The stable way. Synchronous condenser solutions. siemens.com/energy/facts

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "The stable way. Synchronous condenser solutions. siemens.com/energy/facts"

Transcription

1 The stable way Synchronous condenser solutions siemens.com/energy/facts

2 Bringing grids in line with new requirements Global climate change poses new challenges for power generation and transmission. Innovative solutions will contribute to the reduction in CO2 emissions and an optimized use of energy resources. The most crucial points in today s and tomorrow s power supply are sustainability, security, and efficiency. Synchronous condenser solutions are being introduced worldwide to support today s transmission system requirements. The addition of renewables-based power genera- tion to the energy mix, phaseout of conventional power plants, new HVDC systems, and the extension of power supply systems to remote areas influence the stability of transmission networks. Siemens offers tailor-made turnkey synchronous condensers to address the customers needs based on proven, reliable in-house equipment, extensive know-how on transmission system requirements, and project execution experience. 2

3 Benefits Short-circuit power capability Reactive power compensation Short-term overload capability Inertia to the transmission system Leveling out of»grid signals«support of grid to island operation capabilities Applications Synchronous condensers support and improve power transmission quality in a wide range of applications: Stabilization of grids High-voltage DC transmission links based on line-commutated converter technology Transmission grids with a high amount of power infeed from renewable sources Retirement/shutdown of conventional power plants 3

4 Technology and system overview Siemens synchronous condenser solutions comprise a horizontal synchronous generator connected to the high-voltage transmission network via a step-up transformer. Siemens supplies a broad range of generators up to 2,235 MVA. The generators are air-, hydrogen-, and water-cooled. The synchronous generator is started up and stopped by a frequency-controlled electric motor (pony motor) or a starting frequency converter. When the generator has reached an operating speed that is synchronous to the system frequency, it is synchronized with the transmission network and acts as a motor providing reactive and short-circuit power to the transmission network. Synchronous electrical machines like synchronous generators can generally be used as synchronous condensers. Without active power delivery or con sumption, the machines can act in the same way as a capacitor or a reactor, depending on the excitation field current Synchronous generator 2 Generator step-up transformer 3 Static/brushless excitation 4 Pony motor/starting frequency converter 5 Isolated phase bus duct 6 Control and protection system 7 Auxiliary transformer 8 Generator circuit breaker 9 Optional external coolers 10 Complete civil and construction works Siemens in-house equipment 6 10 System overview synchronous condenser solution 4

5 Proven, reliable in-house products Generators A generator is an electric machine that converts mechanical energy into electric power. It operates on the basis of the dynamoelectric principle that Werner von Siemens registered for a patent with the first dynamo generator in The principle states that an electric generator does not need to have an electric current supplied from the outside to start generating electric power. A self-reinforcing electrical induction can take place due to the residual magnetism of iron. Today, the mechanical excitation, the generator s need to generate electricity, is often provided by a turbine. It drives a shaft that is known as the rotor. This shaft rotates in the stator core, in other words, inside the generator. The rotor is equipped with an electromagnet, and the moving magnetic field of the rotor causes a charge transfer in the conductor coils of the stator. The charge transfer generates electric voltage between the ends of the conductors. This is how the mechanical energy, which acts on the rotor, produces electric energy power in the stator. Excitation systems The generator is equipped with either a brushless exciter or a conventional static exciter with brushes. The two solutions have different characteristics in terms of dynamic behavior, and are selected according to the project requirements. Contrary to power electronics-based static VAr compen sators (SVCs), a synchronous condenser features the major advantages of injecting large amounts of short-circuit power and providing inertia due to its rotating mass. The same generators are implemented for synchronous condenser applications. Starting frequency converter/pony motor The startup and breaking system of a Siemens synchronous condenser is either based on a frequency-controlled pony motor or a starting frequency converter. These two methods have different advantages and will be offered from Siemens own portfolio depending on the customer s requirements. Control and protection system Generator performance is dynamically controlled by an automatic voltage regulator (AVR), which is an integral part of all excitation systems. In a brushless excitation system, the AVR is separately installed, and in case of static excitation system, AVR software is integrated in the control system of the static excitation system. In addition to the AVR system, a generator control panel is required for start and stop sequences, protection of the generator (vibration and temperature) and for cooling system control. Segment cooling Nuc H2O 50 Hz MVA MVA (4-pole) 60 Hz MVA Fossil H2 50 Hz MVA 60 Hz MVA 50 Hz MVA Industrial Air 60 Hz MVA 50/60 Hz MVA MVA (4-pole) Manufacturing of an air-cooled generator The Siemens generator portfolio 5

6 Project references Black Sea 3x60 MVAr, Republic of Georgia Siemens installed three 60 MVAr synchronous condensers at the Georgia Black Sea HVDC station in June This synchronous condenser solution supports the transmission network between Georgia and Turkey with the required short-circuit power in order to operate the newly installed HVDC back-to-back station. Bjæverskov 1x250 MVAr, Denmark In Denmark, Siemens delivered a 250 MVAr synchronous condenser solution that started operation in 2013, providing the transmission system with a short-circuit power of more than 800 MVA in addition to reactive power control. The installation of this stand-alone synchronous condenser solution will enable the transmission system operator Energinet.dk to operate the transmission network without the need for a large thermal power plant. This makes the installation an economically and environmentally advantageous investment enabling the infeed of large amounts of renewable energy into the transmission network. 6

7 Fraugde and Herslev 2x200 MVAr, Denmark These solutions will ensure the transmission system stability in the country s regions of Funen and Zealand. Siemens scope of supply comprises engineering, procurement, and construction of these facilities. The customer Energinet.dk will manage the civil work. Each synchronous condenser solution is capable of delivering more than 900 MVA of short-circuit power and +150 / -75 MVAr of reactive power. The projects are running in trial operation as of August Feda 1x200 MVAr, Norway This solution will secure short circuit power for the NorNed HVDC connection, especially during the planned upgrade of the overhead line in the southern region of Norway. Siemens scope of supply comprises engineering, procurement, and construction of these facilities including necessary civil works. The synchronous condenser solution for Feda is capable of delivering more than 750 MVA of short-circuit power and +170 / -90 MVAr of reactive power. The project is scheduled for trial operation at the end of Talega 2x225 MVAr, USA The turnkey supply of two 225 MVA synchronous condenser systems for Talega substation in California will support the California grid with reactive power, shortcircuit power, and inertia. Siemens scope of supply comprises the complete engineering, procurement, and construction of these facilities including necessary civil works. Each synchronous condenser solution for Talega is capable of delivering +225 / -120 MVAr of reactive power. The units are planned to commence commercial operation in July

8 Published by and copyright 2014: Siemens AG Energy Sector Freyeslebenstrasse Erlangen, Germany Siemens AG Energy Management Division Freyerslebenstrasse Erlangen, Germany For more information, please contact our Customer Support Center. Phone: Fax: (Charges depending on provider) Order No. E50001-G610-A135-X-4A00 Printed in Germany Dispo fb 6407 WÜ Printed on elementary chlorine-free bleached paper. All rights reserved. Trademarks mentioned in this document are the property of Siemens AG, its affiliates, or their respective owners. Subject to change without prior notice. The information in this document contains general descriptions of the technical options available, which may not apply in all cases. The required technical options should therefore be specified in the contract.

Mechanical and electrical rebuilding of a turbine generator for phase-shift operation

Mechanical and electrical rebuilding of a turbine generator for phase-shift operation www.siemens.com/energy Mechanical and electrical rebuilding of a turbine generator for phase-shift operation POWER-GEN Europe 2013 Vienna, Austria June 04-06, 2013 Authors: Detlef Frerichs Anastassios

More information

Power Island. Industrial Power Plants. www.siemens.com / energy

Power Island. Industrial Power Plants. www.siemens.com / energy Power Island Industrial Power Plants www.siemens.com / energy Flexible combined-cycle power plants With today s increasing demands for flexible power plants, intensified by the increased amount of electricity

More information

Siemens Steam Turbine-Generator SST-5000 Series. for combined cycle and subcritical steam applications. Answers for energy.

Siemens Steam Turbine-Generator SST-5000 Series. for combined cycle and subcritical steam applications. Answers for energy. Siemens Steam Turbine-Generator SST-5000 Series for combined cycle and subcritical steam applications Answers for energy. SST-5000 series steam turbine-generator For combined cycle and subcritical steam

More information

Transmission and distribution service level agreements

Transmission and distribution service level agreements Transmission and distribution service level agreements Electrical installation expertise at your fingertips Answers for energy. Transmission and distribution service level agreements: the right service

More information

Turbo generators Best quality for thermal power plants

Turbo generators Best quality for thermal power plants Turbo generators Best quality for thermal power plants www.andritz.com ANDRITZ HYDRO Turbo generators International technology Group ANDRITZ is a globally leading supplier of plants, equipment, and services

More information

Answers for energy. The competitive edge in power network services

Answers for energy. The competitive edge in power network services Answers for energy. The competitive edge in power network Power network Capitalize on expert advice The world s energy landscape is in a state of profound change today: electric power is in growing demand,

More information

Power Plant Electrical Distribution Systems

Power Plant Electrical Distribution Systems PDH Course E184 Power Plant Electrical Distribution Systems Gary W Castleberry, PE 2008 PDH Center 2410 Dakota Lakes Drive Herndon, VA 20171-2995 Phone: 703-478-6833 Fax: 703-481-9535 www.pdhcenter.com

More information

Electric Power Systems An Overview. Y. Baghzouz Professor of Electrical Engineering University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Electric Power Systems An Overview. Y. Baghzouz Professor of Electrical Engineering University of Nevada, Las Vegas Electric Power Systems An Overview Y. Baghzouz Professor of Electrical Engineering University of Nevada, Las Vegas Overview Power Generation Conventional power generation Power generation from renewables

More information

With Rolls-Royce Aero Engine Technology. The Industrial Trent 60 Gas Turbine. siemens.com

With Rolls-Royce Aero Engine Technology. The Industrial Trent 60 Gas Turbine. siemens.com With Rolls-Royce Aero Engine Technology The Industrial Trent 60 Gas Turbine siemens.com 2 / Industrial Trent 60 Industrial Trent 60 gas turbine The most advanced aero derivative gas turbine The Industrial

More information

Efficient transformers for the grid integration of wind power

Efficient transformers for the grid integration of wind power Efficient transformers for the grid integration of wind power Mature and durable transformer technology for wind power units and wind farms www.siemens.com/energy Answers for energy. Wind a key to the

More information

ELG4126 Wind Turbine Generators for Wind Power Plants

ELG4126 Wind Turbine Generators for Wind Power Plants ELG4126 Wind Turbine Generators for Wind Power Plants The application of WTGs in modern wind power plants (WPPs) requires an understanding of a number of different aspects related to the design and capabilities

More information

Monitoring, diagnostics, and cable services

Monitoring, diagnostics, and cable services Monitoring, diagnostics, and cable services Analyze the past, monitor the present, predict the future Answers for energy. 100% Accuracy of condition estimation Strategic use of asset condition Knowing

More information

Excitation. www.andritz.com/neptun

Excitation. www.andritz.com/neptun Excitation www.andritz.com/neptun 02 NEPTUN Excitation Excitation 3 x 150 MW, Kopswerke II, Austria Dynamics with brain power The excitation system of a synchronous generator makes it possible to supply

More information

Power Transmission and Distribution. Shunt reactors for medium and highvoltage. From development to use

Power Transmission and Distribution. Shunt reactors for medium and highvoltage. From development to use Power Transmission and Distribution Shunt reactors for medium and highvoltage networks: From development to use From the beginning up to today more quality and reliability for your network A safe power

More information

A favorable investment in solar power

A favorable investment in solar power A favorable investment in solar power Turnkey systems and solutions for photovoltaic power plants Answers for energy. Bright times for solar power Large-scale photovoltaic power plants: a promising future

More information

Smarten up your last mile

Smarten up your last mile Smarten up your last mile Solutions for smart metering and distribution network automation Answers for energy. Information is what really makes a difference Heading into the age of smart, transparent,

More information

The SGT5-8000H proven in commercial operation

The SGT5-8000H proven in commercial operation www.siemens.com/energy The SGT5-8000H proven in commercial operation Answers for energy. 2 375 MW Output of the Siemens Gas Turbine SGT5-8000H.* * Gross: ISO ambient conditions 375 MW Rated output of 375

More information

SYNCHRONOUS MACHINES

SYNCHRONOUS MACHINES SYNCHRONOUS MACHINES The geometry of a synchronous machine is quite similar to that of the induction machine. The stator core and windings of a three-phase synchronous machine are practically identical

More information

Electrical Research and Testing Laboratory Nuremberg

Electrical Research and Testing Laboratory Nuremberg siemens.com/energy/transformers Electrical Research and Testing Laboratory Nuremberg Testing and research at the cutting edge of technology Answers for energy. The latest methods, outstanding expertise

More information

Basics of Electricity

Basics of Electricity Basics of Electricity Generator Theory PJM State & Member Training Dept. PJM 2014 8/6/2013 Objectives The student will be able to: Describe the process of electromagnetic induction Identify the major components

More information

Powerformer chosen for Swedish combined heat and power plant

Powerformer chosen for Swedish combined heat and power plant Powerformer chosen for Swedish combined heat and power plant Powerformer, a radically new type of generator developed by ABB, has been chosen for a combined heat and power plant in Eskilstuna, Sweden.

More information

»Containerized«High-Voltage Substation. The Smart Solution. Answers for energy.

»Containerized«High-Voltage Substation. The Smart Solution. Answers for energy. »Containerized«High-Voltage Substation The Smart Solution Answers for energy. Containerized Substation the Smart Solution Utilities all over the globe work to ensure reliable power supplies for their customers.

More information

POWER TRANSMISSION FROM OFFSHORE WIND FARMS

POWER TRANSMISSION FROM OFFSHORE WIND FARMS POWER TRNSMISSION FROM OFFSHORE WIND FRMS Thorsten Völker University of pplied Sciences Bremerhaven Germany BSTRCT The future for wind power generation in Germany is offshore wind energy. The preferred

More information

The Synchronous Machine

The Synchronous Machine Experiment No. 5 The Synchronous Machine Synchronous ac machines find application as motors in constant speed applications and, when interfaced to the power source with a variable-frequency converter system,

More information

Power transformers. Phase shifting transformers Reliable and efficient power flow control

Power transformers. Phase shifting transformers Reliable and efficient power flow control Power transformers Phase shifting transformers Reliable and efficient power flow control 2 Phase shifting transformers Eliminating bottlenecks in AC networks Phase shifting transformers (PST) are crucial

More information

Request for Payment Instructions Wholesale Distribution Access Tariff (WDAT) Attachment I - GIP

Request for Payment Instructions Wholesale Distribution Access Tariff (WDAT) Attachment I - GIP Grid Interconnection & Contract Development Request for Payment Instructions Wholesale Distribution Access Tariff (WDAT) Attachment I - GIP Submittal Instructions Prior to submitting your application and

More information

Synchronous motor. Type. Non-excited motors

Synchronous motor. Type. Non-excited motors Synchronous motor A synchronous electric motor is an AC motor in which the rotation rate of the shaft is synchronized with the frequency of the AC supply current; the rotation period is exactly equal to

More information

Totally Integrated Power SIESTORAGE. The modular energy storage system for a reliable power supply. www.siemens.com/siestorage

Totally Integrated Power SIESTORAGE. The modular energy storage system for a reliable power supply. www.siemens.com/siestorage Totally Integrated Power SIESTORAGE The modular energy storage system for a reliable power supply www.siemens.com/siestorage Totally Integrated Power (TIP) We bring power to the point. Our products, systems,

More information

Siemens Generator Test Center Muelheim an der Ruhr, Germany

Siemens Generator Test Center Muelheim an der Ruhr, Germany siemens.com/energy/generators Siemens Generator Test Center Muelheim an der Ruhr, Germany A high-performance test field with a long tradition Answers for energy. Test with the best: Siemens Test Center

More information

GUIDELINES FOR OPERATING, METERING, AND PROTECTIVE RELAYING FOR. NET METERED SYSTEMS UP TO 50 kw AND BELOW 750 VOLTS

GUIDELINES FOR OPERATING, METERING, AND PROTECTIVE RELAYING FOR. NET METERED SYSTEMS UP TO 50 kw AND BELOW 750 VOLTS GUIDELINES FOR OPERATING, METERING, AND PROTECTIVE RELAYING FOR NET METERED SYSTEMS UP TO 50 kw AND BELOW 750 VOLTS 1. INTRODUCTION... 3 1.1 POLICY ON CUSTOMER GENERATION... 3 1.2 GENERATION SOURCES AND

More information

ABB PSPS Erich Steinmann; Generator control-2013

ABB PSPS Erich Steinmann; Generator control-2013 ABB PSPS Erich Steinmann; Generator control-2013 GENERATOR CONTROL THE MODULAR SOLUTION FOR GENERATORS To make sure that power is efficiently converted into electric energy, it is necessary to supervise

More information

ELECTRIC GENERATORS FOR DIRECT COUPLED HIGH SPEED TURBO GENERATORS IN DISTRIBUTED POWER SYSTEMS

ELECTRIC GENERATORS FOR DIRECT COUPLED HIGH SPEED TURBO GENERATORS IN DISTRIBUTED POWER SYSTEMS ELECTRIC GENERATORS FOR DIRECT COUPLED HIGH SPEED TURBO GENERATORS IN DISTRIBUTED POWER SYSTEMS Jay G. Vaidya Electrodynamics Associates, Inc. 409 Eastbridge Drive, Oviedo, FL 32765 ABSTRACT This paper

More information

www.siemens.com/energy/arresters A full range of monitoring solutions for surge arresters Answers for energy.

www.siemens.com/energy/arresters A full range of monitoring solutions for surge arresters Answers for energy. www.siemens.com/energy/arresters A full range of monitoring solutions for surge arresters Answers for energy. Highly reliable equipment monitoring with added value ACM advanced ACM basic and LCM 500 Overview

More information

Publishing in IEEE PES Transactions: IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion

Publishing in IEEE PES Transactions: IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion 1 Publishing in IEEE PES Transactions: IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion Presented Presented at Kyiv Polytechnic Institute (KPI) 1 July, 2014, Kyiv, Ukraine Dr. Juri Jatskevich, Editor In Chief Electrical

More information

South Carolina Interconnection Request Application Form

South Carolina Interconnection Request Application Form South Carolina Interconnection Request Application Form INTERCONNECTION UTILITY INFORMATION Utility: Designated Utility Contact: Mailing Address: Important Note: An Interconnection Request Application

More information

Generators TEM. for small hydroelectric power stations. Electric Machines

Generators TEM. for small hydroelectric power stations. Electric Machines Generators for small hydroelectric power stations TEM Electric Machines Advanced solutions for the cleanest energy Reputable manufacturer of generators for small hydroelectric power stations TED Electric

More information

WIND TURBINE TECHNOLOGY

WIND TURBINE TECHNOLOGY Module 2.2-2 WIND TURBINE TECHNOLOGY Electrical System Gerhard J. Gerdes Workshop on Renewable Energies November 14-25, 2005 Nadi, Republic of the Fiji Islands Contents Module 2.2 Types of generator systems

More information

Comprehensive expertise for reliable and efficient power systems

Comprehensive expertise for reliable and efficient power systems Comprehensive expertise for reliable and efficient power systems Siemens Power Technologies International (Siemens PTI) siemens.com/power-technologies Answers for infrastructure and cities. Succeeding

More information

Siemens ENEAS solutions for substation automation and protection

Siemens ENEAS solutions for substation automation and protection Siemens ENEAS solutions for substation automation and protection System solutions for energy automation Answers for energy. An integrated approach for the entire spectrum of energy automation New challenges

More information

DC Traction Power Supply. Powerful, efficient and safe. siemens.com/mobility

DC Traction Power Supply. Powerful, efficient and safe. siemens.com/mobility DC Traction Power Supply Powerful, efficient and safe siemens.com/mobility 2 DC traction power supply More people, more challenges, one solution: Complete mobility. Needed more than ever before: Not only

More information

Optimization of the coupled grid connection of offshore wind farms

Optimization of the coupled grid connection of offshore wind farms Delft, 29 October 2008 Optimization of the coupled grid connection of offshore wind farms Dirk Schoenmakers Content Problem description + research question Model description Grid connection technologies

More information

Reactive Power and Importance to Bulk Power System OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY ENGINEERING SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY DIVISION

Reactive Power and Importance to Bulk Power System OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY ENGINEERING SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY DIVISION Reactive Power and Importance to Bulk Power System OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY ENGINEERING SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY DIVISION Outline What is Reactive Power and where does it come from? Why is it important?

More information

Characteristics and Benefits

Characteristics and Benefits Defining Quality. Building Comfort. Characteristics and Benefits Characteristics and Benefits The two most common electronic devices to vary fan speed in HVAC equipment are the variable frequency drive

More information

A macro-economic viewpoint. What is the real cost of offshore wind? siemens.com / wind

A macro-economic viewpoint. What is the real cost of offshore wind? siemens.com / wind A macro-economic viewpoint What is the real cost of offshore wind? siemens.com / wind in the cost debate A broader view of the value of renewables. Globally, installed power generation capacity currently

More information

Siemens Steam Turbine Generator Packages for Advanced Nuclear Power Plants

Siemens Steam Turbine Generator Packages for Advanced Nuclear Power Plants Siemens Steam Turbine Generator Packages for Advanced Nuclear Power Plants Olaf Bernstrauch (Speaker) Package Frame Owner Steam Turbine & Generators for NPP Dietmar Struken Product Line Marketing Steam

More information

Energize your future. Career opportunities at Siemens Wind Power. Answers for energy.

Energize your future. Career opportunities at Siemens Wind Power.  Answers for energy. Energize your future Career opportunities at Siemens Wind Power www.siemens.com/jobswindpower Answers for energy. 2 Trust in the power of the wind Siemens is a world-leading supplier of high-quality wind

More information

Transforming regeneration into system reliability

Transforming regeneration into system reliability www.siemens.com/energy Transforming into system reliability SITRAM REG from TLM Transformer Lifecycle Management Answers for energy. For lasting of transformer oil Rising cost and performance pressures

More information

CO-ORDINATION OF PARALLEL AC-DC SYSTEMS FOR OPTIMUM PERFORMANCE

CO-ORDINATION OF PARALLEL AC-DC SYSTEMS FOR OPTIMUM PERFORMANCE CO-ORDINATION OF PARALLEL AC-DC SYSTEMS FOR OPTIMUM PERFORMANCE Ana Diez Castro & Rickard Ellström Ying Jiang Häfner Christer Liljegren Vattenfall Utveckling AB ABB Power Systems Gotlands Energiverk AB

More information

2012 San Francisco Colloquium

2012 San Francisco Colloquium 2012 San Francisco Colloquium http : //www.cigre.org HVDC and Power Electronic Systems for Overhead Line and Insulated Cable Applications B4-8 Trans Bay Cable A Breakthrough of VSC Multilevel Converters

More information

This is a Master s degree level apprenticeship which includes academic learning combined workplace learning and training.

This is a Master s degree level apprenticeship which includes academic learning combined workplace learning and training. Power Engineer Degree Apprenticeship The UK s energy sector is integral to the prosperity and stability of the UK economy as a whole, delivering an absolutely fundamental service for all its citizens.

More information

Comparison of various Wind Turbine Generators

Comparison of various Wind Turbine Generators Journal homepage: www.mjret.in ISSN:2348 6953 Anagha R. Tiwari Anuradha J. Shewale Comparison of various Wind Turbine Generators Anuja R. Gagangras Netra M. Lokhande Abstract This paper analyzes and compares

More information

POWER GENERATION. Trasfor POWER GENERATION

POWER GENERATION. Trasfor POWER GENERATION POWER GENERATION Trasfor POWER GENERATION 2 Trasfor I Power Generation Introduction Electricity generation is the process of creating electricity from other forms of energy. Commercial electric utility

More information

Shaft Generator Systems with PWM Frequency Converter

Shaft Generator Systems with PWM Frequency Converter Energy-saving Power Supply Systems Wärtsilä SAM Electronics Shaft generator being installed Shaft generators onboard ships are driven by the main engine to supply power to the mains. The mains have to

More information

High-Voltage Compact Switchgear 3AP1 DTC for 145 kv and 245 kv

High-Voltage Compact Switchgear 3AP1 DTC for 145 kv and 245 kv High-Voltage Compact Switchgear AP1 DTC for 1 kv and kv Answers for energy. The AP1 DTC Complying with our Customers demands Experience you can rely on - at anytime, anywhere Decades of experience in high-voltage

More information

GENERATORS AND MOTORS

GENERATORS AND MOTORS GENERATORS AND MOTORS A device that converts mechanical energy (energy of motion windmills, turbines, nuclear power, falling water, or tides) into electrical energy is called an electric generator. The

More information

Motor Fundamentals. DC Motor

Motor Fundamentals. DC Motor Motor Fundamentals Before we can examine the function of a drive, we must understand the basic operation of the motor. It is used to convert the electrical energy, supplied by the controller, to mechanical

More information

FACTS. Solutions to optimise network performance GRID

FACTS. Solutions to optimise network performance GRID Solutions to optimise network performance GRID Solutions to optimise your network Our worldwide presence: Better solutions for your network all around the world Tampere Philadelphia Stafford Konstanz Beijing

More information

HVDC 2000 a new generation of high-voltage DC converter stations

HVDC 2000 a new generation of high-voltage DC converter stations HVDC 2000 a new generation of high-voltage DC converter stations Improved performance and robustness, shorter lead times and faster delivery, plus reduced maintenance needs, were the development goals

More information

Waste Heat Recovery with Organic Rankine Cycle Technology

Waste Heat Recovery with Organic Rankine Cycle Technology Power Generation Waste Heat Recovery with Organic Rankine Cycle Technology Power Generation with the Siemens ORC-Module Scan the QR code with the QR code reader in your mobile! www.siemens.com / energy

More information

Offshore Platform Powered With New Electrical Motor Drive System

Offshore Platform Powered With New Electrical Motor Drive System Offshore Platform Powered With New Electrical Motor Drive System Authors: Jan O. Lamell, M.Sc E.E. ABB Automation Technologies Presenters: Thomas Johansson, M.Sc E.E. ABB Automation Technologies Timothy

More information

Industrial Steam Turbines

Industrial Steam Turbines Industrial Power Industrial Steam Turbines The comprehensive product range from 2 to 250 megawatts Scan the QR code with the QR code reader in your mobile! siemens.com / energy / steamturbines A Full Range

More information

Siemens Hybrid Power Solutions. Cost and emission reduction by integrating renewables into diesel plants

Siemens Hybrid Power Solutions. Cost and emission reduction by integrating renewables into diesel plants Siemens Hybrid Power Solutions Cost and emission reduction by integrating renewables into diesel plants Instrumentation, Controls & Electrical Complete, optimized solutions that minimize your risk One-stop

More information

EA341. Generator Automatic Voltage Regulator Operation Manual

EA341. Generator Automatic Voltage Regulator Operation Manual EA341 Generator Automatic Voltage Regulator Operation Manual Self Excited Automatic Voltage Regulator Compatible with Newage MX341* * Use for reference purpose only and not a genuine Newage product. KUTAI

More information

Lab 8: DC generators: shunt, series, and compounded.

Lab 8: DC generators: shunt, series, and compounded. Lab 8: DC generators: shunt, series, and compounded. Objective: to study the properties of DC generators under no-load and full-load conditions; to learn how to connect these generators; to obtain their

More information

Speed Control Methods of Various Types of Speed Control Motors. Kazuya SHIRAHATA

Speed Control Methods of Various Types of Speed Control Motors. Kazuya SHIRAHATA Speed Control Methods of Various Types of Speed Control Motors Kazuya SHIRAHATA Oriental Motor Co., Ltd. offers a wide variety of speed control motors. Our speed control motor packages include the motor,

More information

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY (IJEET)

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY (IJEET) INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY (IJEET) International Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology (IJEET), ISSN 0976 ISSN 0976 6545(Print) ISSN 0976 6553(Online) Volume

More information

Distribution Automation Handbook. Section 8.12 Generator Protection

Distribution Automation Handbook. Section 8.12 Generator Protection Distribution Automation Handbook Section 8.12 Generator Protection 2 Contents 8.12 Protection of Synchronous Generators... 4 8.12.1 Introduction... 4 8.12.1.1 GENERAL DEMANDS... 4 8.12.2 Synchronous Machines...

More information

Shaft Alternator Systems with PWM Frequency Converter

Shaft Alternator Systems with PWM Frequency Converter Energy-saving Power Supply Systems Shaft alternator being installed Shaft alternators onboard ships are alternators driven by the main engine to supply power to the mains. The mains have to be supplied

More information

Electrical Protection

Electrical Protection Electrical Protection Electrical Faults Phase to phase Phase to ground Phase to phase to phase Phase to phase to phase to ground Purpose of Protection System Minimize damage Leave unaffected equipment

More information

from Berlin Welcome to the Berlin gas turbine plant Answers for energy.

from Berlin Welcome to the Berlin gas turbine plant Answers for energy. from Berlin Welcome to the Berlin gas turbine plant Answers for energy. Contents Introductory remarks 3 Klaus Wowereit Governing Mayor of Berlin Innovations for high-efficiency 4 power generation Innovative

More information

Federal Wage System Job Grading Standards for Electric Power Controlling, 5407. Table of Contents

Federal Wage System Job Grading Standards for Electric Power Controlling, 5407. Table of Contents Federal Wage System Job Grading Standards for Electric Power Controlling, 5407 Table of Contents WORK COVERED... 2 WORK NOT COVERED...2 TITLES... 2 GRADE LEVELS... 2 SPECIAL ADDITIONAL RESPONSIBILITIES...

More information

Keywords: synchronous generator, synchronous motor, automatic voltage regulator, V- curves, synchronizing power, hunting, excitation system

Keywords: synchronous generator, synchronous motor, automatic voltage regulator, V- curves, synchronizing power, hunting, excitation system SYNCHRONOUS MACHINES Tze-Fun Chan Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, China Keywords: synchronous generator, synchronous motor, automatic voltage regulator, V- curves, synchronizing power, hunting,

More information

Solar Power Plant Design and Interconnection

Solar Power Plant Design and Interconnection Solar Power Plant Design and Interconnection Wind & Solar Super Session July 27, 2011 E.H. Camm, S.E. Williams S&C Electric Company Outline Introduction Utility-scale PV power plant Grounding Reactive

More information

EMTP STUDIES PERFORMED TO INSERT LONG AC CABLES IN THE FRENCH GRID

EMTP STUDIES PERFORMED TO INSERT LONG AC CABLES IN THE FRENCH GRID Tension (kv) Impedance (Ohms) EMTP STUDIES PERFORMED TO INSERT LONG AC CABLES IN THE FRENCH GRID frequency (Hz) Simon DESCHANVRES Yannick VERNAY RTE, CNER, Substations Department t (ms) EMTP-RV Users Group

More information

Improving Flexibility of the Combined Cycle Power Plant Hamm Uentrop to Cover the Operational Profiles of the Future

Improving Flexibility of the Combined Cycle Power Plant Hamm Uentrop to Cover the Operational Profiles of the Future in cooperation with siemens.com/energy Improving Flexibility of the Combined Cycle Power Plant Hamm Uentrop to Cover the Operational Profiles of the Future Reprint from Track 6, Session 4, Wednesday June

More information

Development of HTS Motor - Present Status and Future Prospect - 2008/12/4 Kazuhiko Hayashi Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd.

Development of HTS Motor - Present Status and Future Prospect - 2008/12/4 Kazuhiko Hayashi Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd. CCA08 1 Development of HTS Motor - Present Status and Future Prospect - 2008/12/4 Kazuhiko Hayashi Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd. Ship Propulsion Motor-Axial Gap Type Advantage; (1)Simple cooling system

More information

MINISTERIE VAN ECONOMISCHE ZAKEN GENERAL COST COMPARISON BETWEEN UNDERGROUND CABLES AND O.H. LINE SYSTEMS FOR H.V. TRANSMISSION

MINISTERIE VAN ECONOMISCHE ZAKEN GENERAL COST COMPARISON BETWEEN UNDERGROUND CABLES AND O.H. LINE SYSTEMS FOR H.V. TRANSMISSION MINISTERIE VAN ECONOMISCHE ZAKEN GENERAL COST COMPARISON BETWEEN UNDERGROUND CABLES AND O.H. LINE SYSTEMS FOR H.V. TRANSMISSION REPORT ON NETWORK RELIABILITY ASPECTS OF THE CHOICE LINE VERSUS CABLE FOR

More information

2. A conductor of length 2m moves at 4m/s at 30 to a uniform magnetic field of 0.1T. Which one of the following gives the e.m.f. generated?

2. A conductor of length 2m moves at 4m/s at 30 to a uniform magnetic field of 0.1T. Which one of the following gives the e.m.f. generated? Extra Questions - 2 1. A straight length of wire moves through a uniform magnetic field. The e.m.f. produced across the ends of the wire will be maximum if it moves: a) along the lines of magnetic flux

More information

Modern Power Systems for Smart Energy Society

Modern Power Systems for Smart Energy Society Modern Power Systems for Smart Energy Society Zhe CHEN Professor, PhD Email: zch@et.aau.dk Website: http://homes.et.aau.dk/zch http://www.et.aau.dk 1 Contents Energy background in Denmark Challenges to

More information

COMPARISON OF THE FACTS EQUIPMENT OPERATION IN TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS

COMPARISON OF THE FACTS EQUIPMENT OPERATION IN TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS COMPARISON OF THE FACTS EQUIPMENT OPERATION IN TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS Afshin LASHKAR ARA Azad University of Dezfoul - Iran A_lashkarara@hotmail.com Seyed Ali NABAVI NIAKI University of Mazandaran

More information

ELECTRICAL ASPECTS OF ELECTRICAL GENERATION FROM TIDAL CURRENTS

ELECTRICAL ASPECTS OF ELECTRICAL GENERATION FROM TIDAL CURRENTS ELECTRICAL ASPECTS OF ELECTRICAL GENERATION FROM TIDAL CURRENTS Generators A number of options exist as to generators but the primary ones are likely to be either induction generators of synchronous machines.

More information

Recent Siemens HVDC Activities Yuriy Kazachkov Siemens PTI

Recent Siemens HVDC Activities Yuriy Kazachkov Siemens PTI IEEE PES 2008 HVDC & FACTS Subcommittee Recent Siemens HVDC Activities Yuriy Kazachkov Siemens PTI 660MW 500kV in operation since July 2007 Commercial Operation Neptune RTS Costumer Project Name Location

More information

Unit 33 Three-Phase Motors

Unit 33 Three-Phase Motors Unit 33 Three-Phase Motors Objectives: Discuss the operation of wound rotor motors. Discuss the operation of selsyn motors. Discuss the operation of synchronous motors. Determine the direction of rotation

More information

General Validation Test Program for Wind Power Plants Connected to the Hydro-Québec Transmission System

General Validation Test Program for Wind Power Plants Connected to the Hydro-Québec Transmission System General Validation Test Program for Wind Power Plants Connected to the Hydro-Québec Transmission System Direction Planification des actifs et expertise de transport February 2011 TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. CONDUCTING

More information

Brochure. Electric generators to power the world

Brochure. Electric generators to power the world Brochure Electric generators to power the world We provide motors and generators, services and expertise to save energy and improve customers processes over the total life cycle of our products, and beyond.

More information

production program 3

production program 3 production program 2 production program 3 4 KONČAR Group KONČAR Group consists of 20 companies and has around 4000 employees. Annual sales account for more than 300 million euros, with almost half the

More information

Siemens Wind Turbine SWT-2.3-108. The new productivity benchmark. www.siemens.com/wind

Siemens Wind Turbine SWT-2.3-108. The new productivity benchmark. www.siemens.com/wind Siemens Wind Turbine SWT-2.3-108 The new productivity benchmark www.siemens.com/wind The industry standard, redefined The Siemens 2.3-MW family has firmly established itself as the tried and tested workhorse

More information

Siemens Gas Turbines over 100 MW

Siemens Gas Turbines over 100 MW Siemens Gas Turbines over 100 MW Proven and reliable Answers for energy. State-of-the-art and innovative gas turbines to meet today s energy needs Changes in today s energy markets are presenting power

More information

The power to make power happen. Intelligent, digitally managed power transmission and distribution. Siemens Energy Management

The power to make power happen. Intelligent, digitally managed power transmission and distribution. Siemens Energy Management The power to make power happen Intelligent, digitally managed power transmission and distribution Siemens Energy Management siemens.com/energy-management Electrical energy makes the world go round. No

More information

Power Plants. BENSON Once-Through Heat Recovery Steam Generator. Power Generation

Power Plants. BENSON Once-Through Heat Recovery Steam Generator. Power Generation Power Plants BENSON Once-Through Heat Recovery Steam Generator Power Generation BENSON Once-Through technology for Heat Recovery Steam Generators New application of proven technology Siemens development

More information

Implementing Smart Grid Technologies in China: Experiences and Future Approach

Implementing Smart Grid Technologies in China: Experiences and Future Approach 1 Implementing Smart Grid Technologies in China: Experiences and Future Approach Presented by Jin Zhong and Qinwei Duan The University of Hong Kong Hong Kong SAR 2 Smart Grid in China Renewable energy

More information

SHORT-CIRCUIT LEVELS FOR THE VICTORIAN ELECTRICITY TRANSMISSION NETWORK TO

SHORT-CIRCUIT LEVELS FOR THE VICTORIAN ELECTRICITY TRANSMISSION NETWORK TO SHORT-CIRCUIT LEVELS FOR THE VICTORIAN ELECTRICITY TRANSMISSION NETWORK 2015 16 TO 2019 20 Published: June 2016 IMPORTANT NOTICE Purpose AEMO has prepared this document to provide information relating

More information

Asset Management Plans

Asset Management Plans November 213 Introduction Table of Contents Page # ACS Buildings & Grounds 2 Purpose and Scope ACS Buildings & Seismic 3 The purpose of these ( Plans ) is to demonstrate how we intend to deliver on the

More information

Reducing Maintenance Costs Replacement of Small Fossil Generators in Russia

Reducing Maintenance Costs Replacement of Small Fossil Generators in Russia siemens.com/energy Reducing Maintenance Costs Replacement of Small Fossil Generators in Russia Russia Power 2014 4-6 March, 2014 Moscow, Russia Authors: Fabian Bremer Maren Stockhausen Dusan Jovic Siemens

More information

Permanent Magnet motors MS Series

Permanent Magnet motors MS Series Permanent Magnet motors MS Series ABOUT US DAC Electric is a fairly young but highly experienced combination of professionals from all over the world. The founders, from the Netherlands and the Czech Republic,

More information

REMOTE MONITORING AND CONTROL OF THE KAKKONDA GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS

REMOTE MONITORING AND CONTROL OF THE KAKKONDA GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS REMOTE MONITORING AND CONTROL OF THE KAKKONDA GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS Shinji Nishikawa 1, Toshiyuki Takahashi 1, Takeshi Koi 1, and Katsuyoshi Yamada 2 1 Toshiba Corporation Power Systems & Services Company,

More information

AC COUPLED HYBRID SYSTEMS AND MINI GRIDS

AC COUPLED HYBRID SYSTEMS AND MINI GRIDS , Michael; Hermes, Matthias SMA Technologie AG Hannoversche Str. 1-5 34266 Niestetal GERMANY E-mail: Michael.@SMA.de E-mail: Matthias.Hermes@SMA.de 1. INTRODUCTION Distributed supply based on renewable

More information

NATIONAL CERTIFICATE (VOCATIONAL)

NATIONAL CERTIFICATE (VOCATIONAL) NATIONAL CERTIFICATE (VOCATIONAL) SUBJECT GUIDELINES ELECTRICAL PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICE NQF Level 4 September 2007 ELECTRICAL PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICE LEVEL 4 CONTENTS INTRODUCTION 1 DURATION AND TUITION

More information

Air Bio Control (ABC) Efficient and reliable control of air-supply systems. Answers for energy.

Air Bio Control (ABC) Efficient and reliable control of air-supply systems. Answers for energy. Air Bio (ABC) Efficient and reliable control of air-supply systems Answers for energy. Thinking in systems the multiplier effect Siemens has decades of experience in turbocompressor technology and aeration

More information

Principles of Adjustable Frequency Drives

Principles of Adjustable Frequency Drives What is an Adjustable Frequency Drive? An adjustable frequency drive is a system for controlling the speed of an AC motor by controlling the frequency of the power supplied to the motor. A basic adjustable

More information