1 DRUG POLICY ALLIANCE TH AVENUE - NEW YORK, NY Phone: Police, Drugs, And Corruption A review of recent drug war-related scandals in five states and Puerto Rico In recent years there have been a number of high-profile drug-related police scandals, from the Rampart scandal in California to the Tulia disgrace in Texas. Unfortunately, for every police corruption case that makes national headlines, dozens go unreported. A 1998 report by the General Accounting Office concluded that recent newspaper accounts, commission reports, academic studies, and other literature we reviewed suggest that today there are more opportunities than in the past for drug-related police corruption. 1 The GAO reported that from 1993 to 1998 the FBI opened at least 400 state and local police corruption cases that were drug-related, leading to the conviction of over 300 officers. It s not hard to understand how the drug war breeds police corruption. The consensual nature of the drug trade makes it very hard to produce evidence against willing buyers and sellers. Fabricating evidence, lying on the stand, and conducting illegal searches have become routine police practices. Lawenforcement officers also have to deal with the fact that their efforts, no matter how diligent, are in many ways fruitless. After spending billions of taxpayer dollars on law-enforcement efforts and arresting millions of drug offenders, drugs are cheaper, purer, and more available than ever. Day in and day out police officers see one arrested drug seller replaced by another. No matter how much illegal drugs are seized and confiscated, more pours in. Drug law enforcement is a Sisyphean task that rarely pays off. Exposed to suitcase after suitcase of illegal cash and drugs, many officers can t resist helping themselves - and from there it s a slippery slope to more corruption and abuse. TEXAS 2 RECENT SCANDALS In July of 1999 in the small town of Tulia, Texas, 43 residents were arrested in early-morning drug raids. Forty of those arrested were black making up over ten percent of the town s African-American population. The only evidence against them was the testimony of one white undercover officer, who worked alone, and had no audiotapes, video surveillance, or eyewitnesses. It was later discovered that the undercover officer had quit his last law-enforcement job and fled town to avoid theft charges. Former coworkers described him as hot-tempered and a compulsive liar. Despite the fact that the only evidence was the word of one man, many of the accused ended up with very harsh sentences (some first time offenders were sentenced to more than 20 years in prison). In response to this scandal, the Texas legislature passed legislation preventing a drug conviction based solely on the testimony of an informant. The U.S. Justice Department has launched a federal civil rights investigation. In April of 2001, a state prosecutor dismissed charges against 17 residents of the small town of Hearne in Central Texas who were arrested by a drug task force accused of focusing on African Americans. The 1 General Accounting Office, Report to the Honorable Charles B. Rangel, House of Representatives, Law Enforcement: Information on Drug-Related Police Corruption, Washington, DC: USGPO (1998 May). 2 The Heat is On A Texas Town After the Arrests of 40 Blacks, New York Times, October 7, 2000; Massive Drug Sweep Divides Texas Town, Washington Post, January 22, 2001; Arrests by a Drug Task Force in Texas Comes Under Fire, New York Times, April 4, 2001; Police Officer Admits Role in Drug Trafficking, Austin American-Statesman, August 30, 2001; Sheetrock Scandal Hits Dallas Police, Washington Post, January 18, 2002; Dallas Sniffs Police Scandal, Seattle Times, January 20, 2002.
2 prosecutor dismissed the cases after the informant who was responsible for most of the arrests failed polygraph tests when questioned about tampering with the evidence in some of the cases. In August 2001, eight San Antonio police officers were arrested in a federal drug sting for plotting to protect a cocaine delivery. Recently, a massive scandal has erupted in Dallas. After an auto mechanic was arrested last August for allegedly possessing hundreds of thousands of dollars worth of cocaine with intent to sell, his family convinced a defense attorney that he was innocent. When the man passed a polygraph test, his attorney, noting the similarity to other recent drug cases, had the prosecutor order a test of the alleged cocaine. It turned out to be chalk-like material used in Sheetrock and other brands of wallboard. It had been ground into powder and packaged to resemble cocaine. When other defense lawyers heard of the case, they demanded similar lab tests of evidence against their clients. In at least 18 cases involving alleged cocaine seizures by the Dallas police narcotics units in the past year, seized evidence was all, or nearly all, ground-up wallboard material and not illegal drugs. In each case, after allegedly seizing the powder, officers wrote in arrest reports that field tests showed it was cocaine, a result considered by experts to be statistically improbable. In each of the cases, those arrested were blue-collar Mexican immigrants who spoke little or no English and had few, if any, arrest records. The revelations have led to the dismissal of over 40 cases (although some of those arrested have already been deported). Two narcotics officers central to the cases have been suspended, pending an investigation. So far, the investigation has focused on a longtime informant who worked with the two officers. The unidentified informant has worked with narcotics officers in more than 70 investigations, for which he was paid about $200,000 over two years. The U.S. Justice Department has launched a federal civil rights investigation. CALIFORNIA 3 Over the course of 2000 and 2001, the State of California was rocked with what became known as the Rampart Scandal, as officer after officer in a Los Angeles anti-drug unit was indicted on corruption charges, including torture, murder, drug dealing, and framing innocent people. The scandal erupted after an officer caught stealing eight pounds of cocaine from a police department s evidence locker turned on his fellow officers to get a reduced sentence. In the end, over a hundred convictions were overturned due to police misconduct, ranging from the planting of evidence to confessions obtained through beatings. In one case an unarmed man was shot by police and paralyzed. Officers planted a rifle on him and then charged him with shooting first. He served 13 months of a 23- year sentence before being released. In another case, a suspect bled to death as officers worked with supervisors to concoct a plausible reason for shooting him, before calling an ambulance. The unit s criminal behavior became known as the Rampart Way, a term referring to a predominately poor, immigrant neighborhood in East Los Angeles that the officers patrolled. A report by the Los Angeles Police Department s Board of Inquiry found that the unit routinely made up its own rules and, for all intents and purposes, was left to function with little or no oversight. Later that year, a major police scandal erupted in Oakland. Four narcotics officers were arrested on misconduct charges. In all, they were indicted on more than 60 charges, including conspiracy to obstruct 3 LA Police Mired in Misconduct Scandal, Baltimore Sun, March 13, 2000; LA Police Made Up Own Rules, Report Says, Baltimore Sun, March 2, 2000; Police Corruption Charges Reopen Wounds in Oakland, New York Times, November 30, 2000; Four Cops Face Felony Charges, Oakland Tribune, November 2, 2000.
3 justice, kidnapping, assault, filing false police reports, filing false documents and making false arrests. The officers, who called themselves The Riders, committed their offenses over a span of at least five years. Dozens of convictions were overturned as a result of the scandal. FLORIDA 4 In February 2001, three South Florida police officers were indicted for drug trafficking, including using their patrol cars to transport drugs for drug dealers. Their actions came to light when one of the officers attempted to shake down an undercover officer posing as a drug dealer. Acting on a tip from an informant the officer pulled over the undercover officer s car, seized the $200,000 he was carrying, and split the money with his informant. In September 2001, nearly a dozen current and former Miami SWAT, narcotics, or special crimesuppression officers were charged with stealing evidence, planting guns at crime scenes and covering up their actions in a string of police shootings that killed three people, including the shooting death of an unarmed 73-year-old man in In that case, officers raided his apartment to serve a drug warrant and sprayed his bedroom with 123 bullets and then lied and said he had a gun. No drugs were found. The corruption and abuse were reminiscent of the Miami River Cops scandal in the 1980s in which more than 100 Miami police officers were arrested, suspended, or punished in a series of drug-related cases. In October 2001, two current and former Hialeah police officers were charged with protecting and assisting drug dealers, setting up three robberies (including the robbery of a 7-11 store), serving as lookouts, and providing police badges, handcuffs, and pepper spray to robbers. In November 2001, a Sarasota woman brought a $3 million lawsuit against five Manatee County sheriff s deputies who planted drugs in her home. All five deputies were sentenced to prison for various offenses, including planting drugs on suspects, stealing money from people under arrest, and lying. The men were part of an elite drug-fighting group called the Delta Task Force and prosecutors said their offenses occurred from 1995 to The woman lost custody of her baby for 18 months after she was convicted in 1997 on drug charges during a trial in which the deputies lied to jurors. ILLINOIS 5 The city of Chicago was rocked with scandal in 2000 when two veteran police officers from an elite drugfighting unit were arrested for robbery, corruption, lying to obtain search warrants, planting evidence, torturing suspects, and running a Chicago-to-Miami drug ring. In one case an officer had a suspect (informant) plant drugs on a woman who filed a complaint against the officer for throwing her down a flight of stairs. The officers were also indicted for helping a suspected drug trafficker evade arrest. Officers ran the drug ring, tipped off other dealers to the identities of informants and uncover Chicago police officers and revealed the undercover police vehicles they used. NORTH CAROLINA 6 In December 2001, the Davidson County District Attorney s Office had to dismiss 65 drug cases investigated by four county narcotics officers charged in a federal indictment with conspiracy to distribute drugs. Investigations into other cases the officers were involved with could result in more dismissals. The 4 Officers Accused of Drug Crimes, Miami Herald, February 7, 2001; 11 Miami Officers Facing U.S. Charges In String of Shootings, New York Times, September 8, 2001; 13 Miami Cops Charged, Register-Guard, September 8, 2001; Current and Ex-Officers Charged in Robbery Spree, Tallahassee Democrat, October 20, 2001; Sarasota Woman Framed by Corrupt Deputies Files Federal Lawsuit, Naples Daily News, November 17, Gang Boss Says He, Cops Were Hand in Glove, Chicago Tribune, March 17, 2000; Veteran Cop Admits His Role in Drug Ring, Chicago Sun-Times, November 9, 2001; Court Hears Account of Cop Boast of Torture, Chicago Tribune, February 9, State Cases Dropped Due to Deputy Probe, The Dispatch, December 24, 2000; Drug Officer Probe Could Lead to More Charges, The Dispatch, December 20, 2001.
4 officers are accused of various crimes, including fabricating search warrants, planting evidence, keeping drugs and money they seized during arrests, extorting money from the people they arrested, and conspiracy to distribute cocaine, marijuana, Ecstasy, and steroids. PUERTO RICO 7 Since last August, more than 60 police officers across Puerto Rico have been indicted on various drugrelated charges, including offering protection services to suspected drug sellers, returning seized cocaine and heroin to sellers, lying to prosecutors to thwart cases, selling stolen guns and drugs, and helping to hide sellers during drug stings. 29 officers were put behind bars in August 2001 in what was the largest police anti-corruption sting in FBI history. In January 2002, 23 more officers were arrested. Federal prosecutors have even charged that a number of prosecutors and judges have acted in collusion with drug traffickers. At least two judges have been suspended, pending an investigation. RECOMMENDATIONS While corruption and abuse are endemic to the drug war, there are a number of actions that policy-makers can do to reduce their occurrence and mitigate their harms, including: Passing legislation preventing people from being convicted of drug offenses based solely on the word of an undercover officer, informant, or someone accusing others to get himself or herself a shorter sentence. No one should be incarcerated for a drug offense based solely on the word of another person, with no corroborating evidence. (The Texas legislature recently passed legislation, HB 2351, preventing a drug conviction based solely on the testimony of an informant). Passing legislation mandating prosecutors to perform reliable tests of substances alleged to be illegal drugs before charging people with drug crimes. Banning racial profiling and requiring law enforcement officers to document all traffic stops, searches, and arrests by race, ethnicity, age and gender. Reforming civil asset forfeiture laws to prevent law-enforcement agencies from seizing and keeping property prior to filing of criminal charges or a conviction. Under current law in most jurisdictions, police can seize and keep property without even charging anyone with a crime. (Eight states have reformed their forfeiture laws since 1996, two by voter-initiative.) Increasing federal funding for investigations into corruption and civil rights abuses by local and state law-enforcement. Quotes for the Press: The war on drugs and the police corruption it breeds harms all Americans, but the burden falls disproportionately on communities of color, said Deborah Small, Director of Public Policy and Community Outreach for the Drug Policy Alliance. Not only do African Americans, Latinos, and Native Americans face immense disparities in arrests and sentencing, they disproportionately suffer from police abuses including torture, murder, and false arrests. 7 Did Judges Aid Drug Dealers, Orlando Sentinel, January 18, 2002; More Cops Arrested in New Bust in Puerto Rico, South Florida Sun Sentinel, August 30, 2001.
5 This isn t a case of a few bad apples, said Bill Piper, Associate Director of National Affairs for the Drug Policy Alliance. Drug war corruption and related violations of civil liberties are systematic and will only be reduced by systematic reform. Appendix Examples of Drug-Related Police Corruption Cases in Large Cities Between 1988 and Atlanta: In 1995, six police officers were convicted of or pleaded guilty to federal corruption charges. Five other officers were suspended, but not charged. Chicago: Seven officers of the Tactical Unit of the 15 th District were indicted in 1996 for robbing and extorting money and narcotics from drug sellers. In 1997, three 6 th District tactical officers were arrested for conspiracy to commit robbery and sales of illegally confiscated narcotics. Cleveland: As a result of an FBI undercover operation, 44 police, sheriff s department, and corrections officers from 5 law enforcement agencies were charged in January 1998 with taking money to protect cocaine trafficking operations. Detroit: Nine officers charged in 1991 with conspiracy to aid and abet the distribution of cocaine, attempted money laundering, and other charges. Los Angeles: 27 Sheriff s deputies and 1 police officer convicted in 1994 of skimming millions of dollars of drug money, while members of an elite narcotics unit. Miami: The Miami Police Department experienced a series of drug-related cases during the late 1980s, which resulted in the arrest, suspension, or punishment of more than 100 officers. New Orleans: For six months in 1994, New Orleans police officers protected a cocaine supply warehouse containing 286 pounds of cocaine. 11 officers convicted. New York: Between 1992 and 1996, thirty officers in Manhattan s 30 th precinct were convicted for narcotics-related offenses. In 1992, six officers from two Brooklyn precincts were arrested with narcotics crimes arising from their association with a Suffolk County drug ring. Philadelphia: Since 1995, 10 police officers from Philadelphia s 39 th District have been charged with planting drugs, shaking down drug dealers, and breaking into homes to steal drugs and cash. Savannah: 10 officers convicted in 1994 for protecting drug dealers. Washington, D.C.: 12 officers convicted in 1994 for protecting an undercover agent portraying a drug dealer who was transporting hundred of kilos of cocaine into Washington, D.C. 8 Extracted from the 1998 GAO report, Appendix III
It s time to shift gears on criminal justice VOTER TOOLKIT 2014 Who are the most powerful elected officials most voters have never voted for? ANSWER: Your District Attorney & Sheriff THE POWER OF THE DISTRICT
UNDERSTANDING THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM Anne Benson What is the Criminal Justice System? The criminal justice system is the system we have in the United States for addressing situations where it is believed
TESTIMONY OF CAROLINE CIRAOLO ACTING ASSISTANT ATTORNEY GENERAL TAX DIVISION U.S. DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE BEFORE THE COMMITTEE ON FINANCE UNITED STATES SENATE FOR A HEARING CONCERNING TAX SCHEMES AND SCAMS
Speaker Sheldon Silver Breaking New York s Addiction to Prison: Reforming New York s Rockefeller Drug Laws In 1973 New York enacted, what were considered at the time, the harshest drug laws in the nation.
National Medicare fraud takedown results in charges against 243 individuals for approximately $712 million in false billing Most defendants charged and largest alleged loss amount in Strike Force history
SUPERIOR COURT OF CALIFORNIA COUNTY OF RIVERSIDE Felony and Misdemeanor Bail Schedule Approved by the Judges of the Riverside County Superior Court December 27, 2012 Effective Date: January 2, 2013 SUPERIOR
NEWS RELEASE OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES ATTORNEY SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA San Diego, California United States Attorney Laura E. Duffy For Further Information, Contact: For Immediate Release Assistant
Chapter 3 Justice Process at the County Level Brooks County Courthouse Chapter Three: Judice Process at the County Level Developmental Assets: Life Skills: TEKS: Objectives: 10. Safety 30. Responsibility
Georgia State University Police Department Operation Clean Sweep Crime Reduction Task Force THE PROBLEM: ANALYSIS: RESPONSE: Located in the heart of downtown Atlanta, Georgia State University is a growing
Learn, Share, Fight Back: The Short Immigration Guide to How Arrests & Convictions Separate Families Many of us know family members and friends who have been detained and deported because of arrests and
Office of the Attorney General Information for Crime Victims and Witnesses MARCH 2009 LAWRENCE WASDEN Attorney General Criminal Law Division Special Prosecutions Unit Telephone: (208) 332-3096 Fax: (208)
The Legal System in the United States At the conclusion of this chapter, students will be able to: 1. Understand how the legal system works; 2. Explain why laws are necessary; 3. Discuss how cases proceed
HOW A TYPICAL CRIMINAL CASE IS PROSECUTED IN ALASKA The Office of Victims Rights receives many inquiries from victims about how a criminal case in Alaska is investigated by police and then prosecuted by
THE LAW OFFICES OF SCOTT L. KRAMER CRIMINAL DEFENSE FAQ ANSWERS FROM AN DELAWARE COUNTY ATTORNEY: QUESTION: Am I required to allow law enforcement be allowed to search my house or my car? No. You are never
JUVENILES AND THE LAW When Are You a Juvenile and When Are You an Adult? The answer to this question is complicated because, under Missouri law, when you are considered an adult and when you are considered
Medical Receptionist Steals $446,000 from Boss, Evades Taxes, Goes to Prison NEWARK, NJ A former receptionist employed by a medical office in Kearny, New Jersey, was sentenced today to two years and 10
T H E M I N N E S O T A C O U N T Y A T T O R N E Y S A S S O C I A T I O N Minnesota County Attorneys Association Policy Positions on Drug Control and Enforcement Adopted: September 17, 2004 Introduction
TRAYVON S LAW BILL SUMMARY In light of the tragic death of Trayvon Martin and the overwhelming national awareness around numerous issues surrounding this case, the NAACP advocates for creating a set of
Mark Reed Arrest Record Summary As of 3/28/12 MARK REED ARRESTED, CONVICTED, ON PROBATION FOR POSSESSION OF A CONCEALED DANGEROUS WEAPON Currently represented by a Bar Panel attorney for indigent defendants
Page 1 Copyright (c) 1995 National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers, Inc. The Champion January/February, 1995 19 Champion 45 LEGISLATION: THE VIOLENT CRIME CONTROL AND LAW ENFORCEMENT ACT OF 1994:
MANDATORY MINIMUMS AND DRUG LAW MATERIALS. 1) Enough lesson handouts for each student (end of lesson).. 2) Re- useable white board and markers if you want them TAKEAWAYS Students will understand mandatory
Networked Knowledge Media Report Networked Knowledge Prosecution Reports This page set up by Dr Robert N Moles [Underlining where it occurs is for editorial emphasis] Anthony Graves is appointed to the
U.S. Department of Justice United States Attorney Eastern District of Arkansas FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE CONTACT: Christopher R. Thyer September 16, 2014 United States Attorney 501-340-2600 22 ARRESTS MADE
COUNTY OF SUFFOLK DISTRICT ATTORNEY S OFFICE THOMAS J. SPOTA DISTRICT ATTORNEY June 17, 2015 Bronx-to-Suffolk Heroin Ring Busted A pair of Deer Park brothers indicted as Major Traffickers Suffolk County
Since 2004, I ve been a daily presence in the Fairfax County Courthouse and have handled hundreds of drug cases as both a Prosecutor and a Defense Attorney. I have spent the last decade analyzing the legal
General District Courts To Understand Your Visit to Court You Should Know: It is the courts wish that you know your rights and duties. We want every person who comes here to receive fair treatment in accordance
Canadian Law 4 Introduction to Criminal Law Dimensions of a Crime The main source of criminal law in Canada is the Criminal Code. It describes which acts are offences and also explains their punishments.
Task Force: Chairman Sensenbrenner, Ranking Member Scott and Members of the I am Eric Evenson, a former federal prosecutor. I retired as an Assistant United States Attorney from the Department of Justice
UNITED STATES MARSHALS SERVICE Northern District of Texas APRIL 4-10, 2005 Operation FALCON is a nationwide fugitive apprehension operation coordinated by the United States Marshals Service (USMS) combining
: RACE AND IMPRISONMENT IN TEXAS The disparate incarceration of Latinos and African Americans in the Lone Star State A ny discussion about the impact of incarceration in this country must acknowledge that
the best defense Exclusively Criminal Defense Former Los Angeles Prosecutors Immediate Response 24/7 AGGRESSIVE DEFENSE IN STATE AND FEDERAL COURTS R a t e d t o p 5 % U. S. L a w F i r m AGGRESSIVE DEFENSE
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF MISSOURI WESTERN DIVISION UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, ) ) Plaintiff, ) ) vs. ) Case No. 09-00296-03-CR-W-FJG ) ROBERT E. STEWART, ) ) Defendant.
T E X A S Y O U N G L A W Y E R S A S S O C I A T I O N A N D S T A T E B A R O F T E X A S C RIMINAL LAW 1 0 1 : O V E RVIEW OF T H E T E XAS C RIMINAL J USTICE P ROCESS A C RIMINAL LAW 1 0 1 Prepared
Chapter 15 Criminal Law and Procedures Chapter Outline 1. Introduction 2. What Is a Crime? 3. Elements of Criminal Liability 4. Types of Crimes 5. Cyber Crime 6. Constitutional Safeguards 7. Criminal Procedures
Law & The Courts Resource Guide - what to do in case of an auto accident - your rights in traffic court - your rights if arrested table of contents What To Do In Case Of An Auto Accident...1 Your Rights
The Criminal Justice System The Police I. The Police a. More than 725,000 police across the country b. Local, state and national levels c. Protect, maintain peace & order, investigate, arrest, and book
10 Victims and the law 57 10: Victims and the law This section gives a summary of the law in relation to victims of crime. Introduction The court may call a victim as a witness in a criminal case. However,
INFORMATION FOR CRIME VICTIMS AND WITNESSES CHARLES I. WADAMS PROSECUTING ATTORNEY Garden City, Idaho 6015 Glenwood St., Garden City, ID 83714 (208) 472-2900 www.gardencityidaho.org A MESSAGE Garden City
Drug Policies in the State of Michigan Economic Effects Executive Summary News Walker: Keep reforming drug laws Home» Publications» Drug Policies in the State of Michigan Economic Effects» Drug Policies
Proposition 5 Nonviolent Offenders. Sentencing, Parole and Rehabilitation. Statute. SUMMARY This measure (1) expands drug treatment diversion programs for criminal offenders, (2) modifies parole supervision
Memo from District Attorney Andrew Murray on Impacts Related to Reductions or Elimination of City funded services to the District Attorney s Office and Court System At the May 13, 2015 Budget Adjustments
Federal Public Defender W.D. Michigan The Federal Criminal Process INTRODUCTION The following summary of the federal criminal process is intended to provide you with a general overview of how your case
California Statewide Survey Results Q1 Q2 I am going to read you a description of civil asset forfeiture laws. Civil asset forfeiture laws allow law enforcement keep a person's cash and property if they
SENTENCING REFORM FOR NONVIOLENT OFFENSES: BENEFITS AND ESTIMATED SAVINGS FOR ILLINOIS LISE MCKEAN, PH.D. SUSAN K. SHAPIRO CENTER FOR IMPACT RESEARCH OCTOBER 2004 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS PROJECT FUNDER Chicago
Stages in a Capital Case from http://deathpenaltyinfo.msu.edu/ Note that not every case goes through all of the steps outlined here. Some states have different procedures. I. Pre-Trial Crimes that would
THE LAW AND YOU 15-1 Each state has particular laws that deal with acts usually committed by young people. Just because someone is under the age of 17 (considered a juvenile) does not mean that laws do
NOT ACTUAL PROTECTION: ACTUAL INNOCENCE STANDARD FOR CRIMINAL DEFENSE ATTORNEYS IN CALIFORNIA DOES NOT ELIMINATE ACTUAL LAWSUITS AND ACTUAL PAYMENTS By Celeste King, JD and Barrett Breitung, JD* In 1998
Filed 8/9/12 P. v. Condon CA5 NOT TO BE PUBLISHED IN THE OFFICIAL REPORTS California Rules of Court, rule 8.1115(a), prohibits courts and parties from citing or relying on opinions not certified for publication
The Innocence Legal Team specializes in [defending against] false allegations of sexual and physical abuse. Patrick Clancy is the Chief Strategist of the Innocence Legal Team. He is nationally known as
THE NEBRASKA INTERSTATE DRUG STOP DEFENSE BOOK Defending Interstate Drug Crimes from Start to Finish BY JOHN S. BERRY & CHAD J. WYTHERS BERRY LAW FIRM, LINCOLN NEBRASKA 1 Table of Contents Introduction
SUMMARY OF RULES AND STATUTES REGARDING BAIL FOR INDICTABLE OFFENSES Rule or Statute Rule3:3-1. Determination on whether to issue a Summons or Warrant Description The Rule provides that a summons shall
Minnesota Law Enforcement Coalition Representing these Organizations: Minnesota County Attorneys Association Minnesota Chiefs of Police Association Minnesota State Association of Narcotics Investigators
A Citizen s Guide to the Criminal Justice System: From Arraignment to Appeal Presented by the Office of the Richmond County District Attorney Acting District Attorney Daniel L. Master, Jr. 130 Stuyvesant
HIRE A SPECIALIST I am an experienced Board Certified criminal lawyer in Pasco Florida. Less than one percent of attorneys in Florida are Board Certified. Only Board Certified criminal lawyers are permitted
U.S. Department of Justice Office of Justice Programs Bureau of Justice Statistics Special Report Federal Justice Statistics Program Federal Drug Offenders, 999 with Trends 984-99 August 200, NCJ 87285
TESTIMONY OF COOK COUNTY STATE S ATTORNEY ANITA ALVAREZ SENATE JUDICIARY SUBCOMMITTEE ON HUMAN RIGHTS AND THE LAW FEBRUARY 24, 2010 THANK YOU SENATOR DURBIN AND MEMBERS OF THE COMMITTEE FOR INVITING ME
www.drugpolicy.org NEW YORK WASHINGTON, DC CALIFORNIA NEW MEXICO NEW JERSEY Do you think the war on drugs is doing more harm than good? Do you think the police should stop arresting people for using marijuana?
Texas Criminal Defense Lawyers Association 2 nd Annual Texas Indigent Defense Summit March 1, 2011 Texas State Capital Austin, Texas Topic: How Alternatives to Incarceration and Re- Classification of Misdemeanors
Personal Injury Wrongful Death Slip & Fall Automobile Accidents Trucking Accidents Motorcycle Accidents Medical Malpractice Criminal Defense You re Under ARREST! What Happens Now? Do NOT Speak to Police
COUNTY OF SUFFOLK DISTRICT ATTORNEY S OFFICE THOMAS J. SPOTA DISTRICT ATTORNEY August 27, 2014 District Attorney Spota and Homeland Security Investigations (HSI) announce LI cocaine ring bust Suffolk County
The Right to a Speedy Trial You have a constitutional right to a speedy trial in the United States and in New Jersey. You also have a right to see ALL of the evidence against you prior your date in court.
CALIFORNIA COURTS AND THE JUDICIAL SYSTEM California Courts and the Judicial System Unlike the federal system, in which judges are appointed by the president, confirmed by the Senate, and serve for life
WASHINGTON ASSOCIATION OF SHERIFFS AND POLICE CHIEFS Model Policy on Identity Theft Policy, Procedures, and Victim Referral Information Definition - Identity theft is the wrongful appropriation of an individual
Defense of Drug Possession Cases in Municipal Court 1. What are my chances of beating a drug possession charge in Municipal Court? The defense of a person charged with possession of Controlled Dangerous
Chapter 22 The Economics of Crime Multiple Choice Questions 1. Crime victims are disproportionately a. Whites B. Minorities 2. Crime is committed disproportionately by a. Whites B. Minorities 3. When blacks
LAW-ENFORCEMENT RECORDS and the FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT Law-enforcement agencies in Virginia continue to enjoy one of the broadest exemptions for releasing information in all of the states. The Virginia
Adult Criminal Justice Case Processing in Washington, DC P. Mitchell Downey John Roman, Ph.D. Akiva Liberman, Ph.D. February 2012 1 Criminal Justice Case Processing in Washington, DC P. Mitchell Downey
JOHNSWARTZPOLYGRAPHSERV I C~E~ ~~~~. Former Federal Examiner Criminal polygraph Examiner United States Dept of Justice Mr. Clyde Burleson Attorney at Law 1533 West Alabama Suite 100 Houston, Texas 77006
Removal of Youth in the Adult Criminal Justice System: A State Trends Update Rebecca Gasca on behalf of Campaign for Youth Justice Juvenile Court founded in 1899 to create a separate justice system for
PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE 2013-Present 79th Judicial District Attorney s Office Jim Wells and Brooks Counties, Texas District Attorney. Duties include the administration of 16 full-time employees including
California Judges Association OPINION NO. 56 (Issued: August 29, 2006) ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS WHEN A JUDGE OR A MEMBER OF A JUDGE S FAMILY HAS BEEN ARRESTED OR IS BEING PROSECUTED FOR CRIMINAL ACTIVITY
Documents Relating to the Case of Dwight Dexter Exhibit A, Document 1 The Investigation into the Murder of Floyd Babb Notes from Sheriff Dodd: July 20 July 30, 1982, Eaton, Michigan July 20 I approached
CRIMINAL JUSTICE GLOSSARY ACQUITTAL: a judgment of a court, based either on the verdict of a jury or a judicial officer, that the defendant is not guilty of the offense(s) for which he or she was tried.
Background Check Laws: District of Columbia Scott J. Wenner and Joleen Okun, Schnader Harrison Segal & Lewis LLP This Article is published by Practical Law Company on its PLC Law Department web service
Executive Office of the President Office of National Drug Control Policy ONDCP March 2000 Drug Policy Information Clearinghouse FACT SHEET John P. Walters, Director www.whitehousedrugpolicy.gov 1-800-666-3332
Michael A. Hestrin District Attorney FY 15/16 BUDGET PRESENTATION June 15, 2015 RECENT ACHIEVEMENTS 1972 COLD CASE SOLVED JUSTICE HAS NO EXPIRATION DATE Mary Costa 1972: Mary Costa killed during $7 robbery
Home» News Follow @SDNYNews Printer Friendly Manhattan U.S. Attorney Announces Seizure Of Additional $28 Million Worth Of Bitcoins Belonging To Ross William Ulbricht, Alleged Owner And Operator Of Silk
Sensitive Incident Investigations. Digital Risk Management. Forensics Testing. 2009 Innovation Award Winner Austin Chamber of Commerce 2010 Innovation Award Finalist Austin Chamber of Commerce Only private