!1:JR ~q1 JO %~I URq1 ~low OU S~SR:J 1S0W ui '6Jo ~U!}R1R U~A!~ S! 1! ~A!}:J~rqO ~q1 ~U!A~~:JR 01 {R:J!}!l:J S! A1!A!}:JR ~q1ji 6 = ~UJ}B.I 3AP:>3fqo 3q} ~UJA3!q:>B o} {B:>PJ.l3 0 :Sl01:J~J gu!moiioj ~q1 gu!sn S~A!1:J~rqO W~lgOld SnO!l~A ~q1 ~A~!q:J~ di~q 01 MOq ~U!WJ~1~P 01 p~1~ni~a~ u~q1 S! S~!1!A!1:J ~q1 Jo q:j~3 sa.t!}:jafqo a'liisu]oao Sa!}].t]I:JV a'll au]10h a~!alas S!q~ JO 1l~d S! ~~q~ ~u!q~amos ~ou pu~ uo!~~nba aq~ Jo 1l~d laq~oue S! 'AI~~allo~ maq~ ~u!op lo 'auop Aaq~ al~ MOH ".S~U!q~ ~q~!l" aq~ AJ!~ -Uap! dlaq o~ ~u~1lodm! am Sa!~!A!~~~ ~~qm MOqS O,,~Sl!J S~U!q~ ~q~p aq~ ~U!Op" JO ~md ~Sl!J aq~ ssalpp~ O~ S! X!l~~m A~!A!~~~ aq~ JO ~ua~u! aq.l.iol1uo~ I~ln~In~ lo IOl~uo~ I~~!~OIO!q '~U!MOm '~U!A~lds s~ q~ns 'spoq~am JO A~a!mA ~ Aq auop aq ue~ A~!A!~~~ aq.l ".~~qm" aq~ S! IOl~uo~ paam sno!xou 'aldm~xa u~ sy auop S~M ~! "MOq" ~ou pu~ 'auop S! ){lom "~~qm,, JO ~S!I ~ aq O~ papua~u! S~M ~S!I aq.l Sa!~!A!~~~ a~u~ua~u!~m ap!sp~ol JO ~S!I ~ padolaaap uaq~ m~a~ aq.l (llj'lm tj'l.l) StJYllty.1V lulj.lao.lj au1afyutjpi 'l 17 ~ 9 L 01 1q~1~A\ ~:Ju~JB~dd~ ~A!~!SOd ~ o~ ~~nq!l~uo;) ~Iq!suOdS~l AI1~~U~mU01!AU~ ~g A~!Unmmo:J ~q~ 10 l~qm~m ~Iq!suods~l ~ ~g s~~~pu~m I~~~I q~!m AIdmo;) A~!I!q~!A :J!mouo:J~ pu~ ~:Jl~mmO:J :Jloddns ~SO:J ~I:JA:J ~1!I ~s~moi S~! ~~ ~u~m~s~au! ~q~ U!~~U!~W UO!~~:JlOdSU~l~ ~Iq~!I~l '~1~s ~P!AOld S~A!~:J~fqO m~l~old :smo1101 s~ ~!1~~!l:J ~q:) 10 ~ni~a ~q~ p~~q~!~m m~~~ ~q.l.u~~m!~q U! P~!~IodJ~!U! ~q u~~ ~!l~!!l~ l~q!o ~q! Jo ~ni~a ~A!!~I~l ~q! 'P~!J!!U~P! ~JB S~A!!~~rqo!u~uodw!!S~~I pu~!sow ~q! ~~uo.s! ~A!!~~rqo!u~uodw!!SOW ~q!!u~uodw! ~low q~nw MOq ~U!U!WJ~!~P pu~ ~A!!~~rqo!u~uodw!!S~~I ~I~U!S ~q! ~U!AJ!!U~P! u~q! '~A!!~~rqo!U~!-lodw!!SOW ~I~U!S ~q! ~U!AJ!!U~P!!Sl!J Aq P~qS!Idwo~~~ S~M S!q.L.Sl~q!O u~q!!u~uodw! ~low ~JB S~A!!~~rqo ~WOS '!u~uodw! S! ~A!!~~rqo AJ~A~ pu~ q~~~ q~noq!iv.w~l~old ~q! O! ~~U~!-lodw! ~A!!~I~ll!~q! ~U!WJ~!~P O! S~M d~!s!x~u ~q! 'P~!J!!U~P! ~l~m S~A!!~~rqo ~!S~q ~q! ~~UO (StJl1]1.1tJ(qO lud.lao.lj) D!.ltJn.l;) tj'l.l au!i'la!tjm

41 1 0 Contribute to achieving the objective rating = 1 Any activity that provides some support to achieving an objective, no matter how small the contribution, should receive a rating of 1. There is no limit to how many items can contribute. I:J No contribution toward achieving the objective rating = 0 If an activity makes no contribution toward an objective it should receive no value. Limits are placed on the number of activities that were "critical" or "significant" because it is important to identify the very most consequential activities and to insure they are equal in importance. If there were no limits all activities would tend to be of equal value. Computing The Priorities The next step is simply a mathematical calculation to determine the weighted value of each activity. The rating given each activity is multiplied by the weighted importance value of the objective. This gives a weighted value of that activities contribution to achieving each objective. The weighted values under each objective are added together to obtain a total score for each activity. The activities are then sorted by total score. The activities receiving the highest scores are the highest priority activities. Repair major slide and erosion Q).'" ~ -="'" Q) ~ := e u ~ ~..= Q)U Q)O»- """p = U 011 I 011 '" ~ = Q).g 0.a ;E ~ ="" ~10 ~j7 (Ij, 0 ~ p. ~ ~.E ',= > = 0 "' u& 2 i- u os.~ '" >, 'P.. e 0u 5 ~1 "t;o os ::I Z ~ 0"" 0 '" u = 0 0 c- '" I... e,b ~ s ~ I ~ >- '] = ~~ 0,0.!=.~ > = = 0 Q) p. Q) "' ~ ~ 3 ~ u00 Maintenance of cross culverts I ' Control noxious weeds I 9 ~45.ol High risk brush & grass control ~45.ol Eliminate danger trees ! Remove roadkill hazards 9 ~9o.ol 0.0 I I Repair or clean ditches & culverts (> 50%) : ~ Promote long-term plant communities 3 ' ~ Irrigation operation & repair for plant survival Repair fences for safety reasons I I I ~ ~117.0 Continued on page

42 O'g~ o.~gi O'~GI 0'6 o'~~1 o.g~ O.G~ O'8~' o.8~ ~~d pub SIU!odMa!!\ 'SI!eJIIO a:>ueuaiu!ew ~ J!eda~ I L.S98L -SOL -09 }B nop;}3s 3P!SPBOH J..O<I no} -~n!qsba\ 3q} };}B}nO;} X!.I}BW nopbzp.lo!.ld 3AOqB 3q} )0 nopbnbldx3 p31!b}3p 3.10W B.l0.{.1~q~!q APUR;)!J!U~!S S! W~I -q01d ~qt SS~1ppR t tso;) ~qt pub 'MOllOWOt ){SP q~!q ~q II!M SW~Iq01d ){SP ~tr1~pow S,ARpO.L.SW~Iq01d 10fRW ~lb A~qt IItun ~U!t~M trqt ~A!t;)~JJ~ tso;) ~low q;)nw os S! IJRWS ~lb A~qt U~qM SW~lq01d UO!tRt~~~A qt!m ~U!IR~a.~;)UBU~tU~W JO R~lB l~qto AUB 10J S! t! SR S~P!SPR0 10J tubt -lodw! SR S! ~;)UBU~tU~W ~A!tU~A~ld.SS~1ppR t s~;)mos~l ~qt ~ARq toll op tnq '~U!qt tq~p ~qt S! MOll{ ~Ido~d ~;)UBU~tU~W tsow trqt ~U!qt~WOS pub ~;)UBU~tU~W ~AItU~A~ld S! S!q.L."S~!t!U -nwwo;) tubid WJ~t-~UOI ~towold" S! f.10~~tr;) Atpopd q~!q ~qt U! dn p~pu~ trqt S~It!AIt;)R ~qt JO ~UO.~Uop ~U!U~~ ~q toll ARW trqt S~U!qt tq~p ~WOS tno Stu!od OSJR tl 'Op t "S~U!qt tq~p" ~qt ~lb trqm AJ!tU~P! di~q PInoqs XptRW ~qt 'AtPopd ts~q~!q ~lb S~It!A!t;)R trqm ~U!AJ!tU~P! Ag s3u!ll.l Ill3!N all.l 3u!oa O'6~ 0' ~ O'v ~ O'G ~ 0'0 0.0 O'O~ (suoseaj :J!laljlsae 6u!pnl:Jul) I IOJIUO:J ssej6 ~ ljsnjq )js!j MOl' o.t7~ '0' a'v ~ : O'G ~ 0' '0 UO!jeJjs!u!wpe wej6ojd "em46!h-~-jdop~ O'PC '0' O'v ~ O'S ~ O"g 0'9 ~ 0'0 O'O~ ~ dn-jj:j!d Ja»!1 ":JS!W O'L& '0" ~ O'v ~ O'S ~ O'G ~ 0'9 ~ O'L ~ O'O~ ~ (%05» sjja"ln:j ~ sa4:ji!p ueal:j JO J!edaH O'OP 0'0 0 O'G~ I O'S ~ O'g 0.0 O'L ~ O'O~ ~ suoseaj Ja410 JOI sa:>ual J!eda~ I O'~p 0' ~ O'v ~ O'S ~ O'G ~ 0'9 ~ : 0.0 sbu!iueld palls!lqelsa U! J!edaJ ~ UO!leJado UO!leB!JJI I O'PS f; C'v 0'0 0 OOG ~ o'b~1 0'0 pade:>spuel u! juawa:>e4ua I!OS 0'99 0" ~ O'v : 0'9 : O"g ~ O' ~GI 0'0 aje:> jjnll 0'09 O'G~ I (; O'S o'b~1 6 0'9 ~ 0'0 O'O~ ~ lesods!p pue dn-jt:>!d 6eq Ja»!ll 0'99 I 0'6 O'LL 10" ~ O'v O'S COG ~ O'g ~ O' ~GI O'O~ ~ ~ 0'9 : o'9~1 : O' ~GI c O'O~ ~ a6ewep i UO!SOJa pub adois JOU!W J!eda~ O' ~8 I 0"6 O'v ~ O'S ~ O'g 0'9 ~ O' ~GI 0.0 O'L8 '0' ~ o'g~1 O'S ~ O'B~' 6 8 ~ I O' ~GI O'O~ O.~6 '0'6 : I ~ O'S~ 0'9 O' ~GI O'O~ ~ IOJIUO:J ssej6 '8 ljsnjq >ls!j alejapow1 6U!de:>spuel lewjol U! IOJjuo:> 4sruq ~ paam / spaam a:lues!nu IOJjUO:), O'90~,ooLll 6 O'G~ I O'g~ O'g ; 00 n VG G 3!" 0 ~ ~3 ~ g'~ '"1 cn 0'0...,0 n = 0 ~. 3 a- 3 ;- = S. -< g = (") ~ 0 8..g ~-< '" ~ e: {I 0' I!>lpeOJ )0 asods!o ~!Pi -;;; L ~I" o~ S' ~ '0'" g. ::3 ~ ~(")~ _. : o' =' 8'" '",,, ::3."" ~ ~I

43 May~~ ~As!!!.. RYM,~~'!Vs RVM, I~~ I ACCOMPliSHED WHO APPENDIX 6 -Example of Annual Work Plan Fayette County Iowa ACfION WEED CONTROL PROGRAM WHO WHEN Spot treat Canada Thistle and other Roadside Vegetative Manager noxious weeds (RYM) Asst., Crews July -August, 1989 Evaluat effectiveness of Weed Control Pro~ RVM, Asst. Jul -Au st, 1989 Return or store excess chemicalṣ. RVM, Asst. Se tember, 1989 Evaluate new chemicals and October, applications Asst. March, 1990 Train new employees and start ACCOMPLIS~- ACllON mixtures for 1990 SEEDING NATIVE GMSSES ~ RVM Febru~ -March, 1990 Evaluate stand density of 1989 nursery seedings ~ RVM, Asst.J~ April- May, 1990 Seed new nursery areas Asst., Crews April- May, 1990 July -August, 1989 Provide necessary weed control B-YM, Asst., Crews April- June, 199JL ACCOMPUSHED ArnON INTERSEEDING A~ CONTROLLED BURNI~ ~ Identify and evaluate ditches showing appreciable prairie indicators RVM, As~~ 1!!!Y-,_1989 -June, 1990 Identify and evaluate ditches needing reseeding July,)989 -June,1!l9SL 38

44 **NOTE: This page has been updated as of 02/07/2005** APPENDIX 7 State DOT and Federal Contacts for Roadside Programs State Department of Transportation (DOT) contacts are found in environmental, landscape, erosion, and maintenance units. Listed also are contacts in the State offices of the FHWA known as Divisions*. They are often environmental specialists. (2004) STATE DOTS AND FHWA DIVISIONS*: AL - Keith Sowell, John Lorentson, *Bill Van Luchene, AK Diane Regan, Jeffery Ottesen, *Tim Haugh, AR - Phillip Moore, Charles Flowers, *Randal Looney, AZ - Leroy Brady, Bruce Eilerts, *Steve Thomas, CA Sheree Edwards, Jack Broadbent, John Hayes, Greg Erickson, 916 * Maryann Rondinella, CO Cathy Curtis, Ed Fink, Mike Banovich, *Mike Vanderhoof, CT Bruce Villwock, Delois Barnes, Kimberly Lesay, *Robert W. Turner, DE Chip Rosan, *Bob Kleinburd, District Mark Buscainoil, Bill Beck, *Michael Hicks, FL Jeff Caster, Tim Allen, *George Hadley, GA - Ray Dorsey, Abbe Hocter, *Katie Allen, HI - Richard Dapololu, George Tonaki, *Jodi Chew, IA - Mark Masteller, Steve Holland, *Janice Thompson, ID Cathy Ford, *Brent Inghram, IL Rick Nowak, *J. D. Stevenson, IN - Rick Phillabaum, Dave Lamb, *Joyce Newland, KS - Fred Markham, * Patrick Arno, KT - Michael Clarke, David Cornett, Bill Green, *Anthony Goodman, LA Clay Swift, *Robert Mahoney, MA - George Batchelor, *Rick Marquis, MD - Ken Oldham, Charlie Adams *Dan Johnson, ME Bob LaRoche, Sylvia Michaud, 207, *Mark Hasselman, MI - Bob Zelski, Mark Pearson, *Abdelmoez Abdalla, MN - Bob Jacobson, Scott Bradley, Bob Wryk, *Cheryl Martin, MO - Stacy Armstrong, Rand Swanigan, *Peggy Casey, MS - Robert Moseley, Jim Vinson, *Cecil Vick, MT - Phil Johnson, Dan Williams, *Carl James, x238 NC Don Lee, Charlie Tomlinson Derek Smith, *Michael Dawson, ND Annette Lalka, Jerry Horner, *Calvin Larson, NE - Art Thompson, Richard Gray *Edward Kosola, NH Guy Giunta, Mike Pillsbury William Hauser *Bill O Donnell, NJ - David Byers, Henry Renelli, *Jeanette Mar, NM - Grady Stem, An *Greg Heitmann, NY Charlie Nagel, Kyle Williams, Rick McKeon, *Bill Gates, NV - Dennis Covel, Frank G. Taylor, Don Payne, *Ted Bendure, OH - Barney Howard, John Baird, Christine Hunt, *David Snyder, Ok - Joanne Orr, Laurie Stillings Effinger *Shannon Dumolt, OR Will Lackey, Bill Jablonski, *Elton Chang, PA - Joe Demko, John Whaley *Karyn Vandervoort, Puerto Rico Flores, *Jose Luis Torres, RI - Barbara Petrarca, Sheleen Clarke, *Michael Butler, SC - Timothy Edwards, Kelly Jo Swygert, *Shane Belcher, SD - Sharon Kayser, *Ginger Massie, TN - Pat Thurman, Beverly Wilson, *Leigh Ann Tribble, TX - Mark Mathews, Dennis Markwardt, *Sandy Allen, UT - Ira Bickford, Terry Johnson, *Greg Punske, VA - Ken Oristaglio, Brian Waymack, *Ed Sundra, Vt - Craig Dusablon, Chris Slesar, *Ken Sikora, WA - Mark Mauer, Ray Willard, *Sharon Love, WI - Leif Hubbard, Richard Stark, *Jacki Lawton, WV - Norse Angus, Jim Riggs, *Jeannie Simms, WY - John Samson, Kevin Powell, *Rodney Vaughn, FEDERAL LANDS DIVISIONS: Western Terri Thomas, Central Rick Cushing, Eastern Jack VanDop,

45 ADOT EROSION AND POLLUTION CONTROL MANUAL WISCONSIN'S STATE HIGHWAY MOWING POLICY " ~--"' '---""" These brochures, posters and manuals are examples of educational materials available for public and agency use in promoting Integrated Roadside Vegetation Management practices. 40

46 'p~l~pu~l S~:J!Al~S loj UO!~RSU~dUIO:J ~IqRuosR~l ARd o~ p~l~modui~ pur p~z!l q:jnr ~q IfBqs UO!~R!:JOSSV ~q:j ~Rq~ ~d~:jx~ 'suos -l~d ~~RA!ld l~q:jo lo 'Sl~:J1JJO 'SlO~:J~l!P 'Sl~qUI~UI S~! O~ ~IqR~nq!IJs!p ~q lo Jo ~y~u~q ~q:j o~ p~sn ~q IIRqs UO!~R!:JOSSV ~q:j JO S~U!UJR~ ~q:j JO ~d on.s1:jnp01d 11~q:J ~1RJ:JSUOW~pUB ~:JnpoJ:Jul 01 A11un:)lOddO UB 1u~wdlnb~ pur SIRll~1RW JO Sl~ln1,:JRJnUBW ~q:j P10JJR 01 (~) pub 'SII1){S 1u~uodwo:J S11 pur 1U~W~~RUBW ~PISpR01 JO S~:J11:JR1d ~q1 JO UOI1R1U~W -~Idwl pub UO1:JIU~O:J~l JO SpmpUB1S 1~1S1U1WPR pub qsliqr1s~ 01 ('\7)'1U~W~~RUBW uo1:jm~~~a ~PISpR01 ul p~~r~u~ pub P~1S~1~1ul ~soq:j ~uoum S:tl JJ~ P~1RUlp100:J 1~11~q pub ~low ~10W01d 01 ( ) 'SS~U -panos IR:JI~OIO:J~ pub 's:j1:j~q:js~r pub UOI1R:JYI1nR~q ~PISpR01 'AWOUO:J~'S:J11sll~1:JRmq:J IRUOI1R1~do pub IRu 1:J:JunJ 'A1~JBS ~ulpm~~l S~111A1:J:JR 1U~W~~RUBW UOI1m~~~A ssn:jsip 01 (z) 'UOI1RUUOJUI pur 's~:ju~ll~dx~ 'SUO1Uldo 'SR~PI ~~URq:JX~ 01 (I) ~m UOI1RI:Jossy ~q:j Jo s~sodjnd ~q.l '~UlsIPUBq:J1~W 10 '~Ullm:JRJnUBW '~UI1:JRJ:JUO:J 'UO1:JRIn~~l'U 1:JR:Jnp~'q:Jm~s~l '1U~WAOIdw~ q~nojq1 1U~W~~RUBW UOI1R1~~~A ~PISpR01 UI P~1S~1~1UI suos1~d ~soq1 1~q:J~~01 ~Ullq 01 P~qsIIqR1s~ sl UOI1RI:Jossy ~q.l asod.idd

47 "Beautiful Roadsides -The Key To A Beautiful America" For More Information Contact: Tumey Hernandez National Roadside Vegetation Management Association 218 Rhett Drive Adams Run Newark, Delaware 19702

State Noxious Weed Laws, Lists, Regulations and Policies

State Noxious Weed Laws, Lists, Regulations and Policies State Noxious Weed Laws, Lists, Regulations and Policies Below is a list of state contacts. Please contact individual States Departments of Agriculture for the most current laws, regulations and state

More information

CRP Mid-Contract Management Option: Integrated Wildlife Management (645)

CRP Mid-Contract Management Option: Integrated Wildlife Management (645) CRP Mid-Contract Management Option: Integrated Wildlife Management (645) Conservation Practice Job Sheet ID - CRP, JS-20 Revised August 2013 The purpose of mid-contract management activities is to enhance

More information

Colorado Natural Heritage Program

Colorado Natural Heritage Program CNHP s mission is to preserve the natural diversity of life by contributing the essential scientific foundation that leads to lasting conservation of Colorado's biological wealth. Colorado Natural Heritage

More information

CHAPTER 2: APPROACH AND METHODS APPROACH

CHAPTER 2: APPROACH AND METHODS APPROACH CHAPTER 2: APPROACH AND METHODS APPROACH Given Hawaii s biological uniqueness on a global scale, the Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy (CWCS) recognizes the importance of protecting all native

More information

Experienced Planning and Design

Experienced Planning and Design www.pizzo.info Consistently Better Natural Restoration Everyone should have a passion in life, and for me it s been to protect and restore our lands to their original native beauty. That s why in 1988

More information

LIVING LANDS Helping Land Trusts Conserve Biodiversity

LIVING LANDS Helping Land Trusts Conserve Biodiversity LIVING LANDS Helping Land Trusts Conserve Biodiversity Land Trust Biodiversity Survey, Winter 2006 Purpose of Survey To better understand local land trusts current activities and interest in biodiversity

More information

Peninsular Florida Landscape Conservation Cooperative. Charter. Background

Peninsular Florida Landscape Conservation Cooperative. Charter. Background Charter Background The Peninsular Florida Landscape Conservation Cooperative (Conservation Cooperative) is part of a national network of Landscape Conservation Cooperatives (LCCs). LCCs are applied conservation

More information

1.- L a m e j o r o p c ió n e s c l o na r e l d i s co ( s e e x p li c a r á d es p u é s ).

1.- L a m e j o r o p c ió n e s c l o na r e l d i s co ( s e e x p li c a r á d es p u é s ). PROCEDIMIENTO DE RECUPERACION Y COPIAS DE SEGURIDAD DEL CORTAFUEGOS LINUX P ar a p od e r re c u p e ra r nu e s t r o c o rt a f u e go s an t e un d es a s t r e ( r ot u r a d e l di s c o o d e l a

More information

WEED MANAGEMENT PLAN FOR. (NAME of PROPERTY or MANAGED AREA) (TOWN or COUNTY, STATE) (TIME PERIOD; e.g. 1996-2000)

WEED MANAGEMENT PLAN FOR. (NAME of PROPERTY or MANAGED AREA) (TOWN or COUNTY, STATE) (TIME PERIOD; e.g. 1996-2000) (WEED MANAGEMENT PLAN OUTLINE FOR PUBLIC LAND MANAGERS) (Note: This outline is a modification of a weed management plan template produced by The Nature Conservancy) WEED MANAGEMENT PLAN FOR (NAME of PROPERTY

More information

FS Agreement Number: 00-SU-11130142-080

FS Agreement Number: 00-SU-11130142-080 FS Agreement Number: 00-SU-11130142-080 MASTER SERVICE-WIDE MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING Between the EASTERN LANDS AND RESOURCES COUNCIL THE WESTERN STATES LAND COMMISSIONERS ASSOCIATION And the UNITED

More information

Developing a Prescribed Fire Burn Plan: ELEMENTS & CONSIDERATIONS

Developing a Prescribed Fire Burn Plan: ELEMENTS & CONSIDERATIONS Developing a Prescribed Fire Burn Plan: ELEMENTS & CONSIDERATIONS What s Inside PURPOSE OF A BURN PLAN Goals and Objectives 3 Burn Site Information 3 Site Preparation 3 Prescription 3 Ignition and Holding

More information

PUBLIC DRAFT CONTENTS

PUBLIC DRAFT CONTENTS CONTENTS 9. Facilitating Fire Safety in the Santa Monica Mountains over the Long Term... 1 9.1. Monitoring... 1 9.1.1. Project Monitoring... 2 Photo Point Monitoring... 3 9.1.2. Ecological Monitoring...

More information

Lower Crooked Creek Watershed Conservation Plan EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Lower Crooked Creek Watershed Conservation Plan EXECUTIVE SUMMARY EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Project Background Located in southwestern Pennsylvania, Crooked Creek is a major tributary of the Allegheny River, entering near Ford City in Armstrong County. It is rich in natural

More information

Consulting Foresters for Private Landowners

Consulting Foresters for Private Landowners DIVISION OF AGRICULTURE R E S E A R C H & E X T E N S I O N University of Arkansas System Agriculture and Natural Resources FSA5019 Consulting Foresters for Private Landowners Jon E. Barry Assistant Professor/

More information

SITE VEGETATION EW-5 1-3 POINTS GOAL CREDIT REQUIREMENTS DOCUMENTATION RELATED CREDITS SUSTAINABILITY COMPONENTS BENEFITS

SITE VEGETATION EW-5 1-3 POINTS GOAL CREDIT REQUIREMENTS DOCUMENTATION RELATED CREDITS SUSTAINABILITY COMPONENTS BENEFITS Greenroads Manual v1.5 Environment & Water SITE VEGETATION GOAL Promote sustainable site vegetation that does not require irrigation. CREDIT REQUIREMENTS Site vegetation shall be subject to the following

More information

Wildlife Habitat Conservation and Management Program

Wildlife Habitat Conservation and Management Program Wildlife Habitat Conservation and Management Program Manual for Counties and Cities Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife 2015 Table of Contents 1. Introduction Purpose of the habitat program Objective

More information

American Forest Foundation (AFF) 2010-2015 Standards of Sustainability for Forest Certification

American Forest Foundation (AFF) 2010-2015 Standards of Sustainability for Forest Certification American Forest Foundation (AFF) 2010-2015 Standards of Sustainability for Forest Certification Standards Prologue The American Forest Foundation s (AFF) 2010-2015 Standards of Sustainability for Forest

More information

Driving under the influence of alcohol or

Driving under the influence of alcohol or National Survey on Drug Use and Health The NSDUH Report December 9, 2010 State Estimates of Drunk and Drugged Driving In Brief Combined 2006 to 2009 data indicate that 13.2 percent of persons aged 16 or

More information

ecopro Sustainable Landscape Professional Certification REQUIRED READING LIST, SUPPLEMENTAL MATERIALS, & ADDITIONAL RESOURCES

ecopro Sustainable Landscape Professional Certification REQUIRED READING LIST, SUPPLEMENTAL MATERIALS, & ADDITIONAL RESOURCES ecopro Sustainable Landscape Professional Certification REQUIRED READING LIST, SUPPLEMENTAL MATERIALS, & ADDITIONAL RESOURCES This document details the following: 1. Required Reading List for the ecopro

More information

Hail-related claims under comprehensive coverage

Hail-related claims under comprehensive coverage Bulletin Vol. 29, No. 3 : April 2012 Hail-related claims under comprehensive coverage Claims for hail damage more than doubled in 2011 compared with the previous three years. Hail claims are primarily

More information

Q1 Do you own natural lands?

Q1 Do you own natural lands? Q1 Do you own natural lands? Answered: 10 Skipped: 0 30.00% 3 70.00% 7 Total 10 Q2 In which County and State is your property located? Answered: 7 Skipped: 3 # Date 1 St. Louis County 5/1/2015 5:16 PM

More information

ORGANIC. PEST MANAGEMENT POLICY for. Turf and Landscape

ORGANIC. PEST MANAGEMENT POLICY for. Turf and Landscape WAYNE 0. ATTRIDGE, D TOWN OF MARBLEHEAD Board of Health 7 WIDGER ROAD CARL D. GOODMAN, Esq., Ch MARBLEHEAD, MA 01945 DAVID B. BECKER, D.M.D., (781-631-0212) HELAINE R. HA ORGANIC PEST MANAGEMENT POLICY

More information

Attachment I. Santa Barbara County Integrated Pest Management Strategy

Attachment I. Santa Barbara County Integrated Pest Management Strategy Attachment I Santa Barbara County Integrated Pest Management Strategy Mission Statement It is the mission of the County of Santa Barbara to promote environmentally sensitive pest management while preserving

More information

THE SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR WASHINGTON

THE SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR WASHINGTON THE SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR WASHINGTON ORDER NO. 3336 Subject: Rangeland Fire Prevention, Management and Restoration Sec. 1 Purpose. This Order sets forth enhanced policies and strategies for preventing

More information

Resources, Publications, Tools, Input from AWCC

Resources, Publications, Tools, Input from AWCC A comprehensive review of Farm Bill contributions to wildlife conservation A comprehensive review was made of scientific literature to determine wildlife responses to conservation programs undertake as

More information

Federal Research and Development in South Dakota

Federal Research and Development in South Dakota Chapter 43 Federal Research and Development in South Dakota Approximately $39 million of federal R&D funds are spent each year in South Dakota. South Dakota ranks 52nd among the 5 states, District of Columbia,

More information

Prescribed Fire Education at Oklahoma State University: Training Our Future Pyros 1

Prescribed Fire Education at Oklahoma State University: Training Our Future Pyros 1 Prescribed Fire Education at Oklahoma State University: Training Our Future Pyros 1 John R. Weir 2 Abstract The Rangeland Ecology and Management program at Oklahoma State University recognized the need

More information

COMMERCIAL FINANCE ASSOCIATION. Annual Asset-Based Lending and Factoring Surveys, 2008

COMMERCIAL FINANCE ASSOCIATION. Annual Asset-Based Lending and Factoring Surveys, 2008 COMMERCIAL FINANCE ASSOCIATION Annual Asset-Based Lending and Factoring Surveys, 2008 Non-Member Edition May 6, 2009 R.S. Carmichael & Co., Inc. Commercial Finance Association 70 West Red Oak Lane (4 th

More information

LexisNexis Law Firm Billable Hours Survey Top Line Report. June 11, 2012

LexisNexis Law Firm Billable Hours Survey Top Line Report. June 11, 2012 LexisNexis Law Firm Billable Hours Survey Top Line Report June 11, 2012 Executive Summary by Law Firm Size According to the survey, we found that attorneys were not billing all the time they worked. There

More information

Smoke Management Plan

Smoke Management Plan Smoke Management Plan December 2007 TABLE OF CONTENTS 1.0 Introduction 3 2.0 Background 6 3.0 Smoke Management Plan 7 3.1 Authorization to Burn 10 3.2 Minimizing Air Pollutant Emissions 11 3.3 Smoke Management

More information

One Major Six Concentrations. Department of Environmental Conservation University of Massachusetts Amherst

One Major Six Concentrations. Department of Environmental Conservation University of Massachusetts Amherst One Major Six Concentrations Natural Resources Conservation Undergraduate Major Department of Environmental Conservation University of Massachusetts Amherst Conserving Earth s biological diversity and

More information

Center for Urban Ecology Strategic Plan

Center for Urban Ecology Strategic Plan January 2004 1 Center for Urban Ecology Strategic Plan Science and Service through Partnerships Mission The Center for Urban Ecology is an interdisciplinary team that provides scientific guidance, technical

More information

Backyard Buffers that Work for People and Nature by Restoring Ecological Function

Backyard Buffers that Work for People and Nature by Restoring Ecological Function Backyard Buffers that Work for People and Nature by Restoring Ecological Function What is a Wetland Buffer? A wetland buffer is a simple land management practice that is employed by municipalities to protect

More information

Building a national early detection and rapid response network

Building a national early detection and rapid response network Building a national early detection and rapid response network Strategies for Successful EDRR Develop a common operating platform for invasive species distribution data Use Cooperative Invasive Species

More information

1.7.0 Floodplain Modification Criteria

1.7.0 Floodplain Modification Criteria 1.7.0 Floodplain Modification Criteria 1.7.1 Introduction These guidelines set out standards for evaluating and processing proposed modifications of the 100- year floodplain with the following objectives:

More information

Use: Cooperative farming as a habitat management tool to enhance and restore refuge grasslands

Use: Cooperative farming as a habitat management tool to enhance and restore refuge grasslands Compatibility Determination Use: Cooperative farming as a habitat management tool to enhance and restore refuge grasslands District Name: Minnesota Valley Wetland Management District Establishing and Acquisition

More information

National Association of State Foresters Forestry Performance Measures for the United States REQUEST FOR PROPOSALS (RFP)

National Association of State Foresters Forestry Performance Measures for the United States REQUEST FOR PROPOSALS (RFP) National Association of State Foresters Forestry Performance Measures for the United States REQUEST FOR PROPOSALS (RFP) Request for Proposals Date: January 19, 2015 Proposal Submission Deadline: 5:00 pm

More information

Iowa Smart Planning. Legislative Guide March 2011

Iowa Smart Planning. Legislative Guide March 2011 Iowa Smart Planning Legislative Guide March 2011 Rebuild Iowa Office Wallace State Office Building 529 East 9 th St Des Moines, IA 50319 515-242-5004 www.rio.iowa.gov Iowa Smart Planning Legislation The

More information

DIABLO VALLEY COLLEGE CATALOG 2015-2016

DIABLO VALLEY COLLEGE CATALOG 2015-2016 HORTICULTURE HORT Tish Young, Dean Biological and Health Sciences Division Physical Sciences Building, Room 263 Possible career opportunities The horticulture program prepares students for numerous state

More information

ANTHONY P. CARNEVALE NICOLE SMITH JEFF STROHL

ANTHONY P. CARNEVALE NICOLE SMITH JEFF STROHL State-Level Analysis HELP WANTED PROJECTIONS of JOBS and EDUCATION REQUIREMENTS Through 2018 JUNE 2010 ANTHONY P. CARNEVALE NICOLE SMITH JEFF STROHL Contents 1 Introduction 3 U.S. Maps: Educational concentrations

More information

Integration of Forestry & Wildlife Management

Integration of Forestry & Wildlife Management Integration of Forestry & Wildlife Management By Ken Negray Regional Certification Manager, NewPage Corp & member of the KY SIC Committee Abstract: Kentucky SIC (Sustainable Forestry Initiative Implementation

More information

The Conservation Reserve Program: 45th Signup Results

The Conservation Reserve Program: 45th Signup Results Farm Service Agency The Conservation Reserve Program: 45th Signup Results U.S Department of Agriculture Farm Service Agency Conservation and Environmental Program Division 1400 Independence Ave., SW, Room

More information

Alabama Department of Agriculture and Industries 1445 Federal Drive Montgomery, AL 36107 http://www.agi.alabama.gov/pesticide_management

Alabama Department of Agriculture and Industries 1445 Federal Drive Montgomery, AL 36107 http://www.agi.alabama.gov/pesticide_management Below is a list of the contact information for the department in each state that handles licenses for pesticides application, which is often required for HVAC system cleaners who use antimicrobial products.

More information

INTRODUCTION. Figure 1. Contributions by Source and Year: 2012 2014 (Billions of dollars)

INTRODUCTION. Figure 1. Contributions by Source and Year: 2012 2014 (Billions of dollars) Annual Survey of Public Pensions: State- and Locally- Administered Defined Benefit Data Summary Report: Economy-Wide Statistics Division Briefs: Public Sector By Phillip Vidal Released July 2015 G14-ASPP-SL

More information

Forestry Reading Room

Forestry Reading Room University of Arkansas School of Law Division of Agriculture www.nationalaglawcenter.com Forestry Reading Room Compilation of State Forestry Organizations Rusty W. Rumley Staff Attorney and Nastasya Knyazhishcheva

More information

King Fire Restoration Project, Eldorado National Forest, Placer and El Dorado Counties, Notice of intent to prepare an environmental impact statement.

King Fire Restoration Project, Eldorado National Forest, Placer and El Dorado Counties, Notice of intent to prepare an environmental impact statement. This document is scheduled to be published in the Federal Register on 12/24/2014 and available online at http://federalregister.gov/a/2014-30158, and on FDsys.gov [3410-11- P] DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

More information

Robson Forensic Engineers, Architects, Scientists & Fire Investigators

Robson Forensic Engineers, Architects, Scientists & Fire Investigators PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE 2014 to Robson Forensic, Inc. present Associate Provide technical investigations, analysis, reports, and testimony toward the resolution of commercial and personal injury litigation

More information

INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT IN SCHOOLS

INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT IN SCHOOLS INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT IN SCHOOLS OVERVIEW OF STATE LAWS Part of the ELI Series Environmental Law Institute Topics in School Environmental Health: Overview of State Laws www.eli.org/buildings/tseh.cfm

More information

State Insurance Information

State Insurance Information State Insurance Information Alabama 201 Monroe St. Suite 1700 Montgomery, AL 36104 334-269-3550 fax:334-241-4192 http://www.aldoi.org/ Alaska Dept. of Commerce, Division of Insurance. P.O. Box 110805 Juneau,

More information

CERTIFIED RANGELAND MANAGEMENT LICENSING ISSUES

CERTIFIED RANGELAND MANAGEMENT LICENSING ISSUES State of California Memorandum To : Eric K. Huff, RPF Executive Officer - Foresters Licensing Program Board of Forestry and Fire Protection Sacramento Department of Justice 1515 Clay Street, 20 th Floor

More information

MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING

MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Indian Health Service Office of Public Health and Science And DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Food

More information

Wausau and Marathon County Parks, Recreation, and Forestry Department Forestry Division 2015 Work Plan

Wausau and Marathon County Parks, Recreation, and Forestry Department Forestry Division 2015 Work Plan Wausau and Marathon County Parks, Recreation, and Forestry Department Forestry Division 2015 Work Plan Personnel: Forest Administrator 1.00 FTE County Forester 0.80 FTE Director 0.06 FTE Department Clerical

More information

OVERVIEW OF THE FRAMEWORK FOR A STRATEGIC URBAN FOREST MANAGEMENT PLAN FOR THE CITY OF GUELPH

OVERVIEW OF THE FRAMEWORK FOR A STRATEGIC URBAN FOREST MANAGEMENT PLAN FOR THE CITY OF GUELPH OVERVIEW OF THE FRAMEWORK FOR A STRATEGIC URBAN FOREST MANAGEMENT PLAN FOR THE CITY OF GUELPH April 2009 URBAN FOREST INNOVATIONS INC. Outline OUTLINE 1.Rationale for a Strategic Urban Forest Management

More information

2015 Monarch Butterfly Conservation Fund Grant Slate

2015 Monarch Butterfly Conservation Fund Grant Slate 2015 Monarch Butterfly Conservation Fund Grant Slate NFWF CONTACT Teal Edelen, Manager Central Regional Office teal.edelen@nfwf.org or 202-857-0166 Monarch caterpillar on milkweed ABOUT NFWF The National

More information

Chapter 4. Consultation and Coordination

Chapter 4. Consultation and Coordination 24253 24254 24255 24256 24257 24258 24259 24260 24261 24262 24263 24264 24265 Chapter 4. Consultation and Coordination Preparers and Contributors The following individuals and Forest Service staff groups

More information

2016 Individual Exchange Premiums updated November 4, 2015

2016 Individual Exchange Premiums updated November 4, 2015 2016 Individual Exchange Premiums updated November 4, 2015 Within the document, you'll find insights across 50 states and DC with available findings (i.e., carrier participation, price leadership, gross

More information

North Carolina State University / USDA-NRCS Wildlife and Water Quality on NC Farms Workshop. Executive Summary

North Carolina State University / USDA-NRCS Wildlife and Water Quality on NC Farms Workshop. Executive Summary North Carolina State University / USDA-NRCS Wildlife and Water Quality on NC Farms Workshop Executive Summary Chris E. Moorman, Department of Forestry and Environmental Resources Jason D. Riddle, Department

More information

Muhlenberg College Integrated Pest Management Plan

Muhlenberg College Integrated Pest Management Plan Muhlenberg College Integrated Pest Management Plan Muhlenberg College strives to provide a safe, comfortable learning environment for our students. Plant Operations is responsible for ensuring that our

More information

Annual Survey of Public Employment & Payroll Summary Report: 2013

Annual Survey of Public Employment & Payroll Summary Report: 2013 Annual Survey of Public Employment & Payroll Summary Report: 2013 Economy-Wide Statistics Briefs: Public Sector by Robert Jesse Willhide Released December 19, 2014 G13-ASPEP INTRODUCTION This report is

More information

Managing Fire Dependent Wildlife Habitat without Fire. A Land Management Practice That: 100 Years of Fire Suppression in Ponderosa pine ecosystems

Managing Fire Dependent Wildlife Habitat without Fire. A Land Management Practice That: 100 Years of Fire Suppression in Ponderosa pine ecosystems Managing Fire Dependent Wildlife Habitat without Fire Dale Swedberg Chairman North Central Washington Prescribed Fire Council Land Management Practices used to Manage Wildlife Habitat A Land Management

More information

Bay Area and Northern California Environmental Firms. the East Contra Costa County Habitat Conservancy

Bay Area and Northern California Environmental Firms. the East Contra Costa County Habitat Conservancy To: Bay Area and Northern California Environmental Firms EAST CONTRA COSTA COUNTY HABITAT CONSERVANCY From: East Contra Costa County Habitat Conservancy Date: October 26, 2015 Subject: On Call Preserve

More information

Nevada Pinyon-Juniper Partnership Proposed Demonstration Area A Brief Introduction. Presented by Jeremy Drew Project Manager Resource Concepts, Inc.

Nevada Pinyon-Juniper Partnership Proposed Demonstration Area A Brief Introduction. Presented by Jeremy Drew Project Manager Resource Concepts, Inc. Nevada Pinyon-Juniper Partnership Proposed Demonstration Area A Brief Introduction Presented by Jeremy Drew Project Manager Resource Concepts, Inc. What I ll Discuss: Purpose of a Demonstration Area Priorities

More information

March 2011 DRAFT. I. Working Forest Easements:

March 2011 DRAFT. I. Working Forest Easements: March 2011 DRAFT Minnesota Department of Natural Resources (DNR) Division of Forestry Federal Forest Legacy Program and Minnesota Forests for the Future Program Conservation Easement Stewardship and Monitoring

More information

TABLE OF CONTENTS. INTRODUCTION...1 Purpose of a Comprehensive Plan...1 McKenzie County Comprehensive Plan...1 Definitions...2 Goal...2 Vision...

TABLE OF CONTENTS. INTRODUCTION...1 Purpose of a Comprehensive Plan...1 McKenzie County Comprehensive Plan...1 Definitions...2 Goal...2 Vision... MCKENZIE COUNTY COMPREHENSIVE PLAN TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION...1 Purpose of a Comprehensive Plan...1 McKenzie County Comprehensive Plan...1 Definitions...2 Goal....2 Vision...3 ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT...4

More information

SCO TT G LEA SO N D EM O Z G EB R E-

SCO TT G LEA SO N D EM O Z G EB R E- SCO TT G LEA SO N D EM O Z G EB R E- EG Z IA B H ER e d it o r s N ) LICA TIO N S A N D M ETH O D S t DVD N CLUDED C o n t e n Ls Pr e fa c e x v G l o b a l N a v i g a t i o n Sa t e llit e S y s t e

More information

A GUIDE: DEVELOPING A STREET AND PARK TREE MANAGEMENT PLAN

A GUIDE: DEVELOPING A STREET AND PARK TREE MANAGEMENT PLAN A GUIDE: DEVELOPING A STREET AND PARK TREE MANAGEMENT PLAN An introduction to the preparation of a strategic approach to the care and maintenance of your community forest USDA Forest Service Northeastern

More information

Broadmoor Public Golf Course TREE MANAGEMENT GUIDE

Broadmoor Public Golf Course TREE MANAGEMENT GUIDE Broadmoor Public Golf Course TREE MANAGEMENT GUIDE Conservation of the trees at the Broadmoor Public Golf Course is a priority for environmental, economic and human health reasons. Trees make a difference

More information

PRESCRIBED GRAZING NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE CONSERVATION PRACTICE STANDARD. (Acre) Code 528

PRESCRIBED GRAZING NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE CONSERVATION PRACTICE STANDARD. (Acre) Code 528 NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE CONSERVATION PRACTICE STANDARD PRESCRIBED GRAZING (Acre) Code 528 DEFINITION Managing the harvest of vegetation with grazing and/or browsing animals. PURPOSE Improve

More information

Lesson Overview. Biodiversity. Lesson Overview. 6.3 Biodiversity

Lesson Overview. Biodiversity. Lesson Overview. 6.3 Biodiversity Lesson Overview 6.3 6.3 Objectives Define biodiversity and explain its value. Identify current threats to biodiversity. Describe how biodiversity can be preserved. THINK ABOUT IT From multicolored coral

More information

STATE SUPPLEMENTAL NUTRITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM PARTICIPATION RATES IN 2009 FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE

STATE SUPPLEMENTAL NUTRITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM PARTICIPATION RATES IN 2009 FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act.... STATE SUPPLEMENTAL NUTRITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM PARTICIPATION RATES IN 2009 FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE Recent studies have examined national participation

More information

Fayette County Appraisal District

Fayette County Appraisal District Fayette County Appraisal District Agricultural Guidelines July 7, 2010 A SUPPLEMENT TO THE STATE OF TEXAS PROPERTY TAX MANUAL FOR THE APPRAISAL OF AGRICULTUAL LAND AND WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT ACTIVITIES AND

More information

Flood Risk Management

Flood Risk Management Flood Risk Management Value of Flood Risk Management Value to Individuals and Communities Every year floods sweep through communities across the United States taking lives, destroying property, shutting

More information

Flood Risk Management

Flood Risk Management Flood Risk Management Value of Flood Risk Management Every year floods sweep through communities across the United States taking lives, destroying property, shutting down businesses, harming the environment

More information

FORESTED VEGETATION. forests by restoring forests at lower. Prevent invasive plants from establishing after disturbances

FORESTED VEGETATION. forests by restoring forests at lower. Prevent invasive plants from establishing after disturbances FORESTED VEGETATION Type of strategy Protect General cold adaptation upland and approach subalpine forests by restoring forests at lower Specific adaptation action Thin dry forests to densities low enough

More information

Integrated Weed Management in Portland Parks

Integrated Weed Management in Portland Parks Urban Pest Management Course February 6, 2013 Integrated Weed Management in Portland Parks Commissioner Nick Fish www.portlandparks.org Director Mike Abbaté Commissioner www.portlandparks.org Jim Francecsconi

More information

Standards 2010-2015. Introduction to the 2010-2015 Standards. American Tree Farm System

Standards 2010-2015. Introduction to the 2010-2015 Standards. American Tree Farm System American Tree Farm System 2010-2015 Standards We grow stewardship from the roots. Introduction to the 2010-2015 Standards The American Tree Farm System (ATFS) is the largest and oldest sustainable family

More information

The National Wildfire Mitigation Programs Database: State, County, and Local Efforts to Reduce Wildfire Risk 1

The National Wildfire Mitigation Programs Database: State, County, and Local Efforts to Reduce Wildfire Risk 1 Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View The National Wildfire Mitigation Programs Database: State, County, and Local Efforts to Reduce Wildfire

More information

PHASE 1: Pest Management Plan Development

PHASE 1: Pest Management Plan Development B.C. Integrated Pest Management Regulations for Forestry, Noxious Weed and Industrial Vegetation Managers Summary of Requirements and Explanatory Notes PHASE 1: Pest Management Plan Development Ministry

More information

Federal Assistance for Wildfire Response and Recovery

Federal Assistance for Wildfire Response and Recovery Federal Assistance for Wildfire Response and Recovery Katie Hoover Analyst in Natural Resources Policy September 18, 2015 Congressional Research Service 7-5700 www.crs.gov R41858 Raging wildfires, burned

More information

Community College/Technical Institute Mission Convergence Study

Community College/Technical Institute Mission Convergence Study Center for Community College Policy Education Commission of the States Community College/Technical Institute Mission Convergence Study Phase 1: Survey of the States Prepared by Donald E. Puyear, Ph.D.

More information

ABC COMPANY EMPLOYEE PERCEPTION SURVEY

ABC COMPANY EMPLOYEE PERCEPTION SURVEY ABC COMPANY EMPLOYEE PERCEPTION SURVEY Prepared By SDS ABC Company,. Page 1 TABLE OF CONTENTS Overview 4 Summary 6 PAGE Conclusions and Recommendations 15 QUESTION BY QUESTION 17 Dept 18 Do you have employees

More information

SANTA BARBARA COUNTY COMPREHENSIVE PLAN LOMPOC AREA

SANTA BARBARA COUNTY COMPREHENSIVE PLAN LOMPOC AREA SANTA BARBARA COUNTY COMPREHENSIVE PLAN LOMPOC AREA A. LAND USE ELEMENT INTERPRETIVE GUIDELINES B. COMMUNITY BENEFITS C. COUNTY ACTION ITEMS Adopted by the Board of Supervisors November 9, 1999 A. Santa

More information

Key programs and relevant studies

Key programs and relevant studies ALASKA DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES Key programs and relevant studies The Alaska Department of Natural Resources manages Alaska's surface and subsurface resources, except for fish and game. This includes

More information

B. Reduce the use of broad spectrum pesticides when feasible. C. Create awareness among City staff of less-toxic pest management techniques.

B. Reduce the use of broad spectrum pesticides when feasible. C. Create awareness among City staff of less-toxic pest management techniques. City of Newark MAINTENANCE POLICY: INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT POLICY ORIGINAL DATE: January 11, 2010; revised May 24, 2012 PURPOSE: The purpose of the City of Newark s Integrated Pest Management (IPM)

More information

CORPORATE POLICY STATEMENT NO. 12 MANAGEMENT OF PEST ANIMALS

CORPORATE POLICY STATEMENT NO. 12 MANAGEMENT OF PEST ANIMALS 1. OBJECTIVE CORPORATE POLICY STATEMENT NO. 12 MANAGEMENT OF PEST ANIMALS August 2015 To provide direction and guidance for the management of pest animals on lands and waters managed by the Department

More information

State Technology Report 2008

State Technology Report 2008 About This Report This State Technology Report is a supplement to the 11th edition of Technology Counts, a joint project of Education Week and the Editorial Projects in Education Research Center. As in

More information

Integrated Pest Management (IPM)

Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Georgia Conservation Practice Job Sheet 595 (5/12) Producer County Date Farm # Tract # Assisted By Prevent or mitigate on-site pesticide risks to pollinators and other

More information

Hiring a Consulting Forester Jeff Martin

Hiring a Consulting Forester Jeff Martin No. 75 August, 1994 Hiring a Consulting Forester Jeff Martin What is a Consulting Forester? An independent consulting forester (consultant) is a trained professional forester that operates or works for

More information

STANDARDS FOR RANGELAND HEALTH ASSESSMENT FOR SAGEHEN ALLOTMENT #0208

STANDARDS FOR RANGELAND HEALTH ASSESSMENT FOR SAGEHEN ALLOTMENT #0208 STANDARDS FOR RANGELAND HEALTH ASSESSMENT FOR SAGEHEN ALLOTMENT #0208 RANGELAND HEALTH STANDARDS - ASSESSMENT SAGEHEN ALLOTMENT #0208 STANDARD 1 - UPLAND WATERSHED This standard is being met on the allotment.

More information

Integrated Pest Management

Integrated Pest Management Chapter 2 Integrated Pest Management In This Chapter Keywords After learning the information in this chapter, you will be able to: 1. Define Integrated Pest Management (IPM). 2. List and describe the 5

More information

Water Quality and Water Usage Surveys

Water Quality and Water Usage Surveys Appendix 1 Water Quality and Water Usage Surveys This appendix contains copies of the Water Quality Survey and the Lake Usage Survey that we used to complete the watershedbased community assessments. We

More information

DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY Environmental Assessment

DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY Environmental Assessment DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY Environmental Assessment Water Protection Bureau Name of Project: Applicant: Ueland Land Development LLC Type of Project: Proposed discharge of treated domestic wastewater

More information

NATURAL RESOURCES DEGREES AND CERTIFICATES. Environmental Conservation A.S. Degree (formerly Natural Resources)

NATURAL RESOURCES DEGREES AND CERTIFICATES. Environmental Conservation A.S. Degree (formerly Natural Resources) Area: Science and Engineering Dean: Dr. Rina Roy Phone: (916) 484-8107 Counseling: (916) 484-8572 DEGREES AND CERTIFICATES Environmental Conservation A.S. Degree (formerly Natural Resources) Environmental

More information

Ecosystem Services in the Greater Houston Region. A case study analysis and recommendations for policy initiatives

Ecosystem Services in the Greater Houston Region. A case study analysis and recommendations for policy initiatives Ecosystem Services in the Greater Houston Region A case study analysis and recommendations for policy initiatives Ecosystem Services Ecosystems provide services through their natural processes that we

More information

Asian Longhorned Beetle Control Program

Asian Longhorned Beetle Control Program United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Asian Longhorned Beetle Control Program Environmental Assessment, December 1996 United States Department of Agriculture

More information

ANTI FRAUD BUREAUS ALASKA ARKANSAS ARIZONA CALIFORNIA

ANTI FRAUD BUREAUS ALASKA ARKANSAS ARIZONA CALIFORNIA ANTI FRAUD BUREAUS Anti-Fraud Bureaus are generally state operated agencies that have been organized to detect, investigate and deter insurance frauds of many types. Fraud bureaus and insurance company

More information

Integrated Pest Management Plan

Integrated Pest Management Plan Integrated Pest Management Plan ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH & SAFETY Version 1.2 October 21, 2015 Table of Contents A. Introduction...1 B. Scope...1 C. Responsibilities...2 1. Department...2 2. Supervisor...3

More information

Promoting Pollination Farming for Native Bees

Promoting Pollination Farming for Native Bees Promoting Pollination Farming for Native Bees Overview Pollination, the transfer of pollen grains to fertilize the ovules of flowers to produce seeds and fruits, is essential to agriculture and natural

More information

Techniques and Tools for Monitoring Wildlife on Small Woodlands

Techniques and Tools for Monitoring Wildlife on Small Woodlands Techniques and Tools for Monitoring Wildlife on Small Woodlands Fran Cafferata Coe, Cafferata Consulting, Hillsboro, OR Monitoring wildlife can provide many unique insights into the health and productivity

More information

STATE CONSUMER ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS UNDER PHS ACT SECTION 2793

STATE CONSUMER ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS UNDER PHS ACT SECTION 2793 STATE CONSUMER ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS UNDER PHS ACT SECTION 2793 Alabama (No program) Alaska (No program) Arizona (No program) Arkansas Arkansas Insurance Department Consumer Services Division 1200 West Third

More information