Presentation Notes Maintaining a Healthy Digestive System

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1 Slide 1 Maintaining a Healthy Digestive System 1

2 Slide 2 Copyright Copyright Texas Education Agency, These Materials are copyrighted and trademarked as the property of the Texas Education Agency (TEA) and may not be reproduced without the express written permission of TEA, except under the following conditions: 1) Texas public school districts, charter schools, and Education Service Centers may reproduce and use copies of the Materials and Related Materials for the districts and schools educational use without obtaining permission from TEA. 2) Residents of the state of Texas may reproduce and use copies of the Materials and Related Materials for individual personal use only, without obtaining written permission of TEA. 3) Any portion reproduced must be reproduced in its entirety and remain unedited, unaltered and unchanged in any way. 4) No monetary charge can be made for the reproduced materials or any document containing them; however, a reasonable charge to cover only the cost of reproduction and distribution may be charged. Private entities or persons located in Texas that are not Texas public school districts, Texas Education Service Centers, or Texas charter schools or any entity, whether public or private, educational or non-educational, located outside the state of Texas MUST obtain written approval from TEA and will be required to enter into a license agreement that may involve the payment of a licensing fee or a royalty. For information contact: Office of Copyrights, Trademarks, License Agreements, and Royalties, Texas Education Agency, 1701 N. Congress Ave., Austin, TX ; phone ; 2

3 Slide 3 The Digestive System Mouth Esophagus Liver Gall Bladder National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health. Stomach Pancreas Small Intestine Large Intestine 3 Digestion begins in the mouth, when you chew and swallow, and is completed in the small intestine. The esophagus connects the throat above with the stomach below. The stomach stores the swallowed food and liquid, mixes the food, liquid, and digestive juices, and empties the contents slowly in to the small intestine. The liver turns nutrients into forms the body can use. Bile is a substance that helps your body digest and absorb fats. It is produced in the liver and stored in the gall bladder until needed. The pancreas produces pancreatic juice that contains enzymes the help break down carbohydrates, proteins, and fat. The small intestine produces intestinal juice to further break down food and absorption takes place. The large intestine, also called the colon, removes water, potassium and sodium from the waste. The remainder is stored as a semi-solid in the lower part of the intestine until is eliminated.

4 Slide 4 Why is Digestion Important? Process Food and drink is broken down Body uses them to build and nourish cells Provide energy Digestive System This video describe the whole function of the digestive system in our body. 4 When you eat foods such as bread, meat, and vegetables they are not in a form that the body can use as nourishment. Food and drink must be changed into smaller molecules of nutrients before they can be absorbed into the blood and carried to cells throughout the body. YouTube video: Digestive System This video describes the whole function of the digestive system in our body.

5 Slide 5 The Three Functions of Nutrients Provide Energy Promote Growth and Development Regulate Body Functions Carbohydrates Proteins Proteins Proteins Lipids Lipids Lipids (fats and oils) Vitamins Vitamins Minerals Water Minerals Water 5 Nutrients provide energy by using carbs, proteins, and fats, promote growth and development and regulate body functions by using proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals, and water.

6 Slide 6 Basal Metabolic Rate Your body uses energy for: Automatic processes and Physical activities BMI Calculator >> BMR Formula 6 Follow link to site and ask for volunteers to input their data. BMI Calculator» BMR Formula The BMR calculator allows you to calculate your Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR) as well as other information relating to the calories you burn a day. To use the calculator, simply input details about yourself such as you age, gender, weight and height. The calculator will then calculate an estimate of your BMR and adjust you BMR by various factors to allow you to see an estimate of the calories you burn a day based on your level of activity. Automatic processes include breathing, digesting food, and creating new cells. Physical activities include work and exercise. The more active you are the more energy you use.

7 Slide 7 Food Intake and Physical Fitness Tips Make at least half your grains whole grains. Vary your veggies Focus on fruits Get your calcium rich foods Go lean with protein Visit more: Healthy Eating Tips Starting Points Your food and physical activity choices each day affect your health how you feel today, tomorrow, and in the future. 7 Your food and physical activity choices each day affect your health how you feel today, tomorrow, and in the future. These tips and ideas are a starting point. You will find a wealth of suggestions here that can help you get started toward a healthy diet. Choose a change that you can make today, and move toward a healthier you.

8 Slide 8 References/Resources Textbook: Kowtaluk, Helen. Food for Today. Eighth. New York, New York: Glenco, McGraw-Hill, Print. Websites: National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse - Your Digestive System and How it Works Calculates the basal metabolic rate Frequently asked questions on Nutrition A to Z YouTube: Digestive System This video describe the whole function of the digestive system in our body. 8

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