1 Tracking Disease Outbreaks and Health Disparities using Big Data, Social Media, GIS, and Social Network Analysis Dr. Ming-Hsiang Tsou Director of the Center for Human Dynamics in the Mobile Age Professor, Department of Geography San Diego State University February 20, 2015
2 What is Big Data? Image source: (definition from IBM, and WIPRO) Is this a good definition of Big Data?
3 Big Data is Human-Centered Data Big Data is dynamic datasets created by or derived from human activities, communications, movements, and behaviors (Tsou, 2015, in review). The term, big data, should refer to big ideas, big impacts, and big changes for our society rather than only focusing on big volume.
4 Big Data Category (Tsou, 2015). Social life data include popular social media services (Twitter, Flickr, Snapchat, YouTube, Foursquare, etc.), online forums, online video games, and web blogs. Health data include electronic medical records (EMR) from hospitals and health centers, cancer registry data from state and local communities, official disease outbreak tracking and epidemiology data Business and commercial data include credit card transactions, online business reviews (such as Yelp and Amazon reviews), supermarket membership records, shopping mall transaction records per store, credit card fraud examination data, enterprise management data, and marketing analysis data. Transportation and traffic data include GPS tracks (from taxi, buses, Uber, bike sharing programs, and mobile phones), traffic censor data (from subways, trolleys, buses, bike lanes, highways), social media data (from check-ins, Waze, and other social media platforms), and mobile phone data (from data transmission records and cellular network data). Scientific research data include earthquakes sensors, weather sensors, satellite images, crowd sourcing data for biodiversity research, volunteered geographic information, and census data.
5 Data Integration / Data Fusion Explore their spatiotemporal relationships in both network space and geographical space. Health Data Layer Image provided by Dr. Atshushi Nara (Associate Director of HDMA Center).
6 The Challenge of Big Data Analytics: Big Data are very Messy, Noisy, and Unstructured! Image Source: Require collaboration efforts from linguistics, computer scientists, data mining experts, statisticians, physicists, modelers, and domain experts. Human Dynamic in the Mobile Age (HDMA)
7 Geography (place and time) is the KEY for Understanding and Integrating Big Data (Tsou and Lietner, 2013) Big Data (information) Time Place
8 Research Showcase #1: Geo-Targeted Social Media Analytics for Tracking Flu Outbreaks in U.S.
10 How to Collect Social Media Data? Source: Twitter Search APIs to collect public tweets (Geo-targeted) Keywords: flu and influenza. Region: 17 miles radius from the center of 31 U.S. Cities. Time: September 30, 2013 (Week 40) March 23, 2014 (Week 12) Twitter Search API: based on the user profile (locations) and gazetteers (San Diego: include La Jolla, La Mesa, Chula Vista) (FREE for Search APIs) Human Dynamic in the Mobile Age (HDMA)
11 Collect Tweets from Top 31 U.S. Cities (17 miles radius) 31 different cities across the United States (chosen based on their population sizes): Atlanta, Austin, Baltimore, Boston, Chicago, Cleveland, Columbus, Dallas, Denver, Detroit, El Paso, Fort Worth, Houston, Indianapolis, Jacksonville, Los Angeles, Memphis, Milwaukee, Nashville-Davidson, New Orleans, New York, Oklahoma City, Philadelphia, Phoenix, Portland, San Antonio, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose, Seattle, and Washington, D.C. Human Dynamic in the Mobile Age (HDMA)
12 Normalizing City Tweeting Rate by Census Data City Population = Combine all census track population numbers within the circle. (Different from the official record of City Population) Human Dynamic in the Mobile Age (HDMA)
13 Filter and Refine Big Data (Remove Noises) Number of tweets 10,678 5,398 4,947 4, Machine Learning Total Flu tweets collected: 307,070. Final valid flu tweets: 88,979.
14 Real-Time Monitoring of Flu Outbreaks in U.S. (National Scale combined 31 Cities), flu season (R) value = National ILI (Influenza-like illness) Two weeks delay National Tweet rate (31 Cities average) Real time update 10 days earlier than ILI
15 Multi-Level (Scale) Analysis: (Regional and Municipal Scales) Regional ILI Region 4 Region 5 Human Dynamic in the Mobile Age (HDMA)
16 ER ILI data is better than SP ILI Weekly Valid Flu Tweeting Rates Compare with Emergency Department ILI in Different Cities Tweet rate per 100,000 Sentinel provided ILI rate Averaged ILI rate (missing data) * P < 0.05; ** P < 0.005; *** P < Correlation between City-level Sentinel Provided ILI Rates vs. Tweeting rate is VERY BAD! (SP ILI is not reliable?) 16
17 Trend Analysis at the Municipal Scale (San Diego) with the Lab-tested confirmed flu cases San Diego: Lab confirmed Flu Cases vs Tweeting Rate: (R) value =
18 Two research papers in the Journal of Medical Internet Research Human Dynamic in the Mobile Age (HDMA)
19 Next Step: Monitor Flu Outbreaks in Real-Time? The HDMA Center is developing the SMART Dashboard: SMART Dashboard: Social Media Analytic and Research Testbed (Beta)
20 SMART Dashboard Social Media Analytic and Research Testbed Live Demo For 5 mins Real-time social media analytics (Trend Analysis, Word Clouds, Top URL, web pages, Top Hashtages/Mentions/Stories).
21 New Topic: Tracking Ebola
22 Tracking Flu Outbreaks in 2014/2015 Flu Season (Not as smooth as 2013 or 2012)
23 Only GPS-tagged Tweets Collected Now # of Filtered ILI Tweets, Top 30 US Cities, as of February 9, 2015 (from SMART dashboard) Only 1% -4% tweets has GPS coordinates. Problems!!! Twitter broke its Search APIs on 11/20/2014 and only returned GPS-tagged tweets only. (Reduce 90% -95% of tweets collected) CDC Influenza Positive Tests, National Data Summary, through Weeks 40-3, Season
24 Comparison between ILI and GPS-only Tweets among 30 U.S. Cities Red: National ILI, Purple: GPS Only Tweets Tweeting Rate, multiplied by 10 for flu season Human Dynamic in the Mobile Age (HDMA)
25 The Limitation of Social Media For Flu Outbreak Monitoring
26 Social Media User Profiles Social Media messages can NOT represent all population, but it can provide warning signals and real-time updates. Some flu virus may have bigger impacts to Elder People than Younger People Survey
27 Only 1% - 4% of GPS Tweets within the Free Garden Hose Tweets (1%) Only 1% -4% tweets has GPS coordinates. 80% tweets has city-level location info (user profile). Public (Free) Twitter APIs can only collect 1% of total tweets within a region. (Garden Hose). But our unique Search API methods can collect up to 100% of requested tweets using Keywords and region combination. Twitter Firehose (Massive, real-time stream of tweets): Not-free, expensive. Historical Firehose Tweets can be purchased by Tweet Data-reseller partners: GNIP, SocialFlow, MediaSift, etc. (expensive).
28 User Privacy Issue Concerns about Big Brother. Although all the tweets collected from APIs are public tweets (everyone can search them and retrieve them). Some content of tweets may contain personal private information (real names, locations of homes, offices, private conversations, medical situations, etc.)
29 Social Network Analysis (SNA) The top 30 U.S. city Whooping cough Twitter message networks (mentions networks) : Social Network Nodes User Profiles Data collection temporal coverage July 22 to December 9, 2014 SharylAttikson: Investigative Journalist. Author of Stonewalled. Dreaming of a day when public officials answer questions as if they know they work for the public. NFIDvaccines: National foundation for infectious diseases. Non-profit organization dedicated to educating the public and healthcare professionals about the causes, treatment, and prevention of infectious diseases. Roseperson: Regional Support manager, aligning force for quality at the AF4Q National Program Office (at George Washington University) Jonrappoport: Free-lance investigative reporter for over 30 years. Acognews: the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. The leading authority on women s health care. CDCgov: CDC's official Twitter source for daily credible health & safety updates from the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention. Laurie_Garrett: is a Pulitzer prize-winning science journalist and writer of two bestselling book: I Heard the Sirens Scream (2011), The Coming Plague & Betrayal of Trust CFR_org: The Council on Foreign Relations is a resource for foreign policy news and analysis.
30 Whooping cough message networks in Twitter (among top 30 U.S. cities) Top 30 US Cities Clustering Coefficient (sub-groups, communities)
31 Top 30 US Cities Whooping Cough Grouping Major Nodes (information flow) LJbe il acognews Whooping cough message flows in Twitter (among top 30 U.S. cities) CFR_org CDCgo v Laurie_garr ett SharylAttkisson roseperson NFIDvaccines Jonrappoport
32 Opinion Leaders vs. Broadcasters Top 30 US Cities In Degrees (Tweets were retweeted by others) Top 30 US Cities Out Degrees (Retweeting other s messages)
33 Next Step: Location-based Social Network Analysis
35 Big Data Research Agenda: Health Disparities and GIS (Geographic Information Systems)
36 Two Important Public Health Challenges Cancer Obesity Human Dynamic in the Mobile Age (HDMA)
37 Health Disparities: Cancer Mortality Rates Source: Human Dynamic in the Mobile Age (HDMA)
38 Multi-Scales Multi-layers GIS analysis Spatial Scale States Counties Zipcodes Census Tracts Street blocks Individual points Correlation with Census Data, weather and climate data, land use data, air pollution, and others? Human Dynamic in the Mobile Age (HDMA)
39 Geostatistics and GIS Modelling Explore statistical relationships in data Build geostatistical surfaces Detect clusters Spatiotemporal Analysis and Visualization Statistical Alarm Bell Display outlier or influential cases by location Statistical analysis also useful in finding zones of significantly higher disease prevalence
40 Obesity Tracking Human Behaviors and Activities using Mobile Devices (wearable computing) Human Dynamic in the Mobile Age (HDMA)
41 GPS Data Analytics. (Criminal GPS monitoring) Image provided: Professor May Yuan (U of Texas at Dallas) and Assistant Professor Atsushi Nara (SDSU) Sex Offenders Monitored by GPS : At rest: every hour In Motion: every minute Can we apply similar algorithms to analyze obesity problems?
42 Human Dynamics in the Mobile Age (HDMA) Center of Research Excellence at San Diego State University Established in May 2014 Human Dynamics Spatial Science Mobile Technology
43 Thank You Q & A Director: Dr. Ming-Hsiang Tsou Funded by NSF Cyber-Enabled Discovery and Innovation (CDI) program. Award # ( ) NSF Interdisciplinary Behavioral and Social Science (IBSS) Program, Award # ( ): Spatiotemporal Modeling of Human Dynamics Across Social Media and Social Networks. Human Dynamic in the Mobile Age (HDMA)
Mapping Human Dynamics with Social Media for Disaster Alerts Dr. Ming-Hsiang Tsou firstname.lastname@example.org Professor of Geography, Director of the Center for Human Dynamics in the Mobile Age, San Diego State
Fall 2013 HDMA Lightning Talks (Oct. 30, 2013) Spatial Science Human Dynamics Mobile Technology 1. Dr. Ming-Hsiang Tsou (Geography): The vision of Human Dynamics in the Mobile Age (HDMA) and NIH Big Data
ROUND 2 2 1 33 TENNESSEE 2 2 34 TAMPA BAY 2 3 35 OAKLAND 2 4 36 JACKSONVILLE 2 5 37 NEW YORK JETS 2 6 38 WASHINGTON 2 7 39 CHICAGO 2 8 40 NEW YORK GIANTS 2 9 41 ST. LOUIS 2 10 42 ATLANTA 2 11 43 CLEVELAND
The Strategic Assessment of the St. Louis Region 7th Edition, 2015 WHERE The 7th Edition of Where We Stand (WWS) presents 222 rankings comparing St. Louis to the 50 most populated metropolitan areas in
www.bilimnettasarim.com seo 90500 0,94 22,46 search engine optimization 22200 0,96 40,77 sem 22200 0,23 19,71 what is seo 8100 0,18 18,07 seo services 8100 0,95 44,49 seo tools 4400 0,93 13,47 local seo
Software Engineering for Big Data CS846 Paulo Alencar David R. Cheriton School of Computer Science University of Waterloo Big Data Big data technologies describe a new generation of technologies that aim
Made Possible by Generous Support From: RETAIL INSIGHT Spotlight On Retail Employees ABOUT THIS REPORT When many Americans think about retail jobs, they naturally imagine what they see in stores: sales
2010 Allocations to States of Volume Cap for Qualified School Construction Bonds Total Dollar Allocation by State/ State/Territory Territory Alabama 140,453,000 Alaska 28,163,000 Arizona 171,115,000 Arkansas
50 LARGEST CITIES WATER/WASTEWATER RATE SURVEY A BLACK & VEATCH 2012/2013 REPORT 2 50 LARGEST CITIES WATER/WASTEWATER SURVEY TABLE OF CONTENTS EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 4 Average Residential Typical Bills Continue
2011 Trade Show Labor Rate Benchmarking Survey EXHIBITOR COSTS IN 41 U.S. CITIES labor drayage audio visual exhibitor services eventmarketing.com eventmarketing.com Produced by in association with eventmarketing.com
The Housing Downturn in the United States 2009 First Quarter Update May 2009 TABLE OF CONTENTS The Housing Downturn in the United States: 2009 First Quarter Update Introduction The Housing Downturn: National
Introduction to the Array of Things Michael E. Papka Computer Science Remote Laboratories and IoT - May 18, 2016 Introduction The Array of Things AoT is a national, open instrument to support research,
EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE July 21, 2014 (12:30 p.m., Eastern) CONTACT: Henry Duvall (202) 393-2427 or email@example.com Urban Schools Announce Unprecedented Commitment to Improve Achievement of Young Men of
The Challenges of Geospatial Analytics in the Era of Big Data Dr Noordin Ahmad National Space Agency of Malaysia (ANGKASA) CITA 2015: 4-5 August 2015 Kuching, Sarawak Big datais an all-encompassing term
APPENDIX 1: SURVEY Major, Lindsey & Africa Partner Compensation Survey (2010) Dear : Major, Lindsey & Africa invites you to participate in our 2010 MLA Partner Compensation Survey. This Survey, which is
Employment Trends in the Twin Cities Region 2000-2011 Libby Starling Research Manager January 17, 2012 The big picture on jobs Job recovery has begun Employment still the third lowest since 2000 Developed
U.S. Department of Justice Office of Justice Programs Bureau of Justice Statistics Special Report Police Departments May 00, NCJ 175703 in Large Cities, - By Brian A. Reaves, Ph.D. and Matthew J. Hickman
The Killer App(lication) Jon Hudson, Principal Engineer Office of the CTO @the_solutioneer 1 Legal Disclaimer All or some of the products detailed in this presentation may still be under development and
Lodging, Rental Car and Meal Taxes on Travelers in the Top 50 U.S. Cities July 2008 Prepared by: American Economics Group, Inc. TABLE OF CONTENTS EXECUTIVE SUMMARY...3 TABLES: COMBINED TAXES ON LODGING,
Collaborations between Official Statistics and Academia in the Era of Big Data World Statistics Day October 20-21, 2015 Budapest Vijay Nair University of Michigan Past-President of ISI firstname.lastname@example.org What
Information About Filing a Case in the United States Tax Court Attached are the forms to use in filing your case in the United States Tax Court. It is very important that you take time to carefully read
American College of Emergency Physicians Military Trauma Cares Learning Health System and its Translation to the Civilian Sector Craig Manifold, DO FACEP Julio Lairet, DO FACEP 18 May 2015 Institute of
Enhance Collaboration and Data Sharing for Faster Decisions and Improved Mission Outcome Richard Breakiron Senior Director, Cyber Solutions Rbreakiron@vion.com Office: 571-353-6127 / Cell: 803-443-8002
Urban E-Government: An Assessment of City Government Websites by Darrell M. West, Brown University (401) 863-1163 Email: Darrell_West@Brown.edu September, 2001 Executive Summary 1 A Note on Methodology
Zurich Staff Legal Experienced. Collaborative. Focused on Results. Staff Legal How We Deliver We are located where you need us, with more than 250 attorneys in our national network of 48 offices that cover
Big data in science Application to large scale physical systems Large scale physical systems Large scale systems with spatio-temporal dynamics Propagation of pollutants in air, Water distribution networks,
TOPICS ASSESSING RISK OF SENIOR LIVING OVER-SUPPLY A LONG-TERM PERSPECTIVE The ratio of new openings to existing inventory ratio (the new openings ratio ) in combination with the ratio of units currently
Memphis Light, Gas and Water 2010 Utility Bill Comparisons for Selected U.S. Cities Electricity Natural Gas Water Wastewater The information in this book has been compiled to ensure maximum accuracy at
Understanding the Ratings Game Connie Ledoux Book, Ph.D. email@example.com Presentation to NATOA Annual Conference New Orleans, 2009 Pop Quiz Can you trust your gut instinct when it comes to television and
U.S. Department of Justice Federal Bureau of Investigation FINANCIAL INSTITUTION FRAUD UNIT FINANCIAL CRIMES SECTION FINANCIAL INSTITUTION FRAUD AND FAILURE REPORT FISCAL YEAR 2002 THE FEDERAL BUREAU OF
Game Changing Analytics to the Explosion of Video What is the next level of Video and Data Analytics? Smarter Safer Communities Impact of Social Media End-to End Solution Objective: Safer, Smarter, More
Internet Telephony SIP Trunking Cary Tengler, Director of Partner Programs o 720-888-4522 e firstname.lastname@example.org Level 3 Profile A premier provider of services over one of the world s most advanced,
Houston Economic Outlook Presented by Patrick Jankowski Vice President, Research www.houston.org Follow me on Twitter @pnjankowski Read my blog: wwwhouston.org/economy/blog Connect with me: www.linkedincom/in/pnjankowski
How much are teachers really paid? A Nationwide Analysis of Teacher Pay September 2014 How much are teachers really paid? A Nationwide Analysis of Teacher Pay by: Pamela Villarreal Senior Fellow at the
Urban Charter School Study Report on 41 Regions 2015 2015 CREDO Center for Research on Education Outcomes Stanford University Stanford, CA http://credo.stanford.edu CREDO, the Center for Research on Education
Learn More: Call us at 877.634.2728. www.megapath.com MegaPath is one of the largest nationwide facilities-based providers of data, voice, and managed security services. Our reach is nationwide with 4200
2014 Local chapter Corporate partnership opportunities Making the American Dream a Reality for Those Who Have Served Us www.varep.net 2014 About VAREP Many real estate and financial service professionals
Managing Social Media in a Disaster Jeff Baranyi Public Safety Tech Lead and Esri Disaster Response Team Esri Disaster Response Program www.esri.com/disaster Support our users, our partners and Esri personnel
Tutorial: Big Data Algorithms and Applications Under Hadoop KUNPENG ZHANG SIDDHARTHA BHATTACHARYYA http://kzhang6.people.uic.edu/tutorial/amcis2014.html August 7, 2014 Schedule I. Introduction to big data
Campus Safety Services Contemporary Services Corporation CSC About CSC Contemporary Services Corporation (CSC) was founded in 1967 as a peergroup security company, the first of its kind. Throughout the
Federal Open Data Compliance Meeting the November 1 st Federal Deadline and Going Beyond to Achieve Agency Goals Ian Kalin, Director of Open Data Agenda Introduction The Five Steps to Federal Open Data
Integrating a Big Data Platform into Government: Drive Better Decisions for Policy and Program Outcomes John Haddad, Senior Director Product Marketing, Informatica Digital Government Institute s Government
Is a bigger brokerage network better? Is smaller better? Neither. Better is better. X Team. Better. X Team International, a leading retail real estate brokerage alliance serving the world s premier tenants,
WHITE PAPER Video Alarm Verification Comes of Age Technology Advancements Are Driving Down Costs FOREWORD Increasing demands on local law enforcement coupled with shrinking municipal budgets are driving
PEDIATRIC CENTERS PEDIATRIC TRANSPLANT CENTERS Number of Liver Transplants Performed 2003-2004 Updated October 2005 University of Alabama Hospital, Birmingham, AL 3 2 1 University Medical Center, University
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 2013 CITY ENERGY EFFICIENCY SCORECARD September 2013 Energy efficiency may be the cheapest, most abundant, and most underutilized resource for local economic and community development.
Total Parkland as Percent of City Land Area FY 2009 Land Area (acres) Total Park Acres Park Acres as Percent of Land Area City Population Density Level: High New York 195,072 38,019 19.5% Washington, D.C.
On the following pages you will find addresses for: Dept. of Justice Immigration Courts AND Dept. of Homeland Security Offices of Chief Counsel (OCC) DISCLAIMER: The most current addresses for DOJ Immigration
OSHA Inspection Checklist Prepared by: Edwin G. Foulke, Jr. Direct: (404) 240-4273 email@example.com 1075 Peachtree Street NE, Suite 3500 Atlanta, GA 30309 Atlanta Baltimore Boston Charlotte Chicago
U.S. Labour Supply: Recruiting U.S. Workers Engineering Sector Alberta Enterprise and Advanced Education Report Government of Alberta 22/11/2012 Page 1 About the Study Alberta Enterprise and Advanced Education
RECONNECTING OPPORTUNITY YOUTH Data Reference Guide March 2015 Patrick Sims Opportunity Youth Opportunity youth are young adults aged 16-24 years who are neither connected to school nor work. These young
Are You Ready for Big Data? Jim Gallo National Director, Business Analytics April 10, 2013 Agenda What is Big Data? How do you leverage Big Data in your company? How do you prepare for a Big Data initiative?
Big Data Big Data: Introduction and Applications August 20, 2015 HKU-HKJC ExCEL3 Seminar Michael Chau, Associate Professor School of Business, The University of Hong Kong Ample opportunities for business
2014 Employment Law Update South Central Industrial Association November 6, 2014 Houma, Louisiana Which is Riskier? Hiring Criminals or Conducting Background Checks? Presented by: Timothy H. Scott Phone:
provides it s customers with a single, reliable source for their wiring construction needs. Focused on Telephone, Cable Television, Data, Power and Security Wiring, C3 provides the construction management
ANGELOUECONOMICS 2012 INDUSTRY HOTSPOTS INDUSTRY SPECIALIZATION OF AMERICA'S 100 LARGEST METROPOLITAN AREAS INDUSTRY CLUSTERS 19-24 (of 36) ABOUT THE RANKINGS In the 21 st Century, the engines that drive
What is big data? Raul F. Chong Senior program manager Big data, DB2, and Cloud IM Cloud Computing Center of Competence - IBM Toronto Lab, Canada 1 2011 IBM Corporation Agenda The world is changing What
CONTENTS Building on strengths 1 Printed 2/26/2015 12:55 PM Pacific Standard Time WA State vs. peers Last Modified 3/2/2015 10:17 AM Pacific Standard Time Dimensionalizing Big Data Big Data: big and getting
MIT Events and Key Dates You ve worked hard for your degree. Now put your degree to work with an organization offering greater opportunity, greater challenge and greater satisfaction. Accenture, one of
OAH TEEN PREGNANCY PREVENTION PROGRAM GRANTS July 2015 Capacity Building to Support Replication of Evidence-Based TPP Programs (Tier 1A) Grantee City State Award Maricopa County Phoenix AZ $749,999 Colorado
Southwest January 2016 Frequencies by Direction - CHANGED Markets ONLY Listed January 2016 Base Market Changes effective January 6, 2016 Weekday frequency with the exception of NEW Saturday only markets
Are You Ready for Big Data? Jim Gallo National Director, Business Analytics February 11, 2013 Agenda What is Big Data? How do you leverage Big Data in your company? How do you prepare for a Big Data initiative?
Kuwait National Assembly Media Department SOCIAL MEDIA MONITORING AND SENTIMENT ANALYSIS SYSTEM Dr. Salah Alnajem Associate Professor of Computational Linguistics and Natural Language Processing, Kuwait
News Release Follow The Conference Board For further information: Peter Tulupman 212-339-0231 / firstname.lastname@example.org Release #5640 Jonathan Liu 212-339-0257 / email@example.com
eoc elements of change Highlighting Trends and Issues in the Criminal Justice System Office of Research & Statistics ors Division of Criminal Justice Colorado Department of Public Safety Visit us on the
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PURE AND APPLIED RESEARCH IN ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY A PATH FOR HORIZING YOUR INNOVATIVE WORK A SURVEY ON BIG DATA ISSUES AMRINDER KAUR Assistant Professor, Department of Computer
The Lodging Conference 2016 Adam Lair, MAI firstname.lastname@example.org Managing Director, Senior Partner @HVS_Consulting Transaction Volume in Billions U.S. Hotel Transaction Volume ($2.5M+) $45 $200,000 $40 $176,068
Contract Rental Car Rates Rates Current as of January 2016 Enterprise/National Holdings United States Rates Sub Compact $31.50 $173.25 $639.45 Compact $32.50 $178.75 $659.75 Intermediate $34.50 $189.75
2011 ICA-ISPRS Joint Workshops : "Our Complex World: Representation, Analysis and Modeling" August 10 12, 2011, Simon Fraser University Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada Visualizing and Analyzing the Spread
The Strategic Assessment of the St. Louis Region 7th Edition, 2015 WHERE The 7th Edition of Where We Stand (WWS) presents 222 rankings comparing St. Louis to the 50 most populated metropolitan areas in
MEMO To: Department of Homeland Security Officials From: Erica Chenoweth, Harvard University (Erica_Chenoweth@ksg.harvard.edu) and Susan E. Clarke, University of Colorado (Susan.Clarke@colorado.edu) Issue:
Amended Interim Designation of Agent to Receive Notification of Claimed Infringement Full Legal Name ofservice Provider: American City Business Journals, Inc. Alternative Name(s) of Service Provider (including
Urban Center for Computation and Data (UrbanCCD) Urban Sciences and Engineering at the University of Chicago and Argonne National Laboratory www.urbanccd.org June 30, 2015 National Science Foundation Charlie
INSTRUCTIONS Item: 756994 Radio Controlled Talking Clock This unit works on receiving the time radio signal. The time signal is generated by the US Atomic Clock, which is located in Colorado. (The Atomic
Now, Next and the Future: IT, Big Data and other Implications for RIM Agenda for This Afternoon Now: What trends are creating implications within the profession? Next: Why is IT now concerned about RIM?
CREATING A REGIONAL DASHBOARD C2ER CONFERENCE June 8, 2016 CONCLUSION Regional Improvement Creating partnerships Call to action 2015 PLANNED & ACTIVE PROJECTS TELL OUR STORY Equip leaders to tell the regional
Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board 2009 Texas Higher Education Leadership Conference Accelerating Closing the Gaps: Making Opportunity More Affordable for Texas and Texans Where Are the Cost Efficiencies
Is big data the new oil fuelling development? 12th National Convention on Statistics Manila, Philippines 2 October, 2013 Johannes Jütting PARIS21 Big data (2 The future? Linked data: Is this the future?..
Service Level Agreement and Product Description IP VPN SERVICES, CONVERGED SERVICES AND FLEXVOICE sm I. Product Description TWTC s IP VPN Service (Layer 3 Internet Protocol (IP) Virtual Private Network)