1 Global Action on Prevention of Asbestos Diseases Building and Woodworkers International - BWI
3 Problems 100,000 deaths a year from diseases caused by asbestos: lung cancer, asbestosis, mesothelioma 95% of chrysotile asbestos is used in cement products Increasingly aggressive asbestos marketing campaigns in developing countries Increasing use in countries where laws and standards are weak and where information is not readily available Unsafe work methods, uncontrolled and informal work
4 World Asbestos Production (US Geological Survey, 2004) year
5 Four Action Areas 1. Address the global industry marketing campaign by asbestos producing and exporting countries, led by Canada. 2.Address importing countries on alternative materials and the need to reconvert the asbestos cement industry 3. Protect workers (and other users) from exposure to asbestos 4. Promote the rights of those affected by exposure to asbestos
6 Changes in Global asbestos markets Group 1: USA, Canada, Western Europe, Australia, New Zealand, Japan Group 2: East Europe, Russia, Asia (exc. Japan), Latin America and Africa
7 Here are the UN trade statistics for asbestos imports in India 2004 Š 2006: Year Quantity imported Largest sources for imports ,398 metric tons 69,686 mt from Russia 44,036 mt from Canada 24,355 mt from Brazil 19,312 mt from Kazakhstan ,494 metric tons 114,030 mt from Russia 38,245 mt from Zimbabwe 33,490 mt from Canada 29,883 mt from Brazil 16,846 mt from Kazakhstan ,427 metric tons 152,820 mt from Russia 63,980 mt from Canada 48,807 mt from Kazakhstan 34,953 mt from Brazil
11 Asbestos Industry propaganda A. Chrysotile asbestos is fundamentally different from, and far safer than, other kinds of asbestos. B. Substitutes for chrysotile are more harmful to health. C. Respect for the Threshold Limit Values and industrial hygiene will guarantee the absolute safety of chrysotile. Controlled use D. The ILO supports safe use
16 Response to Industry Propaganda A. Chrysotile IARC Group 1 carcinogen. Beyond doubt that it is deadly, international consensus. B. Safer substitutes are available. They have been evaluated by WHO -IARC and have low health risks from inhalation. C. No safe threshold of exposure. Controlled use is pure fantasy, not happened anywhere, particularly in the building sector and in developing countries. D. ILO policy clarified in 2006, BWI very active in the work to achieve that. But the asbestos industry was and still is on the attack
24 2. asbestos cement substitutes Non cement products. Or alternatives which are highly compatible with cement, have good tensile strength and can be replaced using the same Hatscheck plant used for the manufacture of asbestos cement products. E.g. cellulose, Poly Vinyl Alcohol, p- aramids and polypropylene. Used in cement products in the 44 countries which have banned. Also used by companies in many countries where asbestos is not banned. Important TU work on just transition. Product COSTS are higher, but must take into account the costs of using asbestos: worker protection, medical, welfare, social security and compensation costs, and removal and waste.
25 PVA fibres Cellulose fibres Chrysotile fibres
26 PVA fibres Cellulose fibres
27 Source: Voith/FCM
28 Source: Voith/FCM
32 3. workers must be protected Asbestos cement materials are used every day in construction - in pipes, tiles, roofing materials, sheets for partition walls and in insulating materials. Cutting, breaking, sawing, perforating and abrading asbestos cement materials liberates asbestos fibres Inhaling asbestos fibres causes lung cancer, asbestosis, mesotheliomas, pleural thickening and pleural plaques It is urgently needed to stop introducing asbestos into the built environment and to protect workers who may be exposed during maintenance, renovation and demolition activities in buildings that contain asbestos. ILO Convention 162 provides information on the precautions to be taken with in situ asbestos, and on workers rights to information, training, and protection.
34 4. Rights of those affected ILO Convention 162 Internationally recognised Rights. WHO, ILO, ISSA, BWI, International T.U. campaign on: Health Surveillance and registers of exposed people for early diagnosis Medical advice, treatment, rehabilitation Legal advice, social security and compensation, social justice Coallitions of Trade Unions and Victims Groups, plus sympathetic professionals.
40 Building and Woodworkers International Cancer? No thanks!
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