MINISTÉRIO DA DEFESA NACIONAL

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1 MINISTÉRIO DA DEFESA NACIONAL FORÇA AÉREA CENTRO DE FORMAÇÃO MILITAR E TÉCNICA DA FORÇA AÉREA CONCURSO DE ADMISSÃO AO CFS/QP 2011 / 2012 PROVA DE INGLÊS (ELEMENTAR) 2011 LEIA ATENTAMENTE AS SEGUINTES INSTRUÇÕES 1. Na sua folha de respostas, preencha a sua identificação somente no destacável. O não cumprimento deste ponto implica a anulação da prova; 2. O tempo total da prova é de 105 minutos, com 15 minutos de tolerância; 3. Leia cuidadosamente o texto e certifique-se de que percebeu a pergunta antes de responder; 4. Se tiver dificuldade em responder a qualquer questão, passe adiante e tente resolvê-la posteriormente; 5. Após a conclusão da sua prova, deixe sobre a carteira este enunciado e as folhas de resposta. Tenha calma e... BOM TRABALHO

2 5 Myths about Internet Security Most of us have been using the Internet for over a decade now, and we re well versed in passwords, IP addresses, secured login and the terrors of viruses and identity theft. Or aren t we? We took a free quiz that tests how security savvy you are. The verdict? We had a lot to learn. The top 5 myths that may make you vulnerable on the web: If you don t keep sensitive info on your computer you don t have to worry about safety. Not exactly. Even if your important info is safely stored elsewhere that doesn t mean a virus cannot cause damage via your computer it can be tuned in a zombie, sending spam or attacking other networks without your knowledge. Spam sending can clog your network and freeze your computer. One way to guard against this is by only using licensed software. 2. As long as you guard you financial info, you re safe from identity theft. Social media sites, and even job posting sites have made it easier than ever for thieves to gather info they can use to pose as you. In order to keep your identity to yourself avoid listing you full birth date or address. Even details such as your parents names and ages should be kept under wraps. 3. Shutting down or disconnecting from the Internet will stop a virus. Unfortunately, wrong. Once the virus is in, it s in. It will continue to wreak havoc once you turn your machine back on. The best way to fight back viruses is to guard against them. Choosing the right software is the key. 4. A Website that says it s secure is secure. Is that dude who swears he s a nice guy always a nice guy? Not a chance. Same thing goes for your favorite sites. The easiest way to distinguish a secure site: check out the URL. If the address reads https instead of http, it s secure. 5. Macs Don t Get Viruses. Because up until recently, Mac users represented such a small portion of the computer-using population, hackers simply left them alone. But, according to the 2009 annual Virus Security Bulletin, due to a larger customer base, a growing number of viruses have been developed to target Macs. Apples need virus protection software too. Grupo I 1- Go through the text and find evidence for the following statements: a. We have used the internet for more than ten years. b. You should worry about safety only in case you have important data in your computer. c. Using legal software is the only way to avoid viruses. 3x6p=18p Página 2 de 5

3 2- Choose the best explanation for the following words as they appear in the text: a. (...) we re well versed in passwords, IP addresses, secured login and the terrors of viruses and identity theft. (line 1) 1) we are used to 2) we know a lot about 3) we create b. (...) Spam sending can clog your network and freeze your computer. One way to guard against this is by only using licensed software. (...) (line 9) 1) to fight for 2) to fight against 3) to protect ourselves from c. (...) Is that dude who swears he s a nice guy always a nice guy? (...) (line 16) 1) Person 2) hacker 3) cyber men 3-Find equivalents/ synonyms in the text for the following words or expressions: a. aware b. block c. chaos d. increasing 3x5p=15p 4x3p=12p 4- Choose the most suitable way to complete the sentences according to the ideas expressed in the text: 4.1 According to a quiz, our information about security in the internet a.... is not enough; b.... is perfect; c.... isn t accurate; d.... is increasing. 4.2 Even if you shut down or disconnect from the Internet... a.... your data will be safe; b.... you will be vulnerable to viruses; c.... you won t be at risk; d.... your files will be safe. 4.3 It was said that Macs Didn t Get Viruses a.... because hackers didn t know how to attack them; b.... because most people use Apples; c.... due to the number of hackers; d.... because not many people used them. 3x10p=30p Página 3 de 5

4 Grupo II 1- Complete the following text with the correct word from the ones given below: Antivirus From 1 the security packages that a user needs to have installed in his 2, antivirus software is the first. It has been with us for a long time, even before the 3 and the now common news on internet 4. In the old days, virus spread through corporate networks 5 employee home computers who innocently took work home 6 diskettes. Finally, it spread to their friends computers. Today, the Internet has provided 7 a better way to spread themselves through 8 world. A real time antivirus software package is a must for any 9 who wishes to navigate safely through the net and not find himself being a 10 of a hacker attack. user to internet all viruses hacking victim the via PC 10x2p=20p 2- Choose from the given options the correct verb tense/ form to fill in the blanks : What Is Online Hacking? It basically 2.1 when a hacker exploits a security breach in a network or computer and is able to access the information through the internet. As long as he is not detected or the computer shut down, he 2.2 to hack the computer as long as it is online. It doesn t matter if you have a broadband connection or a dial up, internet hackers can access your home computer security if you 2.3 adequate measures for protecting yourself. It is like 2.4 a car parked in the street. If you leave it with the windows open, the keys inside and the radio mask still placed in the console, it s quite probable you will suffer a robbery. Unfortunately, with computers it is a little more difficult since you 2.5 those opened windows. The only way to find them is looking for them with specialized software a. happen a. will be able a. hasn t taken a. leaving a. doesn t see b. happens b. was able b. have taken b. to leave b. don t see c. happened c. would be able c. haven t taken c. leave c. didn t see 5x6p=30p 3- Rewrite the following sentences starting them as suggested and without changing their meaning: a. Experts say that hackers can get all the information they want. Hackers... b. Your personal files are protected because you use appropriate software. Página 4 de 5

5 If.... c. I never write my real name in the internet that s why I am safe from hackers. If d. I had a serious problem in my PC last week and I lost all the data. Mary said..... e. In spite of being very careful, Peter was stolen in an online banking transfer. Although x7p=35p Grupo III Choose ONE of the following topics and write a small text about it (around 100 words): 1x40p=40p 1- Write a comment on the quotation presenting some advantages and disadvantages in using the internet. Give a person a fish and you feed them for a day; teach that person to use the Internet and they won't bother you for weeks. Author Unknown 2. Analyse the cartoon on the right and make a comment on it bearing in mind the way internet has changed our lives in the way we relate to others, namely through social networks, like Hi5 or Facebook. Página 5 de 5

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