ACRONYMES ET ABRÉVIATIONS

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1 ACRONYMES ET ABRÉVIATIONS AATSR ACES ACP ADN AGS AIG AIRS ALI ALICE ALMA ALOS AMAP AMMA AMPK ANR AO AOTF APC ARN ARNm ASAR ASPERA ASPICS ASTER A-train ATV AURORA AVHRR AVNIR-2 AVP BELA BGI BIOLAB BIOMASS BPOL (ex SAMPAN) BRGM CADMOS CALIPSO CAROLS CAST CCGM CDBs CDD CDM CDM CEA CEMAGREF CEOS CERES CESR Advanced Along Track Scanning Radiometer (Envisat) Atomic Clock Ensemble in Space (ESA) Aerosol Collector and Pyrolyser (Cassini-Huygens) Acide DésoxyriboNucléique Systèmes Génétiques Alternatifs Association Internationale de la Géodésie Atmospheric InfraRed Sounder Alice like Insert (DECLIC) Analyse des Liquides Critiques dans l Espace (MIR) Atacama Large Millimeter Array Advanced Land Observation Satellite (JAXA) botanique et bioinformatique de l Architecture des Plantes (Cirad) Analyses Multidisciplinaires de la Mousson Africaine AMP-activated protein Kinase Agence Nationale de Recherche Appel d Offres Acousto Optic Tunable Filter Laboratoire d AstroParticule et Cosmologie Acide RiboNucléique Acide RiboNucléique messager Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar (Envisat) Analyser of Space Plasmas and EneRgetic Atoms (Venus Express) Association de Satellites pour l Imagerie et la Coronographie Solaire Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer Afternoon constellation Automated Transfer Vehicle Programme européen d exploration de l espace Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer Advanced Visible and Near Infrared Radiometer (2 nd generation) (ALOS) Arginine VasoPressine BepiColombo Laser Altimeter Bureau Gravimétrique International Biological Experiment Laboratory (Columbus ISS) Biomass monitoring mission for carbone assessment B-Polarization satellite Bureau de Recherche Géologiques et Minières Centre d Aide au Développement des activités en Micro-pesanteur et des Opérations Spatiales (CNES) Cloud Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations Cooperative Airborne Radiometer for Ocean and Land Studies CERN Axion Solar Telescope Commission de la Carte Geologique du Monde Cassures Double-Brin s Contrat à Durée Déterminée Cold Dark Matter Cold Dark Matter Commissariat à l Energie Atomique L institut de recherche en sciences et technologies pour l environnement (Centre d Etudes du Machinisme Agricole, du Génie Rural, des Eaux et des Forêts) Committee for Earth ObservationS Comité d Evaluation sur la Recherche et l Exploration Spatiales Centre d Etudes Spatiales des Rayonnements Séminaire de prospective scientifique mars PROSPECTIVE09_livreresumes_0210.indd /02/ :59:28

2 CFOSAT CGRO cgy CHAMP ChemCam CIEST CIRAD CISR CIVA-P CMA CMB CME CML CNES CNRS CNSA COPS CoReH20 COROT COS-HST COSMIC VISION COSMO COSMOS CPS Cryosat CSL CST CV CZCS DADA DCT DEMETER DESDnyl DESIR DGA DIAL DISR DLR DMO DOLL DORIS DPAC DSI DSP DUNE DWS DYNAGRAN e.g. E2U EADS EBF ECMWF E-ELT EGE EISCAT China-France Oceanography SATellite Compton Gamma-Ray Observatory Centigray CHAllenging Mini-satellite Payload CHEMistry CAMera Cellule d Intervention d Expertise Scientifique et Technique Centre de coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement Composite InfraRed Spectrometer (Cassini-Huygens) CIVA-P (Comet InfraRed and Visible Analyser-Panoramic) Chinese Meteorogical Agency Cosmic Microwave Background Coronal Mass Ejection Cellules Musculaires Lisses Centre National d Etudes Spatiales Centre National de la Recherche Scientifi que Chinese National Space Agency Convectively-induced Orographic Precipitation Study Cold Regions Hydrology High-resolution Observatory Convection, Rotation & Transits planétaires (filière PROTEUS CNES, CNRS, Europe, Brésil) Cosmic Origins Spectrograph-Hubble Space Telescope Programme scientifique à long terme de l ESA Constellation of Small Satellites for Mediterranean basin Observation Cosmic Evolution Survey Comité des Programmes Scientifiques ESA ice mission Collecte Localisation Satellite Centre Spatial de Toulouse (CNES) Cosmic Vision Coastal Zone Color Scanner Dark Energy Data Analysis Direction du Centre de Toulouse (CNES) Detection of Electro-Magnetic Emissions Transmitted from Earthquake Regions (filière MYRIADE du CNES) Deformation, Ecosystem Structure, and Dynamics of the Ice (NASA JPL) Detection of Solar Infrared Radiation (SMESE) Direction Générale de l Armement Differential Absorption Lidar Descent imager/spectral radiometer (Cassini-Huygens) Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Densité Minérale Osseuse Deep space Optical Laser Link Détermination d Orbite et Radio positionnement Intégrés par Satellite Data Processing and Analysis Consortium Directional Solidification Insert (DECLIC) Direction de la prospective, de la Stratégie, des Programmes, de la valorisation et des relations internationales du CNES Dark Universe Explorer Diffusion Wave Spectroscopy DYNAmique des milieux GRANulaires exempli gratia (par exemple) Etude et Exploration de l Univers European Aeronautic Defence and Space company Extrêmement Basse Fréquence European Center for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts European Extremely Large Telescope Einstein Gravity Explorer European Incoherent SCATter 194 Séminaire de prospective scientifique mars 2009 PROSPECTIVE09_livreresumes_0210.indd /02/ :59:28

3 EJSM Europa Jupiter System Mission ELIPS European programme for Life and Physical Sciences and applications utilising the International Space Station (ESA) EMCS European Modular Cultivation System (ISS) EMI-EMC ElectroMagnetic Interference-ElectroMagnetic Compatibility ENVISAT ENVIronnemental SATellite EOST Earth Observation Satellite Company EPS European Polar System ESA European Space Agency ESAC Earth Science Advisory Committee (ESA) ESSC Earth System Science Partnership ESTEME Expert System for TELe echography Ether Service de gestion de données spatiales en chimie (pôle Ether) ETM+ Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (LANDSAT 7) EUV Extreme Ultra Violet EVE European Venus Explorer FAGS Fapar FIR FIRI FKSI FPAG FREGATE FROG FTIR Federation of Astronomical and Geophysical data analysis Services fraction of Absorbed Photosynthetically Active Radiation Far-InfraRed Far-InfraRed Interferometer Fourier-Kelvin Stellar Interferometer Fundamental Physics Advisory Group (ESA) FREnch Gamma Telescope (CESR) French Resources Oganization for Goce Fourier-Transform Infrared Spectrometer GAP Gravity Advanced Package ( GAP Gas Analytic Package (Phobos-Grunt) GAUGE Grand Unification and Gravity Explorer GC-MS Gas Chromatograph Mass Spectrometer (Cassini-Huygens) G-DEM Global Digital Elevation Model (ASTER) GDR Groupement De Recherche GEO Geostationnary Orbit GEO-CAPE Geostationary Coastal and Air Pollution Events (NASA) GEOSS Global Earth Observation System of Systems GEOSTAR Geophysical and Oceanographic Station for Abyssal Research GEP Geophysical and Environmental Package GES Gaz à effet de serre GFP Green Fluorescent Protein GGOS Global Geodetic Observing System (IAG) GIEC Groupe Intergouvernemental sur l Evolution du Climat (ONU) GLAST Gamma-ray Large Area Space Telescope (renommé FERMI) GMES Global Monitoring for Environment and Security GNC Guidance Navigation and Control GNSS Global Navigation Satellite System GOCE ESA s Gravity field and steady-state Ocean Circulation Explorer GODAE Global Ocean Data Assimilation Experiment GOOS Global Ocean Observing System GOSAT Greenhouse gasses Observing SATellite GPA Gravity Probe A GPM Global Precipitation Measurement GPS Global Positioning System GRACE GRAvity recovery and Climate Experiment GRACE-FO GRACE Follow-On GRGS Groupe de Recherche de Géodésie Spatiale GSFC Goddard Space Flight Center GSMA Groupe de Spectrométrie Moléculaire et Atmosphérique (CNRS, Univ. Reims) Gy Gray : One gray is the absorption of one joule of energy, in the form of ionizing radiation, by one kilogram of matter Séminaire de prospective scientifique mars PROSPECTIVE09_livreresumes_0210.indd /02/ :59:28

4 HARPS HEBS HETE HFI HH HPLC HRS HRSC HRV HST HTI HTRS HV i.e. IAG IAGOS IAP IASI IBIS ICARE ICC ICE ICOS IDS IERS IFN IFREMER IGFS IGN IGPB IGS IKI ILN IMBP IMEDIA IMF IMPACHT IN2P3 INMS INRA INSPIRE INSU INTEGRAL IPGP IPSL IR IRAM IRAS IRLS IRM IRSIS IRT ISA ISIS ISO ISS ITA ITRF IXO High Accuracy Radial velocity Planet Searcher High Energy Burst Spectrometer High Energy Transient Explorer High Frequency Instrument Horizontal transmit, Horizontal receive High Performance Liquid Chromatography High Resolution Spectrometer High Resolution Stereo Camera High Resolution Visible Hubble Space Telescope High Temperature Insert (DECLIC) High Time Resolution Spectrometer Horizontal transmit, Vertical receive id est (c est-à-dire) International Association of Geodesy Integration of routine Aircraft measurements into a Global Observing System Institut d Astrophysique de Paris Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer Imager on Board the Integral Satellite Interactions Clouds Aerosols Radiations Etc (pôle ICARE) Instrument Control Center Interféromètre à source Cohérente pour l Espace Integrated Carbone Observation System International DORIS Service International Earth Rotation and reference systems Service Institut Forestier National Institut Français de Recherche pour l Exploitation de la MER International Gravity Field Service Institut Géographique National International Geosphere Biosphere Programme International GNSS Service Institut de recherche spatiale russe International Lunar Network Institute of Medical and Biological Problems (Moscou) Investigation Multi-Echelles De l Interface Aurorale Initial Mass Function Interface Microgravity PhAse Change and Heat Transfer Institut National de Physique Nucléaire et de Physique des Particules Ion and Neutral Mass Spectrometer (Cassini-Huygens) Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique Infrastructure for Spatial Information in the European Community Institut National des Sciences de l Univers INTErnational Gamma-Ray Laboratory Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris Institut Pierre Simon Laplace InfraRouge Institut de RadioAstronomie Millimétrique InfraRed Astronomical Satellite International Laser Ranging Service Image par Résonance Magnétique Infra-Red Spectroscopic Imaging Survey InfraRouge Thermique (> 1μm) Israel Space Agency Incitation à l utilisation Scientifique des Images Spot Infrared Space Observatory International Space Station Ingénieurs, Techniciens et Administratifs International Terrestrial Reference Frame International X-ray Observatory 196 Séminaire de prospective scientifique mars 2009 PROSPECTIVE09_livreresumes_0210.indd /02/ :59:28

5 Jason-3 JAXA JEM-EUSO JEO JGO JMO JPL JWST KaRIN kev LaBr3 LAI LATMOS LBNP LEO LESIA LFI LIBS LIDAR LIGO LISA LLR LMCS LMD L-MED LORAR LPL LYOT LZH MAI MATIS MAVEN MEDES MEN MERIS MERIS MESSENGER mgal mgy MICROSCOPE MIG MIGAL MIRI MMO MMS MO MODIS MOPITT MOZAIC MPF MPO MRO MSG MSL MSR MWL MWXG Jason-2 follow-on mission (CNES, EUMETSAT, NOAA) Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Extreme-Universe Space Observatory (EUSO) on Japanese Experiment Module (JEM) Jupiter Europa Orbiter (EJSM-NASA) Jupiter Ganymede Orbiter (EJSM-ESA) Jupiter Magnetospheric Orbiter (EJSM-JAXA) Jet Propulsion Laboratory James Webb Space Telescope ka-band Radar Interferometer 103 Ev (electron volt) Lanthanum Bromide Leaf Area Index Laboratoire Atmosphères, Milieux, Observations Spatiales Lower Body Negative Pressure Low Earth Orbit Laboratoire d Etudes Spatiales et d Instrumentation en Astrophysique (OBSPM) Low Frequency Instrument Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy Light Detection And Ranging Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (programme Cosmic Vision ESA) Lunar Laser Ranging Land Monitoring Core Service Laboratoire de Météorologie Dynamique L-band Microwave Emission of the Biosphere Low Frequency Array Laboratoire de Physique des Lasers Lyman Orbiting Telescope Laser Zentrum Hannover Multiple Aperture Imaging Méthodes d Analyse et de Traitement dimages pour la Stéréo-restitution (IGN) Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN Institut de Médecine et de Physiologie Spatiales Mission pour l Energie Noire Medium Resolution Imager Spectrograph Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer Mercury Surface, Space Environment, Geochemistry, and Ranging mission (NASA) = 10-5 m/s2 milligray MICRO-Satellite à traînée Compensée pour l Observation du Principe d Equivalence (filière MYRIADE du CNES) Milieu intergalactique Micro Gouttes AutopropuLsées Mid InfraRed Instrument Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (BepiColombo JAXA) Magnetospheric Multiscale Mission (NASA) Mission d Opportunité MODrate resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer Measurement Of Pollution In The Troposphere Measurement of Ozone and water vapour by Airbus in-service aircraft Mars Pathfinder Mercury Planetary Orbiter (BepiColombo ESA) Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter Meteosat Second Generation Materials Science Laboratory Mars Sample Return Micro-Wave Link Matter Wave Explorer of Gravity Séminaire de prospective scientifique mars PROSPECTIVE09_livreresumes_0210.indd /02/ :59:28

6 NASA Nd-YAG NEO NEOSS OBSPM OCAPI OCO OLGA OMEGA ONERA ONF OV PACS PASO PCR PERSEE PHARAO PHEBUS PHOIBOS PÏ PID OPV PIR PIV PLATO PNP PNST PODET POLARCAT POLDER PRISMA PROMES PROTEUS R&T RDA RESIF RFID RHESSI RPWS RSL RTG RT-PCR RV RXTE SAFARI SAGAS SAI SALP SAM SAMPAN (BPOL) SAR SBT Schiamachy SCOUT-03 SCWO SDSS National Aeronautics and Space Administration Neodymium-doped Yttrium Aluminium Garnet (laser) Near Earth Objects Near Earth Object Surveillance Satellite OBServatoire astronomique de Paris-Meudon-Nancay Ocean Color Advanced Permanent Imager Orbiting Carbon Observatory Oxygen Low Gravity Apparatus (CEA) Observatoire pour la Minéralogie, l Eau, les Glaces et l Activité Office National d Etudes et de Recherches Aéronautiques Office National des Forêts Observatoire Virtuel Photodetector Array Camera and Spectrometer Plateau d Architecture des Systèmes Orbitaux Polymerase Chain Reaction Pegase Experiment for Research and Stabilization of Extreme Extinctions Projet d Horloge Atomique par Refroidissement d Atomes en Orbite Probing of Hermean Exosphere By Ultraviolet Spectroscopy (LATMOS) Probing Heliospheric Origins with an Inner Boundary Observing Spacecraft Principal Investigator Programme InterDisciplinaire Origine des Planètes et de la Vie Proche InfraRouge (700nm-1μm) Particle Image Velocimetry PLAnetary Transits and Oscillations of stars (programme COSMIC VISION ESA) Programme National de Planétologie Programme National Soleil-Terre Pôle sur la Dynamique Environnementale Terrestre POLar study using Aircraft, Remote sensing, surface measurements and models, of Climate chemistry, Aerosols and Transport POLarization and Directionality of the Earth s Reflectances Prototype Research Instruments and Space Mission technology Advancement PROcédés, Matériaux et Energie Solaire (CNRS) Plateforme Reconfigu-rable pour l Observation, les Télecommunications et les Usages Scientifiques (ESA, CNES, Alcatel Alenia Space) Recherche et Technologie Recommended Daily Allowance Réseau Sismologique Français Radio Frequency Identification Reuven Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager Radio and Plasma Wave Science (Cassini-Huygens) Réseau Sismique Lunaire Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generators Reverse Transcriptase- Polymerase Chain Reaction Radial Velocities Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer SpicA FAR-Infrared instrument Search for Anomalous Gravitation using Atomic Sensors Single Aperture Imaging Service d Altimétrie et Localisation Précise Sample Analysis at Mars (LATMOS) Satellite for Analysing Microwave Polarization Anisotropies Synthetic Aperture Radar Service des Basses Températures (CEA) Scanning Imaging Absorption spectrometer for Atmospheric CartograpHY Stratospheric Climate with Emphasis on the Upper Troposphere and Lower Stratosphere Supert Critical Water Oxydation Sloan Digital Sky Survey 198 Séminaire de prospective scientifique mars 2009 PROSPECTIVE09_livreresumes_0210.indd /02/ :59:28

7 SeaWiFS SEE-Coast SEIS Sentinel-3 SERENA SFR SHM SHOM SIC SIDP SIMBIO-SYS SIM-Lite SKA SLR SMESE SMEX SMOS SMOS-FO SNC SO SO SOHO SOIR SOPHIE SORCE SP SPI SPICA SPICAV SPIRE SPOT SPRT SRTM SSAC SST SSWG STEREO SuperDARN SVOM SWIM SWORD SWOT SYRTE Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor Super Earth Explorer-Coast SEISmometer package ESA s GMES mission Search for Exospheric Refilling and Emitted Natural Abundances Star Formation Rate Soleil, Héliosphère, Magnétosphères Service Hydrographique et Océanographique de la Marine Surfaces et Interfaces Continentales Stratospheric Interplanetary Dust Particle Spectrometers and Imagers for MPO BepiColombo Integrated Observatory SYStem SIM Lite Astrometric Observatory (ex Space Interferometry Mission) Square Kilometer Array Satellite Laser Ranging Small Explorer for Solar Eruptions Small Explorer Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity-Follow On Shergottite-Nakhlilite-Chassignite (météorites) Solar Orbiter Systèmes d Observation (INSU) Solar and Heliospheric Observatory Solar Occultation in the Infrared (SPICAV-SOIR) Spectrographe pour l Observation des Phénomènes sismologiques et Exoplanétaires Solar Radiation and Climate Experiment Solar Probe Spectromètre d Integral Space Infrared telescope for Cosmology and Astrophysics Spectroscopy for Investigation of Characteristics of the Atmosphere of Venus (Venus Express) Spectral and Photometric Imaging Receiver Système pour l Observation de la Terre Science Programme Review Team (ESA) Shuttle Radar Topography Mission Space Science Advisory Committee (ESA) Sea Surface Temperature Solar System Working Group (ESA) Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory (NASA) Super Dual Auroral Radar Network Space based multi-band Variable Object Monitor Surface Waves Investigation and Monitoring large Swath Ocean Radar and Doppler measurements Surface Waters Ocean Topography Systèmes de Référence Temps-Espace (OBSPM) T2L2 T2M TANDEM TanDEM-X TARANIS Transfert de Temps Lien Laser Télémétrie laser à 2 Modes Titan AND Encelade Mission TerraSAR-X-Add-on for Digital Elevation Measurements Tool for the Analysis of Radiations from lightnings and Sprites (fi lière MYRIADE du CNES) Très Basse Fréquence Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite Territoires, Environnement, Télédétection et Information Spatiale (Cemagref) Terrestrial Gamma ray Flashes Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substorms (NASA) Très Haute Résolution spatiale Télémétrie Inter-Planétaire Optique Transient Luminous Events TBF TESS TETIS TGFs THEMIS THR TIPO TLEs TM Thematic Mapper (LANDSAT 4 et 5) TNA Threose Nucleic Acid Séminaire de prospective scientifique mars PROSPECTIVE09_livreresumes_0210.indd /02/ :59:28

8 TOSCA TPF TPF-C TPF-I TRMM TSSM UA UBF UE UTLS UV UVIS VBB VIMS VIRTIS VIS VLBI VLT VSR VV WCRP WDC WDMAM WDS WHIM WISE WMAP XGRE XMM Terre, Océan, Surfaces Continentales, Atmosphère Terrestrial Planet Finder Terrestrial Planet Finder Coronograph Terrestrial Planet Finder Interferometer Tropical Rainful Measurement Mission Titan Saturn System Mission Unité Astronomique Ultra Basse Fréquence Union Européenne Upper Troposphere/Lower Stratosphere UltraViolet ( nm) Ultraviolet Imaging Spectrograph (Cassini-Huygens) Very Broad Band Visual and Infrared Mapping Spectrometer (Cassini-Huygens) Visible and Infrared Thermal Imaging Spectrometer (Venus Express) VISible ( nm) Very Long Baseline Interferometry Very Large Telescope Visible Spectral Radiometry Vertical transmit, Vertical receive World Climate Research Programme World Data Center World Digital Magnetic Anomaly Map World Data System (FAGS+WDC) Warm Hot Intergalactic Medium Women International Space Simulation for Exploration Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe X-ray, Gamma-ray and Relativistic Electron experiment X-ray Multi-Mirrors 200 Séminaire de prospective scientifique mars 2009 PROSPECTIVE09_livreresumes_0210.indd /02/ :59:29

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