Question about the History of Psychology Who is considered to have been the Father of the study of Psychology?

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Question about the History of Psychology Who is considered to have been the Father of the study of Psychology?"

Transcription

1 EXPLORING PSYCHOLOGY David Myers Thinking Critically With Psychological Science Chapter 1 Psychology s Roots Aristotle ( B.C.) Psychological Science is Born Wundt and psychology s first graduate students studied the atoms of the mind by conducting experiments at Leipzig, Germany, in This work is considered the birth of psychology as we know it today. Psychological Science is Born American philosopher William James wrote an important 1890 psychology textbook. Mary Calkins, James s student, became the APA s first female president. Psychological Science is Born Sigmund Freud, an Austrian physician, and his followers emphasized the importance of the unconscious mind and its effects on human behavior. Psychological Science Develops Behaviorists Watson and later Skinner emphasized the study of overt behavior as the subject matter of scientific psychology. Psychological Science Develops Humanistic Psychology Maslow and Rogers emphasized current environmental influences on our growth potential and our need for love and acceptance. Question about the History of Psychology Who is considered to have been the Father of the study of Psychology? Psychology Today We define psychology today as the scientific study of behavior (what we do) and mental processes (inner thoughts and feelings).

2 Can we study behaviors and mental processes scientifically? What is Psychology s Big Question? Psychology s Current Perspectives Table 1.1 p.7 (Very Important Info) Psychology s Subfields: Research Psychology s Subfields: Applied Clinical Psychology vs. Psychiatry A clinical psychologist (Ph.D.) studies, assesses, and treats troubled people with psychotherapy. Psychiatrists on the other hand are medical professionals (M.D.) who use treatments like drugs and psychotherapy to treat psychologically diseased patients. Question True of False: In many ways, Psychology is pretty much just common sense Why Do Psychology? If we do not, how can we differentiate between uniformed opinions and examined conclusions? The science of psychology helps make these examined conclusions, which leads to our understanding of how people feel, think, and act as they do! What About Intuition & Common Sense? Many people believe that intuition and common sense are enough to bring forth answers regarding human nature. Intuition and common sense may aid queries, but they are not free of error. Limits of Intuition: We rely too much on our gut feelings about human behavior.

3 Hindsight Bias Hindsight Bias is the I-knew-it-all-along phenomenon. After learning the outcome of an event, many people believe they could have predicted that very outcome. We only knew the dot.com stocks would plummet after they actually did plummet. Overconfidence Sometimes we think we know more than we actually know. The Scientific Attitude The scientific attitude is composed of curiosity (passion for exploration), skepticism (doubting and questioning) and humility (ability to accept responsibility when wrong). Critical Thinking Critical thinking does not accept arguments and conclusions blindly. It examines assumptions, discerns hidden values, evaluates evidence, and assesses conclusions. How Do Psychologists Ask & Answer Questions? Since we: Have Biases Depend on common sense errors Are overconfident in our judgements Tend to believe things due to knew it all along reactions And make other critical thinking errors Then how do Psychologist ask and answer questions? How Do Psychologists Ask & Answer Questions? Psychologists, like all scientists, use the scientific method to construct theories that organize, summarize and simplify observations. The Process of Research Bias: Remedies to bias and errors Standardization A set of uniform procedures for treating each participant (i.e. instruction for placement test) Operational definitions Defined in terms of the specific operation or procedure used to determine its presence (i.e. intelligence defined by a score on a specific test)

4 All variables in a research study must be given operational definitions Random assignment to groups Theory A theory is an explanation that integrates principles and organizes and predicts behavior or events. Hypothesis A hypothesis is a testable prediction, often prompted by a theory, to enable us to accept, reject or revise the theory. Research Process: an example Low self-esteem feeds depression (page 15 fig,1.5) Research Observations Research would require us to administer tests of self-esteem and depression. Individuals who score low on a self-esteem test and high on a depression test would confirm our hypothesis. Description Case Study A technique in which one person is studied in depth to reveal underlying behavioral principles. Survey A technique for ascertaining the self-reported attitudes, opinions or behaviors of people usually done by questioning a representative, random sample of people. Survey Wording can change the results of a survey. Q: Should cigarette ads and pornography be allowed on television? (not allowed vs. forbid) Survey If each member of a population has an equal chance of inclusion into a sample, it is called a random sample (unbiased). If the survey sample is biased, its results are not valid. Naturalistic Observation

5 Observing and recording the behavior of animals in the wild and recording self-seating patterns in a multiracial school lunch room constitute naturalistic observation. Descriptive Methods Name 3: Correlation Correlation Coefficient is a statistical measure of the relationship between two variables. Correlation: A measure of how strongly two variables are related to one another? Does correlation establish a causal relationship? In other words, does it mean that the one variable caused the other? Correlation and Causation: Explain this chart in your own words (p.19 fig. 1.3) Illusory Correlation The perception of a relationship where no relationship actually exists. Parents conceive children after adoption. Why is the author calling this an illusory correlation? Order in Random Events Given random data, we look for order and meaningful patterns. Order in Random Events Given large numbers of random outcomes, a few are likely to express order. Hunting for Causes What method do psychologists use to establish causation? Experimentation

6 Like other sciences, experimentation is the backbone of psychological research. Experiments isolate causes and their effects. Exploring Cause & Effect Many factors influence our behavior. Experiments (1) manipulate factors that interest us, while other factors are kept under (2) control. Effects generated by manipulated factors isolate cause and effect relationships. Experimental Method: The Remedy Placebo Control The inclusion of an experimental condition in which the treatment is not administered -most usually by having a control group Does Viagra work for women? More than 40% of women reported improved sexual functioning with use of Viagra Does Viagra work for women? The placebo effect: An inactive substance or fake treatment used as a control in an experiment or given by a practitioner Experimental Procedures: Double-blind Procedure Random Assignment Independent Variable Dependent Variable Double-blind Procedure In evaluating drug therapies, patients and experimenter s assistants should remain unaware of which patients had the real treatment and which patients had the placebo treatment. Random Assignment

7 Assigning participants to experimental (breast-fed) and control (formula-fed) conditions by random assignment minimizes pre-existing differences between the two groups. Independent Variable An independent variable is a factor manipulated by the experimenter. The effect of the independent variable is the focus of the study. For example, when examining the effects of breast feeding upon intelligence, breast feeding is the independent variable. Dependent Variable A dependent variable is a factor that may change in response to an independent variable. In psychology, it is usually a behavior or a mental process. For example, in our study on the effect of breast feeding upon intelligence, intelligence is the dependent variable. Experimentation Summary Example p.23 fig.1.5 Comparison table 1.2 p. 24

Chapter 1. Thinking Critically with Psychological Science

Chapter 1. Thinking Critically with Psychological Science Chapter 1 Thinking Critically with Psychological Science Psychology s Roots Prescientific Psychology Is the mind connected to the body or distinct? Are ideas inborn or is the mind a blank slate filled

More information

Myers EXPLORING PSYCHOLOGY (7th Ed)

Myers EXPLORING PSYCHOLOGY (7th Ed) Myers EXPLORING PSYCHOLOGY (7th Ed) Chapter 1 (& Appendix A) Thinking Critically with Psychological Science Modified from: James A. McCubbin, PhD Clemson University Worth Publishers Psych Science Born

More information

Research Strategies: How Psychologists Ask

Research Strategies: How Psychologists Ask PSYCHOLOGY (8th Edition, in Modules) David Myers PowerPoint Slides Aneeq Ahmad Henderson State University Worth Publishers, 2007 1 Research Strategies: How Psychologists Ask and Answer Questions Module

More information

Unit 2: Research Methods: Thinking Critically with Psychological Science. Unit Overview. The Need for Psychology Science

Unit 2: Research Methods: Thinking Critically with Psychological Science. Unit Overview. The Need for Psychology Science Unit 2: Research Methods: Thinking Critically with Psychological Science Unit Overview The Need for Psychological Science How Do Psychologists Ask and Answer Questions? Statistical Reasoning in Everyday

More information

Barron s Vocabulary Review: Fill in the Blank with the Appropriate Term

Barron s Vocabulary Review: Fill in the Blank with the Appropriate Term NAME: UNIT 1 STUDY GUIDE HISTORY AND APPROACHES (2-4% of exam) (Weiten Chapter 1 & Barron s Chapter 1) Word Choices: Wilhelm Wundt Sigmund Freud Behaviorism Behavioral Perspective Introspection Psychoanalytic

More information

Chapter 1: Introduction and Research Methods

Chapter 1: Introduction and Research Methods What is Psychology? Chapter 1: Introduction and Research Methods The scientific study of behavior and mental processes Philosophical Developments Philosophical Developments A Question: How are mind and

More information

Introduction to History & Research Methods of Psychology

Introduction to History & Research Methods of Psychology Term Explanation Application/Example/Extension Psychology is the scientific study of mental processes and behavior Influences on Psychology Psychology started as only the study of mental processes, but

More information

Mr. Gibson: AP Psychology. Summer Assignment For helpful videos go to YouTube and search Crash Course AP Psychology.

Mr. Gibson: AP Psychology. Summer Assignment For helpful videos go to YouTube and search Crash Course AP Psychology. All parts must be completed Friday September 2 nd. Mr. Gibson: AP Psychology Summer Assignment 2016-2017 Complete the reading as outlined on the Reading Assignment Sheet. Complete the Cornell Notes as

More information

psychology the science of psychology CHAPTER third edition Psychology, Third Edition Saundra K. Ciccarelli J. Noland White

psychology the science of psychology CHAPTER third edition Psychology, Third Edition Saundra K. Ciccarelli J. Noland White psychology third edition CHAPTER 1 the science of psychology Learning Objectives LO 1.1 Definition and Goals of Psychology LO 1.2 Structuralism and Functionalism LO 1.3 Early Gestalt, Psychoanalysis, and

More information

Introductory Psychology 1A

Introductory Psychology 1A Introductory Psychology 1A Presented by: Leland C. Swenson, Ph.D., J.D. Cuesta College & Cal Poly University SLO Professor Emeritus LMU The professor and his background Course objectives Going over the

More information

Introduction to Psychology. Chapter 1

Introduction to Psychology. Chapter 1 Introduction to Psychology Chapter 1 What is psychology? Psyche=mind Logos=knowledge or study Psychology=is the scientific study of human and animal behavior and the mind. Psychology s relationship to

More information

David G. Myers. Exploring Psychology Seventh Edition

David G. Myers. Exploring Psychology Seventh Edition David G. Myers Exploring Psychology Seventh Edition Psychology s Roots Prescientific Psychology Is the mind connected to the body or distinct? Are ideas inborn or is the mind a blank slate filled by experience?

More information

The History and Scope of Psychology

The History and Scope of Psychology PSYCHOLOGY (8th Edition, in Modules) David Myers PowerPoint Slides Aneeq Ahmad Henderson State University Worth Publishers, 2007 1 The History and Scope of Psychology Module 1 2 I have made a ceaseless

More information

AP Psychology STUDY GUIDE: Introduction to Psychology

AP Psychology STUDY GUIDE: Introduction to Psychology AP Psychology STUDY GUIDE: Introduction to Psychology Directions: Read selections carefully, select the answer that is best in each case. 1. To say that psychology is a science means that: A) psychologists

More information

What is Psychology? chapter 1

What is Psychology? chapter 1 What is Psychology? chapter 1 Overview! The science of psychology! What psychologists do! Critical and scientific thinking! Correlational studies! The experiment! Evaluating findings What is psychology?

More information

Did We Know It All Along? Hindsight Bias

Did We Know It All Along? Hindsight Bias Unit 2: Research Methods: Thinking Critically with Psychological Science Did We Know It All Along? Hindsight Bias Hindsight Bias I knew it all along Out of sight, out of mind Absence makes the heart grow

More information

Introduction to Psychology History and Science Quiz

Introduction to Psychology History and Science Quiz 1. Emily Rosa, the youngest researcher to have an article published in The Journal of the American Medical Association, discovered that therapeutic touch (TT) practitioners A. are effective in treating

More information

Unit 1: Psychology s History and Approaches. Unit Overview. What is Psychology? What is Psychology? Contemporary Psychology

Unit 1: Psychology s History and Approaches. Unit Overview. What is Psychology? What is Psychology? Contemporary Psychology Unit 1: Psychology s History and Approaches Unit Overview What is Psychology? Contemporary Psychology Click on the any of the above hyperlinks to go to that section in the presentation. What is Psychology?

More information

CHAPTER 1. The Science of Psychology

CHAPTER 1. The Science of Psychology CHAPTER 1 The Science of Psychology What Is Psychology? Psychology: Essentially trying to understand people the scientific study of behavior and mental processes behavior: outward or overt actions and

More information

Prologue: Psychology s Roots. Definition of Psychology

Prologue: Psychology s Roots. Definition of Psychology Prologue: Psychology s Roots Definition of Psychology The science of behavior (what we do) and mental processes (sensations, perceptions, dreams, thoughts, beliefs, and feelings) Prologue: Psychology

More information

Myers Psychology for AP, 2e

Myers Psychology for AP, 2e Myers Psychology for AP, 2e David G. Myers PowerPoint Presentation Slides by Kent Korek Germantown High School Worth Publishers, 2014 AP is a trademark registered and/or owned by the College Board, which

More information

Chapter 1. Chapter 1 Main Points. What Makes Psychology Unique? Definitions. Psychology

Chapter 1. Chapter 1 Main Points. What Makes Psychology Unique? Definitions. Psychology Psychology Chapter 1 Psychology and Life Chapter 1 Main Points What Makes Psychology Unique? Critical Thinking In Your Life The Evolution of Modern Psychology What Psychologists Do Psychology in Your Life

More information

Psych 1 Chapter 1 Overview

Psych 1 Chapter 1 Overview Psych 1 Chapter 1 Overview After studying this chapter, you should be able to answer the following questions: 1) Why is psychology a science, and how can it be distinguished from pseudoscience and folk

More information

Visualizing Psychology

Visualizing Psychology Visualizing Psychology by Siri Carpenter & Karen Huffman PowerPoint Lecture Notes Presentation Chapter 1: Introduction and Research Methods Siri Carpenter, Yale University Karen Huffman, Palomar College

More information

CHAPTER OUTLINE. 1. Introduction: The Origins of Psychology

CHAPTER OUTLINE. 1. Introduction: The Origins of Psychology 1. Introduction: The Origins of Psychology CHAPTER OUTLINE A. Today, psychology is defined as the science of behavior and mental processes. B. The Early Influences of Philosophy and Physiology i. The origins

More information

The Science of Psychology. Chapter 1

The Science of Psychology. Chapter 1 The Science of Psychology Chapter 1 Chapter 1 Learning Objective LO 1.1 Definition and goals of psychology LO 1.2 Structuralism and functionalism LO 1.3 Early Gestalt, psychoanalysis, and behaviorism LO

More information

Chapter One: What Is Psychology?

Chapter One: What Is Psychology? Chapter One: What Is Psychology? Psychology as a Science Psychology is best defined as the (1) study of (2) and (3) processes. Like other sciences, psychology seeks to (4), (5), (6) and (7) behavior and

More information

AP Psychology Summer Assignment

AP Psychology Summer Assignment Ψ AP Psychology Summer Assignment A Letter From Your Instructors Dear Student, Welcome to AP Psychology! Designed for the highly motivated student, this intensive course explores the scientific study of

More information

Psychology: An Introduction

Psychology: An Introduction Psychology: An Introduction Benjamin Lahey 11th Edition Slides by Kimberly Foreman Chapter One: Introduction to Psychology Psyche + Science = Psychology Psyche: - Aristotle used the term psyche to refer

More information

What is Psychology? A set of questions about mental functioning trace back to philosophy Aristotle asked about memory, personality, emotions, etc.

What is Psychology? A set of questions about mental functioning trace back to philosophy Aristotle asked about memory, personality, emotions, etc. What is? The science of behavior and the mind behavior - observable actions of a person or animal mind - thoughts, feelings, sensations, perceptions, memories, dreams, motives and other subjective experiences

More information

HONORS PSYCHOLOGY REVIEW QUESTIONS

HONORS PSYCHOLOGY REVIEW QUESTIONS HONORS PSYCHOLOGY REVIEW QUESTIONS The purpose of these review questions is to help you assess your grasp of the facts and definitions covered in your textbook. Knowing facts and definitions is necessary

More information

PSY 100 Foundations of Contemporary Psychology

PSY 100 Foundations of Contemporary Psychology PSY 100 Foundations of Contemporary Psychology The Science of Psychology PSY 100: Foundations of Contemporary Psychology Outline Defining Psychology Historical Foundations of Psychology Contemporary Approaches

More information

PSY 100 Foundations of Contemporary Psychology

PSY 100 Foundations of Contemporary Psychology PSY 100 Foundations of Contemporary Psychology The Science of Psychology PSY 100: Foundations of Contemporary Psychology Outline Defining Psychology Historical Foundations of Psychology Contemporary Approaches

More information

Chapter 1 Assignment Part 1

Chapter 1 Assignment Part 1 Chapter 1 Assignment Part 1 Careers in Psychology 1. Which of the following psychological professionals must always have a medical degree? a. psychologist b. psychiatric social worker c. psychiatrist d.

More information

Chapter 1: What is Psychology?

Chapter 1: What is Psychology? PSY 110 General Psychology Chapter 1: What is Psychology? PSY 110: General Psychology Outline Defining Psychology Historical Foundations of Psychology Contemporary Approaches to Psychology Specializations

More information

Thinking About Psychology: The Science of Mind and. Charles T. Blair-Broeker Randal M. Ernst

Thinking About Psychology: The Science of Mind and. Charles T. Blair-Broeker Randal M. Ernst Thinking About Psychology: The Science of Mind and Behavior 2e Charles T. Blair-Broeker Randal M. Ernst Methods Domain Introductory Chapter Module 02 History and Perspectives Module 2: History and Perspectives

More information

Social Psychology Chapter 1 David Myers

Social Psychology Chapter 1 David Myers Social Psychology Chapter 1 David Myers Chapter Outline What is Social Psychology? Major Themes in Social Psychology Values and Social Psychology Is Social Psychology Just Common Sense Research Methods

More information

Chapter 1, Section 1 Book Notes (pg. 3-6) Introduction to Psychology: Why Study Psychology?

Chapter 1, Section 1 Book Notes (pg. 3-6) Introduction to Psychology: Why Study Psychology? Chapter 1, Section 1 Book Notes (pg. 3-6) Introduction to Psychology: Why Study Psychology? 1. What will studying psychology allow you to do in your personal life? 2. What is the definition of psychology?

More information

Inside Out Course Study Guide

Inside Out Course Study Guide Inside Out Course Study Guide produced by with contributions by Jean P. Volckmann, Ph.D. Pasadena City College Inside Out is a video-, print-, and web-based course designed and produced by INTELECOM Intelligent

More information

Thinking About Psychology: The Science of Mind and Behavior 2e. Charles T. Blair-Broeker Randal M. Ernst

Thinking About Psychology: The Science of Mind and Behavior 2e. Charles T. Blair-Broeker Randal M. Ernst Thinking About Psychology: The Science of Mind and Behavior 2e Charles T. Blair-Broeker Randal M. Ernst Methods Domain Introductory Chapter Module 02 History and Perspectives Module 2: History and Perspectives

More information

Psychology Ch. 1: The Science of Psychology Practice Test

Psychology Ch. 1: The Science of Psychology Practice Test Psychology Ch. 1: The Science of Psychology Practice Test Name: Period: 1. In the definition of psychology, the term mental processes refers to. a) internal, covert processes b) outward behavior c) overt

More information

Ms. Conner Advanced Placement Psychology Summer Reading Assignment

Ms. Conner Advanced Placement Psychology Summer Reading Assignment Ms. Conner Advanced Placement Psychology 2011-2012 Summer Reading Assignment In order to hit the ground running this fall it is imperative that our summer work reflect where we are going with this course.

More information

Dualism is the belief that the mind is separate from the brain but somehow controls the brain and through it also the rest of the body.

Dualism is the belief that the mind is separate from the brain but somehow controls the brain and through it also the rest of the body. Chapter 1 What is Psychology? Sociology Social Psychology Psychology Biological Psychology (Neuroscience) Biology Biochemistry Chemistry Physical Chemistry Physics Psychology is a word deriving from Greek

More information

STRUCTURALISM: Wilhelm Wundt and Edward Titchener

STRUCTURALISM: Wilhelm Wundt and Edward Titchener STRUCTURALISM: Wilhelm Wundt and Edward Titchener Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920) Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920): Established first first Psychology Lab Lab in in Germany. Defined psychology as as the the science

More information

History and Perspectives

History and Perspectives History and Perspectives Modern Psychology s Nineteenth-Century Roots Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920) The father of psychology Founder of modern psychology Opened the first psychology lab in 1879 E.B. Titchener

More information

Chapter 1 The Nature of Psychology

Chapter 1 The Nature of Psychology 1-1 Chapter 1 The Nature of Psychology Chapter Outline The Historical Context of Psychology The Roots of Psychology The Founding Schools of Psychology The Growth of Psychology Contemporary Perspectives

More information

AP PSYCHOLOGY 2006 SCORING GUIDELINES

AP PSYCHOLOGY 2006 SCORING GUIDELINES AP PSYCHOLOGY 2006 SCORING GUIDELINES Question 1 Psychologists use a variety of research methods to study behavior. Three of the main research methods used are Case study Correlational study, and Experiment.

More information

CHAPTER 1 & 2 EXAM - HISTORY, PERSPECTIVES, RESEARCH AND STATISTICS

CHAPTER 1 & 2 EXAM - HISTORY, PERSPECTIVES, RESEARCH AND STATISTICS CHAPTER 1 & 2 EXAM - HISTORY, PERSPECTIVES, RESEARCH AND STATISTICS Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. A researcher wants to see if a protein-enriched

More information

Chapter 1 Outline I. Introduction: The Origins of Psychology Psychology Wilhelm Wundt Edward B. Titchener structuralism, William James

Chapter 1 Outline I. Introduction: The Origins of Psychology Psychology Wilhelm Wundt Edward B. Titchener structuralism, William James Chapter 1 Outline I. Introduction: The Origins of Psychology Psychology is defined as the science of behavior and mental processes. A. The Influence of Philosophy and Physiology 1. The origins of psychology

More information

Heilmaniac s Advanced Placement Psychology Unit 1 Introduction Practice Test #3

Heilmaniac s Advanced Placement Psychology Unit 1 Introduction Practice Test #3 Heilmaniac s Advanced Placement Psychology Unit 1 Introduction Practice Test #3 1. The term Psychology is often represented by the Greek letter. A. chi B. sigma C. alpha D. psi 2. A popular rock group

More information

Ch. 1 The Science of Psychology

Ch. 1 The Science of Psychology Ch. 1 The Science of Psychology Psychology Scientific study of behavior and mental processes. Behavior outward or overt actions and reactions. Mental processes internal, covert activity of our minds. Psychology

More information

Thinking Critically With Psychological Science

Thinking Critically With Psychological Science CHAPTER1 Thinking Critically With Psychological Science Chapter Preview Psychology traces its roots back to Greek philosophers reflections on human nature. Psychologists initial focus on mental life was

More information

Lecture 02 Thinking Critically with Psychological Science. What is Psychology? Psychology is the science of mental processes and behavior.

Lecture 02 Thinking Critically with Psychological Science. What is Psychology? Psychology is the science of mental processes and behavior. Lecture 02 Chapter 01 Thinking Critically with Psychological Science What is Psychology? Psychology is the science of mental processes and behavior. Is Psychology an EXACT science like chemistry or biology?

More information

CHAPTER 1 THE SCIENCE OF PSYCHOLOGY

CHAPTER 1 THE SCIENCE OF PSYCHOLOGY THE SCIENCE OF PSYCHOLOGY YOU KNOW YOU ARE READY FOR THE TEST IF YOU ARE ABLE TO! Define psychology and describe the goals that psychologists hope to achieve.! Describe the history of psychology.! Discuss

More information

Psychology Ch. 1: The Science of Psychology Practice Test Answer Key Mr. Minervini

Psychology Ch. 1: The Science of Psychology Practice Test Answer Key Mr. Minervini Psychology Ch. 1: The Science of Psychology Practice Test Answer Key Mr. Minervini 1. In the definition of psychology, the term mental processes refers to. a) internal, covert processes Correct. Mental

More information

Introduction to the Science of Psychology

Introduction to the Science of Psychology CHAPTER 1 Introduction to the Science of Psychology CHAPTER OUTLINE I. THE WORLD OF PSYCHOLOGY: AN OVERVIEW What is psychology and how did it grow? Psychology is the science that seeks to understand behavior

More information

Chapter 2 Psychology s Scientific Methods

Chapter 2 Psychology s Scientific Methods Chapter 2 Psychology s Scientific Methods Learning Goals 1. Explain what makes psychology a science. 2. Discuss the three types of research that are used in psychology. 3. Distinguish between descriptive

More information

Scientific Methods in Psychology

Scientific Methods in Psychology Scientific Methods in Psychology Why do research? To demonstrate that psychology is a science! Psychology would like to have the same academic standing as other sciences like biology, chemistry, astronomy,

More information

Psychology AP. Summer Assignment. Ms. Van Duyne. 1. Please read the attached first chapter of the textbook Prologue: the Story of Psychology.

Psychology AP. Summer Assignment. Ms. Van Duyne. 1. Please read the attached first chapter of the textbook Prologue: the Story of Psychology. Psychology AP Summer Assignment Ms. Van Duyne 1. Please read the attached first chapter of the textbook Prologue: the Story of Psychology. 2. Please complete the two multiple choice quizzes. You may use

More information

Thinking About Psychology

Thinking About Psychology Thinking About Psychology Charles T. Blair-Broeker & Randal M. Ernst PowerPoint Presentation Slides by Kent Korek Germantown High School Worth Publishers, 2012 Scientific Inquiry Domain Thinking about

More information

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Exam Name MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) Which of the following is the most complete and accurate definition of psychology? A)

More information

The Science of. The Science Psychology. Psychology WHAT IS PSYCHOLOGY. Case studies & surveys. Definition and goals. Correlational techniques

The Science of. The Science Psychology. Psychology WHAT IS PSYCHOLOGY. Case studies & surveys. Definition and goals. Correlational techniques The Science of The Science of Psychology Psychology Links to Learning Objectives WHAT IS PSYCHOLOGY LO 1.8 & surveys LO 1.1 LO 1.9 Correlational techniques Definition and goals LO 1.10 Experimental design

More information

Your Questions from Chapter 1. General Psychology PSYC 200. Your Questions from Chapter 1. Your Questions from Chapter 1. Science is a Method.

Your Questions from Chapter 1. General Psychology PSYC 200. Your Questions from Chapter 1. Your Questions from Chapter 1. Science is a Method. General Psychology PSYC 200 Methods of Psychology Your Questions from Chapter 1 Which names of people are important to remember? In what way are we going to be tested on this material? What exactly did

More information

Goals of Psychology? Chapter 1 Psychology: The Search for Understanding. What is Psychology? Describe Understand Predict Control Positive Negative

Goals of Psychology? Chapter 1 Psychology: The Search for Understanding. What is Psychology? Describe Understand Predict Control Positive Negative Chapter 1 Psychology: The Search for Understanding What is Psychology? The scientific study of behavior and mental processes Behavior: overt i.e. Can be directly observed (crying) Mental processes: covert

More information

Dr. Francis W. Craig. Welcome to Psychology 101!! Introductory Psychology. Your Professor is:

Dr. Francis W. Craig. Welcome to Psychology 101!! Introductory Psychology. Your Professor is: Welcome to Psychology 101!! Your Professor is: Dr. Francis W. Craig B.A., University of Richmond, 1989 M.A., Loyola -Maryland, 1994 Clinical Psychology Ph.D., University of Tennessee, 1998 Experimental

More information

Chapter 1: History and Approaches

Chapter 1: History and Approaches Chapter 1: History and Approaches Key Terms, Concepts, and People Psychology Behavior Mind Eclectic approach Dualism Empiricism Materialism Structuralism Introspection Structuralism Functionalism Gestalt

More information

Review #1 ( )

Review #1 (  ) Review #1 ( http://www.appsychology.net ) ( Reproduced with Permission from Ben McIlwain [Author] ) Questions 1. A correlation between dating frequency and academic success of -1.00 would indicate that:

More information

AP Psychology Summer Assignment 2015 2016 Ms. Hecox ApPsychHecox@gmail.com

AP Psychology Summer Assignment 2015 2016 Ms. Hecox ApPsychHecox@gmail.com AP Psychology Summer Assignment 2015 2016 Ms. Hecox ApPsychHecox@gmail.com Welcome to AP Psychology! This summer assignment serves multiple introductory purposes. You will have the chance to form a background

More information

Practice/ Module 1 and 2

Practice/ Module 1 and 2 Class: _ Date: _ Practice/ Module 1 and 2 Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Which of the following statements best defines the field of psychology?

More information

PSYCHOLOGY PROGRAM LEARNING GOALS AND OUTCOMES BY COURSE LISTING

PSYCHOLOGY PROGRAM LEARNING GOALS AND OUTCOMES BY COURSE LISTING PSYCHOLOGY PROGRAM LEARNING GOALS AND OUTCOMES BY COURSE LISTING Psychology 1010: General Psychology Learning Goals and Outcomes LEARNING GOAL 1: KNOWLEDGE BASE OF PSYCHOLOGY Demonstrate familiarity with

More information

Introduction. What We Will Cover in This Section. Administrative Things. Course overview. What is psychology? General themes in psychology.

Introduction. What We Will Cover in This Section. Administrative Things. Course overview. What is psychology? General themes in psychology. Introduction Dr. Dennis C. Sweeney What We Will Cover in This Section Course overview. What is psychology? General themes in psychology. P100 Introduction 2 Administrative Things Course Outline Contacting

More information

1 Psychology is. 1 Critical thinking guidelines. What is psychology? Thinking critically about Psychology

1 Psychology is. 1 Critical thinking guidelines. What is psychology? Thinking critically about Psychology What is psychology? Psychology is The discipline concerned with behavior and mental processes and how they are affected by an organism s physical state, mental state, and external environment. Symbolized

More information

Psy 203-General Psychology Study Guide: Chapter 01: Mind, Behavior, and Psychological Science

Psy 203-General Psychology Study Guide: Chapter 01: Mind, Behavior, and Psychological Science Name Psy 203-General Psychology Study Guide: Chapter 01: Mind, Behavior, and Psychological Science 1. What is the formal definition of psychology? 2. Which psychologists perform most of the research that

More information

18. believed that psychology should be about what people do, and should not concern itself with what cannot be seen (e.g., internal states such as

18. believed that psychology should be about what people do, and should not concern itself with what cannot be seen (e.g., internal states such as 1 Student: 1. Psychology is. A. a type of science B. the study of mental processes C. the study of human behavior D. All of these 2. Dr. Amani is interested in investigating why women are more able to

More information

The Story of Psychology

The Story of Psychology OROLOCjUE The Story of Psychology PROLOGUE OVERVIEW What Is Psychology? (pp. 2-6) psychology's historical development current activities lead us to define the field as the science of behavior mental processes.

More information

AP Psychology Summer Homework Bennett. Teacher: Bennett Class: AP Psychology Email: cbennett@goldercollegeprep.org. Name: Section:

AP Psychology Summer Homework Bennett. Teacher: Bennett Class: AP Psychology Email: cbennett@goldercollegeprep.org. Name: Section: Teacher: Bennett Class: AP Psychology Email: cbennett@goldercollegeprep.org Name: Section: Directions: 1. Read Read Ch. 1, The Science of Psychology, pages 1-43 2. Answer the questions on the attached

More information

Goal of experimental strategy

Goal of experimental strategy Strengths and Weaknesses of the Correlational Research Design Strengths Describes relationships between variables Nonintrusive-natural behaviors High external validity Weaknesses Cannot assess causality

More information

What is Psychology? Philosophical Developments. A Question: How are mind and body related? Dualism - body and soul are separate but interrelated

What is Psychology? Philosophical Developments. A Question: How are mind and body related? Dualism - body and soul are separate but interrelated What is Psychology? A set of questions about mental functioning trace back to philosophy Aristotle asked about memory, personality, emotions, etc. A set of theories and procedures for asking and answering

More information

What is psychology. Created by Dr. Joanne Hsu

What is psychology. Created by Dr. Joanne Hsu What is psychology Psychology is the science that studies behavior and mental (or cognitive) processes, and it is the profession that applies the accumulated knowledge of this science to practical problems.

More information

Ψ 101/101 Sep THINKING CRITICALLY: Part 1. Learning Objectives. Learning Objectives cnt. Overview

Ψ 101/101 Sep THINKING CRITICALLY: Part 1. Learning Objectives. Learning Objectives cnt. Overview THINKING CRITICALLY: Part 1 Ψ 101/101 Sep 21 09 Learning Objectives Understand hindsight bias, and explain how it can make research findings seem like mere common sense. Understand Overconfidence and its

More information

The Science of Psychology and Its Research Methods

The Science of Psychology and Its Research Methods Chapter 1 The Science of Psychology and Its Research Methods Outline I. Toward a Definition A. Psychology is the science of behavior and mental processes. B. Psychologists have an interest in animals as

More information

Name Chapter 1-What Is Psychology? Description Instructions

Name Chapter 1-What Is Psychology? Description Instructions Name Chapter 1-What Is Psychology? Description Instructions Modify Question 1 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove Question Psychology is defined as the Answer scientific study of why people do what

More information

Definition The scientific study of behavior and mental processes Behavior Outward or overt actions (things that can be observed)

Definition The scientific study of behavior and mental processes Behavior Outward or overt actions (things that can be observed) Definition The scientific study of behavior and mental processes Behavior Outward or overt actions (things that can be observed) * Talking * Facial expressions Mental Processes Internal activity of our

More information

PSYCHOLOGY PROGRAM LEARNING GOALS, LEARNING OUTCOMES AND COURSE ALLIGNMENT MATRIX. 8 Oct. 2010

PSYCHOLOGY PROGRAM LEARNING GOALS, LEARNING OUTCOMES AND COURSE ALLIGNMENT MATRIX. 8 Oct. 2010 PSYCHOLOGY PROGRAM LEARNING GOALS, LEARNING OUTCOMES AND COURSE ALLIGNMENT MATRIX 8 Oct. 2010 Departmental Learning Goals and Outcomes LEARNING GOAL 1: KNOWLEDGE BASE OF PSYCHOLOGY Demonstrate familiarity

More information

PSY 3019, History and Systems of Psychology Course Syllabus. Course Description. Course Textbook. Course Learning Outcomes. Credits.

PSY 3019, History and Systems of Psychology Course Syllabus. Course Description. Course Textbook. Course Learning Outcomes. Credits. PSY 3019, History and Systems of Psychology Course Syllabus Course Description This course explores the historical, philosophical, and scientific roots of modern psychology, including the people, cultural

More information

Answers to the Methods of Science Review Assignment

Answers to the Methods of Science Review Assignment Answers to the Methods of Science Review Assignment 1. One of the major advantages of the method is that it allows investigation in natural surroundings. a. laboratory observation b. case study c. naturalistic

More information

Methods of Research Retake

Methods of Research Retake Methods of Research Retake 51. The first step psychologists take in researching an issue is to. a. ask a specific question about a limited topic b. determine the validity of a claim c. select an unbiased

More information

Methods of Science Review Assignment

Methods of Science Review Assignment Methods of Science Review Assignment This assignment should be completed on paper, rather than online, it can be self-graded by opening the corresponding file with the title Answers. 1. One of the major

More information

Introduction to Psychology: True or False?

Introduction to Psychology: True or False? Introduction to Psychology: True or False? 1. People usually fall in love with someone very different from themselves. 2. Some people dream at night; others seldom dream. 3. Most people would refuse to

More information

Introduction/Evaluating Theories of Personality. Chapter 1. What is Personality? What is a theory of Personality? Introduction, outline, and approach

Introduction/Evaluating Theories of Personality. Chapter 1. What is Personality? What is a theory of Personality? Introduction, outline, and approach Introduction/Evaluating Theories of Personality Chapter What is Personality? Introduction, outline, and approach A place to start What is a theory of Personality? Answer a question with a question Theories

More information

Chapter 1: What Is Psychology?

Chapter 1: What Is Psychology? Chapter 1: What Is Psychology? Case Study: A Social Science vs. a False Science Section 1: Why Study Psychology? Section 2: What Psychologists Do Section 3: A History of Psychology Section 4: Contemporary

More information

Chapter 1: What Is Psychology?

Chapter 1: What Is Psychology? Chapter 1: Case Study: A Social Science vs. a False Science Section 1: Why Study Psychology? Section 2: What Psychologists Do Section 3: A History of Psychology Section 4: Contemporary Perspectives Lab:

More information

GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY. PSY 1000 Sherry Dockins, MASA, LCPC,CADC, ICDVP Sherry_Dockins@IVCC.edu

GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY. PSY 1000 Sherry Dockins, MASA, LCPC,CADC, ICDVP Sherry_Dockins@IVCC.edu GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY PSY 1000 Sherry Dockins, MASA, LCPC,CADC, ICDVP Sherry_Dockins@IVCC.edu Introduction What is psychology? Why are you taking this course? What do you expect to learn? What to expect PowerPoint

More information

Chapter 1: History and Approaches

Chapter 1: History and Approaches Chapter 1: History and Approaches Key Terms, Concepts, and People Psychology Behavior Mind Eclectic approach Dualism Empiricism Materialism Structuralism Introspection Structuralism Functionalism Gestalt

More information

APA National Standards for High School Psychology Curricula

APA National Standards for High School Psychology Curricula APA National Standards for High School Psychology Curricula http://www.apa.org/ed/natlstandards.html I. METHODS DOMAIN Standard Area IA: Introduction and Research Methods CONTENT STANDARD IA-1: Contemporary

More information

SOUTH EASTERN UNIVERSITY COLLEGE (A Constituent College of the University Of Nairobi)

SOUTH EASTERN UNIVERSITY COLLEGE (A Constituent College of the University Of Nairobi) SOUTH EASTERN UNIVERSITY COLLEGE (A Constituent College of the University Of Nairobi) UNIVERSITY EXAMINATIONS 2012/2013 FIRST YEAR FIRST SEMESTER EXAMINATION FOR THE DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF EDUCATION (ARTS)

More information

Methods of Scientific Research. Chapter 2

Methods of Scientific Research. Chapter 2 Methods of Scientific Research Chapter 2 Popular psychology topics: Myth or real? Most people use only 10% of their brain Expressing anger is better than holding it in Opposites attract in relationships

More information

AP Psychology: Syllabus 2

AP Psychology: Syllabus 2 AP Psychology: Syllabus 2 Scoring Components SC1 The course provides instruction in history and approaches. 5 SC2 The course provides instruction in research methods used in psychological science, practice

More information

ABA. History of ABA. Interventions 8/24/2011. Late 1800 s and Early 1900 s. Mentalistic Approachs

ABA. History of ABA. Interventions 8/24/2011. Late 1800 s and Early 1900 s. Mentalistic Approachs ABA Is an extension of Experimental Analysis of Behavior to applied settings Is not the same as modification Uses cognition in its approach Focuses on clinically or socially relevant s Is used in many

More information

GCE A Level Psychology (AQA) Yr11 Taster Day Information Pack

GCE A Level Psychology (AQA) Yr11 Taster Day Information Pack GCE A Level Psychology (AQA) Yr11 Taster Day Information Pack Name: T.G.: How to find more information on the specification: The AQA website: http://www.aqa.org.uk/subjects/psychology/as-and-a-level/psychology-7181-7182/introduction

More information