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1 Marine Accidents 2009 SØULYKKESRAPPORT FRA OPKLARINGSENHEDEN

2 The Danish Maritime Authority 2009, Vermundsgade 38C, 2100 Copenhagen Ø Telephone Fax Permission is granted to reproduce the content of this publication provided that the source is acknowledged. ISBN Printed edition: ISBN Electronic edition: ISSN Printed edition: X ISSN Electronic edition:

3 Index PREFACE... 8 KEY FIGURES... 2 Merchant ships... 2 Fishing vessels... 3 Reported serious work related accidents on merchant ships and fishing vessels... 4 Foreign ships... 5 Groundings and collisions in Danish waters... 5 MARINE ACCIDENTS INVOLVING MERCHANT SHIPS... 6 Types of marine accidents... 8 Causes of marine accidents on merchant ships WORK RELATED ACCIDENTS ON BOARD MERCHANT SHIPS Seriousness of the work related accidents Frequency of work related accidents Incidents distributed on ship types Distribution on tonnage and registers Where was the merchant vessel at the time of the accident The type of work at the time of the accident Which part of the body is injured Duration of period of absence MARINE ACCIDENTS INVOLVING FISHING VESSELS Marine accidents involving fishing vessels in Denmark and Greenland Marine accidents involving Danish registered fishing vessels WORK RELATED ACCIDENTS ON FISHING VESSELS Seriousness of work related accidents Where was the fishing vessel at the time of the accident Type of work at the time of the accident Which part of the body was injured Duration of the period of absence MARINE ACCIDENTS INVOLVING FOREIGN SHIPS IN DANISH TERRITORIAL WATERS GROUNDINGS AND COLLISIONS IN DANISH WATERS Where else do the accidents take place?... 50

4 Where do the accidents take place worldwide? Frequency of groundings and collisions in the Great Belt and the Sound ANNEX 1 DATA SHEET Merchant ships Number of seafarers and fishermen ANNEX 2 TERMS AND DEFINITIONS... 56

5 List of tables Table 1: Marine accidents on board merchant ships... 2 Table 2: Deaths on board merchant ships... 2 Table 3: Reported work related accidents on board merchant ships... 2 Table 4: Marine accidents on board fishing vessels... 3 Table 5: Marine accidents on board fishing vessels... 3 Table 6: Reports of work related accidents on board fishing vessels... 3 Table 7: Number of reported serious work related accidents... 4 Table 8: Frequency of serious work related accidents... 4 (accidents per 1,000 crew members)... 4 Table 9: Types of marine accidents on foreign ships in Danish waters... 5 Table 10: Frequency of groundings and collisions per passages in The Great Belt and Oresund... 5 Table 11: Number of marine accidents... 6 Table 12: Distribution of accidents on the type of merchant ships with a tonnage of less than GT... 6 Table 13: Distribution of accidents on the type of merchant ships with a tonnage of more than GT... 7 Table 14: The average age of ships involved in a marine accident... 7 Table 15: Types of marine accidents... 8 Table 16: Types of marine accidents on merchant ships between GT... 9 Table 17: Received reports on work related accidents Table 18: Reported work related accidents (reportable and not reportable) in the merchant fleet, all nationalities Table 19: Reported work related accidents (reportable or not reportable) in the merchant fleet, non-danish citizens 1).. 13 Table 20: Number of reported serious work related accidents on board merchant vessels Table 21: Number of observed work related reportable accidents compared to days of engagement distributed on ship types (during the period ) Table 22: Distribution of work related accidents (reportable or not reportable) on large and small merchant vessels Table 23: Where was the ship at the time of the accident (all accidents and all ships) Table 24: All work related accidents distributed by the type of work at the time of the accident for passenger ships Table 25: All work related accidents distributed by the type of work at the time of the accident for cargo ships Table 26: Which body parts were injured in all reported work related accidents on merchant vessels Table 27: Duration of period of absence at all reported work related accidents on board the passenger ships Table 28: Duration of period of absence at all reported work related accidents on board the cargo ships Table 29: Marine accidents involving fishing vessels Table 30: Average age of the fishing vessels involved in marine accidents Table 31: Marine accidents among fishing vessels, distributed by tonnage Table 32: Marine accidents among fishing vessels distributed by length Table 33: Marine accidents with fishing vessels, distributed by profession Table 34: Distribution of types of accidents in detail... 26

6 Table 35: Distribution of the character of the marine accidents Table 36: Danish fishing vessels that foundered, types of accidents Table 37: Serious marine accidents with Danish fishing vessels, types of accidents Table 38: Less serious marine accidents with Danish fishing vessels, types of accidents Table 39: All received work related accidents (reportable and not reportable) in the fishing fleet, all nationalities Table 40: Reported serious work related accidents on board fishing vessels Table 41: Where was the fishing vessel at the time of the work related accident (all accidents) Table 42: Distribution of the type of work on board fishing vessels at the time of the accident (reportable or not reportable) Table 43: Which body parts are injured in work related accidents on board fishing vessels Table 44: Duration of the period of absence after work related accidents (reportable or not reportable) on board fishing vessels Table 45: Marine accidents on board foreign ships in Danish waters Table 46: What types of foreign ships have been involved in an accident in Danish waters Table 47: Groundings and collisions with all ships in Danish waters, distributed on selected waters in the period Table 48: Groundings and collisions in The Great Belt and the Sound Table 49: The number of ship passages in The Great Belt and the Sound Table 50: Frequency of groundings and collisions per passages in The Great Belt and the Sound Table 51: The development in all Danish registered merchant ships Table 52: Number of merchant ships in the registers end of year Table 53: The number of fishing vessels end of year 2008 according to the Directorate of Fisheries Table 54: The number of fishing vessels in Denmark according to the Directorate of Fisheries Table 55: Distribution of age of the fishing vessels end of year 2008 according to the Directorate of Fisheries Table 56: Number of people signed on ship duty by nationality in DIS and DAS as from September 30 th Table 57: Distribution of Danes and foreigners signed on ship duty in DIS and DAS as of September 30 th Table 58: Compiled statistics for signed on in DIS as of September 30th of the year Table 59: Fishermen in Denmark, The Danish Directory of Fisheries statement Table 60: Numbers of crewmembers on the ships at a certain date... 55

7 List of figures Figure 1: Development in the number of marine accidents divided by the character of the accident Figure 2: Development in the number of reported reportable work related accidents, compared to the development in ships Figure 3: Development in the number of reportable accidents per 1 million working hours on all DIS ships Figure 4: Development in the number of reportable accidents per 1 million working hours on the cargo ships in DIS.. 16 Figure 5: Development in the number of serious work related accidents per 1 million working hours on all DIS ships. 17 Figure 6: Development in the number of serious work related accidents per 1 million working hours on cargo ships in DIS Figure 7: Percentage of ships that foundered and other serious marine accidents compared to the total number of marine accidents on fishing vessels Figure 8: Work related reportable accidents per 1,000 fishermen Figure 9: Groundings and collision in the area around Drogden Figure 10: Groundings and collisions in the area north-west of Bornholm, the Bornholmsgat Figure 11: Groundings and collisions in the area around Hatter Barn Figure 12: Groundings and collisions in the area around Skagerrak Figure 13: Groundings and collisions in the area VTS Great Belt, southern section of the map Figure 14: Groundings and collisions at the east and vest coast of Greenland Figure 15: Groundings and collisions in the waters around Denmark in the period , all flags Figure 16: Groundings and collisions involving Danish ships in the period , worldwide Explanation of Symbols - = Zero.. = Data not available = Data not yet available = Number can not exist in that context * = Provisional or preliminary figure = Break in the homogeneity of vertical series = Break in the homogeneity of horizontal series

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9 Preface The Danish Maritime Authority s annual statement of accidents at sea concerns accidents and causes of accidents on Danish and foreign ships in Danish territorial waters from 1999 to The underlying basis of numbers is, due to the size of the business, not very large. The tendencies are therefore not statistically reliable. Marine Accidents 2008 is a part of the Danish Maritime Authority s work for preventing accidents at sea. Knowledge of accidents can be used to target the effort both in the maritime businesses and with the authorities in order to continuously improve the safety and reduce the numbers of accidents. Descriptions in closer detail of the individual accidents can be found in the accident reports respectively the Quarterly Information which the Danish Maritime Authority s Division for Investigation of Marine Accidents publishes. Reports and Marine Accidents reports in English can be found on the Danish Maritime Authority s homepage (www.dma.dk). The statement in Marine Accidents 2008 contains only marine and work related accidents that have taken place in the period 1999 to 2008, which the Danish Maritime Authority is familiar with and of which the Authority has concluded the investigation before 1 March From last year on, Danish passenger ships did not need to inform on their signing on schemes any longer. This however altered the employment data used in some of the tables in this publication. In order to keep a comparable consistency over the years, the Danish Maritime Authority has therefore chosen to work with an estimated number of people employed on passenger ships in Accidents concerning pleasure boats are registered by the Danish Pleasure Craft Safety Board and not by the Danish Maritime Authority. All the time periods are computed from similar criteria and include the changes that may be added in the following year, such as corrections. Therefore, the figures in the time periods may therefore vary compared to earlier statements. In 2009 the Danish Maritime Authority has decided to change the title of the publication, so it responds to the year of publication and not, as earlier, to the most recent year in the publication. Essential terms and expressions used in this publication are defined in Annex 2. Copenhagen, November 2009

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11 - 2 - KEY FIGURES Key figures A selection of the most important key figures in this statement is shown below. Merchant ships Includes ships registered in Denmark and Greenland. Table 1: Marine accidents on board merchant ships Marine accidents Table 2: Deaths on board merchant ships Fatal causalities ) Of these in relation with marine accidents 2) ) Of these in relation with the work on board Of these in relation with other activity, in spare time, etc. Of these unspecified ) Including one death as a consequence of a heat stroke, on board DANICA RED in the Persian Gulf. A classification of the accident was not possible. 2) Of these in relation with marine accidents; meaning that a marine accident was the direct cause of death. No further investigations will be made into the chain of events to determine the cause of the accident. 3) All these deaths can be related to STEVNS POWER that foundered off the coast of Nigeria. Table 3: Reported work related accidents on board merchant ships Work related reportable accidents 1) Of these serious work related accidents Work related accidents not reportable In total ) Including accidents followed by death.

12 - 3 - KEY FIGURES Fishing vessels Includes ships registered in Denmark and Greenland. Table 4: Marine accidents on board fishing vessels Marine accidents Table 5: Marine accidents on board fishing vessels Deaths Of these in relation with marine accidents 1) Of these in relation with the work on board Of these in relation with other activity, in spare time, etc. 1) Of these in relation with marine accidents; meaning that a marine accident was the direct cause of death. No further investigation will be made into the chain of events to determine the cause of the accident. Table 6: Reports of work related accidents on board fishing vessels Work related reportable accidents Of these serious work related accidents Work related accidents not reportable In total

13 - 4 - KEY FIGURES Reported serious work related accidents on merchant ships and fishing vessels Includes ships registered in Denmark and Greenland. Table 7: Number of reported serious work related accidents Serious work related accidents Fishing vessels Cargo ships under 3000 BT Cargo ships over 3000 BT Passenger ships Total Table 8: Frequency of serious work related accidents (accidents per 1,000 crew members) Fishing vessels 1) Merchant ships under 3000 BT Merchant ships over 3000 BT Passenger ships In total ) The table shows the frequency of serious work related accidents on board of Danish fishing vessels, not including Greenlandic fishing vessels.

14 - 5 - KEY FIGURES Foreign ships Table 9: Types of marine accidents on foreign ships in Danish waters Fire Pollution Pleasure craft accident Grounding Damage Hard weather damage Collision 1) Contact damage Capsizing accident Leakage / watering Engine breakdown Collision (crash) 1) List Water penetration Other In total ) Collision and other collision (crash) indicate the number of registered ships that have been involved in the accident. If the number is odd, it indicates that Danish ships have been involved in the accident and are therefore not accounted for in this table of foreign ships. Groundings and collisions in Danish waters Table 10: Frequency of groundings and collisions per passages in The Great Belt and Oresund Groundings and collisions per passages Oresund The Great Belt Grounding Collision Grounding Collision In total

15 - 6 - MARINE ACCIDENTS INVOLVING MERCHANT SHIPS Marine accidents involving merchant ships This listing comprises ships registered under Danish or Greenlandic flag. Table 11: Number of marine accidents Marine accidents Of these ships that foundered Of these other serious accidents ) 6 12 Of these minor accidents Marine accidents per ships ) 3 of the accidents are due to a minor change in the definition of serious maritime accidents by the Danish Maritime Authority in Find the definition in annex 2. Table 12: Distribution of accidents on the type of merchant ships with a tonnage of less than GT Dry cargo ships Tankers Passenger ships Other ships In total

16 - 7 - MARINE ACCIDENTS INVOLVING MERCHANT SHIPS Table 13: Distribution of accidents on the type of merchant ships with a tonnage of more than GT Dry cargo ships Tankers Passenger ships Other ships In total The average age of the ships involved in marine accidents is shown below. The age of the ships is defined as the year of the accident minus the registered construction year. The table shows that in 2005, 15% of the ships involved in marine accidents were between 11 and 15 years of age Table 14: The average age of ships involved in a marine accident Percentage Less than 5 years 5 10 years years years years More than 25 years In total Number of ships % 19 % 7 % 13 % 9 % 36 % 100 % % 5 % 7 % 23 % 20 % 23 % 100 % % 14 % 4 % 12 % 14 % 38 % 100 % % 6 % 23 % 2 % 18 % 46 % 100 % % 22 % 10 % 15 % 7 % 40 % 100 % % 11 % 20 % 20 % 5 % 23 % 100 % % 15 % 15 % 0 % 22 % 35 % 100 % % 6 % 15 % 6 % 8 % 47 % 100 % % 12% 17% 24% 12% 19% 100% % 17% 10% 12% 20% 25% 100% 70 Gns. 13% 13% 13% 13% 14% 33% 100% 46.6

17 - 8 - MARINE ACCIDENTS INVOLVING MERCHANT SHIPS Types of marine accidents The different types of marine accidents are specified below. Table 15: Types of marine accidents Total Fire, accommodation Fire, cargo hold / tank Fire, engine room Fire, other Fire, in total Grounding Damage Hard weather damage Collision Contact damage Capsizing accident Leakage and watering Engine breakdown Collision (crash) List Practice drill accident Other In total Please notice that the figures for collision and collision (crash) indicate the number of ships involved in the accidents, and not the number of accidents. If the number is odd, it is due to the fact that either the other ship being foreign (number of marine accidents involving foreign ships in Danish waters is shown in table 9), or that the other ship is not registered at all, for instance if the accident has taken place in foreign waters.

18 - 9 - MARINE ACCIDENTS INVOLVING MERCHANT SHIPS Table 16: Types of marine accidents on merchant ships between GT Total Fire, accommodation Fire, cargo hold / tank Fire, engine room Fire, in total Grounding Damage Hard weather damage Collision Contact damage Capsizing accident Leakage and watering Engine breakdown Collision (crash) List Practice drill accident Other In total When a marine accident occurs, the Danish Maritime Authority categorizes it in one of the following categories: Loss, serious accident, and less serious accident. The figure below gives a overview of the development in the number of accidents in these categories in the past 10 years.

19 MARINE ACCIDENTS INVOLVING MERCHANT SHIPS The reason for the data-break is explained in table Serious accidents Foundering Minor accidents Figure 1: Development in the number of marine accidents divided by the character of the accident Causes of marine accidents on merchant ships Causes and cause relations of accidents are often complex as many different factors have an impact on the cause of an accident. Due to this complex interplay, there are many different ways of categorizing accident causes. The Danish Maritime Authority has therefore decided to no longer publish a simple table on this issue. If you have an interest in accident causes, you are advised to look into the reports and studies of the Division for Investigation of Maritime Accidents, which are available from our homepage (www.dma.dk).

20 WORK RELATED ACCIDENTS ON BOARD MERCHANT SHIPS Work related accidents on board merchant ships In this chapter, the work related accidents in the merchant fleet that have come to the knowledge of the Danish Maritime Authority no later than March 1 st 2009, are described. All time sequences are constructed specifically for this statement in order to ensure uniform extraction criteria and to include any late recordings of accidents from previous years. The actual number of reported work related accidents is likely to be higher, since the Danish Maritime Authority is not informed of all accidents. The listing also shows deaths and personal injuries incurred in marine accidents. Work related accidents include all accidents incurred in relation to employment at sea which have to be reported to the Danish Maritime Authority regardless of the cause of the accident. A work related accident could therefore be incurred in connection with a marine accident involving the ships. Table 17: Received reports on work related accidents Reportable work related 1) accidents Of these ships in DAS 2) Passenger ships Cargo ships Of these ships in DIS Passenger ships Cargo ships Not reportable work related accidents Of these ships in DAS 2) Of these ships in DIS Work related accidents in total ) Including accidents resulting in death. 2) Including ships registered in Boat Register.

21 WORK RELATED ACCIDENTS ON BOARD MERCHANT SHIPS Reported work related accidents Number of ships DIS DAS Ships in DIS Ships in DAS 0 Figure 2: Development in the number of reported reportable work related accidents, compared to the development in ships In the table below the work related accidents are specified according to the consequence of the accident, and the primary cause of the accident. The Danish Maritime Authority is aware that it is often a longer chain of events that leads to an accident. However, it would be too comprehensive to consider all incidents leading to an accident here. Table 18: Reported work related accidents (reportable and not reportable) in the merchant fleet, all nationalities Fatal causalities At marine accidents 2) ) Work on board Other activity, spare time Unspecified ) In total ) Injured, reportable work related accidents At marine accidents 2) Work on board Work on

22 WORK RELATED ACCIDENTS ON BOARD MERCHANT SHIPS board Unspecified In total Injured, not reportable work related accidents At marine accidents 2) Work on board Unspecified In total In total, work related accidents ) Including one death as a consequence of a heat stroke, on board DANICA RED in the Persian Gulf. A classification of the accident was not possible. 2) These 11 deaths can all be related to the foundering of Stevns Power off the coast of Nigeria. 3) Meaning that a marine accident was the direct cause of the death. The chain of events will not be examined in further detail to determine the cause of the marine accident. The table below specifies the number of marine accidents concerning non-danish citizens, who have been signed on to a Danish ship. Table 19: Reported work related accidents (reportable or not reportable) in the merchant fleet, non-danish citizens 1) Fatal causalities 2) At marine accidents ) Work on board Other activity, spare time Unspecified In total Injured, At marine Reportable accidents Work on board Other activity, spare time Unspecified In total Injured, not reportable Work on board Unspecified In total In total, work related accidents ) Ascertained by taking the percentage of seafarers, who are not Danish citizens, and who according to the notice to the Danish Maritime Authority have been signed on as of September 30th in the year on board ships in both DIS and DAS. Present percentage rate must be used with care as a final statement of foreigner s percentage of the employed, since the notice of the persons signed is not the same as the number of employees on the ship. The time sequences could, however, be used as an indicator of the development.

23 WORK RELATED ACCIDENTS ON BOARD MERCHANT SHIPS 2) The table shows the number of fatal causalities, where death was surely caused by an accident. Not included in the table are fatal causalities caused by illness, suicide or deaths, where there is doubt about the incident in regard to whether it can be classified as an accident. 3) These 8 deaths can all be related to the foundering of Stevens Power off the coast of Nigeria. Seriousness of the work related accidents The seriousness of the accidents can be assessed based on what type of injury the injured has affected. The Danish Maritime Authority defines a serious work related accident as a work related accident that results in: injuries on large parts of the body, or compound fracture / fractured bone, or loss of a limb. The same definition is applied by the Danish Working Environment Authority. The definition only recognizes the injury incurred, and not if the injured person is capable of working. For instance, a skipper, who breaks a finger and has it put in a splint may be able to navigate his boat the following day, but the skipper has still been involved in a serious work related accident. The table below shows the distribution of types of injuries in reports from respectively cargo and passenger ships. The table does not comprise serious work related accidents resulting in deaths. Injuries, which have resulted in the loss of a limb or a bone fracture, which also concerns large areas of the body, are only listed once under either loss of limb or bone fracture. It is therefore not possible to directly compare the table below with table 26.

24 WORK RELATED ACCIDENTS ON BOARD MERCHANT SHIPS Table 20: Number of reported serious work related accidents on board merchant vessels Loss of limb (amputation) Bone fracture Injuries to large areas of the body In total Percentage of total number of reportable accidents Cargo ship Passenger ship Cargo ship Passenger ship Cargo ship Passenger ship Cargo ship Passenger ship In total % Frequency of work related accidents The development in DIS The development in the number of work related reportable accidents in DIS compared to the number of engaged in DIS can be seen by calculating the number of accidents per year compared to the estimated, performed number of working hours per year. The comparison takes place only for the work related reportable accidents, because the Danish Maritime Authority does not consequently receive reports of work related accidents which are not reportable. The comparison from year to year should be read with some reservations. The risk of accidents is markedly different for the various types of ships, and the size and composition of the fleet and the distribution in the ship registers has not been constant. Changes in the DIS legislation have meant that some new types of ships have entered into the DIS, among these tugboats and ferries. Finally, the Danish Maritime Authority carried out a revision of the muster statistics in the spring of 2006, so that the number of mustered has become smaller throughout the years, which in turn has resulted in a higher frequency compared to earlier editions of Marine accidents.

25 WORK RELATED ACCIDENTS ON BOARD MERCHANT SHIPS ,3 19,7 19, ,8 12,1 16,1 16,0 11,0 11,0 16,6 17,5 13,4 13,8 8,6 8,8 13,5 10,5 6,7 14,3 12,4 9,6 9,0 5,0 4,5 16,3 11,0 6,1 12,1 8,4 5, Massed Danish citizens Foreign citizens Figure 3: Development in the number of reportable accidents per 1 million working hours on all DIS ships ,4 13,3 11,9 16,3 13,9 17,2 14,6 10,9 11,3 13,8 14,2 11,3 11,2 12,2 8,1 7,6 9,1 5,7 11,7 8,0 4,3 10,8 7,1 3,6 12, Massed Danish citizens Foreign citizens 8,4 5,2 7,4 5,4 4,4 Figure 4: Development in the number of reportable accidents per 1 million working hours on the cargo ships in DIS

26 WORK RELATED ACCIDENTS ON BOARD MERCHANT SHIPS ,4 2,5 2,3 2,6 2,7 2,5 3,5 3,0 2,3 3,3 3,1 2,6 2,4 1,5 1,5 2,2 1,5 1,4 1,1 0,7 0,7 2,0 1,7 1,5 2,8 2,0 1,2 1,4 1,2 1, Massed Danish citizens Foreign citizens Figure 5: Development in the number of serious work related accidents per 1 million working hours on all DIS ships ,5 2,4 2,3 4,1 3,5 3,3 3,0 2,8 2,8 3,8 3,2 2,8 2,6 1,7 1,7 2,2 1,5 0,7 1,6 1,1 0,6 3,0 2,3 1,9 2,0 1,5 1,2 1,4 1,0 0, Massed Danish citizens Foreign citizens Figure 6: Development in the number of serious work related accidents per 1 million working hours on cargo ships in DIS

27 WORK RELATED ACCIDENTS ON BOARD MERCHANT SHIPS Incidents distributed on ship types The ships are from both DIS and DAS. Table 21: Number of observed work related reportable accidents compared to days of engagement distributed on ship types (during the period ) Number of accidents per working days Container ship 0,3 0,4 0,1 Cargo ship 1,0 0,8 0,6 Chemical tanker 0,5 0,2 0,1 Oil tanker 0,1 0,0 0,0 Tanker 0,3 0,4 0,2 Cement- and product tankers 0,3 0,1 0,2 Passenger ship 0,4 0,3 0,2 Ro-Ro passenger ship 1,0 0,1 0,0 Cable laying vessel 0,2 0,5 0,2 Supply ship 0,8 1,1 0,3 Tug vessel 0,8 0,7 1,0 Barge 1,8 1,5 0,9 Ro-Ro cargo ship 1,8 1,9 3,6 Dredger / boulder fishing vessel 0,9 1,0 0,5 Other ship types 0,2 0,2 0,1 Average 0,5 0,4 0,4

28 WORK RELATED ACCIDENTS ON BOARD MERCHANT SHIPS Distribution on tonnage and registers Table 22: Distribution of work related accidents (reportable or not reportable) on large and small merchant vessels Tonnage over BT Tonnage between GT Tonnage under 500GT In total Cargo ships Passenger ships Cargo ships Passenger ships Cargo ships Passenger ships Cargo ships Passenger ships Cargo ships Passenger ships Cargo ships Passenger ships Cargo ships Passenger ships Cargo ships Passenger ships Cargo ships Passenger ships Cargo ships Passenger ships Work related accidents per cargo ship in

29 WORK RELATED ACCIDENTS ON BOARD MERCHANT SHIPS The distribution is primarily made based on gross tonnage. If the gross tonnage is not known, the gross register tonnage is applied. Where was the merchant vessel at the time of the accident Table 23: Where was the ship at the time of the accident (all accidents and all ships) In total At sea By shore Unspecified In total The type of work at the time of the accident To provide an image of which types of tasks the accidents happen at, it is relevant to look at the task the injured person was carrying out at the time of accident. The development over time is illustrated in the table below that comprises reportable and not reportable accidents. Table 24: All work related accidents distributed by the type of work at the time of the accident for passenger ships In total Other ship work, including traffic Deck work: Other work, including traffic Deck work: work with tackle Deck work: Mooring, anchoring Deck work; Loading and unloading of ship Watch below, including traffic, shore leave Engine room: Other work, including traffic Engine room: Maintenance and repair of machinery Taking on board and stowing stores Personal injuries caused by marine accidents Service work: Cleaning etc Service work: Preparation of food

30 WORK RELATED ACCIDENTS ON BOARD MERCHANT SHIPS In total Service work: Serving, cleaning tables, washing-up Injuries occurred at ship and fire 1) drills Unspecified In total ) Injuries incurred at ship and fire drills comprise all reported work related accidents that occurred in relation with testing of safety equipment and evacuation drills. Table 25: All work related accidents distributed by the type of work at the time of the accident for cargo ships Other work directly related to fishing Other ship work, including traffic work In total Processing and canning of fish Recovery of fishing equipment Deck work: Other work, including traffic Deck work: work with tackle Deck work: Mooring, anchoring Deck work; Loading and unloading of ship Watch below, including traffic, shore leave Engine room: Other work, including traffic Engine room: Maintenance and repair of machinery Taking on board and stowing stores Personal injuries caused by marine accidents Service work: Serving, cleaning tables, washing-up Service work: Cleaning etc Service work: Preparation of food Injuries occurred at ship and fire 1) drills Putting out fishing equipment Unspecified In total ) Injuries incurred at ship and fire drills comprise all work related accidents that occurred in relation with testing of safety equipment and evacuation drills

31 WORK RELATED ACCIDENTS ON BOARD MERCHANT SHIPS In the tables above injuries suffered during traffic on board is listed under Other ship work, including traffic. If the traffic was part of a specific task, the injury is registered under the task. Which part of the body is injured Table 26: Which body parts were injured in all reported work related accidents on merchant vessels In total Other injury Chest, chest organs Abdomen, abdomen organs Fingers, one or more Foot, ankle Neck Hip joint, thigh, knee cap Head, except eyes Wrist, heel of the hand Knee joint, lower leg, bunion Extensive parts of the body Back, spine Shoulders, upper arm, elbow joint Toes, one or more Lower arm, wrist Unspecified Eyes In total

32 WORK RELATED ACCIDENTS ON BOARD MERCHANT SHIPS Duration of period of absence The table below states the period of absence after an accident, meaning the period where the person involved in the work related accident has been unfit for work. The numbers are based on reports of the Danish Maritime Authority, and should be read with reservations, since no investigation has been conducted of whether the National Board of Industrial Injuries also has declared the person unfit for work. Please note that the tables below do not include deaths. Table 27: Duration of period of absence at all reported work related accidents on board the passenger ships In total Up to and including 3 days days up to and including 5 weeks More than 5 weeks Death In total Table 28: Duration of period of absence at all reported work related accidents on board the cargo ships In total Up to and including 3 days days up to and including 5 weeks More than 5 weeks Death In total

33 MARINE ACCIDENTS INVOLVING FISHING VESSELS Marine accidents involving fishing vessels Marine accidents involving fishing vessels are categorized as follows: Accidents in Danish registered fishing vessels o Commercial fishing vessels o Sideline fishing vessels Marine accidents in Greenlandic registered fishing vessels Marine accidents involving fishing vessels in Denmark and Greenland In this section, all fishing vessels based in Denmark as well as Greenland are considered. The chapter contains a few overall tables for all marine accidents and goes on with more detailed tables, however only on Danish fishing vessels. The reason behind it is that the datarecords on marine accidents on Greenland are far from complete. The Danish Maritime Authority is working to improve the reliability of data from Greenland as to be able to match it with the Danish data in this section. Table 29: Marine accidents involving fishing vessels Serious accident Of these in Greenland Less serious accident Of these in Greenland Ships that foundered Of these in Greenland In total

34 MARINE ACCIDENTS INVOLVING FISHING VESSELS ,3 67, , ,4 43,6 40,0 46, ,0 25,0 22, ,4 7,1 7,1 2,9 2,9 2,9 0,0 0,0 0,0 0, % of total number of marine accidents Of these % of marine accidents in Greenland Figure 7: Percentage of ships that foundered and other serious marine accidents compared to the total number of marine accidents on fishing vessels Table 30: Average age of the fishing vessels involved in marine accidents In total Average Of these for Greenland ) ) The Danish Maritime Authority has no data for fishing vessels in Greenland for Table 31: Marine accidents among fishing vessels, distributed by tonnage In total Tonnage lower than Of these in Greenland Tonnage between 5 and Of these in Greenland Tonnage higher than Of these in Greenland In total

35 MARINE ACCIDENTS INVOLVING FISHING VESSELS Table 32: Marine accidents among fishing vessels distributed by length In total Below 15 metres Ships that foundered Serious accident Less serious accident Between 15 and 24 metres Ships that foundered Serious accident Less serious accident Between 24 and 45 metres Ships that foundered Serious accident Less serious accident Above 45 metres Ships that foundered Less serious accident Length unknown Ships that foundered Serious accident Less serious accident In total Marine accidents involving Danish registered fishing vessels Shown below are the marine accidents on Danish registered fishing vessels. Table 33: Marine accidents with fishing vessels, distributed by profession In total Marine accidents Commercial fishermen Sideline fishermen Unspecified Of these ships that foundered Commercial fishermen Sideline fishermen Unspecified

36 MARINE ACCIDENTS INVOLVING FISHING VESSELS Table 34: Distribution of types of accidents in detail In total Tonnage <20 20 <20 20 <20 20 <20 20 <20 20 <20 20 <20 20 Fire, other places Fire, accommodation quarters Fire, engine room Fire Disappeared Grounding Loss Collision Contact damage Capsizing Leakage and Watering Engine breakdown Collision / collision with ship List Other In total Table 35: Distribution of the character of the marine accidents In total Loss Serious accident Less serious accident In total

37 MARINE ACCIDENTS INVOLVING FISHING VESSELS Table 36: Danish fishing vessels that foundered, types of accidents Fire, accommodation Quarters In total Fire, engine room Fire Grounding Loss Heavy weather damage Collision Contact damage Capsizing Leakage and watering Collision Collision (crash) In total Table 37: Serious marine accidents with Danish fishing vessels, types of accidents In total Fire, other Fire, accommodation quarters Fire, cargo / tank Fire, engine room Fire Grounding Collision Contact damage Capsizing Leakage and watering Collision (crash) In total

38 MARINE ACCIDENTS INVOLVING FISHING VESSELS Table 38: Less serious marine accidents with Danish fishing vessels, types of accidents In total Fire, accommodation quarters Fire, engine room Fire Grounding Loss Collision Contact damage Capsizing Leakage and watering Engine breakdown Collision (crash) List Other In total

39 WORK RELATED ACCIDENTS ON FISHING VESSELS Work related accidents on fishing vessels In this chapter the number of work related accidents, in relation to work on board Danish and Greenlandic fishing vessels, which the Danish Maritime Authority was informed about at March 1 st 2009 at the latest, is described. The actual number of work related accidents is higher, since not all accidents are reported to the Danish Maritime Authority. Table 39: All received work related accidents (reportable and not reportable) in the fishing fleet, all nationalities Fatal Casualties 1) At marine accidents Work on board Other activity, spare time Others In total Injured, reportable At marine accidents Work on board Other activity, spare time Unspecified In total Injured, not reportable Work on board Unspecified In total Work related accidents in total ) The table shows the number of fatal causalities, where death was surely caused by an accident. Not included in the table are fatal causalities caused by illness, suicide or deaths, where there is doubt about the incident in regard to whether it can be classified as an accident. Below the development in the number of work related reportable accident is shown compared to the number of fishermen at end-year. In this table it has been decided only to consider reportable accidents, since the Danish Maritime Authority does not obtain knowledge of all work related accidents that are not reportable.

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